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Patent Analysis of

Drafting device for spinning-knitting machines

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10000866

Application Number

US14/889964

Application Date

11 April 2014

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

SIPRA PATENTENTWICKLUNGS- UND BETEILIGUNGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SIPRA PATENTENTWICKLUNGS- UND BETEILIGUNGSGESELLSCHAFT MBH

International Classification

D01H1/115,D04B9/14,D04B9/00

Cooperative Classification

D01H1/115,D04B9/00,D04B9/14

Inventor

FLAD, AXEL

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10000866 Drafting spinning-knitting machines 1 US10000866 Drafting spinning-knitting machines 2 US10000866 Drafting spinning-knitting machines 3
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Abstract

A drafting device for spinning-knitting machines includes a drafting arrangement with which at least two roving yarns can be drawn parallel to form fiber strands and at an outlet of which a nozzle unit with twist nozzles arranged parallel to one another for each of the drawn fiber strands is arranged. Between the inlets of the twist nozzles, the nozzle unit is provided with a respective plate-shaped separator projection that extends up to a withdrawal roller pair of the drafting arrangement.

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Claims

1. A drafting device for spinning-knitting machines, comprising: a drafting arrangement for drawing at least two roving yarns in parallel to form fiber strands; a nozzle unit with twist nozzles arranged parallel to one another for each of the drawn fiber strands arranged at an outlet of the drafting arrangement; wherein the nozzle unit is provided with a plate-shaped separator projection between inlets of the twist nozzles that extends up to a withdrawal roller pair of the drafting arrangement, and wherein the separator projection is arranged on a housing for the twist nozzles in the center between adjacent twist nozzles.

2. The drafting device according to claim 1, wherein the separator projection is oriented perpendicular to axes of the withdrawal roller pair.

3. The drafting device according to claim 1, wherein the separator projection has a point that projects into a recess between the rollers of the withdrawal roller pair.

4. The drafting device according to claim 3, wherein the point has flanks that run parallel to a cylindrical surface of the rollers of the withdrawal roller pair, at least in sections.

5. The drafting device according to claim 1, wherein the separator projection is fabricated from a metal sheet.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A drafting device for spinning-knitting machines, comprising:
    • a drafting arrangement for drawing at least two roving yarns in parallel to form fiber strands
    • a nozzle unit with twist nozzles arranged parallel to one another for each of the drawn fiber strands arranged at an outlet of the drafting arrangement
    • wherein the nozzle unit is provided with a plate-shaped separator projection between inlets of the twist nozzles that extends up to a withdrawal roller pair of the drafting arrangement, and wherein the separator projection is arranged on a housing for the twist nozzles in the center between adjacent twist nozzles.
    • 2. The drafting device according to claim 1, wherein
      • the separator projection is oriented perpendicular to axes of the withdrawal roller pair.
    • 3. The drafting device according to claim 1, wherein
      • the separator projection has a point that projects into a recess between the rollers of the withdrawal roller pair.
    • 5. The drafting device according to claim 1, wherein
      • the separator projection is fabricated from a metal sheet.
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Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO A RELATED APPLICATION

The invention described and claimed hereinbelow is a National Stage Application of PCT/EP2014/057362, filed Apr. 11, 2014 (the PCT application), under 35 USC § 371. The PCT application claims priority from German Patent Application DE 10 2013 104 993.1, filed on May 15, 2013. The German priority application and the PCT application are incorporated herein by reference and provide the basis for a claim of priority of invention.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to a drafting device for spinning-knitting machines with a drafting arrangement, with which at least two roving yarns can be drawn parallel to form fibre strands and at the outlet of which a nozzle unit with twist nozzles arranged parallel to one another for each of the drawn fibre strands is arranged.

Such drafting devices are known from document WO 2009/026734 A1, for example. They serve to feed fibre strands produced from a roving yarn with substantially parallel oriented fibres to the knitting needles of a knitting machine. The knitted fabrics produced from such fibre strands have a clearly softer surface compared to the surface of knitted fabrics produced from conventional yarns. Since the space conditions particularly on circular knitting machines are confined, at least two fibre strands are drawn parallel to one another with the drafting devices, are provided with a false twist by means of twist nozzles and then fed to knitting needles of adjacent knitting points. For this, the nozzle unit connected to a vacuum unit has a twist nozzle for each of the fibre strands generated by the drafting arrangement.

In the known drafting units malfunctions often occur when fibres of a fibre strand are also drawn in by the adjacent nozzle. This problem mainly arises when the nozzle associated with the fibre strand is blocked.

A ring spinner is known from DE 195 00 036 A1, which has a continuous perforated roller as bottom roller and two top rollers interacting with the perforated roller for parallel drawing of two fibre strands. In the event of a thread break both fibre strands are aspirated off by a common suction tube. An unfavourable influence on the two yarns formed in parallel as a result of transverse fibres of the respective other yarn is prevented by a separator plate, which is arranged at the mouth of the suction tube and extends up to the location of the perforated roller, at which the two formed yarns are removed from the perforated roller. However, the yarns are not transported further by the suction tube here, but are pulled free from the perforated roller. The suction tube merely serves to remove the yarns in the event of a thread break, wherein a suction tube is provided for both yarns.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The object forming the basis of the present invention is to provide a drafting device for knitting machines, which prevents malfunctions of the nozzle unit as a result of transverse fibres between the fibre strands.

The object is achieved by a drafting device for spinning-knitting machines with a drafting arrangement, with which at least two roving yarns can be drawn parallel to form fibre strands and at the outlet of which a nozzle unit with twist nozzles arranged parallel to one another for each of the drawn fibre strands is arranged, which is characterised in that between the inlets of the twist nozzles the nozzle unit is provided with a respective plate-shaped separator projection, which extends up to a withdrawal roller pair of the drafting arrangement.

In the drafting device according to the invention yarn faults resulting from transverse fibres of the fibre strands passing into the wrong twist nozzle can be prevented by the separator projection between the inlets of the twist nozzle on the nozzle unit. If one of the nozzles becomes blocked, the fibre strand associated with it cannot be aspirated by the adjacent nozzle and also block this nozzle or cause thickening of the yarn produced with this nozzle.

If the separator projection is oriented perpendicular to the axes of the withdrawal roller pair, symmetrical conditions for fibre strand guidance result on both sides of the separator projection.

To increase the effectiveness of the separator projection, this can have a point, which projects into the recess between the rollers of the withdrawal roller pair. In this way, the separator projection can be moved close to the two rollers of the withdrawal roller pair, which improves its separating action. A further optimisation of the separation function of the projection can be achieved in this case in that, at least in sections, the flanks of the point run parallel to the cylindrical surface of the rollers of the withdrawal roller pair. As a result of this measure the separator projection is spaced at the same distance from both rollers of the withdrawal roller pair, and this distance can, moreover, be kept very small. Therefore, the suction action of the two nozzles separated from one another by the separator projection cannot extend to the respective other fibre strand exiting between the two rollers of the withdrawal roller pair.

The at least one separator projection can preferably be arranged on a housing for the twist nozzles. It can be fastened there and adjusted in relation to the withdrawal roller pair of the drafting arrangement without problem. It can also be configured in one piece with the housing for the twist nozzles. In a preferred configuration, however, the separator projection is a sheet metal part, which can be produced by stamping, for example, and arranged in the centre between two nozzles.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

A preferred exemplary embodiment of a drafting device is described in more detail with reference to the drawing.

FIG. 1 is a schematic side view of a drafting device and a needle of a knitting machine;

FIG. 2 is an enlarged side view of the drafting device from FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view from above onto the nozzle unit and the withdrawal roller pair of the drafting device from FIG. 1;

FIG. 4 is a perspective detail view of the nozzle unit of the drafting device from FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

According to FIG. 1 the drafting device 10 has a drafting arrangement 11 and also a nozzle unit 12. The drafting arrangement 11 in the represented example is a three-cylinder drafting arrangement with a feed roller pair 13, a double apron roller pair 14 and also a withdrawal roller pair 15. Between the upper and lower rollers of the roller pairs 13, 14 and 15 two fibre strands (not shown) are drawn parallel and fed to the nozzle unit 12. In the nozzle unit 12 the fibre strands are provided with a false twist and fed via tubes 16, 17 to knitting needles 18 of a knitting machine (not shown further).

As can better be seen from FIGS. 3 and 4, the nozzle unit has two twist nozzles 19, 20, between which a separator projection 21 is arranged on a housing 22 for the twist nozzles 19, 20. FIG. 2 in particular illustrates that the separator projection 21 has a point 23, the flanks 24, 25 of which are curved in accordance with the cylindrical surface of the two rollers 15.1 and 15.2 of the withdrawal roller pair 15. This results in a uniform distance between the separator projection 21 and the rollers 15.1 and 15.2. The separator projection 21 can thus develop its action of separating the transport paths of the two fibre strands in an optimum manner. The fibre strands cannot be aspirated by the respective adjacent twist nozzle 19, 20.

As illustrated in FIGS. 3 and 4, the separator projection 21 is plate-shaped in configuration and is arranged in the centre between the twist nozzles 19, 20 on the housing 22. It can preferably be a sheet metal part, which can be fastened to the housing 22 by gluing, welding or soldering.

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Patent Valuation

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11.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

39.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

64.26/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

41.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

16.0/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Spinnmaschine zum pneumatischen Falschdrallspinnen STAHLECKER FRITZ 7347 BAD UEBERKINGEN DE,STAHLECKER HANS 7334 SUESSEN DE 10 October 1990 16 April 1992
Spinning method and spinning apparatus MURATA KIKAI KABUSHIKI KAISHA, 3, MINAMI OCHIAI-CHO, KISSHOIN, MINAMI-KU, KYOTO-SHI, JAPAN, A CORP. OF JAPAN 07 December 1988 24 July 1990
Method and apparatus for producing yarns MURATA KIKAI KABUSHIKI KAISHA, A CORP. OF JAPAN 27 February 1990 01 September 1992
Spinnmaschine für das Kompaktspinnen mit Saugrohr MASCHINENFABRIK RIETER AG WINTERTHUR CH 02 January 1995 04 July 1996
Drafting unit for knitting machine ROTORCRAFT AG,STAHLECKER, HANS,SCHMID, FRIEDBERT 08 August 2008 05 March 2009
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