Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

Planetary gear train of automatic transmission for vehicles

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10001198

Application Number

US15/256963

Application Date

06 September 2016

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY

Original Assignee (Applicant)

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY

International Classification

F16H3/66

Cooperative Classification

F16H3/66,F16H2200/0078,F16H2200/0086,F16H2200/2012,F16H2200/2048

Inventor

HWANG, SEONG WOOK,KWON, HYUN SIK,CHO, WONMIN,KOOK, JAE CHANG,JI, SEONGWOOK

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10001198 Planetary gear train automatic 1 US10001198 Planetary gear train automatic 2 US10001198 Planetary gear train automatic 3
See all images <>

Abstract

A planetary gear train of a transmission for a vehicle is provided. The planetary gear train includes an input shaft that receives power of an engine and an output shaft that outputs power. Multiple planetary gear sets are provided each having three rotation elements. Various shafts then either directly or selectively connect the rotation elements. The transmission is then capable of maximizing engine driving efficiency and improving a power delivery performance and fuel consumption.

Read more

Claims

1. A planetary gear train of an automatic transmission for a vehicle, comprising: an input shaft configured to receive power of an engine; an output shaft configured to output power; a first planetary gear set having first, second, and third rotation elements; a second planetary gear set having fourth, fifth, and sixth rotation elements; a third planetary gear set having seventh, eighth, and ninth rotation elements; and a fourth planetary gear set having tenth, eleventh, and twelfth rotation elements, wherein the input shaft is directly connected with the fifth rotation element, wherein the output shaft is directly connected with the eleventh rotation element, wherein the first rotation element is directly connected with the fourth rotation element, wherein the second rotation element is directly connected with the sixth rotation element, wherein the seventh rotation element is selectively connected with the third rotation element and the sixth rotation element, wherein the eighth rotation element is directly connected with the twelfth rotation element and is selectively connected with the third rotation element and the fifth rotation element, wherein the ninth rotation element is directly connected with the eleventh rotation element, and wherein the tenth rotation element is selectively connected with the second rotation element.

2. The planetary gear train of claim 1, wherein the first rotation element and the tenth rotation element each are selectively connected with a transmission housing.

3. The planetary gear train of claim 1, wherein the first, second, and third rotation elements of the first planetary gear set are a first sun gear, a first planetary carrier, and a first ring gear, respectively, the fourth, fifth, and sixth rotation elements of the second planetary gear set are a second sun gear, a second planetary carrier, and a second ring gear, respectively, the seventh, eighth, and ninth rotation elements of the third planetary gear set are a third sun gear, a third planetary carrier, and a third ring gear, respectively, and the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth rotation elements of the fourth planetary gear set are a fourth sun gear, a fourth planetary carrier, and a fourth ring gear, respectively.

4. The planetary gear train of claim 2, further comprising: a first clutch that selectively connects the second rotation element and the tenth rotation element; a second clutch that selectively connects the sixth rotation element and the seventh rotation element; a third clutch that selectively connects the third rotation element and the seventh rotation element; a fourth clutch that selectively connects the third rotation element and the eighth rotation element; a fifth clutch that selectively connects the fifth rotation element and the eighth rotation element; a first brake that selectively connects the first rotation element and the transmission housing; and a second brake that selectively connects the tenth rotation element and the transmission housing.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A planetary gear train of an automatic transmission for a vehicle, comprising:
    • an input shaft configured to receive power of an engine
    • an output shaft configured to output power
    • a first planetary gear set having first, second, and third rotation elements
    • a second planetary gear set having fourth, fifth, and sixth rotation elements
    • a third planetary gear set having seventh, eighth, and ninth rotation elements
    • and a fourth planetary gear set having tenth, eleventh, and twelfth rotation elements, wherein the input shaft is directly connected with the fifth rotation element, wherein the output shaft is directly connected with the eleventh rotation element, wherein the first rotation element is directly connected with the fourth rotation element, wherein the second rotation element is directly connected with the sixth rotation element, wherein the seventh rotation element is selectively connected with the third rotation element and the sixth rotation element, wherein the eighth rotation element is directly connected with the twelfth rotation element and is selectively connected with the third rotation element and the fifth rotation element, wherein the ninth rotation element is directly connected with the eleventh rotation element, and wherein the tenth rotation element is selectively connected with the second rotation element.
    • 2. The planetary gear train of claim 1, wherein
      • the first rotation element and the tenth rotation element each are selectively connected with a transmission housing.
    • 3. The planetary gear train of claim 1, wherein
      • the first, second, and third rotation elements of the first planetary gear set are a first sun gear, a first planetary carrier, and a first ring gear, respectively, the fourth, fifth, and sixth rotation elements of the second planetary gear set are a second sun gear, a second planetary carrier, and a second ring gear, respectively, the seventh, eighth, and ninth rotation elements of the third planetary gear set are a third sun gear, a third planetary carrier, and a third ring gear, respectively, and the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth rotation elements of the fourth planetary gear set are a fourth sun gear, a fourth planetary carrier, and a fourth ring gear, respectively.
See all independent claims <>

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims priority to and the benefit of Korean Patent Application No. 10-2016-0031661 filed in the Korean Intellectual Property Office on Mar. 16, 2016, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND

(a) Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to an automatic transmission for a vehicle, and more particularly, to a planetary gear train of an automatic transmission for a vehicle that improves a power delivery performance and enhances fuel consumption by implementing at least forward fourteen-speed with a minimal configuration and reduces running noise of the vehicle by using a driving point in a low rotation speed range of an engine.

(b) Description of the Related Art

In general, in an automatic transmission field, research has been conducted regarding a multistage of a gear shift stage to enhance fuel consumption of a vehicle and to maximize drivability thereof, and recently, increase of an oil price is triggering a competition in enhancing fuel consumption of the vehicle. Accordingly, research has been conducted for reducing a weight of an engine and enhancing fuel consumption thereof by downsizing of the engine, and in the automatic transmission, a research regarding technology that can simultaneously secure drivability and fuel consumption competitive power through a multistage of a gear shift stage has been conducted.

However, in the automatic transmission, as a gear shift stage increases, the internal component number, particularly, the planetary gear set number increases and thus, a full length of the transmission increases and a mounting ability, a production cost, a weight, and power delivery efficiency may thus be worsened. Therefore, in the automatic transmission, to increase a fuel consumption enhancement effect suing a multistage of a gear shift stage, development of a planetary gear train that can induce maximum efficiency with a minimal number of components is important.

Accordingly, an automatic transmission has been formed to implement a shift of 8-speed or more to be mounted within a vehicle, and research and development of a planetary gear train capable of implementing a gear shift stage of 8-speed or more has been continuously required. However, a general 8-speed or more of automatic transmission is often formed with three or four planetary gear sets and five or six control elements (friction element), and in this case, a full length of the system is extended and thus there is a drawback that a mounting ability is worsened. Accordingly, to form a gear shift stage of an automatic transmission in a multistage, a double row structure that disposes a planetary gear set on a planetary gear set has been adapted or a dog clutch has been applied instead of a wet control element. However, such a structure is limited and a shift feel is worsened due to application of the dog clutch.

The above information disclosed in this section is merely for enhancement of understanding of the background of the invention and therefore it may contain information that does not form the prior art that is already known in this country to a person of ordinary skill in the art.

SUMMARY

The present invention provides a planetary gear train of an automatic transmission for a vehicle having advantages of being capable of obtaining power delivery performance improvement and fuel consumption enhancement effects according to a multistage of a gear shift stage by implementing a gear shift stage of at least forward fourteen-speed or more and at least reverse one-speed or more with a minimal configuration and reducing running noise of the vehicle by using a driving point in a low rotation speed range of an engine.

An exemplary embodiment of the present invention provides a planetary gear train of an automatic transmission for a vehicle that may include: an input shaft configured to receive power of an engine; an output shaft configured to output power; a first planetary gear set having first, second, and third rotation elements; a second planetary gear set having fourth, fifth, and sixth rotation elements; a third planetary gear set having seventh, eighth, and ninth rotation elements; a fourth planetary gear set having tenth, eleventh, and twelfth rotation elements; a first shaft that may connect the first rotation element and the fourth rotation element; a second shaft that may connect the second rotation element and the sixth rotation element; a third shaft that may be connected with the third rotation element; a fourth shaft that may be connected with the fifth rotation element and that may be directly connected with the input shaft; a fifth shaft that may be connected with the seventh rotation element and that may be selectively connected with the second shaft and the third shaft; a sixth shaft that may connect the eighth rotation element and the twelfth rotation element and that may be selectively connected with the third shaft and the fourth shaft; a seventh shaft that may connect the ninth rotation element and the eleventh rotation element and that may be directly connected with the output shaft; and an eighth shaft that may be connected with the tenth rotation element and that may be selectively connected with the second shaft. The first shaft and the eighth shaft each may be selectively connected with a transmission housing.

The first, second, and third rotation elements of the first planetary gear set may be a first sun gear, a first planetary carrier, and a first ring gear, respectively, the fourth, fifth, and sixth rotation elements of the second planetary gear set may be a second sun gear, a second planetary carrier, and a second ring gear, respectively, the seventh, eighth, and ninth rotation elements of the third planetary gear set may be a third sun gear, a third planetary carrier, and a third ring gear, respectively, and the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth rotation elements of the fourth planetary gear set may be a fourth sun gear, a fourth planetary carrier, and a fourth ring gear, respectively.

The planetary gear train may further include: a first clutch that may selectively connect the second shaft and the eighth shaft; a second clutch that may selectively connect the second shaft and the fifth shaft; a third clutch that may selectively connect the third shaft and the fifth shaft; a fourth clutch that may selectively connect the third shaft and the sixth shaft; a fifth clutch that may selectively connect the fourth shaft and the sixth shaft; a first brake that may selectively connect the first shaft and the transmission housing; and a second brake that may selectively connect the eighth shaft and the transmission housing.

According to the present invention, by combining four planetary gear sets formed with a simplified planetary gear set with six control elements, a gear shift stage of at least forward fourteen-speed or more and a gear shift stage of at least reverse one-speed or more may be implemented. Further, according to the present invention, by forming a gear shift stage of an automatic transmission in a multistage, a gear shift stage appropriate to a rotation speed of an engine may be implemented, and particularly, running noise of a vehicle may be reduced by using a driving point in a low rotation speed range of the engine.

Further, according to the present invention, engine driving efficiency may be maximized with a high efficiency multistage, and a power delivery performance and fuel consumption may be improved. In addition, an effect that may be obtained or estimated due to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention is directly or implicitly described in a detailed description of an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. That is, various effects that are estimated according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described within a detailed description to be described later.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The above and other objects, features and other advantages of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 2 is a table illustrating operation based on each gear shift stage of a control element that is applied to a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

It is understood that the term “vehicle” or “vehicular” or other similar term as used herein is inclusive of motor vehicles in general such as passenger automobiles including sports utility vehicles (SUV), buses, trucks, various commercial vehicles, watercraft including a variety of boats and ships, aircraft, and the like, and includes hybrid vehicles, electric vehicles, combustion, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, hydrogen-powered vehicles and other alternative fuel vehicles (e.g. fuels derived from resources other than petroleum).

The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the singular forms “a”, “an” and “the” are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. It will be further understood that the terms “comprises” and/or “comprising,” when used in this specification, specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof. As used herein, the term “and/or” includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.

Unless specifically stated or obvious from context, as used herein, the term “about” is understood as within a range of normal tolerance in the art, for example within 2 standard deviations of the mean. “About” can be understood as within 10%, 9%, 8%, 7%, 6%, 5%, 4%, 3%, 2%, 1%, 0.5%, 0.1%, 0.05%, or 0.01% of the stated value. Unless otherwise clear from the context, all numerical values provided herein are modified by the term “about.”

Hereinafter, an exemplary embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram illustrating a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 1, a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention may include first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4 disposed on the same shaft line, an input shaft IS, an output shaft OS, eight shafts TM1-TM8 that connect each rotation element of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4, five clutches C1-C5 and two brakes B1-B2, which are control elements, and a transmission housing H.

Rotation power from an engine input from the input shaft IS may be shifted by a mutual compensation operation of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4 to be output through the output shaft OS. Particularly, the planetary gear sets may be disposed in order of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4 from the engine side. The input shaft IS may be an input member, and a torque of rotation power from a crankshaft of the engine may be converted and input using a torque converter. The output shaft OS may be an output member and may be disposed on the same shaft line as that of the input shaft IS to deliver a shifted driving torque to a drive shaft using a differential apparatus.

The first planetary gear set PG1 may be a single pinion planetary gear set and may include a first sun gear S1, which is a first rotation element N1, a first planetary carrier PC1, which is a second rotation element N2 configured to support a rotation of a first pinion gear P1 externally engaged with the first sun gear S1, which is the first rotation element N1, and a first ring gear R1, which is a third rotation element N3 internally engaged with the first pinion gear P1. The second planetary gear set PG2 may be a single pinion planetary gear set and may include a second sun gear S2, which is a fourth rotation element N4, a second planetary carrier PC2, which is a fourth rotation element N4 configured to support a rotation of a second pinion gear P2 externally engaged with the second sun gear S2, which is the fourth rotation element N4, and a second ring gear R2, which is a sixth rotation element N6 internally engaged with the second pinion gear P2.

The third planetary gear set PG3 may be a single pinion planetary gear set and may include a third sun gear S3, which is a seventh rotation element N7, a third planetary carrier PC3, which is an eighth rotation element N8 configured to support a rotation of a third pinion gear P3 externally engaged with the third sun gear S3, which is the seventh rotation element N7, and a third ring gear R3, which is a ninth rotation element N9 internally engaged with the third pinion gear P3. The fourth planetary gear set PG4 may be a single pinion planetary gear set and may include a fourth sun gear S4, which is a tenth rotation element N10, a fourth planetary carrier PC4, which is an eleventh rotation element N11 configured to support a rotation of a fourth pinion gear P4 externally engaged with the fourth sun gear S4, which is the tenth rotation element N10, and a fourth ring gear R4, which is a twelfth rotation element N12 internally engaged with the fourth pinion gear P4.

Particularly, in the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4, the first rotation element N1 may be directly connected with the fourth rotation element N4, the second rotation element N2 may be directly connected with the sixth rotation element N6, the eighth rotation element N8 may be directly connected with the twelfth rotation element N12, and the ninth rotation element N9 may be directly connected with the eleventh rotation element N11 and thus the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4 may operate while holding total eight shafts TM1-TM8.

A configuration of the eight shafts TM1-TM8 is described in detail as follows. The eight shafts TM1-TM8 may be a rotation member configured to deliver power while rotating together with a rotation element connected to directly connect or to selectively connect a plurality of rotation elements among rotation elements of the planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4 and may be a fixing member that directly connects and fixes the rotation element to the transmission housing H.

The first shaft TM1 may connect the first rotation element {N1; first sun gear S1} and the fourth rotation element {N10; fourth sun gear S4} and may operate as a selective input element while being selectively connected with the transmission housing H. The second shaft TM2 may include the second rotation element {N2; first planetary carrier PC1} and the sixth rotation element {N6; second ring gear}. The third shaft TM3 may be connected with the third rotation element {N3; first ring gear R1}. The fourth shaft TM4 may be connected with the fifth rotation element {N5; second planetary carrier PC2} and may be directly connected with the input shaft IS to operate as an input element.

The fifth shaft TM5 may be connected with the seventh rotation element {N7; third sun gear S3} and may be selectively connected with the second shaft TM2 and the third shaft TM3. The sixth shaft TM6 may connect the eighth rotation element {N8; third planetary carrier PC3} and the twelfth rotation element {N12; fourth ring gear R4} and may be selectively connected with the fourth shaft TM4 directly connected with the input shaft IS and the third shaft TM3. The seventh shaft TM7 may connect the ninth rotation element {N9; third ring gear R3} and the eleventh rotation element {N11; fourth planetary carrier PC4} and may be directly connected with the output shaft OS to operate as an output element. The eighth shaft TM8 may be connected with the tenth rotation element {N10; fourth sun gear S4} and may be selectively connected with the second shaft TM2 and the transmission housing H to operate as a selective input element.

Among the eight shafts TM1-TM8, in a portion including the input shaft IS and the output shaft OS and that mutually selectively connects shafts, five clutches C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5 may be disposed. Further, among the eight shafts TM1-TM8, in a portion in which the shaft and the transmission housing H are selectively connected, two brakes B1 and B2 may be disposed. A disposition location of the five clutches C1-C5 and two brakes B1-B2 is described as follows.

The first clutch C1 may be disposed between the second shaft TM2 and the eighth shaft TM8 to selectively connect the second shaft TM2 and the eighth shaft TM8 to deliver power. The second clutch C2 may be disposed between the second shaft TM2 and the fifth shaft TM5 to selectively connect the second shaft TM2 and the fifth shaft TM5 to deliver power. The third clutch C3 may be disposed between the third shaft TM3 and the fifth shaft TM5 to selectively connect the third shaft TM3 and the fifth shaft TM5 to deliver power. The fourth clutch C4 may be disposed between the third shaft TM3 and the sixth shaft TM6 to selectively connect the third shaft TM3 and the sixth shaft TM6 to deliver power. The fifth clutch C5 may be disposed between the fourth shaft TM4 and the sixth shaft TM6 to selectively connect the fourth shaft TM4 directly connected with the input shaft IS and the sixth shaft TM6 to deliver power. The first brake B1 may be disposed between the first shaft TM1 and the transmission housing H to selectively connect and fix the first shaft TM1 to the transmission housing H. The second brake B2 may be disposed between the eighth shaft TM8 and the transmission housing H to selectively connect and fix the eighth shaft TM8 to the transmission housing H.

As shown in FIG. 1, in the foregoing description, it is described that the fifth clutch C5 may selectively connect the fourth shaft TM4 and the sixth shaft TM6. However, since the fourth shaft TM4 may be directly connected with the input shaft IS, the fifth clutch C5 may selectively connect the input shaft IS and the sixth shaft TM6. In the foregoing description, each control element formed with the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth clutches C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5 and the first and second brakes B1 and B2 may be formed with a multi-plate type hydraulic pressure friction coupling unit friction coupled by a hydraulic pressure.

FIG. 2 is a table illustrating operation based on each gear shift stage of a control element applied to a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 2, in each gear shift stage of the planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, among the first, second, third, fourth, and fifth clutches C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5 and the first and second brakes B1 and B2, which are control elements, while three elements operate, a shift of reverse two-speed and forward fourteen-speed may be performed, and a shift process is described as follows.

In a forward one-speed gear shift stage D1, the second and fourth clutches C2 and C4 and the second brake B2 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 8.067. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the second clutch C2 and in which the third shaft TM3 is connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fourth clutch C4, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The eighth shaft TM8 may be shifted to a forward one-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the second brake B2 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward second-speed gear shift stage D2, the second and third clutches C2 and C3 and the second brake B2 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 4.333. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D1 and D2 shift stages may be about 1.862. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the second clutch C2 and in which the third shaft TM3 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the third clutch C3, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The eighth shaft TM8 may be shifted to a forward two-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the second brake B2 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward three-speed gear shift stage D3, the second clutch C2 and the first and second brakes B1 and B2 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 2.6. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D2 and D3 shift stages may be about 1.667. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the second clutch C2, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The first shaft TM1 and the eighth shaft TM8 may be shifted to a forward three-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first and second brakes B1 and B2 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward four-speed gear shift stage D4, the third clutch C3 and the first and second brakes B1 and B2 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 2.022. Additionally the gear ratio between the D3 and D4 shift stages may be about 1.286. Accordingly, when the third shaft TM3 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the third clutch C3, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The first shaft TM1 and the eighth shaft TM8 may be shifted to a forward four-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 and the second brake B2 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward five-speed gear shift stage D5, the fifth clutch C5 and the first and second brakes B1 and B2 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 1.667. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D4 and D5 shift stages may be about 1.213. Accordingly, when the input shaft IS is connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fifth clutch C5, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4 and the sixth shaft TM6. The first shaft TM1 and the eighth shaft TM8 may be shifted to a forward five-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first and second brake B1 and B2 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward six-speed gear shift stage D6, the third and fifth clutches C3 and C5 and the first brake B1 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 1.4. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D5 and D6 shift stages may be about 1.19. Accordingly, when the third shaft TM3 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the third clutch C3 and in which the input shaft IS may be connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fifth clutch C5, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4 and the sixth shaft TM6. The first shaft TM1 may be shifted to a forward six-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward seven-speed gear shift stage D7, the second and fifth clutches C2 and C5 and the first brake B1 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 1.2. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D6 and D7 shift stages may be about 1.167. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the second clutch C2 and in which the input shaft IS may be connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fifth clutch C5, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4 and the sixth shaft TM6. The first shaft TM1 may be shifted to a forward seven-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward eight-speed gear shift stage D8, the first, second, and fifth clutches C1, C2, and C5 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 1. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D7 and D8 shift stages may be about 1.2. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the eighth shaft TM8 by operation of the first clutch C1 and in which the second shaft TM2 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the second clutch C2 and in which the input shaft IS may be connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fifth clutch C5, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4 and the sixth shaft TM6. Accordingly, while the entire planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4 integrally rotate, the entire planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4 may be shifted to a forward eight-speed that outputs the same value as an input value to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward nine-speed gear shift stage D9, the first and fifth clutches C1 and C5 and the first brake B1 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 0.789. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D8 and D9 shift stages may be about 1.267. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the eighth shaft TM8 by operation of the first clutch C1 and in which the input shaft IS may be connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fifth clutch C5, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4 and the sixth shaft TM6. The first shaft TM1 may be shifted to a forward nine-speed of an overdrive state by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward ten-speed gear shift stage D10, the first and second clutches C1 and C2 and the first brake B1 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 0.6. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D9 and D10 shift stages may be about 1.269. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the eighth shaft TM8 by operation of the first clutch C1 and in which the second shaft TM2 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the second clutch C2, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The first shaft TM1 may be shifted to a forward ten-speed of an overdrive state by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward eleven-speed gear shift stage D11, the first and third clutches C1 and C3 and the first brake B1 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 0.563. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D10 and D11 shift stages may be about 1.066. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the eighth shaft TM8 by operation of the first clutch C1 and in which the third shaft TM3 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the third clutch C3, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The first shaft TM1 may be shifted to a forward eleven-speed of an overdrive state by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward twelve-speed gear shift stage D12, the first and fourth clutches C1 and C4 and the first brake B1 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 0.512. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D11 and D12 shift stages may be about 1.099. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the eighth shaft TM8 by operation of the first clutch C1 and in which the third shaft TM3 is connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fourth clutch C4, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The first shaft TM1 may be shifted to a forward twelve-speed of an overdrive state by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward thirteen-speed gear shift stage D13, the third and fourth clutches C3 and C4 and the first brake B1 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about 0.467. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D12 and D13 shift stages may be about 1.098. Accordingly, when the third shaft TM3 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the third clutch C3 and in which the third shaft TM3 is connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fourth clutch C4, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The first shaft TM1 may be shifted to a forward thirteen-speed of an overdrive state by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a forward fourteen-speed gear shift stage D14, the second and fourth clutches C2 and C4 and the first brake B1 may be operated simultaneously operated with a gear ratio of about 0.442. Additionally, the gear ratio between the D13 and D14 shift stages may be about 1.056. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the second clutch C2 and in which the third shaft TM3 is connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fourth clutch C4, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The first shaft TM1 may be shifted to a forward fourteen-speed, which may be a shift stage of a highest speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the first brake B1 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a reverse one-speed gear shift stage REV1, the first and third clutches C1 and C3 and the second brake B2 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about −6.067. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the eighth shaft TM8 by operation of the first clutch C1 and in which the third shaft TM3 is connected with the fifth shaft TM5 by operation of the third clutch C3, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The eighth shaft TM8 may be shifted to a reverse one-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the second brake B2 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

In a reverser two-speed gear shift stage REV2, the first and fourth clutches C1 and C4 and the second brake B2 may be operated simultaneously with a gear ratio of about −2.333. Accordingly, when the second shaft TM2 is connected with the eighth shaft TM8 by operation of the first clutch C1 and in which the third shaft TM3 is connected with the sixth shaft TM6 by operation of the fourth clutch C4, rotation power of the input shaft IS may be input to the fourth shaft TM4. The eighth shaft TM8 may be shifted to a reverse two-speed by a mutual compensation operation of each shaft while operating as a fixing element by operation of the second brake B2 to output power through the output shaft OS connected with the seventh shaft TM7.

As described above, a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention may enable four planetary gear sets PG1, PG2, PG3, and PG4 to realize a gear shift stage of at least forward fourteen-speed or more and at least reverse two-speed or more through an operation control of five clutches C1, C2, C3, C4, and C5 and two brakes B1 and B2. Further, by forming a gear shift stage of an automatic transmission in a multistage, a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention may implement a gear shift stage appropriate to a rotation speed of an engine and particularly, may reduce running noise of a vehicle by using a driving point in a low rotation speed range of the engine.

Further, by forming an automatic transmission in a multistage, a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention may maximize engine driving efficiency and improve a power delivery performance and fuel consumption. Additionally, a planetary gear train according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention may implement a reverse two-speed of gear shift stage to improve a reverse performance

While this invention has been described in connection with what is presently considered to be exemplary embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed exemplary embodiments, but, on the contrary, is intended to cover various modifications and equivalent arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.

Read more
PatSnap Solutions

Great research starts with great data.

Use the most comprehensive innovation intelligence platform to maximise ROI on research.

Learn More

Patent Valuation

$

Reveal the value <>

23.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

48.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

67.08/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

41.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

15.0/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Transmission for vehicles HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY 11 November 2015 05 January 2017
Six-speed dual-clutch transmissions having four planetary gear sets and two brakes GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION 19 December 2002 24 June 2004
多段変速遊星歯車列 KYOWA METAL WORK CO LTD 22 February 2008 03 September 2009
발명의 명칭 차량용 자동변속기의 유성기어트레인 현대자동차주식회사 10 October 2012 18 April 2014
Multi-speed dual-clutch planetary transmissions having a stationary fourth gear set member GENERAL MOTORS CORPORATION 06 December 2002 10 June 2004
See full citation <>

More Patents & Intellectual Property

PatSnap Solutions

PatSnap solutions are used by R&D teams, legal and IP professionals, those in business intelligence and strategic planning roles and by research staff at academic institutions globally.

PatSnap Solutions
Search & Analyze
The widest range of IP search tools makes getting the right answers and asking the right questions easier than ever. One click analysis extracts meaningful information on competitors and technology trends from IP data.
Business Intelligence
Gain powerful insights into future technology changes, market shifts and competitor strategies.
Workflow
Manage IP-related processes across multiple teams and departments with integrated collaboration and workflow tools.
Contact Sales
Clsoe
US10001198 Planetary gear train automatic 1 US10001198 Planetary gear train automatic 2 US10001198 Planetary gear train automatic 3