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Patent Analysis of

Furo- and thieno-pyridine carboxamide compounds useful as pim kinase inhibitors

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10000507

Application Number

US15/379783

Application Date

15 December 2016

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

INCYTE CORPORATION

Original Assignee (Applicant)

INCYTE CORPORATION

International Classification

C07D495/04,C07D491/048

Cooperative Classification

C07D495/04,C07D491/048

Inventor

LI, YUN-LONG,BURNS, DAVID M.,FENG, HAO,HUANG, TAISHENG,MEI, SONG,PAN, JUN,YE, HAI-FEN,ZHU, WENYU,RAFALSKI, MARIA,WANG, ANLAI,XUE, CHU-BIAO

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10000507 Furo- thieno-pyridine carboxamide compounds 1 US10000507 Furo- thieno-pyridine carboxamide compounds 2 US10000507 Furo- thieno-pyridine carboxamide compounds 3
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Abstract

The present disclosure describes furo- and thieno-pyridine carboxamide compounds, as well as their compositions and methods of use. The compounds inhibit the activity of the Pim kinases, and are useful in the treatment of diseases related to the activity of Pim kinases including, e.g., cancer and other diseases.

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Claims

1. The compound of Formula (II-6):or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein: nRA is 0; CyB is a 3-aminopiperidin-1-yl, wherein said piperidinyl is optionally substituted with 1, 2, 3, or 4 RB; each RB is independently selected from halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, CN, ORa2 and NRc2Rd2; R5 is H, halogen, or C1-6 alkyl; R6 is H, halogen, R6A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, or ORa4; R6A is unsubstituted phenyl or phenyl 2,6-disubstituted with substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, CN and ORa4; R7 is H, halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl or O(C1-6 alkyl); Ra2, Rc2 and Rd2 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl; and Ra4 is H or C1-6 alkyl.

2. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the configuration of the carbon atom at the 3-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB is (S).

3. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the configuration of the carbon atom at the 3-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB is (R).

4. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein CyB is a group selected from groups of the following Formulae (B-101) to (B-107):

5. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein CyB is a group selected from groups of the following Formulae (B-115) to (B-121):

6. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein CyB is a group of Formula (B-3a):

7. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein each RB is independently selected from methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, OH and NH2.

8. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R5 is H, Cl or methyl.

9. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R5 is H.

10. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R6 is H.

11. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R6 is R6A.

12. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R7 is H, Cl, methyl, ethyl, CF3, OMe, OEt, On-Pr, or Oi-Pr.

13. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R7 is H.

14. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein each Ra2, Rc2, and Rd2 is independently selected from H and C1-6 alkyl.

15. The compound of claim 1, wherein the compound is 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

16. The compound of claim 1, wherein the compound is 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide.

17. A composition comprising a compound of claim 15, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

18. A composition comprising a compound of claim 16, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. The compound of Formula (II-6):or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
    • : nRA is 0; CyB is a 3-aminopiperidin-1-yl, wherein
    • 2. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • the configuration of the carbon atom at the 3-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB is (S).
    • 3. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • the configuration of the carbon atom at the 3-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB is (R).
    • 4. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • CyB is a group selected from groups of the following Formulae (B-101) to (B-107):
    • 5. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • CyB is a group selected from groups of the following Formulae (B-115) to (B-121):
    • 6. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • CyB is a group of Formula (B-3a):
    • 7. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • each RB is independently selected from methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, OH and NH2.
    • 8. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • R5 is H, Cl or methyl.
    • 9. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • R5 is H.
    • 10. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • R6 is H.
    • 11. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • R6 is R6A.
    • 12. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • R7 is H, Cl, methyl, ethyl, CF3, OMe, OEt, On-Pr, or Oi-Pr.
    • 13. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • R7 is H.
    • 14. The compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • each Ra2, Rc2, and Rd2 is independently selected from H and C1-6 alkyl.
    • 15. The compound of claim 1, wherein
      • the compound is 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
    • 16. The compound of claim 1, wherein
      • the compound is 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide.
  • 17
    17. A composition comprising
    • a compound of claim 15, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
  • 18
    18. A composition comprising
    • a compound of claim 16, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
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Description

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present application is concerned with pharmaceutically useful compounds. The disclosure provides new compounds as well as their compositions and methods of use. The compounds inhibit the activity of Pim kinases and are therefore useful in the treatment of diseases related to the activity of Pim kinases including, e.g., cancers and other diseases.

BACKGROUND

Protein kinases regulate diverse biological processes including cell growth, survival, differentiation, organ formation, morphogenesis, neovascularization, tissue repair, and regeneration, among others. Protein kinases also play specialized roles in a host of human diseases including cancer. The three members of the Pim kinase family, one example of a protein kinase family, were initially identified as preferential integration sites of Moloney leukemia virus in mouse models of cancer. Although possessing modest but measurable oncogenic activity alone, they potentiate pro-proliferative and pro-survival oncogenes, e.g., causing a dramatic acceleration of lymphomagenesis in Myc-transgenic or Bcl2-transgenic mice. Mikkers et al., Nature Genet., 2002, 32, 153-159; Shinto et al., Oncogene, 1995, 11, 1729-35.

The three non-receptor serine/threonine kinases Pim1, Pim2 and Pim3 regulate cell proliferation and survival by impacting gene transcription and protein translation. Zippo, et al., Nature Cell Biol., 2007, 9, 932-44; Schatz, et al., J. Exp. Med., 2011, 208, 1799-1807. As opposed to numerous other protein kinases which require activation by phosphorylation, the Pim kinases are constitutively activated and family members have overlapping substrate targets and biological functions, with differences between family members dictated, in part, by their varied tissue distribution. Expression of the Pim kinases is induced by cytokines and growth factors. Among the cytokines activating Pim kinase expression are cytokines which signal through the JAK/STAT pathway. Pim kinases act in parallel to the PI3K/AKT pathway, and they share several phosphorylation targets (e.g., pBAD, p4EBP1). Inhibitors of Pim kinases may therefore potentiate regimens including inhibitors of either the JAK pathway or the PI3K/AKT pathway.

Overexpression of Pim kinases is detected in a wide variety of hematologic and solid cancers. Overexpression of various family members have been noted in multiple myeloma, AML, pancreatic and hepatocellular cancers. Claudio et al., Blood, 2002, 100, 2175-86; Amson et al., Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., USA, 1989, 86, 8857-61; Mizuki et al., Blood, 2003, 101, 3164-73; Li et al., Canc. Res., 2006, 66, 6741-7; Fujii et al., Int. J. Canc., 2005, 114, 209-18. Pim1 overexpression is associated with poor prognosis in mantle cell lymphoma, esophageal and head and neck cancers. Hsi et al., Leuk. Lymph., 2008, 49, 2081-90; Liu et al., J. Surg. Oncol., 2010, 102, 683-88; Peltola et al., Neoplasia, 2009, 11, 629-36. Pim2 overexpression is associated with an aggressive clinical course in a subset of DLBCL patients. Gomez-Abad et al., Blood, 2011, 118, 5517-27. Overexpression is often seen where Myc is overexpressed and Pim kinases can convey resistance to traditional chemotherapeutic agents and radiation. Chen et al., Blood, 2009, 114, 4150-57; Isaac et al., Drug Resis. Updates, 2011, 14, 203-11; Hsu et al., Cancer Lett., 2012, 319, 214; Peltola et al., Neoplasia, 2009, 11, 629-36.

As such, these data indicate that inhibition of Pim kinases will be useful to provide therapeutic benefit in cancer patients.

Data from mice deficient for one or multiple Pim kinase family members suggests that pan-Pim inhibitor would have a favorable toxicity profile. Triple knockout mice are viable, but are slightly smaller than their wild type littermates. Mikkers et al., Mol. Cell. Biol., 2004, 24. 6104-15. Since Pim kinases are also involved in a variety of immunologic and inflammatory responses and these indications require drug agents with fewer side effects, Pim kinase inhibitors are expected to be useful in treating patients with colitis (Shen et al., Dig. Dis. Sci., 2012, 57, 1822-31), peanut allergy (Wang et al., J. All. Clin. Immunol., 2012, 130, 932-44), multiple sclerosis and lupus (Davis et al., “Small Molecule Dual Antagonist of Pim 1 and 3 Kinases Ameliorate Experimental Autoimmune Encephalomyelitis”, 26th Congress of the European Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis, 13-16 Oct. 2010, Gothenburg, Sweden, Poster P436; Robinson et al., J. Immunol., 2012, 188, 119.9) and rheumatoid arthritis (Yang et al., Immunol. 2010, 131, 174-182) and other immunological and inflammatory disorders.

The Pim kinases have therefore been identified as useful targets for drug development efforts. Swords et al., Curr. Drug Targets, 2011, 12(14), 2059-66; Merkel et al., Exp. Opin. Investig. Drugs, 2012, 21, 425-38; Morwick et al., Exp. Opin. Ther. Patents, 2010, 20(2), 193-212.

Accordingly, there is a need for new compounds that inhibit Pim kinases. The present application describes new inhibitors of Pim kinases that are useful for treating diseases associated with the expression or activity of one or more Pim kinases, e.g., cancer and other diseases.

SUMMARY

The present disclosure provides, inter alia, a compound of Formula (I):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; wherein the variables are as defined below.

The present disclosure also provides a composition comprising a compound of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

The present disclosure also provides methods of treating cancer and other diseases comprising administering to a patient a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

The details of one or more embodiments are set forth in the description below. Other features, objects and advantages will be apparent from the description and from the claims.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

For the terms “e.g.” and “such as,” and grammatical equivalents thereof, the phrase “and without limitation” is understood to follow unless explicitly stated otherwise.

As used herein, the singular forms “a,”“an,” and “the” include plural referents unless the context clearly dictates otherwise.

As used herein, the term “about” means “approximately” (e.g., plus or minus approximately 10% of the indicated value).

I. Compounds

The present disclosure provides, inter alia, a compound of Formula (I):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

X is S or O;

A5 is N or C—R5;

CyA is a 5 to 6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl group, wherein the ring atoms of the heteroaryl group forming CyA consist of carbon atoms and 1, 2, or 3 heteroatoms selected from N, O and S, and wherein the 5 to 6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl group forming CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, or 3 RA;

each RA is independently selected from RA1, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa1, SRa1, C(═O)Rb1, C(═O)NRc1Rd1, C(═O)ORa1, OC(═O)Rb1, OC(═O)NRc1Rd1, NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═O)Rb1, NRc1C(═O)NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═O)ORa1, C(═NRe1)NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═NRe1)NRc1Rd1, S(═O)Rb1, S(═O)NRc1Rd1, S(═O)2Rb1, NRc1S(═O)2Rb1 and S(═O)2NRc1Rd1;

each RA1 is independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl, wherein each C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl forming RA1 is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from halogen, CN, ORa1, SRa1, C(═O)Rb1, C(═O)NRc1Rd1, C(═O)ORa1, OC(═O)Rb1, OC(═O)NRc1Rd1, NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═O)Rb1, NRc1C(═O)NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═O)ORa1, C(═NRe1)NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═NRe1)NRc1Rd1, S(═O)Rb1, S(═O)NRc1Rd1, S(═O)2Rb1, NRc1S(═O)2Rb1 and S(═O)2NRc1Rd1;

CyB is C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the ring atoms of the ring atoms of the heteroaryl or heterocycloalkyl forming CyB consist of carbon atoms and 1, 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S, and wherein each of said C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl forming CyB is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 RB;

each RB is independently selected from RB1, RB2, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa2, SRa2, C(═O)Rb2, C(═O)NRc2Rd2, C(═O)ORa2, OC(═O)Rb2, OC(═O)NRc2Rd2, NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═O)Rb2, NRc2C(═O)NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═O)ORa2, C(═NRe2)NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═NRe2)NRc2Rd2, S(═O)Rb2, S(═O)NRc2Rd2, S(═O)2Rb2, NRc2S(═O)2Rb2 and S(═O)2NRc2Rd2;

each RB1 is independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl, wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl of RB1 is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 RB3;

each RB2 is independently selected from C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, wherein each of said C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl forming RB2 is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 RB4;

each RB3 is independently selected from RB2, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa2, SRa2, C(═O)Rb2, C(═O)NRc2Rd2, C(═O)ORa2, OC(═O)Rb2, OC(═O)NRc2Rd2, NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═O)Rb2, NRc2C(═O)NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═O)ORa2, C(═NRe2)NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═NRe2)NRc2Rd2, S(═O)Rb2, S(═O)NRc2Rd2, S(═O)2Rb2, NRc2S(═O)2Rb2 and S(═O)2NRc2Rd2;

each RB4 is independently selected from halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa2, SRa2, C(═O)Rb2, C(═O)NRc2Rd2, C(═O)ORa2, OC(═O)Rb2, OC(═O)NRc2Rd2, NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═O)Rb2, NRc2C(═O)NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═O)ORa2, C(═NRe2)NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═NRe2)NRc2Rd2, S(═O)Rb2, S(═O)NRc2Rd2, S(═O)2Rb2, NRc2S(═O)2Rb2 and S(═O)2NRc2Rd2;

R2 is H, halogen or NH2;

R5 is H, halogen, R5A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa3, SRa3, C(═O)Rb3, C(═O)NRc3Rd3, C(═O)ORa3, OC(═O)Rb3, OC(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)Rb3, NRc3C(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)ORa3, C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)Rb3, S(═O)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)2Rb3, NRc3S(═O)2Rb3 or S(═O)2NRc3Rd3;

R5A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl, wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl forming R5A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from halogen, CN, ORa3, SRa3C(═O)Rb3, C(═O)NRc3Rd3, C(═O)ORa3, OC(═O)Rb3, OC(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)Rb3, NRc3C(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)ORa3, C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)Rb3, S(═O)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)2Rb3, NRc3S(═O)2Rb3 and S(═O)2NRc3Rd3;

R6 is H, halogen, R6A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa4, SRa4, C(═O)Rb4, C(═O)NRc4Rd4, C(═O)ORa4, OC(═O)Rb4, OC(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)Rb4, NRc4C(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)ORa4, C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)Rb4, S(═O)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)2Rb4, NRc4S(═O)2Rb4 or S(═O)2NRc4Rd4;

R6A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-forming R6A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa4, SRa4, C(═O)Rb4, C(═O)NRc4Rd4, C(═O)ORa4, OC(═O)Rb4, OC(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)Rb4, NRc4C(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)ORa4, C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)Rb4, S(═O)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)2Rb4, NRc4S(═O)2Rb4 and S(═O)2NRc4Rd4;

R7 is H, halogen, R7A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa5, SRa5, C(═O)Rb5, C(═O)NRc5Rd5, C(═O)ORa5, OC(═O)Rb5, OC(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)Rb5, NRc5C(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)ORa5, C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)Rb5, S(═O)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)2Rb5, NRc5S(═O)2Rb5 or S(═O)2NRc5Rd5;

R7A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-forming R7A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa5, SRa5, C(═O)Rb5, C(═O)NRc5Rd5, C(═O)ORa5, OC(═O)Rb5, OC(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)Rb5, NRc5C(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)ORa5, C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)Rb5, S(═O)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)2Rb5, NRc5S(═O)2Rb5 and S(═O)2NRc5Rd5;

Ra1, Rb1, Rc1 and Rd1 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl;

Ra2, Rb2, Rc2 and Rd2 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl;

Ra3, Rb3, Rc3 and Rd3 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl;

Ra4, Rb4, Rc4 and Rd4 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl-C1-3 alkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-3 alkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl, wherein said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl-C1-3 alkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-3 alkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl forming Ra4, Rb4, Rc4 and Rd4 are each unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halo, CN, ORa6, SRa6, C(═O)Rb6, C(═O)NRc6Rd6, C(═O)ORa6, OC(═O)Rb6, OC(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)Rb6, NRc6C(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)ORa6, C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)Rb6, S(═O)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)2Rb6, NRc6S(═O)2Rb6 and S(═O)2NRc6Rd6;

or Rc4 and Rd4 attached to the same N atom, together with the N atom to which they are both attached, form a 4-, 5-, 6- or 7-membered heterocycloalkyl group or 5-membered heteroaryl group, each optionally substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halo, CN, ORa6, SRa6, C(═O)Rb6, C(═O)NRc6Rd6, C(═O)ORa6, OC(═O)Rb6, OC(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)Rb6, NRc6C(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)ORa6, C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)Rb6, S(═O)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)2Rb6, NRc6S(═O)2Rb6 and S(═O)2NRc6Rd6;

Ra5, Rb5, Rc5 and Rd5 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl-C1-3 alkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-3 alkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl, wherein said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl-C1-3 alkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-3 alkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl forming Ra5, Rb5, Rc5 and Rd5 are each unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halo, CN, ORa6, SRa6, C(═O)Rb6, C(═O)NRc6Rd6, C(═O)ORa6, OC(═O)Rb6, OC(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)Rb6, NRc6C(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)ORa6, C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)Rb6, S(═O)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)2Rb6, NRc6S(═O)2Rb6 and S(═O)2NRc6Rd6;

or Rc5 and Rd5 attached to the same N atom, together with the N atom to which they are both attached, form a 4-, 5-, 6- or 7-membered heterocycloalkyl group or 5-membered heteroaryl group, each optionally substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halo, CN, ORa6, SRa6, C(═O)Rb6, C(═O)NRc6Rd6, C(═O)ORa6, OC(═O)Rb6, OC(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)Rb6, NRc6C(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)ORa6, C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)Rb6, S(═O)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)2Rb6, NRc6S(═O)2Rb6 and S(═O)2NRc6Rd6;

Ra6, Rb6, Rc6 and Rd6 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, wherein said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl forming Ra6, Rb6, Rc6 and Rd6 are each optionally substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from OH, CN, amino, NH(C1-6 alkyl), N(C1-6 alkyl)2, halo, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 haloalkyl and C1-6 haloalkoxy;

or Rc6 and Rd6 attached to the same N atom, together with the N atom to which they are both attached, form a 4-, 5-, 6- or 7-membered heterocycloalkyl group or 5-membered heteroaryl group, each optionally substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from OH, CN, amino, NH(C1-6 alkyl), N(C1-6 alkyl)2, halo, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 haloalkyl and C1-6 haloalkoxy; and

Re1, Re2, Re3, Re4, Re5 and Re6 are each, independently, H, C1-4 alkyl, CN or NO2.

In the Formula (I), CyB and the group:

are attached to adjacent carbon atoms of CyA.

In some embodiments, X is O.

In some embodiments, X is S.

In some embodiments, CyA is a 5 or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group wherein the ring atoms consist of carbon atoms and 1, or 2 heteroatoms selected from N, O and S and wherein CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, or 3 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is a 5 or 6-membered monocyclic heteroaryl group, the ring atoms of which consist of carbon atoms and 1 or 2 nitrogen atoms and wherein CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, or 3 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is a pyrazolyl or pyridinyl ring wherein CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, or 3 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is a pyridin-3-yl or 1H-pyrazol-4-yl ring wherein CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is a pyridinyl ring wherein CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, or 3 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is a pyridin-3-yl ring wherein CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is a 1H-pyrazol-4-yl ring wherein CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 or 2 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is unsubstituted.

In some embodiments, CyA is substituted with 1, 2, or 3 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is substituted with 1 or 2 RA.

In some embodiments, CyA is substituted with 1 RA.

In some embodiments, each RA is independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa1, SRa1, C(═O)Rb1, C(═O)NRc1Rd1, C(═O)ORa1, OC(═O)Rb1, OC(═O)NRc1Rd1, NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═O)Rb1, NRc1C(═O)NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═O)ORa1, C(═NRe1)NRc1Rd1, NRc1C(═NRe1)NRc1Rd1, S(═O)Rb1, S(═O)NRc1Rd1, S(═O)2Rb1, NRc1S(═O)2Rb1 and S(═O)2NRc1Rd1.

In some embodiments, each RA is C1-6 alkyl.

In some embodiments, each RA is methyl.

In some embodiments, CyA is a pyridin-3-yl, 5-methylpyridin-3-yl, or 1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl ring.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted C6-10 aryl or C6-10 aryl substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted C3-7 cycloalkyl or C3-7 cycloalkyl substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted cyclohexyl substituted with 1, 2, 3, or 4 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted cyclohexyl substituted with 1, 2, 3, or 4 RB wherein RB is at each occurrence selected from F, Cl, methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, CN, OH, methoxy and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted 5-10 membered heteroaryl or 5-10 membered heteroaryl substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl substituted with 1, 2, 3 or 4 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl or 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl substituted with 1, 2, 3 or 4 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl or 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl substituted with 1, 2, or 3 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the ring atoms of the heterocycloalkyl forming CyB consist of carbon atoms and 1 or 2 nitrogen atoms, and wherein the 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl forming CyB is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3 or 4 RB.

In some embodiments, CyB is a pyrrolidine, piperidine, azepane or 1,4-diazepane ring, wherein the pyrrolidine, piperidine, azepane or 1,4-diazepane ring forming CyB is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 RB.

In some embodiments, a ring nitrogen atom of CyB forms the bond connecting CyB to the remainder of the molecule.

In some embodiments, each RB is independently selected from halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, CN, ORa2 and NRc2Rd2.

In some embodiments, each RB is independently selected from halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, CN, ORa2 and NRc2Rd2.

In some embodiments, each RB is independently selected from methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, OH and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is a piperidin-1-yl ring substituted at the 3-position by an amino group. CyB can be, e.g., 3-aminopiperidin-1-yl, 3-amino-4-hydroxypiperidinyl or 3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl.

In some embodiments, the configuration of the carbon atom at the 3-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB is (S) when the carbon atom at the 2-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB has a higher Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority than the carbon atom at the 4-position and (R) when the carbon atom at the 4-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB has a higher Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority than the carbon atom at the 4-position. CyB can be, e.g., (3S)-aminopiperidin-1-yl, (3R,4R)-3-amino-4-hydroxypiperidinyl, (3R,4S)-3-amino-4-hydroxypiperidinyl, (3R,4R,5R)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl, (3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl, (3R,4S,5R)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl or (3R,4S,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl.

In some embodiments, the configuration of the carbon atom at the 3-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB is (R) when the carbon atom at the 2-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB has a higher Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority than the carbon atom at the 4-position and (S) when the carbon atom at the 4-position of the piperidin-1-yl ring forming CyB has a higher Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority than the carbon atom at the 4-position. CyB can be, e.g., (3R)-aminopiperidin-1-yl, (3S,4S)-3-amino-4-hydroxypiperidinyl, (3S,4R)-3-amino-4-hydroxypiperidinyl, (3S,4R,5R)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl, (3S,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl, (3S,4S,5R)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl or (3S,4S,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidinyl.

In some embodiments, CyB is a hetereocycloalkyl group of the following Formula (B-1):

wherein:

Rc2 is H, C1-6 alkyl or OC(═O)C1-6 alkyl;

Rd2 is H or C1-6 alkyl;

a is 1 or 2;

b is 0, 1 or 2; and

the sum of a and b is 1, 2 or 3; and

wherein the heterocycloalkyl group of Formula (B-1) is further substituted by 0, 1, 2, or 3 RB, wherein RB is independently, at each occurrence, selected from F, Cl, methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, CN, OH, and methoxy.

In some embodiments, CyB is a group of Formula CyB-1:

wherein:

W is N or CH;

Y is H or OH; and

Z is H, C1-6 alkyl, C1-3 haloalkyl, or C3-7 cycloalkyl.

In some embodiments CyB is a group of Formula CyB-2:

wherein:

W is N or CH;

Y is H or OH; and

Z is H, C1-6 alkyl, C1-3 haloalkyl, or C3-7 cycloalkyl.

In some embodiments, W is N.

In some embodiments, W is CH.

In some embodiments, CyB is a group of Formula CyB-3:

In some embodiments, CyB is a group of Formula CyB-4:

In some embodiments, Y is H.

In some embodiments, Y is OH.

In some embodiments, Z is H.

In some embodiments, Z is C1-6 alkyl.

In some embodiments, Z is methyl.

In some embodiments, Z is C1-3 haloalkyl.

In some embodiments, Z is trifluoromethyl.

In some embodiments, Z is C3-7 cycloalkyl.

In some embodiments, Z is cyclopropyl.

In some embodiments, CyB is a group selected from groups of the following Formulae (B-2) to (B-12):

In some embodiments, CyB is a group selected from groups of the following Formulae (B-2a) to (B-8a):

In some embodiments, CyB is a group of Formula (B-8a):

In some embodiments, CyB is a group of Formula (B-7a):

In some embodiments, CyB is a group of Formula (B-5a):

In some embodiments, CyB is a group of Formula (B-4a):

In some embodiments, CyB is a group of Formula (B-3a):

In some embodiments, CyB is a group selected from groups of the following Formulae (B-101) to (B-130):

In some embodiments, CyB is 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the ring atoms of the heterocycloalkyl forming CyB consist of carbon atoms and 1 or 2 nitrogen atoms, and wherein the 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl forming CyB is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from F, Cl, methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, CN, OH, methoxy and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is selected from piperidine-1-yl, azepan-1-yl, 1,4-diazepan-1-yl, and pyrrolidine-1-yl, wherein each of said piperidine-1-yl, azepan-1-yl, 1,4-diazepan-1-yl, and pyrrolidine-1-yl, forming CyB is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from F, Cl, methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, CN, OH, methoxy and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted piperidin-1-yl or piperidin-1-yl substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from F, Cl, methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, CN, OH, methoxy and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted piperidin-1-yl or piperidin-1-yl substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from methyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, OH and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted azepan-1-yl or azepan-1-yl substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from F, Cl, methyl, ethyl, CF3, CN, OH, methoxy and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted azepan-1-yl or azepan-1-yl substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from methyl, cyclopropyl, OH and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted 1,4-diazepan-1-yl or 1,4-diazepan-1-yl substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from F, Cl, methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, CN, OH, methoxy and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted 1,4-diazepan-1-yl or 1,4-diazepan-1-yl substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from methyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, OH and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted pyrrolidin-1-yl or pyrrolidin-1-yl substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from F, Cl, methyl, ethyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, CN, OH, methoxy and NH2.

In some embodiments, CyB is unsubstituted pyrrolidin-1-yl or pyrrolidin-1-yl substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from methyl, cyclopropyl, CF3, OH and NH2.

In some embodiments, the group

is selected from:

In some embodiments, R2 is NH2.

In some embodiments, A5 is N.

In some embodiments, A5 is CR5.

In some embodiments, R5 is H, halogen, R5A, CN or ORa3.

In some embodiments, R5A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl, wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl forming R5A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halogen, CN and ORa3.

In some embodiments, Ra3 is H or C1-6 alkyl.

In some embodiments, R5 is H, halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, R5A, CN, ORa3, SRa3, C(═O)Rb3, C(═O)NRc3Rd3, C(═O)ORa3, OC(═O)Rb3, OC(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)Rb3, NRc3C(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)ORa3, C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)Rb3, S(═O)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)2Rb3, NRc3S(═O)2Rb3 or S(═O)2NRc3Rd3.

In some embodiments, R5 is H, halogen or C1-6 alkyl.

In some embodiments, R5 is H, Cl or methyl.

In some embodiments, R5 is H.

In some embodiments, R6 is H, halogen, R6A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN or ORa4.

In some embodiments, R6 is R6A.

In some embodiments, R6 is H, halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa4, SRa4, C(═O)Rb4, C(═O)NRc4Rd4, C(═O)ORa4, OC(═O)Rb4, OC(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)Rb4, NRc4C(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)ORa4, C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)Rb4, S(═O)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)2Rb4, NRc4S(═O)2Rb4 or S(═O)2NRc4Rd4.

In some embodiments, R6 is H, halogen or C1-6 alkyl, OH, OC1-6 alkyl, OC3-7 cycloalkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-6-membered heteroaryl or 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl,

In some embodiments, R6 is H, F, Cl, Br, methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, CF3, OH, OMe, OEt, On-Pr, Oi-Pr, Ocyclopropyl, phenyl, 2,6-difluorophenyl, 3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl, 1,3-thiazol-2-yl, 1-methylazetidin-3-yl, 1-isopropylazetidin-3-yl, methoxymethyl or tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl,

In some embodiments, R6 is H.

In some embodiments, R6A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, 5-6 membered heteroaryl or 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl, wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, 5-6 membered heteroaryl or 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl forming R6A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, CN and ORa4.

In some embodiments, R6A is unsubstituted phenyl or phenyl substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, CN and ORa4.

In some embodiments, R6A is unsubstituted phenyl or phenyl 2,6-disubstituted with substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, CN and ORa4.

In some embodiments, Ra4 is H or C1-6 alkyl.

In some embodiments, R7 is H, halogen, R7A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa5, SRa5, C(═O)Rb5, C(═O)NRc5Rd5, C(═O)ORa5, OC(═O)Rb5, OC(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)Rb5, NRc5C(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)ORa5, C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)Rb5, S(═O)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)2Rb5, NRc5S(═O)2Rb5 or S(═O)2NRc5Rd5.

In some embodiments, R7 is H, halogen, R7A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN or ORa5.

In some embodiments, R7A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl and phenyl wherein each is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl and phenyl forming R7A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa5, SRa5, C(═O)Rb5, C(═O)NRc5Rd5, C(═O)ORa5, OC(═O)Rb5, OC(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)Rb5, NRc5C(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)ORa5, C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)Rb5, S(═O)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)2Rb5, NRc5S(═O)2Rb5 and S(═O)2NRc5Rd5,

In some embodiments, Ra5 is H or C1-6 alkyl.

In some embodiments, R7 is H, halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl or O(C1-6 alkyl).

In some embodiments, R7 is H, Cl, methyl, ethyl, CF3, OMe, OEt, On-Pr or Oi-Pr.

In some embodiments, R7 is H.

In some embodiments, the compound is a compound of Formula (I-A):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

X is S or O;

CyA is a 5 to 6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl group wherein the ring atoms of the heteroaryl group forming CyA consist of carbon atoms and 1, 2, or 3 atoms selected from N, O and S, and wherein the 5 to 6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl group forming CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 RA;

each RA is independently selected from halogen, CN, OH, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl and C1-6 alkoxy;

CyB is C3-7 cycloalkyl or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the ring atoms of the heterocycloalkyl forming CyB consist of carbon atoms and 1, 2 or 3 heteroatoms selected from O, N and S, wherein each of said C3-7 cycloalkyl or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl forming CyB is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 RB;

each RB is independently selected from halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, CN, ORa2, SRa2, C(═O)Rb2, C(═O)NRc2Rd2, C(═O)ORa2, OC(═O)Rb2, OC(═O)NRc2Rd2, NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═O)Rb2, NRc2C(═O)NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═O)ORa2, C(═NRe2)NRc2Rd2, NRc2C(═NRe2)NRc2Rd2, S(═O)Rb2, S(═O)NRc2Rd2, S(═O)2Rb2, NRc2S(═O)2Rb2 and S(═O)2NRc2Rd2;

R2 is H, halogen or NH2;

R5 is H, halogen, R5A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa3, SRa3, C(═O)Rb3, C(═O)NRc3Rd3, C(═O)ORa3, OC(═O)Rb3, OC(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)Rb3, NRc3C(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)ORa3, C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)Rb3, S(═O)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)2Rb3, NRc3S(═O)2Rb3 or S(═O)2NRc3Rd3;

R5A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl forming R5A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from halogen, CN, ORa3, SRa3, C(═O)Rb3, C(═O)NRc3Rd3, C(═O)ORa3, OC(═O)Rb3, OC(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)Rb3, NRc3C(═O)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═O)ORa3, C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, NRc3C(═NRe3)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)Rb3, S(═O)NRc3Rd3, S(═O)2Rb3, NRc3S(═O)2Rb3 and S(═O)2NRc3Rd3;

R6 is H, halogen, R6A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa4, SRa4, C(═O)Rb4, C(═O)NRc4Rd4, C(═O)ORa4, OC(═O)Rb4, OC(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)Rb4, NRc4C(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)ORa4, C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)Rb4, S(═O)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)2Rb4, NRc4S(═O)2Rb4 or S(═O)2NRc4Rd4;

R6A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl- wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-forming R6A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa4, SRa4, C(═O)Rb4, C(═O)NRc4Rd4, C(═O)ORa4, OC(═O)Rb4, OC(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)Rb4, NRc4C(═O)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═O)ORa4, C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, NRc4C(═NRe4)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)Rb4, S(═O)NRc4Rd4, S(═O)2Rb4, NRc4S(═O)2Rb4 and S(═O)2NRc4Rd4;

R7 is H, halogen, R7A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa5, SRa5, C(═O)Rb5, C(═O)NRc5Rd5, C(═O)ORa5, OC(═O)Rb5, OC(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)Rb5, NRc5C(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)ORa5, C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)Rb5, S(═O)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)2Rb5, NRc5S(═O)2Rb5 or S(═O)2NRc5Rd5;

R7A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- or 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-, C6-10 aryl-C1-4 alkyl-, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-4 alkyl- and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-4 alkyl-forming R7A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN, ORa5, SRa5, C(═O)Rb5, C(═O)NRc5Rd5, C(═O)ORa5, OC(═O)Rb5, OC(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)Rb5, NRc5C(═O)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═O)ORa5, C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, NRc5C(═NRe5)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)Rb5, S(═O)NRc5Rd5, S(═O)2Rb5, NRc5S(═O)2Rb5 and S(═O)2NRc5Rd5;

Ra1, Rb1, Rc1 and Rd1 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl;

Ra2, Rb2, Rc2 and Rd2 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl;

Ra3, Rb3, Rc3 and Rd3 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl;

Ra4, Rb4, Rc4 and Rd4 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl-C1-3 alkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-3 alkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl, wherein said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl-C1-3 alkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-3 alkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl forming Ra4, Rb4, Rc4 and Rd4 are each unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halo, CN, ORa6, SRa6, C(═O)Rb6, C(═O)NRc6Rd6, C(═O)ORa6, OC(═O)Rb6, OC(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)Rb6, NRc6C(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)ORa6, C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)Rb6, S(═O)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)2Rb6, NRc6S(═O)2Rb6 and S(═O)2NRc6Rd6;

or Rc4 and Rd4 attached to the same N atom, together with the N atom to which they are both attached, form a 4-, 5-, 6- or 7-membered heterocycloalkyl group or 5-membered heteroaryl group, each optionally substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halo, CN, ORa6, SRa6, C(═O)Rb6, C(═O)NRc6Rd6, C(═O)ORa6, OC(═O)Rb6, OC(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)Rb6, NR6C(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)ORa6, C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)Rb6, S(═O)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)2Rb6, NRc6S(═O)2Rb6 and S(═O)2NRc6Rd6;

Ra5, Rb5, Rc5 and Rd5 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl-C1-3 alkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-3 alkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl, wherein said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C6-10 aryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl-C1-3 alkyl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl-C1-3 alkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl-C1-3 alkyl forming Ra5, Rb5, Rc5 and Rd5 are each unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halo, CN, ORa6, SRa6, C(═O)Rb6, C(═O)NRc6Rd6, C(═O)ORa6, OC(═O)Rb6, OC(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)Rb6, NRc6C(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)ORa6, C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)Rb6, S(═O)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)2Rb6, NRc6S(═O)2Rb6 and S(═O)2NRc6Rd6;

or Rc5 and Rd5 attached to the same N atom, together with the N atom to which they are both attached, form a 4-, 5-, 6- or 7-membered heterocycloalkyl group or 5-membered heteroaryl group, each optionally substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halo, CN, ORa6, SRa6, C(═O)Rb6, C(═O)NRc6Rd6, C(═O)ORa6, OC(═O)Rb6, OC(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)Rb6, NRc6C(═O)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═O)ORa6, C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, NRc6C(═NRe6)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)Rb6, S(═O)NRc6Rd6, S(═O)2Rb6, NRc6S(═O)2Rb6 and S(═O)2NRc6Rd6;

Ra6, Rb6, Rc6 and Rd6 are each independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, aryl, C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl, wherein said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl C6-10 aryl, 5-10 membered heteroaryl, C3-7 cycloalkyl and 4-10 membered heterocycloalkyl forming Ra6, Rb6, Rc6 and Rd6 are each optionally substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from OH, CN, amino, NH(C1-6 alkyl), N(C1-6 alkyl)2, halo, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 haloalkyl and C1-6 haloalkoxy;

or Rc6 and Rd6 attached to the same N atom, together with the N atom to which they are both attached, form a 4-, 5-, 6- or 7-membered heterocycloalkyl group or 5-membered heteroaryl group, each optionally substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from OH, CN, amino, NH(C1-6 alkyl), N(C1-6 alkyl)2, halo, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 haloalkyl and C1-6 haloalkoxy; and

Re1, Re2, Re3, Re4, Re5 and Re6 are each, independently, H, C1-4 alkyl, CN or NO2.

In some embodiments, the compound is a compound of Formula (I-A):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

X is S or O;

CyA is a 5 to 6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl group wherein the ring atoms of the heteroaryl group forming CyA consist of carbon atoms and 1 or 2 atoms selected from N, O and S, and wherein the 5 to 6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl group forming CyA is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 RA;

each RA is independently selected from halogen, CN, OH, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl and C1-6 alkoxy;

CyB is 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl wherein the ring atoms of the heterocycloalkyl forming CyB consist of carbon atoms and 1 or 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein each of said 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl forming CyB is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 RB;

each RB is independently selected from halogen, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, CN, OH, C1-6 alkoxy and NH2;

R2 is H, halogen or NH2;

R5 is H, halogen, R5A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN or ORa3;

R5A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl or phenyl forming R5A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2 or 3 substituents independently selected from halogen, CN and ORa3;

R6 is H, halogen, R6A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN or ORa4;

R6A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, 5-6 membered heteroaryl or 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl, wherein each of said C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, 5-6 membered heteroaryl or 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl forming R6A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, halogen, CN and ORa4;

R7 is H, halogen, R7A, C1-6 haloalkyl, CN or ORa5;

R7A is C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-7 cycloalkyl, phenyl, 5-6 membered heteroaryl or 4-7 membered heterocycloalkyl forming R7A is unsubstituted or substituted with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 substituents independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, halogen, CN and ORa5;

each Ra3 is independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl and C3-7 cycloalkyl;

each Ra4 is independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl; and

each Ra5 is independently selected from H, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C2-6 alkenyl and C2-6 alkynyl.

Embodiments of the compounds of Formula (I-A) may have any of the features described above for embodiments of the compounds of Formula (I), or any combination thereof.

In some embodiments, the compound is a compound of Formula (II-1):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein nRA is 0, 1 or 2.

In some embodiments, the compound is a compound of Formula (II-2):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein nRA is 0, 1 or 2.

In some embodiments, the compound is a compound of Formula (II-3):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein nRA is 0 or 1.

In some embodiments, the compound is a compound of Formula (II-4):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein nRA is 0 or 1.

In some embodiments, the compound is a compound of Formula (II-5):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein nRA is 0, 1, 2 or 3.

In some embodiments, the compound is a compound of Formula (II-6):

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein nRA is 0, 1, 2 or 3.

Embodiments of the compounds of Formula (II-1), (II-2), (II-3), (II-4), (II-5) and (II-6), may have any of the features described above for embodiments of the compounds of Formula (I) and (I-A), or any combination thereof.

In some embodiments of the compounds of Formulae (II-1), (II-2), (II-3), (II-4), (II-5) and (II-6), nRA is 0.

In some embodiments of the compounds of Formulae (II-1), (II-2), (II-3), (II-4), (II-5) and (II-6), nRA is 1.

In some embodiments of the compounds described above, each Ra1, Rb1, Rc1, Rd1, Ra2, Rb2, Rc2, Rd2, Ra3, Rb3, Rc3, Rd3, Ra4, Rb4, Rc4, Rd4, Ra5, Rb5, Rc5, Rd5, Ra6, Rb6, Rc6 and Rd6 is independently selected from H and C1-6 alkyl.

In some embodiments of the compounds described above, each Re1, Re2, Re3, Re4, Re5 and Re6 is independently selected from H and C1-6 alkyl.

In some embodiments of the compounds described above, each Re1, Re2, Re3, Re4, Re5 and Re6 is H.

The compounds of Formula (I) include the following compounds, and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(1,4-diazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(3-amino-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((3S)-3-amino-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((3R)-3-amino-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-(1,4-diazepan-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(cis-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-ethoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-ethoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-ethoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-isopropylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(1-isopropylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(1-isopropylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluoro-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluoro-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluoro-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-fluoro-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-fluoro-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-fluoro-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-trifluoromethyl-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-trifluoromethyl-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-trifluoromethyl-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-((3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-((3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-((3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[4-((3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-methyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-methyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(iso-propyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(iso-propyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(iso-propyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(propyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(propyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(propyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluoro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluoro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluoro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chloro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-chloro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chloro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-bromo-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-bromo-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-bromo-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-methyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-methyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-7-methyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-trifluoromethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-trifluoromethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-trifluoromethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4S)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-[5-((4R)-4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,SR)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-trifluoromethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-trifluoromethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-trifluoromethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-fluorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopyrrolidin-1-yl]-5-methylpyridin-3-yl)}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopyrrolidin-1-yl]-5-methylpyridin-3-yl)}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopyrrolidin-1-yl]-5-methylpyridin-3-yl)}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(trifluoromethyl)-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(trifluoromethyl)-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-fluoro-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[trans-3-amino-4-fluoro-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R)-3-amino-4-fluoro-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-chloro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-chloro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-chloro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((1R,3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((1R,3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4S,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[trans-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[trans-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl)}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[trans-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-H-pyrazol-4-yl}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[(3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methyl-4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4S,5S)-3-amino-5-methyl-4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-ethoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[(3-ethoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-ethoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}) furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-{[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}) furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-{[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl)}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{[(3S)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}) furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-{[(3S)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}) furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-{[(3S)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}) furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(4-methoxypiperidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(4-methoxypiperidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[(4-methoxypiperidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropoxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropoxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropoxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(6-(methylcarbamoyl)pyridin-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(6-(methylcarbamoyl)pyridin-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(6-(methylcarbamoyl)pyridin-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(1R,3S,5S)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(1R,3S,5S)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(1S,3R,5R)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(1R,3R,5S)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{2-[3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{2-[3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-propylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-propylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 6-(acetylamino)-2-amino-N-{4-[3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 6-(acetylamino)-2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isobutyramidothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isobutyramidothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-morpholinothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide;
  • 2-amino-N-(4-(cis-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-morpholinothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide; and
  • 2-amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-morpholinothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide.

It is further appreciated that certain features of the invention, which are, for clarity, described in the context of separate embodiments, can also be provided in combination in a single embodiment (while the embodiments are intended to be combined as if written in multiply dependent form). Conversely, various features of the invention which are, for brevity, described in the context of a single embodiment, can also be provided separately or in any suitable subcombination. Thus, it is contemplated that features described as embodiments of the compounds of Formula (I) can be combined in any suitable combination.

At various places in the present specification, certain features of the compounds are disclosed in groups or in ranges. It is specifically intended that such a disclosure include each and every individual subcombination of the members of such groups and ranges. For example, the term “C1-6 alkyl” is specifically intended to individually disclose (without limitation) methyl, ethyl, C3 alkyl, C4 alkyl, C5 alkyl and C6 alkyl.

The term “n-membered,” where n is an integer, typically describes the number of ring-forming atoms in a moiety where the number of ring-forming atoms is n. For example, piperidinyl is an example of a 6-membered heterocycloalkyl ring, pyrazolyl is an example of a 5-membered heteroaryl ring, pyridyl is an example of a 6-membered heteroaryl ring and 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-naphthalene is an example of a 10-membered cycloalkyl group.

At various places in the present specification, variables defining divalent linking groups are described. It is specifically intended that each linking substituent include both the forward and backward forms of the linking substituent. For example, —NR(CR′R″)n— includes both —NR(CR′R″)n— and —(CR′R″)nNR— and is intended to disclose each of the forms individually. Where the structure requires a linking group, the Markush variables listed for that group are understood to be linking groups. For example, if the structure requires a linking group and the Markush group definition for that variable lists “alkyl” or “aryl” then it is understood that the “alkyl” or “aryl” represents a linking alkylene group or arylene group, respectively.

The term “substituted” means that an atom or group of atoms formally replaces hydrogen as a “substituent” attached to another group. The term “substituted”, unless otherwise indicated, refers to any level of substitution, e.g., mono-, di-, tri-, tetra- or penta-substitution, where such substitution is permitted. The substituents are independently selected, and substitution may be at any chemically accessible position. It is to be understood that substitution at a given atom is limited by valency. The term “optionally substituted” means unsubstituted or substituted. The term “substituted” means that a hydrogen atom is removed and replaced by a substituent. A single divalent substituent, e.g., oxo, can replace two hydrogen atoms.

The term “Cn-m” indicates a range which includes the endpoints, wherein n and m are integers and indicate the number of carbons. Examples include C1-4, C1-6 and the like.

The term “alkyl” employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a saturated hydrocarbon group that may be straight-chain or branched. The term “Cn-m alkyl”, refers to an alkyl group having n to m carbon atoms. An alkyl group formally corresponds to an alkane with one C—H bond replaced by the point of attachment of the alkyl group to the remainder of the compound. In some embodiments, the alkyl group contains from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, from 1 to 3 carbon atoms, or 1 to 2 carbon atoms. Examples of alkyl moieties include, but are not limited to, chemical groups such as methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, tert-butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl; higher homologs such as 2-methyl-1-butyl, n-pentyl, 3-pentyl, n-hexyl, 1,2,2-trimethylpropyl and the like.

The term “alkenyl” employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a straight-chain or branched hydrocarbon group corresponding to an alkyl group having one or more double carbon-carbon bonds. An alkenyl group formally corresponds to an alkene with one C—H bond replaced by the point of attachment of the alkenyl group to the remainder of the compound. The term “Cn-m alkenyl” refers to an alkenyl group having n to m carbons. In some embodiments, the alkenyl moiety contains 2 to 6, 2 to 4, or 2 to 3 carbon atoms. Example alkenyl groups include, but are not limited to, ethenyl, n-propenyl, isopropenyl, n-butenyl, sec-butenyl and the like.

The term “alkynyl” employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a straight-chain or branched hydrocarbon group corresponding to an alkyl group having one or more triple carbon-carbon bonds. An alkynyl group formally corresponds to an alkyne with one C—H bond replaced by the point of attachment of the alkyl group to the remainder of the compound. The term “Cn-m alkynyl” refers to an alkynyl group having n to m carbons. Example alkynyl groups include, but are not limited to, ethynyl, propyn-1-yl, propyn-2-yl and the like. In some embodiments, the alkynyl moiety contains 2 to 6, 2 to 4, or 2 to 3 carbon atoms.

The term “alkylene”, employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a divalent alkyl linking group. An alkylene group formally corresponds to an alkane with two C—H bond replaced by points of attachment of the alkylene group to the remainder of the compound. The term “Cn-m alkylene” refers to an alkylene group having n to m carbon atoms. Examples of alkylene groups include, but are not limited to, ethan-1,2-diyl, propan-1,3-diyl, propan-1,2-diyl, butan-1,4-diyl, butan-1,3-diyl, butan-1,2-diyl, 2-methyl-propan-1,3-diyl and the like.

The term “alkoxy”, employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a group of formula —O-alkyl, wherein the alkyl group is as defined above. The term “Cn-m alkoxy” refers to an alkoxy group, the alkyl group of which has n to m carbons. Example alkoxy groups include methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy (e.g., n-propoxy and isopropoxy), t-butoxy and the like. In some embodiments, the alkyl group has 1 to 6, 1 to 4, or 1 to 3 carbon atoms.

The terms “halo” or “halogen”, used alone or in combination with other terms, refers to fluoro, chloro, bromo and iodo.

The term “haloalkyl” as used herein refers to an alkyl group in which one or more of the hydrogen atoms has been replaced by a halogen atom. The term “Cn-m haloalkyl” refers to a Cn-m alkyl group having n to m carbon atoms and from at least one up to {2(n to m)+1} halogen atoms, which may either be the same or different. In some embodiments, the halogen atoms are fluoro atoms. In some embodiments, the haloalkyl group has 1 to 6 or 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Example haloalkyl groups include CF3, C2F5, CHF2, CCl3, CHCl2, C2Cl5 and the like. In some embodiments, the haloalkyl group is a fluoroalkyl group.

The term “haloalkoxy”, employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a group of formula —O-haloalkyl, wherein the haloalkyl group is as defined above. The term “Cn-m haloalkoxy” refers to a haloalkoxy group, the haloalkyl group of which has n to m carbons. Example haloalkoxy groups include trifluoromethoxy and the like. In some embodiments, the haloalkoxy group has 1 to 6, 1 to 4, or 1 to 3 carbon atoms.

The term “amino” refers to a group of formula —NH2.

The term “carbamyl” refers to a group of formula —C(═O)NH2.

The term “carbonyl”, employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a —C(═O)— group, which also may be written as C(O).

The term “carbonyl”, employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a —C(═O)— group.

The term “carboxy” refers to a group of formula —C(═O)OH.

The term “oxo” refers to oxygen as a divalent substituent, forming a carbonyl group, or attached to a heteroatom forming a sulfoxide or sulfone group, or an N-oxide group.

The term “aromatic” refers to a carbocycle or heterocycle having one or more polyunsaturated rings having aromatic character (i.e., having (4n+2) delocalized π (pi) electrons where n is an integer).

The term “aryl,” employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to an aromatic hydrocarbon group, which may be monocyclic or polycyclic (e.g., having 2, 3 or 4 fused rings). The term “Cn-m aryl” refers to an aryl group having from n to m ring carbon atoms. Aryl groups include, e.g., phenyl, naphthyl, indenyl and the like. In some embodiments, aryl groups have from 6 to 10 carbon atoms. In some embodiments, the aryl group is phenyl.

The term “heteroaryl” or “heteroaromatic”, employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a monocyclic or polycyclic aromatic heterocycle having at least one heteroatom ring member selected from sulfur, oxygen and nitrogen. In some embodiments, the heteroaryl is 5- to 10-membered C1-9 heteroaryl, which is monocyclic or bicyclic and which has 1, 2, 3 or 4 heteroatom ring members independently selected from nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen. In some embodiments, any ring-forming N in a heteroaryl moiety can be an N-oxide. In some embodiments, the heteroaryl has 5-10 ring atoms including carbon atoms and 1, 2, 3 or 4 heteroatom ring members independently selected from nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen. In some embodiments, the heteroaryl has 5-6 ring atoms and 1, 2, 3, or 4 heteroatom ring members independently selected from nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen. In some embodiments, the heteroaryl has 5-6 ring atoms and 1 or 2 heteroatom ring members independently selected from nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen. In some embodiments, the heteroaryl is a five-membered or six-membered heteroaryl ring. Example heteroaryl groups include, but are not limited to, pyridine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, pyridazine, pyrrole, pyrazole, azolyl, oxazole, thiazole, imidazole, furan, thiophene, quinoline, isoquinoline, indole, benzothiophene, benzofuran, benzisoxazole, imidazo[1,2-b]thiazole, imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine, purine, furopyridine (e.g., furo[3,2-b]pyridine), thienopyridine (e.g. thieno[3,2-b]pyridine) or the like.

A five-membered heteroaryl ring is a heteroaryl group having five ring atoms wherein one or more (e.g., 1, 2, 3 or 4) ring atoms are independently selected from N, O and S. Exemplary five-membered ring heteroaryls include thienyl, furyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, thiazolyl, oxazolyl, pyrazolyl, isothiazolyl, isoxazolyl, 1,2,3-triazolyl, tetrazolyl, 1,2,3-thiadiazolyl, 1,2,3-oxadiazolyl, 1,2,4-triazolyl, 1,2,4-thiadiazolyl, 1,2,4-oxadiazolyl, 1,3,4-triazolyl, 1,3,4-thiadiazolyl and 1,3,4-oxadiazolyl.

A six-membered heteroaryl ring is a heteroaryl group having six ring atoms wherein one or more (e.g., 1, 2 or 3) ring atoms are independently selected from N, O and S. Exemplary six-membered ring heteroaryls are pyridyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, triazinyl and pyridazinyl.

The term “cycloalkyl”, employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to a non-aromatic, saturated, monocyclic, bicyclic or polycyclic hydrocarbon ring system, including cyclized alkyl and alkenyl groups. The term “Cn-m cycloalkyl” refers to a cycloalkyl that has n to m ring member carbon atoms. Cycloalkyl groups can include mono- or polycyclic (e.g., having 2, 3 or 4 fused rings) groups and spirocycles. Cycloalkyl groups can have 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7 ring-forming carbons (C3-7). In some embodiments, the cycloalkyl group has 3 to 6 ring members, 3 to 5 ring members, or 3 to 4 ring members. In some embodiments, the cycloalkyl group is monocyclic. In some embodiments, the cycloalkyl group is monocyclic or bicyclic. In some embodiments, the cycloalkyl group is a C3-6 monocyclic cycloalkyl group. Ring-forming carbon atoms of a cycloalkyl group can be optionally substituted by oxo or sulfido. Cycloalkyl groups also include cycloalkylidenes. Example cycloalkyl groups include cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexenyl, cyclohexadienyl, norbornyl, norpinyl, bicyclo[2.1.1]hexanyl, bicyclo[1.1.1]pentanyl and the like. In some embodiments, cycloalkyl is cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl or cyclohexyl. Also included in the definition of cycloalkyl are moieties that have one or more aromatic rings fused (i.e., having a bond in common with) to the cycloalkyl ring, e.g., benzo or thienyl derivatives of cyclopentane, cyclohexane and the like, for example indanyl or tetrahydronaphthyl. A cycloalkyl group containing a fused aromatic ring can be attached through any ring-forming atom including a ring-forming atom of the fused aromatic ring.

The term “heterocycloalkyl”, employed alone or in combination with other terms, refers to non-aromatic ring or ring system, which may optionally contain one or more alkenylene groups as part of the ring structure, which has at least one heteroatom ring member independently selected from nitrogen, sulfur oxygen and phosphorus, and which has 4-10 ring members, 4-7 ring members or 4-6 ring members. Included in heterocycloalkyl are monocyclic 4-, 5-, 6- and 7-membered heterocycloalkyl groups. Heterocycloalkyl groups can include mono- or bicyclic (e.g., having two fused or bridged rings) ring systems. In some embodiments, the heterocycloalkyl group is a monocyclic group having 1, 2 or 3 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen. Examples of heterocycloalkyl groups include azetidine, pyrrolidine, piperidine, piperazine, morpholine, thiomorpholine, pyran, azepane, tetrahydropyran, tetrahydrofuran, dihydropyran, dihydrofuran and the like. Ring-forming carbon atoms and heteroatoms of a heterocycloalkyl group can be optionally substituted by oxo or sulfido (e.g., C(═O), S(═O), C(S) or S(═O)2, etc.) or a nitrogen atom can be quaternized. The heterocycloalkyl group can be attached through a ring-forming carbon atom or a ring-forming heteroatom. In some embodiments, the heterocycloalkyl group contains 0 to 3 double bonds. In some embodiments, the heterocycloalkyl group contains 0 to 2 double bonds. Also included in the definition of heterocycloalkyl are moieties that have one or more aromatic rings fused (i.e., having a bond in common with) to the heterocycloalkyl ring, e.g., benzo or thienyl derivatives of piperidine, morpholine, azepine, etc. A heterocycloalkyl group containing a fused aromatic ring can be attached through any ring-forming atom including a ring-forming atom of the fused aromatic ring. Examples of heterocycloalkyl groups include 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline, dihydrobenzofuran, azetidine, azepane, diazepan (e.g., 1,4-diazepan), pyrrolidine, piperidine, piperazine, morpholine, thiomorpholine, pyran, tetrahydrofuran and di- and tetra-hydropyran.

At certain places, the definitions or embodiments refer to specific rings (e.g., an azetidine ring, a pyridine ring, etc.). Unless otherwise indicated, these rings can be attached to any ring member provided that the valency of the atom is not exceeded. For example, an azetidine ring may be attached at any position of the ring, whereas an azetidin-3-yl ring is attached at the 3-position.

The compounds described herein can be asymmetric (e.g., having one or more stereocenters). All stereoisomers, such as enantiomers and diastereoisomers, are intended unless otherwise indicated. Compounds of the present invention that contain asymmetrically substituted carbon atoms can be isolated in optically active or racemic forms. Methods on how to prepare optically active forms from optically inactive starting materials are known in the art, such as by resolution of racemic mixtures or by stereoselective synthesis. Many geometric isomers of olefins, C═N double bonds and the like can also be present in the compounds described herein, and all such stable isomers are contemplated in the present invention. Cis and trans geometric isomers of the compounds of the present invention are described and may be isolated as a mixture of isomers or as separated isomeric forms.

Resolution of racemic mixtures of compounds can be carried out by any of numerous methods known in the art. One method includes fractional recrystallization using a chiral resolving acid which is an optically active, salt-forming organic acid. Suitable resolving agents for fractional recrystallization methods are, e.g., optically active acids, such as the D and L forms of tartaric acid, diacetyltartaric acid, dibenzoyltartaric acid, mandelic acid, malic acid, lactic acid or the various optically active camphorsulfonic acids such as β-camphorsulfonic acid. Other resolving agents suitable for fractional crystallization methods include stereoisomerically pure forms of α-methylbenzylamine (e.g., S and R forms, or diastereoisomerically pure forms), 2-phenylglycinol, norephedrine, ephedrine, N-methylephedrine, cyclohexylethylamine, 1,2-diaminocyclohexane and the like.

Resolution of racemic mixtures can also be carried out by elution on a column packed with an optically active resolving agent (e.g., dinitrobenzoylphenylglycine). Suitable elution solvent composition can be determined by one skilled in the art.

In some embodiments, the compounds of the invention have the (R)-configuration. In other embodiments, the compounds have the (S)-configuration. In compounds with more than one chiral centers, each of the chiral centers in the compound may be independently (R) or (S), unless otherwise indicated.

Compounds of the invention also include tautomeric forms. Tautomeric forms result from the swapping of a single bond with an adjacent double bond together with the concomitant migration of a proton. Tautomeric forms include prototropic tautomers which are isomeric protonation states having the same empirical formula and total charge. Example prototropic tautomers include ketone—enol pairs, amide—imidic acid pairs, lactam—lactim pairs, enamine—imine pairs, and annular forms where a proton can occupy two or more positions of a heterocyclic system, e.g., 1H- and 3H-imidazole, 1H-, 2H- and 4H-1,2,4-triazole, 1H- and 2H-isoindole and 1H- and 2H-pyrazole. Tautomeric forms can be in equilibrium or sterically locked into one form by appropriate substitution.

Compounds of the invention can also include all isotopes of atoms occurring in the intermediates or final compounds. Isotopes include those atoms having the same atomic number but different mass numbers. For example, isotopes of hydrogen include tritium and deuterium.

The term, “compound,” as used herein is meant to include all stereoisomers, geometric isomers, tautomers and isotopes of the structures depicted.

All compounds, and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, can be found together with other substances such as water and solvents (e.g., hydrates and solvates) or can be isolated. When in the solid state, the compounds described herein and salts thereof may occur in various forms and may, e.g., take the form of solvates, including hydrates. The compounds may be in any solid state form, such as a polymorph or solvate, so unless clearly indicated otherwise, reference in the specification to compounds and salts thereof should be understood as encompassing any solid state form of the compound.

In some embodiments, the compounds of the invention, or salts thereof, are substantially isolated. By “substantially isolated” is meant that the compound is at least partially or substantially separated from the environment in which it was formed or detected. Partial separation can include, e.g., a composition enriched in the compounds of the invention. Substantial separation can include compositions containing at least about 50%, at least about 60%, at least about 70%, at least about 80%, at least about 90%, at least about 95%, at least about 97%, or at least about 99% by weight of the compounds of the invention, or salt thereof.

The phrase “pharmaceutically acceptable” is employed herein to refer to those compounds, materials, compositions and/or dosage forms which are, within the scope of sound medical judgment, suitable for use in contact with the tissues of human beings and animals without excessive toxicity, irritation, allergic response, or other problem or complication, commensurate with a reasonable benefit/risk ratio.

The expressions, “ambient temperature” and “room temperature,” as used herein, are understood in the art, and refer generally to a temperature, e.g., a reaction temperature, that is about the temperature of the room in which the reaction is carried out, e.g., a temperature from about 20° C. to about 30° C.

The present invention also includes pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds described herein. The term “pharmaceutically acceptable salts” refers to derivatives of the disclosed compounds wherein the parent compound is modified by converting an existing acid or base moiety to its salt form. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts include, but are not limited to, mineral or organic acid salts of basic residues such as amines; alkali or organic salts of acidic residues such as carboxylic acids; and the like. The pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the present invention include the non-toxic salts of the parent compound formed, e.g., from non-toxic inorganic or organic acids. The pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the present invention can be synthesized from the parent compound which contains a basic or acidic moiety by conventional chemical methods. Generally, such salts can be prepared by reacting the free acid or base forms of these compounds with a stoichiometric amount of the appropriate base or acid in water or in an organic solvent, or in a mixture of the two; generally, non-aqueous media like ether, ethyl acetate, alcohols (e.g., methanol, ethanol, iso-propanol or butanol) or acetonitrile (MeCN) are preferred. Lists of suitable salts are found in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, 17th Ed., (Mack Publishing Company, Easton, 1985), p. 1418, Berge et al., J. Pharm. Sci., 1977, 66(1), 1-19 and in Stahl et al., Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts: Properties, Selection, and Use, (Wiley, 2002). In some embodiments, the compounds described herein include the N-oxide forms.

The following abbreviations may be used herein: AcOH (acetic acid); Ac2O (acetic anhydride); Al2O3 (aluminium oxide); aq. (aqueous); atm. (atmosphere(s)); Boc (t-butoxycarbonyl); Boc2O (di-tert-butyldicarbonate); BOP ((benzotriazol-1-yloxy)tris(dimethylamino)phosphonium hexafluorophosphate); br (broad); c-Pr (cyclopropyl); Cbz (carboxybenzyl); calc. (calculated); CeCl3.7H2O (cerium (III) chloride heptahydrate); Cs2CO3 (cesium carbonate); CuI (copper (I) iodide); d (doublet); dd (doublet of doublets); DCM (dichloromethane); DIPEA (N,N-diisopropylethylamine); DMAP (4-dimethylaminopyridine); DMF (N,N-dimethylformamide); DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide); Et (ethyl); EtOAc (ethyl acetate); EtOH (ethanol); Fmoc (9-fluorenylmethylmethoxycarbonyl); g (gram(s)); h (hour(s)); H2 (hydrogen gas); H2O2 (hydrogen peroxide); HATU (N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-O-(7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl)uronium hexafluorophosphate); HBr (hydrogen bromide); HCl (hydrochloric acid or hydrogen chloride); HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography); Hz (hertz); i-Pr (isopropyl); i-PrOH (isopropyl alcohol); J (coupling constant); KOAc (potassium acetate); K3PO4 (potassium phosphate); K3PO4.H2O (tripotassium phosphate hydrate); LCMS (liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry); LiAlH4 (lithium tetrahydroaluminate); LiBH4 (lithium tetrahydroborate); LiOH (lithium hydroxide); LiOH.H2O (lithium hydroxide monohydrate); m (multiplet); M (molar); mCPBA (m-chloroperbenzoic acid); Me (methyl); MeCN (acetonitrile); MeOH (methanol); MgSO4 (magnesium sulfate); MS (mass spectrometry); mg (milligram(s)); min. (minutes(s)); mL (milliliter(s)); mmol (millimole(s)); N (normal); N2 (nitrogen gas); NaHCO3 (sodium bicarbonate); NalO4 (sodium metaperiodate); NaN3 (sodium azide); NaOH (sodium hydroxide); Na2SO4 (sodium sulfate); n-Bu (n-butyl); n-BuLi (n-butyllithium); NH4Cl (ammonium chloride); NH4OH (ammonium hydroxide); nM (nanomolar); NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy); Pd (palladium); Pd(dppf)Cl2 ([1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]palladium(II) dichloride); Pd(OAc)2 (palladium acetate); Pd(tBu3P)2 (bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium); pM (picomolar); Pd(PPh3)4 (tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(O)); PPh3 (triphenylphosphine); psi (pounds per square inch); PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene); RP-HPLC (reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography); s (singlet); t (triplet or tertiary); tert (tertiary); tt (triplet of triplets); TBAF (tetra-n-butylammoniumfluoride); t-Bu (tert-butyl); TEA (triethylamine); TFA (trifluoroacetic acid); THF (tetrahydrofuran); μg (microgram(s)); L (microliter(s)); μm (micromolar); wt % (weight percent).

II. Synthesis

Compounds of the invention, including salts thereof, can be prepared using known organic synthesis techniques and can be synthesized according to any of numerous possible synthetic routes, such as those in the Schemes below.

The reactions for preparing compounds of the invention can be carried out in suitable solvents which can be readily selected by one of skill in the art of organic synthesis. Suitable solvents can be substantially non-reactive with the starting materials (reactants), the intermediates or products at the temperatures at which the reactions are carried out, e.g., temperatures which can range from the solvent's freezing temperature to the solvent's boiling temperature. A given reaction can be carried out in one solvent or a mixture of more than one solvent. Depending on the particular reaction step, suitable solvents for a particular reaction step can be selected by the skilled artisan.

Preparation of compounds of the invention can involve the protection and deprotection of various chemical groups. The need for protection and deprotection, and the selection of appropriate protecting groups, can be readily determined by one skilled in the art. The chemistry of protecting groups is described, e.g., in Kocienski, Protecting Groups, (Thieme, 2007); Robertson, Protecting Group Chemistry, (Oxford University Press, 2000); Smith et al., March's Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure, 6th Ed. (Wiley, 2007); Peturssion et al., “Protecting Groups in Carbohydrate Chemistry,”J. Chem. Educ., 1997, 74(11), 1297; and Wuts et al., Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, 4th Ed., (Wiley, 2006).

Reactions can be monitored according to any suitable method known in the art. For example, product formation can be monitored by spectroscopic means, such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (e.g., 1H or 13C), infrared spectroscopy, spectrophotometry (e.g., UV-visible), mass spectrometry or by chromatographic methods such as high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or thin layer chromatography (TLC).

The Schemes below provide general guidance in connection with preparing the compounds of the invention. One skilled in the art would understand that the preparations shown in the Schemes can be modified or optimized using general knowledge of organic chemistry to prepare various compounds of the invention.

Compounds of Formula (I) can be prepared, e.g., using a process as illustrated in Scheme 1. In the process depicted in Scheme 1, a suitable aromatic amine of formula 1-1 is reacted with an acid of formula 1-2 under conditions suitable for forming an amide bond to provide the compound of Formula (I). Suitable combinations for forming the amide bond include, e.g., the methods used to form amide bonds in peptides as described, e.g., in Jones, Amino Acid and Peptide Synthesis, 2nd Ed., Oxford University Press, 2002; and Jones, The Chemical Synthesis of Peptides (International Series of Monographs on Chemistry) (Oxford University Press, 1994). An example of a suitable coupling agent is HATU/DIPEA.

Compounds of formula 1-2 (or synthetic equivalents thereof) may be prepared, e.g., as shown in Scheme 2. In Scheme 2, a suitably substituted compound of formula 2-1 having a leaving group (e.g. chloro) at the 3-position adjacent to the R7 group is oxidized to an N-oxide 2-2. Suitable oxidizing agents include, e.g., peroxy compounds such as hydrogen peroxide or peroxycarboxylic acids such as mCPBA. The N-oxide can then be converted to the 2-cyano-substituted compound 2-3, e.g., via treatment with trimethylsilyl cyanide. Reaction of the cyanide 2-3 with a suitable substituted carboxylic acid derivative (wherein X is O or S and R is a suitable carboxylic acid protecting group such as a C1-6 alkyl group) then results in the formation of a fused furan or thiophane ring in the compound 2-5. Completion of the synthesis then requires conversion of the carboxylic acid and amino groups of the compound 2-5 to the required functional groups of the compound of formula 1-2. In Scheme 2, the amino group of compound 2-5 is converted to a bromo group in compound 2-6 via diazotization of compound 2-5 and reaction of an intermediate diazo compound with copper (I) bromide. The protected carboxyl group of compound 2-6 is converted to a protected amino group (wherein OCOR′ is a suitable carbamate protecting group wherein R′ is, e.g., a C1-6 alkyl group such as tert-butyl) in compound 2-7 via a Curtius rearrangement. The conversion of compound 2-6 can be carried out, e.g., by deprotection of the CO2R group (e.g., via hydrolysis using a base such as lithium hydroxide or potassium carbonate) followed by reaction of the resulting carboxylic acid with diphenylphosphonic azide in the presence of a suitable alcohol (e.g., tert-butanol). Finally, the carboxylic acid group of compound 2-8 can be introduced by bromine-lithium exchange (using a suitable organolithium reagent such as n-BuLi) followed by reaction of the resulting lithium compound with carbon dioxide, or via reaction with carbon monoxide in an organometallically-catalyzed carbonylation reaction (e.g., reaction with CO/MeOH in the presence of a suitable catalyst such as [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with dichloromethane (followed by hydrolysis of the resulting ester). Compound 2-8 corresponds to the compound of formula 1-2 wherein R2 is a protected amino group. The amino group of compound 2-8 can be converted to alternative R2 groups via suitable functional group interconversion reactions of the amino group (e.g., via diazotization-reduction or diazotization-halogenation).

Compounds of formula 1-2 (or synthetic equivalents thereof) wherein X is O may be prepared, e.g., as shown in Scheme 3. In Scheme 3, a suitably substituted compound of formula 3-1 having hydroxy at the 3-position adjacent to the R7 group is oxidized to an N-oxide 3-2. Suitable oxidizing agents include, e.g., peroxy compounds such as hydrogen peroxide or peroxycarboxylic acids such as mCPBA. The N-oxide can then be converted to the substituted compound 3-3, e.g., via treatment with acetic anhydride followed by a suitable cyanoacetate compound, e.g., an alkyl cyanoacetate such as ethyl cyanoacetate (R═C1-6 alkyl, e.g., ethyl). Ring closure to form the fused furan ring of compound 3-4 can then be carried out under suitable conditions such as the use of an acid catalyst such as concentrated sulfuric acid. Compound 3-4 corresponds to the compound of formula 1-2 wherein X is O, R2 is a protected amino group. The amino group of compound 3-4 can be converted to alternative R2 groups via suitable functional group interconversion reactions of the amino group (e.g., via diazotization-reduction or diazotization-halogenation).

Compounds of formula 1-2 (or synthetic equivalents thereof) wherein X is S may be prepared, e.g., as shown in Scheme 4. The intermolecular cyclization of substituted 2-cyanopyridine (4-1) (wherein Hal is a halogen), e.g., with methylthioglycolate in the presence of potassium carbonate in acetonitrile can be used to prepare a substituted 7-amino-6-methoxycarbonylthienopyridine (4-2), which can be treated, e.g., with copper(I) bromide and sodium nitrite in 48% HBr aqueous solution to generate substituted 7-bromo-6-methoxycarbonylthienopyridine (4-3). Hydrolysis of 4-3, e.g., with lithium hydroxide followed by Curtius rearrangement can be employed to provide 7-bromo-6-tert-butoxycarbonylaminothienopyridine (4-5), which can be converted to the substituted thienopyridinyl carboxylic acid (4-7), e.g., by treatment of 4-5 with n-BuLi followed up with the treatment of CO2, or by carboxylation of 4-5 with monocarboxide in the presence of palladium catalyst in methanol followed by hydrolysis with lithium hydroxide.

Compounds of formula 1-2 (or synthetic equivalents thereof) wherein X is O may be prepared, e.g., as shown in Scheme 5. Substituted 3-hydroxypyridine (5-1) was treated with mCPBA in DCM to generated substituted 3-hydroxypyridine N-oxide (5-2), which was dissolved in acetic anhydride followed by treatment with ethyl cyanoacetate and concentrated sulfuric acid sequentially to produce substituted 6-amino-7-ethoxycarbonyl-furopyridine (5-4) smoothly. The amino group on 5-4 was easily protected by Boc protection group to give the compound (5-5), which was hydrolyzed by treatment with lithium hydroxide to afford substituted furopyridinyl carboxylic acid (5-6) in good yield.

3-Bromo-6-amino-7-methoxycarbonylthienopyridine (6-1) was a very useful intermediate for preparing compounds of Formula I where in X is S, which can be easily synthesized according to the synthetic sequence shown in Scheme 4. Some useful synthetic transformations of this intermediate are shown in Scheme 6. Various function transformations on Br-position of 6-1 can be achieved by transition metal-catalyzed coupling reactions. For example, 6-1 can be treated with vinylborate in the presence of palladium catalyst, followed by palladium-catalyzed hydrogenation, to introduce ethyl or tetrahydropyranyl onto a furopyridinyl ring, as shown in 6-2 and 6-6; Suzuki coupling of 6-1 with arylborate or heteroarylborate can be used to generate biaryl compounds 6-3. Negeshi coupling of 6-1 can be used to introduce an azetidinyl substituent onto a furopridinyl ring. A hydroxymethyl group can be introduced into this fused bicyclic system via Suzuki coupling of 6-1 with vinylborate, followed by ozonolysis and reduction with sodium boronhydride, as shown to form 6-8.

Compounds of formula 1-1 can be prepared, e.g., as shown in Scheme 7. Coupling of a compound of formula 7-1, wherein L is a suitable leaving group, with an appropriate group CyB can be achieved with methods known to one skilled in the art, such as direct coupling or Buchwald-Hartwig coupling when CyB is attached to CyA through nitrogen; or Suzuki coupling when CyB is attached to CyA through carbon.

For the synthesis of particular compounds, the general schemes described above can be modified. For example, the products or intermediates can be modified to introduce particular functional groups. Alternatively, the substituents can be modified at any step of the overall synthesis by methods know to one skilled in the art, e.g., as described by Larock, Comprehensive Organic Transformations: A Guide to Functional Group Preparations (Wiley, 1999); and Katritzky et al. (Ed.), Comprehensive Organic Functional Group Transformations (Pergamon Press 1996).

Starting materials, reagents and intermediates whose synthesis is not described herein are either commercially available, known in the literature, or may be prepared by methods known to one skilled in the art.

It will be appreciated by one skilled in the art that the processes described are not the exclusive means by which compounds of the invention may be synthesized and that a broad repertoire of synthetic organic reactions is available to be potentially employed in synthesizing compounds of the invention. The person skilled in the art knows how to select and implement appropriate synthetic routes. Suitable synthetic methods of starting materials, intermediates and products may be identified by reference to the literature, including reference sources such as: Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, Vols. 1-107 (Elsevier, 1963-2012); Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry Vols. 1-49 (Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry, 1964-2012); Carreira, et al. (Ed.) Science of Synthesis, Vols. 1-48 (2001-2010) and Knowledge Updates KU2010/1-4; 2011/1-4; 2012/1-2 (Thieme, 2001-2012); Katritzky, et al. (Ed.) Comprehensive Organic Functional Group Transformations, (Pergamon Press, 1996); Katritzky et al. (Ed.); Comprehensive Organic Functional Group Transformations II (Elsevier, 2nd Edition, 2004); Katritzky et al. (Ed.), Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry (Pergamon Press, 1984); Katritzky et al., Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry II, (Pergamon Press, 1996); Smith et al., March's Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure, 6th Ed. (Wiley, 2007); Trost et al. (Ed.), Comprehensive Organic Synthesis (Pergamon Press, 1991).

III. Uses of the Compounds

Compounds of the invention can inhibit the activity of one or more members of the Pim kinase family and, thus, are useful in treating diseases and disorders associated with activity of Pim kinases. For the uses described herein, any of the compounds of the invention, including any of the embodiments thereof, may be used.

The compounds of the invention can inhibit one or more of Pim1, Pim2 and Pim3. In some embodiments the compounds are selective for one Pim kinase over another. “Selective” means that the compound binds to or inhibits a Pim kinase with greater affinity or potency, respectively, compared to a reference enzyme, such as another Pim kinase. For example, the compounds can be selective for Pim1 over Pim2 and Pim3, selective for Pim2 over Pim1 and Pim3, or selective for Pim3 over Pim1 and Pim2. In some embodiments, the compounds inhibit all of the Pim family members (e.g., Pim1, Pim2 and Pim3). In some embodiments, the compounds can be selective for Pim over other kinases such as receptor and non-receptor Ser/Thr kinases such as Akt1, Akt2, Akt3, TGF-βR, PKA, PKG, PKC, CaM-kinase, phosphorylase kinase, MEKK, ERK, MAPK and mTOR; receptor Tyr kinases such as EGFR, HER2, HER3, HER4, INS-R, IGF-1R, IR-R, PDGFαR, PDGFβR, CSFIR, KIT, FLK-II, KDR/FLK-1, FLK-4, flt-1, FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, FGFR4, c-Met, Ron, Sea, TRKA, TRKB, TRKC, FLT3, VEGFR/Flt2, Flt4, EphA1, EphA2, EphA3, EphB2, EphB4, Tie2; and non-receptor Tyr kinases such as Src, Fyn, Lck, Fgr, Btk, Fak, SYK, FRK, JAK or ABL. In general, selectivity can be at least about 5-fold, at least about 10-fold, at least about 20-fold, at least about 50-fold, at least about 100-fold, at least about 200-fold, at least about 500-fold or at least about 1000-fold. The method of inhibiting a Pim1, Pim2 or Pim3 kinase includes contacting the appropriate enzyme with the compound of Formula (I), or any of the embodiments thereof, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Thus, the present disclosure provides methods of treating a Pim kinase-associated disease or disorder in an individual (e.g., patient) by administering to the individual in need of such treatment a therapeutically effective amount or dose of a compound of Formula (I), or any of the embodiments thereof, or a pharmaceutical composition thereof. The present disclosure also provides a compound of Formula (I), or any of the embodiments thereof, or a pharmaceutical composition thereof, for use in treating a Pim kinase-associated disease or disorder. Also provided is the use of a compound of Formula (I), or any of the embodiments thereof, or a pharmaceutical composition thereof, in the manufacture of a medicament for treating a Pim kinase-associated disease or disorder.

A Pim kinase-associated disease can include any disease, disorder or condition that is directly or indirectly linked to expression or activity of the Pim kinase, including over-expression and/or abnormal activity levels. Abnormal activity levels can be determined by comparing activity level in normal, healthy tissue or cells with activity level in diseased cells. A Pim kinase-associated disease can also include any disease, disorder or condition that can be prevented, ameliorated, inhibited or cured by modulating Pim kinase activity. In some embodiments, the disease is characterized by the abnormal activity or expression (e.g., overexpression) of one or more Pim1, Pim2 and Pim3. In some embodiments, the disease is characterized by mutant Pim1, Pim2 or Pim3. A Pim kinase associated disease can also refer to any disease, disorder or condition wherein modulating the expression or activity of one or more Pim kinases is beneficial.

Pim kinase associated diseases that can be treated using the compounds of the invention include cancer, including, in particular, cancers in which Pim kinases are upregulated or an oncogene, e.g., Myc or BCL2, is activated. Pim kinase associated diseases include solid tumors, e.g., prostate cancer, colon cancer, esophageal cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, renal cancer, hepatic cancer, pancreatic cancer, gastric cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, cancers of the head or neck, thyroid cancer, glioblastoma, sarcoma, bladder cancer, etc. Pim kinase associated diseases also include hematological cancers, e.g., lymphoma, leukemia such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), mantle cell lymphoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma (including relapsed non-Hodgkin lymphoma, refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma and recurrent follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma), Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma.

Pim kinase associated diseases that can be treated using the compounds of the invention also include myeloproliferative disorders such as polycythemia vera (PV), essential thrombocythemia (ET), chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and the like. The myeloproliferative disorder can be myelofibrosis such as primary myelofibrosis (PMF), myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM), post-polycythemia vera/essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis (Post-PV/ET MF), post-essential thrombocythemia myelofibrosis (Post-ET MF) or post-polycythemia vera myelofibrosis (Post-PV MF).

Pim kinase-associated diseases that can be treated with compounds according to the invention also include immune disorders such as autoimmune diseases. The immune disorders include multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, allergy, food allergy, asthma, lupus, inflammatory bowel disease and ulcerative colitis.

Pim kinase-associated diseases that can be treated with compounds according to the invention also include atherosclerosis.

The compounds of the invention can also be used to inhibit disease processes in which Pim-kinases are involved, including angiogenesis and tumor metastasis.

Due to the fact that Pim kinases are regulated by the JAK/STAT pathway, the compounds of the invention are useful to treat diseases in which modulating JAK/STAT signaling is beneficial. Thus, other diseases that can be treated using the compounds of the invention include Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, pancreatitis, diverticulosis, Grave's disease, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, myasthenia gravis, vasculitis, autoimmune thyroiditis, dermatitis, psoriasis, scleroderma, systemic sclerosis, vitiligo, graft versus host disease, Sjogren's syndrome, glomerulonephritis and diabetes mellitis (type I).

The terms “individual” or “patient,” used interchangeably, refer to any animal, including mammals, preferably mice, rats, other rodents, rabbits, dogs, cats, swine, cattle, sheep, horses, or primates, and most preferably humans.

The phrase “therapeutically effective amount” refers to the amount of active compound or pharmaceutical agent that elicits the biological or medicinal response in a tissue, system, animal, individual or human that is being sought by a researcher, veterinarian, medical doctor or other clinician.

The term “treating” or “treatment” refers to one or more of (1) inhibiting the disease; e.g., inhibiting a disease, condition or disorder in an individual who is experiencing or displaying the pathology or symptomatology of the disease, condition or disorder (i.e., arresting further development of the pathology and/or symptomatology); and (2) ameliorating the disease; e.g., ameliorating a disease, condition or disorder in an individual who is experiencing or displaying the pathology or symptomatology of the disease, condition or disorder (i.e., reversing the pathology and/or symptomatology) such as decreasing the severity of disease. In one embodiment, treating or treatment includes preventing or reducing the risk of developing the disease; e.g., preventing or reducing the risk of developing a disease, condition or disorder in an individual who may be predisposed to the disease, condition or disorder but does not yet experience or display the pathology or symptomatology of the disease.

Combination Therapies

Cancer cell growth and survival can be impacted by multiple signaling pathways. Thus, it is useful to combine different kinase inhibitors, exhibiting different preferences in the kinases which they modulate the activities of, to treat such conditions. Targeting more than one signaling pathway (or more than one biological molecule involved in a given signaling pathway) may reduce the likelihood of drug-resistance arising in a cell population, and/or reduce the toxicity of treatment.

Accordingly, the Pim inhibitors of the present invention can be used in combination with one or more other kinase inhibitors for the treatment of diseases, such as cancer, that are impacted by multiple signaling pathways. For example, the compounds of the invention can be combined with one or more inhibitors of the following kinases for the treatment of cancer: Akt1, Akt2, Akt3, TGF-βR, PKA, PKG, PKC, CaM-kinase, phosphorylase kinase, MEKK, ERK, MAPK, mTOR, EGFR, HER2, HER3, HER4, INS-R, IGF-1R, IR-R, PDGFαR, PDGFβR, CSFIR, KIT, FLK-II, KDR/FLK-1, FLK-4, flt-1, FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, FGFR4, c-Met, Ron, Sea, TRKA, TRKB, TRKC, FLT3, VEGFR/Flt2, Flt4, EphA1, EphA2, EphA3, EphB2, EphB4, Tie2, Src, Fyn, Lck, Fgr, Btk, Fak, SYK, FRK, JAK, ABL, ALK and B-Raf Additionally, the Pim inhibitors of the invention can be combined with inhibitors of kinases associated with the PIK3/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway, such as PI3K, Akt (including Akt1, Akt2 and Akt3) and mTOR kinases.

The Pim inhibitors of the present invention can further be used in combination with other methods of treating cancers, for example by chemotherapy, irradiation or surgery. The compounds can be administered in combination with one or more anti-cancer drugs, such as a chemotherapeutics. Example chemotherapeutics include any of: abarelix, aldesleukin, alemtuzumab, alitretinoin, allopurinol, altretamine, anastrozole, arsenic trioxide, asparaginase, azacitidine, bevacizumab, bexarotene, bleomycin, bortezombi, bortezomib, busulfan intravenous, busulfan oral, calusterone, capecitabine, carboplatin, carmustine, cetuximab, chlorambucil, cisplatin, cladribine, clofarabine, cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, dacarbazine, dactinomycin, dalteparin sodium, dasatinib, daunorubicin, decitabine, denileukin, denileukin diftitox, dexrazoxane, docetaxel, doxorubicin, dromostanolone propionate, eculizumab, epirubicin, erlotinib, estramustine, etoposide phosphate, etoposide, exemestane, fentanyl citrate, filgrastim, floxuridine, fludarabine, fluorouracil, fulvestrant, gefitinib, gemcitabine, gemtuzumab ozogamicin, goserelin acetate, histrelin acetate, ibritumomab tiuxetan, idarubicin, ifosfamide, imatinib mesylate, interferon alfa 2a, irinotecan, lapatinib ditosylate, lenalidomide, letrozole, leucovorin, leuprolide acetate, levamisole, lomustine, meclorethamine, megestrol acetate, melphalan, mercaptopurine, methotrexate, methoxsalen, mitomycin C, mitotane, mitoxantrone, nandrolone phenpropionate, nelarabine, nofetumomab, oxaliplatin, paclitaxel, pamidronate, panitumumab, pegaspargase, pegfilgrastim, pemetrexed disodium, pentostatin, pipobroman, plicamycin, procarbazine, quinacrine, rasburicase, rituximab, ruxolitinib, sorafenib, streptozocin, sunitinib, sunitinib maleate, tamoxifen, temozolomide, teniposide, testolactone, thalidomide, thioguanine, thiotepa, topotecan, toremifene, tositumomab, trastuzumab, tretinoin, uracil mustard, valrubicin, vinblastine, vincristine, vinorelbine, vorinostat and zoledronate.

The Pim inhibitors of the present invention can further be used in combination with one or more anti-inflammatory agents, steroids, immunosuppressants or therapeutic anti-bodies.

When more than one pharmaceutical agent is administered to a patient, they can be administered simultaneously, sequentially, or in combination (e.g., for more than two agents).

IV. Formulation, Dosage Forms and Administration

When employed as pharmaceuticals, the compounds of the invention can be administered in the form of pharmaceutical compositions. Thus the present disclosure provides a composition comprising a compound Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, or any of the embodiments thereof, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. These compositions can be prepared in a manner well known in the pharmaceutical art, and can be administered by a variety of routes, depending upon whether local or systemic treatment is indicated and upon the area to be treated. Administration may be topical (including transdermal, epidermal, ophthalmic and to mucous membranes including intranasal, vaginal and rectal delivery), pulmonary (e.g., by inhalation or insufflation of powders or aerosols, including by nebulizer; intratracheal or intranasal), oral or parenteral. Parenteral administration includes intravenous, intraarterial, subcutaneous, intraperitoneal intramuscular or injection or infusion; or intracranial, e.g., intrathecal or intraventricular, administration. Parenteral administration can be in the form of a single bolus dose, or may be, e.g., by a continuous perfusion pump. Pharmaceutical compositions and formulations for topical administration may include transdermal patches, ointments, lotions, creams, gels, drops, suppositories, sprays, liquids and powders. Conventional pharmaceutical carriers, aqueous, powder or oily bases, thickeners and the like may be necessary or desirable.

This invention also includes pharmaceutical compositions which contain, as the active ingredient, the compound of the invention or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers (excipients). In some embodiments, the composition is suitable for topical administration. In making the compositions of the invention, the active ingredient is typically mixed with an excipient, diluted by an excipient or enclosed within such a carrier in the form of, e.g., a capsule, sachet, paper, or other container. When the excipient serves as a diluent, it can be a solid, semi-solid, or liquid material, which acts as a vehicle, carrier or medium for the active ingredient. Thus, the compositions can be in the form of tablets, pills, powders, lozenges, sachets, cachets, elixirs, suspensions, emulsions, solutions, syrups, aerosols (as a solid or in a liquid medium), ointments containing, e.g., up to 10% by weight of the active compound, soft and hard gelatin capsules, suppositories, sterile injectable solutions and sterile packaged powders.

In preparing a formulation, the active compound can be milled to provide the appropriate particle size prior to combining with the other ingredients. If the active compound is substantially insoluble, it can be milled to a particle size of less than 200 mesh. If the active compound is substantially water soluble, the particle size can be adjusted by milling to provide a substantially uniform distribution in the formulation, e.g., about 40 mesh.

The compounds of the invention may be milled using known milling procedures such as wet milling to obtain a particle size appropriate for tablet formation and for other formulation types. Finely divided (nanoparticulate) preparations of the compounds of the invention can be prepared by processes known in the art see, e.g., WO 2002/000196.

Some examples of suitable excipients include lactose, dextrose, sucrose, sorbitol, mannitol, starches, gum acacia, calcium phosphate, alginates, tragacanth, gelatin, calcium silicate, microcrystalline cellulose, polyvinylpyrrolidone, cellulose, water, syrup and methyl cellulose. The formulations can additionally include: lubricating agents such as talc, magnesium stearate and mineral oil; wetting agents; emulsifying and suspending agents; preserving agents such as methyl- and propylhydroxy-benzoates; sweetening agents; and flavoring agents. The compositions of the invention can be formulated so as to provide quick, sustained or delayed release of the active ingredient after administration to the patient by employing procedures known in the art.

In some embodiments, the pharmaceutical composition comprises silicified microcrystalline cellulose (SMCC) and at least one compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In some embodiments, the silicified microcrystalline cellulose comprises about 98% microcrystalline cellulose and about 2% silicon dioxide w/w.

In some embodiments, the composition is a sustained release composition comprising at least one compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. In some embodiments, the composition comprises at least one compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and at least one component selected from microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and polyethylene oxide. In some embodiments, the composition comprises at least one compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose. In some embodiments, the composition comprises at least one compound described herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate and polyethylene oxide. In some embodiments, the composition further comprises magnesium stearate or silicon dioxide. In some embodiments, the microcrystalline cellulose is Avicel PH102™. In some embodiments, the lactose monohydrate is Fast-flo 316™. In some embodiments, the hydroxypropyl methylcellulose is hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 2208 K4M (e.g., Methocel K4 M Premier™) and/or hydroxypropyl methylcellulose 2208 K100LV (e.g., Methocel K00LV™). In some embodiments, the polyethylene oxide is polyethylene oxide WSR 1105 (e.g., Polyox WSR 1105™).

In some embodiments, a wet granulation process is used to produce the composition. In some embodiments, a dry granulation process is used to produce the composition.

The compositions can be formulated in a unit dosage form, each dosage containing from about 5 to about 1,000 mg (1 g), more usually about 100 mg to about 500 mg, of the active ingredient. In some embodiments, each dosage contains about 10 mg of the active ingredient. In some embodiments, each dosage contains about 50 mg of the active ingredient. In some embodiments, each dosage contains about 25 mg of the active ingredient. The term “unit dosage forms” refers to physically discrete units suitable as unitary dosages for human subjects and other mammals, each unit containing a predetermined quantity of active material calculated to produce the desired therapeutic effect, in association with a suitable pharmaceutical excipient.

The components used to formulate the pharmaceutical compositions are of high purity and are substantially free of potentially harmful contaminants (e.g., at least National Food grade, generally at least analytical grade, and more typically at least pharmaceutical grade). Particularly for human consumption, the composition is preferably manufactured or formulated under Good Manufacturing Practice standards as defined in the applicable regulations of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. For example, suitable formulations may be sterile and/or substantially isotonic and/or in full compliance with all Good Manufacturing Practice regulations of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

The active compound may be effective over a wide dosage range and is generally administered in a therapeutically effective amount. It will be understood, however, that the amount of the compound actually administered will usually be determined by a physician, according to the relevant circumstances, including the condition to be treated, the chosen route of administration, the actual compound administered, the age, weight, and response of the individual patient, the severity of the patient's symptoms and the like.

The therapeutic dosage of a compound of the present invention can vary according to, e.g., the particular use for which the treatment is made, the manner of administration of the compound, the health and condition of the patient, and the judgment of the prescribing physician. The proportion or concentration of a compound of the invention in a pharmaceutical composition can vary depending upon a number of factors including dosage, chemical characteristics (e.g., hydrophobicity), and the route of administration. For example, the compounds of the invention can be provided in an aqueous physiological buffer solution containing about 0.1 to about 10% w/v of the compound for parenteral administration. Some typical dose ranges are from about 1 μg/kg to about 1 g/kg of body weight per day. In some embodiments, the dose range is from about 0.01 mg/kg to about 100 mg/kg of body weight per day. The dosage is likely to depend on such variables as the type and extent of progression of the disease or disorder, the overall health status of the particular patient, the relative biological efficacy of the compound selected, formulation of the excipient, and its route of administration. Effective doses can be extrapolated from dose-response curves derived from in vitro or animal model test systems.

For preparing solid compositions such as tablets, the principal active ingredient is mixed with a pharmaceutical excipient to form a solid preformulation composition containing a homogeneous mixture of a compound of the present invention. When referring to these preformulation compositions as homogeneous, the active ingredient is typically dispersed evenly throughout the composition so that the composition can be readily subdivided into equally effective unit dosage forms such as tablets, pills and capsules. This solid preformulation is then subdivided into unit dosage forms of the type described above containing from, e.g., about 0.1 to about 1000 mg of the active ingredient of the present invention.

The tablets or pills of the present invention can be coated or otherwise compounded to provide a dosage form affording the advantage of prolonged action. For example, the tablet or pill can comprise an inner dosage and an outer dosage component, the latter being in the form of an envelope over the former. The two components can be separated by an enteric layer which serves to resist disintegration in the stomach and permit the inner component to pass intact into the duodenum or to be delayed in release. A variety of materials can be used for such enteric layers or coatings, such materials including a number of polymeric acids and mixtures of polymeric acids with such materials as shellac, cetyl alcohol and cellulose acetate.

The liquid forms in which the compounds and compositions of the present invention can be incorporated for administration orally or by injection include aqueous solutions, suitably flavored syrups, aqueous or oil suspensions, and flavored emulsions with edible oils such as cottonseed oil, sesame oil, coconut oil, or peanut oil, as well as elixirs and similar pharmaceutical vehicles.

Compositions for inhalation or insufflation include solutions and suspensions in pharmaceutically acceptable, aqueous or organic solvents, or mixtures thereof, and powders. The liquid or solid compositions may contain suitable pharmaceutically acceptable excipients as described supra. In some embodiments, the compositions are administered by the oral or nasal respiratory route for local or systemic effect. Compositions can be nebulized by use of inert gases. Nebulized solutions may be breathed directly from the nebulizing device or the nebulizing device can be attached to a face mask, tent, or intermittent positive pressure breathing machine. Solution, suspension, or powder compositions can be administered orally or nasally from devices which deliver the formulation in an appropriate manner.

Topical formulations can contain one or more conventional carriers. In some embodiments, ointments can contain water and one or more hydrophobic carriers selected from, e.g., liquid paraffin, polyoxyethylene alkyl ether, propylene glycol, white Vaseline, and the like. Carrier compositions of creams can be based on water in combination with glycerol and one or more other components, e.g., glycerinemonostearate, PEG-glycerinemonostearate and cetylstearyl alcohol. Gels can be formulated using isopropyl alcohol and water, suitably in combination with other components such as, e.g., glycerol, hydroxyethyl cellulose, and the like. In some embodiments, topical formulations contain at least about 0.1, at least about 0.25, at least about 0.5, at least about 1, at least about 2 or at least about 5 wt % of the compound of the invention. The topical formulations can be suitably packaged in tubes of, e.g., 100 g which are optionally associated with instructions for the treatment of the select indication, e.g., psoriasis or other skin condition.

The amount of compound or composition administered to a patient will vary depending upon what is being administered, the purpose of the administration, such as prophylaxis or therapy, the state of the patient, the manner of administration and the like. In therapeutic applications, compositions can be administered to a patient already suffering from a disease in an amount sufficient to cure or at least partially arrest the symptoms of the disease and its complications. Effective doses will depend on the disease condition being treated as well as by the judgment of the attending clinician depending upon factors such as the severity of the disease, the age, weight and general condition of the patient and the like.

The compositions administered to a patient can be in the form of pharmaceutical compositions described above. These compositions can be sterilized by conventional sterilization techniques, or may be sterile filtered. Aqueous solutions can be packaged for use as is, or lyophilized, the lyophilized preparation being combined with a sterile aqueous carrier prior to administration. The pH of the compound preparations typically will be between 3 and 11, more preferably from 5 to 9 and most preferably from 7 to 8. It will be understood that use of certain of the foregoing excipients, carriers or stabilizers will result in the formation of pharmaceutical salts.

The therapeutic dosage of a compound of the present invention can vary according to, e.g., the particular use for which the treatment is made, the manner of administration of the compound, the health and condition of the patient, and the judgment of the prescribing physician. The proportion or concentration of a compound of the invention in a pharmaceutical composition can vary depending upon a number of factors including dosage, chemical characteristics (e.g., hydrophobicity), and the route of administration. For example, the compounds of the invention can be provided in an aqueous physiological buffer solution containing about 0.1 to about 10% w/v of the compound for parenteral administration. Some typical dose ranges are from about 1 μg/kg to about 1 g/kg of body weight per day. In some embodiments, the dose range is from about 0.01 mg/kg to about 100 mg/kg of body weight per day. The dosage is likely to depend on such variables as the type and extent of progression of the disease or disorder, the overall health status of the particular patient, the relative biological efficacy of the compound selected, formulation of the excipient, and its route of administration. Effective doses can be extrapolated from dose-response curves derived from in vitro or animal model test systems.

V. Labeled Compounds and Assay Methods

The compounds of the invention can further be useful in investigations of biological processes, including kinase signaling, in normal and abnormal tissues. Thus, another aspect of the present invention relates to labeled compounds of the invention (radio-labeled, fluorescent-labeled, etc.) that would be useful not only in imaging techniques but also in assays, both in vitro and in vivo, for localizing and quantitating Pim kinases in tissue samples, including human, and for identifying Pim kinase ligands by inhibition binding of a labeled compound. Accordingly, the present invention includes Pim kinase assays that contain such labeled compounds.

The present invention further includes isotopically-labeled compounds of the invention. An “isotopically” or “radio-labeled” compound is a compound of the invention where one or more atoms are replaced or substituted by an atom having an atomic mass or mass number different from the atomic mass or mass number typically found in nature (i.e., naturally occurring). Suitable radionuclides that may be incorporated in compounds of the present invention include but are not limited to 3H (also written as T for tritium), 11C, 13C, 14C, 13N, 15N, 15O, 17O, 18O, 18F, 35S, 36Cl, 82Br, 75Br, 76Br, 77Br, 123I, 124I, 125I and 131I. The radionuclide that is incorporated in the instant radio-labeled compounds will depend on the specific application of that radio-labeled compound. For example, for in vitro Pim kinase labeling and competition assays, compounds that incorporate 3H, 14C, 82Br, 125I, 131I, 35S or will generally be most useful. For radio-imaging applications 11C, 18F, 125I, 123I, 124I, 131I, 75Br, 76Br or 77Br will generally be most useful.

It is to be understood that a “radio-labeled” or “labeled compound” is a compound that has incorporated at least one radionuclide. In some embodiments the radionuclide is selected from the group consisting of 3H, 14C, 125I, 35S and 82Br. In some embodiments, the compound incorporates 1, 2 or 3 deuterium atoms. Synthetic methods for incorporating radio-isotopes into organic compounds are known in the art.

Specifically, a labeled compound of the invention can be used in a screening assay to identify and/or evaluate compounds. For example, a newly synthesized or identified compound (i.e., test compound) which is labeled can be evaluated for its ability to bind a Pim-kinase by monitoring its concentration variation when contacting with the Pim kinase, through tracking of the labeling. For example, a test compound (labeled) can be evaluated for its ability to reduce binding of another compound which is known to bind to a Pim kinase (i.e., standard compound). Accordingly, the ability of a test compound to compete with the standard compound for binding to the Pim kinase directly correlates to its binding affinity. Conversely, in some other screening assays, the standard compound is labeled and test compounds are unlabeled. Accordingly, the concentration of the labeled standard compound is monitored in order to evaluate the competition between the standard compound and the test compound, and the relative binding affinity of the test compound is thus ascertained.

VI. Kits

The present disclosure also includes pharmaceutical kits useful, e.g., in the treatment or prevention of Pim kinase-associated diseases or disorders, such as cancer, which include one or more containers containing a pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formula (I), or any of the embodiments thereof. Such kits can further include one or more of various conventional pharmaceutical kit components, such as, e.g., containers with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, additional containers, etc., as will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art. Instructions, either as inserts or as labels, indicating quantities of the components to be administered, guidelines for administration, and/or guidelines for mixing the components, can also be included in the kit.

The invention will be described in greater detail by way of specific examples. The following examples are offered for illustrative purposes, and are not intended to limit the invention in any manner. Those of skill in the art will readily recognize a variety of non-critical parameters which can be changed or modified to yield essentially the same results. The compounds of the Examples have been found to be Pim-kinase inhibitors according to at least one assay described herein.

EXAMPLES

Experimental procedures for compounds of the invention are provided below. Open Access Preparative LCMS Purification of some of the compounds prepared was performed on Waters mass directed fractionation systems. The basic equipment setup, protocols, and control software for the operation of these systems have been described in detail in literature. See, e.*g., Blom, “Two-Pump At Column Dilution Configuration for Preparative LCMS”, J. Combi. Chem., 2002, 4, 295-301; Blom et al., “Optimizing Preparative LCMS Configurations and Methods for Parallel Synthesis Purification”, J. Combi. Chem., 2003, 5, 670-83; and Blom et al., “Preparative LCMS Purification: Improved Compound Specific Method Optimization”, J. Combi. Chem., 2004, 6, 874-883. The compounds separated were typically subjected to analytical liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LCMS) for purity under the following conditions: Instrument: Agilent 1100 series, LCMSD, Column: Waters SunFire™ C18 5 um, 2.1×5.0 mm, Buffers: mobile phase A: 0.025% TFA in water and mobile phase B: 0.025% TFA in MeCN; gradient 2% to 80% of B in 3 min. with flow rate 1.5 mL/min.

Some of the compounds prepared were also separated on a preparative scale by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) with MS detector or flash chromatography (silica gel) as indicated in the Examples. Typical preparative reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) column conditions set out below in Methods A and B.

Unless otherwise indicated, the example compounds were purified by preparative HPLC using acidic conditions (method A) and were obtained as a TFA salt, or using basic conditions (method B) and were obtained as a free base.

Method A:

Column: Waters SunFire™ C18, 5 μm particle size, 30×100 mm;

Mobile phase: water (0.1% TFA)/MeCN

Flow rate: 60 mL/min.

Gradient: 5 min. or 12 min. from 5% MeCN/95% water to 100% MeCN

Method B:

Column: Waters XBridge™ C18, 5 μm particle size, 30×100 mm;

Mobile phase: water (0.15% NH4OH)/MeCN

Flow rate: 60 mL/min.

Gradient: 5 min or 12 min from 5% MeCN/95% water to 100% MeCN

The example compounds and intermediates below containing one or more chiral centers were obtained in enantiomerically pure form or as scalemic or racemic mixtures, unless otherwise specified.

Intermediate 1: tert-Butyl [1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate

Step A. 1-Methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole

A mixture of 4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (10.0 g, 88.4 mmol, commercially available from Aldrich), 1.0 M aq. NaOH (400.0 mL, 400.0 mmol) and dimethyl sulfate (62 mL, 660 mmol) was stirred at room temperature for 72 h. The mixture was extracted with DCM (2×300 mL). The combined extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and evaporated under reduced pressure to give 11.2 g (96.1% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C4H6N3O2 (M+H)+: m/z=128.1; found: 128.1.

Step B. 5-Chloro-1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole

To 1 L three-neck flask 1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (10.8 g, 85.0 mmol) and THF (30 mL) were added. The mixture was cooled to −78° C. and 1.0 M lithium hexamethyldisilazide in THF (222 mL) was added dropwise via an addition funnel over 20 min. The brown mixture was stirred for 30 min. and then allowed to warm to −45° C. over 30 min. The mixture was cooled back down to −78° C. and hexachloroethane (26.4 g, 111 mmol) dissolved in THF (20 mL) was added via an addition funnel over 15 min. The mixture was stirred for 2.5 h and then allowed to warm from −78° C. to 40° C. and the reaction was monitored by LCMS. Upon the completion of the reaction, the reaction was quenched with a solution of NH4Cl (450 mL) and then EtOAc (300 mL) was added. The organic phase was separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined extracts were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure give an oil residue, which was further purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 10.8 g (78.7% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C4H5ClN3O2 (M+H)+: m/z=162.0; found: 162.0.

Step C. tert-Butyl [1-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 5-chloro-1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (0.400 g, 2.48 mmol), tert-butyl azepan-4-yl carbamate (0.58 g, 2.7 mmol), EtOH (3 mL) and DIPEA (1.6 mL, 9.2 mmol) was irradiated in a microwave oven for 1 h at 130° C. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus, eluting with EtOAc/hexane (10-60%). The purification gave 0.580 g (69.0% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C11H18N5O4 (M+H-t-Bu+H)+: m/z=284.2; found: 284.1.

Step D. tert-Butyl [1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [1-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate (0.580 g, 1.71 mmol), iron powder (0.38 g, 6.8 mmol), NH4Cl (0.46 g, 8.5 mmol), EtOH (10 mL) and water (1.2 mL) was heated at 60° C. for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the mixture was allowed to cool and filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The pad was washed with EtOAc and NaHCO3 solution. The organic layer was then washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.468 g (88.5% yield) of the title compound as a reddish oil. LCMS calc. for C15H28N5O2 (M+H)+: m/z=310.2; found: 310.2.

Intermediate 2: tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 5-chloro-1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (0.323 g, 2.00 mmol) (prepared as described for Intermediate 1, Step A and B), tert-butyl (3S)-piperidin-3-ylcarbamate (0.400 g, 2.00 mmol) and DIPEA (0.632 mL, 3.63 mmol) in EtOH (1 mL) was heated under microwave irradiation at 130° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification afforded 0.488 g (75.1% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C10H16N5O4 (M+H-t-Bu+H)+: m/z=270.1; found: 270.1.

Step B. tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (0.480 g, 1.48 mmol), iron powder (0.33 g, 5.9 mmol), NH4Cl (0.39 g, 7.4 mmol), EtOH (10 mL) and water (0.9 mL) was heated at 60° C. for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the reaction mixture was allowed to cool and filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The pad was washed with EtOAc and NaHCO3 solution. The organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.402 g (92.2% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C14H26N5O2 (M+H)+: m/z=296.2; found: 296.2.

Intermediate 3: tert-Butyl [(3R)-1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

Intermediate 3 was synthesized as described for Intermediate 2 except using tert-butyl (3R)-piperidin-3-ylcarbamate instead of tert-butyl (3S)-piperidin-3-ylcarbamate.

Intermediate 4: tert-Butyl 4-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-1,4-diazepane-1-carboxylate

Step A. tert-Butyl 4-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-1,4-diazepane-1-carboxylate

A mixture of 5-chloro-1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (0.403 g, 2.50 mmol) (prepared as described for Intermediate 1, Step A and B), tert-butyl 1,4-diazepane-1-carboxylate (0.500 g, 2.50 mmol) and DIPEA (0.791 mL, 4.54 mmol) in EtOH (2 mL) was heated under microwave irradiation at 130° C. for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the resulting residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification afforded 0.572 g (70.4% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow oil. LCMS calc. for C14H23N5O4Na (M+Na)+: m/z=348.2; found: 348.1.

Step B. tert-Butyl 4-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-1,4-diazepane-1-carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-1,4-diazepane-1-carboxylate (0.550 g, 1.69 mmol), iron powder (0.38 g, 6.8 mmol), NH4Cl (0.45 g, 8.4 mmol), EtOH (10 mL) and water (1 mL) was heated at 60° C. for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the mixture was allowed to cool and filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The cake was washed with EtOAc and NaHCO3 solution. The organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.466 g (93.3% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C14H26N5O2 (M+H)+: m/z=296.2; found: 296.2.

Intermediate 5: tert-Butyl [6-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-Butyl (6-bromo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)carbamate

A mixture of 6-bromoindan-1-amine (0.500 g, 2.36 mmol), Boc2O (0.679 g, 3.11 mmol) and TEA (0.657 mL, 4.72 mmol) in THF (6 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (20-70%). The purification gave 0.724 g (98.4% yield) of the sub-title compound as an off-white solid. LCMS calc. for C10H11BrNO2 (M+H-t-Bu+H)+: m/z=256.0; found: 256.0.

Step B. tert-Butyl [6-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]carbamate

A mixture containing tert-butyl (6-bromo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl)carbamate (0.700 g, 2.24 mmol), 4,4,5,5,4′,4′,5′,5′-octamethyl-[2,2′]bi[[1,3,2]dioxaborolanyl] (1.14 g, 4.48 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with dichloromethane (1:1) (0.18 g, 0.22 mmol) and KOAc (0.660 g, 6.73 mmol) was stirred at 130° C. in a sealed tube for 1 h. The mixture was then diluted with 20 mL of EtOAc and filtered through a plug of diatomaceous earth. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-40%). The purification gave 0.790 g (98.1% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish oil. LCMS calc. for C16H23BNO4 (M+H-t-Bu+H)+: m/z=304.2; found: 304.2.

Step C. tert-Butyl [6-(1-methyl-4-nitro-H-pyrazol-5-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 5-chloro-1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (50.0 mg, 0.310 mmol), tert-butyl [6-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]carbamate (111.2 mg, 0.3095 mmol), Pd(PPh3)4 (36 mg, 0.031 mmol) and 2.0 M aq. Na2CO3 (0.46 mL, 0.93 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) was heated under microwave irradiation at 130° C. for 15 min. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and the pad was rinsed with EtOAc. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (20-100%). The purification gave 40 mg (40% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C18H23N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=359.2; found: 359.2.

Step D. tert-Butyl [6-(4-amino-1-methyl-H-pyrazol-5-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [6-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-yl]carbamate (125 mg, 0.349 mmol), iron powder (77.9 mg, 1.40 mmol), NH4Cl (93.3 mg, 1.74 mmol) in EtOH (3 mL) and water (0.3 mL) was heated under reflux for 2 h. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and neutralized to pH=9 with saturated aq. NaHCO3, filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and rinsed with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 113 mg (98.6% yield) of the title compound as a reddish oil. LCMS calc. for C18H25N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=329.2; found: 329.1.

Intermediate 6: tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (1.11 g, 6.99 mmol), tert-butyl (3S)-piperidin-3-ylcarbamate (1.40 g, 6.99 mmol) and DIPEA (3.65 mL, 21.0 mmol) in EtOH (6 mL) was heated under microwave irradiation at 80° C. for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 2.18 g (96.7% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C15H23N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=323.2; found: 323.0.

Step B. tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (2.10 g, 6.51 mmol), iron powder (1.46 g, 26.0 mmol), NH4Cl (1.74 g, 32.6 mmol), EtOH (40 mL) and water (4.4 mL) was heated at 60° C. for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the mixture was allowed to cool, filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad, washed with EtOAc, saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution. The organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 1.78 g (93.4% yield) of the title compound as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C15H25N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=293.2; found: 293.2.

Intermediate 7: tert-Butyl [(3R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

Intermediate 7 was synthesized by an analogous procedure to that described in Intermediate 6, using tert-butyl (3R)-piperidin-3-ylcarbamate instead of tert-butyl (3S)-piperidin-3-ylcarbamate.

Intermediate 8: tert-Butyl 4-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-1,4-diazepane-1-carboxylate

Step A. tert-Butyl 4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-1, 4-diazepane-1-carboxylate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (0.500 g, 3.15 mmol), tert-butyl 1, 4-diazepane-1-carboxylate (0.632 g, 3.15 mmol) and DIPEA (2.0 mL, 12 mmol) in EtOH (4 mL) was irradiated in a microwave oven for 1 h at 130° C. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 0.818 g (80.5% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C15H23N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=323.2; found: 323.2.

Step B. tert-Butyl 4-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-1,4-diazepane-1-carboxylate

A mixture of tert-butyl 4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-1,4-diazepane-1-carboxylate (0.600 g, 1.86 mmol), iron powder (0.42 g, 7.4 mmol), NH4Cl (0.50 g, 9.3 mmol), EtOH (10 mL) and water (1 mL) was heated at 100° C. for 2 h. When the reaction was complete, the reaction mixture was allowed to cool and filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The pad was washed with EtOAc and saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution. The organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.524 g (96.3% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C15H25N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=293.2; found: 293.2.

Intermediate 9: tert-Butyl [1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-Butyl [1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (0.500 g, 3.15 mmol), tert-butyl azepan-4-yl carbamate (0.676 g, 3.15 mmol) and DIPEA (2.0 mL, 12 mmol) in EtOH (4 mL) was irradiated in a microwave oven for 1 h at 130° C. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (10-60%). The purification gave 0.920 g (86.7% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish oil. LCMS calc. for C16H25N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=337.2; found: 337.1.

Step B. tert-Butyl [1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate (0.600 g, 1.78 mmol), iron powder (0.40 g, 7.1 mmol), NH4Cl (0.48 g, 8.9 mmol), EtOH (10 mL) and water (1 mL) was heated at 100° C. for 3 h. When the reaction was complete, the reaction mixture was allowed to cool and filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The pad was washed with EtOAc and saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution. The organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and filtered to give 0.518 g (94.8% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C16H27N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=307.2; found: 307.2.

Intermediate 10: tert-Butyl [(3R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-Butyl [(3R)-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (0.500 g, 3.15 mmol), tert-butyl (3R)-pyrrolidin-3-ylcarbamate (0.587 g, 3.15 mmol) and DIPEA (1.10 mL, 6.31 mmol) in EtOH (4 mL) was irradiated in a microwave oven for 1 h at 130° C. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 0.710 g (73.0% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C14H21N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=309.2; found: 309.1.

Step B. tert-Butyl [(3R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3R)-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate (0.521 g, 1.69 mmol), iron powder (0.38 g, 6.8 mmol), NH4Cl (0.45 g, 8.4 mmol), EtOH (10 mL) and water (1 mL) was heated at 60° C. for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the reaction mixture was allowed to cool and filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The pad was washed with EtOAc and saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution. The organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.432 g (91.8% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C14H23N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=279.2; found: 279.2.

Intermediate 11: tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (0.500 g, 3.15 mmol), tert-butyl (3S)-pyrrolidin-3-yl carbamate (0.587 g, 3.15 mmol) and DIPEA (2.0 mL, 12 mmol) in EtOH (4 mL) was irradiated in a microwave oven for 1 h at 130° C. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 0.698 g (71.8% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C14H21N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=: 309.2; found: 309.2.

Step B. tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate (0.521 g, 1.69 mmol), iron powder (0.38 g, 6.8 mmol), NH4Cl (0.45 g, 8.4 mmol), EtOH (10 mL) and water (1 mL) was heated at 60° C. for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the mixture was allowed to cool and filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The pad was washed with EtOAc and saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution. The organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.428 g (91% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C14H23N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=: 279.2; found: 279.1.

Intermediate 12: tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-amino-5-methyl-pyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-nitro-5-methyl-pyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-methyl-5-nitropyridine (1.0 g, 5.8 mmol), tert-butyl (3S)-pyrrolidin-3-yl carbamate (1.1 g, 5.8 mmol), DIPEA (2.0 mL) and N-methylpyrrolidinone (6.0 mL) was heated at 160° C. for 60 min. in a microwave oven. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 1.8 g (96% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C15H23N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=323.2; found: 323.1.

Step B. tert-Butyl [(3S)-1-(3-amino-5-methyl-pyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-nitro-5-methyl-pyridin-4-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl]carbamate (0.556 g, 1.69 mmol), iron powder (0.38 g, 6.8 mmol), AcOH (10 mL) and water (1 mL) was heated at 60° C. for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the mixture was allowed to cool, concentrated under reduced pressure and diluted with EtOAc. The resulting mixture was filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in 1 M aq. NaOH, extracted with EtOAc (100 mL×3). The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.435 g (91% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C15H25N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=293.1; found: 293.1.

Intermediate 13: tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-trifluoromethyl-piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (580 mg, 3.6 mmol), tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (800 mg, 3 mmol), i-PrOH (5.0 mL) and DIPEA (1.0 mL, 6.0 mmol) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 1.0 g (80% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C16H22F3N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=: 391.2; found: 391.1.

Step B. tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (1 g, 2 mmol), iron powder (0.57 g, 10 mmol), AcOH (16 mL) and water (2 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the mixture was allowed to cool, concentrated under reduced pressure and diluted with EtOAc. The resulting mixture was filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was dissolved in 1 M NaOH aqueous solution and extracted with EtOAc (100 mL×3). The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.9 g (100% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C16H24F3N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=: 361.2; found: 361.1.

Intermediate 14: tert-Butyl [(3S,4S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-fluoro-piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

Step A. tert-butyl [(3S,4S)-4-fluoro-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (750 mg, 4.7 mmol), tert-butyl [(3S,4S)-4-fluoropiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (1 g, 4 mmol), i-PrOH (5.0 mL) and DIPEA (1.6 mL, 9.2 mmol) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 1.9 g (95% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C15H22FN4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=: 341.2; found: 341.1.

Step B. tert-butyl [(3S,4S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-fluoropiperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,4S)-4-fluoro-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (900 mg, 2 mmol), iron powder (0.57 g, 10 mmol), AcOH (16 mL) and water (2 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the mixture was allowed to cool, concentrated under reduced pressure and diluted with EtOAc. The resulting mixture was filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was dissolved in 1 M aq. NaOH and extracted with EtOAc (100 mL×3). The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.6 g (80% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C15H24FN4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=: 311.2; found: 311.1.

Intermediate 15: tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

Step A. 1-tert-butyl 2-methyl (2S,4R)-4-methyl-5-oxopyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxylate

A solution of 1-tert-butyl 2-methyl (2S)-5-oxopyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxylate (16.1 g, 66.2 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was cooled to −78° C. Lithium hexamethyldisilazide in THF (1.0 M; 68.2 mL, 68.2 mmol) was added dropwise over 5 min. The resulting mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 35 min., then methyl iodide (10.0 mL, 160 mmol) was added. The reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature slowly overnight. The reaction was quenched with AcOH (7.5 mL, 130 mmol) and water (5 mL) and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The concentrated residue was further diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc (3 times). The combined extracts were washed with water and brine, dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column and eluted with 0-50% EtOAc/Hex over 45 min. Fractions were checked by TLC (MoSO4 stain) and LCMS. 6.1 g (35% yield) of the sub-title compound was obtained. LCMS calc. for C7H12NO3 (M+H-Boc+H)+: m/z=158.1; found: 158.1.

Step B. tert-butyl [(1S,3R)-4-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl]carbamate

A solution of 1-tert-butyl 2-methyl (2S,4R)-4-methyl-5-oxopyrrolidine-1,2-dicarboxylate (11.0 g, 42.8 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was cooled to 0° C. then LiBH4 (2.8 g, 130 mmol) and then EtOH (22 mL) were added. The mixture was slowly allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 4 h. The reaction was quenched with water then extracted with EtOAc (3 times). The combined extracts were dried (Na2SO4), filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 4.5 g (45% yield) of the crude sub-title compound. The crude product was used without further purification.

Step C. tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-benzyl-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A solution of tert-butyl [(1S,3R)-4-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl]carbamate (9.50 g, 40.7 mmol) in DCM (200 mL) was cooled to 0° C. TEA (23 mL, 160 mmol) was added followed by dropwise addition of methanesulfonyl chloride (9.4 mL, 120 mmol). The clear solution became cloudy and yellow. The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The mixture was diluted with DCM and washed with saturated aq. NaHCO3 and water. The organic layer was dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give an intermediate mesylate as a yellow oil that was used immediately for the next step.

The intermediate mesylate and benzylamine (90 mL, 800 mmol) were combined in microwave vial, sealed and heated at 70° C. overnight. After 18 h, the mixture was quenched with 10% aq. NaOH. The mixture was extracted with hexanes (3 times). The combined extracts were washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified on a silica gel column and eluted with 0-40% EtOAc/hexane over 34 min. to give 6.0 g (49% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C18H29N2O2 (M+H)+: m/z=305.2; found: 305.1.

Step D. tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-benzyl-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (4.5 g, 15 mmol), AcOH (2.0 mL, 35 mmol) and 10% Pd on carbon (1.6 g, 1.5 mmol) in EtOH (100 mL) was stirred in a Par-shaker under H2 (50 psi) overnight. The mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with DCM (500 ml) and washed with saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution. The aqueous layer was extracted twice with DCM. The combined DCM extract was dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.2 g (67% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C11H23N2O2 (M+H)+: m/z=: 215.2; found: 215.1.

Step E. tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-methyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (740 mg, 4.7 mmol), tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (1000.0 mg, 4.67 mmol) and DIPEA (2.4 mL, 14 mmol) was irradiated in a microwave oven for 1 h at 130° C. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (10-60%). The purification gave 1.21 g (80% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C16H25N4O4 (M+H)+: m/z=337.2; found: 337.1.

Step F. tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-methyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (100 mg, 0.3 mmol), iron powder (0.072 g, 1.3 mmol), AcOH (2.0 mL, 35 mmol) and water (0.2 mL, 10 mmol) was stirred at room temperature for 60 min. When the reaction was complete, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, diluted with EtOAc, filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth, washed with aqueous NaHCO3 solution, water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 60 mg (60% yield) of the title compound as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C16H27N4O2 (M+H)+: m/z=307.1; found: 307.1.

Intermediate 16: tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

Step A. tert-butyl (4R)-4-{(1R,2R)-3-[(4R)-4-benzyl-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]-1-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxopropyl}-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of (R)-3-(1-oxopropyl)-4-benzyl-2-oxazolidinone (12 g, 51 mmol) in DCM (300 mL) (0.13 M), 1.0 M titanium tetrachloride in DCM (51 mL, 51 mmol) was added at −40° C. The mixture was stirred at −40° C. for 10 min. (yellow suspension), then DIPEA (22 mL, 130 mmol) was added (dark red solution). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 20 min. tert-Butyl (4R)-4-formyl-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (12 g, 51 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) (0.5 M) was then added dropwise and the resulting mixture was stirred for 1.5 h at 0° C. LCMS showed 2 peaks with desired mass, one major and the other minor (5:2). The reaction mixture was quenched by the addition of aq. NH4Cl solution and the mixture was extracted with DCM. The organic phase was separated, washed with brine, dried over MgSO4, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-40% EtOAc/hexane) to give 8 g (30% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C24H35N2O7 (M+H)+: m/z=463.2; found: 463.1.

Step B. tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2R)-3-[(4R)-4-benzyl-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-methyl-3-oxopropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-{(1R,2R)-3-[(4R)-4-benzyl-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]-1-hydroxy-2-methyl-3-oxopropyl}-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (12.1 g, 26.2 mmol) and 2,6-lutidine (5.4 mL, 47 mmol) in DCM (260 mL) (0.1 M) was added tert-butyldimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (8.41 mL, 36.6 mmol) at −40° C. The mixture was stirred at −40° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM, washed with saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-20% EtOAc/hexane) to give 14 g (92.8% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless gel. LCMS calc. for C25H41N2O5Si (M+H-Boc+H)+: m/z=477.3; found: 477.1.

Step C. tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-3-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2R)-3-[(4R)-4-benzyl-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl) silyl]oxy}-2-methyl-3-oxopropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (14.0 g, 24.3 mmol) and EtOH (4.2 mL, 73 mmol) in THF (300 mL) (0.09 M) was added LiBH4 (1.6 g, 73 mmol) at −30° C. The mixture allowed to warm to 0° C. and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether and 1 M NaOH was added. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc and the organic extract was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-20% EtOAc/hexane) to give 4.1 g (42% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C15H34NO3Si (M+H-Boc+H)+: m/z=304.2; found: 304.1.

Step D. tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-3-azido-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-methylpropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl) silyl]oxy}-3-hydroxy-2-methylpropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (8.20 g, 20.3 mmol), diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (8.0 mL, 41 mmol) and PPh3 (11 g, 41 mmol) in THF (100 mL) (0.18 M), diphenylphosphonic azide (8.8 mL, 41 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-15% EtOAc/hexane) to give 5.2 g (60% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish oil. LCMS calc. for C20H41N4O4Si (M+H)+: m/z=429.3; found: 429.1.

Step E. tert-butyl [(1R,2R,3S)-4-azido-2-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl]carbamate

A solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-3-azido-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-methylpropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (10.5 g, 24.5 mmol) in EtOH (70 mL) was added pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate (12.3 g, 49.0 mmol) and the mixture was heated under reflux for 2 days.

The volatiles were removed under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in DCM (200 mL) (0.1 M). To the resulting solution were added DIPEA (8.53 mL, 49.0 mmol) and Boc2O (6.42 g, 29.4 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-25% EtOAc/Hexane) to give 5.8 g (61% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C12H29N4O2Si (M+H-Boc+H)+: m/z=289.2; found: 289.1.

Step F. (2R,3R,4S)-5-azido-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-4-methylpentyl methanesulfonate

To a solution of tert-butyl [(1R,2R,3S)-4-azido-2-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-1-(hydroxymethyl)-3-methylbutyl]carbamate (5.80 g, 14.9 mmol) in pyridine (75 mL) at 0° C. was added methanesulfonyl chloride (1.50 mL, 19.4 mmol) and DMAP (0.36 g, 3.0 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The solution was diluted with EtOAc, washed with saturated NaHCO3 solution, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-25% EtOAc/Hexane) to give 4.8 g (69% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C13H31N4O4SSi (M+H-Boc)+: m/z=367.2; found: 367.2.

Step G. tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

A solution of (2R,3R,4S)-5-azido-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-4-methylpentyl methanesulfonate (4.25 g, 9.11 mmol) in MeOH (100 mL) (0.09M) was deoxygenated with a stream of N2 for 20 min. DIPEA (4.0 mL, 23 mmol) was added, followed by mixture of 10% palladium on carbon (0.97 g, 0.91 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred under a balloon containing H2 for 2 h. The solution was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and rinsed with MeOH. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.10 g (66% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C17H37N2O3Si (M+H)+: m/z=345.3; found: 345.1.

Step H. tert-butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (150.0 mg, 0.9461 mmol) and tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (300.0 mg, 0.8707 mmol) and TEA (0.3763 mL, 2.700 mmol) in i-PrOH (10.0 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus (eluting with 0 to 30% EtOAc in hexane) to give 100 mg (24% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C22H39N4O5Si (M+H)+: m/z=467.3; found: 467.1.

Step I. tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (100.00 mg, 0.27858 mmol), AcOH (10.00 mL) and iron powder (558.4 mg, 9.999 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with 30 mL of EtOAc and filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The combined organic filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with EtOAc and washed with aq. Na2CO3 solution and 0.2 M NaOH. The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 50 mg (47% yield) of the title compound. LCMS calc. for C22H41N4O3Si (M+H)+: m/z=437.3; found: 437.1.

Intermediate 17: tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-amino-5-methyl-pyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

Step A. tert-butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methyl-1-(3-nitro-5-methyl-pyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-methyl-5-nitropyridine (110.2 mg, 0.6385 mmol), tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (200.00 mg, 0.58044 mmol) and TEA (0.243 mL, 1.74 mmol) in i-PrOH (10.0 mL, 131 mmol) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus (0 to 30% EtOAc in hexane) to give 178 mg (64% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C23H41N4O5Si (M+H)+: m/z=481.3; found: 481.1.

Step B. tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-amino-5-methyl-pyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methyl-1-(3-methyl-5-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (150.0 mg, 0.3121 mmol) in AcOH (20 mL) and water (2 mL) was added iron (174.3 mg, 3.121 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (100 mL), filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad and concentrated at 20° C. under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with EtOAc (100 mL) again and washed with 1 M NaOH aqueous solution. The organic extract was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 120 mg (85% yield) of the title compound. LCMS calc. for C23H43N4O3Si (M+H)+: m/z=451.3; found: 451.1.

Example 1

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Methyl 3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of copper (I) bromide (1.450 g, 10.10 mmol) in HBr (24 mL, 210 mmol) at 0-5° C., methyl 3-aminothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (2.00 g, 9.60 mmol) was added. To the mixture at this temperature a solution of sodium nitrite (0.796 g, 11.5 mmol) in water (12 mL) was added dropwise over 30 min. The reaction was continued at 0-5° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was slowly poured into iced water containing 20 g of NaHCO3 and extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.41 g (92.2% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C9H7BrNO2S (M+H)+: m/z=271.9; found: 272.0.

Step B. 3-Bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

A solution of methyl 3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (2.41 g, 8.86 mmol), LiOH (0.800 g, 33.4 mmol), THF (60 mL), water (10 mL) and MeOH (10 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 h. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was adjusted to pH=6 with 1 M HCl. The solid formed was filtered to give 2.09 g (91.4% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C8H5BrNO2S (M+H)+: m/z=257.9; found: 258.0.

Step C. tert-Butyl (3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate

A mixture of 3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (2.060 g, 7.982 mmol), diphenylphosphonic azide (2.13 mL, 9.89 mmol) and DIPEA (1.53 mL, 8.81 mmol) in tert-butyl alcohol (20 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 1.71 g (65.1% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C12H14BrN2O2S (M+H)+: m/z=329.0; found: 329.0.

Step D. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

To a solution of tert-butyl (3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (0.400 g, 1.22 mmol) in THF (5 mL) at −78° C. was added 1.6 M n-BuLi in hexane (1.90 mL, 3.04 mmol). The mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 30 min. The solution was poured into dry ice. The mixture was adjusted to pH=6 with 1 M aq. HCl solution and extracted with DCM. The organic phase was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10). The purification afforded 35 mg (9.8% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C13H15N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=295.1; found: 295.0.

Step E. 2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate (26.3 mg, 0.0849 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (25.0 mg, 0.0849 mmol), HATU (42.0 mg, 0.110 mmol) and DIPEA (44 μL, 0.25 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight and quenched with brine, and extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2) to give the intermediate, tert-butyl (3-{[(5-{4-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]azepan-1-yl}-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino]carbonyl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C28H40N7O5S (M+H)+: m/z=586.3; found: 586.1.

To the purified intermediate, DCM (0.4 mL) and TFA (0.4 mL) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 60 min. and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was neutralized with one drop of NH4OH in water to pH=8-9. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) afforded the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C18H24N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=386.2; found: 386.1.

Example 2

2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 2 was synthesized by using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 1, except using Intermediate 2 instead of Intermediate 1 in Step E (Example 1). LCMS calc. for C17H22N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=372.2; found: 372.1.

Example 3

2-Amino-N-{5-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 3 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 1, except using Intermediate 3 instead of Intermediate 1 in Step E (Example 1). LCMS calc. for C17H22N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=372.2; found: 372.1.

Example 4

2-Amino-N-[5-(1,4-diazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 4 was synthesized an analogous procedure to that described in Example 1 except using Intermediate 4 instead of Intermediate 1 in Step E (Example 1). LCMS calc. for C17H22N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=372.2; found: 372.1.

Example 5

2-Amino-N-[5-(3-amino-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-5-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 5 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 1, except using Intermediate 5 instead of Intermediate 1 in Step E (Example 1). LCMS calc. for C21H21N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=405.1; found: 405.1.

Example 6

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (49.7 mg, 0.170 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (50.0 mg, 0.170 mmol), HATU (83.97 mg, 0.2208 mmol) and DIPEA (0.089 mL, 0.51 mmol) in DMF (0.8 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction was quenched with brine, then extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2) to give the intermediate compound, tert-butyl (3-{[(4-{(3S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]piperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C28H37N6O5S (M+H)+: m/z=569.3; found: 569.1.

To the purified intermediate DCM (0.8 mL) was added followed by TFA (0.8 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 60 min. and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was neutralized with one drop of NH4OH in water to pH=8-9. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) afforded the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C18H21N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=369.1; found: 369.1.

Example 7

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 7 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 6, except using Intermediate 7 instead of Intermediate 6 (Example 6). LCMS calc. for C18H21N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=369.1; found: 369.1.

Example 8

2-Amino-N-[4-(1,4-diazepan-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 8 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 6, except using Intermediate 8 instead of Intermediate 6 (Example 6). LCMS calc. for C18H21N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=369.1; found: 369.1.

Example 9

2-Amino-N-[4-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 9 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 6, except using Intermediate 9 instead of Intermediate 6 (Example 6). LCMS calc. for C19H23N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=383.2; found: 383.1.

Example 12

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. 3-Chloro-5-methoxypyridine 1-oxide

A mixture of 3-chloro-5-methoxypyridine (2.00 g, 13.9 mmol) and aq. H2O2 (30%, 4.0 mL, 39 mmol) in AcOH (8 mL) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature and quenched with NaHSO3 solution. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and saturated aq. NaHCO3 (30 mL) was added to the residue. The resulting mixture was extracted with DCM (3 times). The combined organic phases were washed with saturated aq. NaHCO3, water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.12 g (95.4% yield) of the sub-title compound as a pink solid. LCMS calc. for C6H7ClNO2 (M+H)+: m/z=160.0; found: 160.1.

Step B. 3-Chloro-5-methoxypyridine-2-carbonitrile

A mixture of 3-chloro-5-methoxypyridine 1-oxide (2.20 g, 13.8 mmol), trimethylsilyl cyanide (4.41 mL, 33.1 mmol) and TEA (3.84 mL, 27.6 mmol) in MeCN (20 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was partitioned between EtOAc and 10% aqueous Na2CO3. The organic phase was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.2 g (94.6% yield) of the sub-title compound as a tan solid. LCMS calc. for C7H6ClN2O (M+H)+: m/z=169.0; found: 169.1.

Step C. Methyl 3-amino-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of 3-chloro-5-methoxypyridine-2-carbonitrile (2.10 g, 12.4 mmol) in MeCN (20 mL) was added 2-mercaptoacetic acid methyl ester (1.18 mL, 13.1 mmol) and potassium carbonate (3.44 g, 24.9 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux for 2 h, then filtered and rinsed with MeCN. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-70%). The purification gave 2.6 g (87.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C10H11N2O3S (M+H)+: m/z=239.0; found: 239.1.

Step D. Methyl 3-bromo-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a suspension of copper (I) bromide (1.58 g, 11.0 mmol) in HBr (26 mL, 230 mmol) at 0-5° C. was added methyl 3-amino-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (2.50 g, 10.5 mmol). To the mixture at this temperature was added a solution of sodium nitrite (0.870 g, 12.6 mmol) in water (13 mL) dropwise over 30 min. The reaction was continued at 0-5° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was slowly poured into iced water containing 20 g of NaHCO3. The mixture was extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 0.25 g (7.9% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C10H9BrNO3S (M+H)+: m/z=301.9; found: 301.9.

Step E. 3-Bromo-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 3-bromo-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.250 g, 0.827 mmol), LiOH (0.158 g, 6.62 mmol), water (3 mL), THF (6 mL) and MeOH (3 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was neutralized to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The solid formed was filtered to give 0.175 g (73.4% yield) of the sub-title compound as a tan solid. LCMS calc. for C9H7BrNO3S (M+H)+: m/z=287.9; found: 287.9.

Step F. tert-Butyl (3-bromo-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate

A mixture of 3-bromo-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (175.0 mg, 0.6074 mmol), diphenylphosphonic azide (0.162 mL, 0.753 mmol) and DIPEA (117 μL, 0.670 mmol) in tert-butyl alcohol (4 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The resulting solution was washed with 1 M aq. NaOH, water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%). The purification gave 85.7 mg (40.1% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C13H16BrN2O3S (M+H)+: m/z=359.0; found: 359.0.

Step G. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

To a solution of tert-butyl (3-bromo-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (87.0 mg, 0.242 mmol) in THF (3 mL) at −78° C. was added 1.6 M n-BuLi in hexane (0.378 mL, 0.605 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 30 min. The solution was poured into dry ice. The mixture was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M HCl and extracted with DCM. The organic phase was washed with water, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10). The purification afforded the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C14H17N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=325.1; found: 325.1.

Step H. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (7.89 mg, 0.0270 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (8.76 mg, 0.0270 mmol), HATU (13.34 mg, 0.03509 mmol) and DIPEA (0.014 mL, 0.081 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The mixture was quenched with brine, extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2) to give the intermediate compound, tert-butyl ((3S)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}piperidin-3-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C29H39N6O6S (M+H)+: m/z=599.1; found: 599.1.

The above purified intermediate was added DCM (1 mL) and TFA (1 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 60 min and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was neutralized with one drop of NH4OH in water to pH=8-9. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) afforded the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C20H23N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=399.2; found: 399.1.

Example 13

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 13 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 12, except using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step H (Example 12). LCMS calc. for C19H26N7O2S (M+H)+: m/z=416.2; found: 416.1.

Example 14

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 14 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 12, except using 3-chloro-5-cyclopropoxypyridine instead of 3-chloro-5-methoxypyridine in Step A (Example 12). LCMS calc. for C21H25N6O2S (M+H)+: m/z=425.2; found: 425.1.

Example 15

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 15 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 12, except using Intermediate 15 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step H (Example 12). LCMS calc. for C19H23N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=383.2; found: 383.1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 9.37 (s, 1H), 8.63 (s, 1H), 8.37 (d, J=3.6 Hz, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.14 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (dd, J=7.9, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.09 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.44-3.15 (m, 1H), 3.15-2.96 (m, 2H), 2.32-2.06 (m, 2H), 2.06-1.76 (m, 2H), 1.62-0.92 (m, 1H), 0.82 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 3H).

Example 16

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. 3-Chloro-4-methoxypyridine

A solution of 2.0 M trimethylsilyldiazomethane in hexane (21.9 mL, 43.8 mmol) was added slowly to a suspension of 3-chloropyridin-4-ol (4.00 g, 30.9 mmol) in toluene (213.9 mL) and MeOH (32.1 mL) at 0° C. After 30 min. at 0° C., the reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred for 64 h. Aqueous AcOH was added and then enough saturated aq. Na2CO3 was added to bring the pH to 7.5.

The layers were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic phase was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting brown oil was purified on 40 g silica gel (2:1 DCM/EtOAc) to afford 2.5 g (56% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C6H7ClNO (M+H)+: m/z=144.0; found: 144.1.

Step B. 3-Chloro-4-methoxypyridine 1-oxide

A solution of 3-chloro-4-methoxypyridine (2.5 g, 17 mmol) and mCPBA (5.87 g, 34.0 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was washed with 1 M aq. NaOH (3 times), brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.2 g (79% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C6H7ClNO2 (M+H)+: m/z=160.0; found: 160.1.

Step C. 3-Chloro-4-methoxypyridine-2-carbonitrile

A mixture of 3-chloro-4-methoxypyridine 1-oxide (2.0 g, 12.5 mmol), trimethylsilyl cyanide (4.178 mL, 31.33 mmol) and TEA (3.717 mL, 26.67 mmol) in MeCN (33 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was partitioned between EtOAc and 10% aqueous Na2CO3. The organic phase was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 1.95 g (92.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as a tan solid. LCMS calc. for C7H6ClN2O (M+H)+: m/z=169.0; found: 169.1.

Step D. Methyl 3-amino-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of 3-chloro-4-methoxypyridine-2-carbonitrile (3.0 g, 17.8 mmol) in MeCN (50.0 mL, 957 mmol) was added 2-mercaptoacetic acid methyl ester (1.76 mL, 19.58 mmol) and potassium carbonate (4.975 g, 36.00 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux for 2 h, then filtered and rinsed with MeCN. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-70%). The purification gave 3.5 g (82% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C10H11N2O3S (M+H)+: m/z=239.0; found: 239.1.

Step E. Methyl 3-bromo-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a suspension of copper (I) bromide (0.949 g, 6.62 mmol) in 48% HBr (15.79 mL, 139.6 mmol) at 0-5° C. was added methyl 3-amino-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (1.5 g, 6.3 mmol). To the mixture at this temperature was added a solution of sodium nitrite (522 mg, 7.57 mmol) in water (13 mL) dropwise over 30 min. The reaction was continued at 0-5° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was poured into iced water containing 20 g of NaHCO3 slowly. The mixture was extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (50-100%). The purification gave 1.5 g (79% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C10H9BrNO3S (M+H)+: m/z=301.9; found: 302.0.

Step F. 3-Bromo-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 3-bromo-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (1.7 g, 5.6 mmol), LiOH.H2O (1.181 g, 28.14 mmol) in THF (51.0 mL, 629 mmol), MeOH (25.50 mL, 629.5 mmol) and water (8.50 mL, 472 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was neutralized to pH=4-5 with 1 M HCl. The solid that formed was filtered to give 1.5 g (92% yield) of the sub-title compound as a tan solid. LCMS calc. for C9H7BrNO3S (M+H)+: m/z=287.9; found: 287.9.

Step G. tert-Butyl (3-bromo-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate

A mixture of 3-bromo-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (600 mg, 2.08 mmol), diphenylphosphonic azide (0.5385 mL, 2.499 mmol) and DIPEA (0.3988 mL, 2.290 mmol) in tert-butyl alcohol (19 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The resulting solution was washed with 1 M aq. NaOH, water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%). The purification gave 531 mg (71% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C13H16BrN2O3S (M+H)+: m/z=359.0; found: 359.0.

Step H. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

To a solution of tert-butyl (3-bromo-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (1.2 g, 3.34 mmol) in THF (60 mL) at −78° C. was added 1.6 M n-BuLi in hexane (5.2 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 30 min. The solution was poured into dry ice. The mixture was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M HCl and extracted with DCM. The organic phase was washed with water, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10). The purification afforded 311 mg (28.7% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C14H17N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=325.1; found: 325.1.

Step I: 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A solution of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (16.33 mg, 0.05035 mmol), HATU (23.08 mg, 0.06070 mmol), tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (14.72 mg, 0.05035 mmol) and DIPEA (13.01 mg, 0.1007 mmol) in DMF (2.0 mL, 26 mmol) was stirred at room temperature overnight. Direct purification on preparative HPLC (pH=10) afforded the intermediate compound, tert-butyl ((3S)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}piperidin-3-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C29H39N6O6S (M+H)+: m/z=599.3; found: 599.1.

The above purified intermediate was dissolved in TFA (1.0 mL) and DCM (1.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 60 min. Direct purification on Preparative HPLC (pH=10) afforded the title compound. LCMS calc. for C19H23N6O2S (M+H)+: m/z=399.2; found: 399.1.

Example 17

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-methoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 17 was synthesized by using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 16, except using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step H (Example 12). LCMS calc. for C19H26N7O2S (M+H)+: m/z=416.2; found: 416.1.

Example 18

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. 3-Chloro-4-isopropoxypyridine 1-oxide

To a solution of sodium isopropoxide (5.64 g, 68.8 mmol) in i-PrOH (240 mL, 3100 mmol) was added 3-chloro-4-nitropyridine 1-oxide (8.00 g, 45.8 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with water. The mixture was extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 8.5 g (98.8% yield) of the sub-title compound as a brown oil. LCMS calc. for C8H11ClNO2 (M+H)+: m/z=188.0; found: 188.1.

Step B. 3-Chloro-4-isopropoxypyridine-2-carbonitrile

A mixture of 3-chloro-4-isopropoxypyridine 1-oxide (8.50 g, 45.3 mmol), trimethylsilyl cyanide (14.5 mL, 109 mmol) and TEA (12.6 mL, 90.6 mmol) in MeCN (70 mL, 1000 mmol) was heated under reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was partitioned between EtOAc and 10% aqueous Na2CO3. The organic phase was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 8.75 g (98.2% yield) of the sub-title compound as a brown oil. LCMS calc. for C9H10ClN2O (M+H)+: m/z=197.0; found: 197.1.

Step C. Methyl 3-amino-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of 3-chloro-4-isopropoxypyridine-2-carbonitrile (8.75 g, 44.5 mmol) in MeCN (70 mL, 1000 mmol) was added 2-mercaptoacetic acid methyl ester (4.20 mL, 46.7 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12.3 g, 89.0 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux for 2 h and filtered, rinsed with MeCN. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-70%). The purification gave 3.98 g (33.6% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C12H15N2O3S (M+H)+: m/z=267.1; found: 267.1.

Step D. Methyl 3-bromo-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a mixture of methyl 3-amino-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (3.40 g, 12.8 mmol) in HBr (40 mL, 400 mmol) at 0-5° C. was added copper (I) bromide (1.92 g, 13.4 mmol). To the mixture at 0-5° C. was added a solution of sodium nitrite (1.06 g, 15.3 mmol) in water (32 mL, 1800 mmol) in 30 min. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0-5° C. for 1 h. The mixture was poured to iced water containing 30 g of NaHCO3 slowly. The mixture was extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (10-70%). The purification gave 2.25 g (53.4% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C12H13BrNO3S (M+H)+: m/z=330.0; found: 330.0.

Step E. 3-Bromo-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 3-bromo-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (2.25 g, 6.81 mmol), LiOH (1.63 g, 68.1 mmol), THF (30 mL, 400 mmol), MeOH (15 mL, 370 mmol) and water (15 mL, 830 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The volatile was removed and the residue was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M HCl. The solid that formed was filtered, rinsed with water and dried under reduced pressure to give 1.82 g (84.5% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C11H11BrNO3S (M+H)+: m/z=316.0; found: 316.0.

Step F. tert-Butyl (3-bromo-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate

A mixture of 3-bromo-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (1.30 g, 4.11 mmol), diphenylphosphonic azide (1.10 mL, 5.10 mmol) and DIPEA (0.790 mL, 4.54 mmol) in tert-butyl alcohol (10 mL, 100 mmol) was heated under reflux overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The resulting solution was washed with 1 M aq. NaOH, brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (10-60%). The purification gave 1.05 g (65.9% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C15H20BrN2O3S (M+H)+: m/z=387.0; found: 387.0.

Step G. Methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of tert-butyl (3-bromo-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (0.600 g, 1.55 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL, 300 mmol) was added TEA (0.432 mL, 3.10 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with dichloromethane (1:1) (0.126 g, 0.155 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux under CO overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluted by EtOAc/hexane (10-70%). The purification gave 0.412 g (72.6% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish oil. LCMS calc. for C17H23N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=367.1; found: 367.1.

Step H. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (0.410 g, 1.12 mmol), LiOH (0.5 g, 20 mmol), THF (10 mL, 100 mmol), MeOH (5 mL, 100 mmol) and water (5 mL, 300 mmol) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2). The purification gave 150 mg (38% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C16H21N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=353.1; found: 353.1.

Step I. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (8.30 mg, 0.0284 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (10.0 mg, 0.0284 mmol), HATU (14.03 mg, 0.03689 mmol) and DIPEA (0.015 mL, 0.085 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL, 6 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The mixture was quenched with brine, extracted with EtOAc. The organic phases were concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2) to give tert-butyl ((3S)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-isopropoxythieno[32-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}piperidin-3-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C31H43N6O6S (M+H)+: m/z=627.3; found: 627.1.

The above purified intermediate was added DCM (0.5 mL, 8 mmol) and TFA (0.5 mL, 6 mmol). The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was neutralized with one drop of NH4OH in water to pH=8-9. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) afforded the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C21H27N6O2S (M+H)+: m/z=427.2; found: 427.0.

Example 19

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-isopropoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 19 was synthesized by using the an analogous procedure to that described in Example 18, except using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step I (Example 18). LCMS calc. for C21H30N7O2S (M+H)+: m/z=444.2; found: 444.1.

Example 20

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-ethoxythieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 20 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 18, except that sodium ethoxide was used instead of sodium isopropoxide in Step A (Example 18). LCMS calc. for C20H25N6O2S (M+H)+: m/z=413.2; found: 413.0; 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO) δ 9.56 (s, 1H), 8.79 (s, 1H), 8.58 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.40 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.48-3.33 (m, 1H), 3.35-3.21 (m, 1H), 3.21-3.07 (m, 1H), 2.89-2.79 (m, 1H), 2.63-2.46 (m, 1H), 2.19-2.01 (m, 1H), 2.01-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.63 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.44-1.21 (m, 1H).

Example 22

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Methyl 3-amino-6-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of 5-bromo-3-nitropyridine-2-carbonitrile (1.00 g, 4.38 mmol) in DMF (10 mL, 100 mmol) at 0° C. was added 2-mercaptoacetic acid methyl ester (0.414 mL, 4.60 mmol) followed by a solution of potassium hydroxide (0.492 g, 8.77 mmol) in water (1 mL, 60 mmol) dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0-5° C. for 1 h. Water (30 mL) was added to the mixture. The solid that formed was filtered, washed with water, dried under reduced pressure to give 0.990 g (78.6% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C9H8BrN2O2S (M+H)+: m/z=286.9; found: 287.1.

Step B. Methyl 3-amino-6-vinylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-vinyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (0.269 mL, 1.59 mmol), bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium (0.14 g, 0.26 mmol), methyl 3-amino-6-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.380 g, 1.32 mmol) and DIPEA (0.461 mL, 2.65 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (8 mL, 100 mmol) and water (0.400 mL, 22.2 mmol) was heated at 130° C. for 40 min. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography eluted with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%). The purification gave 0.308 g (99.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C11H11N2O2S (M+H)+: m/z=235.1; found: 235.0.

Step C. Methyl 3-amino-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 3-amino-6-vinylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (281.4 mg, 1.201 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (70 mg, 0.06 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL, 200 mmol) under H2 was stirred at ambient temperature for 5 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth, rinsed with MeOH, concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.28 g (99.6% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C11H13N2O2S (M+H)+: m/z=237.1; found: 237.1.

Step D. Methyl 3-bromo-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 3-amino-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.280 g, 1.18 mmol), tert-butyl nitrite (0.282 mL, 2.37 mmol) and copper (II) bromide (0.397 g, 1.78 mmol) in MeCN (20 mL, 400 mmol) was stirred at 65° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and rinsed with MeCN. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (10-60%). The purification gave 0.104 g (29.2% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C11H11BrNO2S (M+H)+: m/z=300.0; found: 300.0.

Step E: 3-Bromo-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 3-bromo-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.103 g, 0.343 mmol), LiOH (0.0780 g, 3.26 mmol), THF (3 mL, 40 mmol), MeOH (2 mL, 40 mmol) and water (2 mL, 80 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The resulting solution was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 96.2 mg (98% yield) of the sub-title compound as an off-white solid. LCMS calc. for C10H9BrNO2S (M+H)+: m/z=286.0; found: 285.9.

Step F. tert-Butyl (3-bromo-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate

A mixture of 3-bromo-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (96.0 mg, 0.335 mmol), diphenylphosphonic azide (89.6 μL, 0.416 mmol) and DIPEA (64.5 μL, 0.370 mmol) in tert-butyl alcohol (2 mL, 20 mmol) was heated under reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The resulting solution was washed with 1 M aq. NaOH, brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-30%). The purification gave 96.2 mg (80.2% yield) of the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C14H18BrN2O2S (M+H)+: m/z=357.0; found: 357.0.

Step G. Methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of tert-butyl (3-bromo-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (90.0 mg, 0.252 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL, 300 mmol) was added TEA (73.7 μL, 0.529 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with dichloromethane (1:1) (22 mg, 0.026 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux under CO overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluted by EtOAc/Hexane (10-70%). The purification gave 34.5 mg (40.7% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish oil. LCMS calc. for C16H21N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=337.1; found: 337.1.

Step H. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (34.0 mg, 0.101 mmol), LiOH (24.2 mg, 1.01 mmol), THF (2 mL, 20 mmol), MeOH (1 mL, 20 mmol) and water (1 mL, 60 mmol) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a pink solid. LCMS calc. for C15H19N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=323.1; found: 323.1.

Step I. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (10.9 mg, 0.0372 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (12.0 mg, 0.0372 mmol), HATU (18.4 mg, 0.0484 mmol) and DIPEA (19 μL, 0.11 mmol) in DMF (0.7 mL, 9 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction was quenched with brine and the mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic phases were concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2) to give the intermediate compound, tert-butyl ((3S)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}piperidin-3-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C30H41N6O5S (M+H)+: m/z=597.3; found: 597.2.

To the purified intermediate was added DCM (1 mL, 20 mmol) and TFA (1 mL, 20 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=8-9 with one drop of NH4OH in water. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) gave the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C20H25N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=397.2; found: 397.2.

Example 23

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-ethylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 23 was synthesized by an analogous procedure to that described in Example 22, except using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step I (Example 22). LCMS calc. for C20H28N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=414.2; found: 414.1.

Example 24

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Methyl 3-amino-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of phenylboronic acid (0.510 g, 4.18 mmol), bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium (0.356 g, 0.696 mmol), methyl 3-amino-6-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (1.00 g, 3.48 mmol) and DIPEA (1.21 mL, 6.96 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (10 mL, 200 mmol) and water (0.7 mL, 40 mmol) was heated under microwave irradiation at 130° C. for 40 min. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%) to give 0.812 g (82% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C15H13N2O2S (M+H)+: m/z=285.1; found: 285.0.

Step B. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

To a solution of copper (I) bromide (0.429 g, 2.99 mmol) in HBr (10 mL, 100 mmol) at 0-5° C. was added methyl 3-amino-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.810 g, 2.85 mmol). To the mixture at this temperature was added a solution of sodium nitrite (0.236 g, 3.42 mmol) in water (4.0 mL, 220 mmol) dropwise over 30 min. The reaction was continued at 0-5° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was poured slowly into iced water containing 10 g of NaHCO3 and extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-40%). The purification gave 0.146 g (14.7% yield) of the intermediate, methyl 3-bromo-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate, as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C15H11BrNO2S (M+H)+: m/z=347.9; found: 347.9.

A mixture of methyl 3-bromo-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.146 g, 0.419 mmol), LiOH (0.0780 g, 3.26 mmol), THE (3 mL, 40 mmol), MeOH (2 mL, 40 mmol) and water (2 mL, 80 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The solid that formed was collected by filtration and dried under reduced pressure to give 75 mg (53.5% yield) of the intermediate, 3-bromo-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid, as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C14H9BrNO2S (M+H)+: m/z=333.9; found: 333.9.

A mixture of 3-bromo-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (75.0 mg, 0.224 mmol), diphenylphosphonic azide (59.9 μL, 0.278 mmol) and DIPEA (43.2 μL, 0.248 mmol) in tert-butyl alcohol (1 mL, 10 mmol) was heated under reflux overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The resulting solution was washed with 1 M aq. NaOH, water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%). The purification gave 76.1 mg (83.7% yield) of the intermediate, tert-butyl (3-bromo-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate, as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C14H9BrNO2S (M+H)+: m/z=405.0; found: 405.0.

To a solution of tert-butyl (3-bromo-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (76.0 mg, 0.188 mmol) in THF (4 mL, 50 mmol) at −78° C. was added 1.6 M n-BuLi in hexane (0.293 mL, 0.469 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 30 min. To the solution was added dry-ice. The mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 1 h and then adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl, extracted with DCM. The organic phases were washed with water and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10). The purification afforded 18.7 mg (27% yield) of the sub-title compound, 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid, as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C19H19N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=371.1; found: 371.1.

Step C. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (7.89 mg, 0.0270 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (10.0 mg, 0.0270 mmol), HATU (13.34 mg, 0.03509 mmol) and DIPEA (0.014 mL, 0.081 mmol) in DMF (0.1 mL, 2 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The mixture was quenched with brine, extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic phases were concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2) to give the intermediate compound, tert-butyl ((3S)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}piperidin-3-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C34H41N6O5S (M+H)+: m/z=645.3; found: 645.1.

To the purified intermediate was added DCM (0.1 mL, 2 mmol) and TFA (0.1 mL, 2 mmol). The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was neutralized with one drop of NH4OH in water to pH=8-9. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) afforded the sub-title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C24H25N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=445.2; found: 445.1.

Example 25

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 25 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 24, except using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step C (Example 24). LCMS calc. for C24H28N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=462.2; found: 462.1.

Example 26

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 26 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 24, except using 2,6-difluorophenylboronic acid instead of phenylboronic acid in Step A (Example 24). LCMS calc. for C24H23F2N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=481.2; found: 481.1.

Example 27

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 27 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 24, except using 2,6-difluorophenylboronic acid instead of phenylboronic acid in Step A (Example 24) and using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step C (Example 24). LCMS calc. for C24H26F2N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=498.2; found: 498.1.

Example 28

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 28 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 24, except using 3,5-dimethyl-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)isoxazole instead of phenylboronic acid in Step A (Example 24). LCMS calc. for C23H26N7O2S (M+H)+: m/z=464.2; found: 464.1.

Example 29

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 29 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 24, except using 3,5-dimethyl-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)isoxazole instead of phenylboronic acid in Step A (Example 24) and using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step C (Example 24). LCMS calc. for C23H29N8O2S (M+H)+: m/z=481.2; found: 481.1.

Example 30

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(1,3-thiazol-2-yl)-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 30 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 24, except using 2-(tributylstannyl)-1,3-thiazole instead of phenylboronic acid in Step A (Example 24) and using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step C (Example 24). LCMS calc. for C21H25N8OS2 (M+H)+: m/z=469.2; found: 469.1.

Example 31

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Methyl 6-bromo-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A solution of methyl 3-amino-6-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (6.00 g, 20.9 mmol), Boc2O (27.4 g, 125 mmol), DMAP (2.55 g, 20.9 mmol) in THF (120 mL, 1500 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was re-slurred in EtOAc (20 mL). The solid that formed was filtered and rinsed with EtOAc. 8.05 g (99.5% yield) of the sub-title compound was obtained as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C14H16BrN2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=387.0; found: 387.0.

Step B. Methyl 6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

Zinc (1.93 g, 29.5 mmol) was suspended with 1,2-dibromoethane (0.169 mL, 1.96 mmol) in DMF (35 mL, 450 mmol). The mixture was heated at 70° C. for 10 min. and then cooled to ambient temperature. Chlorotrimethylsilane (0.31 mL, 2.4 mmol) was added dropwise and stirring was continued for 1 h. A solution of benzyl 3-iodoazetidine-1-carboxylate (7.80 g, 24.6 mmol) in DMF (20 mL, 200 mmol) was then added and the mixture was heated at 40° C. for 1 h before a mixture of methyl 6-bromo-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (10.00 g, 25.82 mmol), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) (0.90 g, 0.98 mmol) and tri-(2-furyl)phosphine (0.46 g, 2.0 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was warmed to 70° C. and stirred overnight. The mixture was then allowed to cool to room temperature and partitioned between ether and saturated NH4Cl aqueous solution. The organic layer was washed with water, dried over NaSO4, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-70% EtOAc/Hexane) to give 7.38 g (60.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C25H28N3O6S (M+H)+: m/z=498.2; found: 498.2.

Step C. Methyl 3-amino-6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of methyl 6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (7.36 g, 14.8 mmol) in DCM (40 mL, 600 mmol) was added TFA (40 mL, 500 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was adjusted to pH=8-9 and then extracted with DCM. The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (20-70%). LCMS calc. for C20H20N3O4S (M+H)+: m/z=398.1; found: 398.1.

Step D. Methyl 6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}-3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 3-amino-6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (5.10 g, 12.8 mmol), tert-butyl nitrite (3.39 mL, 25.7 mmol) and copper (II) bromide (4.30 g, 19.2 mmol) in MeCN (70 mL, 1000 mmol) was stirred at 65° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and rinsed with MeCN. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with 2 M NH4OH in water (3 times), brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 3.80 g (64.2% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C20H18BrN2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=461.0; found: 461.0.

Step E. 6-{1-[(Benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}-3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}-3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (3.80 g, 8.24 mmol), LiOH (1.97 g, 82.4 mmol), THF (60 mL, 700 mmol), MeOH (30 mL, 700 mmol) and water (30 mL, 2000 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The resulting mixture was extracted with DCM (3 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure to give 3.51 g (95.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C19H16BrN2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=447.0; found: 447.0.

Step F. Benzyl 3-{3-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-6-yl}azetidine-1-carboxylate

A mixture of 6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}-3-bromothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (3.50 g, 7.82 mmol), diphenylphosphonic azide (2.09 mL, 9.70 mmol) and DIPEA (1.50 mL, 8.64 mmol) in tert-butyl alcohol (40 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The resulting solution was washed with 1 M aq. NaOH, brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-70%). The purification gave 2.62 g (64.6% yield) of the sub-title compound as an off-white solid. LCMS calc. for C23H25BrN3O4S (M+H)+: m/z=518.1; found: 518.0.

Step G. Methyl 6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of benzyl 3-{3-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-6-yl}azetidine-1-carboxylate (2.60 g, 5.02 mmol) in MeOH (50 mL) was added TEA (1.47 mL, 10.5 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with dichloromethane (1:1) (0.43 g, 0.53 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux under CO for 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and rinsed with EtOAc. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel eluted by EtOAc/Hexane (30-100%). The purification gave 1.88 g (75.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as reddish solid. LCMS calc. for C25H28N3O6S (M+H)+: m/z=498.2; found: 498.1.

Step H. Methyl 6-azetidin-3-yl-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 6-{1-[(benzyloxy)carbonyl]azetidin-3-yl}-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (500.0 mg, 1.005 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (100 mg) in MeOH (20 mL) was stirred under H2 (balloon) for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and rinsed with MeOH. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 304 mg (83.2% yield) of the sub-title compound as a brown oil. LCMS calc. for C17H22N3O4S (M+H)+: m/z=364.1; found: 364.1.

Step I. Methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 6-azetidin-3-yl-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (0.150 g, 0.413 mmol), formaldehyde (0.092 mL, 1.2 mmol) and sodium triacetoxyborohydride (0.262 g, 1.24 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with saturated aq. NaHCO3, extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with 10% NH4OH in MeOH/EtOAc (0-30%). The purification gave 90 mg (58% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C18H24N3O4S (M+H)+: m/z=378.1; found: 378.0.

Step J. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl) thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (90.0 mg, 0.238 mmol), LiOH (0.100 g, 4.18 mmol) in THF (2 mL), MeOH (1 mL) and water (1 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h. The mixture was cooled with an ice bath and neutralized to pH=6-7. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=2) gave 36 mg (41.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C17H22N3O4S (M+H)+: m/z=364.1; found: 364.0.

Step K. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl) thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (8.04 mg, 0.0275 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (10.0 mg, 0.0275 mmol), HATU (13.60 mg, 0.03577 mmol) and DIPEA (0.014 mL, 0.082 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Direct purification by preparative HPLC gave the intermediate compound, tert-butyl {(3S)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]piperidin-3-yl}carbamate. LCMS calc. for C32H44N7O5S (M+H)+: m/z=638.3; found: 638.1.

To the purified intermediate, DCM (1 mL) and TFA (1 mL) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=7-8 with one drop of NH4OH in water. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) gave the title compound as a white powder LCMS calc. for C22H28N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=438.2; found: 438.1.

Example 32

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-(1-methylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 32 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 31, excepting using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step K (Example 30). LCMS calc. for C22H31N8OS (M+H)+: m/z=455.2; found: 455.1.

Example 33

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-isopropylazetidin-3-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 33 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 31, except that acetone was used instead of formaldehyde in Step I (Example 31). LCMS calc. for C24H32N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=466.2; found: 466.1.

Example 34

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-vinyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (2.63 mL, 15.5 mmol), bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium (0.66 g, 1.3 mmol), methyl 6-bromo-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (5.00 g, 12.9 mmol) and DIPEA (4.50 mL, 25.8 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (10 mL) and water (0.50 mL) was heated at 130° C. for 40 min. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%). The purification gave 4.3 g (99.6% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C16H19N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=335.1; found: 335.1.

Step B. Methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

Into a 1-neck round-bottom flask were added methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (1.40 g, 4.19 mmol) and DCM (40 mL, 600 mmol). The resulting solution was cooled to −78° C. Ozone (0.41 g, 8.5 mmol) gas was bubbled into the reaction mixture from an ozone generator until the color of the solution became blue (about 10 min.) and then N2 was passed through the reaction mixture until the mixture became colorless. 20 mL of TEA was added. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%). The purification gave 0.91 g (64.6% yield) of the sub-title compound as a brown oil. LCMS calc. for C15H17N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=337.1; found: 337.0.

Step C. Methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(hydroxymethyl) thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (900.0 mg, 2.676 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added sodium tetrahydroborate (111 mg, 2.94 mmol). The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h, then quenched with aq. NH4Cl and the resulting mixture was extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic extracts were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.882 g of the sub-title compound as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C15H19N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=339.1; found: 339.0.

Step D. Methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(methoxymethyl) thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(hydroxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (800.0 mg, 2.364 mmol) and thionyl chloride (0.47 mL, 6.5 mmol) in chloroform (10 mL) was heated under reflux for 2 h. TLC indicated the reaction was complete. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was treated with MeOH (6 mL) and sodium methoxide (2 mL, 9 mmol). The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 4 h, quenched with brine, adjusted to pH=6-7 with 1 M aq. HCl, extracted with DCM (3 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-70%). The purification gave 0.148 g (17.8% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C16H21N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=353.1; found: 353.1.

Step E. Methyl 3-amino-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A solution of methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.148 g, 0.420 mmol) and TFA (1 mL, 10 mmol) in DCM (1 mL, 20 mmol) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with DCM. The organic phase was washed with saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution, water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.101 g (95.3% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C11H13N2O3S (M+H)+: m/z=253.1; found: 253.1.

Step F. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 3-amino-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (100.0 mg, 0.3964 mmol), tert-butyl nitrite (0.105 mL, 0.793 mmol) and copper (II) bromide (0.133 g, 0.594 mmol) in MeCN (2 mL) was stirred at 65° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth which was then rinsed with MeCN. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with 2 M NH4OH in water (3 times), brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 62 mg (49% yield) of the intermediate compound, methyl 3-bromo-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate, as a yellow solid. LCMS found: 315.9 (M+H).

A mixture of methyl 3-bromo-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (60.0 mg, 0.190 mmol), LiOH (200 mg, 8 mmol), THF (2 mL), MeOH (1 mL) and water (1 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was neutralized to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The resulting mixture was extracted with DCM (3 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 41 mg (72% yield) of the intermediate compound, 3-bromo-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid, as a yellowish solid. LCMS found: 301.9 (M+H).

A mixture of 3-bromo-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (41 mg, 0.14 mmol), diphenylphosphonic azide (36.2 μL, 0.168 mmol) and DIPEA (26.1 μL, 0.150 mmol) in tert-butyl alcohol (2 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in DCM. The resulting solution was washed with 1 M aq. NaOH, brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (10-60%). The purification gave 25 mg (49% yield) of the intermediate, tert-butyl [3-bromo-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate, as a yellow solid. LCMS found: 373.0 (M+H).

To a mixture of tert-butyl [3-bromo-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate (24.0 mg, 0.0643 mmol) in MeOH (2 mL) was added TEA (17.9 μL, 0.128 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with dichloromethane (1:1) (5.5 mg, 0.0068 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux under CO for 4 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and rinsed with EtOAc. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2). The purification gave 17 mg (75% yield) of the intermediate, methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate, as a yellowish solid. LCMS found: 353.1 (M+H).

A mixture of methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (17.0 mg, 0.0482 mmol), LiOH (10 mg, 0.5 mmol), THF (2 mL), MeOH (1 mL) and water (1 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2). The purification gave 12 mg (74% yield) of the sub-title compound, 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid, as a pink powder. LCMS calc. for C15H19N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=339.1; found: 339.1.

Step G. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (10.4 mg, 0.0355 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (12.0 mg, 0.0355 mmol), HATU (17.53 mg, 0.04610 mmol) and DIPEA (0.018 mL, 0.11 mmol) in DMF (0.6 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Direct purification by preparative HPLC afforded the intermediate compound, tert-butyl {(3S)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(methoxymethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]piperidin-3-yl}carbamate. LCMS calc. for C30H41N6O6S (M+H)+: m/z=613.3; found: 613.1.

To the purified intermediate was added DCM (1 mL) and TFA (1 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=7-8 with one drop of NH4OH in water. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) gave the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C20H25N6O2S (M+H)+: m/z=413.2; found: 413.2.

Example 35

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-4-yl) thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-3,6-dihydro-2H-pyran (0.716 g, 3.41 mmol), bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium (0.14 g, 0.28 mmol), methyl 6-bromo-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (1.10 g, 2.84 mmol) and DIPEA (0.990 mL, 5.68 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (8 mL) and water (0.50 mL) was heated under microwave irradiation at 130° C. for 20 min. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography eluted with EtOAc/hexane (0-70%). The purification gave 0.902 g (81.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C19H23N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=391.0; found: 391.0.

Step B. Methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl) thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.900 g, 2.30 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (0.18 g, 0.17 mmol) in MeOH was stirred at ambient temperature under a balloon of H2 for 8 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth which was then rinsed with MeOH. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%). The purification gave the sub-title compound as a yellowish oil. LCMS calc. for C19H25N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=393.1; found: 393.1.

Step C. Methyl 3-amino-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl) thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A solution of methyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.590 g, 1.50 mmol) and TFA (2 mL) in DCM (2 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, adjusted to pH=7-8 with saturated aq. NaHCO3 and extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.340 g (77.4% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish oil. LCMS calc. for C14H17N2O3S (M+H)+: m/z=293.1; found: 293.1.

Step D. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

The sub-title carboxylic acid was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Step F of Example 34. LCMS calc. for C18H23N2O5S (M+H)+: m/z=379.1; found: 379.1.

Step E. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (7.72 mg, 0.0264 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (10.0 mg, 0.0264 mmol), HATU (13.06 mg, 0.03435 mmol) and DIPEA (0.014 mL, 0.079 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Direct purification on preparative HPLC afforded the intermediate compound, tert-butyl [3-{[(4-{(3S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]piperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate. LCMS found: 653.2 (M+1).

To the intermediate was added DCM (1 mL) and TFA (1 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=7-8 with one drop of NH4OH in water. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) gave the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C23H29N6O2S (M+H)+: m/z=453.2; found: 453.2.

Example 36

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluoro-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Methyl 3-amino-6-fluorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of 5-fluoro-3-nitropyridine-2-carbonitrile (2.00 g, 12.0 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) at 0° C. was added 2-mercaptoacetic acid methyl ester (1.13 mL, 12.6 mmol) followed by a solution of potassium hydroxide (1.34 g, 23.9 mmol) in water (3.0 mL) dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0-5° C. for 1 h. The mixture was quenched with water and extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.68 g (99% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C9H8FN2O2S (M+H)+: m/z=227.0; found: 227.1.

Step B. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-fluorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

The sub-title carboxylic acid was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Step F of Example 34. LCMS calc. for C13H14FN2O4S (M+H)+: 313.1; found: 313.1.

Step C. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (14.0 mg, 0.0480 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-fluorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (15.0 mg, 0.0480 mmol), HATU (23.74 mg, 0.06244 mmol) and DIPEA (0.025 mL, 0.14 mmol) in DMF (0.8 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Direct purification on preparative HPLC (pH=2) afforded the intermediate compound, tert-butyl ((3S)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-fluorothieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}piperidin-3-yl)carbamate. LCMS found: 587.1 (M+1).

To the purified intermediate was added DCM (0.8 mL) and TFA (0.8 mL). The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was neutralized with one drop of NH4OH in water to pH=8-9. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) afforded the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C18H20FN6OS (M+H)+: m/z=387.1; found: 387.1.

Example 37

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-fluoro-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 37 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 36, except using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step C (Example 36). LCMS calc. for C18H23FN7OS (M+H)+: m/z=404.2; found: 404.1.

Example 38

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-trifluoromethyl-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. 3-Chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine 1-oxide

A mixture of 3-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (2.00 g, 11.0 mmol) and H2O2 (3.2 mL, 31 mmol) in AcOH (6 mL) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature and quenched with NaHSO3 solution. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was added saturated NaHCO3 solution (30 mL). The resulting mixture was extracted with DCM (3 times). The combined organic phases were washed with aq. NaHCO3, water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.11 g (97% yield) of the sub-title compound as a pink solid. LCMS calc. for C6H4ClF3NO (M+H)+: m/z=198.0; found: 198.0.

Step B. 3-Chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine-2-carbonitrile

A mixture of 3-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine 1-oxide (2.10 g, 10.6 mmol), trimethylsilyl cyanide (3.40 mL, 25.5 mmol) and TEA (2.96 mL, 21.3 mmol) in MeCN (20 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was partitioned between EtOAc and 10% aq. Na2CO3. The organic phase was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.18 g (99.3% yield) of the sub-title compound as a brown oil. LCMS calc. for C7H3ClF3N2 (M+H)+: m/z=207.0; found: 207.1.

Step C. Methyl 3-amino-7-(trifluoromethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a solution of 3-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine-2-carbonitrile (2.18 g, 10.6 mmol) in MeCN (20 mL) was added 2-mercaptoacetic acid methyl ester (1.14 mL, 12.7 mmol) and potassium carbonate (2.92 g, 21.1 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux for 3 h, and then filtered, rinsing with MeCN. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with DCM, washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (0-70%). The purification gave 1.82 g (62.4% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C10H8F3N2O2S (M+H)+: m/z=277.0; found: 277.0.

Step D. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-7-(trifluoromethyl)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

The sub-title carboxylic acid was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Step F of Example 34. LCMS calc. for C14H14F3N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=363.1; found: 363.1.

Step E. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-trifluoromethyl-thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound (Example 38) was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Step G of Example 34. LCMS calc. for C19H20F3N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=437.1; found: 437.1.

Example 39

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 2-amino-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.0 g, 3.9 mmol) in MeCN was added DMAP (5 mg, 0.04 mmol), followed by Boc2O (0.85 g, 3.9 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (20-70%). The purification gave 1.0 g (70% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellowish solid. LCMS calc. for C15H18ClN2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=357.1; found: 357.0.

Step B. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.0 g, 2.9 mmol), LiOH.H2O (600 mg, 15 mmol) in THE (6 mL), MeOH (3 mL) and water (1 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and neutralized to pH=6-7. The formed solid was filtered and dried under reduced pressure to give 910 mg (99% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C13H14ClN2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=329.0; found: 329.1.

Step C. 2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate (20 mg, 6.5 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (21 mg, 6.5 mmol), HATU (29 mg, 0.078 mmol) and DIPEA (34 μL, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. Direct purification on preparative HPLC (pH=2) afforded an intermediate compound. LCMS calc. for C28H39ClN7O5S (M+H)+: m/z=620.2; found: 621.1.

To the purified intermediate was added DCM (0.8 mL) and TFA (0.8 mL). The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was neutralized with one drop of NH4OH in water to pH=8-9. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) afforded the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C18H23ClN7OS (M+H)+: m/z=420.1; found: 420.1.

Example 40

2-Amino-N-[4-(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 40 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 39, except using Intermediate 6 instead of Intermediate 1 in Step c (Example 39). LCMS calc. for C18H20ClN6OS (M+H)+: m/z=403.1; found: 403.1.

Example 41

2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 41 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 39, except using Intermediate 2 instead of Intermediate 1 in Step c (Example 39). LCMS calc. for C17H21ClN7OS (M+H)+: m/z=406.1; found: 406.1.

Example 42

2-Amino-N-[4-(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (100 mg, 0.3 mmol), 2.0 M methylzinc chloride in THF (0.21 mL, 0.42 mmol) and Pd(PPh3)4 (40 mg, 0.035 mmol) in THF (2.0 mL) in a sealed tube was heated under microwave irradiation at 110° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc to give 63 mg (70% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C16H21N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=337.1; found: 337.1.

Step B. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (63 mg, 0.187 mmol), LiOH.H2O (37.6 mg, 0.94 mmol) in THF (6 mL), MeOH (3 mL) and water (1 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and neutralized to pH=6-7. Direct purification using preparative HPLC afforded 34.7 mg (60% yield) of the sub-title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C14H17N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=309.1; found: 309.1.

Step C. 2-Amino-N-[4-(3-aminopiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (20 mg, 0.065 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (21 mg, 0.065 mmol), HATU (29 mg, 0.078 mmol) and DIPEA (34 μL, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by HPLC (pH=2) to afford the tert-butyloxycarbonyl-protected intermediate. LCMS calc. for C29H38N6O5S (M+H)+: m/z=583.3; found: 583.1.

To the purified intermediate was added DCM (0.8 mL) and TFA (0.8 mL). The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was neutralized with one drop of NH4OH in water to pH=8-9. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) afforded the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C19H23N6OS (M+H)+: m/z=383.2; found: 383.1.

Example 43

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-methylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 43 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 42, except using Intermediate 1 instead of intermediate 6 in Step C (Example 42). LCMS calc. for C19H26N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=400.2; found: 400.1.

Example 44

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of phenylboronic acid (41.0 mg, 0.336 mmol), bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium (28.6 mg, 0.0560 mmol), ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-chlorothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (100.0 mg, 0.2802 mmol) and DIPEA (97.6 μL, 0.560 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) and water (50 μL) was heated under microwave irradiation at 130° C. for 40 min. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography eluted with EtOAc/hexane (0-50%) to give 77 mg (69% yield) of the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C21H23N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=399.1; found: 399.1.

Step B. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (75 mg, 0.19 mmol), LiOH (22 mg, 0.94 mmol), THF (4 mL), MeOH (2 mL) and water (2 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was adjusted to pH=4-5 with 1 M aq. HCl and the solution was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a yellow solid. LCMS calc. for C19H19N2O4S (M+H)+: m/z=371.1; found: 371.1.

Step C. 2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)azepan-4-yl]carbamate (16.7 mg, 0.0540 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (20.0 mg, 0.0540 mmol), HATU (26.7 mg, 0.0702 mmol) and DIPEA (28 μL, 0.16 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Direct purification by preparative LCMS (pH=2) afforded the intermediate compound, tert-butyl (3-{[(5-{4-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]azepan-1-yl}-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino]carbonyl}-5-phenylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C34H44N7O5S (M+H)+: m/z=662.3; found: 662.1.

To the purified intermediate was added DCM (2 mL) and TFA (2 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was adjusted to pH=8-9 with one drop of NH4OH in water. Purification by preparative LCMS (pH=10) gave the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C24H28N7OS (M+H)+: m/z=462.2; found: 462.2.

Example 45

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl [3-(acetyloxy)pyridin-2-yl](cyano)acetate

3-Hydroxy pyridine N-oxide (5 g, 45 mmol) was dissolved in 20 mL of Ac2O by gently heating. After cooling, 5.3 mL of ethyl cyanoacetate was added to the solution and the mixture was allowed to stand at room temperature under N2 in the dark for 3 days. A crystalline precipitate formed and was collected by filtration. The solid was recrystallized from EtOAc to give 3.5 g (31.8% yield) of the pure sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C12H13N2O4 (M+H)+: m/z=249.1; found: 249.1.

Step B. Ethyl 2-aminofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

3.5 g (14.1 mmol) of ethyl [3-(acetyloxy)pyridin-2-yl](cyano)acetate was dissolved portion-wise in 20 mL of cooled concentrated sulfuric acid. After 2 h the mixture was poured into ice and the pH was adjusted to ca. 6 with 2 M NH4OH. The precipitate was collected by filtration and washed with some water. The aqueous solution was extracted with chloroform. The residue combined with the precipitate was crystallized from chloroform to give 1 g (34% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C10H11N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=207.1; found: 207.1.

Step C. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-aminofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.00 g, 4.85 mmol), Boc2O (1.27 g, 5.82 mmol) and DMAP (29.7 mg, 0.243 mmol) in MeCN (30.0 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus to give 1.1 g (74% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C15H19N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=307.1; found: 307.1.

Step D. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (350.0 mg, 1.143 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (239.7 mg, 5.712 mmol) in THF (12 mL), MeOH (6 mL) and water (2 mL) was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and adjusted to pH=6. The solid that formed was filtered and dried under reduced pressure to give 300 mg (94% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C13H15N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=279.1; found: 279.1.

Step E. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (9.849 mg, 0.03368 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (9.409 mg, 0.03381 mmol), HATU (13.8 mg, 0.0362 mmol) and DIPEA (0.00630 mL, 0.0362 mmol) in DMF (2.0 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Direct purification on preparative HPLC afforded the intermediate compound, tert-butyl ((3S)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}piperidin-3-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C28H37N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=553.3; found: 553.1.

To the purified intermediate was dissolved in DCM (1.0 mL) and TFA (1.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 60 min. Direct purification on preparative HPLC afforded the title compound. LCMS calc. for C18H21N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=353.2; found: 353.1.

Example 46

2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 46 was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 45, except using Intermediate 1 instead of Intermediate 6 in Step E (Example 45). LCMS calc. for C18H24N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=370.2; found: 370.1.

Example 47

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. 5-Bromopyridin-3-ol 1-oxide

A mixture of 5-bromopyridin-3-ol (8.00 g, 46.0 mmol) and mCPBA (15.9 g, 92.0 mmol) in DCM (400 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The solid formed was filtered and dried under reduced pressure to give 6 g (69% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C5H5BrNO2 (M+H)+: m/z=189.9; found: 190.1.

Step B. Ethyl 2-amino-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of 5-bromopyridin-3-ol 1-oxide (3.0 g, 16 mmol) in Ac2O (20.0 mL, 212 mmol) was heated up to 100° C. for 10 min. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature. Then, into the reaction mixture was added cyanoacetic acid, ethyl ester (2.05 mL, 19.3 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 100° C. overnight and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in sulfuric acid (20.0 mL, 375 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 2 h. The mixture was adjusted to pH=6 by using 2 M aq. NH4OH. The solid that formed was collected by filtration and dried under reduced pressure to give 1.0 g (22% yield) of the sub-title compound LCMS calc. for C10H10BrN2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=285.0; found: 285.1.

Step C. Ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-amino-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (260 mg, 0.91 mmol), Boc2O (240.0 mg, 1.100 mmol) and DMAP (10.0 mg, 0.0818 mmol) in MeCN (30.0 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus to give 300 mg (85% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C15H18BrN2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=385.0; found: 385.1.

Step D. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (100.0 mg, 0.2596 mmol) in THF (2 mL) under N2 at ambient temperature was added Pd(PPh3)4 (15.0 mg, 0.0130 mmol). The mixture in a sealed flask was evacuated and refilled with N2 several times, followed by the addition of 1.0 M diethyl zinc in hexane (2.60 mL, 2.60 mmol) at ambient temperature. The reaction mixture was heated at 70° C. for 1 h. After filtration and evaporation under reduced pressure, the residue was quenched with small amounts of water. Purification on a silica gel column afforded 60 mg (69.1% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C17H23N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=335.2; found: 335.1.

Step E. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (60.0 mg, 0.179 mmol) in THF (12.0 mL), water (2.0 mL) and MeOH (6.0 mL) was added LiOH.H2O (83.9 mg, 2.00 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and adjusted to pH=6. The solid formed was collected by filtration and dried under reduced pressure to give 31 mg (56.4% yield) of the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C15H19N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=307.1; found: 307.1.

Step F. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (10.00 mg, 0.03420 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (10.52 mg, 0.03433 mmol), HATU (14.0 mg, 0.0367 mmol) and DIPEA (0.00640 mL, 0.0368 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (2.0 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Direct purification on preparative HPLC afforded the intermediate compound, tert-butyl ((3S)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}piperidin-3-yl)carbamate. LCMS calc. for C30H41N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=581.3; found: 581.1.

The purified intermediate was dissolved in DCM (1.0 mL) and TFA (1.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. Direct purification on preparative HPLC afforded the title compound. LCMS calc. for C20H25N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=381.2; found: 381.1.

The following compounds in Table 1 were prepared using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47.


TABLE 1
MS
Example
Name
Structure
(M + H)+
48
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1- yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6- (trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3- carboxamide
421.1
49
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1- yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methyl-furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
367.1
50
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1- yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(iso-propyl)furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
395.2
51
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1- yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(propyl)furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
395.2
52
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1- yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluoro-furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
371.1
53
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1- yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chloro-furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
387.1
54
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1- yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-bromo-furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
431.1
55
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1- yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-methyl-furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
367.1
56
2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1- methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6- trifluoromethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3- carboxamide
438.1
57
2-Amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1- methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-chlorofuro[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
404.1
58
2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1- methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-7-chlorofuro[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
404.1
59
2-amino-N-[5-(4-aminoazepan-1-yl)-1- methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl]-6-propylfuro[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
412.1
60
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5- (trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3- yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
421.1
61
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5- (trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3- yl}-6-trifluoromethyl-furo[3,2-b]pyridine- 3-carboxamide
489.1
62
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5- (trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3- yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3- carboxamide
455.1
63
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5- (trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3- yl}-6-fluorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3- carboxamide
439.1
64
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopyrrolidin- 1-yl]-5-methylpyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
353.1
65
2-amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl- piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2- b]pyridine-3-carboxamide
367.1
66
2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4- hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin- 3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3- carboxamide
417.1

Example 67

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl 3-amino-6-[(Z)-prop-1-en-1-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (from Example 47 step C, 1.0 g, 2.6 mmol), bis(tri-tert-butylphosphine)palladium (0.0757 g, 0.148 mmol), (1Z)-prop-1-en-1-ylboronic acid (0.512 g, 5.96 mmol) and DIPEA (0.54 mL, 3.1 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) and water (0.2 mL) was stirred at 130° C. for 40 min. in a microwave oven. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the resulting residue was purified on a silica gel column to afford the sub-title compound (0.45 g, 70% yield). LCMS calc. for C13H15N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=247.1; found: 247.1.

Step B. Ethyl 3-amino-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 3-amino-6-[(1 Z)-prop-1-en-1-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (498 mg, 2.02 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (430 mg) in EtOH (70 mL) was shaken for 2 h under H2 at 5 psi. The reaction mixture was filtered through a diatomaceous earth pad and the filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C13H17N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=249.1; found: 249.1.

Step C. Ethyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 3-amino-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (3.0 g, 12 mmol), Boc2O (3.15 g, 14.4 mmol), 4-dimethylaminopyridine (0.073 g, 0.60 mmol) and TEA (5.1 mL, 36 mmol) in MeCN (300 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the resulting residue was purified on a silica gel column to give the sub-title compound (3.0 g, 73% yield).

Step D. 3-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (0.6 g, 2 mmol), LiOH (0.6 g, 20 mmol), THF (6.0 mL), MeOH (4.0 mL) and water (2.0 mL) was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The pH of the residue was adjusted to 5 with 1 M HCl. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The combined extracts were dried and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound. (0.3 g, 55% yield).

Step E. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (1.5 g, 3.4 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (1.3 mg, 4.1 mmol), molecular sieves (2 g) and DIPEA (1.2 mL, 6.9 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (30 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then HATU (0.21 g, 0.55 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The mixture was then diluted with EtOAc, washed with NaHCO3 solution, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified on preparative HPLC (Method A) to afford an intermediate, which was stirred in dioxane (4 M HCl; 1 mL) for 24 h to give the final product which was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by preparative HPLC purification (Method B) (160 mg). LCMS calc. for C22H29N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=425.1; found: 425.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.16 (s, 1H), 9.49 (s, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1H), 8.13 (s, 1H), 7.60 (s, 1H), 7.10 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.75 (d, J=4.4 Hz, 1H), 3.14 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 3.06 (d, J=11.0 Hz, 1H), 3.01-2.91 (m, 1H), 2.75-2.65 (m, 1H), 2.61 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.41 (q, J=11.0 Hz, 2H), 2.09-1.92 (m, 1H), 1.71-1.52 (m, 2H), 0.90 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H), 0.86 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 68

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [3-({[4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]amino}carbonyl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate

To a pre-stirred solution of 2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (19 mg, 0.055 mmol), HATU (16 mg, 0.041 mmol), and DIPEA (19 μL, 0.11 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.5 mL) was added a solution of tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (15 mg, 0.034 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.3 mL), and the resulting solution was stirred at 50° C. for 3 days. The crude reaction mixture was purified by flash chromatography (24 g silica gel column, eluting with 0-100% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound. LCMS (ESI) calc. for C36H52F3N6O7Si (M+H)+: m/z=765.4, found 765.3.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide trifluoroacetate

tert-Butyl [3-({[4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]amino}carbonyl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate (22 mg, 0.029 mmol) was dissolved in MeCN (1.2 mL) and 1.7 M fluorosilicic acid in water (0.4 mL, 0.680 mmol) and heated with stirring at 50° C. for 3 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with MeOH and then purified by preparative-HPLC (Method A) to afford the title compound. LCMS (ESI) calc. for C20H22F3N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=451.2, found 451.2.

Example 69

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 69 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C22H26F3N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=463.2 found: 463.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.05 (s, 1H), 9.49 (s, 1H), 8.20 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.19 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.32-3.13 (m, 3H), 3.12-2.97 (m, 1H), 2.61 (t, 3H), 2.57-2.50 (m, 1H), 2.47-2.36 (m, 1H), 2.27-2.09 (m, 1H), 1.70-1.44 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.06 (m, 1H), 0.87 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 70

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 70 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C22H29N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=409.2. found: 409.1 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.12 (s, 1H), 9.46 (s, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (s, 1H), 7.61 (s, 1H), 7.11 (s, 1H), 3.12-2.83 (m, 3H), 2.71-2.56 (m, 2H), 2.36-2.10 (m, 2H), 2.10-1.89 (m, 2H), 1.40-1.06 (m, 2H), 0.89 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H), 0.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H), 0.80-0.72 (m, 1H) ppm.

Example 71

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-fluorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 71 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C19H22FN6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=385.2. found: 385.1.

Example 72

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 72 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C19H22ClN6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=401.1. found: 401.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.90 (s, 1H), 9.39 (s, 1H), 8.19 (d, J=1.9 Hz, 1H), 8.12 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.96 (d, J=1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.14-3.05 (m, 1H), 3.06-2.91 (m, 2H), 2.20-2.03 (m, 2H), 2.02-1.82 (m, 2H), 0.79 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 3H), 0.76-0.65 (m, 1H) ppm.

Example 73

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methyl-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 73 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C20H22F3N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=435.2. found: 435.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.95 (s, 1H), 9.39 (s, 1H), 8.50 (s, 1H), 8.15 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.13 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.35-3.06 (m, 2H), 3.06-2.92 (m, 1H), 2.33-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.07-1.84 (m, 2H), 1.08-0.86 (m, 1H), 0.81 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 74

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 74 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C19H23N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=383.2. found: 383.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.22 (s, 1H), 9.47 (s, 1H), 8.23 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1H), 8.12 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.09 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.02 (dd, J=8.0, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 5.09 (s, 1H), 3.21-3.12 (m, 1H), 3.11-2.95 (m, 2H), 2.85-2.67 (m, 1H), 2.48-2.30 (m, 2H), 1.97 (s, 1H), 0.84 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 75

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropenylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (1.0 g, 2.6 mmol), potassium carbonate (1.0 g, 7.2 mmol), Pd(PPh3)4 (0.3 g, 0.2 mmol) and 2-isopropenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (0.87 g, 5.2 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (5.0 mL) and water (1.0 mL) was stirred at 110° C. for 180 min. in a microwave oven. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the resulting residue was purified by chromatography on a silica gel column (45% EtOAc in hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound (0.45 g, 70% yield).

Step B. Ethyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropenylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (4.5 g, 13 mmol), MeOH (30 mL), and 10% palladium on carbon (0.06 g) was shaken under 15 psi of H2 for 2 h. The mixture was filtered and the resulting filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound (4.3 g, 96% yield).

Step C. 3-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (4.3 g, 12 mmol), LiOH (4 g, 0.4 mol), THF (43 mL), water (14 mL) and MeOH (28 mL) was stirred at 80° C. overnight. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the pH was adjusted to 5. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The combined extracts were dried, filtered and evaporated under reduced pressure. Further purification on silica gel eluting with 0-100% EtOAc in hexanes gave the sub-title compound (0.8 g, 20% yield).

Step D. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (0.8 g, 2 mmol), tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)acetate (1.1 g, 2.5 mmol), Molecular Sieves (10.0 g) and DIPEA (1.3 mL, 7.5 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (30 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. HATU (1.2 g, 3.2 mmol) was added and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature over a weekend. The volatile solvents were removed under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by HPLC (Method A) to afford an amide coupling intermediate (0.4 g, 22% yield). The intermediate (0.4 g) was dissolved in HCl in dioxane (4 M; 10 mL). The solution was stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness and the resulting residue was purified by preparative HPLC (Method B) to afford the final product (120 mg, 50% yield). LCMS calc. for C22H29N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=425.2. found: 425.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.16 (s, 1H), 9.50 (s, 1H), 8.19 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.85 (s, 1H), 3.16 (d, J=9.4 Hz, 0H), 3.11-2.91 (m, 4H), 2.74 (s, 0H), 2.47-2.39 (m, 3H), 2.11-1.90 (m, 1H), 1.25 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 7H), 0.88 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 76

2-Amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 76 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C20H25N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=397.2. found: 397.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.61 (s, 1H), 9.60 (s, 1H), 8.40 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 1H), 8.00 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (dd, J=8.0, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 5.40 (s, 1H), 3.49-3.18 (m, 2H), 3.09-3.00 (m, 1H), 3.00-2.87 (m, 2H), 2.87-2.77 (m, 1H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.28-2.14 (m, 1H), 0.90 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 77

2-Amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 77 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C23H31N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=439.2. found: 439.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.54 (s, 1H), 9.56 (s, 1H), 8.25 (s, 1H), 7.98 (s, 1H), 7.59 (s, 1H), 4.95 (s, 1H), 3.24-3.04 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.85 (m, 2H), 2.85-2.70 (m, 2H), 2.68-2.52 (m, 2H), 2.38-2.09 (m, 4H), 1.79-1.40 (m, 2H), 0.90 (t, 3H), 0.88 (d, 3H) ppm.

Example 78

2-Amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-chlorofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 78 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C20H24N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=431.2. found: 431.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.47 (s, 1H), 9.60 (s, 1H), 8.42 (d, J=1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (s, 1H), 6.54 (s, 1H), 5.12 (s, 1H), 3.25-3.05 (m, 1H), 3.01-2.69 (m, 4H), 2.71-2.52 (m, 1H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.24-2.10 (m, 1H), 0.89 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 79

2-Amino-N-{5-methyl-4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(trifluoromethyl)-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 79 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C21H24F3N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=465.2. found: 465.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.58 (s, 1H), 9.60 (s, 1H), 8.76 (s, 1H), 8.15 (s, 1H), 8.01 (s, 1H), 5.15 (s, 1H), 3.19-3.06 (m, 1H), 3.02-2.70 (m, 4H), 2.70-2.60 (m, 1H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 2.26-2.07 (m, 1H), 0.89 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 80

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R)-3-amino-4-fluoro-piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 80 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C21H26FN6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=413.2. found: 413.1.

Example 81

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-7-chloro-furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Example 81 was synthesized using analogous procedures to those described in Examples 45, 46 and 47. LCMS calc. for C18H20ClN6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=387.1. found: 387.1. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.07 (s, 1H), 9.41 (s, 1H), 8.18 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.17-3.05 (m, 1H), 3.04-2.81 (m, 2H), 2.74-2.55 (m, 1H), 2.39-2.31 (m, 1H), 2.26-2.10 (m, 1H), 2.02-1.82 (m, 1H), 1.85-1.59 (m, 1H), 1.39-1.19 (m, 1H) ppm.

Example 82

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl (4R)-4-{(1R,2R)-3-[(4R)-4-benzyl-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]-2-cyclopropyl-1-hydroxy-3-oxopropyl}-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of (4R)-4-benzyl-3-(cyclopropylacetyl)-1,3-oxazolidin-2-one (2.0 g, 7.7 mmol) in anhydrous DCM (45 mL) at −40° C. was added a solution of 1.0 M titanium tetrachloride in DCM (9.3 mL) dropwise under an atmosphere of N2 to form a yellow slurry. After 10 min., DIPEA (3.36 mL, 19.3 mmol) was added dropwise, changing the color from yellow to deep purple. The reaction mixture was allowed to gradually warm to −20° C. while stirring over 1 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to −40° C. prior to the dropwise addition of a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-formyl-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (1.8 g, 7.85 mmol) (Aldrich cat #462063) in anhydrous DCM (5 mL). The reaction mixture was allowed to gradually warm to 0° C. for 1 h and then allowed to stir for an additional 1.5 h at 0° C. The reaction was quenched by the addition of saturated aq. NH4Cl (15 mL). After separation of the two layers that formed, the organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by flash chromatography (120 g silica gel, eluting with 0-60% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound (1.9 g, 50%). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C26H36N2O7Na (M+Na)+: m/z=511.2, found 511.1.

Step 2. tert-Butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2R)-3-[(4R)-4-benzyl-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-cyclopropyl-3-oxopropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-{(1R,2R)-3-[(4R)-4-benzyl-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]-2-cyclopropyl-1-hydroxy-3-oxopropyl}-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (1.80 g, 3.68 mmol) in anhydrous DCM (10 mL) at −40° C., 2,6-lutidine (0.85 mL, 7.3 mmol) was added under an atmosphere of N2. After 10 min., a solution of tert-butyldimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (1.1 mL, 4.9 mmol) in anhydrous DCM (1 mL) was added. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm gradually to ambient temperature while stirring overnight. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with 1,2-dichloroethane and cooled to 0° C., then quenched with saturated aq. NaHCO3. After separation of the two layers, the organic layer was washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by flash chromatography (120 g silica gel, eluting with 0-30% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound (2.1 g, 95%). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C32H50N2O7SiNa (M+Na)+: m/z=625.3, found 625.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-cyclopropyl-3-hydroxypropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

A solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2R)-3-[(4R)-4-benzyl-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-3-yl]-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-cyclopropyl-3-oxopropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (3.3 g, 5.5 mmol) in anhydrous THF (50 mL) and EtOH (1 mL) under an atmosphere of N2 was cooled to −30° C. prior to the addition of LiBH4 (0.24 g, 11 mmol). The reaction mixture was allowed to gradually warm to ambient temperature while stirring for 20 h. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with diethyl ether (36 mL) and cooled to 0° C. prior to the addition of 1 M aq. NaOH (36 mL). After separation of the layers, the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc several times and the combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography (120 g silica gel, eluting with 0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound (1.27 g, 54%). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C22H43NO5SiNa (M+Na)+: 452.3, found 452.0.

Step 4. tert-Butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-3-azido-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-cyclopropylpropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-cyclopropyl-3-hydroxypropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (1.3 g, 3.0 mmol) and PPh3 (1.6 g, 6.1 mmol) in anhydrous THF (20 mL) was added diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (1.2 mL, 5.9 mmol) dropwise under an atmosphere of N2. Upon completion of addition a precipitate was formed. The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. prior to the addition of a solution of diphenylphosphonic azide (1.3 mL, 6.2 mmol) in anhydrous THF (1.0 mL). After stirring at ambient temperature for 3 h, the volatile organic solvents were removed under reduced pressure and the crude product was purified by flash column chromatography (120 g of silica gel, eluting with 0-15% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound as a light yellow oil (1.18 g, 86%). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C17H35N4O2Si (M+H-Boc+H)+: 355.30, found 355.1.

Step 5. tert-Butyl [(1R,2R,3S)-4-azido-2-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-3-cyclopropyl-1-(hydroxymethyl)butyl]carbamate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-3-azido-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-2-cyclopropylpropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (1.16 g, 2.55 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) at 0° C. was added TFA (4.9 mL, 64 mmol) and the resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The volatile organic solvents were removed under reduced pressure and the residue was azeotropically washed with toluene (2×3 mL). The residue was dissolved in anhydrous DCM (18 mL), DIPEA (0.99 g, 7.6 mmol) and Boc2O (0.84 g, 3.8 mmol) were added and the resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The volatile solvents were removed under reduced pressure and the crude product was purified by flash column chromatography (120 g silica gel, eluting with 0-100% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound (0.57 g, 54%) and the desilylated product (0.2 g, 26%). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C14H31N4O2Si (M+H-Boc+H)+: m/z=315.3, found 315.0.

Step 6. tert-Butyl-(2R,3R,4S)-5-azido-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-4-cyclopropylpentyl methanesulfonate

To a solution of tert-butyl [(1R,2R,3S)-4-azido-2-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)-14-sulfanyl]oxy}-3-cyclopropyl-1-(hydroxymethyl)butyl]carbamate (0.240 g, 0.573 mmol) in anhydrous pyridine (2.0 mL) −20° C. was added DMAP (0.014 g, 0.11 mmol) and methanesulfonyl chloride (0.044 mL, 0.57 mmol). The reaction mixture was allowed to warm gradually to 5° C. and stirred for 2 h. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and concentrated under reduced pressure onto silica gel and purified by flash column chromatography (24 g silica gel, eluting with 0-20% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound (0.240 g, 86%). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C15H33N4O4SSi (M+H-Boc+H)+: m/z=393.2; found 393.0.

Step 7. ((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

A solution of (2R,3R,4S)-5-azido-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-{[tert-butyl (dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-4-cyclopropylpentyl methanesulfonate (0.250 g, 0.507 mmol) and DIPEA (0.26 mL, 1.5 mmol) in MeOH (8.0 mL) was purged with N2 prior to the addition of 10% palladium (dry basis) on activated carbon, wet, Degussa type E101 NE/W (0.080 g, 0.076 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred under an atmosphere of H2 via a balloon for 2 h. The inorganics were filtered off, rinsed thoroughly with MeOH and EtOAc, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the sub-title compound (0.244 g). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C19H39N2O3Si (M+H)+: m/z=371.3, found 371.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.56 (s, 1H), 3.36-3.23 (m, 3H), 3.04 (dd, J=13.0, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 2.35 (ddd, J=14.7, 12.5, 11.0 Hz, 2H), 1.43 (s, 9H), 0.75 (tt, J=9.4, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 0.63-0.52 (m, 1H), 0.47 (ddt, J=13.0, 8.2, 4.1 Hz, 1H), 0.38 (qd, J=9.2, 5.5 Hz, 2H), 0.08-−0.02 (m, 1H) ppm.

Step 8. tert-Butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (0.180 g, 0.486 mmol), 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (0.10 g, 0.63 mmol) and TEA (0.20 mL, 1.4 mmol) in i-PrOH (1.8 mL) was heated at 75° C. in a sealed vial for 1 h. After cooling to ambient temperature, the reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (40 mL) and water (3 mL). The layers that formed were separated, the organic layer was washed with water (2×3 mL) and the combined aqueous phases were back extracted with EtOAc (3 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (3 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography (20 g silica gel column, eluting with 0-20% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford the sub-title compound (0.135 g, 56%). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C24H41N4O5Si (M+H)+: m/z=493.3, found 493.1.

Step 9. tert-Butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (0.140 g, 0.284 mmol) and 10% palladium (dry basis) on activated carbon, wet, Degussa type E101 NE/W (0.040 g, 0.038 mmol) in MeOH (3.5 mL) and EtOAc (0.5 mL) was purged with N2 prior to stirring under an atmosphere of H2 (introduced via a balloon) overnight. The crude reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and the inorganics were washed thoroughly with EtOAc. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure afford the sub-title compound (0.125 g, 95%). LCMS (ESI) calc. for C24H43N4O3Si (M+H)+: m/z=463.3, found 463.1.

Step 10. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (0.024 g, 0.075 mmol), HATU (0.043 g, 0.11 mmol) and DIPEA (0.039 mL, 0.22 mmol) in anhydrous 1,2-dichloroethane (0.4 mL) was stirred for 10 min. prior to the addition of a solution of tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (0.042 g, 0.091 mmol) in anhydrous 1,2-dichloroethane (0.2 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 44° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (40 mL) and water (3 mL). The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with water (3×3 mL) and the combined aqueous phases were back extracted with EtOAc (3 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (3 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash column chromatography (12 g silica gel column, eluting with 0-20% EtOAc/hexanes) to afford an intermediate (8 mg, 14%). The intermediate was dissolved in MeCN (0.2 mL) and 1.7 M hexafluorosilicic acid in water (0.3 mL, 0.51 mmol) and was heated at 45° C. for 1 h. The volatile solvents were removed and the residue was re-dissolved in MeOH (5 mL) and neutralized by the addition of saturated NH4OH. The crude reaction mixture was purified by mass triggered preparative-HPLC (Method B) to afford the title compound. LCMS (ESI) calc. for C24H31N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=451.2, found 451.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) 9.98 (1H, s), 9.40 (1H, s), 8.17 (1H, d, J=5.0 Hz), 8.09 (1H, s), 7.60 (1H, s), 7.08 (1H, d, J=5.0 Hz), 4.73 (1H, br s), 3.16 (2H, m), 3.02 (2H, m), 2.94 (1H, m), 2.59 (3H, m), 2.36 (1H, dd, J=12.0 and 12.0 Hz), 1.61 (2H, m), 1.32 (1H, m), 0.90 (3H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 0.39 (1H, m), 0.34 (1H, m), 0.06 (1H, m), −0.01 (1H, m), −0.65 (1H, m) ppm.

Example 83

2-Amino-N-(4-((1R,3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. 5-Methyl-3-oxocyclohex-1-en-1-yl trifluoromethanesulfonate

To a mixture of 5-methylcyclohexane-1,3-dione (8.00 g, 63.4 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) was added sodium carbonate (7.39 g, 69.8 mmol). The mixture was cooled at 0° C. and a solution of trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride (10.7 mL, 63.4 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) was added dropwise over 1 h at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The solution was filtered and the filtrate was quenched by careful addition of saturated NaHCO3 until pH=7. The organic layer was washed with water and brine and dried over Na2SO4, then filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the sub-title compound as a light yellow oil. The material was used for the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C8H10F3O4S (M+H)+ m/z: 259.0; found: 259.1.

Step 2. 5-Methyl-3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one

To a solution of 5-methyl-3-oxocyclohex-1-en-1-yl trifluoromethanesulfonate (12.40 g, 48.02 mmol) in deoxygenated 1,4-dioxane (70 mL) was added 4,4,5,5,4′,4′,5′,5′-octamethyl-[2,2′]bi[[1,3,2]dioxaborolanyl] (24.4 g, 96.0 mmol), KOAc (14.1 g, 144 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with dichloromethane (1:1) (3.1 g, 3.8 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight, then cooled to room temperature and filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate solution was used for the next step without further purification.

Step 3. 5-Methyl-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one

A mixture of 5-methyl-3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (11.30 g, 47.86 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (80 mL), 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (6.34 g, 40.0 mmol), 2.0 M aq. Na2CO3 (38.3 mL, 76.6 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with dichloromethane (1:1) (2.61 g, 3.20 mmol) was heated under reflux for 1 h. The mixture was cooled and filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth, washed with EtOAc. The two layers were separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine and dried over Na2SO4. Purification by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexanes (0-60%) gave the sub-title compound as an orange oil. LCMS calc. for C12H13N2O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 233.1; found: 233.1.

Step 4. 4-{5-Methyl-3-[(trimethylsilyl)oxy]cyclohexa-1,3-dien-1-yl}-3-nitropyridine

To a solution of 5-methyl-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (7.70 g, 33.2 mmol) and chlorotrimethylsilane (16.8 mL, 133 mmol) in THF (38 mL) at 0-5° C. was added 1.0 M lithium hexamethyldisilazide in THF (133 mL, 133 mmol) dropwise. The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. 1H NMR indicated the reaction was complete. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc. The solid that precipitated out was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with DCM and the resulting solution was used for the next step.

Step 5. (5S)-6-[(Dimethylamino)methyl]-5-methyl-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one

To a solution of N-methyl-N-methylenemethanaminium iodide (18.4 g, 99.5 mmol) in DCM (200 mL) at 0° C. was added a solution of 4-{5-methyl-3-[(trimethylsilyl)oxy]cyclohexa-1,3-dien-1-yl}-3-nitropyridine (10.1 g, 33.2 mmol) in DCM (200 mL) slowly. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and stirred for 18 h. After cooling to 0° C. again, 1.0 M HCl in water (200 mL, 200 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture, and the resulting mixture was stirred for 20 min. at 0° C. 1.0 M NaOH in water (300 mL, 300 mmol) was then slowly added at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h. The organic phase was separated, and the aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (2 times). The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 9.50 g of sub-title compound as a brown oil. LCMS calc. for C15H20N3O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 290.1; found: 290.2.

Step 6. (5S)-5-Methyl-6-methylene-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one

To a solution of (5S)-6-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-5-methyl-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (9.50 g, 32.8 mmol) in THF (110 mL) at 0° C. was added methyl iodide (2.66 mL, 42.7 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Saturated aq. NaHCO3 was added, the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 h and then diluted with EtOAc. The organic layer was separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic extracts were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a brown oil. LCMS calc. for C13H13N2O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 245.1; found: 245.1.

Step 7. (1R,5S)-5-Methyl-6-methylene-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-ol

To a solution of (5S)-5-methyl-6-methylene-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (8.00 g, 32.8 mmol) in MeOH (110 mL) was added CeCl3.7H2O (13.4 g, 36.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After cooling to 0° C., sodium tetrahydroborate (1.24 g, 32.8 mmol) was added slowly and the resulting mixture was stirred for 30 min. The reaction was quenched with water. The volatile organic solvents were removed under reduced pressure and saturated aq. NaHCO3 was added to the residue. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3 times). The combined organic extracts were washed with water and brine, then dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexane (20-100%) to give the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C13H15N2O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 247.1; found: 247.1.

Step 8. (1R,2R,6S)-1-(Bromomethyl)-6-methyl-4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-3-ene-1,2-diol

To a mixture of (1R,5S)-5-methyl-6-methylene-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-ol (2.060 g, 8.365 mmol) in THF (13 mL) and water (13 mL) was added N-bromosuccinimide (2.23 g, 12.5 mmol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 10 min., then quenched with sodium thiosulfate. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound (3.1 g) as a brown solid. LCMS calc. for C13H16BrN2O4 (M+H)+ m/z: 343.0; found: 343.0.

Step 9. 4-[(1S,5S,6R)-6-(Bromomethyl)-5-methyl-7-oxabicyclo[4.1. O]hept-2-en-3-yl]-3-nitropyridine

To a solution of (1R,2R,6S)-1-(bromomethyl)-6-methyl-4-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-3-ene-1,2-diol (2.80 g, 8.16 mmol) in DCM (60 mL) at 0° C. was added TEA (2.27 mL, 16.3 mmol), followed by methanesulfonyl chloride (0.884 mL, 11.4 mmol) dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The reaction was quenched with saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution and stirred for 20 min. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the sub-title compound as a brown solid (3.5 g). LCMS calc. for C13H14BrN2O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 325.0; found: 325.0.

Step 10. 4-[(3R,4R,8S)-4-Azido-8-methyl-1-oxaspiro[2.5]oct-5-en-6-yl]-3-nitropyridine

To a mixture of 4-[(1S,5S,6R)-6-(bromomethyl)-5-methyl-7-oxabicyclo[4.1.0]hept-2-en-3-yl]-3-nitropyridine (2.65 g, 8.15 mmol) in EtOH (24 mL) and water (8 mL) was added NH4Cl (0.654 g, 12.2 mmol) and NaN3 (0.795 g, 12.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, then treated with equal volume of saturated aq. NaHCO3 and MeCN and stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The volatile solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic phases were washed with brine and dried over Na2SO4, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexanes (0-20%) to give the sub-title compound as a colorless oil. LCMS calc. for C13H14N5O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 288.1; found: 288.1.

Step 11. tert-Butyl [(1R,2R,3S,5R)-5-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-2-hydroxy-2,3-dimethylcyclohexyl]carbamate

A solution of 4-[(3R,4R,8S)-4-azido-8-methyl-1-oxaspiro[2.5]oct-5-en-6-yl]-3-nitropyridine (1.00 g, 3.48 mmol) in EtOH (60 mL) was deoxygenated for 10 min. Pyridine (2.82 mL, 34.8 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (1.1 g, 1.0 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature under balloon pressure of H2 for 3 days. The mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and the pad was rinsed with DCM/MeOH. The filtrates were concentrated under reduced pressure. To the resulting residue was added EtOH (30 mL) and Boc2O (0.912 g, 4.18 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (Method B) to give 283 mg of the sub-title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C18H30N3O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 336.2; found: 336.3.

Step 12. 2-Amino-N-(4-((1R,3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(1R,2R,3S,5R)-5-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-2-hydroxy-2,3-dimethylcyclohexyl]carbamate (20 mg, 0.060 mmol) in DMF (99 μL) was added 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (100 mg, 0.36 mmol), DIPEA (10 μL, 0.060 mmol), and bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphinic chloride (182 mg, 0.716 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred for 2 h. The reaction mixture was purified by preparative LCMS (Method B) to give an amide intermediate. The intermediate was treated with DCM (1 mL) and TFA (1 mL, 10 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was neutralized to pH=7-8 with NH4OH and purified by preparative LCMS (Method B) to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C21H26N5O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 396.2; found: 396.3.

Example 84

2-Amino-N-(4-((1R,3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(1R,2R,3S,5R)-5-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-2-hydroxy-2,3-dimethylcyclohexyl]carbamate (40 mg, 0.12 mmol) in DMF (1.0 mL) was added 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (114 mg, 0.358 mmol), DIPEA (62 μL, 0.36 mmol), and bis(2-oxo-3-oxazolidinyl)phosphinic chloride (182 mg, 0.715 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 45° C. for 6 h. The mixture was purified by preparative LCMS (Method B) to give the amide intermediate. The intermediate was treated with DCM (2 mL) and TFA (2 mL, 20 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (Method B) to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C24H32N5O3 (M+H)+ m/z: 438.2; found: 438.3.

Example 85

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Benzyl-(3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidine-1-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl-((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (3.2 g, 9.4 mmol) (40% purity) in DCM (25 mL), N-(benzyloxycarbonyloxy)succinimide (2.6 g, 10 mmol) was added, followed by TEA (1.4 mL, 10 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 16 h at room temperature. The reaction mixture was then diluted with EtOAc, washed with water and brine and dried over Na2SO4. Solvent was evaporated and the resulting crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography, yielding the sub-title compound as a white solid (1.71 g, 38%). LCMS calc. for C25H42N2O5SiNa (M+Na)+: m/z=501.3; found 501.0.

Step 2. Benzyl-(3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidine-1-carboxylate

Benzyl-(3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methyl-4-(1,1,2,2-tetramethylpropoxy)piperidine-1-carboxylate (1.88 g, 4.06 mmol) was dissolved in THF (20 mL) and 1.0 M solution of TBAF in THF (4.7 mL, 4.7 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. at room temperature and then diluted with EtOAc. The mixture was washed 2 times with brine, dried over Na2SO4. Solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the resulting crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography to give white solid (1.48 g, 82%). LCMS calc. for C19H28N2NaO5 (M+Na)+: m/z=387.2; found 387.0.

Step 3. Benzyl-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methyl-4-oxopiperidine-1-carboxylate

To a stirred solution of benzyl-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidine-1-carboxylate (1.22 g, 3.35 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) at 0° C. was added pyridine (0.8 mL, 10 mmol) and Dess-Martin periodinane (1.8 g, 4.4 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. A solution containing a mixture of NaHCO3 and Na2S2O3 was added and the resulting mixture was stirred for 30 min. Then the product was extracted with DCM, dried and purified by silica gel chromatography to give a colorless oil (1.15 g, 95%). LCMS calc. for C19H26N2NaO5 (M+Na)+ m/z=385.2; found 385.0.

Step 4. Benzyl-(3R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidine-1-carboxylate

To a solution of benzyl-(3R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methyl-4-oxopiperidine-1-carboxylate (1.61 g, 4.44 mmol) in THF (30 mL) at −78° C. was added 3.0 M solution of methylmagnesium bromide in ether (4.4 mL, 13 mmol). The reaction was quenched with a solution of NH4Cl and the products were extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was dried, concentrated under reduced pressure and the resulting residue was purified by silica gel chromatography to give a mixture of two products as a colorless oil (0.95 g, 56%). LCMS calc. for C20H30N2NaO5 (M+Na)+: m/z=401.2; found 401.0. 40% of unreacted starting material was also isolated.

Step 5. tert-Butyl-[(3R,5S)-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of benzyl-(3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidine-1-carboxylate (414 mg, 1.09 mmol) and 10% palladium on carbon (100 mg) in MeOH (10 mL) was hydrogenated under a balloon with H2 at room temperature overnight. Palladium on carbon was filtered off and the filtrate was evaporated to give the sub-title compound as a colorless oil (245 mg, 92%). The crude product was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C12H25N2O3 (M+H)+ m/z=245.2; found 245.1.

Step 6. tert-Butyl-[(3R,5S)-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (160 mg, 1.0 mmol), tert-butyl-[(3R,4R,5S)-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (245 mg, 1.00 mmol) and TEA (284 μL, 2.04 mmol) in i-PrOH (1 mL) was stirred at 80° C. for 2 h. Solvent was evaporated and the resulting residue was purified by silica gel chromatography to give yellow oil (365 mg, 99%). LCMS calc. for C17H27N4O5 (M+H)+: m/z=367.2; found 367.1.

Step 7. tert-Butyl-[(3R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate

tert-Butyl-[(3R,4R,5S)-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (312 mg, 0.851 mmol) was dissolved in acetic acid (5.7 mL) and iron powder (716 mg, 12.8 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, then diluted with 10 mL of EtOAc and filtered through a plug of diatomaceous earth. Solvent was evaporated and the resulting residue was dissolved in EtOAc and neutralized aq. NaHCO3 to pH 8-9. The layers were separated and the water phase was extracted 3 times with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a slightly yellow solid (260 mg, 91%). LCMS calc. for C17H29N4O3 (M+H)+ m/z=337.2; found 337.2.

Step 8. tert-Butyl-(3-{[(4-{(3R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate

A mixture of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (100 mg, 0.4 mmol), tert-butyl-[(3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-3-yl]acetate (120 mg, 0.36 mmol), HATU (330 mg, 0.88 mmol), DIPEA (180 μL, 1.0 mmol) and 4 Å molecular sieve in 1,2-dichloroethane (15 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 days. The reaction was quenched with aq. NaHCO3 and the products were extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was dried, concentrated under reduced pressure. The two diastereomers were purified and separated from each other by RP-HPLC (Waters SunFire™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% TFA, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.). LCMS calc. for C33H47N6O (M+H)+: m/z=639.3; found 639.3.

Step 9. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

HCl in dioxane (4.0 M; 1 mL, 4 mmol) was added to tert-butyl (3-{[(4-{(3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (10 mg, 0.02 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Solvent was evaporated and the title compound was purified by RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to yield 1.5 mg of the title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C23H31N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=439.2; found 439.0. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.12 (s, 1H), 9.48 (s, 1H), 8.20 (s, 1H), 8.15 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (s, 1H), 7.12 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.30 (s, 1H), 3.14 (dd, J=10.9, 4.1 Hz, 1H), 3.03 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 1H), 2.96 (d, J=10.5 Hz, 1H), 2.66-2.57 (m, 2H), 2.57-2.47 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.10 (m, 1H), 1.61 (q, J=7.4 Hz, 2H), 0.96 (s, 3H), 0.90 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H), 0.76 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 86

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4S,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

HCl in dioxane (4.0 M; 1 mL, 4 mmol) was added to tert-butyl (3-{[(4-{(3R,4S,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-4,5-dimethylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-propylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (10 mg, 0.02 mmol) and the reaction stirred at room temperature for 1 h. Solvent was evaporated and the product was purified by RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to yield 1.7 mg of the title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C23H31N6O3 (M+H)+ m/z=439.2; found 439.2.

Example 87

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl (4R)-2,2-dimethyl-4-[(1R,2R)-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-hydroxy-2-(methoxycarbonyl)propyl]-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of methyl 3,3,3-trifluoropropanoate (5.0 g, 35 mmol) in DCM (50 mL) (0.13 M) at −78° C. was added 1.0 M dibutylboron triflate in DCM (70 mL, 70 mmol) followed by DIPEA (18 mL, 1.02 mmol). The mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 30 min., 0° C. for 40 min., then cooled to −78° C. A solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-formyl-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (8.1 g, 35 mmol) in 10 mL DCM was added and the resulting reaction mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 1 h and 0° C. for 1 h. The reaction was quenched by the addition of pH 7 phosphate buffer solution (20 ml) and diluted with MeOH (50 mL) and oxidized with 30% H2O2 (5 mL) overnight. The mixture was diluted with water, then extracted with DCM. The organic phase was separated, washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (eluting with 0-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to give 5.8 g (44%) products an orange oil. TLC Rf=0.45 (25% EtOAc/hexanes). LCMS calc. for C15H24F3NO6Na (M+Na)+ m/z=394.2; found: 394.1. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 1S,2S-diastereoisomer.

Step 2. tert-Butyl (4R)-4-[(1R,2R)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-(methoxycarbonyl)propyl]-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-2,2-dimethyl-4-[(1R,2R)-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-hydroxy-2-(methoxycarbonyl)propyl]-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (5.3 g, 14 mmol) and 2,6-lutidine (3.0 mL, 26 mmol) in DCM (140 mL) (0.1 M) was added tert-butyldimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (4.6 mL, 20 mmol) at −40° C. The mixture was stirred at −40° C. for 2 h, then diluted with DCM, washed with saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-20% EtOAc/hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a colorless oil (3.5 g, 51%). TLC Rf=0.85 (25% EtOAc/hexanes). LCMS calc. for C16H30F3NO4Si (M+H-Boc+H)+ m/z=386.2; found: 386.1. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 1S,2S-diastereoisomer.

Step 3. tert-Butyl (4R)-4-[(1R,2S)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-(hydroxymethyl)propyl]-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-[(1R,2R)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-(methoxycarbonyl)propyl]-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (3.5 g, 7.2 mmol) and EtOH (1.3 mL, 22 mmol) in THF (80 mL) (0.09 M) was added LiBH4 (0.47 g, 22 mmol) at −30° C. The mixture was warmed up to 0° C. and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether and 1 M NaOH was added. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-20% EtOAc/hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a diastereoisomeric mixture (1.1 g, 33%, colorless oil). TLC Rf=0.9 and 0.75. LCMS calc. for C15H31F3NO3Si (M+H-Boc+H)+ m/z=358.2; found: 358.1. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 1S,2R-diastereoisomer.

Step 4. tert-Butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-2-(azidomethyl)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxyγ-3,3,3-trifluoropropyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-[(1R,2S)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-3,3,3-trifluoro-2-(hydroxymethyl)propyl]-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (1.1 g, 2.4 mmol), diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (0.95 mL, 4.8 mmol) and PPh3 (1.3 g, 4.8 mmol) in THE (10 mL) (0.18 M) was added diphenylphosphonic azide (1.0 mL, 4.8 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Following removal of the volatile solvent under reduced pressure, the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-15% EtOAc/hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (0.35 g) as a colorless oil. TLC Rf=0.80, (25% EtOAc/hexanes), LCMS calc. for C15H30F3N4O2Si (M+H-Boc+H)+ m/z=383.2; found: 383.2. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 1S,2R-diastereoisomer.

Step 5. tert-Butyl [(1R,2R,3S)-3-(azidomethyl)-2-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(hydroxymethyl)butyl]carbamate

To a solution of tert-butyl (4R)-4-((1R,2S)-2-(azidomethyl)-1-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-3,3,3-trifluoropropyl)-2,2-_dimethyl-1,3-oxazolidine-3-carboxylate (0.30 g, 0.62 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) was added pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate (0.31 g, 1.2 mmol) and DIPEA (0.12 g, 0.93 mmol). The mixture was heated under reflux for 2 days to give (2R,3R,4S)-2-amino-4-(azidomethyl)-3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5,5,5-trifluoropentan-1-ol. LCMS calc. for C12H26F3N4O2Si (M+H)+ m/z=343.2; found: 343.2. After most of the solvent was removed evaporation under reduced pressure, 5 mL DCM and 0.50 g (Boc)2O were added followed by 0.35 g DIPEA. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus (40 g silica gel column) eluting with 0-30% EtOAc/hexanes to give 0.20 g of the sub-title compound as an oil. LCMS calc. for C12H26F3N4O2Si (M+H-Boc+H)+ m/z=343.2; found: 343.2. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 1R,2S,3R-diastereoisomer.

Step 6. (2R,3R,4S)-4-(Azidomethyl)-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5,5,5-trifluoropentyl methanesulfonate

To a solution of tert-butyl [(1R,2R,3S)-3-(azidomethyl)-2-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(hydroxymethyl)butyl]carbamate (0.22 g, 0.50 mmol) in pyridine (2.5 mL, 31 mmol) at 0° C. was added methanesulfonyl chloride (0.057 mL, 0.74 mmol) and 4-dimethylaminopyridine (0.01 g, 0.1 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h, then diluted with EtOAc, washed with saturated aq. NaHCO3, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-25% EtOAc/hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (0.30 g) as a colorless oil. TLC Rf=0.45 (25% EtOAc/hexanes), LCMS calc. for C13H28F3N4O4SSi (M+H-Boc+H)+ m/z=421.2; found: 421.1. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 2R,3S,4R-diastereoisomer.

Step 7. tert-Butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A solution of (2R,3R,4S)-4-(azidomethyl)-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5,5,5-trifluoropentyl methanesulfonate (0.30 g, 0.58 mmol) in MeOH (18 mL) (0.09M) was deoxygenated with N2 for 20 min. DIPEA (0.30 mL, 1.7 mmol) was added, followed by 10% palladium on carbon (0.31 g). The reaction mixture was stirred under a balloon containing H2 for 2 h. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.30 g of the sub-title compound as an oil which used for the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C17H34F3N2O3Si (M+H)+ m/z=399.2; found: 399.0. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 3R,4S,5R-diastereoisomer.

Step 8. tert-Butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (0.120 g, 0.755 mmol), tert-butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (0.45 g, 1.1 mmol) and TEA (0.4 mL, 3 mmol) in i-PrOH (2.2 mL) was stirred at 85° C. for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure resulting residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexanes (10-60%) to give the sub-title compound as a diastereoisomeric mixture (215 mg). LCMS calc. for C22H36F3N4O5Si (M+H)+ m/z=521.2; found: 521.1. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 3R,4S,5R-diastereoisomer.

Step 9. tert-Butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (0.060 g, 0.12 mmol), acetic acid (2 mL) and iron (0.20 g, 3.6 mmol) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was diluted with 30 mL of EtOAc, then filtered through a diatomaceous earth plug. The residue was rinsed with fresh EtOAc. The combined filtrate was condensed under reduced pressure, diluted with EtOAc and then washed with 0.5 M NaOH quickly. The organic phase was further washed with water and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to dryness to yield 40 mg of brown solid. LCMS calc. for C22H38F3N4O3Si (M+H)+ m/z=521.2; found: 491.1. The product was a mixture of the sub-title compound and its corresponding 3R,4S,5R-diastereoisomer.

Step 10. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (20 mg, 0.04 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (26 mg, 0.095 mmol) and DIPEA (20 mg, 0.2 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (2 mL) and molecular sieves was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 h. Then HATU (0.031 g, 0.082 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. After removal of solvent, the resulting residue was purified by RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% TFA, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to give tert-butyl {3-[({4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}amino)carbonyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl}carbamate as a mixture of diastereoisomers. LCMS calc. for C35H50F3N6O7Si (M+H)+ m/z=751.3; found: 751.1. The diastereoisomeric mixture was dissolved in HBr (3 mL) and stirred at 85° C. for 2 h. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the resulting residue was purified by RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to give two products.

Diastereoisomer 1. First peak is the corresponding 3R,4S,5R-diastereoisomer: retention time 1.067 min. LCMS calc. for C19H20F3N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=437.2; found: 437.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CD3OH) 9.45 (1H, s), 8.37 (1H, d, J=5.5 Hz), 8.26 (1H, d, J=5.5 Hz), 7.65 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.29 (1H, d, J=5.5 Hz), 7.14 (1H, dd, J=8.0 and 5.5 Hz), 4.27 (1H, dd, J=9.0 and 4.3 Hz), 3.82 (1H, m), 3.58 (1H, m), 3.51 (1H, dd, J=12.6 and 2.5 Hz), 3.31 (1H, dd, J=10.26 and 12.38 Hz), 3.23 (1H, m), 2.88 (1H, m) ppm.

Diastereoisomer 2. Second peak is the title compound: retention time 1.380 min. LCMS calc. for C19H20F3N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=437.2; found: 437.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) 10.12 (1H, s), 9.53 (1H, s), 8.34 (1H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 8.25 (1H, d, J=5.5 Hz), 7.74 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.26 (1H, d, J=5.5 Hz), 7.09 (1H, dd, J=8.0 and 6.0 Hz), 6.25 (1H, d, J=6.0 Hz), 4.47 (1H, d, J=5.9 Hz), 3.65 (1H, br d, J=11.1 Hz), 3.46 (1H, m), 3.20 (1H, d, J=11.6 Hz), 3.13 (2H, m), 2.97 (1H, dd, J=10.9 and 11.2 Hz) ppm.

Example 88

2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S)-1-(4-aminoisothiazol-5-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (0.020 g, 0.068 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (0.022 g, 0.075 mmol), and HATU (0.10 g, 0.27 mmol) in DMF (0.47 mL) and DIPEA (0.036 g, 0.28 mmol) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was purified by chromatography on 12 g of silica gel, eluting with 0-100% EtOAc in hexanes, to give 8 mg of tert-butyl (3-{[(5-{(3S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]piperidin-1-yl}isothiazol-4-yl)amino]carbonyl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate. To the amide was added HCl in dioxane (4.0 M; 7.9 mL, 31 mmol) and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in MeOH, neutralized with NH4OH solution, and purified on RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to give the title compound. LCMS calc. for C16H19N6OS2 (M+H)+: m/z=375.1; found: 375.1.

Example 89

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (0.144 g, 0.312 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (0.100 g, 0.312 mmol), DIPEA (0.163 mL, 0.936 mmol) and molecular sieves 4 A (0.3 g) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.654 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. HATU (0.237 g, 0.624 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, then filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and rinsed with DCM. The filtrate was washed with 1 M NaOH, brine and dried over Na2SO4. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and the resulting residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexanes (0-100%) to yield tert-butyl [3-({[4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]amino}carbonyl)-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate (67 mg) as a light green oil. This oil was treated with HCl in dioxane (4.0 M; 2 mL, 8 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C24H31N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=451.2; found: 451.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 10.05 (1H, s), 9.44 (1H, s), 8.22 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 8.18 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.73 (1H, d, J=1.6 Hz), 7.13 (1H, d, J=5.2 Hz), 4.71 (1H, br d, J=5.2 Hz), 3.20 (2H, m), 3.03 (2H, m), 2.93 (1H, td, J=2.4 and 10.0 Hz), 2.61 (1H, dd, J=10.8 and 10.8 Hz), 2.37 (1H, dd, J=11.6 and 11.6 Hz), 1.37 (1H, m), 1.31 (3H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 1.29 (3H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 0.39 (2H, m), 0.06 (1H, m), 0.01 (1H, m), −0.71 (1H, m) ppm.

Example 90

2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a screw-cap vial equipped with a magnetic stir bar was added ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.041 g, 2.702 mmol), 4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-3,6-dihydro-2H-pyran (755.1 mg, 3.594 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (XPhos Pd G2, Aldrich, 305.2 mg, 0.3879 mmol), and K3PO4 (1.754 g, 8.263 mmol). The vial was sealed with a PTFE-lined septum, evacuated and backfilled with N2 (this process was repeated a total of three times). 1,4-Dioxane (9.00 mL) was added followed by deoxygenated water (3.00 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 50° C. for 2 h. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was filtered through a silica gel plug (eluted with EtOAc). The filtrate was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (40 g, 0-100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a brown foamy solid (1.012 g, 77%). LCMS calc. for C20H25N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=389.2; found 389.2.

Step 2. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3,6-dihydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1012 mg, 2.605 mmol) in MeOH (24.0 mL) was added 10 wt % Pd on carbon (252.4 mg, 0.2372 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature under a H2 atmosphere (1 atm.) for 5 h. The reaction mixture was then filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth (eluted with MeOH). The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a yellow foamy solid (913.2 mg, 90%) which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C20H27N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=391.2; found 391.2.

Step 3. 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (913.2 mg, 2.339 mmol) in THF (6.00 mL) was added LiOH.H2O (805.4 mg, 19.19 mmol), followed by MeOH (6.00 mL) and water (3.00 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 5 h. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was diluted with DCM and water. Then it was adjusted to pH 4 with 1 M HCl. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (3 times). The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a yellow foamy solid (595.3 mg, 70%) which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C18H23N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=363.2; found 363.1.

Step 4. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of 5-chloro-1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazole (266.5 mg, 1.650 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (388.5 mg, 1.448 mmol) was added n-butanol (4.00 mL), followed by DIPEA (616.8 mg, 4.772 mmol). After stirring at 140° C. for 16 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (40 g, 0-50% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the title compound (432.2 mg, 76%). LCMS calc. for C15H23F3N5O4 (M+H)+: m/z=394.2; found 394.1.

Step 5. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(1-methyl-4-nitro-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (432.2 mg, 1.099 mmol), Fe powder (700.5 mg, 12.54 mmol) and NH4Cl (1201 mg, 22.45 mmol), were added EtOH (7.50 mL) followed by water (1.50 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 1 h. After cooling to the room temperature, the reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth (eluted with EtOAc). The filtrate was washed with 1.0 M Na2CO3 (aq.), brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to afford the sub-title compound as a brown foamy solid (344.5 mg, 86%) which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C15H25F3N5O2 (M+H)+: m/z=364.2; found 364.1.

Step 6. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[4-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (58.6 mg, 0.161 mmol) and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (51.9 mg, 0.143 mmol) was added 1,2-dichloroethane (1.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min. HATU (67.6 mg, 0.178 mmol) was then added followed by DIPEA (55.0 μL, 0.316 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 15 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (20 g, 0-100% EtOAc/Hexanes) to give the title compound (74.0 mg, 73%). LCMS calc. for C33H45F3N7O7 (M+H)+: m/z=708.3; found 708.4.

Step 7. 2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-H-pyrazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[4-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (74.0 mg, 0.104 mmol) in DCM (2.00 mL) was added TFA (2.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then concentrated. The residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 Lm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound as a white solid (23.0 mg, 43%). LCMS calc. for C23H29F3N7O3 (M+H)+: m/z=508.2; found 508.3. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.71 (s, 1H), 8.12 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.77 (s, 1H), 7.70 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (m, 2H), 3.66 (s, 3H), 3.45 (m, 2H), 3.25 (m, 1H), 3.15 (m, 1H), 3.04 (m, 1H), 2.94 (m, 1H), 2.87 (m, 2H), 2.80 (m, 1H), 2.16 (m, 1H), 1.71 (m, 4H), 1.22 (m, 1H) ppm.

Example 91

2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-nitroisothiazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of 5-bromo-4-nitroisothiazole (258.5 mg, 1.237 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (361.3 mg, 1.347 mmol) was added i-PrOH (4.00 mL) followed by DIPEA (488.9 mg, 3.783 mmol). After stirring at 110° C. for 5 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (40 g, 0-100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid (471.5 mg, 96%). LCMS calc. for C14H20F3N4O4S (M+H)+: m/z=397.1; found 397.1.

Step 2. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-aminoisothiazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-nitroisothiazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (471.5 mg, 1.189 mmol), Fe powder (1156 mg, 20.70 mmol) and NH4Cl (1389 mg, 25.97 mmol) was added EtOH (8.00 mL) followed by water (2.00 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 2 h. After cooling to the room temperature, the reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth (eluted with EtOAc). The filtrate was washed with 1.0 M Na2CO3 (aq.), brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (445.1 mg) which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C14H22F3N4O2S (M+H)+: m/z=367.1; found 367.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[4-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)isothiazol-5-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-aminoisothiazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (62.6 mg, 0.171 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (74.1 mg, 0.204 mmol), and HATU (96.6 mg, 0.254 mmol) was added 1,2-dichloroethane (1.00 mL) followed by DIPEA (75.0 μL, 0.430 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 16 h, the reaction was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (40 g, 0-100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (64.8 mg, 53%). LCMS calc. for C32H42F3N6O7S (M+H)+: m/z=711.3; found 711.1.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[4-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)isothiazol-5-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (64.8 mg, 0.0912 mmol) in DCM (2.00 mL) was added TFA (2.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then concentrated. The residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound as a white solid (22.5 mg, 48%). LCMS calc. for C22H26F3N6O3S (M+H)+: m/z=511.2; found 511.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.86 (s, 1H), 9.02 (s, 1H), 8.21 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (m, 2H), 3.59 (m, 1H), 3.44 (m, 3H), 3.10 (m, 1H), 2.95 (m, 1H), 2.87 (m, 1H), 2.65 (m, 1H), 2.49 (m, 1H), 2.18 (m, 1H), 1.72 (m, 4H), 1.24 (m, 1H) ppm.

Example 92

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (62.4 mg, 0.173 mmol) and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (51.9 mg, 0.143 mmol) was added 1,2-dichloroethane (1.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min. HATU (68.0 mg, 0.179 mmol) was added followed by DIPEA (55.0 μL, 0.316 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 15 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (20 g, 0-100% EtOAc/Hexanes) to give the title compound (45.9 mg, 46%). LCMS calc. for C34H44F3N6O7(M+H)+: m/z=705.3; found 705.2.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (45.9 mg, 0.0651 mmol) in DCM (2.00 mL) was added TFA (2.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then concentrated. The residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound as a white solid (10.9 mg, 33%). LCMS calc. for C24H28F3N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=505.2; found 505.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.04 (s, 1H), 9.50 (s, 1H), 8.20 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.18 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.45 (m, 2H), 3.28 (m, 1H), 3.19 (m, 1H), 3.13 (m, 1H), 3.06 (m, 1H), 2.90 (m, 1H), 2.55 (m, 1H), 2.40 (m, 1H), 2.19 (m, 1H), 1.72 (m, 4H), 1.19 (m, 1H) ppm.

Example 93

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a screw-cap vial equipped with a magnetic stir bar was added ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1021 mg, 2.650 mmol), 1-methyl-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (709.8 mg, 3.181 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (XPhos Pd G2, Aldrich, 314.7 mg, 0.4000 mmol), and K3PO4 (2.097 g, 9.879 mmol). The vial was sealed with a PTFE-lined septum, evacuated and backfilled with N2 (this process was repeated a total of three times). 1,4-Dioxane (9.00 mL) was added followed by deoxygenated water (3.00 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 2 h. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth (eluted with EtOAc). The filtrate was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (40 g, 5% MeOH in DCM containing 1% Et3N) to give the product as a yellow foamy solid (875.2 mg, 82%). LCMS calc. for C21H28N3O5 (M+H)+: m/z=402.2; found 402.1.

Step 2. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (875.2 mg, 2.180 mmol) in MeOH (20.0 mL) was added 10 wt % Pd on carbon (362.0 mg, 0.3402 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature under H2 atmosphere (1 atm.) for 1 h. The reaction was then filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth (eluted with MeOH). The filtrate was concentrated to give the sub-title compound as a yellow foamy solid (789.2 mg, 90%) which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C21H30N3O5 (M+H)+: m/z=404.2; found 404.2.

Step 3. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid [1.0]-trifluoroacetic acid

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (722.0 mg, 1.789 mmol) in THF (4.00 mL) was added LiOH.H2O (302.7 mg, 7.213 mmol), followed by MeOH (4.00 mL) and water (2.00 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 5 h. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was adjusted to pH 4 with 1 M HCl. The mixture was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters SunFire™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% TFA, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound (562.4 mg, 64%). LCMS calc. for C19H26N3O5 (M+H)+: m/z=376.2; found 376.3.

Step 4. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (322.9 mg, 0.8960 mmol) and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid [1.0]-trifluoroacetic acid (562.4 mg, 1.149 mmol) was added 1,2-dichloroethane (3.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min. HATU (479.7 mg, 1.262 mmol) was added followed by DIPEA (354.3 mg, 2.741 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 15 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound (350.8 mg, 55%). LCMS calc. for C35H47F3N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=718.4; found 718.5.

Step 5. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (350.8 mg, 0.4887 mmol) in DCM (2.00 mL) was added TFA (2.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then concentrated. The residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound as a white solid (45.9 mg, 18%). LCMS calc. for C25H31F3N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=518.2; found 518.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.04 (s, 1H), 9.50 (s, 1H), 8.20 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.30 (m, 1H), 3.19 (m, 1H), 3.13 (m, 1H), 3.06 (m, 1H), 2.86 (m, 2H), 2.56 (m, 2H), 2.40 (m, 1H), 2.19 (m, 4H), 1.97 (m, 2H), 1.73 (m, 4H), 1.19 (m, 1H) ppm.

Example 94

2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-amino-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (105.9 mg, 0.2914 mmol) and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid [1.0]-trifluoroacetic acid (144.3 mg, 0.2948 mmol) was added 1,2-dichloroethane (2.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min. HATU (137.7 mg, 0.3621 mmol) was then added followed by DIPEA (194.6 mg, 1.506 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 15 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford an amide coupling product.

To the coupling product was added DCM (2.00 mL) followed by TFA (2.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then concentrated under reduced pressure.

The residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound as a white solid (33.4 mg, 22%). LCMS calc. for C24H32F3N8O2 (M+H)+: m/z=521.3; found 521.2.

Example 95

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [3-{[(4-{(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (56.4 mg, 0.184 mmol) and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (84.7 mg, 0.234 mmol) was added 1,2-dichloroethane (1.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min. HATU (98.2 mg, 0.258 mmol) was added followed by DIPEA (75.0 μL, 0.430 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 15 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (20 g, 0-100% EtOAc/Hexanes) to give the title compound (92.8 mg, 78%). LCMS calc. for C34H47N6O7 (M+H)+: m/z=651.4; found 651.3.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [3-{[(4-{(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate (92.8 mg, 0.143 mmol) in DCM (2.00 mL) was added TFA (2.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then concentrated. The residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound as a white solid (9.5 mg, 15%). LCMS calc. for C24H31N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=451.2; found 451.3.

Example 96

2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl)}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-5-methyl-1-(4-nitroisothiazol-5-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of 5-bromo-4-nitroisothiazole (253.5 mg, 1.213 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (294.0 mg, 1.372 mmol) was added i-PrOH (4.00 mL) followed by DIPEA (509.2 mg, 3.940 mmol). After stirring at 110° C. for 5 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (40 g, 0-100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the title compound as a pale yellow solid (377.9 mg, 91%). LCMS calc. for C14H23N4O4S (M+H)+: m/z=343.1; found 343.1.

Step 2. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-aminoisothiazol-5-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-5-methyl-1-(4-nitroisothiazol-5-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (377.9 mg, 1.104 mmol), Fe powder (1265 mg, 22.65 mmol) and NH4Cl (1513 mg, 28.28 mmol) was added EtOH (8.00 mL) followed by water (2.00 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 2 h. After cooling to the room temperature, the reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth (eluted with EtOAc). The filtrate was washed with 1.0 M Na2CO3 (aq.), brine, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (330.3 mg, 96%) which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C14H25N4O2S (M+H)+: m/z=313.2; found 313.1.

Step 3. 2-Amino-N-{5-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]isothiazol-4-yl}-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(4-aminoisothiazol-5-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (52.4 mg, 0.168 mmol) and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (73.9 mg, 0.204 mmol) was added 1,2-dichloroethane (1.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min. HATU (96.3 mg, 0.253 mmol) was then added followed by DIPEA (75.0 μL, 0.430 mmol). After stirring at room temperature for 15 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated. The resulting residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (20 g, 0-100% EtOAc/Hexanes) to afford the coupling product. To the coupling product was added DCM (2.00 mL) followed by TFA (2.00 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then concentrated. The residue was purified using RP-HPLC (Waters XBridge™ C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.15% NH4OH, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to afford the title compound as a white solid (23.8 mg, 31%). LCMS calc. for C22H29N6O3S (M+H)+: m/z=457.2; found 457.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.79 (s, 1H), 8.98 (s, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (m, 2H), 3.43 (m, 4H), 3.00 (m, 1H), 2.88 (m, 1H), 2.31 (m, 1H), 2.23 (m, 1H), 1.97 (m, 2H), 1.72 (m, 4H), 0.83 (m, 4H) ppm.

Example 97

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.8 mmol), 0.5 M bromo(cyclobutyl)zinc in THF (5.0 mL), Pd(OAc)2 (15 mg, 0.07 mmol) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2′,6′-dimethoxy-1,1′-biphenyl (32 mg, 0.08 mmol) was purged with N2, then heated at 60° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give the crude mixture, which was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 20% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder. LCMS calc. for C19H25N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=361.2. Found: 361.3.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (110 mg, 0.30 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (90 mg, 2.1 mmol) in THF (2.2 mL), MeOH (2.2 mL) and water (1 mL) was heated at 70° C. in a sealed vial for 18 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with EtOAc and neutralized with 1 M HCl to pH=7. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3 times). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder. LCMS calc. for C17H21N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=333.2. Found: 333.2.

Step 3. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (49.5 mg, 0.16 mmol) and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (40 mg, 0.1 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.53 mL) was added subsequently HATU (88 mg, 0.23 mmol) and DIPEA (38 mg, 0.29 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 17 h. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and 1 M NaOH was added. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3 times). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product, which was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give pure intermediate as a white powder. The intermediate was then dissolved in MeOH (0.40 mL), followed by the addition of 4.0 M HCl in dioxane (2.0 mL, 8.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and neutralized by the addition of ammonia solution, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound. LCMS calc. for C23H29N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=421.1. Found: 421.3.

Example 98

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound was prepared according to the procedures described for Example 97, using the following two starting materials, 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (100 mg, 0.30 mmol) (prepared in Example 97, step 2) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (145 mg, 0.4 mmol) to afford the title compound as an off-white powder. LCMS calc. for C23H26F3N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=475.1. Found: 475.1.

Example 99

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.10 g, 2.3 mmol), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-vinyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (0.69 mL, 4.1 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (267 mg, 0.34 mmol) and K3PO4 (0.96 g, 4.5 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (7.1 mL) and water (1.6 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 4 h under N2 atmosphere. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and water. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2SO4 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 30% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the product as light brown powder (980 mg, 98%). LCMS calc. for C22H29N2O7 (M+H)+: m/z=433.1. Found: 433.1.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (800 mg, 1.85 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (540 mg, 13 mmol) in THF (10 mL), MeOH (7 mL) and water (4 mL) was heated at 70° C. in a flask for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered to remove unreacted LiOH and neutralized with 6 M HCl. After all the solvents were removed under reduced pressure, ice water was added to the residue, and the precipitate was collected by vacuum filtration. The light yellow cake was washed with cold water, and dried under reduced pressure overnight to provide the sub-title compound as light brown powder (466 mg, 83%). LCMS calc. for C15H17N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=305.1. Found: 305.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl {3-[({4-[(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}amino)carbonyl]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl}carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (911 mg, 2.53 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (846 mg, 2.78 mmol) and molecular sieves (2.26 g, 10.1 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (17.9 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., followed by the addition of DIPEA (1.32 mL, 7.6 mmol) and HATU (4.8 g, 12.6 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 24 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and obtained solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 50% EtOAc in Hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (622 mg, 38%). LCMS calc. for C31H38F3N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=647.2. Found: 647.2.

Step 4. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

tert-Butyl {3-[({4-[(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl})amino)carbonyl]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl}) carbamate (500 mg, 0.77 mmol) was mixed with THF (9.4 mL), 0.16 M solution of osmium tetroxide in water (1.4 mL, 0.23 mmol) (4% aqueous solution), NalO4 (780 mg, 3.6 mmol) and water (0.7 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 40 min. The crude mixture was filtered, rinsed with fresh THF. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure. Silica gel column purification (0 to 100% EtOAc in hexanes) gave the sub-title compound as a yellow powder (279 mg, 56%). LCMS calc. for C30H36F3N6O7 (M+H)+: m/z=649.2. Found: 649.2.

Step 5. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 3-fluoroazetidine hydrochloride (3 mg, 0.03 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (16.0 mg, 0.024 mmol) in dry 1,2-dichloroethane (0.10 mL) was treated with DIPEA (5.0 μL, 0.03 mmol), followed by the addition of sodium triacetoxyborohydride (10.4 mg, 0.05 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give the crude product, which was used directly in the next step. LCMS calc. for C33H42F4N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=708.2. Found: 708.2.

Step 6. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-fluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (8.7 mg, 0.01 mmol) in MeOH (0.10 mL) was added 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.25 mL, 0.98 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 40 min. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (3 mg, 40%). LCMS calc. for C23H26F4N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=508.3. Found: 508.2.

Example 100

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a pressure flask was added methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (3.0 g, 6.4 mmol), K3PO4 (2.70 g, 12.7 mmol), 1,4-dioxane (15 mL), water (3.4 mL) and 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-vinyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.8 g, 11 mmol). The mixture was flushed with N2 for 10 min., followed by the addition of dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (0.40 g, 0.51 mmol). The reaction mixture was sealed and heated at 85° C. for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give the residue, which was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 50% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a thick oil. LCMS calc. for C21H27N2O7 (M+H)+: m/z=419.1. Found: 419.1.

Step 2. Methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

Methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.66 g, 3.1 mmol) was mixed with THF (37 mL), 0.16 M solution of osmium tetroxide in water (5.6 mL, 0.9 mmol), NaIO4 (3.0 g, 14 mmol) and water (3 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 1 h. The mixture was filtered, rinsed with fresh THF. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure. Silica gel column purification (0 to 50% EtOAc in hexanes) gave the sub-title compound as a yellow powder (1.27 g, 98%). LCMS calc. for C20H25N2O8 (M+H)+: m/z=421.1. Found: 421.1.

Step 3. Methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.36 mmol), 3,3-difluoroazetidine HCl (51 mg, 0.39 mmol) and DCM (1.9 mL) was added resin of sodium triacetoxyborohydride (290 mg, 0.66 mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated. The crude product was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C23H30F2N3O7 (M+H)+: m/z=498.3. Found: 498.3.

Step 4. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (0.15 g, 0.30 mmol), LiOH.H2O (87 mg, 2.1 mmol), water (0.33 mL), THF (0.40 mL) and MeOH (0.40 mL) was heated at 70° C. for 3 h. The reaction mixture was neutralized with 1 M HCl to pH=5. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc twice. The organic layers were combined, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product, which was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C17H20F2N3O5 (M+H)+: m/z=384.2. Found: 384.2.

Step 5. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (25 mg, 0.07 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (25 mg, 0.07 mmol) and molecular sieves (0.063 g, 0.28 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.53 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 25 min., followed by the addition of DIPEA (0.048 mL, 0.27 mmol) and HATU (80 mg, 0.21 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 24 h. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with MeOH, filtered, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C33H41F5N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=726.3. Found: 726.3.

Step 6. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3,3-difluoroazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (4 mg, 0.005 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (0.5 mL), followed by the addition of 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (1.0 mL, 4.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 m OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound. LCMS calc. for C23H25F5N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=526.3. Found: 526.3.

Example 101

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of azetidin-3-ol hydrochloride (6 mg, 0.06 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (32.0 mg, 0.05 mmol) (prepared in Example 99, step 4) in dry 1,2-dichloroethane (0.20 mL) was treated with sodium triacetoxyborohydride (20.8 mg, 0.10 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product, which was used directly in the next step. LCMS calc. for C33H43F3N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=706.3. Found: 706.3.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (9 mg, 0.01 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (0.5 mL), followed by the addition of 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (1.0 mL, 4.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents under reduced pressure, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound. LCMS calc. for C23H27F3N7O3 (M+H)+: m/z=506.3. Found: 506.3.

Example 102

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4S,5S)-3-amino-5-methyl-4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (5.11 g, 32.2 mmol), tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate [0.5]-oxalic acid (13.2 g, 33.8 mmol) and i-PrOH (63.0 mL) was stirred at 90° C. for 3 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and diluted with EtOAc and water. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (three times). The combined organic layers were dried, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a residue, which was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0-50% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a yellow powder (13.4 g, 89%). LCMS calc. for C22H38N4O5Si (M+H)+: m/z=467.3. Found: 467.3.

Step 2. tert-Butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

tert-Butyl [(3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methyl-1-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (13.4 g, 28.7 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (80 mL), flushed with N2, then mixed with 10 wt % of palladium on carbon (4.6 g, 4.3 mmol) and hydrogenated under H2 at 60 psi for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through diatomaceous earth and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound (12.5 g, 99%). LCMS calc. for C22H40N4O3Si (M+H)+: m/z=437.4. Found: 437.4.

Step 3. Di-tert-butyl [4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]imidodicarbonate

To a solution of tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (1.20 g, 2.75 mmol) in DCM (5.5 mL) at room temperature was added Boc2O (3.60 g, 16.5 mmol), followed by DMAP (0.671 g, 5.50 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 h, and was then diluted with EtOAc and water. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus (eluting with 0-50% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a brown gum (1.05 g, 60%). LCMS calc. for C32H56N4O7Si (M+H)+: m/z=637.4. Found: 637.3.

Step 4. Di-tert-butyl (4-{(3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)imidodicarbonate

To a solution of di-tert-butyl [4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]imidodicarbonate (1.01 g, 1.58 mmol) in THF (7.90 mL) at room temperature was added 1.0 M TBAF in THF (1.66 mL, 1.66 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was then diluted with EtOAc and water. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried, concentrated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus (eluting with 0 to 80% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (771 mg, 93%). LCMS calc. for C26H42N4O7 (M+H)+: m/z=523.2. Found: 523.2.

Step 5. (3R,4R,5S)-1-{3-[Bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-4-yl methanesulfonate

To a solution of di-tert-butyl (4-{(3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)imidodicarbonate (500 mg, 0.957 mmol) in DCM (4.5 mL) was added TEA (0.227 mL, 1.63 mmol), followed by methanesulfonyl chloride (0.096 mL, 1.24 mmol). The solution obtained was stirred in a closed vial at room temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with NaHCO3 (aq.), extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a light yellow powder (574 mg, 100%). LCMS calc. for C27H44N4O9S (M+H)+: m/z=601.2. Found: 601.2.

Step 6. Di-tert-butyl (4-{(3R,4S,5S)-4-azido-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)imidodicarbonate

To a solution of (3R,4R,5S)-1-{3-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-4-yl methanesulfonate (0.57 g, 0.96 mmol) in DMF (5.0 mL) was added NaN3 (0.31 g, 4.8 mmol). The tube containing the reaction mixture was sealed and the reaction mixture was heated at 90° C. for 5 h. After cooling down to room temperature, the solution was partitioned between EtOAc and water. The organic layer was washed with Na2CO3, brine, dried, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound (0.52 g, 99%). LCMS calc. for C26H41N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=548.3. Found: 548.4.

Step 7. Di-tert-butyl {4-[(3R,4S,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methyl-4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}imidodicarbonate

A solution of di-tert-butyl (4-{(3R,4S,5S)-4-azido-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)imidodicarbonate (0.28 g, 0.51 mmol) in acetic acid ethenyl ester (4.2 mL, 46 mmol) in a sealed flask was heated at 115° C. for 96 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus (eluting with 50 to 100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (97 mg, 33%). LCMS calc. for C28H43N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=574.4. Found: 574.4.

Step 8. tert-Butyl [(3R,4S,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To di-tert-butyl {4-[(3R,4S,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methyl-4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}imidodicarbonate (97 mg, 0.17 mmol) was added a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (1.27 mL, 5.1 mmol). After 1 h, the volatile solvents were removed under reduced pressure. Then the residue (HCl salt) was dried under high vacuum for 20 min. Then it was dissolved in DCM (1.1 mL) and DIPEA (0.44 mL, 2.5 mmol), and 1-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)oxy]pyrrolidine-2,5-dione (36.4 mg, 0.17 mmol) were added at 0° C. After 90 min. stirring at room temperature, the reaction mixture was quenched with NaHCO3 (aq.) and diluted with EtOAc. The aqueous layer was separated and extracted with EtOAc two times. The combined organic layers were dried, concentrated under reduced pressure to give a yellow residue, which was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash®apparatus (eluting with 0 to 25% MeOH in EtOAc) to give the sub-title compound as a light yellow powder (40 mg, 63%). LCMS calc. for C18H27N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=374.2. Found: 374.2.

Step 9. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4S,5S)-3-amino-5-methyl-4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3R,4S,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methyl-4-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (40.0 mg, 0.107 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (51.5 mg, 0.16 mmol) and molecular sieves (96.0 mg, 0.43 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.8 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 min., followed by the addition of DIPEA (56.0 μL, 0.32 mmol) and HATU (102 mg, 0.27 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 h. The mixture was filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the pure intermediate (9.0 mg, 12%). The intermediate was dissolved in MeOH (0.10 mL), followed by the addition of 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (2.7 mL, 10.7 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 60 min. After removal of the solvents under reduced pressure, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 m OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (3.5 mg, 7% yield). LCMS calc. for C24H30N9O2 (M+H)+: m/z=476.2. Found: 476.2.

Example 103

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.36 mmol) (prepared in Example 100, step 2) and 3-methoxypyrrolidine HCl (56 mg, 0.4 mmol) in DCM (1.9 mL) was added resin of sodium triacetoxyborohydride (290 mg, 0.66 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The mixture was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C25H36N3O8 (M+H)+: m/z=506.2. Found: 506.2.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (0.15 g, 0.30 mmol), LiOH.H2O (87 mg, 2.1 mmol), water (0.33 mL), THF (0.40 mL) and MeOH (0.40 mL) was heated at 70° C. for 1 h. The solution was filtered and then diluted with MeOH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C19H26N3O6 (M+H)+: m/z=392.2. Found: 392.2.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (72 mg, 0.20 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (72 mg, 0.18 mmol) and molecular sieves (0.16 g, 0.71 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (1.5 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 25 min., then DIPEA (80.0 mg, 0.62 mmol) and HATU (0.25 g, 0.66 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 24 h. The mixture was diluted with MeOH, filtered, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C35H47F3N7O7 (M+H)+: m/z=734.4. Found: 734.4.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-methoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (10 mg, 0.014 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (0.5 mL), then a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (1.0 mL, 4.0 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 m OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound. LCMS calc. for C25H31F3N7O3 (M+H)+: m/z=534.3. Found: 534.3.

Example 104

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-ethoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-ethoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 3-ethoxypyrrolidine hydrochloride (4 mg, 0.03 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (16.0 mg, 0.024 mmol) (prepared in Example 99, step 4) in dry 1,2-dichloroethane (0.10 mL) was treated with sodium triacetoxyborohydride resin (10.4 mg, 0.05 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated to give the crude product, which was used directly in the next step. LCMS calc. for C36H49F3N7O7 (M+H)+: m/z=748.4. Found: 748.4.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(3-ethoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(3-ethoxypyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl)}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (9 mg, 0.01 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (0.5 mL), followed by the addition of 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (1.0 mL, 4.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents under reduced pressure, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound. LCMS calc. for C26H33F3N7O3 (M+H)+: m/z=548.3. Found: 548.3.

Example 105

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-{[(2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl)carbonyl]amino}pyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl)}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (90.0 mg, 0.14 mmol) (prepared in Example 99, step 4) and (3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidine hydrochloride (20.9 mg, 0.17 mmol) in dry 1,2-dichloroethane (0.66 mL) was treated with DIPEA (31.4 μL, 0.18 mmol), followed by the addition of sodium triacetoxyborohydride resin (58.8 mg, 0.28 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product, which was used directly in the next step. LCMS calc. for C34H44F4N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=722.2. Found: 722.2.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-{[(2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl)carbonyl]amino}pyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (96.0 mg, 0.13 mmol) in MeOH (0.22 mL) was added 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (2.66 mL, 10.6 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 40 min. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 m OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (33 mg, 48%). LCMS calc. for C24H28F4N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=522.2. Found: 522.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.08 (s, 1H), 9.48 (s, 1H), 8.21 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 2H), 7.66 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 5.24 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 5.13 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 3.68 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 3.19 (d, J=10.8 Hz, 1H), 3.16-3.07 (m, 1H), 3.03 (s, 2H), 2.86-2.67 (m, 3H), 2.68-2.52 (m, 2H), 2.41 (t, J=10.6 Hz, 1H), 2.34 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 2.12 (ddd, J=27.4, 13.6, 7.6 Hz, 3H), 1.86 (ddt, J=28.6, 14.3, 6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.19 (q, J=12.3 Hz, 2H) ppm.

Example 106

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{[(3S)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-{[(2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{[(3S)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl)carbonyl]amino}pyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (10.0 mg, 0.015 mmol) (prepared in Example 99, step 4) and (3S)-3-fluoropyrrolidine hydrochloride (2.3 mg, 0.02 mmol) in dry 1,2-dichloroethane (0.07 mL) was treated with DIPEA (4 μL, 0.02 mmol), followed by sodium triacetoxyborohydride resin (6.5 mg, 0.03 mmol). The mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product, which was used directly in the next step. LCMS calc. for C34H44F4N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=722.2. Found: 722.2.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{[(3S)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-{[(2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{[(3S)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]methyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl)carbonyl]amino}pyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (11.1 mg, 0.015 mmol) in MeOH (0.10 mL) was added 4.0 M HCl in dioxane (0.31 mL, 1.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The solvents were removed under reduced pressure, then the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (4.8 mg, 60%). LCMS calc. for C24H28F4N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=522.2. Found: 522.2.

Example 107

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(4-methoxypiperidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(4-methoxypiperidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of 4-methoxypiperidine hydrochloride (2.1 mg, 0.014 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (8.0 mg, 0.01 mmol) (prepared in Example 99, step 4) in dry 1,2-dichloroethane (0.10 mL, 1.3 mmol) was treated with sodium triacetoxyborohydride resin (5.2 mg, 0.025 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product, which was used directly in the next step. LCMS calc. for C36H49F3N7O7 (M+H)+: m/z=748.4. Found: 748.4.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(4-methoxypiperidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(4-methoxypiperidin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (9 mg, 0.01 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (0.20 mL), then 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (1.0 mL, 4.0 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents under reduced pressure, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound. LCMS calc. for C26H33F3N7O3 (M+H)+: m/z=548.3. Found: 548.3.

Example 108

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-formylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (90.0 mg, 0.14 mmol) (prepared in Example 99, step 4) and 1-methylpiperazine (16.7 mg, 0.17 mmol) in dry 1,2-dichloroethane (0.66 mL) was treated by the addition of sodium triacetoxyborohydride resin (58.8 mg, 0.28 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product, which was used directly in the next step. LCMS calc. for C35H48F3N8O6 (M+H)+: m/z=733.2. Found: 733.2.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)methyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (102 mg, 0.14 mmol) in MeOH (0.23 mL) was added 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (2.78 mL, 11 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. After removal of the solvents under reduced pressure, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (41.4 mg, 56%). LCMS calc. for C25H32F3N8O2 (M+H)+: m/z=533.2. Found: 533.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): ö 10.00 (s, 1H), 9.46 (s, 2H), 8.56 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H), 8.39 (d, J=13.4 Hz, 3H), 7.86 (s, 3H), 7.70 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H), 3.90 (dd, J=43.3, 9.0 Hz, 3H), 3.66 (s, 1H), 3.10 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 3H), 2.95 (t, J=11.8 Hz, 3H), 2.43 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 2H), 1.75 (s, 2H), 1.66 (q, J=11.8 Hz, 2H) ppm.

Example 109

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.39 mmol), 1-methyl-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole (97.2 mg, 0.47 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (49.0 mg, 0.062 mmol) and K3PO4 (165 mg, 0.78 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (1.22 mL) and water (0.28 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h under a N2 atmosphere. The crude mixture was diluted with EtOAc and water. The organic layer was separated and dried over Na2SO4 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 10% MeOH in EtOAc) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (69 mg, 46%). LCMS calc. for C19H23N4O5 (M+H)+: m/z=387.2. Found: 387.2.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (69.0 mg, 0.18 mmol), LiOH.H2O (42.8 mg, 1.8 mmol), THF (0.46 mL), water (0.15 mL) and MeCN (0.35 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 6 h. The solvents were removed under reduced pressure and the pH was adjusted to 7 with 3 M HCl. The crude mixture was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (44 mg, 69%). LCMS calc. for C17H19N4O5 (M+H)+: m/z=359.2. Found: 359.2.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (16.9 mg, 0.047 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (14.0 mg, 0.039 mmol) and molecular sieves (35.0 mg, 0.16 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.25 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., then DIPEA (20.4 μL, 0.12 mmol) and HATU (74.3 mg, 0.20 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was filtered, and solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (4 mg, 10%). LCMS calc. for C33H40F3N8O6 (M+H)+: m/z=701.3. Found: 701.3.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (4 mg, 0.01 mmol) in MeOH (0.02 mL) was added 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.11 mL, 0.43 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 m OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (2 mg, 74%). LCMS calc. for C23H24F3N8O2 (M+H)+: m/z=501.2. Found: 501.2.

Example 110

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl [3-{[(4-{(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-(1-methyl-H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (14.4 mg, 0.047 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (14.0 mg, 0.039 mmol) (prepared in Example 109, step 2) and molecular sieves (35.0 mg, 0.16 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.22 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., then DIPEA (20.4 μL, 0.12 mmol) and HATU (74.3 mg, 0.20 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was filtered, and solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (4.3 mg, 17%). LCMS calc. for C33H43N8O6 (M+H)+: m/z=647.3. Found: 647.3.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [3-{[(4-{(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate (4.3 mg, 0.01 mmol) in MeOH (0.05 mL) was added a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.13 mL, 0.53 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (3 mg, 84%). LCMS calc. for C23H27N8O2 (M+H)+: m/z=447.2. Found: 447.2.

Example 111

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.64 mmol), pyrimidin-5-ylboronic acid (94.6 mg, 0.76 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (80.1 mg, 0.10 mmol) and K3PO4 (270 mg, 1.27 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (1.99 mL) and water (0.46 mL) was stirred at 90° C. for 2 h under N2 atmosphere. The crude product was diluted with EtOAc and water. The organic layer was separated, dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 10% MeOH in EtOAc) to give the product as a light yellow powder (108 mg, 36%). LCMS calc. for C23H27N4O7 (M+H)+: m/z=471.2. Found: 471.2.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (108 mg, 0.23 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (44 mg, 1.8 mmol) in THF (0.60 mL), water (0.20 mL) and MeOH (0.30 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 2 h. The solvents were removed and pH was adjusted to 7 with 3 M HCl. The crude mixture was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (24 mg, 29%). LCMS calc. for C17H17N4O5 (M+H)+: m/z=357.2. Found: 357.2.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (12.1 mg, 0.034 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (10.0 mg, 0.03 mmol) and molecular sieves (25.1 mg, 0.11 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.155 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., then DIPEA (14.7 μL, 0.08 mmol) and HATU (53.4 mg, 0.14 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was filtered, washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (3.0 mg, 15%). LCMS calc. for C33H38F3N8O6 (M+H)+: m/z=699.2. Found: 699.2.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (3.0 mg, 0.004 mmol) in MeOH (0.04 mL) was added a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.1 mL, 0.4 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 45 min. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (2 mg, 94%). LCMS calc. for C23H22F3N8O2 (M+H)+: m/z=499.2. Found: 499.2.

Example 112

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl (3-{[(4-{(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (10.3 mg, 0.03 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (10.0 mg, 0.03 mmol) and molecular sieves (25 mg, 0.11 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.16 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., then DIPEA (14.7 μL, 0.08 mmol) and HATU (53.4 mg, 0.14 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was filtered, and the solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (10 mg). LCMS calc. for C33H41N8O6 (M+H)+: m/z=645.3. Found: 645.3.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl (3-{[(4-{(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-pyrimidin-5-ylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (10.0 mg, 0.01 mmol) in MeOH (0.02 mL) was added a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.12 mL, 0.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (2 mg, 54%). LCMS calc. for C23H25N8O2 (M+H)+: m/z=445.3. Found: 445.3.

Example 113

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a microwave vial was added ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (300 mg, 0.78 mmol), potassium cyclopropyltrifluoroborate (210 mg, 1.4 mmol), Cs2CO3 (761 mg, 2.34 mmol), Pd(OAc)2 (35 mg, 0.16 mmol) and di-1-adamantyl(butyl)phosphine (42 mg, 0.12 mmol). The vial was sealed, evacuated and filled with N2 three times. Toluene (2.86 mL) and water (0.28 mL) were added. The reaction mixture was heated at 110° C. for 26 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and EtOAc. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in THF (3 mL), followed by the addition of Boc2O (0.13 g) and DMAP (13 mg). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The solvent was removed and the crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 80% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a yellow foam. LCMS calc. for C18H23N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=347.2. Found: 347.2.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (157 mg, 0.45 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (59 mg, 2.5 mmol) in THF (1.7 mL), water (0.57 mL) and MeOH (1.1 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 16 h. The solvents were removed under reduced pressure and the pH was adjusted to 7 with 3 M HCl. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was separated and washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as light brown powder (103 mg, 71%). LCMS calc. for C16H19N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=319.2. Found: 319.2.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (20.4 mg, 0.06 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (15.0 mg, 0.05 mmol) and molecular sieves (42 mg, 0.19 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.26 m) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., followed by the addition of DIPEA (25 μL, 0.14 mmol) and HATU (89.6 mg, 0.24 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was filtered and washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (7.0 mg, 22%). LCMS calc. for C32H40F3N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=661.2. Found: 661.2.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (6.1 mg, 0.01 mmol) in MeOH (0.02 mL) was added a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.19 mL, 0.74 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. After removal of the solvents under reduced pressure, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 m OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (2.0 mg, 47%). LCMS calc. for C22H24F3N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=461.3. Found: 461.3.

Example 114

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl ((3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (17.3 mg, 0.06 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (15 mg, 0.05 mmol) (prepared in Example 113, step 2) and molecular sieves (42 mg, 0.19 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.26 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., then DIPEA (25 μL, 0.14 mmol) and HATU (89.6 mg, 0.24 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 2 h. The mixture was filtered and solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (3 mg, 10%). LCMS calc. for C32H43N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=607.2. Found: 607.2.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl ((3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (6.0 mg, 0.01 mmol) in MeOH (0.02 mL) was added a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.20 mL, 0.79 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h.

After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (2.3 mg, 57%). LCMS calc. for C22H27N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=407.2. Found: 407.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): ö 10.09 (s, 1H), 9.44 (s, 1H), 8.22-8.08 (m, 2H), 7.34 (d, J=1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.15 (d, J=10.4 Hz, 2H), 3.06 (t, J=10.6 Hz, 2H), 2.16 (q, J=10.8 Hz, 2H), 2.06 (dq, J=8.4, 4.2, 3.3 Hz, 3H), 1.96 (d, J=12.4 Hz, 1H), 0.97 (dd, J=8.3, 2.1 Hz, 3H), 0.83 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 4H), 0.77-0.63 (m, 3H) ppm.

Example 115

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of methyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (150 mg, 0.40 mmol), trimethylboroxine (0.12 mL, 0.83 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (32 mg, 0.04 mmol) and Cs2CO3 (330 mg, 1.0 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (3.0 mL) and water (0.40 mL) was evacuated and backfilled with N2 three times. The reaction mixture was heated at 90° C. for 16 h. The crude mixture was filtered and purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (113 mg, 91%). LCMS calc. for C15H19N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=307.1. Found: 307.1.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of methyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (429 mg, 1.4 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (270 mg, 11 mmol) in THF (5.3 mL), water (1.8 mL) and MeOH (3.5 mL) was stirred at 75° C. for 16 h. The solvents were removed under reduced pressure and pH was adjusted to 7 with 6 M HCl. The crude mixture was diluted with THF and MeOH. The mixture was placed in the fridge and the sub-title compound precipitated out over the weekend. It was collected by vacuum filtration, and washed with cold water twice. The cake was dried overnight under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (240.3 mg, 59%). LCMS calc. for C14H17N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=293.1. Found: 293.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (342 mg, 0.95 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (231 mg, 0.79 mmol) and molecular sieves (710 mg, 3.2 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (4.4 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., followed by the addition of DIPEA (0.41 mL, 2.4 mmol) and HATU (1.50 g, 3.95 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 4 h. The mixture was filtered and solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus (eluting with 0 to 100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (133.6 mg, 27%). LCMS calc. for C30H38F3N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=635.2. Found: 635.2.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (133 mg, 0.21 mmol) in MeOH (0.34 mL) was added 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (4.2 mL, 16.8 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 60 min. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (53 mg, 58%). LCMS calc. for C20H22F3N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=435.2. Found: 425.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): ö 10.34 (s, 1H), 9.34 (s, 1H), 9.18 (d, J=1.5, 1H), 8.75 (m, 1H), 8.58 (m, 2H), 8.28 (d, J=5.3, 1H), 7.14 (d, J=5.4, 1H), 7.01 (d, J=10.1, 2H), 4.60 (d, J=6.0, 1H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.27 (m, 2H), 2.96 (m, 2H), 2.59 (t, J=10.8, 1H), 2.55-2.49 (m, 1H), 1.66 (s, 2H), 1.25 (m, 1H), 0.57 (m, 1H), 0.30 (m, 1H), 0.17 (m, 1H), 0.04 (m, 2H) ppm.

Example 116

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl ((3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (18.9 mg, 0.06 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (15 mg, 0.05 mmol) (prepared in Example 115, step 2) and molecular sieves (46 mg, 0.21 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.28 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., then DIPEA (27 μL, 0.15 mmol) and HATU (97.6 mg, 0.26 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (6 mg, 20%). LCMS calc. for C30H41N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=581.2. Found: 581.2.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl ((3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-methylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (6.0 mg, 0.01 mmol) in MeOH (0.02 mL) was added a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.10 mL, 0.4 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (2 mg, 51%). LCMS calc. for C20H25N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=381.2. Found: 381.2.

Example 117

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.10 g, 2.3 mmol), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-vinyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (0.69 mL, 4.1 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (267 mg, 0.34 mmol) and K3PO4 (0.96 g, 4.5 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (7.1 mL) and water (1.6 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 4 h under N2 atmosphere. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and water. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 30% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the product as light brown powder (980 mg, 98%). LCMS calc. for C22H29N2O7 (M+H)+: m/z=433.1. Found: 433.1.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A solution of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (800 mg, 1.85 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (540 mg, 13 mmol) in THF (10 mL), MeOH (7 mL), and water (4 mL) was heated at 70° C. in a flask for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered to remove unreacted LiOH and neutralized with 6 M HCl. After all the solvents were removed under reduced pressure, the residue was mixed with ice water, and the resulting precipitate was collected by vacuum filtration. The light yellow cake was washed with cold water, and dried under reduced pressure overnight to provide the sub-title compound as fluffy light brown powder (466 mg, 83%). LCMS calc. for C15H17N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=305.1. Found: 305.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl (3-{[(4-{(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (362 mg, 1.2 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (300 mg, 0.99 mmol) and molecular sieves (0.88 g, 3.9 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (5.4 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., then DIPEA (0.52 mL, 3.0 mmol) and HATU (1.87 g, 4.9 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 20 h. The mixture was filtered and solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (167 mg, 29%). LCMS calc. for C31H41N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=593.2. Found: 593.2.

Step 4. tert-Butyl ((3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

To a solution of tert-butyl (3-{[(4-{(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl}pyridin-3-yl)amino]carbonyl}-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl)carbamate (167 mg, 0.28 mmol) in MeOH (1.00 mL) under N2 was added 5 wt % of Pd on carbon (46 mg, 0.04 mmol). The reaction mixture was hydrogenated under H2 balloon at 1 atm. for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through diatomaceous earth and the filtrate was concentrated and dried under high vacuum to give the sub-title compound as an off-white foamy powder (125 mg, 75%). LCMS calc. for C31H43N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=595.3. Found: 595.3.

Step 5. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl ((3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (125 mg, 0.21 mmol) in MeOH (0.34 mL) was added a 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (4.2 mL, 17 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 60 min. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (44.0 mg, 53%). LCMS calc. for C21H27N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=395.2. Found: 395.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): ö 10.11 (s, 1H), 9.46 (s, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.09 (d, J=1.1 Hz, 2H), 7.62 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 2H), 7.10 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.15 (d, J=10.8 Hz, 1H), 3.11-2.99 (m, 4H), 2.68 (q, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.22-2.12 (m, 3H), 1.95 (d, J=12.5 Hz, 2H), 1.21 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 0.82 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Example 118

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl {3-[({4-[(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}amino)carbonyl]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl}carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (911 mg, 2.5 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (846 mg, 2.78 mmol) (prepared in Example 117, step 2) and molecular sieves (2.26 g, 10.1 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (17.9 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., followed by the addition of DIPEA (1.32 mL, 7.6 mmol) and HATU (4.80 g, 12.6 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 24 h. The reaction mixture was filtered solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 50% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (622 mg, 38%). LCMS calc. for C31H38F3N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=647.2. Found: 647.2.

Step 2. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

To a solution of tert-butyl {3-[({4-[(3S,5R)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}amino)carbonyl]-6-vinylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl}carbamate (12 mg, 0.019 mmol) in MeOH (0.15 mL) under N2 was added 5 wt % of Pd on carbon (4 mg, 0.01 mmol). The reaction mixture was hydrogenated under H2 balloon at 1 atm. for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through diatomaceous earth and the filtrate was concentrated and dried under high vacuum to give the sub-title compound as an off-white foamy powder (11.8 mg, 98%). LCMS calc. for C31H40F3N6O6 (M+H)+: m/z=649.3. Found: 649.3.

Step 3. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-ethylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (11.8 mg, 0.02 mmol) in MeOH (0.02 mL) was added 4.0 M solution of HCl in dioxane (0.23 mL, 0.9 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (3.7 mg, 45%). LCMS calc. for C21H24F3N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=449.2. Found: 449.2.

Example 119

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(2, 6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (200 mg, 0.52 mmol), (2,6-difluorophenyl)boronic acid (98 mg, 0.62 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (65.4 mg, 0.083 mmol) and K3PO4 (220 mg, 1.04 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (1.62 mL) and water (0.38 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 2 h (only low conversion was achieved). The crude product was filtered to remove K3PO4, then Pd(tBu3P)2 (60 mg) and DIPEA (230 μL) were added. The reaction mixture was heated at 100° C. for 1 h and the reaction was complete. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and water. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2SO4 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (0 to 40% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the product as a light yellow gum (189 mg, 87%). LCMS calc. for C21H21F2N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=419.1. Found: 419.1.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(2, 6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (188 mg, 0.45 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (108 mg, 4.5 mmol) in THF (1.2 mL), MeOH (0.87 mL) and water (0.39 mL) was stirred at 80° C. for 3 h. The solvents were removed under reduced pressure and pH was adjusted to 4-5 with 6 M HCl. The resulted precipitate was collected by vacuum filtration. The cake was washed with cold water and dried under reduced pressure overnight to give the sub-title compound as a light yellow powder (137.4 mg, 78%). LCMS calc. for C19H17F2N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=391.1. Found: 391.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl {(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(2, 6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl}carbamate

A mixture of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (18.8 mg, 0.062 mmol), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (20 mg, 0.05 mmol) and molecular sieves (46 mg, 0.21 mmol) (4 Å) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.28 mL) was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 30 min., then DIPEA (27 μL, 0.15 mmol) and HATU (97.4 mg, 0.26 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred vigorously at room temperature for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was filtered and solids were washed with THF. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS MS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the sub-title compound as an off-white powder (4.0 mg, 12%). LCMS calc. for C35H41F2N6O6(M+H)+: m/z=679.3. Found: 679.3.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(2, 6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of tert-butyl {(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(2,6-difluorophenyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl}carbamate (3.0 mg, 0.004 mmol) in MeOH (0.02 mL) was added 4.0 M HCl in dioxane (0.10 mL, 0.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. After removal of the solvents, the residue was diluted with MeOH and NH4OH, and purified by preparative LCMS MS (pH=10 method; XBridge™ PrepC18 5 μm OBD™ column, 30×10 mm, 60 mL/min., eluting with a gradient of MeCN and water with NH4OH) to give the title compound (2 mg, 80%). LCMS calc. for C25H25F2N6O2 (M+H)+: m/z=479.2. Found: 479.2.

Example 120

2-Amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 6-bromo-2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

The mixture of 5-bromo-2-iodopyridin-3-ol (3.00 g, 10.0 mmol), ethyl cyanoacetate (2.26 g, 20.0 mmol), copper(I) iodide (343 mg, 1.80 mmol), 2-pyridinecarboxylic acid (443 mg, 3.60 mmol) and Cs2CO3 (11.7 g, 36.0 mmol) in dioxane (66.7 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The reaction mixture was then adjusted to pH 8 with 1 M aq. HCl solution. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated to give a cyclization product.

To the above cyclization product was add DMAP (122 mg, 1.00 mmol) followed by THF (40.5 mL). Then a solution of Boc2O (3.05 g, 14.0 mmol) in DCM (32.0 mL) was added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 h. Additional Boc2O (1.52 g, 7.00 mmol) was added. After stirring for another 2 h, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (10-20% EtOAc/Hex) to give the product (2.61 g, 68% yield, two steps). LCMS calc. for C15H18BrN2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=385.0. Found: 385.2. 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.66 (s, 1H), 8.63 (s, 1H), 7.88 (d, J=1.9 Hz, 1H), 4.52 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 1.57 (s, 9H), 1.46 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Step 2. Ethyl 2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-6-hydroxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of KOAc (1.72 g, 17.5 mmol), ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (2.50 g, 5.84 mmol) and bis(pinacolato)diboron (2.37 g, 9.34 mmol) dioxane (29.2 mL) was added, followed by Pd(dppf)Cl2-DCM complex (477 mg, 584 μmol). After stirring at 90° C. for 3 h, the mixture was diluted with DCM, filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the boronic ester.

To the boronic ester were added neutral Al2O3 (200 mg), DCM (28.5 mL) and water (28.5 mL), followed by H2O2 (30%) in water (11.9 mL, 116 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, and then filtered. The filtrate was diluted with DCM and washed with water. The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (40-80% EtOAc/Hex) to give the product (1.10 g, 59% yield, two steps). Rf=0.15 (50% EtOAc/Hex). LCMS calc. for C15H19N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=323.1. Found: 323.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.50 (s, 1H), 8.25 (s, 1H), 7.40 (s, 1H), 4.43 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 2H), 1.55 (s, 9H), 1.36 (t, J=6.7 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Step 3. Ethyl 2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-hydroxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (660 mg, 2.05 mmol) and potassium hydroxide (1620 mg, 24.6 mmol) was added MeCN (10.3 mL), followed by H2O (10.3 mL). The mixture was cooled to −78° C. Diethyl [bromo(difluoro)methyl]phosphonate (1.46 mL, 8.19 mmol) was then added. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was quenched with aq. HCl (1 M) to pH 7 and then extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (10-25% EtOAc/Hex) to give the product (458 mg, 60% yield). Rf=0.70 (50% EtOAc/Hex). LCMS calc. for C16H19F2N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=373.1. Found: 373.2.

Step 4. 2-(tert-Butoxycarbonylamino)-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (450 mg, 1.21 mmol) in THF (3.92 mL) was added water (2.61 mL), MeOH (2.94 mL), and LiOH (347 mg, 14.5 mmol. After stirring at 40° C. for 18 h, the mixture was adjusted to pH 5 with aqueous solution of HCl (1 M). The mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue (378 mg, 91% yield) was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C14H15F2N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=345.1. Found: 345.1.

Step 5. 2-Amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

HATU (223 mg, 0.586 mmol) was added to the solution of tert-butyl [(3 S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (157 mg, 0.512 mmol) and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(difluoromethoxy)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (126 mg, 0.366 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (1.12 mL), followed by N,N-diisopropylethylamine (153 μL, 0.878 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 14 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (40-70% EtOAc/Hexanes) to give the coupling product as a yellow oil (116 mg, 50% yield). Rf=0.12 (50% EtOAc/Hexanes).

The solution of HCl in dioxane (4 M, 2.75 mL) was added to the solution of the coupling product (116 mg, 0.183 mmol) in MeOH (0.371 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The crude product was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by RP-HPLC (water XBridge C18 column, 30 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% NH4OH, at flow rate of 60 mL/min.) to give the title compound. LCMS calc. for C20H23F2N6O3 (M+H)+ m/z=433.2; found: 433.3. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.01 (s, 1H), 9.46 (s, 1H), 8.20-8.12 (m, 2H), 7.83 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.21 (t, J=73.9 Hz, 1H), 7.11 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.19-3.10 (m, 1H), 3.09-2.99 (m, 2H), 2.18 (ddd, J=10.7, 5.5, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 2.16 (ddd, J=10.7, 5.5, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 2.07-1.92 (m, 2H), 0.82 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H), 0.79-0.70 (m, 1H).

Example 121

2-Amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropoxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-(bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

This compound was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 120 (step 1) with excess Boc2O. LCMS calc. for C20H26BrN2O7 (M+H)+: m/z=485.1. Found: 485.2.

Step 2. Ethyl 2-(bis(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-6-hydroxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

This compound was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 120 (step 2). LCMS calc. for C20H27N2O8 (M+H)+: m/z=423.1. Found: 422.8.

Step 3. Ethyl 2-(bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-6-isopropoxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

PPh3 (0.149 g, 0.567 mmol) was added to the solution of ethyl 2-bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-hydroxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (79.8 mg, 0.189 mmol) and i-PrOH (43.4 μL, 0.567 mmol) in THE (1.26 mL). The mixture was cooled to 0° C., and then diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (112 μL, 0.567 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 15 h, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (20-40% EtOAc/Hex) to give the sub-title compound as a white solid (75.5 mg, 86% yield). LCMS calc. for C23H33N2O8 (M+H)+: m/z=465.2. Found: 464.8.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropoxyfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

This compound was synthesized using an analogous procedure to that described in Example 120 (step 4 and 5). LCMS calc. for C22H29N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=425.2. Found: 425.3.

Example 122

2-Amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(4,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.82 g, 4.7 mmol), 2-(4,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.38 g, 7.03 mmol), [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium (II) (340 mg, 0.47 mmol), and potassium carbonate (2.0 g, 14 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (19 mL) was de-gassed and purged with N2 (g) several times prior to heating at 90° C. in a sealed vial for 12 h. The crude reaction mixture was allowed to cool to ambient temperature prior to filtering through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The inorganics were washed thoroughly with EtOAc. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using a CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with MeOH/DCM (0-10%) to afford 1.77 g of the sub-title compound (100% yield). LCMS calc. for C19H23N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=375.2; found: 375.2.

Step B. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(4,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(4,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.77 g, 4.73 mmol) and DMAP (87 mg, 0.71 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added Boc2O (1.6 mL, 7.1 mmol) and the resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 12 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using a CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with MeOH/DCM (0-5%) to afford 1.38 g of the sub-title compound (62% yield). LCMS calc. for C24H31N2O8 (M+H)+: m/z=475.2; found: 475.2.

Step C. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(4,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.38 g, 2.91 mmol) and 10% Pd on carbon (0.31 g, 0.29 mmol) in MeOH (10 mL) was stirred under an atmosphere of H2 (g) via a balloon for 4 h. The crude reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and the inorganics were washed thoroughly with EtOAc. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 0.975 g of the sub-title compound (71% yield). LCMS calc. for C24H33N2O8 (M+H)+: m/z=477.2; found: 477.3.

Step D. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[tetrahydrofuran-3-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A solution of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[tetrahydrofuran-3-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (377 mg, 0.79 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (260 mg, 6.3 mmol) in THF (1.2 mL), MeOH (0.8 mL), and water (0.4 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 12 h. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature, diluted with EtOAc (30 mL), and neutralized to pH=7 with 1 M HCl (aq.). The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with H2O (3 mL). The combined aqueous phases were back extracted with EtOAc (5 mL) and the combined organic layers were washed with brine (3 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 281 mg of the sub-title compound (100% yield). The product was used in the subsequent reaction without further purification. LCMS calc. for C17H21N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=349.1; found: 349.1.

Step E. 2-Amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[tetrahydrofuran-3-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (67 mg, 0.19 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate (66 mg, 0.22 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.8 mL) were added sequentially HATU (88 mg, 0.23 mmol) and DIPEA (84 μL, 0.48 mmol). The resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 12 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using a CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with MeOH/DCM (0-10%) to afford 126 mg of the title compound, which was contaminated with DIPEA. LCMS calc. for C33H45N6O7 (M+H)+: m/z=637.3; found: 637.0.

To the purified intermediate were added DCM (1 mL) and TFA (1 mL) and the solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2) to afford the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C23H29N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=437.2; found: 437.3.

Example 123

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

To a solution of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (221 mg, 0.634 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (320 mg, 0.89 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (1 mL) was added sequentially HATU (290 mg, 0.76 mmol) and DIPEA (330 μL, 1.9 mmol) and the resulting solution was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. HATU (150 mg, 0.39 mmol) and DIPEA (110 μL, 0.63 mmol) were added, and stirring was continued for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with MeOH/DCM (0-10%) to afford 281 mg of the title compound, which was not completely pure. LCMS calc. for C33H42F3N6O7 (M+H)+: m/z=691.3; found: 691.3.

To the purified intermediate were added 4 M HCl in 1,4-dioxane (4 mL) and MeOH (0.2 mL) and the solution was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (pH=2) to afford the title compound as a white powder. LCMS calc. for C23H26F3N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=491.2; found: 491.3.

Example 124

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (250 mg, 0.65 mmol), 0.5 M bromo(cyclobutyl)zinc in THF (2.0 mL, 0.98 mmol), Pd(OAc)2 (7 mg, 0.05 mmol) and 2-(dicyclohexylphosphino)-2′,6′-dimethoxy-1,1′-biphenyl (26 mg, 0.06 mmol) was de-gassed and purged with N2 several times prior to stirring at ambient temperature for 12 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using a CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with MeOH/DCM (0-5%) to afford 157 mg of the sub-title compound (68% yield). LCMS calc. for C19H25N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=361.2; found: 361.1.

Step B. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (203 mg, 0.56 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (160 mg, 3.9 mmol) in THF (1.2 mL), MeOH (0.8 mL), and water (0.4 mL) was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (40 mL) and neutralized by the addition of 1.0 M HCl in water until pH=7 was reached. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with H2O (4 mL) and the combined aqueous phases were back-extracted with EtOAc (5 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (5 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 192 mg of the sub-title compound (100% yield). The crude product was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C17H21N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=333.1; found: 333.1.

Step C. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

An amide coupling and subsequent deprotection procedure analogous to that described in Example 122 was used with the exception that 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid and ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl (dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate were used to afford the title compound. LCMS calc. for C23H29N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=437.2; found: 437.2.

Example 125

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A procedure analogous to that described in Example 123 was used except that tert-butyl (3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclobutylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid were used in the amide coupling/deprotection sequence to afford the title compound. LCMS calc. for C25H31N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=463.2; found: 463.3.

Example 126

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl)}-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (0.300 g, 0.779 mmol), N-methyl-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)pyridine-2-carboxamide (0.2654 g, 1.012 mmol), N-methyl-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)pyridine-2-carboxamide, DIPEA (0.27 mL, 1.6 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (4 mL) and water (0.2 mL) was deoxygenated and purged with N2 several times prior to the addition of Pd(tBu3P)2 (0.0796 g, 0.16 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated at 85° C. for 1.5 h. Upon cooling to ambient temperature the reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The resulting filtrate was washed with water, brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by silica gel flash column chromatography using a CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with EtOAc/hexanes (0-100%) to afford 285 mg of the sub-title compound (83% yield). LCMS calc. for C22H25N4O6 (M+H)+: m/z=441.2; found: 441.2.

Step B. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

The intermediate from Step A was dissolved in THF (3 mL), MeOH (2 mL), and water (1 mL). LiOH.H2O (0.13 g, 5.4 mmol) was added and the resulting solution was heated at 62° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (40 mL) and neutralized by the addition of 1.0 M HCl in water until the pH=7. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with H2O (4 mL) then the combined aqueous phases were back-extracted with EtOAc (5 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (5 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the sub-title compound (285 mg, 89% yield). The crude product was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C20H21N4O6 (M+H)+: m/z=413.1; found: 413.3.

Step C. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

An amide coupling and subsequent de-protection procedure analogous to that described in Example 122 was used except that 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate were used as starting materials to afford the title compound. LCMS calc. for C26H26F3N8O3 (M+H)+: m/z=555.2; found: 555.3.

Example 127

2-Amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(6-(methylcarbamoyl)pyridin-3-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A procedure analogous to that described in Example 122 was used except that tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate and 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid were used as the starting materials to afford the title compound. LCMS calc. for C26H29N8O3 (M+H)+: m/z=501.2; found: 501.3.

Example 128

2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step A. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (300. mg, 0.779 mmol), potassium cyclopropyltrifluoroborate (340 mg, 2.3 mmol), K3PO4 (500 mg, 2.3 mmol) and Pd(PPh3)4 (45 mg, 0.039 mmol) in toluene (3 mL) and water (1 mL) was de-gassed and purged with N2 several times prior to heating at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with MeOH, filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and purified by silica gel flash column chromatography using a CombiFlash® apparatus eluting with MeOH/DCM (0-10%) to afford 183 mg of the sub-title compound (95% yield). LCMS calc. for C18H23N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=347.2; found: 347.1.

Step B. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (183 mg, 0.53 mmol) and LiOH.H2O (135 mg, 3.22 mmol) in THF (2.0 mL), MeOH (1.8 mL), and water (0.8 mL) was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (40 mL) and neutralized by the addition of 1.0 M HCl in water until pH=7. The layers were separated and the organic layer was washed with H2O (4 mL) and the combined aqueous phases were back-extracted with EtOAc (5 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (5 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 122 mg of the sub-title compound (73% yield). The crude product was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C16H19N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=319.1; found: 319.1.

Step C. 2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

An amide coupling and subsequent de-protection procedure analogous to that described in Example 122 was used with the exception that 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid and tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl (dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate were used as the starting materials to afford the title compound. LCMS calc. for C24H29N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=449.2; found: 449.2.

Example 129

2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-5-cyclopropyl-4-hydroxypiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(trifluoromethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

An amide coupling and subsequent de-protection procedure analogous to that described Example 122 was used with the exception that 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(trifluormethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid and tert-butyl((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl (dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-cyclopropylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate were used as the starting materials to afford the title compound. LCMS calc. for C22H24F3N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=477.2; found: 477.1.

Example 130

2-Amino-N-{4-[(1R,3S,5S)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. 5-Methyl-3-oxocyclohex-1-en-1-yl trifluoromethanesulfonate

To a solution of 5-methylcyclohexane-1,3-dione (50.1 g, 397 mmol) in DCM (700 mL) was added sodium carbonate (46.3 g, 437 mmol) and cooled to 0° C. A solution of trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride (66.8 mL, 397 mmol) in DCM (600 mL) was added to reaction flask dropwise over 1 h at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The solution was filtered and the filtrate was quenched by careful addition of saturated NaHCO3 until pH=7. The organic layer was washed with water, brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrate to give the sub-title compound as a light yellow oil. The crude product was used for the next step without purification. LCMS calc. for C8H10F3O4S (M+H)+: m/z=259.0; Found: 259.1.

Step 2. 5-Methyl-3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one

To a mixture of 4,4,5,5,4′,4′,5′,5′-octamethyl-[2,2′]bi[[1,3,2]dioxaborolanyl] (77.6 g, 306 mmol), KOAc (77.1 g, 785 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with DCM (1:1) (8.6 g, 10.0 mmol) under N2 was added a solution of 5-methyl-3-oxocyclohex-1-en-1-yl trifluoromethanesulfonate (67.6 g, 262 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (420 mL). The reaction mixture was deoxygenated with N2. The mixture was stirred at 80° C. overnight. After cooling to room temperature, the mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth (eluted with EtOAc). The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product, which was used in next step without purification.

Step 3. 5-Methyl-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one

A solution of 5-methyl-3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (20.0 g, 84.7 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (120 mL), 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (10.0 g, 63.1 mmol), 2.0 M aq. Na2CO3 (63.1 mL, 126 mmol) and [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with DCM (1:1) (2.58 g, 3.15 mmol) was heated under reflux under a N2 atmosphere for 1 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc and water, then filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth, which was washed with EtOAc. The two layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2 times). The combined organic phases were washed with water, brine and dried over Na2SO4. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient 0-60% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as an orange oil (6.6 g, 45%). LCMS calc. for C12H13N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=233.1; Found: 233.1.

Step 4. cis-(±)-5-Methyl-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-ol

To a solution of 5-methyl-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (6.6 g, 28 mmol) in EtOH (93 mL) was added CeCl3.7H2O (12.7 g, 34.1 mmol). The resulting mixture was cooled to 0° C. and sodium tetrahydroborate (1.29 g, 34.1 mmol) was added portionwise. After stirring at 0° C. for 1 h, the reaction was quenched with water and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove the EtOH and extracted with EtOAc. The organic extract was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 20-90% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as racemic mixture (6.4 g, 96%). LCMS calc. for C12H15N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=235.1; Found: 235.1.

Step 5. 4-(3-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-methylcyclohex-1-enyl)3-nitropyridine

A solution of cis(±)-5-methyl-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-ol (6.4 g, 27 mmol) in DMF (51 mL) was added 1H-imidazole (3.7 g, 55 mmol) and tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride (5.8 g, 38 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction solution was diluted with water and EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water (2 times), brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give product as an orange oil. LCMS calc. for C18H29N2O3Si (M+H)+: m/z=349.2; Found: 349.2.

Step 6. 4-(3-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-methylcyclohex-1-enyl)pyridin-3-amine

The mixture of 4-(3-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-methylcyclohex-1-enyl)3-nitropyridine (9.3 g, 27 mmol), iron (8.9 g, 160 mmol) and AcOH (67 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth, washed with MeOH. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to remove the volatile solvents, and the residue was dissolved in EtOAc, washed with saturated Na2CO3, brine and dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a yellow oil (7.7 g, 90%). LCMS calc. for C18H31N2OSi (M+H)+: m/z=319.2; Found: 319.2.

Step 7. 4-(3-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-methylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-amine

To a suspension of 4-(3-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-methylcyclohex-1-enyl)pyridin-3-amine (7.7 g, 24 mmol) in MeOH (203 mL) under N2 was added 10% Pd on carbon (2.64 g, 2.48 mmol). The mixture was purged with H2 and stirred under a balloon of H2 for 3 h. The mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth and eluted with MeOH. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product as an off-white foamy solid (7.3 g, 93%). The crude product was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C18H33N2OSi (M+H)+: m/z=321.2; Found: 321.3.

Step 8. cis (±) Benzyl 4-3-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-methylcyclohexylpyridin-3-ylcarbamate

To a solution of 4-(3-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-methylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-amine (7.3 g, 23 mmol) in DCM (50 mL) was added N-(benzyloxycarbonyloxy)succinimide (6.5 g, 26 mmol) and DMAP (0.14 g, 1.2 mmol). After stirring for 16 h, another portion of N-(benzyloxycarbonyloxy)succinimide (3.1 g, 12 mmol) was added, followed by DMAP. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction solution was partitioned between EtOAc and saturated aq. Na2CO3. The organic layer was washed with saturated aq. Na2CO3 and brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 0-40% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a brown oil (7.0 g, 68%). LCMS calc. for C26H39N2O3Si (M+H)+: m/z=455.3; Found: 455.2.

Step 9. cis-(±)Benzyl 4-(-3-hydroxy-5-methylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-ylcarbamate

To a solution of cis (I) benzyl 4-3-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-5-methylcyclohexylpyridin-3-ylcarbamate (7.0 g, 15 mmol) in MeOH (100 mL) was added 6.0 M HCl in water (50.0 mL, 300 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 h. The pH was then adjusted to pH=7 by addition of 6 M NaOH and the volatile solvents were removed under reduced pressure. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc and the organic extract was washed with brine, dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was used in next step without purification (4.8 g, 92%). LCMS calc. for C20H25N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=341.2; Found: 341.1.

Step 10. cis-(±)-Benzyl 4-(3-methyl-5-oxocyclohexyl)pyridin-3-ylcarbamate

To a solution of cis-(±)benzyl 4-(-3-hydroxy-5-methylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-ylcarbamate (4.8 g, 14 mmol) in DCM (90. mL) was added Dess-Martin periodinane (8.97 g, 21.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with ether and saturated aq. NaHCO3 and stirred for 30 min. The organic layer was separated and washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 0-50% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (2.5 g, 52%). LCMS calc. for C20H23N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=339.2; Found: 339.1.

Step 11. cis-(±)-Benzyl 4-(3-(benzylamino)-5-methylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-ylcarbamate

To a solution of cis-(±)-benzyl 4-(3-methyl-5-oxocyclohexyl)pyridin-3-ylcarbamate (2.50 g, 7.39 mmol) in MeOH (30. mL) was added benzylamine (2.42 mL, 22.2 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. After cooling to −78° C., 2.0 M LiBH4 in THF (4.1 mL, 8.1 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred overnight. The solution was partitioned between EtOAc and saturated aq. NaHCO3, the layers were separated, and the organic extract was washed further with saturated aq. NaHCO3 and brine, then dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was used in the next step without purification (3.1 g, 98%). LCMS calc. for C27H32N3O2 (M+H)+: m/z=430.2; Found: 430.2.

Step 12. 4 tert-Butyl [(1S,3R,5S)-3-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylcyclohexyl]carbamate and 4 tert-Butyl [(1R,3S,5R)-3-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylcyclohexyl]carbamate

To a solution of cis-(±)-benzyl 4-(3-(benzylamino)-5-methylcyclohexyl)pyridin-3-ylcarbamate (3.10 g, 7.22 mmol) in MeOH (100 mL) was added 20% palladium hydroxide (1.0 g, 1.4 mmol). The resulting heterogeneous solution was put under an atmosphere of H2 and was stirred for 14 h. At this time the reaction mixture was purged with N2, Boc2O (1.6 g, 7.2 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred for 7 h. Additional Boc2O (1.6 g, 7.2 mmol) was added and the solution was stirred overnight. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 20-100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the racemic product.

The racemic mixture was separated by chiral column (CHIRALPAK IA Col, 15% EtOH/85% Hex, 12 ml/min.) to give two peaks.

Peak 1 retention time: 14.3 min. LCMS calc. for C17H28N3O2 (M+H)+: m/z=306.2; Found: 306.2. This compound was tentatively identified as the (1R,3S,5R) enantiomer.

Peak 2 retention time: 18.6 min. LCMS calc. for C17H28N3O2 (M+H)+: m/z=306.2; Found: 306.2. This compound was tentatively identified as the (1S,3R,5S) enantiomer.

Step 13. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropenylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.40 g, 2.88 mmol), 2-isopropenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (0.582 mL, 3.46 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (2.0 mg, 0.25 mmol) and K3PO4.H2O (1.46 g, 6.35 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (8.0 mL) and water (2.7 mL) was stirred under N2 atmosphere at 70° C. for 2 h. The crude product was diluted with DCM and washed with water. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (eluting with a gradient of 15-40% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (1.20 g, 98% yield). LCMS calc. for C23H31N2O7 (M+H)+: m/z=447.2; Found: 447.2.

Step 14. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a flask containing ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropenylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.50 g, 3.36 mmol) in MeOH (34 mL) under N2 atmosphere was added 10% Pd on carbon (540 mg, 0.50 mmol). The reaction mixture was purged with H2 and stirred at H2 atmosphere for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth (eluted with MeOH). The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the product as a brown foamy solid (1.27 g, 84%). LCMS calc. for C23H33N2O7 (M+H)+: m/z=449.2; Found: 449.2.

Step 15. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.50 g, 3.34 mmol), LiOH (440 mg, 18 mmol) in THF (11 mL)/water (3.8 mL)/MeOH (7.5 mL) was stirred at 60° C. overnight. Solvent was evaporated and water was added. The pH was adjusted to 7 with 1 M aqueous solution of HCl. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2 times), The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the sub-title compound (0.78 g, 73%). LCMS calc. for C16H21N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=321.1; Found: 321.1.

Step 16. tert-Butyl ((1S,3R,5S)-3-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylcyclohexyl)carbamate

A solution of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (893 mg, 2.37 mmol) and tert-butyl [(1S,3R,5S)-3-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylcyclohexyl]carbamate (603 mg, 1.97 mmol) (step 12, peak 2) in 1,2-dichloroethane (6.24 mL) was added HATU (1.13 g, 2.96 mmol) and DIPEA (760 μL, 4.3 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water, and the aqueous layer was extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (XBridge C18 column, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.05% TFA, at flow rate of 60 mL/min.) give the sub-title compound (0.48 g, 40%). LCMS calc. for C33H46N5O6 (M+H)+: m/z=608.3; Found: 608.3.

Step 17. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(1R,3S,5S)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl ((1S,3R,5S)-3-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylcyclohexyl)carbamate (0.48 g, 0.79 mmol) was treated with 1:1 TFA/DCM (6 mL) for 1 h. The volatile was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (XBridge C18 column, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.05% TFA, at flow rate of 60 mL/min.) to give the title compound as the tris(trifluoroacetate) salt (305 mg, 51%) as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C23H30N5O2 (M+H)+: m/z=408.2; Found: 408.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO) δ 10.31 (s, 1H), 9.63 (s, 1H), 8.48 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.35 (s, 2H), 8.18 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (s, 2H), 7.76 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.34 (m, 1H), 3.25 (t, J=12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.04 (m, 1H), 2.18-2.05 (m, 2H), 1.89 (m, 2H), 1.53 (m, 1H), 1.35-1.06 (m, 8H), 1.02 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 3H).

2-Amino-N-{4-[(1S,3R,5R)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide is prepared by an analogous route using the alternative enantiomer of the starting material in Step 16.

Example 131

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(1E)-3-methoxyprop-1-en-1-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (7.30 g, 15.0 mmol), potassium trifluoro[(1E)-3-methoxyprop-1-en-1-yl]borate(1-) (2.80 g, 15.7 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (960 mg, 1.2 mmol) and K3PO4.H2O (7.06 g, 30.6 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (47.8 mL) and water (11.0 mL) was stirred at 75° C. under N2 atmosphere for 6 h. The crude product was diluted with DCM and washed with water. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 15-40% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (6.3 g, 88% yield). LCMS calc. for C24H33N2O8 (M+H)+: m/z=477.2; Found: 477.2.

Step 2. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[(1E)-3-methoxyprop-1-en-1-yl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (6.3 g, 13 mmol) in MeOH (100 mL) was added 10% Pd on carbon (2.1 g, 2.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred under an atmosphere of H2 for 1.5 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give product as a yellow solid (6.1 g, 96%). LCMS calc. for C24H35N2O8 (M+H)+: m/z=479.2; Found: 479.2.

Step 3. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (6.10 g, 12.7 mmol), LiOH (1.5 g, 64 mmol) in THF (48 mL)/water (16 mL)/MeOH (32 mL) was stirred at 60° C. overnight. LiOH (0.61 g, 25 mmol) was added and heated at 60° C. for another 6 h. Solvent was evaporated and water added. The solution was neutralized with 1 M HCl to pH 7. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a white solid (3.8 g, 85%). LCMS calc. for C17H23N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=351.2; Found: 351.2.

Step 4. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

A solution of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (1.07 g, 3.06 mmol) and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (849 mg, 2.36 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (7.3 mL) were added HATU (1.25 g, 3.30 mmol) and DIPEA (820 μL, 4.7 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and DCM. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 50-100% EtOAc in hexanes and 0-10% MeOH in DCM) to give the sub-title compound (1.3 g, 80%). LCMS calc. for C33H44F3N6O7 (M+H)+: m/z=693.3; Found: 693.3.

Step 5. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (1.3 g, 1.89 mmol) was treated with 1:1 (DCM/TFA) (10 mL) for 1.5 h. The volatile solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with MeOH and purified by preparative LCMS (XBridge C18 column, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% NH4OH, at flow rate of 60 mL/min.) to give the title compound as a white solid (0.32 g, 34%). LCMS calc. for C23H28F3N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=493.2; Found: 493.2, 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO) δ 10.06 (s, 1H), 9.49 (s, 1H), 8.20 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 1H), 8.10 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.30 (m, 5H), 3.23 (s, 3H), 3.18 (m, 1H), 3.12 (m, 1H), 3.04 (m, 1H), 2.74-2.61 (m, 2H), 2.55 (t, J=11.3 Hz, 1H), 2.40 (t, J=10.5 Hz, 1H), 2.18 (d, J=12.2 Hz, 1H), 1.81 (m, 2H), 1.19 (q, J=12.3 Hz, 1H).

Example 132

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-((1E)-3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}prop-1-en-1-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-bromofuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (10.6 g, 21.8 mmol), tert-butyl(dimethyl){[(2E)-3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)prop-2-en-1-yl]oxy}silane (10.0 mL, 30.6 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (1.7 g, 2.2 mmol) and K3PO4.H2O (10.0 g, 43.7 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (68.2 mL) and water (15.7 mL) was stirred at 75° C. under N2 atmosphere for 3 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM and washed with water. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 15 to 40% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (13.0 g, 100%). LCMS calc. for C29H45N2O8Si (M+H)+: m/z=577.3; Found: 577.3.

Step 2. Ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}propyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-((1E)-3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}prop-1-en-1-yl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (12.6 g, 21.8 mmol) in MeOH (50 mL) was added was added 10% Pd on carbon (2.1 g, 2.0 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred under an atmosphere of hydrogen for 1.5 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound as a yellow solid (12.5 g, 99%). LCMS calc. for C29H47N2O8Si (M+H)+: m/z=579.3; Found: 579.4.

Step 3. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-hydroxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 2-[bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}propyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (12.6 g, 21.8 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was added 1.0 M TBAF in THF (26.3 mL, 26.3 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc and water. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic solutions were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 20-100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (5.0 g, 63%). LCMS calc. for C18H25N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=365.2; Found: 365.2.

Step 4. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-oxopropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-hydroxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (4.99 g, 13.7 mmol) in DCM (110 mL) was added Dess-Martin periodinane (6.97 g, 16.4 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction was diluted with ether and saturated aq. NaHCO3 solution and stirred for 30 min. The organic layer was separated and washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound which was used in next step without purification. LCMS calc. for C18H23N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=363.2; Found: 363.1.

Step 5. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-oxopropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (4.60 g, 12.7 mmol), and morpholine (1.3 mL, 15 mmol) in DCM (95 mL) was added sodium triacetoxyborohydride resin (10 g, 23 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 30%-100% EtOAc in hexane, then 0-10% MeOH in DCM) to give the sub-title compound (4.5 g, 82%). LCMS calc. for C22H32N3O6 (M+H)+: m/z=434.2; Found: 434.2.

Step 6. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (4.4 g, 10. mmol), LiOH (1.3 g, 55 mmol) in THF (39 mL), water (13 mL) and MeOH (26 mL) was stirred at 60° C. overnight. Solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and water was added. The solution was neutralized with 1 M HCl to pH 7. The mixture was purified by preparative LCMS (XBridge C18 column, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% NH4OH, at flow rate of 60 mL/min.) to give the sub-title compound as a white solid (3.6 g, 87%). LCMS calc. for C20H28N3O6 (M+H)+: m/z=406.2; Found: 406.1.

Step 7. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

The sub-title compound was prepared according to an analogous procedure to described in Example 2, Step 4, using 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (from Example 3, step 6) instead of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C36H49F3N7O7 (M+H)+: m/z=748.4; Found: 748.3.

Step 8. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

This compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that described in Example 131, Step 5, using tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate instead of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[32-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C26H33F3N7O3 (M+H)+: m/z=548.3; Found: 548.3. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO) δ 10.04 (s, 1H), 9.48 (s, 1H), 8.20 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.10 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.68-3.46 (m, 4H), 3.29 (m, 1H), 3.22-2.91 (m, 3H), 2.67 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 2H), 2.56 (m, 1H), 2.39 (m, 1H), 2.33-2.09 (m, 7H), 1.74 (m, 2H), 1.19 (m, 1H).

Example 133

2-Amino-N-{4-[(1R,3S,5S)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate

To a microwave vial was added ethyl 6-bromo-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-2-carboxylate (1.05 g, 2.72 mmol), potassium cyclopropyltrifluoroborate (480 mg, 3.3 mmol), Cs2CO3 (2.66 g, 8.18 mmol), Pd(OAc)2 (61.2 mg, 0.272 mmol) and di-1-adamantyl(butyl)phosphine (150 mg, 0.41 mmol). The vialed was seal and evacuated and filled with N2 three times. Toluene (10.0 mL, 93.9 mmol) and water (1.0 mL, 56 mmol) were added. The reaction mixture was heated at 110° C. for 24 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water and EtOAc. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in THF (10 mL), and Boc2O (0.40 g) was added followed by DMAP (40 mg). The resulting solution was stirred at room temperature overnight. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 0-30% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a yellow foam (0.91 g, 96%). LCMS calc. for C18H23N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=347.2; Found: 346.9.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

A mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (703 mg, 2.03 mmol), LiOH (330 mg, 14 mmol) in THF (7.5 mL)/water (2.5 mL)/MeOH (5.0 mL) was stirred at 60° C. overnight. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and water was added. The pH of the solution was adjusted to pH=6 with 1 M aq. HCl solution. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was separated and washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduce pressure to give the sub-title compound as a yellow solid (0.51 g, 78%). LCMS calc. for C16H19N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=319.1; Found: 319.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl ((1S,3R,5S)-3-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylcyclohexyl)carbamate

This compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that described in Example 130, Step 16, using 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (from Example 133, step 2) instead of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C33H44N5O6 (M+H)+: m/z=606.3; Found: 606.3.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(1R,3S,5S)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound was prepared as a tris(trifluoroacetate) salt using a procedure analogous to that described in Example 130, Step 17, using tert-butyl ((1S,3R,5S)-3-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylcyclohexyl)carbamate (from Example 133, step 3) instead of tert-butyl ((1S,3R,5S)-3-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-isopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylcyclohexyl)carbamate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C23H28N5O2 (M+H)+: m/z=406.2; Found: 406.2. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 10.25 (s, 1H), 9.59 (s, 1H), 8.52-8.25 (m, 3H), 8.19 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.03 (s, 2H), 7.60 (s, 1H), 7.43 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 3.23 (m, 1H), 3.21 (m, 1H), 2.22-1.87 (m, 5H), 1.52 (m, 1H), 1.35-0.87 (m, 7H), 0.74 (m, 2H).

2-Amino-N-{4-[(1S,3R,5R)-3-amino-5-methylcyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-cyclopropylfuro[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide is prepared by an analogous procedure.

Example 134

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl {(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl}carbamate

The sub-title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that described in Example 131, Step 4, using tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl]carbamate instead of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C33H47N6O7 (M+H)+: m/z=639.4; Found: 639.5.

Step 2. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound was prepared by a procedure analogous to that described in Example 131, Step 5, using tert-butyl {(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl}carbamate (from last step) instead of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl)}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C23H31N6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=439.2; Found: 439.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CD3OD) δ 9.42 (s, 1H), 8.18-8.10 (m, 2H), 7.45 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 3.47-3.24 (m, 6H), 3.20 (m, 1H), 2.76 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 2.38-2.14 (m, 4H), 2.10 (m, 1H), 1.94-1.84 (m, 2H), 0.97-0.86 (m, 4H).

Example 135

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[3-(dim ethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

This compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 132, Step 5, using dimethylamine instead of morpholine as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C20H30N3O5 (M+H)+: m/z=392.2; Found: 392.2.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

The sub-title compound was prepared according to the procedure analogous to that of Example 132, Step 6, using ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate instead of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C18H26N3O5 (M+H)+: m/z=364.2; Found: 364.2.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

The sub-title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 131, Step 4, using 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid instead of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C34H47F3N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=706.4; Found: 706.4.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The sub-title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 131, Step 5, using tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate instead of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C24H31F3N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=506.2; Found: 506.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO) δ 10.06 (s, 1H), 9.49 (s, 1H), 8.20 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.10 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.63 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.22-2.98 (m, 3H), 2.65 (m, 2H), 2.54 (m, 1H), 2.40 (t, J=10.5 Hz, 1H), 2.18 (m, 3H), 2.11 (s, 6H), 1.70 (m, 3H), 1.19 (m, 1H).

Example 136

2-Amino-N-{4-[(1R,3R,5S)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. 3-Oxo-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-1-en-1-yl trifluoromethanesulfonate

To a suspension of 5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexane-1,3-dione (50.0 g, 278 mmol) (Anichem, Inc.) in DCM (1000 mL) was added TEA (46.4 mL, 333 mmol). The mixture was cooled to 0° C., and then trifluoromethanesulfonic anhydride (49.0 mL, 291 mmol) in DCM (300 mL) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with water, aq. NaHCO3, brine, and dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound which was used directly in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C8H7F6O4S (M+H)+: m/z=313.0; Found: 313.0.

Step 2. 3-(4,4,5,5-Tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one

A mixture of 3-oxo-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-1-en-1-yl trifluoromethanesulfonate (86.6 g, 277 mmol), 4,4,5,5,4′,4′,5′,5′-octamethyl-[2,2′]bi[[1,3,2]dioxaborolanyl] (84.5 g, 333 mmol) and sodium acetate (68.3 g, 832 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (1000 mL) was deoxygenated by bubbling N2 gas through for 10 min. [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with DCM (1:1) (22.6 g, 27.7 mmol) was added. After stirring at 80° C. for 2 h, the reaction mixture was filtered through a coarse frit glass funnel, and the cake was rinsed with 1,4-dioxane. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product which was used directly in the next step without further purification.

Step 3. 3-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one

To a mixture of 3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (80.5 g, 278 mmol) and 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (52.8 g, 333 mmol) was added 1,4-dioxane (1000 mL) followed by 2.0 M aq. Na2CO3 (278 mL, 555 mmol). The mixture was deoxygenated by bubbling N2 gas through for 10 min. [1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II), complex with DCM (1:1) (22.7 g, 27.8 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at 1000° C. for 2 h. The resulting mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth, and the diatomaceous earth pad was rinsed with EtOAc. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was diluted with EtOAc and water. The separated organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 0-70% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as colorless oil (41.2 g, 52%). LCMS calc. for C12H10F3N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=287.1; Found: 287.1.

Step 4. (1S,5S)-3-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-ol

To a mixture of 3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (16.6 g, 58.0 mmol) in EtOH (300 mL) was added CeCl3.7H2O (21.6 g, 58.0 mmol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature until all solids dissolved. The reaction mixture was then cooled to 0° C., and sodium tetrahydroborate (2.63 g, 69.6 mmol) was added portionwise. After stirring at 0° C. for 1 h, the mixture was diluted with EtOAc, washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 20-90% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound as a racemic mixture (11.7 g, 70%). LCMS calc. for C12H12F3N2O3 (M+H)+: m/z=289.1; Found: 289.0.

Step 5. 4-[(3S,5S)-3-Azido-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-1-en-1-yl]-3-nitropyridine

To a solution of (1S,5S)-3-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-ol (11.7 g, 40.6 mmol) in DCM (200 mL) at 0° C. were added TEA (14.1 mL, 101 mmol), followed by methanesulfonyl chloride (5.66 mL, 73.1 mmol). The reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature. After stirring at room temperature for 2 h, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in DMF (70 mL), and NaN3 (6.33 g, 97.4 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was diluted with EtOAc, and washed with brine. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 0-70% EtOAc in hexane) to give the sub-title compound as colorless oil (4.1 g, 32%). LCMS calc. for C12H11F3N5O2 (M+H)+: m/z=314.1; Found: 314.0.

Step 6. tert-butyl [(1S,3R,5R)-3-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]carbamate tert-butyl [(1R,3R,5S)-3-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]carbamate

To a mixture of cis-4-[(3S,5S)-3-azido-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohex-1-en-1-yl]-3-nitropyridine (4.10 g, 13.1 mmol) and Boc2O (4.28 g, 19.6 mmol) under N2 were added MeOH (70 mL) followed by 20 wt % palladium hydroxide (1.84 g, 2.62 mmol). The mixture was purged with H2 and stirred under a H2 atmosphere (1 atm.) overnight. The mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth, and the diatomaceous earth pad was rinsed with MeOH. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (XBridge™ C18 column, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% NH4OH, at flow rate of 60 mL/min.) to give 220 mg of compound C (racemic) and 450 mg of compound D (racemic). The two enantiomers of compound D were separated using chiral column (CHIRALPAK IA Col, 10% EtOH/90% Hex, 16 ml/min.).

Peak 1: retention time: 12.6 min., LCMS calc. for C17H25F3N3O2 (M+H)+: m/z=360.2; Found: 360.2. The product was tentatively assigned as the (1S,3S,5R) enantiomer.

Peak 2: retention time: 17.2 min., LCMS calc. for C17H25F3N3O2 (M+H)+: m/z=360.2; Found: 360.2. The product was tentatively assigned as the [(1R,3R,5S)-enantiomer.

Step 7. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(1R,3R,5S)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

A mixture of tert-butyl [(1R,3R,5S)-3-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]carbamate (70.0 mg, 0.195 mmol) (from last step peak 2 of compound D), 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (75.9 mg, 0.273 mmol), HATU (133.3 mg, 0.3506 mmol) and DIPEA (67.8 μL, 0.390 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.6 mL) was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth, and the diatomaceous earth pad was rinsed with DCM. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, the residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 0-100% EtOAc in hexanes) to give an amide coupling product.

To the amide was added DCM (2 mL) followed by TFA (2 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h, and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by preparative LCMS (XBridge™ C18 column, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% NH4OH, at flow rate of 60 mL/min.) to give the title compound as a white solid (15.8 mg, 19%). LCMS calc. for C20H21F3N5O2 (M+H)+: m/z=420.2; Found: 420.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO) δ 10.12 (s, 1H), 9.38 (s, 1H), 8.28 (m, 2H), 7.77-7.71 (m, 1H), 7.35 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (dd, J=8.0, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.13 (t, J=12.2 Hz, 1H), 2.91 (t, J=11.0 Hz, 1H), 2.59 (m, 1H), 2.08-1.93 (m, 3H), 1.50 (m, 1H), 1.26 (m, 1H), 1.13 (m, 1H).

2-Amino-N-{4-[(1S,3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)cyclohexyl]pyridin-3-yl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide is prepared by an analogous procedure.

Example 137

2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a mixture of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-hydroxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (500.0 mg, 1.372 mmol) in DCM (5.0 mL), diethylaminosulfur trifluoride (0.31 mL, 2.3 mmol) was added at 0° C. and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated aq. NaHCO3. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (eluting with a gradient of 0-45% EtOAc in hexanes) to give the sub-title compound (0.4 g, 80%). LCMS calc. for C18H24FN2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=367.2; Found: 367.2.

Step 2. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

The sub-title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 132, Step 6, using ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate instead of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C16H20FN2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=339.1; Found: 338.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [3-({[4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]amino}carbonyl)-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate

The sub-title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 131, Step 4, using 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid and tert-butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate instead of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid and tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C38H58FN6O7Si (M+H)+: m/z=757.4; Found: 757.4.

Step 4. 2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 131, Step 5, using tert-butyl [3-({[4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl]amino}carbonyl)-6-(3-fluoropropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-2-yl]carbamate instead of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C22H28FN6O3 (M+H)+: m/z=443.2; Found: 443.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO) δ 10.15 (s, 1H), 9.49 (s, 1H), 8.16 (m, 2H), 7.65 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.11 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.52 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.42 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.18-3.11 (m, 1H), 3.10-3.03 (m, 1H), 2.98 (m, 1H), 2.78-2.67 (m, 3H), 2.45-2.37 (m, 2H), 2.05-1.91 (m, 3H), 0.87 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 3H).

Example 138

2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 6-allyl-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

A mixture of Pd(PPh3)4 (340 mg, 0.29 mmol) ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.12 g, 2.91 mmol) was evacuated under reduced pressure and backfilled with N2 (repeated three times). Allyltributyltin (1.17 mL, 3.77 mmol) and toluene (11.0 mL) were added. The reaction mixture was heated at 110° C. overnight. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by flash chromatography to give the sub-title compound. LCMS calc. for C18H23N2O5 (M+H)+: m/z=347.2; Found: 347.1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.64 (s, 1H), 8.41 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 5.98-5.88 (m, 1H), 5.15-5.01 (m, 2H), 4.52 (m, 2H), 3.46 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.55 (s, 9H), 1.50-1.29 (m, 3H).

Step 2. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(2-oxoethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

To a solution of ethyl 6-allyl-2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (2.6 g, 7.5 mmol) in THF (40 mL) and water (7 mL) was added 5% osmium tetroxide (3.8 mL, 0.61 mmol), followed by N-methylmorpholine N-oxide (1.8 g, 15 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. then allowed to warm to room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added 10% aq. sodium sulfite and stirred for 30 min. The reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 times) and the combined organic layers were dried over MgSO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in THF (20 mL) and water (12 mL). To the reaction flask was added AcOH (60 μL) and NalO4 (5.3 g, 25 mmol) at 0° C. After stirring for 3 h at the same temperature, water was added to the reaction flask and extracted with DCM (3 times). The combined extracts were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound (1.6 g, 61%). LCMS calc. for C17H21N2O6 (M+H)+: m/z=349.1; Found: 349.1.

Step 3. Ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

The sub-title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 132, Step 5, using ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(2-oxoethyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidine hydrochloride instead of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-oxopropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate and morpholine as starting material. LCMS calc. for C21H29FN3O5 (M+H)+: m/z=422.2; Found: 422.2.

Step 4. 2-[(tert-Butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

The sub-title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 132, Step 6, using ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate instead of ethyl 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-morpholin-4-ylpropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate as starting material. LCMS calc. for C19H25FN3O5 (M+H)+: m/z=394.2; Found: 394.1.

Step 5. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-{[(2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl)carbonyl]amino}pyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

The sub-title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 131, Step 4, using 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid instead of 2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid as starting material. LCMS calc. for C35H46F4N7O6 (M+H)+: m/z=736.3; Found: 736.3.

Step 6. 2-Amino-N-{4-[(3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl}furo[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound was prepared according to a procedure analogous to that of Example 131, Step 5, using tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-{[(2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-{2-[(3R)-3-fluoropyrrolidin-1-yl]ethyl)}furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl)carbonyl]amino}pyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate instead of tert-butyl [(3S,5R)-1-[3-({[2-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]-6-(3-methoxypropyl)furo[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl]carbonyl}amino)pyridin-4-yl]-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate as starting material. LCMS calc. for C25H30F4N7O2 (M+H)+: m/z=536.2; Found: 536.2.

Example 139

2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl ethyl (5-bromo-3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)malonate

5-Bromo-2,3-difluoropyridine (3.23 g, 16.6 mmol, Matrix Scientific) and tert-butyl ethyl propane-1,3-dioate (3.4 mL, 18 mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (40 mL). After addition of Cs2CO3 (11 g, 33 mmol), the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Then the reaction mixture was quenched with water and pH adjusted to 7 by addition of 1 M aq. HCl. The reaction mixture was then extracted with EtOAc and the organic phase was washed with brine and dried over Na2SO4. After solvent evaporation under reduced pressure, a liquid product was obtained which was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C10H10BrFNO4 (M−tBu+2H)+ m/z=306.0 and 308.0; found: 306.0 and 308.0.

Step 2. Ethyl (5-bromo-3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)acetate

tert-Butyl ethyl (5-bromo-3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)malonate (from previous step) was dissolved in DCM (50 mL) and TFA (10 mL, 200 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature until consumption of the starting material was complete (about 4 h). Solvent was then evaporated under reduced pressure and DCM was added again. The resulting solution was neutralized by addition of saturated aq. NaHCO3 and product was extracted with DCM. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. Crude material was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound (4.26 g, 98% over 2 steps). LCMS calc. for C9H10BrFNO2 (M+H)+ m/z=262.0 and 264.0; found: 262.0 and 264.0.

Step 3. Ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

Ethyl (5-bromo-3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)acetate (4.08 g, 15.6 mmol) was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (60 mL) and NaH (60% in mineral oil) (750 mg, 19 mmol) was slowly added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. After this, 1-(isothiocyanatomethyl)-4-methoxybenzene (3.1 g, 17 mmol) was added and reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min., and at 120° C. for 1 h. Then the reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and water was added. The product was extracted with EtOAc and organic phase was washed with brine and dried over Na2SO4. After evaporation of the solvent under reduced pressure, the crude product was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound as a yellow solid (3.2 g, 49%). LCMS calc. for C18H18BrN2O3S (M+H)+ m/z=421.0 and 423.0; found: 421.0 and 423.0.

Step 4. Ethyl 6-isopropenyl-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

Ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (880 mg, 2.1 mmol), dicyclohexyl(2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine-(2′-aminobiphenyl-2-yl)(chloro)palladium (1:1) (160 mg, 0.21 mmol), K3PO4 (1000 mg, 6 mmol) and a magnetic stir bar were placed in a vial with septum. The vial was then evacuated and backfilled with N2 three times. 1,4-Dioxane (8 mL) and deoxygenated water (3 mL) were added, followed by 2-isopropenyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (700 μL, 4.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 55° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc, washed with brine, dried with Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound (725 mg, 91%). LCMS calc. for C21H23N2O3S (M+H)+ m/z=383.1; found: 383.1.

Step 5. Ethyl 6-isopropyl-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

Ethyl 6-isopropenyl-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (725 mg, 1.90 mmol) was dissolved in MeOH (10.0 mL) and 5 wt % of palladium on carbon (150 mg, 0.070 mmol) was added. The vial was closed with a septum and was connected to a balloon with hydrogen and stirred at room temperature overnight. LCMS showed complete conversion of the starting material. The reaction mixture was then filtered through a pad of diatomaceous earth. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound which was used in the next step without further purification (652 mg, 89%). LCMS calc. for C21H25N2O3S (M+H)+ m/z=385.2; found: 385.1.

Step 6. 6-isopropyl-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

Ethyl 6-isopropyl-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (652 mg, 1.70 mmol) was dissolved in THF (12 mL). Then water (4.3 mL) and MeOH (8.6 mL) were added. After addition of LiOH (300 mg, 10 mmol), reaction mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 h. The solution was then allowed to cool to room temperature and was adjusted to pH 5 with 1 M aq. HCl. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc, and the organic phase was washed with brine, dried with Na2SO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound which was used in the next step without further purification (604 mg, 99%). LCMS calc. for C19H21N2O3S (M+H)+ m/z=357.1; found: 357.1.

Step 7. tert-Butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-1-{3-[({6-isopropyl-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

tert-Butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (1.60 mg, 0.367 mmol) and 6-isopropyl-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (140 mg, 0.40 mmol) were dissolved in DMF (10 mL). Then DIPEA (130 μL, 0.73 mmol) and HATU (210 mg, 0.55 mmol) were added and reaction mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. After full conversion of the starting material was achieved, the reaction mixture was quenched with saturated aq. NaHCO3. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with brine, then dried with Na2SO4. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the product was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound (315 mg, 99%). LCMS calc. for C41H59N6O5SSi (M+H)+ m/z=775.4; found: 775.3.

Step 8. 2-amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isopropylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-1-{3-[({6-isopropyl-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (208 mg, 0.268 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (2.0 mL) and TFA (2 mL, 14 mmol). Then 4.0 M HCl in dioxane (2 mL, 4 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at 40° C. for overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with MeCN and purified by RP-HPLC (Waters SunFire™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% TFA, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to give the title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C22H29N6O2S (M+H)+ m/z=441.2; found 441.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.87 (s, 1H), 9.39 (s, 1H), 8.61 (s, 2H), 8.43 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.14 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.05 (s, 2H), 7.53 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 3.97 (d, J=11.7 Hz, 1H), 3.62 (d, J=12.4 Hz, 1H), 3.20 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 2H), 3.00 (dt, J=13.8, 7.1 Hz, 2H), 2.87 (t, J=12.4 Hz, 1H), 1.99-1.84 (m, 1H), 1.26 (dd, J=6.9, 3.0 Hz, 6H), 0.95 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H).

Example 140

2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-propylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound was synthesized according a procedure analogous to that of Example 139, using (Z)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(prop-1-enyl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C22H29N6O2S (M+H)+ m/z=441.2; found: 441.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.84 (s, 1H), 9.38 (s, 1H), 8.61 (s, 2H), 8.40 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 8.29 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.16-7.98 (m, 3H), 7.47 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 3.91 (d, J=11.8 Hz, 1H), 3.56 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 1H), 3.19 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 2.99-2.91 (m, 1H), 2.82 (t, J=12.2 Hz, 1H), 2.61 (t, 2H), 2.01-1.83 (m, 1H), 1.62 (q, J=7.4 Hz, 2H), 0.95 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H), 0.91 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H).

Example 141

6-(Acetylamino)-2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-m ethylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. tert-Butyl ethyl (3-chloro-5-nitropyridin-2-yl)malonate

2,3-Dichloro-5-nitropyridine (1.78 g, 9.22 mmol, Matrix Scientific) and tert-butyl ethyl propane-1,3-dioate (1.9 mL, 10 mmol, Sigma-Aldrich) were dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (20 mL). K2CO3 (2.5 g, 18 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. Then water was added and the pH was adjusted to pH 7 with 1 M aq. HCl. The mixture was then extracted with EtOAc and the organic phase was washed with brine and dried over Na2SO4. After solvent evaporation under reduced pressure, a liquid product was obtained which was used in the next step without further purification. LCMS calc. for C10H10ClN2O6 (M−tBu+2H)+ m/z=289.0; found: 289.0.

Step 2. Ethyl (3-chloro-5-nitropyridin-2-yl)acetate

tert-Butyl ethyl (3-chloro-5-nitropyridin-2-yl)malonate (was dissolved in DCM (30 mL) and TFA (7 mL, 100 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature until consumption of the starting material was complete (about 4 h). The solvent was then evaporated under reduced pressure and DCM was added again. The resulting solution was neutralized by addition of saturated aq. NaHCO3 and product was extracted with DCM. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound (1.83 g, 81% over 2 steps). LCMS calc. for C9H10ClN2O4 (M+H)+ m/z=245.0; found: 245.1.

Step 3. Ethyl 2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]-6-nitrothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

Ethyl (3-chloro-5-nitropyridin-2-yl)acetate (1.82 g, 7.42 mmol) was dissolved in dimethyl sulfoxide (30 mL) and NaH (60% in mineral oil) (360 mg, 8.9 mmol) was slowly added. The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 30 min. After this, 1-(isothiocyanatomethyl)-4-methoxybenzene (1.5 g, 8.2 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min and at 120° C. for 1 h. The reaction mixture was then allowed to cool to room temperature and water was added. The product was extracted with EtOAc and organic phase was washed with brine and dried over Na2SO4. After evaporation of the solvent under reduced pressure, the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound as a yellow solid (1.14 g, 41%). LCMS calc. for C18H18N3O5S (M+H)+ m/z=388.1; found: 388.1.

Step 4. Ethyl 6-amino-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

Ethyl 2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]-6-nitrothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (1.187 g, 3.064 mmol) was dissolved in AcOH (40 mL). Then Fe powder (2 g, 30 mmol) was added and reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was then diluted with EtOAc and all the solids were filtered off with diatomaceous earth. The solvent was then evaporated under reduced pressure and fresh EtOAc was added. The mixture was neutralized with saturated aq. NaHCO3. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc and organic phase was washed with brine and dried over Na2SO4. After evaporation of the solvent under reduced pressure, the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound (0.74 g, 68%). LCMS calc. for C18H20N3O3S (M+H)+ m/z=358.1; found: 358.1.

Step 5. Ethyl 6-(acetylamino)-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

Ethyl 6-amino-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (245 mg, 0.685 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (3 mL) and Ac2O (67.9 μL, 0.720 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction was then quenched by addition of saturated aq. NaHCO3. The product was then extracted with EtOAc and the organic phase was washed with brine and dried over Na2SO4. After solvent evaporation under reduced pressure, a pure product was obtained which was used in the next step without further purification (215 mg, 79%). LCMS calc. for C20H22N3O4S (M+H)+ m/z=400.1; found: 400.1.

Step 6. 6-(acetylamino)-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

Ethyl 6-(acetylamino)-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (205 mg, 0.513 mmol) was dissolved in THF (3.6 mL). Then water (1.3 mL) and MeOH (2.6 mL) were added. After addition of LiOH (90 mg, 4 mmol), the reaction mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 h. The reaction mixture was then allowed to cool to room temperature and the pH was adjusted to 5 by addition of 1 M aq. HCl. The mixture was then extracted with EtOAc and the organic phase washed with brine, dried with Na2SO4 and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give the sub-title compound, which was used in the next step without further purification (175 mg, 92%). LCMS calc. for C18H18N3O4S (M+H)+ m/z=372.1; found: 372.1.

Step 7. tert-Butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-{3-[({6-(acetylamino)-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate

tert-Butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (182 mg, 0.416 mmol) and 6-(acetylamino)-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (170 mg, 0.46 mmol) were dissolved in DMF (12 mL). Then DIPEA (140 μL, 0.83 mmol) and HATU (240 mg, 0.62 mmol) were added and reaction mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. After full conversion of the starting material was achieved, the reaction was quenched with saturated aq. NaHCO3 and the mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried with Na2SO4, and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound (212 mg, 65%). LCMS calc. for C40H56N7O6SSi (M+H)+ m/z=790.4; found: 790.3.

Step 8. 6-(acetylamino)-2-amino-N-{4-[(3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl]pyridin-3-yl}thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl ((3R,4R,5S)-1-{3-[({6-(acetylamino)-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-4-{[tert-butyl(dimethyl)silyl]oxy}-5-methylpiperidin-3-yl)carbamate (212 mg, 0.268 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (2.0 mL) and TFA (2 mL, 14 mmol). Then 4.0 M HCl in dioxane (2 mL, 4 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at 40° C. for overnight. The reaction mixture was then diluted with MeCN and purified by RP-HPLC (Waters SunFire™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% TFA, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to give the title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C21H26N7O3S (M+H)+ m/z=456.2; found 456.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.63 (s, 1H), 10.23 (s, 1H), 9.31 (s, 1H), 8.58 (s, 2H), 8.49 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 8.37 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 7.97 (s, 2H), 7.43 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 3.88 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.54 (d, J=11.7 Hz, 1H), 3.21-3.06 (m, 2H), 2.81 (t, J=12.1 Hz, 2H), 2.08 (s, 3H), 1.93-1.77 (m, 1H), 0.99 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 3H).

Example 142

2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(cyclopropanecarboxamido)thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound was prepared using a method analogous to that of Example 141, using cyclopropanecarbonyl chloride as the starting material. LCMS calc. for C23H28N7O3S (M+H)+ m/z=482.2; found: 482.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.63 (s, 1H), 10.49 (s, 1H), 9.31 (s, 1H), 8.58 (s, 2H), 8.52 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 1H), 8.49 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.39 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (s, 2H), 7.46 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 1H), 3.93 (d, J=11.7 Hz, 1H), 3.58 (d, J=12.6 Hz, 1H), 3.21-3.08 (m, 2H), 2.91-2.79 (m, 2H), 1.92-1.76 (m, 2H), 0.99 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H), 0.88-0.77 (m, 4H).

Example 143

2-Amino-N-(4-((3R,4R,5S)-3-amino-4-hydroxy-5-methylpiperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-isobutyramidothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

The title compound was prepared by a method analogous to that of Example 141, using isobutyryl chloride. LCMS calc. for C23H30N7O3S (M+H)+ m/z=484.2; found: 484.2. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.63 (s, 1H), 10.13 (s, 1H), 9.29 (s, 1H), 8.58 (s, 2H), 8.55 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 1H), 8.50 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.40 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (s, 2H), 7.48 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (d, J=11.1 Hz, 1H), 3.62 (d, J=11.6 Hz, 1H), 3.18 (t, J=9.8 Hz, 1H), 3.15-3.06 (m, 1H), 2.94-2.82 (m, 2H), 2.63 (p, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 1.90-1.77 (m, 1H), 1.12 (dd, J=6.8, 1.2 Hz, 6H), 0.98 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H).

Example 144

2-Amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-morpholinothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

Step 1. Ethyl 2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]-6-morpholin-4-ylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate

Ethyl 6-bromo-2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]thieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (250 mg, 0.59 mmol, from Example 1), Cs2CO3 (390 mg, 1.2 mmol) and chloro-(2-dicyclohexylphosphino-22, 62-diisopropoxy-1,12-biphenyl)[2-(2-aminoethyl)phenyl]palladium(II)-methyl-t-butyl ether adduct (48 mg, 0.059 mmol) were placed in a vial. The vial was then evacuated and backfilled with N2 three times. Then toluene (10 mL) and morpholine (100 μL, 1.2 mmol) was added through a septum and reaction mixture was heated at 100° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and diluted with EtOAc and washed twice with brine. The organic phase was then dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound (130 mg, 51%). LCMS calc. for C22H26N3O4S (M+H)+ m/z=428.2; found 428.2.

Step 2. 2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]-6-morpholin-4-ylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid

Ethyl 2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]-6-morpholin-4-ylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylate (130 mg, 0.30 mmol) was dissolved in THF (2.1 mL). Then water (0.77 mL) and MeOH (1.5 mL) were added. After addition of LiOH (50 mg, 2 mmol), the reaction mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 h. The reaction mixture was then allowed to cool to room temperature and the pH was adjusted to pH 5 by addition of 1 M aq. HCl. The mixture was then extracted with EtOAc and the organic phase was washed with brine, dried with Na2SO4 and the solvent was evaporated. The resulting product was used in the next step without further purification (110 mg, 90%). LCMS calc. for C20H22N3O4S (M+H)+ m/z=400.1; found: 400.1.

Step 3. tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]-6-piperidin-1-ylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate

tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-(3-aminopyridin-4-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (45.1 mg, 0.125 mmol) and 2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]-6-morpholin-4-ylthieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxylic acid (55 mg, 0.14 mmol) were dissolved in DMF (2.7 mL). Then DIPEA (44 μL, 0.25 mmol) and HATU (95 mg, 0.25 mmol) were added and reaction mixture was stirred at 60° C. overnight. After full conversion was achieved, the reaction was quenched by the addition of saturated aq. NaHCO3 and reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried with Na2SO4 and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The solvent was evaporated, and the product was then purified by chromatography on silica gel using Biotage Isolera™ apparatus to give the sub-title compound (71 mg, 77%). LCMS calc. for C36H43F3N7O5S (M+H)+ m/z=742.3; found: 742.2.

Step 4. 2-amino-N-(4-((3S,5R)-3-amino-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-morpholinothieno[3,2-b]pyridine-3-carboxamide

tert-Butyl [(3S,5R)-1-{3-[({2-[(4-methoxybenzyl)amino]-6-morpholin-4-ylthieno[3,2-b]pyridin-3-yl}carbonyl)amino]pyridin-4-yl}-5-(trifluoromethyl)piperidin-3-yl]carbamate (40 mg, 0.06 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (2.0 mL) and TFA (2 mL, 14 mmol). Then, the reaction mixture was stirred at 40° C. for overnight. After being allowed to cool to room temperature, the reaction mixture was diluted with MeCN and purified by RP-HPLC (Waters SunFire™ C18 column, 19 mm×100 mm, 5 μm particle size, eluting with a gradient of MeCN/water containing 0.1% TFA, at flow rate of 30 mL/min.) to give the title compound as a white solid. LCMS calc. for C23H27F3N7O2S (M+H)+ m/z=522.2; found 522.1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 11.62 (s, 1H), 9.37 (s, 1H), 8.51-8.41 (m, 3H), 8.26 (s, 1H), 8.17 (s, 2H), 7.91 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 3.94 (d, J=9.8 Hz, 1H), 3.86-3.74 (m, 5H), 3.22-3.03 (m, 7H), 2.92 (t, J=11.7 Hz, 1H), 2.35 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 1H).

Example A. Pim Enzyme Assays

Pim-1 and Pim-3 kinase assays-20 μL reactions were run in white 384 well polystyrene plates dotted with 0.8 μL compound/DMSO in the assay buffer (50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 0.01% Tween-20, 5 mM MgCl2, 0.01% BSA, 5 mM DTT), containing 0.05 μm Biotin-labeled BAD peptide substrate (AnaSpec 62269), 1 mM ATP, and 2.5 pM (Pim-1, Invitrogen PV3503) or 1.25 pM (Pim-3, Millipore 14-738) enzyme for 1 h at 25° C. Reactions were stopped by addition of 10 μL STOP Buffer (150 mM Tris, pH=7.5, 150 mM NaCl, 75 mM EDTA, 0.01% Tween-20, 0.3% BSA) supplemented with Phospho-Bad (Ser112) Antibody (Cell Signaling 9291) diluted 666-fold, and Streptavidin donor beads (PerkinElmer 6760002) along with Protein-A acceptor beads (PerkinElmer 6760137) at 15 μg/mL each. Supplementation of the STOP buffer with beads and stopping the reactions were done under reduced light. Prior to the stopping reactions STOP buffer with beads was pre-incubated for 1 h in the dark at room temperature. After stopping the reactions, plates were incubated for 1 h in the dark at room temperature before reading on a PHERAstar FS plate reader (BMG Labtech) under reduced light.

Pim-2 kinase assay-20 μL reactions were run in white 384 well polystyrene plates dotted with 0.8 μL compound/DMSO in the assay buffer (50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 0.01% Tween-20, 5 mM MgCl2, 0.01% BSA, 5 mM DTT), containing 0.05 μm Fluorescein-labeled CREBtide peptide substrate (Invitrogen PV3508), 1 mM ATP, and 1 nM enzyme (Invitrogen PV3649) for 2 h at 25° C. Reactions were stopped by addition of 10 μL TR-FRET Dilution Buffer (Invitrogen PV3574) with 30 mM EDTA and 1.5 nM LanthaScreen Tb-CREB pSer133 antibody (Invitrogen PV3566). After 30 min. incubation at room temperature, plates were read on a PHERAstar FS plate reader (BMG Labtech).

Compounds of the invention having an IC50 of 2 μm or less when tested for PIM kinase activity under the assay conditions disclosed above are considered active.

Although the above in vitro assays are conducted at 1 mM ATP compounds can also be evaluated for potency and in vitro activity against PIM targets utilizing Km conditions, where the concentration of ATP is set to the Km value and the assay is more sensitive to PIM inhibition activity.

Example B. Pim Cellular Assays

One or more compounds of the invention were tested for inhibitory activity of PIM according to at least one of the following cellular assays. Compounds of the invention having an IC50 of 10 μm or less when tested for PIM kinase activity under the cellular assay conditions disclosed below would be and were considered active.

Pim Cell Proliferation Assay

KG-1A cells are purchased from ATCC (Manassas, Va.) and KMS.12.BM cells are purchased from NIBIO, JCRB cell bank (Tokyo, Japan) and maintained in the culture mediums recommended, RPMI, 10% FBS (Roswell Park Memorial Institute 1640 Medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum) and IMDM 20% FBS (Iscove's Modified Dulbecco's Medium (MDM) with 20% fetal bovine strum) (Mediatech, Manassas, Va.) respectively. To measure the anti-proliferation activity of test compounds, both cell lines are plated with the culture medium (2×103 cells/well/in 200 μL) into 96-well polystyrene ultralow binding (Costar®) in the presence or absence of a concentration range of test compounds. After 4 days, [3H]-thymidine, 1 μCi/10 μL/well (PerkinElmer, Boston, Mass.) in culture medium is then added to the cell culture for an additional 16 h before the incorporated radioactivity is separated by filtration with a Packard Microplate Harvester with water through a 0.3% polyethylenimine pre-wetted glass fiber GF/B filter plates (Packard Bioscience/PerkinElmer, Boston, Mass.). The plate is measured by liquid scintillation counting with a TopCount® scintillation sounter (PerkinElmer). IC50 determination is performed by fitting the curve of percent inhibition versus the log of the inhibitor concentration using GraphPad Prism® 5.0 software.

Pim Cell Proliferation Assay

MOLM-16 cells are purchased from DSMZ (Germany) and maintained in the culture medium recommended, RPMI, 20% FBS. To measure the anti-proliferation activity of test compounds, the cells are plated with the RPMI, 10% FBS (1×104 cells/well/in 200 μL) into 96-well polystyrene ultralow binding plates (Costar) in the presence or absence of a concentration range of test compounds. After 4 days, [3H]-thymidine, 1 μCi/10 μL/well (PerkinElmer, Boston, Mass.) in RPMI, 10% FBS is then added to the cell culture for an additional 16 h before the incorporated radioactivity is separated by filtration with a Packard Micro plate Harvester with water through a 0.3% PEI pre wetted GF/B filter plates (Packard Bioscience/PerkinElmer, Boston, Mass.). The plate is measured by liquid scintillation counting with a TopCount (PerkinElmer). IC50 determination is performed by fitting the curve of percent inhibition versus the log of the inhibitor concentration using the GraphPad Prism 5.0 software.

Pim pBAD Signaling Assay

KG-1A cells are purchased from ATCC (Manassas, Va.) and KMS.12.BM cells are purchased from NIBIO, JCRB cell bank (Tokyo, Japan) and maintained in the culture mediums recommended, RPMI, 10% FBS and IMDM 20% FBS (Mediatech, Manassas, Va.) respectively. To measure the pBAD inhibitory activity of the compounds, both cell lines are plated with the culture medium (1×106/well/100 μL for KG1A and 4×105 cells/well/in 100 μL for KMS12BM) into 96-well V bottom polypropylene plates (Matrix, Thermo Fisher, USA) and incubated 30 min. at 37° C. to normalize cell signaling from handling. Test compounds are added at an appropriate concentration range and further incubated for 2.5 h for KMS. 12.BM cells and 4 h for KG1-A cells. Plates are centrifuged at 2000 RPM for 10 min. and supernatants aspirated. 100 μL lysis buffer with protease inhibitors (Cell Signaling Technologies, Danver, Mass., Sigma, St Louis Mo., EMD, USA) is added to the pellets, mixed well and set on ice for 30 min. Lysates are frozen overnight at −80° C. To measure the pBAD activity, a Cell Signaling ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) kit (Cell Signaling Path Scan phosphor pBAD ELISA) is utilized. 50 μL of the lysate is tested per the ELISA protocol and the data analysis is performed by software on a SpectraMax® M5 plate reader (Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, Calif.). IC50 determination is performed by fitting the curve of percent inhibition versus the log of the inhibitor concentration using GraphPad Prism® 5.0 software.

Data obtained for the Example compounds, obtained using the methods described in Example A, are provided in Table 2.


TABLE 2
Pim Enzyme Assay Data
Pim1 IC50
Pim2 IC50
Pim3 IC50
Example
(nM)a
(nM)a
(nM)a
1
*
***
*
2
*
***
*
3
*
>2000
*
4
*
>1000
*
5
*
***
*
6
*
***
*
7
*
>2000
>40
8
*
>2000
>40
9
**
>2000
>40
12
*
***
*
13
*
**
*
14
*
>2000
*
15
*
***
*
16
*
***
*
17
*
*
*
18
>40
>1000
*
19
*
**
*
20
*
***
*
22
*
**
*
23
*
**
*
24
*
>1000
*
25
*
**
*
26
*
**
*
27
*
**
*
28
*
>2000
>40
29
*
***
*
30
*
**
*
31
*
***
*
32
*
***
*
33
*
>2000
**
34
*
***
*
35
*
**
*
36
*
***
*
37
*
***
*
38
*
***
*
39
*
***
*
40
*
>2000
**
41
*
***
*
42
>40
>2000
>40
43
*
>1000
**
44
*
>2000
*
45
*
***
*
46
*
>2000
**
47
*
**
*
48
*
**
*
49
*
**
*
50
*
**
*
51
*
**
*
52
*
***
*
53
*
**
*
54
*
**
*
55
**
>2000
*
56
*
**
*
57
*
***
*
58
*
***
*
59
*
**
*
60
*
**
*
61
*
**
*
62
*
**
*
63
*
**
*
64
*
****
*
65
*
**
*
66
*
**
*
67
*
*
*
68
*
**
*
69
*
*
*
70
*
**
*
71
*
**
*
72
*
**
*
73
*
**
*
74
*
**
*
75
*
**
*
76
*
***
*
77
*
*
*
78
*
**
*
79
*
**
*
80
*
***
*
81
*
*
*
82
*
*
*
83
*
***
*
84
*
**
*
85
*
*
*
86
*
*
*
87
*
***
*
(Diastereoisomer 1)
87
*
**
*
(Diastereoisomer 2)
88
*
***
*
89
*
*
*
90
*
**
*
91
*
**
*
92
*
*
*
93
*
**
*
94
*
**
*
95
*
**
*
96
*
**
*
97
*
*
*
98
*
*
*
99
*
**
*
100
*
**
*
101
*
**
*
102
*
**
*
103
*
**
*
104
*
**
*
105
*
**
*
106
*
**
*
107
*
**
*
108
*
**
*
109
*
**
*
110
*
**
*
111
*
**
*
112
*
**
*
113
*
*
*
114
*
*
*
115
*
*
*
116
*
**
*
117
*
*
*
118
*
*
*
119
*
**
*
120
*
**
*
121
*
**
*
122
*
*
*
123
*
*
*
124
*
*
*
125
*
*
*
126
*
**
*
127
*
**
*
128
*
**
*
129
*
**
*
130
*
*
*
131
*
*
*
132
*
*
*
133
*
*
*
134
*
*
*
135
*
**
*
136
*
**
*
137
*
*
*
138
*
*
*
139
*
*
*
140
*
*
*
141
*
**
*
142
*
**
*
143
*
**
*
144
*
**
*
aIC50 ≤ 10 nM: * 10 nM < IC50 ≤ 100 nM: ** 100 nM < IC50 ≤ 1000 nM: *** 100 nM < IC50 ≤ 2000 nM: ****.

Various modifications of the invention, in addition to those described herein, will be apparent to those skilled in the art from the foregoing description. Such modifications are also intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims. Each reference, including without limitation all patent, patent applications, and publications, cited in the present application is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Methods to treat allergic conditions NATIONAL JEWISH HEALTH 10 November 2011 10 May 2012
4-substituted pyridin-3-yl-carboxamide compounds and methods of use GENENTECH, INC. 08 September 2010 10 March 2011
杂芳环及其衍生物类酪氨酸激酶抑制剂 山东亨利医药科技有限责任公司 12 September 2012 26 March 2014
作为IRAK4调节剂的吡唑并[1, 5A]嘧啶和噻吩并[3, 2B]嘧啶衍生物 弗·哈夫曼-拉罗切有限公司 08 July 2011 20 March 2013
Organic-inorganic composite material, optical element, and multilayer diffractive optical element CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA 29 August 2012 07 March 2013
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