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Patent Analysis of

Cosmetic compositions and methods for providing full spectrum photo protection

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10149808

Application Number

US15/087672

Application Date

31 March 2016

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

L'OREAL

Original Assignee (Applicant)

L'OREAL

International Classification

A61K8/00,A61K8/67,A61K8/365,A61Q17/04,A61K8/49

Cooperative Classification

A61K8/498,A61K8/365,A61K8/368,A61K8/42,A61K8/4913

Inventor

PAN, ZHI,GUO, MAOLIN,BERNARD, ANNE-LAURE SUZANNE

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10149808 Cosmetic compositions 1 US10149808 Cosmetic compositions 2 US10149808 Cosmetic compositions 3
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Abstract

The present disclosure relates to compositions and methods for providing full spectrum photo protection to skin, which includes protection from infrared (IR) radiation and/or visible light in addition to protection from UV radiation. The compositions typically include: (a) silymarin; (b) one or more antioxidants selected from the group consisting of ferulic acid, Vitamin C, polydatin, and hesperetin; (c) optionally, one or more solubilizers; and (d) a cosmetically acceptable carrier. The compositions are unique in that the combination of (a), (b), optional (c), and (d) alone, provide at least full spectrum protection from ultraviolet radiation (UV), visible light, and infrared radiation (IR). The composition can additionally, optionally, include one or more UV filters to further enhance protection from UV radiation.

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Claims

1. A cosmetic composition comprising;

(a) 0.001 to 12 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of silymarin;(b) 0.001 to 20 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more antioxidants selected from the group consisting of ferulic acid, Vitamin C, polydatin, and hesperetin;(c) 0.001 to 30 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more cosmetically acceptable hydrotropes selected from the group consisting of nicotinamide, caffeine, sodium PCA, sodium salicylate, urea, and hydroxyethyl urea; and(d) a cosmetically acceptable carrier;

wherein the combination of (a), (b), (c), and (d) alone provides full spectrum protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, visible light, and infrared radiation (IR).

2. The composition of claim 1, further comprising:

(e) one or more emulsifiers.

3. The composition of claim 2 wherein the total amount of the one or more emulsifiers of (e) in the composition is 0.001 to 10 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition.

4. The composition of claim 2, wherein the one or more emulsifiers of (e) comprises a nonionic emulsifier.

5. The composition of claim 4, wherein the nonionic emulsifier is selected from the group consisting of a polyol ester, a glycerol ether, an oxyethylenated, an oxypropylenated ether, an ethylene glycol polymer, and a combinatioon thereof.

6. The composition of claim 1, further comprising:

(f) one or more UV filters.

7. The composition of claim 6, wherein the nonionic emulsifer comprises a combination of a polyol ester and an ethylene glycol polymer.

8. The composition of claim 6, wherein the one or more UV filters of (f) are selected from the group consisting of a para-aminobenzoic acid derivative, a salicylic derivative, a cinnamic derivative, a benzophenone or an aminobenzophenone, an anthranillic derivative, a β,β-diphenylacrylate derivative, a benzylidenecamphor derivative, a phenylbenzimidazole derivative, a benzotriazole derivative, a triazine derivative, a bisresorcinyl triazine, an imidazoline derivative, a benzalmalonate derivative, a 4,4-diarylbutadiene derivative, a benzoxazole derivative, a merocyanine, malonitrile or a malonate diphenyl butadiene derivative, and a chalcone.

9. The composition of claim 1, wherein the cosmetically acceptable carrier of (c) comprises water, an organic solvent, or a mixture thereof.

10. The composition of claim 1, further comprising:

(g) one or more skin active ingredients.

11. The composition of claim 10, wherein the one or more skin active ingredients of (g) are selected from the group consisting of adenosine, ascorbic acid, 2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES), hyaluronic acid, lanolin, citric acid, malic acid, lactic acid, tartaric acid, salicylic acid, vitamin C, a vitamin, a retinoid, retinal, retinoic acid, a carotenoid, an amino acid, a protein, an enzyme, a coenzyme, and a mixture thereof.

12. The composition of claim 1, further comprising:

(h) one or more silicon oils.

13. The composition of claim 12, wherein the one or more silicon oils of (h) are selected from the group consisting of polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMSs), polydimethylsiloxanes comprising alkyl or alkoxy groups which are pendent and/or at the end of the silicone chain, which groups each contain from 2 to 24 carbon atoms, or phenyl silicones, such as phenyl trimethicones, phenyl dimethicones, phenyl(trimethylsiloxy)diphenylsiloxanes, diphenyl dimethicones, diphenyl(methyldiphenyl)trisiloxanes or (2-phenylethyl)trimethylsiloxysilicates, and a mixture thereof.

14. The composition of claim 13, wherein the one or more silicone oils of (h) comprises dimethicone.

15. A method for providing full spectrum photo protection to the skin comprising topically applying to the skin of a subject a composition according to claim 1, wherein full spectrum photo protection provides protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, visible light, and infrared radiation (IR).

16. A cosmetic composition comprising;

(a) 0.001 to 12 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of silymarin;(b) 0.001 to 20 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more antioxidants selected from the group consisting of ferulic acid, Vitamin C, and polydatin;(c) 0.001 to 30 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more cosmetically acceptable hydrotropes selected from the group consisting of nicotinamide and caffeine;(d) a cosmetically acceptable carrier;(e) 0.001 to 10 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more nonionic emulsifiers; and(f) one or more UV filters;

wherein the combination of (a), (b), (c), and (d) alone provides full spectrum protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, visible light, and infrared radiation (IR).

17. The composition of claim 16 comprising both ferulic acid and vitamic C.

18. The composition of claim 17 comprising both nicotinamide and caffeine.

19. The composition of claim 16 comprising polydatin.

20. The composition of claim 19 comprising both nicotinamide and caffeine.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A cosmetic composition comprising;
    • (a) 0.001 to 12 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of silymarin;
    • (b) 0.001 to 20 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more antioxidants selected from the group consisting of ferulic acid, Vitamin C, polydatin, and hesperetin;
    • (c) 0.001 to 30 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more cosmetically acceptable hydrotropes selected from the group consisting of nicotinamide, caffeine, sodium PCA, sodium salicylate, urea, and hydroxyethyl urea; and
    • (d) a cosmetically acceptable carrier; wherein the combination of (a), (b), (c), and (d) alone provides full spectrum protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, visible light, and infrared radiation (IR).
    • 2. The composition of claim 1, further comprising:
      • (e) one or more emulsifiers.
    • 6. The composition of claim 1, further comprising:
      • (f) one or more UV filters.
    • 9. The composition of claim 1, wherein
      • the cosmetically acceptable carrier of (c) comprises
    • 10. The composition of claim 1, further comprising:
      • (g) one or more skin active ingredients.
    • 12. The composition of claim 1, further comprising:
      • (h) one or more silicon oils.
  • 15
    15. A method for providing full spectrum photo protection to the skin comprising
    • topically applying to the skin of a subject a composition according to claim 1, wherein full spectrum photo protection provides protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, visible light, and infrared radiation (IR).
  • 16
    16. A cosmetic composition comprising;
    • (a) 0.001 to 12 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of silymarin;
    • (b) 0.001 to 20 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more antioxidants selected from the group consisting of ferulic acid, Vitamin C, and polydatin;
    • (c) 0.001 to 30 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more cosmetically acceptable hydrotropes selected from the group consisting of nicotinamide and caffeine;
    • (d) a cosmetically acceptable carrier;
    • (e) 0.001 to 10 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of one or more nonionic emulsifiers; and
    • (f) one or more UV filters; wherein the combination of (a), (b), (c), and (d) alone provides full spectrum protection from ultraviolet (UV) radiation, visible light, and infrared radiation (IR).
    • 17. The composition of claim 16 comprising
      • both ferulic acid and vitamic C.
    • 19. The composition of claim 16 comprising
      • polydatin.
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Description

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

The instant disclosure relates to compositions and methods for providing full spectrum photo protection to skin, which includes protection from infrared (IR) radiation and/or visible light in addition to protection from UV radiation.

BACKGROUND

Skin acts as a natural barrier between internal and external environments and therefore plays an important role in vital biological functions such as protection against mechanical and chemical injury, micro-organisms, and ultraviolet damage. The health and appearance of skin, however, can deteriorate due to environmental factors, genetic makeup, nutrition, and sun exposure.

The negative effects of exposure to ultraviolet (“UV”) light are well-known. Prolonged exposure to sunlight causes damage such as sunburn to the skin and dries out hair making it brittle. When skin is exposed to UV light having a wavelength of from about 290 nm to about 400 nm, long term damage can lead to serious conditions such as skin cancer.

UV radiation also contributes to aging by causing free radicals to form in the skin. Free radicals include, for example, singlet oxygen, hydroxyl radical, the superoxide anion, nitric oxide and hydrogen radicals. Free radicals attack DNA, membrane lipids and proteins, generating carbon radicals. These in turn react with oxygen to produce a peroxyl radical that can attack adjacent fatty acids to generate new carbon radicals. This cascade leads to a chain reaction producing lipid peroxidation products. Damage to cell membranes results in loss of cell permeability, increased intercellular ionic concentration, and decreased ability to excrete or detoxify waste products. The end result is a loss of skin elasticity and the appearance of wrinkles. This process is commonly referred to as photo-aging.

Although UV radiation can be problematic, over 90% of solar energy is from visible light and infrared (IR) radiation. Visible light and IR radiation, especially IRA (770-1400 nm), penetrates deep into human skin than UV radiation, and can easily reach the dermis. Visible light, especially high energy visible light, can induce pigmentation in a similar manner as UVA, and IR radiation can impair proper functioning of mitochondria. Visible light and IR radiation both contribute to photoaging by degrading collagen through induction of MMP1 enzyme (without induction of the natural endogenous protection MMP1 inhibitor), generating free radicals and decreasing antioxidant content in human skin.

With aging, the outer skin layer (epidermis) thins, even though the number of cell layers remains unchanged. The number of pigment-containing cells (melanocytes), however, decreases. Therefore, the skin appears pale and translucent. Large pigmented spots (age spots, liver spots, or lentigos) may appear in sun-exposed areas. Changes in the connective tissue reduce the skin's strength and elasticity. It is more noticeable in sun-exposed areas (solar elastosis). Elastosis produces the leathery, weather-beaten appearance common to farmers, sailors, and others who spend a large amount of time outdoors. Dehydration increases the risk of skin injury. Poor nutrition can also negatively impact the skin, causing dryness, rash, and puffiness.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE

The instant disclosure relates to compositions and methods for providing full spectrum photo protection to skin, which includes protection from infrared (IR) radiation and/or visible light in addition to protection from UV radiation. The inventors discovered that certain antioxidants such as silymarin and combinations of other antioxidants with silymarin provide unexpected protection from infrared radiation, visible light, and UV radiation. Thus, the compositions are particularly useful for protecting skin from the harmful effects of these types of exposure. The compositions and methods are also useful for imparting other benefits to the skin, such as improving the health and appearance of skin. The compositions typically include: (a) silymarin; (b) one or more antioxidants selected from the group consisting of ferulic acid, Vitamin C, polydatin, and hesperetin; (c) optionally, one or more solubilizers; and (d) a cosmetically acceptable carrier.

Also, although not required, in many instances, one or more solubilizers of (c) are included in the cosmetic compositions. The solubilizers may be, for example, hydrotropes. A non-limiting list of possible hydrotropes include nicotinamide, caffeine, sodium PCA, sodium salicylate, urea, and hydroxyethyl urea. Further, the compositions of the instant disclosure, in some cases, include (e) one or more emulsifiers, which may be amphoteric, anionic, cationic, nonionic, or a mixture thereof. Moreover, the compositions may be in the form of an emulsion.

Other non-limiting components that can optionally be included in the compositions of the instant disclosure include, for example: (f) one or more UV filters; (g) one or more skin active ingredients; and (h) one or more silicon oils. The one or more UV filters of (f) may be included to provide additional protection from UV light.

Finally, as touched on previously, the cosmetic compositions described herein are useful in methods for providing full spectrum photo protection to the skin. Nonetheless, the compositions are additionally useful in methods for: providing anti-aging benefits to the skin; whitening or preventing darkening of skin; improving the appearance of skin; strengthening skin's natural antioxidant defenses; diminishing the visible signs of skin aging; and improving skin's radiance and firmness.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a graph showing the normalized Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) % induced by full spectrum exposure in human (a) keratinocytes and (b) fibroblasts that have been pre-treated with and without a combination of silymarin, ferulic acid, and vitamin C; and

FIG. 2 is a graph showing the normalized Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) % induced by full spectrum exposure in human (a) keratinocytes and (b) fibroblasts that have been pre-treated with and without a combination of silymarin and polydatin.

It should be understood that the various aspects are not limited to the arrangements and instrumentality shown in the figures.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DISCLOSURE

The instant disclosure relates to compositions and methods for providing full spectrum photo protection to skin, which includes protection from infrared (IR) radiation and/or visible light in addition to protection from UV radiation. The compositions typically include: (a) silymarin; (b) one or more antioxidants selected from the group consisting of ferulic acid, Vitamin C, polydatin, and hesperetin; (c) optionally, one or more solubilizers; and (d) a cosmetically acceptable carrier. In many cases, the combination of (a), (b), optional (c), and (d) alone, provide full spectrum protection from ultraviolet radiation (UV), visible light, and infrared radiation (IR).

Typically, the total amount of silymarin (a) in the cosmetic compositions is about 0.001 to about 12 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition. In some instances, the total amount of silymarin in the compositions may be about 0.001 wt. % to about 10 wt. % about 8 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Likewise, in some cases, the total amount of silymarin in the compositions may be about 0.01 wt. % to about 12 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. The total amount of the silimarin may be in an amount of about 0.1 wt. % to about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %.

In some instances, the total amount of the one or more antioxidants in the composition may be from about 0.001 to about 20 wt. % or from about 0.001 to about 20 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition. Furthermore, the total amount of the one or more antioxidants may be from about 0.001 to about 12 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 6 wt. % about 4 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Additionally, the total amount of the one or more antioxidants may be from about 0.01 to about 15 wt. %, about 12 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Finally, the total amount of the one or more antioxidants may be from about 0.1 to about 15 wt. %, about 12 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %.

In some instances, the compositions include one or more solubilizers (c). Various solubilizers are well known in the art and may be useful for the compositions described herein. In some cases, the one or more solubilizers can be, for example, one or more cosmetically acceptable hydrotopes. A non-limiting list of possible hydrotropes includes nicotinamide, caffeine, sodium PCA, sodium salicylate, urea, and hydroxyethyl urea.

The total amount of the one or more hydrotropes in the composition may be about 0.001 wt. % to about 30 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition. In some instances, the total amount of the one or more hydrotropes in the composition is about 0.001 wt. % to about 25 wt. %, about 20 wt. %, about 15 wt. %, about 14 wt. %, about 12 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Likewise, in some instances the total amount of the one or more hydrotopes in the compositions may be about 0.01 wt. % to about 30 wt. %, 25 wt. %, 20 wt. %, 15 wt. %, about 14 wt. % about 12 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Moreover, the total amount of the one or more hydrotopes in the composition may be about 0.1 wt. % to about 30 wt. %, 25 wt. %, 20 wt. %, 15 wt. %, about 14 wt. % about 12 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %.

In some instances, if the composition includes at least the hydrotrope hydroxyethyl urea, the maximum amount of the one or more hydrotropes in the composition may be higher than 30 wt. %. For example, if the hydrotrope hydroxyethyl urea is present in the composition, the total amount of the one or more hydrotropes may be (in addition to the ranges already set forth in the above paragraph), from about 1 wt. % to about 60 wt. %, from about 5 wt. % to about 60 wt. %, from about 5 wt. % to about 55 wt. %, from about 5 wt. % to about 50 wt. %, from about 10 wt. % to about 60 wt. %, from about 10 wt. % to about 55 wt. %, from about 10 wt. % to about 50 wt. %, from about 20 wt. % to about 60 wt. %, from about 20 wt. % to about 55 wt. %, from about 20 wt. % to about 50 wt. %, or from about 25 wt. % to about 55 wt. %.

As mentioned previously, the instant compositions typically include a cosmetically acceptable carrier (d), which can also optionally function to help solubilize components of the compositions. For example, the cosmetically acceptable carrier may include water, an organic solvent, or a mixture thereof. Moreover, the cosmetically acceptable carrier may comprise, for example, a hydrophilic organic solvent and/or an amphiphilic organic solvent, wherein the hydrophilic organic solvent is a monohydric C1-C8 alcohol, a polyethylene glycol having from 6 to 80 ethylene oxides, and/or a mono or di-alkyl isosorbide; and the amphiphilic organic solvent is a polypropylene glycol (PPG) and/or a propylene glycol alkyl ester and/or alkyl ether of PPG. Non-limiting examples include ethanol, methanol, PEG 8, propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, buylene glycol, and isopropyl lauroyl sarccosinate.

In some instances, the compositions of the instant disclosure include the one or more emulsifiers (e). Many emulsifiers are known in the art, which may be used in the instant compositions, including, amphoteric, anionic, cationic, and nonionic emulsifiers. Non-limiting examples of nonionic emulsifiers include polyol esters, a glycerol ethers, oxyethylenated and/or oxypropylenated ethers, ethylene glycol polymers, and mixtures thereof. For example, in some cases the emulsifier includes a mixture of a polyol ester and an ethylene glycol polymer, for example, a mixture of glyceryl stearate and PEG-100 stearate. In some instances, an oxyalkylenated organosiloxane emulsifier is included. Non-limiting examples include dimethicone/PEG-10/15 crosspolymer, PEG-15 lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer, PEG-15 lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer, PEG-10 lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer, or a mixture thereof. Accordingly, the compositions of the instant disclosure are often, but not necessarily, in the form of an emulsion.

The total amount of the one or more emulsifiers, when present, may be, for example, about 0.001 to about 10 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition. In some instances, the total amount of the one or more emulsifiers in the compositions may be about 0.001 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Likewise, in some instances the total amount of one or more emulsifers in the compositions may be about 0.01 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Additionally, the total amount of the one or more emulsifiers in the compositions may be about 0.1 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Finally, the total amount of the one or more emulsifiers in the compositions may be about 0.5 wt. % to about 5 wt. %, about 0.5 wt. % to about 3 wt. %, 0.5 wt. % to about 2 wt. %, or about 1 wt. %.

In some instances, the compositions of the instant disclosure include one or more UV filters (f). Many UV filters are known in the art, which may be used in the instant compositions. The UV filter may be a single UV filter, or a combination of two, three, four, five, or more UV filters, including organic and/or inorganic UV filters. In some instances, the UV filter is an organic UV filter. The one or more UV filters may be selected from the group consisting of a para-aminobenzoic acid derivative, a salicylic derivative, a cinnamic derivative, a benzophenone or an aminobenzophenone, an anthranillic derivative, a β,β-diphenylacrylate derivative, a benzylidenecamphor derivative, a phenylbenzimidazole derivative, a benzotriazole derivative, a triazine derivative, a bisresorcinyl triazine, an imidazoline derivative, a benzalmalonate derivative, a 4,4-diarylbutadiene derivative, a benzoxazole derivative, a merocyanine, malonitrile or a malonate diphenyl butadiene derivative, a chalcone, and a mixture thereof.

In some cases, the one or more UV filters is in an amount of from about 0.001 wt. % to about 30 wt. %, about 0.001 to about 20 wt. %, 0.001 to about 10 wt. %, about 0.1 to about 30 wt. %, about 0.1 wt. % to about 25 wt. %, about 0.1 to about 20 wt. %, about 0.1 to about 18 wt. %, 0.1 to about 15 wt. %, about 0.1 to about 12 wt. %, about 0.1 to about 10 wt. %, 0.1 to about 8 wt. %, about 0.1 to about 6 wt. %, about 1 wt. % to about 30 wt. %, about 0.1 wt. % to about 25 wt. %, about 1 wt. % to about 20 wt. %, about 1 wt. % to about 18 wt. %, about 1 wt. % to about 15 wt. %, about 1 wt. % to about 12 wt. %, about 1 wt. % to about 10 wt. %, about 1 wt. % to about 8 wt. %, about 1 wt. % to about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. % to about 30 wt. %, about 5 wt. % to about 25 wt. %, about 5 wt. % to about 20 wt. %, about 5 wt. % to about 18 wt. %, about 5 wt % to about 15 wt. %, about 5 wt. % to about 12 wt. %, about 5 wt. % to about 10 wt. %, about 5 wt. % to about 8 wt. %, or from about 3 wt. % to about 20 wt. %, wherein the weight percent is based on the total weight of the sunscreen composition.

In some instances, the compositions of the instant disclosure include one or more skin active ingredients (g). For example, the skin active ingredient may be a humectant, a moisturizing ingredient, an anti-aging agent, a depigmenting agent, an anti-wrinkle agent, an agent that treats oily skin, and a mixture thereof. In some cases, the one or more skin active ingredients may be adenosine, ascorbic acid, 2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES), hyaluronic acid, lanolin, citric acid, malic acid, lactic acid, tartaric acid, salicylic acid, vitamin C, a vitamin, a retinoid, retinal, retinoic acid, a carotenoid, an amino acid, a protein, an enzyme, a coenzyme, or a mixture thereof.

The amount of the skin active ingredients may be individually or combination from about 0.001 to about 10 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition. In some instances, the amount of the skin active ingredients may be individual or combination from about 0.001 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Likewise, in some instances the amount of the skin active ingredients may be individual or combination from about 0.01 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Additionally, the amount of the skin active ingredients may be individual or combination from 0.1 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Finally, the amount of the skin active ingredients may be individual or combination from about 0.5 wt. % to about 5 wt. %, about 0.5 wt. % to about 3 wt. %, 0.5 wt. % to about 2 wt. %, or about 1 wt. %.

In some instances, the compositions of the instant disclosure include one or more silicon oils (h). For example, the one or more silicon oils may be selected from the group consisting of polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMSs), polydimethylsiloxanes comprising alkyl or alkoxy groups which are pendent and/or at the end of the silicone chain, which groups each contain from 2 to 24 carbon atoms, or phenyl silicones, such as phenyl trimethicones, phenyl dimethicones, phenyl(trimethylsiloxy)diphenylsiloxanes, diphenyl dimethicones, diphenyl(methyldiphenyl)trisiloxanes, (2-phenylethyl) trimethyl siloxysilicates, and a mixture thereof. In some cases, the one or more silicon oils comprises dimethicone. The total amount of the one or more silicon oils may be, for example, from about 0.1 wt. % to about 40 wt. %, about 35 wt. %, about 30 wt. %, about 25 wt. %, about 20 wt. %, about 15 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. In some cases, the total amount of silicon oil may be from about 0.1 wt. %, about 0.5 wt. %, about 1 wt. %, about 2 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 10 wt. %, about 15 wt. % to about 40 wt. %.

In some cases, the compositions of the instant disclosure may include vitamin E. The total amount of the vitamin E of in the compositions may be about 0.001 to about 10 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition. In some instances, the total amount of vitamin E in the compositions may be about 0.001 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Likewise, in some instances the total amount of vitamin E in the compositions may be about 0.01 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %. Additionally, the total amount of vitamin E in the compositions may be about 0.1 wt. % to about 9 wt. %, about 8 wt. %, about 7 wt. %, about 6 wt. %, about 5 wt. %, about 4 wt. %, about 3 wt. %, or about 2 wt. %.

Finally, the instant disclosure relates to methods of using the compositions described herein, for example, in the treatment of skin (in addition to providing at least full spectrum photo protection to the skin). For example, the compositions may be used in methods for: providing anti-aging benefits to the skin; whitening or preventing darkening of skin; improving the appearance of skin; strengthening skin's natural antioxidant defenses; diminishing the visible signs of skin aging; and improving skin's radiance and firmness. These methods typically entail applying the compositions described herein to the skin.

More exhaustive but non-limiting lists of components useful in the instant compositions disclosed herein are presented below.

Solubilizers

The solubilizers are typically compounds or groups of compounds that help solubilize the silymarin and/or the one or more antioxidants in the compositions of the instant disclosure. One or more solubilizers may be a hydrtrotrope, but the solubilizers are not required to be hydrotropes. Hydrotropes (or hydrotropic agents) are a diverse class of water-soluble compounds that are characterized by an amphiphilic molecular structure and an ability to dramatically increase the solubility of poorly soluble organic molecules in water.

Many hydrotropes have an aromatic structure with an ionic moiety, while some of them are linear alkyl chains. Although hydrotropes noticeably resemble surfactants and have the ability to reduce surface tension, their small hydrophobic units and relatively shorter alkyl chain distinguish them as a separate class of amphiphiles. Consequently their hydrophobicity is not sufficient enough to create well organized self-associated structures, such as micelles, even with a high concentration.

Common hydrotropic molecules include: sodium 1,3-benzenedisulfonate, sodium benzoate, sodium 4-pyridinecarboxylate, sodium salicylate, sodium benzene sulfonate, caffeine, sodium p-toluene sulfonate, sodium butyl monoglycolsulfate, 4-aminobenzoic acid HCl, sodium cumene sulfonate, N,N-diethylnicotinamide, N-picolylnicotinamide, N-allylnicotinamide, 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine, resorcinol, butylurea, pyrogallol, N-picolylacetamide 3.5, procaine HCl, proline HCl, nicotinamide, pyridine, 3-picolylamine, sodium ibuprofen, sodium xylenesulfonate, ethyl carbamate, pyridoxal hydrochloride, sodium benzoate, 2-pyrrolidone, ethylurea, N,N-dimethylacetamide, N-methylacetamide, and isoniazid. Hydrotropes can be found in Lee J. et al., “Hydrotropic Solubilization of Paclitaxel: Analysis of Chemical Structures for Hydrotropic Property”, Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 20, No. 7, 2003; and Lee S. et al., “Hydrotropic Polymers: Synthesis and Characterization of Polymers Containing Picolylnicotinamide Moieties”, Macromolecules, 36, 2248-2255, 2003. Additional hydrotropes include nicotinamide (Vit B3), caffeine, sodium PCA, sodium salicylate, urea, an dhydroxyethyl urea.

Cosmetically Acceptable Carrier

Cosmetically acceptable carriers include, but are not limited to, one or more aqueous systems, glycerin, C1-4 alcohols, organic solvents, fatty alcohols, fatty ethers, fatty esters, polyols, glycols, vegetable oils, mineral oils, liposomes, laminar lipid materials, water, or any combinations thereof. As examples of organic solvents, non-limiting mentions can be made of monoalcohols and polyols such as ethyl alcohol, isopropyl alcohol, propyl alcohol, benzyl alcohol, and phenylethyl alcohol, or glycols or glycol ethers such as, for example, monomethyl, monoethyl and monobutyl ethers of ethylene glycol, propylene glycol or ethers thereof such as, for example, monomethyl ether of propylene glycol, butylene glycol, hexylene glycol, dipropylene glycol as well as alkyl ethers of diethylene glycol, for example monoethyl ether or monobutyl ether of diethylene glycol. Other suitable examples of organic solvents are ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, butylene glycol, hexylene glycol, propane diol, and glycerin. The organic solvents can be volatile or non-volatile compounds.

In some instances, cosmetically acceptable carriers may comprise water, a mixture of water and at least one cosmetically acceptable organic solvent, or at least one cosmetically acceptable organic solvent. Additionally, cosmetically acceptable carriers may be or may include ethanol, a glycol ether, for example, dipropylene glycol n-butyl ether, isododecane, mineral oil, propylene glycol, pentylene glycol, hexylene glycol, glycerol, and mixtures thereof.

Emulsifiers

Emulsifiers are well known in the art and include amphoteric, anionic, cationic or nonionic emulsifiers, used alone or as a mixture, and optionally with a co-emulsifier. The emulsifiers are chosen in an appropriate manner according to the emulsion to be obtained.

For W/O emulsions, examples of emulsifiers that may be mentioned include dimethicone copolyols, such as the mixture of cyclomethicone and dimethicone copolyol sold under the trade name DC 5225 C by the company Dow Corning, and alkyl dimethicone copolyols such as the lauryl dimethicone copolyol sold under the name Dow Corning 5200 Formulation Aid by the company Dow Corning, and the cetyl dimethicone copolyol sold under the name Abil EM90™ by the company Goldschmidt.

For O/W emulsions, examples of emulsifiers that may be mentioned include nonionic emulsifiers such as oxyalkylenated (more particularly polyoxyethylenated) fatty acid esters of glycerol; oxyalkylenated fatty acid esters of sorbitan; oxyalkylenated (oxyethylenated and/or oxypropylenated) fatty acid esters; oxyalkylenated (oxyethylenated and/or oxypropylenated) fatty alcohol ethers; sugar esters such as sucrose stearate; and mixtures thereof.

In some instance, the one or more emulsifiers include an oganosiloxane emulsifier, including crosslinked organosiloxane emulsifiers. For example, the compositions may comprise one or more crosslinked organosiloxane emulsifier selected from the group consisting of dimethicone/dimethicone PEG/PPG 15 crosspolymer, dimethicone PEG-10 crosspolymer, dimethicone PEG-10/15 crosspolymer, dimethicone PEG-15 crosspolymer, dimethicone polyglycerin-3 crosspolymer, dimethicone PPG-20 crosspolymer, dimethiconol/methylsilanol/silicate crosspolymer; dimethiconol/silicate crosspolymer, lauryl dimethicone PEG-15 crosspolymer, lauryl dimethicone polyglycerin-3 crosspolymer, PEG-8 dimethicone polysorbate-20 crosspolymer, PEG-10 dimethicone/vinyl dimethicone crosspolymer, PEG-10 lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer, PEG-15/lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer, PEG-15 laurylpolydimethylsiloxyethyl crosspolymer.

In another embodiment, the compositions include one or more linear organosiloxane emulsifier selected from the group consisting of cyclotetrasiloxane (and) cyclopentasiloxane (and) PEG/PPG-18 dimethicone, cyclopentasiloxane (and) PEG/PPG-18/18 dimethicone; PEG/PPG-18/18 dimethicone; lauryl PEG/PPG-18/18 methicone; cetyl PEG/PPG-14/14 dimethicone; bis-cetyl PEG/PPG-14/14 dimethicone; cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 dimethicone; PEG-11 methyl ether dimethicone; PEG/PPG-20/22 butyl ether dimethicone; PEG-9 dimethicone; PEG-3 dimethicone; PEG-9 methyl ether dimethicone; PEG-10 dimethicone; lauryl PEG-9 polydimethylsiloxyethyl dimethicone.

Usable oxyalkylenated organosiloxane emulsifier include the following:

An oxyalkylenated organosiloxane emulsifier having the general formula:

wherein p is 0-40 (the range including all numbers between and subranges such as 2, 3, 4, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, etc.), and PE is (—C2H4O)a—(—C3H6O)b—H wherein a is 0-25, b is 0-25 with the proviso that both a and b cannot be 0 simultaneously, x, y, and z are each independently ranging from 0 to 1 million with the proviso that x and y cannot be 0 simultaneously. In some cases, x, y, z, a, and b are such that the molecular weight of the polymer ranges from about 5,000 to about 500,000, from about 10,000 to 100,000, or is about 50,000, and the polymer is generically referred to as dimethicone copolyol. In some instances, p is such that the long chain alkyl is cetyl or lauryl, and the compound is called, generically, cetyl dimethicone copolyol or lauryl dimethicone copolyol respectively. In some cases the number of repeating ethylene oxide or propylene oxide units in the polymer are also specified, such as a dimethicone copolyol that is also referred to as PEG-15/PPG-10 dimethicone, which refers to a dimethicone having substituents containing 15 ethylene glycol units and 10 propylene glycol units on the siloxane backbone. It is also possible for one or more of the methyl groups in the above general structure to be substituted with a longer chain alkyl (e.g. ethyl, propyl, butyl, etc.) or ether, such as methyl ether, ethyl ether, propyl ether, butyl ether, and the like.

An oxyalkylenated organosiloxane emulsifier having the general formula:

wherein each n is independently 0-100 with the proviso that there must be at least one PE radical. In some instances, where each n independently ranges from about 2 to 30, and PE (—C2H4O)a—(—C3H6O)b—H wherein a is 0-25, b is 0-25 with the proviso that both a and b cannot simultaneously be 0; and wherein w, x, y, and z are each independently 0 to 1,000,000 with the proviso that there is at least one PE. In some embodiments the organosiloxane emulsifier is lauryl PEG-9 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone. Oxyalkylenated organosiloxane emulsifiers disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 9,095,543 are useful in the instant compositions. U.S. Pat. No. 9,095,543 is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

Further examples of organosiloxane emulsifiers include those having C.T.F.A. names Bis-Butyldimethicone Polyglyceryl-3; Bis-PEG/PPG-14/14 Dimethicone; Bis-butyldimethicone Polyglyceryl-3; Bis-isobutyl PEG/PPG-10/7 Dimethicone copolymer; Bis-PEG/PPG-18/6 Dimethicone; Bis-PEG/PPG-20/20 Dimethicone; Bis-PEG/PPG-16/16 PEG/PPG-16/16 Dimethicone; Bis(PPG-7 Undeceneth-21-Dimethicone; Cetyl Dimethicone PEG-7 Acetate; Cetyl PEG-8 Dimethicone; Cetyl PEG/PPG-15/16 Butyl Ether Dimethicone; Cetyl PEG/PPG-15/15 Butyl Ether Dimethicone; Cetyl PEG/PPG-7/3 Dimethicone; Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 Dimethicone; Dimethicone PEG-15 Acetate; Dimethicone PEG-7 Cocoate; Dimethicone PEG-7 Phosphate; Dimethicone PEG-10 Phosphate; Dimethicone PEG/PPG-7/4 Phosphate; Dimethicone PEG/PPG-12/4 Phosphate; Dimethicone PEG-7 Undecylenate; Lauryl Dimethicone PEG-10 Phosphate; Isopolyglyceryl-3 Dimethicone; Isopolyglyceryl-3 Dimethiconol; Isostearyl Carboxyldecyl PEG-8 Dimethicone; Lauryl Methicone PEG-10 Phosphate; Lauryl PEG-8 Dimethicone; Lauryl PEG-10 Methyl Ether Dimethicone; Lauryl PEG/PPG-18/18 Methicone; PEG-6 Methyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG-7 Methyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG-9 Methyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG-10 Methyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG-11 Methyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG-11 Methyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG-32 Methyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG-PEG/PPG-28/21 Acetate Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-22/22 Butyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-23/23 Butyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-24/18 Butyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-3/10 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-4/12 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-6/11 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-8/14 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-12/16 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-12/18 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-14/4 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-15/5 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-15/15 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-16/2 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-16/8 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-17/18 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-18/12 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-19/19 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-20/6 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-20/15 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-20/20 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-20/29 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-22/23 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-22/24 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-25/25 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-27/27 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-30/10 Dimethicone; PEG/PPG-10/3 Oleyl Ether Dimethicone; PEG-8 trisiloxane; Polyglyceryl-3 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone; PPG-12 Butyl Ether Dimethicone; Silicone Quaternium-17; TEA-Dimethicone PEG-7 Phosphate; or mixtures thereof.

Further examples of commercial linear organosiloxane emulsifiers are those sold by Dow Corning under the tradename Dow Corning 3225C Formulation Aid having the CTFA name cyclotetrasiloxane (and) cyclopentasiloxane (and) PEG/PPG-18 dimethicone; or 5225C Formulation Aid, having the CTFA name cyclopentasiloxane (and) PEG/PPG-18/18 dimethicone; or Dow Corning 190 Surfactant having the CTFA name PEG/PPG-18/18 dimethicone; or Dow Corning 193 Fluid, Dow Corning 5200 having the CTFA name lauryl PEG/PPG-18/18 methicone; or Abil EM 90 having the CTFA name cetyl PEG/PPG-14/14 dimethicone sold by Goldschmidt; or Abil EM 97 having the CTFA name bis-cetyl PEG/PPG-14/14 dimethicone sold by Goldschmidt; or Abil WE 09 having the CTFA name cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 dimethicone in a mixture also containing polyglyceryl-4 isostearate and hexyl laurate; or KF-6011 sold by Shin-Etsu Silicones having the CTFA name PEG-11 methyl ether dimethicone; KF-6012 sold by Shin-Etsu Silicones having the CTFA name PEG/PPG-20/22 butyl ether dimethicone; or KF-6013 sold by Shin-Etsu Silicones having the CTFA name PEG-9 dimethicone; or KF-6015 sold by Shin-Etsu Silicones having the CTFA name PEG-3 dimethicone; or KF-6016 sold by Shin-Etsu Silicones having the CTFA name PEG-9 methyl ether dimethicone; or KF-6017 sold by Shin-Etsu Silicones having the CTFA name PEG-10 dimethicone; or KF-6038 sold by Shin-Etsu Silicones having the CTFA name lauryl PEG-9 polydimethylsiloxyethyl dimethicone.

Also suitable are various types of fully or partially crosslinked oxyalkylenated organosiloxane emulsifiers. They may be elastomeric or non-elastomeric. They are sometimes referred to as “emulsifying elastomers” because of they have both elastomeric and emulsifying properties.

Polyoxyalkylenated silicone elastomers that may be used in at least one embodiment include those sold by Shin-Etsu Silicones under the names KSG-21, KSG-20, KSG-30, KSG-31, KSG-32, KSG-33; KSG-210 which is dimethicone/PEG-10/15 crosspolymer dispersed in dimethicone; KSG-310 which is PEG-15 lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer; KSG-320 which is PEG-15 lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer dispersed in isododecane; KSG-330 (the former dispersed in triethylhexanoin), KSG-340 which is a mixture of PEG-10 lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer and PEG-15 lauryl dimethicone crosspolymer.

Also suitable are polyglycerolated silicone elastomers include dimethicone/polyglycerin-3 crosspolymer dispersed in dimethicone; or lauryl dimethicone/polyglycerin-3 crosspolymer dispersed in a variety of solvent such as isododecane, dimethicone, triethylhexanoin, sold under the Shin-Etsu tradenames KSG-810, KSG-820, KSG-830, or KSG-840. Also suitable are silicones sold by Dow Corning under the tradenames 9010 and DC9011.

Further examples of crosslinked organosiloxane emulsifiers include, but are not limited to Dimethicone/dimethicone PEG/PPG 15 crosspolymer; Dimethicone PEG-10 crosspolymer; Dimethicone PEG-10/15 Crosspolymer; Dimethicone PEG-15 Crosspolymer; Dimethicone Polyglycerin-3 Crosspolymer; Dimethicone PPG-20 Crosspolymer; Dimethiconol/Methylsilanol/Silicate Crosspolymer; Dimethiconol/Silicate Crosspolymer; Lauryl Dimethicone PEG-15 Crosspolymer; Lauryl Dimethicone Polyglycerin-3 Crosspolymer; PEG-8 Dimethicone Polysorbate-20 Crosspolymer; PEG-10 DimethiconeNinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer; PEG-10 Lauryl Dimethicone Crosspolymer; PEG-15/Lauryl Dimethicone Crosspolymer; and PEG-15 Laurylpolydimethylsiloxyethyl Crosspolymer.

UV Filters

UV filters are well known in the art for their use in stopping UV radiation. For example, the UV filter may be one or more organic UV filters and/or one or more inorganic UV filters. Non-limiting examples of UV filters include:

    • i. Sparingly soluble UV filters (not appreciably soluble in either water or oil) such as Methylene Bis-Benzotriazolyl Tetramethylbutylphenol, Tris-Biphenyl Triazine, Methanone, 1,1′-(1,4-piperazinediyl)bis[1-[2-[4-(diethylamino)-2-hydroxybenzoyl]phen-yl]-and mixtures thereof.
    • ii. Oil soluble organic UV filters (at least partially soluble in oil or organic solvent), such as Bis-Ethylhexyloxyphenol Methoxyphenyl Triazine, Butyl Methoxydibenzoylmethane (BMBM), Oxybenzone, Sulisobenzone, Diethylhexyl Butamido Triazone (DBT), Drometrizole Trisiloxane, Ethylhexyl Methoxycinnamate (EHMC), Ethylhexyl Salicylate (EHS), Ethylhexyl Triazone (EHT), Homosalate, Isoamyl p-Methoxycinnamate, 4-Methylbenzylidene Camphor, Octocrylene (OCR), Polysilicone-15, and Diethylamino Hydroxy Benzoyl Hexyl Benzoate (DHHB);
    • iii. Inorganic UV filters such as titanium oxide and zinc oxide, iron oxide, zirconium oxide and cerium oxide; and
    • iv. Water soluble UV filters such as Phenylbenzimidazole Sulfonic Acid (PBSA), Sulisobenzone-sodium salt, Benzydilene Camphor Sulfonic Acid, Camphor Benzalkonium Methosulfate, Cinoxate, Disodium Phenyl Dibenzylmidazole Tetrasulfonate, Terephthalylidene Dicamphor Sulfonic Acid, PABA, and PEG-25 PABA.

In some instances, the UV filter is one or more of: a para-aminobenzoic acid derivative, a salicylic derivative, a cinnamic derivative, a benzophenone or an aminobenzophenone, an anthranillic derivative, a β,β-diphenylacrylate derivative, a benzylidenecamphor derivative, a phenylbenzimidazole derivative, a benzotriazole derivative, a triazine derivative, a bisresorcinyl triazine, an imidazoline derivative, a benzalmalonate derivative, a 4,4-diarylbutadiene derivative, a benzoxazole derivative, a merocyanine, malonitrile or a malonate diphenyl butadiene derivative, a chalcone, or a mixture thereof.

Suitable UV filters can include broad-spectrum UV filters that protect against both UVA and UVB radiation, or UV filters that protect against UVA or UVB radiation. In some instances, the one or more UV filters may be methylene bis-benzotriazolyl tetramethylphenol, diethylamino hydroxybenzoyl hexyl benzoate, coated or uncoated zinc oxide, ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, isoamyl methoxycinnamate, homosalate ethyl hexyl salicilate, octocrylene, polysilicone-15, butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, menthyl anthranilate, and ethylhexyl dimethyl PABA.

Furthermore, combinations of UV filters may be used. For example, the combination of UV filters may be octocrylene, avobenzone (butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane), oxybenzone (benzophenone-3), octisalate (ethylhexyl salicylate), and homosalate, as described in application Ser. No. 13/304,195, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. For instance, this combination of UV filters may be used in the following ratios relative to avobenzone:

    • the ratio of octocrylene to avobenzone is 1.6:1.0 to 2.4:1.0;
    • the ratio of oxybenzone to avobenzone 1.0:1.0 to 1.6:1.0;
    • the ratio of octisalate to avobenzone is 0.8:1.0 to 1.3:1.0; and
    • the ratio of homosalate to avobenzone is 2.8:1.0 to 4.3:1.

Furthermore, the ratio of each UV filter relative to avobenzone may be about: 2.0:1.0:1.3:1.1:3.6 (octocrylene:avobenzone:oxybenzone:octisalate:homosalate).

In another embodiment, the at least one UV filter is a combination of UV filters comprising octocrylene, avobenzone, octisalate, and homosalate, and optionally oxybenzone, as described in application Ser. No. 13/304,202, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. For instance, this combination of UV filters may be used in the following ratios relative to avobenzone:

    • the ratio of octocrylene to avobenzone is 1.6:1.0 to 2.4:1.0,
    • the ratio of oxybenzone to avobenzone 0.0:1.0 to 0.016:1.0,
    • the ratio of octisalate to avobenzone is 1.3:1.0 to 2.0:1.0, and
    • the ratio of homosalate to avobenzone is 2.3:1.0 to 3.6:1.

Furthermore, the ratio of each UV filter relative to avobenzone may be about: 2.0:1.0:0.0:1.7:3.0 (octocrylene:avobenzone:oxybenzone:octisalate:homosalate).

In another embodiment, the at least one UV filter is a combination of UV filters comprising octocrylene, butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine, ethylhexyl triazone, terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid, and drometrizole trisiloxane, as described in application Ser. No. 13/719,328, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. For instance, this combination of UV filters may be used in the following ratios relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane:

    • the ratio of octocrylene to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.8:1.0 to 1.5:1.0;
    • the ratio of bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane 0.3:1.0 to 0.8:1.0;
    • the ratio of ethylhexyl triazone to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.3:1.0 to 1.0:1.0;
    • the ratio of terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.1:1.0 to 0.5:1.0; and
    • the ratio of drometrizole trisiloxane to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.3:1.0 to 1.0:1.0.

Furthermore, the ratio of each UV filter relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane may be about: 1.2:1.0:0.5:0.6:0.4:0.6 (octocrylene:butyl methoxy-dibenzoylmethane:bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine:ethylhexyl triazone:terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid:drometrizole trisiloxane).

In another embodiment, the at least one UV filter is a combination of UV filters comprising octocrylene, butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, ethylhexyl triazone, terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid, and drometrizole trisiloxane, as described in application Ser. No. 13/719,351, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. For instance, this combination of UV filters may be used in the following ratios relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane:

    • the ratio of octocrylene to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.6:1.0 to 1.25:1.0;
    • the ratio of ethylhexyl triazone to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.4:1.0 to 1.0:1.0;
    • the ratio of terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.3:1.0 to 0.7:1.0; and
    • the ratio of drometrizole trisiloxane to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.4:1.0 to 1.1:1.0.

Furthermore, the ratio of each UV filter relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane may be about: 1.0:1.0:0.7:0.5:0.7 (octocrylene:butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane:ethylhexyl triazone:terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid:drometrizole trisiloxane).

In another embodiment, the at least one UV filter is a combination of UV filters comprising octocrylene, butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine, terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid, and drometrizole trisiloxane, as described in application Ser. No. 13/719,368, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. For instance, this combination of UV filters may be used in the following ratios relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane:

    • the ratio of octocrylene to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.8:1.0 to 1.2:1.0;
    • the ratio of bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.2:1.0 to 0.6:1.0;
    • the ratio of terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.0.25:1.0 to 0.75:1.0; and
    • the ratio of drometrizole trisiloxane to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.4:1.0 to 0.8:1.0.

Furthermore, the ratio of each UV filter relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane may be about: 1.0:1.0:0.4:0.4:0.6 (octocrylene:butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane:bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine: terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid:drometrizole trisiloxane).

In another embodiment, the at least one UV filter is a combination of UV filters comprising octocrylene, butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine, terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid, and drometrizole trisiloxane, as described in application Ser. No. 13/719,374, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. For instance, this combination of UV filters may be used in the following ratios relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is as follows:

    • the ratio of octocrylene to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.8:1.0 to 1.3:1.0;
    • the ratio of bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.1:1.0 to 0.6:1.0;
    • the ratio of ethylhexyl triazone to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.2:1.0 to 0.6:1.0; and
    • the ratio of drometrizole trisiloxane to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.3:1.0 to 0.7:1.0. [Synergistic combination from PR2012573]

Furthermore, the ratio of each UV filter relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane may be about: 1.0:1.0:0.3:0.5:0.5 (octocrylene:butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane:bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine:ethylhexyl triazone:drometrizole trisiloxane).

In another embodiment, the at least one UV filter is a combination of UV filters comprising octocrylene, butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane, bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine, terephthalylidene dicamphor sulfonic acid, and terephthalylidene dicampohor sulfonic acid, as described in application Ser. No. 13/719,393, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. For instance, this combination of UV filters may be used in the following ratios relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is as follows:

    • the ratio of octocrylene to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.8:1.0 to 1.6:1.0;
    • the ratio of bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.2:1.0 to 0.6:1.0;
    • the ratio of ethylhexyl triazone to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.3:1.0 to 0.6:1.0; and
    • the ratio of terephthalylidene dicampohor sulfonic acid to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane is 0.01:1.0 to 0.3:1.0.

Furthermore, the ratio of each UV filter relative to butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane may be about: 1.2:1.0:0.3:0.5:0.1 (octocrylene:butyl methoxydibenzoylmethane:bis-ethylhexyloxyphenol methoxyphenyl triazine:ethylhexyl triazone:terephthalylidene dicampohor sulfonic acid).

Silicon Oils

Non-limiting examples of silicone oils include dimethicone, cyclomethicone, polysilicone-11, phenyl trimethicone, trimethylsilylamodimethicone, and stearoxytrimethylsilane. In some cases, the cosmetic composition includes dimethicone, and optionally additional oils, including additional silicone oils. Typically, the one or more silicone oils is a non-volatile silicon oil. In some embodiments, the silicone oil is polydimethylsiloxanes (PDMSs), polydimethylsiloxanes comprising alkyl or alkoxy groups which are pendent and/or at the end of the silicone chain, which groups each contain from 2 to 24 carbon atoms, or phenyl silicones, such as phenyl trimethicones, phenyl dimethicones, phenyl(trimethylsiloxy)diphenylsiloxanes, diphenyl dimethicones, diphenyl(methyldiphenyl)trisiloxanes or (2-phenylethyl)trimethylsiloxysilicates.

Other examples of silicone oils that may be mentioned include volatile linear or cyclic silicone oils, especially those with a viscosity 8 centistokes (8×106 m2/s) and especially containing from 2 to 7 silicon atoms, these silicones optionally comprising alkyl or alkoxy groups containing from 1 to 10 carbon atoms. As volatile silicone oils that may be used in the disclosure, mention may be made especially of octamethylcyclotetrasiloxane, decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, dodecamethylcyclohexasiloxane, heptamethylhexyltrisiloxane, heptamethyloctyltrisiloxane, hexamethyldisiloxane, octamethyltrisiloxane, decamethyltetrasiloxane and dodecamethylpentasiloxane, and mixtures thereof.

Implementation of the present disclosure is provided by way of the following examples. The examples serve to illustrate the technology without being limiting in nature.

EXAMPLES

Example 1

A sensitive in vitro ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) probe was used to evaluate the protective effects of antioxidants on live skin cells (kerotinocytes and fibroblasts) against visible light and infrared radiation (IR). Human skin cells were pre-treated with and without antioxidants for 24 hours at a very low concentration (10 μg/ml (0.001%)) (antioxidant ratio 1:1). After incubation for 24 hours, the cells were rinsed and the medium changed in order to remove all the antioxidants before light exposure. The cells were exposed to a full spectrum generated by Oriel® Sol3A® Class AAA Solar (1000 W). After exposure to ˜4 suns for 250 seconds, the ROS probe was incubated with the cells and used to track the in vitro ROS produced. Control samples without light exposure or antioxidant treatment were always tested to evaluate the normal ROS level in healthy skin cells, which later was used to normalize other experimental ROS levels in each experiment.

A comfocal microscope and associated software was used to image the fluorescent signals from individual cells and quantify the fluorescence intensity. Because the in vitro tests were done on live human skin cells, kerotinocytes and fibroblasts, and the antioxidants in the cell culture media were removed before light exposure, the results directly predict the biological protection effects of the antioxidants on skin cells against visible light and infrared radiation. This was further confirmed by the absorption spectrum of these antioxidants, which showed no absorption in the visible light and infrared radiation area. A summary of the results is provided in the tables below, which include data that is presented graphically in FIGS. 1-4.

The results for silymarin combined with ferulic acid and vitamin C are provided in the table below and graphically shown in FIG. 1.


Silymarin + Ferulic Acid + Vitamin C
Keratinocytes
No Light
UVA + UVB + Vis + IR
Control
100
231.7
Vit C + Ferulic acid +
109.0
115.1
Silymarin
Fibroblasts
No Light
UVA + Vis + IR
Control
100
178.4
Vit C + Ferulic acid +
100.3
104.5
Silymarin

The results for silymarin combined with polydatin are provided in the table below and graphically shown in FIG. 2.


Silymarin + Polydatin
Keratinocytes
No Light
UVA + UVB + Vis + IR
Control
100
187.6
Silymarin +
116.2
127.5
Polydatin
Fibroblasts
No Light
UVA + Vis + IR
Control
100
202.6
Silymarin +
97.9
134.1
Polydatin

Example 2

Serum

A serum was prepared containing silymarin and the additional antioxidants vitamin C and Ferulic acid. The components of the serum are shown in the table below.


Silymarin, Vitamin C, and Ferulic Acid
Phase
Ingredient
Amount
A
Dipropylene Glycol
10
Propylene Glycol
10
Denatured Alcohol
10
Ferulic Acid (antioxidant)
0.5
Silymarin (antioxidant)
0.5
B
Water
55
Vitamin C (antioxidant)
10
Laureth-23
3

The components of Phase A except for the alcohol were combined and mixed at 60° C. then cooled to room temperature. Once at room temperature, the alcohol was added. The components of Phase B were separately combined and mixed. The mixture was heated to 65° C. in order to dissolve the laureth-23. Phase A was added into phase B and mixed until the composition had a uniform consistency.

Example 3

Serum

A serum was prepared containing silymarin and the additional antioxidant polydatin with hydrotropes niacinamide and caffeine. The components of the serum are shown in the table below.


Antioxidants (Silymarin and Polydatin) with Hydrotropes
(Niacinamide and Caffeine)
Phase
Ingredient
Amount
A
Dipropylene Glycol
10
Propylene Glycol
10
Denatured Alcohol
10
Silymarin (antioxidant)
0.5
B
Water
61
Niacinamide (hydrotrope)
2
Caffeine (hydrotrope)
3
Polydatin (antioxidant)
0.5
Laureth-23
3

The components of Phase A (except the alcohol) were combined and mixed at 60° C. Phase A was cooled to room temperature and then the alcohol was added. The components of Phase B (except for the polydatin) were combined and mixed until the niacinamide and caffeine were completely dissolved. Then the polydatin was added to Phase B. Phase B was then heated to 65° C. in order to dissolve the laureth-23. Phase A was added into Phase B while mixing. The combination was mixed for at least 30 minutes.

Example 4

Oil-in-Water Emulsion

Oil-in-water emulsions containing the antioxidants silymarin and polydatin and the hydrotropes niacinamide and caffeine are presented in the table below.


Antioxidants (Silymarin and Polydatin) with Hydrotropes
(Niacinamide and Caffeine)
Phase
Ingredient
Amount
Amount
A
Water
QS
QS
Niacinamide (hydrotrope)
2
7
Caffeine (hydrotrope)
3
5
Polydatin (antioxidant)
1
4
Glycerin
5
9
Preservative
0.4
0.8
Sodium Benzoate
0.2
0.5
Dipropylene Glycol
2
5
B
Silicon
5
3
Bis-PEG/PPG-20/20 dimethicone
0.5
1
Dimethicone (and) dimethiconol
2
2.5
Dimethicone (and) dimethicone/vinyl
0.5
1
dimethicone crosspolymer
Steareth-21
0.75
1
Nylon-12
3
5
C
Polyacrylamide (and) C13-14 Isoparaffin
3
2
(and) Laureth-7
D
Acrylonitrile/methylmethacrylate/vinylidene
0.2
0.5
chloride copolymer
E
Vitamin E
0.5
1
F
Denat. Alcohol
2
3
G
Silymarin (antioxidant)
1
6

The components of Phase A are mixed to derive a clear solution. The components of Phase B re independently mixed until uniform. Phase B is then added into Phase A and homogenized at room temperature until uniform. Phase C is added and homogenized at room temperature until uniform. The remaining phases are likewise individually added and homogenized at room temperature until uniform.

Example 5

Water-in-Oil Inverse Emulsion

Water-in-oil inverse emulsions containing the antioxidants sylimarin and polydatin and the hydrotropes niacinamide and caffeine are presented in the table below.


Antioxidants (Silymarin and Polydatin) with Hydrotropes
(Niacinamide and Caffeine)
Phase
Ingredient
Amount
Amount
A
Dimethicone
15.5
25
Dimethicone (and)
7
3
PEG/PPG-18/18 dimethicone
B
Water
QS
QS
Disodium EDTA
0.1
0.1
Sodium Chloride
2
3
Niacinamide (hydrotrope)
2
6
Caffeine (hydrotrope)
3
5
Polydatin (antioxidant)
1
8
Glycerin
3
4
C
Propylene Glycol
9
11
Dipropylene Glycol
7
5
Silymarin (silymarin)
0.5
2
Denat. Alcohol
5
4

The components of Phase A are combined and mixed. The components of Phase B are added into the water of Phase B one by one to derive a clear solution. Phase B is added into Phase A and homogenized at room temperature until a uniform texture is derived. The components of Phase C are separately combined and slightly heated, if necessary, to obtain a clear solution. Phase C is added into Phase A/B and homogenized at room temperature.

In the context of the instant disclosure, the phrase “broad spectrum photo protection” refers to protection against at least visible light and/or IR radiation.

In the context of the instant disclosure, the term “full spectrum photo protection” refers to protection against at least UV radiation and to protection against visible light and/or IR ration.

The difference between “broad spectrum photo protection” and “full spectrum photo protection” is that “full spectrum photo protection” necessarily includes protection against UV radiation in addition to protection against visible light and/or IR radiation. “Broad spectrum photo protection,” however, includes protection of visible light and/or IR radiation but not necessarily protection against UV radiation. The addition of UV filters to a composition providing “broad spectrum photo protection” would transform the composition into one that provides “full spectrum photo protection” (because the addition of the UV filters allows the composition to provide protection against UV radiation and visible light and/or IR radiation.

The terms “a,”“an,” and “the” are understood to encompass the plural as well as the singular.

The expression “at least one” means “one or more” and vice versa, and thus includes individual components as well as mixtures/combinations.

The term “about” when referring to a value, is meant specifically that a measurement can be rounded to the value using a standard convention for rounding numbers. For example, “about 1.5” is 1.45 to 1.54. All values set forth herein can be modified with the term “about,” if desired to impart the meaning above, or recited without the term, regardless of whether the term “about” is specifically set forth (or is absent) in conjunction with any particular value in the specification.

All ranges and values disclosed herein are inclusive and combinable. For examples, any value or point described herein that falls within a range described herein can serve as a minimum or maximum value to derive a sub-range, etc.

All publications and patent applications cited in this specification are herein incorporated by reference, and for any and all purposes, as if each individual publication or patent application were specifically and individually indicated to be incorporated by reference. In the event of an inconsistency between the present disclosure and any publications or patent application incorporated herein by reference, the present disclosure controls.

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Cosmetic composition for skin whitening comprising resveratrol DSM IP ASSETS B.V. 17 November 2011 02 October 2013
一种茶多酚防晒霜及其制备方法 饶雅琴 11 December 2015 24 February 2016
Use of cosmetics against infrared radiation COTY GERMANY GMBH 14 July 2011 16 January 2013
包含白藜芦醇的用于皮肤增白的化妆品组合物 帝斯曼知识产权资产管理有限公司 17 November 2011 24 July 2013
Use of UV-filters to stabilize resveratrol in topical cosmetic compositions DSM IP ASSETS B.V. 17 November 2011 02 October 2013
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