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Patent Analysis of

LED grow light system

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10149439

Application Number

US14/575543

Application Date

18 December 2014

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

SPECTRA HARVEST LIGHTING, LLC

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SPECTRA HARVEST LIGHTING, LLC

International Classification

F21V29/67,F21V29/74,A01G2/00,A01G7/04,F21K9/00

Cooperative Classification

A01G2/00,A01G7/045,F21K9/00,F21V29/67,F21V29/673

Inventor

HANSON, JAMES JEFFERY,SULLIVAN MCINTOSH, RICKY JOE

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10149439 LED grow light 1 US10149439 LED grow light 2 US10149439 LED grow light 3
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Abstract

A grow light system for growing plants. The grow light system can have a carrier board assembly containing a plurality of apertures and a plurality of LED modules removably engaged with the carrier board in the apertures and forming a gap between LED module and the carrier board. The grow light system can be configured to draw air through the gap over the LEDs and along the heat sink fin to reduce the temperature of the LED module. A plurality of the LED modules can be connected in series and the carrier board can include a dedicated receptacle for a single LED module that is not connected in series with the remaining LED modules.

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Claims

1. A grow light system comprising:

a housing; a cooling fan; a port configured to allow uploading and downloading of growing program information; a carrier board assembly having a front side and a back side, the carrier board assembly defining a plurality of LED module apertures, and at least one LED testing module aperture;a plurality of LED modules removably engaged with the carrier board assembly in the plurality of LED module apertures and the at least one testing module aperture, each LED module comprising:

a plurality of LEDs; a heat sink fin; wherein there is a vertical gap defined between each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly; wherein there is a lateral gap defined on either side of each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly; wherein there is a longitudinal gap defined on either side of each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly; wherein LEDs of the plurality of LED modules engaged in the plurality of LED module apertures are wired in series with each other; and wherein the plurality of LEDs of the LED module engaged in the LED testing module aperture are not wired in series with LEDs of the plurality of LED modules engaged in the plurality of LED module apertures; and wherein the carrier board includes circuits to electrically connect LEDs of the plurality of LED modules; wherein the cooling fan is configured to draw air into the housing from the front side of the carrier board through the vertical gap, lateral gaps, and longitudinal gaps to the back side of the carrier board; wherein the heat sink fin of each LED module forms a U-shape having a first wall and a second wall; wherein the first wall and the second wall of the heat sink fin of each LED module are substantially perpendicular to the carrier board; wherein the first wall and the second wall of the heat sink fin of each LED module extend away from the plurality of LEDs; and wherein the heat sink fin of each LED module extends through the carrier board and extends beyond both the front side of the carrier board and the back side of the carrier board.

2. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of LEDs of each LED module range in wavelength from about 400 nm to about 700 nm.

3. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein the vertical gap is about 0.125 inches to about 0.5.

4. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein the lateral gap on either side of each of the LED modules is about 0.003125 inches to about 0.25 inches.

5. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein the longitudinal gap on either side of each of the LED modules is about 0.00625 inches to about 0.25 inches.

6. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein the plurality of LED module apertures and at least one LED testing module aperture form a X-shaped pattern.

7. A grow light system comprising:

a housing; a cooling fan; a carrier board assembly having a front side and a back side, the carrier board assembly defining at least one LED module aperture;at least one LED module removably engaged with the carrier board assembly in the at least one LED module aperture, the at least one LED module comprising:

at least one LED; a heat sink fin; wherein the heat sink fin has a first wall and a second wall which each extend away from the at least one LED; wherein the carrier board includes circuits to electrically connect the at least one LED; wherein there is a vertical gap defined between the at least one LED module and the carrier board assembly; wherein the cooling fan is configured to draw air into the housing from the front side of the carrier board through the vertical gap to the back side of the carrier board; and wherein the heat sink fin of the at least one LED module extends through the carrier board and extends beyond both the front side of the carrier board and the back side of the carrier board.

8. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein the at least one gap comprises a vertical gap that is about 0.125 inches to about 0.5.

9. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein the at least one gap comprises a lateral gap on either side of the at least one LED module that is about 0.003125 inches to about 0.25 inches.

10. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein the at least one gap comprises a longitudinal gap on either side of the at least one LED module that is about 0.00625 inches to about 0.25 inches.

11. The grow light system of claim 7, further comprising:

a lateral gap on either side of each of the at least one LED module; and a longitudinal gap on either side of each of the at least one LED module.

12. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein the heat sink fin is configured to remove heat from the at least on LED by conducting heat from the at least one LED into the heat sink fin.

13. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein the cooling fan is configured to draw air over the face of the at least one LED and along the heat sink fin.

14. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein the at least one LED module aperture comprises a plurality of LED module apertures that form a X-shaped pattern.

15. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein the heat sink fin forms a U-shape, and wherein the first wall and the second wall are each substantially perpendicular to the carrier board.

16. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein the at least one LED comprises at least one LED having a wavelength in the range of about 620 nm to about 665 nm; and

at least one LED having a wavelength in the range of about 455 nm to about 470 nm.

17. The grow light system of claim 7, further comprising a port configured to allow uploading and downloading of growing program information.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A grow light system comprising:
    • a housing
    • a cooling fan
    • a port configured to allow uploading and downloading of growing program information
    • a carrier board assembly having a front side and a back side, the carrier board assembly defining a plurality of LED module apertures, and at least one LED testing module aperture
    • a plurality of LED modules removably engaged with the carrier board assembly in the plurality of LED module apertures and the at least one testing module aperture, each LED module comprising: a plurality of LEDs
    • a heat sink fin
    • wherein there is a vertical gap defined between each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly
    • wherein there is a lateral gap defined on either side of each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly
    • wherein there is a longitudinal gap defined on either side of each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly
    • wherein LEDs of the plurality of LED modules engaged in the plurality of LED module apertures are wired in series with each other
    • and wherein the plurality of LEDs of the LED module engaged in the LED testing module aperture are not wired in series with LEDs of the plurality of LED modules engaged in the plurality of LED module apertures
    • and wherein the carrier board includes circuits to electrically connect LEDs of the plurality of LED modules
    • wherein the cooling fan is configured to draw air into the housing from the front side of the carrier board through the vertical gap, lateral gaps, and longitudinal gaps to the back side of the carrier board
    • wherein the heat sink fin of each LED module forms a U-shape having a first wall and a second wall
    • wherein the first wall and the second wall of the heat sink fin of each LED module are substantially perpendicular to the carrier board
    • wherein the first wall and the second wall of the heat sink fin of each LED module extend away from the plurality of LEDs
    • and wherein the heat sink fin of each LED module extends through the carrier board and extends beyond both the front side of the carrier board and the back side of the carrier board.
    • 2. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein
      • the plurality of LEDs of each LED module range in wavelength from about 400 nm to about 700 nm.
    • 3. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein
      • the vertical gap is about 0.125 inches to about 0.5.
    • 4. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein
      • the lateral gap on either side of each of the LED modules is about 0.003125 inches to about 0.25 inches.
    • 5. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein
      • the longitudinal gap on either side of each of the LED modules is about 0.00625 inches to about 0.25 inches.
    • 6. The grow light system of claim 1, wherein
      • the plurality of LED module apertures and at least one LED testing module aperture form a X-shaped pattern.
  • 7
    7. A grow light system comprising:
    • a housing
    • a cooling fan
    • a carrier board assembly having a front side and a back side, the carrier board assembly defining at least one LED module aperture
    • at least one LED module removably engaged with the carrier board assembly in the at least one LED module aperture, the at least one LED module comprising: at least one LED
    • a heat sink fin
    • wherein the heat sink fin has a first wall and a second wall which each extend away from the at least one LED
    • wherein the carrier board includes circuits to electrically connect the at least one LED
    • wherein there is a vertical gap defined between the at least one LED module and the carrier board assembly
    • wherein the cooling fan is configured to draw air into the housing from the front side of the carrier board through the vertical gap to the back side of the carrier board
    • and wherein the heat sink fin of the at least one LED module extends through the carrier board and extends beyond both the front side of the carrier board and the back side of the carrier board.
    • 8. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein
      • the at least one gap comprises
    • 9. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein
      • the at least one gap comprises
    • 10. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein
      • the at least one gap comprises
    • 11. The grow light system of claim 7, further comprising:
      • a lateral gap on either side of each of the at least one LED module
      • and a longitudinal gap on either side of each of the at least one LED module.
    • 12. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein
      • the heat sink fin is configured to remove heat from the at least on LED by conducting heat from the at least one LED into the heat sink fin.
    • 13. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein
      • the cooling fan is configured to draw air over the face of the at least one LED and along the heat sink fin.
    • 14. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein
      • the at least one LED module aperture comprises
    • 15. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein
      • the heat sink fin forms a U-shape, and wherein
    • 16. The grow light system of claim 7, wherein
      • the at least one LED comprises
    • 17. The grow light system of claim 7, further comprising
      • a port configured to allow uploading and downloading of growing program information.
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Description

TECHNICAL FIELD

Aspects of the disclosure generally relate to systems and methods for grow light systems, and more particularly to systems and methods for LED grow light systems for growing plants.

BACKGROUND

Grow lights are used for horticulture, indoor gardening, hydroponics and many other uses both at the industrial level and at the personal household level. Many types of light bulbs can be used with grow lights, but typically, grow lights use incandescent bulbs, florescent lights, high-intensity discharge lamps, high-pressure sodium (HPS/SON) and metal halide (MH) HID lights. While these lights are effective for growing systems, many disadvantages of these systems exist. For example, many of these lighting systems are inefficient in that much of the energy used to power the systems cannot be effectively converted to light energy and/or the wavelengths of light produced by these lighting systems does not efficiently contribute to plant growth. Additionally, many typical grow light systems emit too much heat which can cause plants to transpire more and as a result increase the amount of water needed to grow the plants.

Recently LED (light emitting diode) technology has been used for grow light systems. LED grow light systems offer many advantages to typical grow light systems in terms of efficiency. For example, LED systems are more efficient than typical grow light systems at converting electrical energy to light energy necessary for plant growth. Additionally, LED grow light systems can utilize the particular wavelengths necessary for plant growth. For example blue light (455 nm-470 nm) can be used to promote vegetative or leaf growth, and red light (620 nm-665 nm) can be used to promote plant flowering. LEDs can also operate at lower temperatures than some typical lighting systems.

While LED lighting systems offer many advantages over typical grow light systems, many disadvantages still exist. A LED grow light system that overcomes the deficiencies of current systems is desired.

SUMMARY

The following presents a simplified summary in order to provide a basic understanding of some aspects of the disclosure. The summary is not an extensive overview of the disclosure. It is neither intended to identify key or critical elements of the disclosure nor to delineate the scope of the disclosure. The following summary merely presents some concepts of the disclosure in a simplified form as a prelude to the description below.

Aspects of the disclosure herein relate to grow light systems. In one example, the disclosure provides a grow light system including a housing, a cooling fan, a carrier board assembly defining a plurality of LED module apertures, and at least one LED testing module aperture, and a plurality of LED modules removably engaged with the carrier board assembly in the plurality of LED module apertures and the at least one testing module aperture. Each of the LED modules can include a plurality of LEDs and a heat sink fin. There can be a vertical gap defined between each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly, a lateral gap defined on either side of each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly, and a longitudinal gap defined on either side of each of the LED modules and the carrier board assembly. The cooling fan can be configured to draw air into the housing through the vertical gap, lateral gaps, and longitudinal gaps. The LEDs of the plurality of LED modules engaged in the plurality of LED module apertures can be wired in series with each other, and the plurality of LEDs of the LED module engaged in the LED testing module aperture are not wired in series with LEDs of the plurality of LED modules engaged in the plurality of LED module apertures.

In another example, the disclosure provides a grow light system including a housing, a cooling fan, a carrier board assembly defining at least one LED module aperture, and at least one LED module removably engaged with the carrier board assembly in the at least one LED module aperture. The at least one LED module can include at least one LED and a heat sink fin. There can be at least one gap defined between the at least one LED module and the carrier board assembly, and the cooling fan can be configured to draw air into the housing through the at least one gap.

In another example, the disclosure provides a grow light system including a housing, a carrier board assembly defining a plurality of LED module apertures and an LED testing module aperture, a plurality of LED modules removably engaged with the carrier board assembly in the plurality of LED module apertures and in the LED testing module aperture. Each of the plurality of LED modules includes a plurality of LEDs and a heat sink fin. The LEDs of the plurality of LED modules engaged in the plurality of LED module apertures can be wired in series with each other, and the plurality of LEDs of the LED module engaged in the LED testing module aperture are not wired in series with LEDs of the plurality of LED modules engaged in the plurality of LED module apertures.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

A more complete understanding of the present disclosure and the advantages thereof may be acquired by referring to the following description in consideration of the accompanying drawings, in which like reference numbers indicate like features, and wherein:

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a LED lighting system according to aspects of this disclosure.

FIG. 2 is a partially exploded view of an LED module according to aspects of this disclosure.

FIG. 2A is top view of the assembled LED module of FIG. 2.

FIG. 2B is a side view of the assembled LED module of FIG. 2.

FIG. 2C is a side view of the assembled LED module of FIG. 2.

FIG. 3 is a bottom view of a carrier board mounting plate according to aspects of this disclosure.

FIG. 4 is a bottom view of the carrier board assembly including LED modules.

FIG. 4A is a side view of the carrier board assembly of FIG. 4.

FIG. 5 is a perspective, detail, partially exploded view of FIG. 4

FIG. 6 is a wiring diagram of an LED lighting system according to aspects of this disclosure.

FIG. 7 is an illustrative operating environment in which various aspects of the disclosure may be implemented.

FIG. 8 is an illustrative operating environment in which various aspects of the disclosure may be implemented.

FIG. 9 is an illustrative operating environment in which various aspects of the disclosure may be implemented.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

In the following description of the various embodiments, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof, and in which is shown by way of illustration, various embodiments of the disclosure that may be practiced. It is to be understood that other embodiments may be utilized.

In the following description of various example structures according to the invention, reference is made to the accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof, and in which are shown by way of illustration various example devices, systems, and environments in which aspects of the invention may be practiced. It is to be understood that other specific arrangements of parts, example devices, systems, and environments may be utilized and structural and functional modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention. Also, while the terms “top,”“bottom,”“front,”“back,”“side,”“rear,” and the like may be used in this specification to describe various example features and elements of the invention, these terms are used herein as a matter of convenience, e.g., based on the example orientations shown in the figures or the orientation during typical use. Additionally, the term “plurality,” as used herein, indicates any number greater than one, either disjunctively or conjunctively, as necessary, up to an infinite number. Nothing in this specification should be construed as requiring a specific three dimensional orientation of structures in order to fall within the scope of this invention. Also, the reader is advised that the attached drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale.

As will be appreciated by one of skill in the art upon reading the following disclosure, various aspects described herein may be embodied as a method, a computer system, or a computer program product. Accordingly, those aspects may take the form of an entirely hardware embodiment, an entirely software embodiment, or an embodiment combining software and hardware aspects. In addition, aspects may take the form of a computing device configured to perform specified actions. Furthermore, such aspects may take the form of a computer program product stored by one or more computer-readable storage media having computer-readable program code, or instructions, embodied in or on the storage media. Any suitable computer readable storage media may be utilized, including hard disks, USB flash drive, CD-ROMs, optical storage devices, magnetic storage devices, and/or any combination thereof. In addition, various signals representing data or events as described herein may be transferred between a source and a destination in the form of electromagnetic waves traveling through signal-conducting media such as metal wires, optical fibers, and/or wireless transmission media (e.g., air and/or space).

In general, aspects of this invention relate to grow light systems, and more particularly LED grow light systems. According to various aspects and embodiments, the grow light systems may be formed of one or more of a variety of materials, such as metals (including metal alloys), polymers, and composites, and may be formed in one of a variety of configurations, without departing from the scope of the invention. It is understood that the grow light systems may contain components made of several different materials. Additionally, the components may be formed by various forming methods. For example, metal components, may be formed by forging, molding, casting, stamping, machining, and/or other known techniques. Additionally, polymer components, can be manufactured by polymer processing techniques, such as various molding and casting techniques and/or other known techniques.

The various figures in this application illustrate examples of grow light systems according to this invention. When the same reference number appears in more than one drawing, that reference number is used consistently in this specification and the drawings refer to the same or similar parts throughout.

A grow light system 100 according to aspects of this disclosure is shown in FIG. 1. As shown in FIG. 1, the grow light system 100 can have a housing 101 having a generally rectangular box shape including a front side 102, a back side 104 (not shown), a top side 106, a bottom side (not shown) and two sidewalls 110. Although the housing 101 shown in FIG. 1 is a rectangular box shape, any other suitable housing shapes can be used, such as, a pyramid shape, triangular prism shape, and cylinder shape. The grow light system 100 can also include a user interface 112, and a cooling fan 114. The grow light can also include a power switch 116, a power supply port 118, and as will be described in more detail below, a number of input/output ports 120, 122. The housing 101 can be about 16 inches long or in the range of about 12 inches to about 20 inches, about 7.5 inches high or in the range of about 5 inches to about 10 inches, and about 10 inches deep or in the range of about 7 inches to about 13 inches. Thus, the housing can define an internal volume of, for example, about 1200 in3 or in the range of about 420 in3 to about 2600 in3.

As shown in FIG. 1, the grow light system 100 is designed to hang or be placed above a light dependent organism, such as a plant, such that the LEDs engaged with the bottom surface can shine down on a plant. Thus, the grow light system 100 can include any device 123 capable of holding the system 100 above a plant, such as chains as shown in FIG. 1.

As shown in FIG. 2—FIG. 2C, the grow light system also includes at least one LED module 200. The LED module 200 includes a circuit panel 202. The circuit panel 202, can be manufactured using any known methods. The circuit panel 202 can include electrical connectors 204, which as will be discussed in more detail below, connect to a carrier board to supply power to the LED module 200.

The LED module 200 also includes a plurality of LEDs 206 electrically connected to the panel 202. As shown in FIG. 2—FIG. 2C, seven LEDs are shown attached to the panel 202 of the LED module 200, however, any number of LEDs 206 can be used on the panel 202. For example, in some embodiments, the panel 202 can include in the range of 3 to 10 LEDs 206. The LED 206 on any particular module 206 can be similar to each other or can be of different brightness (lumens, PAR, etc.), wavelength, and illumination angle to allow the LED module 206 to be customized and adapted easily for multiple different applications or methods.

Each module 200 can include different combinations of LEDs 206 having the same or different wavelengths. As is known in the art, the wavelength of the LED 206 determines the color of the LED 206. For example, red LEDs can have a wavelength of about 620 nm-625 nm, dark red LEDS can have a wavelength of about 660 nm-665 nm, red-orange LEDS can have a wave length of about 610 nm-620 nm, green LEDs can have a wavelength of about 520 nm-550 nm, cyan LEDS can have a wavelength of about 490 nm-520 nm, blue LEDs can have a wavelength of about 465 nm-470 nm, dark blue LEDs can have a wavelength of about 455 nm-460 nm, warm white light LEDs can have more red wavelengths and are rated in color temperatures of about 2,000-4,000 K, and cool white light LEDs can have more blue wavelengths are rated in color temperatures of about 5,000-10,000K.

In some embodiments, each of the LEDS 206 on an LED module 200 can be of about the same wavelength. In other embodiments, the LEDs 206 on a LED module 200 can vary. For example, some LED modules 200 can include LEDs having a ranging of wavelengths from about 400 nm to about 700 nm.

In some embodiments, each of the LED modules 200 on a particular grow light system 100 can have similar layouts of LEDs 206. As shown, for example, in FIG. 2A each LED 206 can have a certain location 206A, 206B, 206C, 206D, 206E, 206F, 206G. Thus, in a particular grow light system, each of the LED modules 200 can have a similar LED in the 206A location, a similar LED in the 206B location, a similar LED in the 206C location, a similar LED in the 206D location, a similar LED in the 206E location, a similar LED in the 206F location, and a similar LED in the 206G location. In another example, a row of LEDs 206 (for example 206A, 206B, 206C) on each LED module 200 could be red LEDs and another row (for example 206D, 206E, 206F, and 206G) could be all green LEDs. In this configuration, an operator could turn off the red LEDs and turn on the green LEDs when operators will be working on the light dependent organisms, such as plants, but do not want to encourage photosynthesis. In other embodiments, a system can have a range of only red LEDs that could provide higher levels of that wavelength during critical times of plant growth. During other periods of plant growth these LED modules could be later replaced with LED modules having other wavelengths, such as general purpose LED modules with basic colors used by plants.

The LED module 200 also includes a heat sink fin 208. The heat sink fin 208 can be generally U-shaped having a first wall 210 that extends away from the panel 202 and can be generally perpendicular to the panel 202, a second wall 212 that extends away from the panel 202 and can be generally perpendicular to the panel 202, and a third wall 214 that can be generally parallel with the panel and connects to the first wall 210 and to the second wall 212. Although a single heat sink fin 208 is shown in FIG. 2—FIG. 2C the heat sink fin 208 can, for example, comprise multiple U-shaped fins. Although a U-shaped fin is shown, other heat sink fin shapes can be used. Additionally the heat sink fin can include other features, such as tabs, holes, or other elements, on the fin that can increase heat dissipation.

The size of the heat sink fin 208 can be important to the functionality of the grow light system 100. The height of the first and second walls 210, 212 can be approximately 1.75 inches or in the range of about 1.5 inches to about 3 inches. The length of first and second walls 210, 212 can be approximately 3 inches or in the range of about 2 inches to about 5 inches. The third wall 214 can have a width of about 1 inch or in the range of about 0.5 inches to about 2 inches. Thus, the first and second walls 210, 212 can be spaced apart from each other by about 1 inch or in the range of about 0.5 inches to about 2 inches.

The heat sink fin 208 is a passive heat exchanger configured to cool the LED module 200 by dissipating heat from the panel 202 and the LEDs 206. The heat sink fin 208 can be manufactured of any suitable material. For example in some examples the heat sink fin 208 can be manufactured of aluminum or aluminum alloys, and other materials can include copper, composite materials, and other good heat conducting materials.

The heat sink fin 208 can be removably or permanently attached to the panel 202 in any suitable manner. As shown in FIG. 2, the heat sink fin 208 can be attached to the panel 202 with a nut 218 and bolt 220 attachment mechanism at either side of the panel 202. Any other suitable attachment mechanism can be used including the use of adhesives. The LED module 200 can also include a heat conducting element, such as a highly conformable, low-modulus material such as silicone polymer, positioned between the panel 202 and the heat sink fin 208 to facilitate heat transfer between the panel 202 including the LEDs 206 and the heat sink 208.

The grow light system 100 can also include a carrier circuit board assembly or carrier board 300 that can form the bottom side of the housing 101, can removably engage the LED modules 200, and can contain circuits to electrically connect components engaged with the board including the LED modules 200. The carrier board 300 contains apertures 302 for insertion of the LED modules 200. As shown in FIG. 3 (depicting an example mounting plate) and FIG. 4 (depicting an example carrier board assembly 300), the carrier board assembly 300 can include nine generally rectangular apertures 302 to house nine LED modules 200. In some embodiments the number of apertures 302, and hence the number of LED modules 200, can vary. For example, in some embodiments, there can be in the range of about 5 and 12 LED modules. Each aperture 302 can have a first and second lateral edge 271, 272, and a first and second longitudinal edge 273, 274. The carrier board assembly 300 can also include electrical connectors 304 for interfacing with the electrical connectors 204 of the LED modules 200 to provide power to the LED modules 200.

As shown in FIG. 3, apertures 302 can be defined in the mounting plate 299. In an embodiment, the mounting plate 299 includes a front edge 281, a rear edge 282, a right side edge 283, a left side edge 284, and a surface 285 contiguous to and extending between the edges. In an embodiment, the mounting plate 299 can be configured so that it can be positioned proximate the bottom of the housing 101 to form a bottom surface of the housing. In an embodiment, the front edge 281 can be positioned proximate the front side 102 of the housing 101, the rear edge 282 can be positioned proximate the back side 104 of the housing 101, and the right and left sides 283, 284 can be positioned proximate respective sidewalls 110. In an embodiment, the mounting plate is configured to direct airflow into the apertures 302 and/or gaps defined between the aperture edges 271, 272, 273, 274 and an LED module 200 positioned in the aperture 302, as described below, as the fan draws air into the housing 101. In an embodiment, the apertures 302 form a generally X-shaped layout which has been found to be very conducive to growing plants, however the carrier board assembly 300 can be configured in different sizes and shapes with different layouts of LED modules 200 to provide for optimal plant light coverage. The apertures 302, for example, can be arranged in different patterns such as circular, rectangular, or columns and rows. In another embodiment, the LEDs 206 can form a grid pattern. In still other embodiments, the carrier board assembly 300 could be longer and/or have a thinner width that would be optimal for placement on a long narrow shelf. The LED modules in such a configuration could be placed in rows or other suitable layout.

FIGS. 4-5 show the LED modules 200 installed in the carrier board assembly 300. The LED modules 200 can connect to the carrier board 300 using any type of suitable fastener. As shown in FIG. 5, the fastener 306 can be a screw connection, a nut and bolt system, or any other suitable fastener including adhesive. The carrier board assembly 300 can be formed of any common materials using standard manufacturing processes.

As shown best in FIGS. 4A and 5 the LED modules can be spaced from the face 303 of the carrier board assembly 300. In some embodiments the LED modules 200 can be spaced from the face 303 of the carrier board 300 using a spacer 308. The spacer can be formed of any material and in some embodiments can be formed of a nonconductive material such as plastic. The spacer can be about 0.25 inches high or in the range 0.125 inches to about 0.5 inches. In other embodiments, the LED modules can be spaced from the face 303 of the carrier board assembly 300 without the use of a spacer.

This space between the face 303 of the carrier board 300 and the back 207 of the LED module 200 can define a vertical gap 310. Additionally, as shown at least in FIG. 5, the apertures of the carrier board 202 are sized to be slightly larger than the heat sink fin 208 forming additional gaps between the carrier board assembly 300 and the heat sink 208. For example, in the longitudinal direction, or length of the LED module 200, there can be a longitudinal gap 312 on either side of the heat sink 208 (between the longitudinal edges 273, 274 of the aperture 302 and the heat sink 208) of approximately 0.0125 inches or in the range of about 0.00625 inches to about 0.25 inches. Similarly, in the lateral direction, or width of the LED module, there can be a lateral gap 314 on either side of the heat sink 208 (between the lateral edges 271, 272 of the aperture 302 and the heat sink 208) of approximately 0.00625 inches or in the range of about 0.003125 inches to about 0.25 inches.

Although LEDs can reduce the temperature of a grow light system, LEDs 206 can still cause the temperature of the grow light system 100 to exceed preferred operational levels which can decrease the life of the LED. The gaps 310, 312, and 314 along with the heat sink fin 208 can reduce the temperature of at least portions of the grow light system 100. As described above, the grow light system 100 includes a cooling fan 114. The cooling fan 114 is configured to draw ambient air from outside of the grow light system into the housing 101 through the gaps 312, 314, and 316 which can cause a negative pressure inside the housing 101. The fan can then blow the air out the top side 106 of the housing 101. More specifically, each of the vertical gap 310, longitudinal gaps 312, and lateral gaps 314, are configured such that air can be drawn by the cooling fan 314 over the face of the LEDs 206 on the panel 202, through the gaps, 310, 312, and 314 and along the fin 208. The cooling fan 114 can be any fan suitable to reduce the temperature of the LED modules 200. In some examples, the fan can be sized to move a lot of air providing a greater cooling effect, however, this can increase the noise produced by the system. In other embodiments, the fan 114 can run at lower speeds providing less cooling but less noise as well. Fans, heat sinks, and gaps in carrier can be sized appropriately to provide optimum cooling with the least amount of side effects, such as noise and internal temperature rise.

Referring now to FIG. 6 which shows a circuit diagram representing the grow light system 100. The grow light system includes a power supply 602 for providing power to the grow light system and includes a master CPU 604 for controlling the grow light system 100. The grow light system 100 can also include LED Drivers 606 to control the LED circuits. As described above, each LED module 200 can include a plurality of LEDs 206 (represented as D1 (206A), D2 (206B), D3 (206C), D4 (206D), D5 (206E), D6 (206F), and D7 (206G) in FIG. 6). As shown in FIG. 6, each LED 206 corresponding to the same location on a particular LED module 200 can be wired in series with the other corresponding LEDs 206 of the other LED modules 200. In other embodiments, LEDs having the same wavelength, color, or a number of other variables can be wired in series together. For example, as shown in FIG. 6, each of the LEDs 206 represented as D1 (206A) can be wired in series with each other, each of the LEDs 206 represented as D2 (206B) can be wired in series with each other, each of the LEDs 206 represented as D3 (206C) can be wired in series with each other, each of the LEDs 206 represented as D4 (206D) can be wired in series with each other, each of the LEDs 206 represented as D5 (206E) can be wired in series with each other, each of the LEDs 206 represented as D6 (206F) can be wired in series with each other, and each of the LEDs 206 represented as D7 (206G) can be wired in series with each other. For example, in some embodiments, all LEDs 206 represented as D1 may be blue LEDs (455 nm-470 nm) and all LEDs 206 represented as D2 may be red LEDs (620 nm-665 nm). Additionally, as shown in FIG. 6, each of the LEDs 206 represented by D1 (206A) are connected to a single LED driver 606, each of the LEDs represented by D2 (206B) are connected to a different LED driver 606, and so on. Wiring the LEDs in series in this manner can provide significant advantages to a user. As will be discussed in more detail below, this allows a user to vary the intensity of each of the D1 (206A), D2 (206B), D3 (206C), D4 (206D), D5 (206E), D6 (206F), and D7 (206G) LEDs independently. Thus, for example, a user could increase the intensity of the D1 LEDs (206A) and/or decrease the intensity of the D2 LEDs (206B). Additionally, as will be discussed below, if, for example, a D1 LED failed the user could quickly identify that one of the D1 LEDs must be replaced.

As shown in FIG. 6, in addition to wiring the LEDs 206 of the grow light system 100 in series, the grow light system 100 can include one LED module 200 that is not wired in series like the other LED modules 200. This LED module 200 can be the same or similar to the other LED modules 200 and it can differ in that it is electrically connected through the carrier circuit board assembly 300 differently than the other LED modules 200. As shown in FIG. 4, the carrier circuit board assembly 300 can include one LED module 200 location that can be designated the test location 608. This test location 608 as shown in FIG. 6 is not wired in series like the other LED modules 200 and can allow a user to individually test a LED module 200 for operability. For example, if one of the D1 LEDs (206A) stops working on one of the LED modules 206, all of the D1 LEDs (206A) on the LED modules 200, except for the LED module 206 in the test location 608, will stop working. This can allow the user to quickly identify which LED location (for example 206A, 206B, 206C, 206D, 206E, 206F, or 206G) is not working. The LED module 206 that needs to be replaced can quickly be determined using the test location 608 as a module testing point.

The grow light system 100 can also include a plurality of components having various functions to provide a user interface, system monitoring, control, data collection, and file sharing. The grow light system 100 can be used in various applications and is described herein as adapted for growing plants as a particularly useful example. In an embodiment, the grow light system 100 can include one or more control processors, growing environment sensors, a real time clock, date and time logging device, executable programs, non-volatile memory, analog signal converters for inputs and outputs, digital signal generators for inputs and outputs, interface hardware and software for interfacing with other controls (such as, for example, RS232, RS485, and similar controls), power supply, audio devices, display with or without touchscreen and with or without video or slide show capability, Wi-Fi module, local wireless connections (Bluetooth, ZigBee), and USB interface.

As shown in FIG. 7, the grow light system 100 can include a number of components that can be used to control and optimize the growing of plants. The grow light system 100 can include one or more processors 702 for controlling overall operation of the system and its associated components, including RAM 703, ROM 705, input/output module 704, memory unit 706, display and/or user interface 112, Wi-Fi module 705, and a LAN interface 711.

The input/output module 704 can include a, keypad, touch screen, and/or stylus through which a user of the grow light system 100 can provide input, and may also include one or more of a speaker for providing audio input/output and a video display device for providing textual, audiovisual and/or graphical output. Additionally, the input/output module can include a number of ports, such as USB port(s) 707 and Ethernet port(s) 709 for sending and receiving information.

In embodiments, the grow light system 100, through the I/O module 704, can monitor and control operation of a growing environment. For example the I/O module 704 can receive information from a spectral light evaluation sensor 708 to provide a spectral light evaluation; an air humidity sensor 710 to determine the humidity of the air in the growing environment; an air flow sensor 712 to determine the air flow in the growing environment; a soil moisture sensor 714 to determine the moisture of the soil in a growing environment; a pH sensor 716 to determine the pH of the soil (or other growing medium such as water in a hydroponic environment) in the growing environment; an air sensor 718 to determine the air composition in the growing environment including for example carbon dioxide levels and oxygen levels; an ambient air temperature sensor 720 to determine the air temperature in the growing environment; and a video camera 721 to view the growing environment. Additionally, the grow light system 100 can be used in hydroponic applications, and in such applications additional sensors can be included in the grow light system 100. For example, the I/O module 704 can receive information from a water flow sensor to determine the water flow in the hydroponic growing environment 722; and a water level sensor 724 to determine the water levels in the hydroponic growing environment.

The I/O module 704 can receive inputs from at least the sensors 708, 710, 712, 714, 716, 718, 720, 721, 722, 724. The data from these sensors can be monitored, and stored or data logged in the memory 706. As will be discussed in more detail below, based on the data from these sensors, the grow light system 100 can make changes to the growing environment based on preset parameters. For example, in some embodiments, water or nutrients could be added to the growing environment based on the data from the sensors. In still other embodiments, if any parameters are outside of certain preset limits, the grow light system could shut down and an alarm could be sent to the operator. In still other embodiments, the grow light can be adapted to adjust light intensity and/or spectrum to optimize growth and/or protect the plants from harm. Additionally the grow light system 100 can log information from each of the sensors along with other information such as date and time information which can be used to build a program for growing a particular type of plant.

As shown in FIG. 7, the I/O module 704 can also receive information through at least the user interface 112, Wi-Fi module 705, LAN interface 711, and one or more ports such as a USB port 707 and an Ethernet port 709. As will be discussed in more detail below, a user can change any number of different growing environment variables from the user interface 112. The ports 707 and 709 can provide additional information from any number of different sources. The ports can be used, for example, to network multiple grow light systems 100 together. Additionally, the ports 707, 709 can be used, for example, to download certain growing condition information to the grow light system 100. For example, a user could download a program for growing a certain type of plant, and in some embodiments this program can provide an ideal growing environment for that particular type of plant.

Software may be stored within memory unit 706 and/or other storage to provide instructions to the processor(s) 702 for enabling the grow light system 100 to perform various functions. For example, memory unit 706 may store software used by the grow light system 100, an operating system of the grow light system 100, application programs of the grow light system 100, and/or an associated internal or external database(s). The memory unit 706 can include one or more of volatile and/or non-volatile computer memory to store computer-executable instructions, data, and/or other information.

The processor 706 and its associated components may allow the grow light system 100 to receive information corresponding to a plurality of operating information from sensors and devices associated with a grow light system 100 and related devices. As described above, such operating information can include, for example, lighting information, humidity information, air flow information, soil moisture information, pH information, air composition information, ambient air temperature information, water flow information, and water level information. Additional information can include, for example, date, time and energy consumption. The processor 706 and its associated components can in some embodiments analyze this operating information, such analysis can include comparison of the operating information with an operating protocol, calculation of a property of the operation of grow light system 100, and/or identification of operating information to include in a report or notification; generate a report or notification regarding the analysis of the operating information; and sending the report or notification to a mobile device or server configured to be accessed by authorized users.

As shown for example in FIGS. 7 and 8 the grow light system 100 can also include a number of additional devices that can affect the growing environment. These additional devices can include, for example, an air humidity pump 752 which can be used to increase the humidity of the air in the growing environment; an external fan 754 which can be used to increase air flow in the growing environment and also can be used to decrease humidity and change air conditions in the growing environment; a temperature adjustment mechanism 756 which can be used to raise or lower the temperature in the growing environment; a water pump 758 which can be used to deliver water to the growing environment and in hydroponic growing environments can be used to increase water flow in the hydroponic environment; a carbon dioxide pump 760 which can be used to pump carbon dioxide into the growing environment; and a nutrient pump 762 which can be used to deliver nutrients such as fertilizer to the growing environment.

Light has three principal characteristics that affect plant growth: quantity, quality, and duration. Light quantity refers to the intensity or concentration of light. Light quality refers to the color or wavelength reaching the plant surface. Red and blue light generally have the greatest effect on plant growth. Blue light is primarily responsible for vegetative growth or leaf growth. Red light when combined with blue light, encourages flowering in plants. Light duration or photoperiod refers to the amount of time that a plant is exposed to light within a certain amount of time (such 24 hours) and this can affect a plant's ability to flower. As stated above, the grow light system 100 can include a spectral light evaluation sensor 708. Based on the readings of the spectral light evaluation sensor 708, the grow light system 100, through the processor 702, can adjust certain lighting parameters such as the intensity quantity, quality, and duration of the light being emitted from the LEDs 206. For example, the grow light system 100 can turn on or off certain LEDs having a particular wavelength (i.e. blue light, red light, green light, etc.) and/or increase or decrease their intensity. In other embodiments the grow light system 100 can be programmed for a certain type of plant for which the ideal spectral light schedule is known and the grow light system 100 can automatically adjust the LEDs based on the known schedule. In still other embodiments the user can manually adjust the LEDs 206 as required through the user interface 112. In still other embodiments the grow light system 100 can monitor ambient light levels and adjust to the ambient light conditions. For example the grow light system 100 can be used as supplemental lighting. When ambient light levels are inadequate, for example during a period of inclement weather conditions, the grow light system 100 can turn on or increase the intensity of the LEDs 200.

Additionally, water is a primary component of plant growth. Water maintains the turgor pressure or firmness of tissue and transports nutrients throughout the plant. Water is present in multiple locations in a growing environment such as the humidity in the air and the moisture in the soil. Proper plant growth can be affected by both the humidity in the air and the moisture in the soil. Plant growth can be affected by the timing and amount of water applied during production. Certain stages of plant growth are more sensitive to water stress than others. Based on the readings provided by sensors such as the air humidity sensor 710, the soil moisture sensor 714, and in hydroponic growing environments, the water flow sensor 722 and the water level sensor 724, the grow light system 100, through the processor 702, can adjust certain water levels. For example, if the air humidity sensor 710 detects an air humidity that is too low for a particular growing environment, the I/O module can activate the air humidity pump 752 to increase the air humidity. Similarly, for example, if the soil moisture sensor 714, water flow sensor 722, or water level sensor 724 detect water levels that are too low, the water pump 758 can be activated to provide water and/or water flow to the growing environment. As with all other adjustments, the user can manually adjust the air humidity pump 752 and the water pump 758 as necessary through the user interface 112 or other input.

Further, carbon dioxide is necessary for photosynthesis and proper carbon dioxide concentration through the course of the growing process can allow for faster maturation and larger yield. For example, a carbon dioxide level in the growing environment between 700 and 900 ppm can improve crop development and yield. In some embodiments, the grow light system 100 can include an air sensor 718 to determine the composition of the air in the growing environment including for example carbon dioxide levels and oxygen levels. If, for example, the carbon dioxide levels are too low, the carbon dioxide pump 760 can be activated to provide additional carbon dioxide to the growing environment.

Similarly, other sensors, such as pH sensor 716, the ambient air temperature sensor 720, and the air flow sensor 712, measure growing environment qualities that are important to growing plants. The pH level, for example, is the measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a soil and can be important to a number of factors affecting plant growth. Ambient air temperature is also important to plant growth and can affect photosynthesis, respiration, transpiration, flowering, and sugar storage. Air flow is also important to plant growth. As described above with regard to other sensors, devices such as the nutrient pump 762 (to add nutrients such as fertilizer to the growing environment), temperature adjustment mechanism 756 (to raise or lower the temperature of the growing environment), and external fan 754 (to provide air flow in the growing environment) can be activated to optimize the growing environment based on information from the sensors 716, 720, and 712 or based on user input from, for example, the user interface 112.

One or more application programs 726 used by the grow light system 100 may include computer executable instructions (e.g., analysis programs, operational data determination algorithms, and growing environment analysis and manipulation algorithms) for transmitting, receiving, and executing information and instructions related to the grow light system 100 and related equipment as described herein and for performing other related functions as described herein.

As shown in FIG. 7, the grow light system 100 may operate in a networked environment supporting connections to one or more remote computers, such as terminals/devices 726. Thus, the grow light system 100 and terminals/devices may each include personal computers (e.g., laptop, desktop, or tablet computers), servers (e.g., web servers, database servers), and/or mobile communication devices (e.g., mobile phones, portable computing devices, and the like), or commercial monitoring devices, and may include some or all of the elements described above with respect to the grow light system 100. The network connections depicted in FIG. 7 include a local area network 728 (LAN) and a wide area network 730 (WAN), other networks, such as a wireless telecommunications network, may also be included. When used in a LAN networking environment 728, the grow light system 100 may be connected to the LAN 728 through a network interface or adapter. When used in a WAN networking environment 730, the grow light system 100 device may include a Wi-Fi module 705 or other means for establishing communications over the WAN 730, such as the Internet). When used in a wireless telecommunications network, the grow light system 100 device may include one or more transceivers, digital signal processors, and additional circuitry and software for communicating with wireless computing devices (e.g., mobile phones, tablets) via one or more network devices (e.g., base transceiver stations) in the wireless network.

It will be appreciated that the network connections shown are illustrative and other means of establishing a communications link between the grow light system 100 and terminals/devices may be used. The existence of any of various network protocols such as TCP/IP, Ethernet, FTP, HTTP and the like, and of various wireless communication technologies such as GSM, CDMA, Wi-Fi, and WiMAX, is presumed, and the various computing devices and driving analysis system components described herein may be configured to communicate using any of these network protocols or technologies.

In an embodiment, the Wi-Fi module 705 can be adapted to host a localized web page for monitoring and control of the grow light system 100. This capability can also be referred to herein as an on-board web server for the grow light system 100. In an embodiment, the on-board web server can provide real-time data to a local device that has web browsing capability. This allows, for example, a local device and/or networked device shown in FIGS. 7 and 8 with standard browser application (such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Firefox, etc.) to access the grow light system 100 device for monitoring and control of the device. For example, the web page can be customized to include information relevant to the plant growing environment such as the spectral light, air humidity, air flow, soil moisture, pH level, air composition, ambient air temperature, video of the growing environment, and for hydroponic growing environments the water flow, and water level. For example, an operator can remotely monitor, manage, and watch the current growing environment of plants being grown by the grow light system 100.

In an embodiment, the grow light system 100 can be adapted to send data records to a hosting server for storage, access, and analysis. In an example, the data can include data from each of the sensors and devices 708, 710, 712, 714, 716, 718, 720, 721, 722, 724 and each of the devices 752, 754, 756, 758, 760, and 762. Such information could be used to log and develop a program for growing a particular type of plant.

In certain embodiments, and as described elsewhere herein, the grow light system 100 can include programs for growing certain types of plants. These programs can include information related to each of the sensors 708, 710, 712, 714, 716, 718, 720, 721, 722, 724 and each of the devices 752, 754, 756, 758, 760, and 762 and include date and time information. Thus, for example, the grow light system can include a program for growing a certain type of tomato plant. The program could allow the grow light system 100, through the devices 752, 754, 756, 758, 760, 762, to optimize the growing environment for the tomato plant. For example, the grow light system 100 could automatically provide water to the tomato plant and automatically adjust the intensity of the LEDs based on time and date information. Additionally, the grow light system 100 could receive information from the sensors 708, 710, 712, 714, 716, 718, 720, 721, 722, 724 and automatically adjust the growing environment to optimal conditions for growth of the tomato plant. Additionally, if the sensors 708, 710, 712, 714, 716, 718, 720, 721, 722, 724 indicate that any parameters are out of certain specified limits for the tomato plant, it could adjust those parameters. For example, the grow light system 100 could activate the air humidity pump 752 if the humidity level in the growing environment is too low for the tomato plant.

In some embodiments, and as discussed above, the grow light system 100 can allow a user to record and/or create programs for growing a certain type of plant. The program can include information from the sensors 708, 710, 712, 714, 716, 718, 720, 721, 722, 724, the devices 752, 754, 756, 758, 760, 762, and other information such as the user input information. The grow light system 100 can record system parameters including certain date and time information. For example, a user could adjust a particular wavelength of light from 50% to 100% at 3:00 PM on Day X, and add water to the plant at 1:00 PM on Day Y. These events can be recorded as part of a program. In another example, a user could program the grow light system 100 to adjust a particular wavelength of light from 10% to 75% at 1:00 pm on Day A, and add carbon dioxide to the growing environment on at 9:00 am on Day B. These events could be recorded as part of the program and executed by the grow light system 100.

In some embodiments, the grow light system 100 can include a library system that can store a plurality of programs for growing a number of different types of plants. Additional programs can be uploaded to the grow light system 100 through the USB port 707, the Wi-Fi module 705, the LAN interface 711, or other device.

A user can also download the growing programs from the grow light system 100 that can be shared with other grow light systems 100 and/or other users. The downloadable library system can include any number of different programs including programs used to grow a plant from seed to fruit. In one embodiment a user can download a growing program from a grow light system 100 through the USB port 707, the Wi-Fi module 705, the LAN interface 711, or other device. The program can then be uploaded to another grow light system 100, another storage device, or to a website to share with others.

The grow light system 100 can include a website through which a user can access and upload and download plant growing programs. The website can be run on a computer server accessible via the internet and can allow users to share, edit, and comment on plant growing programs. The website can include a plurality of different programs for growing different types of plants. These programs can vary based the types of plants to be grown, the speed a plant can be grown, and many other variables.

In an embodiment, the grow light system 100 can also be configured to send notices regarding operation of the system 100 and its components such as the air humidity pump 752, external fan 754, temperature adjustment mechanism 756, water pump 758, carbon dioxide pump 760, and nutrient pump 762. In an example, the notices can take the form of an email, a text message, an audible message, and other forms of notices. In an example, the system can email to the user information related to the system 100 such as the spectral light cycle for a particular day, or water usage for a particular day. In an example, the system 100 can email the owner if a problem occurs, such as a low water level or low ambient air temperature level. Similarly, in an example, the system 100 can generate and email a user an end of day report which can include any data logged by the system 100, including for example water usage and light intensity. In still other examples, the system can send a notice to a SMS email address that could send notices via SMS Text Messaging Services on cell phones. In an example, the system can email warnings like low water warnings or when LEDs are not working properly.

In an embodiment, the grow light system 100 can be configured to receive software updates related to operation of the equipment. In an example, the system can download growing programs for new plants that a user would like to grow. In another example, the system can download information for instruction related to growing techniques. In an example, the system can implement a “parse and stitch” techniques to overcome Wi-Fi/internet connectivity issues, where it can download part of file at a time and when all the parts are downloaded the update can be performed.

In an embodiment, the grow light system 100 can be configured to allow for remote operation of the grow light system 100 and related equipment. A user for example could manually adjust the ambient air temperature through remote access to the temperature adjustment mechanism 756. Similarly, for example, a user could remotely access and change LED operational characteristics, and add water to the growing environment. In such remotely accessible systems, a user could in some embodiments remotely change any variable that the system can modify. In another embodiment, the grow light system 100 can be implemented with an OS based computer system, such as Android and Linux.

As shown in FIG. 9, in some embodiments the LED growing system 100 can also include a master/drone configuration wherein a master LED growing system 850 can be networked with and control a plurality of drone LED growing systems 852. Both the master and the drone LED systems can have a separate power source or share the power source.

In some embodiments of the LED growing system 100 that have a master/drone configuration, the master unit 850 can have a programmable user interface 112, and the drone units 852 do not have any user interface 112. However, in other embodiments, the drone units can be similar to the master unit and include a user interface 112. The master/drone configurations can incorporate any type of network connection 854 between the units including a wireless connection and/or wired connection between the units, such as RS485 or similar and those discussed herein. The master unit 852 can broadcast commands through the network. Any number of drone units 852 can be connected to the same master unit 850 to create a network of LEDs that can simultaneously execute the same program or different programs to optimize a growing environment. The capabilities of the grow light system 100 with regards to measurement and control of a growing environment can be similar whether it is within a single unit grow light system 100 or a multiple master/drone configuration.

While the aspects described herein have been discussed with respect to specific examples including various modes of carrying out aspects of the disclosure, those skilled in the art will appreciate that there are numerous variations and permutations of the above described systems and techniques that fall within the spirit and scope of the invention. In addition, where reference has been made in this disclosure to items in the figures, in some instances a reference number has been omitted when it is desired to generally reference the item without specificity as to which of the plurality of items corresponding to the same base reference number.

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
LED lighting device for growing plants LEMNIS LIGHTING PATENT HOLDING B.V. 15 August 2008 01 September 2011
Artificial solar light system using a light emitting diode SEOUL SEMICONDUCTOR CO., LTD. 27 June 2007 08 October 2009
Method and apparatus for using light emitting diodes in a greenhouse setting FIONIA LIGHTING APS 15 May 2009 28 July 2011
Light apparatus and method for controlling the intensity of a light emitting diode HOMEDICS, INC. 30 September 2004 16 June 2005
Artificial solar light system using a light emitting diode SEOUL SEMICONDUCTOR CO., LTD. 29 July 2011 24 November 2011
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