Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

Voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10020725

Application Number

US14/049439

Application Date

09 October 2013

Publication Date

10 July 2018

Current Assignee

SITRONIX TECHNOLOGY CORP

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SITRONIX TECHNOLOGY CORP.

International Classification

G05F1/00,H02M3/156

Cooperative Classification

H02M3/156

Inventor

SU, CHUNG-HSIN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10020725 Voltage boosting circuit capable 1 US10020725 Voltage boosting circuit capable 2 US10020725 Voltage boosting circuit capable 3
See all images <>

Abstract

The present invention relates to a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, which comprises an inductor, a switching module, and a control circuit. The inductor is coupled to an input for receiving an input power. The switching module is coupled among the inductor, a ground, and an output for switching so that the input power can charge the inductor and produce charged energy, or for switching so that the charged energy of the inductor can discharge to the output and produce an output voltage. The control circuit outputs at least a control signal according to the charged energy and the output voltage for controlling the switching module to switch the inductor and provide the input power to the output, to switch the charged energy of the inductor to discharge to the output, or to switch the input power to charge the inductor.

Read more

Claims

1. A voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, comprising: an inductor, having a first terminal and a second terminal, and said first terminal of said inductor coupled to an input power for receiving a power supply voltage; a switching module, coupled among said second terminal of said inductor, a ground, and an output terminal of said voltage boosting circuit, used for switching to couple said second terminal of said inductor and said ground for enabling said input power to charge said inductor and producing a charged energy, or used for switching to couple said second terminal of said inductor and said output terminal for enabling said charged energy of said inductor to discharge to said output terminal for increasing an output voltage at said output terminal; a control circuit, outputting at least a control signal according to a capacity of said charged energy for controlling said switching module to switch and enable said charged energy of said inductor to discharge to said output terminal or controlling said switching module to switch and enable said input power to charge said inductor, said control circuit prior to an initial charging detects said output voltage and determines if said output voltage is less than said power supply voltage and configures the switch module to provide said power supply voltage to the output for charging a capacitor of a display panel whereby the output voltage is charged to the level of the power supply voltage; and an output-voltage detecting unit coupled to said control circuit for sending a voltage detecting signal to said control circuit when a predetermined value of the power supply voltage is detected; wherein said control circuit includes an adjustable predetermined value of said power supply voltage to modulate said duty cycle of a charging time or a discharging time, and said control circuit automatically adjusts said adjustable predetermined value of said power supply voltage to decrease or increase said duty cycle of a subsequent charging time or a subsequent discharging time for said output voltage according to said charged energy.

2. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein when said output voltage is lower than said input power, said control circuit controls said switching module to switch said inductor for providing said input power to said output terminal.

3. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein when said output voltage is higher than a predetermined voltage, said switching module turns off a path between said second terminal of said inductor and said ground and a path between said second terminal of said inductor and said output terminal of said voltage boosting circuit according to said at least control signal.

4. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein said switching module comprises: a first switch, coupled between said second terminal of said inductor and said ground, and turned on according to a first switching signal of said at least control signal for connecting said second terminal of said inductor to said ground; and a second switch, coupled between said second terminal of said inductor and said output terminal of said voltage boosting circuit, and turned on according to a second switching signal of said at least control signal for connecting said second terminal of said inductor to said output terminal of said voltage boosting circuit.

5. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein said control circuit comprises: a current detecting unit, detecting an output current between said second terminal of said inductor and said output of said voltage boosting circuit for knowing the capacity of said charged energy, and generating a current detecting signal according to said output current; and the control circuit outputting said control signal according said current detecting signal and said voltage detecting signal.

6. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein said control circuit comprises: a current detecting unit, detecting a charging current between said second terminal of said inductor and said ground, and generating a current detecting signal when said charging current is higher than a predetermined value; and the control circuit outputting said control signal according said current detecting signal and said voltage detecting signal.

7. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 6, wherein when said charging current is higher than said predetermined value, said current detecting unit outputs said current detecting signal for enabling said control unit to turn on the path between said second terminal of said inductor and said output of said voltage boosting circuit for finishing the charging time.

8. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 6, wherein when said charged energy of said inductor discharges to said output for the discharging time, said current detecting unit detects an output current between said second terminal of said inductor and said output of said voltage boosting circuit; if said output current is greater than a threshold value, said current detecting unit adjusts said predetermined value lower; and if said output current is less than or equal to said threshold value, said current detecting unit adjusts said predetermined value higher.

9. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein said control circuit comprises: a voltage detecting unit, detecting if a voltage level of said charged energy is equal to said output voltage, and generating a voltage detecting signal according to the voltage level of said charged energy; and the control unit circuit outputting said at least control signal according to said voltage detecting signal and said output-voltage detecting signal.

10. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein the capacitor is a pixel capacitor and said output voltage is output to the pixel capacitor for driving said display panel.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, comprising:
    • an inductor, having a first terminal and a second terminal, and said first terminal of said inductor coupled to an input power for receiving a power supply voltage
    • a switching module, coupled among said second terminal of said inductor, a ground, and an output terminal of said voltage boosting circuit, used for switching to couple said second terminal of said inductor and said ground for enabling said input power to charge said inductor and producing a charged energy, or used for switching to couple said second terminal of said inductor and said output terminal for enabling said charged energy of said inductor to discharge to said output terminal for increasing an output voltage at said output terminal
    • a control circuit, outputting at least a control signal according to a capacity of said charged energy for controlling said switching module to switch and enable said charged energy of said inductor to discharge to said output terminal or controlling said switching module to switch and enable said input power to charge said inductor, said control circuit prior to an initial charging detects said output voltage and determines if said output voltage is less than said power supply voltage and configures the switch module to provide said power supply voltage to the output for charging a capacitor of a display panel whereby the output voltage is charged to the level of the power supply voltage
    • and an output-voltage detecting unit coupled to said control circuit for sending a voltage detecting signal to said control circuit when a predetermined value of the power supply voltage is detected
    • wherein said control circuit includes an adjustable predetermined value of said power supply voltage to modulate said duty cycle of a charging time or a discharging time, and said control circuit automatically adjusts said adjustable predetermined value of said power supply voltage to decrease or increase said duty cycle of a subsequent charging time or a subsequent discharging time for said output voltage according to said charged energy.
    • 2. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein
      • when said output voltage is lower than said input power, said control circuit controls said switching module to switch said inductor for providing said input power to said output terminal.
    • 3. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein
      • when said output voltage is higher than a predetermined voltage, said switching module turns off a path between said second terminal of said inductor and said ground and a path between said second terminal of said inductor and said output terminal of said voltage boosting circuit according to said at least control signal.
    • 4. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein
      • said switching module comprises:
    • 5. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein
      • said control circuit comprises:
    • 6. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein
      • said control circuit comprises:
    • 9. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein
      • said control circuit comprises:
    • 10. The voltage boosting circuit of claim 1, wherein
      • the capacitor is a pixel capacitor and said output voltage is output to the pixel capacitor for driving said display panel.
See all independent claims <>

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates generally to a voltage boosting circuit, and particularly to a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Modern technologies are developing prosperously. Novel information products are introduced frequently for satisfying people's various needs. Most of the early displays are cathode ray tube (CRT) displays. Owing to their huge size, tremendous power consumption, and radiation threats to the health of long-term users, current commercial displays are gradually replaced by liquid crystal displays (LCDs). LCDs have the advantages of small size, low radiation, and low power consumption, making them become the mainstream in the market.

LCDs display images by controlling the transmissivity of liquid crystal cells according to data signals. Active-matrix LCDs adopt active control of switching devices. Thereby, they are beneficial in displaying motion pictures. Thin film transistors (TFTs) are mainly applied to related device of active-matrix LCDs.

Please refer to FIG. 1, which shows a schematic diagram of the displaying device according to the prior art. As shown in the figure, the displaying device comprises a display panel 10, a data driving circuit 14, and a charge pump 16. The data driving circuit 14 comprises a plurality of digital-to-analog converting circuits (DAC) 141 and a plurality of operational amplifiers 143. The plurality of digital-to-analog converting circuits 141 produce a selecting voltage Vsel to the plurality of operational amplifiers 143, respectively. The plurality of operational amplifiers 143 generate a plurality of driving signals SL to a plurality of equivalent capacitors C of the display panel 10 according to the selecting voltage Vsel, respectively, for driving the display panel to display images. The charge pump 16 is connected to the differential circuits 1431 of the plurality of operational amplifiers 143 and the driving circuits simultaneously, and supplies a fixed supply voltage VP to the differential circuits 1431 and the driving circuits 1433 according to a reference voltage VDD to make them operate.

According to the above description, the charge pump 16 of the displaying device according to the prior art provides the fixed supply voltage VP to the differential circuits 1431 and the driving circuits 1433, so that the operational amplifiers 143 can generate the plurality of driving signals SL. Nonetheless, the shortcoming of this method is that no matter the voltage required by the plurality of equivalent capacitors C of the display panel is greater or smaller than the reference voltage VDD, the charge pump 16 provides invariably the supply voltage VP to the plurality of operational amplifiers 143. Thereby, when no excessively high supply voltage VP is required, that excessively high supply voltage VP results in excess power consumption.

Accordingly, for solving the problem described above, the present invention provides a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, which supplies the power required by a loading by charging and discharging an inductor and modulating the duty cycle automatically according to the power required by the loading. Thereby, the purposes of reducing excess power consumption and saving power can be achieved.

SUMMARY

An objective of the present invention is to provide a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, which supplies the power required by a loading by charging and discharging an inductor and modulating the duty cycle automatically according to the power required by the loading. Thereby, the purpose of saving power can be achieved.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, which judges if the inductor in the voltage boosting circuit has completed discharging according to the output current or output voltage of the inductor during discharging. Besides, the discharging time of the inductor is adjusted automatically according to the power required by the loading for reducing the power consumption of the voltage boosting circuit and achieving the purpose of saving power.

Still another objective of the present invention is to provide a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, which judges if the inductor in the voltage boosting circuit has completed charging according to the charging current of the inductor during charging. Besides, the charging time of the inductor is adjusted automatically according to the power required by the loading for reducing the power consumption of the voltage boosting circuit and achieving the purpose of saving power.

A further objective of the present invention is to provide a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, which knows the charged energy stored in the inductor in the voltage boosting circuit by detecting the output current of the inductor during discharging. Besides, the charging time of the inductor is adjusted automatically according to the power required by the loading for reducing the power consumption of the voltage boosting circuit and achieving the purpose of saving power.

For achieving the purposes and effects described above, the present invention discloses a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, which comprises an inductor, a switching module, and a control circuit. The inductor has a first terminal and a second terminal. The first terminal of the inductor is coupled to an input for receiving an input power. The switching module is coupled among the second terminal of the inductor, a ground, and an output of the voltage boosting circuit for switching and conducting the second terminal of the inductor to the ground so that the input power can charge the inductor and produce charged energy, or for switching and conducting the second terminal of the inductor to the output so that the charged energy of the inductor can discharge to the output and produce an output voltage. The control circuit outputs at least a control signal according to the capacity of the charged energy and the output voltage for controlling the switching module to switch the inductor and provide the input power to the output, to switch the charged energy of the inductor to discharge to the output, or to switch the input power to charge the inductor.

The present invention further discloses a voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically, which comprises an inductor, a switching module, and a control circuit. The inductor has a first terminal and a second terminal. The first terminal of the inductor is coupled to a ground. The switching module is coupled among the second terminal of the inductor, an input, and an output of the voltage boosting circuit for switching and conducting the second terminal of the inductor to the input so that the inductor can receive the input power for charging and producing charged energy, or for switching and conducting the second terminal of the inductor to the output so that the charged energy of the inductor can discharge to the ground and produce an output voltage. The control circuit outputs at least a control signal according to the capacity of the charged energy and the output voltage for controlling the switching module to switch the output to discharge to the ground, to switch the charged energy of the inductor to discharge to the ground, or to switch the input power to charge the inductor.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 shows a schematic diagram of the displaying device according to the prior art;

FIG. 2 shows a schematic diagram of the displaying device according a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 3 shows a circuit diagram of the operational amplifier according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 4 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the first embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 5 shows a waveform of the charging current of the inductor according to the present invention;

FIG. 6 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the first embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 7 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the second embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 8 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the third embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 9 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 10 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 11 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 12 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 13 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the sixth embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 14 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the seventh embodiment of the present invention;

FIG. 15 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the eighth embodiment of the present invention; and

FIG. 16 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the eighth embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

In the specifications and subsequent claims, certain words are used for representing specific devices. A person having ordinary skill in the art should know that hardware manufacturers might use different nouns to call the same device. In the specifications and subsequent claims, the differences in names are not used for distinguishing devices. Instead, the differences in functions are the guidelines for distinguishing. In the whole specifications and subsequent claims, the word “comprising” is an open language and should be explained as “comprising but not limited to”. Beside, the word “couple” includes any direct and indirect electrical connection. Thereby, if the description is that a first device is coupled to a second device, it means that the first device is connected electrically to the second device directly, or the first device is connected electrically to the second device via other device or connecting means indirectly.

In order to make the structure and characteristics as well as the effectiveness of the present invention to be further understood and recognized, the detailed description of the present invention is provided as follows along with embodiments and accompanying figures.

Please refer to FIG. 2, which shows a schematic diagram of the displaying device according a preferred embodiment of the present invention. As shown in the figure, the displaying device comprises a display panel 20, a data driving circuit 24, and a voltage boosting circuit 26. The data driving circuit 24 comprises a plurality of digital-to-analog converting circuits (DAC) 241 and a plurality of operational amplifiers 243. The plurality of digital-to-analog converting circuits 241 produce a selecting voltage Vsel to the plurality of operational amplifiers 243, respectively. The plurality of operational amplifiers 243 generate a plurality of driving signals SL to a plurality of equivalent capacitors C of the display panel 20 according to the selecting voltage Vsel, respectively, for driving the display panel to display images. The voltage boosting circuit 26 is connected to the driving circuits 2433 of the plurality of operational amplifiers 243 only and supplies a supply voltage VP1 to the driving circuits 2433 to make them operate; the voltage boosting circuit 26 is connected to differential circuits 2431. In addition, the differential circuits 2431 of the operational amplifiers 243 and the digital-to-analog converting circuits 241 operate according to other power supplies.

Please refer to FIG. 3, which shows a circuit diagram of the operational amplifier according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. As shown in the figure, the differential circuit 2431 of the operational amplifier 243 comprises a plurality of transistors M1˜M4 coupled to a voltage boosting unit 28 and a current source CS1 and outputting a supply voltage VP2 and the selecting voltage Vsel according to the voltage boosting unit 28 for producing a differential voltage Vd. The driving circuit 2433 of the operational amplifier 243 comprises a transistor M5 coupled to a voltage boosting circuit 26 and a current source CS2 and producing the driving signal SL according to the supply voltage VP1 output by the voltage boosting circuit 26 and the differential voltage Vd for driving the display panel 20 to display images. Accordingly, the voltage boosting circuit 26 is coupled to the driving circuits 2433 of the operational amplifiers 243 only but not to the differential circuits 2431.

Besides, when the operational amplifier 243 generates the driving signal SL, the differential circuit 2431 outputs the differential signal Vd to the transistor M5 and turns on the transistor M5. Then the supply voltage VP1 can be provided directly to the driving signal SL to enable the level of the driving signal SL output by the operational amplifier 243 to reach the level required by the loading (for example, the plurality of equivalent capacitors C of the display panel 20).

Please refer to FIG. 4, which shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the first embodiment of the present invention. As shown in the figure, the voltage boosting circuit 26 comprises an inductor L, a switching module, and a control circuit. A first terminal of the inductor L is coupled to an input of the voltage boosting circuit 26 for receiving an input power VDD. The switching module is used for switching and conducting the second terminal of the inductor L to the ground GND so that the input power VDD can charge the inductor L and produce charged energy, or for switching and conducting the second terminal of the inductor L to the output of the voltage boosting circuit 26 so that the charged energy of the inductor L can discharge to the output and produce an output voltage VOUT. The control circuit outputs at least a control signal according to the capacity of the charged energy and the output voltage VOUT for controlling the switching module to switch the inductor L and provide the input power VDD to the output, to switch the charged energy of the inductor L to discharge to the output, or to switch the input power VDD to charge the inductor L. The output voltage VOUT can be used as, but not limited to, the supply voltage VP1 in FIG. 3.

According to the present embodiment, the switching module comprises a plurality of switches SW1, SW2. The switch SW1 is coupled between the second terminal of the inductor L and the ground GND and connects electrically the second terminal of the inductor L to the ground GND according to a switching signal S1 of the control signal.

The switch SW2 is coupled to the second terminal of the inductor L and the output of the voltage boosting circuit 26 and connects electrically the second terminal of the inductor L to the output of the voltage boosting circuit 26 according to a switching signal S2 of the control signal. The control circuit comprises a current detecting unit 261, an output-voltage detecting unit 263, and a control unit 265. The current detecting unit 261 is used for detecting an output current IO between the second terminal of the inductor L and the output of the voltage boosting circuit 26 for knowing the capacity of the charged energy in the inductor L. The current detecting unit 261 also generates a current detecting signal IS according to the output current IO. In other words, the current detecting unit 261 detects the output current IO for generating the current detecting signal IS. The output-voltage detecting unit 263 is used for detecting the output voltage VOUT and generates an output-voltage detecting signal VOS according to the output voltage VOUT. The control unit 265 receives the current detecting signal IS and the output-voltage detecting signal VOS and outputs the control signal according to the current detecting signal IS and the output-voltage detecting signal VOS. The control signal includes the switching signals S1, S2. Namely, the control unit 265 controls the switching of the switching signals S1, S2 according to the current detecting signal IS and the output-voltage detecting signal VOS.

Please refer to FIG. 5, which shows a waveform of the charging current of the inductor according to the present invention. As shown in the figure, when the inductor L is being charged, the inductor L starts to store the charged energy. In other words, a current IL, as shown in FIG. 4, starts to increase gradually until the rated value of the charged energy of the inductor L. When the inductor L starts discharging, at the transient of discharging, an extremely high voltage will occur across the inductor L. If a discharge path appears, the charged energy stored in the inductor L will start to be released via the discharge path. That is to say, the stored current in the inductor L will start to decrease gradually until the stored current is released completely. Thereby, according to the present embodiment, by using the characteristics of the inductor L, this current IL (which is converted to the output current IO in FIG. 4) is detected for judging if the inductor L has completed discharging. Then the discharging time of the inductor can be adjusted automatically according to the power required by the loading for reducing the power consumption of the voltage boosting circuit and saving power. In the following, how to module the duty cycle by means of the characteristics of the inductor L for supplying the power required by the loading is described in details.

Please refer to FIG. 6, which shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the first embodiment of the present invention. As shown in the figure, initially, because the output voltage VOUT is lower than the input power VDD, the control unit 265 outputs the low-level switching signal S1 and the high-level switching signal S2 for turning off the switch SW1 and turning on the switch SW2. Thereby, in the time T1, the input power VDD is output directly to the output and producing the output voltage VOUT. For the embodiment in FIGS. 2 and 3, the output voltage VOUT is used as the supply voltage VP1 and is converted to the driving signal SL by the driving circuit 2433 for charging the equivalent capacitor C of the display panel 20. Thereby, the output voltage VOUT will be charged to the level of the input power VDD.

Next, when the output voltage VOUT is charged to the level of the input power VDD, because the voltage levels of the input and the output are identical, there will be no current flowing through. Hence, the output current IO detected by the current detecting unit 261 is 0 A, and the current detecting unit 261 outputs the high-level current detecting signal IS to make the control unit 265 output the high-level switching signal S1 and the low-level switching signal S2 for turning on the switch SW1 and turning off the switch SW2. Then the input power VDD charges the inductor L for a charging time TC1 to store the charged energy to the inductor L. As the charging is finished, the switching signal Sr is changed to low and the switching signal S2 is changed to high for turning off the switch SW1 and turning on the switch SW2. In the discharging time TDC1, the charged energy in the inductor L starts to discharge to the output; at the transient when the switch SW1 is turned off the voltage level at the node P will increase rapidly. When the switch SW2 is turned on, the charged energy in the inductor L starts to discharge to the output and decreases gradually as discharging to the output. As the inductor L discharges, the output voltage at the output VOUT is charged gradually and increases. In addition, according to the Lenz's Law, when the inductor L is discharged completely, namely, when the output current IO is zero, the voltage level at the node P will be identical to the level of the output voltage VOUT which is 1.5 times the input power VDD according to the present embodiment. In practice, the voltage level at the node P is determined by the inductance of the inductor L and the loading at the output.

When the voltage level at the node P is identical to the level of the output voltage VOUT, the output current IO detected by the current detecting unit 261 is 0 A, which makes the control unit 265 to turn on the switch SW1 and turn off the switch SW2 via the switching signals S1, S2. Then the input power VDD charges the inductor L for a charging time TC2. After charging, the switching signal S1 is changed to low and the switching signal S2 is changed to high for turning off the switch SW1 and turning on the switch SW2. Afterwards, in a discharging time TDC2, the inductor L discharges to the output. According to the present embodiment, a predetermined voltage is 1.8 times the input power VDD. Thereby, when the output voltage increases to greater than 1.8 times the input power VDD, the output-voltage detecting unit 263 outputs the high-level output-voltage detecting signal VOS, which makes the control unit 265 to output low-level switching signals S1, S2 simultaneously for turning off the switches SW1, SW2 at the same time. Then the charging and discharging of the voltage boosting circuit 26 is stopped and entering a stop time T2.

In the stop time T2, the voltage boosting circuit 26 does not charge or discharge. If there is power consumption at the output, the output voltage VOUT will decrease gradually. As the output voltage VOUT is lower than the predetermined voltage, the output-voltage detecting unit 263 changes the output-voltage detecting signal VOS to low according to the output voltage VOUT. Thereby, the switching signal S1 is changed to high and the switching signal S2 is kept low for turning on the switch SW1 and turning off the switch SW2. After the input power VDD restarts charging the inductor L for a charging time TC3, the switching signal S1 is changed to low and the switching signal S2 is kept high and entering a discharging time TDC3, in which the inductor L discharges to the output until the output voltage VOUT is higher than the predetermined voltage again. Then, the output-voltage detecting signal VOS is changed to high for turning off the switches SW1, SW2 again.

According to the above description, the voltage boosting circuit 26 according to the present embodiment uses the fixed predetermined charging times TC1, TC2, TC3 to charge the inductor L to the same charged energy. In addition, in each of the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3, the charge energy is discharged completely to the output. As the output voltage VOUT increases gradually, each of the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3 becomes shorter. Moreover, the following equation can be given:

VOUTVDD=TSTS1off=11-D(1)

TS is the period of each charging-discharging cycle and equal to, for example, TC1+TDC1 or TC2+TDC2. TS1off is the discharging time corresponding to the charging-discharging cycle TS, for example, TDC1 or TDC2. D is the percentage of charging time in each charging-discharging cycle. For example, D is the percentage of TC1 in TC1+TDC1.

Please refer to FIG. 7, which shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the second embodiment of the present invention. The difference between the present embodiment and the first embodiment is that the current detecting unit 261 of the control circuit according to the present embodiment is coupled between the second terminal of the inductor L and the node P. The rest is the same as the first embodiment. Hence, the details will not be described again.

Because the current flowing through the inductor L increases as the stored charged energy increases, as shown in FIG. 5, according to the present embodiment, a charging current IC flowing through the inductor L is detected in the charging time TC1, TC2, or TC3 for judging if charging of the inductor L has completed. This is different from the first embodiment, in which the charging times TC1, TC2, TC3 are predetermined to be identical. The waveforms of the present embodiment are the same as those in FIG. 6. In the time T1 or the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3, as in the first Embodiment, the switch SW1 is turned off and the switch SW2 is turned on. Thereby, the current detecting unit 261 detects the output current IO for judging if the inductor L has completed discharging. In the charging time TC1, TC2, or TC3, because the switch SW1 is turned on and the switch SW2 is turned off, the current detecting unit 261 changes to detect the charging current IC. When the charging current IC is higher than a predetermined value, the current detecting unit 261 outputs the low-level current detecting signal IS, which makes the control unit 265 to turn off the switch SW1 and turn on the switch SW2 for finishing the charging time TC1, TC2, or TC3.

Please refer to FIG. 8, which shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the third embodiment of the present invention. The circuit diagram according to the present embodiment is the same as FIG. 7 according to the second embodiment. The difference is that the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3 are predetermined and fixed. In addition, the current detecting unit 261 detects the current value of the output current IO when the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3 are finished for knowing if the charged energy stored in the inductor L during the previous charging time TC1, TC2, or TC3 is too much or too few. If so, the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted for further adjusting the charging time.

As shown in the figure, when the time T1 is passed and the output voltage VOUT is charged to the level of the input power VDD, the current detecting unit 261 detects that the output current IO is 0 A and outputs the high-level current detecting signal IS, which makes the control unit 265 output the high-level switching signal S1 and the low-level switching signal S2 for turning on the switch SW1 and turning off the switch SW2 and entering the charging time TC1 to charge the inductor L by the input power VDD. When the charging current IC is higher than the predetermined value, it means completion of charging: the current detecting unit 261 outputs the low-level current detecting signal IS to the control unit 265 to make the control unit 265 output the low-level switching signal S1 and the high-level switching signal S2 for turning off the switch SW1 and turning on the switch SW2 and entering the discharging time TDC1. After the fixed and predetermined discharging time TDC1, the current detecting unit 261 adjusts its predetermined value according to the output current IO at the moment. According to the present embodiment, the output current IO after the discharging time TDC1 is smaller than a threshold value of the current detecting unit 261, which means that the charged energy stored in the inductor L during the charging time TC1 is too few. Thereby, the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted higher, namely, increasing the next charging time TC2.

Because the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted higher, the charging time TC2 will be longer than the charging time TC1, making the charged energy stored in the inductor L more. After the charging time TC2 is finished, the discharging time TDC2 starts. As the output voltage VOUT is higher than the predetermined voltage, 1.8 times the input power VDD, the output-voltage detecting unit 263 also outputs the high-level output-voltage detecting signal VOS for turning off the switches SW1, SW2 simultaneously and entering the stop time T2. When the output voltage VOUT decreases below the predetermined voltage, the output voltage-detecting signal VOS is changed to low for turning on the switch SW1 and turning off the switch SW2 and entering the charging time TC3. Then the input power VDD will charge the inductor L again.

According to the above description, the voltage boosting circuit 26 according to the present embodiment uses the fixed predetermined discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3 to discharge the inductor L to the output. When the discharging time TDC1, TDC2, or TDC3 is finished, the current detecting unit 261 is used for detecting the output current IO. If the output current IO is greater than the threshold value, it means that the charging time is too long and the charged energy is too much. Then the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted lower. If the output current IO is smaller than the threshold value, it means that the charging time is too short and the charged energy is too few. Then the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted higher for adjusting the charging time of the inductor L.

When the threshold value of the current detecting unit 261 is set to 0 A and the discharging time TDC1, TDC1, TDC2 or TDC3 is finished, if there is still the output current IO, it means that the charging time is too long and the charged energy is too much; if there is no output current IO, it means that the charging time is too short and the charged energy is too few.

Please refer to FIGS. 9 and 10. FIG. 9 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 10 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. The difference between the present embodiment and the first embodiment is that according to the present embodiment, a voltage detecting unit 262 replaces the current detecting unit 261 according to the first embodiment. The rest circuit and principle are the same as the first embodiment. Hence, the details will not be described again.

As shown in the figure, the voltage detecting unit 262 is coupled to the node P and the output. After the time T1, when the output voltage VOUT is charged to the level of the input power VDD, because the voltage levels of the input and the output of the voltage boosting circuit 26 are identical, there will be no current passing between the two nodes. Accordingly, the voltage detecting unit 262 will detect no voltage difference between the node P and the output and output the high-level voltage detecting signal VS, which makes the control unit 265 to output the high-level switching signal S1 and the low-level switching signal S2 for turning on the switch SW1 and turning off the switch SW) and entering the charging time TC1. Besides, as described in the first embodiment, after the discharging time TDC1 and discharging of the charged energy in the inductor L to the output has finished, the voltage level of the node P is equal to the output voltage VOUT. Thereby, the voltage detecting unit 262 will also detect no voltage difference between the node P and the output and output the high-level voltage detecting signal VS. The rest can be deduced by analogy. According to the above description, the first embodiment uses the method of detecting current, while the present embodiment uses the method of detecting voltage for judging if discharging of the inductor L has finished or not.

Please refer to FIGS. 11 and 12. FIG. 11 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 12 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention. As shown in FIG. 11, the difference between the present embodiment and the first embodiment is the connection of the inductor L with and switching module. The first terminal of the inductor L is coupled to the ground GND; the switch SW1 of the switching module is coupled between the input power VDD and the second terminal of the inductor L. The rest is the same as the first embodiment.

As shown in FIG. 12, initially, the level of the output voltage VOUT is unknown. It could be any level between the input power VDD and the ground GND. Assuming that the output voltage VOUT is equal to the input power VDD, which is greater than the level of the ground GNS (0V), the control unit 265 will output the low-level switching signal S1 and the high-level switching signal S2 for turning off the switch SW1 and turning on the switch SW2. Consequently, in the time T1, the output will discharge to the ground GND via the inductor L, and thus making the output voltage VOUT decrease to 0V of the ground GND. At this moment, because the voltage levels of the output and the ground GND are identical, there will be no current flowing between the two nodes. Hence, the current detecting unit 261 will detect the output current IO to be 0 A and output the high-level current detecting signal IS, which makes the control unit 265 output the high-level switching signal S1 and the low-level switching signal S2 for turning on the switch SW1 and turning off the switch SW2. Thereby, the input power VDD will charge the inductor L for the charging time TC1 for producing the charged energy.

After charging is finished, the switching signal S1 is changed to low and the switching signal S2 is changed to high for turning off the switch SW1 and turning on the switch SW2 and entering the discharging time TDC1. At this moment, the first terminal of the inductor L is coupled to the ground GND and the second terminal thereof generates a negative voltage. At the transient when the switch SW2 is turned on, the output will discharge to the ground GND via the switch SW2 and the inductor L. The voltage across the inductor L will increase rapidly and then decrease gradually as discharging to the ground GND proceeds. The output voltage VOUT of the output will also decrease gradually. In addition, like in the first embodiment, after discharging of the inductor L is finished, namely, when the output current IO is zero, the voltage level of the node P will be equal to the level of the output voltage VOUT, which is equal to minus 0.5 times the input power VDD.

When the voltage level of the node P is equal to the level of the output voltage VOUT, the current detecting unit 261 detects the output current IO to be 0 A, which makes the control unit 265 to turn on the switch SW1 and turn off the switch SW2 using the switching signals S1, S2. Then the input power VDD charges the inductor L for the charging time TC2. After charging is finished, the switching signal S1 is changed to low and the switching signal S2 is changed to high for turning off the switch SW1 and turning on the switch SW2 and entering the discharging time TDC2, in which the inductor L discharges to the ground GND. Because the predetermined voltage according to the present embodiment is minus 0.8 times the input power VDD, as the output voltage VOUT decreases below minus 0.8 times the input power VDD, the output-voltage detecting unit 263 outputs the high-level output-voltage detecting signal VOS to make the control unit 265 output the low-level switching signals S1, S2 simultaneously for turning off the switches SW1, SW2 at the same time. Thereby, charging and discharging of the voltage boosting circuit 26 are stopped and entering the stop time T2.

In the stop time T2, the voltage boosting circuit 26 does not charge or discharge. Hence, if there is power consumption at the output, the output voltage VOUT will increase gradually. When the output voltage VOUT is higher than the predetermined voltage, the output-voltage detecting unit 263 changes the output-voltage detecting signal VOS to low according to the output voltage VOUT. Thereby, the switching signal S1 is changed to high and the switching signal S2 is kept low for turning on the switch SW1 and turning off the switch SW2. After the input power VDD restarts to charge the inductor L for the charging time TC3, the switching signal S1 is changed to low and the switching signal S2 is changed to high and entering the discharging time TDC3, in which the inductor L discharges to the ground GND until the output voltage VOUT is lower than the predetermined voltage again. Then the output-voltage detecting signal VOS is changed to high for turning off the switches SW1, SW2 again.

According to the above description, the principle of the voltage boosting circuit 26 according to the present embodiment is the same as that according to the first embodiment, in which the fixed predetermined charging times TC1, TC2, TC3 are used to charge the inductor L to the same charged energy. In addition, in each of the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3, the charge energy is discharged completely to the ground GND and decreasing the output voltage VOUT gradually. As the output voltage VOUT decreases, each of the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3 becomes shorter. In addition, by using the connection of the inductor L and the switch SW1 according to the present embodiment, the output voltage VOUT at the output can be negative.

Please refer to FIG. 13, which shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the sixth embodiment of the present invention. The present embodiment combines the second and fifth embodiments. According to the present embodiment, the current detecting unit 261 of the control circuit is coupled between the second terminal of the inductor L and the node P.

Like the second embodiment, according to the present embodiment, the charging current IC flowing through the inductor L is detected in the charging time TC1, TC2, or TC3 for judging if charging of the inductor L has completed. This is different from the fifth embodiment, in which the charging times TC1, TC2, TC3 are predetermined. The waveforms according the present embodiment are the same as FIG. 12. In the time T1 or the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3, like the fifth embodiment, the switch SW1 is turned off and the switch SW2 is turned on. Hence, the current detecting unit 261 detects the output current IO for judging if charging of the inductor L has completed. In the charging times TC1, TC2, TC3, because the switch SW1 is turned on and the switch SW2 is turned off, the current detecting unit 261 changes to detect the charging current IC. As the charging current IC is higher than the predetermined value, the current detecting unit 261 outputs the low-level current detecting signal IS for making the control unit 265 turn off the switch SW1 and turn on the switch SW2 for finishing the charging time TC1, TC2, or TC3.

Please refer to FIG. 14, which shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the seventh embodiment of the present invention. The circuit diagram according to the present embodiment is identical to FIG. 13 according to the sixth embodiment. The difference is that the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3 according to the present embodiment are predetermined and fixed. Besides, the current detecting unit 261 is used for the output current IO when the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3 are finished for knowing that the charged energy stored in the inductor L is too much or too few. If the charged energy is too much or too few, the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted and thus further adjusting the charging time. The principle of this part is like the third embodiment. The voltage boosting circuit 26 according to the present embodiment enables the inductor L to discharge to the output in fixed and predetermined discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3. When the discharging times TDC1, TDC2, TDC3 are finished, the current detecting unit 261 is used for detecting the output current IO. If the output current IO is greater than the threshold value, it means that the charging time is too long and the charged energy is too much, then the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted lower; if the output current IO is smaller than the threshold value, it means that the charging time is too short and the charged energy is too few. Then the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted higher. If there is no output current IO, it means that the charging time is too short and the charged energy is too few. Hence, the predetermined value of the current detecting unit 261 is adjusted higher for adjusting the charging time of the inductor L.

Please refer to FIGS. 15 and 16. FIG. 15 shows a circuit diagram of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the eighth embodiment of the present invention; FIG. 16 shows waveforms of the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the eighth embodiment of the present invention. The difference between the present embodiment and the fifth embodiment is that the voltage detecting unit 262 according to the present embodiment replaces the current detecting unit 261 according to the fifth embodiment. The rest circuit and the principle are the same as the fifth embodiment. Hence, the details will not be described again.

As shown in FIG. 16, after the time T1, when the output voltage VOUT is discharged to the level of the ground GND, because the voltage levels of the output and the ground GND are the same, there will be no current flowing between the two nodes. Accordingly, the voltage detecting unit 262 will detect no voltage difference between the node P and the output and output the high-level voltage detecting signal VS, which makes the control unit 265 to output the high-level switching signal S1 and the low-level switching signal S2 for turning on the switch SW1 and turning off the switch SW2 and entering the charging time TC1. Besides, as described in the fifth embodiment, after the discharging time TDC1 and discharging of the charged energy in the inductor L to the output has finished, the voltage level of the node P is equal to the output voltage VOUT. Thereby, the voltage detecting unit 262 will also detect no voltage difference between the node P and the output and output the high-level voltage detecting signal VS. The rest can be deduced by analogy.

To sum up, the voltage boosting circuit capable of modulating duty cycle automatically according to the present invention knows whether the inductor has completed charging or discharging or whether the output voltage has reached the predetermined voltage by using the control circuit to detect the charged energy and the output voltage of the inductor. Then the switching module is controlled according to the detection result to switch for switching the inductor automatically to charge, discharge, or stop charging and discharging and thus modulating the duty cycle of the voltage boosting circuit automatically. Thereby, the purposes of reducing power consumption and saving power can be achieved.

Accordingly, the present invention conforms to the legal requirements owing to its novelty, nonobviousness, and utility. However, the foregoing description is only embodiments of the present invention, not used to limit the scope and range of the present invention. Those equivalent changes or modifications made according to the shape, structure, feature, or spirit described in the claims of the present invention are included in the appended claims of the present invention.

Read more
PatSnap Solutions

Great research starts with great data.

Use the most comprehensive innovation intelligence platform to maximise ROI on research.

Learn More

Patent Valuation

$

Reveal the value <>

19.1/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

66.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

65.08/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

42.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

20.05/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Programmable Step-Up Switching Voltage Regulators with Adaptive Power MOSFETs ADVANCED ANALOGIC TECHNOLOGIES, INC. 07 July 2008 07 January 2010
Slope compensation circuit MICROSEMI CORPORATION 16 June 2005 21 December 2006
电压转换器 矽创电子股份有限公司 06 July 2012 24 October 2012
High efficiency PFM control for buck-boost converter INTERSIL AMERICAS LLC 30 December 2011 13 September 2012
Apparatus for recycling energy in a liquid cyrstal display INNOLUX CORPORATION 31 October 2002 26 June 2003
See full citation <>

More Patents & Intellectual Property

PatSnap Solutions

PatSnap solutions are used by R&D teams, legal and IP professionals, those in business intelligence and strategic planning roles and by research staff at academic institutions globally.

PatSnap Solutions
Search & Analyze
The widest range of IP search tools makes getting the right answers and asking the right questions easier than ever. One click analysis extracts meaningful information on competitors and technology trends from IP data.
Business Intelligence
Gain powerful insights into future technology changes, market shifts and competitor strategies.
Workflow
Manage IP-related processes across multiple teams and departments with integrated collaboration and workflow tools.
Contact Sales
Clsoe
US10020725 Voltage boosting circuit capable 1 US10020725 Voltage boosting circuit capable 2 US10020725 Voltage boosting circuit capable 3