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Patent Analysis of

P2X4 receptor antagonist

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10150744

Application Number

US14/903343

Application Date

11 July 2014

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

NIPPON CHEMIPHAR CO., LTD,KYUSHU UNIVERSITY

Original Assignee (Applicant)

NIPPON CHEMIPHAR CO., LTD.,KYUSHU UNIVERSITY

International Classification

C07D243/10,C07D401/12,C07D401/14

Cooperative Classification

C07D243/10,C07D401/14,C07D401/12

Inventor

SAKUMA, SHOGO,KOBAYASHI, KUNIO,USHIODA, MASATOSHI,IMAI, TOSHIYASU,INOUE, KAZUHIDE

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10150744 P2X4 receptor antagonist 1 US10150744 P2X4 receptor antagonist 2 US10150744 P2X4 receptor antagonist 3
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a compound represented by the following general formula (I), which has a P2X4 receptor antagonistic activity (in the formula, R1, R2 and R3 represent hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, a halogen atom, and the like, X represents C or N, Y represents N or C(═O), provided that when X is C, Y represents N, and when X is N, Y represents C(═O), the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line represents a single bond or double bond, n represents an integer of 0 to 6, Z represents O, S, or an atomic bond, and A represents benzene ring, pyridine ring, and the like).

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Claims

1. A compound of the following formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof: wherein, in the formula, R1 , R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, a cyano group, an amino group, an alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or a dialkylamino group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms,

X represents C or N, Y represents N or C(═O), provided that when X is C, Y represents N, and when X is N, Y represents C(═O), the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line represents a single bond or double bond, n represents an integer of 0 to 6, Z represents O, S, or an atomic bond, and A represents a pyridine ring having the same or different 1 to 5 substituents selected from N(R4)(R5), as a substituent, wherein R4 and R5 bind to represent, together with the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 bind, a 5- to 7-membered ring, which may further contain an oxygen atom, or a sulfur atom as a ring-constituting heteroatom.

2. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein A is a pyridine ring having a substituent selected from morpholin-4-yl, 1H-pyrrol-1-yl, and pyrrolidin-1-yl, as a substituent.

3. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1, R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or a halogen atom.

4. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1, R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and are a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom.

5. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein n is 0.

6. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein n is 1 or 2.

7. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Z is an atomic bond.

8. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

R1, R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, or a hydroxyl group, X is N, Y is C(═O), the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line is a single bond, n is 0, Z is an atomic bond, and A is a pyridine ring, having the same or different 1 to 3 substituents selected from N(R4)(R5), as a substituent, wherein R4 and R5 bind to represent, together with the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 bind, a morpholine ring, a pyrrole ring, or a pyrrolidine ring.

9. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

R1, R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, or a hydroxyl group, X is C, Y is N, the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line is a double bond, n is an integer of 0 to 3, Z is an atomic bond, and A is a pyridine ring having the same or different 1 to 3 substituents selected from N(R4)(R5), as a substituent, wherein R4 and R5 bind to represent, together with the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 bind, a morpholine ring, a pyrrole ring, or a pyrrolidine ring.

10. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X and NHC(═O) are mutually present at the para-positions on the phenyl group.

11. A pharmaceutical composition comprising an effective amount of the compound according to claim 1 and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

12. A method of treating nociceptive pain, inflammatory pain, or neuropathic pain comprising administering a composition containing the compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, to a subject in need of such treatment.

13. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, selected from the group consisting of the following (18) to (21):

(18) N-[4-(2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]-diazepin-5(2H)-yl)phenyl]-2-(morpholin-4-yl)-nicotinamide hydrochloride;(19) N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)nicotinamide dihydrochloride;(20) 2-(morpholin-4-yl)-N[4-(2-oxo-2.3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride; and(21) N[4-(2-oxo-2.3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)nicotinamide dihydrochloride.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A compound of the following formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof: wherein
    • , in the formula, R1 , R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having
    • 2. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • A is a pyridine ring having
    • 3. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • R1, R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having
    • 4. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • R1, R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and are a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom.
    • 5. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • n is 0.
    • 6. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • n is 1 or 2.
    • 7. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • Z is an atomic bond.
    • 8. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • : R1, R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having
    • 9. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • : R1, R2, and R3 may be the same or different, and are a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having
    • 10. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
      • X and NHC(═O) are mutually present at the para-positions on the phenyl group.
    • 13. The compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, selected from the group consisting of
      • the following (18) to (21): (18) N-[4-(2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]-diazepin-5(2H)-yl)phenyl]-2-(morpholin-4-yl)-nicotinamide hydrochloride
      • (19) N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)nicotinamide dihydrochloride
      • (20) 2-(morpholin-4-yl)-N[4-(2-oxo-2.3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride
      • and(21) N[4-(2-oxo-2.3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)nicotinamide dihydrochloride.
  • 11
    11. A pharmaceutical composition comprising
    • an effective amount of the compound according to claim 1 and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.
  • 12
    12. A method of treating nociceptive pain, inflammatory pain, or neuropathic pain comprising
    • administering a composition containing the compound according to claim 1, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, to a subject in need of such treatment.
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Description

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a diazepine derivative having a P2X4 receptor antagonist activity.

BACKGROUND ART

The ATP receptors are roughly classified into the P2X family of the ion channel type receptors, and the P2Y family of the G protein coupling type receptors, and seven kinds (P2X1 to P2X7) and eight kinds (P2Y1, P2Y2, P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y11 to P2Y14) of subtypes have so far been reported for each family.

The P2X4 receptor (Genebank No. X87763), a subtype of the P2X family, has been reported to be widely expressed in the central nervous system, and the like (Non-patent documents 1 to 5).

The onset mechanisms of chronic or intractable pains including neuropathic pain have not been fully elucidated, and if non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and morphine are not effective for such a pain, no therapy is available for that pain. Therefore, very heavy physical and mental burdens are given to patients and people around them. Neuropathic pain is often caused by injury of a peripheral nerve or the central nerve, and it is caused by, for example, after-trouble of operation, cancer, spinal cord injury, herpes zoster, diabetic neuritis, trigeminal neuralgia, and the like.

Recently, Inoue et al. verified the involvement of the P2X receptor in neuropathic pain by using a spinal nerve-damaged animal model in which allodynia can be detected, and they described that nerve-damaged type unusual pain (especially allodynia) is induced through the P2X4 receptor expressed in the microglia cells of the spinal cord (Non-patent documents 6 and 7, and Patent document 1).

Therefore, a substance that inhibits the activity of the P2X4 receptor is expected to be a prophylactic or therapeutic agent for pains of nociceptive pain, inflammatory pain, and neuropathic pain caused by after-trouble of operation, cancers, spinal cord injury, herpes zoster, diabetic neuritis, trigeminal neuralgia, and the like.

Patent document 2 reported that a benzofuro-1,4-diazepin-2-one derivative represented by the following general formula (A):

(in the formula, R1 is a halogen, and R2 is hydrogen, a halogen, nitro, cyano, C(O)—OR3, C(O)—NR4R5, SO2—OR3, or SO2—NR4R5, or R1 is hydrogen, and R2 is a halogen, nitro, cyano, C(O)—OR3, C(O)—NR4R5, SO2—OR3, or SO2—NR4R5) has a P2X4 receptor antagonist activity.

It was also reported that paroxetine, which is an antidepressant, has a P2X4 receptor antagonist activity (Non-patent document 8).

The inventors of the present invention also found that a naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2-one derivative represented by the following formula (B):

(in the formula, RI represents hydrogen, a lower alkyl, a lower alkoxy, and the like, and RII represents hydroxy, a lower alkyl, a lower alkoxy, tetrazolyl group, and the like),

a naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepin-2,4-dione derivative represented by the following general formula (C):

(in the formula, RIII represents hydrogen, a lower alkyl, a lower alkoxy, and the like, and RIV represents hydrogen, a lower alkyl, a lower alkoxy, tetrazolyl group, and the like), and related compounds thereof have a P2X4 receptor antagonist activity, and filed patent applications therefor (Patent documents 3 to 10).

PRIOR ART REFERENCES

Patent Documents

  • Patent document 1: Published U.S. Patent Application No. 20050074819
  • Patent document 2: WO2004/085440
  • Patent document 3: WO2008/023847
  • Patent document 4: WO2010/093061
  • Patent document 5: WO2010/090300
  • Patent document 6: WO2012/008478
  • Patent document 7: WO2012/11549
  • Patent document 8: WO2012/14910
  • Patent document 9: WO2012/17876
  • Patent document 10: WO2013/105608

Non-Patent Documents

  • Non-patent document 1: Buell et al. (1996) EMBO J., 15:55-62
  • Non-patent document 2: Seguela et al. (1996) J. Neurosci., 16:448-455
  • Non-patent document 3: Bo et al. (1995) FEBS Lett., 375:129-133
  • Non-patent document 4: Soto et al. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 93:3684-3788
  • Non-patent document 5: Wang et al. (1996) Biochem. Res. Commun., 220:196-202
  • Non-patent document 6: M. Tsuda et al. (2003) Nature, 424, 778-783
  • Non-patent document 7: Jeffrey A. M. Coull et al. (2005) Nature, 438, 1017-1021
  • Non-patent document 8: The 49th Convention of The Japanese Society for
  • Neurochemistry (2006), Program Lecture Abstract P3-N-114

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Object to be Achieved by the Invention

So far to date, any safe medicament in the form of a preparation for oral administration has not been provided which can be easily taken and has a superior P2X4 receptor antagonist activity.

An object of the present invention is to provide a diazepine derivative represented by the following general formula (I) and having a P2X4 receptor antagonist activity.

Means for Achieving the Object

The present invention thus relates to a compound represented by the following general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing:

(wherein, in the formula, R1, R2 and R3 may be the same or different, and represent hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, hydroxyl group, nitro group, cyano group, amino group, an alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or a dialkylamino group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms,

X represents C or N,

Y represents N or C(═O),

provided that when X is C, Y represents N, and

when X is N, Y represents C(═O),

the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line represents a single bond or double bond,

n represents an integer of 0 to 6,

Z represents O, S, or an atomic bond, and

A represents benzene ring, pyridine ring, piperazine ring, piperidine ring, or morpholine ring, which may have the same or different 1 to 5 substituents selected from an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, hydroxyl group, nitro group, cyano group, amino group, an alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and N(R4)(R5), as a substituent, wherein R4 and R5 may be the same or different, and represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or R4 and R5 bind to represent, together with the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 bind, a 5- to 7-membered ring, which may further contain oxygen atom, or sulfur atom as a ring-constituting heteroatom).

The present invention also relates to a P2X4 receptor antagonist containing a compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing as an active ingredient.

The present invention further relates to a prophylactic or therapeutic agent for nociceptive pain, inflammatory pain, or neuropathic pain containing a compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof or a solvate of any of the foregoing as an active ingredient.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

FIG. 1 shows results of measurement of the analgesic activity of the compound of the present invention (Example 28).

MODES FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

Hereafter, the present invention will be explained in detail.

In this specification, examples of the alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms include methyl group, ethyl group, propyl group, isopropyl group, butyl group, i-butyl group, t-butyl group, pentyl group, hexyl group, and the like.

Examples of the cycloalkyl group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms include cyclopropyl group, cyclohexyl group, and the like.

Examples of the alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms include allyl group, and the like.

Examples of the alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms include methoxy group, ethoxy group, propoxy group, isopropoxy group, butoxy group, i-butoxy group, t-butoxy group, pentyloxy group, hexyloxy group, and the like.

Examples of the alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms include methyl group, ethyl group, propyl group, isopropyl group, butyl group, t-butyl group, and the like, which are substituted with 1 to 3 of halogen atoms such as fluorine atom, chlorine atom, and bromine atom, and preferred examples include trifluoromethyl group, chloromethyl group, 2-chloroethyl group, 2-bromoethyl group, 2-fluoroethyl group, and the like.

Examples of the alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms include methoxy group, ethoxy group, propoxy group, isopropoxy group, butoxy group, t-butoxy group, and the like, which are substituted with 1 to 3 of halogen atoms such as fluorine atom, chlorine atom, and bromine atom, and preferred examples include trifluoromethoxy group, chloromethoxy group, 2-chloroethoxy group, 2-bromoethoxy group, 2-fluoroethoxy group, and the like.

Examples of the halogen atom include iodine atom, fluorine atom, chlorine atom, bromine atom, and the like.

Examples of the alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms include methylamino group, ethylamino group, and the like.

Examples of the dialkylamino group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms include dimethylamino group, diethylamino group, and the like.

Examples of the 5- to 7-membered ring formed by R4 and R5 binding together, together with the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 bind, which may further contain oxygen atom, or sulfur atom as a ring-constituting heteroatom, include morpholin-4-yl, 1H-pyrrol-1-yl, pyrrolidin-1-yl, and the like.

R1 mentioned above may have the same or different 1 to 4 substituents.

R2 mentioned above may have the same or different 1 or 2 substituents.

R3 mentioned above may have the same or different 1 to 4 substituents.

As the compounds of the present invention represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), the compounds mentioned below are preferred.

(1)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein A is benzene ring, pyridine ring, piperazine ring, piperidine ring, or morpholine ring, which may have the same or different 1 to 5 substituents selected from an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group having 3 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, hydroxyl group, nitro group, cyano group, amino group, an alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and a dialkylamino group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, as a substituent.

(2)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein A is benzene ring, or pyridine ring, which may have the same or different 1 to 5 substituents selected from an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, hydroxyl group, amino group, an alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and a dialkylamino group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, as a substituent.

(3)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein A is benzene ring, which may have the same or different 1 to 5 substituents selected from an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, a halogen atom, hydroxyl group, amino group, an alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and a dialkylamino group having 2 to 8 carbon atoms, as a substituent.

(4)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein A is pyridine ring having N(R4)(R5) (in the formula, R4 and R5 bind to represent, together with the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 bind, a 5- to 7-membered ring, which may further contain oxygen atom, or sulfur atom as a ring-constituting heteroatom), as a substituent.

(5)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein A is pyridine ring having a substituent selected from morpholin-4-yl, 1H-pyrrol-1-yl, and pyrrolidin-1-yl, as a substituent.

(6)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) or the compound according to any one of (1) to (5) mentioned above, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein R1, R2 and R3 may be the same or different, and represent hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, or a halogen atom.

(7)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) or the compound according to any one of (1) to (5) mentioned above, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein R1, R2 and R3 may be the same or different, and are hydrogen atom, or a halogen atom.

(8)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) or the compound according to any one of (1) to (7) mentioned above, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein n is 0.

(9)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) or the compound according to any one of (1) to (7) mentioned above, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein n is 1 or 2.

(10)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) or the compound according to any one of (1) to (9) mentioned above, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein Z is an atomic bond.

(11)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein:

R1, R2 and R3 may be the same or different, and are hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, or hydroxyl group,

X is N,

Y is C(═O),

the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line is a single bond,

n is 0,

Z is an atomic bond, and

A is benzene ring, or pyridine ring, which may have the same or different 1 to 3 substituents selected from an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, hydroxyl group, amino group, an alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and N(R4)(R5), as a substituent, wherein R4 and R5 may be the same or different, and represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or R4 and R5 bind to represent, together with the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 bind, morpholine ring, pyrrole ring, or pyrrolidine ring.

(12)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein:

R1, R2 and R3 may be the same or different, and are hydrogen atom, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, or hydroxyl group,

X is C,

Y is N,

the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line is a double bond,

n is an integer of 0 to 3,

Z is an atomic bond, and

A is benzene ring, or pyridine ring, which may have the same or different 1 to 3 substituents selected from an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, an alkoxy group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms and substituted with 1 to 3 halogen atoms, a halogen atom, hydroxyl group, amino group, an alkylamino group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and N(R4)(R5), as a substituent, wherein R4 and R5 may be the same or different, and represent an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or R4 and R5 bind to represent, together with the nitrogen atom to which R4 and R5 bind, morpholine ring, pyrrole ring, or pyrrolidine ring.

(13)

The compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) or the compound according to any one of (1) to (12) mentioned above, a tautomer or a stereoisomer of the compound, or a pharmacologically acceptable salt thereof, or a solvate of any of the foregoing, wherein X and NHC(═O) are mutually present at the para-positions on the phenyl group.

Examples of the pharmacologically acceptable salts of the compounds represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) include hydrochlorides, mesylates, and alkali metal salts such as those of sodium, potassium, and lithium.

Further, there may be stereoisomers of the compounds of the present invention, such as cis- and trans-isomers, optically active substances, and racemates, and all of these substances fall within the scope of the present invention.

The synthetic schemes of the compounds of the present invention represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) are shown below.

(I) Synthesis method of naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4-dione derivatives

(1) Compounds represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) in which X is N, Y is C(═O), and the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line is a single bond

(In the formula, Boc represents t-butoxycarbonyl group, Tf represents trifluoromethanesulfonyl group, Et represents ethyl group, TFA represents trifluoroacetic acid, and R1 to R3, Z, A, and n have the same meanings as those defined above.)

(1) Preparation Method of Compounds Represented by the General Formula (viii)

The aniline compounds represented by the general formula (viii) as the starting material can be obtained by, for example, obtaining a nitro compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (ii) from a naphthol compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (i), then reacting the nitro compound with an aniline compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (iii) in the presence of a palladium catalyst to obtain a nitro compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (iv), then subjecting the nitro group of the nitro compound to a reduction reaction to obtain an amino compound represented by the general formula (v), reacting this amino compound with ethoxycarbonylacetyl chloride to obtain an amino compound represented by the general formula (vi), subsequently carrying out a cyclization reaction of the amino compound to obtain a diazepine compound represented by the general formula (vii), and carrying out a deprotection reaction of the diazepine compound with trifluoroacetic acid.

(2) Preparation Method of Compounds Represented by the General Formula (xi)

The compounds of the present invention represented by the general formula (xi) can be obtained by, for example, reacting an aniline compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (xiii), and a carboxylic acid chloride represented by the general formula (ix), or a carboxylic acid represented by the general formula (x) in the presence or absence of a condensing agent in a solvent that does not participate in the reaction.

(II) Synthesis method of naphth[1,2-e][1,4]diazepine-2-dione derivatives

(1) Compounds represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) in which X is C, Y is N, and the double line consisting of the solid line and the broken line is a double bond

(In the formula, Ph represents phenyl group, and R1 to R3, Z, A, and n have the same meanings as those defined above.)

(3) Amino Compounds Represented by the Aforementioned General Formula (ii)

The amino compounds represented by the aforementioned general formula (ii) can be obtained by reacting a bromo compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (i) with benzophenone imine in the presence of a palladium catalyst.

(4) Diazepine Compounds Represented by the Aforementioned General Formula (iv)

The diazepine compounds represented by the aforementioned general formula (iv) can be obtained by reacting an amino compound represented by the aforementioned general formula (ii), and a carboxylic acid represented by general formula (iii) in the presence or absence of a condensing agent in a solvent that does not participate in the reaction.

The compounds of the present invention represented by the aforementioned general formula (I) can be prepared by referring to the aforementioned synthesis methods and the examples mentioned later, as well as the aforementioned patent documents, prior art references, and the like.

Examples of typical compounds of the present invention obtained as described above are mentioned below.

(Examples of Typical Compounds 1)

(In the formula, R3, A, Z, and n are as mentioned in Tables 1 and 2.)


TABLE 1
R3
n
Z
A
H
2
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
H
0
Bond
(2-Et,3-OH)Phenyl
H
0
Bond
(2-Et)Pyridin-3-yl
H
0
Bond
(2-Et,6-OH)Phenyl
H
0
Bond
(3-Et)Pyridin-2-yl
H
1
O
Pyridin-2-yl
H
1
Bond
(2-OMe)Phenyl
H
2
Bond
Pyridin-3-yl
H
2
Bond
Phenyl
H
2
Bond
Cyclohexyl
H
1
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl


TABLE 2
R3
n
Z
A
H
1
Bond
Pyridin-3-yl
H
1
Bond
Pyridin-4-yl
H
3
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
H
1
Bond
(2-NMe2)Phenyl
OH
1
O
Pyridin-2-yl
OMe
2
O
Pyridin-2-yl
CN
2
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
Me
2
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
CF3
1
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
F
2
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
H
0
Bond
(2-NMe2)Pyridin-3-yl
F
2
Bond
Phenyl

(Examples of Typical Compounds 2)

(In the formula, R3, A, Z, and n are as mentioned in Tables 3 and 4.)


TABLE 3
R3
n
Z
A
H
2
Bond
Pyridin-3-yl
H
2
Bond
Pyridin-4-yl
F
0
Bond
(2-tBu)Phenyl
H
2
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
H
0
Bond
(2-NMe2)Pyridin-3-yl
H
2
Bond
Cyclohexyl
H
1
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
H
1
Bond
Pyridin-3-yl


TABLE 4
R3
n
Z
A
H
1
Bond
Pyridin-4-yl
H
3
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
H
1
Bond
(2-NMe2)Phenyl
OH
1
O
Pyridin-2-yl
OMe
2
O
Pyridin-2-yl
CN
2
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
Me
2
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
CF3
1
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
F
2
Bond
Pyridin-2-yl
F
2
Bond
Phenyl

(Examples of Typical Compounds 3)

(In the formula, R1, R2, and type of salt are as mentioned in Tables 5 and 6)


TABLE 5
R1
R2
Salt
H
NMe2
2HCl
H
NMe2
2MsOH
H
1H-Pyrrol-1-yl
2HCl
H
Morpholin-4-yl
2HCl
H
Pyrrolidin-1-yl
2HCl
H
iPr
2HCl
H
iPrNH
2HCl
F
NMe2
OH
NMe2
F
1H-Pyrrol-1-yl
OH
Morpholin-4-yl


TABLE 6
R1
R2
Salt
F
Pyrrolidin-1-yl
OH
iPr
F
iPrNH
H
NEt2
H
NHEt
F
NHMe
Me
1H-Pyrrol-1-yl
Me
Morpholin-4-yl
Me
Pyrrolidin-1-yl

(Examples of Typical Compounds 4)

(In the formula, R1, R2, and type of salt are as mentioned in Table 7.)


TABLE 7
R1
R2
Salt
H
NMe2
2HCl
H
1H-Pyrrol-1-yl
H
Morpholin-4-yl
H
Pyrrolidin-1-yl
H
iPr
H
iPrNH
F
NMe2

(Examples of Typical Compounds 5)

(In the formula, R1, R2, and type of salt are as mentioned in Table 8.)


TABLE 8
R1
R2
Salt
H
NMe2
HCl
H
Morpholin-4-yl
HCl
H
Pyrrolidin-1-yl
H
iPr
H
iPrNH
F
NMe2
OH
NMe2
F
1H-pyrrol-1-yl
OH
Morpholin-4-yl
F
Pyrrolidin-1-yl
OH
iPr
F
iPrNH
H
NEt2
H
NHEt
F
NHMe
Me
1H-pyrrol-1-yl
Me
Morpholin-4-yl

Hereafter, the pharmacological efficacies of the compounds of the present invention will be described.

The P2X4 receptor antagonist activities of the compounds of the present invention were measured as follows.

The ATP receptor (human P2X4) was introduced into the 1321N1 cells, and the cells were used as a stable ATP receptor expression system. The P2X4-expressing 1321N1 cells were seeded on a 96-well plate, cultured under the conditions of 37° C. and 5% CO2 for 24 hours, and used for calcium measurement. Fura-2 AM, which is a calcium fluorescent indicator, was dissolved in an extracellular fluid for calcium imaging, and the seeded cells were treated with the solution, and left standing at room temperature for 45 minutes so that Fura-2 AM was incorporated into the cells. For the measurement, a microplate reader, Fluostar Optima (BMG Labtech), was used. The light emitted from a xenon lamp was passed through 340 nm and 380 nm filters, respectively, and irradiated on the cells, fluorescences of 510 nm, F340 and F380, emitted from the cells were measured, and change of the ratio F340/F380 was used as an index of change of intracellular calcium level. The measurement was performed by adding ATP to each well at a final concentration of 1 μM, and observing the ATP-induced Ca2+ response over time. In the measurement, a treatment with a test substance was performed 15 minutes before the addition of ATP, and the inhibitory activity of the test substance was calculated by comparison of the result with the result obtained in the absence of the test substance.

As clearly seen from the results for the compounds of Examples 25 and 26, the compounds of the present invention showed superior P2X4 receptor antagonist activity (Tables 9 and 10).

P2X receptor family selectivity of the compound of the present invention (compound described in Example 15) was measured. As a result, the compound of the present invention showed high selectivity for the P2X4 receptor as shown in Table 11 (Example 27).

Further, analgesic activity of the compound of the present invention (compound described in Example 15) was measured by using rat neuropathic pain model (modified Chung model). As a result, it became clear that the compound of the present invention has superior analgesic activity (Example 28, FIG. 1).

Therefore, the compounds represented by the aforementioned general formula (I), tautomers or stereoisomers of the compounds, or pharmacologically acceptable salts thereof, or solvates of any of the foregoing have a P2X4 receptor antagonist activity, and accordingly, it is considered that they are useful as prophylactic or therapeutic agents for pains of nociceptive pain, inflammatory pain, and neuropathic pain. More specifically, they are useful as prophylactic and therapeutic agents for pains accompanying various cancers, pains accompanying diabetic nerve damage, pains accompanying viral diseases such as herpes, arthrosis deformans, and the like. The prophylactic or therapeutic agent of the present invention may be used together with other medicaments if needed, and may be used together with, for example, opioid analgesics (morphine, fentanyl), sodium channel blockers (Novocain, lidocaine), NSAIDs (aspirin, ibuprofen), and the like. Further, when it is used for cancerous pain, it may be used together with, for example, anticancer agents such as anticancer chemotherapeutic agents.

The compounds of the present invention can be administered to a human by an appropriate administration method, such as oral administration or parenteral administration.

For manufacturing pharmaceutical preparations containing the compounds of the present invention, dosage forms such as tablets, granules, powders, capsules, suspensions, injections, and suppositories can be prepared by the methods usually used in the field of pharmaceutical manufacturing.

For manufacturing such preparations, in the case of tablets, for example, usual excipients, disintegrating agents, binders, lubricants, dyes, and the like are used. Examples of excipient include lactose, D-mannitol, crystalline cellulose, glucose, and the like, examples of disintegrating agent include starch, carboxymethylcellulose calcium (CMC-Ca), and the like, examples of lubricant include magnesium stearate, talc, and the like, and examples of binder include hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC), gelatin, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), and the like. For manufacturing injection, solvents, stabilizers, dissolving aids, suspending agents, emulsifiers, soothing agents, buffering agents, preservatives, and the like are used.

As for the administration dose, the compounds of the present invention as the active ingredient can usually be administered to an adult in a daily dose of about 0.01 to 100 mg in the case of injection, or a daily dose of 1 to 2000 mg in the case of oral administration, but the dose may be increased or decreased depending on age, symptoms, and the like.

The compounds of the present invention include highly safe compounds such as those not showing the hERG potassium ion channel inhibitory activity, and they are also superior P2X4 receptor antagonists that can be made into easily-taken preparations for oral administration. Therefore, they are useful as prophylactic and therapeutic agents for nociceptive pain, inflammatory pain, and neuropathic pain.

Hereafter, the present invention will be explained in more detail with reference to examples. However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.

EXAMPLE 1

N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-3-(pyridin-2-yl)propionamide

(1) 5-(4-Aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one

5-(4-Bromophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (380 mg, 1.04 mmol) synthesized with reference to WO2008/023847A1, benzophenone imine (349 mg, 2.08 mmol), sodium tert-butoxide (200 mg, 2.08 mmol), palladium(II) acetate (23 mg, 0.104 mmol), and 4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-dimethylxanthene (60 mg, 0.208 mmol) were dissolved in anhydrous dioxane (5 mL), and the solution was stirred at 110° C. for 16 hours. The reaction mixture was left to cool, and then poured into water, and the resulting mixture was extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (chloroform/methanol=100/1) to obtain the title compound (154 mg, yield 49%).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.67 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.42 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 5.57 (2H, s), 6.54 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.24 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.6-7.8 (3H, m), 7.9-8.1 (1H, m), 8.3-8.4 (1H, m), 10.67 (1H, br a)

(2) N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-3-pyridin-2-yl)propionamide dihydrochloride

5-(4-Aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (100 mg, 0.330 mmol) obtained above, and 3-(pyridin-2-yl)propionyl chloride (60.0 mg, 0.360 mmol) was stirred at 80° C. for 12 hours in a pyridine solvent. The solvent was evaporated, then saturated aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate was added to the residue, and the resulting mixture was extracted with an organic solvent. The organic layer was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel chromatography, and then made into hydrochloride in a conventional manner to obtain the title compound (42 mg, yield 29%) as yellow powder.

1H NMR (CD OD, 400 MHz) δ: 3.10 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.42 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 4.2-4.6 (2H, m), 7.37 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.68 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.8-7.9 (6H, m), 8.02 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.09 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.48 (2H, d, J=3Hz), 8.73 (1H, d, J=8Hz)

(2-b) N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-3-(pyridin-2-yl)propionamide dihydrochloride

5-(4-Aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (100 mg, 0.330 mmol) obtained above, and 3-(pyridin-2-yl)propionyl chloride (60.0 mg, 0.360 mmol) were stirred at 80° C. for 12 hours in a pyridine solvent. The solvent was evaporated, then saturated aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate was added to the residue, and the resulting mixture was extracted with an organic solvent. The organic layer was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (methanol/chloroform=1/20) to obtain N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-3-(pyridin-2-yl)propionamide (58 mg) as yellow crystals. The crystals were dissolved in chloroform (30 mL) and methanol (30 mL), 4 M hydrogen chloride in ethyl acetate (0.13 mL) was added to the solution, and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to obtain yellow crystals (58 mg). The crystals were refluxed in ethanol (6 mL) by heating for 6 hours, then collected by filtration, concentrated twice from water under reduced pressure, and dried under reduced pressure to obtain the title compound (40 mg, yield 24%) as yellow powder.

The NMR data are the same as those indicated in (2) mentioned above.

EXAMPLE 2

2-Ethyl-3-hydroxy-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]benzamide

(1) 2-Ethyl-3-methoxy-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]benzamide

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (150 mg, 0.497 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1), and 2-ethyl-3-methoxybenzoyl chloride (0.360 mmol), the title compound (90 mg, yield 39%) was obtained in the same manner as that of Example 1, (2).

(2) 2-Ethyl-3-hydroxy-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]benzamide

2-Ethyl-3-methoxy-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]benzamide (90 mg, 0.194 mmol) was dissolved in dry dichloromethane (10 mL), a 1 M solution of boron tribromide in dichloromethane (1 mL, 1.0 mmol) was added to the solution, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. Post-treatments were performed in a conventional manner to obtain the title compound (46 mg, yield 52%) as yellow powder.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.11 (3H, t, J=7Hz), 2.65 (2H, q, J=7Hz), 3.79 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.57 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 6.8-6.9 (2H, m), 7.10 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 7.32 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.53 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.6-7.8 (5H, m), 8.0-8.1 (1H, m), 8.3-8.4 (1H, m), 9.58 (1H, s), 10.51 (1H, a), 10.85 (1H, s)

EXAMPLE 3

2-Ethyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride

(1) 2-Ethyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (100 mg, 0.331 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1), and 2-ethylnicotinic acid chloride, the title compound (31 mg, yield 21%) was obtained in the same manner as that of Example 1, (2).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.24 (3H, t, J-8Hz), 2.89 (2H, q, J=8Hz), 3.80 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.57 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 7.3-7.4 (2H, m), 7.56 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.7-7.9 (6H, m), 8.04 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 8.38 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 8.62 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 10.72 (1H, br a), 10.86 (1H, br a)

(2) 2-Ethyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide hydrochloride

By converting 2-ethyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide obtained above into hydrochloride in a conventional manner, the title compound was obtained as yellow powder.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.26 (3H, t, J=7Hz), 2.96 (2H, q, J=7Hz), 4.10 (1H, br s), 4.52 (1H, br s), 7.32 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.5-7.6 (1H, m), 7.69 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.7-7.9 (3H, m), 7.92 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 8.08 (1H, d, J=7Hz), 8.1-8.2 (1H, m), 8.46 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.71 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 11.06 (1H, s), 11.37 (1H, br s)

EXAMPLE 4

2-Ethyl-6-hydroxy-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]benzamide

(1) 2-Ethyl-6-methoxy-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]benzamide

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (200 mg, 0.663 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1), and 2-ethyl-6-methoxybenzoic acid chloride (0.995 mmol), the title compound (200 mg, yield 65%) was obtained in the same manner as that of Example 1, (2).

(2) 2-Ethyl-6-hydroxy-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]benzamide

By using 2-ethyl-6-methoxy-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,41]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]benzamide mentioned above, the title compound was obtained as yellow crystals (yield 66%) in the same manner as that of Example 2, (2).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.16 (3H, t, J=7Hz), 2.56 (2H, q, J=7Hz), 3.79 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.56 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 6.75 (2H, t, J=8Hz), 7.16 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.52 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.6-7.8 (5H, m), 8.0-8.1 (1H, m), 8.3-8.4 (1H, m), 9.70 (1H, br s), 10.49 (1H, br s), 10.85 (1H, br s)

EXAMPLE 5

3-Ethyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]picolinamide hydrochloride

(1) 3-Ethyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]picolinamide

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (100 mg, 0.331 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1), and 3-ethylpicolinic acid chloride (0.663 mmol), the title compound (24 mg, yield 16%) was obtained in the same manner as that of Example 1, (2).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.22 (3H, t, J=7Hz), 2.96 (2H, q, J=7Hz), 3.80 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.57 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.56 (2H, d, J-9Hz), 7.6-7.7 (3H, m), 7.8-7.9 (3H, m), 8.04 (1H, d, J=6Hz), 8.38 (1H, d, J=5Hz), 8.56 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 10.77 (1H, br s), 10.85 (1H, br a).

(2) 3-Ethyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]picolinamide hydrochloride

By converting 3-ethyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]picolinamide obtained above into hydrochloride in a conventional manner, the title compound was obtained as yellow powder.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.21 (3H, t, J=7Hz), 2.96 (2H, q, J=7Hz), 4.10 (1H, br s), 4.51 (1H, br s), 7.34 (1H, d, J=−9Hz), 7.57 (1H, dd, J=5Hz, 8Hz), 7.66 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.7-7.9 (4H, m), 8.03 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 8.08 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.45 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.56 (1H, dd, J=1Hz, 4Hz), 10.96 (1H, s), 11.35 (1H, br s)

EXAMPLE 6

N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(pyridin-2-yloxy)acetamide hydrochloride

(1) N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(pyridin-2-yloxy)acetamide

5-(4-Aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (82 mg, 0.531 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1), 2-(pyridyl-2-yloxy)acetic acid (47 mg, 0.314 mmol), HATU (302 mg, 0.795 mmol), diisopropylethylamine (138 mg, 1.06 mmol), and dimethylformamide (10 mL) were mixed, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. To the reaction mixture, saturated aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate was added, and the resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. Purification was performed in a conventional manner to obtain the title compound (25 mg, yield 21%) as white solid.

1H NMR (DMSO-de, 400 MHz) δ: 3.76 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.55 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.95 (2H, s), 6.9-7.0 (2H, m), 7.29 (1H, d, J-9Hz), 7.51 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.6-7.7 (6H, m), 8.01 (1H, br s), 8.14 (1H, d, J=4Hz), 8.39 (1H, br s), 10.34 (1H, br s), 10.83 (1H, br s)

(2) N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(pyridin-2-yloxy)acetamide hydrochloride

By converting N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(pyridin-2-yloxy)acetamide obtained above into hydrochloride in a conventional manner, the title compound was obtained as yellow powder.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 4.96 (2H, s), 6.95 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.00 (1H, dd, J=5Hz, 8Hz), 7.30 (1H, d, J-9Hz), 7.5-7.9 (8H, m), 8.0-8.2 (2H, m), 8.4-8.5 (1H, m), 10.54 (1H, br s), 11.28 (1H, br s)

EXAMPLE 7

2-(2-Methoxyphenyl)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]acetamide

5-(4-Aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (151 mg, 0.5 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1), 2-methoxyphenylacetic acid (100 mg, 0.6 mmol), HATU (228 mg, 0.6 mmol), diisopropylethylamine (0.1 mL, 0.6 mmol), and dry dimethylformamide (5 mL) were mixed, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. To this reaction mixture, water was added, the resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, and then the organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate, and then with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was washed with chloroform, and then with hexane to obtain the title compound (116 mg) as pale yellow crystals. The washing solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (chloroform/methanol=50/1) to obtain the title compound (63 mg) as white crystals (total 179 mg, yield 80%).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.66 (2H, s), 3.7-3.8 (4H, m), 4.54 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 6.90 (1H, t, J=7Hz), 6.98 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.2-7.3 (3H, m), 7.49 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.6-7.8 (5H, m), 8.01 (1H, d, J=6Hz), 8.36 (1H, d, J=7Hz), 10.26 (1H, s), 10.81 (1H, a)

EXAMPLE 8

N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)-phenyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)propionamide dihydrochloride

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2-one (100 mg, 0.331 mol) obtained in Example 1, (1), and 3-(pyridin-3-yl)propionic acid (55 mg, 0.365 mmol), the title compound was obtained as yellow crystals in the same manner as that of Example 6.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 2.81 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.08 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.92 (1H, s), 4.51 (1H, s), 7.28 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.55 (2H, d, J-9Hz), 7.6-7.7 (6H, m), 8.05 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.29 (1H, s), 8.40 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.68 (1H, d, J=5Hz), 8.77 (1H, s), 10.35 (1H, s), 11.07 (1H, s)

EXAMPLE 9

N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-3-phenylpropanamide

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2-one (100 mg, 0.331 mol) obtained in Example 1, (1), and 3-phenylpropionic acid (55 mg, 0.365 mmol), the title compound was obtained (yield 76%) as yellow crystals in the same manner as that of Example 6.

1H NMR (DMSO-de, 400 MHz) δ: 2.65 (2H, t, J=8Hz), 2.91 (2H, t, J=8Hz), 3.76 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.53 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 7.1-7.3 (6H, m), 7.48 (2H, d, J-9Hz), 7.6-7.8 (5H, m), 7.9-8.1 (1H, m), 8.35 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 10.11 (1H, br s), 10.80 (1H, br s)

EXAMPLE 10

N-[4-(2,4-Dioxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)-phenyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)propionamide hydrochloride

(1) tert-Butyl 4-(1-nitro-2-naphthylamino)phenylcarbamate

1-Nitro-2-naphthyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (20.26 g, 63.07 mmol), tert-butyl 4-aminophenylcarbamate (13.13 g, 63.07 mmol), triphenylphosphine (1.65 g, 6.31 mmol), tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (3.64 g, 3.15 mmol), potassium carbonate (8.72 g, 63.07 mmol), and degassed dry toluene (600 mL) were mixed, and the mixture was refluxed by heating for 6 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was left to cool, and then the insoluble matter was separated by filtration, and washed with ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (hexane/ethyl acetate=4/1), and then recrystallized from ethyl acetate and hexane to obtain the title compound (18.67 g, yield 78%) as yellow crystals.

1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ: 1.54 (9H, s), 6.53 (1H, s), 7.21 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.21 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.37 (1H, t, J=7Hz), 7.44 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.62 (1H, dt, J=1Hz, 9Hz), 7.68 (1H, d, J=7Hz), 7.70 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 8.61 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 9.67 (1H, s)

(2) tert-Butyl 4-(1-amino-2-naphthylamino)phenylcarbamate

tert-Butyl 4-(1-nitro-2-naphthylamino)phenylcarbamate (18.67 g, 49.21 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (180 mL) and methanol (180 ml), platinum oxide (360 mg) was added to the solution, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours under a hydrogen atmosphere. The catalyst was separated by filtration, then the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was washed with methanol to obtain the title compound (15.67 g, yield 91%) as grayish white crystals.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.45 (9H, s), 5.25 (2H, br s), 6.62 (2H, d, J-9Hz), 7.0-7.3 (5H, m), 7.3-7.4 (2H, m), 7.72 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.06 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.90 (1H, br s)

(3) 5-(4-Aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione

tert-Butyl 4-(1-amino-2-naphthylamino)phenylcarbamate (3.00 g, 8.58 mmol), and sodium hydrogencarbonate (2.16 g, 25.7 mmol) were suspended in chloroform (60 mL), ethyl malonyl chloride (1.22 mL, 9.5 mmol) was added dropwise to the suspension over 1 minute with stirring under ice cooling. This reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour under ice cooling, then water was added to the mixture, the resulting mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, and the chloroform layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to obtain a crude product of ethyl 3-[[2-[[4-[(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino]phenyl]amino]-1-naphthyl]amino]-3-oxopropionate (4 g) as brown crystals.

This crude product (4 g) was dissolved in dry tetrahydrofuran (172 mL), 60% sodium hydride (1.72 g, 42.9 mmol) was added to the solution over 1 minute with stirring under ice cooling, and the mixture was stirred under ice cooling for 30 minutes, and then at room temperature for 3 hours. To this reaction mixture, saturated aqueous ammonium chloride was added with stirring under ice cooling, and the organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to obtain a crude product of 5-(4-tert-butoxycarbonylaminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione (4 g) as pale brown crystals.

This crude product (4 g) was suspended in dichloromethane (176 mL), trifluoroacetic acid (13.1 mL, 176 mL) was added dropwise to the suspension over 10 minutes with stirring under ice cooling, and the mixture was stirred under ice cooling for 1 hour, and then at room temperature for 16 hours. The solvent was evaporated at room temperature, saturated aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate and ethyl acetate were added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The deposited crystals were collected by filtration, and washed with water and then with ethyl acetate to obtain the title compound (1.23 g, yield 45%) as brown crystals.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.10 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 3.61 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 5.26 (2H, s), 6.58 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 6.84 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.04 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.57 (1H, t, J=7Hz), 7.6-7.7 (2H, m), 7.90 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.22 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 10.80 (1H, s)

(4) N-[4-(2,4-Dioxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)-phenyl]-3-(pyridin-3-yl)propionamide hydrochloride

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1,5-dihydronaphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4-dione (50 mg, 0.157 mol) obtained above, and 3-(pyridin-3-yl)propionic acid (26 mg, 0.173 mmol), the title compound was obtained as a slightly brown amorphous substance in the same manner as that of Example 6.

1H NMR (DMSO-d, 400 MHz) δ: 2.80 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.11 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.16 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 3.69 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 6.97 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.15 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.6-7.7 (5H, m), 7.9-8.0 (2H, m), 8.25 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.43 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.73 (1H, d, J=5Hz), 8.84 (1H, s), 10.24 (1H, s), 10.89 (1H, s)

EXAMPLE 11

N-[4-(2,4-Dioxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)-phenyl]-3-(pyridin-4-yl)propionamide hydrochloride

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1,5-dihydronaphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4-dione (30 mg, 0.0945 mol) obtained in Example 10, (3), and 3-(pyridin-4-yl)propionic acid (16 mg, 0.103 mmol), the title compound was obtained as a pale yellow amorphous substance in the same manner as that of Example 6.

1H NMR (DMSO-de, 400 MHz) δ: 2.83 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.15 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.3-3.4 (1H, m), 3.70 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 6.98 (1H, dd, J=3, 9Hz), 7.16 (2H, dd, J=3, 9Hz), 7.6-7.7 (5H, m), 7.83 (2H, s), 7.91 (1H, s), 8.25 (1H, d, J=5Hz), 8.74 (2H, d, J=5Hz), 10.19 (1H, a), 10.89 (1H, s)

EXAMPLE 12

2-tert-Butyl-N-[4-(2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-naphtho[2,1-b][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)2-fluorophenyl]benzamide

5-(4-Amino-3-fluorophenyl)-1H-naphtho[2,1-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione (35 mg, 0.104 mmol) synthesized by using 1-nitro-2-naphthyl trifluoromethanesulfonate, and tert-butyl 4-amino-2-fluorophenylcarbamate in the same manner as that of Example 10, (1), (2), and (3), dry pyridine (3 mL), and 2-tert-butylbenzoyl chloride (62.9 mg, 0.320 mmol) were mixed, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4.5 hours. To the reaction mixture, saturated aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate was added, the resulting mixture was extracted with chloroform, and the organic layer was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel chromatography to obtain the title compound (26 mg, yield 49%) as white crystals.

1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz) δ: 1.46 (9H, s), 3.61 (2H, s), 7.0-7.1 (2H, m), 7.18 (1H, dd, J=2, 12Hz), 7.35 (1H, d, J=6Hz), 7.41 (1H, t, J=8Hz), 7.55 (1H, d, J=7Hz), 7.6-7.7 (3H, m), 7.71 (1H, t, J=7Hz), 7.88 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.32 (1H, br s), 8.54 (1H, t, J=9Hz)

EXAMPLE 13

N-[4-(2,4-Dioxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)-phenyl]-3-(pyridin-2-yl)propionamide hydrochloride

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1,5-dihydronaphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4-dione (100 mg, 0.315 mol) obtained in Example 10, (3), and 3-(pyridin-2-yl)propionic acid chloride (0.472 mmol), the title compound was obtained as slightly brown solid in the same manner as that of Example 3.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.02 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.14 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 3.36 (2H, t, J=7Hz), 3.69 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 6.97 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.15 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.5-7.7 (5H, m), 7.8-7.9 (2H, m), 8.01 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.25 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 8.49 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.80 (1H, d, J=6Hz), 10.55 (1H, hr s), 10.92 (1H, br s)

EXAMPLE 14

2-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2,4-dioxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide hydrochloride

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione (63 mg, 0.2 mmol) obtained in Example 10, (3), and 2-(dimethylamino)nicotinic acid (49 mg, 0.24 mmol), the title compound (55 mg, yield 55%) was obtained as slightly yellow crystals in the same manner as that of Example 6.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.02 (6H, s), 3.16 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 3.71 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 6.82 (1H, dd, J=5Hz, 7Hz), 7.02 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.22 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.60 (1H, t, J=7Hz), 7.6-7.9 (5H, m), 7.92 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.20 (1H, dd, J=1Hz, 5Hz), 8.26 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 10.61 (1H, s), 10.90 (1H, s)

EXAMPLE 15

2-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride

By using 5-(4-aminophenyl) 1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (60 mg, 0.2 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1), and 2-(dimethylamino)nicotinic acid (61 mg, 0.3 mmol), the title compound (23 mg, yield 22%) was obtained as yellow crystals in the same manner as that of Example 6.

1H NMR (DMSO-de, 400 MHz) δ: 3.04 (6H, s), 4.0-4.2 (1H, m), 4.4-4.6 (1H, m), 6.86 (1H, t, J=6Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.67 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.7-7.9 (6H, m), 8.08 (1H, d, J=7Hz), 8.22 (1H, d, J=5Hz), 8.46 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 10.92 (1H, s), 11.33 (1H, br s)

EXAMPLE 16

2-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride

(1) 2-Chloro-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide

5-(4-Aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (45.2 g, 150 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1) was suspended in dry tetrahydrofuran (1500 mL), and triethylamine (41.9 mL, 300 mmol) was added to the suspension. To this mixture, 2-chloronicotinic acid chloride (29.0 g, 165 mmol) was added dropwise over 5 minutes, and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour, and then refluxed by heating for 8 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, then water (500 mL) and ethyl acetate (500 mL) were added to the mixture, and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate, and then with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was concentrated from ethyl acetate, and then washed with ethyl acetate, and then with hexane to obtain the title compound (54.7 g) as pale yellow crystals. The washing solution was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (chloroform/methanol =20/1), and washed with ethyl acetate, and then with hexane to obtain the title compound (3.7 g) as slightly brown crystals (total 58.4 g, yield 88%).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.80 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.57 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 7.31 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.5-7.6 (3H, m), 7.6-7.8 (5H, m), 8.0-8.1 (1H, m), 8.11 (1H, dd, J=2Hz, 8Hz), 8.3-8.4 (1H, m), 8.55 (1H, dd, J=2Hz, 5Hz), 10.83 (1H, s), 10.86 (1H, s)

(2) 2-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide

2-Chloro-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide (0.41 g, 0.93 mmol), ethanol (14 mL), and a 2 M solution of dimethylamine in ethanol (14 mL) were mixed, and the mixture was refluxed by heating for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, and then the crystals were collected by filtration, and washed with ethanol to obtain the title compound (0.35 g, yield 71%) as slightly yellow crystals.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.79 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 4.56 (1H, d, J=10Hz), 6.76 (1H, dd, J=5Hz, 8Hz), 7.32 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.54 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.6-7.8 (6H, m), 8.0-8.1 (1H, m), 8.21 (1H, dd, J=2Hz, 5Hz), 8.3-8.4 (1H, m), 10.58 (1H, s), 10.82 (1H, s)

(3) 2-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride

2-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide (32.8 g, 73 mmol) was suspended in ethanol (660 mL), 2 M hydrochloric acid (80 mL) was added to the suspension, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 65 hours. The crystals were collected by filtration, washed with ethanol, air-dried overnight, and then dried at 80° C. for 3 days under reduced pressure to obtain the title compound (30.2 g, yield 79%) as yellow crystals.

The NMR data were the same as those mentioned in Example 15.

EXAMPLE 17

2-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dimethanesulfonate

2-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide (376 mg, 0.84 mmol) obtained in Example 16, (2), and methanesulfonic acid (161 mg, 1.68 mmol) were dissolved in water (0.8 mL) and ethanol (0.8 mL), ethanol (8 mL) was added to the solution, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The deposited crystals were collected by filtration, and washed with ethanol to obtain the title compound (445 mg, yield 82%) as yellow crystals.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 2.32 (6H, s), 3.04 (6H, s), 4.0-4.2 (1H, m), 4.4-4.6 (1H, m), 6.87 (1H, dd, J=5Hz, 7Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.66 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 7.7-7.9 (4H, m), 7.89 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 8.09 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.22 (1H, dd, J=2Hz, 5Hz), 8.46 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 10.89 (1H, s), 11.35 (1H, bs)

EXAMPLE 18

N-[4-(2,4-Dioxo-3,4-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]-diazepin-5(2H)-yl)phenyl]-2-(morpholin-4-yl)-nicotinamide hydrochloride

To a solution of 2-(morpholin-4-yl)nicotinic acid (63.5 mg, 0.315 mmol) in anhydrous dimethylformamide (5 mL), HATU (144 mg, 0.378 mmol), and diisopropylethylamine (48.0 mg, 0.378 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes under a nitrogen atmosphere, then 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-b][1,4]diazepine-2,4(3H,5H)-dione (100 mg, 0.315 mmol) obtained in Example 10, (3) was added to the mixture, and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was treated in the same manner as that of Example 7 to purify the product, and the product was made into hydrochloride in a conventional manner to obtain the title compound as yellow powder (yield 42%).

1H NMR (CD3OD, 400 MHz) δ: 3.34 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 3.53 (4H, t, J=5Hz), 3.70 (1H, d, J=12Hz), 3.80 (4H, t, J=5Hz), 7.06 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.21 (1H, dd, J-9Hz, J=7Hz), 7.2-7.3 (2H, m), 7.5-7.6 (1H, m), 7.6-7.7 (2H, m), 7.7-7.8 (2H, m), 7.88 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.1-8.3 (2H, m), 8.26 (1H, dd, J=7Hz, J=2Hz)

EXAMPLE 19

N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(1H-pyrrol-1-yl)nicotinamide dihydrochloride

To a solution of 2-(1H-pyrrol-1-ylnicotinic acid hydrochloride (337 mg, 1.50 mmol) in anhydrous dimethylformamide (10 mL), HATU (860 mg, 2.25 mmol), and diisopropylethylamine (585 mg, 4.50 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes under a nitrogen atmosphere, then 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (150 mg, 0.50 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1) was added to the mixture, and the resulting mixture was stirred for 16 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was treated in the same manner as that of Example 7 to purify the product, and the product was made into hydrochloride in a conventional manner to obtain the title compound as yellow powder (yield 26%).

1H NMR (DMSO-de, 400 MHz) δ: 4.1-4.3 (1H, m), 4.4-4.6 (1H, m), 6.24 (2H, t, J=2Hz), 7.28 (2H, t, J=2Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J-9Hz), 7.49 (1H, dd, J=8Hz, J=5Hz), 7.6-7.9 (7H, m), 8.0-8.2 (2H, m), 8.48 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.63 (1H, dd, J=5Hz, J=2Hz), 11.18 (1H, bra), 11.57 (1H, brs)

EXAMPLE 20

2-(Morpholin-4-yl)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride

To a solution of 2-(morpholin-4-yl)nicotinic acid (208 mg, 1.00 mmol) in anhydrous dimethylformamide (3 mL), HATU (573 mg, 1.50 mmol), and diisopropylethylamine (387 mg, 3.00 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes under a nitrogen atmosphere, then 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (100 mg, 0.33 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1) was added to the mixture, and the resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was treated in the same manner as that of Example 7 to purify the product, and the product was made into hydrochloride in a conventional manner to obtain the title compound as yellow powder (yield 32%).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.30 (4H, t, J=5Hz), 3.6-3.7 (4H, m), 4.1-4.3 (1H, m), 4.4-4.7 (2H, m), 7.03 (1H, dd, J-8Hz, J=5Hz), 7.34 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.71 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 7.7-8.0 (4H, m), 7.96 (2H, d, J=8Hz), 8.10 (1H, d, J=7Hz), 8.35 (1H, dd, J=5Hz, J=2Hz), 8.48 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 10.97 (1H, brs), 11.49 (1H, brs)

EXAMPLE 21

N-[4-(2-Oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]-diazepin-5-yl)phenyl]-2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)nicotinamide dihydrochloride

To a solution of 2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)nicotinic acid sodium salt (214 mg, 1.00 mmol) in anhydrous dimethylformamide (10 mL), HATU (420 mg, 1.10 mmol), and diisopropylethylamine (193 mg, 1.50 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes under a nitrogen atmosphere, then 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (200 mg, 0.67 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1) was added to the mixture, and the resulting mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 16 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was treated in the same manner as that of Example 7 to purify the product, and the product was made into hydrochloride in a conventional manner to obtain the title compound as yellow powder (yield 12%).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 1.9-2.1 (4H, m), 3.6-3.8 (4H, m), 4.1-4.3 (1H, m), 4.4-4.6 (1H, m), 6.99 (1H, t, J=7Hz), 7.33 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.7-7.9 (5H, m), 7.95 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 8.11 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.1-8.3 (2H, m), 8.49 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 11.4 (1H, brs), 11.5 (1H, brs)

EXAMPLE 22

4-(Dimethylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride

To a solution of 4-(dimethylamino)nicotinic acid potassium salt (100 mg, 0.49 mmol) in anhydrous dimethylformamide (10 ml), HATU (281 mg, 0.735 mmol), and diisopropylethylamine (190 mg, 1.47 mmol) were added under ice cooling. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere, then 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (40 mg, 0.133 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1) was added to the mixture, and the resulting mixture was stirred at 35° C. for 16 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was treated in the same manner as that of Example 7 to purify the product, and the product was made into hydrochloride in the same manner as that of Example 16, (3) to obtain the title compound as yellow powder (yield 14%).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ: 3.19 (6H, s), 4.1-4.3 (1H, m), 4.4-4.6 (1H, m), 7.19 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.31 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.7-7.9 (5H, m), 7.99 (2H, d, J=9Hz), 8.10 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.30 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.49 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.61 (1H, s), 11.6 (1H, brs), 11.7 (1H, brs)

EXAMPLE 23

2-Isopropyl-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride

To a solution of 2-isopropylnicotinic acid hydrochloride (350 mg, 1.70 mmol) in anhydrous dimethylformamide (20 mL), HATU (990 mg, 2.60 mmol), and diisopropylethylamine (700 mg, 5.40 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred for 2 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere, then 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (170 mg, 0.570 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1) was added to the mixture, and the resulting mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 16 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was treated in the same manner as that of Example 7 to purify the product, and the product was made into hydrochloride in the same manner as that of Example 16, (3) to obtain the title compound (yield 1.0%) as yellow powder.

1H NMR (CD3OD, 400 MHz) δ: 1.54 (6H, d, J=7Hz), 3.76 (1H, q, J=7Hz), 4.56 (2H, bra), 7.44 (1H, d, J=9Hz), 7.7-8.0 (5H, m), 8.0-8.2 (4H, m), 8.53 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 8.80 (1H, dd, J=8Hz, J=1Hz), 8.91 (1H, dd, J=6Hz, J=1Hz)

EXAMPLE 24

2-(Isoproylamino)-N-[4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-5(2H)-yl)phenyl]nicotinamide dihydrochloride

To a solution of 2-(isopropylamino)nicotinic acid (400 mg, 2.22 mmol) in anhydrous dimethylformamide (10 mL), HATU (1.00 g, 2.62 mmol), and diisopropylethylamine (860 mg, 6.66 mmol) were added. The mixture was stirred for 2 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere, then 5-(4-aminophenyl)-1H-naphtho[1,2-e][1,4]diazepin-2(3H)-one (150 mg, 0.50 mmol) obtained in Example 1, (1) was added to the mixture, and under a nitrogen atmosphere, the resulting mixture was stirred at 30° C. for 10 hours, and then further stirred at 90° C. for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was treated in the same manner as that of Example 7 to purify the product, and the product was made into hydrochloride in the same manner as that of Example 16, (3) to obtain the title compound (yield 21%) as yellow powder.

1H NMR (CD3OD, 400 MHz) δ: 1.41 (6H, d, J=6Hz), 4.0-4.1 (1H, m), 4.1-4.7 (2H, m), 7.0-7.1 (1H, m), 7.41 (1H, d, J=8Hz), 7.7-7.9 (5H, m), 8.10 (4H, dd, J=7Hz), 8.50 (1H, d, J=7Hz), 8.68 (1H, d, J=6Hz)

EXAMPLE 25

(P2X4 Receptor Antagonist Activity)

(Test Method)

The P2X4 receptor antagonist activities of the compounds of the present invention were measured as follows.

The 1321N1 cells stably expressing human P2X4 receptor were seeded on a 96-well plate, cultured under the conditions of 37° C. and 5% CO2 for 24 hours, and then used for intracellular calcium measurement. Fura-2 AM, which is a calcium fluorescent indicator, was used for the intracellular calcium measurement. Fura-2 AM dissolved in an assay buffer was added to the cells, the cells were left standing at room temperature for 45 minutes so that Fura-2 AM was incorporated into the cells, and then the plate was used for the fluorescence measurement. The treatment of the cells with each test substance was performed 15 minutes before the addition of ATP, and inflow of calcium into the cells as a response induced by the addition of ATP was measured over time by using a microplate reader. The ratio of fluorescence values obtained with excitation lights of 340 nm and 380 nm was used as an index of the change of intracellular calcium level, and the inhibitory activity of the test substance was calculated on the basis of the comparison with the value obtained in the absence of the test substance (control).

(Test Results)


TABLE 9
Test compound
Inhibitory activity IC50 (μM)
Example 2
0.77
Example 3
1.6
Example 4
1.5
Example 7
0.97
Example 12
0.37
Example 14
0.59
Paroxetine
4.0

As clearly seen from the results shown in Table 9, it was found that the compounds of the present invention have superior P2X4 receptor antagonist activity.

EXAMPLE 26

(P2X4 Receptor Antagonist Activity)

(Test Method)

In the same manner as that of Example 25, the P2X4 receptor antagonist activities were measured. The results are shown in Table 10.

(Test results)


TABLE 10
Test compound
Inhibitory activity IC50 (μM)
Example 15
0.88
Example 18
1.3
Example 19
2.4
Example 20
2.5
Example 21
1.3
Example 22
1.5
Example 23
2.3
Example 24
8.6
Paroxetine
4.0

As clearly seen from the results shown in Table 10, it was found that the compounds of the present invention described in the examples have superior P2X4 receptor antagonist activity.

EXAMPLE 27

(P2X Receptor Family Selectivity of the Compound Described in Example 15)

(Test Method)

Inhibitory activities of the compound described in Example 15 against the P2X3 receptor and P2X7 receptor, among the P2X receptor family members, were evaluated by the calcium imaging method using cells expressing each receptor, and compared with the inhibitory activity against the human P2X4 receptor. The inhibitory activities of the compound against the rat and mouse P2X4 receptors were also confirmed.


TABLE 11
Inhibition of agonist-induced
Receptor
Ca2+ influx (IC50, μM)
Human P2X4
0.88
Mouse P2X4
0.52
Rat P2X4
1.3
Rat P2X3
6.8
Rat P2X7
>30
Human P2X7
>30

As shown in Table 11, the compound described in Example 15 showed high selectivity for the P2X4 receptor. Species-specific difference of the P2X4 receptor inhibitory activity was not observed among human, mouse, and rat.

EXAMPLE 28

(Analgesic Activity)

The analgesic activity of the compound of the present invention was measured by the following method.

Preparation of Rat Neuropathic Pain Model (Modified Chung Model)

Rat neuropathic pain model (modified Chung model) was prepared according to the method of Kim, S. H., Chung, J. M. et al. (An experimental model for peripheral neuropathy produced by segmental spinal nerve ligation in the rat, Pain, 50, 355-363 (1992)). More specifically, under isoflurane anesthesia, back hair of rats was extensively shaved, the shaved parts were wiped with rubbing alcohol, the rats were fixed in the prone position on a heating pad, and the skins were cut and opened along the dorsal median line on the upper and lower sides of the sacroiliac bone. The left lateral paravertebral muscle was separated in the sacral region, and then the ligament was separated. The sacroiliae rim and the upper part thereof were cut and opened along the pyramid, the L5 spinal nerve was ligated, and the nerve was cut on the peripheral side. Then, the operative wound was sutured.

Measurement of Pain Threshold and Calculation Method of 50% Threshold

The pain threshold (paw withdrawal threshold (g)) was measured by stimulating the soles of rats with each of seven von Frey filaments (Stoelting Co., TOUCH-TEST SENSORY EVALUATOR) that gave different stimulation strengths, and determining presence or absence of withdrawal response. The 50% threshold was calculated according to the up down method with reference to the method of Chaplan et al. (Chaplan S R, Bach F W, Pogrel J W, Chung J M, Yaksh T L: Quantitative assessment of tactile allodynia in the rat paw, J. Neurosci. Method, 53:55-63 (1994)).

Evaluation Method and Results

For evaluation of efficacy, the compound described in Example 15 was repeatedly orally administered to the rats with a sonde for oral administration in rats for 14 days from the day 9 after the modified Chung operation, and effect thereof on the pain threshold measured in the von Frey filament test was observed. As a result, pain threshold of the affected limb was increased by 14 days-repeated oral administration of 30 mg/kg of the compounds described in Example 15 twice a day (60 mg/kg/day), and significant statistical difference between the vehicle group and the compound administration group was found (FIG. 1). The pain threshold was measured 3 hours after the administration.

In FIG. 1:

  • Mean±S.E.M. (n=X−Y), ***; P<0.001 (60 mg/kg/day), *; P<0.05 (60 mg/kg/day) vs. vehicle group.
  • Two-Way ANOVA Bonferroni post tests

    Explanation of Symbols

In FIG. 1, the open circles (∘) indicate the results obtained with administration of the vehicle (n=7 to 10), and the black solid circles (●) indicate the results obtained with administration of 60 mg/kg/day of the compound described in Example 15 (n=5 to 10).

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Benzofuro-1,4-diazepin-2-one derivatives BAYER HEALTHCARE AG,FISCHER, RÜDIGER,KALTHOF, BERND,GRÜTZMANN, RUDI,WOLTERING, ELISABETH 12 March 2004 07 October 2004
Diazepinedione derivatives NIPPON CHEMIPHAR CO., LTD.,SAKUMA, SHOGO,ENDO, TSUYOSHI,TAKAHASHI, TOSHIHIRO,IMAI, TOSHIYASU 02 February 2010 12 August 2010
Screening method of drug for treatment of neuropathic pain JAPAN HEALTH SCIENCES FOUNDATION 01 October 2003 07 April 2005
Diazepinedione derivative NIPPON CHEMIPHAR CO., LTD. 15 February 2010 21 December 2011
P2x4 receptor antagonist NIPPON CHEMIPHAR CO., LTD.,SAKUMA, SHOGO,ENDO, TSUYOSHI,IMAI, TOSHIYASU,KANAKUBO, NORIKO 24 August 2007 28 February 2008
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