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Patent Analysis of

Method for making a decorative multilaminar veneer

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10000041

Application Number

US14/446648

Application Date

30 July 2014

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

ALPI S.P.A.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

ALPI S.P.A.

International Classification

B27L5/00,B32B7/12,B32B3/14,B44C5/04,B44C3/02

Cooperative Classification

B32B21/14,B27D1/08,B27L5/00,B32B3/14,B44C3/02

Inventor

PENAFORTE, ALBERTO,FARINA, LORENZA,NISIRO, DANIELA,CARMELLINO, PASQUALE

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10000041 Method making decorative 1 US10000041 Method making decorative 2 US10000041 Method making decorative 3
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Abstract

A method for making a decorative multilaminar veneer with accentuated curvilinear shapes consists of the steps of: obtaining sheets of wood from a log of wood or from a block of multilaminar wood; superimposing and permanently sticking the sheets of wood on top of one another to form a plurality of packets of sheets of wood; providing a plurality of male molds and at least one female countermold, wherein each male mold has a convex curvilinear profile with different curvature radiuses of one mold with respect to the other and wherein the female countermold has a concave curvilinear profile; arranging, pressing and permanently sticking together several packets, in sequence and superimposed, between the female countermold and in sequence the male molds to deform in a curvilinear manner the packets, replacing in sequence, upon the reaching of a preset height of the superimposed, joined and deformed packets a male mold with a profile with a greater curvature radius with a successive male mold with a profile with a lesser curvature radius; obtaining a sliceable block formed by said superimposing, joining and deforming of packets of the sheets of wood; slicing said block to obtain a decorative multilaminar veneer.

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Claims

1. Method for making a decorative multilaminar veneer comprising the preliminary step of obtaining sheets of wood from a log of wood or from a block of multilaminar wood, wherein it comprises the successive steps of: superimposing and permanently sticking the sheets of wood on top of one another to make a plurality of packets of sheets of wood; providing a plurality of male molds and at least one female countermold, wherein each male mold has a convex curvilinear profile with different curvature radiuses from one mold to the other and wherein the female countermold has a concave curvilinear profile; arranging, pressing and permanently sticking together several packets, in sequence and superimposed, between the female countermold and in sequence the male molds to progressively deform in a curvilinear manner the packets, replacing in sequence, when a preset height of the superimposed, joined and deformed packets has been reached, a male mold with a profile with a greater curvature radius with a successive male mold with a profile with a lesser curvature radius; obtaining a sliceable block formed by said superimposing, joining and deforming of packets of sheets of wood; slicing said block to obtain a decorative multilaminar veneer, wherein, after said block is obtained, inserts of material are added to said block by permanent adhesion and pressing to form a new block of parallelipipedal shape, and wherein said inserts of material substantially correspond to said at least one female countermold and to the male mold with the lesser curvature radius.

2. Method according to claim 1, wherein the profile of the male molds and of the female mold is symmetrical.

3. Method according to claim 1, wherein the profile of the male molds and of the female mold is asymmetrical.

4. Method according to claim 1, wherein before forming into a packet the sheets of wood are dyed.

5. Method according to claim 1, wherein before forming into a packet the sheets of wood are bleached.

6. Method according to claim 4, wherein before being dyed the sheets of wood are bleached.

7. Method according to claim 1, wherein the permanent adhesion of the sheets of wood is obtained by a gluing substance.

8. Method according to claim 1, wherein the permanent adhesion of the block and of the inserts of material is obtained by a gluing substance.

9. Method according to claim 7, wherein the gluing substance contains pigments or powders.

10. Method according to claim 8, wherein the gluing substance contains pigments or powders.

11. Method according to claim 1, wherein said inserts of material consist of wood material.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. Method for making a decorative multilaminar veneer comprising
    • the preliminary step of obtaining sheets of wood from a log of wood or from a block of multilaminar wood, wherein it comprises the successive steps of: superimposing and permanently sticking the sheets of wood on top of one another to make a plurality of packets of sheets of wood
    • providing a plurality of male molds and at least one female countermold, wherein each male mold has a convex curvilinear profile with different curvature radiuses from one mold to the other and wherein the female countermold has a concave curvilinear profile
    • arranging, pressing and permanently sticking together several packets, in sequence and superimposed, between the female countermold and in sequence the male molds to progressively deform in a curvilinear manner the packets, replacing in sequence, when a preset height of the superimposed, joined and deformed packets has been reached, a male mold with a profile with a greater curvature radius with a successive male mold with a profile with a lesser curvature radius
    • obtaining a sliceable block formed by said superimposing, joining and deforming of packets of sheets of wood
    • slicing said block to obtain a decorative multilaminar veneer, wherein, after said block is obtained, inserts of material are added to said block by permanent adhesion and pressing to form a new block of parallelipipedal shape, and wherein said inserts of material substantially correspond to said at least one female countermold and to the male mold with the lesser curvature radius.
    • 2. Method according to claim 1, wherein
      • the profile of the male molds and of the female mold is symmetrical.
    • 3. Method according to claim 1, wherein
      • the profile of the male molds and of the female mold is asymmetrical.
    • 4. Method according to claim 1, wherein
      • before forming into a packet the sheets of wood are dyed.
    • 5. Method according to claim 1, wherein
      • before forming into a packet the sheets of wood are bleached.
    • 7. Method according to claim 1, wherein
      • the permanent adhesion of the sheets of wood is obtained by a gluing substance.
    • 8. Method according to claim 1, wherein
      • the permanent adhesion of the block and of the inserts of material is obtained by a gluing substance.
    • 11. Method according to claim 1, wherein
      • said inserts of material consist of wood material.
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Description

This Application claims priority to and the benefit of European Patent Application No. 1317889.4 filed on Aug. 1, 2013, the content of which is incorporated by reference in its entirety.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a method for making a decorative multilaminar veneer.

PRIOR ART

As is known, for veneering in the woodworking industry common veneers or multilaminar veneers are used.

The common veneer is obtained by reducing a log of fine wood into sheets.

In order to make the multilaminar veneer, logs of low-quality wood are peeled off in a circular manner. The sheets obtained are preferably but not necessarily bleached and are then dyed. The various sheets of dyed wood are then glued until a block of wood is obtained that is finished and which can have a parallelpipedon or prismatic shape. Lastly, the block of wood that is thus obtained is cut into sheets to obtain the decorative multilaminar veneer. The various layers of colored wood simulate the rings of the log of wood, recreating the grains and crown shapes of the natural veneer.

The advantage of the multilaminar veneer over a common veneer is the greater homogeneity, which makes it, for example, more suitable for the production of furniture components that have to be matched without variations in color and tone.

Currently, the decorative multilaminar veneer market has a large number of figurative patterns than can be grouped into the following major classes:

    • burl
    • crown
    • straight grain or fine line
    • wavy shape.

On the other hand, in production, difficulties in producing curvilinear shapes have been found.

The wavy-shape motif can have curves, but only slight curves: for example on a sheet that is longer than two meters the size of a curve is just a few centimeters because the maximum angle of intersection between the tangents to the curve never exceeds 30°. Greater radiuses have been obtained by creating lines broken up by the addition of straight portions and never through rounded continuous curves without sharp edges.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

The object of the present invention is to propose a method for making a decorative multilaminar veneer that enables regular curvilinear decorative patterns with high curvature angles to be obtained.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

This object is achieved by a method for making a decorative multilaminar veneer.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In order to understand the invention better, a description of a non-limiting embodiment thereof is shown below by way of non-limiting example that is illustrated in the attached drawings, in which:

FIGS. 1A, 1B show respectively in a frontal and perspective view, the making of a mold to be used in the method for making a decorative multilaminar veneer according to the invention;

FIGS. 2A, 2B show, respectively in a frontal and perspective view, the making of a countermold to be used in the method according to the invention;

FIGS. 3A, 3B show respectively in a frontal and perspective view three types of mold to be used in the method according to the invention;

FIG. 4 shows a step of the method according to the invention;

FIGS. 5A-8A, 5B-8B show, respectively in a frontal and perspective view, a first curving step, following the preceding step, of the method according to the invention;

FIGS. 9A-11A, 9B-11B show, respectively in a frontal and perspective view, a second curving step of the method according to the invention;

FIGS. 12A-15A, 12B-15B show, respectively in a frontal and perspective view, a third curving step of the method according to the invention;

FIGS. 16A, 16B show, respectively in a frontal and perspective view, the product made after the processing of the preceding steps;

FIGS. 17A-18A, 17B-18B show, respectively in a frontal and perspective view, subsequent steps of completing the aforesaid product;

FIGS. 19, 20, 21 show a perspective view of the final processing steps of the completed product;

FIGS. 22A, 22B show, respectively in a frontal and perspective view, the obtained multilaminar veneer;

FIGS. 23A, 23B show, respectively in a frontal and perspective view, a multilaminar veneer that is obtainable by varying the shape of mold and countermold.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

With reference to FIGS. 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, preliminary operations of the method are provided, wherein a series of three male molds M1, M2, M3 and a female countermold F are made. The molds and the countermold can be made of wood, for example high-pressure plywood, and can be shaped by a numerically controlled milling unit D. Alternatively, the molds and the countermold can be made of metal or resin. The male molds M1, M2, M3, have a symmetrical convex curvilinear profile, with a decreasing curvature radius going from M1 to M3, as well visible in FIG. 3A. The female countermold F has a symmetrical concave curvilinear profile.

The method starts with peeling off in a circular manner logs of low-quality wood, for example ayous, poplar or basswood, so as to obtain sheets that are at most 2 mm thick.

The sheets obtained are first subjected to bleaching to homogenize the various sheets and then to dying to color the sheets in a uniform or varied manner.

At this point packets of sheets are prepared, each obtained by stacking a series of sheets on one another, on each of which a gluing mixture has been spread on one or both sides. The single packet of sheets, illustrated in FIG. 4 where the sheets are illustrated by L and the packet by P, can have a thickness of several centimeters.

As illustrated in FIGS. 5A, 5B, 6A, 6B, a first packet P1.1 is introduced between the first mold M1 and the countermold F and is pressed therebetween so that it is permanently deformed according to a curvilinear profile.

Subsequently, a second packet is prepared, similarly to the first packet P1.1. With reference to FIGS. 7A, 7B, this second packet, indicated by P1.2, is introduced between the first mold M1 and the countermold F above the first packet P1.1 and is pressed therebetween for the permanent curved deformation.

With reference to FIGS. 8A, 8B, the same operation is repeated up to an n-th packet P1.n.

At this point the mold M1 is replaced by the mold M2 of lesser curvature radius and the procedure is continued by stacking and pressing, to deform in a more accentuated curvilinear manner, a new series of packets of sheets P2. This new sequence of operations is illustrated in FIGS. 9A, 9B, 10A, 10B, 11A, 11B, where the new packets are indicated as P2.1, P2.2, . . . , P2.n.

Lastly, the mold M2 is replaced with the mold M3 of lesser curvature radius and the procedure continues by stacking and pressing a new series of packets of sheets P3 to deform them in an even more accentuated curvilinear manner. This sequence of operations is illustrated in FIGS. 12A, 12B, 13A, 13B, 14A, 14B, where the new packets are indicated by P3.1, P3.2, . . . , P3.n.

With reference to FIGS. 15A, 15B, all the stacked and shaped packets are kept under pressure at a set temperature and humidity for the time necessary for polymerization of the gluing mixture.

At this point the obtained item is extracted from the mold and countermold, the item being illustrated in FIGS. 16A, 16B, and being shaped as a block of substantially V-shaped multilaminar wood, indicated by B1.

In order to be able to use the obtained item in veneering, it must, however, be returned to a regular parallelpipedon shape. Thus, as illustrated in FIGS. 17A, 17B, 18A, 18B, two items of wood material, B2 and B3, are used, for example of the same wood material as the block B1, for example ayous, which have a complementary shape to the block B1 and are machined with a numerically controlled milling unit like the molds M and the countermold F. The three blocks B1, B2, B3 are joined by gluing and pressing until the block B of FIGS. 18A, 18B is obtained.

The block B that is thus obtained is subjected to a trimming operation, as shown in FIG. 19, and thus to a squaring operation, as shown in FIG. 20.

The thus finished block B is ready to be subjected to slicing, as shown in FIG. 21, so as to obtain the decorative multilaminar veneer T illustrated in FIGS. 22A, 22B.

By modifying the profile of molds and countermold from symmetrical to asymmetrical, the veneer TA illustrated in FIGS. 23A, 23B can be obtained.

As can be noted, owing to the method disclosed and illustrated above a decorative multilaminar veneer with accentuated curvilinear curvature shapes can be obtained.

The regularity of these shapes consisting of curved lines that are substantially parallel to one another should be noted.

The procedure is then very simple in the various steps and requires the use of machines already present in the sector of wood working.

Obviously, this type of veneer can be used in many sectors such as furnishing, flooring, doors and windows, automobiles, ships and sailing, objects d'art or others.

It is clear that variations and/or additions to what has been disclosed and illustrated above can be added.

The shape of mold and countermold can be any in the context of the curvilinear, symmetrical or asymmetrical profile. The mold and countermold may or may not have a complementary shape.

Also the number of molds may vary according to the curvilinear design and the dimensions thereof.

The sheets of wood can be only bleached or only dyed.

The various superimposed packets do not necessarily have to be of the same wood material but can be of different wood materials or also of non-wood materials that alternate with the wood materials.

The gluing substance for joining the sheets and the packets may contain pigments or powders.

Any type of adhesive substance can be used to join the sheets of wood and make each packet of sheets.

The block B1 can be sliced directly without the addition of complementary items.

In the various blocks B, material inserts other than wood can be provided, for example inserts made of metal, plastics or other materials.

In the initial step, the sheets of wood for forming the packets can be obtained from a block of multilaminar wood instead of from a log of wood.

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Patent Valuation

$

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15.66/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

28.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

71.76/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

42.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

17.48/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Methods of forming blocks of wood veneer laminations AARONSON BROS LTD 09 July 1971 16 April 1975
Process for production of a profile strip REHAU AG + CO,KRÄMER, UWE 18 January 2007 23 August 2007
Method for manufacturing wooden elements having a grain imitating the natural wood grain SCHWEITZER, JOHANN 07 June 2005 18 January 2006
Method for producing sheets of wood with differentiated porosities SENZANI; GIOVANNA 16 July 1985 15 March 1988
Method of manufacturing artificial wood veneer MATSUSHITA ELECTRIC WORKS, LTD., A CORP. OF JAPAN 02 December 1981 14 June 1983
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