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Patent Analysis of

Micro light-emitting diode display panel

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10002915

Application Number

US15/116222

Application Date

15 July 2016

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY CO. LTD.

International Classification

H01L33/00,H01L27/15,H01L33/20,H01L27/32,H01L25/075

Cooperative Classification

H01L27/326,H01L25/075,H01L27/3206,H01L27/156,H01L25/0753

Inventor

CHEN, LIXUAN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10002915 Micro light-emitting diode display panel 1 US10002915 Micro light-emitting diode display panel 2 US10002915 Micro light-emitting diode display panel 3
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Abstract

The invention provides a micro LED display panel, by disposing a plurality of active areas (2) on the substrate (1) arranged in an array, and a plurality of micro LEDs (3) uniformly arranged in each active area (2), to achieve high-resolution of micro LED display panel, and by controlling the number of micro LEDs in each active area to effectively control the production cost, while eliminating the screen door effect, to enhance market competitiveness of micro LED display panel.

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Claims

1. A micro light-emitting diode (LED) display panel, which comprises: a substrate and a plurality of active areas disposed on the substrate and arranged in an array, with each active area disposed with a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly distributed with intervals; wherein each active area is rectangular; and wherein each of the active areas belonging to an odd-numbered column, odd-numbered row and the active areas belonging to an even-numbered column, even-numbered row comprises five micro LEDs, with four disposed at the four corners of the active area and one disposed at the center of the active area; and each of the active areas belonging to an odd-numbered column, even-numbered row and the active areas belonging to an even-numbered column, odd-numbered row comprises four micro LEDs, with four disposed respectively at the mid-point of four sides of the active area.

2. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the micro LEDs in the active areas of the same row have the same light color, and the micro LEDs in the two neighboring active areas have different light colors.

3. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 2, wherein for a positive integer M, the light color of the micro LEDs in the active areas of the (3M−2)-th row is red, the light color of the micro LEDs in the active areas of the (3M−1)-th row is green, and the light color of the micro LEDs in the active areas of the 3M-th row is blue.

4. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the micro LEDs are manufactured by micro transfer printing.

5. A micro light-emitting diode (LED) display device, which comprises: a substrate and a plurality of active areas disposed on the substrate and arranged in an array, with each active area disposed with a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly distributed with intervals; wherein each active area is rectangular; wherein each active area comprises nine micro LEDs, arranged in a 3×3 array; wherein two neighboring micro LEDs in the same active area have different light colors; and wherein the light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the first column of each active area are red, green and blue sequentially; the light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the second column of each active area are green, red and blue sequentially; and the light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the third column of each active area are blue, green and red sequentially.

6. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the micro LEDs are manufactured by micro transfer printing.

7. A micro light-emitting diode (LED) display device, which comprises: a substrate and a plurality of active areas disposed on the substrate and arranged in an array, with each active area disposed with a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly distributed with intervals; wherein each active area is rectangular; wherein each active area is disposed with four micro LEDs, with the four micro LEDs disposed respectively at the mid-point of the four sides of the active area, wherein the two opposite sides have red micro LEDs at mid-point, and the remaining two opposite sides have a green micro LED and a blue micro LED respectively at mid-point.

8. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 7, wherein the micro LEDs are manufactured by micro transfer printing.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A micro light-emitting diode (LED) display panel, which comprises:
    • a substrate and a plurality of active areas disposed on the substrate and arranged in an array, with each active area disposed with a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly distributed with intervals
    • wherein each active area is rectangular
    • and wherein each of the active areas belonging to an odd-numbered column, odd-numbered row and the active areas belonging to an even-numbered column, even-numbered row comprises five micro LEDs, with four disposed at the four corners of the active area and one disposed at the center of the active area
    • and each of the active areas belonging to an odd-numbered column, even-numbered row and the active areas belonging to an even-numbered column, odd-numbered row comprises four micro LEDs, with four disposed respectively at the mid-point of four sides of the active area.
    • 2. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the micro LEDs in the active areas of the same row have the same light color, and the micro LEDs in the two neighboring active areas have different light colors.
    • 4. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the micro LEDs are manufactured by micro transfer printing.
  • 5
    5. A micro light-emitting diode (LED) display device, which comprises:
    • a substrate and a plurality of active areas disposed on the substrate and arranged in an array, with each active area disposed with a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly distributed with intervals
    • wherein each active area is rectangular
    • wherein each active area comprises nine micro LEDs, arranged in a 3×3 array
    • wherein two neighboring micro LEDs in the same active area have different light colors
    • and wherein the light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the first column of each active area are red, green and blue sequentially
    • the light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the second column of each active area are green, red and blue sequentially
    • and the light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the third column of each active area are blue, green and red sequentially.
    • 6. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 5, wherein
      • the micro LEDs are manufactured by micro transfer printing.
  • 7
    7. A micro light-emitting diode (LED) display device, which comprises:
    • a substrate and a plurality of active areas disposed on the substrate and arranged in an array, with each active area disposed with a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly distributed with intervals
    • wherein each active area is rectangular
    • wherein each active area is disposed with four micro LEDs, with the four micro LEDs disposed respectively at the mid-point of the four sides of the active area, wherein the two opposite sides have red micro LEDs at mid-point, and the remaining two opposite sides have a green micro LED and a blue micro LED respectively at mid-point.
    • 8. The micro LED display device as claimed in claim 7, wherein
      • the micro LEDs are manufactured by micro transfer printing.
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Description

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to the field of display, and in particular to a micro light-emitting diode (micro LED, μ LED) display panel

2. The Related Arts

The panel display device, due to the advantages of high display quality, low power-consumption, thin size and wide application, is widely used in mobile phones, TV, PDA, digital camera, notebook PC, desktop PC, and so on, and becomes the mainstream technology.

The micro LED display device is a display device which utilizes high density micro-scaled LED array integrated on a substrate as display pixels to achieve image display. Similar to a larger-scaled outdoor LED display, each pixel is addressable and individually driven to emit light, and can be viewed as a reduce-sized outdoor LED display by reducing the inter-pixel distance from cm scale to mm scale. Micro LED display device and the organic light-emitting diode (OLED) are both self-luminous, but the micro LED shows the advantages of higher material stability, longer lifespan and no image imprinting as compared to the OLED, and is considered as the major competing technology for OLED display device.

Because of lattice match, micro LED element must be grown on a sapphire-based substrate by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) method. To manufacture a display panel, the micro LED element must be transferred from the sapphire-based substrate to the receiving substrate for forming the display panel. The micro transfer printing (MTP) is a technology to transfer the micro LED element grown on the sapphire-based substrate to the receiving substrate. Specifically, a laser lift-off (LLO) technology is used to separate the micro LED bare chip from the sapphire-based substrate, and then a patterned polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) transfer stamp is used to adsorb to the micro LED bare chip off from the sapphire-based substrate, the PDMS transfer stamp is aligned with the receiving substrate for positioning, and then the micro LED bare chip adsorbed by the PDMS transfer stamp is attached to the pre-set position on the receiving substrate, and then the PDMS transfer stamp is peeled off to accomplish micro LED bare chip transfer to form micro LED array substrate. Moreover, the receiving substrate is silicon substrate already prepared with circuit pattern, which may be rigid or flexible.

At present, the size of the sub-pixel in the flat panel display, such as, LCD panels is relatively large for the micro LED. If a micro LED is used to fill the position of the area equivalent of the existing sub-pixel area, a greater gap will appear between the sub-pixel areas, resulting in the screen door effect. In other words, the display will seem covered with a black mesh overlay on the image, similar to viewing through the screen door. To solve the screen door effect, an approach is to fill the area of the space equivalent to the existing sub-pixel with a plurality of micro LEDs. However, this approach requires a large number of micro LEDs, resulting in high costs.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The object of the present invention is to provide a micro LED display panel, able to achieve high resolution of micro LED display panel, eliminate screen door effect and reduce manufacturing cost.

To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a micro LED display panel, which comprises: a substrate, and a plurality of active areas disposed on the substrate and arranged in an array, with each active area disposed with a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly distributed with intervals.

Each active area is rectangular.

Each of the active areas belonging to an odd-numbered column, odd-numbered row and the active areas belonging to an even-numbered column, even-numbered row comprises five micro LEDs, with four disposed at the four corners of the active area and one disposed at the center of the active area; each of the active areas belonging to an odd-numbered column, even-numbered row and the active areas belonging to an even-numbered column, odd-numbered row comprises four micro LEDs, with four disposed respectively at the mid-point of four sides of the active area.

The micro LEDs in the active areas of the same row have the same light color, and the micro LEDs in the two neighboring active areas have different light colors.

For a positive integer M, the light color of the micro LEDs in the active areas of the (3M−2)-th row is red, the light color of the micro LEDs in the active areas of the (3M−1)-th row is green, and the light color of the micro LEDs in the active areas of the 3M-th row is blue.

Each active area comprises nine micro LEDs, arranged in a 3×3 array.

Two neighboring micro LEDs in the same active area have different light colors.

The light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the first column of each active area are red, green and blue sequentially; the light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the second column of each active area are green, red and blue sequentially; and the light colors of the micro LEDs in the three rows of the third column of each active area are blue, green and red sequentially.

Each active area is disposed with four micro LEDs, with the four micro LEDs disposed respectively at the mid-point of the four sides of the active area, wherein the two opposite sides have red micro LEDs at mid-point, and the remaining two opposite sides have a green micro LED and a blue micro LED respectively at mid-point.

The micro LED is manufactured by micro transfer printing.

The present invention also provides a micro LED display panel, which comprises: a substrate, and a plurality of active areas disposed on the substrate and arranged in an array, with each active area disposed with a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly distributed with intervals; wherein each active area being rectangular; and the micro LEDs being manufactured by micro transfer printing.

Compared to the known techniques, the present invention provides the following advantages: the present invention provides a micro LED display panel, by disposing a plurality of active areas on the substrate arranged in an array, and a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly arranged in each active area, to achieve high-resolution of micro LED display panel, and by controlling the number of micro LEDs in each active area to effectively control the production cost, while eliminating the screen door effect, to enhance market competitiveness of micro LED display panel.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

To make the technical solution of the embodiments according to the present invention, a brief description of the drawings that are necessary for the illustration of the embodiments will be given as follows. Apparently, the drawings described below show only example embodiments of the present invention and for those having ordinary skills in the art, other drawings may be easily obtained from these drawings without paying any creative effort. In the drawings:

FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of micro LED display panel provided by a first embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing the structure of micro LED display panel provided by a second embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of micro LED display panel provided by a third embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 4 is a schematic view showing the structure of micro LED display panel provided by a fourth embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

To further explain the technical means and effect of the present invention, the following refers to embodiments and drawings for detailed description.

Refer to FIGS. 1-4. The present invention provides a micro LED display panel, which comprises: a substrate 1, and a plurality of active areas 2 disposed on the substrate 1 and arranged in an array, with each active area 2 uniformly arranged with a plurality of micro LEDs 3 with intervals.

Specifically, the active area 2 is equivalent to a large pixel area. Compared to known technology, the large pixel area is neither filled with micro LEDs in the entire area, nor disposed with a single micro LED. Instead, a plurality of uniformly arranged micro LEDs is disposed in the large pixel area. Compared the filled pixel area, the present invention cost less due to less number of the micro LEDs. Compared to disposing a single micro LED, the present invention can effectively eliminate the screen door effect by uniformly arranging a plurality of micro LEDs. In other words, the present invention can ensure display quality (by eliminating screen door effect) while maintain reasonable cost to provide higher cost/performance value for market competitiveness.

Specifically, each active area is rectangular. The number of the micro LEDs 3, the arrangement and the light color combination can all vary to fit corresponding application. The following four embodiments describe four possible configurations.

Refer to FIG. 1. In the first embodiment of the present invention, each of the active areas 2 belonging to an odd-numbered column, odd-numbered row and the active areas 2 belonging to an even-numbered column, even-numbered row comprises five micro LEDs 3, with four micro LEDs 3 disposed at the four corners of the active area 2 and the remaining one micro LED 3 disposed at the center of the active area 2. Each of the active areas 2 belonging to an odd-numbered column, even-numbered row and the active areas 2 belonging to an even-numbered column, odd-numbered row comprises four micro LEDs 3, with four disposed respectively at the mid-point of four sides of the active area 2.

Moreover, the micro LEDs 3 in the active areas 2 of the same row have the same light color, the micro LEDs 3 in the two neighboring active areas 2 have different light colors. In the first embodiment, three colors, RGB, are used for color display, wherein for a positive integer M, the light color of the micro LEDs 3 in the active areas 2 of the (3M−2)-th row is red, the light color of the micro LEDs 3 in the active areas 2 of the (3M−1)-th row is green, and the light color of the micro LEDs 3 in the active areas 2 of the 3M-th row is blue.

Refer to FIG. 2. In the second embodiment, each active area 2 comprises nine micro LEDs 3, arranged in an 3×3 array.

Moreover, the two neighboring micro LEDs 3 in the same active area 2 have different light colors. The light colors of the micro LEDs 3 in the three rows of the first column of each active area 2 are red, green and blue sequentially; the light colors of the micro LEDs 3 in the three rows of the second column of each active area 2 are green, red and blue sequentially; and the light colors of the micro LEDs 3 in the three rows of the third column of each active area 2 are blue, green and red sequentially.

It should be noted that light color arrangement sequence in the above embodiments is only exemplary, instead of restrictive. For example, in the first embodiment, the light color of the micro LEDs 3 in the active areas 2 of the (3M−2)-th row is green, the light color of the micro LEDs 3 in the active areas 2 of the (3M−1)-th row is red, and the light color of the micro LEDs 3 in the active areas 2 of the 3M-th row is blue. In the second embodiment, the light colors of the micro LEDs 3 in the three rows of the first column of each active area 2 are blue, green and red sequentially; the light colors of the micro LEDs 3 in the three rows of the second column of each active area 2 are green, red and blue sequentially; and the light colors of the micro LEDs 3 in the three rows of the third column of each active area 2 are red, blue and green sequentially. Furthermore, the micro LEDs 3 of all the active areas 2 are of the same color to form a monochrome micro LED display panel. Alternatively, the micro LEDs 3 of all the active areas 2 are of two different colors to form a dual-color micro LED display panel. Also, the light color of the micro LEDs 3 is not limited to red, green and blue. Other colors, such as, white or yellow, can also be used.

In addition, due to differences in luminous efficiency in the production of the different color micro LEDs, different arrangement ratios can be used in active area according to the application. In other words, different numbers of micro LEDs of different colors can be disposed in each active area, as shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4. In the third embodiment and the fourth embodiment of the present invention, each active area 2 is disposed with two red micro LEDs (whose luminous efficiency is lower compared to the green and blue LEDs), a green LED, and a blue LED. By adding more red LEDs, the low efficiency of red LEDs is compensated.

Refer to FIG. 3. Specifically, in the third embodiment, each active area 2 is disposed with four micro LEDs 3, with the four micro LEDs 3 disposed respectively at the mid-point of the four sides of the active area 2, wherein the two opposite sides (upper and lower) have red micro LEDs at mid-point, and the remaining two opposite sides (left and right) have a green micro LED and a blue micro LED respectively at mid-point. In the fourth embodiment, the two opposite sides (upper and lower) have a green micro LED and a blue micro LED respectively at mid-point, and the remaining two opposite sides (left and right) have red micro LEDs at mid-point.

It should be noted that the unequal arrangement is not restricted to the above third and fourth embodiments. Other combinations of number and layout arrangement can also be used depending on the application.

It should also be noted that the micro LED 3 is manufactured by micro transfer printing; specifically, by providing a native substrate, growing a plurality of micro LEDs 3 on the native substrate, and then using a MTP transfer stamp to transfer the plurality of micro LEDs 3 to the substrate 1.

In summary, the present invention provides a micro LED display panel, by disposing a plurality of active areas on the substrate arranged in an array, and a plurality of micro LEDs uniformly arranged in each active area, to achieve high-resolution of micro LED display panel, and by controlling the number of micro LEDs in each active area to effectively control the production cost, while eliminating the screen door effect, to enhance market competitiveness of micro LED display panel.

It should be noted that in the present disclosure the terms, such as, first, second are only for distinguishing an entity or operation from another entity or operation, and does not imply any specific relation or order between the entities or operations. Also, the terms “comprises”, “include”, and other similar variations, do not exclude the inclusion of other non-listed elements. Without further restrictions, the expression “comprises a . . . ” does not exclude other identical elements from presence besides the listed elements.

Embodiments of the present invention have been described, but not intending to impose any unduly constraint to the appended claims. Any modification of equivalent structure or equivalent process made according to the disclosure and drawings of the present invention, or any application thereof, directly or indirectly, to other related fields of technique, is considered encompassed in the scope of protection defined by the claims of the present invention.

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Patent Valuation

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31.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

31.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

74.0/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

68.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

20.0/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Method for transferring micro devices and method for manufacturing display panel AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION 10 May 2016 04 July 2017
Method for integrating a light emitting device APPLE INC. 21 December 2015 14 February 2017
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US10002915 Micro light-emitting diode display panel 1 US10002915 Micro light-emitting diode display panel 2 US10002915 Micro light-emitting diode display panel 3