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Patent Analysis of

Drill

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10150168

Application Number

US15/560201

Application Date

19 January 2016

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.

International Classification

B23B51/02,B23B51/00

Cooperative Classification

B23B51/02,B23B51/00,B23B2251/04,B23B2251/443,B23B2251/18

Inventor

FUKUSHIMA, HIROYUKI,OSAWA, AKIHIRO,ONOSE, JUNYA,FUKUDA, TOSHIHIKO

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10150168 Drill 1 US10150168 Drill 2 US10150168 Drill 3
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Abstract

A blade section has two lands and two flutes in an alternating manner and also has a linear chisel edge. The lands are each provided with: a margin section that is continuous with a cutting blade; a clearance section that is continuous with the margin section and that has a smaller diameter than the margin section; and a pad that is continuous with the clearance section and that has the same width as the width of the margin section.

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Claims

1. A drill comprising:

a flute with a cutting edge formed at a tip end thereof and a shank continuously formed at a rear end of the flute, wherein the flute has, in a front view, two lands and two grooves, alternately, and a linear chisel edge, the lands each have a margin portion continuous with the cutting edge, a clearance continuous with the margin portion and having a diameter smaller than that of the margin portion, and a pad continuous with the clearance and having a width equal to a width of the margin portion, and the pad is arranged, in a front view, on a line perpendicular to a thinning face and on a line perpendicular to the chisel edge.

2. The drill according to claim 1, wherein the margin portion includes a margin having a width smaller than the width of the pad.

3. The drill according to claim 1, wherein a relieving angle is set in a range of 6° to 8° in a side view.

4. The drill according to claim 1, wherein the pad is disposed at a position 30° to 75° rearward relative to the margin portion.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A drill comprising:
    • a flute with a cutting edge formed at a tip end thereof and a shank continuously formed at a rear end of the flute, wherein the flute has, in a front view, two lands and two grooves, alternately, and a linear chisel edge, the lands each have a margin portion continuous with the cutting edge, a clearance continuous with the margin portion and having a diameter smaller than that of the margin portion, and a pad continuous with the clearance and having a width equal to a width of the margin portion, and the pad is arranged, in a front view, on a line perpendicular to a thinning face and on a line perpendicular to the chisel edge.
    • 2. The drill according to claim 1, wherein
      • the margin portion includes a margin having
    • 3. The drill according to claim 1, wherein
      • a relieving angle is set in a range of 6° to 8° in a side view.
    • 4. The drill according to claim 1, wherein
      • the pad is disposed at a position 30° to 75° rearward relative to the margin portion.
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Description

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a drill suitable for machining a cast hole.

BACKGROUND ART

The cast hole is a hole formed in the casting by the pin attached to the mold. Because the cast hole is a hole as cast, it is inferior in dimensional accuracy. Therefore, it is preferable to add machining to the cast hole with a drill. The drill for this purpose is called a drill for a cast hole and various forms have been proposed (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

The drill disclosed in Patent Document 1 includes a land portion generally called a margin portion and a pad portion disposed rearward from the land portion in the rotational direction. Further, a pad portion is provided in the land portion. The pad portion can enhance the straightness of the drill.

However, it was found that chatter vibration occurred despite the addition of the pad portion. As a result, the position accuracy of the hole and the inner surface accuracy of the hole did not increase as expected.

Therefore, as a drill having a pad portion, a drill capable of further improving position accuracy of a hole and working accuracy on a surface of the hole is desired.

PRIOR ART DOCUMENT

Patent Document

  • Patent Document 1: Japanese Laid-Open Patent Publication No. 2009-018384

SUMMARY OF INVENTION

Technical Problem

It is an object of the present invention to provide a drill having a pad and capable of further improving position accuracy of a hole and working accuracy on a surface of the hole.

Solution to Problem

The present invention according to claim 1 is directed to a drill including a flute with a cutting edge formed at a tip end thereof and a shank continuously formed at a rear end of the flute, wherein the flute has, in a front view, two lands and two grooves alternately and a linear chisel edge, the lands each have a margin portion continuous from the cutting edge, a clearance continuous from the margin portion and having a diameter smaller than that of margin portion, and a pad continuous from the clearance and having a width same as a width of the margin portion, the pad is arranged on a line perpendicular to a thinning face.

In the invention according to claim 2, preferably, a width of the margin portion is set smaller than the width of the pad.

In the invention according to claim 3, preferably, in a side view, a clearance angle (a primary face angle) is set in a range of 6° to 8°.

In the invention according to claim 4, preferably, the pad is disposed at a position 30° to 75° rearward relative to the margin portion.

Advantageous Effects of Invention

In the invention according to claim 1, the pad is arranged on the line perpendicular to the thinning face.

The cutting resistance force applied to the thinning face is applied in a direction perpendicular to the thinning face. Chatter vibration occurs when left unattended. In the present invention, the pad is arranged on the line perpendicular to the thinning face so as to receive the cutting resistance force applied to the thinning face by the pad. As a result, chatter vibration can be suppressed.

Therefore, according to the present invention, there is provided a drill capable of improving the positional precision of the hole and the working accuracy on the surface of the hole.

In the invention according to claim 2, since the width of the margin portion is set smaller than the width of the pad, it is possible to secure a bending strength of the tool while reducing the cutting resistance in a radial direction due to the frictional resistance of the margin portion.

In the invention according to claim 3, the clearance angle is set in the range of 6° to 8° in a side view.

Since the pad exerts its effect immediately after cutting, the position accuracy of the hole and the working accuracy on the surface of the hole can be further enhanced.

In the invention according to claim 4, the pad is arranged at the position 30° to 75° rearward relative to the margin portion. The position of the land is suitable adjusted, and the position accuracy of the hole and the working accuracy on the surface of the hole can be further enhanced.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a side view of a drill according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a view from “2” in FIG. 1: FIG. 2A is a front view of the drill; and FIG. 2B is an enlarged view of “b” in FIG. 2A;

FIG. 3 is a view illustrative of widths of a margin portion and a pad;

FIGS. 4A and 4B are views illustrative of a position of the pad; and

FIG. 5 is a view illustrative of a clearance angle.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

EXAMPLE

As shown in FIG. 1, a drill 10 includes a flute 20 and a shank 40 extending from the flute 20. The drill 10 is a sufficiently long cast hole drill.

As shown in FIG. 2A, in a front view, the flute 20 alternately has two lands 30, 30 and two grooves 21, 21. Further, the flute 20 has two oil holes 23, 23 and a linear chisel edge 24.

As shown in FIG. 2B which is an enlarged view of the portion b of FIG. 2A, a margin 35 having a width Wm is included in a margin portion 32 having a width Wmb.

More specifically, the land 30 is provided with a margin portion 32 continuous from the cutting edge 31, a clearance 33 continuous from the margin portion 32 and having a diameter smaller than that of the margin portion 32, and a pad 34 continuous from the clearance 33 and having a width (Wp in FIG. 3) the same as a width Wmb of the margin portion 32. Preferably, the rear end of the pad 34 is connected to the groove 21.

As shown in FIG. 3, the chisel edge 24 is formed with a narrow width by the two thinnings 25, 25. The thinning angle θ1 was set to 90°.

The larger the width Wm of the margin 35 is, the higher the straightness is. On the other hand, the cutting resistance increases. By setting the width Wm of the margin 35 to 0.1 to 0.15 mm, the cutting resistance is suppressed while maintaining straightness.

The pad 34 and the margin 35 are formed on the same circumference.

The smaller the width of the margin 35 (FIG. 2B, Wm), the lower the cutting resistance, but the lower the strength of the drill. By setting the width Wmb of the margin portion 32 to be 0.08 times the diameter of the drill 10, the reduction in strength of the drill is suppressed while maintaining straightness.

Therefore, by setting the width Wmb of the margin portion 32 and the width Wp of the pad 34 to be the same, it is possible to suppress the cutting resistance while maintaining straightness.

As shown in FIG. 4A, a ridge line which is a part of the cutting edge and formed by the clearance surface and the thinning 25 is defined as a thinning face 26. When lines 27 perpendicular to the thinning faces 26 are drawn in the front view, the pads 34 are arranged on the perpendicular lines 27.

As shown in FIG. 4B, the force indicated by the arrow (1) is applied to the thinning face 26 at the time of cutting. On the other hand, the force indicated by the outlined arrow (2) is applied when the pad 34 hits an inner circumferential surface of the cast hole. The two forces are canceled out, and occurrence of chatter vibration can be suppressed.

In FIG. 4A, the pad 34 is disposed at a position forming an angle θ2 of 30° to 75° with respect to the margin portion 32. The angle θ2 is preferably 50° to 70°, most preferably 65°.

By setting the angle θ2 appropriately, the straightness is enhanced and the cutting balance is improved.

In addition, as shown in FIG. 5, the clearance angle θ3, which is also called the relieving angle, is set to 6° to 8° in a side view. If the angle is within this range, the distance L between the chisel edge 24 and the tip of the pad 34 becomes small. When the distance L is small, the pad exerts its effect immediately after cutting. Owing to the pad, the position accuracy of the hole and the working accuracy on the surface of the hole can be further enhanced.

If the clearance angle θ3 is smaller than 6°, the cutting resistance becomes high and chatter vibration tends to occur. If the clearance angle θ3 is larger than 8°, the pad takes some time to be effective since the cutting process is started. In this case, chatter vibration immediately after the start of cutting cannot be suppressed, and the accuracy is not improved. Therefore, the clearance angle θ3 is set to 6° to 8°.

The drill of the present invention may be used for drilling to general parts in addition to the cast hole machining.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

The drill of the present invention is suitable for machining a cast hole.

REFERENCE SIGNS LIST

10 . . . drill, 20 . . . flute, 21 . . . groove, 24 . . . chisel edge, 26 . . . thinning face, 27 . . . line perpendicular to thinning face, 30 . . . land, 31 . . . cutting edge, 32 . . . margin portion, 33 . . . clearance, 34 . . . pad, 35 . . . margin, 40 . . . shank, θ2 . . . angle of pad to margin, θ3 . . . clearance angle, Wm . . . margin width, Wmb . . . margin portion width, Wp . . . pad width

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Drill having construction for reducing thrust load in drilling operation, and method of manufacturing the drill OSG CORPORATION 17 April 2002 09 October 2003
Drill having multiple flanks NACHI-FUJIKOSHI CORP. 16 November 2011 17 May 2012
Drill SANDVIK INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AB 04 January 2012 09 August 2012
ダブルマージン付2枚刃ツイストドリル SUMITOMO ELECTRIC HARDMETAL CORP,TOKAI SEIMITSU KK 08 July 2005 25 January 2007
ダブルマージンドリル 東芝タンガロイ株式会社 17 March 1999 26 September 2000
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