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Patent Analysis of

DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10016611

Application Number

US15/372410

Application Date

08 December 2016

Publication Date

10 July 2018

Current Assignee

SHENZHEN DANSHA TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

TAN, MIN

International Classification

H02M3/335,H03G3/00,A61N1/378

Cooperative Classification

H03G3/002,A61N1/3787,A61N1/378,H03G3/30

Inventor

TAN, MIN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10016611 DC-DC converter implantable medical 1 US10016611 DC-DC converter implantable medical 2 US10016611 DC-DC converter implantable medical 3
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Abstract

A DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices includes a switch capacitor converter core including a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage; a switch driver connected with the switch capacitor converter core and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core so as to supply power to a load receiving the output voltage; a switch signal router connected with the switch driver and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver; a gain selection decoder connected with the switch signal router; a gain controller connected with the gain selection decoder, the gain selection decoder being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller; an input adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; an output adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; a clock generator connected with the switch signal router, the gain controller and the output adjusting device; and a counter connected with the gain controller.

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Claims

1. A DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices, the DC-DC converter comprising: a switch capacitor converter core comprising a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage; a switch driver connected with the switch capacitor converter core and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core so as to supply power to a load receiving the output voltage; a switch signal router connected with the switch driver and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver; a gain selection decoder connected with the switch signal router; a gain controller connected with the gain selection decoder, the gain selection decoder being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller; an input adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; an output adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; a clock generator connected with the switch signal router, the gain controller and the output adjusting device; and a counter connected with the gain controller.

2. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein the input adjusting device comprises an adaptive ADC configured to determine a required conversion gain ratio based on the input voltage and the reference voltage, and a control logic circuit connected with the adaptive ADC and configured to control the adaptive ADC.

3. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein the output adjusting device comprises a plurality of comparators and a control logic circuit connected with the comparators.

4. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein the gain controller is configured to control the conversion gain ratio required by the switch capacitor converter core according to information provided by the input adjusting device and the output adjusting device, the conversion gain ratio being the ratio between the output voltage and the input voltage.

5. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein when the output voltage is in a threshold range below the reference voltage, the gain controller is turned off, and switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage gradually approaches the reference voltage.

6. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein when the output voltage is equal to or greater than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core stops its switching operations.

7. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein when the output voltage is lower than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core is configured to resume its switching operations.

8. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein the switch capacitor converter core comprises a plurality of power transistor switches and a pump capacitor, and the conversion gain ratio provided by the switch capacitor converter core is 1/2, 2/3, 1, 3/2 or 2.

9. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein the adaptive ADC in the input adjusting device comprises a comparator and a plurality of latches, the latches being connected with the comparator and configured to generate data of a predetermined number of digits according to a result from the comparator, the data describing ratio between the reference voltage and the input voltage, and being used to set the required conversion gain ratio.

10. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein the clock generator comprises a comparator; a logic circuit connected with the comparator and configured to drive the comparator; and a clock signal generator connected with the logic circuit and configured to output two clock signals; the two clock signals are transmitted to the switch signal router and the switch driver, and further configured to control the switch capacitor converter core.

11. A DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices, the DC-DC converter comprising: a switch capacitor converter core comprising a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage; a switch driver connected with the switch capacitor converter core and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core so as to supply power to a load receiving the output voltage; a switch signal router connected with the switch driver and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver; a gain selection decoder connected with the switch signal router; a gain controller connected with the gain selection decoder, the gain selection decoder being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller; an input adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; an output adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; a clock generator connected with the switch signal router, the gain controller and the output adjusting device; and a counter connected with the gain controller; wherein: the input adjusting device comprises an adaptive ADC configured to determine a required conversion gain ratio based on the input voltage and the reference voltage, and a control logic circuit connected with the adaptive ADC and configured to control the adaptive ADC; the output adjusting device comprises a plurality of comparators and a control logic circuit connected with the comparators; the gain controller is configured to control the conversion gain ratio required by the switch capacitor converter core according to information provided by the input adjusting device and the output adjusting device, the conversion gain ratio being the ratio between the output voltage and the input voltage; when the output voltage is in a threshold range below the reference voltage, the gain controller is turned off, and switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage gradually approaches the reference voltage; when the output voltage is equal to or greater than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core stops its switching operations; and when the output voltage is lower than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core is configured to resume its switching operations.

12. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein the switch capacitor converter core comprises a plurality of power transistor switches and a pump capacitor, and the conversion gain ratio provided by the switch capacitor converter core is 1/2, 2/3, 1, 3/2 or 2.

13. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein the adaptive ADC in the input adjusting device comprises a comparator and a plurality of latches, the latches being connected with the comparator and configured to generate data of a predetermined number of digits according to a result from the comparator, the data describing ratio between the reference voltage and the input voltage, and being used to set the required conversion gain ratio.

14. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein the gain controller comprises a digital circuit; when the output voltage is below the threshold range below the reference voltage, the digital circuit is configured to, through adjusting the conversion gain ratio, adjust the output voltage by a large amount.

15. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein the counter is configured to count a predetermined number of clock periods every time after the switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is changed, so that there is sufficient time for the output voltage to respond to the change.

16. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein the clock generator comprises a comparator; a logic circuit connected with the comparator and configured to drive the comparator; and a clock signal generator connected with the logic circuit and configured to output two clock signals; the two clock signals are transmitted to the switch signal router and the switch driver, and further configured to control the switch capacitor converter core.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices, the DC-DC converter comprising:
    • a switch capacitor converter core comprising a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage
    • a switch driver connected with the switch capacitor converter core and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core so as to supply power to a load receiving the output voltage
    • a switch signal router connected with the switch driver and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver
    • a gain selection decoder connected with the switch signal router
    • a gain controller connected with the gain selection decoder, the gain selection decoder being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller
    • an input adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller
    • an output adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller
    • a clock generator connected with the switch signal router, the gain controller and the output adjusting device
    • and a counter connected with the gain controller.
    • 2. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • the input adjusting device comprises
    • 3. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • the output adjusting device comprises
    • 4. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • the gain controller is configured to control the conversion gain ratio required by the switch capacitor converter core according to information provided by the input adjusting device and the output adjusting device, the conversion gain ratio being the ratio between the output voltage and the input voltage.
    • 5. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • when the output voltage is in a threshold range below the reference voltage, the gain controller is turned off, and switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage gradually approaches the reference voltage.
    • 6. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • when the output voltage is equal to or greater than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core stops its switching operations.
    • 7. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • when the output voltage is lower than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core is configured to resume its switching operations.
    • 8. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • the switch capacitor converter core comprises
    • 9. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • the adaptive ADC in the input adjusting device comprises
    • 10. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 1, wherein
      • the clock generator comprises
  • 11
    11. A DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices, the DC-DC converter comprising:
    • a switch capacitor converter core comprising a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage
    • a switch driver connected with the switch capacitor converter core and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core so as to supply power to a load receiving the output voltage
    • a switch signal router connected with the switch driver and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver
    • a gain selection decoder connected with the switch signal router
    • a gain controller connected with the gain selection decoder, the gain selection decoder being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller
    • an input adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller
    • an output adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller
    • a clock generator connected with the switch signal router, the gain controller and the output adjusting device
    • and a counter connected with the gain controller
    • wherein: the input adjusting device comprises an adaptive ADC configured to determine a required conversion gain ratio based on the input voltage and the reference voltage, and a control logic circuit connected with the adaptive ADC and configured to control the adaptive ADC
    • the output adjusting device comprises a plurality of comparators and a control logic circuit connected with the comparators
    • the gain controller is configured to control the conversion gain ratio required by the switch capacitor converter core according to information provided by the input adjusting device and the output adjusting device, the conversion gain ratio being the ratio between the output voltage and the input voltage
    • when the output voltage is in a threshold range below the reference voltage, the gain controller is turned off, and switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage gradually approaches the reference voltage
    • when the output voltage is equal to or greater than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core stops its switching operations
    • and when the output voltage is lower than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core is configured to resume its switching operations.
    • 12. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein
      • the switch capacitor converter core comprises
    • 13. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein
      • the adaptive ADC in the input adjusting device comprises
    • 14. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein
      • the gain controller comprises
    • 15. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein
      • the counter is configured to count a predetermined number of clock periods every time after the switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is changed, so that there is sufficient time for the output voltage to respond to the change.
    • 16. The DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices of claim 11, wherein
      • the clock generator comprises
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Description

FIELD OF THE PATENT APPLICATION

The present patent application generally relates to medical electronics and more specifically to a DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices.

BACKGROUND

Implantable medical devices have been applied more and more widely in modern medicine. Because of its unique applications, an implantable medical device generally requires the power supply that supplies power to it to be small volume, low power and high power transfer efficiency. Not only so, the implantable medical device but also generally has multiple working modes, such as a sleep mode, a measurement mode, a data transmission mode, and so on. In each different working mode, the same implantable medical device typically has a different requirement on the power supply that supplies power to it.

DC-DC converter is an important component of a power supply system of an implantable medical device. Conventional DC-DC converters usually cannot effectively satisfy different requirements of the implantable medical device in different working modes on the output voltage and the load values, which are in a relatively wide range. In addition, to improve the configurability, conventional DC-DC converters usually have relatively complicated circuits, relatively large chip areas, relatively high power consumption, and relatively low system working efficiency, and therefore are not suitable for supplying power to implantable medical devices.

SUMMARY

The present patent application is directed to a DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices. In one aspect, the DC-DC converter includes: a switch capacitor converter core including a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage; a switch driver connected with the switch capacitor converter core and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core so as to supply power to a load receiving the output voltage; a switch signal router connected with the switch driver and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver; a gain selection decoder connected with the switch signal router; a gain controller connected with the gain selection decoder, the gain selection decoder being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller; an input adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; an output adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; a clock generator connected with the switch signal router, the gain controller and the output adjusting device; and a counter connected with the gain controller. The input adjusting device includes an adaptive ADC configured to determine a required conversion gain ratio based on the input voltage and the reference voltage, and a control logic circuit connected with the adaptive ADC and configured to control the adaptive ADC. The output adjusting device includes a plurality of comparators and a control logic circuit connected with the comparators. The gain controller is configured to control the conversion gain ratio required by the switch capacitor converter core according to information provided by the input adjusting device and the output adjusting device, the conversion gain ratio being the ratio between the output voltage and the input voltage. When the output voltage is in a threshold range below the reference voltage, the gain controller is turned off, and switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage gradually approaches the reference voltage. When the output voltage is equal to or greater than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core stops its switching operations. When the output voltage is lower than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core is configured to resume its switching operations.

The switch capacitor converter core may include a plurality of power transistor switches and a pump capacitor, and the conversion gain ratio provided by the switch capacitor converter core may be 1/2, 2/3, 1, 3/2 or 2.

The adaptive ADC in the input adjusting device may include a comparator and a plurality of latches, the latches being connected with the comparator and configured to generate data of a predetermined number of digits according to a result from the comparator, the data describing ratio between the reference voltage and the input voltage, and being used to set the required conversion gain ratio.

The gain controller may include a digital circuit; when the output voltage is below the threshold range below the reference voltage, the digital circuit may be configured to, through adjusting the conversion gain ratio, adjust the output voltage by a large amount.

The counter may be configured to count a predetermined number of clock periods every time after the switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is changed, so that there is sufficient time for the output voltage to respond to the change.

The clock generator may include a comparator; a logic circuit connected with the comparator and configured to drive the comparator; and a clock signal generator connected with the logic circuit and configured to output two clock signals. The two clock signals may be transmitted to the switch signal router and the switch driver, and further configured to control the switch capacitor converter core.

In another aspect, the present patent application provides a DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices including: a switch capacitor converter core including a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage; a switch driver connected with the switch capacitor converter core and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core so as to supply power to a load receiving the output voltage; a switch signal router connected with the switch driver and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver; a gain selection decoder connected with the switch signal router; a gain controller connected with the gain selection decoder, the gain selection decoder being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller; an input adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; an output adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; a clock generator connected with the switch signal router, the gain controller and the output adjusting device; and a counter connected with the gain controller. The input adjusting device includes an adaptive ADC configured to determine a required conversion gain ratio based on the input voltage and the reference voltage, and a control logic circuit connected with the adaptive ADC and configured to control the adaptive ADC. The output adjusting device includes a plurality of comparators and a control logic circuit connected with the comparators. The gain controller is configured to control the conversion gain ratio required by the switch capacitor converter core according to information provided by the input adjusting device and the output adjusting device, the conversion gain ratio being the ratio between the output voltage and the input voltage. The gain controller includes a digital circuit. When the output voltage is out of a threshold range around the reference voltage, the digital circuit is configured to, through adjusting the conversion gain ratio, adjust the output voltage by a large amount. When the output voltage is in a threshold range around the reference voltage, the gain controller is turned off, and switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core is adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage gradually approaches the reference voltage.

The switch capacitor converter core may include a plurality of power transistor switches and a pump capacitor, and the conversion gain ratio provided by the switch capacitor converter core may be 1/2, 2/3, 1, 3/2 or 2.

The adaptive ADC in the input adjusting device may include a comparator and a plurality of latches, the latches being connected with the comparator and configured to generate data of a predetermined number of digits according to a result from the comparator, the data describing ratio between the reference voltage and the input voltage, and being used to set the required conversion gain ratio.

The clock generator may include a comparator; a logic circuit connected with the comparator and configured to drive the comparator; and a clock signal generator connected with the logic circuit and configured to output two clock signals. The two clock signals may be transmitted to the switch signal router and the switch driver, and further configured to control the switch capacitor converter core.

In yet another aspect, the present patent application provides a DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices. The DC-DC converter includes: a switch capacitor converter core including a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage; a switch driver connected with the switch capacitor converter core and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core so as to supply power to a load receiving the output voltage; a switch signal router connected with the switch driver and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver; a gain selection decoder connected with the switch signal router; a gain controller connected with the gain selection decoder, the gain selection decoder being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller; an input adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; an output adjusting device connected with the gain controller and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller; a clock generator connected with the switch signal router, the gain controller and the output adjusting device; and a counter connected with the gain controller.

The input adjusting device may include an adaptive ADC configured to determine a required conversion gain ratio based on the input voltage and the reference voltage, and a control logic circuit connected with the adaptive ADC and configured to control the adaptive ADC.

The output adjusting device may include a plurality of comparators and a control logic circuit connected with the comparators.

The gain controller may be configured to control the conversion gain ratio required by the switch capacitor converter core according to information provided by the input adjusting device and the output adjusting device, the conversion gain ratio being the ratio between the output voltage and the input voltage.

When the output voltage is in a threshold range below the reference voltage, the gain controller may be turned off, and switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core may be adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage gradually approaches the reference voltage.

When the output voltage is equal to or greater than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core may stop its switching operations.

When the output voltage is lower than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core may be configured to resume its switching operations.

The switch capacitor converter core may include a plurality of power transistor switches and a pump capacitor, and the conversion gain ratio provided by the switch capacitor converter core may be 1/2, 2/3, 1, 3/2 or 2.

The adaptive ADC in the input adjusting device may include a comparator and a plurality of latches, the latches being connected with the comparator and configured to generate data of a predetermined number of digits according to a result from the comparator, the data describing ratio between the reference voltage and the input voltage, and being used to set the required conversion gain ratio.

The clock generator may include a comparator; a logic circuit connected with the comparator and configured to drive the comparator; and a clock signal generator connected with the logic circuit and configured to output two clock signals. The two clock signals may be transmitted to the switch signal router and the switch driver, and further configured to control the switch capacitor converter core.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices in accordance with an embodiment of the present patent application.

FIG. 2A is block diagram of an input adjusting device of the DC-DC converter depicted in FIG. 1.

FIG. 2B is block diagram of an output adjusting device of the DC-DC converter depicted in FIG. 1.

FIG. 3 is block diagram of a clock generator of the DC-DC converter depicted in FIG. 1.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Reference will now be made in detail to a preferred embodiment of the DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices disclosed in the present patent application, examples of which are also provided in the following description. Exemplary embodiments of the DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices disclosed in the present patent application are described in detail, although it will be apparent to those skilled in the relevant art that some features that are not particularly important to an understanding of the DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices may not be shown for the sake of clarity.

Furthermore, it should be understood that the DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices disclosed in the present patent application is not limited to the precise embodiments described below and that various changes and modifications thereof may be effected by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or scope of the protection. For example, elements and/or features of different illustrative embodiments may be combined with each other and/or substituted for each other within the scope of this disclosure.

FIG. 1 is a block diagram of a DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices in accordance with an embodiment of the present patent application. Referring to FIG. 1, the DC-DC converter for implantable medical devices includes a switch capacitor converter core 101 that includes a plurality of power transistor switches configured to receive an input voltage and output an output voltage; a switch driver 103 connected with the switch capacitor converter core 101 and configured to turn on corresponding power transistor switches in the switch capacitor converter core 101 so as to supply power to a load 104 receiving the output voltage; a switch signal router 105 connected with the switch driver 103 and configured to selectively transmit signals required by the switch driver 103; a gain selection decoder 107 connected with the switch signal router 105; a gain controller 109 connected with the gain selection decoder 107, the gain selection decoder 107 being configured to decode gain selection instructions transmitted from the gain controller 109; an input adjusting device 111 connected with the gain controller 109 and configured to receive the input voltage and a reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the input voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller 109; an output adjusting device 113 connected with the gain controller 109 and configured to receive the output voltage and the reference voltage, to indicate relationship between the output voltage and the reference voltage, and to transmit the relationship to the gain controller 109; a clock generator 115 connected with the switch signal router 105, the gain controller 109 and the output adjusting device 113; and a counter 117 connected with the gain controller 109.

FIG. 2A is block diagram of an input adjusting device of the DC-DC converter depicted in FIG. 1. Referring to FIG. 2A, in this embodiment, the input adjusting device 111 includes an adaptive ADC 201 configured to determine a required conversion gain ratio based on the input voltage and the reference voltage, and a control logic circuit 203 connected with the adaptive ADC 201 and configured to control the adaptive ADC 201. Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2A, in this embodiment, the adaptive ADC 201 in the input adjusting device 111 includes a comparator 204 and a plurality of latches 205. The latches 205 are connected with the comparator 204 and configured to generate data of a predetermined number of digits according to a result from the comparator 204. In this embodiment, the predetermined number of digits is 3. The 3 digit data describes ratio between the reference voltage and the input voltage, and is used to set the required conversion gain ratio. When the input voltage changes by a small amount, the 3 digit data generated by the latches 205 remains unchanged. When the input voltage changes by a relatively large amount, the 3 digit data generated by the latches 205 changes so as to change the conversion gain ratio.

FIG. 2B is block diagram of an output adjusting device of the DC-DC converter depicted in FIG. 1. Referring to FIG. 2B, in this embodiment, the output adjusting device 113 includes a plurality of comparators 211 and a control logic circuit 213 connected with the comparators 211. Each of the comparators 211 in the output adjusting device 113 includes a read amplifier. The use of the read amplifier helps with further lowering the system power consumption.

Referring to FIG. 1, the gain controller 109 is configured to control the conversion gain ratio required by the switch capacitor converter core 101 according to information provided by the input adjusting device 111 and the output adjusting device 113. The conversion gain ratio is the ratio between the output voltage and the input voltage.

In this embodiment, when the output voltage is sufficiently close to the reference voltage, for example, when the output voltage is in a threshold range below the reference voltage, the gain controller 109 is turned off, and the switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core 101 is adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage gradually approaches the reference voltage and fine-tuning of the output voltage is realized. When the output voltage reaches or exceeds the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core 101 stops its switching operations. When the output voltage is lower than the reference voltage, the switch capacitor converter core 101 is configured to resume its switching operations.

More specifically, referring to FIG. 1, the switch capacitor converter core 101 includes a plurality of power transistor switches and a pump capacitor. The conversion gain ratio may be greater or less than 1. In this embodiment, the conversion gain ratio provided by the switch capacitor converter core 101 may be 1/2, 2/3, 1, 3/2 or 2. The gain controller 109 includes a digital circuit. When the output voltage is out of a predetermined range (the reference voltage ±a predetermined threshold), the digital circuit, through adjusting the conversion gain ratio, adjusts the output voltage by a relatively great amount, therefore realizing rough adjustment of the output voltage through adaptive power control.

When the output voltage is in the predetermined range (the reference voltage ±a predetermined threshold), the gain controller 109 is turned off, the switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core 101 is adjusted by discrete amounts based on a DFS (Discrete-frequency Scaling) algorithm so that the output voltage is fine tuned. The counter 117 is configured to count a predetermined number of clock periods every time after the switching frequency of the switch capacitor converter core 101 is changed, so that there is sufficient time for the output voltage to respond to the change. In this embodiment, the predetermined threshold is less than or equal to 10% of the reference voltage.

FIG. 3 is block diagram of a clock generator of the DC-DC converter depicted in FIG. 1. Referring to FIG. 3, the clock generator 115 includes a comparator 301; a logic circuit 303 connected with the comparator 301 and configured to drive the comparator 301; and a clock signal generator 305 connected with the logic circuit 303 and configured to output two clock signals A and B. The two clock signals A and B are transmitted to the switch signal router 105 and the switch driver 103, and further configured to control the switch capacitor converter core 101. In this embodiment, the input of the comparator 301 is the output voltage and the reference voltage.

In another embodiment, when the output voltage is greater than the reference voltage, the switch driver 103 controls the power transistors in the switch capacitor converter core 101 to stop switching operations. This design further lowers power consumption of the system and limits the overshoot of the output voltage.

In the above embodiments, the DC-DC converter has a small chip area, circuits with low complexity, and high configurability, implementing the controlling method that combines the rough adjustment (adaptive power control) and the find adjustment (DFS) of the output voltage so that the DC-DC converter satisfies the requirements on the output voltage and the load in a wide range, and is especially suitable for supplying power to implantable medical devices. In addition, when the output voltage is greater than the reference voltage, the switch driver is configured to control the power transistors of the switch capacitor converter core 101 to stop switching operations, which not only limits overshoot of the output voltage, but also further decreases power consumption of the system, so that the working efficiency of the system is improved.

While the present patent application has been shown and described with particular references to a number of embodiments thereof, it should be noted that various other changes or modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention.

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23.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

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Market Coverage

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Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

26.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

15.0/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Voltage/current control system for a human tissue stimulator ALFRED E. MANN FOUNDATION FOR SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH 12 October 1994 04 June 1996
Power control loop for implantable tissue stimulator ADVANCED BIONICS CORPORATION 19 September 1997 02 March 1999
Systems and methods for locating and/or characterizing intragastric devices OBALON THERAPEUTICS, INC. 09 October 2015 04 February 2016
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