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Patent Analysis of

Sequences and their use for detection and characterization of E. coli O157:H7

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10000819

Application Number

US14/769493

Application Date

18 February 2014

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

QUALICON DIAGNOSTICS LLC

Original Assignee (Applicant)

E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY

International Classification

C12Q1/68

Cooperative Classification

C12Q1/689,C12Q2600/158

Inventor

DEMARCO, DANIEL R.,JENSEN, MARK A.,VARKEY, STEPHEN

Abstract

This invention relates to a rapid method for detection and characterization of Escherichia coli bacteria serotype O157:H7 based on the presence of nucleic acid sequences, in particular, to a PCR-based method for detection, and to oligonucleotide molecules and reagents and kits useful therefore. This method is preferably employed to detect E. coli O157:H7 in a food or water sample, such as a beef enrichment. The present invention further relates to replication compositions and kits for carrying out the method of the present invention.

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Claims

1. A method for detecting the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in a sample, said sample comprising nucleic acids, said method comprising:(a) providing a reaction mixture comprising a primer pair selected from the group consisting of primer pair SEQ ID NO:1 and SEQ ID NO:2, primer pair SEQ ID NO:3 and SEQ ID NO:4, primer pair SEQ ID NO:5 and SEQ ID NO:6, primer pair SEQ ID NO:7 and SEQ ID NO:8, and a combination thereof;(b) performing PCR amplification of said nucleic acids of said sample using the reaction mixture of step (a); and(c) detecting the amplification of step (b), whereby a positive detection of amplification indicates the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in the sample.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein said reaction mixture further comprises a nucleic acid probe.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein said nucleic acid probe comprises SEQ ID NO:9, SEQ ID NO:10, SEQ ID NO:11, SEQ ID NO:12, SEQ ID NO:13, or a combination thereof.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein said probe further comprises a detectable label.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein said reaction mixture further comprises a blocking oligonucleotide capable of quenching said detectable label of said probe, said blocking oligonucleotide comprising SEQ ID NO:14, SEQ ID NO:15, SEQ ID NO:16, SEQ ID NO:17, SEQ ID NO:18, or a combination thereof.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein said reaction mixture comprises primer pair SEQ ID NO:1 and SEQ ID NO:2, probes SEQ ID NO:9 and SEQ ID NO:10, and blocking oligonucleotides SEQ ID NO:14 and SEQ ID NO:15.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the sample comprises a food sample or a water sample.

8. An isolated polynucleotide comprising a nucleotide sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO:1, SEQ ID NO:2, SEQ ID NO:3, SEQ ID NO:4, SEQ ID NO:5, SEQ ID NO:6, SEQ ID NO:7, SEQ ID NO:8, SEQ ID NO:9, SEQ ID NO:10, SEQ ID NO:11, SEQ ID NO:12, SEQ ID NO:13, SEQ ID NO:14, SEQ ID NO:15, SEQ ID NO:16, SEQ ID NO:17, and SEQ ID NO:18, wherein said polynucleotide comprises a primer region and a probe region, and wherein said polynucleotide further comprises a non-amplifiable linker joining said primer region to said probe region.

9. The isolated polynucleotide of claim 8, wherein said non-amplifiable linker is an 18-carbon non-amplifiable linker, and wherein said polynucleotide further comprises a detectable label.

10. A replication composition for use in performance of PCR, comprising:(a) a primer pair selected from the group consisting of primer pair SEQ ID NO:1 and SEQ ID NO:2, primer pair SEQ ID NO:3 and SEQ ID NO:4, primer pair SEQ ID NO:5 and SEQ ID NO:6, primer pair SEQ ID NO:7 and SEQ ID NO:8, and a combination thereof; and(b) a nucleic acid probe comprising a detectable label.

11. The replication composition of claim 10 further comprising a blocking oligonucleotide selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO:14, SEQ ID NO:15, SEQ ID NO:16, SEQ ID NO:17, SEQ ID NO:18, and a combination thereof.

12. The replication composition of claim 11, wherein said nucleic acid probe comprises SEQ ID NO:9, SEQ ID NO:10, SEQ ID NO:11, SEQ ID NO:12, SEQ ID NO:13, or a combination thereof.

13. The replication composition of claim 12, wherein said replication composition comprises primer pair SEQ ID NO:1 and SEQ ID NO:2, probes SEQ ID NO:9 and SEQ ID NO:10, and blocking oligonucleotides SEQ ID NO:14 and SEQ ID NO:15.

14. A kit for detection of E. coli O157:H7 in a sample, comprising the replication composition of claim 10.

15. A tablet comprising the replication composition of claim 10.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A method for detecting the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in a sample, said sample comprising nucleic acids, said method comprising:
    • (a) providing a reaction mixture comprising a primer pair selected from the group consisting of primer pair SEQ ID NO:1 and SEQ ID NO:2, primer pair SEQ ID NO:3 and SEQ ID NO:4, primer pair SEQ ID NO:5 and SEQ ID NO:6, primer pair SEQ ID NO:7 and SEQ ID NO:8, and a combination thereof;
    • (b) performing PCR amplification of said nucleic acids of said sample using the reaction mixture of step (a); and
    • (c) detecting the amplification of step (b), whereby a positive detection of amplification indicates the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in the sample.
    • 2. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • said reaction mixture further comprises
    • 7. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the sample comprises
  • 8
    8. An isolated polynucleotide comprising
    • a nucleotide sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO:1, SEQ ID NO:2, SEQ ID NO:3, SEQ ID NO:4, SEQ ID NO:5, SEQ ID NO:6, SEQ ID NO:7, SEQ ID NO:8, SEQ ID NO:9, SEQ ID NO:10, SEQ ID NO:11, SEQ ID NO:12, SEQ ID NO:13, SEQ ID NO:14, SEQ ID NO:15, SEQ ID NO:16, SEQ ID NO:17, and SEQ ID NO:18, wherein said polynucleotide comprises a primer region and a probe region, and wherein said polynucleotide further comprises a non-amplifiable linker joining said primer region to said probe region.
    • 9. The isolated polynucleotide of claim 8, wherein
      • said non-amplifiable linker is an 18-carbon non-amplifiable linker, and wherein
  • 10
    10. A replication composition for use in performance of PCR, comprising:
    • (a) a primer pair selected from the group consisting of primer pair SEQ ID NO:1 and SEQ ID NO:2, primer pair SEQ ID NO:3 and SEQ ID NO:4, primer pair SEQ ID NO:5 and SEQ ID NO:6, primer pair SEQ ID NO:7 and SEQ ID NO:8, and a combination thereof; and
    • (b) a nucleic acid probe comprising a detectable label.
    • 11. The replication composition of claim 10 further comprising
      • a blocking oligonucleotide selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO:14, SEQ ID NO:15, SEQ ID NO:16, SEQ ID NO:17, SEQ ID NO:18, and a combination thereof.
  • 14
    14. A kit for detection of E. coli O157:H7 in a sample, comprising
    • the replication composition of claim 10.
  • 15
    15. A tablet comprising
    • the replication composition of claim 10.
See all independent claims <>

Description

FIELD OF INVENTION

The field of invention relates to methods for detection and characterization of Escherichia coli bacteria serotype O157:H7 based on the presence of nucleic acid sequences, preferably PCR-based methods for detection, and to oligonucleotide molecules and reagents and kits useful therefor.

BACKGROUND OF INVENTION

Escherichia coli is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium. Although most strains of E. coli are benign and are found as normal intestinal flora of humans and other animals, some strains are pathogenic and can lead to disease. Different strains of pathogenic E. coli differ in their epidemiology, clinical course and potential for causing outbreaks of disease.

Pathogenicity has been linked to several serotypes, as defined by O and H antigens. Different pathogenic serotypes are associated with different clinical disease courses and have associated with them different levels of concern from the standpoint of public health. Several outbreaks of disease have been tracked to food and water borne sources of pathogenic E. coli.

One serotype of E. coli in particular, serotype O157:H7, has been associated with several food and water borne outbreaks and is regulated as an adulterant in ground beef by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) with a zero tolerance standard. This serotype of E. coli is believed to have arisen from an O55:H7 parent strain, which then switched from O55 to O157 upon the transfer into the progenitor O55:H7 genome of the large virulence plasmid pO157, which contained the O157-rfb gene cluster as well as some additional genetic information (see, e.g., Wick et al., J. Bacteriol. 187:1783-91 (2005)).

Since E. coli is ubiquitous, and since serotype O157:H7 is highly pathogenic and tightly regulated, the ability to specifically detect and characterize E. coli serotype O157:H7 in a sample, even in the presence of other E. coli serotypes, is useful.

Published U.S. Patent Application No. 2011/0020823 and Sharma (Mol. Cell. Probes 20:298-306 (2006)) both teach the detection of E. coli O157:H7 through the simultaneous amplification of two sequence targets, neither of which is unique to E. coli O157:H7. However, the presence of both targets within a single strain is indicative of E. coli O157:H7. A problem arises when the sample being tested is not a pure culture, which is often the case in E. coli infections. In this case, it is possible for two different strains each to contribute one target for PCR amplification. Since both targets amplify, the response is erroneously interpreted as an E. coli O157:H7 response.

There is therefore a need for a method of detecting E. coli O157:H7 that does not potentially lead to false positive results.

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

One aspect is for a method for detecting the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in a sample, said sample comprising nucleic acids, said method comprising: (a) providing a reaction mixture comprising a primer pair selected from the group consisting of primer pair SEQ ID NO:1 and SEQ ID NO:2, primer pair SEQ ID NO:3 and SEQ ID NO:4, primer pair SEQ ID NO:5 and SEQ ID NO:6, primer pair SEQ ID NO:7 and SEQ ID NO:8, and a combination thereof; (b) performing PCR amplification of said nucleic acids of said sample using the reaction mixture of step (a); and (c) detecting the amplification of step (b), whereby a positive detection of amplification indicates the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in the sample.

Another aspect is for an isolated polynucleotide comprising a nucleotide sequence selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO:1, SEQ ID NO:2, SEQ ID NO:3, SEQ ID NO:4, SEQ ID NO:5, SEQ ID NO:6, SEQ ID NO:7, SEQ ID NO:8, SEQ ID NO:9, SEQ ID NO:10, SEQ ID NO:11, SEQ ID NO:12, SEQ ID NO:13, SEQ ID NO:14, SEQ ID NO:15, SEQ ID NO:16, SEQ ID NO:17, and SEQ ID NO:18.

A further aspect is for a replication composition for use in performance of PCR, comprising: (a) a primer pair selected from the group consisting of primer pair SEQ ID NO:1 and SEQ ID NO:2, primer pair SEQ ID NO:3 and SEQ ID NO:4, primer pair SEQ ID NO:5 and SEQ ID NO:6, primer pair SEQ ID NO:7 and SEQ ID NO:8, and a combination thereof; and (b) thermostable DNA polymerase.

An additional aspect is for a kit for detection of E. coli O157:H7 in a sample, comprising the aforementioned replication composition.

A further aspect is for a tablet comprising the aforementioned replication composition.

Other objects and advantages will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon reference to the detailed description that hereinafter follows.

SUMMARY OF THE SEQUENCES

The sequences conform with 37 C.F.R. §§1.821-1.825 (“Requirements for Patent Applications Containing Nucleotide Sequences and/or Amino Acid Sequence Disclosures—the Sequence Rules”) and are consistent with World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Standard ST.25 (1998) and the sequence listing requirements of the EPO and PCT (Rules 5.2 and 49.5(a-bis), and Section 208 and Annex C of the Administrative Instructions). The symbols and format used for nucleotide and amino acid sequence data comply with the rules set forth in 37 C.F.R. §1.822.

SEQ ID NO:1 is a forward primer for detection of E. coli O157:H7.

SEQ ID NO:2 is a reverse primer for detection of E. coli O157:H7.

SEQ ID NO:3 is a forward primer for detection of E. coli O157:H7.

SEQ ID NO:4 is a reverse primer for detection of E. coli O157:H7.

SEQ ID NO:5 is a forward primer for detection of E. coli O157:H7.

SEQ ID NO:6 is a reverse primer for detection of E. coli O157:H7.

SEQ ID NO:7 is a forward primer for detection of E. coli O157:H7.

SEQ ID NO:8 is a reverse primer for detection of E. coli O157:H7.

SEQ ID NO:9 is a probe for use in the detection of E. coli O157:H7. In one embodiment, the probe is 5′-labeled with a fluorescent dye. In some embodiments, the 3′ terminus of SEQ ID NO:9 is attached to the 5′ terminus of one of the primers listed above, preferably SEQ ID NO:1, via a suitable linker moiety, such as an 18-carbon spacer.

SEQ ID NO:10 is a probe for use in the detection of E. coli O157:H7. In one embodiment, the probe is 5′-labeled with a fluorescent dye. In some embodiments, the 3′ terminus of SEQ ID NO:10 is attached to the 5′ terminus of one of the primers listed above, preferably SEQ ID NO:2, via a suitable linker moiety, such as an 18-carbon spacer.

SEQ ID NO:11 is a probe for use in the detection of E. coli O157:H7. In one embodiment, the probe is 5′-labeled with a fluorescent dye. In some embodiments, the 3′ terminus of SEQ ID NO:11 is attached to the 5′ terminus of one of the primers listed above, preferably SEQ ID NO:4, via a suitable linker moiety, such as an 18-carbon spacer.

SEQ ID NO:12 is a probe for use in the detection of E. coli O157:H7. In one embodiment, the probe is 5′-labeled with a fluorescent dye. In some embodiments, the 3′ terminus of SEQ ID NO:12 is attached to the 5′ terminus of one of the primers listed above, preferably SEQ ID NO:6, via a suitable linker moiety, such as an 18-carbon spacer.

SEQ ID NO:13 is a probe for use in the detection of E. coli O157:H7. In one embodiment, the probe is 5′-labeled with a fluorescent dye. In some embodiments, the 3′ terminus of SEQ ID NO:13 is attached to the 5′ terminus of one of the primers listed above, preferably SEQ ID NO:7, via a suitable linker moiety, such as an 18-carbon spacer.

SEQ ID NO:14 is a blocking oligonucleotide capable of hybridizing to the probe of SEQ ID NO:9. In one embodiment, this blocking oligonucleotide is 3′-labeled with a fluorescent dye.

SEQ ID NO:15 is a blocking oligonucleotide capable of hybridizing to the probe of SEQ ID NO:10. In one embodiment, this blocking oligonucleotide is 3′-labeled with a fluorescent dye.

SEQ ID NO:16 is a blocking oligonucleotide capable of hybridizing to the probe of SEQ ID NO:11. In one embodiment, this blocking oligonucleotide is 3′-labeled with a fluorescent dye.

SEQ ID NO:17 is a blocking oligonucleotide capable of hybridizing to the probe of SEQ ID NO:12. In one embodiment, this blocking oligonucleotide is 3′-labeled with a fluorescent dye.

SEQ ID NO:18 is a blocking oligonucleotide capable of hybridizing to the probe of SEQ ID NO:13. In one embodiment, this blocking oligonucleotide is 3′-labeled with a fluorescent dye.

SEQ ID NO:19 is an SV40 (SV4222) control primer.

SEQ ID NO:20 is an SV40 (SV4312) control primer.

SEQ ID NO:21 is an SV40 Scorpion control probe, preferably 5′-labeled with tetramethylrhodamine (TAMRA) and containing a BHQ-2™ label and 18-carbon spacer between bases 52 and 53.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

Applicants specifically incorporate the entire contents of all cited references in this disclosure. Further, when an amount, concentration, or other value or parameter is given as either a range, preferred range, or a list of upper preferable values and lower preferable values, this is to be understood as specifically disclosing all ranges formed from any pair of any upper range limit or preferred value and any lower range limit or preferred value, regardless of whether ranges are separately disclosed. Where a range of numerical values is recited herein, unless otherwise stated, the range is intended to include the endpoints thereof, and all integers and fractions within the range. It is not intended that the scope of the invention be limited to the specific values recited when defining a range.

Definitions

In this disclosure, a number of terms and abbreviations are used. The following definitions are provided.

As used herein, the term “about” or “approximately” means within 20%, preferably within 10%, and more preferably within 5% of a given value or range.

The term “comprising” is intended to include embodiments encompassed by the terms “consisting essentially of” and “consisting of”. Similarly, the term “consisting essentially of” is intended to include embodiments encompassed by the term “consisting of”.

The term “pO157 portion” refers to the area of the E. coli O157:H7 genome identified, for example, in Wick et al., J. Bacteriol. 187:1783-91 (2005), as being divergent from the O55:H7 progenitor strain and as having been transferred into the progenitor strain to create the O157:H7 E. coli serotype. This region includes, among other things, the O157-rfb gene cluster, colonic acid biosynthesis genes, and putative type-1 fimbrial protein genes.

“Polymerase chain reaction” is abbreviated PCR.

The term “isolated” refers to materials, such as nucleic acid molecules and/or proteins, which are substantially free or otherwise removed from components that normally accompany or interact with the materials in a naturally occurring environment. Isolated polynucleotides may be purified from a host cell in which they naturally occur. Conventional nucleic acid purification methods known to skilled artisans may be used to obtain isolated polynucleotides. The term also embraces recombinant polynucleotides and chemically synthesized polynucleotides.

The terms “polynucleotide”, “polynucleotide sequence”, “nucleic acid sequence”, and “nucleic acid fragment” are used interchangeably herein. These terms encompass nucleotide sequences and the like. A polynucleotide may be a polymer of RNA or DNA that is single- or double-stranded, that optionally contains synthetic, non-natural, or altered nucleotide bases. A polynucleotide in the form of a polymer of DNA may be comprised of one or more strands of cDNA, genomic DNA, synthetic DNA, or mixtures thereof.

The term “amplification product” refers to nucleic acid fragments produced during a primer-directed amplification reaction. Typical methods of primer-directed amplification include polymerase chain reaction (PCR), ligase chain reaction (LCR), or strand displacement amplification (SDA). If PCR methodology is selected, the replication composition may comprise the components for nucleic acid replication, for example: nucleotide triphosphates, two (or more) primers with appropriate sequences, thermostable polymerase, buffers, solutes, and proteins. These reagents and details describing procedures for their use in amplifying nucleic acids are provided in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,683,202 and 4,683,195, incorporated herein by reference. If LCR methodology is selected, then the nucleic acid replication compositions may comprise, for example: a thermostable ligase (e.g., Thermus aquaticus ligase), two sets of adjacent oligonucleotides (wherein one member of each set is complementary to each of the target strands), Tris-HCl buffer, KCl, EDTA, NAD, dithiothreitol, and salmon sperm DNA. See, e.g., Tabor et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 82:1074-78 (1985).

The term “primer” refers to an oligonucleotide (synthetic or occurring naturally) that is capable of acting as a point of initiation of nucleic acid synthesis or replication along a complementary strand when placed under conditions in which synthesis of a complementary strand is catalyzed by a polymerase. A primer can further contain a detectable label, for example a 5′ end label.

The term “probe” refers to an oligonucleotide (synthetic or occurring naturally) that is complementary (though not necessarily fully complementary) to a polynucleotide of interest and forms a duplexed structure by hybridization with at least one strand of the polynucleotide of interest. A probe or primer-probe complex can further contain a detectable label.

A probe can either be an independent entity or complexed with or otherwise attached to a primer, such as where a probe is connected via its 3′ terminus to a primer's 5′ terminus through a linker, which may be a nucleotide or non-nucleotide linker and which may be a non-amplifiable linker, such as a hexethylene glycol (HEG) or 18-carbon linker. In such a case, this would be termed a “primer-probe complex”. One example of such a primer-probe complex can be found in U.S. Pat. No. 6,326,145, incorporated herein by reference in its entirety, which are frequently referred to as “Scorpion probes” or “Scorpion primers”.

As used herein, the terms “label” and “detectable label” refer to a molecule capable of detection, including, but not limited to, radioactive isotopes, fluorescers, chemiluminescers, enzymes, enzyme substrates, enzyme cofactors, enzyme inhibitors, chromophores, dyes, metal ions, metal sols, semiconductor nanocrystals, ligands (e.g., biotin, avidin, streptavidin, or haptens), and the like. A detectable label can also include a combination of a reporter and a quencher.

The term “reporter” refers to a substance or a portion thereof which is capable of exhibiting a detectable signal, which signal can be suppressed by a quencher. The detectable signal of the reporter is, e.g., fluorescence in the detectable range. The term “quencher” refers to a substance or portion thereof which is capable of suppressing, reducing, inhibiting, etc., the detectable signal produced by the reporter.

As used herein, the terms “quenching” and “fluorescence energy transfer” refer to the process whereby, when a reporter and a quencher are in close proximity, and the reporter is excited by an energy source, a substantial portion of the energy of the excited state nonradiatively transfers to the quencher where it either dissipates nonradiatively or is emitted at a different emission wavelength than that of the reporter.

Preferably, the reporter may be selected from fluorescent organic dyes modified with a suitable linking group for attachment to the oligonucleotide, such as to the terminal 3′ carbon or terminal 5′ carbon. The quencher may also be selected from organic dyes, which may or may not be fluorescent, depending on the embodiment of the present invention. Generally, whether the quencher is fluorescent or simply releases the transferred energy from the reporter by non-radiative decay, the absorption band of the quencher should at least substantially overlap the fluorescent emission band of the reporter to optimize the quenching. Non-fluorescent quenchers or dark quenchers typically function by absorbing energy from excited reporters, but do not release the energy radiatively.

Selection of appropriate reporter-quencher pairs for particular probes may be undertaken in accordance with known techniques. Fluorescent and dark quenchers and their relevant optical properties from which exemplary reporter-quencher pairs may be selected are listed and described, for example, in Berlman, Handbook of Fluorescence Spectra of Aromatic Molecules, 2nd ed., Academic Press, New York, 1971, the content of which is incorporated herein by reference. Examples of modifying reporters and quenchers for covalent attachment via common reactive groups that can be added to an oligonucleotide in the present invention may be found, for example, in Haugland, Handbook of Fluorescent Probes and Research Chemicals, Molecular Probes of Eugene, Oreg., 1992, the content of which is incorporated herein by reference.

Preferred reporter-quencher pairs may be selected from xanthene dyes including fluoresceins and rhodamine dyes. Many suitable forms of these compounds are available commercially with substituents on the phenyl groups, which can be used as the site for bonding or as the bonding functionality for attachment to an oligonucleotide. Another preferred group of fluorescent compounds for use as reporters are the naphthylamines, having an amino group in the alpha or beta position. Included among such naphthylamino compounds are 1-dimethylaminonaphthyl-5 sulfonate, 1-anilino-8-naphthalene sulfonate and 2-p-touidinyl-6-naphthalene sulfonate. Other dyes include 3-phenyl-7-isocyanatocoumarin; acridines such as 9-isothiocyanatoacridine; N-(p-(2-benzoxazolyl)phenyl)maleimide; benzoxadiazoles; stilbenes; pyrenes and the like.

Most preferably, the reporters and quenchers are selected from fluorescein and rhodamine dyes. These dyes and appropriate linking methodologies for attachment to oligonucleotides are well known in the art.

Suitable examples of quenchers may be selected from 6-carboxy-tetramethyl-rhodamine, 4-(4-dimethylaminophenylazo)benzoic acid (DABYL), tetramethyirhodamine (TAMRA), BHQ-0™, BHQ-1™, BHQ-2™, and BHQ-3™, each of which are available from Biosearch Technologies, Inc. of Novato, Calif., QSY-7™, QSY-9™, QSY-21™ and QSY-35™, each of which are available from Molecular Probes, Inc., and the like.

Suitable examples of reporters may be selected from dyes such as SYBR green, 5-carboxyfluorescein (5-FAM™ available from Applied Biosystems of Foster City, Calif.), 6-carboxyfluorescein (6-FAM), tetrachloro-6-carboxyfluorescein (TET), 2,7-dimethoxy-4,5-dichloro-6-carboxyfluorescein, hexachloro-6-carboxyfluorescein (HEX), 6-carboxy-2′,4,7,7′-tetrachlorofluorescein (6-TET™ available from Applied Biosystems), carboxy-X-rhodamine (ROX), 6-carboxy-4′,5′-dichloro-2′,7′-dimethoxyfluorescein (6-JOE™ available from Applied Biosystems), VIC™ dye products available from Molecular Probes, Inc., NED™ dye products available from available from Applied Biosystems, and the like.

One example of a probe which contains a reporter and a quencher is a Scorpion probe in either a unimolecular or bimolecular conformation. In a unimolecular Scorpion, the probe portion of the primer-probe complex is flanked by self-complementary regions which allow the probe to form into a stem-loop structure when the probe is unbound from its target DNA. Examples of such self-complementary regions can be found in SEQ ID NO:9 and SEQ ID NO:14, SEQ ID NO:10 and SEQ ID NO:15, SEQ ID NO:11 and SEQ ID NO:16, SEQ ID NO:12 and SEQ ID NO:17, and SEQ ID NO:13 and SEQ ID NO:18. Further, in a unimolecular Scorpion, a reporter is typically attached at or near one of the self-complementary regions, such as at the 5′ terminus of the Scorpion probe, and a quencher is attached at or near the other self-complementary region, such as immediately 5′ to the non-amplifiable linker, such that the quencher is in sufficiently close proximity to the reporter to cause quenching when the probe is in its stem-loop conformation. In a bimolecular Scorpion, self-complementary flanking regions are not typically employed, but rather a separate “blocking oligonucleotide” is employed in conjunction with the Scorpion probe. This blocking oligonucleotide is capable of hybridizing to the probe region of the Scorpion probe when the probe is unbound from its target DNA. An example of a bimolecular Scorpion pair is SEQ ID NO:9 (the Scorpion probe) and SEQ ID NO:14 (the blocking oligonucleotide). Further, in a bimolecular Scorpion, the reporter is typically attached to the probe region of the Scorpion probe, such as at the 5′ terminus of the Scorpion probe, while the quencher is attached to the blocking oligonucleotide, such as at the 3′ terminus of the blocking oligonucleotide, such that the quencher is in sufficiently close proximity to the reporter to cause quenching when the probe is unbound from its target DNA and is instead hybridized to the blocking oligonucleotide.

Another example of a probe which contains a reporter and a quencher is a probe that is to be used in a 5′-exonuclease assay, such as the Taqman® real-time PCR technique. In this context, the oligonucleotide probe will have a sufficient number of phosphodiester linkages adjacent to its 5′ end so that the 5′ to 3′ nuclease activity employed can efficiently degrade the bound probe to separate the reporters and quenchers. Yet another example of a probe which contains a reporter and quencher is a Molecular Beacon type probe, which contains a probe region flanked by self-complementary regions that allow the probe to form a stem-loop structure when unbound from the probe's target sequence. Such probes typically have a reporter attached at or near one terminus and a quencher attached at or near the other terminus such that the quencher is in sufficiently close proximity to the reporter to cause quenching when the probe is in its unbound, and thus stem-loop, form.

The term “replication inhibitor moiety” refers to any atom, molecule or chemical group that is attached to the 3′ terminal hydroxyl group of an oligonucleotide that will block the initiation of chain extension for replication of a nucleic acid strand. Examples include, but are not limited to: 3′-deoxynucleotides (e.g., cordycepin), dideoxynucleotides, phosphate, ligands (e.g., biotin and dinitrophenol), reporter molecules (e.g., fluorescein and rhodamine), carbon chains (e.g., propanol), a mismatched nucleotide or polynucleotide, or peptide nucleic acid units. The term “non-participatory” refers to the lack of participation of a probe or primer in a reaction for the amplification of a nucleic acid molecule. Specifically a non-participatory probe or primer is one that will not serve as a substrate for, or be extended by, a DNA or RNA polymerase. A “non-participatory probe” is inherently incapable of being chain extended by a polymerase. It may or may not have a replication inhibitor moiety.

A nucleic acid molecule is “hybridizable” to another nucleic acid molecule, such as a cDNA, genomic DNA, or RNA, when a single stranded form of the nucleic acid molecule can anneal to the other nucleic acid molecule under the appropriate conditions of temperature and solution ionic strength. Hybridization and washing conditions are well known and exemplified, for example, in Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F. and Maniatis, T., Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, 2nd ed., Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory: Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. (1989), particularly Chapter 11 and Table 11.1 therein (entirely incorporated herein by reference). The conditions of temperature and ionic strength determine the “stringency” of the hybridization. For preliminary screening for homologous nucleic acids, low stringency hybridization conditions, corresponding to a Tm of 55° C., can be used, e.g., 5×SSC, 0.1% SDS, 0.25% milk, and no formamide; or 30% formamide, 5×SSC, 0.5% SDS. Moderate stringency hybridization conditions correspond to a higher Tm, e.g., 40% formamide, with 5× or 6×SSC. Hybridization requires that the two nucleic acids contain complementary sequences, although, depending on the stringency of the hybridization, mismatches between bases are possible. The appropriate stringency for hybridizing nucleic acids depends on the length of the nucleic acids and the degree of complementation, variables well known in the art. The greater the degree of similarity or homology between two nucleotide sequences, the greater the value of Tm for hybrids of nucleic acids having those sequences. The relative stability (corresponding to higher Tm) of nucleic acid hybridizations decreases in the following order: RNA:RNA, DNA:RNA, DNA:DNA. For hybrids of greater than 100 nucleotides in length, equations for calculating Tm have been derived (see Sambrook et al., supra, 9.50-9.51). For hybridizations with shorter nucleic acids, i.e., oligonucleotides, the position of mismatches becomes more important, and the length of the oligonucleotide determines its specificity (see Sambrook et al., supra, 11.7-11.8). In one preferred embodiment, the length for a hybridizable nucleic acid is at least about 10 nucleotides. More preferably a minimum length for a hybridizable nucleic acid is at least about 11 nucleotides, at least about 12 nucleotides, at least about 13 nucleotides, at least about 14 nucleotides, at least about 15 nucleotides, at least about 16 nucleotides, at least about 17 nucleotides, at least about 18 nucleotides, at least about 19 nucleotides, at least about 20 nucleotides, at least about 21 nucleotides, at least about 22 nucleotides, at least about 23 nucleotides, at least about 24 nucleotides, at least about 25 nucleotides, at least about 26 nucleotides, at least about 27 nucleotides, at least about 28 nucleotides, at least about 29 nucleotides, or, most preferably, at least 30 nucleotides. Furthermore, the skilled artisan will recognize that the temperature and wash solution salt concentration may be adjusted as necessary according to factors such as length of the probe.

Standard recombinant DNA and molecular cloning techniques used here are well known in the art and are described by, e.g., Sambrook et al. (supra); and by Ausubel, F. M. et al., Current Protocols in Molecular Biology, published by Greene Publishing Assoc. and Wiley-Interscience (1987).

Genome Detection Regions

Applicants have solved the stated problem through a method that uses a pair of phage protein sequences which are only contiguous and amplifiable in E. coli O157:H7. The use of this target will not result in a false positive response for mixed cultures, where two different strains each contribute one PCR target.

As discussed above, E. coli O157:H7 came about via the transfer of the pO157 plasmid into the O55:H7 progenitor strain. Thus, E. coli O157:H7 possesses a pO157 portion within the bacterial genome. It has been found that the detection of a combination of regions both within and outside this pO157 portion of the E. coli O157:H7 genome produces a sensitive and accurate method of detecting E. coli O157:H7, even in a background of other serotypes of E. coli.

The present invention therefore relates to detection and identification of E. coli O157:H7 through the detection of the presence of a pair of contiguous phage protein sequences. These sequences are only contiguous in E. coli O157:H7 and will not amplify in mixed cultures of non-E. coli O157:H7 strains under the specified amplification conditions.

The present detection method finds utility in detection of E. coli O157:H7 in any type of sample, for example in appropriate samples for food testing, environmental testing, or human or animal diagnostic testing. While examples of suitable methods for detecting these regions are included herein, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the methods described. Rather any suitable method can be employed to detect these DNA regions and subsequently the E. coli itself.

Oligonucleotides

Oligonucleotides of the instant invention are set forth in SEQ ID NOs: 1-18.

Oligonucleotides of the instant invention may be used as primers for PCR amplification. Preferred primer pairs and their corresponding targets, blocking oligonucleotides, and probes are shown in Table 1.


TABLE 1
5′ (Forward)
Blocking
3′ (Reverse)
Primer
Oligonucleotide
Primer
Probe
SEQ ID NO: 1
SEQ ID NO: 14
SEQ ID NO: 2
SEQ ID NO: 9
SEQ ID NO: 1
SEQ ID NO: 15
SEQ ID NO: 2
SEQ ID NO: 10
SEQ ID NO: 3
SEQ ID NO: 16
SEQ ID NO: 4
SEQ ID NO: 11
SEQ ID NO: 5
SEQ ID NO: 17
SEQ ID NO: 6
SEQ ID NO: 12
SEQ ID NO: 7
SEQ ID NO: 18
SEQ ID NO: 8
SEQ ID NO: 13

These oligonucleotide primers may also be useful for other nucleic acid amplification methods such as the ligase chain reaction (LCR) (EP 0 320 308; Carrino et al., J. Microbiol. Methods 23:3-20 (1995)); nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA) (Carrino et al., 1995, supra); and self-sustained sequence replication (3SR) and “Q replicase amplification” (Pfeffer et al., Vet. Res. Commun. 19:375-407 (1995)).

The oligonucleotide primers of the present invention can also contain a detectable label, for example a 5′ end label.

In addition, oligonucleotides of the present invention also may be used as hybridization probes. Preferred hybridization probes are SEQ ID NOs: 9 and 10. Hybridization using DNA probes has been frequently used for the detection of pathogens in food, clinical and environmental samples, and the methodologies are generally known to one skilled in the art. It is generally recognized that the degree of sensitivity and specificity of probe hybridization is lower than that achieved through the previously described amplification techniques. The nucleic acid probes of the present invention can also possess a detectable label, such as a reporter-quencher combination as are employed in Scorpion probe assays or in 5′-exonuclease detection assays, such as the Taqman® assay.

The 3′ terminal nucleotide of the nucleic acid probe may be rendered incapable of extension by a nucleic acid polymerase in one embodiment of the invention. Such blocking may be carried out, for example by the attachment of a replication inhibitor moiety, such as a reporter or quencher, to the terminal 3′ carbon of the nucleic acid probe by a linking moiety, or by making the 3′-terminal nucleotide a dideoxynucleotide. Alternatively, the 3′ end of the nucleic acid probe may be rendered impervious to the 3′ to 5′ extension activity of a polymerase by incorporating one or more modified internucleotide linkages onto the 3′ end of the oligonucleotide. Minimally, the 3′ terminal internucleotide linkage must be modified, however, additional internucleotide linkages may be modified. Internucleotide modifications which prevent elongation from the 3′ end of the nucleic acid probe and/or which block the 3′ to 5′ exonuclease activity of the DNA polymerase during PCR may include phosphorothioate linkages, methylphosphonate linkages, boranophosphate linkages, and other similar polymerase-resistant internucleotide linkages. An alternative method to block 3′ extension of the probe is to form an adduct at the 3′ end of the probe using mitomycin C or other like antitumor antibiotics such as described in Basu et al., Biochemistry 32:4708-18 (1993). Thus, the precise mechanism by which the 3′ end of the nucleic acid probe is protected from cleavage is not essential so long as the quencher is not cleaved from the nucleic acid probe.

A nucleic acid probe sequence can also optionally be employed with the primer sequence pairs of the present invention in an amplification based detection technique, such as in the 3′-exonuclease assay. Preferred primer/probe combinations are indicated in Table 1.

Preferably, SEQ ID NOs:9-13 are 5′ end-labeled with a Calfluor Gold 540 reporter and its corresponding quenchers (SEQ ID NOs:14-18, respectively) possess a BHQ1 label at or near the 3′ end (e.g., attached to nucleotide 26 of SEQ ID NO:14, nucleotide 28 of SEQ ID NO:15, nucleotide 23 of SEQ ID NO:16, nucleotide 22 of SEQ ID NO:17, and nucleotide 23 of SEQ ID NO:18).

Some oligonucleotides of the present invention contain both primer and probe regions, and thus can be employed as a primer-probe complex in an appropriate assay, such as a Scorpion probe assay. These primer probe complexes of the instant invention contain a non-amplifiable linker that connects the 3′ terminus of the probe region to the 5′ terminus of the primer region. This non-amplifiable linker stops extension of a complementary strand from proceeding into the probe region of the primer-probe complex. Examples of such non-amplifiable linkages include hexethylene glycol (HEG) and, preferably, 18-carbon linkers. Primer-probe complexes of the present invention can also contain a self-complementary region that allows the primer-probe complex to form a stem-loop structure when the probe is unbound from its target DNA, which may be useful, for example, in bringing the reporter and quencher into sufficiently close proximity to one another to cause the reporter signal to be quenched. Examples of such primer-probe complexes with self-complementary regions include SEQ ID NO:9 linked to SEQ ID NO:1 with an 18-carbon spacer, SEQ ID NO:10 linked to SEQ ID NO:2 with an 18-carbon spacer, SEQ ID NO:11 linked to SEQ ID NO:4 with an 18-carbon spacer, SEQ ID NO:12 linked to SEQ ID NO:6 with an 18-carbon spacer, SEQ ID NO:13 linked to SEQ ID NO:7 with an 18-carbon spacer.

Assay Methods

Detection of the presence of E. coli O157:H7 itself, may be accomplished in any suitable manner. Preferred methods are primer-directed amplification methods and nucleic acid hybridization methods. These methods may be used to detect E. coli O157:H7 in a sample that is either a complex matrix or a purified culture, e.g., from an animal, environmental, or food source suspected of contamination.

A preferred embodiment of the instant invention comprises (1) culturing a complex sample mixture in a non-selective growth media to resuscitate the target bacteria, (2) releasing total target bacterial DNA, and (3) subjecting the total DNA to an amplification protocol with a primer pair of the invention and optionally with a nucleic acid probe comprising a detectable label.

Primer-Directed Amplification Assay Methods

A variety of primer-directed nucleic acid amplification methods are known in the art which can be employed in the present invention, including thermal cycling methods (e.g., PCR, RT-PCR, and LCR), as well as isothermal methods and strand displacement amplification (SDA). The preferred method is PCR.

Sample Preparation:

The oligonucleotides and methods according to the instant invention may be used directly with any suitable clinical or environmental samples, without any need for sample preparation. In order to achieve higher sensitivity, and in situations where time is not a limiting factor, it is preferred that the samples be pre-treated and that pre-amplification enrichment is performed.

The minimum industry standard for the detection of food-borne bacterial pathogens is a method that will reliably detect the presence of one pathogen cell in 25 g of food matrix as described in Andrews et al., 1984, “Food Sample and Preparation of Sample Homogenate”, Chapter 1 in Bacteriological Analytical Manual, 8th Edition, Revision A, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Va. In order to satisfy this stringent criterion, enrichment methods and media have been developed to enhance the growth of the target pathogen cell in order to facilitate its detection by biochemical, immunological or nucleic acid hybridization means. Typical enrichment procedures employ media that will enhance the growth and health of the target bacteria and also inhibit the growth of any background or non-target microorganisms present. For example, the USDA has set forth a protocol for enrichment of samples of ground beef to be tested for pathogenic E. coli (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Bacterial Analytical Manual).

Selective media have been developed for a variety of bacterial pathogens and one of skill in the art will know to select a medium appropriate for the particular organism to be enriched, e.g. E. coli O157:H7. A general discussion and recipes of non-selective media are described in the FDA Bacteriological Analytical Manual. (1998) published and distributed by the Association of Analytical Chemists, Suite 400, 2200 Wilson Blvd, Arlington, Va. 22201-3301.

After selective growth, a sample of the complex mixtures is removed for further analysis. This sampling procedure may be accomplished by a variety of means well known to those skilled in the art. In a preferred embodiment, 5 μl of the enrichment culture is removed and added to 200 μl of lysis solution containing protease. The lysis solution is heated at 37° C. for 20 min followed by protease inactivation at 95° C. for 10 min as described in the BAX® System User's Guide, DuPont Qualicon, Inc., Wilmington, Del.

PCR Assay Methods:

A preferred method for detecting the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in a sample comprises (a) performing PCR amplification using primer pairs listed in Table 1 to produce a PCR amplification result; and (b) detecting the amplification, whereby a positive detection of the amplification indicates the presence of E. coli O157:H7 in the sample.

In another preferred embodiment, prior to performing PCR amplification, a step of preparing the sample may be carried out. The preparing step may comprise at least one of the following processes: (1) bacterial enrichment, (2) separation of bacterial cells from the sample, (3) cell lysis, and (4) total DNA extraction.

Amplification Conditions:

A skilled person will understand that any generally acceptable PCR conditions may be used for successfully detecting E. coli O157:H7 bacteria using the oligonucleotides of the instant invention, and depending on the sample to be tested and other laboratory conditions, routine optimization for the PCR conditions may be necessary to achieve optimal sensitivity and specificity. Optimally, they achieve PCR amplification results from all of the intended specific targets while giving no PCR results for other, non-target species.

Detection/Examination/Analysis:

Primer-directed amplification products can be analyzed using various methods. Homogenous detection refers to a preferred method for the detection of amplification products where no separation (such as by gel electrophoresis) of amplification products from template or primers is necessary. Homogeneous detection is typically accomplished by measuring the level of fluorescence of the reaction mixture during or immediately following amplification. In addition, heterogeneous detection methods, which involve separation of amplification products during or prior to detection, can be employed in the present invention.

Homogenous detection may be employed to carry out “real-time” primer-directed nucleic acid amplification and detection, using primer pairs of the instant invention (e.g., “real-time” PCR and “real-time” RT-PCR). Preferred “real-time” methods are set forth in U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,171,785, 5,994,056, 6,326,145, 5,804,375, 5,538,848, 5,487,972, and 5,210,015, each of which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

A particularly preferred “real-time” detection method is the Scorpion probe assay as set forth in U.S. Pat. No. 6,326,145, which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety. In the Scorpion probe assay, PCR amplification is performed using a Scorpion probe (either unimolecular or bimolecular) as a primer-probe complex, the Scorpion probe possessing an appropriate reporter-quencher pair to allow the detectable signal of the reporter to be quenched prior to elongation of the primer. Post-elongation, the quenching effect is eliminated and the amount of signal present is quantitated. As the amount of amplification product increases, an equivalent increase in detectable signal will be observed, thus allowing the amount of amplification product present to be determined as a function of the amount of detectable signal measured. When more than one Scorpion probe is employed in a Scorpion probe assay each probe can have a different detectable label (e.g., reporter-quencher pair) attached, thus allowing each probe to be detected independently of the other probes.

Another preferred “real-time” detection method is the 5′-exonuclease detection method, as set forth in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,804,375, 5,538,848, 5,487,972, and 5,210,015, each of which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety. In the 5′-exonuclease detection assay a modified probe is employed during PCR which binds intermediate to or between the two members of the amplification primer pair. The modified probe possesses a reporter and a quencher and is designed to generate a detectable signal to indicate that it has hybridized with the target nucleic acid sequence during PCR. As long as both the reporter and the quencher are on the probe, the quencher stops the reporter from emitting a detectable signal. However, as the polymerase extends the primer during amplification, the intrinsic 5′ to 3′ nuclease activity of the polymerase degrades the probe, separating the reporter from the quencher, and enabling the detectable signal to be emitted. Generally, the amount of detectable signal generated during the amplification cycle is proportional to the amount of product generated in each cycle.

It is well known that the efficiency of quenching is a strong function of the proximity of the reporter and the quencher, i.e., as the two molecules get closer, the quenching efficiency increases. As quenching is strongly dependent on the physical proximity of the reporter and quencher, the reporter and the quencher are preferably attached to the probe within a few nucleotides of one another, usually within 30 nucleotides of one another, more preferably with a separation of from about 6 to 16 nucleotides. Typically, this separation is achieved by attaching one member of a reporter-quencher pair to the 5′ end of the probe and the other member to a nucleotide about 6 to 16 nucleotides away.

Again, when more than one Taqman® probe is employed in a 5′-exonuclease detection assay, each probe can have a different detectable label (e.g., reporter-quencher pair) attached, thus allowing each probe to be detected independently of the other probes.

Another preferred method of homogenous detection involves the use of DNA melting curve analysis, particularly with the BAX® System hardware and reagent tablets from DuPont Qualicon Inc. The details of the system are given in U.S. Pat. No. 6,312,930 and PCT Publication Nos. WO 97/11197 and WO 00/66777, each of which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

Melting curve analysis detects and quantifies double stranded nucleic acid molecule (“dsDNA” or “target”) by monitoring the fluorescence of the target amplification product (“target amplicon”) during each amplification cycle at selected time points.

As is well known to the skilled artisan, the two strands of a dsDNA separate or melt, when the temperature is higher than its melting temperature. Melting of a dsDNA molecule is a process, and under a given solution condition, melting starts at a temperature (designated Tms hereinafter), and completes at another temperature (designated Tme hereinafter). The familiar term, Tm, designates the temperature at which melting is 50% complete.

A typical PCR cycle involves a denaturing phase where the target dsDNA is melted, a primer annealing phase where the temperature optimal for the primers to bind to the now-single-stranded target, and a chain elongation phase (at a temperature Te) where the temperature is optimal for DNA polymerase to function.

According to the present invention, Tms should be higher than Te, and Tme should be lower (often substantially lower) than the temperature at which the DNA polymerase is heat-inactivated. Melting characteristics are affected by the intrinsic properties of a given dsDNA molecule, such as deoxynucleotide composition and the length of the dsDNA.

Intercalating dyes will bind to double stranded DNA. The dye/dsDNA complex will fluoresce when exposed to the appropriate excitation wavelength of light, which is dye dependent, and the intensity of the fluorescence may be proportionate to concentration of the dsDNA. Methods taking advantage of the use of DNA intercalating dyes to detect and quantify dsDNA are known in the art. Many dyes are known and used in the art for these purposes. The instant methods also take advantage of such relationship.

Examples of such intercalating dyes include, but are not limited to, SYBR Green-I®, ethidium bromide, propidium iodide, TOTO®-1 {Quinolinium, 1-1′-[1,3-propanediylbis[(dimethyl iminio)-3,1-propanediyl]]bis[4-[(3-methyl-2(3H)-benzothiazolylidene)methyl]]-, tetraiodide}, and YoPro® {Quinolinium, 4-[(3-methyl-2(3H)-benzoxazolylidene)methyl]-1-[3-(trimethylammonio)-propyl]-,diiodide}. Most preferred for the instant invention is a non-asymmetrical cyanide dye such as SYBR Green-I®, manufactured by Molecular Probes, Inc. (Eugene, Oreg.).

Melting curve analysis is achieved by monitoring the change in fluorescence while the temperature is increased. When the temperature reaches the TMS specific for the target amplicon, the dsDNA begins to denature. When the dsDNA denatures, the intercalating dye dissociates from the DNA and fluorescence decreases. Mathematical analysis of the negative of the change of the log of fluorescence divided by the change in temperature plotted against the temperature results in the graphical peak known as a melting curve.

It should be understood that the present invention could be operated using a combination of these techniques, such as by having a Scorpion probe directed to one target region and a Taqman® probe directed to a second target region. It should also be understood that the invention is not limited to the above described techniques. Rather, one skilled in the art would recognize that other techniques for detecting amplification as known in the art may also be used. For example, techniques such as PCR-based quantitative sequence detection (QSD) may be performed using nucleic acid probes which, when present in the single-stranded state in solution, are configured such that the reporter and quencher are sufficiently close to substantially quench the reporter's emission. However, upon hybridization of the intact reporter-quencher nucleic acid probe with the amplified target nucleic acid sequence, the reporter and quenchers become sufficiently distant from each other. As a result, the quenching is substantially abated causing an increase in the fluorescence emission detected.

In addition to homogenous detection methods, a variety of other heterogeneous detection methods are known in the art which can be employed in the present invention, including standard non-denaturing gel electrophoresis (e.g., acrylamide or agarose), denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis, and temperature gradient gel electrophoresis. Standard non-denaturing gel electrophoresis is a simple and quick method of PCR detection, but may not be suitable for all applications.

Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) is a separation method that detects differences in the denaturing behavior of small DNA fragments (200-700 bp). The principle of the separation is based on both fragment length and nucleotide sequence. In fragments that are the same length, a difference as little as one base pair can be detected. This is in contrast to non-denaturing gel electrophoresis, where DNA fragments are separated only by size. This limitation of non-denaturing gel electrophoresis results because the difference in charge density between DNA molecules is near neutral and plays little role in their separation. As the size of the DNA fragment increases, its velocity through the gel decreases.

DGGE is primarily used to separate DNA fragments of the same size based on their denaturing profiles and sequence. Using DGGE, two strands of a DNA molecule separate, or melt, when heat or a chemical denaturant is applied. The denaturation of a DNA duplex is influenced by two factors: 1) the hydrogen bonds formed between complimentary base pairs (since GC rich regions melt at higher denaturing conditions than regions that are AT rich); and 2) the attraction between neighboring bases of the same strand, or “stacking”. Consequently, a DNA molecule may have several melting domains with each of their individual characteristic denaturing conditions determined by their nucleotide sequence. DGGE exploits the fact that otherwise identical DNA molecules having the same length and DNA sequence, with the exception of only one nucleotide within a specific denaturing domain, will denature at different temperatures or Tm. Thus, when the double-stranded (ds) DNA fragment is electrophoresed through a gradient of increasing chemical denaturant it begins to denature and undergoes both a conformational and mobility change. The dsDNA fragment will travel faster than a denatured single-stranded (ss) DNA fragment, since the branched structure of the single-stranded moiety of the molecule becomes entangled in the gel matrix. As the denaturing environment increases, the dsDNA fragment will completely dissociate and mobility of the molecule through the gel is retarded at the denaturant concentration at which the particular low denaturing domains of the DNA strand dissociate. In practice, the electrophoresis is conducted at a constant temperature (around 60° C.) and chemical denaturants are used at concentrations that will result in 100% of the DNA molecules being denatured (i.e., 40% formamide and 7 M urea). This variable denaturing gradient is created using a gradient maker, such that the composition of each DGGE gel gradually changes from 0% denaturant up to 100% denaturant. Of course, gradients containing a reduced range of denaturant (e.g., 35% to 60%) may also be poured for increased separation of DNA.

The principle used in DGGE can also be applied to a second method that uses a temperature gradient instead of a chemical denaturant gradient. This method is known as Temperature Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (TGGE). This method makes use of a temperature gradient to induce the conformational change of dsDNA to ssDNA to separate fragments of equal size with different sequences. As in DGGE, DNA fragments with different nucleotide sequences will become immobile at different positions in the gel. Variations in primer design can be used to advantage in increasing the usefulness of DGGE for characterization and identification of the PCR products. These methods and principles of using primer design variations are described in PCR Technology Principles and Applications, Henry A. Erlich Ed., M. Stockton Press, NY, pages 71 to 88 (1988).

Instrumentation:

When homogenous detection is employed, the level of fluorescence is preferably measured using a laser fluorometer such as, for example, BAX® Q7 machine (DuPont Qualicon, Wilmington, Del.). However, similar detection systems for measuring the level of fluorescence in a sample are included in the invention.

Reagents and Kits:

Any suitable nucleic acid replication composition (“replication composition”) in any format can be used. A typical replication composition for PCR amplification may comprise, for example, dATP, dCTP, dGTP, dTTP, target specific primers and a suitable polymerase.

If the replication composition is in liquid form, suitable buffers known in the art may be used (Sambrook, J. et al., supra).

Alternatively, if the replication composition is contained in a tablet form, then typical tabletization reagents may be included such as stabilizers and binding agents. Preferred tabletization technology is set forth in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,762,857 and 4,678,812, each of which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

A preferred replication composition of the instant invention comprises (a) the primer pair from Table 1, and (b) thermostable DNA polymerase.

A more preferred replication composition of the present invention comprises (a) the primer pairs and any corresponding probe or blocking oligonucleotide selected from Table 1, wherein each nucleic acid probe or primer-probe complex employed comprises a detectable label; and (b) thermostable DNA polymerase. Preferably the detectable label comprises a reporter capable of emitting a detectable signal and a quencher capable of substantially quenching the reporter and preventing the emission of the detectable signal when the reporter and quencher are in sufficiently close proximity to one another.

A preferred kit of the instant invention comprises any one of the above replication compositions. A preferred tablet of the instant invention comprises any one of the above replication compositions. More preferably, a kit of the instant invention comprises the foregoing preferred tablet.

In some instances, an internal positive control can be included in the reaction. The internal positive control can include control template nucleic acids (e.g. DNA or RNA), control primers, and control nucleic acid probe. The advantages of an internal positive control contained within a PCR reaction have been previously described (U.S. Pat. No. 6,312,930 and PCT Application No. WO 97/11197, each of which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety), and include: (i) the control may be amplified using a single primer; (ii) the amount of the control amplification product is independent of any target DNA or RNA contained in the sample; (iii) the control DNA can be tableted with other amplification reagents for ease of use and high degree of reproducibility in both manual and automated test procedures; (iv) the control can be used with homogeneous detection, i.e., without separation of product DNA from reactants; and (v) the internal control has a melting profile that is distinct from other potential amplification products in the reaction and/or a detectable label on the control nucleic acid that is distinct from the detectable label on the nucleic acid probe directed to the target.

Control DNA will be of appropriate size and base composition to permit amplification in a primer-directed amplification reaction. The control template DNA sequence may be obtained from the E. coli genome, or from another source, but must be reproducibly amplified under the same conditions that permit the amplification of the target amplification product.

Preferred control sequences include, for example, those found in SV40.


Primer/Probe
Concentration Range
SEQ ID NO:
SV4222
0.100-0.400 μM
19
SV4312
0.025-0.150 μM
20
SV40 Scorpion 1
0.010-0.100 μM
21

The control reaction is useful to validate the amplification reaction. Amplification of the control DNA occurs within the same reaction tube as the sample that is being tested, and therefore indicates a successful amplification reaction when samples are target negative, i.e. no target amplification product is produced. In order to achieve significant validation of the amplification reaction, a suitable number of copies of the control DNA template must be included in each amplification reaction.

In some instances it may be useful to include an additional negative control replication composition. The negative control replication composition will contain the same reagents as the replication composition but without the polymerase. The primary function of such a control is to monitor spurious background fluorescence in a homogeneous format when the method employs a fluorescent means of detection.

Replication compositions may be modified depending on whether they are designed to be used to amplify target DNA or the control DNA. Replication compositions that will amplify the target DNA (test replication compositions) may include (i) a polymerase (generally thermostable), (ii) a primer pair capable of hybridizing to the target DNA and (iii) necessary buffers for the amplification reaction to proceed. Replication compositions that will amplify the control DNA (positive control, or positive replication composition) may include (i) a polymerase (generally thermostable) (ii) the control DNA; (iii) at least one primer capable of hybridizing to the control DNA; and (iv) necessary buffers for the amplification reaction to proceed. In addition, the replication composition for either target DNA or control DNA amplification can contain a nucleic acid probe, preferably possessing a detectable label.

Nucleic Acid Hybridization Methods

In addition to primer-directed amplification assay methods, nucleic acid hybridization assay methods can be employed in the present invention for detection of E. coli O157:H7. The basic components of a nucleic acid hybridization test include a probe, a sample suspected of containing E. coli O157:H7, and a specific hybridization method. Typically the probe length can vary from as few as 5 bases to the full length of the E. coli diagnostic sequence and will depend upon the specific test to be done. Only part of the probe molecule need be complementary to the nucleic acid sequence to be detected. In addition, the complementarity between the probe and the target sequence need not be perfect. Hybridization does occur between imperfectly complementary molecules with the result that a certain fraction of the bases in the hybridized region are not paired with the proper complementary base.

Probes particularly useful in nucleic acid hybridization methods are any of SEQ ID NOs: 9-13, or sequences derived therefrom.

The sample may or may not contain E. coli O157:H7. The sample may take a variety of forms, however will generally be extracted from an animal, environmental or food source suspected of contamination. The DNA may be detected directly but most preferably, the sample nucleic acid must be made available to contact the probe before any hybridization of probe and target molecule can occur. Thus the organism's DNA is preferably free from the cell and placed under the proper conditions before hybridization can occur. Methods of in-solution hybridization necessitate the purification of the DNA in order to be able to obtain hybridization of the sample DNA with the probe. This has meant that utilization of the in-solution method for detection of target sequences in a sample requires that the nucleic acids of the sample must first be purified to eliminate protein, lipids, and other cell components, and then contacted with the probe under hybridization conditions. Methods for the purification of the sample nucleic acid are common and well known in the art (Sambrook et al., supra).

In one preferred embodiment, hybridization assays may be conducted directly on cell lysates, without the need to extract the nucleic acids. This eliminates several steps from the sample-handling process and speeds up the assay. To perform such assays on crude cell lysates, a chaotropic agent is typically added to the cell lysates prepared as described above. The chaotropic agent stabilizes nucleic acids by inhibiting nuclease activity. Furthermore, the chaotropic agent allows sensitive and stringent hybridization of short oligonucleotide probes to DNA at room temperature (Van Ness & Chen, Nucleic Acids Res. 19:5143-51 (1991)). Suitable chaotropic agents include guanidinium chloride, guanidinium thiocyanate, sodium thiocyanate, lithium tetrachloroacetate, sodium perchlorate, rubidium tetrachloroacetate, potassium iodide, and cesium trifluoroacetate, among others. Typically, the chaotropic agent will be present at a final concentration of about 3 M. If desired, one can add formamide to the hybridization mixture, typically 30-50% (v/v).

Alternatively, one can purify the sample nucleic acids prior to probe hybridization. A variety of methods are known to one of skill in the art (e.g., phenol-chloroform extraction, IsoQuick extraction (MicroProbe Corp., Bothell, Wash.), and others). Pre-hybridization purification is particularly useful for standard filter hybridization assays. Furthermore, purification facilitates measures to increase the assay sensitivity by incorporating in vitro RNA amplification methods such as self-sustained sequence replication (see for example Fahy et al., In PCR Methods and Applications, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory: Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. (1991), pp. 25-33) or reverse transcriptase PCR (Kawasaki, In PCR Protocols: A Guide to Methods and Applications, M. A. Innis et al., Eds., (1990), pp. 21-27).

Once the DNA is released, it can be detected by any of a variety of methods. However, the most useful embodiments have at least some characteristics of speed, convenience, sensitivity, and specificity.

Hybridization methods are well known in the art. Typically the probe and sample must be mixed under conditions which will permit nucleic acid hybridization. This involves contacting the probe and sample in the presence of an inorganic or organic salt under the proper concentration and temperature conditions. The probe and sample nucleic acids must be in contact for a long enough time that any possible hybridization between the probe and sample nucleic acid may occur. The concentration of probe or target in the mixture will determine the time necessary for hybridization to occur. The higher the probe or target concentration, the shorter the hybridization incubation time needed.

Various hybridization solutions can be employed. Typically, these comprise from about 20 to 60% volume, preferably 30%, of a polar organic solvent. A common hybridization solution employs about 30-50% v/v formamide, about 0.15 to 1M sodium chloride, about 0.05 to 0.1M buffers, such as sodium citrate, Tris-HCl, PIPES or HEPES (pH range about 6-9), about 0.05 to 0.2% detergent, such as sodium dodecylsulfate, or between 0.5-20 mM EDTA, FICOLL (Pharmacia Inc.) (about 300-500 kilodaltons), polyvinylpyrrolidone (about 250-500 kdal), and serum albumin. Also included in the typical hybridization solution will be unlabeled carrier nucleic acids from about 0.1 to 5 mg/mL, fragmented nucleic DNA (e.g., calf thymus or salmon sperm DNA, or yeast RNA), and optionally from about 0.5 to 2% wt/vol glycine. Other additives may also be included, such as volume exclusion agents which include a variety of polar water-soluble or swellable agents (e.g., polyethylene glycol), anionic polymers (e.g., polyacrylate or polymethylacrylate), and anionic saccharidic polymers (e.g., dextran sulfate).

Nucleic acid hybridization is adaptable to a variety of assay formats. One of the most suitable is the sandwich assay format. The sandwich assay is particularly adaptable to hybridization under non-denaturing conditions. A primary component of a sandwich-type assay is a solid support. The solid support has adsorbed to it or covalently coupled to it immobilized nucleic acid probe that is unlabeled and complementary to one portion of the DNA sequence.

The sandwich assay may be encompassed in an assay kit. This kit would include a first component for the collection of samples suspected of contamination and buffers for the disbursement and lysis of the sample. A second component would include media in either dry or liquid form for the hybridization of target and probe polynucleotides, as well as for the removal of undesirable and nonduplexed forms by washing. A third component includes a solid support (dipstick) upon which is fixed (or to which is conjugated) unlabeled nucleic acid probe(s) that is (are) complementary to one or more of the sequences disclosed herein. A fourth component would contain labeled probe that is complementary to a second and different region of the same DNA strand to which the immobilized, unlabeled nucleic acid probe of the third component is hybridized.

In a preferred embodiment, polynucleotide sequences disclosed herein or derivations thereof may be used as 3′ blocked detection probes in either a homogeneous or heterogeneous assay format. For example, a probe generated from these sequences may be 3′ blocked or non-participatory and will not be extended by, or participate in, a nucleic acid amplification reaction. Additionally, the probe incorporates a label that can serve as a reactive ligand that acts as a point of attachment for the immobilization of the probe/analyte hybrid or as a reporter to produce detectable signal. Accordingly, genomic or cDNA isolated from a sample suspected of E. coli contamination is amplified by standard primer-directed amplification protocols in the presence of an excess of the 3′ blocked detection probe to produce amplification products. Because the probe is 3′ blocked, it does not participate or interfere with the amplification of the target. After the final amplification cycle, the detection probe anneals to the relevant portion of the amplified DNA and the annealed complex is then captured on a support through the reactive ligand.

In some instances it is desirable to incorporate a ligand labeled dNTP, with the label probe in the replication composition to facilitate immobilization of the PCR reaction product on a support and then detection of the immobilized product by means of the labeled probe reagent. For example a biotin, digoxigenin, or digoxin labeled dNTP could be added to PCR reaction composition. The biotin, digoxigenin, or digoxin incorporated in the PCR product could then be immobilized respectively on to a strepavidin, anti-dixogin or antidigoxigenin antibody support. The immobilized PCR product could then be detected by the presence of the probe label.

EXAMPLES

The present invention is further defined in the following Examples. It should be understood that these Examples, while indicating preferred embodiments of the invention, are given by way of illustration only.

General Methods and Materials Used in the Examples

Materials and methods suitable for the maintenance and growth of bacterial cultures are well known in the art. Techniques suitable for use in the following Examples may be found in Manual of Methods for Genus Bacteriology (Phillipp Gerhardt, R. G. E. Murray, Ralph N. Costilow, Eugene W. Nester, Willis A. Wood, Noel R. Krieg and G. Briggs Phillips, eds), American Society for Microbiology, Washington, D.C. (1994) or Thomas D. Brock in Biotechnology: A Textbook of Industrial Microbiology, Second Edition (1989) Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Mass. or Bacteriological Analytical Manual. 6th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, Va. (1984).

Primers and probes (SEQ ID NOs: 1, 2, 9, 10, 14, and 15) were prepared by Biosearch Technologies, Inc., 81 Digital Drive, Novato, Calif. 94949 USA.

All PCR reactions were carried out using a standard BAX® System (DuPont Qualicon, Wilmington, Del.).

The meaning of abbreviations is as follows: “h” means hour(s), “min” means minute(s), “sec” means second(s), “d” means day(s), “ml” means milliliter(s), “μl” means microliter(s), “cfu” means colony forming unit(s), M means molar, μM means micromolar, nM means nanomolar.

Example 1

Determination of Inclusivity/Exclusivity of the Individual Targets Via Scorpion® Assay

Samples of organisms were analyzed to establish inclusivity and exclusivity of Scorpion® probes of the present invention. Pure cultures grown overnight achieved cell densities of approximately 1×109 cfu/ml. For inclusivity, independent, bona fide O157:H7 isolates were used; for exclusivity, closely related non-target organisms to ensure that the assay would discriminate the target organisms from other non-target organisms.

DNA Lysate Preparation for Inclusivity and Exclusivity

Material tested was overnight growth pure cultures of the target and non-target organisms grown at 37° C. in BHI media. For exclusivity, non-diluted overnight cultures were tested. For inclusivity, overnight cultures were diluted approximately 1:10,000 into TSB. 20 μl of the material to be tested was added to 200 μl of BAX® lysis reagent (DuPont Qualicon, Wilmington, Del.). The mixture was incubated at 37° C. for 20 minutes, then further incubated at 95° C. for 10 minutes, and finally cooled to 5° C.

PCR Conditions

5-30 μl of the DNA lysate as prepared above was used to hydrate lyophylized PCR reaction components to achieve a DNA lysate/PCR reaction component mixture containing the primers and Scorpions® listed in Table 2.


TABLE 2
SEQ ID
Primers
NO
Per reaction
Dye
O157H7T3-89-24 (100 μM)
 1
200-300 nM
O157H7T3-rc218-23 (100 μM)
 2
200-300 nM
Probe 1 - O157H7T3-89
9-18
 20-60 nM
Calfluor Gold
(100 μM)
carbon
540
spacer-1
Quencher - O157H7T3#1
14
 60-180 nM
BHQ-1 ™
(100 μM)
Probe 2 - O157H7T3-rc218
10-18
 20-60 nM
Calfluor Gold
(100 μM)
carbon
540
spacer-2
Quencher - O157H7T3#2
15
 60-180 nM
BHQ-1 ™
(100 μM)

This DNA lysate/PCR reaction component mixture was added to a PCR reaction mixture. The reagents that were used in the PCR amplification reaction were custom made lyophilized reagent tablets containing GoTaq DNA Polymerase (Promega, Madison, Wis., USA), deoxynucleotides (Roche Diagnostics, Indianapolis, Ind.), BSA and surfactamps (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, Mo.) In addition PCR buffer (DuPont Qualicon, Wilmington, Del.) was used.

Amplification and testing was performed on the BAX® Q7 machine (DuPont Qualicon, Wilmington, Del.). The thermal cycling conditions were: 2 minutes at 94° C., followed by 43 cycles of 94° C. for 10 seconds and 63° C. for 40 seconds, with the fluorescent signal captured during the 63° C. step at each cycle.

Results

As can be seen in Tables 3-4, below, using individual Scorpion® probes, the method of the present invention was able to correctly detect all of the O157:H7 isolates and none of the non-O157:H7 isolates or real-world enrichments not containing O157:H7.


TABLE 3
O157:H7 Inclusivity
Isolate
Isolate
BAX ® System Result:
Number
Source
Serovar
O157:H7
640
ATCC
O157:H7
Positive
641
ATCC; Human
O157:H7
Positive
feces
642
ATCC
O157:H7
Positive
914
ATCC
O157:H7
Positive
915
ATCC
O157:H7
Positive
916
ATCC; Human
O157:H7
Positive
feces
935
O157:H7
Positive
1449
O157:H7
Positive
1451
O157:H7
Positive
1453
O157:H7
Positive
1455
Human bloody
O157:H7
Positive
diarrhea
1458
O157:H7
Positive
1459
O157:H7
Positive
1973
O157:H7
Positive
1976
O157:H7
Positive
1977
O157:H7
Positive
1979
Hamburger
O157:H7
Positive
1982
Cow's faeces
O157:H7
Positive
1983
Beef
O157:H7
Positive
1986
Pork
O157:H7
Positive
1987
Veal
O157:H7
Positive
1988
Hamburger
O157:H7
Positive
1989
O157:H7
Positive
1990
O157:H7
Positive
1991
O157:H7
Positive
5893
O157:H7
Positive
5895
O157:H7
Positive
6972
O157:H7
Positive
7101
O157:H7
Positive
8296
O157:H7
Positive
8297
O157:H7
Positive
8299
O157:H7
Positive
8301
O157:H7
Positive
NM
8856
Stool of patient
O157:H7
Positive
with hemolyti
8857
Human feces,
O157:H7
Positive
CA
8858
Human stool
O157:H7
Positive
from outbreak
8860
O157:H7
Positive
8865
O157:H7
Positive
8866
O157:H7
Positive
8868
Patient in
O157:H7
Positive
1986;
epidemiologic
8872
O157:H7
Positive
8873
Patient in 1993
O157:H7
Positive
outbreak
9048
O157:H7
Positive
9048
O157:H7
Positive
9712
O157:H7
Positive
10133
Jun. 13, 1994
O157:H7
Positive
10901
O157:H7
Positive
10909
O157:H7
Positive
10910
O157:H7
Positive
10913
O157:H7
Positive
10922
O157:H7
Positive
12787
PSU ECRC
O157:H7
Positive
12788
O157:H7
Positive
12791
O157:H7
Positive
12793
O157:H7
Positive
12797
O157:H7
Positive
12806
O157:H7
Positive
12807
O157:H7
Positive
12814
O157:H7
Positive
12818
O157:H7
Positive
12825
O157:H7
Positive
12828
O157:H7
Positive
12836
O157:H7
Positive
12844
O157:H7
Positive
12857
O157:H7
Positive
12862
O157:H7
Positive
12864
PSU ECRC
O157:H7
Positive
12865
PSU ECRC
O157:H7
Positive
12871
O157:H7
Positive
12877
O157:H7
Positive
12882
O157:H7
Positive
12884
O157:H7
Positive
12905
700728
O157:H7
Positive
12905
O157:H7
Positive
13038
ground beef
O157:H7
Positive
13040
ATCC; Human
O157:H7
Positive
feces
13040
ATCC
O157:H7
Positive
13054
ground beef
O157:H7
Positive
13055
ground beef
O157:H7
Positive
13072
O157:H7
Positive
13077
beef trim
O157:H7
Positive
13078
O157:H7
Positive
13085
O157:H7
Positive
13175
O157:H7
Positive
13176
beef isolate
O157:H7
Positive
13182
O157:H7
Positive
13189
O157:H7
Positive
13197
O157:H7
Positive
13241
O157:H7
Positive
13262
O157:H7
Positive
13291
O157:H7
Positive
13405
O157:H7
Positive
13406
Beef
O157:H7
Positive
13407
O157:H7
Positive
13482
O157:H7
Positive
13483
O157:H7
Positive


TABLE 4
Exclusivity
BAX ® System
Isolate Number
Species
Serovar
Result: O157:H7
1718
E. coli
O128:H2
Negative
1721
E. coli
O114:H32
Negative
1730
E. coli
O86:H25
Negative
1732
E. coli
O143:HNM
Negative
1762
E. coli
O164:HNM
Negative
1769
E. coli
O139:H1
Negative
1770
E. coli
O115:H18
Negative
1803
E. coli
O25:H(−)
Negative
1814
E. coli
O6:H(−)
Negative
1821
E. coli
O55:H(−)
Negative
1827
E. coli
O20:HNM
Negative
1835
E. coli
O127:H(−)
Negative
1836
E. coli
O125:H(−)
Negative
1842
E. coli
O78:HNM
Negative
1861
E. coli
O126:H(−)
Negative
1889
E. coli
O152:H10
Negative
1915
E. coli
O28:H(−)
Negative
2432
E. coli
O165:H(−)
Negative
2434
E. coli
O1:H7
Negative
2438
E. coli
O118:HNM
Negative
2441
E. coli
O117:H4
Negative
2443
E. coli
O157:H19
Negative
2445
E. coli
O113:H21
Negative
2480
E. coli
O2
Negative
2485
E. coli
O157:H19
Negative
3124
E. coli
O2
Negative
3130
E. coli
O8
Negative
5884
E. coli
O91:H−
Negative
12887
E. coli
O157:H2
Negative
12889
E. coli
O157:H4
Negative
12890
E. coli
O157:H11
Negative
12891
E. coli
O157:H12
Negative
12892
E. coli
O157:H29
Negative
12893
E. coli
O157:H32
Negative
12894
E. coli
O157:H43
Negative
12896
E. coli
O157:H44
Negative
12897
E. coli
O157:H54
Negative
13415
E. coli
O165:H25
Negative
13416
E. coli
O85:NM TB334
Negative
13417
E. coli
O4:HNM 85-3377
Negative
13418
E. coli
O14:HNM 95-3209
Negative
13419
E. coli
O22:H5 95-3322
Negative
13420
E. coli
O28ac:H25 96-3286
Negative
13421
E. coli
O38:H21 96-3307
Negative
13422
E. coli
O48:H21 95-3022
Negative
13423
E. coli
O79:H7 96-F368851
Negative
13424
E. coli
O83:H1 90-3119
Negative
13425
E. coli
O88:H25 96-9840
Negative
13426
E. coli
O93R26:H19 96-3007
Negative
13427
E. coli
O104:H21 94-3024
Negative
13428
E. coli
O117:H7 97-3039
Negative
13429
E. coli
O119:HNM 96-3032
Negative
13430
E. coli
O125ac:HNM 86-3153
Negative
13431
E. coli
O126:H27 89-3506
Negative
13432
E. coli
O128:H45-96-3305
Negative
13433
E. coli
O137:H41 88-3493
Negative
13434
E. coli
O146:H21 90-3158
Negative
13435
E. coli
O165:H25 88-3001
Negative
13436
E. coli
OX1H21 89-3156
Negative
13437
E. coli
O113:H21 O4-1450
Negative
13438
E. coli
O165:H25 00-4540
Negative
13439
E. coli
O5:NM 03-2682
Negative
13440
E. coli
O55:H7 05-0376
Negative
13441
E. coli
O91:H21 85-489
Negative
13442
E. coli
O2:H25 SJ4
Negative
13443
E. coli
O2:H27 SJ5
Negative
13444
E. coli
O2:H27 SJ6
Negative
13445
E. coli
O128:NM SJ19
Negative
13446
E. coli
O128:H2 SJ20
Negative
13447
E. coli
O63:H6 SJ88
Negative
13448
E. coli
O63:NM SJ87
Negative
13449
E. coli
O63:H49 F6069
Negative
13450
E. coli
O113:H21 SJ29
Negative
13451
E. coli
O113:H21 SJ30
Negative
13452
E. coli
O113:H21 8J31
Negative
13453
E. coli
O91:H21 SJ32
Negative
13454
E. coli
O4:HNM
Negative
13456
E. coli
O2:H27 E18
Negative
13457
E. coli
O2:H27 E19
Negative
13458
E. coli
O174:H8 AA1
Negative
13459
E. coli
O55:H7 BB2
Negative
13460
E. coli
O128ac:[H2] CC3
Negative
13461
E. coli
O177:[H25] DD4
Negative
13462
E. coli
O111:[H8] EE5
Negative
13463
E. coli
O113:H4 FF6
Negative
13464
E. coli
O103:H2 GG7
Negative
13465
E. coli
O26:H11 HH8
Negative
13466
E. coli
O41:H26 II9
Negative
13468
E. coli
O138 TW05622
Negative
13469
E. coli
O91:H21 B2F1
Negative
13470
E. coli
O83:H6 CB9764
Negative
13471
E. coli
O63:H6 CB10019
Negative
13472
E. coli
O8:H K102-1
Negative
13473
E. coli
O2:H44 K2-43
Negative
13474
E. coli
VN96
Negative
13475
E. coli
VN81
Negative
13476
E. coli
VN65
Negative
13479
E. coli
O73
Negative

<160> NUMBER OF SEQ ID NOS: 21

<210> SEQ ID NO: 1

<211> LENGTH: 24

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 1

ttgttgaagg aaaagtgctg cgtc 24

<210> SEQ ID NO: 2

<211> LENGTH: 23

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 2

ccagtcatcg tctgacaacg ggt 23

<210> SEQ ID NO: 3

<211> LENGTH: 22

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 3

taccgaagag gtgatgctgg ac 22

<210> SEQ ID NO: 4

<211> LENGTH: 22

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 4

ccttcacctt agccagtcgc tg 22

<210> SEQ ID NO: 5

<211> LENGTH: 22

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 5

aaattaccgg aaaaacgccg gt 22

<210> SEQ ID NO: 6

<211> LENGTH: 22

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 6

gtcatctcgc ccggcgtcag at 22

<210> SEQ ID NO: 7

<211> LENGTH: 18

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 7

tggcggccta tgtctccc 18

<210> SEQ ID NO: 8

<211> LENGTH: 26

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 8

gttatcatcg taggattctg ccgtca 26

<210> SEQ ID NO: 9

<211> LENGTH: 26

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Probe

<400> SEQENCE: 9

cggacgtaac acgcgggttt caccac 26

<210> SEQ ID NO: 10

<211> LENGTH: 28

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Probe

<400> SEQENCE: 10

tgggtttata acggtcaggg tgacgcct 28

<210> SEQ ID NO: 11

<211> LENGTH: 28

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Probe

<400> SEQENCE: 11

tgcaaacccg ttgtcagacg atgactgg 28

<210> SEQ ID NO: 12

<211> LENGTH: 28

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Probe

<400> SEQENCE: 12

gactggcagc gactggctaa ggtgaagg 28

<210> SEQ ID NO: 13

<211> LENGTH: 28

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Probe

<400> SEQENCE: 13

tgacgcagca cttttccttc aacaaccg 28

<210> SEQ ID NO: 14

<211> LENGTH: 26

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Quencher

<400> SEQENCE: 14

gtggtgaaac ccgcgtgtta cgtccg 26

<210> SEQ ID NO: 15

<211> LENGTH: 28

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Quencher

<400> SEQENCE: 15

aggcgtcacc ctgaccgtta taaaccca 28

<210> SEQ ID NO: 16

<211> LENGTH: 23

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Quencher

<400> SEQENCE: 16

catcgtctga caacgggttt gca 23

<210> SEQ ID NO: 17

<211> LENGTH: 22

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Quencher

<400> SEQENCE: 17

accttagcag tcgctgccag tc 22

<210> SEQ ID NO: 18

<211> LENGTH: 23

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Quencher

<400> SEQENCE: 18

gttgaaggaa aagtgctgcg tca 23

<210> SEQ ID NO: 19

<211> LENGTH: 29

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 19

aatagcagac actctatgcc tgtgtggag 29

<210> SEQ ID NO: 20

<211> LENGTH: 33

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Primer

<400> SEQENCE: 20

ctttgctatt tacaccacaa aggaaaaagc tgc 33

<210> SEQ ID NO: 21

<211> LENGTH: 78

<212> TYPE: DNA

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Probe

<400> SEQENCE: 21

aacccaccca gaatattttt ccataatttt cttgtatagc agtgggtggg tttatttaca 60

ccacaaagga aaaagctg 78

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Patent Valuation

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Reveal the value <>

20.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

50.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

75.64/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

83.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

13.18/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Process for amplifying nucleic acid sequences CETUS CORPORATION 25 October 1985 28 July 1987
Enterohemorrhagic e. coli o104:h4 assays LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION 01 June 2012 06 December 2012
Sequences and their use for detection and characterization of e. coli o157:h7 QUALICON DIAGNOSTICS LLC 20 July 2010 27 January 2011
Homogeneous assay system using the nuclease activity of a nucleic acid polymerase ROCHE MOLECULAR SYSTEMS, INC. 06 August 1990 11 May 1993
Trehalose as stabilizer and tableting excipient E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY 23 April 1987 09 August 1988
See full citation <>

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