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Patent Analysis of

Method of controlling air blower of fuel cell vehicle

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

US10000140

US14/701045

30 April 2015

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY

Original Assignee (Applicant)

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY

International Classification

B60L11/18,B60W30/18,H01M10/6563,F04D27/00

Cooperative Classification

B60L11/1881,B60L11/18,B60W30/18127,H01M10/6563,F04D27/004

Inventor

KANG, MIN SU,KIM, SUNG DO,LEE, DONG HUN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

A method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle includes operating the air blower with a low limit revolutions per minute (RPM), which is calculated based on a vehicle hill-climbing gradient during hill-climbing, without regenerative braking. Accordingly, when reacceleration and additional acceleration are required during hill climbing of the fuel cell vehicle, the fuel cell vehicle ensures high responsibility and launching characteristics.

Claims

1. A method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle, the method comprising: operating the air blower with a low limit revolutions per minute (RPM), which is calculated based on a vehicle hill-climbing gradient during hill-climbing, without regenerative braking; wherein the low limit RPM, which is an RPM of the air blower for supplying an air flow to satisfy a required current of a driving motor, is calculated according to Math Formula below:

$PReq_Motor=RTireGr·M·g·sin⁡(arctan⁡(gradient100))·w⁢⁢lReq_Motor=(PReq_Motor)/(VStack)[Math⁢⁢Formula]$

wherein RTire is a radius of a tire, Gr is a gear rate, M is an empty vehicle weight, g is a gravitational acceleration, and w is a current motor angular velocity.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein a controller calculates the low limit RPM, checks the gradient through a gradient sensor, and calculates a current vehicle velocity and the angular velocity of the driving motor through an RPM of the driving motor.

3. The method according to claim 2, the low limit RPM of the air blower is calculated when the vehicle travels on a hill under a predetermined driving condition.

4. The method according to claim 3, further comprising: prohibiting the regenerative braking through the air blower included in the vehicle when the vehicle travels on the hill.

5. The method according to claim 3, further comprising: determining whether the vehicle travels on the hill under the predetermined driving condition prior to the step of calculating the low limit RPM of the air blower.

6. The method according to claim 3, wherein the predetermined driving condition corresponds to a state in which a vehicle velocity is greater than a reference vehicle velocity, the vehicle hill-climbing gradient is greater than a reference gradient, and an accelerator pedal and a brake pedal included in the vehicle are not manipulated.

7. The method according to claim 3, further comprising: generating the regenerative braking through the air blower when the vehicle does not travel under the predetermined driving condition.

8. The method according to claim 3, further comprising: determining whether a current RPM of the air blower is greater than the low limit RPM.

9. The method according to claim 8, wherein the air blower is controlled to operate with the low limit RPM when the current RPM of the air blower is smaller than the low limit RPM.

10. The method according to claim 8, wherein an operation of the air blower is maintained with the current RPM when the current RPM of the air blower is greater than the low limit RPM.

Claim Tree

• 1
1. A method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle, the method comprising:
• operating the air blower with a low limit revolutions per minute (RPM), which is calculated based on a vehicle hill-climbing gradient during hill-climbing, without regenerative braking
• wherein the low limit RPM, which is an RPM of the air blower for supplying an air flow to satisfy a required current of a driving motor, is calculated according to Math Formula below: $PReq_Motor=RTireGr·M·g·sin⁡(arctan⁡(gradient100))·w⁢⁢lReq_Motor=(PReq_Motor)/(VStack)[Math⁢⁢Formula]$ wherein RTire is a radius of a tire, Gr is a gear rate, M is an empty vehicle weight, g is a gravitational acceleration, and w is a current motor angular velocity.
• 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein
• a controller calculates the low limit RPM, checks the gradient through a gradient sensor, and calculates a current vehicle velocity and the angular velocity of the driving motor through an RPM of the driving motor.

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application is based on and claims the benefit of priority to Korean Patent Application No. 10-2014-0151567, filed on Nov. 3, 2014 in the Korean Intellectual Property Office, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein in its entirety by reference.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present disclosure relates to a method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle, and more particularly, to a method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle for improving reacceleration performance during hill climbing of the fuel cell vehicle.

BACKGROUND

A fuel cell vehicle has a driving motor which needs a larger amount of current when driving on a hill compared to driving on a flat road. In addition, when driver reacceleration or additional acceleration is required during hill climbing, the driving motor requires a larger amount of current for vehicle launching.

Therefore, in order to rapidly satisfy driver demand for acceleration during reacceleration of hill-climbing vehicle, an air blower needs to maintain some air flow before reacceleration without regenerative braking.

In addition, it is necessary to variably control a lowest velocity of an air blower according to a gradient before the vehicle is reaccelerated to appropriately maintain minimum required air flow according to the gradient.

SUMMARY

The present disclosure has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems occurring in the prior art while advantages achieved by the prior art are maintained intact.

An aspect of the present disclosure provides a method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle, for improving reacceleration performance of a fuel cell vehicle during hill climbing by variably controlling a lowest velocity of an air blower according to a gradient without generating regenerative braking through the air blower during hill climbing.

According to an exemplary embodiment of the present inventive concept, a method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle includes operating the air blower with a low limit revolutions per minute (RPM), which is calculated based on a vehicle hill-climbing gradient during hill-climbing, without regenerative braking.

According to another exemplary embodiment of the present inventive concept, a method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle includes calculating a low limit RPM of the air blower when the vehicle travels on a hill under a predetermined driving condition.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present disclosure will be more apparent from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a flow chart of a method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle according to an exemplary embodiment of the present inventive concept.

FIG. 2 is a control block diagram of the method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle of FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is a graph of revolutions per minute (RPM) and time of an air blower that operates according to the method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle of FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

An exemplary embodiment of the present inventive concept will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

As illustrated in FIGS. 1 through 3, a method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle according to the present disclosure may operate an air blower 100 with a low limit revolutions per minute (RPM) calculated based on a vehicle hill-climbing gradient without regenerative braking of the air blower 100 during hill climbing.

In more detail, the method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle according to the present disclosure includes determining whether a vehicle is climbing a hill under a predetermined driving condition (S100). Regenerative braking is prohibited through the air blower 100 included in the vehicle, and a low limit RPM of the air blower 100 is calculated when the vehicle is climbing the hill (S200). Whether or not a current RPM of the air blower 100 is greater than the low limit RPM (S300) is determined.

The predetermined driving condition corresponds to a state in which a vehicle velocity is greater than a reference vehicle velocity, a vehicle hill-climbing gradient is greater than a reference gradient, and an accelerator pedal and brake pedal included in the vehicle are not manipulated.

When the vehicle is not climbing a hill under the predetermined driving condition, the regenerative braking is generated through the air blower 100 (S110).

When the current RPM of the air blower 100 is smaller than the low limit RPM, the air blower 100 is controlled to operate with the low limit RPM (S310).

When the current RPM of the air blower 100 is greater than the low limit RPM, an operation of the air blower 100 is maintained with the current RPM.

The low limit RPM is an RPM of the air blower 100 for supplying an air flow satisfying a required current of a driving motor 300, calculated according to Math Formula 1 below, to a fuel cell 400.

$PReq_Motor=RTireGr·M·g·sin⁡(arctan⁡(gradient100))·w⁢⁢lReq_Motor=(PReq_Motor)/(VStack)[Math⁢⁢Formula⁢⁢1]$

In this case, RTire is a radius of a tire, Gr is a gear rate, M is an empty vehicle weight, g is a gravitational acceleration, and w is a current motor angular velocity.

A controller 200 calculates the low limit RPM, checks a vehicle hill-climbing gradient through a gradient sensor 500, and calculates a current vehicle velocity and an angular velocity of the driving motor 300 through RPM of the driving motor 300.

As described above, when the vehicle is climbing a hill under the predetermined driving condition, the controller 200 may prohibit regenerative braking through the air blower 100 and calculate the low limit RPM.

The required current of the driving motor 300 is calculated according to Math Formula 1 above, and the air flow toward the fuel cell 400, which satisfies the calculated current, is calculated. Then, the RPM of the air blower 100, for supplying the calculated air flow to fuel cell 400, is determined as the low limit RPM.

When the current RPM of the air blower 100 naturally reduces the low limit RPM or less, power is supplied to maintain the low limit RPM.

As illustrated in FIG. 3, compared with a conventional case (A) in which regenerative braking is generated through an air blower during hill-climbing, when the control method according to the present disclosure is applied (B), the RPM of the air blower 100 is maintained to the low limit RPM or more.

When vehicle reacceleration and additional vehicle acceleration are required, the naturally reducing RPM of the air blower 100 is higher than RPM of the air blower 100 that is performing regenerative braking, and thus, a large amount of air flow is capable of being rapidly supplied to the fuel cell 400, thereby ensuring high responsibility and launching characteristics of the vehicle.

In addition, the low limit RPM may be variably applied according to a gradient, and thus an appropriate air flow may be pre-ensured for reacceleration during vehicle hill-climbing.

When the method for controlling an air blower of a fuel cell vehicle according to the present disclosure is used, if reacceleration and additional acceleration are required during hill-climbing of a fuel cell vehicle, the fuel cell vehicle may ensure high responsibility and launching characteristics.

In addition, a low RPM may be variably applied according to a gradient, and thus, an appropriate flow is pre-ensured according to reacceleration during hill-climbing of a vehicle and unnecessary power is not used, thereby improving system efficiency.

While the present disclosure has been particularly shown and described with reference to an exemplary embodiment and drawings thereof, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the present disclosure as defined by the following claims.

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37.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

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38.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

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68.34/100 Score

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47.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

16.58/100 Score

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Citation

Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
발명의 명칭 연료전지 차량 시스템 현대모비스 주식회사 20 August 2012 03 March 2014
Method for operating vehicle-mounted fuel cell stack HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD. 31 January 2005 04 August 2005
세미 패시브형 연료전지 시스템 삼성에스디아이 주식회사 04 November 2005 09 May 2007

연료전지 자동차의 모터 냉각장치 및 방법 현대자동차주식회사 15 October 2003 17 August 2005

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