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Patent Analysis of

Compositions for the treatment of peripheral ulcers of various origins

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10149877

Application Number

US15/296533

Application Date

18 October 2016

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

INDENA S.P.A.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

INDENA S.P.A.

International Classification

A61K36/00,A61K31/7048,A61K31/352,A61K36/87,A61K36/35

Cooperative Classification

A61K36/45,A61K9/0014,A61K9/06,A61K9/107,A61K31/352

Inventor

BOMBARDELLI, EZIO

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10149877 Compositions treatment 1
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Abstract

The present invention relates to combinations of an agent that stimulates cell proliferation and an anti-inflammatory/analgesic, which are useful in the treatment of peripheral ulcers of various origins, such as radiation dermatitis, diabetic ulcers, ulcers caused by venous stasis of the limbs, bedsores, and the associated skin infections, proctitis, vulvovaginitis and haemorrhoids with vascular lesions. These combinations can be presented as formulations for topical use.

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Claims

1. A composition comprising:

a) bisulphite adducts of anthocyanosides from Vaccinium myrtillus, b) a lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp, wherein the composition contains 0.05 to 2% of said bisulphite adducts and 0.01 to 1% of said lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp.

2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein the lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp. is a lipophilic extract of Echinacea angustifolia or Echinacea purpurea.

3. The composition according to claim 1 suitable for topical administration.

4. A composition comprising

a) bisulphite adducts of anthocyanosides from Vaccinium myrtillus, b) anthocyanosides from Vaccinium myrtillus; and c) a lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp, wherein the composition contains 0.05 to 2% of said bisulphite adducts and 0.01 to 1% of said lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp.

5. The composition according to claim 4, wherein the extract of Echinacea sp. is a lipophilic extract of Echinacea angustifolia or Echinacea purpurea.

6. The composition according to claim 4 suitable for topical administration.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A composition comprising:
    • a) bisulphite adducts of anthocyanosides from Vaccinium myrtillus,
    • b) a lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp, wherein the composition contains 0.05 to 2% of said bisulphite adducts and 0.01 to 1% of said lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp.
    • 2. The composition according to claim 1, wherein
      • the lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp. is a lipophilic extract of Echinacea angustifolia or Echinacea purpurea.
    • 3. The composition according to claim 1 suitable for topical administration.
  • 4
    4. A composition comprising
    • a) bisulphite adducts of anthocyanosides from Vaccinium myrtillus,
    • b) anthocyanosides from Vaccinium myrtillus; and
    • c) a lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp, wherein the composition contains 0.05 to 2% of said bisulphite adducts and 0.01 to 1% of said lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp.
    • 5. The composition according to claim 4, wherein
      • the extract of Echinacea sp. is a lipophilic extract of Echinacea angustifolia or Echinacea purpurea.
    • 6. The composition according to claim 4 suitable for topical administration.
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Description

The present invention relates to bisulphite adducts of pure anthocyanosides or extracts containing them for use as topical medicaments in the treatment of ulcers and wounds.

The invention also relates to compositions containing said bisulphite adducts as cell-proliferation-stimulating agents in association with anti-inflammatories/analgesics. The compositions according to the invention are useful in the treatment of radiation dermatitis, burns, peripheral ulcers of various origins, such as diabetic ulcers, ulcers caused by venous stasis of the limbs, bedsores, and the associated skin infections.

More particularly, the invention relates to compositions containing bisulphite adducts of pure anthocyanosides or extracts containing them, and extracts of Echinacea sp. The compositions can optionally also contain other active ingredients, such as natural or synthetic vasokinetics.

TECHNICAL BACKGROUND

Peripheral ulcers, whether they are of traumatic or metabolic origin, such as diabetic ulcers or those caused by venous stasis of the limbs, bedsores and the associated skin infections, have different etiologies, although they have some symptoms in common. Some involve the peripheral microcirculation and circulation, and are mainly connected with arteriosclerosis, which causes occlusion of the medium and small arteries with consequent oedema which, due to accidental causes or scratching as a result of itching, can lead to a lesion that is slow to heal due to subsequent bacterial and/or fungal infection. Other ulcers, such as those caused by radiation or thermal or mechanical damage, and bedsores, have a definite origin.

Ulcers associated with chronic venous insufficiency require long-term treatment with combinations of substances which have different, synergic actions. Diabetic ulcers have similar origins to the former, and are accompanied by peripheral pain and purpura. Ulcers of traumatic origin have a strong antalgic component.

Vasokinetics and vasoprotectors in general improve wound healing, especially in the case of bedsores, although they alone are unable to heal the wound. The need is therefore felt for pharmacological treatments that combine a wound-healing and vasokinetic action with an analgesic and antiseptic/antibacterial action.

Keeping the arterial microcirculation active and removing protein seepage from the ulcerated area by means of lymph drainage further accelerates tissue re-epithelialisation.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

It has been found that bisulphite adducts of anthocyanosides in pure form or extracts containing them possess better biological activity than the initial anthocyanoside.

It has also been found that the combination of said bisulphite adducts of anthocyanosides with lipophilic extracts of Echinacea sp induces surprisingly rapid wound-healing, with a reduction in the surrounding oedema and re-epithelialisation, due to the immediate reduction in fibrin production and protein seepage, which allows cleansing of the sore and rapid proliferation of granulation tissue.

The present invention therefore relates to compositions containing, as active ingredients:

    • a) bisulphite adducts of anthocyanosides in pure form or of extracts containing them,
    • b) lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp, and optionally
    • c) substances with a vasokinetic action.

The compositions according to the invention are useful in the treatment of peripheral ulcers of various origins, such as radiation dermatitis, burns, haemorrhoids, stasis or diabetic ulcers, bedsores, and the associated skin infections.

Substances with an anthocyanin backbone are well-known to possess in vitro activity on fibroblast proliferation, antiprotease activity on the ground substance of connective tissue, and vasokinetic activity at venous and lymphatic level. However, these compounds are unsuitable for topical administration because they cause undesirable, unacceptable staining of the ulcers and the proximal tissue. Sulphur dioxide and bisulphite are known to interact with the bases of oxonium to give a colourless compound generating the following adducts:

where R is hydrogen or methyl.

The use of said adducts in pharmaceutical formulations explains their considerable antibacterial and antifungal activity, which allows the elimination of antimicrobial stabilisers. The bisulphite adducts are balanced with the anthocyanin compounds, but do not stain the tissue with which they come into contact.

According to the present invention, said adducts can be formed directly in the formulation by mixing anthocyanins/anthocyanosides with sulphites such as sodium metabisulphite. The adducts can be present in isolated form, or in the form of extracts containing them. When present in the form of extracts, the following will preferably be used: Ericaceae extracts, preferably from Vaccinium sp, such as Vaccinium myrtillus, Vaccinium erythrocarpon, Vaccinium macrocarpon, Vaccinium microcarpum and Vaccinium oxycoccos, Saxifragaceae extracts, preferably Ribes nigrum, Vitaceae extracts, preferably Vitis vinifera, Caprifoliaceae extracts, preferably Sambucus nigra, and Elaeocarpaceae extracts, preferably Aristotelia chilensis.

Extracts of the ripe fruit of Vaccinium myrtillus, Vitis vinifera, Ribes nigrum or Sambucus nigra are preferred.

The term anthocyanosides comprises both anthocyanosides properly so called and their aglycons (anthocyanidins).

According to a preferred aspect, the anthocyanosides preferably derive from bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) extracts. Bilberry extracts are known to have a marked wound-healing activity, with the result that they have been used in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers, and a marked anti-inflammatory action, especially at topical level, due to their activity on capillary permeability and fragility. Bilberry anthocyanosides also have a bacteriostatic and antiviral action.

The preparation of bilberry extracts containing anthocyanosides is known.

The lipophilic extract of Echinacea exercises an analgesic, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activity which produces a global improvement in wound-healing; it also has a significant effect on all forms of itching, a condition that often accompanies the formation of sores caused by venostasis, and is useful in the healing, and above all prevention, of sores. The analgesic effect due to the isobutylamide component is associated with its interaction with cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 and activation of the vanilloids.

According to a preferred aspect of the invention, the lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp. is a lipophilic extract of Echinacea angustifolia or purpurea.

The percentages of active ingredients can range from 0.05 to 2% for catechin polyphenols or anthocyanosides, or extracts containing them, and from 0.01 to 1% for lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp.

A vasokinetic agent selected from visnadine or esculoside is preferably added for the treatment of bedsores.

The compositions according to the invention will preferably contain the active components in the following percentage intervals:

    • a) bisulphite adducts of anthocyanosides or extracts containing them: 0.05 to 2%, preferably 0.5 to 1%;
    • b) lipophilic extract of Echinacea sp.: 0.01 to 1%, preferably 0.05 to 0.3%;
    • and optionally
    • c) visnadine or esculoside from 0.2 to 1%, preferably visnadine in the percentage of 0.5%.

The bisulphite adducts are formed by adding to the anthocyanins or extracts containing them a bisulphite in the quantity of approximately half the weight of the anthocyanoside or of an anthocyanin extract having an anthocyanoside content of 36±5%.

The compositions according to the invention can be administered topically, for example as water/oil emulsions, aseptic dusting powders or occlusive formulations. According to a preferred aspect, the occlusive formulations will be in solid form, designed to be hydrated at the time of application, and will contain alginic acid as gelling polysaccharide.

The preferred excipients for use in the formulations are polysaccharides, such as hyaluronic acid, chondroitin sulphate or alginic acid, which help to form a protective film that stimulates wound healing.

The formulations are applied to the wound, and the formulation is left to absorb. Particularly infected wounds should be covered with a sticking plaster. The treatment is repeated one to three times a day, taking care to protect the wound or sore against mechanical traumas.

The compositions according to the invention will be prepared according to well-known conventional methods, such as those described in “Remington's Pharmaceutical Handbook”, Mack Publishing Co., N.Y., USA, together with suitable excipients.

The following examples illustrate the invention in detail.

Example 1—Aqueous Gel


Vacciniummyrtillus (36% anthocyanosides)
0.50 g
Echinaceaangustifolia (root extract)
0.25 g
Polyethylene glycol 400
5.00 g
Glycerin
5.00 g
Carbomer
1.00 g
Sodium hydroxide 10% solution
2.00 g
Sodium bisulphite
0.20 g
Propylparaben
0.05 g
Potassium sorbate
0.15 g
Purified water q.s. for
 100 g

Example 2—Cream (O/W Emulsion)


Vaccinium myrtillus dried extract
1.00
g
Echinacea angustifolia (root extract)
0.25
g
Liquid paraffin
8.000
g
Stearic acid
10.000
g
Sodium sulphite
0.5
g
Polysorbate 80
2.000
g
Glycerin
12.000
g
Purified water q.s. for
100.000
g

Example 3—Effect on Ulcers Caused by Venous Stasis of the Lower Limbs

50 patients (10 in each group) suffering from ulcers of the lower limbs caused by venous stasis, not complicated by other vascular disorders, were included in the study.

The patients were treated with the preparation described in example 1, applied to the lesion in amounts of 2 cm (corresponding to 1 g) twice a day. The treated lesions were then covered with a bandage to ensure that the gel was not removed, and to protect them against external agents and/or mechanical traumas. The lesions were monitored for 21 days, and re-epithelialisation was assessed by measuring the two diameters.

Results expressed as the mean of the two diameters measured

The results are set out in the table below.


RE-EPITHELIALISATION
TREATMENT
7 days
14 days
28 days
Placebo
0.02 ± 0.01
0.01 ± 0.01
0.03 ± 0.02
Preparation example 1
2.14 ± 0.73**
 4.9 ± 1.01**
8.30 ± 1.10**
Placebo + Vaccinium
0.10 ± 0.03
0.23 ± 0.13*
0.50 ± 0.23*
myrtillus 0.3%
Placebo + Echinacea
0.01 ± 0.01
0.20 ± 0.02*
0.35 ± 0.02*
angustifolia 0.3%
*P < 0.05;
**p < 0.001 Student's “t” test

In the treatment of radiation dermatitis, the repair time of the damage caused by the radiation in situ is evaluated: the most frequent types of radiation dermatitis are those which occur in the treatment of head, neck, breast, uterus and prostate tumours. In these last cases, radiation treatment causes ulcers over large areas, and the treatment cycle must be discontinued if rapid re-epithelialisation is impossible.

For example, in the case of tumours of the salivary glands, complete remission of the primary lesion in the external cervico-facial zone took place in 48 hours, competed with at least a week in normal oncological practice.

It was also surprisingly found that the formulations according to the invention reduce the regression time of proctitis induced by radiotherapy by 500% compared with untreated controls and patients given conventional treatment.

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Citation

Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Botanical extractions process GREENE JOHN BERTRAM 31 October 2002 10 March 2005
Cosmetic patch LECTEC CORPORATION 28 January 2002 14 August 2003
Efficient method for producing compositions enriched in anthocyanins WELLS FARGO BANK, N.A.,PHENOLICS, LLC 30 August 2001 09 May 2002
Digital pen and paper system HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, L.P. 24 July 2006 01 February 2007
Dietary food supplement containing natural cyclooxygenase inhibitors and methods for inhibiting pain and inflammation ACCESS BUSINESS GROUP INTERNATIONAL LLC,MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY 10 January 2005 12 May 2005
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