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Patent Analysis of

Measuring system for a probe

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10149629

Application Number

US14/781372

Application Date

19 April 2013

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

PIT-RADWAR SPOLKA AKCYJNA

Original Assignee (Applicant)

BUMAR ELEKTRONIKA SPOLKA AKCYJNA

International Classification

A61B5/00,A61B5/053,A61B5/05,A61B5/145

Cooperative Classification

A61B5/0507,A61B5/053,A61B5/14532,A61B2562/0228,A61B2503/40

Inventor

SZCZEPANIAK, ZENON,USZCZYK, MARIUSZ

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10149629 Measuring probe 1 US10149629 Measuring probe 2 US10149629 Measuring probe 3
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Abstract

A measuring system for probe, especially one for measuring dielectric properties and used in devices for measuring properties of dielectric constant changes in human or animal tissues, characterized in that it comprises a microwave resonance circuit (3) made on dielectric substrate and shaped in the form of a three-stage resonator composed of three segments of striplines with different impedances of each of the segments and arranged with respect to each other is such a way that successive segments are perpendicular to each other, and further comprises rows of grommets (2) with metallized surfaces connecting front surfaces on both sides of the substrate and constituting the earth of the probe.

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Claims

1. A measuring system for a probe for measuring dielectric properties and used in a device for measuring properties of dielectric constant changes in human or animal tissues, the measuring system comprising:

a microwave resonance circuit placed on a dielectric substrate, the microwave resonance circuit being shaped in the form of a three-stage resonator composed of three segments of striplines, the three segments including a first segment, a second segment, and a third segment, wherein the first segment, the second segment, and the third segment have different values of a complex impedance, the different values of the complex impedance being selected so that a resonance frequency in the range from 2.5 GHz to 3.5 GHz is obtained, wherein the three segments are arranged with respect to each other in such a way that (i) the first segment is connected with an output of the microwave resonance circuit, (ii) the first segment is connected to and perpendicular to the second segment, and (iii) the second segment is connected to and perpendicular to the third segment, wherein the measuring system further comprises rows of grommets with metallized surfaces connecting a first surface located on a first side of the dielectric substrate with a second surface on a second side of the dielectric substrate, the first surface and the second surface being on opposite sides of the dielectric substrate and constituting the probe's earth, wherein the dielectric substrate has the form of a circle, the microwave resonance circuit being located on the first surface of the dielectric substrate, and the grommets are arranged annularly around the microwave resonance circuit, wherein the measuring system is supplied with a microwave signal by means of a coaxial connector of an SMB type, and wherein the coaxial connector is mounted on the second side of the dielectric substrate in such a way that a sting of the coaxial connector is insulated from a copper coat and connected with the microwave resonance circuit located on the first side of the dielectric substrate.

2. The measuring system for probe according to claim 1, wherein the dielectric substrate is a polytetrafluoroethylene laminate.

3. The measuring system for probe according to claim 1, wherein the second surface, which is opposite to the first surface on which the microwave resonance circuit is located, is metallized, primarily with copper and secondarily with gold.

4. The measuring system for probe according to claim 1, wherein the three segments are arranged in a U shape with respect to the output of the microwave resonance circuit.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A measuring system for a probe for measuring dielectric properties and used in a device for measuring properties of dielectric constant changes in human or animal tissues, the measuring system comprising:
    • a microwave resonance circuit placed on a dielectric substrate, the microwave resonance circuit being shaped in the form of a three-stage resonator composed of three segments of striplines, the three segments including a first segment, a second segment, and a third segment, wherein the first segment, the second segment, and the third segment have different values of a complex impedance, the different values of the complex impedance being selected so that a resonance frequency in the range from 2.5 GHz to 3.5 GHz is obtained, wherein the three segments are arranged with respect to each other in such a way that (i) the first segment is connected with an output of the microwave resonance circuit, (ii) the first segment is connected to and perpendicular to the second segment, and (iii) the second segment is connected to and perpendicular to the third segment, wherein the measuring system further comprises rows of grommets with metallized surfaces connecting a first surface located on a first side of the dielectric substrate with a second surface on a second side of the dielectric substrate, the first surface and the second surface being on opposite sides of the dielectric substrate and constituting the probe's earth, wherein the dielectric substrate has the form of a circle, the microwave resonance circuit being located on the first surface of the dielectric substrate, and the grommets are arranged annularly around the microwave resonance circuit, wherein the measuring system is supplied with a microwave signal by means of a coaxial connector of an SMB type, and wherein the coaxial connector is mounted on the second side of the dielectric substrate in such a way that a sting of the coaxial connector is insulated from a copper coat and connected with the microwave resonance circuit located on the first side of the dielectric substrate.
    • 2. The measuring system for probe according to claim 1, wherein
      • the dielectric substrate is a polytetrafluoroethylene laminate.
    • 3. The measuring system for probe according to claim 1, wherein
      • the second surface, which is opposite to the first surface on which the microwave resonance circuit is located, is metallized, primarily with copper and secondarily with gold.
    • 4. The measuring system for probe according to claim 1, wherein
      • the three segments are arranged in a U shape with respect to the output of the microwave resonance circuit.
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Description

The subject of this invention is a measuring system for probe, especially one measuring dielectric properties, to be used in devices for measurement of dielectric constant changes in human or animal tissues. A probe with such system allows to perform non-invasive contact measurement of blood sugar in humans through measurement of changes in dielectric constant of tissues.

Description of invention application US 2004/0065158 A1 reveals a solution in which to measure the glucose level in blood or tissues, a probe in the form of two electrodes is used that constitutes a capacitor in resonance circuit of the measuring system. Changes of glucose level in blood result in changes of electric capacity and thus also change the resonance frequency of the resonance circuit. One of the electrodes (electrode A) has the form of a ring fixed to the probe casing. The second electrode (electrode B) has the form of a metallized strip with length much greater then width made on dielectric base and located inside the probe. The probe is constructed in such a way that electrode A adheres closely to the examined tissue, while electrode B remains isolated from both the tissue and electrode A.

A flaw of the solution according to the above-quoted invention is the necessity to maintain significant dimensions of inner electrode B in order to ensure sufficient the level of coupling with the examined tissue. The level of coupling has a direct effect on precision of measurement. Electrode dimensions translate to overall dimensions of the measuring probe.

The aim of the present invention is to provide a measuring system for a probe with small overall dimensions that would maintain high sensibility and accuracy of measurements of dielectric properties changes occurring in examined tissues.

This aim was achieved in solution according to the present invention in which the probe measuring system comprises a microwave resonance circuit placed on a dielectric substrate and given the form of a three-stage resonator composed of three segments of striplines with impedances different for each of the segments. The segments are positioned in such a way that the first segment is perpendicular to the second segment, which in turn is perpendicular to the third segment. The measuring system comprises also rows of grommets with metallized surfaces that are located on both sides of the dielectric substrate and constitute the probe's earth. Further, the measuring system includes also the microwave signal input located of the surface opposite to the surface containing the resonance circuit.

Striplines of individual elements of the probe measuring system have different values of complex impedance selected in such a way that the resonance frequency in the range from 2.5 GHz to 3.5 GHz is obtained.

The measuring system has the dielectric substrate made of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) laminate.

The measuring system has the upper surface of its dielectric substrate metallized primarily with copper and secondarily with gold.

Individual segments of the measuring system are arranged in the form of letter U.

The measuring system has an output from the microwave resonance circuit connected with the probe's coaxial connector of SMB type.

In the measuring system, the microwave resonance circuit is located centrally, and rows of grommets are arranged annularly around it, whereas the dielectric substrate has the form of a circle.

The measuring system according to the invention is preferably characterized with that the substrate on which the resonance circuit was made is made of a dielectric material, i.e. it does not absorb water and is hydrophobic, which eliminates the measurement error related to excessive amount of moisture between the probe and examined tissue. Moreover, the dielectric substrate is also hypoallergic, i.e. it does not induce skin irritation in the place of contact. Gold coating is an additional protection against irritation.

The subject of the present invention is shown in an example embodiment in figures, of which

FIG. 1 shows the measuring system in a view from the side of the contact with tissue;

FIG. 2 shows the arrangement of resonator striplines;

FIG. 3 shows the resonance circuit with coaxial connector of SMB type in the side view;

FIG. 4 shows, in the form of a graph, an example measured reflection coefficient characteristics of the microwave probe in contact with skin of a human forearm;

FIG. 5 shows measured reflection coefficient characteristics of the microwave probe for different solutions of physiological salt with glucose (0 and 500 mg/dl) and described in the following.

The measuring system was made on a circle of PTFE laminate constructed as the dielectric layer 5 with the following parameters: dielectric constant εr=2.5, substrate thickness h=0.635 mm, dielectric loss angle tangent tg(δ)=0.0001, and metallization layer 1 with copper thickness t=18 μm. The measuring probe diameter is 30 mm. Surface 1A of dielectric layer 5 is completely coppered with layer of gold sputtered on it. From this side, the system is supplied with microwave signal by means of coaxial connector 4 of SMB type. The coaxial connector is mounted on the circle in such a way that its sting is insulated from the copper coat and connected with the microwave resonance circuit 3 located in the other side of the circle. Resonance circuit in the form of three-stage resonator is located centrally on the surface of contact with tissue and is made in the form of three segments of stripline.

Each of the segments is characterized with different values of their complex impedances, modules and phases of which for segments 3A, 3B, and 3C are: Z0A=32.5Ω and φA=53°; Z0B=35Ω and φB=58°; and Z0C=31.5Ω and φC=60°, respectively, for the resonance frequency of 3.3 GHz.

The earth of the system in the form of upper surface 1A and lower surface 1B of dielectric substrate 5 that are connected by means of metallized grommets 2. The number and location of grommets is of no importance from the point of view of the invention essence, whereas it is important that appropriately large number of grommets ensures connection of earthed surfaces on both sides of the measuring system.

From the point of view of description of its electric properties, the probe with the measuring system is a one-port element. Such circuit is characterized with the reflection coefficient represented by S11 in matrix representation. The reflection coefficient value for the probe with the measuring system as described in the example embodiment remaining in contact with skin on forearm of a human is presented by the graph in FIG. 4 where the minimum reflection coefficient value of the circuit occurs for the frequency 2.3 GHz. On the other hand, differences depending on composition of the examined solution are plotted in FIG. 5. The characteristics representing variation of modulus of the reflection coefficient—parameter |S11| as a function of microwave signal frequency change shows the resonance curve of the measuring probe resonance circuit.

The probe measuring system is designed to be applied in non-invasive examination of blood sugar changes in humans and properties of dielectric constant changes in human or animal tissues.

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Analyte sensor DEXCOM, INC. 22 February 2006 13 March 2012
A spaced plate waveguide probe and method for dielectric measurements HONG SIANG TAN,SOON YIM TAN 18 December 2007 24 June 2009
High-frequency device for generating a plasma arc for the treatment of biological tissue LINDENMEIER HEINZ,FASTENMEIER KARL 27 February 2001 20 May 2003
Method of monitoring glucose level JMS DIVERSIFIELD HOLDINGS LLC 19 August 2003 11 October 2005
Apparatus and method for measuring constituent concentrations within a biological tissue structure ORSUS MEDICAL LIMITED 06 July 2006 11 November 2014
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