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Patent Analysis of

Precoding matrix set determining method and apparatus, and parameter indication information sending method and apparatus

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10063299

Application Number

US15/206062

Application Date

08 July 2016

Publication Date

28 August 2018

Current Assignee

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

International Classification

H04B7/04,H04B7/0456,H04B7/06,H04B7/0417,H04L5/00

Cooperative Classification

H04B7/0478,H04B7/0417,H04W72/0406,H04B7/0658,H04L5/0026

Inventor

LIU, KUNPENG,ZHANG, LEIMING,LIU, JIANGHUA,ZHOU, YONGXING

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10063299 Precoding matrix set determining 1 US10063299 Precoding matrix set determining 2 US10063299 Precoding matrix set determining 3
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Abstract

A precoding matrix set determining method and apparatus, and a parameter indication information sending method and apparatus are provided. The precoding matrix set determining method include: determining, by a first network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and using the parameter to determine the precoding matrix set, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix. By using this solution, flexibility of feeding back a precoding matrix indicator is improved.

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Claims

1. A precoding matrix set determining method, comprising:

determining, by a first network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in a dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and wherein the parameter is terminal-specific; and determining, by the first network device, the precoding matrix set using the parameter, wherein the precoding matrix set comprises at least one precoding matrix; wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and wherein other parameters, except the parameter, from among the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset; and the determining, by the first network device, the precoding matrix set using the parameter comprises: determining, by the first network device, using a phase range [0, φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set wherein 0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the parameter comprises multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets; and

the determining, by the first network device, the precoding matrix set using the parameter comprises: separately determining, by the first network device, respective precoding matrix subsets using the groups of parameters; and forming, by the first network device, the precoding matrix set using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters.

3. The method according to claim 2, wherein:

for a dual-codebook structure, W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U], W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U corresponds to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the determining, by a first network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set comprises:

receiving, by the first network device, first parameter indication information sent by a second network device, wherein the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set; and determining by the first network device, according to the first parameter indication information, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set; wherein the first parameter indication information is sent using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

5. The method according to claim 1, wherein the determining, by a first network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set comprises:

determining, by the first network device according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRG, or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and using the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

6. A parameter indication information sending method, comprising:

determining, by a second network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in a dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and wherein the parameter is terminal-specific; and sending by the second network device first parameter indication information to a first network device, wherein the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter; wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and wherein other parameters, except the parameter, from among the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset; and the determining, by the second network device, the precoding matrix set using the parameter comprises: determining, by the second network device, using a phase range [0, φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set wherein 0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

7. The method according to claim 6, wherein the parameter comprises multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets; and the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters form the precoding matrix set.

8. The method according to claim 7, wherein:

for a dual-codebook structure, W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U], W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U corresponds to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

9. The method according to claim 6, wherein the sending, by the second network device, first parameter indication information to a first network device includes:

sending, by the second network device, the first parameter indication information to the first network device using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

10. The method according to claim 6, wherein the determining, by a second network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set comprises:

determining, by the second network device according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRG, or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and using the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

11. A precoding matrix set determining apparatus, integrated in a first network device and comprising:

a parameter determining unit, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in a dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and wherein the parameter is terminal-specific; and a set determining unit, configured to determine the precoding matrix set using the parameter, wherein the precoding matrix set comprises at least one precoding matrix; wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and wherein other parameters, except the parameter, from among the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset and the set determining unit is configured to determine, using a phase range [0,φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set wherein 0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

12. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the parameter comprises multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets; and

the set determining unit is configured to: separately determine respective precoding matrix subsets using the groups of parameters; and form the precoding matrix set using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters.

13. The apparatus according to claim 12, wherein:

for a dual-codebook structure, W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U], W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U corresponds to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

14. The apparatus according to claim 11, further comprising:

a receiving unit, configured to receive first parameter indication information sent by a second network device, wherein the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set; wherein the parameter determining unit is configured to determine, according to the first parameter indication information, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set; and wherein the first parameter indication information is sent using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

15. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the parameter determining unit is configured to: determine, according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRG, or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and use the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

16. A parameter indication information sending apparatus, integrated in a second network device and comprising:

a parameter determining unit, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in a dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and wherein the parameter is terminal-specific; and a sending unit, configured to send first parameter indication information to a first network device, wherein the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter; wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and wherein other parameters, except the parameter, from among the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset; and the set determining unit is configured to determine, using a phase range [0,φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set wherein 0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

17. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein the parameter comprises multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets; and the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters form the precoding matrix set.

18. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein:

for a dual-codebook structure, W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U], W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U corresponds to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

19. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein the sending unit is configured to send the first parameter indication information to the first network device using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

20. The apparatus according to claim 16, wherein the parameter determining unit is configured to: determine, according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRG, or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and use the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    x set determining method, comprising: determi ing, by a
    • rst network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in a dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and wherein the parameter is terminal-specific; and determining, b
    • the first network device, the precoding matrix set using the parameter, wherein the precoding matrix set comprises at least one precoding matrix; wherein the parame
    • r comprises at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and wherein other parameters, except the parameter, from among the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset; an
    • the determining, by the first network device, the precoding matrix set using the parameter comprises: determining, by the first network device, using a phase range [0, φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set wherein 0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix
    • et; and the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matri
  • 2
    set. 2. The method according to cl im 1, w
    • erein the par meter com
    • ters. 3. The method according to cl im 2, w
      • herein: for a dual-codebook structure, W=W1*W
  • 4
    />2
    • >,W
  • 5
    device, a parameter used for deter ining a
    • precoding matrix set comprises: receiving, by the first network device, first parameter indication nformatio
  • 6
    g, or dynamic signaling. 5. The method according to c aim 1, whe
    • in the determining, by a first network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set comprises: determining, by the first network device according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRG, or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the
    • ndication information, and using the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set. 6. A parameter indication information sending method, comprising: determi
    • ng, by a second network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in a dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and wherein the parameter is terminal-specific; and sending by the second network device first parameter indication information to a first network device, wherein the first parameter indication information
    • used to indicate the parameter; wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and wherein other parameters, except the parameter, from among the first phase value φ
    • /sub>, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the qu
  • 7
    ntity M of elements in each vector n the p
    • ecoding matri set are
    • mplitude am,n, the quant ty N, a
      • nd the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set wherein 0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the v
  • 9
    ctor in the precoding matrix set. 7 The me
    • hod according to claim 6, wherein the parameter comprises multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets; and the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters form the precoding matrix set. 8. The method according to claim 7, wherein: for a dua
  • 10
    -codebook structure,
  • " num="00161">W=W
  • 11
    >U], W
    • is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U corresponds to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters. 9. The method according to claim 6, wherein the sending, by the second network device, first parameter indication information to a first network device includes: sending, by the second network device, the first parameter indication information to
    • e first network device using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling. 10. The method according to claim 6, wherein the determining
    • by a second network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set comprises: determining, by the second network device according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRG, or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and using the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set. 11. A precoding matrix set determining apparatus, integrated in a first network device and comprising: a parameter determining unit, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, wherein the parameter comprises at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of
    • ctors in a first codebook set in a dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and wherein
    • he parameter is terminal-specific; and a set det
      • rmining unit, configure
    • ector in the precoding matrix set are pr set and the set de
      • rmining unit is configured to determine, using a phase range [0,φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set wherein 0 is a minimum value of a phase difference
      • etween two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas
      • the vector in the precoding matrix set. 12. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the parameter comprises multiple groups of parameters used
    • or determining different precoding matri subset
      • ; and the set determining unit is configured to: separately determine respective precoding matrix subsets using the groups of parameters; and form the precoding matrix set using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters. 13. The apparatus according to claim 12, wherein: for a dual-codebook structure, W=W
  • 16
    e>1*W mstyle>
    • ce width="0.3em" height="0.3ex"/>2,W1=[U00U], W1 is a
    • agonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U corresponds to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of
    • arameters. 14. The apparatus according to claim 11, further comprising: a receiving unit, configured to receive first parameter indication information sent by a second network device, wherein the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set; wherein the parameter determining unit is configured to determine, according to the first parameter indication information, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set; and wherein the first parameter indication information is sent using broadcast signaling, rad
    • resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling. 15. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein the parameter determining unit is configured to: determine, according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration
    • rameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRG, or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information
    • and use the preset parameter as the par meter u
      • ed for determ ning the
    • d for determining a precoding matrix set wherei
      • n the parameter comprises at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in a dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and wherein th
    • parameter is terminal-specific; and a s nding u
      • it, configured to send first parameter indication information to a first network device, wherein the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter; wherein the parameter
    • comprises at least one of a first phase alue φ<
      • ub>1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and wherein other parameters, except the parameter, from among the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the qu
  • See all independent claims <>

    Description

    TECHNICAL FIELD

    The present invention relates to the field of wireless communications technologies, and in particular, to a precoding matrix set determining method and apparatus, and a parameter indication information sending method and apparatus.

    BACKGROUND

    By using a transmit signal precoding technology and a receive signal combination technology, a Multiple Input Multiple Output (Multiple Input Multiple Output, MIMO) wireless communications system may obtain diversity and an array gain. A system that uses precoding may be represented as follows:

    Y+H{circumflex over (V)}s+n; where

    Y is a received signal vector, H is a channel matrix, {circumflex over (V)} is a precoding matrix, s is a transmitted symbol vector, and n is measured noise.

    For optimal precoding, generally, a transmitter needs to fully learn channel state information (Channel State Information, CSI). A commonly used method is that user equipment (User Equipment, UE) quantizes transitory CSI and reports the quantized CSI to a base station, where the user equipment includes a mobile station (Mobile Station, MS), a relay (Relay), a mobile telephone (Mobile Telephone), a handset (handset), portable equipment (portable equipment), and the like, and the base station includes a NodeB (NodeB), a base station (Base station, BS), an access point (Access Point), a transmission point (Transmission Point, TP), an evolved NodeB (Evolved Node B, eNB), a relay, and the like.

    CSI reported by an existing Long Term Evolution (Long Term Evolution, LTE) system includes information such as a rank indicator (Rank Indicator, RI), a precoding matrix indicator (Precoding Matrix Indicator, PMI), and a channel quality indicator (Channel Quality Indicator, CQI), where the RI and the PMI respectively indicate a quantity of used transport layers and a used precoding matrix. A set of used precoding matrices is generally referred to as a codebook, where each precoding matrix is a codeword in the codebook.

    A codebook in LTE R8 is mainly designed for single user MIMO (SU-MIMO, Single User MIMO), and a precoding matrix or a codeword in the codebook meets a constraint of 8PSK (8 phase shift keying), and is quantized within a fixed range. Therefore, accuracy of space quantization is limited, and performance of a 3-dimensional MIMO (3D MIMO, 3 Dimensions MIMO) technology is greatly limited.

    In an existing cellular system, a beam at a transmit end of a base station can be adjusted only in a horizontal dimension, and there is a fixed downtilt angle in a vertical dimension for each user. Therefore, various beamforming/precoding technologies and the like are based on channel information in a horizontal dimension. Actually, because a channel is 3D, a throughput of the system cannot be optimal by using a method of fixing a downtilt angle. Therefore, beam adjustment in a vertical dimension is of great significance for improving system performance.

    A technical idea of the 3-dimensional MIMO technology is mainly adjusting a weight of 3-dimensional beamforming at an active antenna end according to 3D channel information estimated by a user end, so that a main lobe of a beam is “directed at” a target user in 3-dimentional space, received signal power is greatly improved, a signal to interference plus noise ratio is increased, and a throughput of an entire system is further improved.

    A 3D beamforming technology needs to be based on an active antenna system (AAS). Compared with a traditional antenna, the active antenna system further provides degrees of freedom in a vertical direction.

    However, in the prior art, whether for a 2D beamforming technology or a 3D beamforming technology, when a precoding matrix indicator is being fed back, precoding matrix sets used for all transmit ends and all communication scenarios are the same. Therefore, when the precoding matrix indicator is being fed back, a precoding matrix to be fed back can only be selected from same precoding matrix sets. However, in practical application, different transmit ends may be located in different communication scenarios, and a communication scenario in which a transmit end is located also varies; in this case, a problem of poor flexibility exists when a fixed precoding matrix set is used to feed back a precoding matrix indicator, and therefore, relatively poor subsequent communication quality is caused.

    SUMMARY

    Embodiments of the present invention provide a precoding matrix set determining method and apparatus, and a parameter indication information sending method and apparatus, to resolve a problem in the prior art that flexibility is relatively poor because a precoding matrix indicator can only be fed back based on a fixed precoding matrix set.

    A first aspect provides a precoding matrix set determining method, including:

    determining, by a first network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and

    determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix.

    A second aspect provides a parameter indication information sending method, including:

    determining, by a second network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and

    sending first parameter indication information to a first network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter.

    A third aspect provides a precoding matrix set determining apparatus, where the apparatus is integrated in a first network device and includes:

    a parameter determining unit, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and

    a set determining unit, configured to determine the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix.

    A fourth aspect provides a parameter indication information sending apparatus, where the apparatus is integrated in a second network device and includes:

    a parameter determining unit, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and

    a sending unit, configured to send first parameter indication information to a first network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter.

    A fifth aspect provides a network device, and for ease of description, the network device is referred to as a first network device, and specifically includes:

    a processor, configured to: determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and determine the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix; and

    a communications interface, configured to communicate with another network device.

    A sixth aspect provides a network device, and for ease of description, the network device is referred to as a second network device, and specifically includes:

    a processor, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and

    a communications interface, configured to send first parameter indication information to a first network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter.

    Beneficial effects of the present invention include:

    in the solution provided in the embodiments of the present invention, a first network device determines a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and uses the parameter to determine the precoding matrix set, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix. Because the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set is not fixed, the precoding matrix set determined by using the parameter is not fixed either, so that it can be more flexible when a precoding matrix indicator is fed back based on a variable precoding matrix set subsequently, and overall performance of a system and communication quality of communication feedback based on a precoding matrix indicator can be improved.

    Other features and advantages of this application are described in the subsequent specification, and some become apparent in the specification, or are understood by implementing this application. An objective and the other advantages of this application may be achieved and obtained by using a structure specified in the specification, the claims, and the accompanying drawings.

    BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

    The accompanying drawings are used to provide further understanding of the present invention, form a part of the specification, are used to explain the present invention together with the specification of the present invention, and do not constitute limitation on the present invention. In the accompanying drawings:

    FIG. 1 is a flowchart of a precoding matrix set determining method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 2 is a flowchart of a parameter indication information sending method according to an embodiment of the present invention;

    FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of an application scenario according to Embodiment 12 of the present invention;

    FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a precoding matrix set determining apparatus according to Embodiment 13 of the present invention;

    FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a parameter indication information sending apparatus according to Embodiment 14 of the present invention;

    FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a network device according to Embodiment 15 of the present invention; and

    FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a network device according to Embodiment 16 of the present invention.

    DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

    To give an implementation solution for improving flexibility of feeding back a precoding matrix indicator, embodiments of the present invention provide a precoding matrix set determining method and apparatus, and a parameter indication information sending method and apparatus. In the following, preferable embodiments of the present invention are described with reference to the drawings of the specification. It should be understood that the preferable embodiments described herein are merely used to illustrate and explain the present invention, but are not used to limit the present invention. The embodiments in this application and features in the embodiments may be mutually combined if they do not conflict with each other.

    An embodiment of the present invention provides a precoding matrix set determining method. As shown in FIG. 1, the method includes:

    Step 101. A first network device determines a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed.

    That the parameter is not fixed indicates that the parameter is a variable, that is, the parameter is not a fixed value.

    Step 102. Determine the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix.

    In the method shown in FIG. 1, the first network device may determine, according to some communication information used in a communication process, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set. For example, all information or a part of information included in the communication information may be used as indication information in an implicit manner, and corresponding preset parameters are set in advance for different pieces of indication information, so that the first network device can determine, according to the indication information carried in the communication information, the preset parameters corresponding to the indication information, and use the preset parameters as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

    The communication information may be one type of the following information:

    a user ID, a cell ID, a channel state information process (CSI process) control ID, a carrier ID, a demodulation reference signal (DMRS) configuration parameter, a channel state information-reference signal (CSI-RS) configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a precoding resource block group (PRG Precoding Resource Block Group), and a subband size.

    In the method shown in FIG. 1, the first network device may receive first parameter indication information sent by a second network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set, and the first network device determines the parameter according to the first parameter indication information.

    In this case, it is equivalent to that the second network device notifies, in an explicit manner, the first network device of the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix.

    Accordingly, this embodiment of the present invention further provides a parameter indication information sending method. As shown in FIG. 2, the method includes:

    Step 201. A second network device determines a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed.

    Step 202. Send first parameter indication information to a first network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter.

    In the methods shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the second network device may send the first parameter indication information to the first network device by using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

    Further, the first network device may send second parameter indication information to the second network device, where the second parameter indication information is used to indicate a reference parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set, and the reference parameter includes at least one of a reference phase parameter, a reference amplitude parameter, a reference quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a reference quantity of vectors in the first codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and a reference quantity of vectors in the second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback.

    The second parameter indication information sent by the first network device to the second network device may be used as reference when the second network device determines the parameter that is used for determining the precoding matrix and that the first network device is to be instructed to use. Accordingly, the parameter indicated by the first parameter indication information sent by the second network device to the first network device may be the same as or different from the reference parameter indicated by the received second parameter indication information sent by the first network device.

    In this embodiment of the present invention, in the methods shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set is not fixed. Further, the parameter may be specifically modified and adjusted based on the following information.

    The parameter may be cell-specific, that is, the parameter may be different for different cells; or

    the parameter may be terminal-specific, that is, the parameter may be different for different terminals; or

    the parameter may be CSI process-specific, that is, the parameter may be different for different CSI processes; or

    the parameter may be carrier-specific, that is, the parameter may be different for different carriers; or

    the parameter may be rank-specific, that is, the parameter may be different for different ranks; or

    the parameter may be specific to a precoding matrix subset in a dual-codebook feedback manner, where the precoding matrix set determined by using the parameter is a precoding matrix subset of a first codebook W1 or a second codebook W2 in the dual-codebook feedback manner.

    When the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set is being adjusted and modified based on the foregoing various information, specific modification and adjustment bases may be flexibly set according to a requirement in practical application. For example, the parameter may be different when angle ranges of cell coverage ranges are different; the parameter may be different when ranges of a distance between a terminal and a base station in a same cell are different.

    In this embodiment of the present invention, in the methods shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set may include multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets. Accordingly, when the parameter is used to determine the precoding matrix set, respective precoding matrix subsets may be separately determined by using the groups of parameters, and the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters form the precoding matrix set.

    Further, for a dual-codebook structure,

    W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U],

    W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U is corresponding to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

    In the methods shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, after determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, the first network device may further select a precoding matrix that needs to be reported to the second network device, and feed back matrix indication information of the selected precoding matrix to the second network device, to complete feedback of a precoding matrix indicator. For a manner of selecting the precoding matrix, the prior art may be used, and details are not described herein again. For a manner of feeding back the precoding matrix indicator, the prior art may also be used, for example, both single-codebook feedback and dual-codebook feedback are feasible, and details are not described herein again either.

    Accordingly, after determining the parameter, the second network device may determine the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, determine, according to the matrix indication information and after receiving the matrix indication information sent by the first network device, the precoding matrix selected by the first network device, and send a signal to the first network device by using the precoding matrix.

    In this embodiment of the present invention, when determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, the first network device and the second network device may dynamically generate the precoding matrix set by using the parameter; or may separately generate corresponding precoding matrix sets according to multiple different optional parameters, and may directly determine the corresponding precoding matrix set according to the currently determined parameter subsequently without dynamically generating the precoding matrix set.

    Further, when the precoding matrix set is being determined, in addition to parameters that are included in the parameter and are not fixed, some other parameters may further be used, and the other parameters may be preset parameters that are fixed.

    In the following, how to determine the precoding matrix set is separately described in detail by using different specific forms of the parameter that is used for determining the precoding matrix set and that is not fixed.

    In the foregoing methods provided in this embodiment of the present invention, the first network device may be a signal transmit end, and accordingly, the second network device is a signal receive end. Specifically, both the first network device and the second network device may be base stations or terminals, or one of them is a base station, and the other is a terminal.

    Embodiment 1

    In Embodiment 1 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    For example, φ1 and N may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    N may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    φ1 may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining, by using a phase range [0,φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, and the vector that forms B is [v0 v1 Λ vN-1], where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vn=[v0,nv1,nMvM-1,n],

    v0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, v1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vn is

    nφ1N-1.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in v0 is 0, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vN-1 is φ1, and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1N-1Λa1,N-1ejφ1MMam,nejmnφ1N-1MaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1N-1ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ1];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Embodiment 2

    In Embodiment 2 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    For example, φ1 and N may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    N may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    φ1 may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining, by using a phase range

    [0,(N-1)φ1N],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    (N-1)φ1N

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, and the vector that forms B is [v0 v1 Λ vN-1], where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vn=[v0,nv1,nMvM-1,n],

    v0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, v1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vn is

    nφ1N.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in v0 is 0, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vN-1 is

    (N-1)φ1N,

    and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1NΛa1,N-1ej(N-1)φ1NMMam,nejmnφ1NMaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1NΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(N-1)φ1N];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Embodiment 3

    In Embodiment 3 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    For example, φ2, φ3, and N may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    N may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    φ2 and φ3 may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining, by using a phase range [φ23], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, and the vector that forms B is [v0 v1 Λ vN-1], where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vn=[v0,nv1,nMvM-1,n],

    v0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, v1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vn is φ2+nΔ, where

    Δ=φ3-φ2N-1.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in v0 is φ2, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vN-1 is φ3, and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in B are the same, and are mΔ.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0e2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];whereΔ=φ3-φ2N-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ, and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Embodiment 4

    In Embodiment 4 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n, of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    For example, φ2, φ3, and N may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    N may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    φ2 and φ3 may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, and the vector that forms B is [v0 v1 Λ vN-1], where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vn=[v0,nv1,nMvM-1,n],

    v0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, v1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vn is

    φ2L+nΔ,whereΔ=φ3-φ2L(N-1).

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in v0 is

    φ2L,

    and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vN-1 is

    φ3L,

    and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in B are the same, and are mΔ.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];whereΔ=φ3-φ2L(N-1);

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number 0≤m<M, 0≤n≤N a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Embodiment 5

    In Embodiment 5 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    For example, φ2, φ3, and Δ may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    Δ may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    φ2 and φ3 may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining, by using a phase range [φ23], the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M, 0≤n<N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2N-1.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, and the vector that forms B is [v0 v1 Λ vN-1], where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vn=[v0,nv1,nMvM-1,n],

    v0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, v1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vn is φ2+nΔ. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in v0 is φ2, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vN-1 is φ3, and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in B are the same, and are mΔ.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Embodiment 6

    In Embodiment 6 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    For example, φ2, φ3, and Δ may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    Δ may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    φ2 and φ3 may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2L(N-1).

    B represents the precoding matrix set, and the vector that forms B is [v0 v1 Λ vN-1], where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vn=[v0,nv1,nMvM-1,n],

    v0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, v1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vn is

    φ2L+nΔ.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in v0 is

    φ2L,

    and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vN-1 is

    φ3L,

    and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in B are the same, and are mΔ.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Embodiment 7

    In Embodiment 7 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    For example, the K second phase values, the K third phase values, and the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    the K second phase values and the K third phase values may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value; where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, and the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    forming the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, the vector that forms B is [B1 B2 Λ BK], and the vector that forms Bk is [v0k v1k Λ vNk-1k], where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vnk=[v0,nkv1,nkMvM-1,nk],

    vk0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, vk1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vkM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    In Bk, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vkn is φ2,k+nΔk, where

    Δk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vk0 is φ2,k, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vkNk-1 is φ3,k, and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in Bk are the same, and are mΔk.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2,ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];whereΔk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n≤Nk.

    In Embodiment 7 of the present invention, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k may be different.

    At least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets may be different.

    Embodiment 8

    In Embodiment 8 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    For example, the K second phase values, the K third phase values, and the K phase intervals may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    the K phase intervals may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    the K second phase values and the K third phase values may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value; where

    determining a corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk, Nk is a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, and

    Δk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    forming the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, a vector that forms B is [B1 B2 Λ BK], and the vector that forms Bk is └v0k v1k Λ vNk-1k┘, where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vnk=[v0,nkv1,nkMvM-1,nk],

    vk0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, vk1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vkM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    In Bk, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vkn is φ2,k+nΔk. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vk0 is φ2,k, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vkNk-1 is φ3,k, and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in Bk are the same, and are mΔk.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2,ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    For example, for a dual-codebook structure, W=W1*W2; W1 mainly reflects a long-term feature of a channel.

    W1=[U00U],U{B1,B2,Λ,BK},andW2{A1,A2,K,AK}.

    The matrix Bk in W1 may be of the above form. For W2,

    Ak=1M[Yk1α1kY2k],whereY1k{e~1,e~2,Λ,e~M2},andY2k{e~1,e~2,Λ,e~M2}.

    That is, for W2, there may also be K groups of parameters for determining precoding vectors included in the precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity of precoding matrix subsets may be different from that in W1, for example, the quantity of precoding matrix subsets is not K. For ease of description, it is assumed herein that the quantities are the same, Y1, Y2 and α that are corresponding to each subset, or a quantity of vectors included in each subset is separately determined, and these parameters in different subsets may be different.

    In Embodiment 8 of the present invention, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k may be different.

    At least two of the K phase intervals Δk may be different.

    Embodiment 9

    In Embodiment 9 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    For example, φ4 and Δ may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    Δ may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    φ4 may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining, by using the fourth phase value φ4, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the fourth phase value φ4 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ4+nΔ, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, and the vector that forms B is [v0 v1 Λ vN-1], where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vn=[v0,nv1,nMvM-1,n],

    v0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vn is φ4+nΔ. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in v0 is φ4, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vN-1 is φ4+(N−1)Δ, and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in B are the same, and are mΔ.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ4a1,1ej(φ4+Δ)Λa1,N-1ej(φ4+(N-1)Δ)MMam,nejm(φ4+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ4aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ4+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(φ4+(N-1)Δ)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Embodiment 10

    In Embodiment 10 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of the following: K fourth phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ4,k represents the kth fourth phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K and others, except the parameter, in the K fourth phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    For example, the K fourth phase values and the K phase intervals may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    the K phase intervals may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    the K fourth phase values may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval; where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ4,k and Δk includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ4,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ4,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ4,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk; and

    forming the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, a vector that forms B is [B1 B2 Λ Bk], and the vector that forms Bk is └v0k v1k Λ vNk-1k┘, where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vnk=[v0,nkv1,nkMvM-1,nk],

    vk0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, vk1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vkM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    In Bk, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector Vkn is φ4,k+nΔk. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vk0 is φ4,k, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vkNk-1 is φ4,k+(Nk−1)Δk, and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in Bk are the same, and are mΔk.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφ4,ka1,1ej(φ4,k+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ4,k+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φ4,kaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    In Embodiment 10 of the present invention, at least two of the K fourth phase values φ4,k may be different.

    At least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets may be different.

    At least two of the K phase intervals Δk may be different.

    Embodiment 11

    In Embodiment 11 of the present invention, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, Δk represents the kth phase interval in the K different phase intervals, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    For example, the fourth phase value and the K phase intervals may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    the K phase intervals may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed; or

    the fourth phase value may be obtained by using the first parameter indication information or in an implicit manner, and others are fixed.

    Accordingly, the determining the precoding matrix set by using the parameter includes:

    determining a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval; where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for Δk includes:

    determining, by using a phase value φ, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset; when k is 1, φ is φ4, and otherwise,

    φ=φ4+i=1k-1NiΔi;

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ+nΔk; a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk; and 0≤m<M,0≤n≤Nk; and

    forming the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    B represents the precoding matrix set, a vector that forms B is [B1 B2 Λ BK], and the vector that forms Bk is └v0k v1k Λ vNk-1k┘, where different elements in each vector are corresponding to different antennas, for example,

    vnk=[v0,nkv1,nkMvM-1,nk],

    vk0,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the 0th antenna, vk1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the first antenna, and vkM-1,n is corresponding to a weighted value of the (M−1)th antenna.

    In Bk, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector vkn is φ+nΔk. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vk0 is φ, and is the smallest among phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors. A phase difference between two adjacent antennas in vkNk-1 is φ+(Nk−1)Δk, and is the largest among the phase differences between two adjacent antennas in all the vectors.

    Phase differences between two mth antennas in every two adjacent vectors in Bk are the same, and are mΔk.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφa1,1ej(φ+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    In Embodiment 11 of the present invention, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets may be different.

    At least two of the K phase intervals Δk may be different.

    Embodiment 12

    In Embodiment 12 of the present invention, the method provided in this embodiment of the present invention is described with reference to a specific application scenario.

    As shown in FIG. 3, an area A and an area B belong to a same cell covered by a base station, and a difference lies in that a distance from a terminal in the area B to the base station is larger than a distance from a terminal in the area A to the base station.

    In the prior art, for the terminals in the area A and the area B, when a precoding matrix indicator is being fed back, a precoding matrix that needs to be fed back is selected from same and fixed precoding matrix sets. For example, a precoding matrix included in the precoding matrix set may be determined based on a phase range [0,2π].

    However, for the terminals in the area A and the area B, considering ranges of distances from the terminals to the base station, for the fixed precoding matrix set, when the precoding matrix indicator is being fed back, some precoding matrices are very probably not selected or fed back at all.

    For example, for the area A and the area B, ranges of downtilt angles from an antenna to the terminals in the area A and the area B are different. If the range of the downtilt angle from the antenna to the terminal in the area A is 0−φA, and the range of the downtilt angle from the antenna to the terminal in the area B is φA−φB, in the precoding matrix set determined based on the phase range [0,2π], for the terminal in the area A, precoding matrices corresponding to a phase range [φA,2π] are very probably not selected, and for the terminal in the area B, precoding matrices corresponding to a phase range [0,φA] are very probably not selected. Therefore, in this case, if the precoding matrix set determined based on the phase range [0,2π] is still used as a universal set of optional precoding matrices, relatively low selection efficiency is caused because a quantity of precoding matrices included in the universal set is relatively large, and when a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set is fixed, because a phase difference between same antennas in adjacent vectors in the universal set is relatively large, a relatively large selection range of an antenna downtilt angle obtained when a signal is being transmitted subsequently is caused, and therefore, relatively low accuracy of locating a signal transmission direction is caused.

    For the foregoing application scenario shown in FIG. 3, different parameters may be used for the terminals located in the area A and the area B, to generate different precoding matrix sets.

    For example, for the terminal in the area A, a manner provided in the foregoing Embodiment 1 may be used, where φA is used as the first phase value to generate a precoding matrix set used when the terminal in the area A feeds back a precoding matrix indicator. For the terminal in the area B, a manner provided in the foregoing Embodiment 3 may be used, where φA and φB are respectively used as the second phase value and the third phase value to generate a precoding matrix set used when the terminal in the area B feeds back a precoding matrix indicator.

    Accordingly, compared with the prior art, a quantity of vectors included in the precoding matrix set may be reduced if a phase difference between same antennas in adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set remains unchanged, thereby improving efficiency of selecting a precoding matrix.

    Compared with the prior art, a phase difference between same antennas in adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set may be reduced if a quantity of vectors included in the precoding matrix set remains unchanged, thereby reducing a selection range of an antenna downtilt angle obtained when a signal is being transmitted, and further improving accuracy of locating a signal transmission direction.

    In addition, in Embodiment 12 of the present invention, a terminal may provide, by sending a reference parameter to the base station, reference for the base station when the base station notifies the terminal of the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set. For example, the terminal feeds back a precoding matrix indicator to the base station in a dual-codebook feedback manner, where W1 is a first codebook, W2 is a second codebook, the first codebook W1 currently includes four precoding matrix subsets, and phase ranges corresponding to the four precoding matrix subsets are different. First codebook indication information used each time a precoding matrix indicator is fed back may be used as the reference parameter. For a same terminal, when a quantity of same first codebook indication information that is fed back by the terminal and that is continuously received by the base station reaches a preset quantity, boundary values of a phase range corresponding to the first codebook indication information may be used as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set, and indicated to the terminal as reference for the terminal to select, when feeding back a precoding matrix indicator subsequently, a precoding matrix from the precoding matrix set determined by using the phase range.

    For example, the phase ranges corresponding to the four precoding matrix subsets included in the first codebook W1 are separately

    [0,π4],[π4,π2],[π3,3π2],and[3π2,2π].

    The terminal continuously feeds back, to the base station, first codebook indication information corresponding to

    [0,π4],

    and a quantity of first codebook indication information reaches the preset quantity. In this case, the base station may instruct the terminal to use the phase range

    [0,π4]

    to determine a precoding matrix set. Accordingly, the terminal may use the phase range

    [0,π4]

    to determine the precoding matrix set subsequently, and select, from the precoding matrix set, a precoding matrix that needs to be reported.

    In addition, further, when feeding back a precoding matrix indicator, the terminal may still use the dual-codebook feedback manner. For example, the first codebook W1 may still include four precoding matrix subsets, and respective corresponding phase ranges may be separately

    [0,π16],[π16,π8],[π8,3π16],and[3π16,π4].

    Alternatively, in Embodiments 1 to 11 of the present invention, the terminal may provide, by sending a reference parameter to the base station, reference for the base station when the base station notifies the terminal of the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set. For example, the terminal feeds back, to the base station, at least one of the phase parameter, the amplitude parameter, the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, the quantity of vectors in the first codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the quantity of vectors in the second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, so that the base station can make, with reference to the reference parameter fed back by the terminal, a decision on selecting a parameter to configure the terminal, and then the terminal determines a corresponding precoding set according to this configuration parameter. The foregoing reference parameter includes at least one of all the parameters mentioned in Embodiments 1 to 11, for example, includes the first phase value φ1, the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, the phase interval Δ, the K first phase values, the K second phase values, the K third phase values, and the K phase intervals.

    Embodiment 13

    Based on a same invention concept, according to the precoding matrix set determining method provided in the foregoing embodiment of the present invention, accordingly, Embodiment 13 of the present invention further provides a precoding matrix set determining apparatus, which is integrated in a first network device. A schematic structural diagram of the apparatus is shown in FIG. 4, and the apparatus specifically includes:

    a parameter determining unit 401, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and

    a set determining unit 402, configured to determine the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix.

    Further, the parameter is cell-specific.

    Further, the parameter is terminal-specific.

    Further, the parameter is CSI process-specific.

    Further, the parameter is carrier-specific.

    Further, the parameter is rank-specific.

    Further, the parameter is specific to a precoding matrix subset in a dual-codebook feedback manner; and

    the precoding matrix set determined by using the parameter is a precoding matrix subset of a first codebook W1 or a second codebook W2 in the dual-codebook feedback manner.

    Further, the parameter includes multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets; and

    the set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to: separately determine respective precoding matrix subsets by using the groups of parameters; and form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters.

    Further, for a dual-codebook structure,

    W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U],

    W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U is corresponding to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

    Further, the apparatus further includes:

    a receiving unit 403, configured to receive first parameter indication information sent by a second network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set; and

    the parameter determining unit 401 is specifically configured to determine, according to the first parameter indication information, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

    Further, the first parameter indication information is sent by using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

    Further, the apparatus further includes:

    a sending unit 404, configured to feed back second parameter indication information to a second network device, where the second parameter indication information is used to indicate a reference parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set, and the reference parameter includes at least one of a reference phase parameter, a reference amplitude parameter, a reference quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a reference quantity of vectors in the first codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and a reference quantity of vectors in the second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback.

    Further, the parameter determining unit 401 is specifically configured to: determine, according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRC or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and use the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

    Further, the apparatus further includes:

    a selection unit 405, configured to select, from the determined precoding matrix set, a precoding matrix that needs to be reported to a second network device; and

    a sending unit 404, configured to feed back matrix indication information of the selected precoding matrix to the second network device.

    Further, the first network device is a terminal, and the second network device is a base station; or

    both the first network device and the second network device are base stations; or

    both the first network device and the second network device are terminals.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [0,φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1N-1Λa1,N-1ejφ1MMam,nejmnφ1N-1MaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1N-1ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ1];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n, of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [0,(N-1)φ1N],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    (N-1)φ1N

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1NΛa1,N-1ej(N-1)φ1NMMam,nejmnφ1NMaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1NΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(N-1)φ1N];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [φ23], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];whereΔ=φ3-φ2N-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ, and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejjMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];whereΔ=φ3-φ2L(N-1);

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number 0≤m<M,0≤n≤N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [φ23], the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2N-1.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n≤N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2L(N-1).

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, and the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2,ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];whereΔk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vn is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n≤Nk.

    Further, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k are different.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value, where

    determining a corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk, Nk is a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, and

    Δk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2,ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4 a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n, of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4 the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to determine, by using the fourth phase value φ4, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the fourth phase value φ4 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ4+nΔ, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ4a1,1ej(φ4+Δ)Λa1,N-1ej(φ4+(N-1)Δ)MMam,nejm(φ4+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ4aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ4+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(φ4+(N-1)Δ)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K fourth phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ4,k represents the kth fourth phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K fourth phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n, of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ4,k and Δk includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ4,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ4,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ4,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφ4,ka1,1ej(φ4,k+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ4,k+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φ4,kaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two of the K fourth phase values φ4,k are different.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, Δk represents the kth phase interval in the K different phase intervals, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The set determining unit 402 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for Δk includes:

    determining, by using a phase value φ, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset; when k is 1, φ is φ4, and otherwise,

    φ=φ4+i=1k-1NiΔi;

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ+nΔk; a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk; and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφa1,1ej(φ+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Embodiment 14

    Based on a same invention concept, according to the parameter indication information sending method provided in the foregoing embodiment of the present invention, accordingly, Embodiment 14 of the present invention further provides a parameter indication information sending apparatus, which is integrated in a second network device. A schematic structural diagram of the apparatus is shown in FIG. 5, and the apparatus specifically includes:

    a parameter determining unit 501, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and

    a sending unit 502, configured to send first parameter indication information to a first network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter.

    Further, the parameter is cell-specific.

    Further, the parameter is terminal-specific.

    Further, the parameter is CSI process-specific.

    Further, the parameter is carrier-specific.

    Further, the parameter is rank-specific.

    Further, the parameter is specific to a precoding matrix subset in a dual-codebook feedback manner; and

    the precoding matrix set determined by using the parameter is a precoding matrix subset of a first codebook W1 or a second codebook W2 in the dual-codebook feedback manner.

    Further, the parameter includes multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets; and the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters form the precoding matrix set.

    Further, for a dual-codebook structure,

    W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U],

    W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U is corresponding to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

    Further, the sending unit 502 is specifically configured to send the first parameter indication information to the first network device by using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

    Further, the apparatus includes a receiving unit 503, configured to receive second parameter indication information sent by the first network device, where the second parameter indication information is used to indicate a reference parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set, and the reference parameter includes at least one of a reference phase parameter, a reference amplitude parameter, a reference quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a reference quantity of vectors in the first codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and a reference quantity of vectors in the second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback.

    Further, the parameter determining unit 501 is specifically configured to: determine, according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRC or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and use the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

    Further, the receiving unit 503 is configured to receive matrix indication information, fed back by the first network device, of a precoding matrix selected from the determined precoding matrix set.

    Further, the first network device is a terminal, and the second network device is a base station; or

    both the first network device and the second network device are base stations; or

    both the first network device and the second network device are terminals.

    Further, the apparatus includes a set determining unit 504, configured to determine the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [0,φ1], the amplitude am,n the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1N-1Λa1,N-1ejφ1MMam,nejmnφ1N-1MaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1N-1ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ1];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M, 0≤n<N.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [0,(N-1)φ1N],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    (N-1)φ1N

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1NΛa1,N-1ej(N-1)φ1NMMam,nejmnφ1NMaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1NΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(N-1)φ1N];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n, n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [φ23], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];whereΔ=φ3-φ2N-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ, and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];whereΔ=φ3-φ2L(N-1);

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [φ23], the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2N-1.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2L(N-1).

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, and the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andB=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2,ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];whereΔk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n≤Nk.

    Further, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k are different.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value, where

    determining a corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk, Nk is a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, and

    Δk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andB=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2,ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4 a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4 the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to determine, by using the fourth phase value φ4, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the fourth phase value φ4 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ4+nΔ, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ4a1,1ej(φ4+Δ)Λa1,N-1ej(φ4+(N-1)Δ)MMam,nejm(φ4+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ4aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ4+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(φ4+(N-1)Δ)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K fourth phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ4,k represents the kth fourth phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K fourth phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ4,k and Δk includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ4,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ4,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ4,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andB=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφ4,ka1,1ej(φ4,k+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ4,k+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φ4,kaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two of the K fourth phase values φ4,k are different.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4 K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, Δk represents the kth phase interval in the K different phase intervals, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4 the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The set determining unit 504 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for Δk includes:

    determining, by using a phase value φ, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset; when k is 1, φ is φ4, and otherwise,

    φ=φ4+i=1k-1NiΔi;

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ+nΔk; a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk; and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andB=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφa1,1ej(φ+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Embodiment 15

    Based on a same invention concept, according to the precoding matrix set determining method provided in the foregoing embodiment of the present invention, correspondingly, Embodiment 15 of the present invention further provides a network device. For ease of description, the network device is referred to as a first network device. A schematic structural diagram of the first network device is shown in FIG. 6, and the first network device specifically includes:

    a processor 601, configured to: determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and determine the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix; and

    a communications interface 602, configured to communicate with another network device.

    Further, the parameter is cell-specific.

    Further, the parameter is terminal-specific.

    Further, the parameter is CSI process-specific.

    Further, the parameter is carrier-specific.

    Further, the parameter is rank-specific.

    Further, the parameter is specific to a precoding matrix subset in a dual-codebook feedback manner; and

    the precoding matrix set determined by using the parameter is a precoding matrix subset of a first codebook W1 or a second codebook W2 in the dual-codebook feedback manner.

    Further, the parameter includes multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to: separately determine respective precoding matrix subsets by using the groups of parameters; and form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters.

    Further, for a dual-codebook structure,

    W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U],

    W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U is corresponding to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

    Further, the communications interface 602 is specifically configured to receive first parameter indication information sent by a second network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to determine, according to the first parameter indication information, the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

    Further, the first parameter indication information is sent by using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

    Further, the communications interface 602 is further configured to feed back second parameter indication information to a second network device, where the second parameter indication information is used to indicate a reference parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set, and the reference parameter includes at least one of a reference phase parameter, a reference amplitude parameter, a reference quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a reference quantity of vectors in the first codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and a reference quantity of vectors in the second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback.

    Further, the processor 601 is specifically configured to: determine, according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRC or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and use the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

    Further, the processor 601 is further configured to select, from the determined precoding matrix set, a precoding matrix that needs to be reported to a second network device.

    The communications interface 602 is specifically configured to feed back matrix indication information of the selected precoding matrix to the second network device.

    Further, the first network device is a terminal, and the second network device is a base station; or

    both the first network device and the second network device are base stations; or

    both the first network device and the second network device are terminals.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [0,φ1], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1N-1Λa1,N-1ejφ1MMam,nejmnφ1N-1MaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1N-1ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ1];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n, of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [0,(N-1)φ1N],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    (N-1)φ1N

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1N-1Λa1,N-1ej(N-1)φ1NMMam,nejmnφ1N-1MaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1NΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(N-1)φ1N];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [φ23], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];whereΔ=φ3-φ2N-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ, and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2 a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];whereΔ=φ3-φ2L(N-1);

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2 a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range [φ23] the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2N-1.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2L(N-1).

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, and the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andB=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2.ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];whereΔk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vn is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk.

    Further, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k are different.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value, where

    determining a corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk, Nk is a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, and

    Δk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2.ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4 a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4 the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to determine, by using the fourth phase value φ4 the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the fourth phase value φ4 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ4+nΔ, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ4a1,1ej(φ4+Δ)Λa1,N-1ej(φ4+(N-1)Δ)MMam,nejm(φ4+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ4aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ4+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(φ4+(N-1)Δ)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K fourth phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ4,k represents the kth fourth phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K fourth phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval, where

    determining a corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ4,k and Δk includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ4,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ4,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ4,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφ4,ka1,1ej(φ4,k+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ4,k+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φ4,kaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two of the K fourth phase values φ4,k are different.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the Δk precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, Δk represents the kth phase interval in the K different phase intervals, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The processor 601 is specifically configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for Δk includes:

    determining, by using a phase value φ, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset; when k is 1, φ is φ4, and otherwise,

    φ=φ4+i=1k-1NiΔi;

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ+nΔk; a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk; and 0≤M,0≤n<Nk; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφa1,1ej(φ+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Embodiment 16

    Based on a same invention concept, according to the parameter indication information sending method provided in the foregoing embodiment of the present invention, accordingly, Embodiment 16 of the present invention further provides a network device. For ease of description, the network device is referred to as a second network device. A structural diagram of the second network device is shown in FIG. 7, and the second network device specifically includes:

    a processor 701, configured to determine a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and

    a communications interface 702, configured to send first parameter indication information to a first network device, where the first parameter indication information is used to indicate the parameter.

    Further, the parameter is cell-specific.

    Further, the parameter is terminal-specific.

    Further, the parameter is CSI process-specific.

    Further, the parameter is carrier-specific.

    Further, the parameter is rank-specific.

    Further, the parameter is specific to a precoding matrix subset in a dual-codebook feedback manner; and

    the precoding matrix set determined by using the parameter is a precoding matrix subset of a first codebook W1 or a second codebook W2 in the dual-codebook feedback manner.

    Further, the parameter includes multiple groups of parameters used for determining different precoding matrix subsets; and the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for the groups of parameters form the precoding matrix set.

    Further, for a dual-codebook structure,

    W=W1*W2,W1=[U00U],

    W1 is a diagonal matrix, each U in W1 is a precoding matrix subset, each U is corresponding to a group of parameters, and U corresponding to the group of parameters is determined according to the group of parameters.

    Further, the communications interface 702 is specifically configured to send the first parameter indication information to the first network device by using broadcast signaling, radio resource control RRC signaling, or dynamic signaling.

    Further, the communications interface 702 is further configured to receive second parameter indication information sent by the first network device, where the second parameter indication information is used to indicate a reference parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set, and the reference parameter includes at least one of a reference phase parameter, a reference amplitude parameter, a reference quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a reference quantity of vectors in the first codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and a reference quantity of vectors in the second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback.

    Further, the processor 701 is specifically configured to: determine, according to indication information carried in a user ID, a cell ID, a CSI process ID, a carrier ID, a DMRS configuration parameter, a CSI-RS configuration parameter, system bandwidth allocated to the first network device, a PRC or a subband size, a preset parameter corresponding to the indication information, and use the preset parameter as the parameter used for determining the precoding matrix set.

    Further, the communications interface 702 is further configured to receive matrix indication information, fed back by the first network device, of a precoding matrix selected from the determined precoding matrix set.

    Further, the first network device is a terminal, and the second network device is a base station; or

    both the first network device and the second network device are base stations; or

    both the first network device and the second network device are terminals.

    Further, the processor 701 is further configured to determine the precoding matrix set by using the parameter, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to determine, by using a phase range [0,φ1], the amplitude am,n the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the first phase value φ1 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1N-1Λa1,N-1ejφ1MMam,nejmnφ1N-1MaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1N-1ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ1];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a first phase value φ1, an amplitude am,n, of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the first phase value φ1, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [0,(N-1)φ1N],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    0 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    (N-1)φ1N

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0a1,1ejφ1NΛa1,N-1ej(N-1)φ1NMMam,nejmnφ1NMaM-1,0aM-1,1ej(M-1)φ1NΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(N-1)φ1N];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2 a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to determine, by using a phase range [φ23], the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];whereΔ=φ3-φ2N-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ, and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];whereΔ=φ3-φ2L(N-1);

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, the amplitude am,n is a real number 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    and a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to determine, by using a phase range [φ23], the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the second phase value φ2 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    the third phase value φ3 is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ2+nΔ a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n<N, is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2N-1.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2a1,1ej(φ2+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3MMam,nejm(φ2+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a second phase value φ2, a third phase value φ3, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and an integer L, and others, except the parameter, in the second phase value φ2, the third phase value φ3, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set, and the integer L are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to determine, by using a phase range

    [φ2L,φ3L],

    the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    φ2L

    is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set;

    φ3L

    is a maximum value of the phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is

    φ2L+nΔ,

    a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, 0≤m<M,0≤n≤N, N is the quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and

    Δ=φ3-φ2L(N-1).

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2La1,1ej(φ2L+Δ)Λa1,N-1ejφ3LMMam,nejm(φ2L+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2LaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2L+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3L];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2-k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, and the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2,ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];whereΔk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n≤Nk.

    Further, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k are different.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K second phase values, K third phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ2,k represents the kth second phase value, φ3,k represents the kth third phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K second phase values, the K third phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each group of the second phase value and the third phase value, where

    determining a corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ2,k and φ3,k includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ2,k, the phase value φ3,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ2,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, the phase value φ3,k is a maximum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ2,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk, Nk is a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, and

    Δk=φ3,k-φ2,kNk-1;

    and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the groups of the second phase value and the third phase value.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ2,ka1,1ej(φ2,k+Δk)Λa1,N-1ejφ3,kMMam,nejm(φ2,k+nΔk)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ2,kaM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ2,k+Δk)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)φ3,k];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two groups in the K second phase values φ2,k and φ3,k are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4, a phase interval Δ, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set. Others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix set, the quantity N of vectors in the precoding matrix set, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix set are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to determine, by using the fourth phase value φ4, the phase interval Δ, the amplitude am,n, the quantity N, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix set; where

    the fourth phase value φ4 is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix set; and

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the precoding matrix set is φ4+nΔ, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the precoding matrix set is mΔ, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<N.

    Further, a form of the vector that forms the precoding matrix set is as follows:

    B=[v0v1ΛvN-1]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,N-1a1,0ejφ4a1,1ej(φ4+Δ)Λa1,N-1ej(φ4+(N-1)Δ)MMam,nejm(φ4+nΔ)MaM-1,0ej(M-1)φ4aM-1,1ej(M-1)(φ4+Δ)ΛaM-1,N-1ej(M-1)(φ4+(n-1)Δ)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, vn is the nth vector in the precoding matrix set, and the amplitude am,n is a real number.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of the following: K fourth phase values, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, φ4,k represents the kth fourth phase value, Δk represents the kth phase interval, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the K fourth phase values, the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for φ4,k and Δk includes:

    determining, by using the phase value φ4,k, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ4,k is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset, a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ4,k+nΔk, a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk, and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφ4,ka1,1ej(φ4,k+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ4,k+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φ4,kaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ4,k+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two of the K fourth phase values φ4,k are different.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    Further, the parameter includes at least one of a fourth phase value φ4, K phase intervals, an amplitude am,n of an element (m, n) in a precoding matrix subset, a quantity of vectors in K precoding matrix subsets, and a quantity M of elements in each vector in a precoding matrix subset, Δk represents the kth phase interval in the K different phase intervals, Nk represents a quantity of vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset, 1≤k≤K, and others, except the parameter, in the fourth phase value φ4 the K phase intervals, the amplitude am,n of the element (m, n) in the precoding matrix subset, the quantity of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets, and the quantity M of elements in each vector in the precoding matrix subset are preset.

    The processor 701 is further configured to: determine a precoding matrix subset for each phase interval, where

    determining the corresponding kth precoding matrix subset for Δk includes:

    determining, by using a phase value φ, the phase interval Δk, the amplitude am,n, the quantity Nk, and the quantity M, a vector that forms the precoding matrix subset, where the phase value φ is a minimum value of a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in a vector in the precoding matrix subset; when k is 1, φ is φ4, and otherwise,

    φ=φ4+i=1k-1NiΔi;

    a phase difference between two adjacent antennas in the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset is φ+nΔk; a phase difference between two mth antennas in two adjacent vectors in the kth precoding matrix subset is mΔk; and 0≤m<M,0≤n<Nk; and

    form the precoding matrix set by using the precoding matrix subsets separately determined for all the phase intervals.

    Further, a form of a vector that forms the precoding matrix set and a form of the vector that forms the kth precoding matrix subset are as follows:

    B=[B1B2ΛBK];andBk=[v0kv1kΛvNk-1k]=[a0,0a0,1Λa0,Nk-1a1,0ejφa1,1ej(φ+Δk)Λa1,Nk-1ej(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)MMam,nejm(φ4,k+nΔk)MaMk-1,0ej(Mk-1)φaMk-1,1ej(Mk-1)(φ+Δk)ΛaMk-1,Nk-1ej(Mk-1)(φ+(Nk-1)Δk)];

    where

    B is the precoding matrix set, Bk is the kth precoding matrix subset, vnk is the nth vector in the kth precoding matrix subset, and am,n is the amplitude of the element (m, n) and is a real number.

    Further, at least two of quantities Nk of vectors in the K precoding matrix subsets are different.

    Further, at least two of the K phase intervals Δk are different.

    In conclusion, the solution provided in the embodiments of the present invention includes: determining, by a first network device, a parameter used for determining a precoding matrix set, where the parameter includes at least one of a phase parameter, an amplitude parameter, a quantity of vectors in the precoding matrix set, a quantity of vectors in a first codebook set in dual-codebook feedback, and a quantity of vectors in a second codebook set in the dual-codebook feedback, and the parameter is not fixed; and using the parameter to determine the precoding matrix set, where the precoding matrix set includes at least one precoding matrix. By using the solution provided in the embodiments of the present invention, flexibility of feeding back a precoding matrix indicator is improved.

    A person skilled in the art should understand that the embodiments of the present invention may be provided as a method, a system, or a computer program product. Therefore, the present invention may use a form of hardware only embodiments, software only embodiments, or embodiments with a combination of software and hardware. Moreover, the present invention may use a form of a computer program product that is implemented on one or more computer-usable storage media (including but not limited to a disk memory, a CD-ROM, an optical memory, and the like) that include computer-usable program code.

    The present invention is described with reference to the flowcharts and/or block diagrams of the method, the device (system), and the computer program product according to the embodiments of the present invention. It should be understood that computer program instructions may be used to implement each process and/or each block in the flowcharts and/or the block diagrams and a combination of a process and/or a block in the flowcharts and/or the block diagrams. These computer program instructions may be provided for a general-purpose computer, a dedicated computer, an embedded processor, or a processor of any other programmable data processing device to generate a machine, so that the instructions executed by a computer or a processor of any other programmable data processing device generate an apparatus for implementing a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

    These computer program instructions may be stored in a computer readable memory that can instruct the computer or any other programmable data processing device to work in a specific manner, so that the instructions stored in the computer readable memory generate an artifact that includes an instruction apparatus. The instruction apparatus implements a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

    These computer program instructions may be loaded onto a computer or another programmable data processing device, so that a series of operations and steps are performed on the computer or the another programmable device, thereby generating computer-implemented processing. Therefore, the instructions executed on the computer or the another programmable device provide steps for implementing a specific function in one or more processes in the flowcharts and/or in one or more blocks in the block diagrams.

    Although some preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, persons skilled in the art can make changes and modifications to these embodiments once they learn the basic inventive concept. Therefore, the following claims are intended to be construed as to cover the preferred embodiments and all changes and modifications falling within the scope of the present invention.

    Obviously, a person skilled in the art can make various modifications and variations to the present invention without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. The present invention is intended to cover these modifications and variations provided that they fall within the scope of protection defined by the following claims and their equivalent technologies.

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    Patents Cited in This Cited by
    Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
    一种多用户MIMO系统中预编码的方法和装置 北京万海云科技有限公司 03 May 2012 03 October 2012
    Precoding matrix set quality measurement and reporting PANASONIC CORPORATION,EINHAUS, MICHAEL,WENGERTER, CHRISTIAN,GOLITSCHEK EDLER VON ELBWART, ALEXANDER,HOSHINO, MASAYUKI 13 September 2012 16 May 2013
    Codebook Feedback Method for Per-User Elevation Beamforming NOKIA SOLUTIONS AND NETWORKS OY 29 March 2013 03 October 2013
    Base station and feedback information control method in radio communication system NEC CORPORATION 23 December 2011 28 June 2012
    Radio communication system, terminal apparatus, base station apparatus, and radio communication method for radio communication system FUJITSU LIMITED 19 September 2011 12 January 2012
    See full citation <>

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