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Patent Analysis of

Exhaust-gas turbocharger

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10001137

Application Number

US14/402132

Application Date

16 May 2013

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

BORGWARNER INC.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

BORGWARNER INC.

International Classification

F04D29/58,F01D25/14,F01D25/26,F04D17/10,F04D29/42

Cooperative Classification

F04D29/4206,F01D25/14,F01D25/26,F04D17/10,F04D29/582

Inventor

KREWINKEL, ROBERT,SCHERRER, FRANK

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10001137 Exhaust-gas turbocharger 1 US10001137 Exhaust-gas turbocharger 2 US10001137 Exhaust-gas turbocharger 3
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Abstract

An exhaust-gas turbocharger (1) with 2-channel turbine inflow, including a housing (2), a shaft (6) mounted in the housing (2), a compressor wheel (8) arranged on the shaft (6) and a turbine wheel (7) arranged on the shaft (6), and a first and a second inflow duct (11, 12) formed in the housing (2). Both inflow ducts (11, 12) open in the direction of the turbine wheel (7). A partition (9) separates the two inflow ducts (11, 12) from one another. At least one water-cooling duct (10) is provided in the interior of the partition (9).

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Claims

1. An exhaust-gas turbocharger (1) with 2-channel turbine inflow, comprising a turbine housing (2), a shaft (6) mounted in the housing (2), a compressor wheel (8) arranged on the shaft (6) and a turbine wheel (7) arranged on the shaft (6), a first and a second exhaust gas inflow duct (11, 12) formed in the turbine housing (2), wherein both exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) open in the direction of the turbine wheel (7), a partition (9) which separates the first and the second exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) from one another, a water inflow duct (16) for supplying water to the turbine housing (2), a water outflow duct (17) at the top of the turbine housing (2) for discharge of water from the turbine housing (2), and at least one water-cooling duct (10) in the interior of the partition (9) fluidically connected to the central water inflow duct (16) and the central water outflow duct (17) of the turbine housing (2).

2. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, wherein the partition (9) is an integral constituent part of the housing (2).

3. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, wherein the two inflow ducts (11, 12) begin at an exhaust-gas inlet on the housing (2) and approach the turbine wheel (7) in spiral form, wherein the partition (9) is formed over the entire length of the two inflow ducts (11, 12).

4. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 3, wherein the water-cooling duct (10) is formed in the interior of the partition (9) over the entire length of the partition (9).

5. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a first wastegate duct (14), which branches off from the first inflow duct (11), and a second wastegate duct (15), which branches off from the second inflow duct (12), wherein the partition (9) is continued between the two wastegate ducts (14, 15).

6. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, wherein, in a cross section defined parallel through the shaft (6), the partition (9) and the water-cooling duct (10) taper in the direction of the shaft (6).

7. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 6, wherein, in the cross section, the width (19, 20) of the partition (9), defined parallel to the shaft (6), decreases by at least 20%.

8. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 6, wherein, in the cross section, the width (19, 20) of the partition (9), defined parallel to the shaft (6), decreases by at least 30%.

9. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, wherein the central water inflow duct (16) is at the bottom of the turbine housing (2).

10. An exhaust-gas turbocharger (1) with 2-channel turbine inflow, comprising a turbine housing (2), a shaft (6) mounted in the housing (2), a compressor wheel (8) arranged on the shaft (6) and a turbine wheel (7) arranged on the shaft (6), a first and a second exhaust gas inflow duct (11, 12) formed in the turbine housing (2), wherein both exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) open in the direction of the turbine wheel (7), a partition (9) which separates the first and the second exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) from one another, a central water inflow duct (16) for supplying water to the turbine housing (2), a central water outflow duct (17) at the top of the turbine housing (2) for discharge of water from the turbine housing (2), at least one water-cooling duct (10) in the interior of the partition (9) fluidically connected to the central water inflow duct (16) and the central water outflow duct (17) of the turbine housing (2), and a first wastegate duct (14), which branches off from the first inflow duct (11), and a second wastegate duct (15), which branches off from the second inflow duct (12), wherein the partition (9) is continued between the two wastegate ducts (14, 15), and wherein the water-cooling duct (10) is formed between the two wastegate ducts (14, 15) in the interior of the partition (9).

11. An exhaust-gas turbocharger (1) with 2-channel turbine inflow, comprising a turbine housing (2), a shaft (6) mounted in the housing (2), a compressor wheel (8) arranged on the shaft (6) and a turbine wheel (7) arranged on the shaft (6), a first and a second exhaust gas inflow duct (11, 12) formed in the turbine housing (2), wherein both exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) open in the direction of the turbine wheel (7), a partition (9) which separates the first and the second exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) from one another, a water inflow duct (16) for supplying water to the turbine housing (2), a water outflow duct (17) at the top of the turbine housing (2) for discharge of water from the turbine housing (2), and at least one water-cooling duct (10) in the interior of the partition (9) fluidically connected to the central water inflow duct (16) and the central water outflow duct (17) of the turbine housing (2), wherein a central water outlet duct (17) on the housing (2) and a plurality of secondary ducts (18) issue into the central water outlet duct (17), wherein one of the secondary ducts (18) directly connects the water-cooling duct (10) in the interior of the partition (9) to the central water outlet duct (17).

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. An exhaust-gas turbocharger (1) with 2-channel turbine inflow, comprising
    • a turbine housing (2), a shaft (6) mounted in the housing (2), a compressor wheel (8) arranged on the shaft (6) and a turbine wheel (7) arranged on the shaft (6), a first and a second exhaust gas inflow duct (11, 12) formed in the turbine housing (2), wherein both exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) open in the direction of the turbine wheel (7), a partition (9) which separates the first and the second exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) from one another, a water inflow duct (16) for supplying water to the turbine housing (2), a water outflow duct (17) at the top of the turbine housing (2) for discharge of water from the turbine housing (2), and at least one water-cooling duct (10) in the interior of the partition (9) fluidically connected to the central water inflow duct (16) and the central water outflow duct (17) of the turbine housing (2).
    • 2. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the partition (9) is an integral constituent part of the housing (2).
    • 3. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the two inflow ducts (11, 12) begin at an exhaust-gas inlet on the housing (2) and approach the turbine wheel (7) in spiral form, wherein
    • 5. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, further comprising
      • a first wastegate duct (14), which branches off from the first inflow duct (11), and a second wastegate duct (15), which branches off from the second inflow duct (12), wherein the partition (9) is continued between the two wastegate ducts (14, 15).
    • 6. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • , in a cross section defined parallel through the shaft (6), the partition (9) and the water-cooling duct (10) taper in the direction of the shaft (6).
    • 9. The exhaust-gas turbocharger as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the central water inflow duct (16) is at the bottom of the turbine housing (2).
  • 10
    10. An exhaust-gas turbocharger (1) with 2-channel turbine inflow, comprising
    • a turbine housing (2), a shaft (6) mounted in the housing (2), a compressor wheel (8) arranged on the shaft (6) and a turbine wheel (7) arranged on the shaft (6), a first and a second exhaust gas inflow duct (11, 12) formed in the turbine housing (2), wherein both exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) open in the direction of the turbine wheel (7), a partition (9) which separates the first and the second exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) from one another, a central water inflow duct (16) for supplying water to the turbine housing (2), a central water outflow duct (17) at the top of the turbine housing (2) for discharge of water from the turbine housing (2), at least one water-cooling duct (10) in the interior of the partition (9) fluidically connected to the central water inflow duct (16) and the central water outflow duct (17) of the turbine housing (2), and a first wastegate duct (14), which branches off from the first inflow duct (11), and a second wastegate duct (15), which branches off from the second inflow duct (12), wherein the partition (9) is continued between the two wastegate ducts (14, 15), and wherein the water-cooling duct (10) is formed between the two wastegate ducts (14, 15) in the interior of the partition (9).
  • 11
    11. An exhaust-gas turbocharger (1) with 2-channel turbine inflow, comprising
    • a turbine housing (2), a shaft (6) mounted in the housing (2), a compressor wheel (8) arranged on the shaft (6) and a turbine wheel (7) arranged on the shaft (6), a first and a second exhaust gas inflow duct (11, 12) formed in the turbine housing (2), wherein both exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) open in the direction of the turbine wheel (7), a partition (9) which separates the first and the second exhaust gas inflow ducts (11, 12) from one another, a water inflow duct (16) for supplying water to the turbine housing (2), a water outflow duct (17) at the top of the turbine housing (2) for discharge of water from the turbine housing (2), and at least one water-cooling duct (10) in the interior of the partition (9) fluidically connected to the central water inflow duct (16) and the central water outflow duct (17) of the turbine housing (2), wherein a central water outlet duct (17) on the housing (2) and a plurality of secondary ducts (18) issue into the central water outlet duct (17), wherein one of the secondary ducts (18) directly connects the water-cooling duct (10) in the interior of the partition (9) to the central water outlet duct (17).
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Description

The invention relates to an exhaust-gas turbocharger according to the preamble of claim 1.

Known from the prior art are exhaust-gas turbochargers in which a 2-channel exhaust-gas supply arrangement is formed in the turbine housing. This is also referred to as a 2-channel turbine inflow or a twin-scroll design. The 2-channel inflow has a thin-walled partition for dividing the gas-conducting spiral into the two inflow ducts. Hot exhaust gas flows around said partition at both sides, and said partition projects radially into the immediate vicinity of the turbine wheel inlet in order to attain the best possible separation effect. Very fast heating of the partition thus occurs, such that faster radial thermal expansion occurs in the partition than in the surrounding walls. Said effect results, in part, in extreme stresses in the partition, which in turn can lead to distortion and cracks as a result of the cyclic loading.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an exhaust-gas turbocharger which, while being inexpensive to produce and operable with low maintenance, permits an operationally reliable 2-channel turbine inflow.

The object is achieved by the features of claim 1. The dependent claims relate to advantageous developments of the invention.

It is provided according to the invention that a water-cooling arrangement is integrated into the interior of the partition. The water-cooling arrangement in the partition which is surrounded at both sides by hot gas leads to a slowed expansion and a reduction of the overall expansion in the partition. As a result of the reduction of the material temperature in the turbine housing, it is possible to use an inexpensive material (for example GJV or aluminum). In this way, it is possible to attain a significant cost reduction in relation to conventional steel housings.

The two inflow ducts extend in the housing from an exhaust-gas inlet to the mouth thereof at the turbine wheel. The two inflow ducts are separated by the partition over this entire length. It is preferably provided that the cooling duct is formed in the interior of the partition also over this entire length in order to effectively prevent excessive heating of the partition.

In certain types of exhaust-gas turbochargers, wastegate ducts branch off from the inflow ducts. Said wastegate ducts lead, bypassing the turbine wheel, directly into an exhaust-gas outlet of the turbocharger. It is preferable for a separate wastegate duct to be provided for each of the two inflow ducts. Said two wastegate ducts must also be separated from one another. It is therefore preferable for the partition to extend in between said two wastegate ducts. To achieve effective cooling here, the water-cooling duct is also provided in the interior of the partition between the two wastegate ducts.

The two inflow ducts and the partition must be dimensioned and positioned such that the water-cooling duct can be formed in the interior of the partition. For thermodynamic reasons, it is preferably provided that the partition and therefore also the water-cooling duct, as viewed in cross section, taper in the direction of the shaft. Said cross section is defined in a plane which runs parallel through the shaft. In particular, for the definition of the tapering, the width of the partition is measured. Said width is measured along a line parallel to the shaft. Here, the width is measured only where said line intersects both the first and also the second inflow duct. It is specifically at these points that the partition can be clearly identified and distinguished from the other housing components. It is preferable for the width of the partition to decrease from the outside to the inside by at least 20%, preferably at least 30%. As a result of the tapering defined in this way, adequate installation space for the water-cooling duct is provided.

Further details, advantages and features of the present invention become apparent from the following description of the exemplary embodiment with reference to the drawing, in which:

FIG. 1 shows an exhaust-gas turbocharger according to the invention as per an exemplary embodiment,

FIG. 2 shows a detail from FIG. 1,

FIG. 3 shows a water core of the water-cooling arrangement of the exhaust-gas turbocharger according to the invention as per the exemplary embodiment,

FIG. 4 shows a gas flow core of the exhaust-gas turbocharger according to the invention as per the exemplary embodiment, and

FIG. 5 is an enlarged illustration of FIG. 2.

An exemplary embodiment of the exhaust-gas turbocharger 1 will be described in detail below on the basis of FIGS. 1 to 5.

FIG. 1 shows, in a simplified schematic illustration, a section through the entire exhaust-gas turbocharger 1. The exhaust-gas turbocharger 1 comprises a housing 2. Said housing 2 is assembled from a turbine housing 3, a bearing housing 4 and a compressor housing 5. A shaft 6 is mounted in the housing 2. A turbine wheel 7 and a compressor wheel 8 are seated in a rotationally conjoint manner on the shaft 6. The turbine wheel 7 is impinged on by flow of exhaust gas and thus sets the shaft 6 and the compressor wheel 8 in rotation. Charge air for an internal combustion engine is compressed by means of the compressor wheel 8.

A first inflow duct 11 and a second inflow duct 12 are formed in the housing 2, in particular in the turbine housing 3. Said two inflow ducts 11, 12 constitute a 2-channel turbine inflow. The two inflow ducts 11, 12 are separated from one another by a partition 9. The partition 9 is an integral constituent part of the housing 2, in particular of the turbine housing 3. A water-cooling duct 10 is formed in the interior of the partition 9. Said water-cooling duct 10 of the partition 9 is fluidically connected to further water-cooling ducts for the housing 2.

The exhaust gas flows via the two inflow ducts 11, 12 to the turbine wheel 7 and exits the exhaust-gas turbocharger 1 via an exhaust-gas outlet 13.

FIG. 2 shows a detail of the exhaust-gas turbocharger 1. The illustration shows a section through the turbine housing 3. For the sake of clarity, the shaft 6 and the turbine wheel 7 are not shown.

FIG. 2 shows that a first wastegate duct 14 branches off from the first inflow duct 11. A second wastegate duct 15 likewise branches off from the second inflow duct 12. The two wastegate ducts 14, 15 constitute a direct connection, bypassing the turbine wheel 7, between the inflow ducts 11, 12 and the exhaust-gas outlet 13. The partition 9 and the water-cooling duct 10 formed in the interior of the partition 9 extend between the two wastegate ducts 14, 15.

The water supply to the water-cooling duct 10 takes place via a central water inflow duct 16. The discharge of the water takes place via a central water outflow duct 17. The central water inflow duct 16 and the central water outflow duct 17 are utilized for the water supply to the entire housing 2, in particular to the entire turbine housing 3. Secondary ducts 18 therefore branch off from the central water inflow duct 16 and central water outflow duct 17.

FIG. 3 shows the so-called “water core” for the exhaust-gas turbocharger 1. The geometry illustrated in FIG. 3 is, in the finished exhaust-gas turbocharger 1, a water-filled cavity. The “water core” illustrated in FIG. 3 may thus be regarded as part of a casting mold for the housing 2. FIG. 3 shows the central water inflow duct 16 at the bottom and the central water outflow duct 17 at the top. It is particularly preferable for the water to be supplied from below and discharged at the top, such that any bubbles and air inclusions can exit the water-cooling arrangement. From the central water outflow duct 17 there branches off at least one secondary duct 18 which leads directly into the water-cooling duct 10 in the partition 9. A continuous and low-loss flow through all of the water-cooling ducts is thereby ensured.

The central water inflow duct 16 and the central water outflow duct 17 can be distinguished from the secondary ducts 18 in that the secondary ducts 18 have a smaller diameter than the central water inflow duct 16 and the central water outflow duct 17.

FIG. 4 shows a so-called “gas flow core”. The geometry illustrated in FIG. 4 is, in the finished exhaust-gas turbocharger 1, a cavity in which the exhaust gas flows. It can be seen how the two inflow ducts 11, 12 run parallel and approach the turbine wheel 7 in spiral form. The partition 9 with its water-cooling arrangement 10 is formed over the entire length of the two inflow ducts 11, 12.

FIG. 5 is an enlarged view from FIG. 2. In FIG. 5, the position of the shaft 6 is indicated. The width of the partition 9 is measured parallel to the shaft 6. Reference sign 19 denotes a first width of the partition 9. Reference sign 20 denotes a second width of the partition 9. The partition 9 is defined at least between said two widths 19, 20. The two widths 19, 20 are measured on lines, wherein said lines are arranged parallel to the shaft 6 and intersect both the first inflow duct 11 and also the second inflow duct 12. The second width 20 is at least 20% shorter than the first width 19. In this way, adequate tapering of the partition 9, or an adequate spacing of the two inflow ducts 11, 12 in the region of the first width 19, is provided in order to allow the water-cooling arrangement 10 to be positioned in the interior of the partition 9.

In addition to the above written description of the invention, reference is hereby explicitly made to the diagrammatic illustration of the invention in FIGS. 1 to 5 for additional disclosure thereof.

LIST OF REFERENCE SIGNS

  • 1 Exhaust-gas turbocharger
  • 2 Housing
  • 3 Turbine housing
  • 4 Bearing housing
  • 5 Compressor housing
  • 6 Shaft
  • 7 Turbine wheel
  • 8 Compressor wheel
  • 9 Partition
  • 10 Water-cooling duct in the interior of the partition
  • 11 First inflow duct
  • 12 Second inflow duct
  • 13 Exhaust-gas outlet
  • 14 First wastegate duct
  • 15 Second wastegate duct
  • 16 Central water inflow duct
  • 17 Central water outflow duct
  • 18 Secondary ducts
  • 19 First width
  • 20 Second width

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Patent Valuation

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17.81/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

72.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

64.96/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

65.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

24.45/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Turbocharger with liquid-cooled center housing HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL, INC. 17 February 2006 23 August 2007
Turbocharger ADVANCED PROPULSION TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 07 April 2006 12 October 2006
Motor-assisted turbochargers for internal combustion engines TURBODYNE SYSTEMS, INC. 14 May 1997 07 March 2000
過給機 TOYOTA MOTOR CORP 19 April 2007 06 November 2008
Cooling system for turbocharged internal combustion engine POLARIS INDUSTRIES INC.,WEBER MOTOR AG 25 July 2003 06 May 2004
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US10001137 Exhaust-gas turbocharger 1 US10001137 Exhaust-gas turbocharger 2 US10001137 Exhaust-gas turbocharger 3