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Patent Analysis of

Connection structure of column and beam and method for connecting column and beam

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10000919

Application Number

US15/266479

Application Date

15 September 2016

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

SENQCIA CORPORATION

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SENQCIA CORPORATION

International Classification

E04B1/24

Cooperative Classification

E04B1/2403,E04B2001/2418,E04B2001/2451,E04B2001/2466,E04B2103/06

Inventor

OBA, SHUJI,KITANO, TAKASHI,ITOH, MICHIO

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10000919 Connection structure column 1 US10000919 Connection structure column 2 US10000919 Connection structure column 3
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Abstract

A pair of outer diaphragms (3a), (3b) is connected to a column (5). The outer diaphragms (3a) and (3b) include female screws (15) formed in a direction so as to be put between an end plate (13a) and the column (5). The end plate (13a) is connected by welding to the end faces of an upper flange part (11a), a lower flange part (11b), and the web of a beam (9a). On upper and lower projecting parts of the end plate (13a), bolt holes 17 are formed at the positions that correspond to the female screws (15) of the outer diaphragms (3a) and (3b). The bolts (7), which are in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the beam (9a), connect the end plate (13a) to the outer diaphragms (3a) and (3b).

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Claims

1. A connection structure for a column and a beam comprising: outer diaphragms that are connected to different vertical heights of outer faces of the column relative to one another; and a first beam of which an end face is connected with a first end plate, wherein: female screws are formed on the outer diaphragms in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column; bolt holes are formed on the first end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms; bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the first beam connect the first end plate with the outer diaphragms; and each outer diaphragm is divided at the substantially center of the width direction of a pair of opposing faces of the column so as to be divided into two sections in a perimeter direction, each of which is provided in a bending U-shape, and each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms is connected to three outer faces of the column.

2. The connection structure for a column and a beam according to claim 1, wherein: divided sections of the outer diaphragms are connected to the column with gaps between the sections.

3. The connection structure for a column and a beam according to claim 1, further comprising: a second beam, which has a different height from the first beam, connected to the column in a direction different from the direction of the first beam, wherein: a second end plate is connected to an end face of the second beam; the height of the second end plate is taller than the height of the second beam, both end parts of the second end plate project upward and downward from both flange faces of the second beam, and bolt holes are formed on the projecting parts of the second end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms; and bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the second beam connect the second end plate with the outer diaphragms.

4. The connection structure for a column and a beam according to claim 1, wherein: the height of the first end plate is taller than the height of the first beam, both end parts of the first end plate project upward and downward from both flange faces of the first beam, and the bolt holes are formed on the projecting parts of the first end plate.

5. The connection structure for a column and a beam according to claim 1, wherein: thickness of each outer diaphragm is 1.5 times or more as large as thickness of the end plate in a plan view; and a cutout is formed in a plan view at each corner part of outer faces opposite to inner faces, which are connected to the column, in each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms where the cutout of each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms does not touch an end plate of a beam.

6. A method for connecting a column and a beam using outer diaphragms, each of which being divided at the substantially center of the width direction of a pair of opposing faces of the column so as to be divided into two sections in a perimeter direction, each of the sections being provided in a bending U-shape, and a beam of which an end face is connected with an end plate in advance, the method comprising: forming female screws on the outer diaphragms in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column; making the height of the end plate taller than the height of the beam and both end parts of the end plate project upward and downward from both flange faces of the beam, and forming bolt holes on the projecting parts of the end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms; connecting the outer diaphragms to different vertical heights of outer faces of the column relative to one another such that each of the divided sections of each outer diaphragm is connected to three outer faces of the column; inserting bolts into the bolt holes and the female screws in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the beam to connect the end plate and the outer diaphragms.

7. A connection structure for a column and a beam comprising: outer diaphragms that are connected to different vertical heights of outer faces of the column relative to one another; and a first beam of which an end face is connected with a first end plate, wherein: female screws are formed on the outer diaphragms in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column; bolt holes are formed on the first end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms; bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the first beam connect the first end plate with the outer diaphragms; thickness of each outer diaphragm is 1.5 times or more as large as thickness of the end plate in a plan view; each outer diaphragm is divided at the substantially center of the width direction of two pairs of opposing faces of the column so as to be divided into four sections in a perimeter direction, each of which is provided in a bending L-shape, and each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms is connected to at least two outer faces of the column; and a cutout is formed in a plan view at each corner part of outer faces opposite to inner faces, which are connected to the column, in each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms where the cutout of each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms does not touch an end plate of a beam.

8. A connection structure for a column and a beam comprising: outer diaphragms that are connected to different vertical heights of outer faces of the column relative to one another; and a first beam of which an end face is connected with a first end plate, wherein: female screws are formed on the outer diaphragms in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column; bolt holes are formed on the first end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms; bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the first beam connect the first end plate with the outer diaphragms; and each outer diaphragm is divided at a pair of corner parts facing each other diagonally of the column so as to be divided into two sections in a perimeter direction, each of which is provided in a bending L-shape, and each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms is connected to two outer faces of the column.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A connection structure for a column and a beam comprising:
    • outer diaphragms that are connected to different vertical heights of outer faces of the column relative to one another
    • and a first beam of which an end face is connected with a first end plate, wherein: female screws are formed on the outer diaphragms in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column
    • bolt holes are formed on the first end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms
    • bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the first beam connect the first end plate with the outer diaphragms
    • and each outer diaphragm is divided at the substantially center of the width direction of a pair of opposing faces of the column so as to be divided into two sections in a perimeter direction, each of which is provided in a bending U-shape, and each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms is connected to three outer faces of the column.
    • 2. The connection structure for a column and a beam according to claim 1, wherein
      • : divided sections of the outer diaphragms are connected to the column with gaps between the sections.
    • 3. The connection structure for a column and a beam according to claim 1, further comprising:
      • a second beam, which has a different height from the first beam, connected to the column in a direction different from the direction of the first beam, wherein: a second end plate is connected to an end face of the second beam
      • the height of the second end plate is taller than the height of the second beam, both end parts of the second end plate project upward and downward from both flange faces of the second beam, and bolt holes are formed on the projecting parts of the second end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms
      • and bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the second beam connect the second end plate with the outer diaphragms.
    • 4. The connection structure for a column and a beam according to claim 1, wherein
      • : the height of the first end plate is taller than the height of the first beam, both end parts of the first end plate project upward and downward from both flange faces of the first beam, and the bolt holes are formed on the projecting parts of the first end plate.
    • 5. The connection structure for a column and a beam according to claim 1, wherein
      • : thickness of each outer diaphragm is 1.5 times or more as large as thickness of the end plate in a plan view; and a cutout is formed in a plan view at each corner part of outer faces opposite to inner faces, which are connected to the column, in each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms where the cutout of each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms does not touch an end plate of a beam.
  • 6
    6. A method for connecting a column and a beam using outer diaphragms, each of which being divided at the substantially center of the width direction of a pair of opposing faces of the column so as to be divided into two sections in a perimeter direction, each of the sections being provided in a bending U-shape, and a beam of which an end face is connected with an end plate in advance, the method comprising:
    • forming female screws on the outer diaphragms in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column
    • making the height of the end plate taller than the height of the beam and both end parts of the end plate project upward and downward from both flange faces of the beam, and forming bolt holes on the projecting parts of the end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms
    • connecting the outer diaphragms to different vertical heights of outer faces of the column relative to one another such that each of the divided sections of each outer diaphragm is connected to three outer faces of the column
    • inserting bolts into the bolt holes and the female screws in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the beam to connect the end plate and the outer diaphragms.
  • 7
    7. A connection structure for a column and a beam comprising:
    • outer diaphragms that are connected to different vertical heights of outer faces of the column relative to one another
    • and a first beam of which an end face is connected with a first end plate, wherein: female screws are formed on the outer diaphragms in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column
    • bolt holes are formed on the first end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms
    • bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the first beam connect the first end plate with the outer diaphragms
    • thickness of each outer diaphragm is 1.5 times or more as large as thickness of the end plate in a plan view
    • each outer diaphragm is divided at the substantially center of the width direction of two pairs of opposing faces of the column so as to be divided into four sections in a perimeter direction, each of which is provided in a bending L-shape, and each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms is connected to at least two outer faces of the column
    • and a cutout is formed in a plan view at each corner part of outer faces opposite to inner faces, which are connected to the column, in each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms where the cutout of each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms does not touch an end plate of a beam.
  • 8
    8. A connection structure for a column and a beam comprising:
    • outer diaphragms that are connected to different vertical heights of outer faces of the column relative to one another
    • and a first beam of which an end face is connected with a first end plate, wherein: female screws are formed on the outer diaphragms in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column
    • bolt holes are formed on the first end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms
    • bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the first beam connect the first end plate with the outer diaphragms
    • and each outer diaphragm is divided at a pair of corner parts facing each other diagonally of the column so as to be divided into two sections in a perimeter direction, each of which is provided in a bending L-shape, and each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms is connected to two outer faces of the column.
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Description

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a connection structure, and the like, of a column and a beam in which a beam is connected to a steel-pipe column.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In conventional constructions using steel-pipe columns, there are cases in which beams made of H-shaped steel are connected. For connecting columns and beams, through diaphragms or inner diaphragms, which suit the height of the flange parts of the beams, are provided to transfer stress from the beams to the columns efficiently at their connection parts. A through diaphragm is a plate-like member that is connected between two columns by welding, whereas an inner diaphragm is a plate-like member that is connected inside the column by welding. Through diaphragms or inner diaphragms are usually connected in advance in factories.

As such a column-beam connecting structure, Patent Document 1 discloses a column-beam connection structure in which a column-beam connecting metal fitting is welded to a column. The metal fitting has a flat surface for at least an area of a peripheral face of the column that is to be connected with a beam, and a beam made of H-shaped steel is connected to a peripheral face of the column-beam connecting metal fitting by non-scallop welding.

Alternatively, there is a method in which outer diaphragms, which are connected to the outer faces of a column, are used (Patent Document 2, for example).

RELATED ART

Patent Documents

[Patent Document 1] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2001-329613 (JP-A-2001-329613)

[Patent Document 2] Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication No. 2015-224460 (JP-A-2015-224460)

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Problems to be Solved by the Invention

However, work of providing an inner diaphragm inside a column requires too much welding, resulting in bad workability. In addition, the structure described in Patent Document 1 requires integrally formed column-beam connection parts, increasing the mass and the cost of metallic materials.

Meanwhile, although outer diaphragms enable work outside the column, the structure described in Patent Document 2 has a problem that the structure of its connecting parts is complicated and large-sized. In addition, the size of the outer diaphragm is large, and thus transportation of a column joined with the outer diaphragms from the factory is difficult.

The present invention was achieved in view of such problems. Its object is to provide a connection structure of a column and a beam, which is a simple structure that requires work only outside of the column, without connecting members such as diaphragms inside the column or using column-beam connecting metal fittings having special structures.

Means for Solving Problems

To achieve the above object, a first invention is a connection structure for a column and a beam including outer diaphragms that are connected to outer faces of the column at different heights and a first beam of which an end face is connected with a first end plate. On the outer diaphragms, female screws are formed in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column. On the first end plate, bolt holes are formed at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms, and bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the first beam connect the first end plate with the outer diaphragms.

The outer diaphragm may be divided into a plurality of sections in a perimeter direction and each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragms may be connected to outer faces of the column, extending over at least two faces of the column.

The divided sections of the outer diaphragms may be connected to the column with gaps between the sections.

The connection structure for a column and a beam may include a second beam, which has a different height from that of the first beam and is connected to the column in a different direction from the direction of the first beam. A second end plate may be connected to an end face of the second beam and the second end plate is taller than the second beam. Both end parts of the second end plate project upward and downward from both flange faces of the second beam, and bolt holes are formed on the projecting parts of the second end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms. Bolts in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the second beam may connect the second end plate with the outer diaphragms.

The first end plate may be taller than the first beam, both end parts of the first end plate may project upward and downward from both flange faces of the first beam, and the bolt holes may be formed on the projecting parts of the first end plate.

According to the first invention, outer diaphragms are connected to outer faces of a column, and thus work can be done only outside of the column and is easy compared to the cases using inner diaphragms or through diaphragms. In addition, an end plate and outer diaphragms are connected by using bolts that are in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of a beam, and thus a thickness only as thick as the connection margin for the bolts is required for the outer diaphragms. For this reason, a compact, simple, and easy-to-work connection for a column and a beam can be obtained without using column-beam connecting metal fittings having special structures.

In addition, if the outer diaphragms are divided into a plurality of sections in the peripheral direction, connecting the outer diaphragms to the column becomes easy. In addition, connecting the divided outer diaphragms extending over at least two faces can transfer stress from the beam to the column with certainty.

In addition, the sections of the divided outer diaphragms are connected to the periphery of the column with gaps between each other so as to prevent creating gaps and the like between outer diaphragms and the column due to processing accuracy and the like of the column or the outer diaphragms.

In addition, if beams with different heights are connected, end plates that correspond to the heights of the beam are used and each of the end plates is connected to the corresponding part of the outer diaphragms. In this way, the present invention can be adapted with a simple structure for beams having different heights.

In addition, making the first end plate taller than the first beam and forming bolt holes on the projecting parts of the first end plate allow the bolts to be arranged without interfering the web of the first beam.

A second invention is a method for connecting a column and a beam using outer diaphragms and a beam of which an end face is connected with an end plate in advance. On the outer diaphragms, female screws are formed in a direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column. The end plate is taller than the beam, both end parts of the end plate project upward and downward from both flange faces of the beam, and bolt holes are formed on the projecting parts of the end plate at positions that correspond to the female screws on the outer diaphragms. The outer diaphragms are connected to outer faces of the column at different heights and bolts are inserted into the bolt holes and the female screws in a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of the beam to connect the end plate and the outer diaphragms.

According to the second invention, a method for connecting a column and a beam, which can be operated easily at a site, can be obtained.

Effects of the Invention

The present invention can provide a connection structure of a column and a beam, which is a simple structure that requires work only outside of the column, without connecting members such as diaphragms inside the column or using column-beam connecting metal fittings having special structures.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a connection structure 1 of a column and a beam.

FIG. 2 is a plan view showing a connection structure 1 of a column and a beam.

FIG. 3 is a plan view showing a connection structure 1a of a column and a beam.

FIG. 4 is a plan view showing a connection structure 1b of a column and a beam.

FIG. 5 is a plan view showing a connection structure 1c of a column and a beam.

FIG. 6 is a plan view showing a connection structure 1d of a column and a beam.

FIG. 7 is a plan view showing a connection structure 1e of a column and a beam.

FIG. 8 is a side view showing a connection structure 1f of a column and a beam.

FIG. 9 is a side view showing a connection structure 1g of a column and a beam.

FIG. 10 is a side view showing a connection structure 1h of a column and a beam.

FIG. 11 is a side view showing a connection structure 1i of a column and a beam.

FIG. 12 is a side view showing a connection structure 1j of a column and a beam.

FIG. 13 is a side view showing a connection structure 1k of a column and a beam.

DESCRIPTION OF SOME EMBODIMENTS

Hereinafter, a connection structure 1 of a column and a beam according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described. FIG. 1 is a perspective view and FIG. 2 is a plan view (a cross sectional view of a column 5) showing the connection structure 1 of a column and a beam. The connection structure 1 of a column and a beam includes the column 5 connected with a plurality of beams 9a.

The column 5 is a hollow square steel-piped column and the beam 9a, which is a first beam, is H-shaped steel. Although the example shown in the drawings has the column 5 of which the four faces are connected with the beams 9a of the same height in four directions respectively, the beams 9a may be connected only in two or three directions.

A pair of outer diaphragms 3a and 3b is connected to the column 5. The outer diaphragms 3a and 3b are connected to the outer faces 4 of the column 5. The outer diaphragms 3a and 3b are provided at different heights H of the column 5 with a predetermined interval. The outer diaphragms 3a and 3b include female screws 15 formed in the direction so as to be put between the first end plate and the column (see FIG. 2).

An end plate 13a, which is a first end plate, is connected by welding to the end faces of an upper flange part 11a, a lower flange part 11b, and the web of the beam 9a. The height of the end plate 13a is larger than the height of the beam 9a. Thus, both upper and lower end parts of the end plate 13a project upward and downward from the upper and lower faces of the flange parts 11a and 11b of the beam 9a, respectively. On the projecting parts of the end plate 13a, bolt holes 17 are formed at the positions that correspond to the female screws 15 of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b. The bolt hole 17 is a hole larger than the female screw 15. A plurality of the bolt holes 17 are arranged in a row at each of the upper and lower parts.

The bolt holes 17 and the female screws 15 are arranged substantially at the same position, which enables to insert bolts 7 into the bolt holes 17 and the female screws 15 in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the beam 9a. Thus, the bolts 7 can connect the end plate 13a to the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the beam 9a.

As a method for connecting a column and a beam, first, the beam 9a and the end plate 13a are connected in advance in the factory for example. The outer diaphragms 3a and 3b may be connected to the outer faces 4 of the column at different heights H in advance in, for example, the factory or may be connected at the construction site. In either case, the outer shape of the column 5 is never too large, which makes transportation and the like easy. The connection of the column and the beam can be achieved at the construction site by inserting bolts 7 into the bolt holes 17 and the female screws 15 in a direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the beam 9a, connecting the end plate 13a and the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b.

According to the above first embodiment, a connection structure 1 of a column and a beam, which is a simple structure that requires work only outside of the column 5, without connecting members such as inner diaphragms inside the column or using column-beam connecting metal fittings having special structures, can be obtained. Here, if the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b are connected to the column 5 in advance, the connection of the column and the beam can be completed using the bolts 7 alone, facilitating the work at construction site. In addition, the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b are connected with the end plate 13a by the bolts 7 and thus the stress from the beam 9a can be transferred to the column 5 with certainty.

Next, a second embodiment will be described. FIG. 3 is a plan view showing the connection structure 1a of a column and a beam (a cross sectional view of the column 5). In the descriptions below, the same notations as in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 will be used for the structures having the same functions as the connection structure 1 of a column and a beam, and redundant descriptions will be omitted.

The connection structure 1a of a column and a beam is approximately the same as the connection structure 1 of a column and a beam except that the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b are divided into a plurality of sections in the perimeter direction. In the example shown in the drawing, the outer diaphragm 3a is divided at the substantially center of the width direction of each face of the column 5 into four sections in the perimeter direction. This is same for the outer diaphragm 3b. Each of the divided sections of the outer diaphragm 3a is connected to outer faces of the column 5, extending over at least two faces of the column 5.

On this occasion, a gap 19 is formed between the outer diaphragms 3a. This can prevent the outer diaphragms 3a from butting to each other and creating gaps and the like between the column 5 and the outer diaphragms 3a depending on processing accuracy of the column 5 or the outer diaphragms 3a, so that the outer diaphragms 3a can be connected to the column 5 efficiently.

When the outer diaphragm 3a is divided in the perimeter direction, stress can still be efficiently transferred from the beam 9a to the column 5 by providing the outer diaphragm 3a in a bending shape, such as in L-shape, extending over at least two faces of the column 5. If the outer diaphragm 3a can be divided so as to extend over at least two faces of the column 5 as above, a pair of corner parts facing each other diagonally may also be the dividing parts as in a connection structure 1b of a column and a beam shown in FIG. 4, for example.

Alternatively, as in a connection structure 1c of a column and a beam shown in FIG. 5, the outer diaphragm 3a can be divided at the substantially center of the width direction of a pair of opposing faces of the column 5 so as to be divided into two sections in the perimeter direction. This also allows efficient stress transfer from the beam 9a to the column 5 by providing the outer diaphragm 3a in a bending shape, such as in U-shape, extending over at least two faces (three faces in the present embodiment) of the column 5.

If the stress transfer is sufficient, it is unnecessary to arrange the outer diaphragm 3a to extend over two faces of the column 5 as in a connection structure 1d of a column and a beam shown in FIG. 6. For example, two pairs of the corner parts facing to each other diagonally can all be the dividing parts.

According to the second embodiment, the same effects as in the first embodiment can be obtained. In addition, dividing the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b facilitates connecting the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b to the column 5.

Next, a third embodiment will be described. FIG. 7 is a plan view showing a connection structure 1e of a column and a beam. In the embodiments below, although examples in which the outer diaphragm 3a is divided into four sections are shown, other embodiments can also be adapted.

The connection structure 1e of a column and a beam is the same as the connection structure 1a of the column and a beam except that the thickness of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b is large and a cutout 21 is formed at each corner part. That is, although the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b are substantially rectangular shaped as a whole, the corners of the corner parts have cutouts in the present embodiment.

Increasing the thickness of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b can increase the depth of the female screws 15. Thus, the length of screwing of the bolts 7 can be increased. As a result, the connection strength between the bolts 7 and the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b can be enhanced.

In addition, although the thickness of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b is increased, forming the cutouts 21 can prevent increase in weight of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b and can also prevent raise in material costs. At this time, the corner parts of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b hardly contribute to the stress transfer, and forming of the cutouts 21 has no influence on impairing the stress transfer from the beam 9a to the column 5.

According to the third embodiment, the same effects as in the first embodiment can be obtained. In addition, the thick outer diaphragms 3a and 3b enable to improve the connection strength between the beam 9a and the column 5, as well as making the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b in the most suitable shape design.

Next, a fourth embodiment will be described. FIG. 8 is a side view showing a connection structure 1f of a column and a beam. The example shown in the drawing shows the state in which the beams 9a are connected in two opposing directions.

The connection structure 1f of a column and a beam is approximately the same as the connection structure 1a of a column and a beam except that the amount of projection of the end plate 13a from the upper and lower flange parts 11a and 11b of the beam 9a is large. That is, the total height of the end plate 13a is larger.

In addition, similarly, each height of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b is larger in proportion to the end plate 13a. Increase in the amount of projection of the end plate 13a from the upper and lower face of the beam 9a as well as increase in the heights of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b allow the female screws 15 and the bolt holes 17 to be arranged in two rows at above and below the flange parts 11a and 11b, respectively. That is, a plurality of rows of the bolts 7 can connect the end plate 13a with the diaphragms 3a and 3b above and below the beam 9a.

The way of connecting the end plate 13a with the outer diaphragm 3a and 3b above and below the beam 9a using a plurality of rows of bolts 7 is not limited to the example shown in FIG. 8. For example, as in the connection structure 1g of a column and a beam shown in FIG. 9, a pair of the outer diaphragms 3a may be arranged so as to straddle over above and below the flange part 11a, and a pair of the outer diaphragms 3b may be arranged so as to straddle over above and below the flange part 11b.

As for the outer diaphragm 3a that is arranged below the flange part 11a, the bolts 7 are arranged so as not to interfere with the web of the beam 9a. Similarly, as for the outer diaphragm 3b that is arranged above the flange part 11b, the bolts 7 are arranged so as not to interfere with the web of the beam 9a.

As above, arranging a plurality of rows of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b straddling over the flange parts 11a and 11b respectively and connecting each of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b to the end plate13a and the beam 9a can efficiently improve the connection strength between the beam 9a and the column 5. In addition, in this way, there is no need to excessively increase the size of the end plate.

Similar effects can also be obtained from a connection structure 1h of a column and a beam shown in FIG. 10, in which the tall outer diaphragm 3a is arranged so as to straddle over above and below the flange part 11a and the tall outer diaphragm 3b is arranged so as to straddle over above and below the flange part 11b. That is, each of the pair of upper and lower outer diaphragms 3a and 3b of the connection structure 1g for a column and a beam shown in FIG. 9 may be integrated. As above, arranging the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b straddle over above and below the flange parts 11a and 11b respectively and connecting each of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b to the end plate 13a above and below the flange parts 11a and 11b in a plurality of rows respectively can improve the connection strength between the beam 9a and the column 5.

According to the fourth embodiment, the same effects as in the first embodiment can be obtained. In addition, the connection strength between the beam 9a and the column 5 can be improved because the number of bolts 7 can be increased.

Next, a fifth embodiment will be described. FIG. 11 is a side view showing a connection structure 1i of a column and a beam. The connection structure 1i of a column and a beam includes the beam 9a and a beam 9b that are connected to the column 5. The beam 9b, which is a second beam, has a different height from that of the beam 9a. In addition, the beam 9b is connected to the column 5 in a direction different from the direction of the beam 9a. In the example shown in the drawing, the beams 9a and 9b are connected in two opposing directions.

To the upper and lower flange parts 11a and 11b and the end face of the web of the beam 9b, an end plate 13b, which is a second end plate, is connected by welding. The height of the end plate 13b is taller than the height of the beam 9b. Thus, both upper and lower end parts of the end plate 13b project upward and downward from the upper and lower faces of the flange parts 11a and 11b of the beam 9b, respectively. The height of the end plate 13b is shorter than the height of the end plate 13a.

A pair of the outer diaphragms 3b and 3c is connected to the parts of the column 5, to which the beam 9b is connected. The outer diaphragm 3c has the same shape and structure as the outer diaphragms 3a or 3b. Similarly as the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b, the outer diaphragm 3c is connected to the outer face 4 of the column 5. The outer diaphragms 3b and 3c are provided to the column 5 at different heights H with a predetermined interval. In the example shown in the drawing, the outer diaphragm 3c is connected at a position lower than the outer diaphragm 3a. The positional relation in the height direction of the outer diaphragms 3a, 3b, and 3c is not limited to the example shown in the drawing. For example, although the lower end positions of the beam 9a and 9b (the height of the flange part 11b) are aligned in the example, the upper end position (the height of the flange part 11a) may be aligned. Alternatively, the heights of the upper and lower ends of the beams 9a may be different from the heights of the upper and lower ends of the beams 9b, respectively

On the projecting parts of the end plate 13b, the bolt holes 17 are formed at the positions corresponding to the female screws 15 of the outer diaphragms 3b and 3c. The end plate 13b is connected to the outer diaphragms 3b and 3c with the bolts 7 that are in the direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the beam 9b.

In the present embodiment, the outer diaphragms 3a, 3b, and 3c are divided into four sections in the perimeter direction, and thus it is required that the outer diaphragms 3a, 3b, and 3c are arranged only at the connection parts of the beams 9a and 9b (the end plates 13a and 13b). Thus, if the beams 9a and 9b are connected only in two directions as shown in the drawing, each of the outer diaphragms 3a and 3c is necessary for only half the perimeter of the column 5. As above, in the present embodiment, it is possible to adapt for the beams 9a and 9b having different heights.

Also, FIG. 12 is a side view showing a connection structure 1j of a column and a beam. The connection structure 1j of a column and a beam has a further beam 9b that is connected to the connection structure 1i of a column and a beam in a direction orthogonal to the paper surface.

Also in the present embodiment, the outer diaphragms 3a, 3b, and 3c are divided into four sections in the perimeter direction, and thus it is required that the outer diaphragms 3a, 3b, and 3c are arranged only at the connection parts with the beams 9a and 9b (the end plates 13a and 13b). For example, if the beam 9b is connected to the back side of the example shown in the drawing (i.e. the beams 9b are connected in three directions and the beam 9a is connected in the remaining one direction), the outer diaphragms 3b and 3c are required to be connected over the whole perimeter whereas the outer diaphragm 3a needs to cover only half of the perimeter.

In this case, the end plate 13a that is to be connected with the beam 9a may be further connected with the outer diaphragm 3c. That is, the bolt holes 17 are provided on the parts of the end plate 13a that correspond to the female screws 15 of the outer diaphragm 3c, and then the bolts 7 can connect the end plate 13a to the outer diaphragm 3c within the area in which the bolts 7 do not interfere with the web. This enables to increase the number of bolts 7 for the tall beam 9a, improving the connection strength.

According to the fifth embodiment, the same effects as in the first embodiment can be obtained. In addition, the beams 9a and 9b having different heights can be efficiently connected to the column 5. The arrangement of the beams 9a and 9b that are to be connected is not limited to the example shown in the drawings. The beam 9b may be connected in one direction, or the beams 9a and 9b may be arranged in two directions crossing at right angles to each other.

Although the embodiments of the present invention have been described referring to the attached drawings, the technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above. It is obvious that persons skilled in the art can think out various examples of changes or modifications within the scope of the technical idea disclosed in the claims, and it will be understood that they naturally belong to the technical scope of the present invention.

For example, if the connection strength between the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b and the end plate 13a is sufficient, the outer diaphragms 3a and 3b can be connected with the end plate 13a only at the lower part of the flange part 11a and the upper part of the flange part 11b by the bolts 7 as in a connection structure 1k of a column and a beam shown in FIG. 13. That is, the end plate 13a is not fixed by the bolts 7 at the positions projecting upward and downward from both the flange faces of the beam 9a but are fixed by the bolts 7 inside the two flange faces. This enables to decrease the height of the end plate 13a.

Needless to say, any of the embodiments can be combined with each other.

DESCRIPTION OF NOTATIONS

  • 1, 1a, 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e, 1f, 1g, 1h, 1i, 1j, 1k . . . connection structure of a column and a beam
  • 3a, 3b, 3c . . . outer diaphragm
  • 4 . . . outer face
  • 5 . . . column
  • 7 . . . bolt
  • 9a, 9b . . . beam
  • 11a, 11b . . . flange part
  • 13a, 13b . . . end-plate
  • 15 . . . female screw
  • 17 . . . bolt hole
  • 19 . . . gap
  • 21 . . . Cutout
  • H . . . different heights

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32.0/100 Score

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40.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

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70.66/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

54.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

16.0/100 Score

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Beam and column connection WILCOX ALBERT J 12 July 1927 21 January 1930
鋼管柱と梁の接合構造 NKK CORP 01 December 1992 14 June 1994
Column/beam interconnect nut-and-bolt socket configuration CONXTECH, INC. 03 November 2003 22 July 2004
引張接合仕口のボルト締結構造 積水化学工業株式会社 14 November 1991 28 May 1993
柱梁接合構造 ASAHI KASEI CORP,ATAEYAMA KOGYOSHO:KK,CB RESEARCH:KK 23 May 2000 30 November 2001
See full citation <>

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US10000919 Connection structure column 1 US10000919 Connection structure column 2 US10000919 Connection structure column 3