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Patent Analysis of

Screen for hydraulic valve and hydraulic valve

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10001150

Application Number

US15/180277

Application Date

13 June 2016

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

HILITE GERMANY GMBH

Original Assignee (Applicant)

HILITE GERMANY GMBH

International Classification

F15B21/04,F16K27/04,F01L1/344

Cooperative Classification

F15B21/041,F01L1/344,F16K27/041,F16K27/048,B01D2201/184

Inventor

BIERKOCH, MICHAEL,JACOB, THOMAS,PEILER, JUERGEN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10001150 Screen hydraulic valve 1 US10001150 Screen hydraulic valve 2 US10001150 Screen hydraulic valve 3
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Abstract

The invention relates to a screen for a hydraulic valve including a band plate with screen openings wherein the screen openings form etched functional contours. The invention also relates to a hydraulic valve with the screen.

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Claims

1. A hydraulic valve screen, comprising: a band plate with etched screen openings, wherein the etched screen openings are provided in etched non-cylindrical functional contours, wherein the etched screen openings are configured as substantially circular apertures, and wherein a cross section geometry and a cross section area of the etched non-cylindrical functional contours varies over a thickness of the band plate.

2. The hydraulic valve screen according to claim 1, wherein the etched screen openings and the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are formed by one sided or two sided etching of the band plate.

3. The screen according to claim 2, wherein the etched screen openings are configured as a contaminant barrier.

4. The screen according to claim 1, wherein the band plate is configured as a band screen.

5. The screen according to claim 1, wherein the band plate is arranged in a carrier frame.

6. A hydraulic valve screen, comprising: a band plate with etched screen openings, wherein the etched screen openings are provided in etched non-cylindrical functional contours, wherein the etched screen openings and the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are formed by one sided or two sided etching of the band plate, wherein the etched screen openings are configured as substantially circular apertures, wherein the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are configured spherical segment shaped on one side or on two sides, and wherein smallest diameters of the etched non-cylindrical functional contours form diameters of the substantially circular apertures.

7. The screen according to claim 6, wherein the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are configured spherical segment shaped on two sides and axial positions of the substantially circular apertures are variable.

8. A hydraulic valve screen, comprising: a band plate with etched screen openings, wherein the etched screen openings are provided in etched non-cylindrical functional contours, and wherein the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are configured on both sides as spherical segments and center axes of the spherical segments are provided offset from each other.

9. A hydraulic valve, comprising: a hydraulic piston that is supported axially moveable in a valve bushing and that facilitates connecting at least one operating connection with a supply connection or a tank drain, wherein at least one of the operating connection and the supply connection is protected by a screen, wherein the screen is a hydraulic valve screen according to claim 6.

10. A hydraulic valve, comprising: a hydraulic piston that is supported axially moveable in a valve bushing and that facilitates connecting at least one operating connection with a supply connection or a tank drain, wherein at least one of the operating connection and the supply connection is protected by a screen, wherein the screen is a hydraulic valve screen according to claim 1.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A hydraulic valve screen, comprising:
    • a band plate with etched screen openings, wherein the etched screen openings are provided in etched non-cylindrical functional contours, wherein the etched screen openings are configured as substantially circular apertures, and wherein a cross section geometry and a cross section area of the etched non-cylindrical functional contours varies over a thickness of the band plate.
    • 2. The hydraulic valve screen according to claim 1, wherein
      • the etched screen openings and the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are formed by one sided or two sided etching of the band plate.
    • 4. The screen according to claim 1, wherein
      • the band plate is configured as a band screen.
    • 5. The screen according to claim 1, wherein
      • the band plate is arranged in a carrier frame.
  • 6
    6. A hydraulic valve screen, comprising:
    • a band plate with etched screen openings, wherein the etched screen openings are provided in etched non-cylindrical functional contours, wherein the etched screen openings and the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are formed by one sided or two sided etching of the band plate, wherein the etched screen openings are configured as substantially circular apertures, wherein the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are configured spherical segment shaped on one side or on two sides, and wherein smallest diameters of the etched non-cylindrical functional contours form diameters of the substantially circular apertures.
    • 7. The screen according to claim 6, wherein
      • the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are configured spherical segment shaped on two sides and axial positions of the substantially circular apertures are variable.
  • 8
    8. A hydraulic valve screen, comprising:
    • a band plate with etched screen openings, wherein the etched screen openings are provided in etched non-cylindrical functional contours, and wherein the etched non-cylindrical functional contours are configured on both sides as spherical segments and center axes of the spherical segments are provided offset from each other.
  • 9
    9. A hydraulic valve, comprising:
    • a hydraulic piston that is supported axially moveable in a valve bushing and that facilitates connecting at least one operating connection with a supply connection or a tank drain, wherein at least one of the operating connection and the supply connection is protected by a screen, wherein the screen is a hydraulic valve screen according to claim 6.
  • 10
    10. A hydraulic valve, comprising:
    • a hydraulic piston that is supported axially moveable in a valve bushing and that facilitates connecting at least one operating connection with a supply connection or a tank drain, wherein at least one of the operating connection and the supply connection is protected by a screen, wherein the screen is a hydraulic valve screen according to claim 1.
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Description

RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application claims priority from and incorporates by reference German Patent Application DE10 2015 111 221.3 filed on Jul. 10, 2015.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to a screen to a screen for a hydraulic valve and to a hydraulic valve.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In order to assure functionality of hydraulic valves for example in mechatronic transmission controls it is necessary as a matter of principle to keep contaminations away from the valve in order to assure the valve function. Due to small operating gaps and operating clearances in particular large particles can lead to an impairment of the valve function or to a failure through blockage. This can be prevented successfully through a coarse contaminant filter accordingly integrated in the valve.

Thus, different screens are being used. Mostly radially enveloping clip or band screens are used in different embodiments. Clip screens as known for example from DE 10 2007 050 447A1 are used with a wire mesh that is enveloped by injection molding.

In particular the molded in wire mesh can be damaged under high volume flows which impact the wire mesh with a respective speed or under a respective pressure.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Thus, it is an object of the invention to provide a screen and a hydraulic valve with the screen which has a high level of robustness with respect to pressure pulsations and pressure spikes in hydraulic systems.

The object is achieved by a screen for a hydraulic valve, the screen including a band plate with screen openings, wherein the screen openings are provided as etched functional contours.

The screen according to the invention for a hydraulic valve includes a sheet metal band with screen openings wherein the screen openings form etched functional contours. The manufacturing method of etching facilitates producing and optimizing geometries of the screen opening according to special functional requirements of the respective hydraulic valve. The etched screen has a high level of robustness. Furthermore variable hydraulic functional contours can be provided in different sheet metal thicknesses in a simple and reproducible manner. Additionally the functional geometries can be adapted to each other through simple computation and simulation methods.

Advantageously the screen openings are formed by one sided or two sided etching of the sheet metal band. In particular two sided etching increases variability of the functional contours.

According to an advantageously embodiment the screen openings are configured as apertures. The aperture function facilitates a temperature independent and controlled pressure drop when flowing through the screen.

An advantageous embodiment of the invention provides that the screen openings are provided spherical segment shaped on one side or on both sides wherein a smallest diameter of the screen openings forms an aperture diameter.

Thus, the screen openings can be advantageously configured circular segment shaped on both sides and an axial position of the aperture can be variable.

The screen openings can be further advantageously configured as a contaminant barrier i. This is provided in particular in that the spherical segments are configured in different sizes so that the aperture is not arranged in a center of the sheet metal band.

When the screen openings are configured as spherical segments on both sides and center axes of the spherical segments are provided offset to each other a controlled flow conduction in addition to the aperture effect can be provided for example in order to prevent dynamic pressures in order to provide a controlled approaching flow of functional surfaces of other components etc.

A simple and cost effective configuration can be obtained in that the sheet metal band is provided as a band screen. Thus, ends of the band screen can be advantageously provided welded together.

Alternatively the sheet metal band can be arranged in a carrier frame. The carrier frame can be used as a clip in this case

The screen according to the invention is used in a hydraulic valve which can be used for example as a transmission valve or as a control valve for a cam phaser.

Advantageous embodiments and advantages of the invention can be derived from the additional patent claims, the description and the drawing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Additional advantages can be derived from the subsequent drawing description. The drawing figures illustrate embodiment of the invention. The drawing figures, the description and the claims include numerous features in combination. A person skilled in the art will view the features also individually and will combine them into useful additional combinations.

FIG. 1 illustrates a detail of a screen according to the invention in a longitudinal sectional view;

FIG. 2 illustrates a top view of the detail according to FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 illustrates a detail of a second embodiment of a screen according to the invention in a longitudinal sectional view;

FIG. 4 illustrates a top view of the detail according to FIG. 3;

FIG. 5 illustrates a detail of a third embodiment of a screen according to the invention in a longitudinal sectional view;

FIG. 6 illustrates a top view of the detail according to FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 illustrates a detail of a fourth embodiment of a screen according to the invention in a longitudinal sectional view.

FIG. 8 illustrates a top view of the detail according to FIG. 7;

FIG. 9 illustrates a detail of a fifth embodiment of a screen according to the invention in a longitudinal sectional view;

FIG. 10 illustrates a top view of the detail according to FIG. 9;

FIG. 11 illustrates a screen according to the invention provided as clip screen; and

FIG. 12 illustrates the hydraulic valve with a screen according to the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

In the figures like or identical components are designated with identical reference numerals. The figures only illustrate embodiments and they do not limit the scope and spirit of the invention.

FIG. 12 illustrates an exemplary application of a screen 100 according to the invention which will be subsequently be described in more detail in a hydraulic valve 1 which can be used as a transmission valve of a mechatronic transmission control.

The hydraulic valve 1 that is illustrated in FIG. 12 in a longitudinal sectional view is used for example in a dual clutch transmission. Thus, valve bushings 5 of hydraulic portions 2 of plural hydraulic valves that have similar configurations are inserted into a control plate of the dual clutch transmission. The valve bushings 5 are configured as turned components. Electro magnet portions 3 of the transmission valve 1 which are respectively connected with the hydraulic portions 2 protrude from the control plate and are flowed by hydraulic fluid. Each of the electromagnet portions 3 includes a magnetizable housing 4.

The hydraulic valve 1 includes an electromagnet component 3 with the magnetizable housing 4 which envelops a magnet coil 7 at an outer circumference 50 and at least at a first face 52 and a pole tube 6 that is arranged in an interior of the magnet coil 7 wherein an armature 10 is provided axially moveable in an armature cavity 56. Furthermore the hydraulic valve 1 includes the hydraulic portion 2 with a hydraulic piston 16 which is supported axially moveable in the valve bushing 5 and which facilitates connecting at least one operating connection A optionally with a supply connection P and a tank drain T. The armature 10 is provided for driving the hydraulic piston 16. The valve bushing 5 is arranged along a longitudinal axis L in an imaginary extension of the pole tube 6. The magnet coil 7 is embedded in a coil element 6 and received in the housing 4 for example by a press fit. Alternatively a magnet coil 7 can also be encased by the plastic material of the coil element 3 through injection molding.

As evident from FIG. 12 the valve bushing 5 is provided integral in one piece together with the pole tube 6 so that the hydraulic valve 1 includes less components and the assembly process can be simplified. The coaxial arrangement of pole tube 6 and valve bushing 5 facilitates a configuration with a large penetration depth of the armature 10 in the magnet coil 7 of the electromagnet portion 3 which facilitates an advantageous effective operation of the hydraulic valve 1. This improves the overall function of the entire hydraulic valve 1.

The advantageous embodiment of the coaxial arrangement of the pole tube 6 and the valve bushing 5 further facilitates a reduction of the magnetic transversal forces upon the armature 10 since a precise alignment of the armature path in the axis of the magnet coil 7 can be established in a simpler manner by a one piece embodiment of the pole tube 6 and the valve bushing 5.

In order to favorably influence the magnetic flux the pole tube 6 includes for example a V-shaped recess 9.

The armature 10 is provided axially moveable in a recess 11 of the pole tube 6 forming an armature cavity 56 and includes a central channel 12 which is configured as a bore hole. The central channel 12 is expanded to a recess 13 with a larger diameter with a boss at the front end of the armature 10 wherein the recess is also configured as a bore hole. An anti-stick disc 14 is inserted into this larger recess 13 wherein the anti-stick disc includes one or plural small throttle aperture openings 15 that are arranged eccentrical relative to the longitudinal axis L, wherein the throttle aperture openings connect the armature cavity with the central channel 12. The anti-stick disc 14 prevents a sticking of the armature 10 at the magnetically conductive valve bushing 5 of the hydraulic portion 2 when the armature 10 is fully extended.

The hydraulic portion 2 includes the hydraulic piston 16 which is supported axially moveable in the valve bushing 5. The hydraulic piston 16 is supported by a spring element 17 at an end 60 that is oriented away from the armature 10, wherein the spring element is supported at the valve bushing 5. Thus, the hydraulic piston 16 is movable against a force of the spring element 17 configured as a compression coil spring wherein the spring element 17 is supported at a screen 21 that is attached in the valve bushing 5. In order to support and center the compression coil spring 17 the screen 21 includes a spring guide 22. As a function of a position of the hydraulic piston 16 the operating connection A is connectable by a circumferential annular groove 18 and by longitudinal and transversal bore holes 20, 19 in the hydraulic piston 16 with the supply connection P or the tank connection T.

When the hydraulic piston 16 is in the illustrated starting position since no sufficient voltage is applied to the magnet coil 7 the hydraulic fluid is run from the operating connection A to the tank drain T.

The axial force transmission between the armature 10 and the hydraulic piston 16 is provided by a pin 23 which is supported in the valve bushing 5. The pin 23 facilitates a decoupling between an armature support and a piston support. A circumferential recess 24 at a circumference of the pin which is provided as a circumferential annular groove 68 thus facilitates a reduction of the contact surface which helps to reduce friction. Simultaneously advantageously only axial forces are transmitted by the pin 23 and the tolerance situation is also improved significantly. In order to provide low friction force transmission the hydraulic piston 16 and the anti-stick disk 14 include spherical protrusions. In order to simplify both components it is alternatively conceivable to provide a contact surface reducing structure, advantageously rounded faces, in particular spherical protrusions at the pin 23.

As can be further derived from FIG. 12 a pole disc 28 is provided integrated into the coil element 8 wherein the pole disc is for example at least partially encased by the plastic material of the coil element 8 or in that recesses of the pole disc 28 are filled by injection molding This helps to achieve a reduced axial installation space and assembly of the hydraulic valve 1 is simplified. The pole disc 28 is used as a magnetizable termination for the magnetizable housing 4 which envelops the magnet coil 7 at the outer circumference 50 and at least at one face 52 at a face 54 of the magnet coil 7 which is oriented away from hydraulic piston 16. The pole disc 28 can be provided as a magnetizable element that is for example disc shaped or ring shaped and provided with recesses for cable pass through openings wherein the recesses can be for example bore holes.

The coil element 8 closes the armature cavity 56 at one end of the hydraulic valve 1. Thus, protrusions 25 protruding into the armature cavity 56 form a stop for the armature 10 so that the reduced contact surface has an anti-stick effect.

A hydraulic fluid reservoir 26 that is provided in the coil element 8 which is advantageously initially filled once is connected with the armature cavity 56 and prevents an air entry into the hydraulic valve 1. Furthermore the option to move the hydraulic fluid into the reservoir 26 prevents additional undesirable dampening.

The reservoir 26 is sized so that the volume transfer generated by the pin stroke is significantly less than the reservoir volume. This reduces a contaminant introduction into the armature cavity 56.

In order to prevent a short caused by contaminants between a non illustrated fork plug 35 and the pole disc 28 the hydraulic valve 1 furthermore includes a chip protection cover 27 which covers the pole disc 28 with ribs. The fork plug 35 is also provided partially encased through injection molding in the plug element 8, so that a safe attachment of the fork plug 35 and thus also a safe contacting can be provided.

The screen 100 covers one or plural radial P openings 29 so that contaminant introduction into the hydraulic valve 1 from a direction of the supply connection P can be safely prevented.

FIGS. 1-10 include details of five embodiments of the screen 100 according to the invention for a hydraulic valve. The screen 100, respectively includes a band plate 101 with plural screen openings 102 which from etched function contours. The screen openings 102 can thus be formed by one sided or two sided etching of the band plate 101.

Contrary to known screens the etching method facilitates fabricating and optimizing the geometry of the screen openings 102 in the band plate 101 according to the special functional requirements of the respective hydraulic valves in a controlled manner. Thus, the screen 100 is provided with a high level of robustness with respect to pressure pulses and pressure spikes of the hydraulic systems.

The screen openings 102 are advantageously configured as apertures so that a temperature independent and controlled pressure drop can be obtained when the screen 100 is flowed through.

As can be derived from the embodiments the screen openings 102 are spherical segment shaped on one side or on both sides and are provided with a first and a second spherical segment 104, 105 wherein the smallest diameter of the screen openings 102 forms an aperture diameter 103, wherein an axial position of the aperture is variable.

When the aperture is not arranged in a center of the band plate 101 the first spherical segment 104 is configured larger than the second spherical segment 105. In this case the second spherical segment 105 of the screen opening 102 functions as a contaminant barrier

The same applies also for the embodiment according to FIGS. 5 and 6 in which the screen openings 102 are respectively only formed by a spherical segment 104.

When the center axes 106 and 107 of the spherical segments 104, 105 are provided offset from each other a controlled flow direction for example for preventing dynamic pressures, a controlled flowing of functional surfaces of other components etc. can be provided in addition to the aperture effect as indicated by the arrow L in FIGS. 7 and 9.

The band plate 101 of the illustrated embodiments can be configured as a band screen and can be arranged directly on the valve bushing 5 of a hydraulic valve 1. Thus, the ends of the band plate 101 can be welded together in a simple manner.

The band plate can also be integrated in a carrier frame 108 illustrated in FIG. 11 for example through injection molding so that the screen 100 is configured as a clip screen. Thus, the material of the carrier frame 108 can advantageously at least partially engage the spherical segments 104, 105 so that the screen 100 is safely attached in the carrier frame 108.

The application of the screen 100 is not limited to the described transmission valve. Thus, it is also conceivable within the scope of the invention to use the screen 100 according to the invention in a so called cartridge valve for adjusting a cam phaser in order to protect the supply connection P and/or the operating connections A, B against contaminant introduction. Thus, the cartridge valve can be arranged outside of the cam phaser. By the same token the cartridge valve can also be inserted within a rotor hub of the cam phaser. Then this is designated as a central valve.

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Patent Valuation

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24.08/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

72.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

70.92/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

45.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

23.64/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
阀装置 株式会社电装 11 November 2014 20 May 2015
制御弁 株式会社日立製作所 03 August 2005 26 January 2006
过滤器装置 杰弗里·G·麦克雷恩 21 March 2012 05 March 2014
过滤碎屑输送机 LNS管理股份有限公司 03 March 2011 20 November 2013
Hydraulic valve with an annular filter element secured by a helical spring HUSCO AUTOMOTIVE HOLDINGS LLC 13 September 2011 14 March 2013
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
存储期更长的环氧组合物和包含该组合物的制品 3M创新有限公司 18 August 2003 14 May 2008
存储期更长的环氧组合物和包含该组合物的制品 3M创新有限公司 18 August 2003 28 September 2005
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