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Patent Analysis of

Apportioning shared financial expenses

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10002397

Application Number

US14/229654

Application Date

28 March 2014

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

SQUARE, INC.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SQUARE, INC.

International Classification

G06Q50/12,G06Q30/04,G06Q10/02,G06Q20/14,G06Q20/32

Cooperative Classification

G06Q50/12,G06Q10/02,G06Q20/102,G06Q20/14,G06Q20/3223

Inventor

ROSE, CODY

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10002397 Apportioning shared financial expenses 1 US10002397 Apportioning shared financial expenses 2 US10002397 Apportioning shared financial expenses 3
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Abstract

A payment system can accept an electronic reservation for a merchant restaurant in response to a reservation request received from a user. The payment system can detect that the user is present at a location associated with the merchant restaurant based at least in part on an indication received from a mobile device associated with the user. The payment system can determine a completion of a service associated with the electronic reservation. The payment system can provide an electronic bill for the service to be displayed on the mobile device of the user. Based on receiving an authorization of the electronic bill from the mobile device of the user, the payment system can charge, through a card-less payment transaction, the user for at least an amount disclosed in the electronic bill.

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Claims

1. A computer-implemented method, the method comprising: establishing, by a payment system, a user account for a customer, the user account associated with a user application running on a user device, and the user application acquiring customer financial account information corresponding to one or more financial accounts of the customer, the customer financial account information being stored securely by the payment system in a user database; establishing, by the payment system, a merchant account for a merchant restaurant, the merchant account associated with a merchant application running on a merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, and the merchant application acquiring merchant financial account information corresponding to one or more financial accounts of the merchant restaurant, the merchant financial account information being stored securely by the payment system in a merchant database; receiving customer dietary preference information at the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, the customer dietary preference information identifying one or more dietary preferences of the customer; aggregating customer visit information identifying how often the customer has visited the merchant restaurant; receiving, by the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, an electronic reservation request for the customer at the merchant restaurant; receiving, at the payment system and from the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, a check-in indicator indicating that the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant have communicated wirelessly via a Bluetooth-based wireless connection; transmitting the dietary preference information and customer visit information from the payment system to the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant in response to the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant having communicated wirelessly via the Bluetooth-based wireless connection; determining, by the payment system and based on the user device, a completion of a service for the customer at the merchant restaurant associated with the electronic reservation request in response to receipt of a confirmation of the completion of the service is received by the payment system from the user application running on the user device; receiving, by the payment system and from the merchant application running on the merchant device, a list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant; providing, by the payment system and to the user application running on the user device, an electronic bill for the service to be displayed on the user device of the customer when the confirmation of the completion of the service is received by the payment system from the user application running on the user device and in response to receipt of the list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant by the payment system from the merchant application running on the merchant device, the electronic bill including the list of items purchased at the merchant restaurant; receiving, by the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, an authorization to pay the electronic bill through a card-less payment transaction to be processed by the payment system, wherein the authorization is based on the user device and the merchant device no longer being able to communicate wirelessly via the Bluetooth-based wireless connection; and transferring funds, by the payment system and in response to the authorization, from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the electronic bill.

2. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, wherein transferring the funds from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least the amount identified in the electronic bill includes transferring a tip amount from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account, and wherein receiving the authorization to pay the electronic bill includes receiving a tip percentage value as selected by the customer, further comprising: calculating the tip amount based on the tip percentage value and the amount identified in the electronic bill.

3. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, wherein determining, by the payment system, the completion of the service associated with the electronic reservation request further comprises: determining that the user device of the customer has exited a geofence that defines a geographic perimeter of the merchant restaurant.

4. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, wherein the authorization of the electronic bill is automatically sent from the user application running on the user device based on a determination that the user device of the customer has exited a geofence that defines a geographic perimeter of the merchant restaurant as determined based on positioning information from a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver of the user device.

5. A computing system comprising: one or more processors; andmemory storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the computing system to perform operations, the operations comprising: establishing, by a payment system, a user account for a customer, the user account associated with a user application running on a user device, and the user application acquiring information for one or more financial accounts of the customer, the information for the one or more financial accounts of the customer being stored securely by the payment system in a user database; establishing, by the payment system, a merchant account for a merchant restaurant, the merchant account associated with a merchant application running on a merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, and the merchant application acquiring information for one or more financial accounts of the merchant restaurant, the information for the one or more financial accounts of the merchant restaurant being stored securely by the payment system in a merchant database; sending customer dietary preference information from the user application running on the user device to the payment system, the customer dietary preference information identifying one or more dietary preferences of the customer; sending customer visit information from the user application running on the user device to the payment system, the customer visit information aggregated to identify how often the customer has visited the merchant restaurant; receiving, by the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, an electronic reservation request for the customer at the merchant restaurant; creating, by the payment system, an electronic reservation based on the electronic reservation request; receiving, by the payment system and from the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, a check-in indicator indicating that the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant have communicated wirelessly via a wireless connection; transmitting the dietary preference information and customer visit information from the payment system to the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant in response to the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant having communicated wirelessly via the wireless connection; determining, by the payment system and based on the user device, a completion of a service for the customer at the merchant restaurant associated with the electronic reservation request in response to receipt of a confirmation of the completion of the service from the user application running on the user device; receiving, by the payment system and from the merchant application running on the merchant device, a list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant; sending, by the payment system and to the user application running on the user device, an electronic bill for the service to be displayed on the user device of the customer when the confirmation of the completion of the service is received by the payment system from the user application running on the user device and when the list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant is received by the payment system from the merchant application running on the merchant device, the electronic bill including the list of items purchased at the merchant restaurant; and transferring funds, by the payment system, from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the electronic bill, wherein the transferring of the funds is performed in response to the user device and the merchant device no longer being able to communicate wirelessly via the wireless connection.

6. The computing system of claim 5, wherein transferring the funds by the payment system from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least the amount identified in the electronic bill is performed in response to receipt of an authorization to pay the electronic bill from the user application by the payment system.

7. The computing system of claim 5, wherein the electronic bill identifies an apportioned amount corresponding to the user, the operations further comprising: determining that an additional customer other than the customer is contributing to the electronic bill; generating an additional apportioned electronic bill for an additional apportioned amount due corresponding to the additional customer; sending, by the payment system and to an additional user device associated with the additional customer, the additional apportioned electronic bill; and transferring funds, by the payment system, from one or more additional financial accounts corresponding to the additional customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the additional electronic bill.

8. The computing system of claim 7, wherein determining that the additional customer is contributing to payment for the service further comprises: receiving, from the user device of the customer, a request to apportion the electronic bill among the customer and the additional customer.

9. The computing system of claim 7, wherein determining that the additional customer is contributing to payment for the service further comprises: determining that the electronic reservation identifies the additional customer.

10. The computing system of claim 5, wherein the check-in indicator also indicates that the customer has checked in at the merchant restaurant.

11. The computing system of claim 5, wherein transferring the funds from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the electronic bill includes transferring the funds from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for the amount identified in the electronic bill and a plurality of tip amounts, further comprising: splitting the electronic bill into a plurality of apportioned electronic bills at the payment system, wherein each of the plurality of apportioned electronic bills corresponds to a different subset of the list of items purchased at the merchant restaurant; and receiving, at the payment system from the user application running on the user device, a plurality of tip indicators corresponding to a plurality of tip amounts, wherein each of the plurality of tip indicators corresponds to one of the plurality of tip amounts and to one of the plurality of apportioned electronic bills.

12. The computing system of claim 5, wherein the check-in indicator also indicates that the user device of the customer is located within a geofence that defines a perimeter of the merchant restaurant.

13. The computing system of claim 5, wherein transferring the funds is performed automatically in response to receipt of a check-out indication at the payment system, the check-out indication indicating that the customer has checked out.

14. The computing system of claim 5, wherein determining the completion of the service at the merchant restaurant further comprises: receiving, by the payment system and from the user device associated with the customer, a check-out indication indicating that the customer has checked out from the merchant restaurant.

15. The computing system of claim 5, wherein determining the completion of the service at the merchant restaurant further comprises: determining, by the payment system, that the user device of the customer has exited a geofence that defines a perimeter of the merchant restaurant.

16. A computer-implemented method, the method comprising: establishing, at a payment system, a user account for a customer, the user account associated with a user application running on a user device, and the user application acquiring customer financial account information corresponding to one or more financial accounts of the customer, the customer financial account information being stored securely by the payment system in a user database; establishing, at the payment system, a merchant account for a merchant restaurant, the merchant account associated with a merchant application running on a merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, and the merchant application acquiring merchant financial account information corresponding to one or more financial accounts of the merchant restaurant, the merchant financial information being stored securely by the payment system in a merchant database; receiving customer dietary preference information at the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, the customer dietary preference information identifying one or more dietary preferences of the customer; aggregating customer visit information identifying how often the customer has visited the merchant restaurant; receiving, by the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, an electronic reservation request for the customer at the merchant restaurant; receiving, at the payment system and from the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, a check-in indicator indicating that the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant have communicated wirelessly via a short range wireless connection; transmitting the dietary preference information and customer visit information from the payment system to the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant in response to the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant having communicated wirelessly via the short range wireless connection; determining, by the payment system and based on the user device, a completion of a service for the customer at the merchant restaurant associated with the electronic reservation request in response to receipt of a confirmation of the completion of the service by the payment system from the user application running on the user device; receiving, by the payment system and from the merchant application running on the merchant device, a list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant; receiving, at the user device associated with the customer and from the payment system, an electronic bill for the service for the customer at the merchant restaurant when the confirmation of the completion of the service is received by the payment system from the user application running on the user device and in response to receipt of the list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant by the payment system from the merchant application running on the merchant device, the electronic bill including the list of items purchased at the merchant restaurant; receiving, by the payment system and from the user device associated with the customer, an authorization to pay the electronic bill through a card-less payment transaction to be processed by the payment system, wherein the authorization is based on the user device and the merchant device no longer being able to communicate wirelessly via the short range wireless connection; and transferring funds, by the payment system and in response to the authorization, from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the electronic bill.

17. The computer-implemented method of claim 16, wherein the check-in indicator also indicates that the customer has checked in with the merchant restaurant.

18. The computer-implemented method of claim 16, wherein the check-in indicator also indicates that the user device of the customer is located within a geofence that defines a perimeter of the merchant restaurant based on a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver of the user device.

19. The computer-implemented method of claim 16, wherein the confirmation of the completion of the service is a check-out indicator indicating that the customer has checked out from the merchant restaurant.

20. The computer-implemented method of claim 16, wherein the confirmation of the completion of the service is a geofence indication indicating that the user device of the customer has exited a geofence that defines a perimeter of the merchant restaurant.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A computer-implemented method, the method comprising:
    • establishing, by a payment system, a user account for a customer, the user account associated with a user application running on a user device, and the user application acquiring customer financial account information corresponding to one or more financial accounts of the customer, the customer financial account information being stored securely by the payment system in a user database
    • establishing, by the payment system, a merchant account for a merchant restaurant, the merchant account associated with a merchant application running on a merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, and the merchant application acquiring merchant financial account information corresponding to one or more financial accounts of the merchant restaurant, the merchant financial account information being stored securely by the payment system in a merchant database
    • receiving customer dietary preference information at the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, the customer dietary preference information identifying one or more dietary preferences of the customer
    • aggregating customer visit information identifying how often the customer has visited the merchant restaurant
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, an electronic reservation request for the customer at the merchant restaurant
    • receiving, at the payment system and from the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, a check-in indicator indicating that the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant have communicated wirelessly via a Bluetooth-based wireless connection
    • transmitting the dietary preference information and customer visit information from the payment system to the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant in response to the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant having communicated wirelessly via the Bluetooth-based wireless connection
    • determining, by the payment system and based on the user device, a completion of a service for the customer at the merchant restaurant associated with the electronic reservation request in response to receipt of a confirmation of the completion of the service is received by the payment system from the user application running on the user device
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the merchant application running on the merchant device, a list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant
    • providing, by the payment system and to the user application running on the user device, an electronic bill for the service to be displayed on the user device of the customer when the confirmation of the completion of the service is received by the payment system from the user application running on the user device and in response to receipt of the list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant by the payment system from the merchant application running on the merchant device, the electronic bill including the list of items purchased at the merchant restaurant
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, an authorization to pay the electronic bill through a card-less payment transaction to be processed by the payment system, wherein the authorization is based on the user device and the merchant device no longer being able to communicate wirelessly via the Bluetooth-based wireless connection
    • and transferring funds, by the payment system and in response to the authorization, from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the electronic bill.
    • 2. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, wherein
      • transferring the funds from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least the amount identified in the electronic bill includes transferring a tip amount from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account, and wherein
    • 3. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, wherein
      • determining, by the payment system, the completion of the service associated with the electronic reservation request further comprises:
    • 4. The computer-implemented method of claim 1, wherein
      • the authorization of the electronic bill is automatically sent from the user application running on the user device based on a determination that the user device of the customer has exited a geofence that defines a geographic perimeter of the merchant restaurant as determined based on positioning information from a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver of the user device.
  • 5
    5. A computing system comprising:
    • one or more processors
    • andmemory storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the computing system to perform operations, the operations comprising: establishing, by a payment system, a user account for a customer, the user account associated with a user application running on a user device, and the user application acquiring information for one or more financial accounts of the customer, the information for the one or more financial accounts of the customer being stored securely by the payment system in a user database
    • establishing, by the payment system, a merchant account for a merchant restaurant, the merchant account associated with a merchant application running on a merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, and the merchant application acquiring information for one or more financial accounts of the merchant restaurant, the information for the one or more financial accounts of the merchant restaurant being stored securely by the payment system in a merchant database
    • sending customer dietary preference information from the user application running on the user device to the payment system, the customer dietary preference information identifying one or more dietary preferences of the customer
    • sending customer visit information from the user application running on the user device to the payment system, the customer visit information aggregated to identify how often the customer has visited the merchant restaurant
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, an electronic reservation request for the customer at the merchant restaurant
    • creating, by the payment system, an electronic reservation based on the electronic reservation request
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, a check-in indicator indicating that the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant have communicated wirelessly via a wireless connection
    • transmitting the dietary preference information and customer visit information from the payment system to the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant in response to the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant having communicated wirelessly via the wireless connection
    • determining, by the payment system and based on the user device, a completion of a service for the customer at the merchant restaurant associated with the electronic reservation request in response to receipt of a confirmation of the completion of the service from the user application running on the user device
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the merchant application running on the merchant device, a list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant
    • sending, by the payment system and to the user application running on the user device, an electronic bill for the service to be displayed on the user device of the customer when the confirmation of the completion of the service is received by the payment system from the user application running on the user device and when the list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant is received by the payment system from the merchant application running on the merchant device, the electronic bill including the list of items purchased at the merchant restaurant
    • and transferring funds, by the payment system, from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the electronic bill, wherein the transferring of the funds is performed in response to the user device and the merchant device no longer being able to communicate wirelessly via the wireless connection.
    • 6. The computing system of claim 5, wherein
      • transferring the funds by the payment system from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least the amount identified in the electronic bill is performed in response to receipt of an authorization to pay the electronic bill from the user application by the payment system.
    • 7. The computing system of claim 5, wherein
      • the electronic bill identifies an apportioned amount corresponding to the user, the operations further comprising:
    • 10. The computing system of claim 5, wherein
      • the check-in indicator also indicates that the customer has checked in at the merchant restaurant.
    • 11. The computing system of claim 5, wherein
      • transferring the funds from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the electronic bill includes transferring the funds from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for the amount identified in the electronic bill and a plurality of tip amounts, further comprising:
    • 12. The computing system of claim 5, wherein
      • the check-in indicator also indicates that the user device of the customer is located within a geofence that defines a perimeter of the merchant restaurant.
    • 13. The computing system of claim 5, wherein
      • transferring the funds is performed automatically in response to receipt of a check-out indication at the payment system, the check-out indication indicating that the customer has checked out.
    • 14. The computing system of claim 5, wherein
      • determining the completion of the service at the merchant restaurant further comprises:
    • 15. The computing system of claim 5, wherein
      • determining the completion of the service at the merchant restaurant further comprises:
  • 16
    16. A computer-implemented method, the method comprising:
    • establishing, at a payment system, a user account for a customer, the user account associated with a user application running on a user device, and the user application acquiring customer financial account information corresponding to one or more financial accounts of the customer, the customer financial account information being stored securely by the payment system in a user database
    • establishing, at the payment system, a merchant account for a merchant restaurant, the merchant account associated with a merchant application running on a merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, and the merchant application acquiring merchant financial account information corresponding to one or more financial accounts of the merchant restaurant, the merchant financial information being stored securely by the payment system in a merchant database
    • receiving customer dietary preference information at the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, the customer dietary preference information identifying one or more dietary preferences of the customer
    • aggregating customer visit information identifying how often the customer has visited the merchant restaurant
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the user application running on the user device, an electronic reservation request for the customer at the merchant restaurant
    • receiving, at the payment system and from the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant, a check-in indicator indicating that the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant have communicated wirelessly via a short range wireless connection
    • transmitting the dietary preference information and customer visit information from the payment system to the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant in response to the user device and the merchant device located at the merchant restaurant having communicated wirelessly via the short range wireless connection
    • determining, by the payment system and based on the user device, a completion of a service for the customer at the merchant restaurant associated with the electronic reservation request in response to receipt of a confirmation of the completion of the service by the payment system from the user application running on the user device
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the merchant application running on the merchant device, a list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant
    • receiving, at the user device associated with the customer and from the payment system, an electronic bill for the service for the customer at the merchant restaurant when the confirmation of the completion of the service is received by the payment system from the user application running on the user device and in response to receipt of the list of items purchased during the service at the merchant restaurant by the payment system from the merchant application running on the merchant device, the electronic bill including the list of items purchased at the merchant restaurant
    • receiving, by the payment system and from the user device associated with the customer, an authorization to pay the electronic bill through a card-less payment transaction to be processed by the payment system, wherein the authorization is based on the user device and the merchant device no longer being able to communicate wirelessly via the short range wireless connection
    • and transferring funds, by the payment system and in response to the authorization, from the one or more financial accounts of the customer to the one or more financial accounts of the merchant account for at least an amount identified in the electronic bill.
    • 17. The computer-implemented method of claim 16, wherein
      • the check-in indicator also indicates that the customer has checked in with the merchant restaurant.
    • 18. The computer-implemented method of claim 16, wherein
      • the check-in indicator also indicates that the user device of the customer is located within a geofence that defines a perimeter of the merchant restaurant based on a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver of the user device.
    • 19. The computer-implemented method of claim 16, wherein
      • the confirmation of the completion of the service is a check-out indicator indicating that the customer has checked out from the merchant restaurant.
    • 20. The computer-implemented method of claim 16, wherein
      • the confirmation of the completion of the service is a geofence indication indicating that the user device of the customer has exited a geofence that defines a perimeter of the merchant restaurant.
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Description

BACKGROUND

People often dine together at restaurants in groups. When dining together, a group of people may receive a shared bill from the restaurant that specifies a total amount due as determined based on all of the items that were collectively ordered by the group. Typically, the group will split the bill, for example, by each contributing some amount of cash or providing a credit card to be charged. In some instances, the restaurant may be limited in number of credit cards that it can process, which can complicate the group's efforts to split the bill.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Various embodiments in accordance with the present disclosure will be described with reference to the drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 illustrates an example of an environment for implementing aspects in accordance with various embodiments;

FIG. 2 is a flow diagram of an example process for apportioning an electronic bill among users;

FIG. 3 is a flow diagram of another example process for apportioning an electronic bill among a group of users;

FIG. 4 is a flow diagram of an example process for requesting apportioning of an electronic bill among a group of users;

FIG. 5 illustrates an example application view for requesting apportioning of an electronic bill.

FIG. 6 illustrates an example of an environment for implementing a card-less payment system.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Systems and methods in accordance with various embodiments of the present disclosure overcome one or more of the above-referenced and other deficiencies in conventional approaches to apportioning, e.g., splitting, a bill among a group of users. In particular, various embodiments of the present disclosure can provide methods for identifying users with whom a bill will be split and methods for confirming whether an identified user will contribute funds to the bill and in what amount.

A host user can interact with a system to create an electronic reservation, enroll in a waitlist, or create a purchase order. When creating the electronic reservation, enrolling in the waitlist, or creating the purchase order, the host user can identify one or more other users that are going to participate in the reservation, waitlist, or purchase order. For example, the host user can create a reservation for two people and identify the two people, for example, by selecting the two people from a list of contacts on the host user's phone. In some instances, data that describes such electronic reservations, waitlists, or purchase orders can be used to simplify the apportioning, e.g., splitting, of an electronic bill.

For example, an electronic reservation can identify a group of users that will be dining together at a particular restaurant. Each user in the group may order one or more items from the restaurant menu. When it's time to pay the bill, each user device of a user in the group of users can be sent an electronic bill for the total amount due. For example, the point-of-sale can determine which user devices to send the electronic bill based on the users that were identified in the electronic reservation.

Once the electronic bill is received, a user in the group of users, e.g., the host user that created the electronic reservation, can select an option to apportion the total amount due among other users in the group. In response, a new electronic bill for an apportioned amount can be generated and sent to the user devices for each user in the group. Each user can review the new electronic bill for the apportioned amount, for example, using their respective user devices, and can pay the electronic bill through a card-less payment transaction.

Using electronic reservations, waitlists, and purchase orders to identify users that are involved in shared financial expense can simplify the process of identifying who participated in a shared financial expense. Further, allowing apportioning of electronic bills can allow more users to pay for their portion of the bill using card-less payment transactions.

Other advantages, variations, and functions are described and suggested below as may be provided in accordance with the various embodiments.

FIG. 1 illustrates an example of an environment 100 for implementing aspects in accordance with various embodiments. The example environment 100 includes a card-less payment system 108. The card-less payment system 108 is configured to process card-less payment transactions, as described below in reference to FIG. 6. The card-less payment system 108 can be implemented as computer programs on one or more computers in one or more locations, in which the systems, components, and techniques described below can be implemented.

Users, e.g., customers, can interact with the card-less payment system 108 to perform card-less payment transactions with merchants, as described below in reference to FIG. 6. For example, a user can interact with a software application, e.g., a user application 103, running on the user device 102 to pay for items purchased from a merchant through a card-less payment transaction. The user devices 102 and 114 can each be a computer coupled to the card-less payment system 108 through a data communication network 106, e.g., the Internet. The user devices 102 and 114 generally each include a memory, e.g., a random access memory (RAM), for storing instructions and data, and a processor for executing stored instructions. The user devices 102 and 114 can each include one or more components, e.g., software or hardware, that are configured to determine a geographic location of the user device 102 using, for example, various geolocation techniques, e.g., a global positioning system (GPS). Further, the user devices 102 and 114 can each be any appropriate device operable to send and receive requests, messages, or other types of information over the network 106. Some examples of user devices include personal computers, cellular phones, handheld messaging devices, laptop computers, personal data assistants, tablet devices, and the like.

The network 106 can include any appropriate network, including an intranet, the Internet, a cellular network, a local area network, a wide area network, or any other such network, or combination thereof. Components used for such a system can depend at least in part upon the type of network, the environment selected, or both. Protocols and components for communicating over such a network are well known and will not be discussed herein in detail. The merchant device 104 and the user device 102 can communicate over the network using wired or wireless connections, and combinations thereof.

As described below in reference to FIG. 6, users conducting card-less payment transactions with merchants through the card-less payment system 108 will each have a respective user account with the card-less payment system 108. Similarly, each merchant entering into card-less payment transactions with users will have a respective merchant account with the card-less payment system 108.

Before conducting a card-less payment transaction, a user can interact with a user application, e.g., the user application 103 running on the user device 102, to “check in” with the particular merchant. By checking in with the particular merchant, the user has not necessarily consented to a card-less payment transaction. Rather, the user has simply made the merchant aware that the user is available for entering into a card-less payment transaction with the merchant. The card-less payment transaction can be performed when the user interacts with the merchant at a point-of-sale of the merchant, as described below in reference to FIG. 6.

In some instances, users may want to apportion, e.g., split, a shared financial expense that was incurred among two or more users. For example, a first and second user may be dining together at a restaurant and may want to split a shared bill for expenses that were incurred by the first and second user during the meal. To address such a situation, in some embodiments, the card-less payment system 108 includes a bill splitting engine 120 that is configured to apportion, e.g., split, among two or more users, a shared financial expense that was incurred by the two or more users for items that were purchased from a particular merchant.

For example, a restaurant may interact with a merchant application 105 to send, to a user device 102 of the first user and a user device 103 of the second user, an electronic receipt, e.g., a bill of charges, for a shared financial expense that was incurred by the first and second users at the restaurant. The first user can interact with the user device 102 to request apportionment of the electronic receipt and, in response, can be sent a new electronic bill that divides the total sum among the two users.

Generally, to apportion an electronic receipt, a merchant may ask users that were present during the shared financial expense, e.g., group dinner, for identification. Then, once these users are identified, the merchant can send each of these users an electronic receipt which the users can then apportion, as described above. This process can be cumbersome for both the merchant and the people involved in the shared financial expense.

To simplify this process, the merchant can determine which people were present during a shared financial expense based on data describing an electronic reservation, waitlist, or purchase order. For example, a user can interact with a system e.g., the card-less payment system 108, to create an electronic reservation with a merchant that identifies a group of people that will participate in the reservation. Similarly, the user can enroll in an electronic waitlist for a merchant that identifies a group of people that will participate in the reservation. In another example, the user can create an electronic purchase order for items on sale by a merchant and can identify a group of people that are participating in apportioning the cost of the purchase order. Thus, each electronic reservation, waitlist, or purchase order can identify a group of people, e.g., two or more people, and a merchant, that will be involved in the shared financial transaction.

A database, e.g., the merchant reservations and waitlists database 113 and the merchant order database 114, can store data describing electronic reservations and waitlists, and electronic purchase orders, respectively, that were created by users. The database can include, for each electronic reservation, waitlist, or purchase order, data describing a merchant name and references to one or more users that are participating in the respective reservation, waitlist, or purchase order. Further, the data may describe, for each user, a respective user account of the user with the card-less payment system 108, the user's contact information, e.g., e-mail or mobile phone number, or both.

When a user that created an electronic reservation, enrolled in a waitlist, or created a purchase order, checks into a merchant's location, the merchant is able to obtain details for that electronic reservation, waitlist, or purchase order. For example, when a user checks in with a merchant, for example, by interacting with the user application 103, the merchant is able to access information relating to the user through a display screen on the merchant device 104. That is, the merchant can determine if that user has created any electronic reservations, enrolled in waitlists, or created purchase orders that involve the merchant. The merchant can also identify any other users that were identified by the user as being part of a reservation, waitlist, or purchase order.

Thus, for example, once a user that created an electronic reservation for a merchant's restaurant has checked in, an electronic receipt can be generated based on which people were identified by the user for that electronic reservation. This electronic receipt can be sent to respective user devices for each of the people identified in the electronic reservation. If the user decides to apportion the total amount due in the electronic receipt, the card-less payment system 108 can split the total amount among the user and the people that were identified by the user for the electronic reservation.

While an electronic reservation, waitlist, or purchase order may identify multiple people, there may be instances in which only some of the identified people want to contribute to a bill. For example, person A may create an electronic reservation that identifies persons B, C, and D. In this example, the card-less payment system 108 may send an electronic receipt to respective user devices for each person A, B, C, and D. However, it may be the case that only persons A and C want to contribute to the shared financial expense incurred between the persons A, B, C, and D.

To address this scenario, in some embodiments, users can opt to participate in apportioning a shared financial expense by checking in with the merchant using their own user device. In some embodiments, users can opt to participate in apportioning a shared financial expense by being checked in with the merchant by some entity, e.g., another user or a merchant. In some embodiments, users that are not checked in with merchant, but were included in a electronic reservation, waitlist, or purchase order, are sent an electronic message from the card-less payment system 108 to confirm whether or not the user wants to participate in apportioning a shared financial expense. Users that confirm participation in the apportionment can be sent a respective electronic bill for their apportioned amount due and can pay for the bill using the methods described in this specification.

There are other ways to identify users with whom a shared expense will be apportioned. In some embodiments, a user, e.g., the host user, can interact with a user application, e.g., the user application 103, to identify one or more other users with whom the shared financial expense will be apportioned. For example, in some embodiments, the host user can identify another user through a list of contacts that stored on a user device, e.g., the user device 102, of the first user. Similarly, a user can add or remove users from an existing reservation, waitlist, or purchase order to modify the group of users that are considered for apportionment.

In some embodiments, a user that was identified for apportionment using the techniques described above, e.g., from a reservation, waitlist, or purchase order, is automatically identified, e.g., “checked in,” for apportionment of a shared financial expense when a user device of the user is geographically located with a specified geofence. The specified geofence can be, for example, a geofence that defines the perimeter of the merchant's geographic location. In some embodiments, a merchant can identify, e.g., “check in,” users to be included in apportioning a shared financial expense.

In some instances, in lieu of the electronic receipt, the merchant may provide the first user with a hardcopy of the receipt for the shared financial expense. In some embodiments, the hardcopy of the receipt includes a machine-readable code, e.g., a bar code or a QR code. In some embodiments, the first user can scan, using the user device 102 and through the user application 103, the machine-readable code to obtain an electronic copy of the receipt.

After the electronic receipt is communicated to the user device 102, the first user can interact with the user application 103 to view and pay for the shared financial expense. In some embodiments, the first user can interact with the user application 103 to select an apportionment option for the shared financial expense to apportion the expense with other users, e.g., the second user. In response to selecting the apportionment option, the bill splitting engine 120 can generate, for each user, a respective bill for an apportioned amount due for the shared financial expense.

For example, the bill splitting engine 120 can generate an apportioned amount due by dividing the total amount due for a shared financial expense by the number of users participating in the apportionment. The card-less payment system 108 can communicate, to a respective user device of each user, e.g., the user device 102 and the user device 114, data describing a respective electronic bill for the apportioned amount due. Once the data describing a respective bill is received by a user device, a user can interact with a user application running on the user device to authorize a card-less payment transaction through the user's account with the card-less payment system 108. The user can optionally add a tip amount to the respective bill, for example, by specifying a numerical tip amount or a tip percentage based on the respective apportioned amount due. For example, after respective electronic bills are generated, the card-less payment system 108 can communicate with the user device 114 to provide the second user with an electronic bill for the apportioned amount. The card-less payment system 108 can also verify that the second user wants to participate in the apportionment of the shared financial expense by requesting, from the second user, authorization to perform a card-less payment transaction using the second user's account. Authorization can be obtained by simply communicating an electronic message to a user device of the user and receiving a confirmation message from the user device.

In some embodiments, users that are participating in an electronic reservation, waitlist, purchase order, or users that are identified by the first user, are automatically billed for their respective bills for their apportioned amounts due upon exiting a geofence, e.g., a geofence that defines the perimeter of the merchant.

In some embodiments, when a user does not have a user account with the card-less payment system 108, the card-less payment system 108 communicates, to a user device belonging to the user, a hyperlink for downloading software, e.g., a user application 115, that allows the user to create a user account with the card-less payment system 108. For example, if the second user does not have a user account with the card-less payment system 108, then the card-less payment system 108 can communicate, to the user device 114 and through, for example, an e-mail or text message, a hyperlink for downloading software that allows the user to create a user account with the card-less payment system 108. The card-less payment system 108 can obtain the user's contact information by using the data stored in the merchant reservations and waitlists database 113 or the merchant orders database 114, as described above.

The shared financial expense does not necessarily need to be apportioned equally among users. For example, in some embodiments, a user can contribute for their portion of the shared financial expense by selecting one or more items that were purchased in the shared financial expense. In response to selecting the one or more items, the user can receive an electronic bill for an apportioned amount for the selected items. For example, the second user can interact with the user application 115 to select one or more items that participated in the shared financial expense. The user device 114 can communicate data describing the selected items to the card-less payment system 108 and the bill splitting engine 120 can generate, for the second user, an electronic bill for expenses that were incurred for the selected items, and can generate an electronic bill for the first user for the remaining expenses in the shared financial expense.

In some embodiments, the card-less payment system 108 is configured to aggregate data describing users including, for example, how often a user has visited a particular restaurant, the user's dining preferences, e.g., food and drink preferences, and dietary restrictions. This information can be provided to merchants, e.g., through a server's mobile device, when the user checks in.

FIG. 1 describes the bill splitting engine 120 performing operations using the card-less payment system 108. However, other implementations are possible where the bill splitting engine 120 is configured to perform operations using a user device, e.g., the user device 102, or a merchant device, e.g., the merchant device 104.

The merchant device 104 can be a computer coupled to the card-less payment system 108 through a data communication network 106, e.g., the Internet. The merchant device 104 generally includes a memory, e.g., a random access memory (RAM), for storing instructions and data, and a processor for executing stored instructions. The merchant device 104 can be any appropriate device operable to send and receive requests, messages, or other types of information over the network 106. The merchant device 104 can also include a display screen though which a merchant interacting with the merchant device 104 can view information, e.g., information describing orders that were received from customers. Some examples of merchant devices include point-of-sale systems, personal computers, cellular phones, handheld messaging devices, laptop computers, personal data assistants, tablet devices, and the like.

The data plane 110 includes one or more resources, servers, hosts, instances, routers, switches, data stores, other similar components, or a combination thereof. The resources of the data plane 110 are not limited to storing and providing access to data. Indeed, there may be several map servers, layers, or other elements, processes, or components, which may be chained or otherwise configured, and which can interact to perform tasks including, for example, obtaining data from an appropriate data store. As used in this specification, the term “data store” refers to any device or combination of devices capable of storing, accessing, and retrieving data, which may include any combination and number of data servers, databases, data storage devices, and data storage media, in any standard, distributed, or clustered environment.

The data stores of the data plane 110 can include several separate data tables, databases, or other data storage mechanisms and media for storing data relating to a particular aspect. For example, the data plane 110 illustrated includes mechanisms for storing merchant reservations and waitlists 113 and merchant purchase orders 114, which can be used to serve content. The data plane 110 is operable, through logic associated therewith, to receive instructions from the ordering system 107 and to obtain, update, or otherwise process data, instructions, or other such information in response thereto, as described above.

Each server typically includes an operating system that provides executable program instructions for the general administration and operation of that server, and typically will include a computer-readable medium storing instructions that, when executed by a processor of the server, enable the server to perform its intended functions. Suitable implementations for the operating system and general functionality of the servers are known or commercially available, and are readily implemented by persons having ordinary skill in the art, particularly in light of the disclosure herein.

The environment in one embodiment is a distributed computing environment including several computer systems and components that are interconnected through one or more communication links, using one or more computer networks or direct connections. However, the system described above can be configured to operate equally well using fewer or a greater number of components than are illustrated in FIG. 1. Thus, the system 100 in FIG. 1 is provided merely as one example, and does not limit the scope of the disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a flow diagram of an example process 200 for apportioning an electronic bill among a group of users. The example process 200 is provided merely as an example and additional or fewer steps may be performed in similar or alternative orders, or in parallel, within the scope of the various embodiments described in this specification.

A computing device determines that a host user has checked in at a merchant restaurant 202. The computing device obtains data describing one or more users that were identified by the host user in an electronic reservation, waitlist, or purchase order 204. The computing device receives data describing a total amount due for a shared financial expense incurred by the host user and the one or more identified users 206. The computing device generates an electronic bill using the total amount due for the shared financial expense 208. The computing device provides data describing the generated electronic bill to a respective user device of the host user and the one or more identified users 210.

The computing device receives instructions to apportion the electronic bill between the host user and the one or more identified users 212. In response, the computing device, identifies one or more users that are contributing to the total amount due for the shared financial expense; generates for each identified user that is contributing to the total amount due, a respective electronic bill for an apportioned amount due for the shared financial expense; and provides, to each identified user that is contributing to the total amount due, a respective electronic bill for the apportioned amount due for the shared financial expense.

FIG. 3 is a flow diagram of an example process 300 for requesting apportioning of an electronic bill among a group of users. The example process 300 is provided merely as an example and additional or fewer steps may be performed in similar or alternative orders, or in parallel, within the scope of the various embodiments described in this specification. A computing device identifies a first user that is available for a card-less payment transaction with a merchant restaurant 302.

The computing device obtains data describing a booking created by the first user for a shared financial expense at the merchant restaurant 304. The booking identifies a second user that is participating in the shared financial expense. The computing device obtains a total amount due for the shared financial expense 306. The computing device determines that the second user is contributing to the shared financial expense 308. The computing device generates a respective electronic bill for the first and second users 310. Each respective electronic bill is for an apportioned amount due for the shared financial expense. The computing device sends, to the first and second users, the respective electronic bill for the apportioned amount due for the shared financial expense 312.

FIG. 4 is a flow diagram of an example process 400 for requesting apportioning of an electronic bill among a group of users. The example process 400 is provided merely as an example and additional or fewer steps may be performed in similar or alternative orders, or in parallel, within the scope of the various embodiments described in this specification. A user device receives, from a payment system, an electronic bill for a shared financial expense that was incurred at the restaurant by a group of users 402.

The data can describe a total amount due for the shared financial expense, one or more items that were purchased from the restaurant as part of the shared financial expense, respective amounts due for each of the one or more items, and one or more users in the group of users. The user device sends, to the payment system, a request for apportioning the total amount due for the shared financial expense 404. The user device receives, from the payment system, data describing an apportioned electronic bill for the shared financial expense 406. The apportioned electronic bill can be for an amount that is apportioned among the one or more users in the group of users. The user device sends, to the payment system, authorization to pay the apportioned electronic bill through a card-less payment transaction with the restaurant 408.

FIG. 5 illustrates an example application view 500 for requesting apportioning of an electronic bill. The application view 500 can be running on a user device, e.g., the user device 102, as described above. The user application 500 is shown displaying an electronic bill that was received for a shared financial expense. The electronic bill identifies a merchant name and contact information 502, a merchant logo 504, and one or more users 506 that were involved in the shared financial expense, e.g., user 1, user 2, user 3, and user 4. The one or more users 506 can be identified by a name, digital portrait, or a combination thereof, depending on the implementation. A user interacting with the user application can select a tip amount 510 to add to the order total.

The electronic bill also identifies an order summary 508 for the electronic bill. For example, the order summary 508 indicates that four items for “Shoyu Ramen” were purchased for a cost of $40. The order summary 508 also displays a tax, a calculated tip amount based on the user's selection of the tip amount 510, and a total amount due for the shared financial expense. The user interacting with the application view 500 can select a pay option 512 to pay for the total amount due for the shared financial expense. In some embodiments, the user can select a bill splitting option 514 to apportion the total amount due among one or more of the users 506 that were involved in the shared financial expense.

FIG. 6 illustrates an example of an environment 600 for implementing a card-less payment system 608. Although a mobile device environment is described for purposes of explanation, different environments may be used, e.g., a web-based environment, to implement various embodiments.

The example environment 600 includes a card-less payment system 608, which can be implemented as computer programs on one or more computers in one or more locations, in which the systems, components, and techniques described below can be implemented. The example environment 600 also includes a user device 602 and a merchant device 604.

As used in this specification, a card-less payment transaction is a transaction conducted between a user and a merchant at a point-of-sale during which a financial account of the user is charged without the user having to physically present the financial payment card to the merchant at the point-of-sale. That is, the merchant need not receive any details about the financial account, e.g., the credit card issuer or credit card number, for the transaction to be processed.

The user device 602 and the merchant device 604 can each be a computer coupled to the card-less payment system 608 through a data communication network 606, e.g., the Internet. The user device 602 and the merchant device 604 each generally include a memory, e.g., a random access memory (RAM), for storing instructions and data, and a processor for executing stored instructions. The user device 602 and the merchant device 604 can each include one or more components, e.g., software or hardware, that are configured to respectively determine a geographic location of the user device 602 or the merchant device 604, using, for example, various geolocation techniques, e.g., a global positioning system (GPS). Further, the user device 602 and the merchant device 604 can each be any appropriate device operable to send and receive requests, messages, or other types of information over the network 606. Some examples of user devices include personal computers, cellular phones, handheld messaging devices, laptop computers, personal data assistants, tablet devices, and the like.

The network 606 can include any appropriate network, including an intranet, the Internet, a cellular network, a local area network, a wide area network, or any other such network, or combination thereof. Components used for such a system can depend at least in part upon the type of network, the environment selected, or both. Protocols and components for communicating over such a network are well known and will not be discussed herein in detail. The card-less payment system 608, the merchant device 604, and the user device 602 can communicate over the network using wired or wireless connections, and combinations thereof.

Before conducting card-less payment transactions, a user typically creates a user account with the card-less payment system 608. The user can create the user account, for example, by interacting with a user application 603 that is configured to perform card-less payment transactions and that is running on the user device 602. When creating a user account with the card-less payment system 608, the user will portrait of the user, data describing a financial account of the user, e.g., credit card number, expiration date, and a billing address. This user information can be securely stored by the card-less payment system 608, for example, in a user information database 611. To accept card-less payment transactions, a merchant typically creates a merchant account with the card-less payment system 608 by providing information describing the merchant including, for example, a merchant name, contact information, e.g., telephone numbers, the merchant's geographic location address, and one or more financial accounts to which funds collected from users will be deposited. This merchant information can be securely stored by the card-less payment system 608, for example, in a merchant information database 612.

The card-less payment system 608 is configured to perform card-less payment transactions. The card-less payment system 608 can include one or more servers that are configured to securely perform electronic financial transactions, e.g., electronic payment transactions, between a user and a merchant, for example, through data communicated between the user device 602 and the merchant device 604. Generally, when a user and a merchant enter into an electronic financial transaction, the transaction is processed by transferring funds from a financial account associated with the user account to a financial account associated with the merchant account.

The card-less payment system 608 is configured to send and receive data to and from the user device 602 and the merchant device 604. For example, the card-less payment system 608 can be configured to send data describing merchants to the user device 602 using, for example, the information stored in the merchant information database 612. For example, the card-less payment system 608 can communicate data describing merchants that are within a threshold geographic distance from a geographic location of the user device 602, as described in this specification. The data describing merchants can include, for example, a merchant name, geographic location, contact information, and an electronic catalogue, e.g., a menu, that describes items that are available for purchase from the merchant.

In some embodiments, the card-less payment system 608 is configured to determine whether a geographic location of the user device 602 is within a threshold geographic distance from a geographic location of the merchant device 604. The card-less payment system 608 can determine a geographic location of the user device 602 using, for example, geolocation data provided by the user device 602. Similarly, the card-less payment system 608 can determine a geographic location of the merchant device 604 using, for example, geolocation data provided by the merchant device 604 or using a geographic address, e.g., street address, provided by the merchant. Depending on the implementation, the threshold geographic distance can be specified by the card-less payment system 608 or by the merchant.

Determining whether the user device 602 is within a threshold geographic distance of the merchant device 604 can be accomplished in different ways including, for example, determining whether the user device 602 is within a threshold geographic radius of the merchant device 604, determining whether the user device 602 is within a particular geofence, or determining whether the user device 602 can communicate with the merchant device 604 using a specified wireless technology, e.g., Bluetooth or Bluetooth low energy (BLE). In some embodiments, the card-less payment system 608 restricts card-less payment transactions between the user and the merchant to situations where the geographic location of the user device 602 is within a threshold geographic distance from a geographic location of the merchant device 604.

The card-less payment system 608 can also be configured to communicate with a computer system 616 of a card payment network, e.g., Visa or MasterCard, over the network 606, or over a different network, for example, to conduct electronic financial transactions. The computer system 616 of the card payment network can communicate with a computer system 618 of a card issuer, e.g., a bank. There may be computer systems of other entities, e.g., the card acquirer, between the card-less payment system 608 and the computer system 618 of the card issuer.

The user operating the user device 602 that is within a threshold geographic distance of a particular merchant can interact with a user application 603 running on the user device 602 to conduct a card-less payment transaction. While interacting with the user application 603, the user can select the particular merchant, from a listing of merchants, with whom the user wants to enter into a card-less payment transaction. The user can select the particular merchant, for example, by selecting a “check in” option associated with the particular merchant. The user device 602 can communicate data notifying the card-less payment system 608 that the user has checked in with the merchant. In response, the card-less payment system 608 can communicate data to notify the merchant device 604 that the user has checked in. A merchant application 605 running on the merchant device 604 can notify the particular merchant that the user has electronically checked in with the particular merchant through a display screen of the merchant device 604.

Once checked in, the user can collect, or request, items, e.g., goods or services, that are available for purchase from the merchant. When the user is ready to enter into the card-less payment transaction, the user can, for example, approach a point-of-sale for the merchant and identify him or herself. For example, the user can verbally notify the merchant that the user wants to enter into a card-less payment transaction and can provide the merchant with the user's name. The merchant can then interact with the merchant application 605 to select the user, from a listing of users that have checked in with the merchant, to initiate a card-less payment transaction for the items being purchased by the user. For example, the merchant can determine a total amount to bill the user for the items being purchased. The user can verbally approve the total amount to be billed and, in response, the merchant can submit a request for a card-less payment transaction for the total amount to the card-less payment system 608. In response, the card-less payment system 608 can obtain, for example, from the user information database 611, data describing a financial account associated with a user account of the user to which the total amount will be billed.

The card-less payment system 608 can then communicate with the computer system 616 of a card payment network to complete an electronic financial transaction for the total amount to be billed to the user's financial account. Once the electronic financial transaction is complete, the card-less payment system 608 can communicate data describing the card-less payment transaction to the user device 602, e.g., an electronic receipt, which can, for example, notify the user of the total amount billed to the user for the card-less payment transaction with the particular merchant.

The various embodiments can be implemented in a wide variety of operating environments, which in some cases can include one or more user computers, computing devices, or processing devices which can be used to operate any of a number of applications. User or client devices can include any of a number of general purpose personal computers, such as desktop or laptop computers running a standard operating system, as well as cellular, wireless, and handheld devices running mobile software and capable of supporting a number of networking and messaging protocols. Such a system also can include a number of workstations running any of a variety of commercially-available operating systems and other known applications for purposes such as development and database management. These devices also can include other electronic devices, such as dummy terminals, thin-clients, gaming systems, and other devices capable of communicating via a network.

Various aspects also can be implemented as part of at least one service or Web service, such as may be part of a service-oriented architecture. Services such as Web services can communicate using any appropriate type of messaging, such as by using messages in extensible markup language (XML) format and exchanged using an appropriate protocol such as SOAP (derived from the “Simple Object Access Protocol”). Processes provided or executed by such services can be written in any appropriate language, such as the Web Services Description Language (WSDL). Using a language such as WSDL allows for functionality such as the automated generation of client-side code in various SOAP frameworks.

Most embodiments utilize at least one network that would be familiar to those skilled in the art for supporting communications using any of a variety of commercially-available protocols, such as TCP/IP, OSI, FTP, UPnP, NFS, CIFS, and AppleTalk. The network can be, for example, a local area network, a wide-area network, a virtual private network, the Internet, an intranet, an extranet, a public switched telephone network, an infrared network, a wireless network, and any combination thereof.

In embodiments utilizing a Web server, the Web server can run any of a variety of server or mid-tier applications, including HTTP servers, FTP servers, CGI servers, data servers, Java servers, and business map servers. The server(s) also may be capable of executing programs or scripts in response requests from user devices, such as by executing one or more Web applications that may be implemented as one or more scripts or programs written in any programming language, such as Java®, C, C# or C++, or any scripting language, such as Perl, Python, or TCL, as well as combinations thereof. The server(s) may also include database servers, including without limitation those commercially available from Oracle®, Microsoft®, Sybase®, and IBM®.

The environment can include a variety of data stores and other memory and storage media as discussed above. These can reside in a variety of locations, such as on a storage medium local to (and/or resident in) one or more of the computers or remote from any or all of the computers across the network. In a particular set of embodiments, the information may reside in a storage-area network (“SAN”) familiar to those skilled in the art. Similarly, any necessary files for performing the functions attributed to the computers, servers, or other network devices may be stored locally and/or remotely, as appropriate. Where a system includes computerized devices, each such device can include hardware elements that may be electrically coupled via a bus, the elements including, for example, at least one central processing unit (CPU), at least one input device (e.g., a mouse, keyboard, controller, touch screen, or keypad), and at least one output device (e.g., a display device, printer, or speaker). Such a system may also include one or more storage devices, such as disk drives, optical storage devices, and solid-state storage devices such as random access memory (“RAM”) or read-only memory (“ROM”), as well as removable media devices, memory cards, flash cards, etc.

Such devices also can include a computer-readable storage media reader, a communications device (e.g., a modem, a network card (wireless or wired), an infrared communication device, etc.), and working memory as described above. The computer-readable storage media reader can be connected with, or configured to receive, a computer-readable storage medium, representing remote, local, fixed, and/or removable storage devices as well as storage media for temporarily and/or more permanently containing, storing, transmitting, and retrieving computer-readable information. The system and various devices also typically will include a number of software applications, modules, services, or other elements located within at least one working memory device, including an operating system and application programs, such as a client application or Web browser. It should be appreciated that alternate embodiments may have numerous variations from that described above. For example, customized hardware might also be used and/or particular elements might be implemented in hardware, software (including portable software, such as applets), or both. Further, connection to other computing devices such as network input/output devices may be employed.

Storage media and computer readable media for containing code, or portions of code, can include any appropriate media known or used in the art, including storage media and communication media, such as but not limited to volatile and non-volatile, removable and non-removable media implemented in any method or technology for storage and/or transmission of information such as computer readable instructions, data structures, program modules, or other data, including RAM, ROM, EEPROM, flash memory or other memory technology, CD-ROM, digital versatile disk (DVD) or other optical storage, magnetic cassettes, magnetic tape, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or any other medium which can be used to store the desired information and which can be accessed by the a system device. Based on the disclosure and teachings provided herein, a person of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate other ways and/or methods to implement the various embodiments.

The specification and drawings are, accordingly, to be regarded in an illustrative rather than a restrictive sense. It will, however, be evident that various modifications and changes may be made thereunto without departing from the broader spirit and scope of the invention as set forth in the claims.

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38.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

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Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

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Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

46.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Notification systems and methods enabling a response to cause connection between a notified PCD and a delivery or pickup representative ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES LLC 02 June 2004 02 December 2004
System and method for third-party payment processing PAYPAL, INC. 10 July 2001 07 February 2002
Member registration system FUJITSU LIMITED 29 November 2000 24 January 2002
Method, computer useable medium, and system for enterprise resource management DODD RYAN A.,DODD RUSSELL H.,WOOTERS D. S. 12 November 2003 12 May 2005
Method and apparatus for allocating items on a bill INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION 13 November 2003 19 May 2005
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