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Patent Analysis of

P2X7 modulators

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10150765

Application Number

US15/258320

Application Date

07 September 2016

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

JANSSEN PHARMACEUTICA NV

Original Assignee (Applicant)

JANSSEN PHARMACEUTICA NV

International Classification

C07D471/04,A61K31/497,C07F7/08,C07D401/14

Cooperative Classification

C07D471/04,A61K31/497,C07F7/0812,C07D401/14,C07B2200/07

Inventor

ALCAZAR VACA, MANUEL JESUS,ANDRES GIL, JOSE IGNACIO,CHROVIAN, CHRISTA C.,COATE, HEATHER R.,DE ANGELIS, MERI,DVORAK, CURT A.,GELIN, CHRISTINE F.,LETAVIC, MICHAEL A.,SAVALL, BRAD M.,SOYODE-JOHNSON, AKINOLA,STENNE, BRICE M.,SWANSON, DEVIN M.

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US10150765 P2X7 modulators 1 US10150765 P2X7 modulators 2 US10150765 P2X7 modulators 3
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Abstract

The present invention is directed to compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb):

The invention also relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb). Methods of making and using the compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb) are also within the scope of the invention.

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Claims

1. A pharmaceutical composition comprising:

(a) a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone; 5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine;(S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone;(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)6,7dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone;(6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine; and(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine; and(b) at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

2. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1, wherein the composition is an oral dosage form.

3. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 2, wherein the compound is (R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein the compound is a free base.

4. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 2, wherein the compound is 5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein the compound is a free base.

5. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 2, wherein the compound is (S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein the compound is a free base.

6. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 2, wherein the compound is (R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)6,7dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein the compound is a free base.

7. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 2, wherein the compound is (6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein the compound is a free base.

8. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 2, wherein the compound is (6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein the compound is a free base.

9. A method of treating a condition selected from the group consisting of:

major depressive disorder, treatment-resistant depression, anxious depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, epileptic seizures, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, irritable bowel disease, Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriasis, allergic dermatitis, asthma, allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, and spontaneous pain, comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound selected from the group consisting of:(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone; 5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine;(S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone;(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone;(6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine; and(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine.

10. The method according to claim 9, wherein the condition is selected from the group consisting of major depressive disorder, treatment-resistant depression, anxious depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety.

11. The method according to claim 9, wherein the condition is selected from the group consisting of irritable bowel syndrome, irritable bowel disease, and Crohn's disease.

12. The method according to claim 9, wherein the condition is Alzheimer's disease.

13. The method according to claim 9, wherein the compound is (R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein the compound is a free base.

14. The method according to claim 9, wherein the compound is 5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein the compound is a free base.

15. The method according to claim 9, wherein the compound is (S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein the compound is a free base.

16. The method according to claim 9, wherein the compound is (R*) -(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein the compound is a free base.

17. The method according to claim 9, wherein the compound is (6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein the compound is a free base.

18. The method according to claim 9, wherein the compound is (6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein the compound is a free base.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A pharmaceutical composition comprising:
    • (a) a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from the group consisting of:(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone; 5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine;(S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone;(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)6,7dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone;(6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine; and(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine; and
    • (b) at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.
    • 2. The pharmaceutical composition according to claim 1, wherein
      • the composition is an oral dosage form.
  • 9
    9. A method of treating a condition selected from the group consisting of:
    • major depressive disorder, treatment-resistant depression, anxious depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety, epileptic seizures, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, irritable bowel disease, Crohn's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriasis, allergic dermatitis, asthma, allergic asthma, allergic rhinitis, neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, and spontaneous pain, comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound selected from the group consisting of:(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
    • 5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
    • (S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
    • (R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
    • (6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
    • and(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine.
    • 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the condition is selected from the group consisting of
    • 11. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the condition is selected from the group consisting of
    • 12. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the condition is Alzheimer's disease.
    • 13. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the compound is (R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein
    • 14. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the compound is 5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein
    • 15. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the compound is (S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein
    • 16. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the compound is (R*) -(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone, and wherein
    • 17. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the compound is (6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein
    • 18. The method according to claim 9, wherein
      • the compound is (6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and wherein
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Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is related compounds having P2X7 modulating properties, pharmaceutical compositions comprising these compounds, chemical processes for preparing these compounds and their use in the treatment of diseases associated with P2X7 receptor activity in animals, in particular humans.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The P2X7 receptor is a ligand-gated ion channel and is present on a variety of cell types, largely those known to be involved in the inflammatory and/or immune process, specifically, macrophages and monocytes in the periphery and predominantly in glial cells (microglia and astrocytes) of the CNS. (Duan and Neary, Glia 2006, 54, 738-746; Skaper et al., FASEB J 2009, 24, 337-345; Surprenant and North, Annu. Rev. Physiol. 2009, 71, 333-359). Activation of the P2X7 receptor by extracellular nucleotides, in particular adenosine triphosphate, leads to the release of proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 (Muller, et. al. Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol. 2011, 44, 456-464), giant cell formation (macrophages/microglial cells), degranulation (mast cells) and L-selectin shedding (lymphocytes) (Ferrari et al., J. Immunol. 2006, 176, 3877-3883; Surprenant and North, Annu. Rev. Physiol. 2009, 71, 333-359). P2X7 receptors are also located on antigen-presenting cells (keratinocytes, salivary acinar cells (parotid cells)), hepatocytes, erythrocytes, erythroleukaemic cells, monocytes, fibroblasts, bone marrow cells, neurones, and renal mesangial cells.

The importance of P2X7 in the nervous system arises primarily from experiments using P2X7 knock out mice. These mice demonstrate the role of P2X7 in the development and maintenance of pain as these mice were protected from the development of both adjuvant-induced inflammatory pain and partial nerve ligation induced neuropathic pain (Chessell et al., Pain 2005, 114, 386-396). In addition P2X7 knock out mice also exhibit an anti-depressant phenotype based on reduced immobility in forced swim and tail suspension tests (Basso et al., Behav. Brain Res. 2009, 198, 83-90.). Moreover, the P2X7 pathway is linked to the release of the proinflammatory cytokine, IL-1β, which has been linked to precipitation of mood disorders in humans (Dantzer, Immunol. Allergy Clin. North Am. 2009, 29, 247-264; Capuron and Miller, Pharmacol. Ther. 2011, 130, 226-238). In addition, in murine models of Alzheimer's disease, P2X7 was upregulated around amyloid plaques indicating a role of this target in such pathology as well (Parvathenani et al., J. Biol. Chem. 2003, 278, 13309-13317).

In view of the clinical importance of P2X7, the identification of compounds that modulate P2X7 receptor function represents an attractive avenue into the development of new therapeutic agents. Such compounds are provided herein.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention is directed to the general and preferred embodiments defined, respectively, by the independent and dependent claims appended hereto, which are incorporated by reference herein. One aspect of this invention concerns compounds of Formula (I):

wherein:

  • R1 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to four groups selected from:

    • halo, C1-C4alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl or perhaloalkoxy; or
    • (b) heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

      • wherein Rk is selected from: H, halo, C1-C3alkyl or alkoxy;
      • Rj is selected from H, C1-C3alkyl optionally substituted with halo, OH or alkoxy; and
      • n is an integer from 0-3;
  • X is N or CR2;
  • R2 is H, perhaloalkyl or C1-C3 lower alkyl;
  • R3 is H, perhaloalkyl, C1-C4 alkyl, alkalkoxy, CH2Ri, —C(O)Re or phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy;
  • Ri is OH, OC1-C3 alkyl, NC3H6, N(C1-C3alkyl)2 or halo;
  • Re is OH, OC1-C3 alkyl, N(C1-C3alkyl)2, or NC3H6;
  • R4 and R5 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl;
  • R8 is phenyl or pyridyl, optionally substituted with zero to four Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy; or
  • R8 is selected from the group consisting of:

  • and pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I).

Another aspect of this invention concerns compounds of Formula (IIa and IIb):

wherein:

  • R3, R4 and R6 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl;
  • R8 is phenyl or pyridyl, optionally substituted with zero to three Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl and perhaloalkyl;
  • R7 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from halo or C1-C3alkyl; or

    • (b) heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

      • wherein Rk is selected from halo or C1-C3alkyl;
      • Rj is selected from H or C1-C3alkyl wherein C1-C3alkyl is optionally substituted with halo or alkoxy; and
      • n is an integer from 0-3; and
  • pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb).

Further embodiments are provided by pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb).

In certain embodiments, the compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb) are compounds selected from those species described or exemplified in the detailed description below.

In a further aspect, the invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions for treating a disease, disorder, or medical condition mediated by P2X7 receptor activity, comprising a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb).

Pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention may further comprise one or more pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.

In another aspect, the chemical embodiments of the present invention are useful as P2X7 receptor modulators. Thus, the invention is directed to a method for modulating P2X7 receptor activity, including when such receptor is in a subject, comprising exposing P2X7 receptor to a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb).

In another aspect, the invention is directed to a method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a disease, disorder, or medical condition mediated by P2X7 receptor activity, comprising administering to the subject in need of such treatment a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb). Additional embodiments of methods of treatment are set forth in the detailed description.

In another aspect, method of studying isotopically labeled compounds in metabolic studies (preferably with 14C), reaction kinetic studies (with, for example 2H or 3H), detection or imaging techniques [such as positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)] including drug or substrate tissue distribution assays, or in radioactive treatment of patients. For example, an 18F or 11C labeled compound may be particularly preferred for PET or SPECT studies.

An object of the present invention is to overcome or ameliorate at least one of the disadvantages of the conventional methodologies and/or prior art, or to provide a useful alternative thereto.

Additional embodiments, features, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description and through practice of the invention.

Additional embodiments of this invention include methods of making compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb), and pharmaceutically active metabolites of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb).

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

FIG. 1. Powder X-Ray Diffraction Pattern for (R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone (Examples 158 and 344)

FIG. 2. Powder X-Ray Diffraction Pattern for (S)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone (Example 228)

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

A compound of Formula (I):

wherein:

  • R1 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to four groups selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C4alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy; or

    • (b) heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

      • wherein Rk is selected from: H, halo, C1-C3alkyl or alkoxy;
      • Rj is selected from H, C1-C3alkyl; wherein C1-C3alkyl is optionally substituted with halo, OH or alkoxy; and
      • n is an integer from 0-3;
  • X is N or CR2;
  • R2 is H, perhaloalkyl or C1-C3 lower alkyl;
  • R3 is H, perhaloalkyl, C1-C4 alkyl, alkalkoxy, CH2Ri, —C(O)Re or phenyl; wherein phenyl is optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy;
  • Ri is OH, OC1-C3 alkyl, NC3H6, N(C1-C3alkyl)2 or halo;
  • Re is OH, OC1-C3 alkyl, N(C1-C3alkyl)2, or NC3H6;
  • R4 and R5 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl; and
  • R8 is phenyl or pyridyl, optionally substituted with zero to four Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy; or
  • R8 is selected from the group consisting of:

  •  and pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I).

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to four groups selected from: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl or perhaloalkoxy.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is phenyl, optionally substituted with one to three groups selected from: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl or perhaloalkoxy.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is phenyl, optionally substituted with one to two groups selected from: halo or perhaloalkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is N.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is CR2.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is CR2 and R2 is H, perhaloalkyl or C1-C3 lower alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is CR2 and R2 is H or C1-C3 lower alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is CR2 and R2 is H.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is phenyl, optionally substituted with halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl or perhaloalkoxy.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is phenyl, optionally substituted with halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy or perhaloalkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is phenyl, optionally substituted with halo.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is H, perhaloalkyl or C1-C4 alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is H or C1-C4 alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is H.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is C1-C4 alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is C1-C3 alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is C1-C2 alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R3 is CH3.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R4 and R5 are H.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R4 and R5 are C1-C3 alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R4 is H and R5 is C1-C3 alkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R4 is C1-C3 alkyl and R5 is H.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R4 and R5 are CH3.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R4 is H and R5 is CH3.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R4 is CH3 and R5 is H.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R8 is phenyl optionally substituted with zero to four Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R8 is phenyl optionally substituted with two to four Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R8 is phenyl and Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl and perhaloalkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R8 is phenyl and Rm is halo in the ortho position and Rm is perhaloalkyl in the meta position.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, R8 is phenyl and Rm is Cl in the ortho position and Rm is CF3 in the meta position.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is N, R3 is CH3, R4 and R5 are H, R8 is phenyl, Rm is Cl in the ortho position, Rm is CF3 in the meta position and R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is N, R3 is CH3, R4 and R5 are H, R8 is phenyl, Rm is Cl in the ortho position, Rm is CF3 in the meta position and R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is N, R3 is CH3, R4 and R5 are H, R8 is phenyl, Rm is Cl in the ortho position, Rm is CF3 in the meta position and R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is N, R3 is CH3, R4 and R5 are H, R8 is phenyl, Rm is Cl in the ortho position, Rm is CF3 in the meta position and R1 is:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound of Formula (I) wherein, X is CR2, R3 is CH3, R2, R4 and R5 are H, R8 is phenyl, Rm is Cl in the ortho position, Rm is CF3 in the meta position and R1 is:

Another aspect of the invention is compounds of Formula IIa or IIb:

    • wherein:
    • R3, R4 and R6 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl;
    • R8 is phenyl or pyridyl; optionally substituted with zero to three Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl and perhaloalkyl; and
    • R7 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from halo or C1-C3alkyl, or

      • (b) heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

        • wherein Rk is selected from halo or C1-C3alkyl;
        • Rj is selected from H or C1-C3alkyl; wherein C1-C3alkyl is optionally substituted with halo or alkoxy; and
        • n is an integer from 0-3; and
    • pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I).

An additional embodiment of the invention are compounds of Formula IIa and IIb wherein, R8 is phenyl optionally substituted with two to four Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy.

An additional embodiment of the invention are compounds of Formula IIa and IIb wherein, R8 is phenyl and Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl and perhaloalkyl.

An additional embodiment of the invention are compounds of Formula IIa and IIb wherein, R8 is phenyl, Rm is halo in the ortho position and Rm is perhaloalkyl in the meta position.

An additional embodiment of the invention are compounds of Formula IIa and IIb wherein, R8 is phenyl, Rm is Cl in the ortho position and Rm is CF3 in the meta position.

An additional embodiment of the invention are compounds of Formula IIa and IIb wherein, R3 is H and R4 is CH3.

An additional embodiment of the invention are compounds of Formula IIa and IIb wherein, R3 is CH3 and R4 is H.

An additional embodiment of the invention are compounds of Formula IIa and IIb wherein, R7 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from: halo or C1-C3alkyl,

An additional embodiment of the invention are compounds of Formula IIa and IIb wherein, R7 is heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

An additional embodiment of the invention is a compound selected from the group consisting of those presented in Table 1:


TABLE 1
Compounds of Formulas (I, IIa and IIb)
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-
5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(1-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-3H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(3-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-3H-imidazo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-3H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-ethyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-isopropyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
Ethyl 5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate
Ethyl 5-(2,3-dichlorobenzoyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate
Ethyl 5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate
Ethyl 5-(2,3-dichlorobenzoyl)-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate
Ethyl 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate
Ethyl 5-[(2,3-dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate
(5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)methanol
1-(5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)-N,N-
dimethylmethanamine
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-(fluoromethyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-N,N-dimethyl-1-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-
carboxamide
4-(Azetidin-1-ylcarbonyl)-5-{[2-chloro-3-
(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-
1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
(5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)methyl 2-chloro-3-
(trifluoromethyl)benzoate
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(2-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-(trifluoromethyl)-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4S*)-5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4R*)-5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4S*)-5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-
fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4S)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-
fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-
3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,2-Difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-(2,3-Dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-ylcarbonyl)-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,2-Dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-yl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,4-dimethyl-1-
phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-ethyl-1-pyrazin-2-
yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-
2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-2-
(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-
2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-
2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-
2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-phenyl-1-pyrazin-
2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-phenyl-1-pyrazin-
2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-
4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-
4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-(1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-(1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(4R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-
pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
92: 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-pyridin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine. TFA salt
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(5-fluoropyridin-2-
yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(5-fluoropyridin-3-
yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-pyridin-3-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-pyrazin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
98: 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-pyrimidin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-
pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-methyl-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine and 6-[(2,3-
dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-
pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine(1:1)
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-methyl-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-[(2,3-Dichloropyridin-4-yl)carbonyl]-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-
1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-
2-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-
1-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-pyridin-
3-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-methyl-3-pyridin-
3-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-methyl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-pyridin-3-yl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-pyridin-3-yl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-
pyrimidin-5-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-pyridin-4-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-
2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyridin-
2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(2-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-(S*)-6-methyl-1-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-(R*)-6-methyl-1-
pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-6-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-
tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-6-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-
yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(2-(2-fluoroethoxy)phenyl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4-Chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(3,4-Difluoro-2-methylphenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo-[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S*)-(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S*)-(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-
4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-
4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(6-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(S)-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3,5-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(1-(3,5-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-pyrazol-
3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1-methyl-1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S)-(3-chloro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-
fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-
fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridine
(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1-methyl-1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1-methyl-1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-
5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-
5(4H)-yl)methanone
5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R)-(3-chloro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-
yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(2-ethyl-4-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyridin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyridin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(3-methyl-2-
(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)methanone
(R)-(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(6-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S*)-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(S)-(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-
fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-
fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-
2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-
fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-
fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-
4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-5-{[2-methyl-3-
(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6R*)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-5-{[2-methyl-3-
(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-5-{[2-methyl-3-
(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyrazin-
2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(6-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-
pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-
pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-
6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-
2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-
2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
5-[(2,4-Dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-
6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6R*)-5-[(2,4-Dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-
2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-[(2,4-Dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-
2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6R)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-
(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-
(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-
pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(6S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-
pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-7-
methyl-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-7-
methyl-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-
yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R)-4-methyl-1-(6-
methyl-1,6-dihydropyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4R)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-
methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-
5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,7-dimethyl-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(5-methylpyridin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4,6-dimethyl-1-phenyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4,7-dimethyl-1-phenyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-dimethyl-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(7-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(7-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-7-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-7-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-methoxyethyl)-1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-
5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-methoxyethyl)-1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-
5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(oxazol-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyrazin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(5-methylpyridin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(3-methylpyridin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-
6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(2-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1,5-dimethyl-3-(1-methyl-1H-
pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(5-methyl-3-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-
4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(5-methyl-3-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-
pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6R)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-
dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6S)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-
dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6R)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-
dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6S)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-
dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(6-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-
dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-3-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-
3H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(6-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(3-methylpyridin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(3-methylpyridin-
2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(3-propoxypyridin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-ethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(1-(3-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-
pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-
pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyridin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(5-methylpyridin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-7-
methyl-2-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-
pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-
[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(3-
(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoro-4-
methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoro-4-
methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(3-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(7-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-
dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-
pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6S)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-
pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone
(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-
imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-
dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-
methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1H-
pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-
5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6S)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-
pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-
pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-
1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
322: (3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)(2-
(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-
c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2,6-dichlorophenyl)(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-
6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-6-fluorophenyl)(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-
c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-4,5-dihydro-2H-
pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(2-methyl-3-(pyridin-4-yl)-4,5-
dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(2-methyl-3-(pyridin-4-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-
pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(2-methyl-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-
pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-
c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(2-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(2-ethyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-
c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-
6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(8-methyl-3-(pyrazin-2-yl)-5,6-
dihydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl)methanone
(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-
1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(3-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R*)-(4-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R*)-(3-chloro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-
yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-
yl)methanone
(R*)-(3-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(4-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone
(R*)-(3-chloro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-
yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

An additional embodiment of the invention is a pharmaceutical composition, comprising:

    • (a) a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from compounds Formula I:

wherein;

  • R1 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to four groups selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C4alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy; or

    • (b) heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

      • wherein Rk is selected from the group consisting of: H, halo, C1-C3alkyl and alkoxy;
      • Rj is selected from the group consisting of: H, C1-C3alkyl optionally substituted with halo, OH and alkoxy; and
      • n is an integer from 0-3;
  • X is N or CR2;
  • R2 is H, perhaloalkyl or C1-C3 lower alkyl;
  • R3 is H, perhaloalkyl, C1-C4 alkyl, alkalkoxy, CH2Ri, —C(O)Re or phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from:

    • halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy;
  • Ri is OH, OC1-C3 alkyl, NC3H6, N(C1-C3alkyl)2 or halo;
  • Re is OH, OC1-C3 alkyl, N(C1-C3alkyl)2, NC3H6;
  • R4 and R5 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl; and
  • R8 is phenyl or pyridyl, optionally substituted with zero to four Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy; or
  • R8 is selected from the group consisting of:

  •  and pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I); and

    • (b) at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a pharmaceutical composition, comprising:

(a) a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from compounds of Formula (IIa and IIb):

wherein:

  • R3, R4 and R6 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl;
  • R8 is phenyl or pyridyl, optionally substituted with zero to three Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl and perhaloalkyl;
  • R7 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from halo or C1-C3alkyl; or

    • (b) heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

      • wherein Rk is selected from halo or C1-C3alkyl;
      • Rj is selected from H or C1-C3alkyl wherein C1-C3alkyl is optionally substituted with halo or alkoxy;
      • n is an integer from 0-3; and
    • pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (IIa and IIb); and

(b) at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound in Table 1 and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a disease, disorder, or medical condition mediated by P2X7 receptor activity, comprising administering to a subject in need of such treatment a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from compounds of Formula (I):

wherein:

  • R1 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to four groups selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C4alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy; or

    • (b) heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

      • wherein Rk is selected from the group consisting of: H, halo, C1-C3alkyl and alkoxy;
      • Rj is selected from the group consisting of: H, C1-C3alkyl optionally substituted with halo, OH and alkoxy; and
      • n is 0-3;
  • X is N or CR2;
  • R2 is H, perhaloalkyl or C1-C3 lower alkyl;
  • R3 is H, perhaloalkyl, C1-C4 alkyl, alkalkoxy, CH2Ri, —C(O)Re or phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy;
  • Ri is OH, OC1-C3 alkyl, NC3H6, N(C1-C3alkyl)2 or halo;
  • Re is OH, OC1-C3 alkyl, N(C1-C3alkyl)2, or NC3H6;
  • R4 and R5 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl; and
  • R8 is phenyl or pyridyl, optionally substituted with zero to four Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl, alkoxy, perhaloalkyl and perhaloalkoxy; or
  • R8 is selected from the group consisting of

  •  and pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I)

An additional embodiment of the invention is a method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a disease, disorder, or medical condition mediated by P2X7 receptor activity, comprising administering to a subject in need of such treatment a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound selected from compounds of Formula (IIa and IIb):

wherein:

  • R3, R4 and R6 are independently H or C1-C3 alkyl;
  • R8 is phenyl or pyridyl, optionally substituted with zero to three Rm substituents wherein Rm is selected from the group consisting of: halo, C1-C3alkyl and perhaloalkyl;
  • R7 is (a) phenyl, optionally substituted with zero to two groups selected from halo or C1-C3alkyl; or

    • (b) heteroaryl, selected from the group consisting of:

      • wherein Rk is selected from: halo or C1-C3alkyl;
      • Rj is selected from H or C1-C3alkyl wherein C1-C3alkyl is optionally substituted with halo or alkoxy; and
      • n is an integer from 0-3; and
  • pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (IIa and IIb).

In preferred embodiments of the inventive method, the disease, disorder, or medical condition is selected from: diseases of the autoimmune and inflammatory system such as: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriasis, septic shock, allergic dermatitis, asthma, allergic asthma, mild to severe asthma, steroid resistant asthma, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, allergic rhinitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and airway hyper-responsiveness; diseases of the nervous and neuro-immune system such as acute and chronic pain states of neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, spontaneous pain (diabetic neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia, low back pain, chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia) (Romagnoli, R, et. al., Expert Opin. Ther. Targets, 2008, 12(5), 647-661), and diseases involved with and without neuroinflammation of the CNS such as mood disorders (major depression, major depressive disorder, treatment resistant depression, bipolar disorder, anxious depression, anxiety) (Friedle, S A, et. al., Recent Patents on CNS Drug Discovery, 2010, 5, 35-45, Romagnoli, R, et. al., Expert Opin. Ther. Targets, 2008, 12(5), 647-661), cognition, sleep disorders, multiple sclerosis (Sharp A J, et. al., J Neuroinflammation. 2008 Aug. 8; 5:33, Oyanguren-Desez 0, et. al., Cell Calcium. 2011 November; 50(5):468-72, Grygorowicz T, et. al., Neurochem Int. 2010 December; 57(7):823-9), epileptic seizures (Engel T, et. al., FASEB J. 2012 April; 26(4):1616-28, Kim J E, et. al. Neurol Res. 2009 November; 31(9):982-8, Avignone E, et. al., J Neurosci. 2008 Sep. 10; 28(37):9133-44), Parkinson's disease (Marcellino D, et. al., J Neural Transm. 2010 Jun.; 117(6):681-7), schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease (Diaz-Hernandez J I, et. al., Neurobiol Aging. 2012 August; 33(8):1816-28, Delarasse C, J Biol Chem. 2011 Jan. 28; 286(4):2596-606, Sanz J M, et. al., J Immunol. 2009 Apr. 1; 182(7):4378-85), Huntington's disease (Diaz-Hernández M, et. Al., FASEB J. 2009 June; 23(6):1893-906), autism, spinal cord injury and cerebral ischemia/traumatic brain injury (Chu K, et. al., J Neuroinflammation. 2012 Apr. 18; 9:69, Arbeloa J, et. al, Neurobiol Dis. 2012 March; 45(3):954-61).

P2X7 antagonism may also be beneficial in several stress-related disorders. In addition, P2X7 intervention may be beneficial in diseases of the cardiovascular, metabolic, gastrointestinal and urogenital systems such as diabetes (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2004 July; 24(7):1240-5), thrombosis (Furlan-Freguia C, et. al., J Clin Invest. 2011 July; 121(7):2932-44), irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, ischemic heart disease, hypertension (Ji X, et. al., Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2012 October; 303(8):F1207-15), myocardial infarction, and lower urinary tract dysfunction such as incontinence. P2X7 antagonism may also present a novel therapeutic strategy for skeletal disorders, namely osteoporosis/osteopetrosis and may also modulate secretory function of exocrine glands. It is also hypothesized that blocking P2X7 may also be beneficial in glaucoma, interstitial cystitis (Martins J P, et. al., Br J Pharmacol. 2012 January; 165(1):183-96) and lower urinary tract syndrome (Br J Pharmacol. 2012 January; 165(1):183-96), IBD/IBS (J Immunol. 2011 Aug. 1; 187(3):1467-74. Epub 2011 Jun. 22), Sleep, RA/OA, Cough/COPD/asthma, cardiovascular disease, GN, ureteric obstruction, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, sepsis, ischaemia, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Chaga's Disease, Chlamydia, Neuroblastoma, Tuberculosis, Polycystic Kidney Disease, and migraine.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a disease, disorder, or medical condition mediated by P2X7 receptor activity, wherein the disease, disorder, or medical condition is selected from the group consisting of: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriasis, septic shock, allergic dermatitis, asthma, allergic asthma, mild to severe asthma, steroid resistant asthma, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, allergic rhinitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and airway hyper-responsiveness; diseases of the nervous and neuro-immune system such as acute and chronic pain states of neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, spontaneous pain (diabetic neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia, low back pain, chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia); diseases involved with and without neuroinflammation of the central nervous system such as mood disorders (major depression, major depressive disorder, treatment resistant depression, bipolar disorder, anxious depression, anxiety), cognition, sleep disorders, multiple sclerosis, epileptic seizures, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, autism, spinal cord injury and cerebral ischemia/traumatic brain injury, stress-related disorders; diseases of the cardiovascular, metabolic, gastrointestinal and urogenital systems such as diabetes, diabetes mellitus, thrombosis, irritable bowel syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, ischemic heart disease, ischaemia, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, and lower urinary tract dysfunction such as incontinence, lower urinary tract syndrome, Polycystic Kidney Disease, Glomerulonephritis, skeletal disorders, namely osteoporosis/osteopetrosis: and glaucoma, interstitial cystitis, cough, ureteric obstruction, sepsis, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Chaga's Disease, chlamydia, neuroblastoma, Tuberculosis, and migraine.

An additional embodiment of the invention is a method of treating a subject suffering from or diagnosed with a disease, disorder, or medical condition mediated by P2X7 receptor activity wherein the disease, disorder or medical condition is treatment resistant depression.

Additional embodiments, features, and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following detailed description and through practice of the invention.

The invention may be more fully appreciated by reference to the following description, including the following glossary of terms and the concluding examples. For the sake of brevity, the disclosures of the publications, including patents, cited in this specification are herein incorporated by reference.

As used herein, the terms “including”, “containing” and “comprising” are used herein in their open, non-limiting sense.

The term “alkyl” refers to a straight- or branched-chain alkyl group having from 1 to 12 carbon atoms in the chain. Examples of alkyl groups include methyl (Me, which also may be structurally depicted by the symbol, “/”), ethyl (Et), n-propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl (tBu), pentyl, isopentyl, tert-pentyl, hexyl, isohexyl, and groups that in light of the ordinary skill in the art and the teachings provided herein would be considered equivalent to any one of the foregoing examples. The term C1-C3 alkyl as used here refers to a straight- or branched-chain alkyl group having from 1 to 3 carbon atoms in the chain. The term C1-C4 alkyl as used here refers to a straight- or branched-chain alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms in the chain.

The term “alkoxy” includes a straight chain or branched alkyl group with a terminal oxygen linking the alkyl group to the rest of the molecule. Alkoxy includes methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, butoxy, t-butoxy, pentoxy and so on.

The term “alkalkoxy” refers to the group alkyl-O-alkyl, where alkyl is defined above. Such groups include methylenemethoxy (—CH2OCH3) and ethylenemethoxy (—CH2CH2OCH3).

The term “cycloalkyl” refers to a saturated carbocycle having from 3 to 6 ring atoms per carbocycle. Illustrative examples of cycloalkyl groups include the following entities, in the form of properly bonded moieties:

The term “C3-C4 cycloalkyl” as used here refers to a saturated carbocycle having from 3 to 4 ring atoms.

A “heterocycloalkyl” refers to a monocyclic ring structure that is saturated and has from 4 to 6 ring atoms per ring structure selected from carbon atoms and one nitrogen atom. Illustrative entities, in the form of properly bonded moieties, include:

The term “aryl” refers to a monocyclic, aromatic carbocycle (ring structure having ring atoms that are all carbon) having 6 atoms per ring. (Carbon atoms in the aryl groups are sp2 hybridized.)

The term “phenyl” represents the following moiety:

The term “heteroaryl” refers to a monocyclic or fused bicyclic heterocycle (ring structure having ring atoms selected from carbon atoms and up to four heteroatoms selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur) having from 3 to 9 ring atoms per heterocycle. Illustrative examples of heteroaryl groups include the following entities, in the form of properly bonded moieties:

Those skilled in the art will recognize that the species of heteroaryl, cycloalkyl, aryl and heterocycloalkyl groups listed or illustrated above are not exhaustive, and that additional species within the scope of these defined terms may also be selected.

The term “cyano” refers to the group —CN.

The term “halo” represents chloro, fluoro, bromo or iodo.

The term “perhaloalkyl” refers to a straight- or branched-chain alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms in the chain optionally substituting hydrogens with halogens. Examples of perhaloalkyl groups include trifluoromethyl (CF3), difluoromethyl (CF2H), monofluoromethyl (CH2F), pentafluoroethyl (CF2CF3), tetrafluoroethyl (CHFCF3), monofluoroethyl (CH2CH2F), trifluoroethyl (CH2CF3), tetrafluorotrifluoromethylethyl (—CF(CF3)2), and groups that in light of the ordinary skill in the art and the teachings provided herein would be considered equivalent to any one of the foregoing examples.

The term “perhaloalkoxy” refers to a straight- or branched-chain alkoxy group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms in the chain optionally substituting hydrogens with halogens. Examples of perhaloalkoxy groups include trifluoromethoxy (OCF3), difluoromethoxy (OCF2H), monofluoromethoxy (OCH2F), momofluoroethoxy (OCH2CH2F), pentafluoroethoxy (OCF2CF3), tetrafluoroethoxy (OCHFCF3), trifluoroethoxy (OCH2CF3), tetrafluorotrifluoromethylethoxy (—OCF(CF3)2), and groups that in light of the ordinary skill in the art and the teachings provided herein would be considered equivalent to any one of the foregoing examples.

The term “substituted” means that the specified group or moiety bears one or more substituents. The term “unsubstituted” means that the specified group bears no substituents. The term “optionally substituted” means that the specified group is unsubstituted or substituted by one or more substituents. Where the term “substituted” is used to describe a structural system, the substitution is meant to occur at any valency-allowed position on the system. In cases where a specified moiety or group is not expressly noted as being optionally substituted or substituted with any specified substituent, it is understood that such a moiety or group is intended to be unsubstituted.

The terms “para”, “meta”, and “ortho” have the meanings as understood in the art. Thus, for example, a fully substituted phenyl group has substituents at both “ortho” (o) positions adjacent to the point of attachment of the phenyl ring, both “meta” (m) positions, and the one “para” (p) position across from the point of attachment. To further clarify the position of substituents on the phenyl ring, the 2 different ortho positions will be designated as ortho and ortho′ and the 2 different meta positions as meta and meta′ as illustrated below.

To provide a more concise description, some of the quantitative expressions given herein are not qualified with the term “about”. It is understood that, whether the term “about” is used explicitly or not, every quantity given herein is meant to refer to the actual given value, and it is also meant to refer to the approximation to such given value that would reasonably be inferred based on the ordinary skill in the art, including equivalents and approximations due to the experimental and/or measurement conditions for such given value. Whenever a yield is given as a percentage, such yield refers to a mass of the entity for which the yield is given with respect to the maximum amount of the same entity that could be obtained under the particular stoichiometric conditions. Concentrations that are given as percentages refer to mass ratios, unless indicated differently.

The terms “buffered” solution or “buffer” solution are used herein interchangeably according to their standard meaning. Buffered solutions are used to control the pH of a medium, and their choice, use, and function is known to those of ordinary skill in the art. See, for example, G. D. Considine, ed., Van Nostrand's Encyclopedia of Chemistry, p. 261, 5th ed. (2005), describing, inter alia, buffer solutions and how the concentrations of the buffer constituents relate to the pH of the buffer. For example, a buffered solution is obtained by adding MgSO4 and NaHCO3 to a solution in a 10:1 w/w ratio to maintain the pH of the solution at about 7.5.

Any formula given herein is intended to represent compounds having structures depicted by the structural formula as well as certain variations or forms. In particular, compounds of any formula given herein may have asymmetric centers and therefore exist in different enantiomeric forms. All optical isomers of the compounds of the general formula, and mixtures thereof, are considered within the scope of the formula. Thus, any formula given herein is intended to represent a racemate, one or more enantiomeric forms, one or more diastereomeric forms, one or more atropisomeric forms, and mixtures thereof. Furthermore, certain structures may exist as geometric isomers (i.e., cis and trans isomers), as tautomers, or as atropisomers.

It is also to be understood that compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the nature or sequence of bonding of their atoms or the arrangement of their atoms in space are termed “isomers.” Isomers that differ in the arrangement of their atoms in space are termed “stereoisomers.”

Stereoisomers that are not mirror images of one another are termed “diastereomers” and those that are non-superimposable mirror images of each other are termed “enantiomers.” When a compound has an asymmetric center, for example, it is bonded to four different groups, and a pair of enantiomers is possible. An enantiomer can be characterized by the absolute configuration of its asymmetric center and is described by the R- and S-sequencing rules of Cahn and Prelog, or by the manner in which the molecule rotates the plane of polarized light and designated as dextrorotatory or levorotatory (i.e., as (+) or (−)-isomers respectively). A chiral compound can exist as either individual enantiomer or as a mixture thereof. A mixture containing equal proportions of the enantiomers is called a “racemic mixture.”

“Tautomers” refer to compounds that are interchangeable forms of a particular compound structure, and that vary in the displacement of hydrogen atoms and electrons. Thus, two structures may be in equilibrium through the movement of 7 electrons and an atom (usually H). For example, enols and ketones are tautomers because they are rapidly interconverted by treatment with either acid or base. Another example of tautomerism is the aci- and nitro-forms of phenyl nitromethane, that are likewise formed by treatment with acid or base.

Tautomeric forms may be relevant to the attainment of the optimal chemical reactivity and biological activity of a compound of interest.

Compounds of the invention may also exist as “rotamers,” that is, conformational isomers that occur when the rotation leading to different conformations is hindered, resulting a rotational energy barrier to be overcome to convert from one conformational isomer to another.

The compounds of this invention may possess one or more asymmetric centers; such compounds can therefore be produced as individual (R)- or (S)-stereoisomers or as mixtures thereof.

Unless indicated otherwise, the description or naming of a particular compound in the specification and claims is intended to include both individual enantiomers and mixtures, racemic or otherwise, thereof. The methods for the determination of stereochemistry and the separation of stereoisomers are well-known in the art.

Certain examples contain chemical structures that are depicted as an absolute enantiomer but are intended to indicate enatiopure material that is of unknown configuration. In these cases (R*) or (S*) is used in the name to indicate that the absolute stereochemistry of the corresponding stereocenter is unknown. Thus, a compound designated as (R*) refers to an enantiopure compound with an absolute configuration of either (R) or (S). In cases where the absolute stereochemistry has been confirmed, the structures are named using (R) and (S).

The symbols and on are used as meaning the same spatial arrangement in chemical structures shown herein. Analogously, the symbols and are used as meaning the same spatial arrangement in chemical structures shown herein.

Additionally, any formula given herein is intended to refer also to hydrates, solvates, and polymorphs of such compounds, and mixtures thereof, even if such forms are not listed explicitly. Certain compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) may be obtained as solvates. Solvates include those formed from the interaction or complexation of compounds of the invention with one or more solvents, either in solution or as a solid or crystalline form. In some embodiments, the solvent is water and then the solvates are hydrates. In addition, certain crystalline forms of compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) may be obtained as co-crystals. In certain embodiments of the invention, compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) were obtained in a crystalline form. In other embodiments, crystalline forms of compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) were cubic in nature. In other embodiments, pharmaceutically acceptable salts of compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) were obtained in a crystalline form. In still other embodiments, compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) were obtained in one of several polymorphic forms, as a mixture of crystalline forms, as a polymorphic form, or as an amorphous form. In other embodiments, compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) convert in solution between one or more crystalline forms and/or polymorphic forms.

Reference to a compound herein stands for a reference to any one of: (a) the actually recited form of such compound, and (b) any of the forms of such compound in the medium in which the compound is being considered when named. For example, reference herein to a compound such as R—COOH, encompasses reference to any one of, for example, R—COOH(s), R—COOH(sol), and R—COO(sol). In this example, R—COOH(s) refers to the solid compound, as it could be for example in a tablet or some other solid pharmaceutical composition or preparation; R—COOH(sol) refers to the undissociated form of the compound in a solvent; and R—COO(sol) refers to the dissociated form of the compound in a solvent, such as the dissociated form of the compound in an aqueous environment, whether such dissociated form derives from R—COOH, from a salt thereof, or from any other entity that yields R—COO upon dissociation in the medium being considered. In another example, an expression such as “exposing an entity to compound of formula R—COOH” refers to the exposure of such entity to the form, or forms, of the compound R—COOH that exists, or exist, in the medium in which such exposure takes place. In still another example, an expression such as “reacting an entity with a compound of formula R—COOH” refers to the reacting of (a) such entity in the chemically relevant form, or forms, of such entity that exists, or exist, in the medium in which such reacting takes place, with (b) the chemically relevant form, or forms, of the compound R—COOH that exists, or exist, in the medium in which such reacting takes place. In this regard, if such entity is for example in an aqueous environment, it is understood that the compound R—COOH is in such same medium, and therefore the entity is being exposed to species such as R—COOH(aq) and/or R—COO(aq) where the subscript “(aq)” stands for “aqueous” according to its conventional meaning in chemistry and biochemistry. A carboxylic acid functional group has been chosen in these nomenclature examples; this choice is not intended, however, as a limitation but it is merely an illustration. It is understood that analogous examples can be provided in terms of other functional groups, including but not limited to hydroxyl, basic nitrogen members, such as those in amines, and any other group that interacts or transforms according to known manners in the medium that contains the compound. Such interactions and transformations include, but are not limited to, dissociation, association, tautomerism, solvolysis, including hydrolysis, solvation, including hydration, protonation, and deprotonation. No further examples in this regard are provided herein because these interactions and transformations in a given medium are known by any one of ordinary skill in the art.

In another example, a zwitterionic compound is encompassed herein by referring to a compound that is known to form a zwitterion, even if it is not explicitly named in its zwitterionic form. Terms such as zwitterion, zwitterions, and their synonyms zwitterionic compound(s) are standard IUPAC-endorsed names that are well known and part of standard sets of defined scientific names. In this regard, the name zwitterion is assigned the name identification CHEBI:27369 by the Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI) dictionary of molecular entities. As generally well known, a zwitterion or zwitterionic compound is a neutral compound that has formal unit charges of opposite sign. Sometimes these compounds are referred to by the term “inner salts”. Other sources refer to these compounds as “dipolar ions”, although the latter term is regarded by still other sources as a misnomer. As a specific example, aminoethanoic acid (the amino acid glycine) has the formula H2NCH2COOH, and it exists in some media (in this case in neutral media) in the form of the zwitterion +H3NCH2COO. Zwitterions, zwitterionic compounds, inner salts and dipolar ions in the known and well established meanings of these terms are within the scope of this invention, as would in any case be so appreciated by those of ordinary skill in the art. Because there is no need to name each and every embodiment that would be recognized by those of ordinary skill in the art, no structures of the zwitterionic compounds that are associated with the compounds of this invention are given explicitly herein. They are, however, part of the embodiments of this invention. No further examples in this regard are provided herein because the interactions and transformations in a given medium that lead to the various forms of a given compound are known by any one of ordinary skill in the art.

Any formula given herein is also intended to represent unlabeled forms as well as isotopically labeled forms of the compounds. Isotopically labeled compounds have structures depicted by the formulas given herein except that one or more atoms are replaced by an atom having a selected atomic mass or mass number. Examples of isotopes that can be incorporated into compounds of the invention include isotopes of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, fluorine, and chlorine, such as 2H, 3H, 11C, 13C, 14C, 15N, 18O, 17O, 31P, 32P, 35S, 18F, 36Cl, 125I, respectively. Such isotopically labeled compounds are useful in metabolic studies (preferably with 14C), reaction kinetic studies (with, for example 2H or 3H), detection or imaging techniques [such as positron emission tomography (PET) or single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)] including drug or substrate tissue distribution assays, or in radioactive treatment of patients. In particular, an 18F or 11C labeled compound may be particularly preferred for PET or SPECT studies. Further, substitution with heavier isotopes such as deuterium (i.e., 2H) may afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability, for example increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements. Isotopically labeled compounds of this invention and prodrugs thereof can generally be prepared by carrying out the procedures disclosed in the schemes or in the examples and preparations described below by substituting a readily available isotopically labeled reagent for a non-isotopically labeled reagent.

When referring to any formula given herein, the selection of a particular moiety from a list of possible species for a specified variable is not intended to define the same choice of the species for the variable appearing elsewhere. In other words, where a variable appears more than once, the choice of the species from a specified list is independent of the choice of the species for the same variable elsewhere in the formula, unless stated otherwise.

According to the foregoing interpretive considerations on assignments and nomenclature, it is understood that explicit reference herein to a set implies, where chemically meaningful and unless indicated otherwise, independent reference to embodiments of such set, and reference to each and every one of the possible embodiments of subsets of the set referred to explicitly.

The invention includes also pharmaceutically acceptable salts of the compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb), preferably of those described above and of the specific compounds exemplified herein, and methods of treatment using such salts.

The term “pharmaceutically acceptable” means approved or approvable by a regulatory agency of Federal or a state government or the corresponding agency in countries other than the United States, or that is listed in the U. S. Pharmacopoeia or other generally recognized pharmacopoeia for use in animals, and more particularly, in humans.

A “pharmaceutically acceptable salt” is intended to mean a salt of a free acid or base of compounds represented by Formula (I, IIa and IIb) that are non-toxic, biologically tolerable, or otherwise biologically suitable for administration to the subject. It should possess the desired pharmacological activity of the parent compound. See, generally, G. S. Paulekuhn, et al., “Trends in Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient Salt Selection based on Analysis of the Orange Book Database”, J. Med. Chem., 2007, 50:6665-72, S. M. Berge, et al., “Pharmaceutical Salts”, J Pharm Sci., 1977, 66:1-19, and Handbook of Pharmaceutical Salts, Properties, Selection, and Use, Stahl and Wermuth, Eds., Wiley-VCH and VHCA, Zurich, 2002. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts are those that are pharmacologically effective and suitable for contact with the tissues of patients without undue toxicity, irritation, or allergic response. A compound of Formula (I, IIa or IIb) may possess a sufficiently acidic group, a sufficiently basic group, or both types of functional groups, and accordingly react with a number of inorganic or organic bases, and inorganic and organic acids, to form a pharmaceutically acceptable salt.

Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable salts include sulfates, pyrosulfates, bisulfates, sulfites, bisulfites, phosphates, monohydrogen-phosphates, dihydrogenphosphates, metaphosphates, pyrophosphates, chlorides, bromides, iodides, acetates, propionates, decanoates, caprylates, acrylates, formates, isobutyrates, caproates, heptanoates, propiolates, oxalates, malonates, succinates, suberates, sebacates, fumarates, maleates, butyne-1,4-dioates, hexyne-1,6-dioates, benzoates, chlorobenzoates, methylbenzoates, dinitrobenzoates, hydroxybenzoates, methoxybenzoates, phthalates, sulfonates, xylenesulfonates, phenylacetates, phenylpropionates, phenylbutyrates, citrates, lactates, γ-hydroxybutyrates, glycolates, tartrates, methane-sulfonates, propanesulfonates, naphthalene-1-sulfonates, naphthalene-2-sulfonates, and mandelates.

When the compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) contain a basic nitrogen, the desired pharmaceutically acceptable salt may be prepared by any suitable method available in the art, for example, treatment of the free base with an inorganic acid, such as hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, sulfamic acid, nitric acid, boric acid, phosphoric acid, and the like, or with an organic acid, such as acetic acid, phenylacetic acid, propionic acid, stearic acid, lactic acid, ascorbic acid, maleic acid, hydroxymaleic acid, isethionic acid, succinic acid, valeric acid, fumaric acid, masonic acid, pyruvic acid, oxalic acid, glycolic acid, salicylic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, lauric acid, a pyranosidyl acid, such as glucuronic acid or galacturonic acid, an alpha-hydroxy acid, such as mandelic acid, citric acid, or tartaric acid, an amino acid, such as aspartic acid, glutaric acid or glutamic acid, an aromatic acid, such as benzoic acid, 2-acetoxybenzoic acid, naphthoic acid, or cinnamic acid, a sulfonic acid, such as laurylsulfonic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, methanesulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid, any compatible mixture of acids such as those given as examples herein, and any other acid and mixture thereof that are regarded as equivalents or acceptable substitutes in light of the ordinary level of skill in this technology.

The invention may be more fully appreciated by reference to the following description, including the following glossary of terms and the concluding examples. For the sake of brevity, the disclosures of the publications, including patents, cited in this specification are herein incorporated by reference.

As used herein, the terms “including”, “containing” and “comprising” are used herein in their open, non-limiting sense.

    • is an acid, such as a carboxylic acid or sulfonic acid, the desired pharmaceutically acceptable salt may be prepared by any suitable method, for example, treatment of the free acid with an inorganic or organic base, such as an amine (primary, secondary or tertiary), an alkali metal hydroxide, alkaline earth metal hydroxide, any compatible mixture of bases such as those given as examples herein, and any other base and mixture thereof that are regarded as equivalents or acceptable substitutes in light of the ordinary level of skill in this technology. Illustrative examples of suitable salts include organic salts derived from amino acids, such as N-methyl-D-glucamine, lysine, choline, glycine and arginine, ammonia, carbonates, bicarbonates, primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, and cyclic amines, such as tromethamine, benzylamines, pyrrolidines, piperidine, morpholine, and piperazine, and inorganic salts derived from sodium, calcium, potassium, magnesium, manganese, iron, copper, zinc, aluminum, and lithium.

The invention also relates to pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs of the compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb), and treatment methods employing such pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs. The term “prodrug” means a precursor of a designated compound that, following administration to a subject, yields the compound in vivo via a chemical or physiological process such as solvolysis or enzymatic cleavage, or under physiological conditions (e.g., a prodrug on being brought to physiological pH is converted to the compound of Formula (I, IIa or IIb)). A “pharmaceutically acceptable prodrug” is a prodrug that is non-toxic, biologically tolerable, and otherwise biologically suitable for administration to the subject. Illustrative procedures for the selection and preparation of suitable prodrug derivatives are described, for example, in “Design of Prodrugs”, ed. H. Bundgaard, Elsevier, 1985.

Exemplary prodrugs include compounds having an amino acid residue, or a polypeptide chain of two or more (e.g., two, three or four) amino acid residues, covalently joined through an amide or ester bond to a free amino, hydroxy, or carboxylic acid group of a compound of Formula (I, IIa or IIb). Examples of amino acid residues include the twenty naturally occurring amino acids, commonly designated by three letter symbols, as well as 4-hydroxyproline, hydroxylysine, demosine, isodemosine, 3-methylhistidine, norvalin, beta-alanine, gamma-am inobutyric acid, citrulline homocysteine, homoserine, ornithine and methionine sulfone.

Additional types of prodrugs may be produced, for instance, by derivatizing free carboxyl groups of structures of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) as amides or alkyl esters. Examples of amides include those derived from ammonia, primary C1-6alkyl amines and secondary di(C1-6alkyl) amines. Secondary amines include 5- or 6-membered heterocycloalkyl or heteroaryl ring moieties. Examples of amides include those that are derived from ammonia, C1-3alkyl primary amines, and di(C1-2alkyl)amines. Examples of esters of the invention include C1-7alkyl, C5-7cycloalkyl, phenyl, and phenyl(C1-6alkyl) esters. Preferred esters include methyl esters. Prodrugs may also be prepared by derivatizing free hydroxy groups using groups including hemisuccinates, phosphate esters, dimethylaminoacetates, and phosphoryloxymethyloxycarbonyls, following procedures such as those outlined in Fleisher et al., Adv. Drug Delivery Rev. 1996, 19, 115-130. Carbamate derivatives of hydroxy and amino groups may also yield prodrugs. Carbonate derivatives, sulfonate esters, and sulfate esters of hydroxy groups may also provide prodrugs. Derivatization of hydroxy groups as (acyloxy)methyl and (acyloxy)ethyl ethers, wherein the acyl group may be an alkyl ester, optionally substituted with one or more ether, amine, or carboxylic acid functionalities, or where the acyl group is an amino acid ester as described above, is also useful to yield prodrugs. Prodrugs of this type may be prepared as described in Robinson et al., J Med Chem. 1996, 39 (1), 10-18. Free amines can also be derivatized as amides, sulfonamides or phosphonamides. All of these prodrug moieties may incorporate groups including ether, amine, and carboxylic acid functionalities.

The present invention also relates to pharmaceutically active metabolites of the compounds of Formula (I), which may also be used in the methods of the invention. A “pharmaceutically active metabolite” means a pharmacologically active product of metabolism in the body of a compound of Formula (I) or salt thereof. Prodrugs and active metabolites of a compound may be determined using routine techniques known or available in the art. See, e.g., Bertolini, et al., J Med Chem. 1997, 40, 2011-2016; Shan, et al., J Pharm Sci. 1997, 86 (7), 765-767; Bagshawe, Drug Dev Res. 1995, 34, 220-230; Bodor, Adv Drug Res. 1984, 13, 255-331; Bundgaard, Design of Prodrugs (Elsevier Press, 1985); and Larsen, Design and Application of Prodrugs (Chapter 5), in ‘Textbook of Drug Design and Development’ (Krogsgaard-Larsen, et al., eds., Harwood Academic Publishers, 1991).

The compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb) and their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, pharmaceutically acceptable prodrugs, and pharmaceutically active metabolites of the present invention are useful as modulators of the P2X7 receptor in the methods of the invention. As such modulators, the compounds may act as antagonists, agonists, or inverse agonists. The term “modulators” include both inhibitors and activators, where “inhibitors” refer to compounds that decrease, prevent, inactivate, desensitize or down-regulate the P2X7 receptor expression or activity, and “activators” are compounds that increase, activate, facilitate, sensitize, or up-regulate P2X7 receptor expression or activity.

The term “treat”, “treatment” or “treating” as used herein is intended to refer to administration of an active agent or composition of the invention to a subject for the purpose of affecting a therapeutic or prophylactic benefit through modulation of P2X7 receptor activity. Treating includes reversing, ameliorating, alleviating, inhibiting the progress of, lessening the severity of, or preventing a disease, disorder, or condition, or one or more symptoms of such disease, disorder or condition mediated through modulation of P2X7 receptor activity. The term “subject” refers to a mammalian patient in need of such treatment, such as a human.

Accordingly, the invention relates to methods of using the compounds described herein to treat subjects diagnosed with or suffering from a disease, disorder, or condition mediated by P2X7 receptor activity, such as: rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, psoriasis, septic shock, allergic dermatitis, asthma, allergic asthma, mild to severe asthma, steroid resistant asthma, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, allergic rhinitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and airway hyper-responsiveness; diseases of the nervous and neuro-immune system such as acute and chronic pain states of neuropathic pain, inflammatory pain, spontaneous pain (diabetic neuropathy, postherpetic neuralgia, low back pain, chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia); diseases involved with and without neuroinflammation of the CNS such as mood disorders (major depression, major depressive disorder, treatment resistant depression, bipolar disorder, anxious depression, anxiety), cognition, sleep disorders, multiple sclerosis, epileptic seizures, Parkinson's disease, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, autism, spinal cord injury and cerebral ischemic/traumatic brain injury, stress-related disorders; diseases of the cardiovascular, metabolic, gastrointestinal and urogenital systems such as diabetes, diabetes mellitus, thrombosis, irritable bowel syndrome, IBD, Crohn's disease, ischemic heart disease, ischaemia, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction, and lower urinary tract dysfunction such as incontinence, lower urinary tract syndrome, Polycystic Kidney Disease, Glomerulonephritis, (GN); skeletal disorders, namely osteoporosis/osteopetrosis: and glaucoma, interstitial cystitis, cough, ureteric obstruction, sepsis, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Chaga's Disease, chlamydia, neuroblastoma, Tuberculosis, and migraine.

In treatment methods according to the invention, a therapeutically effective amount of a pharmaceutical agent according to the invention is administered to a subject suffering from or diagnosed as having such a disease, disorder, or condition. An “effective amount” or “therapeutically effective amount” means an amount or dose sufficient to generally bring about the desired therapeutic or prophylactic benefit in patients in need of such treatment for the designated disease, disorder, or condition. Therapeutically effective amounts or doses of the compounds of the present invention may be ascertained by routine methods such as modeling, dose escalation studies or clinical trials, and by taking into consideration routine factors, e.g., the mode or route of administration or drug delivery, the pharmacokinetics of the compound, the severity and course of the disease, disorder, or condition, the subject's previous or ongoing therapy, the subject's health status and response to drugs, and the judgment of the treating physician. An example of a dose is in the range of from about 0.001 to about 200 mg of compound per kg of subject's body weight per day, preferably about 0.05 to 100 mg/kg/day, or about 1 to 35 mg/kg/day, in single or divided dosage units (e.g., BID, TID, QID). For a 70-kg human, an illustrative range for a suitable dosage amount is from about 0.05 to about 7 g/day, or about 0.2 to about 2.5 g/day.

Once improvement of the patient's disease, disorder, or condition has occurred, the dose may be adjusted for preventative or maintenance treatment. For example, the dosage or the frequency of administration, or both, may be reduced as a function of the symptoms, to a level at which the desired therapeutic or prophylactic effect is maintained. Of course, if symptoms have been alleviated to an appropriate level, treatment may cease. Patients may, however, require intermittent treatment on a long-term basis upon any recurrence of symptoms.

In addition, the active agents of the invention may be used in combination with additional active ingredients in the treatment of the above conditions. The additional active ingredients may be coadministered separately with an active agent of compounds of Table 1 or included with such an agent in a pharmaceutical composition according to the invention. In an exemplary embodiment, additional active ingredients are those that are known or discovered to be therapeutically effective in the treatment of conditions, disorders, or diseases mediated by P2X7 activity, such as another P2X7 modulator or a compound active against another target associated with the particular condition, disorder, or disease. The combination may serve to increase efficacy (e.g., by including in the combination a compound potentiating the potency or effectiveness of an active agent according to the invention), decrease one or more side effects, or decrease the required dose of the active agent according to the invention.

The active agents of the invention are used, alone or in combination with one or more additional active ingredients, to formulate pharmaceutical compositions of the invention. A pharmaceutical composition of the invention comprises: (a) a therapeutically effective amount of at least one active agent in accordance with the invention; and (b) a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

A “pharmaceutically acceptable excipient” refers to a substance that is non-toxic, biologically tolerable, and otherwise biologically suitable for administration to a subject, such as an inert substance, added to a pharmacological composition or otherwise used as a vehicle, carrier, or diluent to facilitate administration of an agent and that is compatible therewith. Examples of excipients include calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate, various sugars and types of starch, cellulose derivatives, gelatin, vegetable oils, and polyethylene glycols.

Delivery forms of the pharmaceutical compositions containing one or more dosage units of the active agents may be prepared using suitable pharmaceutical excipients and compounding techniques known or that become available to those skilled in the art. The compositions may be administered in the inventive methods by a suitable route of delivery, e.g., oral, parenteral, rectal, topical, or ocular routes, or by inhalation.

The preparation may be in the form of tablets, capsules, sachets, dragees, powders, granules, lozenges, powders for reconstitution, liquid preparations, or suppositories. Preferably, the compositions are formulated for intravenous infusion, topical administration, or oral administration.

For oral administration, the compounds of the invention can be provided in the form of tablets or capsules, or as a solution, emulsion, or suspension. To prepare the oral compositions, the compounds may be formulated to yield a dosage of, e.g., from about 0.05 to about 100 mg/kg daily, or from about 0.05 to about 35 mg/kg daily, or from about 0.1 to about 10 mg/kg daily. For example, a total daily dosage of about 5 mg to 5 g daily may be accomplished by dosing once, twice, three, or four times per day.

Oral tablets may include a compound according to the invention mixed with pharmaceutically acceptable excipients such as inert diluents, disintegrating agents, binding agents, lubricating agents, sweetening agents, flavoring agents, coloring agents and preservative agents. Suitable inert fillers include sodium and calcium carbonate, sodium and calcium phosphate, lactose, starch, sugar, glucose, methyl cellulose, magnesium stearate, mannitol, sorbitol, and the like. Exemplary liquid oral excipients include ethanol, glycerol, water, and the like. Starch, polyvinyl-pyrrolidone (PVP), sodium starch glycolate, microcrystalline cellulose, and alginic acid are suitable disintegrating agents. Binding agents may include starch and gelatin. The lubricating agent, if present, may be magnesium stearate, stearic acid or talc. If desired, the tablets may be coated with a material such as glyceryl monostearate or glyceryl distearate to delay absorption in the gastrointestinal tract, or may be coated with an enteric coating.

Capsules for oral administration include hard and soft gelatin capsules. To prepare hard gelatin capsules, compounds of the invention may be mixed with a solid, semi-solid, or liquid diluent. Soft gelatin capsules may be prepared by mixing the compound of the invention with water, an oil such as peanut oil or olive oil, liquid paraffin, a mixture of mono and di-glycerides of short chain fatty acids, polyethylene glycol 400, or propylene glycol.

Liquids for oral administration may be in the form of suspensions, solutions, emulsions or syrups or may be lyophilized or presented as a dry product for reconstitution with water or other suitable vehicle before use. Such liquid compositions may optionally contain: pharmaceutically-acceptable excipients such as suspending agents (for example, sorbitol, methyl cellulose, sodium alginate, gelatin, hydroxyethylcellulose, carboxymethylcellulose, aluminum stearate gel and the like); non-aqueous vehicles, e.g., oil (for example, almond oil or fractionated coconut oil), propylene glycol, ethyl alcohol, or water; preservatives (for example, methyl or propyl p-hydroxybenzoate or sorbic acid); wetting agents such as lecithin; and, if desired, flavoring or coloring agents.

The active agents of this invention may also be administered by non-oral routes. For example, the compositions may be formulated for rectal administration as a suppository. For parenteral use, including intravenous, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, or subcutaneous routes, the compounds of the invention may be provided in sterile aqueous solutions or suspensions, buffered to an appropriate pH and isotonicity or in parenterally acceptable oil. Suitable aqueous vehicles include Ringer's solution and isotonic sodium chloride. Such forms will be presented in unit-dose form such as ampules or disposable injection devices, in multi-dose forms such as vials from which the appropriate dose may be withdrawn, or in a solid form or pre-concentrate that can be used to prepare an injectable formulation. Illustrative infusion doses may range from about 1 to 1000 μg/kg/minute of compound, admixed with a pharmaceutical carrier over a period ranging from several minutes to several days.

For topical administration, the compounds may be mixed with a pharmaceutical carrier at a concentration of about 0.1% to about 10% of drug to vehicle. Another mode of administering the compounds of the invention may utilize a patch formulation to affect transdermal delivery.

Compounds of the invention may alternatively be administered in methods of this invention by inhalation, via the nasal or oral routes, e.g., in a spray formulation also containing a suitable carrier.

EXAMPLES

Exemplary compounds useful in methods of the invention will now be described by reference to the illustrative synthetic schemes for their general preparation below and the specific examples that follow. Artisans will recognize that, to obtain the various compounds herein, starting materials may be suitably selected so that the ultimately desired substituents will be carried through the reaction scheme with or without protection as appropriate to yield the desired product. Alternatively, it may be necessary or desirable to employ, in the place of the ultimately desired substituent, a suitable group that may be carried through the reaction scheme and replaced as appropriate with the desired substituent. Unless otherwise specified, the variables are as defined above in reference to Formula (I, IIa and IIb). Reactions may be performed between the melting point and the reflux temperature of the solvent, and preferably between 0° C. and the reflux temperature of the solvent. Reactions may be heated employing conventional heating or microwave heating. Reactions may also be conducted in sealed pressure vessels above the normal reflux temperature of the solvent.

Synthetic procedures described in the Schemes below are meant to describe the synthesis of intermediates and general procedures to prepare embodiments of the invention. Variables presented in the schemes are intended to refer to the synthesis described in that scheme.

The group PG represents a protecting group. One skilled in the art will select the appropriate protecting group compatible with the desired reactions. The protecting groups may be removed at a convenient subsequent stage using methods known from the art. Alternatively, it may be necessary to employ, in the place of the ultimately desired substituent, a suitable group that may be carried through the reaction scheme and replaced as appropriate with the desired substituent. Such compounds, precursors, or prodrugs are also within the scope of the invention. Examples of preferred protecting groups include; carbamates, benzyl and substituted benzyl groups. Especially preferred protecting groups are; tert-butyloxycarbonyl, 2,2,2-trichloroethoxycarbonyl, alpha-chloroethoxycarbonyl, benzyl, 4-nitrobenzyl and diphenylmethyl.

Heterocycle IA is converted to compound IIIA through coupling with aryl halide IIA using copper oxide, 8-hydroxyquiniolone or 4,7dimeththoxy[1,10]-phenanthroline, CsCO3 in a solvent such as DMSO or butryonitrile. This reaction is heated overnight at 110° C. or heated in a microwave reactor for 1 hour at 140° C.

Compound IIIA is converted to amine IVA where PG=H by initial treatment with an alkylating agent such as benzyl bromide in a solvent such as DCM or DMF, followed by reduction with a reducing agent such as NaBH4 in a solvent such as MeOH, EtOH or isopropanol. Final treatment with chloroethylchloroformate provides amine IVA where PG=H.

Compound IIIA is also converted to compound VA by initial treatment with acid chloride VIA, where Q=Cl in a solvent such as DCM or DMF. Subsequent treatment with a Grignard reagent such as R3MgBr or R4MgBr followed by reduction with hydrogen gas and a metal catalyst such as Pd/C or Pt/C provides VA. If however one does not perform this final reduction, the partially reduced compound, the 4,5-dihydro-[4,5,c]pyridine (compound not shown) is obtained.

Compound IIIA is also converted to compound IVA by passing a solution of IIIA through a PtO2 catalyst cartridge on a H-Cube hydrogenation apparatus at 70 bar and at 1 mL/min.

Compound IVA, where PG=H is converted to compound VA by treatment with compound VIA, where Q=OH using amide coupling conditions such as HATU, DIPEA in a solvent such as DCM or DMF.

One of ordinary skill in the art will also realize that when R1 is a 3-pyrazolo or a 5-pyrazolo group, the N1 nitrogen may be unsubstituted, substituted or may be protected with a protecting group. This nitrogen may be subjected to standard conditions to convert it from one of the above mentioned states to another.

Alternatively IIIA, for example IIIA-1 as shown in Scheme 2, is prepared through a series of steps commencing with the addition of Pd(OAc)2 to BINAP in toluene, followed by the addition of the following reagents: a chloro-nitropyridine (VIIA), an amino compound such as an aminopyridine (R1—NH2) and a base such as K2CO3, NaH or NaOtBu in a solvent such as toluene, THF or DMSO. Heating for approximately 2 hours at 110° C. in a sealed vessel provides compound VIIIA.

Reduction of VIIIA using catalytic hydrogenation conditions of hydrogen gas and a metal catalyst such as 10% Pd/C in a solvent such as MeOH or EtOH provides diamine compound IXA. Alternatively this reduction is carried out using Zn in HOAC or using a combination of Pd/C in a solvent such as NH3 in MeOH. Triazole IIIA-1 is then formed by treatment of diamine IXA in THF and HOAc with t-butylnitrite or isoamyl nitrite at 100° C. for 90 minutes.

Through a series of steps analogous to those shown in Scheme I, compound XA is converted to analog XIA.

Compound XIIIA is prepared by treatment of a mixture of compound XIIA, histamine, and benzaldehyde in a solvent such as MeOH or EtOH, with a reducing agent such as NaBH4 to provide N-benzyl-2-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)ethanamine (compound not shown). To this compound in water at 0° C., is added KOH followed by acetaldehyde. After approximately six hours at 80° C. followed by treatment with acid, compound XIIIA, PG=Bn, is isolated. Trifluoromethyl derivative XIVA is also prepared from compound XIIA. To a solution of compound XIIA in a solvent such as water at a temperature of about 0° C., is added a base such as KOH along with trifluoroacetaldehyde. After heating at a temperature of approximately 80° C. for approximately 6 hours and acidification, compound XIVA is isolated.

Compound XVA is prepared from 1-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 3-oxopiperidine-1,4-dicarboxylate upon the addition of methyl hydrazine in EtOH. Heating to approximately 80° C. overnight followed by treatment with and diisopropylethylamine and N-phenyltrifluoromethanesulfonate in DCM provides compound XVA where PG=BOC. This compound is then converted to compound XVIA by addition of the appropriate boronic acid pinacol ester, cesium carbonate, copper chloride, palladium acetate and 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene in DMF. Compound XVIA is then converted to pyrazole compound XVIIA through standard removal of the nitrogen protecting group (PG) and coupling to compound VIA as described in Scheme 1.

Compound XVIIIA is prepared from commercially available 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine and compound VIA as described in Scheme 1. This compound is then converted to iodo compound XIXA upon treatment with N-iodosuccinimide in DMF. This pyrazole is then protected as its THP ether upon treatment with 3,4-dihydropyran and para-toluenesulfonic acid. The THP ethers, are represented here as a compound XXA, a mixture of regioisomers and are transformed into compound XXIA using the same conditions described in Scheme 5 for the conversion of XVA to XVIA, followed by THP deprotection using TFA in DCM.

Compound XXIIA, where T=Br is prepared via the reaction of 2-bromophenol and a base such as NaH in a solvent such as THF, followed by treatment with 1-bromo-2-fluoroethane. This compound is then converted to 2-(2-fluoroethoxy)aniline, compound XXIIA, where T=NH2, by treatment of the bromo compound, XXIIA, T=Br, with benzophenone imine, NaOtBu, BINAP, Pd2(dba)3, in a solvent such as toluene at 120 C for approximately 3 hours. This compound is then converted to compound XXIIIA, where U=NO2, using conditions analogous to those described in Scheme 2 for the conversion of VIIA to VIIIA. Subsequently XXIIIA, where U=NO2 is converted to XXIIIA, where U=NH2 as described in Scheme 2 for the conversion of VIIIA to IXA.

Compound XXIVA is made from the reaction of but-2-yn-2-amine and compound VIA where Q is Cl in the presence of a base such as TEA and in a solvent such as THF. Alternatively compound VIA, where Q is OH is used employing the conditions described in Scheme I for the conversion of compound IVA, where PG is H, to compound VA.

Compound XXVA is prepared by the reaction of compound XXIVA, an azide source such as tetrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine, an alkylating agent such as such allyl bromide, (E)-1-bromobut-2-ene, 3-bromo-2-methylprop-1-ene, 1-bromo-3-methylbut-2-ene, (E)-(3-bromoprop-1-en-1-yl)benzene, ethyl 2-(bromomethyl)acrylate, or 3-bromocyclohex-1-ene, a base such as Cs2CO3, TEA or Hunig's base, a copper (I) salt, such as CuI or CuBr, used in either stochiometeric amounts or sub-stochiometric amounts, at a temperature between −78° C. and rt, in a solvent such as THF, DCM, 2-Me-THF, CH3CN, EtOAc or DMF.

Compound XXVIA is prepared via an ozonolysis of compound XXVA in a solvent such as MeOH at a temperature of about −78° C., followed by reduction with a reducing agent such as NaBH4.

Compound XXVIIA is prepared by conversion of the hydroxyl group of compound XXVIA to a leaving group (designated LG), by treatment with an agent such as tosyl chloride or mesyl chloride, in the presence of a base such as TEA, with a catalyst such as diemethylaminopyridine.

Compound XXVIIA is then converted to compound VA upon treatment with a base such as NaH in a solvent such as THF, with heating to a temperature of about 60° C. for approximately 3 hours.

In obtaining the compounds described in the examples below and the corresponding analytical data, the following experimental and analytical protocols were followed unless otherwise indicated.

Unless otherwise stated, reaction mixtures were magnetically stirred at room temperature (rt) under a nitrogen atmosphere. Where solutions were “dried,” they were generally dried over a drying agent such as Na2SO4 or MgSO4. Where mixtures, solutions, and extracts were “concentrated”, they were typically concentrated on a rotary evaporator under reduced pressure. Reactions under microwave irradiation conditions were carried out in a Biotage Initiator or CEM Discover instrument. Hydrogenations on the H-cube were run by passing solvent containing reactant through a catalyst cartridge on an H-Cube hydrogenation apparatus at a pressure of 15 to 100 bar and a flow rate of 1 to 30 ml/min.

Normal-phase silica gel column chromatography (sgc) was performed on silica gel (SiO2) using prepackaged cartridges, eluting with 2 M NH3/MeOH in CH2Cl2 unless otherwise indicated.

Preparative reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was performed on a Agilent HPLC with an Xterra Prep RP18 (5 μm, 30×100 mm, or 50×150 mm) column, and a gradient of 10 to 99% acetonitrile/water (20 mM NH4OH) over 12 to 18 min, and a flow rate of 30 or 80 mL/min, unless otherwise indicated.

Preparative supercritical fluid high performance liquid chromatography (SFC) was performed either on a JASCO preparative SFC system, an APS 1010 system from Berger instruments, or a SFC-PICLAB-PREP 200 (PIC SOLUTION, Avignon, France). The separations were conducted between at 100-150 bar with a flow rate ranging from 40-60 mL/min. The columns used were heated to 35-40° C.

Mass spectra (MS) were obtained on an Agilent series 1100 MSD using electrospray ionization (ESI) in positive mode unless otherwise indicated. Calculated (calcd.) mass corresponds to the exact mass.

Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra were obtained on Bruker model DRX spectrometers. The format of the 1H NMR data below is: chemical shift in ppm downfield of the tetramethylsilane reference (multiplicity, coupling constant J in Hz, integration).

Chemical names were generated using ChemDraw Ultra 6.0.2 (CambridgeSoft Corp., Cambridge, Mass.) or ACD/Name Version 9 (Advanced Chemistry Development, Toronto, Ontario, Canada).

Abbreviations and acronyms used herein include the following:


Term
Acronym/Abbreviation
High-pressure liquid chromatography
HPLC
Diisopropylethylamine
DIPEA, Hunig's base
Tetrahydrofuran
THF
tert-Butylcarbamoyl
boc
Dichloromethane
DCM
Dichlorethane
DCE
Trifluoroacetic acid
TFA
Acetic Acid
HOAc
N,N-Dimethylformamide
DMF
Methanol
MeOH
Ethanol
EtOH
Acetonitrile
ACN, MeCN
Ethyl Acetate
EtOAc, or EA
Triethylamine
TEA
2-(1H-9-Azobenzotriazole-1-yl)-1,1,3,3-
HATU
tetramethylaminium hexafluorophosphate
Benzotriazol-1-yloxytris(dimethylamino)-
BOP
phosphonium hexafluorophosphate
Acetic acid
HOAc
2-methyltetrahydrofuran
2-Me-THF
Methyl magnesium bromide
MeMgBr
Ethyl magnesium bromide
EtMgBr
Isopropyl magnesium bromide
i-PrMgBr
Dimethyl sulfoxide
DMSO
Supercritical Fluid Chromatography
SFC
Diethyl 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-3,5-
Hantzsch Ester
pyridinecarboxylate
Tetrahydropyran
THP
2,2′-bis(diphenylphosphino)-1,1′-
BINAP
binaphthyl
Sodium tert-butoxide
NaOtBu
Tris(dibenzylideneacetone(dipalladium (0)
Pd2(dba)3
4,5-bis(diphenylphosphino)-9,9-
Xantphos
dimethylxanthene

Intermediate 1

1-(5-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of 5-azabenzimidazole (1.00 g, 8.40 mmol), 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine (1.48 g, 8.40 mmol), copper (I) oxide (0.13 g, 0.84 mmol), 8-hydroxyquinoline (0.24 g, 1.68 mmol), and Cs2CO3 (5.47 g, 16.8 mmol) in DMSO (4 mL) was irradiated in a microwave apparatus for 1 hour at 140° C. The reaction was diluted with H2O (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (75 mL×3). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.45 g, 25%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H7FN4, 214.07. m/z found 215.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 2

1-Phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 2 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromobenzene for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C12H9N3, 197.07; m/z found 198.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 3

1-(Pyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 3 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromopyridine for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H8N4, 196.07; m/z found 197.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 4

1-(Pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 4 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromopyrazine for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C10H7N5, 198.07; m/z found 199.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 5

1-(Pyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 5 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromopyrimidine for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C10H7N5, 198.07. m/z found 199.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 6

1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 6 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromo-5-fluoropyrimidine for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C10H6FN5, 215.06. m/z found 216.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 7

1-(4-Fluorophenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 7 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 1-bromo-4-fluorobenzene for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C12H8FN3, 213.07; m/z found 214.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 8

1-(3-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 8 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromo-3-fluoropyridine for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H7FN4, 214.07; m/z found 215.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 9

1-(3,5-Difluorophenyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 9 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting bromo-3,5-difluorobenzene for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H7FN3, 231.06. m/z found 232.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 10

3-(Pyridin-2-yl)-3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 10 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromopyridine for 2-bromo-5-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H8N4, 196.07; m/z found 197.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 11

5-Benzyl-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step A. N-Benzyl-2-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)ethanamine. A solution of histamine (free base) (1.00 g, 9.0 mmol) and benzaldehyde (0.91 mL, 9.0 mmol) in MeOH (25 mL) was stirred at rt for 30 min. To this solution was slowly added NaBH4 (0.21 g, 5.4 mmol). The reaction was let stir for 3 h, quenched with a minimal amount of H2O and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in EtOH and filtered through Celite©. The solvent was concentrated to give the title product (1.50 g, 83%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C12H15N3, 201.1. m/z found 202.2 [M+H]+.

Step B. 5-Benzyl-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine. A suspension of N-benzyl-2-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)ethanamine (0.20 g, 1.0 mmol) in H2O (5 mL) was cooled in an ice bath. To this suspension was added solid KOH (85%) (0.112 g, 2.0 mmol) followed by acetaldehyde (0.11 mL, 2.0 mmol). The reaction was allowed to warm to rt and heated to 80° C. After 6 h, the reaction was cooled to rt, acidified using 6N HCl, and concentrated. The resulting residue was dissolved in hot EtOH and filtered through Celite©. The solvent was evaporated to give the title product as the HCl salt. The salt was then treated with 3N NaOH and extracted with EtOAc (50 mL×3). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.09 g, 40%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.47 (s, 1H), 7.37 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 2H), 7.32 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 7.28-7.23 (m, 1H), 3.94 (d, J=13.6 Hz, 1H), 3.81-3.68 (m, 1H), 3.59 (t, J=19.1 Hz, 1H), 3.12-2.99 (m, 1H), 2.74-2.47 (m, 3H), 1.44 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C14H17N3, 227.1. m/z found 228.2 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 12

2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride

To a suspension of 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid (15 g, 67 mmol) and catalytic DMF (0.06 mL, 0.67 mmol) in DCM (150 mL) was added oxalyl chloride (6.8 mL, 80 mmol) dropwise. The reaction was let stir (vigorous bubbling) for 4 h and concentrated to an oily solid which became solid after overnight drying on high vacuum.

Intermediate 13

2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride

Intermediate 13 was prepared in a similar manner as Intermediate 12 substituting 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid.

Intermediate 14

2,3-Dichlorobenzoyl chloride

Intermediate 14 was prepared in a similar manner as Intermediate 12 substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid.

Example 1

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step A. 5-Benzyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of Intermediate 3 (0.20 g, 1.02 mmol) in DCM (25 mL) was added benzyl bromide (0.12 g, 1.02 mmol). The reaction was let stir for 4 h then concentrated. The resulting solid was dissolved in MeOH (10 mL) and NaBH4 (0.05 g, 1.4 mmol) was added slowly. After 5 h, the reaction was quenched with a small amount of water and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.20 mg, 68%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.76-8.66 (m, 1H), 8.55-8.39 (m, 2H), 8.14-8.03 (m, 1H), 7.32 (ddt, J=22.0, 11.6, 7.5 Hz, 6H), 3.89 (s, 1H), 3.78 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 2H), 3.63 (s, 1H), 2.99 (t, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 2.83 (tt, J=26.6, 5.6 Hz, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H18N4, 290.2. m/z found 291.2 [M+H]+.

Step B. 1-(Pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of 5-benzyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine (0.13 g, 0.45 mmol) in DCE (5 mL) was added 1-chloroethyl chloroformate (0.10 mL, 0.90 mmoL). The reaction was allowed to stir for 15 min then heated at reflux for 4 h. The reaction was let cool, concentrated, dissolved in MeOH and heated again at 60° C. for 1 h. The reaction was concentrated and the product was used in the next step without further purification (0.075 g, 83%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H12N4, 200.1. m/z found 201.2 [M+H]+.

Step C. (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

A solution of 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine (0.050 g, 0.25 mmol), 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl benzoic acid (0.056 g, 0.25 mmol), HATU (0.10 g, 0.26 mmol, and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.50 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was stirred for 30 min. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL) and washed with H2O (3×10 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (22 mg, 22%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.52 (dd, J=4.9, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (d, J=18.1 Hz, 1H), 7.92-7.71 (m, 2H), 7.58-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.37-7.28 (m, 2H), 5.12-4.78 (m, 1H), 4.51-4.19 (m, 2H), 3.97 (ddd, J=13.4, 12.7, 9.9 Hz, 1H), 3.61-3.45 (m, 1H), 3.27-2.82 (m, 2H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H14ClF3N4O, 406.1. m/z found 407.1 [M+H]+.

Example 2

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 2 was made in a manner analogous with Example 1 substituting Intermediate 2 for Intermediate 3 in Step A.

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H15ClF3N3O, 405.1. m/z found, 406.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.79-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.68 (s, 0.4H), 7.60 (s, 0.6H), 7.56-7.39 (m, 5H), 7.34-7.28 (m, 2H), 4.99-4.90 (m, 1H), 4.45-4.27 (m, 2H), 3.93 (ddd, J=12.8, 7.2, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.60-3.45 (m, 1H), 2.76-2.55 (m, 1H).

Example 3

(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 3 was made in a manner analogous with Example 1 substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl benzoic acid in Step C and substituting Intermediate 2 for Intermediate 3 in Step A

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H15Cl2N3O, 371.1. m/z found, 372.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.67 (s, 0.4H), 7.60 (s, 0.6H), 7.56-7.39 (m, 4H), 7.33-7.20 (m, 4H), 4.96-4.90 (m, 1H), 4.46-4.20 (m, 2H), 4.03-3.92 (m, 1H), 3.60-3.43 (m, 1H), 2.67 (ddd, J=20.9, 15.5, 6.8 Hz, 1H).

Example 4

(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 4 was made in a manner analogous with Example 1 substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl benzoic acid in Step C. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H14Cl2N4O, 406.1. m/z found 407.1 [M+H]+.

Example 5

(1-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

Example 5 was made in a manner analogous to Example 1 substituting 1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine for Intermediate 3 in Example 1 Step A

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H13ClF3N5O, 395.0. m/z found, 396.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.98-11.66 (m, 1H), 7.91 (s, 1H), 7.81 (s, 1H), 7.76 (ddd, J=7.8, 3.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.62-7.55 (m, 1H), 7.55-7.41 (m, 3H), 6.28 (dd, J=9.6, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 5.09-4.78 (m, 1H), 4.46-4.24 (m, 2H), 4.03 (ddd, J=12.7, 6.9, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 3.62-3.50 (m, 1H), 3.17-3.02 (m, 2H), 2.98-2.76 (m, 1H).

Example 6

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 6 was made in a manner analogous to Example 1 substituting Intermediate 4 for Intermediate 3 in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H13ClF3N5O, 407.1. m/z found, 408.2 [M+H]+.

Example 7

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 7 was made in a manner analogous to Example 1 substituting Intermediate 9 for Intermediate 3 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.83-7.75 (m, 1H), 7.52-7.46 (m, 4H), 6.96-6.90 (m, 2H), 4.885.07-4.71 (m, 3H), 3.58 3.59-3.57 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H13ClF5N3O, 441.07. m/z found 442.2 [M+H]+.

Example 8

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 8 was made in a manner analogous to Example 1 substituting Intermediate 10 for Intermediate 3 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.54 (dd, J=4.8, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.04-7.74 (m, 3H), 7.53-7.26 (m, 4H), 5.53-5.01 (m, 2H), 3.67-3.48 (m, 2H), 3.00-2.61 (m, 2H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H14ClF3N4O, 406.08. m/z found 407.1 [M+H]+.

Example 9

(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(3-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 9 was made in a manner analogous to Example 1 substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl benzoic acid in Step C. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.59-8.49 (m, 1H), 8.05-7.84 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.18 (m, 5H), 5.41-5.05 (m, 2H), 3.67-3.53 (m, 2H), 2.99-2.64 (m, 2H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H14Cl2N4O, 372.05. m/z found 373.1 [M+H]+.

Example 10

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 10 was made in a manner analogous to Example 1 substituting Intermediate 10 for Intermediate 3 in Step A.

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H13ClF3N5O, 407.1. m/z found, 408.2 [M+H]+.

Example 11

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step A. (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

To a solution of Intermediate 1 (0.70 g, 3.27 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added Intermediate 12 (0.87 g, 3.60 mmol) dropwise. The reaction was allowed to stir for 1 h then cooled to −78° C. To the cooled solution was added 3M MeMgBr in Et2O (1.31 mL, 3.92 mmoL) and the reaction was let come to room temperature. The mixture was then quenched with 1N NaOH (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3×30 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (770 mg, 54%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.43-8.34 (m, 1H), 7.92-7.73 (m, 2H), 7.70-7.33 (m, 4H), 6.08 (dtd, J=19.7, 11.7, 8.0 Hz, 3H), 1.54 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H13ClF4N4O, 436.07. m/z found 437.1 [M+H]+.

Step B. (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

To a solution of (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone (0.80 g, 1.83 mmol) in degassed EtOH (25 mL) was added 10% palladium on carbon (0.20 mg, 0.19 mmol). The reaction was placed under an atmosphere of hydrogen and let stir for 48 h. The reaction was diluted with DCM and filtered through a pad of Celite©. The solvent was concentrated and chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (500 mg, 62%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.45-8.30 (m, 1H), 7.94 (dd, J=18.2, 10.7 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 7.67-7.43 (m, 3H), 7.43-7.30 (m, 1H), 5.81 (dd, J=13.3, 6.7 Hz, 1H), 5.07 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 4.52 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 1H), 3.61-3.31 (m, 1H), 3.08-2.69 (m, 1H), 1.63-145 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H15ClF4N4O, 438.08. m/z found 439.1 [M+H]+.

Example 12

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 12 was prepared in an analogous way as Example 11 substituting Intermediate 2 for Intermediate 1 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.76 (dd, J=5.1, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=15.1 Hz, 1H), 7.59-7.39 (m, 5H), 7.35-7.28 (m, 2H), 5.83 (dd, J=13.5, 6.7 Hz, 1H), 5.07 (dd, J=12.3, 10.6 Hz, 1H), 4.19-3.99 (m, 1H), 3.61-2.93 (m, 1H), 2.75-2.35 (m, 1H), 1.99-1.90 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H17ClF3N3O, 419.08. m/z found 420.1 [M+H]+.

Example 13

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 13 was prepared in an analogous way as Example 11 substituting Intermediate 4 for Intermediate 1 in Step A.

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H15ClF3N5O, 421.1. m/z found, 422.1 [M+H]+.

Example 14

(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 14 was prepared in an analogous way as Example 11 substituting Intermediate 13 for Intermediate 12 in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H15F4N5O, 405.12. m/z found 406.1 [M+H]+.

Example 15

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-ethyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 15 was prepared in an analogous way as Example 11 substituting EtMgBr for MeMgBr and substituting Intermediate 4 for Intermediate 1 in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.11. m/z found 436.1 [M+H]+.

Example 16

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-isopropyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 16 was prepared in an analogous way as Example 11 substituting iPrMgBr for MeMgBr and Intermediate 14 for Intermediate 1 in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H19ClF3N5O, 449.11. m/z found 450.1 [M+H]+.

Example 17

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 17 was prepared in an analogous way as Example 11 substituting Intermediate 3 for Intermediate 1 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.58-8.44 (m, 1H), 7.99 (dt, J=10.8, 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.93-7.80 (m, 1H), 7.80-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.43 (m, 2H), 7.41-7.24 (m, 2H), 5.91-5.72 (m, 1H), 5.20-4.58 (m, 1H), 3.63-3.29 (m, 1H), 3.29-2.76 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.60 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.1. m/z found 421.1 [M+H]+.

Example 18

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 18 was prepared in an analogous way as Example 11 substituting Intermediate 7 for Intermediate 1 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.79-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.35 (m, 2H), 7.33-7.25 (m, 2H), 7.25-7.15 (m, 2H), 5.94-5.47 (m, 1H), 5.07-4.59 (m, 1H), 4.10-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.59-2.81 (m, 1H), 2.74-2.23 (m, 1H), 1.69-1.50 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H16ClF4N3O, 437.1. m/z found 438.1 [M+H]+.

Example 19

(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 19 was prepared in an analogous way as Example 11 substituting Intermediate 3 for Intermediate 1 and Intermediate 13 for Intermediate 12 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MH, CDCl3) δ 8.53 (dd, J=12.7, 11.7 Hz, 1H), 8.03-7.99 (m, 1H), 7.92-7.80 (m, 1H), 7.70-7.60 (m, 2H), 7.40-7.27 (m, 3H), 5.78 (s, 1H), 5.10-4.56 (m, 1H), 3.75-3.31 (m, 1H), 3.31-2.76 (m, 2H), 1.83-1.38 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H16F4N4O, 404.13. m/z found 405.2 [M+H]+.

Example 20

(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 20 was prepared in manner analogous to that described in Example 11 substituting Intermediate 7 for Intermediate 1 and Intermediate 13 for Intermediate 12 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.70-7.66 (m, 1H), 7.60-7.55 (m, 2H), 7.39-7.25 (m, 3H), 7.25-7.14 (m, 2H), 5.73 (br s, 1H), 5.16-4.53 (m, 1H), 3.48 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 2.99-2.89 (m, 1H), 2.67-2.09 (m, 1H), 1.65-1.50 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H16F5N3O, 421.12. m/z found 422.2 [M+H]+.

Example 21

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 21 was prepared in a manner analogous to that as described for Example 11 substituting Intermediate 8 for Intermediate 1 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.43-8.28 (m, 1H), 7.96-7.92 (m, 1H), 7.81-7.61 (m, 2H), 7.59-7.29 (m, 3H), 5.82 (dt, J=12.9, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 5.06 (dd, J=13.5, 6.7 Hz, 1H), 4.76-4.37 (m, 1H), 3.63-2.62 (m, 2H), 1.86-1.55 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H15ClF4N4O, 438.09. m/z found 439.2 [M+H]+.

Example 22

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 22 was prepared in manner analogous to that described in Example 11 substituting Intermediate 6 for Intermediate 1 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.61-8.38 (m, 3H), 7.82-7.70 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.32 (m, 2H), 5.90-5.60 (m, 1H), 5.19-4.54 (m, 1H), 3.66-2.82 (m, 3H), 1.81-1.29 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.12. m/z found 440.2 [M+H]+.

Example 23

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 23 was prepared in manner analogous to that described in Example 11 substituting Intermediate 5 for Intermediate 1 in Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.75-8.49 (m, 3H), 7.76 (dt, J=9.6, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.59-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.21 (ddd, J=17.7, 8.0, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 5.91-5.67 (m, 1H), 5.16-4.55 (m, 1H), 3.60-2.87 (m, 3H), 1.72-1.56 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H15ClF3N5O, 421.09. m/z found 422.2 [M+H]+.

Example 24

Ethyl 5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate

Step A. 5-tert-Butyl 4-ethyl 6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate. To a solution of ethyl 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate dihydrochloride. (1.00 g, 3.73 mmol) and Et3N (1.04 mL, 7.46 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) was added di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (0.90 g, 4.11 mmol). The reaction was let stir for 4 h and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.80 mg, 72%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C14H21N3O4, 295.2. m/z found 296.2 [M+H]+.

Step B. 5-tert-Butyl 4-ethyl 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate. A solution of 5-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 6,7- dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate (0.50 g, 1.69 mmol), 2-bromo-pyridine (0.27 g, 1.69 mmol), copper (I) oxide (0.03 g, 0.17 mmol), 8-hydroxyquinoline (0.05 g, 0.34 mmol), and Cs2CO3 (1.10 g, 3.39 mmol) in DMSO (2 mL) was irradiated in a microwave apparatus for 1 hour at 140° C. The reaction was diluted with H2O (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (75 mL×3). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.25 g, 40%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H24N4O4, 372.2. m/z found 273.2 [M+H-BOC]+.

Step C. Ethyl 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate. To a solution of 5-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate (0.20 g, 0.54 mmol) in DCM (25 mL) was added 1N HCl in ether (1.08 mL, 1.08 mmol). The reaction was let stir for 14 h and concentrated to give the desired product as the HCl salt (0.12 g, 72%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C14H16N4O2, 272.1. m/z found 273.2 [M+H]+.

Step D. Ethyl 5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate. A mixture of ethyl 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate hydrochloride (0.050 g, 0.18 mmol), 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl benzoic acid (0.045 g, 0.20 mmol), HATU (0.077 g, 0.20 mmol), and DIPEA (0.035 mL, 0.20 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was stirred for 30 min. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL) and washed with H2O (3×10 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (26 mg, 30%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.58-8.45 (m, 1H), 8.10-7.98 (m, 1H), 7.94-7.82 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.63 (dd, J=7.6, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.55-7.28 (m, 3H), 6.23 (dd, J=12.3, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 5.25-5.00 (m, 1H), 4.48-4.06 (m, 2H), 4.01-3.60 (m, 3H), 3.50-2.85 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H18ClF3N4O3, 478.1. m/z found 479.2 [M+H]+.

Example 25

Ethyl 5-(2,3-dichlorobenzoyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate

Example 25 was prepared in manner analogous to that described in Example 24 substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl benzoic acid in Step D. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.58-8.46 (m, 1H), 8.03-7.82 (m, 3H), 7.61-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.43-7.18 (m, 3H), 6.24-6.12 (m, 1H), 5.23-4.99 (m, 1H), 4.44-4.03 (m, 1H), 4.00-3.67 (m, 2H), 3.51-3.00 (m, 2H) 1.35-1.25 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H18Cl2N4O, 444.1. m/z found 445.2 [M+H]+.

Example 26

Ethyl 5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate

Example 26 was prepared in manner analogous to that described in Example 24 substituting bromobenzene for 2-bromo-pyridine in Step B. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.77 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (s, 1H), 7.62 (dd, J=11.1, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.38 (m, 4H), 7.37-7.27 (m, 2H), 6.23 (s, 1H), 5.26-4.97 (m, 1H), 4.50-3.38 (m, 2H), 3.10-2.90 (m, 1H), 2.77-2.42 (m, 2H), 1.38 (ddd, J=18.6, 13.6, 6.4 Hz, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H19ClF3N3O3, 477.1. m/z found 478.2 [M+H]+.

Example 27

Ethyl 5-(2,3-dichlorobenzoyl)-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate

Example 27 was prepared in manner analogous to that described in Example 24 substituting bromobenzene for 2-bromo-pyridine in Step B and 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethylbenzoic acid in Step D. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.68-7.63 (m, 1H), 7.56-7.38 (m, 4H), 7.38-7.24 (m, 4H), 5.37-4.99 (m, 1H), 4.47-3.60 (m, 3H), 3.07-2.41 (m, 2H), 2.11-1.13 (m, 4H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H19Cl2N3O3, 443.1. m/z found 444.1 [M+H]+.

Example 28

Ethyl 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate

Example 28 was prepared in manner analogous to that described in Example 24 substituting 2-bromopyrazine for 2-bromo-pyridine in Step B. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.83-8.42 (m, 2H), 8.24-8.00 (m, 1H), 7.84-7.36 (m, 3H), 6.49-6.17 (m, 1H), 4.48-3.47 (m, 4H), 3.52-2.66 (m, 2H), 1.86-1.13 (m, 4H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H17ClF3N5O3, 479.1. m/z found 480.1 [M+H]+.

Example 29

Ethyl 5-[(2,3-dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate

Example 29 was prepared in manner analogous to that described in Example 24 substituting 2-bromopyrazine for 2-bromo-pyridine in Step B and 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethylbenzoic acid in Step D. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.84-8.42 (m, 2H), 8.18-8.02 (m, 1H), 7.84-7.39 (m, 3H), 6.44-6.16 (m, 1H), 4.51-3.60 (m, 4H), 3.55-2.69 (m, 2H), 1.89-1.18 (m, 4H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H17Cl2N5O3, 445.1. m/z found 446.1 [M+H]+.

Example 30

(5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)methanol

To a solution of Example 26 (0.10 g, 0.21 mmol) in THF (10 mL) at −78° C. was added lithium borohydride (0.02 g, 1.08 mmol). After 14 h the reaction was quenched with 1 N NaOH and extracted with DCM (3×25 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.07 g, 76%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H17ClF3N3O2, 435.1. m/z found 436.1 [M+H]+.

Example 31

1-(5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)-N,N-dimethylmethanamine

Step A. (5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)methyl sulfochloridate. A solution of (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-(hydroxymethyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone-0.10 g, 0.23 mmol), methane sulfonyl chloride (0.27 mg, 0.23 mmol), and Et3N (0.32 mL, 0.23 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was stirred for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with H2O and extracted with DCM (3×10 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.04 g, 30%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H18ClF3N4O4S, 514.1. m/z found 515.1 [M+H]+.

Step B. 1-(5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)-N,N-dimethylmethanamine. A solution of (5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)methyl sulfochloridate (0.05 g, 0.097 mmol), dimethylamine hydrochloride (0.016 g, 0.19 mmol), and Na2CO3 (0.021 g, 0.19 mmol) in CH3CN was irradiated in a microwave at 100° C. for 1 h. The reaction was allowed to cool and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.02 g, 44%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.54-8.51 (m, 1H), 8.10-7.62 (m, 4H), 7.58-7.28 (m, 3H), 5.30 (s, 1H), 4.00-3.42 (m, 2H), 3.35-2.77 (m, 2H), 2.77-2.40 (m, 2H), 2.09-2.03 (m, 6H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H21ClF3N5O, 463.1. m/z found, m/z found 464.2 [M+H]+.

Example 32

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-(fluoromethyl)-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H15ClF4N4O, 438.09. m/z found 439.1 [M+H]+.

Example 33

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

A solution of Example 24 (0.10 g, 0.21 mmol) and KOH (0.012 g, 0.21 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) was heated at 80° C. After 4 h, the reaction was concentrated to give the title product as the potassium salt (0.07 g, 70%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H14ClF3N4O3, 450.07. m/z found, 451.1 [M+H]+.

Example 34

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-N,N-dimethyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxamide

A solution of 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid (0.05 g, 0.10 mmol), dimethylamine hydrochloride (0.01 g, 0.10 mmol), HATU (0.04 g, 0.11 mmol), and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.26 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was stirred for 30 min. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL) and washed with H2O (3×10 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (26 mg, 53%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.60-8.35 (m, 1H), 8.09-7.69 (m, 3H), 7.65-7.27 (m, 4H), 6.64-6.46 (m, 1H), 4.17 (tt, J=19.0, 5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.72-3.53 (m, 3H), 3.33-2.85 (m, 6H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C22H19ClF3N5O2, 477.12. m/z found, 478.1 [M+H]+.

Example 35

4-(Azetidin-1-ylcarbonyl)-5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 35 was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 34 substituting azetidine hydrochloride for dimethylamine hydrochloride. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C23H19ClF3N5O2, 489.118. m/z found, 490.2 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 233

(1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)methanol

Step A. 5-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate. A solution of 5-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 6,7-dihydro-1H- imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate (0.65 g, 2.20 mmol), iodobenzene (0.45 g, 2.20 mmol), copper (I) oxide (0.03 g, 0.22 mmol), 8-hydroxyquinoline (0.06 g, 0.44 mmol), and Cs2CO3 (1.40 g, 4.40 mmol) in DMSO (2 mL) was irradiated in a microwave apparatus for 1 hour at 140° C. The reaction was diluted with H2O (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (75 mL×3). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.41 g, 50%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H25N3O4, 371.2. m/z found 272.2 [M+H-BOC]+.

Step B. ethyl 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate. To a solution of 5-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate (0.40 g, 1.07 mmol) in DCM (25 mL) was added 1N HCl in ether (1.2 mL, 1.20 mmol). The reaction was allowed to stir for 14 h and concentrated to give the desired product as the HCl salt (0.320 g, 96%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C15H17N3O2, 271.13. m/z found 272.2 [M+H]+.

Step C. (1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)methanol. To a solution of ethyl 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4-carboxylate (0.10 g, 0.37 mmol) in THF (10 mL) at −78° C. was added LiAlH4 (1M in THF) (1.1 mL, 1.10 mmol). After 14 h the reaction was quenched with 1 N NaOH, Rochelle's salt, and extracted with DCM (3×25 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.06 g, 71%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C13H15N3O, 229.12. m/z found 230.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate XXX

5-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate

Intermediate XXX was prepared in a similar manner as Intermediate 233 substituting 2-bromopyridine in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H24N4O4, 372.18. m/z found 373.2 [M+H]+.

Example 36

(5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-4-yl)methyl 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoate

A solution of Intermediate 233. (0.050 g, 0.22 mmol), 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl benzoic acid (0.054 g, 0.24 mmol), HATU (0.091 g, 0.24 mmol), and DIPEA (0.04 mL, 0.24 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was stirred for 30 min. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL) and washed with H2O (3×10 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (30 mg, 21%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C29H19Cl2F6N3O3, 641.07. m/z found, 642.1 [M+H]+.

Example 37

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(2-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 2-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of N4-phenylpyridine-3,4-diamine (8.08 g, 43.7 mmol) and p-toluenesulfonic acid (0.379 g, 2.2 mmol) was added trimethyl orthoformate (83 mL, 655 mmol). The solution was heated to 80° C. for 4 h after which time it was cooled to rt and concentrated. Flash chromatography (1:1 petroleum ether: ethyl acetate) provided the product as a pale yellow solid (4.7 g, 75%).

Step 2: 2-methyl-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of 2-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine (1.05 g, 5 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (5 mL) was added benzyl bromide (3.0 mL, 25 mmol). The solution stirred at rt for 4 h after which time it was concentrated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in MeOH (10 mL) and to it 20% Pd(OH)2/C (0.24 g) was added. The reaction was stirred under an atmosphere of hydrogen for 3 h at rt. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to a white solid (0.60 g, 56% over 2 steps).

Step 3: (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(2-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

To a solution of 2-methyl-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine (114 mg, 0.51 mmol), 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethylcarboxylic acid (90 mg, 0.42 mmol) and HATU (319 mg, 0.84 mmol) in DCM (15 mL) was added NEt3 (0.16 mL, 1.26 mmol). The mixture was stirred at rt overnight after which time the reaction was concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by basic HPLC to provide the product as a white solid (100 mg, 55%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.03-7.89 (m, 1H), 7.80-7.54 (m, 7H), 5.06-4.27 (m, 2H), 4.14-3.38 (m, 2H), 2.63-2.32 (m, 5H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H17ClF3N3O, 419.10. m/z found, 420.0 [M+H]+.

Example 38

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step A: 1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine 1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine. The title compound was made in a manner analogous to Example 61 step 2 substituting 1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine for 1-phenyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine.

Step B: (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone was made in manner analogous to Example 65 using 1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H14ClF6N3O, 473.1. m/z found, 474.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.59-7.40 (ddd, J=3.8, 2.6, 1.1 Hz, 3H), 7.32-7.27 (dd, J=6.7, 3.0 Hz, 2H), 4.02-3.90 (t, J=1.6 Hz, 2H), 3.18-3.06 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2H), 2.46-2.30 (ddt, J=7.0, 5.6, 1.3 Hz, 2H).

Example 39

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step A. 4-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine hydrochloride. A suspension of histamine dihydrochloride (1.0 g, 5.3 mmol) in H2O (20 mL) was cooled in an ice bath. To this suspension was added solid KOH (85%) (0.9 g, 16 mmol) followed by trifluoroacetaldehyde hydrate (0.5 g, 5.3 mmol). The reaction was allowed to warm to rt and heated to 80° C. After 6 h, the reaction was cooled to rt, acidified using 6N HCl, and concentrated. The resulting residue was dissolved in hot EtOH and filtered through Celite©. The solvent was evaporated to give the product as the HCl salt. This was purified by dissolving in minimal water and loading on silica (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) to give the title compound (0.6 g, 45%).

Step B. (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-(trifluoromethyl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone. A solution of 4-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine hydrochloride (0.10 g, 0.44 mmol), 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl benzoic acid (0.10 g, 0.44 mmol), HATU (0.18 g, 0.48 mmol, and DIPEA (0.19 mL, 1.1 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was stirred for 30 min. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL) and washed with H2O (3×10 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.06 g, 34%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.02-7.94 (m, 1H), 7.80-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.51-7.39 (m, 1H), 6.60-6.50 (m, 1H), 4.42 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 2.95 (s, 4H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C15H10ClF6N3O, 397.042. m/z found 398.1 [M+H]+.

Example 40

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 11 performed using CHIRALCEL OD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALCEL OD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.29 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H15ClF4N4O, 438.1. m/z found, 439.3 [M+H]+.

Example 41

(4 S*)-5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 11 performed using CHIRALCEL OD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALCEL OD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.81 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H15ClF4N4O, 438.1. m/z found, 439.3[M+H]+.

Example 42

(4R*)-5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 42 was prepared in a manner analogous to example 40 using example 19 as starting material. Purification by LC Gilson prep system-stationary phase Lux 5um Amylose-2, 30 mm×250 mm; mobile phase 20% EtOH+0.2% TEA, 80% hexanes. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.60-8.45 (m, 1H), 7.99 (t, J=17.2 Hz, 1H), 7.91-7.79 (m, 1H), 7.75-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.42-7.28 (m, 3H), 5.79 (s, 1H), 5.09-4.59 (m, 1H), 3.73-3.37 (m, 1H), 3.37-2.84 (m, 2H), 1.85-1.44 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H16F4N4O, 404.1. m/z found, 405.2 [M+H]+.

Example 43

(4S*)-5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 43 was prepared in a manner analogous to example 40 using example 19 as starting material. Purification by LC Gilson prep system-stationary phase Lux 5um Amylose-2, 30 mm×250 mm; mobile phase 20% EtOH+0.2% TEA, 80% hexanes. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.59-8.46 (m, 1H), 8.03-7.99 (m, 1H), 7.93-7.81 (m, 1H), 7.74-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.42-7.28 (m, 3H), 5.78 (s, 1H), 5.14-4.53 (m, 1H), 3.76-3.34 (m, 1H), 3.31-2.82 (m, 2H), 1.68-1.33 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H16F4N4O, 404.126. m/z found, 405.2 [M+H]+.

Example 44

(4R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 44 was prepared in a manner analogous to example 40 using Example 17 as starting material. Purification by SFC JASCO prep system-stationary phase Chiralpak OD 5um, 21 mm×250 mm; mobile phase 10% IPA+0.2% IPamine, 90% CO2. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.59-8.45 (m, 1H), 8.04-7.98 (m, 1H), 7.88-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.76 (dd, J=6.3, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.28 (m, 4H), 5.86-5.79 (m, 1H), 4.58 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 4.12-3.92 (m, 1H), 3.34-2.80 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.44 (m, 3H). (ESI): mass calculated for C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.10. m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+.

Example 45

(4S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 45 was prepared in a manner analogous to example 40 using Example 17 as starting material. Purification by SFC JASCO prep system-stationary phase Chiralpak OD 5um, 21 mm×250 mm; mobile phase 10% IPA+0.2% IPamine, 90% CO2. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.59-8.45 (m, 1H), 8.03-7.98 (m 1H), 7.91-7.81 (m, 1H), 7.81-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.28 (m, 4H), 5.90-5.74 (m, 1H), 5.07 (dd, J=11.3, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.78-4.45 (m, 1H), 4.03 (dt, J=12.2, 6.1 Hz, 1H), 3.62-2.79 (m, 4H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.10. m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+.

Example 46

(4R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 46 was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 40 using Example 18 as starting material. Purification by LC Gilson prep system-stationary phase Chiralpak AD-H 5um, 21 mm×250 mm; mobile phase 10% EtOH+0.2% TEA, 90% hexanes. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.76 (dd, J=5.1, 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (s, 1H), 7.58-7.36 (m, 2H), 7.33-7.24 (m, 2H), 7.24-7.14 (m, 2H), 5.89-5.78 (m, 1H), 5.07 (dt, J=12.3, 6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.77-4.39 (m, 1H), 3.62-2.86 (m, 1H), 2.77-2.28 (m, 1H), 1.80-1.10 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H16ClF4N3O, 437.10. m/z found, 438.1 [M+H]+.

Example 47

(4 S)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 47 was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 40 using Example 18 as starting material. Purification by LC Gilson prep system-stationary phase Chiralpak AD-H 5um, 21 mm×250 mm; mobile phase 10% EtOH+0.2% TEA, 90% hexanes. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C21H16ClF4N3O, 437.10. m/z found, 438.1 [M+H]+.

Example 48

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 1, Step C substituting 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C14H11ClF3N3O, 329.0. m/z found, 330.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.79-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.57 (s, 0.5H), 7.53-7.39 (m, 2.5H), 5.02-4.71 (m, 1H), 4.39-4.19 (m, 1.5H), 3.99 (dt, J=12.6, 6.0 Hz, 0.5H), 3.60-3.47 (m, 1H), 2.84 (td, J=5.3, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 2.77-2.58 (m, 1H).

Example 49

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step A: 1-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of Intermediate 2 (196 mg, 1.00 mmol) in AcOH (25 ml) was passed through a Pt2O catalyst cartridge on an H-Cube hydrogenation apparatus at a pressure of 80 bar and a flow rate of 1 ml/min at 100° C. The reaction was looped through the apparatus for 5 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and purified on 16 g SiO2 column with 0-10% NH3/MeOH CH2Cl2 to give the desired compound (35 mg, 17%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C12H11N3, 197.1. m/z found, 198.2 [M+H]+.

Step B: 5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of the product of Example 49, Step A (5.5 mg, 0.028 mmol) in DCM (3 mL) was added TEA (11 μL, 0.084 mmol), 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid (7 mg, 0.031 mmol) and HATU (13 mg, 0.033 mmol). The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and purified on 4 g SiO2 column with 0-3% NH3/MeOH CH2Cl2 to give the desired compound (9.9 mg, 87%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H13ClF3N3O, 403.1. m/z found, 404.3 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.06 (s, 1H), 8.09 (m 1H), 7.94-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.76-7.53 (m, 2H), 7.53-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.39-7.22 (m, 4H), 6.96-6.86 (m, 1H), 6.73 (s, 1H), 5.95 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 5.54 (s, 1H), 3.22 (q, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 1.37 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H).

Example 50

5-[(2,2-Difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step A: 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of Intermediate 2 (111 mg, 0.569 mmol) in AcOH (15 ml) was passed through a Rh/C catalyst cartridge on an H-Cube hydrogenation apparatus at a pressure of 80 bar and a flow rate of 1 ml/min at 100° C. The reaction was looped through the apparatus for 2 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and purified on 12 g SiO2 column with 0-10% NH3/MeOH CH2Cl2 to give the desired compound (90 mg, 80%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C12H13N3, 199.3. m/z found, 200.2 [M+H]+.

Step B: 5-[(2,2-Difluoro-1,3-benzodioxol-4-yl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of the product of Example 50, Step A (28 mg, 0.141 mmol) and TEA (23 μt, 0.169 mmol) in CHCl3 (1 mL) cooled to 0° C. was added 2,2-difluoro-1,3-benzodioxole-4-carbonyl chloride (34 mg, 0.155 mmol). The reaction was warmed to room temperature and stirred overnight. The crude reaction mixture purified on 12 g SiO2 column with 0-4% NH3/MeOH CH2Cl2 to give the desired compound (43 mg, 80%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H15F2N3O3, 383.1. m/z found, 384.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.71-7.39 (m, 4H), 7.36-7.09 (m, 5H), 4.88 (s, 1H), 4.58 (t, J=1.6 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (t, J=5.9 Hz, 2H), 3.66 (t, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 2.86-2.74 (m, 3H).

Example 51

5-(2,3-Dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-ylcarbonyl)-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 50 substituting 2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-carbonyl chloride for 2,2-di fluoro-1,3-benzodioxole-4-carbonyl chloride. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C21H19N3O2, 345.1. m/z found, 346.3 [M+H]+.

Example 52

5-[(2,2-Dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-yl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 50 substituting 2,2-dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-1-benzofuran-7-carbonyl chloride for 2,2-di fluoro-1,3-benzodioxole-4-carbonyl chloride. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C23H23N3O2, 373.2. m/z found, 374.3 [M+H]+.

Example 53

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,4-dimethyl-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step A: 4,4-dimethyl-4, 5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of histamine (500 mg, 4.5 mmol) and acetone (3.3 mL, 45 mmol) in AcOH (3 mL) was heated at 100° C. overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and purified on 16 g SiO2 column with 0-80% NH3/MeOH CH2Cl2 to give the desired compound (543 mg, 80%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C8H13N3, 151.1. m/z found, 152.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.44 (s, 1H), 3.16 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2H), 2.61 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2H), 1.43 (s, 6H).

Step B: 4,4-dimethyl-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 15, Step 1 substituting the product of Example 53, Step A for 1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo-[4,5-C]-pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C H17N3, 227.1. m/z found, 228.1 [M+H]+.

Step C: 5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,4-dimethyl-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of the product of Example 53, Step B (59 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added Intermediate 12 (63 mg, 0.26 mmol) and K2CO3 (89 mg, 0.65 mmol). The resulting suspension was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The crude reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated and then purified on 12 g SiO2 column with 0-4% NH3/MeOH CH2Cl2 to give the desired compound (55 mg, 48%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C22H19ClF3N3O, 433.1. m/z found, 434.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.72 (dd, J=7.8, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (s, 1H), 7.54-7.37 (m, 5H), 7.30 (dd, J=5.3, 3.3 Hz, 2H), 3.53-3.38 (m, 2H), 2.72-2.54 (m, 2H), 2.01 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 6H).

Example 54

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 11 substituting Intermediate 4 for 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H11ClF3N5O, 405.1. m/z found, 406.1 [M+H]+.

Example 55

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-ethyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 11 substituting Intermediate 4 for 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and EtMgBr for MeMgBr. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H15ClF3N5O, 433.1. m/z found, 434.2 [M+H]+.

Example 56

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 11 substituting Intermediate 4 for 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H13ClF3N5O, 419.1. m/z found, 420.0 [M+H]+.

Example 57

5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H14F7N3O, 457.1. m/z found, 458.1 [M+H]+.

Example 58

5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H14Cl2F3N3O, 439.0. m/z found, 440.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.62-7.44 (m, 3H), 7.37-7.17 (m, 3H), 5.04-4.83 (m, 1H), 4.49-4.26 (m, 1H), 4.22 (dt, J=13.1, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 3.99 (dt, J=13.2, 6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.61-3.44 (m, 1H), 2.59 (td, J=6.0, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 2.54-2.42 (m, 1H), 2.42-2.29 (m, 1H)

Example 59

5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 59 was prepared in analogy to Example 5. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H13F4N5O, 379.1. m/z found, 380.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.74 (s, 1H), 7.91 (s, 1H), 7.81 (s, 1H), 7.75-7.56 (m, 3H), 7.34 (dt, J=10.9, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.30 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 4.90 (s, 1H), 4.48 (s, 2H), 3.83 (s, 1H), 3.63 (s, 1H), 3.20 (q, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.06 (s, 1H), 2.90 (s, 1H), 1.34 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 1H).

Example 60

5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 60 was prepared in analogy to Example 5. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C16H13Cl2N5O, 361.0. m/z found, 362.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 12.18-11.79 (m, 1H), 7.98-7.85 (s, 0.4H), 7.88-7.76 (s, 0.6H), 7.62-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.47 (ddd, J=7.9, 3.6, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.33-7.17 (m, 3H), 6.32-6.23 (dd, J=10.6, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 5.05-4.78 (ddt, J=68.4, 16.2, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 4.47-4.28 (m, 1H), 4.28-4.20 (m, 1H), 4.13-4.02 (dt, J=12.5, 5.9 Hz, 1H), 3.60-3.49 (td, J=6.2, 5.6, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 3.15-2.99 (dt, J=7.5, 4.1 Hz, 1H), 2.97-2.73 (m, 1H).

Example 61

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step 1 Intermediate 15: 1-Phenyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of 1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo-[4,5-C]-pyridine (200 mg, 1.7 mmol), iodobenzene (407 mg, 2.0 mmol), Cs2CO3, (1.08 g, 3.3 mmol), copper (I) oxide (17 mg, 0.12 mmol), 4,7-dimethoxy-[1,10]-phenanthroline (84 mg, 0.35 mmol), PEG 400 (0.3 ml) were combined in butyronitrile (3 ml) and heated to 110° C. overnight. The reaction was diluted with CHCl3, filtered through Celite© and then concentrated and purified on 16 g SiO2 with 0-3.5% NH3/MeOH in CH2Cl2 to give 52 mg (16%) of 1-phenyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H8N4, 196.1. m/z found, 197.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR 6 (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.58 (s, 1H), 8.66 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 7.83-7.75 (m, 2H), 7.72-7.62 (m, 3H), 7.62-7.52 (m, 1H).

Step 2 Intermediate 16: 1-Phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of 1-phenyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (61 mg, 0.31 mmol) in MeOH (15 ml) was passed through a PtO2 catalyst cartridge on an H-Cube hydrogenation apparatus at a pressure of 70 bar and a flow rate of 1 ml/min. The reaction was concentrated and the crude reaction mixture purified on 12 g SiO2 column with 0-8% NH3/MeOH CH2Cl2 to give 35 mg (56%) of 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H12N4, 200.2. m/z found, 201.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.99 (dt, J=8.0, 1.1 Hz, 2H), 7.61-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.48-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.33-7.27 (m, 1H), 4.14-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.20 (t, J=5.9 Hz, 2H), 2.88 (t, J=5.9 Hz, 2H).

Step 3 Example 61: 5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (17 mg, 0.085 mmol) and 2-chloro-3-(triflouromethyl) benzoic acid (21 mg, 0.093 mmol) in DCM (8 mL) was treated with Et3N (35 μL, 0.25 mmol) followed by HATU (38 mg, 0.1 mmol). The reaction was stirred overnight, then concentrated to minimum volume and purified on 16 g SiO2 with 0-3.5% NH3 in MeOH/CH2Cl2 to give 32 mg (91%) of 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H14ClF3N4O, 406.1. m/z found, 407.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.84-7.75 (m, 1H), 7.62-7.43 (m, 7H), 5.11 (q, J=16.5 Hz, 1H), 4.64-4.45 (m, 1H), 4.32 (dt, J=13.2, 5.4 Hz, 0.5H), 4.05-3.95 (m, 0.5H), 3.65-3.48 (m, 1H), 3.04 (t, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 3.01-2.76 (m, 1H).

Example 62

5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (17 mg, 0.085 mmol) and 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid (18 mg, 0.093 mmol) in DCM (8 ml) was treated with Et3N (35 μL, 0.25 mmol) followed by HATU (38 mg, 0.1 mmol). The reaction was stirred overnight, then concentrated to minimum volume and purified on 16 g SiO2 with 0-3.5% NH3 in MeOH/CH2Cl2 to give 24 mg (75%) of 5-[(2,3-dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14Cl2N4O, 372.0; m/z found, 373.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.63-7.42 (m, 5H), 7.38-7.17 (m, 2H), 5.23-4.88 (m, 1H), 4.54 (q, J=15.7 Hz, 1H), 4.23 (dt, J=13.2, 5.5 Hz, 1.0H), 4.10-4.00 (m, 1.0H), 3.65-3.48 (m, 1H), 3.03 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 1H), 3.00-2.74 (m, 1H).

Example 63

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step 1 Intermediate 17: N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine

Pd(OAc)2 (9.5 mg, 0.042 mmol) and BINAP (26 mg, 0.042 mmol) were combined in toluene (1 ml) and stirred at rt for 10 minutes. This mixture was then added to a sealed vessel which contained 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine (172 mg 1.0 mmol), 2-aminopyridine (100 mg, 1.0 mmol), and K2CO3 (160 mg, 1.2 mmol) in toluene (2 ml). The reaction was heated to 110° C. for 2 h. The reaction was filtered while hot and the filter cake washed with EtOAc. The combined filtrates were concentrated and purified on 16 g SiO2 with 0-40% EtOAc/hexanes. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H8N4O2, 216.0. m/z found, 217.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.39 (s, 1H), 9.35 (s, 1H), 8.81 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 1H), 8.50 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.44 (dd, J=5.0, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (ddd, J=8.2, 7.4, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.09 (ddd, J=7.4, 5.0, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.02 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H).

Step 2 Intermediate 18: N-4-Pyridin-2-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine

A solution of N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine (195 mg, 0.9 mmol) in EtOH (15 ml) was treated with 10% Pd/C (10 mg) and then put under an atmosphere of H2 and stirred for 4 h. The reaction was filtered through Celite© and concentrated to pale yellow solid. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H10N4, 186.1. m/z found, 187.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.28 (ddd, J=5.0, 1.9, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.15 (s, 1H), 8.06 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 7.58 (ddd, J=8.3, 7.3, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 6.90-6.81 (m, 2H), 6.58 (s, 1H), 3.52 (s, 2H).

Step 3 Intermediate 19: 1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

N-4-Pyridin-2-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine (100 mg, 0.54 mmol) in THF (5 ml) and HOAc (0.034 ml, 0.59 mmol) was treated with t-butyl nitrite (0.11 ml, 0.81 mmol) and heated to 100° C. for 90 min. The reaction was cooled to 23° C. and a solid precipitated. The reaction mixture was warmed to dissolve the solid, filtered and the filtrate was partially concentrated. A solid was isolated (55 mg, 52%) then filtrate concentrated to provide a additional crop of product (57 mg, 54%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H7N5, 197.1. m/z found, 198.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.55 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.70 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.65 (ddd, J=4.9, 1.8, 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.55 (dd, J=5.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (dt, J=8.3, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.00 (ddd, J=8.3, 7.5, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.39 (ddd, J=7.4, 4.9, 1.0 Hz, 1H).

Step 4 Intermediate 20: 1-(Pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (23 mg, 0.12 mmol) in HOAc (14 mL) was hydrogenated at 50 bar using Rh/C as catalyst on the H-cube apparatus with a flow rate of 1 ml/min and looped with product recycling for 2 hrs. Reaction was concentrated then partially purified on 12 g SiO2 with 0-10% NH3 MeOH/CH2Cl2. Used without further purification in next reaction. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H11N5, 201.2. m/z found, 202.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.49 (ddd, J=4.9, 2.0, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.18-8.10 (m, 1H), 7.90 (ddd, J=8.3, 7.4, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.36-7.27 (m, 1H), 4.12 (t, J=1.4 Hz, 2H), 3.31-3.12 (m, 4H).

Step 5 Example 63: 5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (13 mg, 0.065 mmol) in THF (1 mL) was treated with 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride (19 mg, 0.078 mmol) followed by Et3N (0.013 mL, 0.097 mmol). After 5 min the reaction was diluted with CH2Cl2 and the organic portion washed with NaHCO3. The organic portion was then dried over Na2SO4, concentrated and purified on 4 g SiO2 to yield 20 mg (75%) of: 5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl) phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H13ClF3N5O, 407.1. m/z found, 408.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.49 (dddd, J=32.1, 4.9, 1.8, 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (ddt, J=17.3, 8.3, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (ddt, J=8.4, 7.5, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (ddd, J=6.6, 4.4, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.35 (dddd, J=12.3, 7.5, 4.9, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 5.25-4.96 (m, 1H), 4.35 (dt, J=13.3, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 4.11-3.95 (m, 1H), 3.61-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.51-3.44 (m, 1H), 3.36 (s, 1H).

Intermediates 21-30 were made in manner analogous to Intermediate 17 substituting the appropriate aryl or heteroaryl amine for N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine and the appropriate halo-nitro pyridine for 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine in the synthesis of Intermediate 17.

Intermediate 21

N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrazin-2-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H7N5O2, 217.1. m/z found, 218.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 10.57 (s, 1H), 9.40 (s, 1H), 8.84 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.59 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.45 (d, J=1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.38-8.30 (m, 2H).

Intermediate 22

N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-3-nitropyridin-4-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H8FN3O2, 233.0. m/z found, M/Z=234.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.79 (s, 1H), 9.08 (s, 1H), 8.22 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.23 (m, 4H), 6.77 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 23

3-Nitro-N-phenylpyridin-4-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H9N3O2, 215.1. m/z found, M/Z=216.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 9.66 (s, 1H), 9.26 (s, 1H), 8.23 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.34 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 6.93 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 24

N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-3-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H8N4O2, 216.1. m/z found, M/Z=217.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.87 (s, 1H), 9.11 (s, 1H), 8.58 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.51 (dd, J=4.7, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.26 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (dd, J=8.1, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H)

Intermediate 25

3-Fluoro-N-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H7FN4O2, 234.1. m/z found, M/Z=235.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 10.78 (s, 1H), 9.40 (s, 1H), 9.09 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.57 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 1H), 8.22 (d, J=4.4 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (dd, J=8.1, 3.6 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 26

3-Nitro-N-1H-pyrazol-5-ylpyridin-4-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C8H7N5O2, 205.1. m/z found, M/Z=206.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.74 (s, 1H), 9.88 (s, 1H), 9.10 (s, 1H), 8.37-8.35 (m, 1H), 7.80 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 6.31 (s, 1H).

Intermediate 27

N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H7N5O2, 217.1. m/z found, M/Z=218.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 9.65-9.62 (m, 2H), 8.84 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.73-8.67 (m, 1H), 7.39 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 28

N-(2-Chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-fluoropyrimidin-2-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H7ClFN5O2, 283.1. m/z found, M/Z=284.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.47 (s, 1H), 8.69 (s, 2H), 7.83 (s, 1H), 2.46 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 29

5-Fluoro-N-(3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H6FN5O2, 235.1. m/z found, 236.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 10.84-10.79 (s, 1H), 9.44-9.35 (s, 1H), 9.00-8.92 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.65-8.58 (dd, J=6.1, 0.7 Hz, 1H), 8.55-8.47 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 30

5-Fluoro-N-(2-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H9FN4O2, 248.071. m/z found, 249.1 [M+H]+.

Intemediates 32-39 were made in a manner analogous to Intermediate 18 substituting Intermediates 21-30 for N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine in the synthesis of Intermediate 18.

Intermediate 32

N-4-Pyrazin-2-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H9N5, 187.1. m/z found, 188.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.27 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.20 (t, J=2.1 Hz, 2H), 8.13 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (d, J=2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 6.75 (s, 1H).

Intermediate 33

N-4-Pyridin-3-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H10N4, 186.1. m/z found, M/Z=187.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.34 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (dd, J=4.6, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (s, 1H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.27 (dd, J=8.2, 4.6 Hz, 1H), 6.90 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.94 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 34

N-4-(4-Fluorophenyl)pyridine-3,4-diamine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H10FN3, 203.1. m/z found, M/Z=204.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.85 (s, 1H), 7.60 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (s, 1H), 7.19-7.05 (m, 4H), 6.78 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 4.83 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 35

N-4-(3-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H9FN4, 204.1. m/z found, M/Z=205.2 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 8.08-7.96 (m, 2H), 7.83 (q, J=5.5 Hz, 2H), 7.49 (ddd, J=11.2, 8.0, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (ddd, J=8.3, 4.9, 3.6 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 36

N-4-1H-Pyrazol-5-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C8H9N5, 175.1. m/z found, M/Z=176.2 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.41 (s, 1H), 8.63 (s, 1H), 7.81-7.63 (m, 4H), 6.10 (s, 1H), 5.45 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 37

N-4-Pyrimidin-2-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H9N5, 187.1. m/z found, M/Z=188.2 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 8.76 (s, 1H), 8.50 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 7.96 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 6.90 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 5.15 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 38

N-4-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H8FN5, 205.1. m/z found, 206.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.37 (d, J=0.6 Hz, 2H), 8.21-8.12 (m, 2H), 8.01 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 7.40 (s, 1H), 3.43-3.38 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 39

N-4-(5-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-2-methylpyridine-3,4-diamine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H11FN4, 218.1. m/z found, 219.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.96 (d, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.24 (m, 3H), 6.80-6.72 (m, 1H), 6.48 (s, 1H), 3.54-3.47 (m, 2H), 2.49 (s, 3H).

Intermediates 40-47 were made in a manner analogous to Intermediate 19 substituting Intermediates 32-39 for N-4-Pyridin-2-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine in the synthesis of Intermediate 19.

Intermediate 40

1-Pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H6N6, 198.1. m/z found, 199.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.70 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 9.59 (d, J=1.1 Hz, 1H), 8.75 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.71 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.62 (dd, J=2.6, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.45 (dd, J=5.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 41

1-Pyridin-3-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H7N5, 197.1. m/z found, M/Z=198.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.61 (s, 1H), 9.14 (d, J=1.9 Hz, 1H), 8.80 (d, J=4.7 Hz, 1H), 8.68 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 8.43-8.31 (m, 1H), 8.06 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 7.75 (dd, J=8.2, 4.8 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 42

1-(4-Fluorophenyl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H7FN4, 214.1. m/z found, M/Z=215.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 9.60 (s, 1H), 8.66 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 7.98 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 7.56 (t, J=8.8 Hz, 2H).

Intermediate 43

1-(3-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H6FN5, 215.1. m/z found, M/Z=216.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 9.50 (d, J=1.1 Hz, 1H), 8.63 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 8.54 (dd, J=3.6, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 8.13 (dd, J=5.9, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.10-7.99 (m, 1H), 7.70-7.64 (m, 1H).

Intermediate 44

1-Pyrimidin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H6N6, 198.1. m/z found, M/Z=199.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 10.10 (s, 1H), 9.17-9.07 (m, 3H), 8.92 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 45

1-(3-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H8FN5, 229.1. m/z found, M/Z=230.2 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 9.48 (s, 1H), 8.59 (d, J=4.6 Hz, 1H), 8.29-8.17 (m, 1H), 7.89 (s, 1H), 7.81-7.72 (m, 1H), 2.67 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 46

1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H5FN6, 216.1. m/z found, 217.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.59 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 8.85 (s, 2H), 8.78 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.42 (dd, J=5.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 47

1-(5-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H8FN5, 229.1. m/z found, 230.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.56 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 8.49 (dd, J=3.0, 0.6 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (ddd, J=9.1, 3.8, 0.7 Hz, 1H), 8.27 (dd, J=5.9, 0.8 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (ddd, J=9.0, 7.4, 2.9 Hz, 1H), 3.10 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 48

1-(1H-Pyrazol-5-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C8H6N6, 186.1. m/z found, M/Z=187.1 [M+H]+, 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): δ 13.42 (s, 1H), 9.57 (s, 1H), 8.67 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.12 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.06 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.88 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 49

tert-Butyl 3-(1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxylate

A solution of 1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (1.3 g, 7.0 mmol) in DCM (40 ml) was treated with di-tert-butyl-dicarbonate (1.7 g, 7.7 mmol) and stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and purified on 40 g SiO2 with 0-70% EtOAc/hexanes. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C13H14N6O2, 286.2. m/z found, 287.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.55 (d, J=1.2 Hz, 1H), 8.74 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 8.32 (dd, J=5.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 8.24 (d, J=2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (d, J=2.9 Hz, 1H), 1.72 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 50

1-Pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 20 substituting Intermediate 44 for 1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and PtO2 for Rh/C. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H10N6, 202.2. m/z found, 203.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): δ 9.17 (s, 2H), 9.04 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 7.72 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 4.46 (t, J=1.3 Hz, 2H), 3.49 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.38 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 51

1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 20 substituting Intermediate 46 for 1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and PtO2 for Rh/C. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H9N6, 220.2. m/z found, 221.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.73 (s, 2H), 4.13 (t, J=1.4 Hz, 2H), 3.23-3.11 (m, 2H).

Intermediate 52

1-(5-Fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 20 substituting Intermediate 47 for 1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H12FN5, 233.2. m/z found, 234.1 [M+H]+.

Example 64

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 63, Step 5 substituting Intermediate 51 for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17HHClF4N6O, 426.1. m/z found, 427.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.74 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 2H), 7.84-7.75 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.43 (m, 2H), 5.20-5.02 (m, 1H), 4.64-4.42 (m, 1H), 4.36-4.26 (m, 0.5H), 4.14-4.02 (m, 0.5H), 3.67-3.13 (m, 3H).

Example 65

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of 1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (97 mg, 0.48 mmol), 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid (118 mg, 0.53 mmol) and Et3N (0.1 ml, 0.72 mmol) in DMF (2.5 ml), was treated with HATU (219 mg, 0.58 mmol) and stirred for 3 h. The reaction mixture was then concentrated and purified on silica gel with 0-4% NH3 MeOH/CH2Cl2, followed by 50-100% EA/hexanes. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H12ClF3N6O, 408.1; m/z found, 409.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94-8.88 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.88-8.82 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.84-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.47-7.39 (dt, J=11.5, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 5.24-5.01 (m, 1H), 4.65-4.46 (m, 1H), 4.38-4.26 (dt, J=13.4, 5.5 Hz, 0.5H), 4.13-4.00 (ddd, J=13.4, 6.9, 5.4 Hz, 0.5H), 3.68-3.50 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.43 (dt, J=6.9, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.43-3.16 (m, 1H).

Example 66

5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 65 substituting 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H12F4N6O, 392.1. m/z found, 393.1 [M+H]+.

Example 67

5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 65 substituting 2, 3 dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C16H12Cl2N6O, 374.0. m/z found, 375.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.88 (dd, J=15.2, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (ddd, J=8.0, 5.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (dt, J=10.9, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.36-7.17 (m, 3H), 5.20-5.01 (m, 1H), 4.63-4.44 (m, 1H), 4.27-4.03 (m, 1H), 3.68-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.12 (m, 1H), 3.42-3.16 (m, 1H).

Example 68

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step A: 1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 20 substituting Intermediate 48 for 1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and PtO2 for Rh/C. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C8H10N6, 190.1. m/z found, 191.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) δ 7.79 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 6.67 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.98 (t, J=1.2 Hz, 2H), 3.15-2.96 (m, 4H).

Step B: 5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 65 substituting the product of Example 68, Step A for 1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C16H12ClF3N6O, 396.1. m/z found, 397.1 [M+H]+.

Example 69

5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step A: 1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 20 substituting Intermediate 40 for 1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and PtO2 for Rh/C. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C9H10N6, 202.1. m/z found, 203.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.50 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.62 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.47 (dd, J=2.6, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 4.13 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 2H), 3.24-3.13 (m, 4H).

Step B: 5-{[2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 65 substituting the product of Example 69, Step A for 1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid and DCM for DMF. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H12F4N6O, 392.1. m/z found, 393.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.52 (dd, J=15.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.66 (dd, J=7.3, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.52-8.45 (m, 1H), 7.80-7.71 (m, 1H), 7.72-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.38 (dt, J=14.9, 7.7 Hz, 1H), 5.09 (s, 1H), 4.67 (s, 1H), 3.67 (s, 1H), 3.43 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 3.33 (s, 1H), 1.88-1.71 (s, 1H).

Example 70

5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 65 substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid and DCM for DMF. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C16H12Cl2N6O, 374.0. m/z found, 375.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.52 (ddd, J=11.3, 1.4, 0.5 Hz, 1H), 8.66 (ddd, J=10.9, 2.6, 0.5 Hz, 1H), 8.52-8.41 (m, 1H), 7.55 (ddd, J=8.0, 3.1, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.17 (m, 2H), 5.19-5.01 (m, 1H), 4.64-4.40 (m, 1H), 4.28-4.00 (m, 1H), 3.69-3.50 (m, 1H), 3.43 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H).

Example 71

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 63, Step 5 substituting Intermediate 52 for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and DCM for THF. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1. m/z found, 440.1 [M+H]+.

Example 72

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A suspension of 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (100 mg, 0.5 mmol) in THF (2.5 mL) was treated with 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride (135 mg, 0.56 mmol) and the reaction stirred for 10 min at 23° C. The reaction was cooled to −50° C. and treated with MeMgBr (3.0 M solution in Et2O, 0.18 mL, 0.56 mmol), and reaction slowly warmed to 23° C. over 30 minutes. Saturated NaHCO3 solution was added to the reaction mixture, which was then extracted with EtOAc and purified on 16 g SiO2 with 0-50% ethyl acetate/hexanes to provide 174 mg (82%) of 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H12ClF3N6O, 420.1. m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.64-9.45 (t, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 8.75-8.58 (d, J=2.6 Hz, 1H), 8.51-8.38 (ddd, J=6.8, 2.6, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.95-7.78 (dt, J=4.5, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.70-7.38 (m, 2H), 6.69-6.54 (m, 1H), 6.44-6.22 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.50 (m, 4H).

Example 73

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A suspension of the 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (150 mg, 0.36 mmol) in MeOH (3.0 mL) and THF (1.0 mL) was treated with 10% Pd/C (30 mg), put under an atmosphere of H2 and stirred overnight. The reaction was filtered through Celite© and purified on 12 g SiO2 with 0-70% EA/DCM. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1. m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+.

Example 74

(4R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 73 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.57 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1. m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+.

Example 75

(4 S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 73 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.30 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1. m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+.

Examples 76-88 were made in a manner analogous to Example 72 & 73 substituting the appropriate Grignard reagent for MeMgBr.

Example 76

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-phenyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting PhMgBr for MeMgBr. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C23H14ClF3N6O, 482.1. m/z found, 483.1 [M+H]+.

Example 77

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-phenyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 73 substituting Example 76 for 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4, 5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C23H16ClF3N6O, 484.1. m/z found, 485.2 [M+H]+.

Example 78

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-phenyl-4, 5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was obtained as a byproduct of the reaction carried out to generate Example 77. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H14ClF3N4O, 406.1. m/z found, 407.1 [M+H]+.

Example 79

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting Intermediate 44 for 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H12ClF3N6O, 420.1. m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+.

Example 80

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 73 substituting Example 79 for 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1. m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+.

Example 81

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting Intermediate 42 for 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H13ClF4N4O, 436.1. m/z found, 437.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.83 (ddd, J=7.3, 4.6, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.69-7.41 (m, 3H), 7.32-7.19 (m, 3H), 6.39-6.20 (m, 2H), 5.79-5.70 (m, 1H), 1.67-1.54 (m, 3H).

Example 82

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting Intermediate 43 for 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H12ClF4N5O, 437.1. m/z found, 438.1 [M+H]+.

Example 83

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 73 substituting Example 81 for 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H15ClF4N4O, 438.1. m/z found, 439.1 [M+H]+.

Example 84

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 73 substituting Example 82 for 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.0. m/z found, 440.1 [M+H]+.

Example 85

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of Intermediate 232 (480 mg, 0.94 mmol) in formic acid 4.0 ml) was treated with 6.0 N HCl (0.31 ml, 1.9 mmol) and stirred for 16 h. The following was performed three times: MeOH was added and rotovapped to the crude reaction mixture to give the desired product. The enantiomers were separated by chiral SFC on (CHIRALPAK AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm). Mobile phase (70% CO2, 30% EtOH) to give Examples 133 and 134. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H22ClF3N6O3, 410.09. m/z found, 411.1 [M+H]+. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H14ClF3N6O, 410.1. m/z found, 411.1 [M+H]+.

Example 86

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 step 3. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H12ClF3N6O, 408.1. m/z found, 409.1 [M+H]+.

Example 87

(4 S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 80 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.85 min retention time. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1. m/z found, 422.8 [M+H]+.

Example 88

(4R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 80 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.57 min retention time. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1. m/z found, 422.8 [M+H]+.

Example 89

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

A solution of 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (Intermediate 40) (50 mg, 0.25 mmol) in THF (2.0 mL) was treated with 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride (67 mg, 0.28 mmol) and stirred for 5 minutes. The reaction was treated with Hantzsch Ester (269 mg, 1.0 mmol) and heated to 80° C. in sealed tube for 90 min. Reaction was concentrated and purified on 16 g SiO2 with 0-50% EtOAc/hexanes to yield 87 mg (85% yield) MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H10ClF3N6O, 406.1. m/z found, 407.1 [M+H]+.

Example 90

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 89 substituting Intermediate 19 for Intermediate 40. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H11ClF3N5O, 405.1. m/z found, 406.1 [M+H]+.

Example 91

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 73 substituting Example 89 for 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C17H12ClF3N6O, 408.1. m/z found, 409.1 [M+H]+.

Example 92

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Intermediate 53

tert-Butyl 2-methyl-3-(((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate

Step A: tert-Butyl 2-methyl-3-(((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate. To a solution of 1-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 3-oxopiperidine-1,4-dicarboxylate (5.0 g, 18.4 mmol) in ethanol (10 mL) was added methylhydrazine (1.07 mL, 20.3 mmol). The solution was allowed to stir overnight at 80° C. under an atmosphere of nitrogen. The reaction was cooled to rt and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in 40 mL CH2Cl2 and diisopropylethylamine (3.5 mL, 20.3 mmol) and N-phenyltrifluoromethanesulfonate (7.32 g, 20.3 mmol) were added. The solution was allowed to stir overnight. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-30% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to provide the desired product as a colorless oil (4.67 g, 79%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C13H18F3N3O5S, 385.1. m/z found, 386.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.53-4.45 (m, 2H), 3.77 (s, 2H), 3.69 (s, 1H), 3.66-3.57 (m, 2H), 2.60-2.54 (m, 2H), 1.49 (s, 3H), 1.48 (s, 6H).

Intermediate 54

tert-Butyl 2-methyl-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate

Step B: tert-Butyl 2-methyl-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate. To a solution of tert-butyl 2-methyl-3- (((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate (1.0 g, 2.60 mmol) in DMF (25 mL) was added pyridine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (1.33 g, 6.49 mmol), cesium carbonate (3.42 g, 10.38 mmol), copper chloride (257 mg, 0.259 mmol), palladium acetate (29 mg, 0.130 mmol) and 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene (145 mg, 0.259 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 100° C. overnight under an atmosphere of N2. The reaction was poured into ice water and extracted with CH2Cl2 three times. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and evaporated. Chromatography on silica gel (0-100% ethyl acetate/hexanes) provided the desired product (145 mg, 17%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H22N4O2, 314.2. m/z found, 315.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.73-8.70 (m, 0.5H), 7.80-7.76 (m, 0.5H), 7.40-7.35 (m, 2H), 7.31-7.24 (m, 1H), 4.66-4.44 (m, 2H), 4.07 (s, 2H), 3.84 (s, 1H), 3.70-3.56 (m, 2H), 2.73-2.55 (m, 2H), 1.54-1.42 (m, 9H).

Step C: 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine. To a solution of tert-butyl 2-methyl-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate (135 mg, 0.429 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (5 mL) was added 4 M HCl in dioxane (0.43 mL, 1.72 mmol). The reaction was allowed to stir at rt for 1 h, then 1 mL MeOH was added and the reaction was stirred overnight. The reaction was concentrated to a yellow gum. It was combined with 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid (155 mg, 0.690 mmol), BOP (305 mg, 0.690 mmol) and triethylamine (0.37 mL, 2.65 mmol). After stirring overnight at rt, the reaction was filtered and purified by HPLC (Agilent prep system, Waters)(Bridge C18 5 μm 50×100 mm column, 5-99% MeOH/20 nM NH4OH over 18 min at 80 mL/min). The desired product was isolated as a white solid (56 mg, 31%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.1. m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.75-8.69 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.72 (m, 2H), 7.54-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.31-7.25 (m, 1H), 5.09 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.5H), 4.90 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.5H), 4.46 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 0.5H), 4.36 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 0.5H), 4.24 (dt, J=12.8, 5.4 Hz, 0.5H), 4.10 (s, 1H), 4.04 (s, 2H), 3.92-3.87 (m, 0.5H), 3.52-3.41 (m, 1H), 2.94-2.82 (m, 1H), 2.80-2.61 (m, 1H).

Example 93

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine. TFA salt

To a vial containing 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (17 mg, 0.040 mmol) was added pyridinium chloride (215 mg, 1.86 mmol). The vial was flushed with N2 and heated to 170° C. for 30 min. To the reaction was added EtOAc and 1 M NaOH. The layers were separated and the water layer was extracted with EtOAc three times. The combined organic layers were concentrated in vacuo and the residue was purified by acidic HPLC. The product was isolated as orange oil (8 mg, 38%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF3N4O, 406.1. m/z found, 407.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, MeOD) δ 8.70-8.66 (m, 1H), 8.41-8.34 (m, 1H), 8.05 (dd, J=13.1, 8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (td, J=7.7, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.61 (m, 3H), 5.10-5.06 (m, 0.7H), 4.97-4.93 (m, 0.7H), 4.48 (s, 0.7H), 4.32-2.27 (m, 0.3H), 4.04-3.97 (m, 0.3H), 3.66-3.54 (m, 1.3H), 3.14-3.09 (m, 0.7H), 3.04-2.88 (m, 1.3H).

Example 94

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Intermediate 55

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Step A: 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine. To a solution of 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (1.01 g, 5.15 mmol) in DMF (17 mL) was added 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid (2.31 g, 10.30 mmol), Hunig's base (3.55 mL, 20.60 mmol) and HATU (2.31 g, 10.30 mmol). The solution was allowed to stir for 30 min at rt then poured into ice water (300 mL). The resulting solid was collected by suction filtration and allowed to air dry. The solid was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-100% ethyl acetate/hexanes). The product fractions were concentrated to a white solid which was dissolved in ethanol (20 mL) and 1M NaOH (20 mL) and stirred at 80° C. for 1 h. Water (50 mL) and CH2Cl2 (50 mL) were added. The layers were separated and the water layer was extracted two times with CH2Cl2. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated to an oil (1.37 g, 81%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C14H11ClF3N3O, 329.1. m/z found, 330.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.79-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.52-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.37 (br s, 1H), 5.11 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.5H), 4.85 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.5H), 4.46 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 0.5H), 4.36 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 0.5H), 4.22-4.18 (m, 0.5H), 3.94-3.88 (m, 0.5H), 3.49-3.44 (m, 1H), 2.85-2.80 (m, 1H), 2.75-2.65 (m, 1H), 2.62-2.54 (m, 1H).

Intermediate 56

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Step B: 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine. To a solution of 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (63 mg, 0.191 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added N-iodosuccinimide (47 mg, 0.210 mmol). The reaction was allowed to stir for 2 h at rt then poured into ice water (10 mL). The product was extracted with EtOAc three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (0-50% ethyl acetate/hexanes) provided the desired product (48 mg, 55%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C14H10ClF3IN3O, 454.95. m/z found, 455.9 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.27 (br s, 1H), 7.81-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.52-7.43 (m, 2H), 5.13 (d, J=16.7 Hz, 0.6H), 4.82 (d, J=16.7 Hz, 0.6H), 4.47 (d, J=16.0 Hz, 0.4H), 4.37 (d, J=16.0 Hz, 0.4H), 4.27-4.19 (m, 0.4H), 3.95-3.85 (m, 0.4H), 3.45-3.50 (m, 1.2H), 2.62-2.66 (m, 0.8H), 2.51 (m, 0.6H), 2.46-2.37 (m, 0.6H).

Intermediate 57

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Step C: 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine/6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-2-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

To a solution of 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (40 mg, 0.09 mmol) in dichloroethane (1 mL) was added 3,4-dihydropyran (24 mL, 0.26 mmol) and para-toluenesulfonic acid (2 mg, 0.009 mmol). After stirring for 4 h at rt the reaction was diluted with CH2Cl2 and washed with aqueous saturated sodium bicarbonate. The organic layer was dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (0-50% ethyl acetate/hexanes) provided the desired product as a mixture of regioisomers (45 mg, 95%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H18ClF3IN3O2, 539.0. m/z found, 540.0 [M+H]+.

Example 94

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

To a solution of 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (a mixture of regioisomers) (81 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added 5-fluoropyridine-2-boronic acid pinacol ester (84 mg, 0.38 mmol), cesium carbonate (198 mg, 0.600 mmol), copper chloride (15 mg, 0.15 mmol), palladium acetate (2 mg, 0.008 mmol) and 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene (8 mg, 0.150 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 85° C. overnight under an atmosphere of N2. The reaction was diluted with water and aqueous sodium carbonate (5%) and extracted with EtOAc three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by HPLC (Agilent prep system, Waters)(Bridge, C18, 5 μm, 30×100 mm column, 5-99% MeOH/20 nM NH4OH over 18 min at 30 mL/min). The product fractions were concentrated in vacuo and then dissolved in CH2Cl2 (1 mL). (THP deprotection) To the solution, triethylsilane (0.011 mL, 0.0737 mmol) and TFA (0.236 mL, 0.059 mmol) were added. The reaction was stirred at rt for 1 h then concentrated in vacuo. Chromatography on silica gel (0-100% ethyl acetate/hexanes) provided the desired product as a colorless oil (4 mg, 6%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H13ClF4N4O, 424.1. m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.50-8.47 (m, 1H), 7.81-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.56-7.42 (m, 4H), 5.13 (d, J=16.5 Hz, 0.5H), 4.93 (d, J=16.5 Hz, 0.5H), 4.51 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 0.5H), 4.40 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 0.5H), 4.34-4.25 (m, 0.5H), 4.07-3.98 (m, 0.5H), 3.61-3.49 (m, 1H), 3.08-3.03 (m, 1H), 3.01-2.94 (m, 0.5H), 2.88-2.78 (m, 0.5H).

Example 95

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(5-fluoropyridin-3-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

To a solution of 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (90 mg, 0.167 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) was added 5-fluoropyridine-3-boronic acid (70 mg, 0.50 mmol), potassium phosphate (106 mg, 0.50 mmol), [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II) (18 mg, 0.025 mmol) and 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene (6 mg, 0.010 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 100° C. overnight under an atmosphere of N2. The reaction was filtered through Celite© and the Celite© was washed with EtOAc. The solvent was concentrated and the residue was purified by HPLC (Agilent prep system, Waters)(Bridge, C18, 5 μm, 30×100 mm column, 5-99% MeOH/20 mM NH4OH over 18 min at 30 mL/min) followed by THP deprotection as described in Example 94 to provide the desired product (30 mg, 42%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H13ClF4N4O, 424.1. m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.73-8.64 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.48-8.39 (m, 1H), 7.83-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.72-7.60 (m, 1H), 7.56-7.44 (m, 2H), 5.15 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.7H), 4.88 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.7H), 4.50 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 0.3H), 4.39 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 0.3H), 4.25 (dt, J=12.8, 5.5 Hz, 0.3H), 4.04-3.95 (m, 0.3H), 3.54 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 1.4H), 2.99 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 0.7H), 2.92-2.73 (m, 1.3H).

Example 96

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-pyridin-3-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

This compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 95. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF3N4O, 406.1. m/z found 407.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.87-8.83 (m, 1H), 8.64-8.57 (m, 1H), 7.94-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.75 (m, 1H), 7.56-7.34 (m, 3H), 5.15 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.6H), 4.89 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.6H), 4.51 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 0.4H), 4.40 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 0.4H), 4.27 (dt, J=13.0, 5.4 Hz, 0.4H), 4.01-3.91 (m, 0.4H), 3.53 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1.2H), 2.98 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 0.8H), 2.91-2.71 (m, 1.2H).

Example 97

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

To a solution of 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-iodo-4,5, 6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (Intermediate 57) (47 mg, 0.103 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane (1 mL) was added 2-tributylstannylpyrazine (0.041 mL, 0.124 mmol), lithium chloride (4 mg, 0.103 mmol) and tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)palladium(0) (119 mg, 0.103 mmol). The reaction was allowed to stir overnight at 110° C. and an additional 3 h in a microwave reactor at 170° C. The reaction was diluted with water and EtOAc and 50% potassium fluoride on Celite© (1 g) was added. After stirring for 1 h, the solution was filtered and the layers in the filtrate were separated. The organic layer was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was purified by HPLC (Agilent prep system, Waters)(Bridge, C18, 5 μm, 30×100 mm column, 5-99% MeOH/20 mM NH4OH over 18 min at 30 mL/min) to give the desired product. (3 mg, 8%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13ClF3N5O, 407.1. m/z found 408.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.88 (br s, 1H), 8.60-8.50 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.75 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.41 (m, 3H), 5.20-5.13 (m, 0.5H), 4.95-4.87 (m, 0.5H), 4.52 (d, J=15.7 Hz, 0.5H), 4.41 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 0.5H), 4.34-4.27 (m, 0.5H), 4.10-3.97 (m, 0.5H), 3.60-3.53 (m, 1H), 3.16-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.98 (m, 1H).

Example 98

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

This compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 97 substituting copper iodide in place of lithium chloride. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13ClF3N5O, 407.08. m/z found 408.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 11.13 (br s, 1H), 8.76 (dd, J=14.9, 4.9 Hz, 2H), 7.77 (dd, J=11.3, 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.41 (m, 2H), 7.22-7.17 (m, 1H), 5.19 (d, J=16.4 Hz, 0.5H), 4.90 (d, J=15.7 Hz, 0.5H), 4.51 (d, J=15.7 Hz, 0.5H), 4.41 (d, J=15.8 Hz, 0.5H), 4.32-4.22 (m, 0.5H), 4.01-3.94 (m, 0.5H), 3.57-3.46 (m, 1H), 3.32-3.09 (m, 1.5H), 3.04-2.92 (m, 0.5H).

Intermediate 58

3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Step A: tert-Butyl 3-oxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate. To a solution of 1-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 3-oxopiperidine-1,4-dicarboxylate (5.0 g, 18.43 mmol) in ethanol (10 mL) was added hydrazine monohydrate (1.04 g, 20.27 mmol) via syringe. The resulting solution was heated to 80° C. and stirred overnight. A white precipitate formed after stirring overnight. The reaction was cooled to rt and solvent was decanted from the reaction mixture, the solids were dried under vacuum to provide the desired product (3.8 g, 86%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H17N3O3, 239.2. m/z found, 240.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, MeOD) δ 4.40 (s, 2H), 3.67-3.54 (m, 2H), 2.40 (t, J=5.6 Hz, 2H), 1.48 (s, 9H).

Step B: tert-Butyl 3-(((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate

tert-Butyl 3-oxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate (3.8 g, 15.88 mmol) was dissolved in 60 mL of CH2Cl2 and diisopropylethylamine (6.0 mL, 34.93 mmol) and N-phenyltrifluoromethanesulfonate (6.3 g, 17.46 mmol) were added. The solution was allowed to stir at rt for 2 hours. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-30% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to provide the desired product (2.38 g, 40%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C12H16F3N3O5S, 371.3. m/z found, 372.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 4.56 (s, 2H), 3.66 (s, 2H), 2.59 (t, J=5.5 Hz, 2H), 1.48 (d, J=10.8 Hz, 9H).

Step C: tert-Butyl 3-(((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate

tert-Butyl 3-(((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate (2.09 g, 5.63 mmol) was dissolved in THF (30 mL), and NaH (60%) (292.64 mg, 7.32 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was allowed to stir for 1 hour. 2-(Trimethylsilyl)ethoxymethyl chloride (1.32 mL, 7.32 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at rt. The reaction was then cooled to 0° C. and quenched with NH4Cl. Upon quenching a white precipitate formed and was re-dissolved with the addition of water. The reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc, dried and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-20% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to provide the desired product (590 mg, 21%). The product was not UV active but stained in KMnO4. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H30F3N3O6SSi, 501.6. m/z found, 502.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 5.30 (s, 2H), 4.59 (s, 2H), 3.70-3.62 (m, 2H), 3.60-3.52 (m, 2H), 2.60 (t, J=5.2 Hz, 2H), 1.51 (s, 9H), 0.94-0.87 (m, 11H).

Step D: tert-Butyl 3-phenyl-1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate

To a solution of tert-butyl 3-(((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate (440 mg, 0.88 mmol) in 1, 4-dioxane (9 mL) was added phenylboronic acid (331 mg, 2.63 mmol), potassium phosphate (559 mg, 2.63 mmol), 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-dichloropalladium (II) (32 mg, 0.05 mmol) and 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene (10 mg, 0.02 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 160° C. for 1 hour in a microwave reactor. The reaction was cooled to rt and filtered through Celite© and rinsed with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified via chromatography on silica gel (0-25% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to provide the desired product (298 mg, 79%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H35N3O3Si, 429.7. m/z found, 430.2 [M+H]+.

Step E: 3-Phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

tert-Butyl 3-phenyl-1-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate (298 mg, 0.69 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (8 mL) with TFA (0.5 mL, 6.98 mmol) and was allowed to stir under N2 pressure at rt overnight. Solvent was removed and the residue partitioned between 2M Na2CO3 and DCM, then extracted with DCM three times. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The resulting product was used as is in the next step.

Intermediate 59

3-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine HCl and 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine HCl

To a 1:1 mixture of tert-butyl 2-methyl-3-(((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate and tert-butyl 3-methyl-3-(((trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl)oxy)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6(7H)-carboxylate (1.0 g, 2.60 mmol) in 1, 4-dioxane (9 mL) was added 4-fluorophenylboronic acid (1.09 g, 7.79 mmol), potassium phosphate (1.65 g, 7.79 mmol), 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-dichloropalladium (II) (287 mg, 0.4 mmol) and 1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene (87 mg, 0.15 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 160° C. for 1 hour in a microwave reactor. The reaction was cooled to rt and filtered through Celite© and rinsed with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified via chromatography on silica gel (0-50% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to provide the desired product as a mixture of regio-isomers (520 mg, 60%). The product was then converted the analogous HCl salt with 4M HCl in dioxane. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H22FN3O2, 331.4. m/z found, 332.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.35-7.25 (m, 2H), 7.23-7.12 (m, 2H), 4.57 (s, 2H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.64 (s, 2H), 2.54 (s, 2H), 1.50 (d, J=9.9 Hz, 9H).

Intermediate 60

2-Methyl-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine HCl and 1-methyl-3-(pyridin-3-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine HCl

Prepared in manner analogous to that described for Intermediate 59 using pyridine-3-boronic acid to afford the desired product as a mixture of regio-isomers (417 mg, 98%) which was purified via chromatography on silica gel (0-30% ethyl acetate/hexanes). The product was then converted the analogous HCl salt with 4M HCl in dioxane. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H22N4O2, 314.4. m/z found, 315.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.66 (dd, J=4.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.63 (dd, J=2.2, 0.7 Hz, 1H), 7.70-7.62 (m, 1H), 7.47-7.39 (m, 1H), 4.63-4.53 (m, 2H), 3.85-3.80 (m, 3H), 3.70-3.65 (m, 2H), 2.71-2.65 (m, 2H), 1.52-1.48 (m, 9H).

Intermediate 61

2-Methyl-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine HCl and 1-methyl-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine HCl

Prepared in manner analogous to that described for Intermediate 59 using pyrimidine-5-boronic acid to afford the desired product as a mixture of regio-isomers (407 mg, 99%) which was purified via chromatography on silica gel (0-30% 2M NH3/methanol in DCM). The product was then converted the analogous HCl salt with 4M HCl in dioxane. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C16H21N5O2315.4. m/z found, 316.2 [M+H]+.

Example 99

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

To a solution of Intermediate 58 (433 mg, 1.38 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid (310.3 mg, 1.38 mmol), triethylamine (1.15 mL, 8.29 mmol) and BOP (611.03 mg, 1.38 mmol). The solution was allowed to stir overnight. Following dilution with water, the mixture was extracted with DCM three times. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4 and conc. The resulting residue was purified by basic HPLC (0-99% acetonitrile). (356 mg, 56%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H15ClF3N3O, 405.81. m/z found, 406.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.76 (ddd, J=12.1, 7.8, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.56-7.33 (m, 7H), 5.17-4.97 (m, 1H), 4.52-4.33 (m, 1H), 4.28 (dt, J=12.9, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 3.99-3.83 (m, 1H), 3.54-3.41 (m, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 2.79-2.68 (m, 1H).

Example 100

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Prepared in manner analogous to that described for Example 99 using 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid instead of 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid to afford the desired product. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H15Cl2N3O, 372.26. m/z found, 373.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (CDCl3): 7.59-7.55-7.20 (m, 8H), 5.17-4.86 (m, 1H), 4.55-4.34 (m, 1H), 4.26-3.89 (m, 1H), 3.56-3.45 (m, 1H), 3.03-2.93 (m, 1H), 2.91-2.68 (m, 2H).

Example 101

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-methyl-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine-6-[(2,3-dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (1:1)

To a solution of 6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (35 mg, 0.09 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added NaH (60%) (5 mg, 0.1 mmol). The reaction was allowed to stir at rt for 1 hr then iodomethane (0.005 mL, 0.09 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was allowed to stir for 2 hours. After aqueous workup, the resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were dried and concentrated into a yellow residue which was purified via Basic HPLC (0-99% acetonitrile/water (NH4OH)) to afford the desired product 924 mg, 33%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H17C12N3O, 386.28. m/z found, 387.2 [M+H]+.

Example 102

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

The desired product was obtained from SFC separation of Example 101. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H17Cl2N3O, 386.28. m/z found, 387.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.52-7.20 (m, 8H), 5.14-4.76 (m, 1H), 4.57-4.19 (m, 1H), 4.19-3.86 (m, 1H), 3.84-2.78 (m, 3H), 3.46-3.40 (m, 1H), 2.72 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 2.65-2.46 (m, 1H).

Example 103

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-methyl-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

The desired product was obtained SFC separation of Example 101. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H17Cl2N3O, 386.28. m/z found, 387.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.70-7.62 (m, 2H), 7.58-7.52 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.36 (m, 2H), 7.35-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.27-7.21 (m, 1H), 5.03 (d, J=16.4 Hz, 1H), 4.80 (d, J=16.4 Hz, 1H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.51-3.45 (m, 2H), 2.89-2.81 (m, 1H), 2.79-2.70 (m, 1H).

Example 104

6-[(2,3-Dichloropyridin-4-yl)carbonyl]-3-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Prepared in an analogous manner to Example 99 using 2,3-dichloropyridine-4-carboxylic acid to afford the desired product MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14Cl2N4O, 373.24. m/z found, 374.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.38 (dd, J=18.2, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.36 (m, 5H), 7.24-7.19 (m, 1H), 5.01-4.95 (m, 1H), 4.46-4.37 (m, 1H), 4.23-3.90 (m, 1H), 3.57-3.39 (m, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 2.91-2.72 (m, 1H).

Example 105

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

To a solution of Intermediate 59 (200 mg, 0.74 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid (167 mg, 0.74 mmol), Triethylamine (0.62 mL, 4.48 mmol) and BOP (611.03 mg, 1.38 mmol). The solution was allowed to stir overnight. The reaction was then given an aqueous workup and extracted with DCM three times. The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The resulting mixture of regioisomers was purified by basic HPLC (0-99% acetonitrile) then by SFC to obtain the desired product (31 mg, 9%) MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C21H16ClF4N3O, 437.83. m/z found, 438.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.75 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.53-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.45 (dd, J=14.5, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.35-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.22-7.13 (m, 2H), 5.01-4.95 (m, 1H), 4.45-4.38 (m, 1H), 4.27-3.84 (m, 1H), 3.78 (m, 3H), 3.50-3.37 (m, 1H), 2.74-2.66 (m, 1H), 2.62-2.43 (m, 1H).

Example 106

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

The desired product (2.6 mg, 1%) was obtained via SFC separation of Example 105. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C11H16ClF4N3O, 437.83. m/z found, 438.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.80 (dd, J=7.3, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.64-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.55-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.13-7.04 (m, 2H), 5.06 (d, J=16.4 Hz, 1H), 4.80 (d, J=16.4 Hz, 1H), 3.87 (s, 3H), 3.48 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2H), 2.95-2.67 (m, 2H).

Example 107

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-pyridin-3-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Prepared in an analogous manner to Example 105 using intermediate 60. The resulting mixture of regioisomers was purified by basic HPLC (0-99% acetonitrile), then by SFC to obtain the desired product (60.4 mg, 24%) MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.82. m/z found, 421.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.78-8.54 (m, 2H), 7.75 (t, J=11.2 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (dd, J=9.5, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (dt, J=14.6, 7.4 Hz, 2H), 5.02-4.96 (m, 1H), 4.44-4.37 (m, 1H), 4.26-3.88 (m, 1H), 3.86-3.80 (m, 3H), 3.49-3.41 (m, 1H), 2.77-2.70 (m, 1H), 2.66-2.46 (m, 1H).

Example 108

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-methyl-3-pyridin-3-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

The desired product (33.6 mg, 13%) was obtained via SFC separation of Example 107. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.82. m/z found, 421.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.93-8.87 (m, 1H), 8.55 (dd, J=11.6, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 8.01 (dt, J=8.0, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (dt, J=9.2, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 7.56-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.38-7.30 (m, 1H), 5.09 (d, J=16.5 Hz, 1H), 4.80 (d, J=16.5 Hz, 1H), 3.90 (s, 3H), 3.53-3.48 (m, 2H), 3.03-2.67 (m, 2H).

Example 109

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Prepared in an analogous manner to Example 99 using 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid instead of 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid and Intermediate 59 instead of Intermediate 58 to afford the desired product. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H16Cl2FN3O, 404.27. m/z found, 405.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.68-7.59 (m, 2H), 7.55 (dd, J=8.0, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (td, J=7.8, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.25-7.22 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.05 (m, 2H), 5.01 (d, J=16.4 Hz, 1H), 4.80 (d, J=16.5 Hz, 1H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 3.48 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 2H), 2.96-2.66 (m, 2H).

Example 110

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

To a vial containing 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine (50 mg, 0.11 mmol) was added pyridinium chloride (270 mg, 2.30 mmol). The vial was flushed with N2 and heated to 170° C. for 30 min in a microwave reactor. To the reaction was added EtOAc and 1M NaOH. The layers were separated and the water layer was extracted with EtOAc three times. The combined organic layers were concentrated in vacuo and the residue was purified by HPLC (Gilson prep system, inertsil ODS-3, C18, 3 μm 30×100 mm column at 45° C., gradient of 5-70% MeCN/water with 0.05% TFA over 7 min, flow rate of 80 mL/min). The product was isolated as orange oil (9 mg, 19%) MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C20H14ClF4N3O, 423.8. m/z found, 424.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.82-7.69 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.38 (m, 4H), 7.18-7.13 (m, 2H), 5.01 (m, 1H), 4.48-4.39 (m, 1H), 4.30-3.87 (m, 1H), 3.60-3.40 (m, 1H), 2.94 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 2.86-2.65 (m, 1H).

Example 111

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-pyridin-3-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Prepared in an analogous manner to Example 107 using 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid to afford the desired product (52.6 mg 22%) MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H16Cl2N4O, 387.27. m/z found, 388.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.67 (ddd, J=11.6, 4.8, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.63 (dd, J=11.8, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (ddt, J=9.6, 8.0, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (dt, J=7.9, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (ddd, J=12.8, 7.8, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.29 (dd, J=11.0, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 5.14-4.82 (m, 1H), 4.58-4.20 (m, 1H), 4.17-3.90 (m, 1H), 3.88-3.79 (m, 3H), 3.52-3.39 (m, 1H), 2.73 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 2.66-2.46 (m, 1H).

Example 112

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-pyridin-3-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Prepared in an analogous manner to Example 107 using 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid to afford the desired product (31.2 mg 13%) via SFC separation. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H16Cl2N4O, 387.27. m/z found, 388.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.88 (s, 1H), 8.54 (s, 1H), 8.02 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.26-7.22 (m, 1H), 5.05 (d, J=16.5 Hz, 1H), 4.81 (d, J=16.5 Hz, 1H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.55-3.49 (m, 3H), 2.99-2.70 (m, 2H).

Example 113

6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-pyrimidin-5-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Step A: 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-2-methyl-3-pyrimidin-5-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine. Prepared in an analogous manner to Example 105 using intermediate 61. The resulting residue was purified by basic HPLC (0-99% acetonitrile) and then via SFC to obtain the desired product. MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H15ClF3N5O, 421.81. m/z found, 422.2 [M+H]+.

Example 114

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Prepared in an analogous manner to Example 110 using 6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine to afford the desired product (22.1 mg 10%) MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C19H14Cl2FN3O, 390.25. m/z found, 391.2[M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.59-7.42 (m, 3H), 7.33-7.21 (m, 2H), 7.18-7.08 (m, 2H), 5.15-4.77 (m, 1H), 4.58-4.33 (m 1H), 4.27-3.88 (m, 1H), 3.57-3.42 (m, 1H), 2.92 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 2.86-2.64 (m, 1H).

Example 115

6-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-3-pyridin-4-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine

Prepared in an analogous manner to Example 110 using 6-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-methyl-3-pyridin-3-yl-4,5, 6,7-tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridine to afford the desired product (52.6 mg 22%) MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C18H14Cl2N4O, 373.24. m/z found, 374.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.67 (dd, J=21.7, 5.3 Hz, 2H), 7.59-7.45 (m, 2H), 7.35-7.19 (m, 3H), 5.18-4.80 (m, 1H), 4.62-4.27 (m 1H), 4.23-3.96 (m, 1H), 3.60-3.49 (m, 1H), 3.05-2.98 (m, 1H), 2.95-2.75 (m, 1H).

Example 116

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 62

N-(2-Chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine

Step A: N-(2-Chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine. To a solution of 2-aminopyridine (361 mg, 3.72 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was added 60% sodium hydride (164 mg, 4.09 mmol). After stirring for 2 h at rt, 2,4-dichloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridine (864 mg, 4.09 mmol) was added. After stirring 3.5 h additional at rt, sat. NH4Cl solution (30 mL) was added. The organic layer was separated and the water layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 two times. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (0-30% ethyl acetate/hexanes) provided the desired product (366 mg, 37%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H9C1N4O2, 264.04. m/z found, 265.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.51 (br s, 1H), 8.39 (ddd, J=5.0, 1.9, 0.7, 1H), 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.71 (ddd, J=8.2, 7.4, 1.9, 1H), 7.07 (ddd, J=7.4, 5.0, 0.9, 1H), 6.93 (dt, J=8.2, 0.8, 1H), 2.53 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 62b

6-Methyl-N4-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine

Step B: 6-Methyl-N4-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine. To a solution of N-(2-chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine (860 mg, 3.25 mmol) in methanol (30 mL) was added zinc powder (2.12 g, 32.49 mmol) and acetic acid (0.93 mL, 16.25 mmol). The reaction was heated to reflux and stirred for 2 h after which time 4M HCl in dioxane was added (4.0 mL, 16.0 mmol). After stirring at reflux overnight, the zinc was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was dissolved in CH2Cl2 (100 mL) and IPA (10 mL) and 5% Na2CO3 (aq) was added until pH 11 was obtained. The organic layer was separated. Solid NaCl was added to the water layer to saturate it and then it was extracted with 20% IPA/CH2Cl2 three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated to an oil (550 mg, 85%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H12N4, 200.11. m/z found, 201.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 63

6-Methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step C: 6-Methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. To a solution of 6-methyl-N4-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine (550 mg, 2.7 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was added acetic acid (0.17 mL, 6.49 mmol) and tert-butyl nitrite (0.54 mL, 4.12 mmol). The reaction was then heated to reflux and stirred overnight. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-10% [2M NH3 in MeOH]/CH2Cl2) to give the desired product as a yellow gum (408 mg, 70%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H9N5, 211.09. m/z found, 212.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.44 (d, J=0.9, 1H), 8.67-8.62 (m, 1H), 8.37 (s, 1H), 8.31-8.23 m, 1H), 8.01-7.96 (m, 1H), 7.41-7.35 (m, 1H), 2.80 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 64

6-Methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step D: 6-Methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. A solution of 6-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (530 mg, 1.932 mmol) in acetic acid (100 mL) was passed through a Rh/C cartridge using an HCube® hydrogenation apparatus at 90 bar, 90° C. and 1 mL/min. The acetic acid was concentrated and to the residue was added IN NaOH until pH 12 was obtained. The water layer was extracted with 20% IPA/CH2Cl2 three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated to a light brown solid (243 mg, 58%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H13N5, 215.12. m/z found, 216.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (600 MHz, MeOD) δ 8.57 (ddd, J=4.9, 1.8, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.11-8.03 (m, 2H), 7.47 (ddd, J=7.2, 4.9, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 4.13-3.97 (m, 2H), 3.35-3.40 (m, 1H), 3.09-3.02 (m, 1H), 2.86-2.79 (m, 1H), 1.34 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 3H).

Step E: 5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step E was carried out from 6-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine using the conditions described in Example 65. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H15ClF3N5O, 421.09. m/z found, 422.1 [M+H]+.

Example 117

(2-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 substituting Intermediate 20 for 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and 2-chloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid for 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H13ClFN5O, 357.1. m/z found, 358.0 [M+H]+.

Example 118

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-(S*)-6-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 118 and Example 119 were prepared by separation of the enantiomers of Example 116 using a (Chiralcel OD-H column). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H15ClF3N5O, 421.09. m/z found, 422.1 [M+H]+.

Example 119

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-(R*)-6-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 118 and Example 119 were prepared by separation of the enantiomers of Example 117 using a (Chiralcel OD-H column). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H15ClF3N5O, 421.09. m/z found, 422.1 [M+H]+.

Example 120

5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-6-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 120 was prepared from 6-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and 2,3 dichlorobenzoic acid using the conditions described in Example 65. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H15Cl2N5O, 387.07. m/z found, 388.1 [M+H]+.

Example 121

5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-6-methyl-1-pyridin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 121 was prepared from 6-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid using the conditions described in Example 65. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.06. m/z found, 406.1 [M+H]+.

Example 122

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Example 122 was prepared via the route described for Example 116 beginning from 2-amino-3-fluoropyridine instead of 2-aminopyridine (in step A). Subsequent steps were carried out analogous to those described in steps B-D. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.08. m/z found, 440.1 [M+H]+.

Example 123

(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 substituting Intermediate 20 for 1-phenyl-4,5, 6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13F4N5O, 391.1. m/z found, 392.1 [M+H]+.

Example 124

(2-Fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 substituting 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid. The starting material was obtained following the procedure used to obtain Intermediate 20 where in Step 1, Intermediate 17 o-anisidine was substituted for 2-aminopyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H16F4N4O2, 420.1. m/z found, 421.2 [M+H]+.

Example 125

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61. The starting material was obtained following the procedure used to obtain Intermediate 20 where in Step 1, Intermediate 17 o-anisidine was substituted for 2-aminopyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H16ClF3N4O2, 436.1. m/z found, 437.1 [M+H]+.

Example 126

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(2-(2-fluoroethoxy)phenyl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 1-bromo-2-(2-fluoroethoxy)benzene

To a solution of 2-bromophenol (1.0 g, 5.8 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was add NaH (60%) (462 mg, 11.6 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 10 min and then 1-bromo-2-fluoroethane (1.5 g, 11.6 mmol) was added and the mixture was irradiated in a microwave reactor at 130° C. for 40 min. The crude mixture was quenched with H2O and the water layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-20% DCM in Heptane) to provide the desired compound as a colorless oil (800 mg, 63%).

Step 2: 2-(2-fluoroethoxy)aniline

To a solution of the product of Example 126, Step 1 (800 mg, 3.65, mmol) in deoxygenated toluene (15 mL) was added NaOtBu (498 mg, 5.2 mmol), BINAP (364 mg, 0.58 mmol) Pd2(dba)3 (217 mg, 0.24 mmol) and benzophenone imine (0.8 mL, 4.7 mmol). The reaction mixture was heated at 120° C. for 3 h. The crude mixture was then washed with DCM and the aqueous layer was made basic with sat. NaHCO3. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM and the combined organic extracts were dried (Na2SO4), filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-5% MeOH in DCM) to afford the title compound (566 mg, 90%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C8H10FNO, 155.1. m/z found, 156.1 [M+H]+.

Step 3: N-(2-(2-fluoroethoxy)phenyl)-3-nitropyridin-4-amine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 17, Step 1 substituting the product of Example 126, Step 2 for 2-aminopyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C13H12FN3O3, 277.1. m/z found, 278.2 [M+H]+.

Step 4: N4-(2-(2-fluoroethoxy)phenyl)pyridine-3,4-diamine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 18, Step 2 substituting the product of Example 126, Step 3 for N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C13H14FN3O, 247.1. m/z found, 248.1 [M+H]+.

Step 5: 1-(2-(2-fluoroethoxy)phenyl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 19, Step 3 substituting the product of Example 126, Step 4 for N-4-Pyridin-2-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C13HHFN4O, 258.1. m/z found, 259.2 [M+H]+.

Step 6: 1-(2-(2-fluoroethoxy)phenyl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 20, Step 4 substituting the product of Example 126, Step 5 for 1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C13H15FN4O, 262.1. m/z found, 263.2 [M+H]+.

Step 7: (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(2-methoxyphenyl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 substituting the product of Example 126, Step 6 for 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H17ClF4N4O2, 468.1. m/z found, 469.2 [M+H]+.

Example 127

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: N-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-3-nitropyridin-4-amine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 17, Step 1 substituting 1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-amine for 2-aminopyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C9H9N5O2, 219.1; m/z found, 220.2 [M+H]+.

Step 2: N4-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 18, Step 2 substituting the product of Example 127, Step 1 for N-(3-Nitropyridin-4-yl)pyridin-2-amine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C9H11N5, 189.1. m/z found, 190.2 [M+H]+.

Step 3: 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 19, Step 3 substituting the product of Example 127, Step 2 for N-4-Pyridin-2-ylpyridine-3,4-diamine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C9H8N6, 200.1. m/z found, 201.2 [M+H]+.

Step 4: 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 20, Step 4 substituting the product of Example 127, Step 3 for 1-Pyridin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]-triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C9H12N6, 204.1.1. m/z found, 205.2 [M+H]+.

Step 5: (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6, 7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 substituting the product of Example 126, Step 4 for 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H14ClF3N6O, 410.1. m/z found, 411.2 [M+H]+.

Example 128

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 127 substituting 1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-ylamine for 1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-amine in Example 127, Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H14ClF3N6O, 410.1. m/z found, 411.2 [M+H]+.

Example 129

(4-Chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 substituting Intermediate 20 for 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and 4-chloro-2-fluorobenzoic acid for 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H13ClFN5O, 357.1. m/z found, 358.2 [M+H]+.

Example 130

(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 substituting Intermediate 20 for 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid for 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H12Cl2FN5O, 391.0. m/z found, 392.2 [M+H]+.

Example 131

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 127 substituting 4-fluoropyridin-2-amine for 1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-amine in Example 127, Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H12ClF4N5O, 425.1. m/z found, 426.2 [M+H]+.

Example 132

(3,4-Difluoro-2-methylphenyl)(1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo-[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 61 substituting Intermediate 20 for 1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and 3,4-difluoro-2-methylbenzoic acid for 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H15F2N5O, 355.1. m/z found, 356.2 [M+H]+.

Example 133

(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 85 was purified by chiral SFC on (Chiralpak AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 70% CO2 and 30% EtOH to obtain the title compound as a single enantiomer, absolute configuration unknown. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H14ClF3N6O, 410.09. m/z found, 411.1 [M+H]+.

Example 134

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 85 was purified by chiral SFC on (Chiralpak AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 70% CO2 and 30% EtOH to obtain the title compound as a single enantiomer, absolute configuration unknown. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 1.99 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H14ClF3N6O, 410.09. m/z found, 411.1 [M+H]+.

Example 135

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 127 substituting 6-fluoropyridin-2-amine for 1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-amine in Example 127, Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H12ClF4N5O, 425.1. m/z found, 426.1 [M+H]+.

Example 136

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 127 substituting 2-amino-4-methoxypyridine for 1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-amine in Example 127, Step 1.

Example 137

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 19 (Intermediate 17, Step 1-Intermediate 19, Step 3) substituting 6-fluoropyridin-2-amine for 2-aminopyridine in the synthesis of Intermediate 17. The product was used crude in Step 2 below.

Step 2: (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting the product of Example 126, Step 5 for 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H12ClF4N5O, 437.1. m/z found, 438.0 [M+H]+.

Step 3: (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 11, Step A substituting the product of Example 137 Step 2, Step 6 for Intermediate 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1. m/z found, 440.1 [M+H]+.

Example 138

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 137 substituting 4-fluoropyridin-2-amine for 6-fluoropyridin-2-amine in Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1. m/z found, 440.1 [M+H]+.

Example 139

(2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoyl chloride

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 12 substituting 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid.

Step 2: (2,3-di chloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazol[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting the product of Example 139, Step 1 for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride and Intermediate 19 for

1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H12Cl2FN5O, 403.0. m/z found, 403.9 [M+H]+.

Step 3: (2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 11, Step A substituting the product of Example 139 Step 2, Step 6 for Intermediate 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.1. m/z found, 406.0 [M+H]+.

Example 140

(2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: (2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting the product of Example 139, Step 1 for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H11Cl2FN6O, 404.0. m/z found, 405.0 [M+H]+.

Step 2: 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

To a solution of the product of Example 140, Step 1 (350 mg, 0.864 mmol) in TFA (2 mL) was added triethylsilane (0.35 mL, 2.16 mmol). The reaction was sealed and heated at 80° C. for 2 h. The reaction was diluted with CH2Cl2 and the organic portion washed with NaHCO3. The organic portion was then dried over Na2SO4, concentrated and purified by chromatography on silica gel eluted with heptane/EtOAc to afford the title compound (140 mg, 40%) MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H13Cl2FN6O, 406.1. m/z found, 407.0 [M+H]+.

Example 141

(R*)-(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 139 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.13 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.1. m/z found, 405.8 [M+H]+.

Example 142

(S*)-(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 139 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.18 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.1. m/z found, 405.6 [M+H]+.

Example 143

(R*)-(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 140 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.21 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C17H13Cl2FN6O, 406.1. m/z found, 406.8 [M+H]+.

Example 144

(S*)-(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 140 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.53 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C17H13Cl2FN6O, 406.1. m/z found, 406.6 [M+H]+.

Example 145

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 140. The starting material was prepared following the route described to synthesize Intermediate 19 substituting 5-methoxy-pyridin-2-ylamine for 2-aminopyridine in Step 1, Intermediate 17. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H17ClF3N5O2, 451.1. m/z found, 452.1 [M+H]+.

Example 146

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 137 was purified by chiral SFC on (Chiralpak AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 80% CO2 and 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 to obtain the title compound as a single enantiomer of unknown configuration. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.42 min retention time). [α]=+21.2° (c 0.52 w/v %, DMF,). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1. m/z found, 439.9 [M+H]+.

Example 147

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(6-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 137 was purified by chiral SFC on (Chiralpak AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 80% CO2 and 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 to obtain the title compound as a single enantiomer of unknown configuration. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.06 min retention time). [α]=−22.4 (0.58 w/v %, DMF). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1. m/z found, 439.8 [M+H]+.

Example 148

(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 138 was purified by chiral SFC on (Chiralcel OD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 80% CO2 and 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 to obtain the title compound as a single enantiomer of unknown configuration. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALCEL OD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.43 min retention time). [α]=−23.2 (0.56 w/v %, DMF). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1. m/z found, 439.9 [M+H]+.

Example 149

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 138 was purified by chiral SFC on (Chiralcel OD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 80% CO2 and 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 to obtain the title compound as a single enantiomer of unknown configuration. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALCEL OD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.48 min retention time). [α]=+23.1 (0.53 w/v %, DMF). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1. m/z found, 439.9 [M+H]+.

Example 150

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 137 substituting 2-amino-4-methoxypyridine for 2-aminopyridine in the synthesis of Intermediate 17. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H17ClF3N5O2, 451.1. m/z found, 452.0 [M+H]+.

Example 151

(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 150 performed using CHIRALCEL OD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 85% CO2, 15% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALCEL OD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.40 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H17ClF3N5O2, 451.1. m/z found, 451.8 [M+H]+.

Example 152

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 150 performed using CHIRALCEL OD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 85% CO2, 15% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALCEL OD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 5.46 min retention time). [α]=+31.6 (0.51 w/v %, DMF). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C20H17ClF3N5O2, 451.1. m/z found, 451.9 [M+H]+.

Example 153

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step A: 5-Fluoro-N-(2-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-amine. A solution of Pd(OAc)2 (0.15 g, 0.68 mmol) and BINAP (0.42 g, 0.68 mmol) were stirred in toluene (2 ml) at rt for 10 minutes. This mixture was then added to a microwave vial which contained 4-chloro-2-methyl-3-nitropyridine (3.00 g, 16.8 mmol), 2-amino-4-fluoropyridine (2.20 g, 18.5 mmol), and K2CO3 (2.6 g, 18.6 mmol) in toluene (10 ml). The reaction was irradiated in a microwave apparatus at 110° C. for 1 h. The reaction was diluted with DCM, filtered through Celite©, washed, and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; EtOAc:Hex) gave the desired compound (1.60 g, 38%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C10H8ClFN5O2, 249.07; m/z found 250.0 [M+H]+.

Step B: N-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-2-methylpyridine-3,4-diamine. To a solution of 5-fluoro-N-(2-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrimidin-2-amine (4.0 g, 16.0 mmol) in degassed EtOH (100 mL) and AcOH (2 mL) was added 10% Pd/C (1.70 g, 1.61 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL). The reaction was placed under a balloon of hydrogen at atmospheric pressure and let stir for 12 h. The reaction was filtered through Celite© and washed with DCM. The organic solvent was concentrated to give the title compound (3.10 g, 88%). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C10H10ClFN5, 219.09. m/z found 220.1 [M+H]+.

Step C: 1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine. A solution of N-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-2-methylpyridine-3,4-diamine (0.50 g, 2.28 mmol) in THF (15 ml) and HOAc (0.14 ml, 2.51 mmol) was treated with t-butyl nitrite (0.45 ml, 3.42 mmol) and heated to 100° C. for 90 min. The reaction was concentrated, diluted with 1N NaHCO3, and extracted with DCM (50 mL×3). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; EtOAc:Hex) gave the title compound (0.40 g, 77%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H7FN6, 230.07. m/z found, 231.1 [M+H]+.

Step D: 1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine. A solution of 1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine (0.90 g, 3.91 mmol) in AcOH (50 ml) was passed through a 10% Pt/C catalyst cartridge on an H-Cube© hydrogenation apparatus at a pressure of 60 bar, a temperature of 60° C., and a flow rate of 1 ml/min. The reaction was concentrated, diluted with 1N NaOH, and extracted with DCM (100 mL×3). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.47 g, 51%). MS (ESI): mass calcd. for C10H11FN6, 234.10. m/z found, 235.0 [M+H]+.

Step E: (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone. A solution of 1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine (0.30 g, 1.28 mmol), 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid (0.34 g, 1.54 mmol), HATU (0.38 g, 1.28 mmol), and Et3N (0.18 mL, 1.28 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was stirred for 30 min. The reaction was diluted with EtOAc (30 mL) and washed with H2O (3×20 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated. Chromatography of the resulting residue (SiO2; MeOH (NH3):DCM) gave the title compound (0.51 g, 90%). 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.80-8.43 (m, 2H), 7.82-7.44 (m, 1H), 7.27-7.15 (m, 2H), 6.66-6.60 (m, 1H), 5.95-4.92 (m, 1H), 3.77-2.54 (m, 3H), 1.74-1.53 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H13ClF4N6O, 440.08. m/z found, 441.0 [M+H]+.

Example 154

(6-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H17F3N6O, 390.1 m/z found, 391.1 [M+H]+.

Example 155

(S*)-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H13ClF2N6O, 390.1 m/z found, 391.1 [M+H]+.

Example 156

(S)-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H13ClF2N6O, 390.1 m/z found, 391.1 [M+H]+.

Example 157

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 153 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.07 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H13ClF4N6O, 440.08. m/z found, 441.0 [M+H]+.

Example 158

(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 153 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.77 min retention time). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H13ClF4N6O, 440.08. m/z found, 441.0 [M+H]+.

Example 159

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3,5-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C21H19ClF3N5O, 449.1 m/z found, 450.2 [M+H]+.

Example 160

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(1-(3,5-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H19Cl2N5O, 415.1 m/z found, 416.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.33-8.08 (m, 1H), 7.71-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.40-6.98 (m, 2H), 6.22-5.92 (m, 0.6H), 5.13-5.02 (m, 0.4H), 5.00-4.74 (m, 0.4H), 3.69-2.70 (m, 3.6H), 2.51-2.27 (m, 6H), 1.86-1.43 (m, 3H).

Example 161

(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 161 was prepared from 6-methyl-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine using the conditions described in Example 63 Step 5 substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoyl chloride for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride. 6-Methyl-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine was made using the route described in Example 116 beginning from 2-amino-3-fluoropyridine instead of 2-aminopyridine in step A. Subsequent steps were carried out analogous to those described in Example 116 steps B-D. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.06. m/z found, 406.1 [M+H]+.

Example 162

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Intermediate 48

Step 1: 1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of Intermediate 48 (50 mg, 0.269 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added 1-bromo-2-fluoroethane (41 mg, 0.322 mmol) and Cs2CO3 (263 mg, 0.806 mmol). The reaction was irradiated in a microwave apparatus for 10 min at 120° C. The resulting mixture was filtered, concentrated and purified by chromatography on silica gel eluted with 100% EtOAc to obtain the title compound (62 mg, 88%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C10H9FN6, 232.1. m/z found, 233.0 [M+H]+.

Step 2: (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting the product of Example 162, Step 1 for 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H15ClF4N6O, 454.1. m/z found, 455.1 [M+H]+.

Step 3: (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 73 substituting the product of Example 162 Step 2, for 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H17ClF4N6O, 456.1. m/z found, 457.0 [M+H]+.

Example 163

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was obtained in a manner analogous to Example 162, Step 2 and 3. The starting material was obtained using the route described for Intermediate 19 substituting 1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-amine for 2-aminopyridine in the synthesis of Intermediate 17, Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1. m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 164

(S*)-(3-chloro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H12ClF4N7O, 441.1 m/z found, 442.1 [M+H]+.

Example 165

(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 161 performed using CHIRALPAK IA (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 65% CO2, 35% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.72 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.1; m/z found, 405.8 [M+H]+.

Example 166

(6S*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 161 performed using CHIRALPAK IA (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 65% CO2, 35% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (98% single enantiomer, 5.55 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.1; m/z found, 405.8 [M+H]+.

Example 167

(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 122 performed using CHIRALPAK IA (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 72% CO2, 28% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK IA (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.76 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1; m/z found, 439.8 [M+H]+.

Example 168

(6S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(3-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 122 performed using CHIRALPAK IA (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 72% CO2, 28% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK IA (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (99% single enantiomer, 3.18 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1; m/z found, 439.8 [M+H]+.

Example 169

(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 163 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.80 min retention time). [α]=+13.7° (0.58 w/v %, DMF). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 424.8 [M+H]+.

Example 170

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 163 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.02 min retention time). [α]=−14.0° (0.59 w/v %, DMF). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 424.8 [M+H]+.

Example 171

(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 162 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.64 min retention time). [α]=+11.7° (0.55 w/v %, DMF). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H17ClF4N6O, 456.1; m/z found, 456.8 [M+H]+.

Example 172

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-fluoroethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 162 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.72 min retention time). [α]=−12.8° (0.58 w/v %, DMF). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H17ClF4N6O, 456.1; m/z found, 456.8 [M+H]+.

Example 173

5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 116. In Intermediate 62, Step A, 4-fluoro-2-aminopyrazine was substituted for 2-aminopyridine, NaOtBu was substituted for NaH and DMSO was substituted for THF. In Intermediate 62b, Step B Pd/C in NH3/MeOH was used in place of zinc powder in acetic acid. In Intermediate 63, Step C, isoamyl nitrite was substituted for tert-butyl nitrite. Step E was carried out using the conditions described for Example 63, Step 5 substituting Intermediate 14 for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.1; m/z found, 406.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.52-8.37 (m, 1H), 7.99-7.89 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.50 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.04 (m, 3H), 5.88-5.57 (m, 1H), 4.63-4.06 (m, 2H), 3.60-3.20 (m, 2H), 1.38-1.17 (m, 3H).

Example 174

(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 174 was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 153 substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoic acid. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.81-8.68 (m, 1H), 8.01 (s, 1H), 7.57-7.50 (m, 1H), 7.38-7.19 (m, 2H), 6.16-5.91, 5.18-4.73 (m, 1H), 3.78-2.99 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.62 (m, 3H). [M+H]+. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C17H13Cl2FN6O, 406.05; m/z found, 407.1.

Example 175

(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 175 was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 153 substituting 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.91-8.61 (m, 1H), 8.02 (s, 1H), 7.88-7.31 (m, 2H), 6.04 (s, 1H), 5.21-4.85 (m, 1H), 3.82-3.09 (m, 3H), 1.87-1.47 (m, 3H). MS (ESI): mass calculated for C18H13F5N6O, 424.11; m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 176

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 173 substituting 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride for Intermediate 14. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1; m/z found, 440.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.53-8.38 (m, 1H), 8.00-7.89 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.76 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.04 (m, 1H), 5.90-5.59 (m, 1H), 4.68-4.02 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.19 (m, 2H), 1.41-1.16 (m, 3H).

Example 177

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

A solution of (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone (237 mg, 0.56 mmol) in MeOH (12 ml) was treated with ammonium formate (147 mg, 2.3 mmol) and Pd/carbon (10 wt %, 20 mg) and the reaction was refluxed for 90 min. The reaction was filtered through celite and the filter cake washed with MeOH and concentrated to a crude solid which was re-suspended with CHCl3 and filtered to remove in-organic salts then purified on 40 g SiO2 with 0-60% EtOAc/hexanes to provide 243 mg (22%) of desired product. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.09; m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+. The enantiomers were separated by chiral SFC on (CHIRALPAK AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm). Mobile phase (70% CO2, 30% EtOH).

Intermediate 236

2-ethyl-1-phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step 1: 3-nitro-N-phenylpyridin-4-amine. To a mixture of 2-chloro-3-nitropyridine (15.8 g, 100 mmol) and aniline (11.1 g, 120 mmol) in dioxane (150 mL) was added was added K2CO3 (39 g, 120 mmol). The reaction was heated to reflux for 10 h and then purified by silica gel chromatography using petroleum ether/ethyl acetate to provide the product as a yellow solid (20 g, 93%).

Step 2: N4-phenylpyridine-3,4-diamine. To a solution of 3-nitro-N-phenylpyridin-4-amine (20 g, 93 mmol) in MeOH (500 mL) was added 10% Pd/C. The reaction was stirred under a hydrogen atmosphere for 10 h. The reaction was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated to afford the product (17.2 g, 100%).

Step 3: 2-ethyl-1-phenyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine. A mixture of N4-phenylpyridine-3,4-diamine (8.0 g, 37.2 mmol), propionic acid (2.7 g, 37.2 mmol) and phosphorous oxychloride (50 mL) was stirred at reflux for 10 h. The reaction was purified by silica gel chromatography using ethyl acetate to afford the product as a solid (1.6 g, 19%).

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C14H13N3, 223.1; m/z found, 224.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 9.12 (s, 1H), 8.38 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 7.71-7.57 (m, 5H), 7.32 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 1H), 2.81 (q, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 1.27 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H).

Example 178

(S*)-(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H13F5N6O, 424.1 m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 179

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H18Cl2N6O, 416.1 m/z found, 417.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.58-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.36-7.18 (m, 2H), 7.14-6.97 (m, 1H), 6.15-5.95 (m, 0.5H), 5.20-5.06 (m, 0.5H), 5.02-4.72 (m, 0.5H), 3.78-2.92 (m, 3.5H), 2.71-2.48 (m, 6H), 1.81-1.32 (m, 3H).

Example 180

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H16Cl2N6O, 402.1 m/z found, 403.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.60-9.11 (m, 1H), 8.88-8.37 (m, 1H), 7.82-6.86 (m, 3H), 6.34-5.86 (m, 0.6H), 5.39-5.04 (m, 0.4H), 5.03-4.60 (m, 0.4H), 3.92-2.92 (m, 3.6H), 2.78-2.45 (m, 3H), 1.85-1.40 (m, 3H).

Example 181

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H18ClF3N6O, 450.1 m/z found, 451.1 [M+H]. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.83-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.25 (m, 2H), 7.17-7.03 (m, 1H), 6.16-5.98 (m, 0.6H), 5.21-5.05 (m, 0.4H), 4.96-4.70 (m, 0.4H), 3.73-2.89 (m, 3.6H), 2.73-2.46 (m, 6H), 1.79-1.44 (m, 3H).

Example 182

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H18ClF3N6O, 450.1 m/z found, 451.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.83-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.25 (m, 2H), 7.17-7.03 (m, 1H), 6.16-5.98 (m, 0.6H), 5.21-5.05 (m, 0.4H), 4.96-4.70 (m, 0.4H), 3.73-2.89 (m, 3.6H), 2.73-2.46 (m, 6H), 1.79-1.44 (m, 3H).

Example 183

(R*)-(3-chloro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H12ClF4N7O, 441.1 m/z found, 442.1 [M+H]+.

Example 184

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(2-ethyl-4-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 11 substituting Intermediate 236 for Intermediate 1. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.77-7.67 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.35 (m, 5H), 7.27-7.17 (m, 2H), 5.91-5.71 (m, 1H), 5.32-5.28 (s, 1H), 5.11-4.78 (m, 1H), 4.74-4.39 (m, 1H), 3.61-3.27 (m, 1H), 3.27-3.05 (m, 1H), 2.93-2.04 (m, 5H), 1.30-1.08 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H21ClF3N3O, 447.1; m/z found, 448.2 [M+H]+.

Too many Hs

Example 185

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1 m/z found, 436.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.41-8.24 (m, 1H), 8.03-7.91 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.61-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.21-7.11 (m, 1H), 6.18-5.90 (m, 0.6H), 5.18-5.02 (m, 0.4H), 4.96-4.66 (m, 0.4H), 3.72-2.92 (m, 3.6H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 1.87-1.40 (m, 3H).

Example 186

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1 m/z found, 436.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.41-8.24 (m, 1H), 8.03-7.91 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.61-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.21-7.11 (m, 1H), 6.18-5.90 (m, 0.6H), 5.18-5.02 (m, 0.4H), 4.96-4.66 (m, 0.4H), 3.72-2.92 (m, 3.6H), 2.50 (s, 3H), 1.87-1.40 (m, 3H).

Example 187

(S*)-(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(3-methyl-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H15F4N7O, 421.1 m/z found, 422.1 [M+H]+.

Example 188

(R*)-(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H17F3N6O, 402.1 m/z found, 403.2 [M+H]+.

Example 189

(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(6-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H14F4N6O, 394.1 m/z found, 395.1 [M+H]+.

Example 190

(R*)-(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H13F5N6O, 424.1 m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 191

(S*)-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: (S*)-5-benzyl-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

(S*)-5-benzyl-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine was obtained, absolute configuration unknown, as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 11 performed using CHIRALPAK IC (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% isopropanol (0.3% NEt3). Step 2: (S*)-5-benzyl-4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7- tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 24, Step B substituting the product from Example 191, Step 1 for 5-tert-butyl 4-ethyl 6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine-4,5(4H)-dicarboxylate. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H2N4, 304.2; m/z found, 305.2 [M+H]+.

Step 3: (S*)-4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 153, Step D substituting the product from Example 191, Step 2 for 1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine, Pd/C for Pt/C and MeOH for AcOH. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C12H14N4, 214.1; m/z found, 215.1 [M+H]+.

Step 4: (S*)-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 1, Step C substituting the product from Example 191, Step 3 for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine and 2,3 dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl) benzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H16Cl2N4O, 386.1; m/z found, 387.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.62-8.40 (m, 1H), 8.13-7.96 (m, 1H), 7.96-7.77 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.41-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.80 (t, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 5.12-4.49 (m, 1H), 3.69-2.85 (m, 4H), 1.68-1.28 (m, 3H).

Example 192

(R*)-(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 191 substituting (R*)-5-benzyl-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine for (S*)-5-benzyl-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine in Step 1. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.62-8.40 (m, 1H), 8.13-7.96 (m, 1H), 7.96-7.77 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.41-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.90-5.71 (t, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 5.12-4.49 (m, 1H), 3.69-2.85 (m, 4H), 1.68-1.28 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H16Cl2N4O, 386.1; m/z found, 387.1 [M+H]+.

Example 193

(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 22 performed using CHIRALCEL OD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 72% CO2, 28% 1:1 EtOH:iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Whelk-ol (S,S) (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.98 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1; m/z found, 439.8 [M+H]+.

Example 194

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 22 performed using CHIRALCEL OD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 72% CO2, 28% 1:1 EtOH:iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Whelk-ol (S,S) (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.03 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1; m/z found, 439.8 [M+H]+.

Example 195

(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 173 performed using CHIRALCEL OJ-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Chiralcel (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.17 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.1; m/z found, 406.0 [M+H]+.

Example 196

(6S*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 173 performed using CHIRALCEL OJ-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Chiralcel (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 5.35 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14Cl2FN5O, 405.1; m/z found, 406.0 [M+H]+.

Example 197

(S*)-(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H17F3N6O, 402.1 m/z found, 403.2 [M+H]+.

Example 198

(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 176 performed using CHIRALPAK IA (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 85% CO2, 15% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Chiralpak IA (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 85% CO2, 15% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 7.86 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1; m/z found, 440.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.53-8.38 (m, 1H), 8.00-7.89 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.76 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.04 (m, 1H), 5.90-5.59 (m, 1H), 4.68-4.02 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.19 (m, 2H), 1.41-1.16 (m, 3H).

Example 199

(6S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(4-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 176 performed using CHIRALPAK IA (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 85% CO2, 15% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Chiralpak IA (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 85% CO2, 15% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 8.55 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF4N5O, 439.1; m/z found, 440.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.53-8.38 (m, 1H), 8.00-7.89 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.76 (m, 1H), 7.57-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.14-7.04 (m, 1H), 5.90-5.59 (m, 1H), 4.68-4.02 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.19 (m, 2H), 1.41-1.16 (m, 3H).

Example 200

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step 1: N-(2-chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-fluoropyrimidin-2-amine

To a mixture of 5-fluoropyrimidin-2-amine (8.2 g, 72.1 mmol) and sodium hydride (5.8 g, 144 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was added 2,4-dichloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridine (15 g, 72.1 mmol). After stirring for 10 h, ethanol was added. Silica gel chromatography (5:1 Hexane:EtOAc) provided the product as a yellow solid (12.8 g, 63%).

Step 2: 1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a slurry of N-(2-chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)-5-fluoropyrimidin-2-amine (13 g, 45.8 mmol) in ethanol (300 mL) was added 10% Pd/C (100 mg). The reaction was stirred for 10 h under a hydrogen atmosphere after which time the reaction was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was diluted with ethanol (200 mL) and cooled to 0° C. Isoamyl nitrite (4.0 g, 34.0 mmol) and HBF4 (5.5 g, 34.0 mmol) were added and the reaction was stirred for 30 min at 0° C. followed by rt for 10 h. Evaporation of the solvents followed by recrystallization afforded the product as a white solid (3.2 g, 48%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C10H7FN6, 230.07; m/z found, 231.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 9.44 (s, 1H), 9.17 (s, 2H), 8.14 (s, 1H), 2.70 (s, 3H).

Step 3: 1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 50, Step A substituting the product from Example 200, Step 1 for Intermediate 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C10H11FN6, 234.1; m/z found, 235.1 [M+H]+.

Step 4: (-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 63, Step 5 substituting the product from Example 200, Step 2 for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, and DCM for THF. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13ClF4N6O, 440.1; m/z found, 441.1 [M+H]+.

Example 201

(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 200 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% 1:1 EtOH:iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Chiralpak AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 15% iPrOH, 15% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.93 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13ClF4N6O, 440.1; m/z found, 441.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.80-8.68 (m, 2H), 7.86-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.61-7.38 (m, 2H), 5.92-5.60 (m, 1H), 4.69-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.56-3.06 (m, 2H), 1.43-1.16 (m, 3H).

Example 202

(6S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 200 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 30% 1:1 EtOH:iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Chiralpak AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 70% CO2, 15% iPrOH, 15% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.37 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13ClF4N6O, 440.1; m/z found, 441.0 [M+H]+.

Example 203

5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 200 substituting Intermediate 14 for Intermediate 12. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H13Cl2FN6O, 406.1; m/z found, 407.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.78-8.70 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.51 (m, 1H), 7.41-7.10 (m, 2H), 5.89-5.58 (m, 1H), 4.63-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.56-3.05 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.16 (m, 3H).

Example 204

(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 203 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% 1:1 MeOH:iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Chiralpak AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 20% iPrOH, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.49 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H13Cl2FN6O, 406.05; m/z found, 406.9 [M+H]+.

Example 205

(6S*)-5-[(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 203 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% 1:1 MeOH:iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using Chiralpak AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 20% iPrOH, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.04 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H13Cl2FN6O, 406.05; m/z found, 407.0 [M+H]+.

Example 206

1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-5-{[2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5, 6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step 1: 2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 12 substituting 2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid.

Step 2: 1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-5-{[2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5, 6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 200 substituting the product of Example 206, Step 1 for Intermediate 12. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H16F4N6O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.82-8.67 (m, 2H), 7.77-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.50-7.21 (m, 2H), 5.94-5.62 (m, 1H), 4.58-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.55-3.03 (m, 2H), 2.60-2.17 (m, 3H), 1.43-1.16 (m, 3H).

Example 207

(6R*)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-5-{[2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5, 6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 206 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 2.91 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H16F4N6O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+.

Example 208

(6S*)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-5-{[2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4,5, 6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 206 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD-H (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.30 min retention time). C19H16F4N6O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+.

Example 209

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 65

N-(2-Chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrazin-2-amine

Step A: N-(2-chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pyrazin-2-amine. To a solution of 2-aminopyrazine (0.900 g, 9.47 mmol) in DMSO (40 mL) was added potassium tert-butoxide (2.13 g, 18.9 mmol) followed by 2,4-dichloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridine (2.00 g, 9.47 mmol). After stirring for 30 min at rt, sat. NH4Cl solution was added. The organic layer was separated and the water layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 three times. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (0-70% ethyl acetate/hexanes) provided the desired product (567 mg, 23%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C10H8C1N5O2, 265.04; m/z found, 266.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.69-8.62 (br s, 1H), 8.38-8.34 (m, 2H), 8.34-8.29 (m, 2H), 2.59-2.56 (m, 3H).

Intermediate 66

6-Methyl-N4-(pyrazin-2-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine

Step B: 6-Methyl-N4-(pyrazin-2-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine. A solution of N-(2-chloro-6-methyl-3-nitropyridin-4-yl)pryazin-2-amine (903 mg, 3.40 mmol) in 2M ammonia in methanol:THF (7:5, 120 mL) was passed through a 20% Pd(OH)2 cartridge using an HCube® hydrogenation apparatus in a continuous loop overnight at 1 bar, 90° C. and 1 mL/min. The solvents were evaporated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-10% [2M NH3 in MeOH]/CH2Cl2) to provide the desired product (285 mg, 42%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C10H11N5, 201.10; m/z found, 202.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 67

6-Methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step C: 6-Methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. To a solution of 6-methyl-N4-(pyrazin-2-yl)pyridine-3,4-diamine (520 mg, 2.58 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was added acetic acid (0.44 mL, 7.75 mmol) and tert-butyl nitrite (0.51 mL, 3.88 mmol). The reaction was heated to reflux. After 30 min the reaction was cooled and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated and the residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-7% [2M NH3 in MeOH]/CH2Cl2) to give the desired product (127 mg, 25%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H9N5, 212.08; m/z found, 213.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 68

6-Methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step D: 6-Methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. To a solution of 6-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (245 mg, 1.15 mmol) in formic acid (0.70 mL, 18.5 mmol) was added dropwise triethylamine (1.28 mL, 9.24 mmol). The resulting mixture was heated to 140° C. for 24 h. The reaction was cooled and 1M NaOH was added until the pH was 7-9. The water layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in 3:1 isopropanol/concentrated HCl (4 mL) and stirred at 50° C. for 16 h. The reaction was cooled and 1M NaOH was added until pH 12 was reached. The water layer was extracted with 1:4 isopropanol/CH2Cl2 three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated to a yellow solid (230 mg, 92%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C10H12N6, 216.11; m/z found, 217.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.51-9.47 (m, 1H), 8.64-8.60 (m, 1H), 8.49-8.46 (m, 1H), 4.26-4.08 (m, 2H), 3.37-3.28 (m, 1H), 3.14-3.04 (m, 1H), 2.85-2.74 (m, 1H), 2.23-2.02 (br s, 1H), 1.36 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 3H).

Example 209

5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step E: 5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. To a solution of 6-methyl-1-(pyrizin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (207 mg, 0.96 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (8 mL) was added triethylamine (0.40 mL, 2.88 mmol) followed by 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)-benzoic acid (279 mg, 1.15 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred for 10 min at rt and 5% Na2CO3 was added. The water layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 three times. The organic layers were combined, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by preparative basic HPLC to give the product as a white solid (200 mg, 57%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.09; m/z found, 423.0 [M+H]+.

Example 210

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(6-methyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H14ClF3N6O, 410.1 m/z found, 411.1 [M+H]+.

Example 211

(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 209 performed using CHIRALPAK IA (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK IA (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.33 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1; m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+.

Example 212

(6 S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 209 performed using CHIRALPAK IA (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% iPrOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK IA (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 75% CO2, 25% iPrOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.92 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1; m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+.

Example 213

5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Step 1: 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoyl chloride

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 12 substituting 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid.

Step 2: -[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 200 substituting the product of Example 213, Step 1 for Intermediate 12. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H12Cl2F2N6O, 424.0; m/z found, 424.9 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.81-8.68 (m, 2H), 7.35-7.10 (m, 2H), 5.91-5.55 (m, 1H), 4.69-4.05 (m, 2H), 3.58-3.04 (m, 2H), 1.41-1.14 (m, 3H).

Example 214

(6R*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 213 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.36 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H12Cl2F2N6O, 424.0; m/z found, 425.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.78-8.69 (m, 2H), 7.28-7.12 (m, 2H), 5.87-5.56 (m, 1H), 4.65-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.54-3.06 (m, 2H), 1.42-1.12 (m, 3H).

Example 215

(6S*)-5-[(2,3-Dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 213 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.45 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H12Cl2F2N6O, 424.0; m/z found, 425.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.78-8.69 (m, 2H), 7.28-7.12 (m, 2H), 5.87-5.56 (m, 1H), 4.65-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.54-3.06 (m, 2H), 1.42-1.12 (m, 3H).

Example 216

5-[(2,4-Dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in manner analogous to Example 213 substituting 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid for 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H12Cl2F2N6O, 424.0; m/z found, 424.9 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.82-8.69 (m, 2H), 7.53-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.18-6.96 (m, 1H), 5.89-5.55 (m, 1H), 4.68-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.58-3.05 (m, 2H), 1.43-1.15 (m, 3H).

Example 217

(6R*)-5-[(2,4-Dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 216 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 3.63 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H12Cl2F2N6O, 424.0; m/z found, 425.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.79-8.69 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.17-6.97 (m, 1H), 5.91-5.56 (m, 1H), 4.68-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.05 (m, 2H), 1.42-1.14 (m, 3H).

Example 218

(6S*)-5-[(2,4-Dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)carbonyl]-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound, absolute configuration unknown, was obtained as a single enantiomer by Chiral SFC purification of Example 216 performed using CHIRALPAK AD-H (5 μm, 250×20 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 60% CO2, 40% MeOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 5.34 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H12Cl2F2N6O, 424.0; m/z found, 424.9 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.79-8.69 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.33 (m, 1H), 7.17-6.97 (m, 1H), 5.91-5.56 (m, 1H), 4.68-4.07 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.05 (m, 2H), 1.42-1.14 (m, 3H).

Example 219

(6R)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 213 substituting 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid for 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid. The racemate was purified by chiral SFC on (Chiralpak AD 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 80% CO2 and 20% EtOH to obtain the title compound. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.49 min retention time). The absolute configuration was determined by co-injecting Example 219 with the product of Method II synthesis of Example 220 in the SFC analytical method to obtain differentiated peaks. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13F5N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 424.8 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.79-8.68 (m, 2H), 7.79-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.30 (m, 1H), 5.97-5.55 (m, 1H), 4.77-4.19 (m, 2H), 3.58-3.11 (m, 2H), 1.43-1.14 (m, 3H).

Example 220

(6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

Method I:

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 213 substituting 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid for 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid. The racemate was purified by chiral SFC on (Chiralpak AD 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 80% CO2 and 20% EtOH to obtain the title compound. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 5.43 min retention time). The absolute configuration was determined by co-injecting the products from Method I synthesis and Method II synthesis of Example 220 in the SFC analytical method to obtain a single peak. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13F5N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 424.8 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.79-8.68 (m, 2H), 7.79-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.30 (m, 1H), 5.97-5.55 (m, 1H), 4.77-4.19 (m, 2H), 3.58-3.11 (m, 2H), 1.43-1.14 (m, 3H).

Method II:

Step 1: (S)-tert-butyl 1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine-5(4H)-carboxylate

(S)-tert-butyl 1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine-5(4H)-carboxylate. To a solution of (S)-tert-butyl 2-methyl-4-oxopiperidine-1-carboxylate (2.76 g, 12.9 mmol) in toluene (100 mL) at 100° C. was added 2-azido-5-fluoropyrimidine (2.34 g, 16.8 mmol) as a solution in toluene (15 mL) followed by pyrrolidine (1.06 mL, 12.9 mmol). After stirring for 3 h at rt, the reaction was cooled to 0° C. and CH2Cl2 (100 mL) was added followed by NaHCO3 (2.17 g, 25.9 mmol) and mCPBA (4.47 g, 25.9 mmol). The reaction was allowed to warm to rt over 30 min followed by the addition of 1N NaOH (100 mL). The organic layer was separated and the water layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 two times. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (0-100% ethyl acetate/hexanes) provided the desired product as a 9:1 mixture of regioisomers (9:1=(S)-tert-butyl 1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine-5(4H)-carboxylate: (S)-tert-butyl 1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine-5(4H)-carboxylate (2.85 g, 66%). The minor regioisomer was separated by SFC (Chiralpak IC 5 μm 250*21 mm, mobile phase 70% CO2, 30% iPrOH) to provide the product as a white solid. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C15H19FN6O2, 334.16; m/z found, 335.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.73 (s, 2H), 5.16 (d, J=16.1 Hz, 1H), 4.96 (br s, 1H), 4.25 (d, J=16.4 Hz, 1H), 3.38-3.28 (m, 1H), 3.19-3.10 (m, 1H), 1.50 (s, 9H), 1.16 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H).

Step 2: (S)-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine-hydrochloride salt

(S)-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine-hydrochloride salt. To a solution of (S)-tert-butyl 1-(5- fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine-5(4H)-carboxylate (0.711 g, 2.13 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (10 mL) was added 4M HCl in dioxane (2.66 mL, 10.6 mmol). After stirring overnight at rt, the reaction was concentrated in vacuo to give the desired product as a light yellow solid (0.580 mg, 100%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C10H11FN6, 234.23; m/z found, 235.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO) δ 9.97-9.69 (m, 1H), 9.15 (s, 2H), 4.58-4.35 (m, 2H), 3.80-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.21-3.03 (m, 1H), 1.46 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H).

Step 3: (6S)-1-(5-Fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-{[2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

To a solution of (S)-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridinium chloride (0.575 g, 2.12 mmol) in CH2Cl2 (10 mL) was added triethylamine (1.18 mL, 8.50 mmol) followed by 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride (0.625 g, 2.76 mmol). After stirring for 30 min at rt, sat NaHCO3 (20 mL) was added. The organic layer was separated and the water layer was extracted with CH2Cl2 two times. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtered and concentrated. Chromatography on silica gel (0-100% ethyl acetate/hexanes) provided the desired product as a white solid (0.837 g, 93%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H13F5N6O, 424.11; m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.75 (s, 2H), 7.81-7.49 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.30 (m, 1H), 5.92-5.66 (m, 0.5H), 5.68-5.55 (m, 0.5H), 4.81-4.54 (m, 1H), 4.37 (d, J=16.9 Hz, 0.5H), 4.30-4.18 (m, 0.5H), 3.58-3.40 (m, 0.8H), 3.34-3.12 (m, 1.2H), 1.43-1.12 (m, 3H).

Example 221

(6R*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared using the conditions described in Example 209 Steps A-E beginning from 2-aminopyrimidine instead of 2-aminopyrazine in step A Intermediate 65. Chiral separation of the product of Step E by SFC (CHIRALPAK AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm, mobile phase 80% CO2/20% EtOH) provided the title compound. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 5.98 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.09; m/z found, 422.9 [M+H]+.

Example 222

(6 S*)-5-{[2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-6-methyl-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared using the conditions described in Example 209 Steps A-E beginning from 2-aminopyrimidine instead of 2-aminopyrazine in step A Intermediate 65. Chiral separation of the product of Step E by SFC (CHIRALPAK AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm, mobile phase 80% CO2/20% EtOH) provided the title compound. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 6.74 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.09; m/z found, 422.9 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 69

3-(Pyridin-2-yl)-3H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine

Intermediate 69 was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 1, substituting 2-bromopyrimidine for 2-bromo-fluoropyridine. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C11H8N4, 196.07; m/z found 197.1 [M+H]+.

Example 223

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-7-methyl-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

Example 224

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-7-methyl-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

Example 225

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H16Cl2N6O, 402.1 m/z found, 403.1 [M+H. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.82-8.57 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.39-6.97 (m, 3H), 6.16-5.98 (m, 0.6H), 5.20-5.05 (m, 0.4H), 5.02-4.74 (m, 0.4H), 3.79-2.93 (m, 3.6H), 2.75-2.57 (m, 3H), 1.77-1.44 (m, 3H).

Example 226

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1 m/z found, 436.1 [M+H]+.

Example 227

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1 m/z found, 436.1 [M+H]+.

Example 228

(S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H12F5N7O, 425.1 m/z found, 426.1 [M+H]+.

Example 229

(S*)-(3-fluoro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H12F5N7O, 425.1 m/z found, 426.1 [M+H]+.

Example 230

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 230 was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 11 substituting Intermediate 51 and excess MeMgBr in Step A. MS (ESI): mass calculated for C19H15ClF4N6O, 454.09; m/z found, 455.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 231

tert-butyl 3-(5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxylate

Was made in a fashion analogous to compound Example 11, Step A substituting Intermediate 49 for Intermediate 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H20ClF3N6O3, 508.88; m/z found, 509.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3); 8.14 (t, J=2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.89-7.77 (m, 1H), 7.68-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.01-6.92 (m, 1H), 6.59-6.47 (m, 1H), 6.39-6.23 (m, 1H), 4.12 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 1.73-1.55 (m, 12H).

Intermediate 232

tert-Butyl 3-(5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxylate

A solution of tert-butyl 3-(5-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl)-4-methyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-1-yl)-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxylate (34 mg, 0.07 mmol) in MeOH 92.5 ml) was treated with Pd/carbon (5 wt %, 14 mg) and put under 1 atmosphere of H2 and reaction stirred for 16 h. Reaction filtered, and concentrated and the crude product was purified on 16 g SiO2 with 0-40% EtOAc/hexanes. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H22ClF3N6O3, 510.90; m/z found, 511.2 [M±H]+.

Example 231

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H19Cl2N5O, 415.1 m/z found, 416.1 [M±H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.81-7.67 (m, 1H), 7.60-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.38-7.19 (m, 2H), 7.06-6.96 (m, 1H), 6.11-5.96 (m, 0.6H), 5.21-5.04 (m, 0.4H), 4.98-4.70 (m, 0.4H), 3.69-2.94 (m, 3.6H), 2.59-2.39 (m, 6H), 1.77-1.40 (m, 3H).

Example 232

(S*)-(2-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H13F5N6O, 424.1 m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 233

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H17Cl2N5O, 401.1 m/z found, 402.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.99-7.87 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.71 (m, 1H), 7.62-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.39-6.99 (m, 3H), 6.17-5.95 (m, 0.6H), 5.17-5.04 (m, 0.4H), 5.00-4.67 (m, 0.4H), 3.79-2.94 (m, 3.6H), 2.70-2.42 (m, 3H), 1.83-1.41 (m, 3H).

Example 234

(4R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R)-4-methyl-1-(6-methyl-1,6-dihydropyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

A solution of (4R*)-5-{[2-2hloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrimidin-2-yl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine (45 mg, 0.11 mmol) in THF was cooled to −30° C. and treated with 2.0 MeMgBr in THF (0.04 ml, 0.12 ml) and the reaction was warmed to 0° C. and diluted with EtOAc and washed with water. The EtOAc solution was dried and concentrated and purified on 4 g SiO2 with 0-40% EtOAc/DCM. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H18ClF3N6O, 438.12; m/z found, 439.2 [M+H]+.

Example 235

(4R)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

A solution of (4R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R)-4-methyl-1-(6-methyl-1,6-dihydropyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone (41 mg, 0.9 mmol) in DCM was treated with DDQ (50 mg, 0.21 mmol).

After 2 min, the reaction was complete and the crude reaction was applied directly to a 12 g SiO2 column and eluted with 0-4% NH3 MeOH/DCM to provide desired product (24 mg, 59%) MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H16ClF3N6O, 436.10; m/z found, 437.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.71 (dd, J=5.0, 2.5 Hz, 0.5H), 8.69-8.64 (m, 0.5H), 7.81-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.58-7.36 (m, 2H), 7.31-7.27 (m, 0.3H), 7.25-7.20 (m, 0.7H), 6.13-6.02 (m, 0.5H), 5.16-5.10 (m, 0.4H), 4.92-4.85 (m, 0.1H), 4.80-4.75 (m, 0.3H), 3.67-3.11 (m, 3.3H), 3.07-2.95 (m, 0.4H), 2.68-2.67 (m, 1.3H), 2.65 (s, 0.6H), 2.63 (s, 1H), 1.72 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 0.9H), 1.70 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 0.6H), 1.58 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 0.5H), 1.50 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 0.9H).

Example 236

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting 5-aminopyrimidine for 2-aminopyrazine in the synthesis of 1-pyrazin-2-yl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H12ClF3N6O, 420.07; m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.34 (s, 1H), 9.16-9.02 (m, 2H), 7.85 (ddd, J=7.7, 3.5, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.70-7.44 (m, 2H), 6.43-6.30 (m, 2H), 5.85-5.74 (m, 1H), 1.66 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 3H).

Example 237

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H17Cl2N5O, 401.1 m/z found, 402.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.47-8.19 (m, 1H), 8.05-7.88 (m, 1H), 7.62-7.47 (m, 1H), 7.40-6.98 (m, 3H), 6.17-5.92 (m, 0.6H), 5.15-5.04 (m, 0.4H), 5.00-4.74 (m, 0.4H), 3.75-2.92 (m, 3.6H), 2.58-2.37 (m, 3H), 1.82-1.39 (m, 3H).

Example 238

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,7-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 1-(4-fluorophenyl)-7-methyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 17, Step 1 through Intermediate 19, Step 3 substituting 4-chloro-3-methyl-5-nitro-pyridine for 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine and 4-fluoroaniline for 2-aminopyridine in the synthesis of Intermediate 17, Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C12H9FN4, 228.1; m/z found, 229.1 [M+H]+.

Step 2: 1-(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,7-dimethyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)propan-2-ol

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 72 substituting 2-bromo-4′-methoxyacetophenone for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H25FN4O2, 408.2; m/z found 409.18 [M+H]+.

Step 3: 1-(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,7-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazol[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)-2-(4-methoxy phenyl)propan-2-ol

To a solution of the product of Example 238, Step 2 (200 mg, 0.49 mmol) in MeOH (2 mL) was added Pd/C (52 mg, 0.049 mmol) and ammonium formate (93 mg, 1.45 mmol). The reaction vessel was sealed and heated 80° C. for 16 h. The reaction mixture was then filtered through Celite, concentrated and purified on silica gel with 0-2% NH3 MeOH/CH2Cl2 to afford the title compound (93 mg, 46%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H27FN4O2, 410.2; m/z found, 411.20 [M+H]+.

Step 4: 1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,7-dimethyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The product of Example 238, Step 3 (90 mg, 0.22 mmol) was dissolved in a solution of HCl in dioxane (4M, 2 mL). The reaction was heated at 90° C. for 16 h. The solvent was removed in vacuo to afford the title compound (50 mg, 92%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C13H15FN4, 246.10; m/z found, 247.16 [M+H]+.

Step 5: (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,7-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 63, Step 5 substituting the product of Example 238, Step 4 for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and DIPEA for TEA. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H17ClF4N4O, 452.1; m/z found, 453.1 [M+H]+.

Example 239

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1 m/z found, 435.7 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.41-8.16 (m, 1H), 8.12-7.94 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.63-7.28 (m, 2H), 6.16-5.96 (m, 0.6H), 5.20-5.05 (m, 0.4H), 4.93-4.68 (m, 0.4H), 3.66-2.96 (m, 3.6H), 2.59-2.28 (m, 3H), 1.82-1.44 (m, 3H).

Example 240

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4,6-dimethyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 4,6-dimethyl-1-phenyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 17, Step 1 through Intermediate 19, Step 3. In the synthesis of Intermediate 17, Step 1 Pd(OAc)2 and BINAP were eliminated and these substitutions were made: 4-chloro-2,6-dimethyl-3-nitropyridine for 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine, aniline for 2-aminopyridine, NaH for K2CO3, and THF for toluene, and the reaction was carried out for 24 h at room temperature. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C13H12N4, 224.1; m/z found, 225.1 [M+H]+.

Step 2: 4,6-dimethyl-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 68, Step D Substituting the product of Example 240, Step 1 for 6-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C13H16N4, 228.1; m/z found, 229.1 [M+H]+.

Step 3: 2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4, 6-dimethyl-1-phenyl-6,7-di hydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 63, Step 5 substituting the product of Example 238, Step 4 for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H18ClF3N4O, 434.1; m/z found, 435.1 [M+H]+.

Example 241

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4,7-dimethyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 238 substituting aniline for 4-fluoroaniline in Step 1, acetyl chloride for 2-bromo-4′-methoxyacetophenone in Step 2 and HCl (12N) in MeOH/H2O (3:1) for HCl (4N in dioxane) in MeOH in Step 4. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H18ClF3N4O, 434.1; m/z found, 435.1 [M+H]+.

Example 242

(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 240 substituting 4-fluoroaniline for aniline in the synthesis of example 240, step 1 and substituting 2,3-dichlorobenzoyl chloride for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride in the synthesis of Example 240, Step 3. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H17Cl2FN4O, 418.1; m/z found, 419.0 [M+H]+.

Example 243

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 240 substituting 4-fluoroaniline for aniline in the synthesis of example 240, step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H17ClF4N4O, 452.1; m/z found, 453.2 [M+H]+.

Example 244

(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(7-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 7-methyl-1-phenyl-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 17, Step 1 through Intermediate 19, Step 3 substituting 4-chloro-3-methyl-5-nitro-pyridine for 4-chloro-3-nitropyridine, and aniline for 2-aminopyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C12H10N4, 210.1; m/z found, 225.1 [M+H]+.

Step 2: 7-methyl-1-phenyl-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 68, Step D Substituting the product of Example 244, Step 1 for 6-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C12H14N, 214.1; m/z found, 215.1 [M+H]+.

Step 3: (2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(7-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 63, Step 5 substituting the product of Example 244, Step 2 for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine, 2,3-dichlorobenzoyl chloride for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride and DIPEA for TEA. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H16Cl2N4O, 386.1; m/z found, 387.1 [M+H]+.

Example 245

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(7-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 244 substituting 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride for 2,3-dichlorobenzoyl chloride in the final step. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.2 [M+H]+.

Example 246

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-7-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 244 substituting 4-fluoroaniline for aniline in Example 244, Step 1 and 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride for 2, 3-dichlorobenzoyl chloride in Step 3. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H15ClF4N4O, 438.1; m/z found, 439.1 [M+H]+.

Example 247

(2,3-Dichlorophenyl)(1-(4-fluorophenyl)-7-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 244 substituting 4-fluoroaniline for aniline in Example 244, Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H15Cl2FN4O, 404.1; m/z found, 405.2 [M+H]+.

Example 248

(R*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-methoxyethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The racemic mixture of the title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 162 substituting 2-bromoethyl methyl ether for 1-bromo-2-fluoroethane in Example 162, Step 2. The title compound was obtain by chiral SFC purification of the racemic mixture (Chiralpak AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 80% CO2 and 20% EtOH to obtain the title compound. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 4.66 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H20ClF3N6O2, 468.1; m/z found, 469.1 [M+H]+.

Example 249

(S*)-(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-methoxyethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The racemic mixture of the title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 162 substituting 2-bromoethyl methyl ether for 1-bromo-2-fluoroethane in Example 162, Step 2. The title compound was obtain by chiral SFC purification of the racemic mixture (Chirapak AD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm) using a mobile phase of 80% CO2 and 20% EtOH to obtain the title compound. The enantiomeric purity was confirmed by analytical SFC using a CHIRALPAK AD (250×4.6 mm) and a mobile phase of 80% CO2, 20% EtOH containing 0.3% iPrNH2 over 7 minutes. (100% single enantiomer, 6.61 min retention time). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H20ClF3N6O2, 468.1; m/z found, 469.1 [M+H]+.

Example 250

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(oxazol-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 2-(1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-1-yl)oxazole

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 17, Step 1 through Intermediate 19, Step 3. In the synthesis of Intermediate 17, Step 1 Pd(OAc)2 and BINAP were eliminated and these substitutions were made: 2-aminooxazole for 2-aminopyridine, NaOtBu for K2CO3, and tert-amyl alcohol for toluene, reaction carried out for 0.5 h at room temperature. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C8H5N5O, 187.0; m/z found, 188.1 [M+H]+.

Step 2: (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(oxazol-2-yl)-6, 7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared following the route to prepare Example 73 using the product of Example 250, Step 1 as starting material. MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H13ClF3N5O2, 411.1; m/z found, 412.1 [M+H]+.

Example 251

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was obtained using the route described to synthesize Example 73. The starting material was obtained in a manner analogous to Intermediate 20, Step 4 substituting 2-amino-6-methylpyraizine for 2-aminopyridine, Xantphos for BINAP, Cs2CO3 for K2CO3 and dioxane for toluene in the synthesis of Intermediate 17, Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H16ClF3N6O, 436.1; m/z found, 437.1 [M+H]+.

Example 252

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-6, 7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1: 1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 17, Step 1 through Intermediate 19, Step 3. In the synthesis of Intermediate 17, Step 1 these substitutions were made: 4-methylpyrimidin-2-amine for 2-aminopyridine, Cs2CO3 for K2CO3, and dioxane for toluene, reaction carried out for 0.5 h at room temperature. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C10H8N6, 212.1; m/z found, 213.1 [M+H]+.

Step 2: (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4, 5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

To a suspension of the product of Example 252, Step 1 (200 mg, 0.94 mmol) in THF (30 mL) cooled to −78° C. was added Intermediate 12 (251 mg, 1.04 mmol). Trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (0.188 mL, 1.04 mmol) was then added and the reaction was stirred at −78° C. for 30 min. The resulting mixture was treated with MeMgBr (3.0 M solution in Et2O, 0.94 mL, 2.83 mmol) and stirred for 1 h. The reaction was quenched with NH4Cl and extracted with EtOAc, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel (0-5% MeOH/DCM) to provide the desired product (66 mg, 16%). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14ClF3N6O, 434.1; m/z found, 435.1 [M+H]+.

Step 3: (2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 73 substituting the product of Example 252, Step 2 for the 5-{[2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]carbonyl}-4-methyl-1-pyrazin-2-yl-4,5-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H16ClF3N6O, 436.1; m/z found, 437.1 [M+H]+.

Example 253

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting 4,6-dimethylpyrimidin-2-amine for 4-methylpyrimidin-2-amine in Step 1. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H18ClF3N6O, 450.1; m/z found, 451.2 [M+H]+.

Example 254

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting 3-ethylpyridin-2-amine for 4-methylpyrimidin-2-amine in Step 1 and triisopropylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate for trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in Step 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H19ClF3N5O, 449.1; m/z found, 450.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.50-8.34 (m, 1H), 7.89-7.68 (m, 2H), 7.63-7.34 (m, 3H), 6.18-6.04 (m, 0.5H), 5.18-5.04 (m, 0.4H), 5.00-4.71 (m, 0.4H), 3.64-2.65 (m, 4.7H), 1.76-1.68 (m, 2H), 1.51 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 1.25-1.11 (m, 4H).

Intermediate 234

2-chloro-4-fluorobenzoyl chloride

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 12 substituting 2-chloro-4-fluorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid.

Example 255

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1 m/z found, 435.7 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.41-8.16 (m, 1H), 8.12-7.94 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.64 (m, 2H), 7.63-7.28 (m, 2H), 6.16-5.96 (m, 0.6H), 5.20-5.05 (m, 0.4H), 4.93-4.68 (m, 0.4H), 3.66-2.96 (m, 3.6H), 2.59-2.28 (m, 3H), 1.82-1.44 (m, 3H).

Example 256

(2-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 11 substituting Intermediate 234 for Intermediate 12 in Step A as well as the addition of triisopropylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (1 eq) to Step A. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.46-8.30 (m, 1H), 8.13-7.87 (m, 1H), 7.66-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.40-7.00 (m, 4H), 5.83-5.73 (q, J=6.7 Hz, 1H), 5.14-4.46 (m, 1H), 3.66-3.24 (m, 1H), 3.24-2.64 (m, 3H), 1.72-1.51 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H15ClF2N4O, 388.1; m/z found, 389.1 [M+H]+.

Intermediate 235

2,4-dichlorobenzoyl chloride

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Intermediate 12 substituting 2,4-dichlorobenzoic acid for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoic acid.

Example 257

(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 63, Step 5 substituting Intermediate 50 for 1-(pyridin-2-yl)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridine and Intermediate 235 for 2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C16H12Cl2N6O, 374.0; m/z found, 375.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97-8.77 (dd, J=13.6, 4.8 Hz, 2H), 7.63-7.10 (m, 6H), 5.43-5.24 (s, 0.5H), 5.24-4.90 (m, 1H), 4.71-4.29 (m, 1H), 4.33-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.68-3.40 (m, 2H), 3.39-3.12 (m, 1H).

Example 258

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting 3-ethoxypyridin-2-amine for 4-methylpyrimidin-2-amine in Step 1 and triisopropylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate for trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in Step 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H19ClF3N5O2, 465.1; m/z found, 466.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.27-8.13 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.68 (m, 1H), 7.64-7.39 (m, 4H), 6.24-6.01 (m, 0.5H), 5.16-4.98 (m, 0.5H), 4.96-4.71 (m, 0.5H), 4.22-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.64-3.45 (m, 0.7H), 3.40-2.96 (m, 1.5H), 2.82-2.59 (m, 1.3H), 1.75-1.66 (m, 1.5H), 1.59-1.47 (m, 1.5H), 1.44-1.29 (m, 3H).

Example 259

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(3-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting 3-methylpyridin-2-amine for 4-methylpyrimidin-2-amine in Step 1 and triisopropylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate for trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in Step 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1; m/z found, 436.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.49-8.28 (m, 1H), 7.84-7.70 (m, 2H), 7.59-7.40 (m, 2H), 7.41-7.29 (m, 1H), 6.16-6.01 (m, 0.6H), 5.15-5.04 (m, 0.4H), 4.95-4.72 (m, 0.4H), 3.64-3.33 (m, 1.2H), 3.29-2.81 (m, 2.4H), 2.54-2.39 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.67 (m, 2H), 1.62-1.43 (m, 1H).

Example 260

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting 3-methoxypyridin-2-amine for 4-methylpyrimidin-2-amine in Step 1 and triisopropylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate for trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in Step 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H17ClF3N5O2, 451.1; m/z found, 436.0 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.28-8.12 (m, 1H), 7.83-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.33 (m, 4H), 6.22-5.99 (m, 0.5H), 5.14-5.01 (m, 0.4H), 4.96-4.74 (m, 0.4H), 3.99-3.81 (m, 3H), 3.61-3.31 (m, 1.1H), 3.29-2.97 (m, 1.1H), 2.84-2.59 (m, 1.5H), 1.76-1.66 (m, 1.5H), 1.60-1.44 (m, 1.5H).

Example 261

(2,3-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting Intermediate 1 for the product of Example 252, Step 1, 2,3-dichloro-4-fluorobenzoyl chloride for Intermediate 12 and excluding trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in Step 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H14Cl2F2N4O, 422.1; m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.42-8.29 (m, 1H), 8.00-7.89 (m, 1H), 7.67-7.55 (m, 1H), 7.37-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.25-7.05 (m, 2H), 5.87-5.40 (m, 1H), 5.08-3.80 (m, 2H), 3.71-2.69 (m, 3H), 1.83-1.29 (m, 3H)

Example 262

(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting Intermediate 1 for the product of Example 252, Step 1, 2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride for Intermediate 12 and excluding trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in Step 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H15F5N4O, 422.1; m/z found, 423.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.43-8.32 (m, 1H), 7.98-7.83 (m, 1H), 7.74-7.54 (m, 3H), 7.40-7.30 (m, 2H), 5.87-5.48 (m, 1H), 5.09-4.55 (m, 1H), 4.41-3.57 (m, 1H), 3.29-2.69 (m, 2H), 2.16-1.35 (m, 3H).

Example 263

(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting Intermediate 1 for the product of Example 252, Step 1, 2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride for Intermediate 12 and excluding trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in Step 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H18F4N4O, 418.1; m/z found, 419.2 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.48-8.26 (m, 1H), 8.07-7.77 (m, 1H), 7.77-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.50-7.32 (m, 3H), 5.17-4.03 (s, 1H), 3.74-2.66 (m, 3H), 2.33-1.89 (m, 2H), 1.63-1.09 (m, 5H).

Example 264

(2-fluorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4, 5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Step 1

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19F116F2N4O, 354.1; m/z found, 355.2 [M+H]+.

Example 265

(4-(tert-butyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

The title compound was prepared in a manner analogous to Example 252 substituting Intermediate 1 for the product of Example 252, Step 1, 4-(tert-butyl)benzoyl chloride for Intermediate 12 and excluding trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate in Step 2. MS (ESI) mass calcd. C23H25FN4O, 392.2; m/z found, 393.3 [M±H]+. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.53-8.17 (s, 1H), 8.07-7.78 (s, 1H), 7.70-7.27 (m, 6H), 5.05-4.58 (s, 1H), 3.43-2.73 (m, 3H), 1.67-1.46 (s, 4H), 1.43-1.17 (m, 9H).

Example 266

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1,5-dimethyl-3-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.81-7.73 (m, 1H), 7.54-7.39 (m, 1H), 7.35 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (dd, J=2.3, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 5.61 (ddd, J=21.5, 16.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 4.21-4.10 (m, 1H), 3.97-3.85 (m, 5H), 3.73 (s, 6H), 2.89-2.71 (m, 1H), 1.29 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.15 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H19ClF3N5O, 437.1; m/z found, 438.4 [M+H]+.

Example 267

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(5-methyl-3-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.85-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.71-7.62 (m, 1H), 7.55-7.42 (m, 3H), 6.58-6.34 (m, 1H), 6.09-5.83 (m, 1H), 5.59 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 1H), 4.30 (d, J=8.9 Hz, 0.29H), 4.04 (s, 2H), 3.21 (s, 2H), 2.89 (s, 0.36H), 2.82-2.55 (m, 3H), 1.35 (dd, J=6.8, 4.8 Hz, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H15ClF3N5O, 409.1; m/z found, 410.3 [M+H]+.

Example 268

(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(5-methyl-3-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.65 (dd, J=7.8, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (dd, J=9.5, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.46-7.38 (m, 1.6H), 7.38-7.28 (m, 1H), 7.23 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1H), 6.51 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 0.5H), 6.44 (dd, J=8.9, 2.4 Hz, 0.82H), 6.05 (dd, J=39.7, 17.0 Hz, 1H), 5.56 (s, 0.5H), 4.41-4.21 (m, 1.5H), 4.13-3.99 (m, 1H), 3.22 (dd, J=15.1, 5.7 Hz, 1H), 2.79-2.45 (m, 0.5H), 1.38-1.25 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H15Cl2N5O, 375.1; m/z found, 376.3 [M+H]+.

Example 269

(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H16F4N6O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+.

Example 270

(S*)-(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14F4N6O, 406.1; m/z found, 407.1 [M+H]+.

Example 271

(R*)-(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.88 (dd, J=11.2, 4.8 Hz, 2H), 7.82-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.47-7.29 (m, 2H), 5.09 (dd, J=13.0, 5.2 Hz, 0.59H), 4.92 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 0.60H), 3.73 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 0.73H), 3.60-3.04 (m, 3.46H), 1.70 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 1.82H), 1.26 (s, 1.55H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14F4N6O, 406.1; m/z found, 407.1 [M+H]+.

Example 272

(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.52 (d, J=16.3 Hz, 1H), 8.65 (dd, J=6.0, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.56-8.37 (m, 1H), 7.39 (dt, J=15.8, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (dd, J=9.3, 1.9 Hz, 2H), 5.06 (s, 1H), 4.66 (s, 1H), 3.66 (s, 1H), 3.48-3.13 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C16H12ClFN6O, 358.1; m/z found, 359.1 [M+H]+.

Example 273

(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.63-9.39 (m, 1H), 8.73-8.60 (m, 1H), 8.55-8.39 (m, 1H), 7.81-7.31 (m, 3H), 6.05 (s, 1H), 5.17-4.84 (m, 1H), 3.74 (d, J=11.4 Hz, 1H), 3.60-3.03 (m, 3H), 1.70 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 2H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H14F4N6O, 406.1; m/z found, 407.1 [M+H]+.

Example 274

(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.59-9.45 (m, 1H), 8.73-8.57 (m, 1H), 8.53-8.39 (m, 1H), 7.19 (dd, J=9.2, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 6.02 (d, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 4.95 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.78 (d, J=11.4 Hz, 1H), 3.54-3.28 (m, 2H), 3.23 (q, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 1.68 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H14ClFN6O, 372.1; m/z found, 373.1[M+H]+.

Example 275

(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.87 (dd, J=11.3, 4.8 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (q, J=4.7 Hz, 1.66H), 7.25-7.10 (m, 1.6H), 6.02 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 5.15-4.90 (m, 1H), 3.78 (d, J=12.6 Hz, 1H), 3.58-3.05 (m, 3H), 1.68 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 1.6H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H14ClFN6O, 372.1; m/z found, 373.1 [M+H]+.

Example 276

(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.64-9.44 (m, 1H), 8.66 (ddd, J=11.5, 2.5, 0.5 Hz, 1H), 8.46 (ddd, J=33.8, 2.5, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.62 (m, 1H), 7.45-7.31 (m, 2H), 5.41-5.18 (m, 0.70H), 5.05-4.87 (m, 0.63H), 4.50 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1.2H), 4.38-3.96 (m, 1H), 3.71-3.09 (m, 3H), 2.41 (dd, J=39.2, 1.7 Hz, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H15F3N6O, 388.1; m/z found, 389.2 [M+H]+.

Example 277

(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.69-9.38 (m, 1H), 8.65 (dd, J=9.1, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.46 (ddd, J=29.7, 2.6, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.57-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.34 (dd, J=8.4, 1.9 Hz, 2H), 5.24-4.91 (m, 1H), 4.71-4.39 (m, 1H), 4.37-3.96 (m, 1.3H), 3.59 (q, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 3.51-3.08 (m, 1.86H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C16H12Cl2N6O, 374.1; m/z found, 375.1 [M+H]+.

Example 278

(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl) (2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.58-9.46 (m, 1H), 8.74-8.58 (m, 1H), 8.54-8.36 (m, 1H), 7.77-7.65 (m, 1H), 7.51-7.32 (m, 2H), 6.19-6.03 (m, 0.71H), 5.23-4.71 (m, 1.49H), 3.75-2.94 (m, 3H), 2.58-2.38 (m, 2H), 2.21 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 1.79-1.63 (m, 1.66H), 1.53-1.43 (m, 1.32H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H17F3N6O, 402.1; m/z found, 403.2 [M+H]+.

Example 279

(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.60-9.45 (m, 1H), 8.72-8.59 (m, 0.81H), 8.50 (s, 0.39H), 8.41 (dd, J=2.5, 1.5 Hz, 0.44H), 7.60-7.28 (m, 3H), 6.06 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 0.56H), 5.14-4.80 (m, 1.23H), 3.74-2.83 (m, 3.62H), 1.77-1.64 (m, 1.36H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H14Cl2N6O, 388.1; m/z found, 389.1 [M+H]+.

Example 280

(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)(1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.06-8.74 (m, 2H), 7.57-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.25-7.11 (m, 2.5H), 5.47-4.95 (m, 0.881H), 4.66 (s, 1.31H), 3.66 (s, 1H), 3.51-3.19 (m, 2H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C16H12ClFN6O, 358.1; m/z found, 359.1 [M+H]+.

Example 281

(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone Duncan fix

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 9.03-8.78 (m, 2H), 7.71 (td, J=6.4, 2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.32 (m, 3H), 5.29 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 0.57H), 4.97 (d, J=16.4 Hz, 0.58H), 4.50 (d, J=1.1 Hz, 1H), 4.37-4.21 (m, 0.48H), 4.09 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 0.63H), 3.71-3.48 (m, 1H), 3.45 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 1H), 3.22 (s, 0.88H), 2.41 (dd, J=41.9, 1.7 Hz, 3H).

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H15F3N6O, 388.1; m/z found, 389.1 [M+H]+.

Example 282

(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.90 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 8.85 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.33 (m, 3H), 6.19-6.04 (m, 0.5H), 5.24-4.65 (m, 1.5H), 3.77-2.96 (m, 2H), 2.57-2.36 (m, 3H), 2.20 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 1H), 1.77-1.65 (m 1H), 1.53-1.43 (m, 2H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C19H17F3N6O, 402.1; m/z found, 403.2[M+H]+.

Example 283

(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.96-8.79 (m, 2H), 7.48 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.29 (m, 1H), 6.06 (q, J=6.8 Hz, 0.5H), 5.11 (dd, J=13.2, 5.4 Hz, 0.5H), 4.81 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 0.5H), 3.75-2.87 (m, 4H), 1.77-1.64 (m, 1.5H), 1.49 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 0.5H). MS (ESI) mass calcd. C17H14Cl2N6O, 388.1; m/z found, 389.1 [M+H]+.

Example 284

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6R)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C11H17ClF4N4O, 452.1; m/z found, 452.8 [M+H]+.

Example 285

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6S)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H17ClF4N4O, 452.1; m/z found, 452.8 [M+H]+.

Example 286

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6R)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H17ClF4N4O, 452.1; m/z found, 452.8 [M+H]+.

Example 287

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6 S)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-4,6-dimethyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H17ClF4N4O, 452.1; m/z found, 452.8 [M+H]+.

Example 288

(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(6-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.0 [M+H]+.

Example 289

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-3-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-3H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.0 [M+H]+.

Example 290

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(6-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.0 [M+H]+.

Example 291

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(3-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1; m/z found, 436.0 [M+H]+.

Example 292

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(3-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1; m/z found, 436.0 [M+H]+.

Example 293

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(3-propoxypyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C22H21ClF3N5O2, 479.1; m/z found, 480.0 [M+H]+.

Example 294

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4-ethylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C20H18ClF3N6O, 450.1; m/z found, 451.0 [M+H]+.

Example 295

(1-(3-ethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C21H20F3N5O, 415.1; m/z found, 416.1 [M+H]+.

Example 296

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, [M+H]+.

Example 297

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 298

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd. C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 425.2 [M+H]+.

Example 299

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(4-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.41-8.24 (m, 1H), 8.03-7.91 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.61-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.21-7.11 (m, 1H), 6.18-5.90 (m, 0.6H), 5.18-5.02 (m, 0.4H), 4.96-4.66 (m, 0.4H), 3.72-2.92 (m, 3.6H), 2.63-2.37 (s, 3H), 1.87-1.40 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1; m/z found, 436.1 [M+H]+.

Example 300

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(4,6-dimethylpyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.84-7.69 (m, 2H), 7.60-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.09-6.93 (m, 1H), 6.19-5.92 (m, 0.6H), 5.25-5.01 (m, 0.4H), 4.94-4.66 (m, 0.4H), 3.68-2.93 (m, 3.6H), 2.62-2.33 (m, 6H), 1.81-1.42 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C11H19ClF3N5O, 449.1; m/z found, 450.1 [M+H]+.

Example 301

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.36-8.19 (m, 1H), 8.10-7.95 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.66 (m, 2H), 7.61-7.29 (m, 2H), 6.14-5.95 (m, 0.6H), 5.19-5.05 (m, 0.4H), 4.93-4.69 (m, 0.4H), 3.67-2.89 (m, 3.6H), 2.54-2.26 (d, J=10.0 Hz, 3H), 1.82-1.41 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1; m/z found, 436.1 [M+H]+.

Example 302

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.00-7.88 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.73 (m, 2H), 7.61-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.24-7.12 (m, 1H), 6.16-5.95 (m, 0.6H), 5.21-5.03 (m, 0.4H), 4.95-4.67 (m, 0.4H), 3.71-2.94 (m, 3.6H), 2.70-2.39 (m, 3H), 1.84-1.41 (m, 3H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17ClF3N5O, 435.1; m/z found, 436.1 [M+H]+.

Example 303

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(3-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-7-methyl-2-((2-(trimethylsilyl)ethoxy)methyl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.73-8.60 (m, 2H), 7.75 (td, J=7.2, 6.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.60-7.28 (m, 2H), 6.23-5.86 (m, 2H), 5.08-4.56 (m, 1H), 3.67-3.26 (m, 3H), 3.26-2.61 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.41 (m, 4H), 0.91-0.73 (m, 2H), −0.04-0.19 (m, 9H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C24H32FN5OSi, 569.2; m/z found, 570.1 [M+H]+.

Example 304

(S)-(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H14F4N6O, 406.1; m/z found, 407.2 [M+H]+.

Example 305

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H15ClF4N6O, 454.1; m/z found, 454.8 [M+H]+.

Example 306

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoro-4-methylpyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H15ClF4N6O, 454.1; m/z found, 454.8 [M+H]+.

Example 307

(S)-(3-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H13F5N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 308

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(7-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C16H12ClF6N3O, 411.1; m/z found, 412.0 [M+H]+.

Example 309

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 424.7 [M+H]+.

Example 310

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6S)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 424.7 [M+H]+.

Example 311

(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-6-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H13F5N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 312

(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)(2-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.57 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 0.35H), 8.53 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 0.65H), 8.26 (s, 0.65H), 8.19 (s, 0.35H), 8.00 (tdd, J=8.7, 6.4, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.82-7.73 (m, 2H), 7.60 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 0.65H), 7.51 (p, J=4.5 Hz, 1.35H), 4.88 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 0.65H), 4.56 (d, J=16.0 Hz, 0.65H), 4.25-4.06 (m, 1H), 3.89 (dd, J=12.7, 6.3 Hz, 0.3H), 3.47-3.39 (m, 1.4H), 3.03 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 0.7H), 2.88 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 0.65H), 2.79 (d, J=16.1 Hz, 0.65H), 2.35 (d, J=1.9 Hz, 2H), 2.27 (q, J=1.7 Hz, 1H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H16F4N4O, 404.1; m/z found, 405.1 [M+H]+.

Example 313

(2,4-dichlorophenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.57 (d, J=2.9 Hz, 0.35H), 8.53 (d, J=3.1 Hz, 0.65H), 8.26 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 0.65H), 8.19 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 0.35H), 8.04-7.96 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.73 (m, 2H), 7.58-7.42 (m, 2H), 4.78 (d, J=16.0 Hz, 0.5H), 4.58 (d, J=16.0 Hz, 0.5H), 4.30 (s, 0.2H), 4.18 (d, J=1.9 Hz, 0.5H), 4.07-3.87 (m, 0.6H), 3.59-3.40 (m, 1.4H), 3.01 (s, 0.8H), 2.88 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 1.5H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H13Cl2FN4O, 390.1; m/z found, 391.0 [M+H]+.

Example 314

(2-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.57 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 0.35H), 8.54 (d, J=3.1 Hz, 0.65H), 8.27 (s, 0.65H), 8.20 (s, 0.35H), 8.00 (tt, J=8.3, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 7.95-7.89 (m, 1.3H), 7.86 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 0.7H), 7.80 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 0.65H), 7.77 (d, J=3.7 Hz, 0.35H), 7.54 (td, J=7.8, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 4.70 (s, 1H), 4.30 (s, 0.65H), 4.00 (t, J=5.8 Hz, 0.65H), 3.54 (t, J=5.7 Hz, 1.3H), 3.02 (s, 0.90H), 2.91 (s, 1.10H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H13F5N4O, 408.1; m/z found, 409.1 [M+H]+.

Example 315

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.57 (d, J=3.1 Hz, 0.35H), 8.53 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 0.652H), 8.27 (s, 0.65H), 8.19 (s, 0.35H), 8.05-7.93 (m, 2H), 7.84-7.72 (m, 2H), 7.67 (td, J=7.7, 3.8 Hz, 1H), 4.83 (d, J=16.0 Hz, 0.65H), 4.60 (d, J=16.1 Hz, 0.35H), 4.18 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 0.7H), 4.08-3.91 (m, 0.8H), 3.45 (q, J=5.9 Hz, 1.4H), 3.04 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 0.6H), 2.94-2.82 (m, 1.2H). MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H13ClF4N4O, 424.1; m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 316

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C21H19ClF3N5O2, 465.1; m/z found, 465.8 [M+H]+.

Example 317

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(3-ethoxypyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C21H19ClF3N5O2, 465.1; m/z found, 465.8 [M+H]+.

Example 318

(S*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H18ClF3N6O2, 454.1; m/z found, 455.1 [M+H]+.

Example 319

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4S,6S)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 320

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)((4R,6R)-4,6-dimethyl-1-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H16ClF3N6O, 424.1; m/z found, 425.1 [M+H]+.

Example 321

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H13ClF4N4O, 436.1; m/z found, 437.1 [M+H]+.

Example 322

(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)(2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H15F3N4O, 372.1; m/z found, 373.1 [M+H]+.

Example 323

(2-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H15ClFN3O, 355.1; m/z found, 356.1 [M+H]+.

Example 324

(2,6-dichlorophenyl)(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H15Cl2N3O, 371.1; m/z found, 372.1 [M+H]+.

Example 325

(2-chloro-6-fluorophenyl)(3-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H15ClFN3O, 355.1; m/z found, 356.1 [M+H]+.

Example 326

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-methyl-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H16Cl2FN3O, 403.1; m/z found, 404.1 [M+H]+.

Example 327

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(2-methyl-3-(pyridin-4-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H16ClF3N4O, 420.1; m/z found, 421.1 [M+H]+.

Example 328

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(2-methyl-3-(pyridin-4-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H16Cl2N4O, 386.1; m/z found, 387.1 [M+H]+.

Example 329

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(2-methyl-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H15Cl2N5O, 387.1; m/z found, [M+H]+.

Example 330

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-4,5-dihydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-c]pyridin-6(7H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C17H13Cl2N5O, 373.0; m/z found, 374.1 [M+H]+.

Example 331

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(2-methyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C20H17Cl2N0, 385.1 m/z found, [M+H]+.

Example 332

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(2-ethyl-1-phenyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C21H19Cl2N3O, 399.1 m/z found, [M+H]+.

Example 333

(S)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1 m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+.

Example 334

(R*)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C18H14ClF3N6O, 422.1 m/z found, 423.1 [M+H]+.

Example 336

(2,3-dichlorophenyl)(4-methyl-1-(5-methylpyridin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

MS (ESI) mass calcd C19H17Cl2N5O, 401.1 m/z found, 402.1 [M+H]+. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.38-8.19 (m, 1H), 8.09-7.94 (m, 1H), 7.79-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.59-7.46 (m, 1H), 7.42-6.98 (m, 2H), 6.20-5.92 (m, 0.6H), 5.17-5.04 (m, 0.4H), 4.99-4.69 (m, 0.4H), 3.82-2.90 (m, 3.6H), 2.57-2.24 (m, 3H), 2.12-1.25 (m, 3H).

Example 337

Alternative synthesis of Example 88: (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Intermediate 233

N-(but-3-yn-2-yl)-2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

To the suspension of but-3-yn-2-amine.HCl salt (10 g, 94.7 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in THF (150 mL), Et3N (27.5 mL, 199 mmol, 2.1 equiv.) and (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride (23.1 g, 94.7 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) were added sequentially at 0° C. The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. The precipitate was filtered off and washed with THF. The filtrate solution was concentrated and re-dissolved in EtOAc. The EtOAc solution was washed with saturated NaHCO3 and brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated. Trituration of the crude product from EtOAc/hexanes afforded Intermediate 233: (23 g, 83.8 mmol, 88%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.82-7.75 (dd, J=7.9, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.73-7.66 (dd, J=7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.41 (dd, J=8.2, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.35-6.02 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 5.09-4.90 (dqd, J=8.1, 6.9, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 2.47-2.20 (m, 1H), 1.58-1.54 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (151 MHz, CDCl3) δ 164.7, 137.9, 132.5, 129.4 (q, JC-F=31.5 Hz), 129.1, 129.0 (q, JC-F=5.2 Hz), 127.1, 122.5 (q, JC-F=273.4 Hz), 83.2, 71.2, 37.8, 22.1. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C12H10ClF3NO, 276.0398. found, 276.0390.

Intermediate 235

N-(1-(5-allyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

Method 1: To the suspension of Intermediate 233 (138 mg, 0.5 mmol, 1.0 equiv), tetrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine (Intermediate 234) (67 mg, 0.55 mmol, 1.1 equiv.), allyl bromide (73 mg, 0.6 mmol, 1.2 equiv.) and Cs2CO3(0.49 g, 1.5 mmol, 3.0 equiv.) in THF (2 mL), CuI (48 mg, 0.25 mmol, 0.5 equiv.) was added at room temperature in one portion under N2. The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature under N2 for 16 hours. Celite and EtOAc (5 mL) were added and the suspension was stirred for 20 minutes. The insoluble solid was filtered off and washed with EtOAc. The filtrate solution was washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with EtOAc/hexanes as eluents to afford compound Intermediate 235 (146 mg, 0.34 mmol, 67% yield) as a white solid. Byproducts Intermediate 236 (30 mg, 0.075 mmol, 15% yield) and Intermediate 237 (2% yield) were also isolated.

Method 2: To the suspension of compound Intermediate 233 (138 mg, 0.5 mmol, 1.0 equiv), tetrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine (Intermediate 234) (67 mg, 0.55 mmol, 1.1 equiv.) and Hunig's base (0.3 mL, 1.75 mmol, 3.5 equiv.), (CuOTf)2.Benzene (150 mg, 0.6 mmol, 1.2 equiv.) was added at room temperature in one portion under N2. After 6 hours at room temperature, HPLC analysis indicated the complete consumption of Intermediate 233. Allyl bromide (242 mg, 2.0 mmol, 4.0 equiv.) was added and the reaction solution was stirred for another 2 hours. The same workup/purification procedure were followed to afford Intermediate 235 (113 mg, 0.26 mml, 52% yield) along with Intermediate 236 (49 mg, 0.12 mmol, 25% yield).

Intermediate 235

N-(1-(5-allyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95-8.85 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 7.78-7.72 (dd, J=7.8, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.67-7.61 (dd, J=7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.46-7.43 (s, 1H), 7.43-7.38 (td, J=7.8, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 6.93-6.79 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 5.96-5.85 (dddd, J=16.7, 10.1, 6.4, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 5.57-5.47 (dq, J=8.3, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 5.08-4.92 (m, 2H), 4.15-4.05 (m, 1H), 4.04-3.95 (m, 1H), 1.76-1.71 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (151 MHz, CDCl3) δ 165.1, 159.1, 155.7, 146.8, 138.3, 133.2, 132.6, 132.2, 129.3 (q, JC-F=31.5 Hz), 129.3, 128.7 (q, JC-F=5.2 Hz), 126.9, 122.5 (q, JC-F=273.4 Hz), 120.8, 117.2, 41.3, 27.9, 21.5. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C19H17ClF3N6O, 437.1099. found, 437.1088.

Intermediate 236

2-chloro-N-(1-(1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.91-8.84 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 8.65-8.57 (s, 1H), 7.81-7.74 (dd, J=7.8, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.72-7.64 (dd, J=7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.51-7.38 (m, 2H), 6.80-6.64 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 5.71-5.49 (p, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 1.87-1.69 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (151 MHz, CDCl3) δ 165.3, 159.3, 154.4, 149.0, 138.2, 132.4, 129.3 (q, JC-F=31.5 Hz), 129.2, 128.7 (q, JC-F=5.2 Hz), 127.0, 122.5 (q, JC-F=273.4 Hz), 120.8, 120.1, 42.5, 21.1. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C16H13ClF3N6O, 397.0786; found, 397.0780.

Intermediate 237

2-chloro-N-(hept-6-en-3-yn-2-yl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.81-7.72 (dd, J=7.7, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.70-7.60 (dd, J=7.6, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.52-7.37 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.37-6.21 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1H), 5.86-5.72 (ddt, J=17.1, 10.2, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 5.37-5.27 (m, 1H), 5.18-5.07 (dq, J=10.8, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 5.06-4.92 (ddt, J=8.4, 4.5, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 3.13-2.76 (dq, J=5.1, 2.0 Hz, 2H), 1.61-1.32 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (151 MHz, CDCl3) δ 164.6, 138.2, 132.4, 132.1, 129.3 (q, JC-F=31.5 Hz), 129.1, 128.8 (q, JC-F=5.2 Hz), 127.0, 122.5 (q, JC-F=273.4 Hz), 116.2, 81.9, 80.0, 38.3, 22.9, 22.5. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C15H14ClF3NO, 316.0711; found, 316.0726.

Intermediate 238

2-chloro-N-(1-(5-(3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

Following Method 1 described above for Intermediate 235 substituting dimethylallyl bromide for allyl bromide, the title compound was isolated in 77% yield. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.94-8.87 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 7.77-7.70 (dd, J=7.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.67-7.61 (dd, J=7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.47-7.43 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.43-7.36 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.04-6.91 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 5.58-5.48 (m, 1H), 5.10-5.02 (m, 1H), 3.98-3.90 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.76-1.72 (s, 3H), 1.72-1.68 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.65-1.60 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (151 MHz, CDCl3) δ 165.0, 159.0, 155.8, 146.1, 138.4, 134.7, 134.3, 132.2, 129.3 (q, JC-F=31.5 Hz), 129.3, 128.7 (q, JC-F=5.2 Hz), 126.9, 122.5 (q, JC-F=273.4 Hz), 120.7, 118.8, 41.4, 25.5, 23.1, 21.6, 18.1. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C21H21ClF3N6O, 465.1412; found, 465.1393.

Intermediate 239

2-chloro-N-(1-(5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

A stream of O3 generated from an ozonator was passed though the solution of Intermediate 238 (200 mg, 0.43 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in MeOH (30 mL) at −78° C. until the color of the reaction solution became blue (˜10 min). NaBH4 (49 mg, 1.3 mmol, 3.0 equiv.) was added at −78° C. The reaction solution was warmed to room temperature and partitioned between EtOAc and brine. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with EtOAc/hexanes as eluents to afford the title compound (140 mg, 0.30 mmol, 70% yield) as a white solid. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.95-8.88 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 2H), 7.81-7.73 (dd, J=7.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.67-7.58 (dd, J=7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.44 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.43-7.36 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.95-6.83 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 5.62-5.44 (m, 1H), 4.06-3.89 (m, 2H), 3.66-3.56 (ddd, J=14.7, 6.1, 4.6 Hz, 1H), 3.44-3.34 (ddd, J=14.7, 7.7, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.20-3.14 (t, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 1.88-1.71 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (151 MHz, CDCl3) δ 165.5, 159.0, 155.5, 147.4, 138.3, 133.1, 132.2, 129.2, 129.1 (q, JC-F=31.5 Hz), 128.5 (q, JC-F=5.2 Hz), 126.8, 122.5 (q, JC-F=273.4 Hz), 120.7, 61.1, 41.4, 27.3, 20.7. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C18H17ClF3N6O2, 441.1048; found, 441.1038.

Intermediate 240

To the solution of Intermediate 239 (100 mg, 0.22 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in THF (10 mL), Et3N (37 uL, 0.27 mmol, 1.2 equiv.) and MsCl (29 mg, 0.24 mmol, 1.1 equiv.) was added sequentially. The reaction solution was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. EtOAc and water were added. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The crude product (112 mg, 0.21 mmol, 95% yield) was used directly in the next reaction without further purification. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.97-8.88 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2H), 7.80-7.72 (dd, J=7.9, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.66-7.59 (dd, J=7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.45 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.44-7.36 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.86-6.77 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 5.60-5.47 (dd, J=8.3, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 4.66-4.57 (ddd, J=7.5, 6.0, 3.9 Hz, 2H), 3.92-3.79 (m, 1H), 3.73-3.59 (d, J=14.6 Hz, 1H), 3.04-2.95 (s, 3H), 1.83-1.72 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (151 MHz, CDCl3) δ 165.3, 159.3, 155.5, 148.2, 138.1, 132.2, 129.8, 129.4 (q, JC-F=31.5 Hz), 129.2, 128.9 (q, JC-F=5.2 Hz), 127.0, 122.5 (q, JC-F=273.4 Hz), 120.9, 67.6, 41.1, 37.3, 24.4, 21.0. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C19H19ClF3N6O4S, 519.0824; found, 519.0805.

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

To the solution of Intermediate 240 (112 mg, 0.21 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in THF (20 mL), NaH (60 wt % in mineral oil, 30 mg, 0.74 mmol, 3.5 equiv.) was added in one portion. The reaction solution was heated to reflux temperature for 3 hours and then cooled to room temperature. The reaction solution was partitioned between EtOAc and brine. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography to afford (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrimidin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone (68 mg, 0.16 mmol, 75% yield) as a white solid. 1H NMR (600 MHz, MeOD) δ 8.97-8.86 (m, 2H), 7.98-7.88 (dd, J=7.8, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.83-7.52 (m, 3H), [6.05-5.78 (m), 4.87-4.82 (m), 4.72-4.66 (m), 1H] [5.04-4.98 (m), 3.94-2.86 (m), 4H], [1.72-1.66 (m), 1.59-1.48 (m), 3H]. 13C NMR (151 MHz, MeOD) δ 168.36, 168.27, 168.25, 160.68, 160.64, 160.63, 156.44, 156.42, 156.40, 146.71, 146.59, 146.46, 139.78, 139.59, 139.56, 139.37, 134.20, 133.93, 133.22, 132.96, 132.90, 132.61, 132.47, 130.47, 130.37, 130.27, 130.16, 130.06, 129.85, 129.82, 129.78, 129.76, 129.72, 129.69, 129.65, 129.59, 129.57, 129.48, 129.46, 129.33, 129.30, 129.13, 129.04, 126.83, 125.03, 124.91, 123.22, 123.10, 122.50, 122.47, 122.41, 121.41, 51.90, 51.40, 46.88, 46.66, 41.78, 41.01, 36.04, 35.83, 26.17, 25.75, 25.21, 25.17, 20.28, 20.13, 18.84, 18.51. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C18H15ClF3N6O, 423.0942; found, 423.0937.

Examples 338 to 343 are made in accordance with the synthetic schemes, and in light of the specific examples, provided above.

Example 338

(R*)-(3-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 339

(R*)-(4-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 340

(R*)-(3-chloro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 341

(R*)-(3-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 342

(R*)-(4-chloro-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-yl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 343

(R*)-(3-chloro-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl)(4-methyl-1-(pyrazin-2-yl)-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Example 344

(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Intermediate 241

(R)—N-(but-3-yn-2-yl)-2-chloro-5-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

Intermediate 241: (R)—N-(but-3-yn-2-yl)-2-chloro-5-fluoro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide: To the suspension of (R) but-3-yn-2-amine.HCl salt (10 g, 94.7 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in THF (150 mL), Et3N (27.5 mL, 199 mmol, 2.1 equiv.) and (2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzoyl chloride (23.1 g, 94.7 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) were added sequentially at 0° C. The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. The precipitate was filtered off and washed with THF. The filtrate solution was concentrated and re-dissolved in EtOAc. The EtOAc solution was washed with saturated NaHCO3 and brine, dried over Na2SO4, concentrated. Trituration of the crude product from EtOAc/hexanes afforded the title compound (23 g, 83.8 mmol, 88%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.82-7.75 (dd, J=7.9, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.73-7.66 (dd, J=7.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.41 (dd, J=8.2, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.35-6.02 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 5.09-4.90 (dqd, J=8.1, 6.9, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 2.47-2.20 (m, 1H), 1.58-1.54 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 3H). 13C NMR (151 MHz, CDCl3) δ 164.7, 137.9, 132.5, 129.4 (q, JC-F=31.5 Hz), 129.1, 129.0 (q, JC-F=5.2 Hz), 127.1, 122.5 (q, JC-F=273.4 Hz), 83.2, 71.2, 37.8, 22.1. HRMS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C12H10ClF3NO, 276.0398; found, 276.0390.

Intermediate 242

(R)—N-(1-(5-allyl-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

To the suspension of Intermediate 241 (41.93 g, 152.11 mmol, 1.0 equiv), tetrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine (Intermediate 234, 25.43 g, 182.85 mmol, 1.2 equiv.), allyl bromide (16.73 mL, 197.74 mmol, 1.3 equiv.) and Cs2CO3(148.68 g, 456.33 mmol, 3.0 equiv.) in 2-methylTHF (1000 mL) was added CuI (28.97 g, 152.11 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) at room temperature in one portion under N2. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature under N2 (g) for 16 hours. The insoluble solid was filtered off and the filtrate was washed with KOH (700 mL) and EtOAc (300 mL). The organic layer was extracted, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The crude was slurried in 4/1 EtOAc/TMBE 400 mL/100 mL for 48 hours then filtered to recover Intermediate 242: (R)—N-(1-(5-allyl-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide as a light yellow solid. (56.5 g, 124.27 mmol, 82%). MS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C19H15ClF4N6O, 454.81; found, 455.10.

Intermediate 243

(R)-2-chloro-N-(1-(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide

Intermediate 243: (R)-2-chloro-N-(1-(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide:: A stream of O3 generated from an ozonator was passed though the solution of Intermediate 242 (8 g, 17.59 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in MeOH (350 mL) and CH2Cl2 at −78° C. until the color of the reaction solution became blue (˜45 min). Removed O3 (g) and bubbled in N2 (g) for 15 minutes. Slowly, NaBH4 (2 g, 52.77 mmol, 3.0 equiv.) was added at −78° C. and stirred for 30 minutes. The reaction solution was warmed above 0° C. by quenching with ice and CH2Cl2. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography with 9/1 EtOAc/hexanes as eluents to afford the title compound (Intermediate 243: (R)-2-chloro-N-(1-(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-5-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)ethyl)-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide) (5.7 g, 12.42 mmol, 71% yield) as a foam oil. MS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C18H15ClF4N6O2, 458.80; found, 459.10.

Intermediate 244

(R)-2-(4-(1-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamido)ethyl)-1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-5-yl)ethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate

Intermediate 244: To the solution of Intermediate 243 (10 g, 21.80 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in CH2Cl2 (80 mL) was added TsCl (5.0 g, 26.16 mmol, 1.2 equiv.), DMAP (0.27 g, 2.18 mmol, 0.1 equiv.) and trimethyl amine HCl (0.42 g, 4.36 mmol, 0.2 equiv.). Slowly, Et3N (3.9 mL, 28.33 mmol, 1.3 equiv.) was added drop wise. The reaction solution was stirred at room temperature for 16 hours then quenched with H2O. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated.

The crude product was purified by column chromatography using 3/2 EtOAc/hexane to recover Intermediate 244 (12.90 g, 21.04 mmol, 96% yield). MS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C25H21ClF4N6O4S, 612.99. found, 613.

Example 344

(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

To the solution of Intermediate 244 (12.9 g, 21.04 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in THF (150 mL) was added NaH (60 wt % in mineral oil, 4.5 g, 112.38 mmol, 5.3 equiv.). The reaction solution was heated to 60° C. for 3 hours and then cooled to room temperature. The reaction was quenched with cold H2O and EtOAc. The organic layer was separated, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography to afford Example 344: (R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyrimidin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-[1,2,3]triazolo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone (6.70 g, 15.20 mmol, 72% yield) as a white solid. MS-ESI (m/z): [M+H]+ calcd for C18H13ClF4N6O, 440.79; found, 440.90. CHN analysis calcd for C18H13ClF4N6O: 49.04% C, 2.98% H, 19.05 N. found, 48.93% C, 3.25% H, 19.02 N. Chiral HPLC analysis: Chiral Pak AD-H column, 0.4 mL/min, 80% EtOH/20% hexane, major isomer 12.56 min, minor isomer 11.28 min.

Example 345

(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Intermediate 245

(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

In a three-neck round-bottom flask equipped with a mechanic stirring, an internal thermal couple and an addition funnel, 1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridine (70 g, 326 mmol) was suspended in THF (1.7 L) and then warmed to 50° C. to form a clear solution. The clear solution was cooled to −78° C. and a lot of solid precipitated out. Under N2, MeMgBr (3.0 mol/L in THF, 109 mL, 326 mmol) was added over 30 min while the internal temperature was maintained at <−70° C. After 20 min, the solution of Intermediate 12 (87 g, 359 mmol) in THF (100 mL) was added over 30 min with the internal temperature maintained at <−70° C. The rest of MeMgBr (3.0 mol/L in THF, 130 mL, 390 mmol) was then added over 30 min. The reaction was stirred at −78° C. for 1 hour. The cold bath was removed and the reaction solution was warmed to 0° C. With an ice/water bath, 2 mol/L HCl aqueous solution was slowly added to quench the reaction while the internal temperature was maintained at <5° C. Concentrated NH4Cl aqueous solution was then added until clear phase separation was obtained. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc twice (300 mL). The organic layers were combined, dried over Na2SO4, and concentrated. The crude product was recrystallized from hot EtOAc (250 mL)/MTBE (500 mL). The precipitated solid was collected by filtration, washed with cold MTBE (500 mL) to afford Intermediate 245 as a white solid (117 g, 82%). MS-EI (m/z): [M+H]+ observed: 437.0.

Alternative Synthesis of Example 11

(2-Chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Intermediate 245 (80 g, 183 mmol) was dissolved in the mixed solvent of THF (450 mL), EtOH (600 mL), AcOH (80 mL) at 50° C. The solution was poured into Pd/C (23 g, 10 wt % dry base, 1:1 with water). The hydrogenation was performed on a Parr shaker at 55° C., 30 PSI overnight. After the reaction was complete, Pd/C was filtered off under N2 and washed with EtOH. The filtrate solution was concentrated and repartitioned between EtOAc/saturated aqueous NaHCO3 solution. The EtOAc layer was washed with brine, dried on Na2SO4 and concentrated. The residue was recrystallized from hot EtOAc (200 mL)/TBME (400 mL) to afford a white, free-flowing solid. Recrystallization from hot EtOAc (700 mL) afforded pure Example 11 as a white solid (54.3 g, 124 mmol, 67%). MS-EI (m/z): [M+H]+ observed: 439.0.

Alternative Chiral Separation of Example 11

(R)-(2-chloro-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)(1-(5-fluoropyridin-2-yl)-4-methyl-6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]pyridin-5(4H)-yl)methanone

Chiral separation of Example 11 (54.3 g) was performed on chiral SFC (Stationary phase: CHIRALCEL OD-H 5 μm 250×20 mm), Mobile phase: 85% CO2, 15% EtOH). 26.7 grams of enantiopure compound was obtained. 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.45-8.29 (m, H), 7.99-7.86 (m, H), 7.81-7.70 (m, 1H), 7.64-7.29 (m, 4H), 5.87-5.75 (m, 0.7H), 5.15-5.01 (m, 0.6H), 4.71-4.58 (m, 0.3H), 4.57-4.46 (m, 0.4H), 3.61-3.46 (m, 1H), 3.44-3.33 (m, 0.3H), 3.27-3.09 (m, 1.2H), 3.00-2.72 (m, 1.5H), 1.67-1.59 (m, 1.7H), 1.51-1.46 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 0.8H), 1.44-1.39 (d, J=6.9 Hz, 0.5H).

Pharmacological Examples

P2X7 Antagonism in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) and Mouse/Human Whole Blood.

Human blood was collected using a blood donor program. PBMCs were isolated from blood using a Ficoll density gradient technique. Briefly, blood was laid on Ficoll solution and centrifuged at RT for 20 minutes at 2000 rpm. The buffy layer (between red blood cells and plasma) was carefully collected by aspiration, washed with PBS and centrifuged again at 1500 rpm for 15 minutes. The resulting cell pellet was washed and plated on 96 well-plates for experiments. For the Mouse/Human Whole Blood experiments, 150 μl of either mouse or human blood was platted on 96 well-plates. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (30 ng/ml) was added to each well and incubated for 1 hour. Test compounds were then added and incubated for 30 minutes. The P2X7 agonist, 2′(3′)-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl) adenosine 5′ triphosphate (Bz-ATP) was then added at a final concentration of 0.5 mM (PBMC) or 1 mM (blood). Cells were incubated for an additional 1.5 hours. At that point, supernatant was collected and stored for IL-1β assay using manufacturer's protocol for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Data was expressed as percent control, where control is defined as the difference in IL-1β release in LPS+Bz-ATP samples and LPS only samples. Data was plotted as response (% control) versus concentration to generate IC50 values. In Table 2, this data is represented by PBMC P2X7 and blood P2X7 IC50. In Table 2, when the data cell has been left blank, it is intended to mean that the compound was not tested in that assay.

P2X7 Antagonism in Recombinant hP2X7 Cells: (a) Ca2+ Flux (b) Radioligand Binding

(A) Ca2+ flux: 1321N1 cells expressing the recombinant human, rat or mouse P2X7 channel was cultured in HyQ DME/(HyClone/Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium) high glucose supplemented with 10% Fetal Bovine Serum (FBS) and appropriate selection marker. Cells were seeded at a density of 25000 cells/well (96-well clear bottom black walled plates) in 100 μl volume/well. On the day of the experiment, cell plates were washed with assay buffer, containing (in mM): 130 NaCl, 2 KCl, 1 CaCl2, 1 MgCl2, 10 HEPES, 5 glucose; pH 7.40 and 300 mOs. After the wash, cells were loaded with the Calcium-4 dye (Molecular Device) and incubated in the dark for 60 minutes. Test compounds were prepared at 250× the test concentration in neat DMSO. Intermediate 96-well compound plates were prepared by transferring 1.2 μL of the compound into 300 μL of assay buffer. A further 3× dilution occurred when transferring 50 μL/well of the compound plate to 100 μL/well in the cell plate. Cells were incubated with test compounds and dye for 30 minutes. Calcium dye fluorescence was monitored in FLIPR as the cells were challenged by adding 50 μL/well of BzATP (final concentration is 250 μM BzATP (human and rat) or 600 μM (mouse)). The fluorescence change was measured 180 seconds after adding the agonist. Peak fluorescence was plotted as a function of test concentration and the resultant IC50 is shown in Table 2

(B) Radioligand Binding: Human or rat P2X7-1321N1 cells were collected and frozen @ −80° C. On the day of the experiment, cell membrane preparations were made according to standard published methods. The total assay volume was 100 μl:10 μl compound (10×)+(b) 40 μl tracer (2.5×)+50 μl membrane (2×). The tracer used for the assay was tritiated A-804598. The compound can be prepared as described in the literature. (Donnelly-Roberts, D. Neuropharmacology 2009, 56 (1), 223-229.) Compounds, tracer and membranes were incubated for 1 hour @ 4° C. The assay was terminated by filtration (GF/B filters pre-soaked with 0.3% PEI) and washed with washing buffer (Tris-HCl 50 mM). The IC50 generated in the binding assay was corrected for tracer concentration and affinity of the tracer to derive at the affinity (Ki) of the test compounds.


TABLE 2
P2X7 activity of the compounds of Formula (I, IIa and IIb)
in a panel of in-vitro assays
FLIPR
FLIPR
Human
PBMC
PBMC
(human)
(rat)
whole blood
1 μM
10 μM
P2X7 human
P2X7 rat
IC50
IC50
IC50
Example
(% control)
(% control)
Ki (μM)
Ki (μM)
(μM)
(μM)
(μM)
1
11.5
0.0759
0.0061
1.2078
2
7.9
0.0871
0.0184
1.9409
3
23.0
0.0603
0.0811
4.4771
4
−3.7
0.0251
0.0465
2.5704
5
11.6
0.0316
0.0124
0.3236
6
14.3
0.0427
0.0094
1.7824
7
98.7
8
83.1
9
83.7
10
76.5
11
25.2
0.1259
0.0223
0.6714
1.585
12
11.2
0.0851
0.1349
0.0061
1.3213
0.631
13
27.9
0.0794
0.0126
0.1259
14
12.8
0.0794
0.0830
0.1409
15
9.1
0.1585
0.0875
0.1791
16
8.5
0.2512
0.1038
0.4560
17
6.5
0.0501
0.0259
0.1560
18
5.3
0.1000
0.0773
0.9162
19
11.6
0.1000
0.0352
0.4539
20
8.6
0.5012
0.9311
2.3714
21
1.6
0.1259
0.0785
1.6069
22
−15.9
0.1259
0.0131
1.6256
23
6.4
0.0398
0.0344
0.0906
24
2.9
0.0912
0.0350
0.0342
25
9.7
0.0741
0.1114
3.2659
26
14.0
0.0851
0.0098
0.0710
27
39.2
1.3804
0.1799
1.8923
28
4.8
0.0794
0.0138
0.0165
29
34.7
0.0380
0.0798
2.0701
30
87.0
0.3981
1.3677
6.1376
31
50.8
0.3162
0.1563
0.1074
32
1.9
0.0372
0.0105
0.0655
0.251
33
100.7
34
29.8
0.6310
0.1585
0.1585
35
31.6
0.3162
0.3162
0.3162
36
16.6
3.0832
10.0693
37
−9.1
0.0794
0.0993
1.5311
38
−0.3
0.2512
0.0143
0.1265
39
112.0
40
36.5
0.0071
0.0078
0.0040
0.1152
0.092
41
40.5
1.6118
10.0000
42
5.8
0.0398
0.0141
0.0557
0.0883
2.512
43
77.8
1.9953
5.2360
>10
44
44.7
0.0316
0.0150
0.1164
45
29.4
1.6106
14.9969
46
2.1
0.0398
0.0603
0.4721
3.981
47
−1.1
0.3162
0.1486
2.0417
48
90.1
49
93.5
50
96.0
51
97.6
52
98.9
53
99.0
0.7413
0.9750
4.9545
54
8.6
0.0437
0.1984
4.1115
55
11.3
0.1259
0.0167
0.2594
56
10.1
0.0794
0.0251
0.3981
57
46.7
0.7943
0.7178
0.2198
58
−2.0
0.1259
0.0107
0.7656
59
10.2
0.5012
0.3784
0.5272
60
8.4
0.1000
0.0557
1.6482
61
−0.1
0.0389
0.0047
1.3996
62
5.2
0.0437
0.0762
4.2756
63
12.6
0.0117
0.0033
1.0864
64
−9.2
0.0316
0.0263
0.0143
2.4434
0.251
65
5.8
0.0158
0.0063
0.0087
0.079
66
2.7
0.0158
0.0174
0.2065
0.363
67
6.5
0.0079
0.0030
0.0789
0.158
68
12.9
0.0182
0.0169
0.1845
69
6.8
0.0141
0.1058
1.4571
70
10.6
0.0126
0.0075
1.3274
0.501
71
11.1
0.2512
0.0490
0.3972
72
−5.7
0.0295
0.0042
0.1687
0.126
73
4.3
0.2512
0.0191
0.0145
0.0408
0.016
74
102.6
13.1826
2.2387
13.3660
19.2309
5.012
75
5.2
−0.3
0.0447
0.0062
0.0034
0.0091
0.013
76
1.6
0.3631
0.0244
0.0324
77
31.7
0.3981
0.1259
0.0063
78
57.7
0.1000
0.0631
0.5012
79
23.2
0.0316
0.0062
0.0865
80
4.6
0.0398
0.0207
0.0187
0.016
81
5.9
0.0631
0.0735
0.1076
82
7.9
0.0575
0.0173
0.1545
83
4.5
0.1585
0.0169
0.3972
84
8.5
0.0398
0.0177
0.1871
0.200
85
24.7
0.0398
0.0141
0.0146
86
13.0
0.0398
0.0129
0.1361
87
21.7
1.2589
0.7943
2.5050
5.2180
3.311
88
13.3
0.0126
0.0022
0.0022
0.0020
0.002
89
−1.5
0.0158
0.0055
0.9078
90
13.3
0.0295
0.0103
0.9727
91
6.1
0.0234
0.0162
0.0029
1.4928
0.316
92
2.8
0.0263
0.0054
0.4395
93
9.0
0.0398
0.0079
0.2512
94
10.8
0.0316
0.0124
0.1230
95
14.4
0.3162
0.2042
>10
96
3.6
0.0148
0.0025
0.1786
97
12.7
0.0200
0.0045
2.2909
98
32.5
0.0141
0.0066
0.5483
99
7.0
0.0813
0.7413
0.0115
0.1948
100
9.2
0.0759
0.0062
1.6387
101
7.6
0.0851
0.1285
3.4594
102
18.0
0.1096
0.2299
5.9361
103
56.0
0.2754
0.3917
8.3560
104
8.9
0.0501
0.2046
1.6088
105
51.0
0.1995
0.0794
1.2589
106
64.4
0.2512
0.1585
1.5849
107
24.7
0.0794
0.0158
0.7943
108
1.1
0.1000
0.0126
0.7943
109
94.1
0.2512
3.1623
110
−15.1
0.1820
0.0100
1.2589
111
15.7
0.0794
0.1585
1.5849
112
51.9
0.2512
0.1259
3.9811
113
42.6
0.3981
0.8551
>10
114
20.4
0.2512
0.0631
1.2589
115
−3.3
1.0691
>10
116
45.3
0.0063
0.0088
0.0041
117
4.3
2.2182
>10
118
12.6
0.7943
1.1858
1.7378
119
20.0
0.0063
0.0025
0.0013
0.0015
0.013
120
−3.8
0.0063
0.0059
0.0556
121
−0.2
0.0112
0.0032
0.0065
122
0.2
0.0200
0.0048
0.0120
123
22.0
0.0631
0.0501
1.0000
124
94.7
125
83.4
0.2512
0.1585
1.2589
126
71.7
0.0933
0.0855
1.4109
127
9.2
0.0398
0.0221
0.0891
128
23.1
2.1086
>10
129
8.4
0.3664
3.3497
130
3.7
0.0501
0.0036
0.1545
0.501
131
8.3
0.0501
0.0029
0.0515
0.316
132
3.8
0.0501
0.0783
4.4259
133
−0.2
0.0100
0.0016
0.0022
0.0093
134
12.3
3.9811
6.6989
10.8643
135
1.7
0.1000
0.0482
1.3804
136
5.3
0.0158
0.0093
0.1327
0.063
137
138
139
140
141
40.5
9.5940
>10
142
33.8
0.0100
0.0020
0.1432
143
58.0
>10
>10
144
19.6
0.0032
0.0097
0.0552
145
15.2
2.3068
13.7721
146
30.9
2.7040
>10
147
−8.9
0.0398
0.0113
0.5070
148
−9.6
0.0316
0.0085
0.0118
149
3.5
2.4917
17.2783
150
151
19.5
0.0501
0.0057
0.0216
152
15.4
0.9795
1.9770
153
28.9
0.0631
0.0051
0.0303
154
−0.6
0.0165
0.0102
155
111.6
156
1.8
0.0144
0.6039
157
−1.4
3.1623
1.5346
3.2961
158
1.1
0.0094
0.0055
0.0030
0.0188
0.008
159
54.1
>10
>10
160
101.5
>10
>10
161
−0.9
0.0158
0.0181
0.1791
162
163
164
98.1
165
60.7
9.7949
>10
166
0.6
0.0025
0.0024
0.0185
167
4.2
10.4713
>10
168
−4.2
0.0032
0.0036
0.0049
169
95.0
170
−5.7
0.0200
0.0032
0.0089
0.0102
171
28.7
2.0277
>10
172
−6.0
0.0316
0.0050
0.0117
0.0054
173
8.8
0.0158
0.0089
0.0102
174
4.2
0.0501
0.0033
1.6827
175
4.5
0.0398
0.0181
2.8774
176
7.3
0.0316
0.0080
0.0072
177
8.6
0.0794
0.2270
>10
178
−4.7
0.0051
0.1180
179
−4.3
1.0568
>10
180
−3.7
0.5916
>10
181
−0.1
0.0944
>10
182
62.5
183
−1.2
0.0204
0.0083
184
−0.7
0.3715
0.1059
1.6406
185
−3.7
0.0052
0.0195
186
−0.5
9.0365
11.6950
187
−0.6
0.0446
6.4714
188
−0.7
0.0079
0.0027
0.0085
189
0.5
0.0135
0.0039
0.0063
190
7.1
1.5560
1.2912
191
5.2
0.0251
0.0122
1.3002
192
−6.3
2.5119
10.0000
193
1.4
0.0224
0.0532
0.2382
194
−12.8
1.3804
3.9811
>10
195
14.4
0.0100
0.0034
0.0108
196
−3.1
0.5012
0.3908
2.6182
197
2.1
0.6622
0.6714
198
1.3
0.6310
0.1803
4.9774
199
0.0
0.0398
0.0086
0.0025
200
3.2
0.0251
0.0370
0.0173
201
20.4
1.2503
7.6208
202
24.1
0.0100
0.0025
0.0017
0.0037
203
0.6
0.0079
0.0105
0.1132
204
180.6
205
17.1
0.0040
0.0010
0.1084
206
−1.0
0.0282
0.0159
0.0800
207
45.0
8.5507
>10
208
20.9
0.0100
0.0020
0.0126
0.0200
0.015
209
−1.0
0.0158
0.0142
0.0021
210
0.8
0.0050
0.0102
0.0077
211
28.5
6.3096
5.0119
212
17.4
0.0050
0.0050
0.0016
213
0.3
0.0251
0.0133
0.0106
214
8.2
8.4918
46.2381
215
2.7
0.0100
0.0020
0.0019
216
0.6
0.0126
0.0126
0.0834
217
60.8
218
6.1
0.0025
0.0124
0.0180
219
76.5
7.4131
>10
220
15.1
0.0056
0.0012
0.0048
0.0059
0.063
221
17.8
0.5058
6.6834
222
11.8
0.0251
0.0011
0.0010
223
1.8
0.0447
0.0250
0.5636
224
103.3
225
−1.0
0.0091
0.0062
0.0423
226
58.0
227
−0.4
0.0200
0.0072
0.0102
228
0.1
0.0048
0.0051
0.0082
229
116.4
230
2.9
0.0589
0.0139
0.0895
231
−4.8
0.4989
38.1944
232
7.5
5.5976
>10
233
−0.1
0.1000
0.0060
0.1324
234
−40.9
0.0794
0.1995
1.9953
235
−3.7
0.0141
0.0031
0.0054
0.0066
0.017
236
9.3
1.1858
>10
237
−5.1
0.0363
0.0032
0.1276
238
−4.1
0.0794
0.0271
0.7244
239
86.9
240
−8.9
2.5119
0.1002
0.0226
241
6.5
1.9953
2.5823
>10
242
−3.4
0.0251
0.0815
0.0604
243
1.0
0.0631
0.0160
0.0150
244
−2.3
1.1429
13.5207
245
−7.3
0.1000
0.1607
2.0701
246
−3.1
0.1738
0.2296
6.5313
247
−0.8
2.3281
8.2035
248
74.3
249
5.1
0.0200
0.0022
0.0127
0.0038
250
−1.3
0.0398
0.0086
0.6699
251
11.6
0.1445
0.1237
9.1096
252
−0.8
0.0282
0.0188
0.0223
253
−2.6
0.1950
0.1849
12.6911
254
0.9
0.0447
0.0223
4.2560
255
−5.5
0.0724
0.0160
0.2113
256
7.1
2.3878
>10
257
7.1
0.0158
0.6516
6.1660
258
−3.2
0.0631
0.0855
4.8417
259
−3.5
0.0575
0.0406
10.0925
260
1.4
0.0355
0.0270
6.9343
261
−3.1
0.0363
0.0194
1.2331
262
−3.6
0.0398
0.1276
1.5453
263
−1.6
0.0550
0.0161
1.2531
264
89.5
>10
>10
265
76.5
266
5.8
0.0200
0.0127
0.0126
267
−50.8
0.0100
0.0081
0.0095
268
−59.9
0.5998
1.2190
269
16.3
0.0200
0.0131
0.0206
270
98.5
271
−3.7
0.0059
0.0033
0.0111
272
−7.6
0.1000
0.6223
3.0200
273
−2.1
0.0182
0.0076
0.0832
274
−4.8
0.0417
0.0745
1.8793
275
−8.3
0.0245
0.0469
0.6730
276
−0.9
0.0058
0.0064
0.8690
277
−3.7
0.0234
0.0946
1.9187
278
−19.5
0.0126
0.0072
0.0923
279
−16.9
0.0115
0.0086
0.4385
280
3.4
0.0631
0.5675
1.2331
281
−1.9
0.0023
0.0031
0.1633
282
−5.5
0.0158
0.0029
0.0191
283
−6.3
0.0063
0.0047
0.1923
284
18.2
0.3162
0.2404
0.6730
285
−2.6
0.6714
1.6827
286
5.8
6.9024
0.1442
287
−4.1
0.0141
0.0070
0.0028
288
4.4
0.0059
0.0068
0.0063
289
−27.6
1.1885
2.4099
290
−11.2
0.0079
0.0130
0.0067
291
−7.1
0.0219
0.0991
1.6218
292
36.7
10.4472
>10
293
−11.3
0.0437
0.1791
0.4285
294
−8.1
0.0126
0.0108
0.0028
295
10.1
>10
>10
296
3.6
0.1000
0.0624
0.0923
297
2.6
0.0100
0.0050
0.0056
298
299
1.5
0.0200
0.0081
0.0127
300
−1.8
0.3981
0.1710
20.2302
301
−2.2
0.1000
0.0776
0.1629
302
−2.8
0.0316
0.0116
0.0143
303
−1.6
6.9183
5.1880
304
3.2
0.0224
0.1127
5.6494
305
0.9
0.0457
0.0155
0.0197
306
2.5
6.8707
5.9841
307
2.2
>10
10.6660
308
22.9
>10
>10
309
1.4
1.3062
1.2647
310
12.2
0.0050
0.0092
0.0026
311
63.6
0.0158
0.0179
0.0352
312
9.5
0.0398
0.1574
8.6696
313
−5.4
1.1117
24.7172
314
18.7
2.8314
>10
315
8.8
0.0158
0.0398
2.4889
316
−9.6
0.0316
0.0723
2.2080
317
4.8
>10
>10
318
319
−6.8
10.0000
4.5709
320
−19.7
0.6324
0.8337
321
14.1
0.1000
0.0374
0.5888
322
100.4
323
102.4
324
100.4
325
99.7
326
92.0
327
93.1
>10
>10
328
88.0
>10
>10
329
99.5
>10
>10
330
33.8
>10
>10
331
−11.0
0.1778
0.1479
4.2954
332
−9.5
0.6310
0.2168
3.7239
333
6.9
0.0631
0.1014
>10
334
101.8
>10
>10
336
−0.5
0.3715
0.2891
2.1627

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Substituted tetrahydro-1H-pyrazolo [3,4-c] pyridines, compositions comprising them, and use AVENTIS PHARMA S.A. 09 July 2004 05 May 2005
P2X7調節薬としての縮合トリアゾールアミン類 エフ.ホフマン-ラ ロシュ アーゲー,F. HOFFMANN-LA ROCHE AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT 17 September 2010 14 February 2013
P2x7 receptor antagonists and their use ASTRAZENECA AB 01 June 2004 28 December 2006
杂芳基酰胺类似物 H.隆德贝克有限公司 11 August 2008 14 July 2010
Azaindole p2x3 and p2x2/3 modulators DILLON MICHAEL PATRICK,BOIS DAISY JOE DU,LAI YINGJIE,HAWLEY RONALD CHARLES,WANG BEIHAN 09 December 2009 10 June 2010
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