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Patent Analysis of

Method for regulating expression of specific protein using cytokinin-responsive transcription factor, isoprenoid-producing plant having gene encoding cytokinin-responsive transcription factor introduced therein, and method for producing polyisoprenoid using said isoprenoid-producing plant

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10000763

Application Number

US14/429606

Application Date

01 October 2013

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD.

International Classification

C12N15/82,C07K14/415,C12P5/00,C12P5/02

Cooperative Classification

C12N15/8243,C07K14/415,C12P5/007,C12P5/02

Inventor

YAMAGUCHI, HARUHIKO,INOUE, YUKINO,KURODA, SATOSHI

Patent Images

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Abstract

The present invention provides a method for enhancing the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis. The present invention further provides an isoprenoid-producing plant having an overall enhanced pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis, and a method of producing a polyisoprenoid using such an isoprenoid-producing plant. The present invention relates to a method of regulating by a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor the expression of at least one protein selected from the group consisting of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein.

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Claims

1. A Hevea plant, into which an expression vector comprising a heterologous gene encoding a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor has been introduced, wherein the gene is either of the following DNAs:[1] a DNA comprising the sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3; and[2] a DNA encoding a protein with transcription factor activity having a sequence that has at least 95% sequence identity to the sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3, wherein the introduced gene increases polyisoprenoid production in the plant.

2. A method of producing a polyisoprenoid, said method comprising: growing the isoprenoid-producing plant of claim 1.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A Hevea plant, into which an expression vector comprising
    • a heterologous gene encoding a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor has been introduced, wherein the gene is either of the following DNAs:[1] a DNA comprising the sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3
    • and[2] a DNA encoding a protein with transcription factor activity having a sequence that has at least 95% sequence identity to the sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3, wherein the introduced gene increases polyisoprenoid production in the plant.
  • 2
    2. A method of producing a polyisoprenoid, said method comprising:
    • growing the isoprenoid-producing plant of claim 1.
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Description

REFERENCE TO SEQUENCE LISTING SUBMITTED VIA EFS-WEB

This application is being filed electronically via EFS-Web and includes an electronically submitted sequence listing in .txt format. The .txt file contains a sequence listing entitled “2015-07-24_5051-0352PUS1_ST25.txt” created on Jul. 24, 2015 and is 50,655 bytes in size. The sequence listing contained in this .txt file is part of the specification and is hereby incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a method of regulating the expression of specific protein(s) by a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor, an isoprenoid-producing plant into which has been introduced a gene encoding a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor, and a method of producing a polyisoprenoid using the isoprenoid-producing plant.

BACKGROUND ART

Nowadays natural rubber (one example of polyisoprenoids) for use in industrial rubber products can be harvested from rubber-producing plants, such as Hevea brasiliensis (Para rubber tree) belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae, or Ficus elastica (Indian rubber tree) belonging to the family Moraceae.

At present, Hevea brasiliensis is practically the only one source of natural rubber for industrial rubber products. Hevea brasiliensis is a plant that can grow only in limited areas such as in Southeast Asia and South America. Moreover, Hevea brasiliensis requires about seven years from planting to mature enough for rubber extraction, and the period during which natural rubber can be extracted is limited to 20 to 30 years. Although more natural rubber is expected to be needed mainly by developing countries in years to come, for the reason mentioned above it is difficult to greatly increase the production of natural rubber using Hevea brasiliensis. Depletion of natural rubber sources is therefore of concern and there are needs for stable natural rubber sources other than mature Hevea brasiliensis and for improvement in productivity of natural rubber from Hevea brasiliensis.

For example, an approach to improve productivity of natural rubber from Hevea brasiliensis is to extract more latex to produce more natural rubber. Specifically, such methods include a method of stimulating the trunk of rubber trees with ethylene or ethephon (2-chloroethylphosphonic acid); and a method of accelerating laticifer differentiation using lanolin containing jasmonic acid, linolenic acid, which is a precursor of jasmonic acid, or the like (see, for example, Non Patent Literature 1).

Unfortunately, if the method of increasing latex production via ethylene stimulation is applied to the trunk for a long term, then cracks may easily be generated in the bark. In addition, the aim of the ethylene stimulation is to allow latex to exude more smoothly from laticifers and is not to directly improve the tree's ability to produce latex, and this method provides only a limited and insufficient increase in latex production.

Although jasmonic acid or the like can be used to accelerate laticifer formation and thereby increase the number of laticifers, this method also has the problem that latex exuding from laticifiers can coagulate at the cuts during the collection of latex by tapping, and therefore the produced latex may not be sufficiently collected.

Also known are attempts to promote biosynthesis of isoprenoid compounds in plants, such as by overexpressing a gene involved in the mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway or MEP pathway, which are pathways to isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) biosynthesis, or a gene downstream in such a pathway (Non Patent Literatures 2 and 3).

These methods, however, only enhance the expression of specific enzymes involved in the above-mentioned pathways, or in other words, partially enhance the polyisoprenoid biosynthesis pathway, rather than enhancing the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis. Thus, there remains room for improvement in terms of enhancing the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis.

It is also known that some factors, including light responses, wound responses, and cold treatment, affect polyisoprenoid biosynthesis. However, it is not specifically known which transcription factor is activated in such a response to regulate polyisoprenoid biosynthesis.

CITATION LIST

Non Patent Literature

Non Patent Literature 1: Hao et al., Annals of Botany, 2000, Vol. 85, pp. 37-43

Non Patent Literature 2: Leon, P. et al., J. Biol. Chem. 276, 22901 (2001)

Non Patent Literature 3: Botella-Pavia, P. et al., Plant. J., 40, 188 (2004)

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

Technical Problem

The present invention was made to overcome the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a method for enhancing the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis. Further objects of the present invention are to provide an isoprenoid-producing plant having an overall enhanced pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis, and to provide a method of producing a polyisoprenoid using the isoprenoid-producing plant.

Solution to Problem

The present invention relates to a method of regulating by a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor the expression of at least one protein selected from the group consisting of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein.

Preferably, the method includes introducing a gene encoding the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor into a host to regulate the expression of the protein in the host.

The gene is preferably either of the following DNAs:

[1] a DNA having the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1, 3, or 5; and

[2] a DNA encoding a protein with transcription factor activity and capable of hybridizing under stringent conditions to a DNA having a base sequence complementary to the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1, 3, or 5.

The method is preferably used to enhance the expression of at least one protein selected from the group consisting of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein, and more preferably to enhance the expression of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein.

The cytokinin-responsive transcription factor is preferably any of the following proteins:

[1] a protein having the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2, 4, or 6;

[2] a protein having transcription factor activity and having an amino acid sequence containing one or more amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions and/or additions relative to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2, 4, or 6; and

[3] a protein having transcription factor activity and having an amino acid sequence that has at least 80% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2, 4, or 6.

The host is preferably an isoprenoid-producing plant.

The present invention also relates to an isoprenoid-producing plant, into which has been introduced a gene encoding a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor.

The gene is preferably either of the following DNAs:

[1] a DNA having the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1, 3, or 5; and

[2] a DNA encoding a protein with transcription factor activity and capable of hybridizing under stringent conditions to a DNA having a base sequence complementary to the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1, 3, or 5.

The present invention further relates to a method of producing a polyisoprenoid using the isoprenoid-producing plant.

Advantageous Effects of Invention

The method of the present invention, which involves regulating by a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor the expression of at least one protein selected from the group consisting of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein, can enhance the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis. Moreover, the isoprenoid-producing plant of the present invention, into which has been introduced a gene encoding a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor, has an overall enhanced pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis, and the use of the isoprenoid-producing plant for the production of polyisoprenoids allows for increased polyisoprenoid production.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a part of the polyisoprenoid biosynthesis pathway.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

The present inventors have made various studies to enhance the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis. FIG. 1 shows a part of the polyisoprenoid biosynthesis pathway. There are two known pathways for biosynthesis of isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP), which is an important member of the polyisoprenoid biosynthesis pathway: mevalonic acid (MVA) pathway (cytosol MVA pathway shown in FIG. 1); and MEP pathway (plastidial DXP pathway shown in FIG. 1).

The present inventors focused on the MVA pathway, which is considered to be a common pathway that supplies IPP in rubber latex synthesis, and selected, from various proteins involved in the polyisoprenoid biosynthesis pathway, some proteins that are expected to play important roles in view of enhancing the entire pathway enclosed by the dotted line in FIG. 1 or the entire downstream pathway.

Specifically, the following four proteins were selected: hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-CoA reductase) that is a rate-limiting factor in the MVA pathway, which is a pathway to IPP biosynthesis; isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase (IPP isomerase) that is involved in isomerization of IPP; cis-prenyltransferase that is thought to be involved in isoprenoid chain elongation; and small rubber particle protein (SRPP) that is known to be involved in polyisoprenoid biosynthesis.

In order to simultaneously regulate the expression of the four proteins, that is, to comprehensively regulate the expression of the four proteins, the present inventors sought a transcription factor capable of regulating (or comprehensively regulating) the expression of all the four proteins. Specifically, DNA fragments from leaves of Hevea brasiliensis which contain genes encoding the four proteins (the amino acid sequences of cis-prenyltransferase, HMG-CoA reductase, IPP isomerase, and SRPP are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:8, 10, 12, and 14, respectively) (the base sequences of the genes encoding cis-prenyltransferase, HMG-CoA reductase, IPP isomerase, and SRPP are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:7, 9, 11, and 13, respectively) and their promoter regions were cloned (see EXAMPLES for details). The base sequences of the resulting DNA fragments were analyzed to reveal the base sequences of the promoter regions of the genes encoding the proteins.

Additionally, the revealed base sequences of the promoter regions of the four proteins were analyzed using a plant promoter database (a database of plant cis-acting regulatory DNA elements (PLACE)). The analysis revealed that the sequences contain many transcription factor binding sites involved in responses to cytokinins, which are a class of plant growth hormones, (cytokinin responses) and, in particular, the promoter regions of three genes (IPP isomerase, SRPP, cis-prenyltransferase), among the four genes analyzed, all contain a lot of ARR1AT sequences (NGATT) to which ARR1 (the base sequence and the amino acid sequence of ARR1 from Arabidopsis thaliana are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:1 and 2, respectively) binds. The number of ARR1AT sequences is the second largest for IPP isomerase and SRPP, and the fourth largest for cis-prenyltransferase among the transcription factor binding sequences found in each case.

These results strongly suggest that the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor ARR1 is a transcription factor capable of regulating the expression of all the four proteins, or in other words, a transcription factor capable of regulating the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis. Then a validation test using yeast cells was performed to confirm that the expression of the four proteins can be enhanced not only by the use of ARR1 but also by the use of ARR2 (the base sequence and the amino acid sequence of ARR2 from Arabidopsis thaliana are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:3 and 4, respectively) or ARR12 (the base sequence and the amino acid sequence of ARR12 from Arabidopsis thaliana are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:5 and 6, respectively), which, similarly to ARR1, are cytokinin-responsive transcription factors (specifically, type-B ARR-responsive transcription factors).

As described above, the present inventors have found that cytokinin-responsive transcription factors such as ARR1 (in particular, type-BARR-responsive transcription factors) are capable of comprehensively enhancing the expression of HMG-CoA reductase, IPP isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and SRPP, and thus capable of enhancing the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis. Another finding is that since the cytokinin-responsive transcription factors such as ARR1 (in particular, type-B ARR-responsive transcription factors) can enhance the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis, an isoprenoid-producing plant into which has been introduced a gene encoding any of the cytokinin-responsive transcription factors (in particular, type-B ARR-responsive transcription factors) can be used for the production of polyisoprenoids to increase polyisoprenoid production.

Theoretically, it is desirable to enhance the expression of HMG-CoA reductase, cis-prenyltransferase and SRPP while suppressing the expression of IPP isomerase. However, although the cytokinin-responsive transcription factors such as ARR1 (in particular, type-BARR-responsive transcription factors) enhance the expression of IPP isomerase as well as the expression of HMG-CoA reductase, cis-prenyltransferase and SRPP, polyisoprenoid production can be successfully increased because the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis is enhanced.

The term “hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMG-CoA reductase)” as used herein refers to a rate-limiting enzyme of the mevalonic acid pathway and includes both hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH) (EC 1.1.1.34) and hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (EC 1.1.1.88).

The term “isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase (IPP isomerase)” as used herein refers to an enzyme that catalyzes the isomerization between isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) and its isomer, dimethylallyl pyrophosphate (DMAPP).

The term “cis-prenyltransferase” as used herein refers to an enzyme that catalyzes cis-chain elongation of isoprenoid compounds.

The term “small rubber particle protein (SRPP)” as used herein refers to a small rubber particle-associated protein which is associated with small rubber particles of 10 μm or less in diameter in the latex of Hevea brasiliensis or the like.

The method of the present invention involves regulating by a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor the expression of at least one protein selected from the group consisting of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein.

The cytokinin-responsive transcription factor is not particularly limited, provided that it is a transcription factor that can be activated in response to cytokinins, which are a class of phytohormones. Examples include transcription factors of the type-B ARR family such as ARR1 (the base sequence and the amino acid sequence of ARR1 from Arabidopsis thaliana are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:1 and 2, respectively), ARR2 (the base sequence and the amino acid sequence of ARR2 from Arabidopsis thaliana are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:3 and 4, respectively), ARR12 (the base sequence and the amino acid sequence of ARR12 from Arabidopsis thaliana are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:5 and 6, respectively), ARR10, ARR14, and ARR18.

The term “transcription factor” as used herein refers to a protein having an activity of increasing or decreasing the rate of transcription of a gene or genes.

The origin of the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor is not particularly limited, but preferred are transcription factors from Hevea brasiliensis, Sonchus oleraceus, Parthenium argentatum, Taraxacum koksaghyz, or Arabidopsis thaliana.

(Amino Acid Sequence of Cytokinin-Responsive Transcription Factor)

The following protein [1] is a specific example of the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor:

[1] a protein having the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2, 4, or 6.

Moreover, it is known that some transcription factors have transcription factor activity even when one or more amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions, or additions are introduced into their original amino acid sequences. Considering this fact, another specific example of the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor is the following protein [2]:

[2] a protein having transcription factor activity and having an amino acid sequence containing one or more amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions and/or additions relative to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2, 4, or 6.

The term “transcription factor activity” as used herein refers to an activity of increasing or decreasing the rate of transcription of at least one gene selected from the group consisting of genes encoding hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein.

For maintaining transcription factor activity, the number of amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions, and/or additions relative to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2 is preferably 1 or more, more preferably 1 to 138, still more preferably 1 to 104, particularly preferably 1 to 69, most preferably 1 to 35, even most preferably 1 to 14, and still even most preferably 1 to 7.

Also for maintaining transcription factor activity, the number of amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions, and/or additions relative to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:4 is preferably 1 or more, more preferably 1 to 133, still more preferably 1 to 100, particularly preferably 1 to 66, most preferably 1 to 33, even most preferably 1 to 13, and still even most preferably 1 to 7.

Also for maintaining transcription factor activity, the number of amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions, and/or additions relative to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:6 is preferably 1 or more, more preferably 1 to 119, still more preferably 1 to 89, particularly preferably 1 to 60, most preferably 1 to 30, even most preferably 1 to 12, and still even most preferably 1 to 6.

Among other amino acid substitutions, conservative substitutions are preferred. Specific examples include substitutions within each of the following groups in the parentheses: (glycine, alanine), (valine, isoleucine, leucine), (aspartic acid, glutamic acid), (asparagine, glutamine), (serine, threonine), (lysine, arginine) and (phenylalanine, tyrosine).

The amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions, and/or additions are preferably introduced into regions other than cytokinin-responsive transcription factor activity domains, binding domains that bind to transcription factor binding sites, and other important portions involved in transcription factor activity. Those skilled in the art can appropriately identify such domains by homology analysis with a known cytokinin-responsive transcription factor.

It is also known that some proteins with amino acid sequences having high sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of a transcription factor also have similar activity. Considering this fact, another specific example of the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor is the following protein [3]:

[3] a protein having transcription factor activity and having an amino acid sequence that has at least 80% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2, 4, or 6.

For maintaining transcription factor activity, the sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2, 4, or 6 is preferably at least 85%, more preferably at least 90%, still more preferably at least 95%, particularly preferably at least 98%, and most preferably at least 99%.

The sequence identity between amino acid sequences or base sequences may be determined using the algorithm BLAST® [Pro. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 90, 5873 (1993)] developed by Karlin and Altschul or FASTA [Methods Enzymol., 183, 63 (1990)].

Whether a protein has transcription factor activity may be determined by conventionally known techniques, such as gel shift assays, or reporter assays using a reporter gene encoding β-galactosidase, luciferase, or GFP (green fluorescent protein).

The cytokinin-responsive transcription factor is preferably any of the following proteins:

[1-1] a protein having the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2 or 4;

[2-1] a protein having transcription factor activity and having an amino acid sequence containing one or more amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions, and/or additions relative to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2 or 4; and

[3-1] a protein having transcription factor activity and having an amino acid sequence that has at least 80% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2 or 4.

The cytokinin-responsive transcription factor is more preferably any of the following proteins:

[1-2] a protein having the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2;

[2-2] a protein having transcription factor activity and having an amino acid sequence containing one or more amino acid substitutions, deletions, insertions, and/or additions relative to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2; and

[3-2] a protein having transcription factor activity and having an amino acid sequence that has at least 80% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:2.

(DNA Encoding Cytokinin-Responsive Transcription Factor)

Moreover, the DNA encoding the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor may be either of the following DNAs:

[1] a DNA having the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1, 3, or 5; and

[2] a DNA encoding a protein with transcription factor activity and capable of hybridizing under stringent conditions to a DNA having a base sequence complementary to the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1, 3, or 5.

As used herein, the term “hybridizing” means a process in which the DNA hybridizes to a DNA having a particular base sequence or a part of the DNA. Thus, the DNA having a particular base sequence or part of the DNA may have a base sequence long enough to be usable as a probe in Northern or Southern blot analysis or as an oligonucleotide primer in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis. The DNA used as a probe may have a length of at least 100 bases, preferably at least 200 bases, and more preferably at least 500 bases although it may be a DNA of at least 10 bases, and preferably of at least 15 bases in length.

Techniques to perform DNA hybridization experiments are well known. The hybridization conditions under which experiments are performed may be determined according to, for example, Molecular Cloning, 2nd ed. and 3rd ed. (2001), Methods for General and Molecular Bacteriology, ASM Press (1994), Immunology methods manual, Academic press (Molecular), and many other standard textbooks.

The stringent conditions may include, for example, an overnight incubation at 42° C. of a DNA-immobilized filter and a DNA probe in a solution containing 50% formamide, 5×SSC (750 mM sodium chloride and 75 mM sodium citrate), 50 mM sodium phosphate (pH 7.6), 5×Denhardt's solution, 10% dextran sulfate, and 20 μg/l denatured salmon sperm DNA, followed by washing the filter for example in a 0.2×SSC solution at approximately 65° C. Less stringent conditions may also be used. Changes in the stringency may be accomplished through the manipulation of formamide concentration (lower percentages of formamide result in lower stringency), salt concentrations or temperature. For example, low stringent conditions include an overnight incubation at 37° C. in a solution containing 6×SSCE (20×SSCE: 3 mol/l sodium chloride, 0.2 mol/l sodium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.02 mol/l EDTA, pH 7.4), 0.5% SDS, 30% formamide, and 100 μg/1 denatured salmon sperm DNA, followed by washing in a 1×SSC solution containing 0.1% SDS at 50° C. In addition, to achieve even lower stringency, washes performed following hybridization may be done at higher salt concentrations (e.g. 5×SSC) in the above-mentioned low stringent conditions.

Variations in the above various conditions may be accomplished through the inclusion or substitution of blocking reagents used to suppress background in hybridization experiments. The inclusion of blocking reagents may require modification of the hybridization conditions for compatibility.

The DNA capable of hybridization under stringent conditions described above may be a DNA having a base sequence that has at least 80%, preferably at least 90%, more preferably at least 95%, even more preferably at least 98%, and particularly preferably at least 99% sequence identity to the base sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, 3, or 5 as calculated using a program such as BLAST® or FASTA with parameters mentioned above.

Whether the DNA capable of hybridizing under stringent conditions to the DNA mentioned above encodes a protein with transcription factor activity may be determined by conventionally known techniques, such as gel shift assays or reporter assays using a reporter gene encoding β-galactosidase, luciferase, or GFP (green fluorescent protein).

The DNA encoding the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor is preferably either of the following DNAs:

[1-1] a DNA having the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1 or 3; and

[2-1] a DNA encoding a protein with transcription factor activity and capable of hybridizing under stringent conditions to a DNA having a base sequence complementary to the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1 or 3.

More preferred is either of the following DNAs:

[1-2] a DNA having the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1; and

[2-2] a DNA encoding a protein with transcription factor activity and capable of hybridizing under stringent conditions to a DNA having a base sequence complementary to the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1.

The cytokinin-responsive transcription factor and the DNA encoding the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor may be obtained by site-directed mutagenesis of, for example, the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1, 3, or 5 (the base sequence of ARR1 from Arabidopsis thaliana, the base sequence of ARR2 from Arabidopsis thaliana, or the base sequence of ARR12 from Arabidopsis thaliana) according to site-directed mutagenesis techniques described in Molecular Cloning, A Laboratory Manual, Second Edition, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press (1989), Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, John Wiley & Sons (1987-1997), Nucleic Acids Research, 10, 6487 (1982), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 79, 6409 (1982), Gene, 34, 315 (1985), Nucleic Acids Research, 13, 4431 (1985), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 82, 488 (1985), etc.

(Transformant)

The gene encoding the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor can be introduced into a host to create an organism (transformant) that is transformed to express the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor. Then this transformant expresses the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor and is thereby capable of the regulated (enhanced) expression of at least one protein selected from the group consisting of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein (preferably at least one protein selected from the group consisting of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein).

More specifically, the transformant is capable of the comprehensively enhanced expression of the four proteins: hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein (preferably the three proteins: hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein). Therefore, the transformant has an overall enhanced pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis and allows for increased polyisoprenoid production.

The following briefly describes how to prepare an organism (transformant) that is transformed to express a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor. The brief description below mainly focuses on how to prepare a transformant that is transformed to express the above-mentioned cytokinin-responsive transcription factor. Once a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor-encoding gene to be introduced has been determined, such a transformant can be prepared by known methods.

Specifically, for example, a DNA containing the base sequence of SEQ ID NO:1, 3, or 5 (the base sequence of ARR1 from Arabidopsis thaliana, the base sequence of ARR2 from Arabidopsis thaliana, or the base sequence of ARR12 from Arabidopsis thaliana) is inserted downstream of a promoter of an appropriate expression vector using appropriate restriction enzymes and the like to prepare a recombinant DNA, which is then introduced into host cells compatible with the expression vector to obtain a transformant.

Although the above description relates to the cases where a DNA containing the base sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, 3, or 5 (the base sequence of ARR1 from Arabidopsis thaliana, the base sequence of ARR2 from Arabidopsis thaliana, or the base sequence of ARR12 from Arabidopsis thaliana) is used, a DNA encoding any of other cytokinin-responsive transcription factors from Arabidopsis thaliana or cytokinin-responsive transcription factors from organisms other than Arabidopsis thaliana may be used. In such cases, screening may be performed by a known method using, for example, a part of the base sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 as a probe to identify and isolate a DNA encoding a particular cytokinin-responsive transcription factor. The method for isolating a DNA molecule of interest using a DNA molecule as a probe is described in, for example, Molecular Cloning, 2nd edition, Cold Spring Harbor Press (1989). DNAs obtained by mutagenesis of the DNAs mentioned above may also be used.

Any of microorganisms, yeasts, animal cells, insect cells, plant cells, and the like can be used as the host (host cells), as long as they are capable of expressing a gene of interest. Since the only organisms currently known to biosynthesize polyisoprenoids are plants (isoprenoid-producing plants), the host is preferably a plant (an isoprenoid-producing plant), and the host cells are preferably plant cells (cells of an isoprenoid-producing plant). Please note that if a future advance in technology allows cells other than plant cells to biosynthesize polyisoprenoids, the gene encoding the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor can be suitably introduced into such cells.

The isoprenoid-producing plant is not particularly limited, provided that it is capable of producing an isoprenoid. Examples include plants of the genus Hevea, such as Hevea brasiliensis; plants of the genus Sonchus, such as Sonchus oleraceus, Sonchus asper, and Sonchus brachyotus; plants of the genus Solidago, such as Solidago altissima, Solidago virgaurea subsp. asiatica, Solidago virgaurea subsp. leipcarpa, Solidago virgaurea subsp. leipc arpaf. paludosa, Solidago virgaurea subsp. gigantea, and Solidago gigantea Ait. var. leiophylla Fernald; plants of the genus Helianthus, such as Helianthus annuus, Helianthus argophyllus, Helianthus atrorubens, Helianthus debilis, Helianthus decapetalus, and Helianthus giganteus; plants of the genus Taraxacum, such as Taraxacum, Taraxacum venustum H. Koidz, Taraxacum hondoense Nakai, Taraxacum platycarpum Dahlst, Taraxacum japonicum, Taraxacum officinale Weber, and Taraxacum koksaghyz; plants of the genus Ficus, such as Ficus carica, Ficus elastica, Ficus pumila L., Ficus erecta Thumb., Ficus ampelas Burm. f., Ficus benguetensis Merr., Ficus irisana Elm., Ficus microcarpa L.f., Ficus septica Burm. f., and Ficus benghalensis; plants of the genus Parthenium, such as Parthenium argentatum, Parthenium hysterophorus, and Parthenium hysterophores; and Lactuca serriola and Ficus benghalensis. In particular, the isoprenoid-producing plant is preferably at least one selected from the group consisting of plants of the genera Hevea, Sonchus, Taraxacum and Parhenium, and more preferably at least one selected from the group consisting of Hevea brasiliensis, Sonchus oleraceus, Parthenium argentatum, and Taraxacum koksaghyz.

Examples of expression vectors that can be used include vectors that are capable of autonomous replication in the host cells or of being incorporated into a chromosome thereof and contain a promoter at a position that permits transcription of the recombinant DNA.

In cases where plant cells are used as host cells, a pBI vector, a pUC vector, a Ti plasmid or tobacco mosaic virus vector, for example, may be used as an expression vector.

Any promoter that functions in plant cells can be used. Examples include cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter and rice actin-1 promoter, nopaline synthase gene promoter, tobacco mosaic virus 35S promoter, and rice actin gene promoter.

Preferred are expression vectors with promoters that are specifically expressed in tissues in which isoprenoid compounds are biosynthesized, such as laticifers. When the promoter is specifically expressed in tissues in which polyisoprenoids are biosynthesized, retardation of plant growth and other adverse effects can be prevented.

The recombinant vector can be introduced by any method that allows the DNA to be introduced into plant cells. Examples include methods using Agrobacterium (JP S59-140885 A, JP S60-70080 A, WO94/00977), electroporation (JP S60-251887 A), and methods using a particle gun (gene gun) (JP 2606856 B, JP 2517813 B).

A transformant (transgenic plant cells) into which has been introduced the gene encoding the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor can be prepared by these methods or the like.

The present invention provides an isoprenoid-producing plant into which has been introduced a gene encoding a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor. The isoprenoid-producing plant is not particularly limited, as long as it is an isoprenoid-producing plant containing transgenic plant cells. The transgenic plant cells are intended to include, in addition to transgenic plant cells prepared by the above-described methods, for example, all their progeny or clones and even progeny plants obtained by passaging these cells. Once transgenic plant cells into which the DNA or vector has been introduced in the genome are obtained, progeny or clones can be obtained from the transgenic plant cells by sexual or asexual reproduction, tissue culture, cell culture, cell fusion, or the like. Further, the transgenic plant cells, or progeny or clones thereof may be used to obtain reproductive materials (e.g. seeds, fruits, cuttings, stem tubers, root tubers, shoots, adventitious buds, adventitious embryos, calluses, protoplasts) which can then be used to produce the isoprenoid-producing plant on a large scale.

Techniques to regenerate plants from transgenic plant cells are already known; for example, Doi et al. disclose techniques for eucalyptus (Japanese Patent Application No. H11-127025), Fujimura et al. disclose techniques for rice (Fujimura et al., (1995), Plant Tissue Culture Lett., vol. 2: p 74-), Shillito et al. disclose techniques for corn (Shillito et al., (1989), Bio/Technology, vol. 7: p 581-), Visser et al. discloses techniques for potato (Visser et al., (1989), Theor. Appl. Genet., vol. 78: p 589-), and Akama et al. disclose techniques for Arabidopsis thaliana (Akama et al., (1992), Plant Cell Rep., vol. 12: p 7-). Those skilled in the art can regenerate plants from transgenic plant cells according to these documents.

Whether a target transcription factor gene is expressed in a regenerated plant may be determined by well-known methods. For example, western blot analysis may be used to assess the expression of a target transcription factor.

Seeds can be obtained from the transgenic plant, for example, as follows: the transgenic plant is rooted in an appropriate medium and then transplanted to water-containing soil in a pot, and grown under proper cultivation conditions so as to finally produce seeds, which are then collected. Further, plants can be grown from seeds, for example, as follows: seeds obtained from the transgenic plant as described above are sown in water-containing soil, and grown under proper cultivation conditions into plants.

According to the present invention, the isoprenoid-producing plant into which has been introduced a gene encoding a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor can be used for the production of polyisoprenoids to increase polyisoprenoid production. Specifically, polyisoprenoids can be produced by culturing transgenic plant cells prepared as described above, calluses obtained from such transgenic plant cells, cells redifferentiated from such calluses, or the like in an appropriate medium, or by growing transgenic plants regenerated from the transgenic plant cells, plants grown from seeds collected from such transgenic plants, or the like under proper cultivation conditions. The isoprenoid-producing plant of the present invention has a polyisoprenoid biosynthesis pathway enhanced overall by the cytokinin-responsive transcription factor introduced therein, and thereby allows for increased polyisoprenoid production.

The term “polyisoprenoid” as used herein is a generic term used to refer to polymers having isoprene (C5H8) units. Examples of polyisoprenoids include polymers such as monoterpenes (C10), sesquiterpenes (C15), diterpenes (C20), sesterterpenes (C25), triterpenes (C30), tetraterpenes (C40), and natural rubber.

The present invention enables to regulate (enhance) by a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor the expression of at least one protein selected from the group consisting of hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase, isopentenyl diphosphate isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein, as described above, and thus makes it possible to enhance the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis to increase polyisoprenoid production.

Moreover, the isoprenoid-producing plant of the present invention into which has been introduced a gene encoding a cytokinin-responsive transcription factor has an overall enhanced pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis, and the use of the isoprenoid-producing plant for the production of polyisoprenoids allows for increased polyisoprenoid production.

As described above, the method of the present invention, the isoprenoid-producing plant of the present invention, and the method of producing a polyisoprenoid of the present invention, which are capable of increasing polyisoprenoid production, can be effective for natural rubber source depletion that is of concern.

EXAMPLES

The present invention will be specifically described by reference to examples. The examples are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.

(Preparation of Promoter Sequence)

DNA fragments containing the gene encoding HMG-CoA reductase, IPP isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, or small rubber particle protein from leaves of Hevea brasiliensis (the base sequences of the genes encoding cis-prenyltransferase, HMG-CoA reductase, IPP isomerase, and SRPP are set forth in the sequence listing as SEQ ID NOs:7, 9, 11, and 13, respectively) and its promoter were cloned in the following manner. First, genomic DNA was extracted from leaves of Hevea brasiliensis. The extraction was carried out using a commercial genomic DNA extraction kit. The genes with their promoter regions were amplified by TAIL-PCR using random primers shown as Primers 1 to 6 and primers corresponding to the genes.


Primer 1:
(SEQ ID NO: 15)
5′-ntcgastwtsgwgtt-3′
Primer 2:
(SEQ ID NO: 16)
5′-ngtcgtswganawgaa-3′
Primer 3:
(SEQ ID NO: 17)
5′-wgtgnagwancanag-3′
Primer 4:
(SEQ ID NO: 18)
5′-sttntastnctntgc-3′
Primer 5:
(SEQ ID NO: 19)
5′-sstggstanatwatwct-3′
Primer 6:
(SEQ ID NO: 20)
5′-agwgnagwancanaga-3′

The base sequences of the DNA fragments obtained using the primers were analyzed to determine the presence of the promoter sequences of HMG-CoA reductase, IPP isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein. The base sequence of the promoter sequence of HMG-CoA reductase, the base sequence of the promoter sequence of IPP isomerase, the base sequence of the promoter sequence of cis-prenyltransferase, and the base sequence of the promoter sequence of small rubber particle protein are shown as SEQ ID NOs:21 to 24, respectively.

The promoter sequences were analyzed using a plant promoter database (a database of plant cis-acting regulatory DNA elements (PLACE)) (www.dna.affrc.go.jp/PLACE/).

The analysis revealed that the sequences contain many transcription factor binding sites involved in cytokinin responses, and, in particular, the promoter sequences of three genes (IPP isomerase, small rubber particle protein, and cis-prenyltransferase), among the four genes analyzed, all contain a lot of ARR1AT sequences (NGATT) to which ARR1 binds. The number of ARR1AT sequences is the second largest for IPP isomerase and small rubber particle protein, and the fourth largest for cis-prenyltransferase among the transcription factor binding sequences found in each case.

(Amplification of Promoter Region)

As the promoter regions of the genes, the following regions were amplified by PCR.

HMG-CoA reductase promoter: −1 to −1500 bp, −1 to −1000 bp, and −1 to −500 bp

IPP isomerase promoter: −1 to −1000 bp, and −1 to −500 bp

Cis-prenyltransferase promoter: −1 to −500 bp

Small rubber particle protein promoter: −1 to −1000 bp, and −1 to −500 bp

The PCR products were each cloned into pMD20T (Takara Bio, Inc.) to construct pMD20T-hmgpro (−1500), pMD20T-hmgpro (−1000), pMD20T-hmgpro (−500), pMD20T-ipppro (−1000), pMD20T-ipppro (−500), pMD20T-cptpro (−500), pMD20T-srpppro (−1000), and pMD20T-srpppro (−500). The inserted PCR products were sequenced to confirm that no mutation was introduced.

(Construction of Reporter Sequence-Containing Vector)

The plasmids constructed in (Amplification of promoter region) were restricted with SpeI and any of HindIII, KpnI and BamHI, and the promoter sequence fragments were individually incorporated at a site of pYES3/CT/LacZ from which the T7 promoter region had been removed, that is, immediately upstream of the lacZ reporter gene to construct pYES3-hmgprolacZ (−1500), pYES3-hmgprolacZ (−1000), pYES3-hmgpro (−500), pYES3-ippprolacZ (−1000), pYES3-ippprolacZ (−500), pYES3-cptprolacZ (−500), pYES3-srppprolacZ (−1000), and pYES3-srppprolacZ (−500). Ligation high ver. 2 (TOYOBO) was used for ligation.

(Construction of Vector for Gene Introduction into Yeast Chromosome)

The sequence from the SpeI site to the CYC1 transcription termination signal of each of the plasmids constructed in (Construction of reporter sequence-containing vector) was amplified by PCR, and each fragment was restricted with SalI, SmaI, XbaI or SphI, thereby providing DNA fragments with the promoter sequences each linked to the lacZ gene. In order to allow the obtained DNA fragments to be inserted into a yeast chromosome, the DNA fragments were individually incorporated into pAUR101 DNA (Takara Bio, Inc.) restricted in the same manner to construct pAUR101-hmgprolacZ (−1500), pAUR101-hmgprolacZ (−1000), pAUR101-hmgpro (−500), pAUR101-ippprolacZ (−1000), pAUR101-ippprolacZ (−500), pAUR101-cptprolacZ (−500), pAUR101-srppprolacZ (−1000), and pAUR101-srppprolacZ (−500). Ligation high ver.2 was used for ligation as above.

(Acquisition of Transcription Factor Gene)

Next, PCR was performed using an Arabidopsis thaliana cDNA library as a template. The PCR produced the following three PCR fragments: At3g16857 (ARR1) (SEQ ID NO:1), At4g16110 (ARR2) (SEQ ID NO:3), and At2g25180 (ARR12) (SEQ ID NO: 5). The obtained PCR products were each cloned into pMD20T to construct pMD20T-ARR1, pMD20T-ARR2, and pMD20T-ARR12. The inserted PCR products were sequenced to confirm that no mutation was introduced.

(Construction of Transcription Factor Expression Vector)

The plasmids constructed in (Acquisition of transcription factor gene) were restricted with SpeI, BamHI, or EcoRV, and the transcription factor genes were individually incorporated downstream of the TEF1 promoter region of p427TEF (COSMO BIO Co., Ltd.) to construct pTEF-ARR1, pTEF-ARR2, and pTEF-ARR12. Ligation high ver. 2 was used for ligation.

(Transformation of Yeast)

The plasmids constructed in (Construction of vector for gene introduction into yeast chromosome) and (Construction of transcription factor expression vector) were introduced into yeast cells (BY4741 strain) by electroporation. Screening for transgenic yeast cells was carried out by culturing the yeast cells on a medium containing the antifungal antibiotics Aureobasidin A (Takara Bio, Inc.) and G418 (Wako Pure Chemical Industries, Ltd.).

(Demonstration of Effect of Transcription Factor)

The transgenic yeast cells were cultured on a medium containing X-gal to assess the expression of lacZ due to transcription factor activity. Specifically, when the lacZ reporter gene, which is linked to each promoter sequence, is expressed, X-gal in the medium is then decomposed to develop a blue color. Based on this mechanism, when the medium turned blue, it was determined that lacZ was expressed due to transcription factor activity. This test was repeated 10 times. Table 1 shows how many times lacZ was expressed due to transcription factor activity.


TABLE 1
Transcription factor
Control (No
Promoter
At3g16857
At4g16110
At2g25180
transcription
sequence
(ARR1)
(ARR2)
(ARR12)
factor)
hmg(−1500)
5
3
3
1
hmg(−1000)
2
2
1
1
hmg(−500)
2
1
0
0
ipp(−1000)
7
6
4
0
ipp(−500)
5
4
2
0
cpt(−500)
2
1
1
0
srpp(−1000)
8
6
4
2
srpp(−500)
5
4
2
1
Number of yeast cells that exhibited reporter gene activity (N = 10)

Table 1 shows that the use of At3g16857 (ARR1) (SEQ ID NOs:1 and 2), At4g16110 (ARR2) (SEQ ID NOs:3 and 4), or At2g25180 (ARR12) (SEQ ID NOs:5 and 6), particularly At3g16857 (ARR1), enhanced the reporter gene activity. Further, At3g16857 (ARR1), At4g16110 (ARR2), and At2g25180 (ARR12) have proved to function as transcription factors for HMG-CoA reductase, IPP isomerase, cis-prenyltransferase, and small rubber particle protein because the longer the sequence of the promoter region was, the more often the reporter gene activity was expressed, or, in other words, the larger number of At3g16857 (ARR1), At4g16110 (ARR2), or At2g25180 (ARR12)-binding sites the promoter sequence contained, the more often the reporter gene activity was expressed. These results demonstrated that by introducing At3g16857 (ARR1), At4g16110 (ARR2), or At2g25180 (ARR12), particularly At3g16857 (ARR1), into an isoprenoid-producing plant, the overall pathway of polyisoprenoid biosynthesis can be enhanced to increase polyisoprenoid production.

(Sequence Listing Free Text)

SEQ ID NO:1: base sequence of ARR1-encoding gene from Arabidopsis thaliana

SEQ ID NO:2: amino acid sequence of ARR1 from Arabidopsis thaliana

SEQ ID NO:3: base sequence of ARR2-encoding gene from Arabidopsis thaliana

SEQ ID NO:4: amino acid sequence of ARR2 from Arabidopsis thaliana

SEQ ID NO:5: base sequence of ARR12-encoding gene from Arabidopsis thaliana

SEQ ID NO:6: amino acid sequence of ARR12 from Arabidopsis thaliana

SEQ ID NO:7: base sequence of cis-prenyltransferase-encoding gene from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:8: amino acid sequence of cis-prenyltransferase from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:9: base sequence of HMG-CoA reductase-encoding gene from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:10: amino acid sequence of HMG-CoA reductase from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:11: base sequence of IPP isomerase-encoding gene from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:12: amino acid sequence of IPP isomerase from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:13: base sequence of SRPP-encoding gene from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:14: amino acid sequence of SRPP from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:15: Primer 1

SEQ ID NO:16: Primer 2

SEQ ID NO:17: Primer 3

SEQ ID NO:18: Primer 4

SEQ ID NO:19: Primer 5

SEQ ID NO:20: Primer 6

SEQ ID NO:21: base sequence of promoter sequence of HMG-CoA reductase from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:22: base sequence of promoter sequence of IPP isomerase from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:23: base sequence of promoter sequence of cis-prenyltransferase from Hevea brasiliensis

SEQ ID NO:24: base sequence of promoter sequence of SRPP from Hevea brasiliensis

<160> NUMBER OF SEQ ID NOS: 24

<210> SEQ ID NO: 1

<211> LENGTH: 2073

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Arabidopsis thaliana

<400> SEQENCE: 1

atgatgaatc cgagtcacgg aagaggactc ggatcggctg gtgggtccag ctccggtaga 60

aatcaaggag gtggtggtga gaccgtcgtc gagatgtttc cttctggtct tcgagttctt 120

gtcgttgacg atgacccaac ttgtctcatg atcttagaga ggatgcttag gacttgtctt 180

tacgaagtaa cgaaatgcaa cagagcagag atggcattgt ctctgctccg gaagaacaaa 240

catggattcg atatagtaat cagtgatgtt catatgcctg acatggacgg tttcaagctt 300

cttgagcatg ttggtctaga gatggactta cctgttatca tgatgtctgc ggatgattca 360

aagagtgtgg ttctaaaggg agtaacgcac ggtgcggttg attaccttat caagcctgta 420

cgtatggagg cacttaagaa catatggcag catgtagtta ggaagaggag aagtgaatgg 480

agtgtaccgg aacattctgg gagcattgag gagactggcg agagacagca gcagcaacat 540

agaggaggtg gtggtggtgc agctgtttct ggtggagagg atgcggtgga tgataactca 600

tcctcggtta acgaaggtaa caattggagg agcagttcac ggaagaggaa agacgaggaa 660

ggagaagagc aaggagatga taaggacgaa gatgcgtcga atttgaagaa accgcgtgtc 720

gtctggtctg ttgaattgca tcagcagttt gttgctgctg ttaatcagct cggcgttgag 780

aaggcggttc ctaaaaagat cttagagctg atgaatgttc ctggtctaac ccgagaaaac 840

gtagcaagtc acctccagaa ataccggata tatctaagac ggcttggagg ggtatcgcag 900

caccaaggca atcttaacaa ctcgtttatg acgggtcagg atgcgagctt cggacctctt 960

tcgacattga atgggtttga tcttcaagca ctagccgtca caggtcagtt acctgcacag 1020

agtcttgcac agcttcaagc cgctggttta ggccggcctg cgatggtctc taagtcaggt 1080

ttgccggttt cctccattgt ggatgagaga agcatcttca gctttgacaa cacgaaaaca 1140

agatttggag aagggcttgg gcatcacggg caacaacccc aacagcaacc acagatgaac 1200

ttacttcacg gtgtccccac gggtttacaa cagcagcttc ctatgggtaa tcgaatgagt 1260

attcaacaac agattgctgc tgttcgagct ggaaatagtg ttcaaaacaa cggaatgctg 1320

atgcctctag cgggtcagca gtctttgcct cggggaccac cgcctatgct aacctcttcg 1380

caatcatcca tcaggcagcc gatgttatca aaccgcattt ccgagagaag tggtttctct 1440

ggaaggaaca atatccccga gagcagcaga gtgttaccga caagttacac taatctcaca 1500

acacaacact catcaagctc gatgccttat aacaacttcc aaccagaact tcccgtgaac 1560

agtttcccgc tggcaagtgc accagggata tcagtaccgg ttcggaaagc cacttcttac 1620

caggaagagg ttaacagctc cgaagcgggt ttcactacgc cgagctacga catgttcacc 1680

accagacaga atgattggga tctgaggaat attggaatag cctttgactc acatcaggac 1740

tcagaatccg ctgcgttttc cgcttcagaa gcctactctt cttcgtccat gtcaagacac 1800

aacacgacag ttgcagccac cgagcatggc cgaaaccacc agcagccacc atcgggaatg 1860

gtacagcacc atcaggttta tgcagacgga aacggtggtt cagtgagggt gaaatcagag 1920

agagtggcta cggatacagc aacaatggcg tttcacgagc agtatagtaa tcaagaagat 1980

cttatgagcg cacttcttaa gcaggaaggg attgcaccgg ttgatggcga attcgacttt 2040

gacgcatact ccatcgataa cattccggtt tga 2073

<210> SEQ ID NO: 2

<211> LENGTH: 690

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Arabidopsis thaliana

<400> SEQENCE: 2

Met Met Asn Pro Ser His Gly Arg Gly Leu Gly Ser Ala Gly Gly Ser

1 5 10 15

Ser Ser Gly Arg Asn Gln Gly Gly Gly Gly Glu Thr Val Val Glu Met

20 25 30

Phe Pro Ser Gly Leu Arg Val Leu Val Val Asp Asp Asp Pro Thr Cys

35 40 45

Leu Met Ile Leu Glu Arg Met Leu Arg Thr Cys Leu Tyr Glu Val Thr

50 55 60

Lys Cys Asn Arg Ala Glu Met Ala Leu Ser Leu Leu Arg Lys Asn Lys

65 70 75 80

His Gly Phe Asp Ile Val Ile Ser Asp Val His Met Pro Asp Met Asp

85 90 95

Gly Phe Lys Leu Leu Glu His Val Gly Leu Glu Met Asp Leu Pro Val

100 105 110

Ile Met Met Ser Ala Asp Asp Ser Lys Ser Val Val Leu Lys Gly Val

115 120 125

Thr His Gly Ala Val Asp Tyr Leu Ile Lys Pro Val Arg Met Glu Ala

130 135 140

Leu Lys Asn Ile Trp Gln His Val Val Arg Lys Arg Arg Ser Glu Trp

145 150 155 160

Ser Val Pro Glu His Ser Gly Ser Ile Glu Glu Thr Gly Glu Arg Gln

165 170 175

Gln Gln Gln His Arg Gly Gly Gly Gly Gly Ala Ala Val Ser Gly Gly

180 185 190

Glu Asp Ala Val Asp Asp Asn Ser Ser Ser Val Asn Glu Gly Asn Asn

195 200 205

Trp Arg Ser Ser Ser Arg Lys Arg Lys Asp Glu Glu Gly Glu Glu Gln

210 215 220

Gly Asp Asp Lys Asp Glu Asp Ala Ser Asn Leu Lys Lys Pro Arg Val

225 230 235 240

Val Trp Ser Val Glu Leu His Gln Gln Phe Val Ala Ala Val Asn Gln

245 250 255

Leu Gly Val Glu Lys Ala Val Pro Lys Lys Ile Leu Glu Leu Met Asn

260 265 270

Val Pro Gly Leu Thr Arg Glu Asn Val Ala Ser His Leu Gln Lys Tyr

275 280 285

Arg Ile Tyr Leu Arg Arg Leu Gly Gly Val Ser Gln His Gln Gly Asn

290 295 300

Leu Asn Asn Ser Phe Met Thr Gly Gln Asp Ala Ser Phe Gly Pro Leu

305 310 315 320

Ser Thr Leu Asn Gly Phe Asp Leu Gln Ala Leu Ala Val Thr Gly Gln

325 330 335

Leu Pro Ala Gln Ser Leu Ala Gln Leu Gln Ala Ala Gly Leu Gly Arg

340 345 350

Pro Ala Met Val Ser Lys Ser Gly Leu Pro Val Ser Ser Ile Val Asp

355 360 365

Glu Arg Ser Ile Phe Ser Phe Asp Asn Thr Lys Thr Arg Phe Gly Glu

370 375 380

Gly Leu Gly His His Gly Gln Gln Pro Gln Gln Gln Pro Gln Met Asn

385 390 395 400

Leu Leu His Gly Val Pro Thr Gly Leu Gln Gln Gln Leu Pro Met Gly

405 410 415

Asn Arg Met Ser Ile Gln Gln Gln Ile Ala Ala Val Arg Ala Gly Asn

420 425 430

Ser Val Gln Asn Asn Gly Met Leu Met Pro Leu Ala Gly Gln Gln Ser

435 440 445

Leu Pro Arg Gly Pro Pro Pro Met Leu Thr Ser Ser Gln Ser Ser Ile

450 455 460

Arg Gln Pro Met Leu Ser Asn Arg Ile Ser Glu Arg Ser Gly Phe Ser

465 470 475 480

Gly Arg Asn Asn Ile Pro Glu Ser Ser Arg Val Leu Pro Thr Ser Tyr

485 490 495

Thr Asn Leu Thr Thr Gln His Ser Ser Ser Ser Met Pro Tyr Asn Asn

500 505 510

Phe Gln Pro Glu Leu Pro Val Asn Ser Phe Pro Leu Ala Ser Ala Pro

515 520 525

Gly Ile Ser Val Pro Val Arg Lys Ala Thr Ser Tyr Gln Glu Glu Val

530 535 540

Asn Ser Ser Glu Ala Gly Phe Thr Thr Pro Ser Tyr Asp Met Phe Thr

545 550 555 560

Thr Arg Gln Asn Asp Trp Asp Leu Arg Asn Ile Gly Ile Ala Phe Asp

565 570 575

Ser His Gln Asp Ser Glu Ser Ala Ala Phe Ser Ala Ser Glu Ala Tyr

580 585 590

Ser Ser Ser Ser Met Ser Arg His Asn Thr Thr Val Ala Ala Thr Glu

595 600 605

His Gly Arg Asn His Gln Gln Pro Pro Ser Gly Met Val Gln His His

610 615 620

Gln Val Tyr Ala Asp Gly Asn Gly Gly Ser Val Arg Val Lys Ser Glu

625 630 635 640

Arg Val Ala Thr Asp Thr Ala Thr Met Ala Phe His Glu Gln Tyr Ser

645 650 655

Asn Gln Glu Asp Leu Met Ser Ala Leu Leu Lys Gln Glu Gly Ile Ala

660 665 670

Pro Val Asp Gly Glu Phe Asp Phe Asp Ala Tyr Ser Ile Asp Asn Ile

675 680 685

Pro Val

690

<210> SEQ ID NO: 3

<211> LENGTH: 1995

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Arabidopsis thaliana

<400> SEQENCE: 3

atggtaaatc cgggtcacgg aagaggaccc gattcgggta ctgctgctgg tgggtcaaac 60

tccgacccgt ttcctgcgaa tcttcgagtt cttgtcgttg atgatgatcc aacttgtctc 120

atgatcttag agaggatgct tatgacttgt ctctacagag taactaaatg taacagagca 180

gagagcgcat tgtctctgct tcggaagaac aagaatggtt ttgatattgt cattagtgat 240

gttcatatgc ctgacatgga tggtttcaag ctccttgaac acgttggttt agagatggat 300

ttacctgtta tcatgatgtc tgcggatgat tcgaagagcg ttgtgttgaa aggagtgact 360

cacggtgcag ttgattacct catcaaaccg gtacgtattg aggctttgaa gaatatatgg 420

caacatgtgg tgcggaagaa gcgtaacgag tggaatgttt ctgaacattc tggaggaagt 480

attgaagata ctggcggtga cagggacagg cagcagcagc atagggagga tgctgataac 540

aactcgtctt cagttaatga agggaacggg aggagctcga ggaagcggaa ggaagaggaa 600

gtagatgatc aaggggatga taaggaagac tcatcgagtt taaagaaacc acgcgtggtt 660

tggtctgttg aattgcatca gcagtttgtt gctgctgtga atcagctagg cgttgacaaa 720

gctgttccta agaagatctt agagatgatg aatgtacccg ggctaacgcg agaaaacgta 780

gccagtcacc tccagaagta tcggatatat ctgagacggc ttggaggagt atcgcaacac 840

caaggaaata tgaaccattc gtttatgact ggtcaagatc agagttttgg acctctttct 900

tcgttgaatg gatttgatct tcaatcttta gctgttactg gtcagctccc tcctcagagc 960

cttgcacagc ttcaagcagc tggtcttggc cggcctacac tcgctaaacc agggatgtcg 1020

gtttctcccc ttgtagatca gagaagcatc ttcaactttg aaaacccaaa aataagattt 1080

ggagacggac atggtcagac gatgaacaat ggaaatttgc ttcatggtgt cccaacgggt 1140

agtcacatgc gtctgcgtcc tggacagaat gttcagagca gcggaatgat gttgccagta 1200

gcagaccagc tacctcgagg aggaccatcg atgctaccat ccctcgggca acagccgata 1260

ttgtcaagca gcgtttcaag aagaagcgat ctcactggtg cgctggcggt tagaaacagt 1320

atccccgaga ccaacagcag agtgttacca actactcact cggtcttcaa taacttcccc 1380

gcggatctac ctcgcagcag cttcccgttg gcaagtgccc cagggatttc agttccagta 1440

tcagtttctt accaagaaga ggtcaacagc tcggatgcaa aaggaggttc atcagctgct 1500

actgctggat ttggtaaccc aagctacgac atatttaacg attttccgca gcaccaacag 1560

cacaacaaga acatcagcaa taaactaaac gattgggatc tgcggaatat gggattggtc 1620

ttcagttcca atcaggacgc agcaactgca accgcaaccg cagcattttc cacttcggaa 1680

gcatactctt cgtcttctac gcagagaaaa agacgggaaa cggacgcaac agttgtgggt 1740

gagcatgggc agaacctgca gtcaccgagc cggaatctgt atcatctgaa ccacgttttt 1800

atggacggtg gttcagtcag agtgaagtca gaaagagtgg cggagacagt gacttgtcct 1860

ccagcaaata cattgtttca cgagcagtat aatcaagaag atctgatgag cgcatttctc 1920

aaacaggaag gcatcccatc cgtagataac gagttcgaat ttgacggata ctccatcgat 1980

aatatccagg tctga 1995

<210> SEQ ID NO: 4

<211> LENGTH: 664

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Arabidopsis thaliana

<400> SEQENCE: 4

Met Val Asn Pro Gly His Gly Arg Gly Pro Asp Ser Gly Thr Ala Ala

1 5 10 15

Gly Gly Ser Asn Ser Asp Pro Phe Pro Ala Asn Leu Arg Val Leu Val

20 25 30

Val Asp Asp Asp Pro Thr Cys Leu Met Ile Leu Glu Arg Met Leu Met

35 40 45

Thr Cys Leu Tyr Arg Val Thr Lys Cys Asn Arg Ala Glu Ser Ala Leu

50 55 60

Ser Leu Leu Arg Lys Asn Lys Asn Gly Phe Asp Ile Val Ile Ser Asp

65 70 75 80

Val His Met Pro Asp Met Asp Gly Phe Lys Leu Leu Glu His Val Gly

85 90 95

Leu Glu Met Asp Leu Pro Val Ile Met Met Ser Ala Asp Asp Ser Lys

100 105 110

Ser Val Val Leu Lys Gly Val Thr His Gly Ala Val Asp Tyr Leu Ile

115 120 125

Lys Pro Val Arg Ile Glu Ala Leu Lys Asn Ile Trp Gln His Val Val

130 135 140

Arg Lys Lys Arg Asn Glu Trp Asn Val Ser Glu His Ser Gly Gly Ser

145 150 155 160

Ile Glu Asp Thr Gly Gly Asp Arg Asp Arg Gln Gln Gln His Arg Glu

165 170 175

Asp Ala Asp Asn Asn Ser Ser Ser Val Asn Glu Gly Asn Gly Arg Ser

180 185 190

Ser Arg Lys Arg Lys Glu Glu Glu Val Asp Asp Gln Gly Asp Asp Lys

195 200 205

Glu Asp Ser Ser Ser Leu Lys Lys Pro Arg Val Val Trp Ser Val Glu

210 215 220

Leu His Gln Gln Phe Val Ala Ala Val Asn Gln Leu Gly Val Asp Lys

225 230 235 240

Ala Val Pro Lys Lys Ile Leu Glu Met Met Asn Val Pro Gly Leu Thr

245 250 255

Arg Glu Asn Val Ala Ser His Leu Gln Lys Tyr Arg Ile Tyr Leu Arg

260 265 270

Arg Leu Gly Gly Val Ser Gln His Gln Gly Asn Met Asn His Ser Phe

275 280 285

Met Thr Gly Gln Asp Gln Ser Phe Gly Pro Leu Ser Ser Leu Asn Gly

290 295 300

Phe Asp Leu Gln Ser Leu Ala Val Thr Gly Gln Leu Pro Pro Gln Ser

305 310 315 320

Leu Ala Gln Leu Gln Ala Ala Gly Leu Gly Arg Pro Thr Leu Ala Lys

325 330 335

Pro Gly Met Ser Val Ser Pro Leu Val Asp Gln Arg Ser Ile Phe Asn

340 345 350

Phe Glu Asn Pro Lys Ile Arg Phe Gly Asp Gly His Gly Gln Thr Met

355 360 365

Asn Asn Gly Asn Leu Leu His Gly Val Pro Thr Gly Ser His Met Arg

370 375 380

Leu Arg Pro Gly Gln Asn Val Gln Ser Ser Gly Met Met Leu Pro Val

385 390 395 400

Ala Asp Gln Leu Pro Arg Gly Gly Pro Ser Met Leu Pro Ser Leu Gly

405 410 415

Gln Gln Pro Ile Leu Ser Ser Ser Val Ser Arg Arg Ser Asp Leu Thr

420 425 430

Gly Ala Leu Ala Val Arg Asn Ser Ile Pro Glu Thr Asn Ser Arg Val

435 440 445

Leu Pro Thr Thr His Ser Val Phe Asn Asn Phe Pro Ala Asp Leu Pro

450 455 460

Arg Ser Ser Phe Pro Leu Ala Ser Ala Pro Gly Ile Ser Val Pro Val

465 470 475 480

Ser Val Ser Tyr Gln Glu Glu Val Asn Ser Ser Asp Ala Lys Gly Gly

485 490 495

Ser Ser Ala Ala Thr Ala Gly Phe Gly Asn Pro Ser Tyr Asp Ile Phe

500 505 510

Asn Asp Phe Pro Gln His Gln Gln His Asn Lys Asn Ile Ser Asn Lys

515 520 525

Leu Asn Asp Trp Asp Leu Arg Asn Met Gly Leu Val Phe Ser Ser Asn

530 535 540

Gln Asp Ala Ala Thr Ala Thr Ala Thr Ala Ala Phe Ser Thr Ser Glu

545 550 555 560

Ala Tyr Ser Ser Ser Ser Thr Gln Arg Lys Arg Arg Glu Thr Asp Ala

565 570 575

Thr Val Val Gly Glu His Gly Gln Asn Leu Gln Ser Pro Ser Arg Asn

580 585 590

Leu Tyr His Leu Asn His Val Phe Met Asp Gly Gly Ser Val Arg Val

595 600 605

Lys Ser Glu Arg Val Ala Glu Thr Val Thr Cys Pro Pro Ala Asn Thr

610 615 620

Leu Phe His Glu Gln Tyr Asn Gln Glu Asp Leu Met Ser Ala Phe Leu

625 630 635 640

Lys Gln Glu Gly Ile Pro Ser Val Asp Asn Glu Phe Glu Phe Asp Gly

645 650 655

Tyr Ser Ile Asp Asn Ile Gln Val

660

<210> SEQ ID NO: 5

<211> LENGTH: 1791

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Arabidopsis thaliana

<400> SEQENCE: 5

atgactgttg aacaaaattt agaagctttg gatcagtttc ctgtaggaat gagagttctt 60

gctgttgatg atgaccaaac ttgtctcaaa atccttgaat ctctccttcg tcactgccaa 120

taccatgtaa caacgacgaa ccaagcacaa aaggctttag agttattgag agagaacaag 180

aacaagtttg atctggttat tagtgatgtt gacatgcctg acatggatgg tttcaaactc 240

cttgagcttg ttggtcttga aatggaccta cctgtcataa tgttgtctgc gcatagtgat 300

ccaaagtatg tgatgaaggg agttactcat ggtgcttgtg attatctact gaagccggtt 360

cgtattgagg agttgaagaa catatggcaa catgtcgtga gaagtagatt tgataagaac 420

cgtgggagta ataataatgg tgataagaga gatggatcag gtaatgaagg tgttgggaat 480

tctgatcaga acaatgggaa aggtaataga aaacgtaaag atcagtataa tgaagatgag 540

gatgaggata gagatgataa tgatgattcg tgtgctcaaa agaagcaacg tgttgtttgg 600

actgttgagc tgcataagaa atttgttgca gctgttaacc aattgggata tgagaaggct 660

atgcctaaaa agattttgga tctgatgaat gttgagaagc tcactagaga aaatgtggcc 720

agtcatcttc agaaattccg cctttacttg aagaggatca gtggtgtggc taatcagcaa 780

gctattatgg caaactctga gttacatttt atgcaaatga atggacttga tggtttccat 840

caccgcccaa tccctgttgg atctggtcag taccatggtg gggctcctgc aatgagatct 900

ttccctccaa acgggattct tggcagactc aatactcctt cggggatcgg tgtccgcagc 960

ctttcttctc ctcctgcagg aatgttcttg caaaaccaga ccgatatcgg aaagtttcac 1020

catgtctcat cacttcctct taaccacagt gatggaggaa acatacttca agggttgcca 1080

atgcctttag agttcgacca gcttcagaca aacaacaaca aaagtagaaa catgaacagt 1140

aacaagagca ttgctgggac ctccatggct tttcctagct tctctacgca acaaaactcg 1200

ctcatcagtg ctcctaataa caatgtcgtg gttctagaag gtcacccaca agcaactcct 1260

ccaggcttcc caggacacca gatcaataaa cgtttggagc attggtcaaa tgctgtatcc 1320

tcttcgactc accctcctcc cccggcacat aacagtaata gtatcaatca tcagttcgat 1380

gtctctccat taccgcattc tagacccgac cccttggaat ggaacaatgt gtcatcaagc 1440

tactctatac cattctgtga ctctgccaat acattgagtt ctccagcctt ggatacaaca 1500

aatccccgag ctttctgtag aaacacggac ttcgattcaa acacaaatgt gcaacctgga 1560

gtcttttatg gtccatccac ggatgctatg gctctgttga gtagtagtaa cccgaaagaa 1620

gggttcgtcg taggccaaca gaagttacag agtggtggat tcatggttgc agatgctggt 1680

tccttagatg atatagtcaa ctccacgatg aagcaggaac agagccaggg agatttgtct 1740

ggaggagatt tgggatatgg agggtttagt tcactcagaa catgcatatg a 1791

<210> SEQ ID NO: 6

<211> LENGTH: 596

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Arabidopsis thaliana

<400> SEQENCE: 6

Met Thr Val Glu Gln Asn Leu Glu Ala Leu Asp Gln Phe Pro Val Gly

1 5 10 15

Met Arg Val Leu Ala Val Asp Asp Asp Gln Thr Cys Leu Lys Ile Leu

20 25 30

Glu Ser Leu Leu Arg His Cys Gln Tyr His Val Thr Thr Thr Asn Gln

35 40 45

Ala Gln Lys Ala Leu Glu Leu Leu Arg Glu Asn Lys Asn Lys Phe Asp

50 55 60

Leu Val Ile Ser Asp Val Asp Met Pro Asp Met Asp Gly Phe Lys Leu

65 70 75 80

Leu Glu Leu Val Gly Leu Glu Met Asp Leu Pro Val Ile Met Leu Ser

85 90 95

Ala His Ser Asp Pro Lys Tyr Val Met Lys Gly Val Thr His Gly Ala

100 105 110

Cys Asp Tyr Leu Leu Lys Pro Val Arg Ile Glu Glu Leu Lys Asn Ile

115 120 125

Trp Gln His Val Val Arg Ser Arg Phe Asp Lys Asn Arg Gly Ser Asn

130 135 140

Asn Asn Gly Asp Lys Arg Asp Gly Ser Gly Asn Glu Gly Val Gly Asn

145 150 155 160

Ser Asp Gln Asn Asn Gly Lys Gly Asn Arg Lys Arg Lys Asp Gln Tyr

165 170 175

Asn Glu Asp Glu Asp Glu Asp Arg Asp Asp Asn Asp Asp Ser Cys Ala

180 185 190

Gln Lys Lys Gln Arg Val Val Trp Thr Val Glu Leu His Lys Lys Phe

195 200 205

Val Ala Ala Val Asn Gln Leu Gly Tyr Glu Lys Ala Met Pro Lys Lys

210 215 220

Ile Leu Asp Leu Met Asn Val Glu Lys Leu Thr Arg Glu Asn Val Ala

225 230 235 240

Ser His Leu Gln Lys Phe Arg Leu Tyr Leu Lys Arg Ile Ser Gly Val

245 250 255

Ala Asn Gln Gln Ala Ile Met Ala Asn Ser Glu Leu His Phe Met Gln

260 265 270

Met Asn Gly Leu Asp Gly Phe His His Arg Pro Ile Pro Val Gly Ser

275 280 285

Gly Gln Tyr His Gly Gly Ala Pro Ala Met Arg Ser Phe Pro Pro Asn

290 295 300

Gly Ile Leu Gly Arg Leu Asn Thr Pro Ser Gly Ile Gly Val Arg Ser

305 310 315 320

Leu Ser Ser Pro Pro Ala Gly Met Phe Leu Gln Asn Gln Thr Asp Ile

325 330 335

Gly Lys Phe His His Val Ser Ser Leu Pro Leu Asn His Ser Asp Gly

340 345 350

Gly Asn Ile Leu Gln Gly Leu Pro Met Pro Leu Glu Phe Asp Gln Leu

355 360 365

Gln Thr Asn Asn Asn Lys Ser Arg Asn Met Asn Ser Asn Lys Ser Ile

370 375 380

Ala Gly Thr Ser Met Ala Phe Pro Ser Phe Ser Thr Gln Gln Asn Ser

385 390 395 400

Leu Ile Ser Ala Pro Asn Asn Asn Val Val Val Leu Glu Gly His Pro

405 410 415

Gln Ala Thr Pro Pro Gly Phe Pro Gly His Gln Ile Asn Lys Arg Leu

420 425 430

Glu His Trp Ser Asn Ala Val Ser Ser Ser Thr His Pro Pro Pro Pro

435 440 445

Ala His Asn Ser Asn Ser Ile Asn His Gln Phe Asp Val Ser Pro Leu

450 455 460

Pro His Ser Arg Pro Asp Pro Leu Glu Trp Asn Asn Val Ser Ser Ser

465 470 475 480

Tyr Ser Ile Pro Phe Cys Asp Ser Ala Asn Thr Leu Ser Ser Pro Ala

485 490 495

Leu Asp Thr Thr Asn Pro Arg Ala Phe Cys Arg Asn Thr Asp Phe Asp

500 505 510

Ser Asn Thr Asn Val Gln Pro Gly Val Phe Tyr Gly Pro Ser Thr Asp

515 520 525

Ala Met Ala Leu Leu Ser Ser Ser Asn Pro Lys Glu Gly Phe Val Val

530 535 540

Gly Gln Gln Lys Leu Gln Ser Gly Gly Phe Met Val Ala Asp Ala Gly

545 550 555 560

Ser Leu Asp Asp Ile Val Asn Ser Thr Met Lys Gln Glu Gln Ser Gln

565 570 575

Gly Asp Leu Ser Gly Gly Asp Leu Gly Tyr Gly Gly Phe Ser Ser Leu

580 585 590

Arg Thr Cys Ile

595

<210> SEQ ID NO: 7

<211> LENGTH: 873

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 7

atgaaattat acaccggtga gaggccaagt gtgttcagac ttttagggaa gtatatgaga 60

aaagggttat atggcatcct aacccagggt cccatcccta ctcatcttgc cttcatattg 120

gatggaaaca ggaggtttgc taagaagcat aaactgccag aaggaggtgg tcataaggct 180

ggatttttag ctcttctgaa cgtgctaact tattgctatg agttaggagt gaaatatgcg 240

actatctatg cctttagcat cgataatttt cgaaggaaac ctcatgaggt tcagtacgta 300

atgaatctaa tgctggagaa gattgaaggg atgatcatgg aagaaagtat catcaatgca 360

tatgatattt gcgtacgttt tgtgggtaac ctgaagcttt taagtgagcc agtcaagacc 420

gcagcagata agattatgag ggctactgcc aacaattcca aatgtgtgct tctccttgct 480

gtatgctata cttcaactga tgagatcgtg catgctgttg aagaatcctc tgaattgaac 540

tccaatgaag tttgtaacaa tcaagaattg gaggaggcaa atgcaactgg aagcggtact 600

gtgattcaaa ctgagaacat ggagtcgtat tctggaataa aacttgtaga ccttgagaaa 660

aacacctaca taaatcctta tcctgatgtt ctgattcgaa cttctgggga gacccgtctg 720

agcaactact tactttggca gactactaat tgcatactgt attctcctta tgcactgtgg 780

ccagagattg gtcttcgaca cgtggtgtgg tcagtaatta acttccaacg tcattattct 840

tacttggaga aacataagga atacttaaaa taa 873

<210> SEQ ID NO: 8

<211> LENGTH: 290

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 8

Met Lys Leu Tyr Thr Gly Glu Arg Pro Ser Val Phe Arg Leu Leu Gly

1 5 10 15

Lys Tyr Met Arg Lys Gly Leu Tyr Gly Ile Leu Thr Gln Gly Pro Ile

20 25 30

Pro Thr His Leu Ala Phe Ile Leu Asp Gly Asn Arg Arg Phe Ala Lys

35 40 45

Lys His Lys Leu Pro Glu Gly Gly Gly His Lys Ala Gly Phe Leu Ala

50 55 60

Leu Leu Asn Val Leu Thr Tyr Cys Tyr Glu Leu Gly Val Lys Tyr Ala

65 70 75 80

Thr Ile Tyr Ala Phe Ser Ile Asp Asn Phe Arg Arg Lys Pro His Glu

85 90 95

Val Gln Tyr Val Met Asn Leu Met Leu Glu Lys Ile Glu Gly Met Ile

100 105 110

Met Glu Glu Ser Ile Ile Asn Ala Tyr Asp Ile Cys Val Arg Phe Val

115 120 125

Gly Asn Leu Lys Leu Leu Ser Glu Pro Val Lys Thr Ala Ala Asp Lys

130 135 140

Ile Met Arg Ala Thr Ala Asn Asn Ser Lys Cys Val Leu Leu Leu Ala

145 150 155 160

Val Cys Tyr Thr Ser Thr Asp Glu Ile Val His Ala Val Glu Glu Ser

165 170 175

Ser Glu Leu Asn Ser Asn Glu Val Cys Asn Asn Gln Glu Leu Glu Glu

180 185 190

Ala Asn Ala Thr Gly Ser Gly Thr Val Ile Gln Thr Glu Asn Met Glu

195 200 205

Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Lys Leu Val Asp Leu Glu Lys Asn Thr Tyr Ile

210 215 220

Asn Pro Tyr Pro Asp Val Leu Ile Arg Thr Ser Gly Glu Thr Arg Leu

225 230 235 240

Ser Asn Tyr Leu Leu Trp Gln Thr Thr Asn Cys Ile Leu Tyr Ser Pro

245 250 255

Tyr Ala Leu Trp Pro Glu Ile Gly Leu Arg His Val Val Trp Ser Val

260 265 270

Ile Asn Phe Gln Arg His Tyr Ser Tyr Leu Glu Lys His Lys Glu Tyr

275 280 285

Leu Lys

290

<210> SEQ ID NO: 9

<211> LENGTH: 1728

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 9

atggacacca ccggccggct ccaccaccga aagcatgcta cacccgttga ggaccgttct 60

ccgaccactc cgaaagcgtc ggacgcgctt ccgcttcccc tctacctgac caacgcggtt 120

ttcttcacgc tgttcttctc ggtggcgtat tacctccttc accggtggcg cgacaagatc 180

cgcaactcca ctccccttca tatcgttact ctctctgaaa ttgttgctat tgtctccctc 240

attgcctctt tcatttacct cctaggattc ttcggtatcg attttgtgca gtcattcatt 300

gcacgcgcct cccatgacgt gtgggacctc gaagatacgg atcccaacta cctcatcgat 360

gaagatcacc gtctcgttac ttgccctccc gctaatatat ctactaagac taccattatt 420

gccgcaccta ccaaattgcc tacctcggaa cccttaattg cacccttagt ctcggaggaa 480

gacgaaatga tcgtcaactc cgtcgtggat gggaagatac cctcctattc tctggagtcg 540

aagctcgggg actgcaaacg agcggctgcg attcgacgcg aggctttgca gaggatgaca 600

aggaggtcgc tggaaggctt gccagtagaa gggttcgatt acgagtcgat tttaggacaa 660

tgctgtgaaa tgccagtggg atacgtgcag attccggtgg ggattgcggg gccgttgttg 720

ctgaacgggc gggagtactc tgttccaatg gcgaccacgg agggttgttt ggtggcgagc 780

actaatagag ggtgtaaggc gatttacttg tcaggtgggg ccaccagcgt cttgttgaag 840

gatggcatga caagagcgcc tgttgtaaga ttcgcgtcgg cgactagagc cgcggagttg 900

aagttcttct tggaggatcc tgacaatttt gataccttgg ccgtagtttt taacaagtcc 960

agtagatttg cgaggctcca aggcattaaa tgctcaattg ctggtaagaa tctttatata 1020

agattcagct gcagcactgg cgatgcaatg gggatgaaca tggtttctaa aggggttcaa 1080

aacgttcttg aatttcttca aagtgatttt tctgatatgg atgtcattgg aatctcagga 1140

aatttttgtt cggataagaa gcctgctgct gtaaattgga ttgaaggacg tggcaaatca 1200

gttgtttgtg aggcaattat caaggaagag gtggtgaaga aggtgttgaa aaccaatgtg 1260

gcctccctag tggagcttaa catgctcaag aatcttgctg gttctgctgt tgctggtgct 1320

ttgggtggat ttaatgccca tgcaggcaac atcgtatctg caatctttat tgccactggc 1380

caggatccag cacagaatgt tgagagttct cattgcatta ccatgatgga agctgtcaat 1440

gatggaaagg atctccatat ctctgtgacc atgccctcca ttgaggtggg tacagtcgga 1500

ggtggaactc aacttgcatc tcagtctgct tgtctcaatt tgcttggggt gaagggtgca 1560

aacaaagagt cgccaggatc aaactcaagg ctccttgctg ccatcgtagc tggttcagtt 1620

ttggctggtg agctctcctt gatgtctgcc attgcagctg ggcagcttgt caagagtcac 1680

atgaagtaca acagctccag caaagatatg tctaaagctg catcttag 1728

<210> SEQ ID NO: 10

<211> LENGTH: 575

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 10

Met Asp Thr Thr Gly Arg Leu His His Arg Lys His Ala Thr Pro Val

1 5 10 15

Glu Asp Arg Ser Pro Thr Thr Pro Lys Ala Ser Asp Ala Leu Pro Leu

20 25 30

Pro Leu Tyr Leu Thr Asn Ala Val Phe Phe Thr Leu Phe Phe Ser Val

35 40 45

Ala Tyr Tyr Leu Leu His Arg Trp Arg Asp Lys Ile Arg Asn Ser Thr

50 55 60

Pro Leu His Ile Val Thr Leu Ser Glu Ile Val Ala Ile Val Ser Leu

65 70 75 80

Ile Ala Ser Phe Ile Tyr Leu Leu Gly Phe Phe Gly Ile Asp Phe Val

85 90 95

Gln Ser Phe Ile Ala Arg Ala Ser His Asp Val Trp Asp Leu Glu Asp

100 105 110

Thr Asp Pro Asn Tyr Leu Ile Asp Glu Asp His Arg Leu Val Thr Cys

115 120 125

Pro Pro Ala Asn Ile Ser Thr Lys Thr Thr Ile Ile Ala Ala Pro Thr

130 135 140

Lys Leu Pro Thr Ser Glu Pro Leu Ile Ala Pro Leu Val Ser Glu Glu

145 150 155 160

Asp Glu Met Ile Val Asn Ser Val Val Asp Gly Lys Ile Pro Ser Tyr

165 170 175

Ser Leu Glu Ser Lys Leu Gly Asp Cys Lys Arg Ala Ala Ala Ile Arg

180 185 190

Arg Glu Ala Leu Gln Arg Met Thr Arg Arg Ser Leu Glu Gly Leu Pro

195 200 205

Val Glu Gly Phe Asp Tyr Glu Ser Ile Leu Gly Gln Cys Cys Glu Met

210 215 220

Pro Val Gly Tyr Val Gln Ile Pro Val Gly Ile Ala Gly Pro Leu Leu

225 230 235 240

Leu Asn Gly Arg Glu Tyr Ser Val Pro Met Ala Thr Thr Glu Gly Cys

245 250 255

Leu Val Ala Ser Thr Asn Arg Gly Cys Lys Ala Ile Tyr Leu Ser Gly

260 265 270

Gly Ala Thr Ser Val Leu Leu Lys Asp Gly Met Thr Arg Ala Pro Val

275 280 285

Val Arg Phe Ala Ser Ala Thr Arg Ala Ala Glu Leu Lys Phe Phe Leu

290 295 300

Glu Asp Pro Asp Asn Phe Asp Thr Leu Ala Val Val Phe Asn Lys Ser

305 310 315 320

Ser Arg Phe Ala Arg Leu Gln Gly Ile Lys Cys Ser Ile Ala Gly Lys

325 330 335

Asn Leu Tyr Ile Arg Phe Ser Tyr Ser Thr Gly Asp Ala Met Gly Met

340 345 350

Asn Met Val Ser Lys Gly Val Gln Asn Val Leu Glu Phe Leu Gln Ser

355 360 365

Asp Phe Ser Asp Met Asp Val Ile Gly Ile Ser Gly Asn Phe Cys Ser

370 375 380

Asp Lys Lys Pro Ala Ala Val Asn Trp Ile Glu Gly Arg Gly Lys Ser

385 390 395 400

Val Val Cys Glu Ala Ile Ile Lys Glu Glu Val Val Lys Lys Val Leu

405 410 415

Lys Thr Asn Val Ala Ser Leu Val Glu Leu Asn Met Leu Lys Asn Leu

420 425 430

Ala Gly Ser Ala Val Ala Gly Ala Leu Gly Gly Phe Asn Ala His Ala

435 440 445

Gly Asn Ile Val Ser Ala Ile Phe Ile Ala Thr Gly Gln Asp Pro Ala

450 455 460

Gln Asn Val Glu Ser Ser His Cys Ile Thr Met Met Glu Ala Val Asn

465 470 475 480

Asp Gly Lys Asp Leu His Ile Ser Val Thr Met Pro Ser Ile Glu Val

485 490 495

Gly Thr Val Gly Gly Gly Thr Gln Leu Ala Ser Gln Ser Ala Cys Leu

500 505 510

Asn Leu Leu Gly Val Lys Gly Ala Asn Lys Glu Ser Pro Gly Ser Asn

515 520 525

Ser Arg Leu Leu Ala Ala Ile Val Ala Gly Ser Val Leu Ala Gly Glu

530 535 540

Leu Ser Leu Met Ser Ala Ile Ala Ala Gly Gln Leu Val Lys Ser His

545 550 555 560

Met Lys Tyr Asn Arg Ser Ser Lys Asp Met Ser Lys Ala Ala Ser

565 570 575

<210> SEQ ID NO: 11

<211> LENGTH: 705

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 11

atgggtgagg ctccagatgt cggcatggat gctgtccaga aacgcctcat gttcgacgat 60

gaatgcattt tagtagatga gaacgatggt gttgttggtc atgcttccaa atataattgt 120

catttgtggg aaaatatttt gaaggggaac gcattacata gagcttttag cgtatttctc 180

ttcaactcaa aatatgagct actccttcag caacgctctg ggacaaaggt gacattcccg 240

cttgtatgga caaacacttg ctgtagtcat cctctgtacc gtgaatctga gcttattgat 300

gaggatgctc ttggtgtgag aaatgctgca caaaggaagc ttttcgatga gcttggtatc 360

cctgctgaag atgttccagt tgatcagttt actccactag gacgtatact atataaggcg 420

tcctccgatg gaaagtgggg agagcatgaa cttgattatc tgctctttat agtccgtgat 480

gttaatgtaa atccaaaccc tgatgaggta gctgatgtaa agtatgttaa ccgggatcag 540

ttgaaggagc tcttgaggaa ggcggattct ggcgaggaag gtataaattt gtcaccttgg 600

tttagactag ttgtggacaa cttcttgttg aaatggtggg aaaatgtcga aaatgggaca 660

ctcaaggaag cagttgacat gaaaacgatt cacaagttga gttga 705

<210> SEQ ID NO: 12

<211> LENGTH: 234

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 12

Met Gly Glu Ala Pro Asp Val Gly Met Asp Ala Val Gln Lys Arg Leu

1 5 10 15

Met Phe Asp Asp Glu Cys Ile Leu Val Asp Glu Asn Asp Gly Val Val

20 25 30

Gly His Ala Ser Lys Tyr Asn Cys His Leu Trp Glu Asn Ile Leu Lys

35 40 45

Gly Asn Ala Leu His Arg Ala Phe Ser Val Phe Leu Phe Asn Ser Lys

50 55 60

Tyr Glu Leu Leu Leu Gln Gln Arg Ser Gly Thr Lys Val Thr Phe Pro

65 70 75 80

Leu Val Trp Thr Asn Thr Cys Cys Ser His Pro Leu Tyr Arg Glu Ser

85 90 95

Glu Leu Ile Asp Glu Asp Ala Leu Gly Val Arg Asn Ala Ala Gln Arg

100 105 110

Lys Leu Phe Asp Glu Leu Gly Ile Pro Ala Glu Asp Val Pro Val Asp

115 120 125

Gln Phe Thr Pro Leu Gly Arg Ile Leu Tyr Lys Ala Ser Ser Asp Gly

130 135 140

Lys Trp Gly Glu His Glu Leu Asp Tyr Leu Leu Phe Ile Val Arg Asp

145 150 155 160

Val Asn Val Asn Pro Asn Pro Asp Glu Val Ala Asp Val Lys Tyr Val

165 170 175

Asn Arg Asp Gln Leu Lys Glu Leu Leu Arg Lys Ala Asp Ser Gly Glu

180 185 190

Glu Gly Ile Asn Leu Ser Pro Trp Phe Arg Leu Val Val Asp Asn Phe

195 200 205

Leu Leu Lys Trp Trp Glu Asn Val Glu Asn Gly Thr Leu Lys Glu Ala

210 215 220

Val Asp Met Lys Thr Ile His Lys Leu Ser

225 230

<210> SEQ ID NO: 13

<211> LENGTH: 615

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 13

atggctgaag aggtggagga agagaggcta aagtatttgg attttgtgcg agcggctgga 60

gtttatgctg tagattcttt ctcaactctc tacctttatg ccaaggacat atctggtcca 120

ttaaaacctg gtgtcgatac tattgagaat gtggtgaaga ccgtggttac tcctgtttat 180

tatattcccc ttgaggctgt caagtttgta gacaaaacgg tggatgtatc ggtcactagc 240

ctagatggcg ttgttccccc agttatcaag caggtgtctg cccaaactta ctcggtagct 300

caagatgctc caagaattgt tcttgatgtg gcttcttcag ttttcaacac tggtgtgcag 360

gaaggcgcaa aagctctgta cgctaatctt gaaccaaaag ctgagcaata tgcggtcatt 420

acctggcgtg ccctcaataa gctgccacta gttcctcaag tggcaaatgt agttgtgcca 480

accgctgttt atttctctga aaagtacaac gatgttgttc gtggcactac tgagcaggga 540

tatagagtgt cctcttattt gcctttgttg cccactgaga aaattactaa ggtgtttgga 600

gatgaggcat cataa 615

<210> SEQ ID NO: 14

<211> LENGTH: 204

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 14

Met Ala Glu Glu Val Glu Glu Glu Arg Leu Lys Tyr Leu Asp Phe Val

1 5 10 15

Arg Ala Ala Gly Val Tyr Ala Val Asp Ser Phe Ser Thr Leu Tyr Leu

20 25 30

Tyr Ala Lys Asp Ile Ser Gly Pro Leu Lys Pro Gly Val Asp Thr Ile

35 40 45

Glu Asn Val Val Lys Thr Val Val Thr Pro Val Tyr Tyr Ile Pro Leu

50 55 60

Glu Ala Val Lys Phe Val Asp Lys Thr Val Asp Val Ser Val Thr Ser

65 70 75 80

Leu Asp Gly Val Val Pro Pro Val Ile Lys Gln Val Ser Ala Gln Thr

85 90 95

Tyr Ser Val Ala Gln Asp Ala Pro Arg Ile Val Leu Asp Val Ala Ser

100 105 110

Ser Val Phe Asn Thr Gly Val Gln Glu Gly Ala Lys Ala Leu Tyr Ala

115 120 125

Asn Leu Glu Pro Lys Ala Glu Gln Tyr Ala Val Ile Thr Trp Arg Ala

130 135 140

Leu Asn Lys Leu Pro Leu Val Pro Gln Val Ala Asn Val Val Val Pro

145 150 155 160

Thr Ala Val Tyr Phe Ser Glu Lys Tyr Asn Asp Val Val Arg Gly Thr

165 170 175

Thr Glu Gln Gly Tyr Arg Val Ser Ser Tyr Leu Pro Leu Leu Pro Thr

180 185 190

Glu Lys Ile Thr Lys Val Phe Gly Asp Glu Ala Ser

195 200

<210> SEQ ID NO: 15

<211> LENGTH: 15

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequenece

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic primer

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(1)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<400> SEQENCE: 15

ntcgastwts gwgtt 15

<210> SEQ ID NO: 16

<211> LENGTH: 16

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequenece

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic primer

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(1)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (11)..(11)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<400> SEQENCE: 16

ngtcgtswga nawgaa 16

<210> SEQ ID NO: 17

<211> LENGTH: 15

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequenece

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic primer

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (5)..(5)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (10)..(10)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (13)..(13)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<400> SEQENCE: 17

wgtgnagwan canag 15

<210> SEQ ID NO: 18

<211> LENGTH: 15

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequenece

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic primer

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (4)..(4)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (9)..(9)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (12)..(12)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<400> SEQENCE: 18

sttntastnc tntgc 15

<210> SEQ ID NO: 19

<211> LENGTH: 17

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequenece

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic primer

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (9)..(9)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<400> SEQENCE: 19

sstggstana twatwct 17

<210> SEQ ID NO: 20

<211> LENGTH: 16

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequenece

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic primer

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (5)..(5)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (10)..(10)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (13)..(13)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: n is a, c, g, or t

<400> SEQENCE: 20

agwgnagwan canaga 16

<210> SEQ ID NO: 21

<211> LENGTH: 1565

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 21

ctctgcttcg cacgagtagc gttctaaatc taccaaggat gattacgaaa ggggaagcaa 60

tccttccagg aatcaaaaaa agggacatgc caatgaatgc tcgttttatt accctacaag 120

tacagtgcaa ggttgggtca gtgaatagag ttattggcac agccatgttt cctgtttcta 180

attcttggga ggttatacac aagtgaattt tgagttacag gctgagggat gaaaagaatg 240

gaattgttac actgtatttg gtagggagaa aagtaagaga ggaaagaaaa tataaagaaa 300

aaataagttt attttttatt gttttgttta aattgaataa aaaataaaga agcgtaaaaa 360

tattaaaagg aaaataaaaa tattttatct tttttttctt ttctctttaa aatagagaaa 420

aatgagagga aaatatttaa aagtataaat ataactctat atttaataat tttttttaaa 480

atttaaaaat aaaattataa ttttattatt cataaaataa ttttttctca aatatttttc 540

tctttcaatc cagataaaaa gaaaaaaaat aatttttatt ttcattcttt attttctctc 600

ttttaatttt ctttctccct gaaatattcc caaacacagt gttaatgttt ttgtaaaaag 660

gggcaagcag tagcagatca cgtgagaaag aatttgccta tagtattgcc cgtgttcttc 720

ctcgtcatcg ttgttgcggc caacctaatt tatcatggag gagtagtgcc agggatttca 780

cgtttggcgt acttctggtg cttaattaat ttatttgggg ttttgtattt taaaattagg 840

taaaatttct ataattttac aaaaattaac ttattttatt aaaaattaaa agatttagac 900

taaatagcaa aatcacgcaa tgggtttagt gttttaatac gagattagac ataataataa 960

taacacctga tggtcctcta ttttcaatta tttgccaact aaaccacaat caaccatgtt 1020

caacacaatt ggaattctac tgatatatca ttacagctgc caaaacattt atttaggcca 1080

ttaatcaatt ttaattgaac atgctatttt tctatcatca attcagcttc tttttttata 1140

ttaatttaat ttataattaa cactaatgac aaaattagat attaaattta tgagaatgaa 1200

acataaaatt aatatataaa aaatatatta gttttaaaaa taattttaaa tattaaactc 1260

aaaatattat atatatatat atatatatat atatatgaaa ttaaaatttt aaattaaaaa 1320

aatgcagtaa aaaaaaaaaa aataataaag tagctattgg atccaagggt ggtttagaac 1380

gctactcgtg cgaagcaaga gtgaggaaaa tgccaaggac ccgtcacgca cgccacatgt 1440

gtggggagga ggctcccgtt ctcgcattct tataaaaatg tcccagatcc aaatctcctg 1500

aaactaagct catcattccc tcttcctcct ctccctttct ctctcctgcg ccggcatatt 1560

tttac 1565

<210> SEQ ID NO: 22

<211> LENGTH: 1352

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 22

gcagccggtt tggtctgaaa ttgcagatcc gagcgatgat cgaattttca cgaaataaaa 60

tgaaagtaca tacgcgaagt ccacaataac agggttagaa taatatatat atatatatat 120

atatatatta tttttaaata attattatat atatataata ataattattt aaaaattaag 180

aatgttacac aagtgatgat atattgaaat tttataataa attaaataat cacatgtaaa 240

attaataaca tgtataaatt gagatattac ttttattcat gctatattta ttttttactt 300

taaaaattct ttttttttaa tataaaatta ttaaaatata aattcttaat tttctactta 360

taaaacatat actaatattg gaaactatta caatgtcatc tcatttttat tattattatt 420

tttttttata gttcatcttc caattaaaaa gggtaattta caaaatcaca atgaaagaaa 480

tgatgatcat gactatataa taaattaatg atatttaagg taataaaaaa aaaacatgaa 540

agtaacataa caaaaagatt ataaaagagt cttgatgcac ataaggtaac atttccttcc 600

tcacaaaaat tttttttttt taatataaaa aataattttt ttataaatat aggtgaatca 660

gatgcacata atctctttaa catatatata tatatatata tctaagaaaa aagaaatcaa 720

gaatttatct tttatttccc cattgctaga aaatcagtgc agttactggc tcaacccatt 780

atactgtcag ggtttgcaat tgtggacttt ttatcatcaa tttaggcttt taatcaaccg 840

gataatctgg ttcatttttc cttattttta agatacataa atgggagagt tactataaaa 900

ttcgattaga tttcaaatta aaataaaata ttttcttatt aaaaaagatt taaatttaaa 960

tttggttaga atcaaattga accaaagcag ataaatcaaa atagaatcaa agaattctat 1020

ggtctggtat caaaaaccgg ctcagaccaa accggctgcc agcctacttc cacaacccca 1080

tatatcatag atgtcccttt acataaacgc aaaacaagaa cataaaaatg tctctcacca 1140

ctcgccttct aaatgcccac gtgggtagcg ccaccaccag actctcgtcc tcgcttccct 1200

cctctgcttc tcctcgttat tctcactttc tctctaccca atttgcctct ccttctctca 1260

ttcaattccc tctaactctt aaaccttcgt ctacctcttc gttatctagg gtattttcgt 1320

cttctccatc tgcaatcacc gctacttcca cc 1352

<210> SEQ ID NO: 23

<211> LENGTH: 533

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 23

cgtggctaga ttattctagg atttgggtat cgcataattt ttagttacta gtgtttagag 60

ttgcttatat ccaataactt cttaataaca attttaaata aaaaatattc ttgtgcgtat 120

caaaaaaatt taaaataaaa ccatgacata ttcaatttcc ttaactaggt taaaaatttt 180

tcatgcatta gcatatactt aatttgttga taaatagacc tttgatcaac tctcaacatg 240

accaaagtcc ctcctttttt tagtataatt ggtttcaatt gaaagtcgaa ctctagactt 300

tatagtttat gaaatgattt caatactact gggttaatgc tcattggtca aagtactcac 360

agcagtatca agtagtcttt taaggttaaa aaaacttata tatatattaa cgaaagatgc 420

cacttgattt agtgtcacct ccgaaataat caacttaatt tagttattgg atctgagatt 480

ttatttttat attttttttc tgatgagcag gttaagtcag tggtttaagt aaa 533

<210> SEQ ID NO: 24

<211> LENGTH: 919

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Hevea brasiliensis

<400> SEQENCE: 24

aaccgtccac caatctttga gttccagtga gtcatctact ggttgcttga cagatccatc 60

aataaaacca tatttctttt tggcccgtaa tgcagtcagc atagctcgcg cccattcttc 120

gtaattctcg cccttcaact gaacttgggt aatcaagtta tctgggttgt cattcgaatt 180

cagtgtttaa gaactaaaag ttttcttccc tgatccagaa ctctcatttt tcttttcatc 240

aaccatggct ctgataccat gtaaaaaaac taagaaattt tggaataaga attcttatct 300

ttattgcccc agaaataaaa tatatatata aaaaaattac agctaacaaa taggtcccta 360

atcaagctaa actaccaaaa ttgtatcaaa gtcatacaac aaaaggtaaa aacagatatg 420

cacacaaaaa ttcctaaaca aatgccctaa ataaatacaa aataagtgac agctaacagc 480

tgcatttcca ataattaatt taactaataa aatttataat cttaaaaata attttaatat 540

tattgaatta aaatttataa ataaaattaa cactgttaaa attaaaagaa aattattaag 600

atttgaattt ttaagcggtt atttaatttt gaaaaacaag gctaactttt ttttttatat 660

aatttactaa aaaattcatg aatgaaaaaa aaaaatccat aagtaaactt accccatacg 720

ggttatgcac gctaaaccaa taaaacagaa acacgtttat acactcgttt tcatttccat 780

ctataaatag agagatttgt ttttagtttt aaaccataat cagttgatag cttccacagt 840

gttttccgaa aggcaaatct tttttcaaac ttcagcgact gcgttttgaa tttgtgattt 900

ttaaaggaaa ttttcaatt 919

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Patent Valuation

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25.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

43.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

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68.51/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

72.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

20.0/100 Score

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Method for producing polyisoprenoid SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIES, LTD. 30 November 2012 06 June 2013
ビタミンE生合成遺伝子の評価方法、パラゴムノキのビタミンE生合成促進方法、及びパラゴムノキの形質転換体 株式会社ブリヂストン,国立大学法人九州大学 17 February 2009 02 September 2010
Transcriptional repressors of cytokinin signaling and their use FREIE UNIVERSITÄT BERLIN,SCHMÜLLING, THOMAS,HEYL, ALEXANDER,RAMIREDDY, ESWAR 25 September 2007 03 April 2008
パラゴムノキのプレニルトランスフェラーゼの遺伝子群 株式会社ブリヂストン,国立大学法人大阪大学,バダン ペングカジアン ダン ペネラパン テクノロジ 04 September 2006 26 April 2007
パラゴムノキの非メバロン酸経路でのイソペンテニル二リン酸生合成に関与する遺伝子群 株式会社ブリヂストン,国立大学法人大阪大学,バダン ペングカジアン ダン ペネラパン テクノロジ 04 September 2006 31 May 2007
See full citation <>

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US10000763 Method regulating expression 1