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Patent Analysis of

Image forming apparatus having shutter for exposure unit and sensor unit and method for controlling the same

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10061224

Application Number

US15/672427

Application Date

09 August 2017

Publication Date

28 August 2018

Current Assignee

HP PRINTING KOREA CO., LTD.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

S-PRINTING SOLUTION CO., LTD.

International Classification

G03G15/00,G03G21/16,G03G15/043

Cooperative Classification

G03G21/1666,G03G15/5058,G03G15/0435,G03G2215/00059,G03G2221/1636

Inventor

HWANG, JEONG-WON,YOON, YOUNG-MIN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10061224 Image forming shutter 1 US10061224 Image forming shutter 2 US10061224 Image forming shutter 3
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Abstract

An image forming apparatus includes: a photoreceptor; an exposing unit comprising a light window and a light source; a developing unit; a transfer unit; a sensing unit comprising a sensor sensing a toner image of the transfer unit; and a shutter unit configured to open or close the light window and the sensor, wherein the shutter unit includes: a motor configured to have a driving shaft rotating in a first rotation direction and a second rotation direction; a first shutter part configured to open or close the light window by receiving driving force transferred from the driving shaft when the driving shaft rotates in the first and second rotation directions; and a second shutter part configured to open or close the sensor by receiving driving force transferred from the driving shaft when the driving shaft rotates in the second rotation direction.

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Claims

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:

a photoreceptor; an exposing unit including a light window configured to transmit light emitted from a light source of the image forming apparatus to the photoreceptor to form an electrostatic latent image on the photoreceptor; a developing unit configured to supply a toner to the photoreceptor, on which the electrostatic latent image is formed, to form a toner image; a transfer unit configured to transfer the toner image from the photoreceptor to a printing medium; a sensing unit including a sensor configured to sense the toner image transferred to the transfer unit; and a shutter unit configured to open and close the light window and the sensor, wherein the shutter unit includes: a motor including a driving shaft configured to rotate in a first rotation direction and a second rotation direction to provide a driving force; a first shutter part configured to open and close the light window by receiving the driving force from the driving shaft when the driving shaft rotates in the first and second rotation directions; and a second shutter part configured to open and close the sensor by receiving the driving force from the driving shaft and only open and close the sensor when the driving shaft rotates in the second rotation direction.

2. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first shutter part includes:

a first cover configured to be disposed on the light window and reciprocate in a first close direction in which the first cover closes the light window and in a first open direction in which the first cover opens the light window; a first elastic member configured to apply elastic force to the first cover so that the first cover moves in the first close direction; and a first cam gear configured to be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft and push the first cover in the first open direction as the driving shaft rotates.

3. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first cam gear includes a first gear part configured to be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft and a first cam configured to be coupled to the first gear part.

4. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 3, wherein the first cam is an edge cam protruding in a direction parallel with a shaft of the first cam gear.

5. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the first shutter part further includes a first lever configured to have a first end in contact with the first cam gear and a second end in contact with the first cover and reciprocate based on the rotation of the first cam gear, and

the first lever is configured to reciprocate in a first direction in which the first lever pushes the first cover in the first open direction and a second direction opposed to the first direction.

6. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein the first shutter part further includes a lever elastic member configured to apply elastic force to the first lever so that the first lever moves in the second direction.

7. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 2, wherein the second shutter part includes:

a second cover configured to be disposed on the sensor and reciprocate in a second close direction in which the second cover closes the sensor and in a second open direction in which the second cover opens the sensor; a second elastic member configured to apply elastic force to the second cover so that the second cover moves in the second close direction; and a second cam gear configured to be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft and push the second cover in the second open direction as the driving shaft rotates in the second rotation direction, wherein the second cam gear includes: a one-way clutch gear configured to be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft; and a second cam configured to rotate by receiving driving force transferred from the one-way clutch gear to push the second cover in the second open direction, and the one-way clutch gear blocks a transfer of the driving force to the second cam when the driving shaft rotates in the first rotation direction, and transfers the driving force to the second cam when the driving shaft rotates in the second rotation direction.

8. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein the second cam is an edge cam protruding in a direction parallel with a shaft of the second cam gear.

9. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein the first cam gear and the second cam gear have the same gear ratio.

10. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 1, further comprising a controller configured to control the first and second shutter parts to close the light window and the sensor, respectively, in a standby mode, and configured to control the motor so that the light window is opened by rotating the driving shaft in the first rotation direction when a printing mode starts and control the motor so that the light window is closed by further rotating the driving shaft in the first rotation direction when the printing mode ends.

11. The image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 10, wherein the controller controls the motor so that the light window and the sensor are opened by rotating the driving shaft in the second rotation direction when an auto color registration (ACR) mode starts, and controls the motor so that the light window and the sensor are closed by further rotating the driving shaft in the second rotation direction when the ACR mode ends.

12. A method for controlling an image forming apparatus, comprising:

receiving a selection of an operation of the image forming apparatus as one of a printing mode of the image forming apparatus for forming an image on a printing medium and an auto color registration (ACR) mode for aligning a toner image transferred to a transfer unit of the image forming apparatus; and based on the selected operation being the printing mode: rotating a driving shaft of a motor of the image forming apparatus in a first rotation direction when the printing mode starts; opening a light window of an exposing unit by moving a first cover of a first shutter part of the image forming apparatus through a driving force of the driving shaft, and blocking the driving force of the driving shaft transferred to a second shutter part of the image forming apparatus so that a second cover of the second shutter part maintains a position at which the second cover closes a sensor of the image forming apparatus; further rotating the driving shaft in the first rotation direction when the printing mode ends; and closing the light window by moving the first cover through the driving force of the driving shaft, and blocking the driving force of the driving shaft transferred to the second shutter part so that the second cover maintains the position at which the second cover closes the sensor.

13. The method for controlling an image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 12, further comprising:

based on the selected operation being the ACR mode: rotating the driving shaft of the motor in a second rotation direction when the ACR mode starts; opening the light window of the exposing unit by moving the first cover of the first shutter part and opening the sensor by moving the second cover of the second shutter part, through the driving force of the driving shaft; further rotating the driving shaft in the second rotation direction when the ACR mode ends; and closing the light window by moving the first cover and closing the sensor by moving the second cover, through the driving force of the driving shaft.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    apparatus comprising: a photo eceptor; a
    • exposing unit i
    • luding a light window configured to transmit light emitted from a light source of the image forming apparatus to the photoreceptor to form an electrostatic latent image on the photoreceptor; a developing unit
    • nfigured to supply a toner to the photoreceptor, on which the electrostatic latent image is formed, to form a toner image; a transfer unit co
    • igured to transfer the toner image from the photoreceptor to a printing medium; a sensing unit inc
    • ding a sensor configured to sense the toner image transferred to the transfer unit; and a shutter unit
    • onfigured to open and close the light window and the sensor, wherein the shutter unit includes: a motor including a driving shaft configured to rotate in a first rotation direction and a second rotation direction to provide a driving force; a first shutter pa
    • configured to open and close the light window by receiving the driving force from the driving shaft when the driving shaft rotates in the first and second rotation directions; and a second shutt
    • part configured to open and close the sensor by receiving the driving force from the driving shaft and only open and close the sensor when the driving shaft rotates in the second rotation direction. 2. The image formin
    • apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first s utter p
      • rt includes: a first cover configured to be disposed on the light window and reciprocate in a first close direction in which the first over clo
    • g apparatus as claimed in claim 1, further comprising controller config
      • red to control the first and second shutter parts to close the light window and the sensor, respectively, in a standby mode, and configured to control the motor so that the light window is opened by rotating the driving shaft in the first rotation direction when a printing mode starts and control the motor so that the light window is closed by further rotating the driving shaft in the first rotation direction when the printing mode ends. 11. The image formi
  • 12
    trolling an image forming apparatus, comprising: receivi g a select
    • n of an operation of the image forming apparatus as one of a printing mode of the image forming apparatus for forming an image on a printing medium and an auto color registration (ACR) mode for aligning a toner image transferred to a transfer unit of the image forming apparatus; and based on the s
    • ected operation being the printing mode: rotating a driving shaft of a motor of the image forming apparatus in a first rotation direction when the printing mode starts; opening a light wi
    • ow of an exposing unit by moving a first cover of a first shutter part of the image forming apparatus through a driving force of the driving shaft, and blocking the driving force of the driving shaft transferred to a second shutter part of the image forming apparatus so that a second cover of the second shutter part maintains a position at which the second cover closes a sensor of the image forming apparatus; further rotating t
    • driving shaft in the first rotation direction when the printing mode ends; and closing the li
    • t window by moving the first cover through the driving force of the driving shaft, and blocking the driving force of the driving shaft transferred to the second shutter part so that the second cover maintains the position at which the second cover closes the sensor. 13. The method for
    • ontrolling an image forming apparatus as claimed in claim 12, further comprising: based on the selec
      • d operation being the ACR mode: rotating the driving shaft of the motor in a second rotation direction when the ACR mode starts; opening the light
      • ndow of the exposing unit by moving the first cover of the first shutter part and opening the sensor by moving the second cover of the second shutter part, through the driving force of the driving shaft; further rotating t
      • driving shaft in the second rotation direction when the ACR mode ends; and closing the li
      • t window by moving the first cover and closing the sensor by moving the second cover, through the driving force of the driving shaft.
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Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims priority from Korean Patent Application No. 10-2017-0064678, filed on May 25, 2017, in the Korean Intellectual Property Office, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Field of the Invention

Apparatuses and methods consistent with the present disclosure relate to an image forming apparatus and a method for controlling the same.

Description of the Related Art

An electrophotographic image forming apparatus, which a kind of image forming apparatus, irradiates light to a photoreceptor that rotates through an exposing unit to form an electrostatic latent image, supplies a toner to the photoreceptor on which the electrostatic latent image is formed through a developing unit to form a toner image on a surface of the photoreceptor, transfers the toner image of the photoreceptor to a transfer unit, again transfers the toner image to a printing medium, and then presses and heats an image transferred to the printing medium through a fusing unit to form an image on the printing medium.

Since the exposing unit irradiates the light emitted from an internal light source to the photoreceptor through a light window, there is a risk that printing quality will be deteriorated due to pollution of the light window by the toner, dust, and the like.

Therefore, the image forming apparatus according to the related art may prevent the pollution of the light window by including a separate shutter unit closing the light window during a period in which the exposing unit is not operated and opening the light window when the exposing unit is operated.

In addition, the image forming apparatus according to the related art may form a color toner image on the printing medium, and generally overlaps toners of cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors with one another to form the color toner image.

To this end, the image forming apparatus includes four developing units each including the toners of the cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors, and overlaps the toners of the cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors with one another through the developing units to transfer the color toner image to a transfer belt of the transfer unit and transfers the color toner image to the printing medium through the transfer belt to which the color toner image is transferred.

To form a high-quality color toner image, a precise control for overlapping toner images of the respective colors with one another at an accurate position is required. In the case in which color registrations of the color toner image output by the image forming apparatus according to the related art do not coincide with each other, the image forming apparatus according to the related art performs auto color registration (ACR) aligning the color toner image by forming predetermined measuring marks on the transfer belt of the transfer unit and then sensing the predetermined measuring marks through a separate sensor, to correct discrepancy between the color registrations.

The image forming apparatus according to the related art includes a separate shutter unit opening the sensor only during a period in which the ACR is performed to prevent the sensor from being polluted by the toner, dust, and the like, in the case in which it does not perform the ACR.

As described above, the image forming apparatus according to the related art separately includes the shutter unit for opening or closing the light window of the exposing unit and the shutter unit for opening or closing the sensor for performing the ACR, and drivers for driving the shutter unit for opening or closing the light window and the shutter unit for opening or closing the sensor are also separately configured, such that an entire structure of the image forming apparatus including the shutter units and a method for controlling the image forming apparatus become complicated.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure overcome the above disadvantages and other disadvantages not described above. Also, the present disclosure is not required to overcome the disadvantages described above, and an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure may not overcome any of the problems described above.

The present disclosure provides an image forming apparatus having a compact structure, capable of improving printing quality by preventing pollution of a light window and a sensor.

According to an aspect of the present disclosure, an image forming apparatus includes: a photoreceptor; an exposing unit including a light window configured to transmit light emitted from a light source of the image forming apparatus to the photoreceptor to form an electrostatic latent image on the photoreceptor; a developing unit configured to supply a toner to the photoreceptor on which the electrostatic latent image is formed to form a toner image; a transfer unit configured to transfer the toner image from the photoreceptor to a printing medium; a sensing unit including a sensor configured to sense the toner image transferred to the transfer unit; and a shutter unit configured to open and close the light window and the sensor, wherein the shutter unit includes: a motor including a driving shaft configured to rotate in a first rotation direction and a second rotation direction to provide a driving force; a first shutter part configured to open and close the light window by receiving the driving force from the driving shaft when the driving shaft rotates in the first and second rotation directions; and a second shutter part configured to open and close the sensor by receiving the driving force from the driving shaft and only open and close the sensor when the driving shaft rotates in the second rotation direction.

The first shutter part may include: a first cover configured to be disposed on the light window and reciprocate in a first close direction in which the first cover closes the light window and in a first open direction in which the first cover opens the light window; a first elastic member configured to apply elastic force to the first cover so that the first cover moves in the first close direction; and a first cam gear configured to be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft and push the first cover in the first open direction as the driving shaft rotates.

The first cam gear may include a first gear part configured to be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft and a first cam configured to be coupled to the first gear part.

The first cam may be an edge cam protruding in a direction parallel with a shaft of the first cam gear.

The first shutter part may further include a first lever configured to have a first end in contact with the first cam gear and a second end in contact with the first cover and reciprocate based on the rotation of the first cam gear, and the first lever may reciprocate in a first direction in which the first lever pushes the first cover in the first open direction and a second direction opposed to the first direction.

The first shutter part may further include a lever elastic member configured to apply elastic force to the first lever so that the first lever moves in the second direction.

The second shutter part may include: a second cover configured to be disposed on the sensor and reciprocate in a second close direction in which the second cover closes the sensor and in a second open direction in which the second cover opens the sensor; a second elastic member configured to apply elastic force to the second cover so that the second cover moves in the second close direction; and a second cam gear configured to be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft and push the second cover in the second open direction as the driving shaft rotates in the second rotation direction, the second cam gear may include: a one-way clutch gear configured to be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft; and a second cam configured to rotate by receiving driving force transferred from the one-way clutch gear to push the second cover in the second open direction, and the one-way clutch gear may block a transfer of the driving force to the second cam when the driving shaft rotates in the first rotation direction, and transfer the driving force to the second cam when the driving shaft rotates in the second rotation direction.

The second cam may be an edge cam protruding in a direction parallel with a shaft of the second cam gear.

The first cam gear and the second cam gear may have the same gear ratio.

The image forming apparatus may further include a controller configured to control the first and second shutter parts to close the light window and the sensor, respectively, in a standby mode, and configured to control the motor so that the light window is opened by rotating the driving shaft in the first rotation direction when a printing mode starts and control the motor so that the light window is closed by further rotating the driving shaft in the first rotation direction when the printing mode ends.

The controller may control the motor so that the light window and the sensor are opened by rotating the driving shaft in the second rotation direction when an auto color registration (ACR) mode starts, and control the motor so that the light window and the sensor are closed by further rotating the driving shaft in the second rotation direction when the ACR mode ends.

According to an aspect of the present disclosure, a method for controlling an image forming apparatus includes: receiving a selection of an operation of the image forming apparatus as one of a printing mode of the image forming apparatus for forming an image on a printing medium and an auto color registration (ACR) mode for aligning a toner image transferred to a transfer unit of the image forming apparatus; and based on the selected operation being the printing mode: rotating a driving shaft of a motor of the image forming apparatus in a first rotation direction when the printing mode starts; opening a light window of an exposing unit by moving a first cover of a first shutter part of the image forming apparatus through a driving force of the driving shaft, and blocking the driving force of the driving shaft transferred to a second shutter part of the image forming apparatus so that a second cover of the second shutter part maintains a position at which the second cover closes a sensor of the image forming apparatus; further rotating the driving shaft in the first rotation direction when the printing mode ends; and closing the light window by moving the first cover through the driving force of the driving shaft, and blocking the driving force of the driving shaft transferred to the second shutter part so that the second cover maintains the position at which the second cover closes the sensor.

The method for controlling an image forming apparatus may further include: based on the selected operation being the ACR mode: rotating the driving shaft of the motor in a second rotation direction when the ACR mode starts; opening the light window of the exposing unit by moving the first cover of the first shutter part and opening the sensor by moving the second cover of the second shutter part, through the driving force of the driving shaft; further rotating the driving shaft in the second rotation direction when the ACR mode ends; and closing the light window by moving the first cover and closing the sensor by moving the second cover, through the driving force of the driving shaft.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING FIGURES

The above and/or other aspects of the present disclosure will be more apparent by describing certain exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIG. 1 is a view schematically illustrating a structure of an image forming apparatus according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure;

FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating an exposing unit, a sensing unit, and a shutter unit illustrated in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a side view of a motor, a first shutter part, and a second shutter part illustrated in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a perspective view illustrating the exposing unit and the first shutter part illustrated in FIG. 2;

FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the exposing unit and the first shutter part illustrated in FIG. 4;

FIG. 6 is a view illustrating a state in which the first shutter part illustrated in FIG. 4 closes a light window;

FIG. 7 is a view illustrating a state in which the first shutter part illustrated in FIG. 4 opens the light window;

FIG. 8 is a perspective view illustrating the sensing unit and the second shutter part illustrated in FIG. 2;

FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the sensing unit and the second shutter part illustrated in FIG. 8;

FIG. 10 is a view illustrating a state in which the second shutter part illustrated in FIG. 8 closes sensors;

FIG. 11 is a view illustrating a state in which the second shutter part illustrated in FIG. 8 opens the sensors;

FIG. 12 is a flow chart illustrating a method for controlling an image forming apparatus according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure;

FIGS. 13A to 13C are views illustrating operations of the shutter unit in a printing mode; and

FIGS. 14A to 14C are views illustrating operations of the shutter unit in an auto color registration (ACR) mode.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS

Hereinafter, exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. Exemplary embodiments to be described below will be described on the basis of exemplary embodiments most appropriate for understanding technical features of the present disclosure, and these exemplary embodiments do not limit the technical features of the present disclosure, but exemplify that the present disclosure may be implemented like these exemplary embodiments.

Therefore, the present disclosure may be variously modified without departing from the technical scope of the present disclosure through exemplary embodiments to be described below, and these modifications will be to fall within the technical scope of the present disclosure. In addition, to assist in the understanding of exemplary embodiments to be described below, components performing the same operations and related components in the respective exemplary embodiments will be denoted by the same or similar reference numerals throughout the accompanying drawings. Further, the accompanying drawings are not illustrated to scale, but sizes of some of components may be exaggerated to assist in the understanding of the present disclosure.

FIG. 1 is a view schematically illustrating a structure of an image forming apparatus 1 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure.

The image forming apparatus 1 according to the present disclosure may be implemented by a printer, a copier, a scanner, a facsimile, and the like, and may be a multi-function peripheral (MFP) in which functions of the printer, the copier, the scanner, and the facsimile, are complexly implemented through one apparatus.

As illustrated in FIG. 1, the image forming apparatus 1 includes a body 101 forming an appearance, and includes a paper feeding unit 11, an exposing unit 12, a photoreceptor 13, a developing unit 14, a transfer unit 15, a sensing unit 16, a fusing unit 17, a paper discharging unit 18, and a cassette unit 19 disposed in the body 101. The number of each of photoreceptors 13 and developing units 14 may be single or be plural such as four depending on colors of toners as illustrated in FIG. 1.

The paper feeding unit 11 may pick up printing media such as paper, or the like, on which an image is formed, transport the printing media to a transport path P in the body 101, pick up the paper loaded in the cassette unit 19 one by one, and inject the picked-up paper into the transport path P. The paper feeding unit 11 may include a pick-up roller picking up the paper one by one and a plurality of transport rollers disposed on the transport path P.

The cassette unit 19 includes a cassette body 191 separably coupled to a lower portion of the body 101, a pick-up plate 192 on which the printing media are loaded, and a pick-up elastic member 193 elastically supporting the pick-up plate 192. A plurality of printing media loaded in the cassette body 191 may be picked up one by one by the pick-up roller of the paper feeding unit 11 in a state in which they are supported by the pick-up plate 192.

Although a case in which a single cassette unit 19 is separably coupled to the lower portion of the body 101 is illustrated by way of example in FIG. 1, the number of cassette units 19 may be plural, and the image forming apparatus 1 may further include a multipurpose tray coupled to a side surface or an upper portion of the body 101 and supplying the printing media into the body 101.

The exposing unit 12 irradiates light including image information to the photoreceptor 13 to form an electrostatic latent image on a surface of the photoreceptor 13, and the developing unit 14 supplies toners to the photoreceptor 13 on which the electrostatic latent image is formed to form toner images.

In detail, the developing unit 14 includes first to fourth developing units 141 to 144, and the first to fourth developing units 141 to 144 include toners of cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors, respectively.

The photoreceptor 13 may be implemented in a photoreceptor drum form. The photoreceptor 13 includes first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 each corresponding to the first to fourth developing units 141 and 144. In addition, first to fourth charging rollers (not illustrated) each charging the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 may be disposed on outer peripheral surfaces of the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134, respectively. The first to fourth charging rollers may uniformly charge surfaces of the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 that rotate at a predetermined potential, respectively.

As illustrated in FIG. 1, the exposing unit 12 is disposed below the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 and irradiates the light including the image information to the charged first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 to form electrostatic latent images on the outer peripheral surfaces of the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134. The exposing unit 12 may irradiate light including image information for each color of each toner to the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134.

The first to fourth developing units 141 to 144 may include first to fourth developing rollers 1411 to 1441 facing the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134, respectively. The first to fourth developing rollers 1411 to 1441 may selectively be in contact with the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 on which the electrostatic latent images are formed, respectively, and rotate in a state in which they are in contact with the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134, respectively, to move the toners of the cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors to the electrostatic latent images formed on the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134.

Therefore, visible toner images of the cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors are formed on the surfaces of the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134.

The transfer unit 15 includes a transfer belt 151, rotation rollers 1521 and 1522 rotating the transfer belt 151, and a transfer roller 153 facing the transfer belt 151 to form a nib through which the printing medium passes.

The rotation rollers 1521 and 1522 include first and second rotation rollers 1521 and 1522 rotatably supporting the transfer belt 151, and the transfer belt 151 may rotate depending on rotation of the first and second rotation rollers 1521 and 1522. For example, the first rotation roller 1521 may maintain tension of the transfer belt 151, and the second rotation roller 1522 may rotate through a separate driver to rotate the transfer belt 151. However, the rotation rollers 1521 and 1522 may further include a plurality of rotation rollers, in addition to the first and second rotation rollers 1521 and 1522.

The transfer belt 151 rotates in a state in which it is in contact with the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134, and the toner images of the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 are sequentially transferred to the transfer belt 151.

As a specific example, as illustrated in FIG. 1, as the transfer belt 151 rotates in a counterclockwise direction in FIG. 1, the toner images of the cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors of the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 may be sequentially transferred to the transfer belt 151. Therefore, a color toner image in which the toner images of the cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors are overlapped with one another may be formed on the transfer belt 151.

The color toner image formed on the transfer belt 151 may be transferred to the printing medium passing between the transfer belt 151 and the transfer roller 153.

The sensing unit 16 may face the transfer belt 151 to sense the color toner image transferred to the transfer belt 151, and include one or more sensors 161 to 163 (see FIG. 9). The sensors 161 to 163 configuring the sensing unit 16 may be image sensors such as an optical sensor, a complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) sensor, a charge coupled device (CCD) sensor, and the like.

To this end, it is preferable that the sensing unit 16 is disposed between the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 and the transfer roller 153, and as illustrated in FIG. 1, the sensing unit 16 may be disposed adjacently to the transfer belt 151, and be disposed behind the fourth photoreceptor 134 in a rotation direction of the transfer belt 151.

Meanwhile, in the case in which the developing unit is replaced, the image forming apparatus continuously performs a large amount of printing, or the image forming apparatus is not operated for a long period of time, color registrations of the color toner image output by the image forming apparatus may not coincide with each other. In this case, toners of the respective colors are overlapped with one another at a position that is out of an accurate position, such that quality deterioration such as a problem in which a boundary portion of the color toner image looks blurred may occur.

To correct such a problem, the image forming apparatus 1 may be operated in an auto color registration (ACR) mode for performing ACR.

In detail, predetermined measuring marks are formed on the transfer belt 151 through the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 and the first to fourth developing units 141 to 144, and are sensed through the sensing unit 16.

The measuring marks may include a plurality of measuring marks at which the toner images of the cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (K) colors are marked to be independent from or overlapped with one another depending on predetermined widths and lengths. A controller (not illustrated) senses widths, lengths, and the like, of the plurality of measuring marks through the sensing unit 16 to decide whether or not the measuring marks formed on the transfer belt 151 coincide with a reference. In the case in which the measuring marks formed on the transfer belt 151 correspond to a predetermined ACR correction condition, the controller controls the exposing unit 12, the photoreceptor 13, the developing unit 14, or the transfer unit 15 to perform correction on the color toner image formed on the transfer belt 151 and the printing medium.

However, since a process of performing the ACR through the sensing unit 16 described above is similar to that of the related art, an overlapped description will be omitted.

The fusing unit 17 includes first and second fusing rollers 171 and 172, and the printing medium to which the color toner image is transferred is pressed and heated during a period in which it passes between the first and second fusing rollers 171 and 172 that rotate, such that the color toner image may be fused on the printing medium.

The paper discharging unit 18 includes first and second paper discharging rollers 181 and 182, and the printing medium on which the color toner image is fused by the fusing unit 17 may pass between the first and second paper discharging rollers 181 and 182 that rotate and be then discharged to the outside of the image forming apparatus 1.

In addition, the image forming apparatus 1 includes a shutter unit 10 opening or closing a light window 122 (see FIG. 5) of the exposing unit 12 and the sensors 161 to 163 of the sensing unit 16.

The shutter unit 10 includes a motor 100, a first shutter part 200, and a second shutter part 300, and the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 may receive driving force transferred from the motor 100 to selectively open or close the light window 122 and the sensors 161 to 163, thereby preventing the window 122 and the sensors 161 to 163 from being polluted by pollutants such as the toners, dust, and the like.

Detailed structures of the exposing unit 12, the sensing unit 16, and the shutter unit 10 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure will be described in detail below.

FIG. 2 is a perspective view illustrating an exposing unit 12, a sensing unit 16, and a shutter unit 10 illustrated in FIG. 1. In FIG. 2, a state in which the shutter unit 10 closes the light window 122 (see FIG. 5) of the exposing unit 12 and the sensors 161 to 163 (see FIG. 9) is illustrated.

The exposing unit 12 includes a light source (not illustrated) disposed in an exposing unit body 1200 and the light window 122 transmitting light emitted from the light source to the photoreceptor 13.

The exposing unit 12 is disposed below the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134, and may irradiate light including image information depending on the respective toner colors to the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134.

First to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 (see FIG. 5) facing the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 and 134, respectively, are disposed on an upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200.

The exposing unit 12 may irradiate the light including the image information to the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 through the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224, respectively, to form the electrostatic latent images on the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134.

The first shutter part 200 opening or closing the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 is disposed on the exposing unit 12.

The first shutter part 200 includes a first cover 210, a first elastic member 220, a first cam gear 230, a first lever 240, and a lever elastic member 250.

The first cover 210 is disposed on the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200 of the exposing unit 12 and reciprocates to selectively open or close the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224, and the first elastic member 220 connects the first cover 210 and the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200 of the exposing unit 12 to each other to apply elastic force to the first cover 210. The first cam gear 230 rotates by receiving driving force transferred from the motor 100 to selectively push the first lever 240, and the first lever 240 may push the first cover 210 to move the first cover 210 in a direction in which the first cover 210 opens the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224. In addition, movement of the first lever 240 may be guided by a guide member 124 covering one side of the exposing unit 12.

The second shutter part 300 includes a second cover 310, a second elastic member 320 (see FIG. 9), a second cam gear 330, and a second shutter part body 340.

The sensing unit 16 (see FIG. 9) is disposed in the second shutter part body 340 to face the transfer belt 151 disposed thereabove, and the second cover 310 may cover an upper surface of the second shutter part body 340 to close the sensing unit 16. The second cam gear 330 rotates by receiving driving force transferred from the motor 100 to selectively push the second cover 310, such that the second cover 310 may selectively open or close the sensing unit 16.

Detailed structures of the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 will be described in detail below.

As illustrated in FIG. 2, the first cam gear 230 of the first shutter part 200 and the second cam gear 330 of the second shutter part 300 may simultaneously receive the driving force transferred from the motor 100, such that the first shutter part 200 and the second shutter part 300 may be simultaneously operated.

FIG. 3 is a side view of a motor 100, a first shutter part 200, and a second shutter part 300 illustrated in FIG. 2.

Hereinafter, a structure in which the driving force is transferred from the motor 100 to the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 will be described with reference to FIG. 3.

As described above, the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 may be operated by simultaneously receiving the driving force transferred from a single motor 100.

In detail, the motor 100 includes a motor body 110 and a driving shaft 120 coupled to the motor body 110 and rotating in a first rotation direction R11 and a second rotation direction R12.

As illustrated in FIGS. 2 and 3, the first cam gear 230 may be disposed below the motor 100 and be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft 120, and the second cam gear 330 may be disposed above the motor 100 and be engaged and rotate with the driving shaft 120.

The first cam gear 230 includes a first gear part 231 engaged and rotating with the driving shaft 120. The first gear part 231 may rotate depending on rotation of the driving shaft 120 to rotate the first cam gear 230.

The second cam gear 330 includes a one-way clutch gear 331 engaged and rotating with the driving shaft 120. The one-way clutch gear 331 may rotate depending on rotation of the driving shaft 120 to rotate the second cam gear 330.

In addition, the driving shaft 120 includes a driving gear 121 coupled to and rotating with a front end portion, and the first gear part 231 and the one-way clutch gear 331 may be engaged and rotate with the driving gear 121.

In addition, as illustrated in FIG. 3, a rotation center 120R of the driving shaft 120 may be perpendicular to rotation directions of the first and second cam gears 230 and 330. Therefore, the driving gear 121 may be a worm gear, and the first gear part 231 and the one-way clutch gear 331 engaged with the driving gear 121 may be spur gears. However, a gear structure illustrated in FIG. 3 is illustrative, the rotation center of the driving shaft 120 and shafts of the first and second cam gears 230 and 330 may be parallel with each other, and structures of the first gear part 231 and the one-way clutch gear 331 simultaneously engaged and rotating with the driving shaft 120 may be variously modified.

Rotation directions of the first gear part 231 and the one-way clutch gear 331 rotating depending on the rotation of the driving shaft 120 are opposite to each other.

In detail, as illustrated in FIG. 3, when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the first rotation direction R11 around the rotation center 120R, the first gear part 231 rotates in a fourth rotation direction R22 (a counterclockwise direction in FIG. 3), and the one-way clutch gear 331 rotates in a third rotation direction R21 (a clockwise direction in FIG. 3) opposed to the fourth rotation direction R22.

In addition, when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the second rotation direction R12 opposed to the first rotation direction R11, the first gear part 231 rotates in the third rotation direction R21, and the one-way clutch gear 331 rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22.

The one-way clutch gear 331 may transfer the driving force to the second cam gear 330 only in the case in which it rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22, and block the driving force transferred to the second cam gear 330 in the case in which it rotates in the third rotation direction R21. Therefore, in the case in which the driving shaft 120 rotates in the first rotation direction R11, the first shutter part 200 may be operated, and the second shutter part 300 may stand by in a state in which it is not operated.

Therefore, a rotation direction of the driving shaft 120 is selectively changed to any one of the first and second rotation directions R11 and R12, such that only the first shutter part 200 may be independently driven or the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 may be simultaneously driven. A detailed structure of the second cam gear 330 including the one-way clutch gear 331 and a detailed method for controlling the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 will be described below.

FIG. 4 is a perspective view illustrating the exposing unit 12 and the first shutter part 200 illustrated in FIG. 2, and FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the exposing unit 12 and the first shutter part 200 illustrated in FIG. 4. FIG. 6 is an enlarged view illustrating a state in which the first shutter part 200 illustrated in FIG. 4 closes a light window 122, and FIG. 7 is an enlarged view illustrating a state in which the first shutter part 200 illustrated in FIG. 4 opens the light window 122.

Hereinafter, a detailed structure of the first shutter part 200 opening or closing the light window 122 of the exposing unit 12 will be described with reference to FIGS. 4 to 7.

As described above, the exposing unit 12 includes the exposing unit body 1200 forming an appearance, the light source (not illustrated) provided in the exposing unit body 1200, and the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 disposed on the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200.

The first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 transmit the light emitted from the light source to the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134, and the exposing unit 12 may irradiate the light including the image information corresponding to the toner images of the cyan (C), magenta (M), yellow (Y), and black (B) colors to the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 through the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224, respectively.

As the exposing unit 12, a laser scanning unit (LSU) or a light emitting diode (LED) print head (LPH) may be used. The laser scanning unit includes a light source emitting light and a reflecting mirror that is rotatable, and reflects the light irradiated from the light source on the reflecting mirror that rotates, transmits the light through a light window, and then irradiates the light to a photoreceptor. The LED print head may include an LED array to directly irradiate linear light to a photoreceptor.

As described above, the first shutter part 200 includes the first cover 210, the first elastic member 220, the first cam gear 230, the first lever 240, and the lever elastic member 250.

The first cover 210 is movably disposed on the exposing unit 12, that is, on the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 to open or close the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

The first cover 210 includes a first plate 211 having a quadrangular shape corresponding to a shape of the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200, and first to fourth openings 212: 2121 to 2124 formed in the first plate 211 and corresponding, respectively, to the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

The first cover 210 may reciprocate in a first close direction 210a in which it closes the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 and a first open direction 210b in which it opens the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224, on the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200.

When the first cover 210 moves in the first close direction 210a, the first to fourth openings 2121 to 2124 of the first cover 210 and the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are disposed to be misaligned with each other, as illustrated in FIG. 6. Therefore, the first to fourth light windows 1221 and 1224 are covered and closed by the first cover 210.

In addition, when the first cover 210 moves in the first open direction 210b, the first to fourth openings 2121 to 2124 of the first cover 210 and the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 face each other, as illustrated in FIG. 7. Therefore, the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are opened through the first to fourth openings 2121 to 2124.

In addition, the first cover 210 includes at least one sliding protrusion 2111 extended in a direction parallel with a moving direction. A sliding groove 1211 corresponding to the sliding protrusion 2111 is provided in the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200.

The sliding protrusion 2111 of the first cover 210 is slidably inserted into the sliding groove 1211. Therefore, reciprocation of the first cover 210 in the first close direction 210a and the first open direction 210b may be guided.

The structures of the sliding protrusion 2111 of the first cover 210 and the sliding groove 1211 of the exposing unit 12 described above may be replaced by each other, and may be replaced by various structures that may guide the reciprocation of the first cover 210.

The first elastic member 220 applies the elastic force to the first cover 210 so that the first cover 210 moves in the first close direction 210a.

In detail, one end of the first elastic member 220 is connected to a hooked part 213 formed at one side of the first cover 210, and the other end of the first elastic member 220 is connected to a hooked part 123 formed on the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200. Therefore, the first elastic member 220 may pull the first cover 210 in the first close direction 210a. Accordingly, the first elastic member 220 may be a tension spring. In this case, the hooked part 123 of the exposing unit 12 is disposed toward the first close direction 210a as compared with the hooked part 213 of the first cover 210.

In addition, the first plate 211 includes a hole 2131 into which the hooked part 123 of the exposing unit 12 may be inserted. The first elastic member 220 may apply the elastic force to the hooked part 213 of the first cover 210 in the hole 2131 of the first plate 211.

Therefore, the first elastic member 220 may apply the elastic force to the first cover 210 in the first close direction 210a opposed to the first open direction 210b so that the first cover 210 maintains a state in which it closes the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

The first cam gear 230 includes the first gear part 231 engaged with and rotating the driving shaft 120 and a first cam 232 coupled to the first gear part 231.

As described above, the first cam gear 230 may rotate in the third rotation direction R21 and the fourth rotation direction R22 opposed to the third rotation direction R21 through the first gear part 231 engaged with the driving shaft 120. The first cam 232 may also rotate in the third and fourth rotation directions R21 and R22. The first gear part 231 and the first cam 232 may be formed integrally with each other.

As illustrated in FIGS. 4 to 7, the first cam 232, which is an edge cam protruding in a direction parallel with a shaft, may rotate using a cross section of a cylinder cut in an oblique direction as a contour curved line. In addition, the first cam 232 may be a disk cam. Since the edge cam and the disk cam that may be used as the first cam 232 are similar to those according to the related art, a detailed description therefor will be omitted.

The first lever 240 may reciprocate in a length direction in a state in which one end 241 thereof is in contact with the first cam 232 and the other end 242 thereof is in contact with the first cover 210.

The first lever 240 may have a shape of a bar extended in a direction parallel with a shaft of the first cam gear 230. The first lever 240 may reciprocate depending on the rotation of the first cam 232 on the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200 to push the first cover 210 in the first open direction 210b.

In detail, the first lever 240 may reciprocate in a direction perpendicular to a moving direction of the first cover 210, and may reciprocate in a first direction 240a in which it pushes the first cover 210 in the first open direction 210b and a second direction 240b opposed to the first direction 240a.

The first lever 240 is disposed so that one end 241 thereof is in contact with the first cam 232 on one end portion of the upper surface 1201 of the exposing unit body 1200, and is slid along an inner side surface of the guide member 124 covering one side of the exposing unit body 1200, such that the reciprocation of the first lever 240 in the first and second directions 240a and 240b may be guided.

The lever elastic member 250 applies elastic force to the first lever 240 so that the first lever 240 moves in the second direction 240b. The lever elastic member 250 may have one end connected to a hooked part 1241 of the guide member 124 and the other end connected to a hooked part 243 of the first lever 240 to pull the first lever 240 in the second direction 240b. Therefore, the lever elastic member 250 may be a tension spring. In this case, the hooked part 1241 of the guide member 124 is disposed toward the second direction 240b as compared with the hooked part 243 of the first lever 240.

The guide member 124 includes a hole 1242 in which the hooked part 243 of the first lever 240 may be inserted and move. The lever elastic member 250 may apply the elastic force between the hooked part 243 of the first lever 240 and the hooked part 1241 of the guide member 124.

One end 241 of the first lever 240 may press the first cam 232 in the second direction 240b in a state in which it is in contact with the first cam 232 by the elastic force of the lever elastic member 250 described above.

In addition, the first cover 210 includes an inclined part 214 formed by protruding a portion of one end portion of the first cover 210 adjacent to the first lever 240 in the first close direction 210a. The first lever 240 may reciprocate in the first and second directions 240a and 240b in a state in which the other end 242 thereof is in contact with the inclined part 214. When the first lever 240 moves in the first direction 240a, the other end 242 of the first lever 240 may push the inclined part 214 to move the first cover 210 in the first open direction 210b.

In addition, the first cam 232 includes a first portion 232L having the lowest phase and a second portion 232H having the highest phase on the basis of the first direction 240a.

The first portion 232L and the second portion 232H correspond to portions of the contour curved line of the first cam 232 in contact with one end 241 of the first lever 240. The first portion 232L and the second portion 232H are disposed at an interval of 180° on the basis of a rotation center of the first cam 232.

One end 241 of the first lever 240 in contact with the first cam 232 may be in alternate contact with the first portion 232L and the second portion 232H depending on the rotation of the first cam 232. When the first cam 232 rotates by 180° in the third rotation direction R21 or the fourth rotation direction R22 in a state in which one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the first portion 232L, one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the second portion 232H.

In detail, as illustrated in FIG. 6, when one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the first portion 232L, the first lever 240 moves in the second direction 240b by the elastic force of the lever elastic member 250. Therefore, the first cover 210 moves in the first close direction 210a to close the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

Then, when the first cam 232 starts to rotate in the third rotation direction R21 or the fourth rotation direction R22 in the state in which one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the first portion 232L, the first cam 232 presses one end 241 of the first lever 240 in the first direction 240a to push the first lever 240 in the first direction 240a. Therefore, the other end 242 of the first lever 240 presses the inclined part 214, such that the first cover 210 is pushed in the first open direction 210b.

Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 7, when the first cam 232 rotates by 180° in the state in which one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the first portion 232L, one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the second portion 232H to push the first cover 210 in the first open direction 210b. Therefore, the first cover 210 may completely open the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

In addition, when the first cam 232 again rotates by 180° in a state in which the first cover 210 is opened, the first cover 210 may close the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224, as illustrated in FIG. 6.

As described above, in a standby mode of the image forming apparatus 1, the first cover 210 maintains a state in which it closes the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 by the elastic force of the first elastic member 220.

Then, when a printing mode starts, the first cover 210 opens the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 through the rotation of the first cam 232, and the exposing unit 12 may irradiate the light to the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 to form the electrostatic latent images. Then, when the printing mode ends, the first cam 232 may again rotate to close the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 through the first cover 210.

Therefore, the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are opened through the first cover 210 only at the time of an operation of the exposing unit 12 and are closed through the first cover 210 in the standby mode, such that pollution of the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 due to the toners, and the like, may be prevented.

In addition, although a case in which the first shutter part 200 has a structure in which the first lever 240 reciprocates in the first and second directions 240a and 240b through the rotation of the first cam gear 230 to push the first cover 210 in the first open direction 210b is illustrated by way of example in FIGS. 4 to 7, the first shutter part 200 may also have a structure in which the first cam 232 of the first cam gear 230 rotates to directly push the first cover 210 in the first open direction 210b, without separately using the first lever 240.

FIG. 8 is a perspective view illustrating the sensing unit 16 and the second shutter part 200 illustrated in FIG. 2, FIG. 9 is an exploded perspective view of the sensing unit 16 and the second shutter part 300 illustrated in FIG. 8, FIG. 10 is an enlarged view illustrating a state in which the second shutter part 300 illustrated in FIG. 8 closes sensors 161 to 163, and FIG. 11 is an enlarged view illustrating a state in which the second shutter part 300 illustrated in FIG. 8 opens the sensors 161 to 163.

Hereinafter, a detailed structure of the second shutter part 300 opening or closing the sensors 161 to 163 of the sensing unit 16 will be described with reference to FIGS. 8 to 11.

As described above, the sensing unit 16 may include one or more sensors 161 to 163 that may face the transfer belt 151 to sense the color toner image transferred to the transfer belt 151 and the measuring marks for the ACR, and may include first to third sensors 161 to 163 as illustrated in FIG. 9.

The first to third sensors 161 to 163 may be disposed at predetermined intervals in a width direction of the transfer belt 151 perpendicular to the rotation direction of the transfer belt 151. Therefore, the first to third sensors 161 to 163 may sense the color toner image and the measuring marks formed on the transfer belt 151 that rotates.

The first to third sensors 161 to 163 are disposed to face the transfer belt 151 to perform the ACR, and may sense the measuring marks formed on the transfer belt 151 at the time of an operation in the ACR mode. However, since detailed structures of the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are the same as or similar to those according to the related art, a detailed description therefor will be omitted.

As described above, the second shutter part 300 includes the second cover 310, the second elastic member 320, the second cam gear 330, and the second shutter part body 340.

The first to third sensors 161 to 163 may be disposed in the second shutter part body 340, and may be exposed to face the transfer belt 151 on the upper surface of the second shutter part body 340.

The second shutter part body 340 includes a body housing 341 of which one side is opened and a body housing cover 342 covering the body housing 341.

In addition, as illustrated in FIG. 9, the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are disposed in the body housing 341, and the body housing cover 342 is coupled to the body housing 341, such that the first to third sensors 161 to 163 may be disposed in the second shutter part body 340.

Sensing portions (upper portions) of the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are disposed to be exposed at predetermined intervals on an upper surface of the body housing 341.

The second cover 310 is movably disposed on the body housing 341, that is, on the first to third sensors 161 to 163 to open or close the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

The second cover 310 may have a shape of a plate corresponding to a shape of the upper surface of the body housing 341. The second cover 310 may be extended in a length direction of the upper surface of the body housing 341 in which the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are sequentially disposed, and may be extended from one end 311 in contact with the second cam gear 330 toward the other end 312.

The second cover 310 may reciprocate in a second close direction 310a in which it closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163 and a second open direction 310b in which it opens the first to third sensors 161 to 163, on the body housing 341 in which the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are disposed.

In detail, as illustrated in FIG. 9, the second cover 310 may include at least one guide protrusion 313 protruding downward. In addition, at least one guide protrusion 313 may include first to third guide protrusions 3131 to 3133.

The body housing 341 includes a guide hole 3411 formed in the upper surface thereof and corresponding to the guide protrusion 313. In addition, the guide hole 3411 includes first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113 into which the first to third guide protrusions 3131 to 3133 may be inserted, respectively.

The first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113 may be long holes formed in the same shape in the upper surface of the body housing 341, and the first to third guide protrusions 3131 to 3133 may be inserted and slid into the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113, respectively, to guide the reciprocation of the second cover 310.

In detail, the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113 may have a shape of a long hole extended in a width direction of the body housing 341 on the upper surface of the body housing 341.

For example, the second cover 310 closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163 in a state in which the first to third guide protrusions 3131 to 3133 are in contact with one ends of the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113. In addition, the first to third guide protrusions 3131 to 3133 move to the other ends of the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113 along the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113, such that the second cover 310 may open the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

Since the second cover 310 is pressed and moves in a length direction of the second cover 310 through the second cam gear 330, the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113 may have a shape of a long hole inclined at a predetermined angle in the length direction of the second cover 310 for the purpose of smooth reciprocation of the second cover 310.

That is, since the second close direction 310a and the second open direction 310b in which the second cover 310 reciprocates correspond to the shape of the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113, the second close direction 310a and the second open direction 310b may be inclined at a predetermined angle in the length direction of the second cover 310 depending on the shape of the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113. However, the shape of the first to third guide holes 34111 to 34113 may be variously modified. Therefore, the second close direction 310a and the second open direction 310b in which the second cover 310 reciprocates to open or close the first to third sensors 161 to 163 may also be modified.

When the second cover 310 moves in the second close direction 310a, the second cover 310 closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163 as illustrated in FIG. 10, and when the second cover 310 moves in the second open direction 310b, the second cover 310 opens the first to third sensors 161 to 163 as illustrated in FIG. 11, such that the first to third sensors 161 to 163 may face the transfer belt 151.

Referring to FIG. 9, the second elastic member 320 may apply elastic force to the second cover 310 so that the second cover 310 moves in the second close direction 310a.

In detail, one end of the second elastic member 320 may be connected to a hooked part 314 disposed at a lower side of the second cover 310, and the other end of the second elastic member 320 may be connected to a hooked part 3412 of the body housing 341. Therefore, the second elastic member 320 may pull the second cover 310 in the second close direction 310a. Accordingly, the second elastic member 320 may be a tension spring. In this case, the hooked part 3412 of the body housing 341 is disposed toward the second close direction 310a as compared with the hooked part 314 of the second cover 310.

In addition, the body housing 341 includes a hole into which the hooked part 314 of the second cover 310 may be inserted. Therefore, the second elastic member 320 may apply the elastic force to the hooked part 314 of the second cover 310 in the hole of the body housing 341, and the hooked part 314 of the second cover 310 may move in the hole depending on movement of the second cover 310.

As described above, the second elastic member 320 may apply the elastic force to the second cover 310 in the second close direction 310a opposed to the second open direction 310b so that the second cover 310 maintains a state in which it closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

The second cam gear 330 includes the one-way clutch gear 331 engaged and rotating with the driving shaft 120, as described above, and includes a second cam 332 coupled to the one-way clutch gear 331.

The one-way clutch gear 331 includes a second gear part 3311 engaged and rotating with the driving gear 121 of the driving shaft 120, and a one-way bearing 3312 coupled to the second gear part 3311.

The second gear part 3311 rotates in the third rotation direction R21 when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the first rotation direction R11, and rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22 when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the second rotation direction R12.

The one-way bearing 3312 connects the second gear part 3311 and the second cam 332 to each other, and blocks a transfer of the driving force to the second cam 332 when the second gear part 3311 rotates in the third rotation direction R21 and transfers the driving force to the second cam 332 when the second gear part 3311 rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22. However, since a structure of the one-way clutch gear 331 including the one-way bearing 3312 is the same as or similar to that according to the related art, a detailed description therefor will be omitted.

Therefore, when the second gear part 3311 rotates in the third rotation direction R21, the transfer of the driving force to the second cam 332 is blocked by the one-way bearing 3312, such that the second cam 332 does not rotate. In addition, when the second gear part 3311 rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22, the driving force is transferred to the second cam 332 through the one-way bearing 3312, such that the second cam 332 may rotate in the fourth rotation direction R22.

That is, the one-way clutch gear 331 may block the transfer of the driving force to the second cam 332 when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the first rotation direction R11, and may transfer the driving force to the second cam 332 when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the second rotation direction R12.

The second cam 332 has a structure similar to that of the first cam 232, and may be an edge cam protruding in a direction parallel with a shaft.

The second cam 332 includes a first portion 332L having the lowest phase and a second portion 332H having the highest phase on the basis of a protruding direction.

The first portion 332L and the second portion 332H of the second cam 332, which are portions of a contour curved line of the second cam 332 in contact with one end 311 of the second cover 310, are disposed at an interval of 180° on the basis of a rotation center of the second cam 332.

One end 311 of the second cover 310 in contact with the second cam 332 may be in selective contact with the first portion 332L and the second portion 332H of the second cam 332 depending on the rotation of the second cam 332. When the second cam 332 rotates by 180° in the fourth rotation direction R22 in a state in which one end 311 of the second cover 310 is in contact with the first portion 332L, one end 311 of the second cover 310 is in contact with the second portion 332H.

In detail, as illustrated in FIG. 10, when one end 311 of the second cover 310 is in contact with the first portion 332L of the second cam 332, the second cover 310 moves in the second close direction 310a by the elastic force of the second elastic member 320 to close the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

Then, when the second cam 332 starts to rotate in the fourth rotation direction R22 in the state in which one end 311 of the second cover 310 is in contact with the first portion 332L, the second cam 332 presses one end 311 of the second cover 310 in the second open direction 310b to push the second cover 310 in the second open direction 310b.

Therefore, when the second cam 332 rotates by 180° in the state in which one end 311 of the second cover 310 is in contact with the first portion 332L, one end 311 of the second cover 310 is in contact with the second portion 332H, such that the second cover 310 may completely open the first to third sensors 161 to 163, as illustrated in FIG. 11.

In addition, when the second cam 332 again rotates by 180° in the fourth rotation direction R22 in a state in which the second cover 310 is opened, the second cover 310 may close the first to third sensors 161 to 163, as illustrated in FIG. 10.

In the image forming apparatus 1 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, the second cover 310 maintains a state in which it closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163 by the elastic force of the second elastic member 320 in the standby mode or during a period in which printing is performed in the printing mode, and when the ACR mode starts, the second cover 310 opens the first to third sensors 161 to 163 through the rotation of the second cam 332 to perform the ACR. Then, when the ACR mode ends, the first to third sensors 161 to 163 may be again closed through the second cover 310.

Therefore, the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are opened through the second cover 310 only at the time of an operation, that is, only when the ACR mode is performed, such that pollution of the first to third sensors 161 to 163 due to the toners, dust, and the like, may be prevented.

FIG. 12 is a flow chart illustrating a method for controlling an image forming apparatus 1 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, FIGS. 13A to 13C are views illustrating operations of the shutter unit 10 in a printing mode, and FIGS. 14A to 14C are views illustrating operations of the shutter unit 10 in an ACR mode.

Hereinafter, a method for controlling an image forming apparatus 1 will be described on the basis of operations in which the light window 122 and the sensing unit 16 are opened or closed by the shutter unit 10 with reference to FIGS. 12 to 14C.

As described above, the first shutter part 200 opening or closing the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 and the second shutter part 300 opening or closing the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are together engaged with the driving shaft 120 of the motor 100 to receive the driving force transferred from the motor 100.

The first cam gear 230 and the second cam gear 330 engaged and rotating with the driving shaft 120 are configured to have the same gear ratio, such that a rotation angle of the first cam gear 230 and a rotation angle of the second cam gear 330 depending on the rotation of the driving shaft 120 may be configured to be the same as each other.

As illustrated in FIG. 12, the image forming apparatus 1 may be operated in the printing mode for forming the image on the printing medium and the ACR mode for correcting the color toner image.

A controller (not illustrated) controlling the image forming apparatus 1 may control rotation directions and rotation angles of the driving shaft 120 of the motor 100 depending on operations in the printing mode and the ACR mode to control the first and second shutter part 200 and 300.

In the method for controlling an image forming apparatus 1 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, first, an operation in any one of the printing mode for forming the image on the printing medium and the ACR mode for aligning the toner image transferred to the transfer belt 151 of the transfer unit 15 is selected (S1).

As described above, the image forming apparatus 1 is generally operated in the printing mode for forming the image on the printing medium.

However, in the case in which the developing unit 14 is replaced, the image forming apparatus 1 continuously performs a large amount of printing, or the image forming apparatus 1 is not operated for a long period of time, the image forming apparatus 1 may be operated in the ACR mode.

The controller may sense that the developing unit 14 is replaced, the image forming apparatus 1 continuously performs the large amount of printing, or the image forming apparatus 1 was in the standby mode for the long period of time to automatically select the ACR mode. In addition, the ACR mode may be performed before a start of the printing mode, after an end of the printing mode, or during printing.

In the image forming apparatus 1 in a standby mode state, as illustrated in FIGS. 13A, 13C, 14A, and 14C, one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the first portion 232L of the first cam 232, and one end 311 of the second cover 310 is in contact with the first portion 332L of the second cam 332. Therefore, the first cover 210 and the second cover 310 may stand by in a state in which the first cover 210 closes the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224, and the second cover 310 closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

When the printing mode starts from the standby mode, the controller rotates the driving shaft 120 of the motor 100 in the first rotation direction R11 (S21).

The controller may rotate the driving shaft 120 in the first rotation direction R11 to rotate the first cam gear 230 in the fourth rotation direction R22.

Therefore, the first cover 210 of the first shutter part 200 opens the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 of the exposing unit 12 through the driving force of the driving shaft 120, and the driving force of the driving shaft 120 transferred to the second shutter part 300 is blocked, such that the second shutter part 300 maintains a position at which the second cover 310 closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163 (S31).

In detail, the first cam gear 230 rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22 due to the rotation of the driving shaft 120 in the first rotation direction R11, such that one end 241 of the first lever 240 in a state in which it is in contact with the first portion 232L of the first cam 232 is pushed in the first direction 240a. Therefore, the other end 242 of the first lever 240 moving in the first direction 240a pushes the inclined part 214 of the first cover 210, such that the first cover 210 moves in the first open direction 210b.

Then, as illustrated in FIG. 13B, the first cam gear 230 rotates by 180° in a state of FIG. 13A, such that one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the second portion 232H of the first cam 232, and the first cover 210 completely opens the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

The controller may control the motor 100 so that the driving shaft 120 does not rotate during a period in which the printing is performed, thereby maintaining a state in which the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are opened.

In addition, when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the first rotation direction R11, the one-way clutch gear 331 of the second cam gear 330 rotates in the third rotation direction R21.

In the case in which the one-way clutch gear 331 rotates in the third rotation direction R21, the one-way clutch gear 331 blocks the driving force transferred to the second cam 332 through the one-way bearing 3312, such that the second cam 322 does not rotate, but stands by.

Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 13B, even though the first cam 232 rotates by 180° due to the rotation of the driving shaft 120 in the first rotation direction R11, the second cam 332 does not rotate, but may maintain a position in the standby mode. Therefore, the second cover 310 maintains a state in which it closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

Then, the image forming apparatus 1 performs the printing (S41).

In the case in which the image forming apparatus 1 is operated in the printing mode as described above, the first to fourth light windows 1221 and 1224 are opened through the first cover 210, such that the electrostatic latent images may be formed on the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134.

In addition, in the case in which the image forming apparatus 1 is operated in the printing mode, the transfer of the driving force to the second shutter part 300 is blocked through the one-way clutch gear 331, such that the second cover 310 may maintain the state in which it closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163. Therefore, the first to third sensors 161 to 163 that are not operated in the printing mode are maintained in a state in which they are closed by the second cover 310, such that pollution of the first to third sensors 161 to 163 due to pollutants such as the toners, and the like, may be effectively prevented.

When the printing mode ends, the controller rotates the driving shaft 120 in the first rotation direction R11 (S51).

Therefore, the first cover 210 closes the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 through the driving force of the driving shaft 120, and the driving force of the driving shaft 120 transferred to the second shutter part 300 is blocked, such that the second cover 310 maintains a position at which it closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163 (S61).

In detail, the first cam gear 230 rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22 due to the rotation of the driving shaft 120 in the first rotation direction R11, such that one end 241 of the first lever 240 in a state in which it is in contact with the second portion 232H of the first cam 232 is released from being pressed from the first cam 232.

Therefore, the first lever 240 moves in the second direction 240b by the elastic force of the lever elastic member 250, and the first cover 210 moves in the first close direction 210a by the elastic force of the first elastic member 220.

Then, as illustrated in FIG. 13C, the first cam gear 230 again rotates by 180° in a state of FIG. 13B, such that one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the first portion 232L of the first cam 232. Therefore, the first cover 210 completely closes the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

In addition, when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the first rotation direction R11, the one-way clutch gear 331 of the second cam gear 330 rotates in the third rotation direction R21, and the driving force transferred to the second cam 332 is blocked through the one-way bearing 3312, such that the second cam 332 does not rotate.

Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 13C, even though the first cam 232 again rotates by 180° due to the rotation of the driving shaft 120 in the first rotation direction R11, the second cam 332 does not rotate, but may maintain a position in the standby mode. Therefore, the second cover 310 maintains a state in which it closes the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

The controller controls the motor 100 so that the driving shaft 120 does not rotate after the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are closed by the first cover 210 due to an end of the printing mode, such that the image forming apparatus 1 may enter the standby mode in a state in which the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 and the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are closed.

In addition, when the ACR mode starts from the standby mode of the image forming apparatus 1, the controller rotates the driving shaft 120 of the motor 100 in the second rotation direction R12 (S22).

The controller may rotate the driving shaft 120 in the second rotation direction R12 to rotate the first cam gear 230 in the third rotation direction R21.

Therefore, through the driving force of the driving shaft 120, the first cover 210 of the first shutter part 200 moves to open the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 of the exposing unit 12, and the second cover 310 of the second shutter part 300 moves to open the first to third sensors 161 to 163 (S32).

In detail, the first cam gear 230 rotates in the third rotation direction R21 due to the rotation of the driving shaft 120 in the second rotation direction R12, such that one end 241 of the first lever 240 in a state in which it is in contact with the first portion 232L of the first cam 232 is pushed in the first direction 240a. Therefore, the other end 242 of the first lever 240 moving in the first direction 240a pushes the inclined part 214 of the first cover 210, such that the first cover 210 moves in the first open direction 210b.

Then, as illustrated in FIG. 14B, the first cam gear 230 rotates by 180° in a state of FIG. 14A, such that one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the second portion 232H of the first cam 232, and the first cover 210 completely opens the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

In addition, when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the second rotation direction R12, the first cam gear 230 rotates in the third rotation direction R21, and at the same time, the one-way clutch gear 331 of the second cam gear 330 rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22.

In the case in which the one-way clutch gear 331 rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22, the one-way bearing 3312 transfers the driving force to the second cam 332, such that the second cam 332 also rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22.

Therefore, one end 331 of the second cover 310 in a state in which it is in contact with the first portion 332L of the second cam 332 is pushed in the second open direction 310b, such that the second cover 310 moves in the second open direction 310b.

Then, as illustrated in FIG. 14B, the second cam gear 330 rotates by 180° in a state of FIG. 14A, such that one end 311 of the second cover 310 is in contact with the second portion 332H of the second cam 332, and the second cover 310 thus completely opens the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

The controller controls the motor 100 so that the driving shaft 120 does not rotate during a period in which the ACR mode progresses. Therefore, the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are maintained in an open state.

Therefore, in the ACR mode, the exposing unit 12 may form electrostatic latent images for predetermined measuring marks on the first to fourth photoreceptors 131 to 134 through the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224, and may form predetermined measuring marks for the ACR on the transfer belt 151.

Then, the image forming apparatus 1 performs the ACR (S42).

The first to third sensors 161 to 163 are opened, such that the first to third sensors 161 to 163 may sense the measuring marks formed on the transfer belt 151 and thus perform alignment and correction on the color toner image.

When the ACR mode ends, the controller rotates the driving shaft 120 in the second rotation direction R12 (S52).

Therefore, through the driving force of the driving shaft 120, the first cover 210 moves in the first close direction 210a to close the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224, and the second cover 310 moves in the second close direction 310a to close the first to third sensors 161 to 163 (S62).

In detail, the first cam gear 230 rotates in the third rotation direction R21 due to the rotation of the driving shaft 120 in the second rotation direction R12, such that one end 241 of the first lever 240 in a state in which it is in contact with the second portion 232H of the first cam 232 is released from being pressed from the first cam 232.

Therefore, the first lever 240 moves in the second direction 240b by the elastic force of the lever elastic member 250, and the first cover 210 moves in the first close direction 210a by the elastic force of the first elastic member 220.

Then, as illustrated in FIG. 14C, the first cam gear 230 again rotates by 180° in a state of FIG. 14B, such that one end 241 of the first lever 240 is in contact with the first portion 232L of the first cam 232, and the first cover 210 thus completely closes the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224.

In addition, when the driving shaft 120 rotates in the second rotation direction R12, the one-way clutch gear 331 of the second cam gear 330 rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22, and the driving force is transferred to the second cam 332 through the one-way bearing 3312, such that the second cam 332 also rotates in the fourth rotation direction R22.

Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 14C, the first and second cams 232 and 332 again rotate by 180° due to the rotation of the driving shaft 120 in the first rotation direction R12, such that the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are closed.

The controller may control the motor 100 so that the driving shaft 120 does not rotate after the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 and the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are closed due to an end of the ACR mode, thereby allowing the image forming apparatus 1 to enter the standby mode.

As described above, in the image forming apparatus 1 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present disclosure, the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 are connected together to the driving shaft 120 of the motor 100, and the driving force is transferred from the motor 100 to the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300, such that the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 may be driven using only the single motor 100. Therefore, the image forming apparatus 1 including the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 may be configured to have a compact entire structure.

In addition, the second shutter part 300 may selectively rotate the second cam 332 depending on a rotation direction of the driving shaft 120 through the one-way clutch gear 331 to selectively open the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

Therefore, the image forming apparatus 1 may select the printing mode of maintaining a state in which the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are opened or closed and the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are closed and the ARC mode in which the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 and the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are simultaneously opened or closed by only a simple control that changes the rotation direction of the driving shaft 120, and be operated in the selected mode.

In addition, the first and second cam gears 230 and 330 are configured to have the same gear ratio, such that they simultaneously rotate at the same rotation angle, and may thus indirectly sense an open or close state of the first cover 210 through the first to third sensors 161 to 163.

In detail, the first cam gear 230 and the second cam gear 330 are configured to have the same gear ratio, such that the rotation angle of the first cam gear 230 and the rotation angle of the second cam gear 330 may be configured to be the same as each other.

Therefore, an amount of light sensed by the first to third sensors 161 to 163 becomes maximum or minimum at the moment when the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are opened or closed by the second cover 310 due to the rotation of the driving shaft 120 in the second rotation direction R12.

The controller may decide that a point in time in which an amount of light sensed by the first to third sensors 161 to 163 becomes maximum or minimum is a point in time in which the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are completely opened or completely closed by the first cover 210.

That is, in the operation in the ACR mode, the controller may decide that a point in time in which an amount of light introduced into the first to third sensors 161 to 163 becomes maximum is a point in time in which the first to third sensors 161 to 163 and the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are opened. Therefore, the controller may control the motor 100 so that the driving shaft 120 stops, thereby performing the ACR mode.

Then, as the driving shaft 120 rotates in the second rotation direction R12 due to an end of the ACR mode, the controller may decide that a point in time in which an amount of light sensed by the first to third sensors 161 to 163 becomes minimum is a point in time in which the first to third sensors 161 to 163 and the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are closed. Therefore, the controller may control the motor 100 so that the driving shaft 120 stops, thereby allowing the image forming apparatus 1 to enter the standby mode, or may change the rotation direction of the driving shaft 120 into the first rotation direction R11, thereby starting the printing mode.

As described above, the shutter unit 10 according to the present disclosure may accurately decide whether the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 are opened or closed by the first cover 210 and the first to third sensors 161 to 163 are opened or closed by the second cover 310 through the sensing unit 16 without using a separate sensor for sensing states of the first and second covers 210 and 310.

In addition, since the shutter unit 10 may perform the driving and the control on the first and second shutter parts 200 and 300 in the printing mode and the ACR mode through the single motor 100, the pollution of the first to fourth light windows 1221 to 1224 and the first to third sensors 161 to 163 may be effectively prevented by using the shutter unit 10 having a simple structure.

Therefore, an entire size of the image forming apparatus 1 including the shutter unit 10 may be reduced, a structure of the image forming apparatus 1 may become compact, and a cost required for manufacturing the image forming apparatus 1 may be efficiently reduced.

Although the diverse exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure have been individually described hereinabove, the respective exemplary embodiments are not necessarily implemented singly, but may also be implemented so that configurations and operations thereof are combined with those of one or more other exemplary embodiments.

Although the exemplary embodiments of the present disclosure have been illustrated and described hereinabove, the present disclosure is not limited to the specific exemplary embodiments described above, but may be variously modified by those skilled in the art to which the present disclosure pertains without departing from the scope and spirit of the disclosure as claimed in the claims. These modifications should also be understood to fall within the technical spirit and scope of the present disclosure.

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
발명의 명칭 화상형성장치 에스프린팅솔루션 주식회사 21 October 2010 08 August 2012
画像形成装置 OKI DATA CORP 26 June 2009 13 January 2011
Image forming apparatus SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD. 17 April 2015 31 March 2016
画像形成装置及び転写ユニット 株式会社リコー 02 June 2011 20 December 2012
Image forming apparatus with drive device to move cleaning unit HP PRINTING KOREA CO., LTD. 12 October 2011 09 December 2014
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US10061224 Image forming shutter 1 US10061224 Image forming shutter 2 US10061224 Image forming shutter 3