Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

Continuous and reversible mechanical gear system with a power branch

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10001200

Application Number

US14/546436

Application Date

18 November 2014

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

POWERTRACK INTERNACIONAL DE AUTOMOCION, S.L.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

POWERTRACK INTERNACIONAL DE AUTOMOCION, S.L.

International Classification

F16H37/02,F16H37/08

Cooperative Classification

F16H37/0846,F16H2037/088

Inventor

PARRAGA GIMENO, JAVIER,PARRAGA GIMENO, JULIAN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10001200 Continuous reversible mechanical gear 1 US10001200 Continuous reversible mechanical gear 2
See all images <>

Abstract

A continuous and reversible mechanical transmission system with a power branch, with an input shaft (17) and an output shaft (16), formed by a continuously variable transmission (1) connected to the shaft of the motor and by at least one planetary gear train (2) linked to the shaft of the motor (17) and to the continuously variable transmission. The continuously variable transmission includes a first pair of gears (3 and 4) linked by means of a transmission (5). The gear train (2) comprises a second pair of gears (6-7) linked by a transmission (8) and at least a first and second transmission step (9-10), each one of which comprises an epicyclic gear carrier (9-13) and a pair of epicyclic gears (12-14).

Read more

Claims

1. A continuous and reversible mechanical transmission system with a power branch, comprising a continuously variable transmission connected to an input shaft and at least one planetary gear train, which is linked to the shaft and to the continuously variable transmission, this continuously variable transmission including a first pair of gears, which are joined to one another by means of a mechanical transmission, the gear train of which comprises a second pair of gears, which are joined to one another by means of a mechanical transmission, being driven by the first pair of gears; at least a first transmission step and a second transmission step, each one of which comprises a sun gear and a pair of epicyclic gears, the sun gear of the first step being driven by the second pair of gears and the sun gear of the second step being connected to the shaft, whilst the pairs of epicyclic gears of the first and second steps are joined to one another and are mounted to an epicyclic gear carrier with an output shaft.

2. The continuous and reversible mechanical transmission system with a power branch according to claim 1, wherein with a variable input, it provides a constant output.

3. The continuous and reversible mechanical transmission system with a power branch according to claim 1, wherein, by varying the ratio between the pulleys 2 and 3, for a fixed input velocity, it is possible to adjust the output velocity range to the desired combination, with equal forwards and backwards velocity, from a stopped position moving forwards or from a stopped position moving backwards.

4. The continuous and reversible mechanical transmission system with a power branch according to claim 2, wherein, by varying the ratio between the pulleys 2 and 3 for a fixed output velocity, it is possible to adjust the input velocity range to the desired combination, with equal forwards and backwards velocity, from a stopped position moving forwards or from a stopped position moving backwards.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A continuous and reversible mechanical transmission system with a power branch, comprising
    • a continuously variable transmission connected to an input shaft and at least one planetary gear train, which is linked to the shaft and to the continuously variable transmission, this continuously variable transmission including a first pair of gears, which are joined to one another by means of a mechanical transmission, the gear train of which comprises a second pair of gears, which are joined to one another by means of a mechanical transmission, being driven by the first pair of gears
    • at least a first transmission step and a second transmission step, each one of which comprises a sun gear and a pair of epicyclic gears, the sun gear of the first step being driven by the second pair of gears and the sun gear of the second step being connected to the shaft, whilst the pairs of epicyclic gears of the first and second steps are joined to one another and are mounted to an epicyclic gear carrier with an output shaft.
    • 2. The continuous and reversible mechanical transmission system with a power branch according to claim 1, wherein
      • with a variable input, it provides a constant output.
    • 3. The continuous and reversible mechanical transmission system with a power branch according to claim 1, wherein
      • , by varying the ratio between the pulleys 2 and 3, for a fixed input velocity, it is possible to adjust the output velocity range to the desired combination, with equal forwards and backwards velocity, from a stopped position moving forwards or from a stopped position moving backwards.
See all independent claims <>

Description

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This Application claims the priority of Spanish Patent Application No. P 201331676 filed on Nov. 18, 2013, application which is incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to an infinitely continuous, reversible mechanical gear system with a power branch, made up of a continuously variable transmission, hereinafter referred to as a CVT, in addition to a planetary gear train, these gears adding or subtracting velocities and carrying out a differential function.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Continuously variable transmissions have already been described in U.S. Pat. No. 6,517,461, ES2068047 and ES2351797, for example.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention aims to provide a continuously variable mechanical transmission, made up of a CVT and at least one set of planetary gears, which make it possible to add or subtract (differential function) the input velocities of two shafts, one of which constitutes the output of the CVT and the other of which constitutes an input common to both, in one single output.

Another aim of the invention is to provide a continuously variable mechanical transmission, in which gear rims are eliminated by means of internal cutting, thereby making manufacturing the product cheaper and facilitating the cutting of helical teeth, in the event that they should be needed to reduce noise or vibrations inherent to straight teeth, whilst making the assembly last longer.

The continuously variable mechanical transmission object of the invention is made up of a continuously variable transmission (CVT), connected to the shaft of the motor, by at least one gear train linked to the shaft of the motor and to the continuously variable transmission.

The continuously variable transmission (CVT) includes a first pair of gears of varying diameter, which are linked to one another by means of a mechanical transmission.

In turn, the gear train comprises a second pair of gears, which are linked to one another via a mechanical transmission and which are driven by the first pair of gears, in addition to at least a first and second transmission step, each one of which comprises an epicyclic gear carrier gear and a pair of epicyclic gears. The epicyclic gear carrier gear of the first step is driven by the second pair of gears, whilst the epicyclic bearing gear of the second step is connected to the shaft of the motor. The pair of epicyclic gears of the first and second steps are joined to one another and mounted to a common epicyclic gear carrier, with an output shaft for the gear box.

The set of epicyclical gears or one of the steps thereof may be replicated as many times as deemed necessary.

The first pair of gears in the continuously variable transmission and the second pair of gears in the gear train each include an input gear and an output gear. The input gear of the first pair of gears is connected to the shaft of the motor, whilst the output gear is connected to the input gear of the second pair of gears. In turn, the output gear of the second pair of gears is connected to the epicyclic gear carrier gear of the first transmission step in the gear train.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The drawing attached is a schematic, exemplary and non-limiting representation of one possible embodiment of a continuously variable mechanical gear box, formed in accordance with the invention.

DETAILLED DESCRIPTION OF AN EMBODIMENT

The formation, characteristics and advantages of the gear box object of the invention shall be set out in further detail below, with the help of the exemplary embodiment represented in the drawing attached.

The gear box shown in the drawing is made up of a continuously variable transmission, generally indicated by the reference number (1) and a planetary gear train (2).

The continuously variable transmission (CVT) includes a first pair of gears (3 and 4), which are linked to one another by means of a mechanical transmission (5).

The planetary gear train (2) in turn comprises a second pair of gears (6 and 7), which are also linked to one another by means of a mechanical transmission (8) and at least a first (9) and second (10) transmission step. The first transmission step (9) comprises a sun gear (11) and a pair of epicyclic gears (12). Likewise, the second transmission step (10) includes a sun gear (13) and a pair of epicyclic gears (14). The pair of epicyclic gears (12) of the first step and the pair of epicyclic gears (14) of the second transmission step are joined together and mounted to a common epicyclic gear carrier (15) with an output shaft (16) for the gear box.

In the first pair of gears in the continuously variable transmission (1), the gear (3) constitutes the input gear, which receives the input power defined by a number of revolutions per minute and torque via the shaft (17). This continuously variable transmission (1) adjusts the set of revolutions/torque, by means of the ratio between the gears or pulleys (3 and 4), via the belt or transmission (5), transmitting the same to the input gear (6) which, via the belt or mechanical transmission (8), transmits the same to the output gear (7), with the corresponding gear ratio.

This step is of great relevance, since by modifying the ratio between the gears (6 and 7), it is possible to adjust the characteristics of the system output. The gears (6 and 7) may consist of pulleys, the transmission (8) being formed by a belt. The transmission may also be created by means of gears, by substituting the pulleys (6 and 7) for toothed wheels. The use of a pair of toothed wheels would cause the rotation of the gear (7) to become inverted, which would create a new alternative to the function of the gear box.

Changing this ratio (6 and 7) makes it possible to produce different system behaviours. In addition, if this ratio is altered, it is possible to obtain different behaviour at the output using the same gear train configuration. For example, given a constant en input velocity (1), it would be possible to continuously vary the en output (16), at an interval that may be symmetric. It is estimated that, when an input of 100 rpm is entered into the present system, the same will generate a continuously variable output of between 0 and 500 rpm. By varying the ratio (6 and 7), it is possible to obtain an output of between −250 and 250 or between −25 and 450 (although it must be noted that all numerical values provided exist exclusively by way of example).

In other words, when faced with a system response of (−V−V), by varying the ratio (6 and 7), it is possible to obtain responses such as (−V1, V2), where V1≠V2—the sign indicating that V1 may be much greater or much less than V2. The limits in the V1 . . . V2 range shall be defined by the ratios inside the gear train.

The gear (7) is joined to the sun gear (11) of the first step of the gear train, thereby transmitting the rpm-torque received to the planetary gears (12), thus meaning the planetary gears (12) rotate at new rpm-torque values, according to the gear ratio chosen.

The epicyclic gears (12 and 14) form a set of joint double epicyclic gears. In other words, they rotate at the same rpm and in turn, are joined to the shaft (16) by the output epicyclic gear carrier (15).

The design proposed is differentially advantageous in that it removes gear rims by means of internal cutting, which makes manufacturing the product cheaper and facilitates the cutting of helical teeth if needed to reduce noise and vibrations inherent to straight teeth, whilst making the assembly last longer.

Furthermore, removing the gear rim from the planetary train reduces one of the critical points in these systems considerably, namely the extremely high rotation speeds reached by the epicyclic gears, with the consequent problems related to noise, duration, lubrication and manufacturing.

Another distinguishing characteristic of this new embodiment is the use of double epicyclic gears, which reduces both manufacturing and reshaping costs.

Because the epicyclic gears (14) are engaged with the epicyclic gear carrier (13), the system has two different velocity inputs through the pairs of gears (12 and 11) and (14 and 13), the differential function (addition/subtraction of the rpm-torque collective) thereby being obtained on the epicyclic gear carrier (15), which in turn transmits this resulting rpm-torque directly to the output shaft (16).

When a given input (17) acts on the CVT (4)+(3)+(5), the velocity input into the gear train via (7) is varied, thereby facilitating control of the en output (16).

The input-output ratio of the CVT is adjusted in the standard way in these systems, by changing the ratio of diameters between the pulleys (3 and 4) and keeping the length of the belt or chain (5) constant.

In the system proposed, this adjustment may be made automatically using centrifugal clutches, which vary this ratio, like those used in modern-day scooters or, alternatively by using an external system (18), which works according to an established control law, user intention or both.

The gear box object of the invention makes it possible for an output to vary between positive and negative values, passing through a neutral velocity point 0, without having to stop the input motor, using a given input at constant revolutions, taken as a positive direction, either reducing or multiplying as necessary for each use.

In the gear box object of the invention, the velocity at the output would vary in positive or negative values, with the reduction or multiplication needed for each use.

Furthermore, in the gear box object of the invention, the input and output obtained are exchanged with variable inputs and a constant output and the output is directly proportional to the position of the converter or CVT.

Ultimately, the gear box object of the invention combines a continuously variable transmission with an assembly of planetary gears, such that it is possible to add or subtract (differential function) the input velocities of two shafts, one of which constitutes the output of the CVT and the other of which constitutes an input common to both, at one single output.

A continuously variable transmission is thereby obtained, such that, with V1, V2 . . . Vn, the maximum magnitude of a given velocity at the system output (defined by the use) may regulate the output speed continuously at intervals [−V1, V1], [0, V2], [−V2, 0], [−V3, V4], in addition to a multitude of combinations according to the use.

Given the operational intervals or ranges [−V1, V1], [0, V2], [−V2, 0], etc., for a given input velocity, the magnitude of the output value V may be altered and adjusted, within the specific interval chosen, continuously, by varying the internal ratios between the pulleys (3 and 4) of the CVT.

The continuously variable transmission is also completely reversible. In other words, with an input that varies continuously within a specific interval chosen—[−V1, V1], or [0, V2], or [−V2, 0], etc.,—by continuously varying the internal ratios between the pulleys, a constant velocity output is obtained.

Read more
PatSnap Solutions

Great research starts with great data.

Use the most comprehensive innovation intelligence platform to maximise ROI on research.

Learn More

Patent Valuation

$

Reveal the value <>

23.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

42.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

64.35/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

44.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

14.94/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Continually variable transmission POWERTRACK INTERNATIONAL DE AUTOMOCION S.L. 06 June 2005 24 July 2012
Transmission unit, in particular a multi-range transmission GLOCKLER DIETER 01 February 2008 14 August 2008
Dual mode operation continuously variable transmission having creeper low and reverse gears FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 19 March 1998 29 June 1999
Automatic transmission JATCO LTD 16 February 2012 24 November 2015
Non-stage transmission for vehicles and lawn mowing tractor using same BANDO CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES, LTD. 20 November 1997 07 November 2000
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
与水泥发生化学交联和物理卯榫的防水涂料 西牛皮防水科技有限公司 03 July 2013 02 October 2013
通过在SiO2和FeTiO3颗粒与磁波之间产生电磁相互作用获得硅和钛的方法 维克托·格里戈里耶维奇·科列斯尼克 29 March 2012 08 January 2014
通过在SiO2和FeTiO3颗粒与磁波之间产生电磁相互作用获得硅和钛的方法 维克托·格里戈里耶维奇·科列斯尼克 29 March 2012 27 January 2016
See full citation <>

More Patents & Intellectual Property

PatSnap Solutions

PatSnap solutions are used by R&D teams, legal and IP professionals, those in business intelligence and strategic planning roles and by research staff at academic institutions globally.

PatSnap Solutions
Search & Analyze
The widest range of IP search tools makes getting the right answers and asking the right questions easier than ever. One click analysis extracts meaningful information on competitors and technology trends from IP data.
Business Intelligence
Gain powerful insights into future technology changes, market shifts and competitor strategies.
Workflow
Manage IP-related processes across multiple teams and departments with integrated collaboration and workflow tools.
Contact Sales
Clsoe
US10001200 Continuous reversible mechanical gear 1 US10001200 Continuous reversible mechanical gear 2