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Patent Analysis of

Triazolopyrazinones as PDE1 inhibitors

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10150771

Application Number

US15/517348

Application Date

09 October 2015

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

H. LUNDBECK A/S

Original Assignee (Applicant)

H. LUNDBECK A/S

International Classification

C07D487/04

Cooperative Classification

C07D487/04

Inventor

KEHLER, JAN,RASMUSSEN, LARS KYHN,JESSING, MIKKEL

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10150771 Triazolopyrazinones PDE1 inhibitors 1 US10150771 Triazolopyrazinones PDE1 inhibitors 2 US10150771 Triazolopyrazinones PDE1 inhibitors 3
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Abstract

The present invention provides triazolopyrazinones as PDE1 inhibitors and their use as a medicament, in particular for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders and psychiatric disorders.

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Claims

1. A compound:

(A) selected from the group consisting of:

3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1; 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2; 7-(Cyclohexylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-Isobutyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(Cyclopropylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-Ethyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(Oxetan-3-ylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(Cycloheptylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1; 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2; 7-Benzyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(2-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Propyl-7-(4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Propyl-7-(2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(2-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-Hexyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-ethyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(2-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Cyclopentyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-Isopentyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Cyclopropyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Cyclohexyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(2-fluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-(1,1-Difluoroethyl)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, Stereoisomer 1; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, Stereoisomer 2; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(oxetan-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(1-fluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(1-fluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(heptan-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2; 7-((4,4-Dimethylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(Cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(((3r,5r,7r)-Adamantan-1-yl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((4-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((1-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(Cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Propyl-7-(spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((3-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((2-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(((1r,3r,5r,7r)-Adamantan-2-yl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((4-Fluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((1 s,4s)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((1r,4s)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(((1 s,4s)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(((1r,4r)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (cis); 7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (trans); Cis 6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; Trans 6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; Cis-7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; Trans-7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; Cis-6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; Trans-6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6,7-bis(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one;6-benzyl-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one;

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one;(R)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one;(S)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-ethyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one;(R)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one;(S)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-ethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; and 5-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; and(B) pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

2. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, diluents and/or excipients.

3. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 2, wherein said composition comprises:

(A) the compound:

7-(Cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((4-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 3-Propyl-7-(spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-((3-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(((1s,4s)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(((1r,4r)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-bromo-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6,7-bis(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; 6-benzyl-7-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; or 6-benzyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one; or(B) a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

4. A method of treating a neurodegenerative disease, comprising administering the pharmaceutical composition of claim 2 to a patient in need thereof, wherein said neurodegenerative disease is Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Disease.

5. A method of treating a neurodegenerative disease, comprising administering the pharmaceutical composition of claim 3 to a patient in need thereof, wherein said neurodegenerative disease is Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Disease.

6. A method of treating a psychiatric disorder, comprising administering the pharmaceutical composition of claim 2 to a patient in need thereof, wherein said psychiatric disorder is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, narcolepsy, schizophrenia, cognitive impairment, or restless leg syndrome.

7. A method of treating a psychiatric disorder, comprising administering the pharmaceutical composition of claim 3 to a patient in need thereof, wherein said psychiatric disorder is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, narcolepsy, schizophrenia, cognitive impairment, or restless leg syndrome.

8. The method of claim 7, wherein said method treats cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia (CIAS).

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A compound: (A) selected from the group consisting of:
    • 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
    • 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
    • 7-(Cyclohexylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-Isobutyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(Cyclopropylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-Ethyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(Oxetan-3-ylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(Cycloheptylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
    • 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
    • 7-Benzyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(2-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-Propyl-7-(4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-Propyl-7-(2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(2-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-Hexyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(4-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-ethyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(4-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(2-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-Cyclopentyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-Isopentyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-Cyclopropyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-Cyclohexyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(2-fluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-(1,1-Difluoroethyl)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, Stereoisomer 1
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, Stereoisomer 2
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(oxetan-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(1-fluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(1-fluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(heptan-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
    • 7-((4,4-Dimethylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(Cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(((3r,5r,7r)-Adamantan-1-yl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-((4-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-((1-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-((4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(Cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 3-Propyl-7-(spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-((3-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-((2-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(((1r,3r,5r,7r)-Adamantan-2-yl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-((4-Fluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((1 s,4s)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((1r,4s)-4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(((1 s,4s)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(((1r,4r)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-bromo-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-bromo-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-bromo-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-benzyl-7-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (cis)
    • 7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (trans)
    • Cis 6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • Trans 6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • Cis-7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • Trans-7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • Cis-6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • Trans-6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-benzyl-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6,7-bis(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-benzyl-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-benzyl-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-benzyl-7-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • (R)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • (S)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-ethyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 6-benzyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • (R)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • (S)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-ethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • and 5-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
    • and(B) pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.
  • 2
    2. A pharmaceutical composition comprising
    • a therapeutically effective amount of the compound of claim 1, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, diluents and/or excipients.
    • 3. The pharmaceutical composition of claim 2, wherein
      • said composition comprises:
  • 4
    4. A method of treating a neurodegenerative disease, comprising
    • administering the pharmaceutical composition of claim 2 to a patient in need thereof, wherein said neurodegenerative disease is Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Disease.
  • 5
    5. A method of treating a neurodegenerative disease, comprising
    • administering the pharmaceutical composition of claim 3 to a patient in need thereof, wherein said neurodegenerative disease is Alzheimer's Disease, Parkinson's Disease, Huntington's Disease.
  • 6
    6. A method of treating a psychiatric disorder, comprising
    • administering the pharmaceutical composition of claim 2 to a patient in need thereof, wherein said psychiatric disorder is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, narcolepsy, schizophrenia, cognitive impairment, or restless leg syndrome.
  • 7
    7. A method of treating a psychiatric disorder, comprising
    • administering the pharmaceutical composition of claim 3 to a patient in need thereof, wherein said psychiatric disorder is attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), depression, narcolepsy, schizophrenia, cognitive impairment, or restless leg syndrome.
    • 8. The method of claim 7, wherein
      • said method treats cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia (CIAS).
See all independent claims <>

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

This application is a § 371 National Stage Application of PCT/EP2015/073417 (filed on Oct. 9, 2015; pending), which application claims benefit of DK Patent Application No. PA 2014 00582, filed on Oct. 10, 2014. Each of these applications is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides compounds that are PDE1 enzyme inhibitors and their use as a medicament, in particular for the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders and psychiatric disorders. The present invention also provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising compounds of the invention and methods of treating disorders using the compounds of the invention.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Throughout this application, various publications are referenced in full. The disclosures of these publications are hereby incorporated by reference into this application to describe more fully the state of the art to which this invention pertains.

The second messenger cyclic Nucleotides (cNs), cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) play a major role in intracellular signal transduction cascade, by regulating cN-dependent protein kinases (PKA and PKG), EPACs (Exchange Protein Activated by cAMP), phosphoprotein phosphatases, and/or cN-gated cation channels. In neurons, this includes the activation of cAMP- and cGMP-dependent kinases and subsequent phosphorylation of proteins involved in acute regulation of synaptic transmission as well as in neuronal differentiation and survival. Intracellular concentrations of cAMP and cGMP are strictly regulated by the rate of biosynthesis by cyclases and by the rate of degradation by phosphodiesterases (PDEs, EC 3.1.4.17). PDEs are bimetallic hydrolases that inactivate cAMP/cGMP by catalytic hydrolysis of the 3′-ester bond, forming the inactive 5′-monophosphate. Since PDEs provide the only means of degrading the cyclic nucleotides cAMP and cGMP in cells, PDEs play an essential role in cyclic nucleotide signalling. The catalytic activities of PDEs provide for breakdown of cNs over a spectrum of cN-concentrations in all cells, and their varied regulatory mechanisms provide for integration and crosstalk with myriad signalling pathways. Particular PDEs are targeted to discrete compartments within cells where they control cN level and sculpt microenvironments for a variety of cN signalosomes (Sharron H. Francis, Mitsi A. Blount, and Jackie D. Corbin. Physiol Rev 2011, 91: 651-690).

On the basis of substrate specificity, the PDE families can be divided into three groups: 1) The cAMP-specific PDEs, which include PDE4, PDE7, and PDE8, 2) the cGMP-selective enzymes PDE5 and PDE9, and 3) the dual-substrate PDEs, PDE1, PDE2, PDE3, as well as PDE10 and PDE11.

Previously named calmodulin-stimulated PDE (CaM-PDE), PDE1 is unique in that it is Ca2+-dependently regulated via calmodulin (CaM, a 16 kDa Ca2+-binding protein) complexed with four Ca2+(for review, Sharron H. Francis, Mitsi A. Blount, and Jackie D. Corbin. Physiol Rev 2011, 91: 651-690). Thus, this family represents an interesting regulatory link between cyclic nucleotides and intracellular Ca2+. The PDE1 family is encoded by three genes: PDE1A (mapped on human chromosome 2q32), PDE1B (human chromosome location, hcl: 12q13) and PDE1C (hcl: 7p14.3). They have alternative promoters and give rise to a multitude of proteins by alternative splicing which differ in their regulatory properties, substrate affinities, specific activities, activation constants for CaM, tissue distribution and molecular weights. More than 10 human isoforms are identified. Their molecular weights vary from 58 to 86 kDa per monomer. The N-terminal regulatory domain that contains two Ca2+/CaM binding domains and two phosphorylation sites differentiate their corresponding proteins and modulate their biochemical functions. PDE1 is a dual substrate PDE and the PDE1C-subtype has equal activity towards cAMP and cGMP (Km≈1-3 μM), whereas the subtypes PDE1A and PDE1B has a preference for cGMP (Km for cGMP=1-3 μM and for cAMP=10-30 μM).

The PDE1 subtypes are highly enriched in the brain and located especially in the striatum (PDE1B), hippocampus (PDE1A) and cortex (PDE1A) and this localization is conserved across species (Amy Bernard et al. Neuron 2012, 73, 1083-1099). In the cortex, PDE1A is present mainly in deep cortical layers 5 and 6 (output layers), and used as a specificity marker for the deep cortical layers. PDE1 inhibitors enhance the levels of the second messenger cNs leading to enhanced neuronal excitability.

Thus, PDE1 is a therapeutic target for regulation of intracellular signalling pathways, preferably in the nervous system and PDE1 inhibitors can enhance the levels of the second messengers cAMP/cGMP leading to modulation of neuronal processes and to the expression of neuronal plasticity-related genes, neurotrophic factors, and neuroprotective molecules. These neuronal plasticity enhancement properties together with the modulation of synaptic transmission make PDE1 inhibitors good candidates as therapeutic agents in many neurological and psychiatric conditions. The evaluation of PDE1 inhibitors in animal models (for reviews see e.g. Blokland et al. Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents (2012), 22(4), 349-354; and Medina, A. E. Frontiers in Neuropharmacology (2011), 5 (Feb.), 21) have suggested the potential for the therapeutic use of PDE1 inhibitors in neurological disorders, like e.g. Alzheimer's, Parkinson's and Huntington's Diseases and in psychiatric disorders like e.g. Attention Deficit hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), restless leg syndrome, depression, narcolepsy, cognitive impairment and cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia (CIAS). There have also been patent applications claiming that PDE1 inhibitors are useful in diseases that may be alleviated by the enhancement of progesterone-signalling such as female sexual dysfunction.

The compounds of the invention may offer alternatives to current marketed treatments for neurodegenerative and/or psychiatric disorders, which are not efficacious in all patients. Hence, there remains a need for alternative methods of treatment.

Two compounds, namely 1,2,4-Triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, 7-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-3-methyl-(CAS Registry Number: 946270-18-4) and 1,2,4-Triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, 7-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-3-propyl-(CAS Registry Number: 946237-23-6) are known in the prior art, but have not been disclosed as PDE1 inhibitors or for use as a medicament.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

PDE1 enzymes are expressed in the Central Nervous System (CNS), making this gene family an attractive source of new targets for the treatment of psychiatric and neurodegenerative disorders.

The objective of the present invention is to provide compounds that are PDE1 inhibitors, and as such are useful to treat neurodegenerative disorders and psychiatric disorders.

Accordingly, the present invention relates to compounds of formula (I)

wherein

n is 0 or 1;

R1 is selected from the group consisting of linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl, such as C1 to C3 alkyl, oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrathydropyranyl and saturated monocyclic C3-C8 cycloalkyl; or

R1 is selected from the group consisting oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrathydropyranyl, saturated monocyclic C3-C8 cycloalkyl, each substituted one or two times with methyl or hydroxy, and linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl substituted one or more times, preferably one, two or three times, with fluorine; and

R2 is selected from the group consisting of, linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl, phenyl, saturated monocyclic C3-C8 cycloalkyl, saturated bicyclic C4-C10 cycloalkyl, saturated tricyclic C7-C10 cycloalkyl, oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl and tetrahydropyranyl; or

R2 is selected from the group consisting of phenyl substituted with a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, linear or branched C1-C3 alkyl, difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl and methoxy; saturated monocyclic C3-C8 cycloalkyl, substituted one or two times with substituents selected from the group consisting of fluorine and methyl; and oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl and tetrahydropyranyl, each substituted one or two times with substituents selected from the group consisting of fluorine and methyl;

R3 is selected from the group consisting of linear or branched C1-C4 alkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, halogen, tetrahydrofuranyl, benzyl, where the phenyl ring of the benzyl can be optionally substituted with one or more substituents chosen from haliogen, methyl, alkoxy or the phenyl ring of the benzyl can be substituted with an aromatic ring og heteroaromatic ring like e.g. pyridine;

R4 is selected from the group consisting of linear or branched C1-C4 alkyl, halogen, and tetrahydrofuranyl.

Reference to Compound I includes the free base of Compound I, pharmaceutically acceptable salts of Compound I, such as acid addition salts of Compound I, racemic mixtures of Compound I, or the corresponding enantiomer and/or optical isomer of Compound I, and polymorphic and amorphic forms of Compound I as well as tautomeric forms of Compound I.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Embodiments of the Invention

The following notation is applied: an embodiment of the invention is identified as Ei, where i is an integer indicating the number of the embodiment. An embodiment Ei′ specifying a specific embodiment of a previously listed embodiment Ei is identified as Ei′ (Ei), e.g. E2(E1) means “in an embodiment E2 of embodiment E1”.

Where an embodiment is a combination of two embodiments the notation is similarly Ei″(Ei and Ei′), e.g. E3(E2 and E1) means “in an embodiment E3 of any of embodiments E2 and E1”

Where an embodiment is a combination of more than two embodiments the notation is similarly Ei″′(Ei, Ei′ and Ei″), e.g. E4(E1, E2 and E3) means “in an embodiment E4 of any of embodiments E1, E2 and E3”

In a first embodiment E1 the present invention relates to compounds of formula (I) (Compound I):

wherein

n is 0 or 1;

R1 is selected from the group consisting linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl, such as C1 to C3 alkyl, oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrathydropyranyl and saturated monocyclic C3-C8 cycloalkyl; or

R1 is selected from the group consisting oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, tetrathydropyranyl, saturated monocyclic C3-C8 cycloalkyl, each substituted one or two times with methyl or hydroxy, and linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl substituted one or more times, preferably one, two or three times, with fluorine; and

R2 is selected from the group consisting of, linear or branched C1-C8 alkyl, phenyl, saturated monocyclic C3-C8 cycloalkyl, saturated bicyclic C4-C10 cycloalkyl, saturated tricyclic C7-C10 cycloalkyl, oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl and tetrahydropyranyl; or

R2 is selected from the group consisting of phenyl substituted with a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, C1-C3 alkyl, difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl and methoxy; saturated monocyclic C3-C8 cycloalkyl, substituted one or two times with substituents selected from the group consisting of fluorine and methyl; and oxetanyl, tetrahydrofuranyl and tetrahydropyranyl, each substituted one or two times with substituents selected from the group consisting of fluorine and methyl;

R3 is selected from the group consisting of linear or branched C1-C4 alkyl, phenyl, substituted phenyl, halogen and tetrahydrofuranyl; benzyl, where the phenyl ring of the benzyl can be optionally substituted with one or more substituents chosen from haliogen, methyl, alkoxy or the phenyl ring of the benzyl can be substituted with an aromatic ring og heteroaromatic ring like e.g. pyridine;

R4 is selected from the group consisting of linear or branched C1-C4 alkyl, halogen, and tetrahydrofuranyl;

with the proviso that compound I is not 1,2,4-Triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, 7-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-3-methyl-(CAS Registry Number: 946270-18-4) or 1,2,4-Triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, 7-[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]-3-propyl-(CAS Registry Number: 946237-23-6).

E2(E1) R1 is selected from methyl, ethyl, propyl and isopropyl.

E3(E2) R1 is propyl

E4(E1) R2 is phenyl

E5(E1) R2 is substituted phenyl, wherein the substituent is selected from the group consisting of fluorine, chlorine and methoxy.

E6(E1) R2 is substituted phenyl, wherein the substituent is selected from the group consisting of difluoromethyl and trifluoromethyl.

E7(E1) R2 is saturated monocyclic C5-C7 cycloalkyl.

E8(E1, E3 and E7) R1 is propyl and R2 is saturated monocyclic C5-C7 cycloalkyl.

E9(E1) R2 is adamantyl.

E10(E1) R2 is a saturated spirooctan.

E11(E1) n is 0.

E12(E1) n is 1.

E13(E1) R3 is methyl or ethyl.

E14(E1) R3 is substituted phenyl, wherein the substituent is selected from the group consisting of phenyl, fluorine, and methyl.

E15(E1) R3 is bromine.

E16(E1) R4 is methyl or ethyl.

E17(E1) R4 is bromine.

E18(E1), the compound of formula (I) is selected among the compounds listed in Table 1, in the form of the free base, one or more tautomers thereof or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

E19(E1 to E18) the compound has an PDE1A, PDE1B or PDE1C IC50 value, determined as described in the section “PDE1 inhibition assay”, of 10 micro molar or less, such as 5 micro molar or less, such as 4 micro molar or less, such as 3 micro molar or less, such as 2 micro molar or less, such as 1 micro molar or less, such as 500 nM or less, such as 400 nM or less, such as 300 nM or less, such as 200 nM or less, such as 100 nM or less.

E20(E1) a compound selected from the compounds listed in Table 1 or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

E21(E1 to E20) the compound is for use as a medicament.

E22(E1 to E21) the compound is for use in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

E23(E1 to E20) a pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of any of embodiments (E1) to (E15), and one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, diluents and excipients.

E24(E23) the pharmaceutical composition is for the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

E25(E1 to E20) a method of treating a subject suffering from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which method comprises administering to said subject an amount of a compound of formula I effective in inhibiting PDE1.

E26 (E1 to E21) the compound is for use in the treatment of cognitive problems in e.g. schizophrenia or Alzheimers disease.

DEFINITIONS

PDE1 Enzymes

The PDE1 isozyme family includes numerous splice variant PDE1 isoforms. It has three subtypes, PDE1A, PDE1B and PDE1C which divide further into various isoforms. In the context of the present invention PDE1 and PDE1 enzymes are synonymous and refer to PDE1A, PDE1B and PDE1C enzymes as well as their isoforms unless otherwise specified.

Substituents

As used in the context of the present invention, the terms “halo” and “halogen” are used interchangeably and refer to fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine.

A given range may interchangeably be indicated with “-” (dash) or “to”, e.g. the term “C1-C3 alkyl” is equivalent to “C1 to C3 alkyl”.

The terms “C1-C3 alkyl”, “C1-C4 alkyl”, “C1-C5 alkyl”, “C1-C6 alkyl”, “C1-C7 alkyl” and “C1-C8 alkyl” refer to a linear (i.e. unbranched) or branched saturated hydrocarbon having from one up to eight carbon atoms, inclusive. Examples of such groups include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, 1-propyl, 2-propyl, 1-butyl, 2-butyl, 2-methyl-2-propyl, 2-methyl-1-butyl, n-hexyl, n-heptyl and n-octyl.

The term saturated monocyclic C3 to C10 cycloalkyl refers to cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl, cyclooctyl, cyclononyl and cyclodecatyl.

Corrrespondingly, the term saturated monocyclic C3 to C8 cycloalkyl refers to cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cycloheptyl and cyclooctyl.

The term saturated bicyclic C4 to C10 cycloalkyl refers to bicyclic ring comprising carbon and hydrogen atoms. Saturated bicyclic C4 to C10 cycloalkyl include spiro rings, fused rings and bridged rings, such as, but not limited to bicyclo[1.1.0]butanylbicyclobutanyl, bicyclo[2.1.0]pentanylbicyclopentanyl, bicyclo[2.2.0]hexanylbicyclohexanyl, bicyclo[2.2.1]heptanylbicycloheptanyl, bicyclo[2.2.2]octanylbicyclooctanyl, bicyclo[3.2.2]nonanyl and decahydronaphthalenylbicyclodecanyl.

The term saturated tricyclic C7 to C10 cycloalkyl refers to tricyclic ring comprising carbon and hydrogen atoms such as, but not limited to, adamantyl.

The expression “C1-C3 alkoxy” refers to a linear or branched saturated alkoxy group having from one to three carbon atoms, inclusive, with the open valency on the oxygen. Examples of such groups include methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy and isopropoxy.

Isomeric Forms

Where compounds of the present invention contain one or more chiral centers reference to any of the compounds will, unless otherwise specified, cover the enantiomerically or diastereomerically pure compound as well as mixtures of the enantiomers or diastereomers in any ratio.

For example reference to the compound 3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one without any further specification covers (R)-3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, (S)-3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one as well as mixtures of the enantiomers in any ratio, including the racemic mixture (±)3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one.

The above also applies where compounds of the invention contain more than two chiral centers.

PDE1 Inhibitors

In the context of the present invention a compound is considered to be a PDE1 inhibitor if the amount required to reach the IC50 level of any of the three PDE1 isoforms is 10 micro molar or less, preferably less than 9 micro molar, such as 8 micro molar or less, such as 7 micro molar or less, such as 6 micro molar or less, such as 5 micro molar or less, such as 4 micro molar or less, such as 3 micro molar or less, more preferably 2 micro molar or less, such as 1 micro molar or less, in particular 500 nM or less. In preferred embodiments the amount of PDE1 inhibitor required to reach the C50 level of PDE1B is 400 n M or less, such as 300 nM or less, 200 nM or less, 100 nM or less, or even 80 nM or less, such as 50 nM or less, for example 25 nM or less.

Pharmaceutically Acceptable Salts

The present invention also comprises salts of the compounds of the invention, typically, pharmaceutically acceptable salts. Such salts include pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salts. Acid addition salts include salts of inorganic acids as well as organic acids.

Representative examples of suitable inorganic acids include hydrochloric, hydrobromic, hydroiodic, phosphoric, sulfuric, sulfamic, nitric acids and the like. Representative examples of suitable organic acids include formic, acetic, trichloroacetic, trifluoroacetic, propionic, benzoic, cinnamic, citric, fumaric, glycolic, itaconic, lactic, methanesulfonic, maleic, malic, malonic, mandelic, oxalic, picric, pyruvic, salicylic, succinic, methane sulfonic, ethanesulfonic, tartaric, ascorbic, pamoic, bismethylene salicylic, ethanedisulfonic, gluconic, citraconic, aspartic, stearic, palmitic, EDTA, glycolic, p-aminobenzoic, glutamic, benzenesulfonic, p-toluenesulfonic acids, theophylline acetic acids, as well as the 8-halotheophyllines, for example 8-bromotheophylline and the like. Further examples of pharmaceutically acceptable inorganic or organic acid addition salts include the pharmaceutically acceptable salts listed in Berge, S. M. et al., J. Pharm. Sci. 1977, 66, 2, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

Furthermore, the compounds of this invention may exist in unsolvated as well as in solvated forms with pharmaceutically acceptable solvents such as water, ethanol and the like. In general, the solvated forms are considered equivalent to the unsolvated forms for the purposes of this invention.

Therapeutically Effective Amount

In the present context, the term “therapeutically effective amount” of a compound means an amount sufficient to cure, alleviate or partially arrest the clinical manifestations of a given disease and its complications in a therapeutic intervention comprising the administration of said compound. An amount adequate to accomplish this is defined as “therapeutically effective amount”. Effective amounts for each purpose will depend on the severity of the disease or injury as well as the weight and general state of the subject. It will be understood that determining an appropriate dosage may be achieved using routine experimentation, by constructing a matrix of values and testing different points in the matrix, which is all within the ordinary skills of a trained physician.

In the present context, the term “treatment” and “treating” means the management and care of a patient for the purpose of combating a condition, such as a disease or a disorder. The term is intended to include the full spectrum of treatments for a given condition from which the patient is suffering, such as administration of the active compound to alleviate the symptoms or complications, to delay the progression of the disease, disorder or condition, to alleviate or relief the symptoms and complications, and/or to cure or eliminate the disease, disorder or condition as well as to prevent the condition, wherein prevention is to be understood as the management and care of a patient for the purpose of combating the disease, condition, or disorder and includes the administration of the active compounds to prevent the onset of the symptoms or complications. Nonetheless, prophylactic (preventive) and therapeutic (curative) treatments are two separate aspects of the invention. The patient to be treated is preferably a mammal, in particular a human being.

Pharmaceutical Compositions

The present invention further provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I) and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or diluent. The present invention also provides a pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeutically effective amount of one of the specific compounds disclosed in the Experimental Section herein and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or diluent.

The compounds of the invention may be administered alone or in combination with pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, diluents or excipients, in either single or multiple doses. The pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention may be formulated with pharmaceutically acceptable carriers or diluents as well as any other known adjuvants and excipients in accordance with conventional techniques such as those disclosed in Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 21st Edition, Gennaro, Ed., Mack Publishing Co., Easton, Pa., 2005.

The pharmaceutical compositions may be specifically formulated for administration by any suitable route such as oral, rectal, nasal, pulmonary, topical (including buccal and sublingual), transdermal, intracisternal, intraperitoneal, vaginal and parenteral (including subcutaneous, intramuscular, intrathecal, intravenous and intradermal) routes. It will be appreciated that the route will depend on the general condition and age of the subject to be treated, the nature of the condition to be treated and the active ingredient.

Pharmaceutical compositions for oral administration include solid dosage forms such as capsules, tablets, dragees, pills, lozenges, powders and granules. Where appropriate, the compositions may be prepared with coatings such as enteric coatings or they may be formulated so as to provide controlled release of the active ingredient such as sustained or prolonged release according to methods well known in the art. Liquid dosage forms for oral administration include solutions, emulsions, suspensions, syrups and elixirs.

Pharmaceutical compositions for parenteral administration include sterile aqueous and nonaqueous injectable solutions, dispersions, suspensions or emulsions as well as sterile powders to be reconstituted in sterile injectable solutions or dispersions prior to use. Other suitable administration forms include, but are not limited to, suppositories, sprays, ointments, creams, gels, inhalants, dermal patches and implants.

Typical oral dosages range from about 0.001 to about 100 mg/kg body weight per day. Typical oral dosages also range from about 0.01 to about 50 mg/kg body weight per day. Typical oral dosages further range from about 0.05 to about 10 mg/kg body weight per day. Oral dosages are usually administered in one or more dosages, typically, one to three dosages per day. The exact dosage will depend upon the frequency and mode of administration, the sex, age, weight and general condition of the subject treated, the nature and severity of the condition treated and any concomitant diseases to be treated and other factors evident to those skilled in the art.

The formulations may also be presented in a unit dosage form by methods known to those skilled in the art. For illustrative purposes, a typical unit dosage form for oral administration may contain from about 0.01 to about 1000 mg, from about 0.05 to about 500 mg, or from about 0.5 mg to about 200 mg.

The present invention also provides a process for making a pharmaceutical composition comprising mixing a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I) and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or diluent. In an embodiment, of the present invention, the compound utilized in the aforementioned process is one of the specific compounds disclosed in the Experimental Section herein.

The compounds of this invention are generally utilized as the free substance or as a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. One example is an acid addition salt of a compound which has the same utility as of a free base. When a compound of formula (I) contains a free base such salts are prepared in a conventional manner by treating a solution or suspension of a free base of formula (I) with a pharmaceutically acceptable acid. Representative examples of suitable organic and inorganic acids are described above.

For parenteral administration, solutions of the compounds of formula (I) in sterile aqueous solution, aqueous propylene glycol, aqueous vitamin E or sesame or peanut oil may be employed. Such aqueous solutions should be suitably buffered if necessary and the liquid diluent first rendered isotonic with sufficient saline or glucose. The aqueous solutions are particularly suitable for intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous administration. The compounds of formula (I) may be readily incorporated into known sterile aqueous media using standard techniques known to those skilled in the art.

Suitable pharmaceutical carriers include inert solid diluents or fillers, sterile aqueous solutions and various organic solvents. Examples of solid carriers include lactose, terra alba, sucrose, cyclodextrin, talc, gelatin, agar, pectin, acacia, magnesium stearate, stearic acid and lower alkyl ethers of cellulose. Examples of liquid carriers include, but are not limited to, syrup, peanut oil, olive oil, phospholipids, fatty acids, fatty acid amines, polyoxyethylene and water. Similarly, the carrier or diluent may include any sustained release material known in the art, such as glyceryl monostearate or glyceryl distearate, alone or mixed with a wax. The pharmaceutical compositions formed by combining the compounds of formula (I) and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier are then readily administered in a variety of dosage forms suitable for the disclosed routes of administration. The formulations may conveniently be presented in unit dosage form by methods known in the art of pharmacy.

Formulations of the present invention suitable for oral administration may be presented as discrete units such as capsules or tablets, each containing a predetermined amount of the active ingredient, and optionally a suitable excipient. Furthermore, the orally available formulations may be in the form of a powder or granules, a solution or suspension in an aqueous or non-aqueous liquid, or an oil-in-water or water-in-oil liquid emulsion.

If a solid carrier is used for oral administration, the preparation may be tabletted, placed in a hard gelatin capsule in powder or pellet form or it may be in the form of a troche or lozenge. The amount of solid carrier will vary widely but will range from about 25 mg to about 1 g per dosage unit. If a liquid carrier is used, the preparation may be in the form of a syrup, emulsion, soft gelatin capsule or sterile injectable liquid such as an aqueous or non-aqueous liquid suspension or solution.

The pharmaceutical compositions of the invention may be prepared by conventional methods in the art. For example, tablets may be prepared by mixing the active ingredient with ordinary adjuvants and/or diluents and subsequently compressing the mixture in a conventional tableting machine prepare tablets. Examples of adjuvants or diluents comprise: corn starch, potato starch, talcum, magnesium stearate, gelatin, lactose, gums, and the like. Any other adjuvants or additives usually used for such purposes such as colorings, flavorings, preservatives etc. may be used provided that they are compatible with the active ingredients.

Treatment of Disorders

As mentioned above, the compounds of formula (I) are PDE1 enzyme inhibitors and as such are useful to treat associated neurological and psychiatric disorders.

The invention thus provides a compound of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salt thereof, as well as a pharmaceutical composition containing such a compound, for use in the treatment of a neurodegenerative disorder, psychiatric disorder or drug addiction in mammals including humans; wherein the neurodegenerative disorder is selected from the group consisting of Alzheimer's disease, multi-infarct dementia, alcoholic dementia or other drug-related dementia, dementia associated with intracranial tumors or cerebral trauma, dementia associated with Huntington's disease or Parkinson's disease, or AIDS-related dementia; delirium; amnestic disorder; post-traumatic stress disorder; mental retardation; a learning disorder, for example reading disorder, mathematics disorder, or a disorder of written expression; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; and age-related cognitive decline; and wherein the psychiatric disorder is selected from the group consisting of schizophrenia, for example of the paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, or residual type; schizophreniform disorder; schizoaffective disorder, for example of the delusional type or the depressive type; delusional disorder; substance-induced psychotic disorder, for example psychosis induced by alcohol, amphetamine, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, or phencyclidine; personality disorder of the paranoid type; and personality disorder of the schizoid type; and wherein the drug addiction is an alcohol, amphetamine, cocaine, or opiate addiction.

The compounds of formula (I) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof may be used in combination with one or more other drugs in the treatment of diseases or conditions for which the compounds of the present invention have utility, where the combination of the drugs together are safer or more effective than either drug alone. Additionally, the compounds of the present invention may be used in combination with one or more other drugs that treat, prevent, control, ameliorate, or reduce the risk of side effects or toxicity of the compounds of the present invention. Such other drugs may be administered, by a route and in an amount commonly used therefore, contemporaneously or sequentially with the compounds of the present invention. Accordingly, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention include those that contain one or more other active ingredients, in addition to the compounds of the present invention. The combinations may be administered as part of a unit dosage form combination product, or as a kit or treatment protocol wherein one or more additional drugs are administered in separate dosage forms as part of a treatment regimen.

The present invention provides a method of treating a mammal, including a human, suffering from a neurodegenerative disorder selected from a cognition disorder or movement disorder, which method comprises administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I).

This invention further provides a method of treating a neurodegenerative disorder or condition in a mammal, including a human, which method comprises administering to said mammal an amount of a compound of formula (I) effective in inhibiting PDE1.

This invention also provides a method of treating a subject suffering from a psychiatric disorder, which method comprises administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I). Examples of psychiatric disorders that can be treated according to the present invention include, but are not limited to, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) schizophrenia, for example of the paranoid, disorganized, catatonic, undifferentiated, or residual type; schizophreniform disorder; schizoaffective disorder, for example of the delusional type or the depressive type; delusional disorder; substance-induced psychotic disorder, for example psychosis induced by alcohol, amphetamine, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, or phencyclidine; personality disorder of the paranoid type; and personality disorder of the schizoid type; and the anxiety disorder is selected from panic disorder; agoraphobia; a specific phobia; social phobia; obsessive-compulsive disorder; post-traumatic stress disorder; acute stress disorder; and generalized anxiety disorder.

It has been found that the compounds of formula (I) or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof may advantageously be administered in combination with at least one neuroleptic agent (which may be a typical or an atypical antipsychotic agent) to provide improved treatment of psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia. The combinations, uses and methods of treatment of the invention may also provide advantages in treatment of patients who fail to respond adequately or who are resistant to other known treatments.

The present invention thus provides a method of treating a mammal suffering from a psychiatric disorder, such as schizophrenia, which method comprises administering to the mammal a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I), either alone or as combination therapy together with at least one neuroleptic agent.

The term “neuroleptic agent” as used herein refers to drugs, which have the effect on cognition and behaviour of antipsychotic agent drugs that reduce confusion, delusions, hallucinations, and psychomotor agitation in patients with psychoses. Also known as major tranquilizers and antipsychotic drugs, neuroleptic agents include, but are not limited to: typical antipsychotic drugs, including phenothiazines, further divided into the aliphatics, piperidines, and piperazines, thioxanthenes (e.g., cisordinol), butyrophenones (e.g., haloperidol), dibenzoxazepines (e.g., loxapine), dihydroindolones (e.g., molindone), diphenylbutylpiperidines (e.g., pimozide), and atypical antipsychotic drugs, including benzisoxazoles (e.g., risperidone), sertindole, olanzapine, quetiapine, osanetant and ziprasidone.

Particularly preferred neuroleptic agents for use in the invention are sertindole, olanzapine, risperidone, quetiapine, aripiprazole, haloperidol, clozapine, ziprasidone and osanetant.

The present invention further provides a method of treating a subject suffering from a cognition disorder, which method comprises administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I). Examples of cognition disorders that can be treated according to the present invention include, but are not limited to, Alzheimer's disease, multi-infarct dementia, alcoholic dementia or other drug-related dementia, dementia associated with intracranial tumors or cerebral trauma, dementia associated with Huntington's disease or Parkinson's disease, or AIDS-related dementia; delirium; amnestic disorder; post-traumatic stress disorder; mental retardation; a learning disorder, for example reading disorder, mathematics disorder, or a disorder of written expression; attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; and age-related cognitive decline.

This invention also provides a method of treating a movement disorder, which method comprises administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I). Examples of movement disorders that can be treated according to the present invention include, but are not limited to, Huntington's disease and dyskinesia associated with dopamine agonist therapy. This invention further provides a method of treating a movement disorder selected from Parkinson's disease and restless leg syndrome, which comprises administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I).

This invention also provides a method of treating a mood disorder, which method comprises administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of formula (I). Examples of mood disorders and mood episodes that can be treated according to the present invention include, but are not limited to, major depressive episode of the mild, moderate or severe type, a manic or mixed mood episode, a hypomanic mood episode; a depressive episode with a typical features; a depressive episode with melancholic features; a depressive episode with catatonic features; a mood episode with postpartum onset; post-stroke depression; major depressive disorder; dysthymic disorder; minor depressive disorder; premenstrual dysphoric disorder; post-psychotic depressive disorder of schizophrenia; a major depressive disorder superimposed on a psychotic disorder such as delusional disorder or schizophrenia; a bipolar disorder, for example bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymic disorder. It is understood that a mood disorder is a psychiatric disorder.

This invention further provides a method of treating a disorder comprising as a symptom a deficiency in attention and/or cognition in a mammal, including a human, which method comprises administering to said mammal an amount of a compound of formula (I) effective in treating said disorder.

Other disorders that can be treated according to the present invention are obsessive/compulsive disorders, Tourette's syndrome and other tic disorders.

As used herein, and unless otherwise indicated, a “neurodegenerative disorder or condition” refers to a disorder or condition that is caused by the dysfunction and/or death of neurons in the central nervous system. The treatment of these disorders and conditions can be facilitated by administration of an agent which prevents the dysfunction or death of neurons at risk in these disorders or conditions and/or enhances the function of damaged or healthy neurons in such a way as to compensate for the loss of function caused by the dysfunction or death of at-risk neurons. The term “neurotrophic agent” as used herein refers to a substance or agent that has some or all of these properties.

Examples of neurodegenerative disorders and conditions that can be treated according to the present invention include, but are not limited to, Parkinson's disease; Huntington's disease; dementia, for example Alzheimer's disease, multi-infarct dementia, AIDS-related dementia, and Fronto temperal Dementia; neurodegeneration associated with cerebral trauma; neurodegeneration associated with stroke, neurodegeneration associated with cerebral infarct; hypoglycemia-induced neurodegeneration; neurodegeneration associated with epileptic seizure; neurodegeneration associated with neurotoxin poisoning; and multi-system atrophy.

In one embodiment of the present invention, the neurodegenerative disorder or condition involves neurodegeneration of striatal medium spiny neurons in a mammal, including a human.

In a further embodiment of the present invention, the neurodegenerative disorder or condition is Huntington's disease. All references, including publications, patent applications and patents, cited herein are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety and to the same extent as if each reference were individually and specifically indicated to be incorporated by reference and were set forth in its entirety (to the maximum extent permitted by law).

Headings and sub-headings are used herein for convenience only, and should not be construed as limiting the invention in any way.

The use of any and all examples, or exemplary language (including “for instance”, “for example”, “e.g.”, and “as such”) in the present specification is intended merely to better illuminate the invention, and does not pose a limitation on the scope of invention unless otherwise indicated.

The citation and incorporation of patent documents herein is done for convenience only, and does not reflect any view of the validity, patentability and/or enforceability of such patent documents.

The present invention includes all modifications and equivalents of the subject-matter recited in the claims appended hereto, as permitted by applicable law.

Compounds of the Invention


TABLE 1
Compounds of the invention
PDE1C
PDE1B
PDE1A
inhibitiona)
inhibitiona)
inhibitiona)
Compound
(nM or %)
(nM or %)
(nM or %)
3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-
68%
57%
48%
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-
48%
33%
26%
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
7-(Cyclohexylmethyl)-3-propyl-
47
nM
81
nM
96
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-3-propyl-
95
nM
820
nM
840
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-
1600
nM
47%
42%
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-Isobutyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
970
nM
2700
nM
3300
nM
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(Cyclopropylmethyl)-3-propyl-
1300
nM
2000
nM
3600
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-Ethyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
52%
71%
49%
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(Oxetan-3-ylmethyl)-3-propyl-
57%
46%
37%
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(Cycloheptylmethyl)-3-propyl-
33
nM
28
nM
54
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-
55%
67%
35%
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereisomer 1
3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-
74%
4000
nM
60%
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereisomer 2
7-Benzyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
110
nM
400
nM
770
nM
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(2-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-
130
nM
1000
nM
860
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
140
nM
680
nM
730
nM
pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-
190
nM
1200
nM
1100
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-
170
nM
1600
nM
1500
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
3-Propyl-7-(4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-
2100
nM
570
nM
1200
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-
420
nM
1900
nM
1200
nM
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
3-Propyl-7-(2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-
41%
46%
44%
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(2-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-
430
nM
2500
nM
2000
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-
170
nM
83
nM
620
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-
750
nM
840
nM
500
nM
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one
7-Hexyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
1100
nM
1000
nM
1260
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(4-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-
360
nM
1200
nM
970
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-ethyl-
2400
nM
800
nM
1000
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-
160
nM
1300
nM
1400
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(4-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-
780
nM
930
nM
1000
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(2-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-
2400
nM
42%
53%
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
3-Cyclopentyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-
800
nM
290
nM
420
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-Isopentyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
1100
nM
55%
47%
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
3-Cyclopropyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-
210
nM
780
nM
500
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
3-Cyclohexyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-
120
nM
590
nM
810
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
390
nM
2200
nM
3200
nM
pyran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
470
nM
3400
nM
3200
nM
pyran-2-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer2
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-
240
nM
2100
nM
1800
nM
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one, stereoisomer 1
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-
240
nM
1800
nM
2100
nM
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one, stereoisomer 2
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(2-fluoroethyl)-
620
nM
3000
nM
2900
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
3-(1,1-Difluoroethyl)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-
550
nM
2700
nM
2500
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
350
nM
2700
nM
1800
nM
pyran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
200
nM
1300
nM
1800
nM
pyran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-2-
700
nM
4400
nM
2700
nM
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one
Stereoisomer 1
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-2-
240
nM
660
nM
890
nM
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one
Stereoisomer 2
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-2-
870
nM
3700
nM
67%
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-2-
1200
nM
67%
49%
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(2,2,2-
380
nM
1400
nM
2000
nM
trifluoroethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(oxetan-3-yl)-
1700
nM
7200
nM
67%
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(1-fluoroethyl)-
1000
nM
4000
nM
2900
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one,
stereoisomer 2
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(1-fluoroethyl)-
420
nM
2600
nM
1400
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one,
stereoisomer 1
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(heptan-3-yl)-
480
nM
1600
nM
3200
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one,
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-
720
nM
2500
nM
2500
nM
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-
510
nM
2000
nM
2100
nM
yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2
7-((4,4-Dimethylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-
110
nM
110
nM
130
nM
propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(Cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
42
nM
33
nM
43
nM
pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(((3r,5r,7r)-Adamantan-1-yl)methyl)-3-
63
nM
210
nM
180
nM
propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-((4-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-
65
nM
53
nM
83
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-((1-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-
260
nM
950
nM
1300
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-((4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-
760
nM
420
nM
450
nM
propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
110
nM
990
nM
1100
nM
pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(Cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
87
nM
190
nM
220
nM
pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
3-Propyl-7-(spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethyl)-
92
nM
53
nM
86
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-((3-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-
83
nM
230
nM
320
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-((2-Methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-
240
nM
260
nM
320
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(((1r,3r,5r,7r)-Adamantan-2-yl)methyl)-
63
nM
210
nM
179
nM
3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-((4-Fluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-
610
nM
560
nM
660
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((1s,4s)-4-
350
nM
1000
nM
1800
nM
hydroxycyclohexyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((1r,4r)-4-
200
nM
630
nM
1000
nM
hydroxycyclohexyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(((1s,4s)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-
36
nM
24
nM
111
nM
propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(((1r,4r)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-
120
nM
40
nM
79
nM
propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-
20
nM
99
nM
63
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-
24
nM
150
nM
114
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-bromo-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-
6
nM
140
nM
164
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-bromo-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-
3
nM
17
nM
12
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-bromo-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-
3
nM
4
nM
13
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-benzyl-7-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
2800
nM
1600
nM
2000
nM
pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-
37
nM
34
nM
54
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-
44
nM
32
nM
66
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (cis)
7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (trans)
Cis
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
6-methyl-7-((4-
methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
Trans
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
6-methyl-7-((4-
methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
(cis)
7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
(trans)
Cis
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
6-methyl-7-((4-
methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-
2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
Trans
n.d.
n.d.
n.d.
6-methyl-7-((4-
methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-
2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-7-
0.10
nM
0.17
nM
0.33
nM
(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-
2
nM
9
nM
6
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-
1
nM
3
nM
2
nM
3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-
4
nM
37
nM
17
nM
methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one
7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-
4
nM
9
nM
3
nM
3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-benzyl-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-
2
nM
4
nM
1
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6,7-bis(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-
8
nM
40
nM
47
nM
pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-
8(7H)-one
7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-
6
nM
22
nM
24
nM
3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-
27
nM
220
nM
369
nM
3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-
10
nM
43
nM
46
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-
6
nM
17
nM
12
nM
3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-
12
nM
140
nM
142
nM
3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(2-
14
nM
39
nM
25
nM
methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one
7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-
0.37
nM
1
nM
0.86
nM
methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one
7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-
1
nM
2
nM
1
nM
3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-
3
nM
19
nM
21
nM
methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one
7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-
10
nM
44
nM
41
nM
3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(2-
23
nM
260
nM
251
nM
methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-
yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-
one
6-benzyl-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-
5
nM
46
nM
65
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-benzyl-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-
4
nM
11
nM
11
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-
1
nM
6
nM
7
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-
17
nM
82
nM
91
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-benzyl-7-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-
6
nM
12
nM
15
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
(R)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-
290
nM
1800
nM
2976
nM
(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
(S)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-
270
nM
1100
nM
1105
nM
(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-
46
nM
190
nM
236
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-ethyl-3-propyl-
50
nM
180
nM
117
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
6-benzyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-
5
nM
18
nM
32
nM
(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
(R)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-
260
nM
2300
nM
1605
nM
(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
(S)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-
260
nM
1000
nM
1784
nM
(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-
a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-methyl)-
260
nM
1000
nM
1365
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-ethyl)-
180
nM
510
nM
858
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
5-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-
72
nM
180
nM
149
nM
[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one
n.d. means “not determined”
a)IC50 refers to the concentration (nM) of the compound required to reach 50% inhibition of the enzyme at the specified substrate concentration % inhib refers to the % inhibition of the enzyme at a concentration of 10 micro molar of the compound.

EXPERIMENTAL SECTION

Preparation of the Compounds of the Invention

General Methods

Analytical LC-MS data were obtained using one of the methods identified below.

Method 1:

A Waters Acquity UPLC-MS was used. Column: Acquity UPLC BEH C18 1.7 μm; 2.1×50 mm; Column temperature: 60° C.; Solvent system: A=water/trifluoroacetic acid (99.965:0.035) and B=acetonitrile/water/trifluoroacetic acid (94.965:5:0.035); Method:Linear gradient elution with A:B=90:10 to 0:100 in 1.0 minutes and with a flow rate of 1.2 mL/minute.

Method 2:

A Waters Acquity UPLC-MS was used. Column: Acquity UPLC BEH C18 1.7 μm; 2.1×50 mm; Column temperature: 60° C.; Solvent system: A=water/formic acid (99.9:0.1) and B=acetonitrile/water/formic acid (94.9:5:0.1); Method:Linear gradient elution with A:B=90:10 to 0:100 in 1.0 minutes and with a flow rate of 1.2 mL/minute.

Method 3:

An Agilent 1200 LCMS system with ELS detector was used. Column: Agilent TC-C18 5 μm; 2.1×50 mm; Column temperature: 50° C.; Solvent system: A=water/trifluoroacetic acid (99.9:0.1) and B=acetonitrile/trifluoroacetic acid (99.95:0.05); Method:Linear gradient elution with A:B=99:1 to 0:100 in 4.0 minutes and with a flow rate of 0.8 mL/minute.

Method 4:

An Agilent 1200 LCMS system with ELS detector was used. Column: XBridge ShieldRP18, 5 μm, 50×2.1 mm; Column temperature: 40° C.; Solvent system: A=water/NH3*H2O (99.95:0.05) and B=acetonitrile; Method:Linear gradient elution with A:B=95:5 to 0:100 in 3.4 minutes and with a flow rate of 0.8 mL/minute.

Method 5:

A Waters Acquity UPLC-MS was used. Column: Acquity UPLC HSS T3 C18 1.8 μm; 2.1×50 mm; Column temperature: 60° C.; Solvent system: A=water/trifluoroacetic acid (99.965:0.035) and B=acetonitrile/water/trifluoroacetic acid (94.965:5:0.035); Method:Linear gradient elution with A:B=98:02 to 0:100 in 1.0 minutes and with a flow rate of 1.2 mL/min.

Method 6:

An Agilent 1200 LCMS system with ELS detector was used. Column: Waters XBridge ShieldRP18, 2.1*50 mm, 5 μm; Column temperature: 40° C.; Solvent system: A=water/ammonia (99.95:0.05) and B=acetonitrile; Method:Linear gradient elution with A:B=95:5 to 0:100 in 4.0 minutes and with a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min.

Method 7:

A Shimadzu 20 MS instrument equipped with atmospheric pressure photo ionisation ion source and a Shimadzu LC-20AB system was used. Column: MERCK, RP-18e 25-2 mm; Column temperature: 50° C.; Solvent system: A=water/trifluoroacetic acid (99.9625:0.0375) and B=acetonitrile/trifluoroacetic acid (99.981:0.019); Method: A linear gradient elution A:B=95:5 to A:B=5:95 in 0.7 minutes, then A:B=5:95 for 0.4 minutes, then with a linear gradient elution to A:B 95:5 for 0.4 minutes with a constant flow rate of 1.5 mL/min.

Method 8:

An Agilent 1100 LCMS system with ELS detector was used. Column: YMC ODS-AQ 5 μm; 2.0×50 mm; Column temperature: 50° C.; Solvent system: A=water/trifluoroacetic acid (99.9:0.1) and B=acetonitrile/trifluoroacetic acid (99.95:0.05); Method:Linear gradient elution with A:B=99:1 to 5:95 in 3.5 minutes and with a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min.

Method 9:

An Agilent 1100 LCMS system with ELS detector was used. Column: YMC ODS-AQ 5 μm; 2.0×50 mm; Column temperature: 50° C.; Solvent system: A=water/trifluoroacetic acid (99.9:0.1) and B=acetonitrile/trifluoroacetic acid (99.95:0.05); Method:Linear gradient elution with A:B=90:10 to 0:100 in 3.5 minutes and with a flow rate of 0.8 mL/min.

Preparative SFC was performed on a Thar 80 instrument. Exemplified conditions can be, but not limited to: Column AD 250×30 mm with 20 μm particle size; Column temperature: 38° C., Mobile phase: Supercritical CO2/EtOH (0.2% NH3H2O)=45/55.

The Following Abbreviations have been Used:

  • DME dimethoxyethane
  • DCM dichloromethane
  • TEA triethyl amine
  • THF tetrahydrofurane
  • EtOAc ethyl acetate
  • DMF N,N-dimethylformamide
  • DIPEA N,N-diisopropylethyl amine
  • MeOH Methanol
  • MTBE methyl tert-butyl ether
  • HATU 1-[Bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-1H-1,2,3-triazolo[4,5-b]pyridinium 3-oxid hexafluorophosphate
  • RT room temperature
  • SFC Supercritical Fluid Chromatography

Example 1

Intermediate 1

3-Propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of commercial available 2-chloro-3-hydrazinylpyrazine (28 g, 0.19 mol) in dichloromethane (200 mL) was added butyraldehyde (14.7 g, 0.20 mol) and the reaction was stirred at 50° C. for 2 hours before cooling to 0° C. Diacetoxyiodobenzene (71.8 g, 0.223 mol) was added at 0° C. Cooling was removed and the mixture was stirred at 20° C. for 2 hours. A saturated aq. solution of Na2CO3 (80 mL) was slowly poured into the reaction and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes. The organic phase was separated, washed with brine (3×50 mL), dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a gradient of ethyl acetate and petroleum ether to give 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine 20 g (53%).

A mixture of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (10 g, 51 mmol) and conc. aq. HCl (21 mL) in dioxane (120 mL) and H2O (50 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 12 hours. The solution was cooled to 20° C. and sat. aq. NaHCO3 was added to adjust pH to 8. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum, the residue was washed with water and dried to give 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 8 g (88%).

Example 2

3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of (tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methanol (300 mg, 2.58 mmol) and TEA (522 mg, 5.17 mmol) in dichloromethane (10 mL) was added methanesulfonyl chloride (355 mg, 3.10 mmol) at 0° C. and the reaction was allowed to warm to 20° C. and stirred for 1 hour. The solution was washed with sat. aq. NaHCO3 (2 mL), H2O (3×2 mL), brine (1 mL), dried and concentrated to give (tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (500 mg), which was used in the next step directly.

Step 2:

To a solution of (tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (500 mg, 2.58 mmol) and 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (413 mg, 2.32 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) was added K2CO3 (534 mg, 3.87 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hours. The reaction was cooled to RT and diluted with DCM (100 mL). The organic phase was washed with H2O (2×10 mL), dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 400 mg (56%).

The racemate of 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 400 mg was purified by SFC and the enantiomers numbered according to their order of elution.

Stereoisomer 1:

160 mg (40%), 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 6.93 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.03-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.89-3.74 (m, 3H), 3.60-3.50 (m, 1H), 3.37 (dd, J=11.6, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.23-2.12 (m, 1H), 1.97-1.80 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.68 (m, 1H), 1.62-1.53 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.40 (m, 1H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=277.2, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.99

[α]D20=−11.33 (c=0.10, MeOH).

Stereoisomer 2:

170 mg (42%), 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 6.94 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 4.01-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.89-3.74 (m, 3H), 3.60-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.37 (dd, J=11.6, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.23-2.12 (m, 1H), 1.97-1.80 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.68 (m, 1H), 1.62-1.53 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.40 (m, 1H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=277.2, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.99

[α]D20=+12.33 (c=0.10, MeOH).

Example 3

7-(Cyclohexylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.1 mmol) and (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (239 mg, 1.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.2 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hours and then cooled to RT. DCM (20 mL) was added and the organic phase was washed with water (2×5 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 190 mg (61%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.90 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.79 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.93-1.88 (m, 3H), 1.75-1.61 (m, 5H), 1.21-1.18 (m, 3H), 1.08-1.01 (m, 5H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=275.2, tR (minutes, Method 3)=2.57

Example 4

7-(Cyclopentylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.1 mmol) and (bromomethyl)cyclopentane (283 mg, 1.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.2 mmol). The reaction was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hours and then cooled to RT. The mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL) and washed with water (2×5 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The crude product was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 120 mg (41%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.91 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.89 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 2.94 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.37-2.31 (m, 1H), 1.92-1.86 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.68 (m, 4H), 1.63-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.32-1.27 (m, 2H), 1.04 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=261.1, tR(minutes, Method 3)=2.41

Example 5

3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.1 mmol) and 4-(bromomethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran (241 mg, 1.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.2 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hours and then cooled to RT. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL) and washed with water (2×5 mL). The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The crude product was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 120 mg (54%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.91 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (dd, J=11.6, 3.2 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.34 (td, J=11.6, 1.6 Hz, 2H), 2.94 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.20-2.10 (m, 1H), 1.91-1.86 (m, 2H), 1.61-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.40 (dq, J=4.0, 12.0 Hz, 2H), 1.04 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=277.1, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.93

Example 6

7-Isobutyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.1 mmol) and 1-bromo-2-methylpropane (231 mg, 1.68 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added K2CO3 (185 mg, 1.34 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 12 hours and then cooled to RT. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL) and washed with water (2×5 mL). The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 7-isobutyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 160 mg (61%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.93 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.65 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.78 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.20-2.14 (m, 1H), 1.95-1.88 (m, 2H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H), 0.98 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6H).

LCMS (MH+): m/z=235.2, tR (minutes, Method 3)=2.16

Example 7

7-(Cyclopropylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.1 mmol) and (bromomethyl)cyclopropane (227 mg, 1.68 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added K2CO3 (186 mg, 1.35 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 12 hours and then cooled to RT. To the reaction mixture was added DCM (20 mL) and it was washed with water (2×5 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 7-(cyclopropylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 60 mg (23%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.97 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.82 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.85 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.94-1.87 (m, 2H), 1.15-1.27 (m, 1H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H), 0.60-0.68 (m, 2H), 0.45-0.42 (m, 2H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=233.2, tR (minutes, Method 3)=2.06

Example 8

7-Ethyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.1 mmol) and iodoethane (262 mg, 1.68 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added K2CO3 (186 mg, 1.34 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 12 hours and then cooled to RT. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL) and washed with H2O (2×5 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 7-ethyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 60 mg (26%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.96 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 6.69 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 4.03 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.95-1.86 (m, 2H), 1.38 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=207.1, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.81

Example 9

7-(Oxetan-3-ylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of oxetan-3-ylmethanol (500 mg, 5.67 mmol) and Et3N (1.15 g, 11.4 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added methanesulfonyl chloride (780 mg, 6.81 mmol) at 0° C. Cooling was removed and the mixture was stirred at 20° C. for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was diluted with 2 M NaHCO3 (5 mL) then brine (5 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated to give oxetan-3-ylmethyl methanesulfonate 920 mg (97%).

Step 2:

To a solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.1 mmol) and oxetan-3-ylmethyl methanesulfonate (249 mg, 1.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.20 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hours and then cooled to RT. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL) and washed with water (2×5 mL). The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with ethyl acetate (4 mL) to give 7-(oxetan-3-ylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 40 mg (14%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.88 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.75 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.46 (t, J=6.4 Hz, 2H), 4.22 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.50-3.40 (m, 1H), 2.89 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.89-1.79 (m, 2H), 0.99 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=249.1, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.38

Example 10

7-(Cycloheptylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of cycloheptanecarboxylic acid (200 mg, 1.41 mmol) in THF (15 mL) was added 1 M BH3.THF (2.8 mL, 2.8 mmol) at 0° C. and it was then heated to 70° C. and stirred for 12 hours. The solution was cooled to 20° C. and MeOH (4 mL) was added, the reaction was stirred at 65° C. for 2 hours before it was cooled to RT and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a gradient of ethyl acetate petroleum ether to give cycloheptylmethanol 150 mg (83%).

Step 2:

To a solution of cycloheptylmethanol (150 mg, 1.17 mmol) and TEA (236 mg, 2.34 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added methanesulfonyl chloride (201 mg, 2.75 mmol) at 0° C. and it was allowed to warm to 20° C. and stirred for 0.5 hour. The solution was washed with sat. aq. NaHCO3 (2 mL), H2O (3×2 mL), brine (1 mL), dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated to give cycloheptylmethyl methanesulfonate (250 mg), which was used in the next step directly.

Step 3:

To a solution of cycloheptylmethyl methanesulfonate (250 mg) and 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (187 mg, 1.05 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added K2CO3 (241 mg, 1.75 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 12 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL) and washed with water (2×5 mL). The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 100 mg (33%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.91 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.79 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.08-2.00 (m, 1H), 1.96-1.87 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.65 (m, 4H), 1.61-1.38 (m, 6H), 1.30-1.21 (m, 2H), 1.07 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=289.1, tR (minutes, Method 3)=2.31

Example 11

3-Propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxylic acid (600 mg, 5.17 mmol) in THF (15 mL) was added a solution of 1 M BH3.THF in THF (10.3 mL, 10.3 mmol) at 0° C. The reaction was heated to 65° C. and stirred for 12 hours. The solution was then cooled to 20° C. and MeOH (4 mL) was added. The reaction was then stirred at 65° C. for 2 hours before cooling to RT and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a gradient of ethyl acetate and petroleum ether to give (tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methanol 200 mg (38%).

Step 2:

To a solution of (tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methanol (200 mg, 1.96 mmol) and TEA (396 mg, 3.92 mmol) in DCM (15 mL) was added methanesulfonyl chloride (448 mg, 3.92 mmol) at 0° C. The reaction was heated at 20° C. and stirred for 1 hour. The solution was washed with sat. aq. NaHCO3 (2 mL), H2O (3×2 mL), brine (1 mL) dried and concentrated to give (tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (400 mg), which was used in the next step directly.

Step 3:

To a solution of (tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (400 mg) and 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (348 mg, 1.95 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added K2CO3 (539 mg, 3.91 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 12 hours. The mixture was diluted with DCM (100 mL) and washed with H2O (2×10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 200 mg (39%).

The racemate of 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 200 mg was purified by SFC and the enantiomers numbered according to their order of elution.

Stereoisomer 1:

160 mg (40%), 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400 MHz): δ 6.95 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 1H), 6.68 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 1H), 4.08 (dd, J=13.5, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 4.00-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.86-3.74 (m, 3H), 3.63 (dd, J=9.1, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.91-2.80 (m, 1H), 2.13-2.02 (m, 1H), 1.96-1.87 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.69 (m, 1H), 1.06 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=263.1, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.85

[α]D20=+9.33° (c=0.10, MeOH).

Stereoisomer 2:

170 mg (43%), 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400 MHz): δ 6.94 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.68 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.09 (dd, J=13.5, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 4.00-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.86-3.74 (m, 3H), 3.63 (dd, J=9.1, 4.9 Hz, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.91-2.80 (m, 1H), 2.13-2.02 (m, 1H), 1.96-1.87 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.69 (m, 1H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=263.1, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.86

[α]D20=−7.67° (c=0.10, MeOH).

Example 12

7-Benzyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

8-Chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (101 mg, 0.514 mmol) and phenylmethanol (100 mg, 0.925 mmol) were dissolved in dimethoxyethane (3 mL), NaH 60% in mineral oil (41 mg, 1.0 mmol) was added, and the mixture was stirred at RT for 1 hour. Sodium iodide (154 mg, 1.03 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The reaction was filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to afford 7-benzyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 65 mg (45%). %), 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ7.38 (m, 5H), 6.92 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.68 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.17 (s, 2H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.96-1.87 (m, 2H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=269.2, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.50

Example 13

7-(2-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

8-Chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (116 mg, 0.590 mmol), (2-fluorophenyl) methanol (134 mg, 1.06 mmol) were dissolved in dimethoxyethane (3.5 ml), NaH 60% in mineral oil (43 mg, 1.1 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at RT for 2 hours. Sodium iodide (177 mg, 1.18 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 minutes under microwave irradiation. The reaction was filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc: 5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to afford 7-(2-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 8 mg (9%). %), 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ7.56 (m, 1H), 7.35 (m, 1H), 7.17 (m, 1H), 7.12 (m, 1H), 6.92 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.82 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.22 (s, 2H), 2.94 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.92 (m, 2H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=287.2, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.51

Example 14

Intermediate 2

1-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-hydrazinylpyrazin-2(1H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of (3-fluorophenyl)methanamine (10.0 g, 80.0 mmol) in THF (40 mL) was slowly added ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate (9.78 mL, 87.9 mmol) at 0° C. Then the mixture was stirred at RT for 30 minutes. Then a solution of 2,2-dimethoxyethan-1-amine (10.5 mL, 95.9 mmol) and DIPEA (41.8 mL, 239 mmol) in ethylacetate (40 mL) was added to the mixture. The reaction mixture was heated at reflux overnight and then cooled to RT. To the reaction mixture was added sat. aq. NaHCO3 (50 mL) and it was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL). The organic phase was dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated in vacuo and purified by column chromatography on silica gel using a gradient of DCM and methanol (DCM/MeOH=100/1 to 20/1) to give N1-(2,2-dimethoxyethyl)-N2-(3-fluorobenzyl)oxalamide 15 g (66%).

Step 2:

To a solution of N1-(2,2-dimethoxyethyl)-N2-(3-fluorobenzyl)oxalamide (1.00 g, 3.52 mmol) in acetic acid (20 mL) was added trifluoroacetic acid (0.3 mL). Then the reaction was heated at 140° C. for 2 hours and cooled to RT. The crude mixture was concentrated and the residue was added to MTBE (50 mL) and sat. aq. NaHCO3 (50 mL). The resulting precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with H2O (50 mL) and MTBE (50 mL) to give 1-(3-fluorobenzyl)-1,4-dihydropyrazine-2,3-dione 500 mg (64%).

LCMS (MH+): m/z=221.1, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.95

Step 3:

1-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-1,4-dihydropyrazine-2,3-dione (8.0 g, 36 mmol) was slowly added to POCl3 (35 mL). The mixture was heated at 80° C. for 1 hour and then cooled to RT. The crude reaction mixture was poured onto ice-water (100 mL), pH was adjusted around 7 by addition of sat. aq. NaHCO3 (1 L). The mixture was extracted with DCM (2×500 mL). The combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by column chromatography silica gel using a gradient of ethyl acetate and DCM (DCM/EtOAc=100/1 to 30/1) to give 3-chloro-1-(3-fluorobenzyl)pyrazin-2(1H)-one 6 g (69%).

Step 4:

To a solution of 3-chloro-1-(3-fluorobenzyl)pyrazin-2(1H)-one (1 g, 4.19 mmol) in EtOH (30 mL) was added NH2NH2—H2O (1 mL). The mixture was stirred at 40° C. overnight and then cooled to 0° C. The precipitate was filtered off and washed with water (20 mL), cold EtOH (20 mL) and dried to give 1-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-hydrazinylpyrazin-2(1H)-one 800 mg (81%).

Example 15

7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of 1-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-hydrazinylpyrazin-2(1H)-one (300 mg, 1.28 mmol) in DCM (8 mL) was added dropwise a solution of tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carbonyl chloride (209 mg, 1.41 mmol) in DCM (2 mL). The mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred for 1 h. To the mixture was added H2O (5 mL). The organic layer was washed with water (10 mL), dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated to give crude N′-(4-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydropyrazin-2-yl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carbohydrazide 400 mg (90%) used for the next reaction without further purification.

Step 2:

To a solution of N′-(4-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-oxo-3,4-dihydropyrazin-2-yl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carbohydrazide (400 mg, 1.16 mmol) in dioxane (10 mL) was added POCl3 (884 mg, 5.78 mmol). The mixture was heated at reflux for 1.5 h and then cooled to room temperature. The reaction was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was adjusted to pH=7-8 by addition of sat. aq. NaHCO3. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×30 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of DCM/methanol (DCM/MeOH=50/1 to 20/1) to give 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 122 mg (32%). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6 varian 400): δ57.69 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.41-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.28 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 7.21-7.12 (m, 3H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 3.94 (d, J=11.6 Hz, 2H), 3.52-3.46 (m, 2H), 1.87-1.81 (m, 4H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=329.1, tR (minutes, Method 3)=1.68

Example 16

7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of 2-((3-fluorobenzyl)oxy)-3-hydrazinylpyrazine (1.5 g, 6.4 mmol) in chloroform (20 ml) was added butyraldehyde (0.508 g 7.04 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for 6 hours at RT and subsequently cooled on an icebath. Iodobenzene diacetate (2.27 g, 7.04 mmol) was added and cooling removed. The reaction was stirred at RT for 16 hours. The crude reaction was concentrated onto celite and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 8-((3-fluorobenzyl)oxy)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine 1.5 g (82%).

Step 2:

To a solution of 8-((3-fluorobenzyl)oxy)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (1.43 g, 4.99 mmol) in DME (30 ml) was added sodium iodide (1.5 g, 1.0 mmol) and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 minutes under microwave irradiation. To the reaction was added with H2O (50 mL) and it was extracted with DCM (3×60 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4, concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one 1.14 g (80%). 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ7.38 (m, 1H), 7.15 (m, 1H), 7.08 (m, 2H), 6.92 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.18 (s, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.91 (m, 2H), 1.08 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=287.1, tR(minutes, Method 1)=0.52

Example 17

7-(3-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (94 mg, 0.48 mmol) and m-tolylmethanol (105 mg, 0.860 mmol) in DME (3 ml) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (34 mg, 0.86 mmol) at RT and the reaction was stirred for 1 hour.

Sodium iodide (143 mg, 0.956 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 minutes under microwave irradiation. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 44 mg 7-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (33%). 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ7.25 (m, 1H), 7.13 (m, 3H), 6.89 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 2.92 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 1.89 (m, 2H), 1.02 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=283.3, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.57

Example 18

3-Propyl-7-(4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (82 mg, 0.42 mmol) and (4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanol (114 mg, 0.646 mmol) in DME (3.5 ml) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (47 mg, 1.2 mmol) at RT and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours. Sodium iodide (140 mg, 0.932 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 minutes under microwave irradiation. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 31 mg 3-propyl-7-(4-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (19%). 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ 7.65 (m, 2H), 7.50 (m, 2H), 6.94 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.65 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.21 (s, 2H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.91 (m, 2H), 1.07 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=337.2, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.62

Example 19

7-(3-Fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a mixture of 2-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)acetic acid (1.00 g, 7.68 mmol) and SOCl2 (10 ml) was added one drop of DMF and the reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 45 minutes.

The temperature was brought to 85° C. and stirred for 4 hours before being concentrated in vacuo.

The crude product was used for next step without further purification

Step 2:

To an ice-cold solution of 2-chloro-3-hydrazinylpyrazine (1.1 g, 7.7 mmol) and DIPEA (2.98 g, 23.1 mmol) in DCM (30 ml) was added 2-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)acetyl chloride (1.1 g, 7.7 mmol) in DCM (8.0 ml). The reaction was then allowed to warm to RT and stirred overnight.

The reaction mixture was poured into H2O (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (3×50 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield N′-(3-chloropyrazin-2-yl)-2-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)acetohydrazide 714 mg (36%).

Step 3:

A mixture of N′-(3-chloropyrazin-2-yl)-2-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)acetohydrazide (200 mg, 0.779 mmol) and POCl3 (597 mg, 3.90 mmol) in acetonitrile (4.5 ml) was heated for 60 min at 100° C. under microwave irradiation. To the reaction was carefully added sat. aq. K2CO3 (15 mL) and then H2O (20 mL). The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (3×30 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 8-chloro-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine 73 mg, (39%).

Step 4:

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (72 mg, 0.30 mmol) and (3-fluorophenyl)methanol (46 mg, 0.36 mmol) dissolved in DME (2 ml) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (22 mg, 0.54 mmol) at 0° C. The mixture was allowed to warm to RT and stirred for 3 hours. Sodium iodide (90 mg, 0.60 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The reaction mixture was poured into H2O (25 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×25 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4, concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 26 mg (26%) 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-((tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 600 MHz): δ7.32 (m, 1H), 7.13 (m, 1H), 7.06 (m, 2H), 7.00 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.72 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.14 (s, 2H), 3.93 (m, 2H), 3.79 (m, 1H), 3.54 (m, 1H), 3.02 (m, 2H), 2.91 (m, 1H), 2.18 (m, 1H), 1.72 (m, 1H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=329.0, tR (minutes, Method 2)=0.47

Example 20

3-Propyl-7-(2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (88 mg, 0.45 mmol) and (2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)methanol (111 mg, 0.629 mmol) in dimethoxyethane (3.5 ml) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (35 mg, 0.88 mmol) at RT and the reaction was stirred for 2 hours. Sodium iodide (110 mg, 0.734 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 31 mg (17%) 3-propyl-7-(2-(trifluoromethyl)benzyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ 7.76 (m, 1H), 7.56 (m, 1H), 7.45 (m, 1H), 7.40 (m, 1H), 6.93 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.60 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.40 (s, 2H), 2.98 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.92 (m, 2H), 1.09 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H).

LCMS (MH+): m/z=337.2, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.60.

Example 21

7-(2-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (108 mg, 0.549 mmol) and (2-chlorophenyl)methanol (153 mg, 1.07 mmol) in dimethoxyethane (3 ml) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (40 mg, 0.99 mmol) at RT. The reaction was stirred for 2 hours. Sodium iodide (165 mg, 1.10 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The crude mixture was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 15 mg (9%) 7-(2-chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ 7.44 (m, 2H), 7.28 (m, 2H), 6.90 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.76 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.30 (s, 2H), 2.94 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.88 (p, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 1.03 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=303.2, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.56

Example 22

7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To an ice-cold solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (201 mg, 1.13 mmol) in DMF (0.8 mL) was added sodium hydride 60% in mineral oil (122 mg, 3.05 mmol). Cooling was removed and stirring was continued for 1 hour. To the reaction was added 1-(bromomethyl)-4-chlorobenzene (624 mg, 3.04 mmol) and stirring was continued for another 3% hours. The reaction was quenched by addition of sat. aq. NH4Cl (2 mL) dropwise. It was then poured into H2O (20 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×20 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 13 mg (4%) 7-(4-chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 600 MHz): δ 7.35 (m, 2H), 7.32 (m, 2H), 6.91 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.61 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.12 (s, 2H), 2.93 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.89 (m, 2H), 1.04 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=303.2 tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.59

Example 23

7-Hexyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

A solution of 3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one hydrochloride (100 mg, 0.390 mmol), 1-bromohexane (148 mg, 0.898 mmol), K2CO3 (193 mg, 1.40 mmol) and NaI (5.84 mg, 0.039 mmol) in DMF (1.5 ml) was stirred at 80° C. over night. The reaction mixture was poured into H2O (20 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×20 ml). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica using a gradient of heptane, ethyl acetate and ethyl acetate+20% MeOH (Heptane/EtOAc/EtOAc+20% MeOH 1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 26 mg (22%) 7-hexyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ 7.02 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.13 (m, 2H), 3.96 (m, 2H), 3.61 (m, 2H), 3.23 (m, 1H), 2.21 (m, 2H), 1.96 (m, 2H), 1.77 (m, 2H), 1.35 (m, 6H), 0.91 (m, 3H). LC-MS: m/z=305.2 [M+H]+, tR(minutes, Method 1)=0.55.

Example 24

7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of tetrahydrofuran-3-carboxylic acid (1.0 g, 8.6 mmol) in DMF (15 ml) was added HATU (3.60 g, 9.47 mmol), DIPEA (1.22 g, 1.66 ml, 9.47 mmol) and finally 2-chloro-3-hydrazinylpyrazine (1.37 g, 9.47 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 3 hours at RT. The reaction mixture was poured into sat. aq. Na2CO3 (20 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×20 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine (3×25 mL), dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 1.1 g (53%) N′-(3-chloropyrazin-2-yl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carbohydrazide.

Step 2:

A mixture of N′-(3-chloropyrazin-2-yl)tetrahydrofuran-3-carbohydrazide (1.1 g, 4.5 mmol) and POCl3 (20 ml) was heated at reflux for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo and diluted with DCM (50 mL). The solution was poured onto ice-water (50 mL) and pH adjusted to basic. The phases were separated and the water phase extracted with DCM (2×50 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4, concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 285 mg (28%) 8-chloro-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine.

Step 3:

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (80 mg, 0.36 mmol) and (4-chlorophenyl)methanol (91 mg, 0.64 mmol) dissolved in dimethoxyethane (2.2 mL) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (26 mg, 0.64 mmol) at RT. The reaction was stirred at RT for 2 hours. Sodium iodide (107 mg, 0.712 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The crude reaction was poured into H2O (25 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×25 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 22 mg (19%) 7-(4-chlorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 600 MHz): δ 7.35 (m, 2H), 7.32 (m, 2H), 7.11 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.61 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.12 (m, 2H), 4.13 (m, 3H), 3.89 (m, 2H), 2.48 (m, 1H), 2.42 (m, 1H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=331.2 tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.53.

Example 25

7-(4-Fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (112 mg, 0.570 mmol) and (4-fluorophenyl)methanol (129 mg, 1.03 mmol) in dimethoxyethane (3.5 ml) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (41 mg, 1.0 mmol) at RT and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours. To the reaction was added sodium iodide (171 mg, 1.14 mmol) and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The crude reaction was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 28 mg (16%) 7-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 4-chlorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ 7.39 (m, 2H), 7.08 (m, 2H), 6.91 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.63 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.13 (s, 2H), 2.94 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.91 (m, 2H), 1.07 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). (t, J=. LCMS (MH+): m/z=287.2, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.52

Example 26

7-(4-Chlorobenzyl)-3-ethyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution 2-chloro-3-hydrazinylpyrazine (2.00 g, 13.8 mmol) in DCM (73 ml) was added propionaldehyde (0.804 g, 13.8 mmol) and mixture was heated at reflux for 1 hour and then cooled on an ice bath.

To the cold solution was added iodobenzene diacetate (5.12 g, 15.9 mmol) and it was allowed to warm to RT overnight. The reaction was washed with H2O (25 mL), then brine (25 mL) and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and heptane to yield 1.84 g (73%) 8-chloro-3-ethyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine.

Step 2:

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-ethyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (101 mg, 0.553 mmol) and (4-chlorophenyl)methanol (142 mg, 0.996 mmol) in dimethoxyethane (4.5 mL) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (40 mg, 1.0 mmol) at RT and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours. To the reaction was added sodium iodide (107 mg, 0.712 mmol) and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 minutes under microwave irradiation. The reaction mixture was poured into H2O (25 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×25 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of ethyl acetate and ethyl acetate+10% methanol to yield 21 mg (13%) yield) 7-(4-chlorobenzyl)-3-ethyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 600 MHz): δ 7.36 (m, 2H), 7.31 (m, 2H), 6.91 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.13 (s, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.46 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=389.1, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.53

Example 27

7-(3-Chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (97 mg, 0.49 mmol) and (3-chlorophenyl)methanol (127 mg, 0.888 mmol) in dimethoxyethane (3 ml) was added NaH 60% in mineral oil (40 mg, 1.0 mmol) at RT and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours. To the solution was added sodium iodide (148 mg, 0.987 mmol) and the reaction was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The crude reaction was concentrated in vacuo and purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 30 mg (20%) of 7-(3-chlorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ 7.32 (m, 3H), 7.22 (m, 1H), 6.92 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 2.93 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.89 (m, 2H), 1.04 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=303.2, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.58

Example 28

7-(4-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

A solution of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (106 mg, 0.539 mmol) and 1-(bromomethyl)-4-methylbenzene (100 mg, 0.539 mmol) in DMF (2 ml) was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The crude reaction was poured into sat. aq. NaHCO3 and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×15 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography using a gradient of (petroleum ether:EtOAc:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 24 mg (13%) 7-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ 7.24 (m, 2H), 7.17 (m, 2H), 6.93 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.70 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 2.91 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.85 (m, 2H), 1.02 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=283.3, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.58

Example 29

7-(2-Methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

A solution of 8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (105 mg, 0.534 mmol) and 1-(bromomethyl)-2-methylbenzene (104 mg, 0.562 mmol) in DMF (2 ml), was heated at 200° C. for 20 min under microwave irradiation. The crude reaction was poured into sat. aq. NaHCO3 and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×10 mL). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography using a gradient of (heptane:ethyl acetate:5% Et3N/10% MeOH/85% EtOAc=1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 1.4 mg (1%) 7-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 600 MHz): δ 7.25 (m, 3H), 7.19 (m, 1H), 6.86 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.49 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 5.19 (s, 2H), 2.92 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.89 (m, 2H), 1.04 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LCMS (MH+): m/z=283.3, tR (minutes, Method 1)=0.56

Example 30

7-isopentyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

A solution of 3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one hydrochloride (100 mg, 0.390 mmol), 1-bromo-3-methylbutane (136 mg, 112 μl, 0.898 mmol), K2CO3 (192 mg, 1.389 mmol) and NaI (5.84 mg, 0.039 mmol) in DMF (1.5 ml) was stirred at 80° C. over night. The reaction mixture was poured into H2O and extracted with ethyl acetate (3×20 ml). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica using (Heptane/EtOAc/EtOAc+20% MeOH 1:0:0 to 0:1:0 to 0:0:1) to yield 31 mg (27%) 7-isopentyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. 1H NMR (CDCl3 500 MHz): δ 7.01 (d, J=6 Hz, 1H), 6.69 (d, J=6 Hz, 1H), 4.16 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.01 (m, 2H), 3.61 (m, 2H), 3.22 (m, 1H), 2.21 (m, 2H), 1.98 (m, 2H), 1.65 (m, 3H), 1.00 (m, 6H). LC-MS m/z=291.2 [M+H]+: tR (minutes, Method 5)=0.58.

Example 31

6-bromo-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of 5-bromo-3-chloro-2-hydrazinylpyrazine (44.50 g, 199.14 mmol) in DCM (500 mL) was added tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carbaldehyde (23.87 g, 209.10 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 30° C. for 1.5 h. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was directly used for the next step as a brown liquid. Then it was cooled to 0° C., PhI(OAc)2 (73.76 g, 229.01 mmol) was added in portions. After addition, the mixture was stirred at 30° C. for 2 h. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. Sat. aq. K2CO3 (100 mL) was added to the mixture slowly and it was stirred for 10 min. The organic phase was separated and washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product was washed with MTBE (100 mL) and DCM (200 mL) to give 6-bromo-8-chloro-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (48.00 g, 75.90% yield).

Step 2:

To a solution of 6-bromo-8-chloro-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (20.0 g, 62.98 mmol) in THF (300 mL) and H2O (60 mL) was added NaOH (5.04 g, 125.96 mmol). The mixture was heated at 70° C. for 2 h. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was cooled to 28° C. and acidified to pH 5-6 by 1 N HCl. The mixture was filtered and the filter cake was washed with water (200 mL) and dried in vacuo to give 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (15.00 g, 79.62% yield).

Step 3:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (4.0 g, 13.37 mmol) in DMF (40 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclopentane (2.62 g, 16.04 mmol) and K2CO3 (2.77 g, 20.06 mmol). The mixture was heated at 80° C. for 24 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (50 mL) and H2O (50 mL). The organic layer was washed with H2O (50 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The residue was purified by re-crystallization from DCM (50 mL) and EA (30 mL) to give 6-bromo-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (1.20 g, 23.54% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.20 (s, 1H), 4.24 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.16-4.12 (m, 2H), 3.63-3.57 (m, 2H), 3.19-3.10 (m, 1H), 2.45-2.35 (m, 1H), 2.21-2.18 (m, 2H), 1.98-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.70 (m, 4H), 1.62-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.44-1.31 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.54 min (METHOD 3), m/z=381.0 [M+H]+.

Example 32

6-bromo-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (5.0 g, 16.72 mmol) in DMSO (50 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (3.55 g, 20.06 mmol) and K2CO3 (3.47 g, 25.07 mmol). The mixture was heated at 80° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 40% of desired product. The mixture was cooled to 28° C. and water (50 mL) was added. The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (100 mL, two times). The combined organics were washed with water (100 mL, two times, two times), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give 6-bromo-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (1.90 g, 28.75% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.19 (s, 1H), 4.17-4.10 (m, 4H), 3.63-3.57 (m, 2H), 3.19-3.16 (m, 1H), 2.22-2.18 (m, 2H), 1.98-1.94 (m, 2H), 1.90-1.82 (m, 1H), 1.73-1.70 (m, 2H), 1.66-1.61 (m, 3H), 1.19-1.10 (m, 5H). LC-MS: tR=2.66 min (METHOD 3), m/z=395.1 [M+H]+.

Example 33

6-bromo-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

BH3.THF (1 M, 98.45 mL, 98.45 mmol) was added dropwise to a solution of cycloheptanecarboxylic acid (7.0 g, 49.23 mmol) in THF (50 mL) at 0° C. Then the mixture was heated at 70° C. for 12 h. The reaction was checked by TLC. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and MeOH (50 mL) was added dropwise to the mixture. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (PE/EA=20/1-3/1) to give cycloheptylmethanol (6.0 g, 95.06% yield).

Step 2:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of cycloheptylmethanol (4.00 g, 31.20 mmol) in DCM (40 mL) was added TEA (6.31 g, 62.40 mmol) and methane sulfonylchloride (9.28 g, 81.01 mmol) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. TLC showed the reaction was completed. Water (20 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give cycloheptylmethyl methanesulfonate (6.00 g, 93.22% yield).

Step 3:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (5.0 g, 16.72 mmol) in anhydrous DMF (50 mL) was added cycloheptylmethyl methanesulfonate (4.48 g, 21.74 mmol) and CsF (5.08 g, 33.44 mmol). The mixture was heated at 80° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 21% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (50 mL) and H2O (30 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (50 mL). The organic layer was washed with H2O (30 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) and further purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 6-bromo-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (465.00 mg, 6.79% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.20 (s, 1H), 4.15-4.09 (m, 4H), 3.63-3.57 (m, 2H), 3.19-3.17 (m, 1H), 2.21-2.02 (m, 3H), 1.97-1.94 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.65 (m, 4H), 1.60-1.45 (m, 4H), 1.44-1.27 (m, 4H). LC-MS: tR=2.81 min (METHOD 3), m/z=409.1 [M+H]+.

Example 34

6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (5.00 g, 16.72 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added 1-(bromomethyl)-3-fluorobenzene (3.79 g, 20.06 mmol) and K2CO3 (3.47 g, 25.07 mmol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (50 mL) and H2O (50 mL). The organic layer was washed with H2O (50 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (3.90 g, 57.28% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 7.30-7.26 (m, 1H), 7.22 (s, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.04-6.99 (m, 2H), 5.45 (s, 2H), 4.14-4.11 (m, 2H), 3.61-3.55 (m, 2H), 3.21-3.16 (m, 1H), 2.22-2.13 (m, 2H), 1.96-1.93 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.42 min (METHOD 3), m/z=407.0 [M+H]+.

Example 35

6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of 2,3-dichloropyrazine (150 g, 1.01 mol) in EtOH (700 mL) was added hydrazine monohydrate (124.53 g, 2.11 mmol, 85% in water). The reaction mixture was heated under reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was cooled and the precipitate was filtered. The resulting solid was washed with water (100 mL, two times), then cold EtOH (150 ml, two times) and dried under reduced pressure to give the 2-chloro-3-hydrazinylpyrazine (140 g, yield 96%).

Step 2:

To a suspension of 2-chloro-3-hydrazinylpyrazine (156.5 g, 1.05 mol) in THF (1.2 L) cooled at 0° C. was added dropwise a solution of TFAA (295.6 g, 1.41 mol) in THF (0.3 L). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight and then poured into H2O (500 mL). The organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with EtOAc (500 mL*3). The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over MgSO4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the N′-(3-chloropyrazin-2-yl)-2,2,2-trifluoroacetohydrazide (300 g, purity 85%, yield 98%).

Step 3:

To a suspension of N′-(3-chloropyrazin-2-yl)-2,2,2-trifluoroacetohydrazide (150 g, purity 85%, 0.53 mol) in DCM (1.5 L) was added NBS (141.5 g, 0.79 mol) in portions. After the addition, the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (PE/EtOAc=5/1-3/1) to give the N′-(5-bromo-3-chloropyrazin-2-yl)-2,2,2-trifluoroacetohydrazide (80 g, purity 75%, yield 94%) as a black solid.

Step 4:

To a solution of N′-(5-bromo-3-chloropyrazin-2-yl)-2,2,2-trifluoroacetohydrazide (150 g, purity 75%, 0.35 mol) in EtOH (1.2 L) was added 12N HCl (100 mL) dropwise. The solution was stirred under reflux for 6 h. The solution was cooled to room temperature and concentrated under reduced pressure. Water (300 mL) was added to the flask and it was treated with sat. NaHCO3 until pH=8 (slow addition). The solution was extracted with EtOAc (500 mL*3). The combined organic phases were dried over Na2SO4, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (PE/EA=2:1) to give 5-bromo-3-chloro-2-hydrazinylpyrazine (75 g, 95% yield) as a tan powder. 1H NMR (DMSO-d6 varian 400 MHz): δ 8.55 (s, 1H), 8.24 (s, 1H), 4.40 (s, 2H). LC-MS: tR=1.74 min (METHOD 3), m/z=224.9 [M+H]+

Step 5:

To a mixture of 5-bromo-3-chloro-2-hydrazinylpyrazine (25.0 g, 0.11 mol) in DCM (600 mL) was added butanal (8.47 g, 0.12 mol) in one portion at room temperature. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 h. Then it was cooled to 0° C., PhI(OAc)2 (37.9 g, 0.12 mol) was added in portions. After the addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for another 1.5 h. Sat K2CO3(aq) (50 mL) was poured into the reaction mixture and stirred for 10 min. The organic phase was separated and washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (PE/EA=2:1) to afford 6-bromo-8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (22.00 g, 71% yield).

Step 6:

To a mixture of 6-bromo-8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (12.0 g, 43.6 mmol) in THF (150 mL) and H2O (30 mL), was added NaOH (3.5 g, 87.1 mmol) in one portion at room temperature. The mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 2.5 h.

The mixture was adjusted to pH=5-6 by 1N HCl(aq), and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in MeOH (20 mL) and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford 6-bromo-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (11.0 g, 98% yield).

Step 7:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (550 mg, 2.1 mmol) and 1-(bromomethyl)-3-fluoro-benzene (485 mg, 2.57 mmol) in DMF (8 mL), was added K2CO3 (443.6 mg, 3.2 mmol) in one portion at room temperature. The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 3 h. And then the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue diluted with water (30 mL) and extracted with DCM (70 mL, two times). The combined organic phase was washed with saturated brine, dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (PE/EA=1:1-1:3) to afford 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (380.00 mg, 49% yield) as yellow solid. 1H NMR (DMSO-d6 varian 400 MHz): δ 8.09 (s, 1H), 7.42-7.37 (m, 1H), 7.19-7.10 (m, 3H), 5.38 (s, 2H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.79-1.73 (m, 2H), 0.98 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.62 min (METHOD 3), m/z=365.0 [M+H]+.

Example 36

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a mixture of 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (300 mg, 0.82 mmol) and [trifluoro(methyl)-boranyl]potassium(1+) (501 mg, 4.1 mmol) in dioxane (5 mL), was added 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (60 mg, 0.08 mmol) and K2CO3 (681 mg, 4.9 mmol) at room temperature under N2. The mixture was stirred at 80° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and diluted with water, extracted EtOAc (30 mL, two times, two times). The combined organic layer was washed with brine, concentrated in vacuo and the residue was purified by preparative HPLC to give 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (20 mg, 8% yield) as a gray solid. 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400 MHz): δ7.26-7.19 (m, 1H), 6.94-6.83 (m, 3H), 6.70 (s, 1H), 5.24 (s, 2H), 2.88 (t, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 2.18 (s, 3H), 1.89-1.80 (m, 2H), 0.99 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.47 min (METHOD 3), m/z=301.1 [M+H]+.

Example 37

6-ethyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a mixture of 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (300 mg, 0.82 mmol) and 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-vinyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (190 mg, 1.2 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was added K2CO3 (227 mg, 1.64 mmol) and 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (60 mg, 82.2 micromol) in at room temperature under N2. The mixture was stirred at 70° C. for 12 h. Then the mixture was cooled and water (10 mL) was added. Then it was extracted with EtOAc (30 mL, two times). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (petroleums ether:ethylaacetate=1:1-1:2) to afford 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-vinyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 57% yield).

Step 2:

To a solution of 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-vinyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 0.48 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) was added Pd/C (wet, 10% Pd with 50% water, 0.1 g). The suspension was degassed under vacuum and purged with H2 several times. The mixture was stirred under H2 (15 psi) at room temperature for 10 min. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica gel chromatography (DCM/MeOH=50:1) to give 6-ethyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (80 mg, 53% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400 MHz): δ 7.29-7.26 (m, 1H), 6.97-6.86 (m, 3H), 6.72 (s, 1H), 5.32 (s, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.60-2.54 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.88 (m, 2H), 1.26 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.07 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.60 min (METHOD 3), m/z=315.1 [M+H]+.

Example 38

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 and 2

Step 1:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-8-chloro-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (9.0 g, 32.7 mmol) in MeOH (100 mL) was added sodium methoxide (3.53 g, 65.3 mmol) in one portion at room temperature under N2. The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hr. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was suspended in DCM (100 mL), washed with water (20 mL), saturated brine (20 mL), dried with anhydrous Na2SO4 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (eluent Petroleum ether/Ethyl acetate=3:1) to afford 6-bromo-8-methoxy-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (7.40 g, 84% yield).

Step 2:

To a light yellow solution of 6-bromo-8-methoxy-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (2.0 g, 7.4 mmol) in THF (20 mL), was added i-PrMgCl—LiCl (17.02 mL, 22.1 mmol, 1.3 M) dropwise at 0° C. under N2. After the addition, the red solution was stirred at 0° C. for 30 min. Then dihydrofuran-3(2H)-one (1.91 g, 22.1 mmol) was added as a solution in THF (2 mL) and stirred for 1 hr at 0° C. The mixture was quenched with sat NH4Cl(aq) and extracted with EtOAc twice. The combined organic layer was washed with brine and concentrated, the residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (PE:EA=1:1-1:5) to afford 3-(8-methoxy-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-6-yl)tetrahydrofuran-3-ol (250 mg, 12% yield).

Step 3:

To a solution of 3-(8-methoxy-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-6-yl)tetrahydrofuran-3-ol (440 mg, 1.6 mmol) in MeOH (8 mL), was added 2 M HCl(aq) (8 mL) in one portion at room temperature. The solution was stirred at 50° C. for 20 hr. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure at 50° C. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (DCM:MeOH=10:1) to give 6-(3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (270 mg, 65% yield) as yellow solid.

Step 4:

To a solution of 6-(3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8-ol (250 mg, 0.95 mmol) and 1-(bromomethyl)-3-fluoro-benzene (214.6 mg, 1.14 mmol) in DMF (2 mL), was added K2CO3 (261 mg, 1.89 mmol) in one portion. The suspension was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hr. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with EtOAc (20 mL), washed with water (10 mL), saturated brine (5 mL), dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuum. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to afford 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (40 mg, 11% yield).

Step 5:

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (50 mg, 134.3 micromol) was purified by SFC to afford 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 (27 mg, 54% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 7.75 (s, 1H), 7.28-7.15 (m, 3H), 6.97-6.95 (m, 1H), 5.53 (s, 2H), 4.17-4.13 (m, 1H), 4.07-4.04 (m, 1H), 3.93 (d, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 3.76 (d, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 2.98 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.68 (brs, 1H), 2.53-2.50 (m, 1H), 2.08-2.05 (m, 1H), 1.88-1.82 (m, 2H), 0.99 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.48 min (METHOD 3), m/z=373.1 [M+H]+. SFC-MS: tR=8.05 min, ee %=100.00%, [α]D20=−58.67° (c=0.10, MeOH).

And 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(3-hydroxytetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2 (17 mg, 34% yield) as white solid. 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 7.82 (s, 1H), 7.33-7.23 (m, 3H), 7.21-7.00 (m, 1H), 5.58 (s, 2H), 4.22-4.19 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.09 (m, 1H), 3.99 (d, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 3.82 (d, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 3.04 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.83 (s, 1H), 2.58-2.55 (m, 1H), 2.08-2.05 (m, 1H), 1.93-1.88 (m, 2H), 1.04 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.47 min (METHOD 3), m/z=373.1 [M+H]+. SFC-MS: tR=8.39 min, ee %=92.28%, [α]D20=+52.67 (c=0.10, MeOH).

Example 39

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 and 2

Step 1:

To a mixture of 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (300 mg, 821.5 micromol) and 2-(2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (242 mg, 1.23 mmol) in dioxane (4 mL) and H2O (2 mL), was added K2CO3 (227 mg, 1.64 mmol) and 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (60 mg, 82.2 micromol) in one portion. The mixture was stirred at 70-80° C. for 16 h. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with EtOAc (20 mL), washed with water (10 mL), saturated brine (10 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuum. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (DCM/MeOH=20/1) to afford 6-(2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (260 mg, 76% yield, 85% purity) as yellow solid.

Step 2:

To a solution of 6-(2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (340 mg, 959.4 micromol) in MeOH (2 mL), was added Pd/C (50 mg, wet, 10% Pd with 50% of water) in one portion. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr. The mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuum. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to afford 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (60 mg, 17% yield).

Step 3:

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (60 mg, 168.34 micromol) was purified by Chiral SFC to afford 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 (10 mg, 17% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 7.26-7.20 (m, 1H), 6.93-6.87 (m, 3H), 6.80 (d, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 5.54 (d, J=13.6 Hz, 1H), 5.10 (d, J=14.4 Hz, 1H), 3.96-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.86-3.76 (m, 3H), 3.28-3.24 (m, 1H), 2.89 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.26-2.21 (m, 1H), 1.88-1.83 (m, 3H), 1.01 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.44 min (METHOD 3), m/z=357.1 [M+H]+. SFC-MS: tR=7.91 min, ee %=100%.

And 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-6-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2 (9 mg, 14% yield) as white solid. 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 7.33-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.01-6.87 (m, 4H), 5.70-5.55 (brs, 1H), 5.25-5.10 (brs, 1H), 4.03-4.02 (m, 1H), 3.93-3.84 (m, 3H), 3.33 (brs, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.33-2.28 (m, 1H), 1.95-1.92 (m, 3H), 1.08 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.43 min (METHOD 3), m/z=357.1 [M+H]+. SFC-MS: tR=8.46 min, ee %=97.35%.

Example 40

6-benzyl-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (500 mg, 1.67 mmol) in dioxane (10 mL) and H2O (5 mL) was added 2-benzyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (547 mg, 2.51 mmol), Cs2CO3 (1.09 g, 3.34 mmol) and 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (122 mg, 167.16 micromol,). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 100° C. for 12 h under N2. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was cooled to 25° C. and extracted with EA (20 mL, two times, two times). The organic layer was washed with water (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give 6-benzyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (230 mg, 41.05% yield).

Step 2:

To a suspension of 6-benzyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (50 mg, 161.11 micromol) in DMF (2 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclopentane (32 mg, 193.33 micromol) and K2CO3 (33 mg, 241.67 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC to give 6-benzyl-7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (9.7 mg, 15% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.41-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.18 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 6.64 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.97 (s, 2H), 3.90 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.58-3.52 (m, 2H), 3.12-3.10 (m, 1H), 2.30-2.18 (m, 1H), 2.16-2.15 (m, 2H), 1.94-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.68 (m, 4H), 1.56-1.55 (m, 2H), 1.32-1.31 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.83 min (METHOD 3), m/z=393.2 [M+H]+

Example 41

6-benzyl-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-benzyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (70 mg, 225.55 micromol) in DMF (2 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (48 mg, 270.66 micromol) and K2CO3 (47 mg, 338.33 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 6-benzyl-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (5.50 mg, 5.83% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.41-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.17 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 6.65 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.95 (s, 2H), 3.78 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 3.58-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.12-3.10 (m, 1H), 2.20-2.15 (m, 2H), 1.94-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.66 (m, 3H), 1.63-1.58 (m, 4H), 1.17-1.03 (m, 4H). LC-MS: tR=2.46 min (METHOD 6), m/z=407.2 [M+H]+

Example 42

6-benzyl-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-benzyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 644.43 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added cycloheptylmethyl methanesulfonate (173 mg, 837.76 micromol) and K2CO3 (134 mg, 966.65 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 24 h. LCMS showed 26% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (30 mL) and H2O (30 mL). The organic layer was washed with H2O (30 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 6-benzyl-7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (22.60 mg, 8.27% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.40-7.34 (m, 3H), 7.17-7.15 (m, 2H), 6.65 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 2H), 3.77 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.58-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.12-3.10 (m, 1H), 2.19-2.12 (m, 2H), 2.05-1.94 (m, 1H), 1.92-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.64 (m, 4H), 1.57-1.54 (m, 4H), 1.45-1.30 (m, 2H), 1.23-1.20 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.66 min (METHOD 4), m/z=421.3 [M+H]+

Example 43

6-benzyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (100 mg, 245.56 micromol) in H2O (0.5 mL) and THF (1 mL) was added 2-benzyl-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (80 mg, 368.33 micromol), K2CO3 (68 mg, 491.11 micromol) and 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (18 mg, 24.56 micromol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 80° C. for 12 h under N2. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was cooled to 25° C. and extracted with ethyl acetate (10 mL, two times). The combined organic layer was washed with water (10 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative TLC (DCM/MeOH=10/1) to give the crude product which was purified by preparative HPLC to give 6-benzyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (5.90 mg, 5.74% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ7.39-7.36 (m, 3H), 7.31-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 6.99-6.95 (m, 1H), 6.94 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.85-6.80 (m, 1H), 6.74 (s, 1H), 5.15 (s, 2H), 4.13 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 2H), 3.79 (s, 2H), 3.58 (t, J=10.0 Hz, 2H), 3.19-3.13 (m, 1H), 2.24-2.15 (m, 2H), 1.96-1.93 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.70 min (METHOD 3), m/z=419.2 [M+H]+

Example 44

7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (1.20 g, 4.01 mmol) in H2O (10 mL) and dioxane (20 mL) was added 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(2-methylbenzyl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.40 g, 6.02 mmol), 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (294 mg, 401.00 micromol) and Cs2CO3 (2.61 g, 8.02 mmol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 100° C. for 12 h under N2. TLC showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The organics were washed with water (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give 6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (500 mg, 20. % yield).

Step 2:

To a suspension of 6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 462.42 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclopentane (91 mg, 554.90 micromol) and K2CO3 (96 mg, 693.63 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 45% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (26.94 mg, 13% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.29-7.28 (m, 2H), 7.23-7.19 (m, 1H), 6.99 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.37 (s, 1H), 4.08-4.06 (m, 2H), 3.95 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.91 (s, 2H), 3.52-3.46 (m, 2H), 3.05-2.95 (m, 1H), 2.36-2.33 (m, 4H), 2.11-2.08 (m, 2H), 1.85-1.82 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.71 (m, 4H), 1.57-1.56 (m, 2H), 1.40-1.31 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.92 min (METHOD 3), m/z=407.2 [M+H]+

Example 45

7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 462.42 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (98 mg, 554.90 micromol and K2CO3 (96 mg, 693.63 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 hr. LCMS showed 26% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC to give 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(2-methyl benzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (21.94 mg, 11% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.29-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.23-7.19 (m, 1H), 6.99 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (s, 1H), 4.08-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.88 (s, 2H), 3.79-3.75 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.46 (m, 2H), 3.00-2.99 (m, 1H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 2.12-2.08 (m, 2H), 1.86-1.82 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.67 (m, 6H), 1.19-1.17 (m, 3H), 1.09-1.06 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=3.02 min (METHOD 3), m/z=421.2 [M+H]+

Example 46

7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 462.42 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added cycloheptylmethyl methanesulfonate (124 mg, 601.15 micromol) and K2CO3 (96 mg, 693.63 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 22% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The organic layer was washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (10.5 mg, 5.22% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.29-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.23-7.19 (m, 1H), 6.99 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 6.35 (s, 1H), 4.08-4.06 (m, 2H), 3.88 (s, 2H), 3.80-3.79 (m, 2H), 3.52-3.46 (m, 2H), 3.00-2.99 (m, 1H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 2.11-2.08 (m, 3H), 1.85-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.69-1.67 (m, 4H), 1.57-1.52 (m, 4H), 1.45-1.30 (m, 2H), 1.27-1.24 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=3.11 min (METHOD 3), m/z=435.2 [M+H]+

Example 47

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 491.11 micromol) in dioxane (4 mL) and H2O (2.00 mL) was added 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(2-methylbenzyl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (171 mg, 736.67 micromol), K2CO3 (136 mg, 982.22 micromol) and 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (36 mg, 49.11 micromol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 80° C. for 12 h under N2. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was cooled to 25° C. and extracted with EA (20 mL, two times). The organic layer was washed with water (10 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by prep-TLC (DCM/MeOH=20/1) to give the crude product which was purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(2-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (13.75 mg, 6.47% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.33-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.25 (m, 3H), 7.01-6.99 (m, 3H), 6.97-6.90 (m, 1H), 6.41 (s, 1H), 5.27 (s, 2H), 4.10-4.06 (m, 2H), 3.76 (s, 2H), 3.52-3.46 (m, 2H), 3.02-2.99 (m, 1H), 2.15-2.09 (m, 5H), 1.87-1.84 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.84 min (METHOD 3), m/z=433.2 [M+H]+

Example 48

7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of 1-(chloromethyl)-3-methylbenzene (2.00 g, 14.22 mmol) in anhydrous dioxane (20 mL) was added 4,4,4′,4′,5,5,5′,5′-octamethyl-2,2′-bi(1,3,2-dioxaborolane) (5.42 g, 21.34 mmol), KOAc (4.19 g, 42.67 mmol) and 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (1.04 g, 1.42 mmol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 80° C. for 1 h under N2. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was diluted with MTBE (100 mL) and filtered through a pad of silica gel. The filtrate was concentrated to give 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(3-methylbenzyl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (4.00 g, crude). The crude was used for the next step without further purification.

Step 2:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (1.50 g, 5.01 mmol) in H2O (10 mL) and dioxane (20 mL) was added 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(3-methylbenzyl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (3.00 g, crude), 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (367 mg, 501.00 micromol) and K2CO3 (1.38 g, 10.02 mmol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 100° C. for 12 h under N2. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (30 mL) and H2O (30 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (30 mL). The organics were washed with water (30 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give 6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (800 mg, 31.50% yield).

Step 3:

To a suspension of 6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 462.42 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclopentane (90 mg, 554.90 micromol) and K2CO3 (96 mg, 693.63 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 35% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC to give 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (25.60 mg, 13.62% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.28-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.15 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.96-6.94 (m, 2H), 6.68 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.09 (m, 2H), 3.92-3.88 (m, 4H), 3.59-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.14-3.13 (m, 1H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.17-2.10 (m, 3H), 1.95-1.90 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.67 (m, 4H), 1.55-1.54 (m, 2H), 1.31-1.30 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=3.10 min (METHOD 3), m/z=407.2 [M+H]+

Example 49

7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(3-methyl benzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 462.42 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (98 mg, 554.90 micromol) and K2CO3 (96 mg, 693.63 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 32% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (12.60 mg, 6.48% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.28-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.14 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.96-6.94 (m, 2H), 6.68 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.91 (s, 2H), 3.77-3.75 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.14-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.20-2.14 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.92 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.60 (m, 5H), 1.17-1.15 (m, 2H), 1.08-1.02 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=3.21 min (METHOD 3), m/z=421.2 [M+H]+

Example 50

7-benzyl-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 462.42 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added 1-(bromomethyl)-3-fluorobenzene (105 mg, 554.90 micromol) and K2CO3 (96 mg, 693.63 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-benzyl-6-(3-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (46.0 mg, 23.00% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.33-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.26-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.15 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.99-6.95 (m, 1H), 6.94-6.87 (m, 3H), 6.85-6.81 (m, 1H), 6.80 (s, 1H), 5.15 (s, 2H), 4.15-4.12 (m, 2H), 3.76 (s, 2H), 3.60-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.22-3.18 (m, 1H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 2.23-2.17 (m, 2H), 1.98-1.95 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=3.01 min (METHOD 3), m/z=433.1 [M+H]+

Example 51

7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (1.00 g, 3.34 mmol) in H2O (10 mL) and dioxane (20 mL) was added 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(4-methylbenzyl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.16 g, 5.01 mmol), 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (245 mg, 334.31 micromol) and Cs2CO3 (2.18 g, 6.69 mmol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 100° C. for 12 h under N2. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was cooled to 25° C. and extracted with EA (20 mL, two times). The organic layer was washed with water (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give 6-(4-methyl benzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (500 mg, 38.62% yield).

Step 2:

To a suspension of 6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 462.42 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclopentane (91 mg, 554.90 micromol) and K2CO3 (96 mg, 693.63 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 44% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (47.00 mg, 24.74% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ7.17 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.03 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.65 (s, 1H), 4.11-4.08 (m, 2H), 3.90-3.86 (m, 4H), 3.56-3.51 (m, 2H), 3.12-3.09 (m, 1H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 2.35-2.25 (m, 1H), 2.16-2.13 (m, 2H), 1.92-1.89 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.63 (m, 4H), 1.53-1.51 (m, 2H), 1.31-1.26 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.95 min (METHOD 3), m/z=407.2 [M+H]+

Example 52

7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 462.42 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (98 mg, 554.90 micromol) and K2CO3 (96 mg, 693.63 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 32% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (23.90 mg, 12.29% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.19 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.05 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.67 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.90 (s, 2H), 3.77-3.75 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.14-3.11 (m, 1H), 2.36 (s, 3H), 2.20-2.15 (m, 2H), 1.94-1.92 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.72 (m, 2H), 1.65-1.62 (m, 5H), 1.17-1.15 (m, 2H), 1.06-1.02 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=3.04 min (METHOD 3), m/z=421.3 [M+H]+

Example 53

7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 616.56 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (10 mL) was added cycloheptylmethyl methanesulfonate (165 mg, 801.53 micromol) and K2CO3 (128 mg, 924.84 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 26% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-methyl benzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (26.50 mg, 9.89% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ7.17 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.02 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.65 (s, 1H), 4.11-4.09 (m, 2H), 3.87 (s, 2H), 3.74-3.72 (m, 2H), 3.57-3.52 (m, 2H), 3.15-3.11 (m, 1H), 2.34 (s, 3H), 2.18-2.14 (m, 2H), 2.05-1.90 (m, 3H), 1.63-1.60 (m, 4H), 1.53-1.47 (m, 4H), 1.37-1.34 (m, 2H), 1.21-1.18 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.82 min (METHOD 4), m/z=435.3 [M+H]+

Example 54

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (100 mg, 245.56 micromol) in dioxane (2 mL) and H2O (1 mL) was added 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-(4-methylbenzyl)-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (86 mg, 368.33 micromol), K2CO3 (68 mg, 491.11 micromol) and 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (18 mg, 24.56 micromol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 80° C. for 12 h under N2. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was cooled to 25° C. and extracted with EA (10 mL, two times). The organic layer was washed with water (10 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by prep-TLC (DCM/MeOH=20/1) to give the crude product which was purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-methylbenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (8.89 mg, 8.04% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.32-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.20 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.02-6.99 (m, 3H), 6.94-6.92 (m, 1H), 6.85-6.80 (m, 1H), 6.77 (s, 1H), 5.15 (s, 2H), 4.16-4.12 (m, 2H), 3.75 (s, 2H), 3.61-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.18-3.17 (m, 1H), 2.37 (s, 3H), 2.23-2.19 (m, 2H), 1.98-1.94 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.43 min (METHOD 6), m/z=433.2 [M+H]+

Example 55

7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (1.50 g, 5.01 mmol) in H2O (4 mL) and dioxane (10 mL) was added 2-(3-fluorobenzyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.78 g, 7.52 mmol), 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (734 mg, 1.0 mmol) and Cs2CO3 (3.27 g, 10.03 mmol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 100° C. for 16 h under N2. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The organics were washed with water (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give 6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (190 mg, 11.6% yield) as a black solid.

Step 2:

To a suspension of 6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (70 mg, 213.2 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (3 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclopentane (42 mg, 255.8 micromol) and K2CO3 (44 mg, 320 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 36 h. The mixture was cooled and filtered. The filtrate was purified by preparative HPLC to give 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (15 mg, 17% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.37-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.06-7.03 (m, 1H), 6.96 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.88 (d, J=9.2 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (s, 1H), 4.14-4.11 (m, 1H), 3.97 (s, 2H), 3.88 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.59-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.16-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.28-2.16 (m, 3H), 1.95-1.92 (m, 2H), 1.70-1.54 (m, 6H), 1.31-1.30 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.82 min (METHOD 3), m/z=411.2 [M+H]+.

Example 56

7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (70 mg, 213.2 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (3 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (45 mg, 255.8 micromol) and K2CO3 (44 mg, 320 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 36 h. The mixture was cooled and filtered. The filtrate was purified by preparative HPLC to give 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (18 mg, 19% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.37-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.06-7.03 (m, 1H), 6.95 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.88 (d, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (s, 1H), 4.14-4.11 (m, 1H), 3.95 (s, 2H), 3.74 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.59-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.18-3.13 (m, 1H), 2.23-2.14 (m, 2H), 1.96-1.93 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.60 (m, 7H), 1.75-1.03 (m, 4H).

LC-MS: tR=2.92 min (METHOD 3), m/z=425.2 [M+H]+.

Example 57

6,7-bis(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (70 mg, 213.2 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (3 mL) was added 1-(bromomethyl)-3-fluorobenzene (48 mg, 255.8 micromol) and K2CO3 (44 mg, 320 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 16 h. The mixture was cooled and diluted with water (5 mL), extracted with DCM (5 mL, two times). The organic layer was washed with brine, dried and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by prep-TLC (DCM/MeOH=10/1) to give 6,7-bis(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (5 mg, 5% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.38-7.32 (m, 2H), 7.05-7.00 (m, 2H), 6.94-6.92 (m, 2H), 6.86-6.84 (m, 2H), 6.85-6.80 (m, 1H), 6.79 (s, 2H), 5.15 (s, 2H), 4.16-4.13 (m, 2H), 3.80 (s, 2H), 3.61-3.55 (m, 2H), 3.22-3.16 (m, 1H), 2.28-2.17 (m, 2H), 1.98-1.95 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.46 min (METHOD 3), m/z=437.2 [M+H].

Example 58

7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a suspension of 6-bromo-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (1.50 g, 5.01 mmol) in H2O (10 mL) and dioxane (20 mL) was added 2-(4-fluorobenzyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (1.78 g, 7.52 mmol), 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (367 mg, 501.47 micromol) and Cs2CO3 (3.27 g, 10.03 mmol). The mixture was degassed with N2 and heated at 100° C. for 12 h under N2. LCMS showed the reaction was completed. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The organics were washed with water (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give 6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (600 mg, 24.80% yield).

Step 2:

To a suspension of 6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 456.84 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclopentane (89. mg, 548.21 micromol) and K2CO3 (95 mg, 685.27 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 23% TM. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by prep-TLC (DCM/MeOH=50/1) to give 7-(cyclopentylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (25.90 mg, 13.67% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.17-7.13 (m, 2H), 7.11-7.06 (m, 2H), 6.64 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 2H), 3.90 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.59-3.53 (m, 2H), 3.13-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.28-2.10 (m, 1H), 2.19-2.16 (m, 2H), 1.94-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.68 (m, 4H), 1.54-1.45 (m, 2H), 1.33-1.28 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.84 min (METHOD 3), m/z=411.2 [M+H]+

Example 59

7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 456.84 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (97 mg, 548.21 micromol) and K2CO3 (95 mg, 685.27 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 36% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by prep-TLC (DCM/MeOH=50/1) to give 7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (23.50 mg, 12.00% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.17-7.06 (m, 4H), 6.65 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.92 (s, 2H), 3.76-3.74 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.13-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.20-2.16 (m, 2H), 1.94-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.77-1.72 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.60 (m, 4H), 1.18-1.15 (m, 2H), 1.06-1.03 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.92 min (METHOD 3), m/z=425.2 [M+H]+

Example 60

7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 456.84 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added cycloheptylmethyl methanesulfonate (122 mg, 593.90 micromol) and K2CO3 (95 mg, 685.27 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 21% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(cycloheptylmethyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (6.00 mg, 2.96% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.16-7.06 (m, 4H), 6.65 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.10 (m, 2H), 3.92 (s, 2H), 3.74-3.72 (m, 2H), 3.59-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.13-3.10 (m, 1H), 2.19-2.16 (m, 2H), 2.05-1.95 (m, 1H), 1.94-1.91 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.65 (m, 4H), 1.56-1.51 (m, 4H), 1.40-1.30 (m, 2H), 1.23-1.20 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.67 min (METHOD 4), m/z=439.2 [M+H]+

Example 61

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 456.84 micromol) in anhydrous DMF (5 mL) was added 1-(bromomethyl)-3-fluorobenzene (104 mg, 548.21 micromol) and K2CO3 (95 mg, 685.27 micromol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. LCMS showed 35% of desired product. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (20 mL) and H2O (20 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with DCM (20 mL). The combined organics were washed with H2O (20 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC (base) to give 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-6-(4-fluorobenzyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (37.90 mg, 19.01% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.33-7.30 (m, 1H), 7.11-7.08 (m, 4H), 7.00-6.95 (m, 1H), 6.93-6.92 (m, 1H), 6.85-6.80 (m, 1H), 6.74 (s, 1H), 5.16 (s, 2H), 4.16-4.11 (m, 2H), 3.78 (s, 2H), 3.60-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.14 (m, 1H), 2.25-2.16 (m, 2H), 1.97-1.93 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.75 min (METHOD 3), m/z=437.2 [M+H]+

Example 62

5-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

A solution of 3,5-dibromopyrazin-2-amine (40 g, 158.17 mmol), isopentyl nitrite (56 g, 474.51 mmol) and HCl/MeOH (8 mL, 1M) in MeOH (400 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 3 h. The solution was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with DCM (150 mL), washed with NaHCO3(aq.) until pH=7, dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (ethyl acetate/petroleums ether=0/1˜1/20) to give 3,5-dibromo-2-methoxypyrazine (46 g, Yield: 96.4%) as a yellow liquid.

Step 2:

A solution of 3,5-dibromo-2-methoxypyrazine (45 g, 0.167 mol) and NH2NH2.H2O (15.7 g, 0.252 mol, 80%) in EtOH (250 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 5 hours. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum, the residue was washed with water, filtered and dried to give 5-bromo-3-hydrazinyl-2-methoxypyrazine (32 g, Yield: 86.9%).

Step 3:

A solution of 5-bromo-3-hydrazinyl-2-methoxypyrazine (5 g, 22.83 mmol) and butyraldehyde (1.73 g, 23.97 mmol) in DCM (60 mL) was stirred at 50° C. for 2 hours. The solution was cooled to 0° C. and iodobenzene diacetate (8.45 g, 26.23 mmol) was portionwise added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 30° C. for 2 hours. Then Na2CO3 (20 mL, sat. aq.) was slowly poured into the reaction mixture and stirred for 30 min. The organic phase was separated and washed with brine, dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated under reduced pressure. The crude was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (EA/PE=1/10˜1/1) to give 5-bromo-8-methoxy-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (2 g, Yield: 32.4%).

Step 4:

A solution of 5-bromo-8-methoxy-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (3.7 g, 13.6 mmol) in DCM (260 mL) was added BBr3 (17.1 g, 68.2 mmol, 80%) at 0° C. and stirred at 20° C. for 12 hours. The solution was quenched with water (100 mL) and stirred at 20° C. for 0.5 hour. NaHCO3 (sat. aq.) was added until pH=8. It was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with DCM (200 mL), filtered and concentrated under vacuum to give 5-bromo-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (2.6 g, Yield: 74%).

Step 5:

A mixture of 5-bromo-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (2.0 g, 7.78 mmol), 1-(bromomethyl)-3-fluorobenzene (1.47 g, 7.78 mmol) and K2CO3 (2.15 g, 15.56 mmol) in DMF (60 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 5 hours. The mixture was diluted with water (80 mL) and extracted with EA (50 mL*3). The combined organic layers were dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MTBE (2, two times 0 mL) to give 5-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (2 g, yield: 71.4%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 7.39-7.34 (m, 1H), 7.15-7.13 (m, 1H), 7.09-7.05 (m, 2H), 6.67 (s, 1H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 3.30 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.99-1.89 (m, 2H), 1.08 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.069 min (METHOD 3), m/z=365.0 [M+H]+

Example 63

5-ethyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

A mixture of 5-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (150 mg, 410.73 micromol), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-2-vinyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (127 mg, 821.47 micromol) and K2CO3 (170 mg, 1.23 mmol) in THF/H2O (2 mL/1 mL) was stirred at 80° C. for 12 hours. The mixture was cooled to 20° C., and concentrated in reduced pressure at 30° C. The residue was poured into water (10 mL) and stirred for 20 min. The aqueous phase was extracted with EA (10 mL*3). The combined organic phase was washed with saturated brine (5 mL), dried with anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuum to afford 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-vinyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (110 mg, 85.74% yield). LC-MS: tR=0.693 min (Method 7), m/z=312.9 [M+H]+.

Step 2:

To a solution of 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-vinyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (100 mg, 320.16 micromol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added Pd/C (10 mg, 10% Pd, 50% water) under N2. The suspension was degassed under vacuum and purged with H2 several times. The mixture was stirred under H2 (balloon) at 20° C. for 10 min. The mixture filtered and concentrated in reduced pressure at 30° C. The residue was purified by prep-TLC (DCM/MeOH=12/1) to afford 5-ethyl-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (24.3 mg, 23% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ7.37-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.14-7.11 (m, 1H), 7.05-7.01 (m, 2H), 6.20 (s, 1H), 5.11 (s, 2H), 3.12 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.89-2.83 (m, 2H), 2.01-1.92 (m, 2H), 1.27 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.08 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.595 min (METHOD 3), m/z=315.1 [M+H]+

Example 64

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-5-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

A mixture of 5-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 547.65 micromol) and trifluoro(methyl)-borane, potassium salt (200 mg, 1.64 mmol) in Dioxane/H2O (10 mL/3 mL), was added 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (40 mg, 54.76 micromol). The brownness solution was stirred at 90° C. for 12 hours. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum, the residue was purified by column chromatography (column height: 250 mm, diameter: 100 mm, 100-200 mesh silica gel, Petroleum ether/Ethyl acetate=10/1, 3/1) and followed by prep-HPLC to afford 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-5-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (25.5 mg, 15% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ. 7.35-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.12 (m, 1H), 7.05-7.02 (m, 2H), 6.23 (s, 1H), 5.09 (s, 2H), 3.14 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.49 (s, 3H), 1.99-1.90 (m, 2H), 1.08 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.448 min (METHOD 3), m/z=301.1 [M+H]+

Example 65

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 and 2

Step 1:

A mixture of 5-bromo-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (400 mg, 1.10 mmol) and 2-(2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (237 mg, 1.21 mmol) in Dioxane/H2O (5 mL/1 mL), was added 1,1′-Bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene-palladium(II)dichloride (80 mg, 109.53 micromol) and stirred at 70° C. for 5 hours. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography (column height: 250 mm, diameter: 100 mm, 100-200 mesh silica gel, Petroleum ether/Ethyl acetate=10/1, 1/1) and followed by preparative HPLC to afford 5-(2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (100 mg, 25.65% yield) as white solid.

Step 2:

To a solution of 5-(2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)-7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (90 mg, 253.96 micromol) in MeOH (6 mL) was added Pd/C (10 mg, 10% Pd, 50% water) under N2. The suspension was degassed under vacuum and purged with H2 several times. The mixture was stirred under H2 (balloon) at 20° C. for 1 hour. The mixture was filtered and concentrated in reduced pressure at 30° C. The residue was purified by prep-TLC (EA/PE=I/O) to afford 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (60 mg, 65% yield) as white solid. LC-MS: tR=0.659 min (Method 7), m/z=356.9 [M+H]+.

Step 3:

7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (60 mg, 168.35 micromol) was purified by SFC to give 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 (15.10 mg, 25% yield)1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 7.37-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.11 (m, 1H), 7.05-7.01 (m, 2H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 5.16-5.06 (m, 2H), 3.93-3.89 (m, 4H), 3.68-3.71 (m, 1H), 3.18-3.06 (m, 2H), 2.44-2.39 (m, 1H), 2.03-1.96 (m, 3H), 1.10 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.423 min (METHOD 3), m/z=357.2 [M+H]+. SFC: tR=10.2 min, ee %=100%. [α]D20=+81.67° (c=0.10, CHCl3).

And 7-(3-fluorobenzyl)-3-propyl-5-(tetrahydrofuran-3-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2_10 (18.70 mg, 30% yield)1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 7.37-7.31 (m, 1H), 7.13-7.11 (m, 1H), 7.05-7.01 (m, 2H), 6.47 (s, 1H), 5.16-5.06 (m, 2H), 4.00-3.95 (m, 4H), 3.81-3.69 (m, 1H), 3.18-3.08 (m, 2H), 2.44-2.39 (m, 1H), 2.03-1.96 (m, 3H), 1.10 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.424 min (METHOD 3), m/z=357.1 [M+H]+. SFC: tR=10.76 min, ee %=97.89%. [α]D20=−81.67 (c=0.10, CHCl3).

Example 66

3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a solution of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.1 mmol) and 4-(bromomethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran (241 mg, 1.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.2 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hours. The mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL) and washed with water (5 mL, two times). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (120 mg, yield: 54%). 1H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz TMS): δ 6.91 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (dd, J=11.6, 3.2 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 3.34 (td, J=11.6, 1.6 Hz, 2H), 2.94 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.20-2.10 (m, 1H), 1.91-1.86 (m, 2H), 1.61-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.40 (dq, J=4.0, 12.0 Hz, 2H), 1.04 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=1.93 min (METHOD 3), m/z=277.1 [M+H]+.

Example 67

3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 and 2

Step 1:

To a solution of (tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methanol (300 mg, 2.58 mmol) and TEA (522 mg, 5.17 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added MsCl (355 mg, 3.10 mmol) at 0° C. and it was stirred at 20° C. for 1 hours. The solution was washed with NaHCO3 (aq. 2 mL), water (three times 2 mL), brine (1 time 1 mL) dried and concentrated to give (tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (500 mg), which was used in the next step directly.

Step 2:

To a solution of (tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (500 mg, 2.58 mmol) and 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (413 mg, 2.32 mmol) in DMF (30 mL) was added K2CO3 (534 mg, 3.87 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 60° C. for 4 hours. The mixture was diluted with DCM (100 mL) and washed with water (2 times 10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4 and evaporated. The residue was washed with MeOH (2 mL) to give 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (400 mg, yield: 56%).

Step 3:

3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (400 mg, 1.45 mmol) was purified by SFC to afford 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1(160 mg, yield: 40.0%), 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 6.93 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.03-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.89-3.74 (m, 3H), 3.60-3.50 (m, 1H), 3.37 (dd, J=11.6, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.23-2.12 (m, 1H), 1.97-1.80 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.68 (m, 1H), 1.62-1.53 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.40 (m, 1H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=1.99 min (METHOD 3), m/z=277.2 [M+H]+. SFC-MS: tR=9.60 min, ee %=99.68%. [α]D20=−11.33 (c=0.10, MeOH).

And 3-propyl-7-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3-yl)methyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 2 (170 mg, yield: 42.5%). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ6.94 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.66 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 4.01-3.94 (m, 1H), 3.89-3.74 (m, 3H), 3.60-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.37 (dd, J=11.6, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 2.97 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.23-2.12 (m, 1H), 1.97-1.80 (m, 3H), 1.78-1.68 (m, 1H), 1.62-1.53 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.40 (m, 1H), 1.06 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=1.99 min (METHOD 3), m/z=277.2 [M+H]+. SFC-MS: tR=10.81 min, ee %=99.50%. [α]D20=+12.33° (c=0.10, MeOH).

Example 68

7-(((1r,3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-2-yl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

Borane-tetrahydrofurane complex (1 M, 4.44 mL, 2.00 Eq) was added dropwise to a solution of (1 r,3r,5r,7r)-adamantane-2-carboxylic acid (400 mg, 2.22 mmol, 1.00 Eq) in THF (15 mL) at 0° C. Then the mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and MeOH (3 mL) was added dropwise to the mixture. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (DCM/MeOH=100/1-20/1) to give ((1 r,3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-2-yl)methanol (250.00 mg, 1.35 mmol, 60.96% yield, 90% purity).

Step 2:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of ((1 r,3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-2-yl)methanol (250 mg, 1.50 mmol, 1.00 Eq) in DCM (10 mL) was added Et3N (304 mg, 3.01 mmol, 2.00 Eq) and MsCl (207 mg, 1.80 mmol, 1.20 Eq). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The reaction was checked by TLC. Water (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give ((1 r,3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-2-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (350 mg, 95.49% yield) as a light yellow oil.

Step 3:

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.12 mmol, 1.00 Eq) in DMF (10 mL) was added ((1 r,3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-2-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (328 mg, 1.34 mmol, 1.20 Eq) and K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.24 mmol, 2.00 Eq). The mixture was heated at 70° C. for 48 h. The reaction was checked by LCMS. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated and purified by prep. TLC (DCM/MeOH=50/1) to give 7-(((1 r,3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-2-yl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (9.00 mg, 2.46% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 6.90 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.64 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.10 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 2.95 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.17-2.10 (m, 1H), 2.05-2.00 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.84 (m, 6H), 1.75-1.64 (m, 6H), 1.61-1.59 (m, 2H), 1.06 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.26 min (METHOD 4), m/z=327.2 [M+H]+.

Example 69

7-(((3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-1-yl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of ((3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-1-yl)methanol (250 mg, 1.50 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added Et3N (304 mg, 3.01 mmol) and MsCl (207 mg, 1.80 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The reaction was checked by TLC. Water (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give ((3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-1-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (350 mg, 95.49% yield).

Step 2:

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (160 mg, 897.92 micromol) in DMF (5 mL) was added ((3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-1-yl)methyl methanesulfonate (263 mg, 1.08 mmol) and K2CO3 (248 mg, 1.80 mmol). The mixture was heated at 100° C. for 20 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product was washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 7-(((3r,5r,7r)-adamantan-1-yl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (51 mg, 17.43% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 6.85 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 6.59 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.68 (s, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.00 (s, 3H), 1.94-1.89 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.63 (m, 12H), 1.07 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=3.07 min (method 9), m/z=327.1 [M+H]+.

Example 70

7-((4,4-dimethylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.12 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added 4-(bromomethyl)-1,1-dimethylcyclohexane (276 mg, 1.35 mmol, 1.20 Eq) and K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.24 mmol, 2.00 Eq). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product was washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 7-((4,4-dimethylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (102 mg, 30% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 6.90 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.83 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.95 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.93-1.88 (m, 2H), 1.80-1.70 (m, 1H), 1.50-1.42 (m, 2H), 1.33-1.39 (m, 2H), 1.25-1.14 (m, 4H), 1.06 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 0.89 (s, 6H). LC-MS: tR=2.84 min (METHOD 3), m/z=303.2 [M+H]+.

Example 71

3-propyl-7-(spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethanol (200 mg, 1.43 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added Et3N (289 mg, 2.86 mmol) and MsCl (197 mg, 1.72 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 hr. The reaction was checked by TLC. Water (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethyl methanesulfonate (310 mg, 99.3% yield) as a light yellow oil.

Step 2:

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.12 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethyl methanesulfonate (293 mg, 1.34 mmol) and K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.24 mmol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product was washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 3-propyl-7-(spiro[2.5]octan-6-ylmethyl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (90 mg, 27% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 6.91 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.63 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.84 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.95 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.93-1.88 (m, 3H), 1.69-1.65 (m, 4H), 1.25-1.43 (m, 2H), 1.06 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 0.92-0.88 (m, 2H), 0.29-0.26 (m, 2H), 0.20-0.18 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=2.71 min (METHOD 3), m/z=301.2 [M+H]+.

Example 72

7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of (4-methylcyclohexyl)methanol (250 mg, 1.95 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added TEA (395 mg, 3.90 mmol) and MsCl (268.05 mg, 2.34 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 hr. Water (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give (4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (400 mg, 99% yield) as a light yellow oil.

Step 2:

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (250 mg, 1.40 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added (4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (376 mg, 1.82 mmol) and K2CO3 (388 mg, 2.81 mmol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product was washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (69 mg, 17.09% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 6.90 (dd, J=6.0, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (t, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.90 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 3.80 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 2.95 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.93-1.88 (m, 2H), 1.72-1.69 (m, 2H), 1.49-1.47 (m, 2H), 1.45-1.30 (m, 2H), 1.08-1.04 (m, 5H), 0.96-0.86 (m, 5H). LC-MS: tR=2.70 min (METHOD 3), m/z=289.2 [M+H]+.

The two diastereoisomers, cis and trans, was separated by SFC, to yield 7-(((1s,4s)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one and 7-(((1 r,4r)-4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one.

Example 73

7-((3-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

Borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (1 M, 7.03 mL, 2.00 Eq) was added dropwise to a solution of 3-methylcyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (500 mg, 3.52 mmol) in THF (15 mL) at 0° C. Then the mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and MeOH (3 mL) was added dropwise to the mixture. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (petroleumsether/ethyl acetate=50/1-10/1) to give (3-methylcyclohexyl)methanol (440 mg, 97.50% yield) as a colorless oil.

Step 2:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of (3-methylcyclohexyl)methanol (200 mg, 1.56 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added Et3N (316 mg, 3.12 mmol) and MsCl (790 mg, 6.90 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The reaction was checked by TLC. Water (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give (3-methylcyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (320 mg, 99.43% yield) as a yellow oil.

Step 3:

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.12 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added (3-methylcyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (278 mg, 1.35 mmol) and K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.24 mmol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by prep. TLC (DCM/MeOH=50/1) to give 7-((3-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one as a mixture of cis/trans isomers (119.20 mg, 413 micromol, 36% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ 6.90 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 6.61 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.91-3.84 (m, 0.48 H), 3.76 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1.52H), 2.95 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.21-2.05 (m, 0.2H), 1.92-1.84 (m, 3H), 1.77-1.70 (m, 1.3H), 1.62-1.45 (m, 1.7H), 1.41-1.15 (m, 3H), 1.04 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 0.95-0.85 (m, 5H), 0.68-0.65 (m, 0.8H). LC-MS: tR=2.70 min (METHOD 3), m/z=289.2 [M+H]+.

Example 74

7-((2-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

Borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (1 M, 7.03 mL, 2.00 Eq) was added dropwise to a solution of 3-methylcyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (500.00 mg, 3.52 mmol, 1.00 Eq) in THF (15 mL) at 0° C. Then the mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and MeOH (3 mL) was added dropwise to the mixture. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (PE/EA=50/1-10/1) to give (3-methylcyclohexyl)methanol (440 mg, 97% yield).

Step 2:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of (3-methylcyclohexyl)methanol (200 mg, 1.56 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added Et3N (316 mg, 3.12 mmol) and methanesulfonyl chloride (214 mg, 1.87 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The reaction was checked by TLC. Water (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give (2-methylcyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (320 mg, 99% yield).

Step 3:

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.12 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added (2-methylcyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (277 mg, 1.34 mmol) and K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.24 mmol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered, concentrated and purified by prep-TLC (DCM/MeOH=50/1) to give 7-((2-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one as a mixture of cis/trans isomers (89 mg, 27.68% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 varian 400): δ6.87-6.83 (m, 1H), 6.60-6.53 (m, 1H), 4.12-4.07 (m, 0.3H), 3.92-3.85 (m, 0.1H), 3.81-3.77 (m, 1.3H), 3.68-3.64 (m, 0.3H), 2.89 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 1.96-0.91 (m, 18H). LC-MS: tR=2.66 min (METHOD 3), m/z=289.2 [M+H]+.

Example 75

7-((1-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.12 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added 1-(bromomethyl)-1-methylcyclohexane (257 mg, 1.34 mmol) and K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.24 mmol). The mixture was heated at 100° C. for 20 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product was washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 7-((1-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (36 mg, 10.99% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 6.86 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 1H), 6.63 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.84 (s, 2H), 2.95 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.94-1.88 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.56 (m, 5H), 1.46-1.38 (m, 5H), 1.06 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H), 0.99 (s, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.66 min (METHOD 3), m/z=289.2 [M+H]+.

Example 76

7-((4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

Borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (1 M, 4.11 mL, 2.00 Eq) was added dropwise to a solution of 4-fluorocyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (300 mg, 2.05 mmol) in THF (15 mL) at 0° C. Then the mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and MeOH (3 mL) was added dropwise to the mixture. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (PE/EA=50/1-5/1) to give (4-fluorocyclohexyl)methanol (200 mg, 73.81% yield) as a colorless oil.

Step 2:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of (4-fluorocyclohexyl)methanol 2 (200 mg, 1.51 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added TEA (306 mg, 3.03 mmol) and MsCl (208 mg, 1.82 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The reaction was checked by TLC. Water (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give (4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (310 mg, 97.64% yield) as a yellow oil.

Step 3:

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (190 mg, 1.07 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added (4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (269 mg, 1.28 mmol) and K2CO3 (295 mg, 2.13 mmol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product was washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 7-((4-fluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one as a mixture of cis/trans isomers (62 mg, 19.88% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 6.92 (app. dd, J=6.0, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.61 (app. dd, J=4.0, 6.0 Hz, 1H), 4.90-4.78 (m, 0.5H), 4.58-4.40 (m, 0.5H), 3.81 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.18-1.75 (m, 4H), 1.63-1.41 (m, 6H), 1.20-1.09 (m, 1H), 1.06 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.26 min (METHOD 3), m/z=293.2 [M+H]+.

Example 77

7-((4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a cooled (0° C.) solution of (4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methanol (200 mg, 1.33 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added TEA (270 mg, 2.66 mmol) and MsCl (183 mg, 1.60 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 1 h. The reaction was checked by TLC. Water (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give (4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (300 mg, 98.82% yield).

Step 2:

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (200 mg, 1.12 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added (4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (307 mg, 1.35 mmol) and K2CO3 (310 mg, 2.24 mmol). The mixture was heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer was dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product was washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 7-((4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (28 mg, 7.94% yield). 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 6.93 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 6.62 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.85 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.96 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.16-2.11 (m, 3H), 1.93-1.88 (m, 2H), 1.79-1.62 (m, 4H), 1.42-1.38 (m, 2H), 1.06 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=2.83 min (method 8), m/z=311.0 [M+H]+.

Example 78

6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

6-bromo-8-methoxy-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (225 mg, 0.719 mmol) and Bis(di-tert-butyl(4-dimethylaminophenyl)phosphine)dichloropalladium(II) (A-taPhos)2PdCl2 (90 mg, 0.127 mmol) was dissolved in anhydrous THF (8800 mg, 10 ml, 122 mmol) under argon and degassed for 20 min. ([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)zinc(II) chloride (4.31 ml, 2.156 mmol, 0.5 molar, THF) was added dropwise and the reaction was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into aq. sat. NH4Cl (10 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (20 mL). The water phase was re-extracted with ethyl acetate (10 mL), and the combined organic phases were washed with brine and evaporated to dryness. The crude product was purified with column chromatography (heptane to ethyl acetate) to yield 6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-8-methoxy-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (232 mg, 0.579 mmol, 81%) as a solid. LC-MS: tR=0.79 min (method 5), m/z=401.1 [M+H]+.

Step 2:

6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-8-methoxy-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazine (248 mg, 0.619 mmol) was mixed with HCl (2.333 ml, 4.67 mmol, 2 molar, H2O) and MeOH (5544 mg, 7 ml, 173 mmol). The reaction was heated in microwave-oven at 100° C. for 20 min. The reaction was concentrated in vacuo. To give crude 6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one hydrochloride (233 mg, 0.540 mmol, 87% yield) which was used for next step without further purification.

Step 3:

6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-ylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one hydrochloride (233 mg, 0.540 mmol, 98%), (bromomethyl)cyclohexane (220 mg, 0.174 ml, 1.244 mmol), Sodium iodide (8.09 mg, 0.054 mmol) and K2CO3 (336 mg, 2.428 mmol) was dissolved in DMF (6608 mg, 7 ml, 90 mmol) and stirred at 60° C. overnight. The reaction was poured into water, and extracted with ethyl acetate (2 two times 10 ml), and concentrated. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (heptane to ethyl acetate) to give 6-([1,1′-biphenyl]-4-yl methyl)-7-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (80 mg, 0.164 mmol, 30%). 1H NMR (600 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.61-7.55 (m, 4H), 7.46 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (s, 1H), 7.23 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 6.85 (s, 1H), 4.13-4.07 (m, 2H), 4.00 (s, 2H), 3.78 (bs, 2H), 3.55 (td, J=11.6, 2.2 Hz, 2H), 3.19 (m, 1H), 2.23-2.14 (m, 2H), 1.95 (m, 3H), 1.81-1.75 (m, 2H), 1.75-1.70 (m, 3H), 1.65 (d, J=12.0 Hz, 2H), 1.16 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 1.06 (s, 1H). LC-MS: tR=0.89 min (method 5), m/z=483.3 [M+H]+.

Example 79

6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 and 2

To a suspension of 3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (250 mg, 1.40 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) will be added (4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (376 mg, 1.82 mmol) and K2CO3 (388 mg, 2.81 mmol). The mixture will be heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture will be concentrated and the residue will be dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer will be dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product will be washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. The two stereoisomers will be separated by SFC.

Example 80

7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 and 2

To a suspension of 3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (250 mg, 1.40 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) will be added (4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (376 mg, 1.82 mmol) and K2CO3 (388 mg, 2.81 mmol). The mixture will be heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture will be concentrated and the residue will be dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer will be dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product will be washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. The two stereoisomers will be separated by SFC.

Example 81

6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 and 2

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (250 mg, 1.40 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) will be added (4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (376 mg, 1.82 mmol) and K2CO3 (388 mg, 2.81 mmol). The mixture will be heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture will be concentrated and the residue will be dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer will be dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product will be washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. The two stereoisomers will be separated by SFC.

Example 82

7-((4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one, stereoisomer 1 and 2

To a suspension of 3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (250 mg, 1.40 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) will be added (4-methoxycyclohexyl)methyl methanesulfonate (376 mg, 1.82 mmol) and K2CO3 (388 mg, 2.81 mmol). The mixture will be heated at 60° C. for 12 h. The mixture will be concentrated and the residue will be dissolved in DCM (10 mL) and H2O (10 mL). The organic layer will be dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated to give the crude product. The crude product will be washed with MeOH (10 mL) to give 6-methyl-7-((4-methylcyclohexyl)methyl)-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one. The two stereoisomers will be separated by SFC.

Example 83

7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of (4-methoxyphenyl)methanamine (30.00 g, 218.69 mmol) and Et3N (26.56 g, 262.43 mmol) in dry DCM (500 mL) was added ethyl 2-chloro-2-oxoacetate (32.84 g, 240.56 mmol) dropwise at 0° C. The mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 40 min. The mixture was quenched with H2O (15 mL), extracted with DCM (10 mL, three times). The combined organics were dried over Na2SO4 and concentrated. ethyl 2-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)-2-oxoacetate (50.00 g, 96% yield) was obtained.

Step 2:

To a solution of ethyl 2-((4-methoxybenzyl)amino)-2-oxoacetate (10.00 g, 42.15 mmol) in EtOH (200 mL) was added 1-aminopropan-2-ol (3.80 g, 50.58 mmol). The mixture was heated at 75° C. for 2 hours. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum, washed with n-hexane (150 mL, two times), filtered and dried under vacuum. N1-(2-hydroxypropyl)-N2-(4-methoxybenzyl)oxalamide (8.70 g, 77% yield) was obtained.

Step 3:

To a solution of N1-(2-hydroxypropyl)-N2-(4-methoxybenzyl)oxalamide (5.00 g, 18.78 mmol) in CH3CN (100 mL) was added trichlororuthenium hydrate (42.33 mg, 187.80 micromol) in H2O (7.5 mL) and NaBrO3 (3.12 g, 20.66 mmol) in water (15 mL). The mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 16 hours. Water (250 mL) was added to the mixture and stirred at 25° C. for 2 hours. The mixture was filtered, washed with H2O (200 mL, three times) and dried under vacuum. N1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-N2-(2-oxopropyl)oxalamide (3.16 g, 43% yield, 67.67% purity) was obtained.

Step 4:

To a solution of N1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-N2-(2-oxopropyl)oxalamide (3.00 g, 11.35 mmol) in CH3COOH (10 mL) was added TFA (1.29 g, 11.35 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 140° C. for 4 hours. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum. Brown solid was obtained. H2O (2 mL) was added to the solid. The mixture was adjusted to pH=7 by saturated aq. NaHCO3. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was washed with water (30 mL, three times) and dried under vacuum. 1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyrazine-2,3-dione (2.10 g, 75% yield) was obtained.

Step 5:

1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-1,4-dihydropyrazine-2,3-dione (4.50 g, 18.27 mmol) was added to POCl3 (49.50 g, 322.83 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 26° C. for 16 hr. The mixture was concentrated and the residue was poured into water (50 mL). The mixture was adjusted to pH=7 by sat. aq. NaHCO3 and extracted with DCM (200 mL, two times). The combined organic layer was washed with H2O (200 mL), dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (5%-50% ethyl acetate in petroleumsether). 3-chloro-1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methylpyrazin-2(1H)-one (3.78 g, 78% yield) was obtained.

Step 6:

To a solution of 3-chloro-1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methylpyrazin-2(1H)-one (970.00 mg, 3.66 mmol) in EtOH (15 mL) was added NH2NH2.H2O (1.83 g, 36.60 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 40° C. for 16 hours. The mixture was filtered. The filter cake was washed with cold EtOH (10 mL, three times) and dried under vacuum. 3-hydrazinyl-1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methylpyrazin-2(1H)-one (760 mg, 79% yield) was obtained.

Step 7:

To a solution of 3-hydrazinyl-1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methylpyrazin-2(1H)-one (100 mg, 384.19 micromol) in dry DCM (5 mL) was added butanal (29 mg, 403.40 micromol). The mixture was stirred at 40° C. for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to 25° C. and directly used for the next step.

Step 8:

To the solution of crude (E)-3-(2-butylidenehydrazinyl)-1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methylpyrazin-2(1H)-one obtained above was added PhI(OAc)2 (142 mg, 441.81 micromol). The mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 2 hours. Sat. aq. NaHCO3 (2 mL) and H2O (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The mixture was extracted with DCM (10 mL, three times). The combined organic was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by CombiFlash (silica gel, 100% ethyl acetate). 7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-propyl-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (47 mg, 38% yield, 97% purity) was obtained. 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ 7.18 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 6.85 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.72 (s, 1H), 5.25 (s, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 2.93 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 1.92-1.87 (m, 2H), 1.05 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H). LC-MS: tR=1.844 min (method 6), m/z=313.1 [M+H]+.

Example 84

7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one

Step 1:

To a solution of 3-hydrazinyl-1-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methylpyrazin-2(1H)-one (600 mg, 2.31 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-carbaldehyde (276 mg, 2.43 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 40° C. for 1.5 hours. The mixture was directly used to the next step.

Step 2:

To the reaction mixture obtained above was added PhI(OAc)2 (71 mg, 220 micromol). The mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 2 hours. H2O (5 mL) was added to the mixture. The mixture was extracted with DCM (10 mL, three times). The combined organic phases were concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by CombiFlash (silica gel, 10% MeOH in DCM). 7-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6-methyl-3-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-8(7H)-one (17.00 mg, 24.69% yield, 98.87% purity) was obtained. 1H NMR (CDCl3 400 MHz): δ7.17 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 6.84 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.77 (s, 1H), 5.24 (s, 2H), 4.13 (d, J=11.6 Hz, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 3.61-3.55 (m, 2H), 2.21-3.16 (m, 1H), 2.27 (s, 3H), 2.20-2.14 (m, 2H), 1.96-1.93 (m, 2H). LC-MS: tR=1.984 min (method 3), m/z=355.1 [M+H]+.

PDE1 Inhibition Assay

PDE1A, PDE1B and PDE1C assays were performed as follows: the assays were performed in 60 μL samples containing a fixed amount of the PDE1 enzym1 (sufficient to convert 20-25% of the cyclic nucleotide substrate), a buffer (50 mM HEPES pH 7.6; 10 mM MgCl2; 0.02% Tween20), 0.1 mg/ml BSA, 15 nM tritium labelled cAMP and varying amounts of inhibitors. Reactions were initiated by addition of the cyclic nucleotide substrate, and reactions were allowed to proceed for 1 h at room temperature before being terminated through mixing with 20 μL (0.2 mg) yttrium silicate SPA beads (PerkinElmer). The beads were allowed to settle for 1 h in the dark before the plates were counted in a Wallac 1450 Microbeta counter. The measured signals were converted to activity relative to an uninhibited control (100%) and IC50 values were calculated using XIFit (model 205, IDBS).

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Tricyclic piperazine derivative SUNOVION PHARMACEUTICALS INC.,SUMITOMO DAINIPPON PHARMA CO., LTD. 17 September 2015 24 March 2016
Pyrazolo-pyrimidines and process for their manufacture CIBA LIMITED 10 May 1961 28 October 1964
後施工アンカー及びその施工方法 細田建設株式会社 27 June 2014 21 January 2016
Amino-heterocyclic compounds PFIZER INC. 26 January 2010 29 July 2010
Selective PDE9A inhibitors as medicaments for the improvement of cognitive processes BOEHRINGER INGELHEIM INTERNATIONAL GMBH 11 August 2003 06 April 2011
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