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Patent Analysis of

Globally optimal close-loop controlling method for triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10063158

Application Number

US15/925685

Application Date

19 March 2018

Publication Date

28 August 2018

Current Assignee

SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SHANGHAI JIAO TONG UNIVERSITY

International Classification

H02M3/335,H02M3/158

Cooperative Classification

H02M3/33584,H02M2003/1586

Inventor

LI, GUOJIE,TONG, ANPING,HANG, LIJUN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10063158 Globally optimal close-loop controlling 1 US10063158 Globally optimal close-loop controlling 2 US10063158 Globally optimal close-loop controlling 3
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Abstract

A globally optimal close-loop controlling method for a triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter, which is based on three control variables of the internal phase shift ratio of the primary side full bridge, of the internal phase shift ratio of the secondary side full bridge, and of the phase shift ratio between the primary and the secondary side, of a DAB (dual active bridge-isolated bidirectional DC/DC dual active bridge-isolated bidirectional DC/DC) converter, enabling the DAB to automatically realize global optimal operation via close-loop controlling means under various conditions, thus raising DAB efficiency. The method of close-loop control with global optimization for the DAB has a good controlling performance.

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Claims

1. A globally optimal close-loop controlling method for a triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter having a DC voltage source, a primary side single phase full bridge H1 having four fully-controlled switches S1 to S4, a secondary side single phase full bridge H2 having four fully-controlled switches Q1 to Q4, a high frequency isolated transformer having a transformation ratio n:1, a high frequency inductor L, and a controller comprising a sampling unit, a PI controller, and a modulation unit, an input port of a control signal of the switches S1 to S4 and an input port of a control signal of the switches Q1 to Q4 of being respectively connected with a corresponding output port of a switching signal of the controller, the sampling unit having two signal input ports for respectively measuring an input voltage Vin and an output voltage Vout of the DAB for outputting an output x via the PI controller; an output port of an output switch of the modulation unit being connected with the input ports of the switches S1 to S4 and of the switches Q1 to Q4 of the primary side single phase full bridge and of the secondary side single phase full bridge, respectively, comprising

(1) respectively measuring Vin and Vout and computing a voltage transfer ratio M of the controller according to expression (1):

M=n×VoutVin(2)

wherein Vin is the input voltage of the DAB, and Vout is the output voltage of the DAB, n is the transformation ratio of the high frequency isolated transformer;(2) computing an output x of the PI controller according to expression (2):

x=kp(Vref−Vout)+ki∫(Vref−Vout)dt  (2) wherein kp and ki are respectively proportional and integral parameters of the PI controller and pre-set as 0.1≤kp≤10 and 0.001≤ki≤1; Vref is the setting value for DAB output voltage;(3) computing three phase shift control variables for the DAB globally optimal close-loop control: respectively computing the control variables for a primary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D1,opt, a secondary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D2,opt, and a phase shift ratio D0,opt between the primary and the secondary sides from a range of the x obtained from the expression (2), and(i) if x≥1, then

D0,opt=f3(x)=12M[(2x-3)×(1-1-M2)+M]D1,opt=0D2,opt=0(3)(ii)ifMx1,thenD0,opt=g2(D1,opt)=D1,opt-1+M+D1,optM2M+(D1,opt-1)2+M2(D1,opt2-1)2MD1,opt=f2(x)=1-xD2,opt=h2(D1,opt)=0(iii)if0xM,then(4)D1,opt=f1(x)=1-xD0,opt=g1(D1,opt)=(1-M)(1-D1,opt)MD2,opt=h1(D1,opt)=1-(1-D1,opt)M(5)

wherein D1,opt is an internal phase shift ratio of the H1 for a port 1 of the DAB, D2,opt is an internal phase shift ratio of the H2 for a port 2 of the DAB, and D0,opt is a phase shift ratio between the two ports respectively of the H1 and H2, with opt standing for optimization; and(4) constructing a sequentially inputted driving signal pulse in accordance with the primary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D1,opt, the secondary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D2,opt, and the phase shift ratio D0,opt between the primary and the secondary sides, for the controller to control operation of the primary side full bridge H1 and the secondary side full bridge H2 for modulation and for realization of the globally optimal close-loop control for the DAB converter as well for automatic realization of globally optimized operation of the DAB.

2. The DAB converter system according to claim 1, comprising

the DC voltage source, the primary side single phase full bridge H1 having the four fully-controlled switches being S1, S2, S3, and S4, the secondary side single phase full bridge H2 having the four fully-controlled switches Q1, Q2, Q3, and Q4, the high frequency isolated transformer, the high frequency inductor L, andthe controller, the controller comprising

the sampling unit, the PI controller, and the modulation unit, wherein a positive pole of a DC bus of the primary side single phase full bridge is connected with a corresponding positive pole of the DC voltage source, a negative pole of the DC bus of the primary side single phase full bridge is connected with a corresponding negative pole of the DC voltage source, an AC side of the primary side single phase full bridge is connected with a primary side of the high frequency isolated transformer via the high frequency inductor L, a positive pole of a DC bus of the secondary side single phase full bridge is connected with a corresponding positive pole of a DC load, the negative pole of the DC bus of the secondary side single phase full bridge is connected with a corresponding negative pole of the DC load, an AC side of the secondary side single phase full bridge is connected with a secondary side of the high frequency isolated transformer, the transformation ratio of the high frequency isolated transformer is n:1, the input port of the control signal of the switches S1 to S4 of the primary side single phase full bridge and the input port of a control signal of the switches Q1 to Q4 of the secondary side single phase full bridge are respectively connected with the corresponding output port of the switching signal of the controller, the sampling unit has two signal input ports for respectively measuring the input voltage Vin and the output voltage Vout of the DAB for outputting the output x via the PI controller, and the output port of the output switch of the modulation unit is connected with the input ports of the switches S1 to S4 and of the switches Q1 to Q4 of the primary side single phase full bridge and of the secondary side single phase full bridge, respectively.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    lly optimal close-loop controlling method for a triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter having a C volt
    • l bridge and of the secondary side single phase full bridge, respectively, comprising (1) respectively measuring Vin and Vout and computing a voltage transfer ratio M of the controller according to expression (1): M=
    • rac>n×VoutVin(2) wherein Vin is the input voltage of the DAB, and Vout
    • is the output voltage of the DAB, n is the transformation ratio of the high frequency isolated transformer;(2) computing an output x of the PI controller according to expression (2): x=kp(Vref−Vout)+ki∫(Vref−Vout)dt  (2) wherein kp and ki are respectively proportional and integral parameters of the PI controller and pre-set as 0.1≤kp≤10 and 0.001≤ki≤1; Vref is the setting value for DAB output voltage;(3) computing three phase shift control variables for the DAB globally optimal close-loop control: respectively computing the control variables for a primary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D1,opt, a secondary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D2,opt, and a phase shift ratio D0,opt between the primary and the secondary sides from a range of the x obtained from the expression (2), and(i) if x≥1, then
    • w>D0,opt=f3(x)=12M[(2x-3)×(1-1-M2
    • >)+M
      • /mrow>]D1,opt=0D2,opt=0(3)(ii)ifMx1,thenD0,opt=g2(D1,opt)=D1,opt-1+M+D1,optM2M+(D1,opt-1)2+M2(D1,opt2-1)2MD1<
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Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

The subject application claims priority on Chinese application no. 201710657027.1 filed on Aug. 3, 2017. The contents and subject matter of the Chinese priority application is incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention relates to DC/DC high frequency isolated transformation, particularly, a globally optimal close-loop controlling method for a triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter.

BACKGROUND ART

As the electrical and electronic technology develops, high frequency isolated power transformation technique has been gradually more and more applied as an important moderate-speed versatile control means in the power grid. Phase shift modulation scheme (PSMS) based dual active bridge-isolated bidirectional DC/DC converter (DAB) has the characteristics of high power density, quick dynamic response, easily implementable soft switching, and bi-directional energy flow, thus, making it widely popular in the UPS, electric vehicle, and solid-state transformer, etc. Common means for controlling a DAB converter is via phase shift modulation, by means of generating a voltage square-wave with relative phase shift on the primary port and the secondary port of the high frequency converter, and by means of simultaneously controlling the relative phase shift between the primary and the secondary full-bridges driven by a switch obliquely orthogonal thereto to alter the duty ratio of the voltage square-wave, thus regulating the power flow via the converter. In accordance with the selected control variables, common modes for modulating a DAB converter include the single phase shift modulation (SPSM), dual phase shift modulation (DPSM), extended phase shift modulation (EPSM), and triple phase shift modulation (TPSM). Among these modes, the TPSM is the most general modulating mode, having three independent control variables, while the SPSM, DPSM, and EPSM may all be regarded as a simplified form of TPSM. Thus, the TPSM is the most versatile of them all, where rational constraint on the inter-relationship among the control variables may be exercised to decrease the effective value of the current passing through the converter to lower the current stress for the device during the transport of the same power by the DAB converter, therefore, the system efficiency may be elevated.

To increase the operational and transformational efficiency for the input and output power, realization of globally optimal operation is needed for the DAB. Further, how to realize the global optimization via close-loop control is the key to increase the operational performance of the DAB.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

To solve the problem and increase the efficiency for the input and output power, the present invention provides a globally optimal close-loop controlling method for a triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter. The method of the present invention realizes the globally optimal operation automatically by close-loop control, thus improving the operational performance of the DAB.

The technical solution of the present invention is as follows:

A globally optimal close-loop controlling method for a triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter is provided with the DAB converter comprising a DC voltage source, a primary side single phase full bridge H1, a secondary side single phase full bridge H2, a high frequency isolated transformer, a high frequency inductor L, and a controller; 4 fully-controlled switches of the primary side single phase full bridge H1 being S1˜S4, 4 fully-controlled switches of the secondary side single phase full bridge H2 being Q1˜Q4; a positive pole of a DC bus of the primary side single phase full bridge being connected with a corresponding positive pole of the DC voltage source, a negative pole of the DC bus of the primary side single phase full bridge being connected with a corresponding negative pole of the DC voltage source, an AC side of the primary side single phase full bridge being connected with a primary side of the high frequency isolated transformer via the high frequency inductor L; a positive pole of a DC bus of the secondary side single phase full bridge being connected with a corresponding positive pole of a DC load, a negative pole of the DC bus of the secondary side single phase full bridge being connected with a corresponding negative pole of the DC load, an AC side of the secondary side single phase full bridge being connected with a secondary side of the high frequency isolated transformer, and a transformation ratio of the high frequency isolated transformer being n:1; an input port of a control signal of the switches S1˜S4 of the primary side single phase full bridge and an input port of a control signal of the switches Q1˜Q4 of the secondary side single phase full bridge being respectively connected with a corresponding output port of a switching signal of the controller; and

the controller comprising a sampling unit, a PI controller, and a modulation unit, with the sampling unit having two signal input ports for respectively measuring an input voltage Vin and an output voltage Vout of the DAB for outputting an output x via the PI controller; an output port of an output switch of the modulation unit being connected with the input ports of the switches S1˜S4 and of the switches Q1˜Q4 of the primary side single phase full bridge and of the secondary side single phase full bridge respectively.

The method of the present invention comprises the following steps:

(1) respectively measuring the input voltage Vin and the output voltage Vout of the DAB, and in accordance with the transformation ratio n, computing a voltage transfer ratio of the controller according to expression (1):

M=n×VoutVin(1)

wherein Vin being the measured input voltage of the DAB, and Vout being the measured output voltage of the DAB, n being the transformation ratio of the high frequency isolated transformer and being a parameter as well with an initial value thereof being pre-set;

(2) computing the output x of the PI controller according to expression (2):

x=kp(Vref−Vout)+ki∫(Vref−Vout)dt  (2)

wherein kp and ki are proportional and integral parameters of the PI controller, respectively, and are pre-set as 0.1≤kp≤10, 0.001≤ki≤1; Vref is the setting value for DAB output voltage.

(3) computing three phase shift control variables for the DAB globally optimal close-loop control:

from a range of the x obtained from the expression (2), computing the control variables respectively for a primary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D1,opt, a secondary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D2,opt, and a phase shift ratio D0,opt between the primary and the secondary sides:

(i) if x≥1, then

D0,opt=f3(x)=12M[(2x-3)×(1-1-M2)+M]D1,opt=0D2,opt=0(3)(ii)ifMx1,thenD0,opt=g2(D1,opt)=D1,opt-1+M+D1,optM2M+(D1,opt-1)2+M2(D1,opt2-1)2MD1,opt=f2(x)=1-xD2,opt=h2(D1,opt)=0(iii)if0xM,then(4)D1,opt=f1(x)=1-xD0,opt=g1(D1,opt)=(1-M)(1-D1,opt)MD2,opt=h1(D1,opt)=1-(1-D1,opt)M(5)

wherein D1,opt represents the internal phase shift ratio of the H1 for the port 1 of the DAB, D2,opt represents the internal phase shift ratio of the H2 for the port 2 of the DAB, and D0,opt represents the phase shift ratio between the two ports respectively of the H1 and H2, with opt standing for optimization;

(4) constructing a sequentially inputted driving signal pulse in accordance with the primary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D1,opt, the secondary side full bridge internal phase shift ratio D2,opt, and the phase shift ratio D0,opt between the primary and the secondary sides, for the controller to control operation of the primary side full bridge H1 and the secondary side full bridge H2 for modulation and for realization of the globally optimal close-loop control for the DAB converter as well for automatic realization of globally optimized operation of the DAB.

In comparison with the prior art, the present invention realizes globally optimal operation of the DAB via close-loop control and improves the operational performance for the DAB.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing the system composition of the DAB of the present invention, among which FIG. 1(a) shows portion having a primary side single phase full bridge H1, a secondary side single phase full bridge H2, a high frequency isolated transformer, and a high frequency inductor L of the DAB of the present invention; FIG. 1(b) shows the portion having the controller of the DAB of the present invention.

FIG. 2 is a diagram showing the operation efficiency at M=0.6 for the DAB of the present invention.

FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the operation efficiency at M=0.8 for the DAB of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a diagram showing the operation efficiency at M=1.15 for the DAB of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION AND EMBODIMENTS

The present invention is expounded in details with the figures and following embodiments, which do not serve to limit the scope of protection for the present invention. A person of skilled in the art may modify the embodiment as described without departing from the scope of the present invention.

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram for the system composition of the globally optimal close-loop controlling method for the triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter of the present invention. As shown in FIGS. 1(a) and 1(b), the DAB converter comprises a DC voltage source, a primary side single phase full bridge H1, a secondary side single phase full bridge H2, a high frequency isolated transformer, a high frequency inductor L, and a controller; 4 fully-controlled switches of the primary side single phase full bridge H1 being S1˜S4, 4 fully-controlled switches of the secondary side single phase full bridge H2 being Q1˜Q4; a positive pole of a DC bus of the primary side single phase full bridge being connected with a corresponding positive pole of the DC voltage source, a negative pole of the DC bus of the primary side single phase full bridge being connected with a corresponding negative pole of the DC voltage source, an AC side of the primary side single phase full bridge being connected with a primary side of the high frequency isolated transformer via the high frequency inductor L; a positive pole of a DC bus of the secondary side single phase full bridge being connected with a corresponding positive pole of a DC load, a negative pole of the DC bus of the secondary side single phase full bridge being connected with a corresponding negative pole of the DC load, an AC side of the secondary side single phase full bridge being connected with a secondary side of the high frequency isolated transformer, and a transformation ratio of the high frequency isolated transformer being n:1; an input port of a control signal of the switches S1˜S4 of the primary side single phase full bridge and an input port of a control signal of the switches Q1˜Q4 of the secondary side single phase full bridge being respectively connected with a corresponding output port of a switching signal of the controller.

Referring to FIG. 1(b), the controller comprises a sampling unit, a PI controller, and a modulation unit, with the sampling unit having two signal input ports for respectively measuring an input voltage Vin and an output voltage Vout of the DAB for outputting an output x via the PI controller; an output port of an output switch of the modulation unit being connected with the input ports of the switches S1˜S4 and of the switches Q1˜Q4 of the primary side single phase full bridge and of the secondary side single phase full bridge respectively.

FIGS. 2, 3, and 4 compare operation efficiency of the present invention at various voltage modulation ratios of the DAB with the single phase shift modulation method of the prior art. As are shown in the figures, the curves Dopt stand for the efficiency for the globally optimal method for the triple-phase-shift modulated DAB of the present invention, while the curves SPS stand for the single phase shift modulation method of the prior art, with those in FIG. 2, FIG. 3, and FIG. 4 standing for operation efficiency at the modulation ratios M=0.6, M=0.8, M=1.15, respectively, of the DAB of the present invention. All FIGS. 2 to 4 show that the DAB, for the various modulation ratios in the whole power range, is more efficient than the single phase shift modulation method, with the lowest efficiency at 96%, the highest efficiency surpassing 98%, thus substantially increasing efficiency for the DAB. As shown in the figures, the close-loop controlling method for the DAB of the present invention is capable to realize globally optimal operation for the DAB.

The globally optimal close-loop controlling method for the triple-phase-shift modulated DAB converter of the present invention specifically realized as follows:

Measure respectively the input voltage Vin and the output voltage Vout of the DAB, and the transformation ratio n of the high-frequency converter (the transformation ratio n of the converter is dependent on the specific device, and is inputted into the controller by the designer), with the controller computing the voltage transfer ratio M according to the expression (1); output the x from the difference between the output voltage reference value Vref and the measured output voltage Vout of the DAB in accordance with the expression (2). Subsequently, output the obtained x and M to the modulation unit of the controller, compute the three phase-shift control variables D1,opt, D2,opt and D0,opt in accordance with the expressions (3)˜(5), and finally drive the power devices S1˜S4, Q1˜Q4 to control the operation of the DAB power devices and to realize optimal operation.

FIGS. 2 to 4 show that the operation efficiency for the DAB of the present invention under various voltage modulation ratios is higher than that for the single phase shift modulation method in the whole power range. As shown, the close-loop controlling method for the DAB of the present invention is capable of realizing globally optimal operation for the DAB.

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Citation

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Method for driving a resonant converter, and corresponding converter and computer program product STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L. 09 January 2018 10 May 2018
Bidirectional converters and flux-balancing control methods thereof DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. 13 June 2014 17 December 2015
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US10063158 Globally optimal close-loop controlling 1 US10063158 Globally optimal close-loop controlling 2 US10063158 Globally optimal close-loop controlling 3