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Patent Analysis of

Optical network unit reset message

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10063312

Application Number

US15/627746

Application Date

20 June 2017

Publication Date

28 August 2018

Current Assignee

FUTUREWEI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

FUTUREWEI TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

International Classification

H04B10/03,H04B10/27

Cooperative Classification

H04B10/27,H04B10/03

Inventor

GAO, BO,LUO, YUANQIU

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10063312 Optical network unit reset message 1 US10063312 Optical network unit reset message 2 US10063312 Optical network unit reset message 3
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Abstract

A low-level reset message having a reset level provides a mechanism for an optical line terminal (OLT) to remotely reset a dysfunctional optical network unit (ONU). The reset message includes a reset level field which allows the OLT to instruct the ONU to perform a reset of some or all of its hardware and software components.

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Claims

1. A method for an optical network unit (ONU) comprising high-level software to receive and process a physical layer operations, administration, and maintenance (PLOAM) reset message, the method comprising:

receiving the PLOAM reset message comprising a reset level and with the reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset and an instruction to reset the high-level software; and resetting the component of the ONU and the high-level software according to the reset level.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the ONU comprises hardware and low-level software, wherein the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the hardware and the low-level software, and with the method further comprising resetting the hardware and the low-level software.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the ONU comprises low-level software, wherein the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the low-level software, and with the method further comprising resetting the low-level software.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the ONU comprises a management information base (MIB), wherein the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the MIB, and with the method further comprising resetting the MIB.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the ONU comprises a management information base (MIB), wherein the PLOAM reset message further comprises an instruction for the ONU to preserve the MIB before resetting the ONU, and with the method further comprising:

preserving the MIB before resetting the ONU; and restoring the MIB after resetting the ONU.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein the ONU comprises a current operating state, wherein the PLOAM reset message further comprises a conditional reset instruction or an unconditional reset instruction, wherein the conditional reset instruction comprises an indicator of an ONU operating state, and with the method further comprising: resetting the ONU when the PLOAM reset message comprises the conditional reset instruction and when the current operating state corresponds to the indicator of the ONU operating state; and resetting the ONU when the PLOAM reset message comprises the unconditional reset instruction.

7. A method for an optical line terminal (OLT) to reset a remote optical network unit (ONU) comprising high-level software, the method comprising:

creating a first physical layer operations, administration, and maintenance (PLOAM) reset message comprising a first reset level, with the first reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset and an instruction to reset the high-level software; and sending the first PLOAM reset message to the ONU via a PLOAM channel, the first PLOAM reset message instructing the ONU to reset the component and the high-level software according to the reset level.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein the first reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset hardware and low-level software associated with the ONU, an instruction for the ONU to reset low-level software associated with the ONU, or an instruction for the ONU to reset a management information base (MIB) associated with the ONU.

9. The method of claim 7, wherein prior to creating the first PLOAM reset message, the method further comprises detecting that the ONU is not responding to optical network terminal management and control interface (OMCI) messages and wherein after sending the first PLOAM reset message, the method further comprises:

detecting that the ONU is still not responding to OMCI messages; creating a second PLOAM reset message comprising a second reset level, and wherein the second reset level is different from the first reset level; and sending the second PLOAM reset message to the ONU via the PLOAM channel.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    ptical network unit (ONU) comprising high-lev l software
    • to receive and process a physical layer operations, administration, and maintenance (PLOAM) reset message, the method comprising: receiving the PLOAM reset message comprising a reset level and with the reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset and an instruction to reset the high-level software; and resetting the
    • mponent of the ONU and the high-level software according to the reset level. 2. The method of cl
    • im 1, wherein the ONU com rises h
      • rdware nd low-le
    • im 1, wherein the ONU com rises l
      • w-level software,
    • im 1, wherein the ONU com rises a
      • managem nt inform
    • im 1, wherein the ONU com rises a
      • managem nt inform
    • im 1, wherein the ONU com rises a
      • current operating
  • 7
    ptical line terminal (OLT) to reset a remote optical network unit (ONU) comprising high-lev l software
    • the method comprising: creating a first physical layer operations, administration, and maintenance (PLOAM) reset message comprising a first reset level, with the first reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset and an instruction to reset the high-level software; and sending the fi
    • t PLOAM reset message to the ONU via a PLOAM channel, the first PLOAM reset message instructing the ONU to reset the component and the high-level software according to the reset level. 8. The method of cl
    • im 7, wherein the first r set lev
      • l comprises an instru tion for
    • im 7, wherein prior to cr ating t
      • e first PLOAM reset message, the method further comprises d tecting that the
See all independent claims <>

Description

STATEMENT REGARDING FEDERALLY SPONSORED RESEARCH OR DEVELOPMENT

Not applicable.

REFERENCE TO A MICROFICHE APPENDIX

Not applicable.

BACKGROUND

Passive optical networks (PONs) may provide network services such as voice, Internet, and video services to homes and businesses. In a conventional PON 100, shown in FIG. 1, optical line terminal (OLT) 110 (typically located in a service provider's central office) communicates with optical network unit (ONU) 120 (also referred to as an optical network terminal (ONT)). ONU 120 is typically located on the end-user's premises. OLT 110 and ONU 120 communicate using, among other things, physical layer operations, administration, and maintenance (PLOAM) messages 130 and ONT management and control interface (OMCI) messages 140. OMCI messages 140 are defined by Recommendation ITU-T G.988 and generally address ONU configuration, fault management and performance management for optical access system operation. PLOAM messages 130 are defined in Recommendations ITU-T G.987.3 and G.989.3 and generally address low-level negotiations between an OLT and an ONU. PLOAM messages 130 can be supported in low-level firmware, if not actually in hardware, and as such, they can be used even when an ONU is incapable of communicating using higher level OMCI messages 140.

Under normal operations, service provider personnel may remotely configure and troubleshoot an ONU, using OMCI messages 140. Service provider personnel may even instruct an ONU to reset itself using OMCI messages 140. However, there are certain fault conditions when the ONU is unable to process incoming OMCI messages 140. In such conditions, the only alternative is to restart the ONU manually, which requires either an in-person visit by the service provider's field support technician or else an attempt, over the phone, to guide an untrained customer through the ONU reset process.

SUMMARY

In an embodiment, an ONU comprises a memory configured to store a management information base (MIB), low-level software, and high-level software, a PON interface configured to communicate using PLOAM messages, and a processor coupled to the memory and the PON interface. The processor is configured to execute the low-level software and high-level software, receive a PLOAM reset message comprising a reset level, with the reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset, and reset the ONU according to the reset level. In some embodiments, the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the processor, the memory, and the PON interface, and with the processor further configured to reset the processor, the memory, and the PON interface and restart the low-level software and high-level software. In some embodiments, the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the low-level software and the high-level software and with the processor further configured to restart the low-level software and the high-level software. In some embodiments, the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the high-level software and with the processor further configured to restart the high-level software. In some embodiments, the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the MIB and with the processor further configured to reset the MIB. In some embodiments, the PLOAM reset message comprises an instruction for the ONU to preserve the MIB before resetting the ONU and with the processor further configured to preserve the MIB before resetting the ONU and restore the MIB after resetting the ONU. In some embodiments, the ONU comprises a current operating state, wherein the PLOAM reset message comprises a conditional reset instruction or an unconditional reset instruction, wherein the conditional reset instruction comprises an indicator of an ONU operating state, and with the processor configured to reset the ONU when the PLOAM reset message comprises the conditional reset instruction and when the current operating state corresponds to the indicator of the ONU operating state, and reset the ONU when the PLOAM reset message comprises the unconditional reset instruction.

In an embodiment, an ONU receives and processes a PLOAM reset message by receiving the PLOAM reset message comprising a reset level, with the reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset, and resetting the ONU according to the reset level. In some embodiments, the ONU comprises hardware, low-level software, and high-level software, wherein the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the hardware, the low-level software, and the high-level software, and further comprising resetting the hardware, the low-level software, and the high-level software. In some embodiments, the ONU comprises low-level software and high-level software, wherein the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the low-level software and the high-level software, and further comprising resetting the low-level software and the high-level software. In some embodiments, the ONU comprises high-level software, wherein the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the high-level software, and further comprising resetting the high-level software. In some embodiments, the ONU comprises a MIB, wherein the reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset the MIB, and further comprising resetting the MIB. In some embodiments, the ONU comprises a MIB, wherein the PLOAM reset message further comprises an instruction for the ONU to preserve the MIB before resetting the ONU, and further comprising preserving the MIB before resetting the ONU and restoring the MIB after resetting the ONU. In some embodiments, the ONU comprises a current operating state, wherein the PLOAM reset message further comprises a conditional reset instruction or an unconditional reset instruction, wherein the conditional reset instruction comprises an indicator of an ONU operating state, and further comprising resetting the ONU when the PLOAM reset message comprises the conditional reset instruction and when the current operating state corresponds to the indicator of the ONU operating state and resetting the ONU when the PLOAM reset message comprises the unconditional reset instruction.

In an embodiment, an OLT comprises a memory configured to store identity and state information about an ONU, a PON interface configured to communicate with the ONU using PLOAM messages, and a processor coupled to the memory and the PON interface. The processor is configured to create a first PLOAM reset message comprising a first reset level, with the first reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset, and send the first PLOAM reset message to the ONU via the PON interface. In some embodiments, the first reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset hardware, low-level software, and high-level software associated with the ONU, an instruction for the ONU to reset low-level software and high-level software associated with the ONU, an instruction for the ONU to reset high-level software associated with the ONU, or an instruction for the ONU to reset a MIB associated with the ONU. In some embodiments, the processor is further configured to, prior to creating the first PLOAM reset message, detect that the ONU is not responding to OMCI messages and after sending the first PLOAM reset message, to detect that the ONU is still not responding to OMCI messages, create a second PLOAM reset message comprising a second reset level that is different from the first reset level, and send the second PLOAM reset message to the ONU via the PON interface.

In an embodiment, an OLT resets a remote ONU by creating a PLOAM reset message comprising a first reset level, with the first reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset, and sending the first PLOAM reset message to the ONU via a PLOAM channel. In some embodiments, the first reset level comprises an instruction for the ONU to reset hardware, low-level software, and high-level software associated with the ONU, an instruction for the ONU to reset low-level software and high-level software associated with the ONU, an instruction for the ONU to reset high-level software associated with the ONU, or an instruction for the ONU to reset a MIB associated with the ONU. In some embodiments, prior to creating the first PLOAM reset message, the ONU is further configured to detect that the ONU is not responding to OMCI messages and after sending the first PLOAM reset message, detect that the ONU is still not responding to OMCI messages, create a second PLOAM reset message comprising a second reset level that is different from the first reset level, and send the second PLOAM reset message to the ONU via the PLOAM channel.

These and other features will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

For a more complete understanding of this disclosure, reference is now made to the following brief description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings and detailed description, wherein like reference numerals represent like parts.

FIG. 1 shows a conventional configuration of an ONU and an OLT.

FIG. 2 shows a hardware configuration suitable for use in implementing embodiments of the present disclosure.

FIG. 3 shows an embodiment of a PLOAM reset message according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 4 shows a flowchart for preparing and sending a PLOAM reset message according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

FIG. 5 shows a flowchart for processing receipt of a PLOAM reset message according to an embodiment of the present disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The embodiments of this disclosure are directed at remotely resetting an ONU using a PLOAM message. The disclosed PLOAM reset message includes a reset level indicator, allowing service provider personnel to specify an operation level, which may, for example, distinguish between a cold reset and a warm reset. A low-level reset message having a reset level provides a mechanism for an optical line terminal (OLT) to remotely reset a dysfunctional optical network unit (ONU). The reset message includes a reset level field which allows the OLT to instruct the ONU to perform a reset of some or all of its hardware and software components. A capability is provided for remotely rebooting an ONU when the ONU is incapable of processing an OMCI reset request message. Embodiments of the present disclosure include a PLOAM reset message suitable for resetting an ONU according to a requested reset level, together with examples of how an ONU may process the reset message. The disclosed embodiments allow service provider personnel to remotely reboot an ONU when the ONU is incapable of processing an OMCI reset request message.

FIG. 2 shows a hardware configuration for network device 200 which may be suitable for use as ONUs and/or OLTs according to embodiments of the present disclosure. Network device 200 in the embodiment shown includes processor 230 coupled to network interface 210, network interface 220, and memory 240. Network interface 210 connects network device 200 to a PON, and as such, network interface 210 can comprise an optical interface. Network interface 220 connects network device 200 to another network or networks. When network device 200 is an OLT, this other network may be the Internet or another service provider network, for example. When network device 200 is an ONU, this other network may be the customer's local area network, for example. In either case, network interface 220 may an electrical or optical network interface. By way of example and not limitation, processor 230 may be implemented as one or more central processing units, microcontrollers, application-specific integrated circuits, and/or other similar components, including combinations.

Processor 230 is also coupled with memory 240, which may include instructions for PLOAM module 242, OMCI module 244, and other programs 246, together with associated configuration data 248 and transient data 250. By way of example and not limitation, memory 240 may be implemented as random access memory, read-only memory, flash memory, disk-based storage, or the like, including combinations. When network device 200 is an ONU, configuration data 248 may include a MIB. When network device 200 is an OLT, configuration data 248 may include identification and state information about the ONUs that are connected to the OLT. When network device 200 is implemented as multiple components, some functionalities may, for example, be executed by a different processor 230 within network device 200 than other functionalities.

FIG. 3 shows PLOAM reset message 300 according to an embodiment of the present disclosure. A number of the fields of PLOAM reset message 300 are common to PLOAM messages and are defined by ITU-T G.989.3. PLOAM reset message 300 in the embodiment shown includes ONU-ID 301, Message Type ID 302, Sequence Number 303, Reset Scope 304, Reset Level 305, Vendor ID 306, Vendor-Specific Serial Number (VSSN) 307, Padding 308, and Message Integrity Check (MIC) 309. ONU-ID 301 includes six reserved bits, plus an actual 10-bit ONU identifier that specifies the message recipient in the downstream direction or the message sender in the upstream direction. Message Type ID 302 indicates the type of the message and defines the semantics of the message payload. For embodiments of the present disclosure, a new Message Type ID 302 value may be assigned for the PLOAM reset message 300. Sequence Number 303 contains a sequence number counter that is used to ensure robustness of the PLOAM messaging channel. Vendor ID 306 is the first of two components of the ONU serial number; its values are assigned by the Alliance for Telecommunications Industry Solutions. VSSN (vendor-specific serial number) 307 is the second of the two components of the ONU serial number; its values are selected by ONU vendors. Padding 308 may be unused, or may be defined and used for additional information. MIC (message integrity check) 309 is used to verify the sender's identity and to prevent a forged PLOAM message attack. In some PLOAM messages, ONU-ID 301 may be used to identify a particular ONU, and in such messages, Vendor ID 306 and VSSN 307 may be zeroes or simply ignored by the receiver. However, because ONU IDs are assigned when an ONU restarts, an OLT may need to send a message to an ONU before it has been assigned an ONU ID. In such cases ONU-ID 301 of PLOAM reset message 300 may be set to 0x03FF (indicating “broadcast” mode) and Vendor ID 306 and VSSN 307 identify the specific ONU. By way of example and not limitation, PLOAM reset message 300 may be sent to an ONU which has hung before completing normal startup, in which case ONU-ID 301 will be set to broadcast mode and Vendor ID 306 and VSSN 307 will identify the specific ONU to be reset.

In some embodiments of PLOAM reset message 300, Reset Scope 304 may be used to identify a specific ONU or a set of ONUs to be reset. Reset Scope 304 can reset the ONU having the serial number as indicated by Vender ID 306 and VSSN 307. Reset Scope 304 can reset all ONUs in the PON which are in operation states 2 (“standby state”) or 3 (“serial number state) (Vendor ID 306 and VSSN 307 are ignored). Or, Reset Scope 304 can reset all ONUs in the PON irrespective of their operation states (Vendor ID 306 and VSSN 307 are ignored). Operation states for ONUs, including the standby state and serial number states are defined by Recommendation ITU-T G.989.3.

In some embodiments of PLOAM reset message 300, Reset Level 305 indicates the “depth” of the reset of the ONU (or ONUs). By way of example and not limitation, Reset Level 305 may indicate a request to reset some or all of the ONU's components, include any of the following levels. Reset Level 305 can reboot the hardware, low-level software (for example, media access control (MAC) layer functionality), and higher-level software (for example, the ONU configuration software). This is effectively a “cold restart,” which will result in a reset of all of the physical hardware as well as a reset of the MAC and ONU configurations. Reset Level 305 can reboot the low-level and higher-level software, which will result in a reset of the MAC and ONU configurations. Reset Level 305 can reboot the higher-level software, which will result in a reset of the ONU configuration. Or, Reset Level 305 can reset the MAC configuration without rebooting the low-level or higher-level software. Barring unforeseen problems with the ONU, rebooting the ONU will ultimately take the ONU(s) to the “initial state” where it may begin its normal startup procedures as described in ITU-T G.984.3.

One of ordinary skill will recognize that PLOAM reset message 300 may be modified without departing from the spirit of the present disclosure. By way of example and not limitation, in some embodiments, the reset message could include a flag of whether or not to preserve the current MIB, so that after a reset, the ONU may either restore the MIB or else reset the MIB to an initial configuration. Such a flag may be incorporated into Reset Scope 304, Reset Level 305, or it may be a dedicated field defined in Padding 308. Further, any agreed-upon values may be used to indicate Reset Scope 304 and Reset Level 305. Further, the size and ordering of various fields may be modified and additional message fields may be used to indicate other reset-related features.

Some service providers may develop procedures according to the flexibility provided by the multi-level reset level. By way of example and not limitation, a service provider's standard procedures may be for the OLT to send a first message that instructs the ONU to reset only its high-level software in order to limit disruption to a customer's service. Then, if the ONU fails to respond, the OLT may send PLOAM reset messages with successively deeper ONU reset levels, and ultimately instruct the ONU to perform a cold restart. For other service providers, the standard procedure for a hung ONU may always entail a cold restart.

FIG. 4 discloses flowchart 400 showing how an OLT may make use of the PLOAM reset message. In operation 401, OLT 110 detects that ONU 120 is not responsive to OMCI messages and should be restarted using PLOAM reset message 300.

In operation 402, OLT 110 first determines whether or not an ONU ID has been assigned to ONU 120. Typically, an OLT assigns ONU IDs to those ONUs under its control, so OLT 110 should have a record of the ONU ID assigned to ONU 120. Thus, if it has assigned an ONU ID, in operation 403 OLT 110 sets ONU ID 301 of PLOAM reset message 300 to the ONU ID for ONU 120. Otherwise in operation 404 OLT 110 sets ONU ID 301 for broadcast mode, and sets Vendor ID 306 and VSSN 307 of PLOAM reset message 300 to the vendor ID and VSSN for ONU 120, as previously discussed.

Next, in operation 405, OLT 110 determines if there are reset levels available for PLOAM reset message 300. The reset level chosen by OLT 110 may depend on OLT 110's analysis of the problem(s) being experienced by ONU 120, any PLOAM reset message 300 that OLT 110 has previously sent to ONU 120, and the service provider's troubleshooting procedures. By way of example and not limitation, OLT 110 may first attempt to reset the MAC data on ONU 120 and OLT 110, then it may attempt to reboot the high-level software, then it may attempt to reboot the low-level software, and finally, it may attempt a cold restart by instructing ONU 120 to cycle its power.

In operation 406, OLT 110 fills in Reset Level 305 of PLOAM reset message 300 and in operation 407 sends the message to ONU 120. In some variations of this embodiment, OLT 110 may also set a flag in PLOAM reset message 300 to instruct OLT 110 either to retain or discard some or all of its MIB.

In operation 408, OLT 110 determines whether or not ONU 120 has successfully restarted and is operating normally. If so, then OLT 110 may be finished with flowchart 400. If not, then OLT 110 may return to operation 405 to determine if lower-level Reset Levels are appropriate. If lower-level Reset Levels are available, then OLT 110 may repeat operations 406-408. If all reset attempts have failed, including a power cycle, then OLT 110 may exit, leaving ONU 120 non-operational, in which case ONU 120 may require manual attention by the service provider.

One of ordinary skill in the art will recognize a number of variations in the implementation of the embodiment of flowchart 400. By way of example and not limitation, as noted previously, PLOAM reset message 300 may be structured as shown in FIG. 3, while in other embodiments, the size and ordering of various fields may be modified and additional message fields may be used to indicate other reset-related features. Further, a given service provider operating ONU 120 may empirically determine that certain ONU models may not respond to a first PLOAM reset message at a given level, but may respond to a second or third PLOAM reset message at the same reset level; thus, flowchart 400 may be modified to repeat operations 405-408 multiple times using the same reset level. Further, a given service provider operating ONU 120 may determine that certain ONU models seldom respond to a simple restart of the higher-level software and usually require a cold restart. Thus, for operation 406, the reset level may always be set to cold restart. Further, ONU 120 may require different amounts of time to restart depending on Reset Level 305, so there may be a variable-length delay period inserted between operations 407 and 408. Further, after determining that ONU 120 is operational in operation 408, OLT 110 may send OMCI messages to ONU 120 to initiate diagnostics, retrieve error logs, and other tasks to verify that ONU 120 is fully operational. Further in operation 401, OLT 110 may automatically detect that ONU 120 is non-responsive, for example, through the use of “keep-alive” messages. In other variations, the service provider operating OLT 110 may initiate flowchart 400 manually after receiving a service request from a customer. Further, if OLT 110 makes multiple attempts to reset ONU 120 using ONU 120's assigned ONU ID (set in message 300 in operation 403), it may repeat the attempts using broadcast mode for ONU-ID 301 and set Vendor ID 306 and VSSN 307 accordingly.

FIG. 5 shows an embodiment of processing by ONU 120 in receipt of PLOAM reset message 300 sent by OLT 110. In operation 501 of flowchart 500, ONU 120 receives PLOAM reset message 300.

In operation 502, ONU 120 examines PLOAM reset message 300 to determine if it is directed to ONU 120. As noted previously, ONU ID 301 field may have an ONU ID matching ONU 120's ID. Alternatively, the ONU field may indicate broadcast mode, in which case ONU 120 must examine the Vendor ID and VSSN fields to determine if the message is directed to ONU 120. If the message is not directed to ONU 120, then PLOAM reset message 300 is ignored and processing ends. Otherwise, processing moves forward to operation 503 where ONU 120 examines Reset Level 305.

In operation 503, ONU 120 determines if a cold restart has been requested. If so, then in operation 504, ONU performs a cold restart. Depending on the hardware and software configuration of ONU 120, this may involve cycling the power of ONU 120 or it may involve sending reset signals to all of the electrical components of ONU 120. In either case, ONU 120 may then begin its normal startup sequence as defined by Recommendation ITU-T G.989.3.

In operation 505, ONU 120 determines if a reset of the low-level and high-level software has been requested. If so, then in operation 506, ONU 120 resets the low-level and high-level software. Depending on the hardware and software configuration of ONU 120, this may involve terminating individual programs and/or program groups, and/or restarting all or part of the operating system, and ONU 120 may then begin its normal startup sequence as defined by Recommendation ITU-T G.989.3.

In operation 507, ONU 120 determines if a reset of the high-level software has been requested. If so, then in operation 508, ONU 120 resets the high-level software. Depending on the hardware and software configuration of ONU 120, this may involve terminating individual programs and/or program groups, however, not all functionality of ONU 120 may be terminated, and ONU 120 may or may not go through its normal startup sequence as defined by Recommendation ITU-T G.989.3.

In operation 509, ONU 120 determines if a MAC reset has been requested. If so, then in operation 510, ONU 120 resets its MAC data but may not otherwise terminate or restart programs.

One of ordinary skill in the art will recognize a number of variations in the implementation of the embodiment of flowchart 500. By way of example and not limitation, as noted previously, PLOAM reset message 300 may be structured as shown in FIG. 3, while in other embodiments, the size and ordering of various fields may be modified and additional message fields may be used to indicate other reset-related features. Further, in some variations, ONU 120 may reset according to Reset Level 305 immediately upon receipt of PLOAM reset message 300, while in other variations, it may perform housekeeping chores, event logging, and such before resetting. In some variations, ONU 120 may defer resetting until any in-progress sessions, operations, or data transfers (such as telephone calls, for example) have been completed. In some variations, prior to restarting, ONU 120 may store its MIB tables and then after restarting, reload the stored MIB tables, while in other variations, ONU 120 may clear its MIB tables on restart. In some variations, the decision of whether or not to restore MIB tables may be indicated by a flag in PLOAM reset message 300.

Thus disclosed herein is a means for an ONU to store a MIB, low-level software, and high-level software, a means for the ONU to communicate using PLOAM messages, and a means for the ONU to execute the low-level software and high-level software, receive a PLOAM reset message comprising a reset level with the reset level comprising an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset, and reset the ONU according to the reset level. Further disclosed herein is a means for an ONU to receive a PLOAM reset message comprising a reset level, wherein the reset level comprises an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset, and a means to reset the ONU according to the reset level. Further disclosed herein is a means for an OLT to store identity and state information about an ONU, a means for the OLT to communicate with the ONU using PLOAM messages, a means to create a first PLOAM reset message, wherein the first PLOAM reset message comprises a first reset level and wherein the first reset level comprises an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset, and a means to send the first PLOAM reset message to the ONU. Further disclosed herein is a means for an OLT to create a first PLOAM reset message, wherein the first PLOAM reset message comprises a first reset level, wherein the first reset level comprises an indication of a component of the ONU to be reset, and a means to send the first PLOAM reset message to the ONU via a PLOAM channel.

Although the present disclosure has been described with reference to specific features and embodiments thereof, it is evident that various modifications and combinations can be made thereto without departing from scope of the disclosure. The specification and drawings are, accordingly, to be regarded simply as an illustration of the disclosure as defined by the appended claims, and are contemplated to cover any and all modifications, variations, combinations or equivalents that fall within the scope of the present disclosure.

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
System and method for performing in-service optical fiber network certification SOTO, ALEXANDER I,SOTO, WALTER G 23 March 2011 01 September 2011
Optical burst receiver with a configurable ac and DC coupling interface AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL SALES PTE. LIMITED 14 December 2010 21 July 2011
Ont connected to a host device TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET L M ERICSSON (PUBL) 23 January 2012 30 October 2014
System, method & apparatus for a rogue optics network unit LANTIQ DEUTSCHLAND GMBH 15 February 2013 21 August 2014
一种ONU系统中的程序调试方法及系统 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 15 December 2015 11 May 2016
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