Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

Heterocycle-substituted bicyclic azole pesticides

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10150782

Application Number

US15/712335

Application Date

22 September 2017

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

FMC CORPORATION

Original Assignee (Applicant)

CLARK, DAVID ALAN,FRAGA, BREENA GLORIANA,ZHANG, WENMING

International Classification

C07D471/04,A01N43/58,A01N43/647,A01N43/76,A01N43/78

Cooperative Classification

C07D513/04,A01N43/52,C07D471/04,C07D417/14,C07D417/04

Inventor

CLARK, DAVID ALAN,FRAGA, BREENA GLORIANA,ZHANG, WENMING

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10150782 Heterocycle-substituted bicyclic azole pesticides 1 US10150782 Heterocycle-substituted bicyclic azole pesticides 2 US10150782 Heterocycle-substituted bicyclic azole pesticides 3
See all images <>

Abstract

Disclosed are compounds of Formula 1, including all geometric and stereoisomers, N-oxides, and salts thereof,

wherein

    • Q is

and A, R1, m, X1, X2, X3, X4, Y1, Y2 and Y3 are as defined in the disclosure. Also disclosed are compositions containing the compounds of Formula 1 and methods for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of a compound or a composition of the invention.

Read more

Claims

1. A compound selected from Formula 1, an N-oxide or salt thereof, wherein

Q is A is CH, CR1 or N; each R1 is independently halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio or C1-C4 haloalkylthio; m is 0, 1, 2 or 3; X1 and X2 are each independently CR2, CR3or N; and X3and X4are each independently CR3or N; provided that one of X1and X2is CR2, and one of X1, X2,X3and X4is N R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7, N(R8)C(═Z)R9, C(═NR10)R11 or Qa; each Z is independently O or S; each R3 is independently H, halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or C1-C4 haloalkoxy; Y2 is CR5a; R5a is H, halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or C1-C4 haloalkoxy; R6 is H, NR15R16, OR17, C(═NR10)R11, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15R16, C(O)R22, S(O)nR23 or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; R7 is H or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; or R6 and R7 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 10-membered ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, said ring being unsubstituted or substituted with up to 4 Rx; or R6 and R7 are taken together as ═S(O)pR18R19 or ═S(═NR20)R18R19; each Rx is independently halogen, cyano, nitro, hydroxy, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 haloalkoxy, C3-C6 cycloalkoxy, C(═NR10)R11, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15R16, OC(O)R22, NR25R26, NR24C(O)R22, C(O)R22, S(O)nR23, Si(R28)3, OSi(R28)3 or Qb; R8 is H, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15R16, C(O)R22, S(O)nR23 or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; R9 is H, C(═NR10)R11, OR21 or NR15R16; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; or phenyl, phenoxy or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; or a 3- to 6-membered heterocyclic non-aromatic ring, each ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 1 carbon atom ring member is independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, each ring being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R10 is independently OR12, S(O)nR13 or NHR14; each R11 is independently H; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one RX; or C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 haloalkoxy, C3-C6 cycloalkoxy, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15R16, NR25R26, NR24C(O)R22, C(O)R22 or Qb; each R12 is independently C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C(O)R22, S(O)nR13 or Qb; each R13 is independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; R14 is C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C(O)R22 or C(O)OR21; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R15 is independently H, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C(O)R27 or S(O)2R27; or phenyl or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R16 is independently H, C1-C6 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or R15 and R16 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 7-membered ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, said ring being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; R17 is C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R18 is independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R19 is independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; or R18 and R19 are taken together with the sulfur atom to which they are attached to form a ring; R20 is H, cyano, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl or C(O)R22; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R21 is independently C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or C3-C6 halocycloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R22 is independently C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or C3-C6 halocycloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R23 is independently C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C3-C6 halocycloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkylalkyl or C3-C6 halocycloalkylalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R24 is independently C1-C4 alkyl; each R25 is independently H, C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R26 is independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; or R25 and R26 are independently taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 7-membered ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, said ring being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R27 is independently C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 haloalkoxy or NR29R30; or phenyl or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R28 is independently C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or phenyl; each R29 is independently H or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each R30 is independently H or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; or R29 and R30 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 10-membered ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, said ring being unsubstituted or substituted with up to 4 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; Qa is a 5- to 10-membered aromatic ring or ring system, each ring or ring system containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 3 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, each ring or ring system being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; or a 3- to 6-membered partially saturated ring, each ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, each ring unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each Qb is independently phenyl, a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring or a 3- to 6-membered heterocyclic non-aromatic ring, each ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, each ring unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; each n is independently 0, 1 or 2; and p is 1 or 2.

2. The compound of claim 1 wherein

A is CH or CF; and m is 0.

3. A composition comprising a compound of claim 1 and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents, said composition optionally further comprising at least one additional biologically active compound or agent.

4. The composition of claim 3 wherein the at least one additional biologically active compound or agent is selected from the group consisting of abamectin, acephate, acequinocyl, acetamiprid, acrinathrin, afidopyropen, amidoflumet, amitraz, avermectin, azadirachtin, azinphos-methyl, benfuracarb, bensultap, bifenthrin, bifenazate, bistrifluron, borate, buprofezin, cadusafos, carbaryl, carbofuran, cartap, carzol, chlorantraniliprole, chlorfenapyr, chlorfluazuron, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, chromafenozide, clofentezin, clothianidin, cyantraniliprole, cyclaniliprole, cycloprothrin, cycloxaprid, cyflumetofen, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, cyromazine, deltamethrin, diafenthiuron, diazinon, dieldrin, diflubenzuron, dimefluthrin, dimehypo, dimethoate, dinotefuran, diofenolan, emamectin, endosulfan, esfenvalerate, ethiprole, etofenprox, etoxazole, fenbutatin oxide, fenitrothion, fenothiocarb, fenoxycarb, fenpropathrin, fenvalerate, fipronil, flometoquin, flonicamid, flubendiamide, flucythrinate, flufenerim, flufenoxuron, flufenoxystrobin, fluensulfone, fluopyram, flupyradifurone, fluvalinate, tau-fluvalinate, fonophos, formetanate, fosthiazate, halofenozide, heptafluthrin, hexaflumuron, hexythiazox, hydramethylnon, imidacloprid, indoxacarb, insecticidal soaps, isofenphos, lufenuron, malathion, meperfluthrin, metaflumizone, metaldehyde, methamidophos, methidathion, methiodicarb, methomyl, methoprene, methoxychlor, methoxyfenozide, metofluthrin, monocrotophos, monofluorothrin, nicotine, nitenpyram, nithiazine, novaluron, noviflumuron, oxamyl, parathion, parathion-methyl, permethrin, phorate, phosalone, phosmet, phosphamidon, pirimicarb, profenofos, profluthrin, propargite, protrifenbute, pyflubumide, pymetrozine, pyrafluprole, pyrethrin, pyridaben, pyridalyl, pyrifluquinazon, pyriminostrobin, pyriprole, pyriproxyfen, rotenone, ryanodine, silafluofen, spinetoram, spinosad, spirodiclofen, spiromesifen, spirotetramat, sulprofos, sulfoxaflor, tebufenozide, tebufenpyrad, teflubenzuron, tefluthrin, terbufos, tetrachlorvinphos, tetramethrin, tetramethylfluthrin, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, thiodicarb, thiosultap-sodium, tioxazafen, tolfenpyrad, tralomethrin, triazamate, trichlorfon, triflumezopyrim, triflumuron, Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins, entomopathogenic bacteria, entomopathogenic viruses and entomopathogenic fungi.

5. The composition of claim 4 wherein the at least one additional biologically active compound or agent is selected from the group consisting of abamectin, acetamiprid, acrinathrin, afidopyropen, amitraz, avermectin, azadirachtin, benfuracarb, bensultap, bifenthrin, buprofezin, cadusafos, carbaryl, cartap, chlorantraniliprole, chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos, clothianidin, cyantraniliprole, cyclaniliprole, cycloprothrin, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, cyromazine, deltamethrin, dieldrin, dinotefuran, diofenolan, emamectin, endosulfan, esfenvalerate, ethiprole, etofenprox, etoxazole, fenitrothion, fenothiocarb, fenoxycarb, fenvalerate, fipronil, flometoquin, flonicamid, flubendiamide, flufenoxuron, flufenoxystrobin, flufensulfone, flupiprole, flupyradifurone, fluvalinate, formetanate, fosthiazate, heptafluthrin, hexaflumuron, hydramethylnon, imidacloprid, indoxacarb, lufenuron, meperfluthrin, metaflumizone, methiodicarb, methomyl, methoprene, methoxyfenozide, metofluthrin, monofluorothrin, nitenpyram, nithiazine, novaluron, oxamyl, pyflubumide, pymetrozine, pyrethrin, pyridaben, pyridalyl, pyriminostrobin, pyriproxyfen, ryanodine, spinetoram, spinosad, spirodiclofen, spiromesifen, spirotetramat, sulfoxaflor, tebufenozide, tetramethrin, tetramethylfluthrin, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, thiodicarb, thiosultap-sodium, tralomethrin, triazamate, triflumezopyrim, triflumuron, Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins, all strains of Bacillus thuringiensis and all strains of nucleo polyhedrosis viruses.

6. A method for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of a compound of claim 1.

7. The method of claim 6 wherein the environment is a plant.

8. The method of claim 6 wherein the environment is an animal.

9. The method of claim 6 wherein the environment is a seed.

10. The method of claim 9 wherein the seed is coated with the compound of claim 1 formulated as a composition comprising a film former or adhesive agent.

11. A treated seed comprising a compound of claim 1 in an amount of from about 0.0001 to 1% by weight of the seed before treatment.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A compound selected from Formula 1, an N-oxide or salt thereof, wherein
    • Q is A is CH, CR1 or N; each R1 is independently halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio or C1-C4 haloalkylthio; m is 0, 1, 2 or 3; X1 and X2 are each independently CR2, CR3or N; and X3and X4are each independently CR3or N; provided that one of X1and X2is CR2, and one of X1, X2,X3and X4is N R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7, N(R8)C(═Z)R9, C(═NR10)R11 or Qa; each Z is independently O or S; each R3 is independently H, halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or C1-C4 haloalkoxy; Y2 is CR5a; R5a is H, halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or C1-C4 haloalkoxy; R6 is H, NR15R16, OR17, C(═NR10)R11, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15R16, C(O)R22, S(O)nR23 or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; R7 is H or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; or R6 and R7 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 10-membered ring containing
    • 2. The compound of claim 1 wherein
      • A is CH or CF; and m is 0.
  • 3
    3. A composition comprising
    • a compound of claim 1 and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents, said composition optionally further comprising at least one additional biologically active compound or agent.
    • 4. The composition of claim 3 wherein
      • the at least one additional biologically active compound or agent is selected from the group consisting of
  • 6
    6. A method for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising
    • contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of a compound of claim 1.
    • 7. The method of claim 6 wherein
      • the environment is a plant.
    • 8. The method of claim 6 wherein
      • the environment is an animal.
    • 9. The method of claim 6 wherein
      • the environment is a seed.
  • 11
    11. A treated seed comprising
    • a compound of claim 1 in an amount of from about 0.0001 to 1% by weight of the seed before treatment.
See all independent claims <>

Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to certain substituted bicyclic azoles, their N-oxides, salts and compositions suitable for agronomic and nonagronomic uses, and methods of their use for controlling invertebrate pests such as arthropods in both agronomic and nonagronomic environments.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The control of invertebrate pests is extremely important in achieving high crop efficiency. Damage by invertebrate pests to growing and stored agronomic crops can cause significant reduction in productivity and thereby result in increased costs to the consumer. The control of invertebrate pests in forestry, greenhouse crops, ornamentals, nursery crops, stored food and fiber products, livestock, household, turf, wood products, and public and animal health is also important. Many products are commercially available for these purposes, but the need continues for new compounds that are more effective, less costly, less toxic, environmentally safer or have different sites of action.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention is directed to compounds of Formula 1 (including all geometric and stereoisomers), N-oxides, and salts thereof, and compositions containing them and their use for controlling invertebrate pests:

wherein

    • Q is

    • A is CH, CR1 or N;
    • each R1 is independently halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 alkylthio or C1-C4 haloalkylthio;
    • m is 0, 1, 2 or 3;
    • X1, X2, X3 and X4 are each independently CR2, CR3 or N, provided that (i) one of X1, X2, X3 and X4 is CR2, and (ii) no more than one of X1, X2, X3 and X4 is N;
    • R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7, N(R8)C(═Z)R9, C(═NR10)R11 or Qa;
    • each Z is independently O or S;
    • each R3 is independently H, halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • Y1 is O, S or NR4;
    • Y2 is N or CR5a;
    • Y3 is N or CR5b;
    • R4 is H or C1-C4 alkyl;
    • R5a is H, halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • R5b is H, halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • R6 is H, NR15R16, OR17, C(═NR10)R11, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15R16, C(O)R22, S(O)nR23 or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx;
    • R7 is H or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; or
    • R6 and R7 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 10-membered ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, said ring being unsubstituted or substituted with up to 4 Rx; or
    • R6 and R7 are taken together as ═S(O)pR18R19 or ═S(═NR20)R18R19;
    • each Rx is independently halogen, cyano, nitro, hydroxy, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 haloalkoxy, C3-C6 cycloalkoxy, C(═NR10)R11, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15-R16, OC(O)R22, NR25R26, NR24C(O)R22, S(O)nR23, Si(R28)3, OSi(R28)3 or Qb;
    • R8 is H, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15R16, C(O)R22, S(O)nR23 or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx;
    • R9 is H, C(═NR10)R11, OR21 or NR15R16; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; or phenyl, phenoxy or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; or a 3- to 6-membered heterocyclic non-aromatic ring, each ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 1 carbon atom ring member is independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, each ring being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R10 is independently OR12, S(O)nR13 or NHR14;
    • each R11 is independently H; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; or C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 haloalkoxy, C3-C6 cycloalkoxy, C(O)OR21, C(O)NR15R16, NR25R26, NR24C(O)R22, C(O)R22 or Qb;
    • each R12 is independently C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C(O)R22, S(O)nR13 or Qb;
    • each R13 is independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl;
    • R14 is C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C(O)R22 or C(O)OR21; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R15 is independently H, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C(O)R27 or S(O)2R27; or phenyl or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R16 is independently H, C1-C6 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or
    • R15 and R16 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 7-membered ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, said ring being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • R17 is C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R18 is independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R19 is independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; or
    • R18 and R19 are taken together with the sulfur atom to which they are attached to form a ring;
    • R20 is H, cyano, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl or C(O)R22; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R21 is independently C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or C3-C6 halocycloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R22 is independently C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or C3-C6 halocycloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R23 is independently C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C3-C6 halocycloalkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkylalkyl or C3-C6 halocycloalkylalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R24 is independently C1-C4 alkyl;
    • each R25 is independently H, C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R26 is independently C1-C4 alkyl or C1-C4 haloalkyl; or phenyl, unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; or
    • R25 and R26 are independently taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 7-membered ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, said ring being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R27 is independently C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 haloalkoxy or NR29R30; or phenyl or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R28 is independently C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or phenyl;
    • each R29 is independently H or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each R30 is independently H or Qb; or C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C6 alkenyl or C2-C6 alkynyl, each unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy; or
    • R29 and R30 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a 3- to 10-membered ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, said ring being unsubstituted or substituted with up to 4 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • Qa is a 5- to 10-membered aromatic ring or ring system, each ring or ring system containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 3 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, each ring or ring system being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx; or a 3- to 6-membered partially saturated ring, each ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, each ring unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each Qb is independently phenyl, a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring or a 3- to 6-membered heterocyclic non-aromatic ring, each ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 2 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 2 nitrogen atoms, wherein up to 2 carbon atom ring members are independently selected from C(═O) and C(═S) and the sulfur atom ring member is selected from S, S(O) or S(O)2, each ring unsubstituted or substituted with at least one substituent independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy and C1-C4 haloalkoxy;
    • each n is independently 0, 1 or 2; and
    • p is 1 or 2.

This invention also provides a composition comprising a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents. In one embodiment, this invention also provides a composition for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents, said composition optionally further comprising at least one additional biologically active compound or agent.

This invention further provides a spray composition for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, or the compositions described above, and a propellant. This invention also provides a bait composition for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, or the compositions described in the embodiments above, one or more food materials, optionally an attractant, and optionally a humectant.

This invention further provides a trap device for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising said bait composition and a housing adapted to receive said bait composition, wherein the housing has at least one opening sized to permit the invertebrate pest to pass through the opening so the invertebrate pest can gain access to said bait composition from a location outside the housing, and wherein the housing is further adapted to be placed in or near a locus of potential or known activity for the invertebrate pest.

This invention provides a method for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, (e.g., as a composition described herein). This invention also relates to such method wherein the invertebrate pest or its environment is contacted with a composition comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents, said composition optionally further comprising a biologically effective amount of at least one additional biologically active compound or agent.

This invention also provides a method for protecting a seed from an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the seed with a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, (e.g., as a composition described herein). This invention also relates to the treated seed. This invention further provides a method for protecting an animal from an invertebrate parasitic pest comprising administering to the animal a parasiticidally effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, (e.g., as a composition described herein). This invention also provides for the use of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, (e.g., as a composition described herein) in protecting an animal from an invertebrate pest.

This invention also provides a method for increasing vigor of a crop plant comprising contacting the crop plant, the seed from which the crop plant is grown or the locus (e.g., growth medium) of the crop plant with a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1 (e.g., as a composition described herein).

DETAILS OF THE INVENTION

As used herein, the terms “comprises,”“comprising,”“includes,”“including,”“has,”“having,”“contains”, “containing,”“characterized by” or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, subject to any limitation explicitly indicated. For example, a composition, mixture, process or method that comprises a list of elements is not necessarily limited to only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such composition, mixture, process or method.

The transitional phrase “consisting of” excludes any element, step, or ingredient not specified. If in the claim, such would close the claim to the inclusion of materials other than those recited except for impurities ordinarily associated therewith. When the phrase “consisting of” appears in a clause of the body of a claim, rather than immediately following the preamble, it limits only the element set forth in that clause; other elements are not excluded from the claim as a whole.

The transitional phrase “consisting essentially of” is used to define a composition or method that includes materials, steps, features, components, or elements, in addition to those literally disclosed, provided that these additional materials, steps, features, components, or elements do not materially affect the basic and novel characteristic(s) of the claimed invention. The term “consisting essentially of” occupies a middle ground between “comprising” and “consisting of”.

Where applicants have defined an invention or a portion thereof with an open-ended term such as “comprising,” it should be readily understood that (unless otherwise stated) the description should be interpreted to also describe such an invention using the terms “consisting essentially of” or “consisting of.”

Further, unless expressly stated to the contrary, “or” refers to an inclusive or and not to an exclusive or. For example, a condition A or B is satisfied by any one of the following: A is true (or present) and B is false (or not present), A is false (or not present) and B is true (or present), and both A and B are true (or present).

Also, the indefinite articles “a” and “an” preceding an element or component of the invention are intended to be nonrestrictive regarding the number of instances (i.e. occurrences) of the element or component. Therefore “a” or “an” should be read to include one or at least one, and the singular word form of the element or component also includes the plural unless the number is obviously meant to be singular.

As referred to in this disclosure, the term “invertebrate pest” includes arthropods, gastropods, nematodes and helminths of economic importance as pests. The term “arthropod” includes insects, mites, spiders, scorpions, centipedes, millipedes, pill bugs and symphylans. The term “gastropod” includes snails, slugs and other Stylommatophora. The term “nematode” includes members of the phylum Nematoda, such as phytophagous nematodes and helminth nematodes parasitizing animals. The term “helminth” includes all of the parasitic worms, such as roundworms (phylum Nematoda), heartworms (phylum Nematoda, class Secernentea), flukes (phylum Platyhelminthes, class Tematoda), acanthocephalans (phylum Acanthocephala), and tapeworms (phylum Platyhelminthes, class Cestoda).

In the context of this disclosure “invertebrate pest control” means inhibition of invertebrate pest development (including mortality, feeding reduction, and/or mating disruption), and related expressions are defined analogously.

The term “agronomic” refers to the production of field crops such as for food and fiber and includes the growth of maize or corn, soybeans and other legumes, rice, cereal (e.g., wheat, oats, barley, rye and rice), leafy vegetables (e.g., lettuce, cabbage, and other cole crops), fruiting vegetables (e.g., tomatoes, pepper, eggplant, crucifers and cucurbits), potatoes, sweet potatoes, grapes, cotton, tree fruits (e.g., pome, stone and citrus), small fruit (e.g., berries and cherries) and other specialty crops (e.g., canola, sunflower and olives).

The term “nonagronomic” refers to other than field crops, such as horticultural crops (e.g., greenhouse, nursery or ornamental plants not grown in a field), residential, agricultural, commercial and industrial structures, turf (e.g., sod farm, pasture, golf course, lawn, sports field, etc.), wood products, stored product, agro-forestry and vegetation management, public health (i.e. human) and animal health (e.g., domesticated animals such as pets, livestock and poultry, undomesticated animals such as wildlife) applications.

The term “crop vigor” refers to rate of growth or biomass accumulation of a crop plant. An “increase in vigor” refers to an increase in growth or biomass accumulation in a crop plant relative to an untreated control crop plant. The term “crop yield” refers to the return on crop material, in terms of both quantity and quality, obtained after harvesting a crop plant. An “increase in crop yield” refers to an increase in crop yield relative to an untreated control crop plant.

The term “biologically effective amount” refers to the amount of a biologically active compound (e.g., a compound of Formula 1) sufficient to produce the desired biological effect when applied to (i.e. contacted with) an invertebrate pest to be controlled or its environment, or to a plant, the seed from which the plant is grown, or the locus of the plant (e.g., growth medium) to protect the plant from injury by the invertebrate pest or for other desired effect (e.g., increasing plant vigor).

The position of the variable R1 in the structure of Formula 1 is described by the numbering system shown below.

A wavy line in a structure fragment denotes the attachment point of the fragment to the remainder of the molecule. For example, when the variable Q in Formula 1 is defined as Q-1, the wavy line bisecting the bond in Q-1 means that Q-1 is attached to the remainder of the structure of Formula 1 at said position, as shown below.

In structures Q-1, Q-2, Q-3 and Q-4, the variables X1, X2, X3 and X4 are defined as each being independently CR2, CR3 or N, provided that (i) one of X1, X2, X3 and X4 is CR2, and (ii) no more than one of X1, X2, X3 and X4 is N. This definition of X1, X2, X3 and X4 describes sixteen possible combinations of X1, X2, X3 and X4, shown in the table below.


Combination
X1
X2
X3
X4
1
CR2
CR3
CR3
CR3
2
CR2
N
CR3
CR3
3
CR2
CR3
N
CR3
4
CR2
CR3
CR3
N
5
CR3
CR2
CR3
CR3
6
N
CR2
CR3
CR3
7
CR3
CR2
N
CR3
8
CR3
CR2
CR3
N
9
CR3
CR3
CR2
CR3
10
N
CR3
CR2
CR3
11
CR3
N
CR2
CR3
12
CR3
CR3
CR2
N
13
CR3
CR3
CR3
CR2
14
N
CR3
CR3
CR2
15
CR3
N
CR3
CR2
16
CR3
CR3
N
CR2

In the above recitations, the term “alkyl”, used either alone or in compound words such as “alkylthio” or “haloalkyl” includes straight-chain or branched alkyl, such as, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, i-propyl, or the different butyl, pentyl or hexyl isomers. “Alkenyl” includes straight-chain or branched alkenes such as ethenyl, 1-propenyl, 2-propenyl, and the different butenyl, pentenyl and hexenyl isomers. “Alkenyl” also includes polyenes such as 1,2-propadienyl and 2,4-hexadienyl. “Alkynyl” includes straight-chain or branched alkynes such as ethynyl, 1-propynyl, 2-propynyl and the different butynyl, pentynyl and hexynyl isomers. “Alkynyl” can also include moieties comprised of multiple triple bonds such as 2,5-hexadiynyl.

“Alkoxy” includes, for example, methoxy, ethoxy, n-propyloxy, isopropyloxy and the different butoxy, pentoxy and hexyloxy isomers. “Alkylthio” includes branched or straight-chain alkylthio moieties such as methylthio, ethylthio, and the different propylthio, butylthio, pentylthio and hexylthio isomers.

“Cycloalkyl” includes, for example, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl.

The term “halogen”, either alone or in compound words such as “haloalkyl”, or when used in descriptions such as “alkyl substituted with halogen” includes fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine. Further, when used in compound words such as “haloalkyl”, or when used in descriptions such as “alkyl substituted with halogen” said alkyl may be partially or fully substituted with halogen atoms which may be the same or different. Examples of “haloalkyl” or “alkyl substituted with halogen” include F3C—, ClCH2—, CF3CH2— and CF3CCl2—. The terms “halocycloalkyl”, “haloalkoxy”, “haloalkylthio”, “haloalkenyl”, “haloalkynyl”, and the like, are defined analogously to the term “haloalkyl”. Examples of “haloalkoxy” include CF3O—, CCl3CH2O—, HCF2CH2CH2O— and CF3CH2O—. Examples of “haloalkylthio” include CCl3S—, CF3S—, CCl3CH2S— and ClCH2CH2CH2S—.

The chemical abbreviations S(O) and S(═O) as used herein represent a sulfinyl moiety. The chemical abbreviations SO2, S(O)2 and S(═O)2 as used herein represent a sulfonyl moiety. The chemical abbreviations C(O) and C(═O) as used herein represent a carbonyl moiety. The chemical abbreviations CO2, C(O)O and C(═O)O as used herein represent an oxycarbonyl moiety. “CHO” means formyl.

The total number of carbon atoms in a substituent group is indicated by the “Ci-Cj” prefix where i and j are numbers from 1 to 6. For example, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl designates methylsulfonyl through butylsulfonyl; C2 alkoxyalkyl designates CH3OCH2—; C3 alkoxyalkyl designates, for example, CH3CH(OCH3)—, CH3OCH2CH2— or CH3CH2OCH2—; and C4 alkoxyalkyl designates the various isomers of an alkyl group substituted with an alkoxy group containing a total of four carbon atoms, examples including CH3CH2CH2OCH2— and CH3CH2OCH2CH2—.

When a compound is substituted with a substituent bearing a subscript that indicates the number of said substituents can exceed 1, said substituents (when they exceed 1) are independently selected from the group of defined substituents, e.g., (R1)m, m is 0, 1, 2 or 3. Further, when the subscript indicates a range, e.g. (R)i-j, then the number of substituents may be selected from the integers between i and j inclusive. When a group contains a substituent which can be hydrogen, for example R3 or R4, then when this substituent is taken as hydrogen, it is recognized that this is equivalent to said group being unsubstituted. When a variable group is shown to be optionally attached to a position, for example (R1)m wherein m may be 0, then hydrogen may be at the position even if not recited in the variable group definition. When one or more positions on a group are said to be “not substituted” or “unsubstituted”, then hydrogen atoms are attached to take up any free valency.

Unless otherwise indicated, a “ring” or “ring system” as a component of Formula 1 (e.g., substituent Qa) is carbocyclic or heterocyclic. The term “ring system” denotes two or more fused rings. The terms “bicyclic ring system” and “fused bicyclic ring system” denote a ring system consisting of two fused rings, which can be “ortho-fused”, “bridged bicyclic” or “spirobicyclic”. An “ortho-fused bicyclic ring system” denotes a ring system wherein the two constituent rings have two adjacent atoms in common. A “bridged bicyclic ring system” is formed by bonding a segment of one or more atoms to nonadjacent ring members of a ring. A “spirobicyclic ring system” is formed by bonding a segment of two or more atoms to the same ring member of a ring. The term “fused heterobicyclic ring system” denotes a fused bicyclic ring system in which at least one ring atom is not carbon. The term “ring member” refers to an atom or other moiety (e.g., C(═O), C(═S), S(O) or S(O)2) forming the backbone of a ring or ring system.

The terms “carbocyclic ring”, “carbocycle” or “carbocyclic ring system” denote a ring or ring system wherein the atoms forming the ring backbone are selected only from carbon. The terms “heterocyclic ring”, “heterocycle” or “heterocyclic ring system” denote a ring or ring system in which at least one atom forming the ring backbone is not carbon, e.g., nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur. Typically a heterocyclic ring contains no more than 4 nitrogens, no more than 2 oxygens and no more than 2 sulfurs. Unless otherwise indicated, a carbocyclic ring or heterocyclic ring can be a saturated or unsaturated ring. “Saturated” refers to a ring having a backbone consisting of atoms linked to one another by single bonds; unless otherwise specified, the remaining atom valences are occupied by hydrogen atoms. Unless otherwise stated, an “unsaturated ring” may be partially unsaturated or fully unsaturated. The expression “fully unsaturated ring” means a ring of atoms in which the bonds between atoms in the ring are single or double bonds according to valence bond theory and furthermore the bonds between atoms in the ring include as many double bonds as possible without double bonds being cumulative (i.e. no C═C═C or C═C═N). The term “partially unsaturated ring” denotes a ring comprising at least one ring member bonded to an adjacent ring member through a double bond and which conceptually potentially accommodates a number of non-cumulated double bonds between adjacent ring members (i.e. in its fully unsaturated counterpart form) greater than the number of double bonds present (i.e. in its partially unsaturated form).

Unless otherwise indicated, heterocyclic rings and ring systems can be attached through any available carbon or nitrogen by replacement of a hydrogen on said carbon or nitrogen.

“Aromatic” indicates that each of the ring atoms is essentially in the same plane and has a p-orbital perpendicular to the ring plane, and in which (4n+2) π electrons, where n is a positive integer, are associated with the ring to comply with Hückel's rule. The term “aromatic ring system” denotes a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring system in which at least one ring of the ring system is aromatic. When a fully unsaturated carbocyclic ring satisfies Hickeys rule, then said ring is also called an “aromatic ring” or “aromatic carbocyclic ring”. The term “aromatic carbocyclic ring system” denotes a carbocyclic ring system in which at least one ring of the ring system is aromatic. When a fully unsaturated heterocyclic ring satisfies Hückel's rule, then said ring is also called a “heteroaromatic ring”, “aromatic heterocyclic ring” or “heterocyclic aromatic ring”. The term “aromatic heterocyclic ring system” denotes a heterocyclic ring system in which at least one ring of the ring system is aromatic. The term “nonaromatic ring system” denotes a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring system that may be fully saturated, as well as partially or fully unsaturated, provided that none of the rings in the ring system are aromatic. The term “nonaromatic carbocyclic ring system” denotes a carbocyclic ring in which no ring in the ring system is aromatic. The term “nonaromatic heterocyclic ring system” denotes a heterocyclic ring system in which no ring in the ring system is aromatic.

The term “optionally substituted” in connection with the heterocyclic rings refers to groups which are unsubstituted or have at least one non-hydrogen substituent that does not extinguish the biological activity possessed by the unsubstituted analog. As used herein, the following definitions shall apply unless otherwise indicated. The term “optionally substituted” is used interchangeably with the phrase “substituted or unsubstituted” or with the term “(un)substituted.” Unless otherwise indicated, an optionally substituted group may have a substituent at each substitutable position of the group, and each substitution is independent of the other.

When a substituent is a 5- or 6-membered nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring, it may be attached to the remainder of Formula 1 though any available carbon or nitrogen ring atom, unless otherwise described. As noted above, Qa can be (among others) phenyl optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from a group of substituents as defined in the Summary of Invention. An example of phenyl optionally substituted with one to five substituents is the ring illustrated as U-1 in Exhibit 1, wherein Rv is Rx as defined in the Summary of the Invention for Qa and r is an integer from 0 to 5.

As noted above, Qb can be (among others) a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic aromatic ring, optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from a group of substituents as defined in the Summary of Invention. Examples of a 5- or 6-membered unsaturated aromatic heterocyclic ring optionally substituted with from one or more substituents include the rings U-2 through U-61 illustrated in Exhibit 1 wherein Rv is any substituent as defined in the Summary of the Invention for Qb and r is an integer from 0 to 4, limited by the number of available positions on each U group. As U-29, U-30, U-36, U-37, U-38, U-39, U-40, U-41, U-42 and U-43 have only one available position, for these U groups r is limited to the integers 0 or 1, and r being 0 means that the U group is unsubstituted and a hydrogen is present at the position indicated by (Rv)r.

As noted above, Qa can be (among others) an 8-, 9- or 10-membered ortho-fused bicyclic ring system optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from a group of substituents as defined in the Summary of Invention. Examples of 8-, 9- or 10-membered ortho-fused bicyclic ring system optionally substituted with from one or more substituents include the rings U-81 through U-123 illustrated in Exhibit 3 wherein Rv is any substituent as defined in the Summary of the Invention for Qa, and r is typically an integer from 0 to 4.

Although Rv groups are shown in the structures U-1 through U-123, it is noted that they do not need to be present since they are optional substituents. Note that when Rv is H when attached to an atom, this is the same as if said atom is unsubstituted. The nitrogen atoms that require substitution to fill their valence are substituted with H or Rv. Note that when the attachment point between (Rv)r and the U group is illustrated as floating, (Rv)r can be attached to any available carbon atom or nitrogen atom of the U group. Note that when the attachment point on the U group is illustrated as floating, the U group can be attached to the remainder of Formula 1 through any available carbon or nitrogen of the U group by replacement of a hydrogen atom. Note that some U groups can only be substituted with less than 4 Rv groups (e.g., U-2 through U-5, U-7 through U-48, and U-52 through U-61).

A wide variety of synthetic methods are known in the art to enable preparation of aromatic and nonaromatic heterocyclic rings and ring systems; for extensive reviews see the eight volume set of Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry, A. R. Katritzky and C. W. Rees editors-in-chief, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1984 and the twelve volume set of Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry II, A. R. Katritzky, C. W. Rees and E. F. V. Scriven editors-in-chief, Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1996.

Compounds of this invention can exist as one or more stereoisomers. Stereoisomers ware isomers of identical constitution but differing in the arrangement of their atoms in space and include enantiomers, diastereomers, cis-trans isomers (also known as geometric isomers) and atropisomers. Atropisomers result from restricted rotation about single bonds where the rotational barrier is high enough to permit isolation of the isomeric species. One skilled in the art will appreciate that one stereoisomer may be more active and/or may exhibit beneficial effects when enriched relative to the other stereoisomer(s) or when separated from the other stereoisomer(s). Additionally, the skilled artisan knows how to separate, enrich, and/or to selectively prepare said stereoisomers. For a comprehensive discussion of all aspects of stereoisomerism, see Ernest L. Eliel and Samuel H. Wilen, Stereochemistry of Organic Compounds, John Wiley & Sons, 1994.

This invention comprises all stereoisomers, conformational isomers and mixtures thereof in all proportions as well as isotopic forms such as deuterated compounds.

One skilled in the art will appreciate that not all nitrogen-containing heterocycles can form N-oxides since the nitrogen requires an available lone pair for oxidation to the oxide; one skilled in the art will recognize those nitrogen-containing heterocycles which can form N-oxides. One skilled in the art will also recognize that tertiary amines can form N-oxides. Synthetic methods for the preparation of N-oxides of heterocycles and tertiary amines are very well known by one skilled in the art including the oxidation of heterocycles and tertiary amines with peroxy acids such as peracetic and 3-chloroperbenzoic acid (MCPBA), hydrogen peroxide, alkyl hydroperoxides such as t-butyl hydroperoxide, sodium perborate, and dioxiranes such as dimethyldioxirane. These methods for the preparation of N-oxides have been extensively described and reviewed in the literature, see for example: T. L. Gilchrist in Comprehensive Organic Synthesis, vol. 7, pp 748-750, S. V. Ley, Ed., Pergamon Press; M. Tisler and B. Stanovnik in Comprehensive Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 3, pp 18-20, A. J. Boulton and A. McKillop, Eds., Pergamon Press; M. R. Grimmett and B. R. T. Keene in Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 43, pp 149-161, A. R. Katritzky, Ed., Academic Press; M. Tisler and B. Stanovnik in Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 9, pp 285-291, A. R. Katritzky and A. J. Boulton, Eds., Academic Press; and G. W. H. Cheeseman and E. S. G. Werstiuk in Advances in Heterocyclic Chemistry, vol. 22, pp 390-392, A. R. Katritzky and A. J. Boulton, Eds., Academic Press.

One skilled in the art recognizes that because in the environment and under physiological conditions salts of chemical compounds are in equilibrium with their corresponding nonsalt forms, salts share the biological utility of the nonsalt forms. Thus a wide variety of salts of the compounds of Formula 1 are useful for control of invertebrate pests. The salts of the compounds of Formula 1 include acid-addition salts with inorganic or organic acids such as hydrobromic, hydrochloric, nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric, acetic, butyric, fumaric, lactic, maleic, malonic, oxalic, propionic, salicylic, tartaric, 4-toluenesulfonic or valeric acids. When a compound of Formula 1 contains an acidic moiety such as a carboxylic acid or phenol, salts also include those formed with organic or inorganic bases such as pyridine, triethylamine or ammonia, or amides, hydrides, hydroxides or carbonates of sodium, potassium, lithium, calcium, magnesium or barium. Accordingly, the present invention comprises compounds selected from Formula 1, N-oxides and suitable salts thereof.

Compounds selected from Formula 1, stereoisomers, tautomers, N-oxides, and salts thereof, typically exist in more than one form, and Formula 1 thus includes all crystalline and non-crystalline forms of the compounds that Formula 1 represents. Non-crystalline forms include embodiments which are solids such as waxes and gums as well as embodiments which are liquids such as solutions and melts. Crystalline forms include embodiments which represent essentially a single crystal type and embodiments which represent a mixture of polymorphs (i.e. different crystalline types). The term “polymorph” refers to a particular crystalline form of a chemical compound that can crystallize in different crystalline forms, these forms having different arrangements and/or conformations of the molecules in the crystal lattice. Although polymorphs can have the same chemical composition, they can also differ in composition due to the presence or absence of co-crystallized water or other molecules, which can be weakly or strongly bound in the lattice. Polymorphs can differ in such chemical, physical and biological properties as crystal shape, density, hardness, color, chemical stability, melting point, hygroscopicity, suspensibility, dissolution rate and biological availability. One skilled in the art will appreciate that a polymorph of a compound represented by Formula 1 can exhibit beneficial effects (e.g., suitability for preparation of useful formulations, improved biological performance) relative to another polymorph or a mixture of polymorphs of the same compound represented by Formula 1. Preparation and isolation of a particular polymorph of a compound represented by Formula 1 can be achieved by methods known to those skilled in the art including, for example, crystallization using selected solvents and temperatures. Compounds of this invention may exist as one or more crystalline polymorphs. This invention comprises both individual polymorphs and mixtures of polymorphs, including mixtures enriched in one polymorph relative to others. For a comprehensive discussion of polymorphism see R. Hilfiker, Ed., Polymorphism In the Pharmaceutical Industry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2006.

Embodiments of the present invention as described in the Summary of the Invention include those described below. In the following Embodiments, reference to “a compound of Formula 1” includes the definitions of substituents specified in the Summary of the Invention unless further defined in the Embodiments.

Embodiment 1

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1, Q-2 or Q-3.

Embodiment 2

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1, Q-2 or Q-3, and Y3 is CR5b.

Embodiment 3

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1 or Q-2.

Embodiment 4

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1.

Embodiment 5

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1, and Y1 is O or S.

Embodiment 6

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1, and Y1 is S.

Embodiment 7

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1, and Y1 is O.

Embodiment 8

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-2.

Embodiment 9

A compound of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-2, and Y2 is CR5a.

Embodiment 10

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-9 wherein A is CH, CR1 or N, and R1 is halogen.

Embodiment 11

A compound of Embodiment 10 wherein A is CH, CF or N.

    • Embodiment 11a. A compound of Embodiment 10 wherein A is CF or N.

Embodiment 12

A compound of Embodiment 10 wherein A is CH or CF.

Embodiment 13

A compound of Embodiment 10 wherein A is CH.

Embodiment 14

A compound of Embodiment 10 wherein A is N.

    • Embodiment 15. A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-9 wherein m is 1, and R1 is C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy or halogen.

Embodiment 16

A compound of Embodiment 15 wherein R1 is CF3, OMe, Me, or F.

Embodiment 17

A compound of Embodiment 16 wherein R1 is CF3, OMe, Me, or F, and is in the 4-position.

Embodiment 18

A compound of Embodiment 17 wherein R1 is CF3, and is in the 4-position.

Embodiment 19

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-9 wherein m is 0.

Embodiment 20

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-19 wherein X1 is CR2, and X2, X3 and X4 are each independently CR3; or X2 is CR2, and X1, X3 and X4 are each independently CR3.

Embodiment 21

A compound of Embodiment 20 wherein X1 is CR2, and X2, X3 and X4 are each independently CR3.

Embodiment 22

A compound of Embodiment 20 wherein X2 is CR2, and X1, X3 and X4 are each independently CR3.

Embodiment 23

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-22 wherein each R3 is independently H or halogen.

Embodiment 24

A compound of Embodiment 23 wherein each R3 is independently H or F.

Embodiment 25

A compound of Embodiment 24 wherein each R3 is H.

Embodiment 26

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7, C(═NR10)R11 or Qa.

Embodiment 27

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═NR10)R11.

Embodiment 28

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═NR10)R11; R10 is C1-C4 alkoxy; and R11 is C1-C4 alkyl substituted with S(O)nR23.

Embodiment 29

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7 or Qa.

Embodiment 30

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7.

Embodiment 31

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═O)NR6R7.

Embodiment 32

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═S)NR6R7.

Embodiment 33

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═O)NR6R7; and R6 is H, C(O)OR21, C(O)R22 or C1-C6 alkyl.

Embodiment 35

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═O)NR6R7; and R6 is H, C(O)OMe, C(O)Me or methyl.

Embodiment 36

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═O)NR6R7; and R6 is H.

    • Embodiment 36a. A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═O)NR6R7; and R6 is C(O)OMe.
    • Embodiment 36b. A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═O)NR6R7; and R6 is C(O)Me.
    • Embodiment 36c. A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is C(═O)NR6R7; and R6 is methyl.

Embodiment 37

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is Qa.

Embodiment 38

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is Qa; and Qa is a 5- or 6-membered aromatic ring, each ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 3 nitrogen atoms, each ring being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx.

Embodiment 39

A compound of Formula 1 or any of Embodiments 1-25 wherein R2 is Qa; and Qa is a 5- or 6-membered heteroaromatic ring, each ring containing ring members selected from carbon atoms and up to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from one oxygen atom, one sulfur atom, and up to 3 nitrogen atoms, each ring being unsubstituted or substituted with at least one Rx.

Embodiment 40

A compound of Embodiment 39 wherein the heteroaromatic ring is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring.

Embodiment 41

A compound of Embodiment 40 wherein the heteroaromatic ring is a 5-membered heteroaromatic ring having a nitrogen atom at the 2-position.

Embodiment 42

A compound of Embodiment 39 wherein the heteroaromatic ring is a 6-membered heteroaromatic ring.

Embodiment 43

A compound of Embodiment 42 wherein the heteroaromatic ring is a 6-membered heteroaromatic ring having a nitrogen atom at the 2-position.

Embodiment 44

A compound of Embodiment 43 wherein the heteroaromatic ring is a 6-membered heteroaromatic ring having a nitrogen atom at the 2-position and substituted with C1-C4 haloalkyl.

Embodiment 45

A compound of Embodiment 44 wherein the heteroaromatic ring is a 6-membered heteroaromatic ring having a nitrogen atom at the 2-position and substituted with CF3.

Embodiments of this invention, including Embodiments 1-45 above as well as any other embodiments described herein, can be combined in any manner, and the descriptions of variables in the embodiments pertain not only to the compounds of Formula 1 but also to the starting compounds and intermediate compounds useful for preparing the compounds of Formula 1. In addition, embodiments of this invention, including Embodiments 1-45 above as well as any other embodiments described herein, and any combination thereof, pertain to the compositions and methods of the present invention.

Combinations of Embodiments 1-45 are illustrated by:

Embodiment A

A compound of Formula 1 wherein

    • X1 is CR2, and X2, X3 and X4 are each independently CR3; or X2 is CR2, and X1, X3 and X4 are each independently CR3.

Embodiment B

A compound of Embodiment A wherein

    • Q is Q-1 or Q-2.

Embodiment C

A compound of Embodiment B wherein

    • Q is Q-1; and
    • Y1 is O or S.

Embodiment D

A compound of Embodiment C wherein

    • Q is Q-2; and
    • Y2 is CR5a.

Embodiment E

A compound of any of Embodiments A-D wherein

    • A is CH or CF; and
    • m is 0.

Embodiment F

A compound of Formula 1 wherein

    • A is CH or CF;
    • m is 0;
    • Q is Q-2;
    • Y2 is CR5a;
    • X1 is CR2 and X2, X3 and X4 are each CH; or X2 is CR2 and X1, X3 and X4 are CH;
    • R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7 or Qa.

Embodiment G

A compound of Formula 1 wherein

    • A is CH or CF;
    • m is 0;
    • Q is Q-2;
    • Y2 is CR5a;
    • X1 is CR2 and X2, X3 and X4 are each CH;
    • R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7 or Qa.

Embodiment H

A compound of Formula 1 wherein

    • A is CH or CF;
    • m is 0;
    • Q is Q-2;
    • Y2 is CR5a;
    • X2 is CR2 and X1, X3 and X4 are CH;
    • R2 is C(═Z)NR6R7 or Qa.

Embodiment I

A compound of Formula 1 wherein

    • A is CH;
    • m is 0;
    • Q is Q-2;
    • Y2 is CR5a;
    • R5a is H;
    • X1 is CR2 and X2, X3 and X4 are each CH; or X2 is CR2 and X1, X3 and X4 are CH;
    • R2 is C(O)NR6R7; and
    • R6 is H.

Embodiment J

A compound of Formula 1 wherein

    • A is CH;
    • m is 0;
    • Q is Q-2;
    • Y2 is CR5a;
    • R5a is H;
    • X1 is CR2 and X2, X3 and X4 are each CH;
    • R2 is C(O)NR6R7; and
    • R6 is H.

Embodiment K

A compound of Formula 1 wherein

    • A is CH;
    • m is 0;
    • Q is Q-2;
    • Y2 is CR5a;
    • R5a is H;
    • X2 is CR2 and X1, X3 and X4 are CH;
    • R2 is C(O)NR6R7; and
    • R6 is H.

Specific embodiments include compounds of Formula 1 selected from the group consisting of (compound numbers refer to Index Tables A-N):

  • N-(1-methylethyl)-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-4-carboxamide (compound 8);
  • N-cyclopropyl-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-4-carboxamide (compound 14);
  • N-cyclohexyl-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-4-carboxamide (compound 16);
  • 2-(3-pyridinyl)-N-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-2H-indazole-4-carboxamide (compound 19);
  • 2-(3-pyridinyl)-N-[(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)methyl]-2H-indazole-5-carboxamide (compound 41);
  • methyl 2-[[2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazol-5-yl]carbonyl]hydrazinecarboxylate (compound 42);
  • N-[(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)methyl]-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-5-carboxamide (compound 51);
  • N-(2,2-difluoropropyl)-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-5-carboxamide (compound 54);
  • 2-(3-pyridinyl)-N-(2-pyrimidinylmethyl)-2H-indazole-5-carboxamide (compound 55); and
  • N-[(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)methyl]-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-5-carboxamide (compound 76).

Of note is that compounds of this invention are characterized by favorable metabolic and/or soil residual patterns and exhibit activity controlling a spectrum of agronomic and nonagronomic invertebrate pests.

Of particular note, for reasons of invertebrate pest control spectrum and economic importance, protection of agronomic crops from damage or injury caused by invertebrate pests by controlling invertebrate pests are embodiments of the invention. Compounds of this invention because of their favorable translocation properties or systemicity in plants also protect foliar or other plant parts which are not directly contacted with a compound of Formula 1 or a composition comprising the compound.

Also noteworthy as embodiments of the present invention are compositions comprising a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments, as well as any other embodiments described herein, and any combinations thereof, and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of a surfactant, a solid diluent and a liquid diluent, said compositions optionally further comprising at least one additional biologically active compound or agent.

Further noteworthy as embodiments of the present invention are compositions for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments, as well as any other embodiments described herein, and any combinations thereof, and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of a surfactant, a solid diluent and a liquid diluent, said compositions optionally further comprising at least one additional biologically active compound or agent. Embodiments of the invention further include methods for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments (e.g., as a composition described herein).

Embodiments of the invention also include a composition comprising a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments, in the form of a soil drench liquid formulation. Embodiments of the invention further include methods for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the soil with a liquid composition as a soil drench comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments.

Embodiments of the invention also include a spray composition for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments and a propellant. Embodiments of the invention further include a bait composition for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments, one or more food materials, optionally an attractant, and optionally a humectant. Embodiments of the invention also include a device for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising said bait composition and a housing adapted to receive said bait composition, wherein the housing has at least one opening sized to permit the invertebrate pest to pass through the opening so the invertebrate pest can gain access to said bait composition from a location outside the housing, and wherein the housing is further adapted to be placed in or near a locus of potential or known activity for the invertebrate pest.

Embodiments of the invention also include methods for protecting a seed from an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the seed with a biologically effective amount of a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments.

Embodiments of the invention also include methods for protecting an animal from an invertebrate parasitic pest comprising administering to the animal a parasiticidally effective amount of a compound of any of the preceding Embodiments.

Embodiments of the invention also include methods for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, (e.g., as a composition described herein), provided that the methods are not methods of medical treatment of a human or animal body by therapy.

This invention also relates to such methods wherein the invertebrate pest or its environment is contacted with a composition comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, and at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents, said composition optionally further comprising a biologically effective amount of at least one additional biologically active compound or agent, provided that the methods are not methods of medical treatment of a human or animal body by therapy.

One or more of the following methods and variations as described in Schemes 1-13 can be used to prepare the compounds of Formula 1. The definitions of substituents in the compounds of Formulae 1-23 below are as defined above in the Summary of the Invention unless otherwise noted. Compounds of Formulae 1a-1g are various subsets of the compounds of Formula 1, and all substituents for Formulae 1a-1g are as defined above for Formula 1. The following abbreviations are used: THF is tetrahydrofuran, DMF is N,N-dimethylformamide, NMP is N-methylpyrrolidinone, Ac is acetate, MS is mesylate, Tf is triflate, and Nf is nonaflate.

Compounds of Formula 1a (Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1, Q-3 or Q-4) can be prepared as shown in Scheme 1 by the coupling of a heterocyclic compound of Formula 2 (wherein LG is a suitable leaving group such as Cl, Br, I, Tf or Nf) with a heterocyclic compound of Formula 3 (wherein M is a suitable metal or metalloid such as a Mg, Zn or B species) in the presence of a catalyst and appropriate ligand. Catalysts can be generated from transition metals such as Pd (for example Pd(OAc)2 or Pd2(dba)3 and mono- or bi-dentate ligands such as PPh3, PCy3, Pt-Bu3, x-phos, xantphos, s-phos, and dppf. Typical bases used include carbonates such as sodium carbonate or cesium carbonate, phosphates such as potassium triphosphate, amines such as ethyldiisopropylamine, or alkoxides such as sodium tert-butoxide. Typical solvents include THF, dioxane, toluene, ethanol, DMF, water or mixtures thereof. Typical reaction temperatures range from ambient temperature to the boiling point of the solvent.

Compounds of Formula 1a (Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-1, Q-3 or Q-4) can also be prepared as shown in Scheme 2 by the coupling of a compound of Formula 4 with a compound of Formula 5 (wherein LG is a suitable leaving group such as Cl, Br, I, Tf or Nf) in the presence of a catalyst and an appropriate ligand. A variety of catalysts can be used in the method of Scheme 2, and these can be generated from a transition metal species such as copper or Pd (for example complexes such as Pd(OAc)2 or Pd2(dba)3) and a ligand. Typical ligands may be mono- or bi-dentate, and include PPh3, PCy3, Pt-Bu3, x-phos, xantphos, s-phos, and dppf. Typical bases used include carbonates such as sodium carbonate or cesium carbonate, phosphates such as potassium triphosphate, amines such as ethyldiisopropylamine or alkoxides such as sodium tert-butoxide. Additives such as molecular sieves, Bu4N+Br or copper or silver salts (e.g., AgOAc) can be beneficial. Typical reaction solvents include THF, dioxane, toluene, ethanol, DMF, water, or mixtures thereof. Typical reaction temperatures range from ambient temperature to the boiling point of the solvent. For examples, see Chemical Communications 2011, 47(17), pages 5043-5045; Journal of the American Chemical Society 2010, 132(11), pages 3674-3675; Heterocycles 2011, 83(6), pages 1371-1376; U.S. Patent Application Publication 20090076266; Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan 1998, 71(2), pages 467-473; Tetrahedron Letters 2008, 49(10), pages 1598-1600; and Tetrahedron Letters 2010, 51(42), pages 5624-5627.

Compounds of Formula 2 wherein LG is halogen can be prepared from the corresponding amines by treatment with a source of ON+ such as isoamyl nitrite or t-butyl nitrite or nitrous acid in the presence of a halogen source such as CuBr2 or BnNEt3+Br. Preferred reaction conditions include aqueous or organic solvents such as THF or acetonitrile, and reaction temperatures ranging from 0° C. to the boiling point of the solvent.

Compounds of Formula 2 wherein LG is Cl or Br can also be prepared from the corresponding hydroxy compounds by treatment with a halogenating agent such as POCl3, PCl5, PBr3 or SOCl2. Compounds of Formula 2 wherein LG is OMS or OTf can also be prepared from the corresponding hydroxy compounds by treatment with MSCl or Tf2O.

Compounds of Formula 4 can be prepared from the corresponding amine compounds by treatment with a source of ON+ such as isoamyl nitrite or t-butyl nitrite. Preferred reaction conditions include ethereal solvents such as THF at temperatures ranging from ambient temperature to the boiling point of the solvent.

Compounds of Formula 6 can be prepared by electrophilic halogenation of the corresponding compounds of Formula 7 by treatment with a halogenating agent such as N-bromosuccinimide in a suitable solvent such as DMF, NMP or acetic acid at temperatures ranging from ambient temperature up to the boiling point of the solvent (Scheme 3).

2-Aminobenzothiazoles of Formula 8 can be prepared from ortho-unsubstituted anilines of Formula 9 and a thiocyanate anion (wherein M is K+, Na+ or Bu4N+) as shown in Scheme 4. The reaction can be conducted in a single step in acetic acid for example, or through the intermediacy of a thio-urea followed by oxidation. Suitable oxidants include bromine.

Compounds of Formula 1b can be prepared from compounds of Formula 10 by the method shown in Scheme 5, in which a compound of Formula 10 is treated with an azide reagent (for example, sodium azide or tetrabutylammonium azide). Typical reaction conditions include DMF or NMP as solvent, and reaction temperatures ranging from 80° C. to the boiling point of the solvent.

Compounds of Formula 1b can also be prepared from compounds of Formula 10a by the method shown in Scheme 5a, in which a compound of Formula 10a is treated with triethyl phosphite.

Compounds of Formulae 10 and 10a are Schiff bases and can be prepared by methods known in the art (see, for example, March, J., Advanced Organic Chemistry, Wiley, 1992, pages 896-898.

Compounds of Formula 1c can be prepared from compounds of Formula 11 by the method shown in Scheme 6 via oxidation of a compound of Formula 11 with molecular oxygen or a peroxide such as t-butyl hydroperoxide in the presence of a copper (II) catalyst such as Cu(OAc)2 or CuBr2. Typical reaction conditions included alcoholic solvents such as t-amyl alcohol, DMF, NMP or aqueous ammonia, and reaction temperatures from 60° C. to the boiling point of the solvent.

2-Aminoazo compounds of Formula 11 can be prepared by reaction of an aniline of Formula 9 with a diazonium salt of Formula 12 by methods known in the art (see, for example, March, J., Advanced Organic Chemistry, Wiley, 1992, pages 525-526). Compounds of Formula 11 can also be prepared by reaction of an aryl nitroso compound of Formula 13 with a diamine of Formula 14 in a solvent such as acetic acid. These two methods are shown in Scheme 7.

Compounds of Formula 1d can be prepared by condensation of a compound of Formula 14 (wherein Lg is a suitable leaving group such as Cl or Br) with an aminopyridine or aminodiazine of Formula 16 as shown in Scheme 8. Typical reaction conditions include an alcoholic solvent such as ethanol or toluene, and a reaction temperature range from ambient temperature to the boiling point of the solvent. The pyridine nitrogen can optionally be protected as a BH3 adduct, an N-oxide, or a 2- or 6-halopyridine derivative.

Compounds of Formula 1e can be prepared as shown in Scheme 9 by the cycloaddition of 2-aminopyridines of Formula 15 with arylnitriles of Formula 16 (see, for example, Journal of the American Chemical Society 2009, 131(42), pages 15080-15081, and WO 2013041472.

Compounds of Formula 1e can also be prepared by rearrangement of compounds of Formula 17 by treatment with base as shown in Scheme 10 (see, for example, J. Het Chem 1970, 7 page 1019). Compounds of Formula 17 can be prepared by methods described in WO 2008006540 and J. Org. Chem., 1966, page 251.

Intermediates of Formula 18 can be prepared by the method shown in Scheme 11 by treatment of a 2-aminopyridine of Formula 15 with an isocyanate followed by hydroxylamine and a suitable base such as triethylamine.

Compounds of Formula 1 wherein Q is Q-4 can also be prepared by the method described in Synthesis Example 6.

Compounds of Formula 1f can be prepared as shown in Scheme 12 by oxidative cyclization of an aryl aldehyde of Formula 20 with an aniline of Formula 19 bearing an ortho-halogen, preferably iodine, in the presence of sulfur which acts as both a source of sulfur and as an oxidizing agent. The reaction is carried out in the presence of a base such as K2CO3 in a suitable solvent such as water or DMF, and is catalyzed by the addition of copper salts (for example, CuI or CuCl2) and preferably a suitable ligand such as 1,10-phenanthroline. Typical reaction temperatures range from 70° C. to the boiling point of the solvent.

Compounds of Formula 1f can also be prepared by cyclization of 2-halothioamides of Formula 21 as shown in the second reaction of Scheme 12 with a base such as KOtBu, NaH, DBU or Cs2CO3 in a suitable solvent such as toluene or DMF, optionally with the addition of copper salts such as CuI, and preferably a suitable ligand such as 1,10-phenanthroline. This reaction can also be catalyzed by Pd species such as that prepared from Pd2(dba)3 and (t-Bu)2P-o-biphenyl, a base such as Cs2CO3 in a suitable solvent, such as 1,2-dimethoxyethane or dioxane. Typical reaction temperatures range from 80° C. to the boiling point of the solvent. For copper- and Pd-catalyzed reactions, the halogen substituent on the compound of Formula 21 is preferably Br or I. For example, see Journal of Organic Chemistry 2006, 71(5), pages 1802-1808; Tetrahedron Letters 2003, 44(32), pages 6073-6077; Synthetic Communications 1991, 21(5), pages 625-33; and Eur. Pat. Appl. No. 450420.

Compounds of Formula 1f can also be prepared by the oxidative cyclization of thioamides of Formula 22 as shown in the third reaction of Scheme 12. Oxidants typically used in this method include bromine or iodine, DDQ and K3Fe(CN)6. For example, see Tetrahedron 2007, 63(41), pages 10276-10281; Synthesis 2007, (6), 819-823; and U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ., 20120215154.

The three methods described in Scheme 12 can be used to prepare compounds wherein X1-X4 are carbon atoms, or wherein one of X1-X4 is a nitrogen (for example, see J. Heterocyclic Chem. 2009, 46, page 1125 and references cited therein).

Compounds of Formula 1, and intermediates used in the preparation of compounds of Formula 1, wherein Z is S can be prepared by thionation of the corresponding compounds wherein Z is O with, for example, Lawesson's reagent (CAS No. 19172-47-5), Belleau's reagent (CAS No. 88816-02-8) or P2S5. The thionation reactions are typically conducted in solvents such as toluene, xylenes or dioxane, and at elevated temperature from 80° C. to the boiling point of the solvent.

Compounds of Formula 1 wherein R2 is C(O)NR6R7 can be prepared by carbonylation of the corresponding compounds wherein R2 is halogen (preferably Br or I), or wherein R2 is a sulfonate (for example, triflate or nonaflate). The reaction is performed in the presence of a source of carbon monoxide such as carbon monoxide gas or Mo(CO)6 at pressures between atmospheric pressure and 25 bar, optionally with microwave heating, and generally at elevated temperatures in the range of 80 to 160° C. Typical reaction solvents include DMF, NMP, toluene or ethereal solvents such as THF or dioxane.

Compounds of Formula 1 wherein R2 is Qa can be prepared as shown in Scheme 13. The method of Scheme 13 is similar to the method described in Scheme 1; M is a suitable metal or metalloid such as a Mg, Zn or B species, and R2 corresponds to LG in Scheme 1 and is a suitable leaving group such as Cl, Br, I, Tf or Nf.

Compounds of Formula 1 wherein R2 is Qa and Qa is bonded to Q via a nitrogen atom in Qa can be prepared by a method similar to that of Scheme 13. In this method, M in the compound of Formula 23 is hydrogen. Coupling reagents include copper(I) salts such as CuI, and a suitable ligand such as trans-bis(N,N-dimethyl-1,2-cyclohexanediamine. Typical reaction conditions include a solvent such as toluene or dioxane, and an elevated reaction temperature ranging from 80° C. to the boiling point of the solvent.

Examples of intermediates useful in the preparation of compounds of this invention are shown in Tables I-1 through I-16. The following abbreviations are used in the Tables which follow: Me means methyl, Et means ethyl, Ph means phenyl, C(O) means carbonyl and CHO means formyl.


TABLE I-1
R
R
A is CH
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro
A is CF
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro
A is N
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro


TABLE I-2
R
R
A is CH
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro
A is CF
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro
A is N
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro


TABLE I-3
R
R
A is CH
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro
A is CF
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro
A is N
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro


TABLE I-4
R
R
A is CH
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro
A is CF
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro
A is N
—COOH
—C(O)OMe
—C(O)OEt
cyano
—C(O)Cl
—C(O)OPh
—C(O)O(4-nitrophenyl)
—C(O)Me
—CHO
Cl
Br
I
—OS(O)2CF3
NH2
nitro


TABLE I-5

Table I-5 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-6

Table I-6 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-7

Table I-7 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-8

Table I-8 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-9

Table I-9 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-10

Table I-10 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-11

Table I-4 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-12

Table I-4 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-13

Table I-13 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-14

Table I-14 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-15

Table I-15 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE I-16

Table I-16 is identical to Table I-1, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1-1” is replaced by the structure shown above.

It is recognized that some reagents and reaction conditions described above for preparing compounds of Formula 1 may not be compatible with certain functionalities present in the intermediates. In these instances, the incorporation of protection/deprotection sequences or functional group interconversions into the synthesis will aid in obtaining the desired products. The use and choice of the protecting groups will be apparent to one skilled in chemical synthesis (see, for example, Greene, T. W.; Wuts, P. G. M. Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis, 2nd ed.; Wiley: New York, 1991). One skilled in the art will recognize that, in some cases, after introduction of the reagents depicted in the individual schemes, additional routine synthetic steps not described in detail may be needed to complete the synthesis of compounds of Formula 1. One skilled in the art will also recognize that it may be necessary to perform a combination of the steps illustrated in the above schemes in an order other than that implied by the particular sequence presented to prepare the compounds of Formula 1.

One skilled in the art will also recognize that compounds of Formula 1 and the intermediates described herein can be subjected to various electrophilic, nucleophilic, radical, organometallic, oxidation, and reduction reactions to add substituents or modify existing substituents.

Without further elaboration, it is believed that one skilled in the art using the preceding description can utilize the present invention to its fullest extent. The following Synthesis Examples are, therefore, to be construed as merely illustrative, and not limiting of the disclosure in any way whatsoever. Steps in the following Synthesis Examples illustrate a procedure for each step in an overall synthetic transformation, and the starting material for each step may not have necessarily been prepared by a particular preparative run whose procedure is described in other Examples or Steps. Percentages are by weight except for chromatographic solvent mixtures or where otherwise indicated. Parts and percentages for chromatographic solvent mixtures are by volume unless otherwise indicated. 1H NMR spectra are reported in ppm downfield from tetramethylsilane; “s” means singlet, “d” means doublet, “t” means triplet, “q” means quartet, “m” means multiplet, “dd” means doublet of doublets, “dt” means doublet of triplets, “br s” means broad singlet. DMF means N,N-dimethylformamide. Compound numbers refer to Index Tables A-N.

Synthesis Example 1

Preparation of N-[2-(methylthio)ethyl]-2-(3-pyridinyl)-7-benzothiazolecarboxamide (Compound 84)

Step A: Preparation of 3-[(aminothioxomethyl)amino]benzoic acid ethyl ester

Ethyl 3-aminobenzoate (35.25 g, 213.6 mmol) was dissolved in chlorobenzene (250 mL) and cooled to −10° C. Concentrated sulfuric acid (5.93 mL) was added followed by KSCN (21.76 g) and 18-crown-6 (600 mg), and the reaction mixture was heated at 100° C. for 14 hours. Hexanes was added to the cooled mixture, and the precipitated solid was isolated by filtration. The solid was slurried in a mixture of water and hexanes, and the slurry was stirred for 1 hour. The solid was isolated by filtration and dried in vacuo overnight to give the title compound as a gray solid (40.7 g). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 10.10+9.87 (two s, 1H), 8.08+8.05 (two s, 1H), 7.66-7.80 (m, 2H), 7.43-7.51 (m, 1H), 8.0-7.0 (br s, 2H), 4.28-4.35 (m, 2H), 1.29-1.35 (m, 3H).

Step B: Preparation of 2-amino-7-benzothiazolecarboxylic acid ethyl ester

The product of Step A was taken up in chloroform (300 mL) and acetic acid (200 mL) and bromine (21 mL) in chloroform (100 mL) was added dropwise over 1.5 hours. The reaction mixture was then heated at 70° C. for 4 hours, cooled, filtered, and the isolated solid was washed with 50 mL of 1:1 acetone/chloroform. The solid was added to a solution of Na2CO3 (25 g) in water (400 mL) and stirred for 20 minutes. The suspension was filtered, and the isolated solid was washed with water, and dried in vacuo overnight to give the title compound (6.73 g) as a white solid. The organic filtrate was concentrated and re-slurried in 100 mL of 1:1 chloroform/acetone, and processed as described above to give an additional 8.1 g of white solid (90% purity, the remaining 10% being the regioisomeric benzothiazole). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 7.66 (dd, J=7.7, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.60 (s, 1H), 7.57 (dd, 1H), 7.35 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.37 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 1.36 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 3H).

Step C: Preparation of 2-chloro-7-benzothiazolecarboxylic acid ethyl ester

The product of Step B (7.97 g, 9:1 mixture of regioisomers, 35.9 mmol) was added portionwise over 45 minutes to a mixture of tert-butylnitrite (7.1 mL) and CuCl2 (5.31 g) in acetonitrile (360 mL) at 65° C. After stirring for an additional 15 minutes, the cooled mixture was extracted 6 times with hexanes. The combined extracts were concentrated to give the title compound (5.85 g) as a yellow solid. The acetonitrile layer was diluted with water (200 mL), extracted with hexanes, and the hexane fraction was filtered through a pad of silica gel eluting with butyl chloride to yield an additional 0.55 g of product upon concentration. 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 8.14 (d, 2H), 7.58 (t, 1H), 4.49 (q, J=7.1 Hz, 2H), 1.47 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H).

Step D: Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)-7-benzothiazolecarboxylic acid

The product of Step C (6.2 g, 9:1 mixture of regioisomers) was combined with 3-pyridinylboronic acid (3.79 g), PPh3 (1.35 g) and Na2CO3 (5.44 g) in toluene (100 mL), water (25 mL) and ethanol (15 mL), and the reaction mixture was sparged with nitrogen for 5 minutes. Pd2dba3 (588 mg) was added, and the reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 4 hours. The cooled reaction mixture was diluted with water, extracted twice with dichloromethane, and the combined organic extracts were dried over MgSO4 and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography (silica gel eluted with 10% to 50% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to give an orange solid (6.7 g) Recrystallization from ethanol (25 mL) yielded the ethyl ester of the title compound (5.65 g) as the single desired regioisomer. 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.38 (br s, 1H), 8.75 (br s, 1H), 8.44 (dt, J=8.0, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 8.30 (dd, J=8.2, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 8.19 (dd, J=7.6, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (t, 1H), 7.47 (dd, J=8.4, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.53 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 1.50 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H).

The product obtained above was dissolved in ethanol (100 mL) and treated with a 1N solution of NaOH (24.8 mL). The reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 1.5 hours before being cooled, neutralized with concentrated HCl (2.0 mL), and concentrated. The residue was dried in vacuo to give a mixture of the title compound and NaCl, which was used without further purification in the next step.

Step E: Preparation of N-[2-(methylthio)ethyl]-2-(3-pyridinyl)-7-benzothiazolecarboxamide

Thionyl chloride (40 mL) was added to the product of Step D (0.55 g), and the reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 3 hour. The reaction mixture was then cooled and concentrated. The resulting residue was suspended in toluene and concentrated to yield the crude acid chloride, which was used without further purification.

The crude acid chloride (containing 120 mol % NaCl, 114 mg, 0.3 mmol) was treated with dichloromethane (5 mL), MeSCH2CH2NH2 (33 μL) and triethylamine (125 μL), and the reaction mixture was then stirred at ambient temperature for 14 hours. The reaction mixture was diluted with a saturated aqueous solution of NaHCO3, extracted twice with dichloromethane, and dried over MgSO4. The combined organic layers were concentrated, and the residue was purified by column chromatography (silica gel eluted with 30% ethyl acetate in hexanes to 100% ethyl acetate) to give 65 mg of the title compound, a compound of this invention. 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.39 (d, J=1.7 Hz, 1H), 8.74 (d, J=3.3 Hz, 1H), 8.40-8.47 (dt, 1H), 8.26 (dd, J=8.0, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (dd, J=7.6, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.58-7.64 (t, 1H), 7.47 (dd, J=7.2, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 6.94 (br t, 1H), 3.75-3.82 (q, 2H), 2.80-2.88 (t, 2H), 2.18 (s, 3H).

Synthesis Example 2

Preparation of 2-(5-fluoro-3-pyridinyl)-N-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-6-benzothiazolecarboxamide (Compound 127)

Step A: Preparation of 2-(5-fluoro-3-pyridinyl)-6-benzothiazolecarboxylic acid

Methyl 4-amino-3-iodobenzoate (1.93 g, 6.96 mmol) was combined with K2CO3 (1.92 g), S8 (668 mg), CuCl2-2H2O (119 mg), 1,10-phenanthroline (125 mg) and 5-fluoro-3-pyridinecarboxaldehyde (957 mg) in H2O (30 mL), and the reaction mixture was heated at reflux 16 hours. The cooled reaction mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was treated with NH4Cl (1.49 g). The reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 10 minutes, filtered, and the solid was dried in vacuo to yield a gray solid. The solid was suspended in dioxane, the suspension was heated to reflux, cooled, and filtered to isolate a solid. The solid was rinsed with ethyl ether to give the title compound (0.66 g). 1H NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 9.15 (s, 1H), 8.80 (d, J=2.7 Hz, 1H), 8.65 (s, 1H), 8.39 (dt, J=9.5, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 8.10 (d, 1H), 8.05 (d, 1H), 8.0-6.5 (br s).

Step B: Preparation of 2-(5-fluoro-3-pyridinyl)-N-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-6-benzothiazolecarboxamide

Thionyl chloride (5 mL) was added to the product of Step A (0.66 g), and the mixture was heated at reflux for 16 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled and concentrated. The resulting residue was suspended in toluene and concentrated to provide the crude acid chloride, which was used without further purification.

The crude acid chloride (103 mg, 0.31 mmol) was treated with dichloromethane (5 mL), triethylamine (131 μL) and CF3CH2NH2 (29 μL), and the reaction mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 3 days. The reaction mixture was diluted with a saturated aqueous solution of NaHCO3, extracted twice with dichloromethane, and dried over MgSO4. The combined organic layers were concentrated, and the residue was purified by column chromatography (silica gel eluted with 20% to 40% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to give the title compound, a compound of this invention, as a white solid (52 mg). 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.32 (br s, 1H), 8.77 (d, J=4.3 Hz, 1H), 8.48 (d, J=1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.40 (dt, J=7.9, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 8.16 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (dd, J=8.5, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (dd, J=7.8, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (br t, 1H), 4.20 (qd, J=9.0 Hz, 1H).

Synthesis Example 3

Preparation of N-(1-methylethyl)-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-4-carboxamide (Compound 8)

Step A: Preparation of N-[(2-bromo-6-fluorophenyl)methylene]-3-pyridinamine

A solution of 2-bromo-6-fluorobenzaldehyde (5 g, 24.6 mmol) and 3-aminopyridine (2.7 g, 29.5 mmol) in EtOH (4 mL) was heated to reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the resulting solid was purified by column chromatography (silica gel eluted with 0-40% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to afford the title compound (4.5 g) as an orange solid. 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 8.66-8.70 (s, 1H), 8.48-8.53 (m, 2H), 7.52-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.41-7.48 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.37 (m, 1H), 6.95-7.06 (m, 2H).

Step B: Preparation of 4-bromo-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole

A solution of the product of Step A (4.5 g, 16.1. mmol) and NaN3 (1.2 g, 19.3 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was heated to 90° C. for 24 hours. The cooled mixture was diluted with water and extracted 3 times with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO4), filtered, concentrated, and the residue was purified by column chromatography (silica gel eluted with 0-30% ethyl acetate in hexanes) to give the title compound (4.0 g) as a yellow solid. 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.21 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.69 (dd, J=4.8, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.46-8.49 (d, 1H), 8.28 (ddd, J=8.3, 2.7, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (ddd, J=8.2, 4.8, 0.7 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (d, 1H), 7.21 (dd, J=8.7, 7.3 Hz, 1H).

Step C: Preparation of N-(1-methyl ethyl)-2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-4-carboxamide

The product of Step B (200 mg, 0.727 mmol), isopropylamine (183 μL, 2.18 mmol), trans-bis(acetato)bis[o-(di-o-tolylphosphino)benzyl]clipalladium(II) (17 mg, 0.018 mmol), tri-tert-butylphosphonium tetrafluoroborate (10.5 mg, 0.036 mmol), molybdenum hexacarbonyl (192 mg, 0.727 mmol, 1,8-diazabicycloundec-7-ene (473 μL, 2.18 mmol) and DMF (5 mL) were placed in a microwave vial and irradiated at 160° C. for 40 minutes. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature and filtered through a pad of Celite®. The filtrate was diluted with a saturated solution of NaHCO3 and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was dried (MgSO4), filtered, concentrated, and the residue was purified by column chromatography (silica gel eluted with 0-10% acetone in chloroform). Trituration of the resulting solid with ethyl ether provided the title compound, a compound of this invention, as a white solid (45 mg). 1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J=2.2 Hz, 1H), 9.09 (d, J=0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (dd, J=4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.29 (ddd, J=8.3, 2.6, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (dt, J=8.5, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.41 (m, 2H), 6.15 (s, 1H), 4.31-4.41 (m, 1H), 1.33 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 6H).

Synthesis Example 4

Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)-N-[1-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)]imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-6-carboxamide (Compound 457)

Step A: Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-6-carboxylic acid methyl ester

Following the procedure described in US Patent Application Publication No. 20110189794, to a mixture of methyl 6-aminonicotinate (5.0 g, 33 mmol) in ethanol (140 mL) at 60° C. was added solid sodium bicarbonate (5.52 g, 65.7 mmol), followed by 3-(bromoacetyl)pyridine hydrogen bromide salt (10.16 g, 36.2 mmol). The resulting mixture was heated to reflux for 9 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled, concentrated, and saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (50 mL) and dichloromethane (50 mL) were added to the resulting residue. The aqueous phase was extracted with dichloromethane (5×30 mL). The combined organic phases were concentrated and purified by column chromatography (silica gel eluted with ethyl acetate) to give the title compound.

Step B: Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)-N-[1-(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)]imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine-6-carboxamide

A mixture of the ester prepared in Step A (0.4 g, 2.4 mmol) and aqueous NaOH (1 N, 7.1 mL, 7.1 mmol) was stirred in methanol (10 mL) for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under reduced pressure to remove methanol, and the resulting aqueous solution was neutralized with 1N HCl to pH 5 to precipitate the carboxylic acid. The solid carboxylic acid was isolated by filtration, dried, and used directly in the next step without further purification.

A mixture of the carboxylic acid prepared above (0.31 g, 1.30 mmol), EDC-HCl (0.27 g, 1.43 mmol), HOBt-H2O (0.22 g, 1.43 mmol), and triethylamine (0.72 mL, 5.2 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred at 40° C. for 30 minutes. A quarter of the reaction mixture volume was then removed, treated with CF3CH2NH2 (0.13 g, 1.3 mmol), and stirred at 40° C. overnight. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under vacuum to remove DMF, and the residue was purified by column chromatography (silica gel eluted with ethyl acetate:methanol:triethylamine, 8:1:1) to obtain 43.8 mg of the title compound, a compound of this invention.

Synthesis Example 5

Preparation of methyl 2-[[2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazol-5-yl]carbonyl]hydrazinecarboxylate (Compound 42)

Step A: Preparation of 4-nitro-[(3-pyridinylimino)methyl]benzoic acid methyl ester

A solution of methyl 3-formyl-4-nitrobenzoate (5 g, 25 mmol) and 3-aminopyridine (2.7 g, 30 mmol) in ethanol (4 mL) was heated to reflux overnight. The reaction mixture was then cooled, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the resulting crude solid was purified by silica gel chromatography (eluting with 0-40% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to afford 4.5 g of the title product as an orange solid.

Step B: Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester

A solution of the product of Step A (4.5 g, 16 mmol) and sodium azide (1.2 g, 19 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was heated to 90° C. for 16 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature and diluted with water. The resulting two layers were separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted three times with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting crude solid was purified by silica gel chromatography (0-30% ethyl acetate/hexantes) to afford 4.0 g of the title product as a yellow solid.

Step C: Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazole-4-carbonyl chloride

The methyl ester prepared in Step B (4.1 g, 16 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (150 mL), 50% sodium hydroxide in water (7.1 mL) was added, and the reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature, and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The crude product was acidified with aqueous 1N HCl, and the resulting precipitate was isolated by filtration, washed with diethyl ether, and dried under reduced pressure at 60° C. overnight. The crude carboxylic acid was then redissolved in thionyl chloride (60 mL), and the reaction mixture was heated to 75° C. The reaction mixture was then cooled to room temperature and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The crude carbonyl chloride was used in the next step without further purification.

Step D: Preparation of methyl 2-[[2-(3-pyridinyl)-2H-indazol-5-yl]carbonyl]hydrazinecarboxylate

The acyl chloride prepared in Step C (200 mg, 0.836 mmol) was combined with hydrazinocarboxylate (82 mg, 0.91 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL). The reaction mixture was cooled to 0° C., and triethylamine (360 μl, 2.51 mmol) was added dropwise. The reaction was warmed to room temperature and allowed stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was then cooled and quenched with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution. The two layers were separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted three times with dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting crude solid was purified by silica gel chromatography (20-80% ethyl acetate/hexanes) to yield the title compound, a compound of this invention, as a white solid.

Synthesis Example 6

Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)-N-[(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)methyl]pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-5-carboxamide (Compound 467)

Step A: Preparation of 3-(dimethoxymethyl)-5-(3-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole

Lithium hexamethyldisilane (55 mL of a 1.0M solution in tetrahydrofuran, 55 mmoles) was added to a solution of 3-acetylpyridine (5.5 mL, 50 mmoles), methyl dimethoxy acetate (6.7 mL, 55 mmoles) and anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (100 mL) with cooling at −45° C. The resulting reaction mixture was allowed to warm to 25° C. over 1 hour, and stirred at this temperature for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under reduced pressure, and the residue was suspended in methanol (50 mL) and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue was suspended in methanol (150 mL) and treated with hydrazine monohydrate (2.62 mL, 55 mmoles) and glacial acetic acid (6.29 mL, 110 mmoles), and the reaction mixture was heated at reflux for 14 hours. The resulting reaction mixture was cooled to 25° C. and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate (200 mL) and 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (100 mL). The layers were separated, and the organic layer was washed successively with 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (50 mL) and brine (50 mL), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to yield 8.83 g of the title compound as a beige solid.

1H NMR (CDCl3): δ 10.5 (br s, 1H) 9.03 (d, 1H), 8.57 (dd, 1H), 8.09 (dt, 1H), 7.34 (dd, 1H), 6.65 (s, 1H), 5.63 (s, 1H), 3.39 (s, 6H).

Step B: Preparation of 5-(3-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxaldehyde

To a solution of the product from Step A (715 mg, 3.3 mmoles) and chloroform (5 mL) was added a solution of trifluoroacetic acid (2.5 mL) and water (2.5 mL); the reaction mixture temperature was maintained below 5° C. with an ice-water bath. The reaction mixture was then stirred at 0-5° C. for 2 hours, treated with triethylamine (5 mL) at 0° C., stirred for 15 minutes, treated with water (10 mL), and filtered to isolate a brown solid. This solid was washed with chloroform (20 mL) and water (20 mL), and air dried to yield 605 mg of the title compound as a light beige solid that was used in the next step without further purification.

Step C: Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-5-carboxylic acid ethyl ester

A mixture of the product from Step B (596 mg, 3.4 mmoles), ethyl-4-bromocrotonate (75%, 0.95 mL, 5.2 mmoles), anhydrous potassium carbonate (1.42 g, 10.3 mmoles) and anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (17 mL) was stirred at 25° C. for 14 hours. The reaction mixture was then partitioned between ethyl acetate and saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, and the organic layer was separated, washed with water (3×), brine, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude product. This resulting product was purified by MPLC on a 24 g silica column eluting with 0 to 100% ethyl acetate in hexanes to give the title compound as a light beige solid (105 mg).

1H NMR (CDCl3): δ 9.20 (d, 1H), 8.63 (dd, 1H), 8.50 (d, 1H), 8.33 (d, 1H), 8.27 (dt, 1H), 7.43-7.35 (m, 2H), 7.05 (s, 1H), 4.43 (q, 2H), 1.44 (t, 3H).

Step D: Preparation of 2-(3-pyridinyl)-N-[(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)methyl]pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-5-carboxamide

To a solution of the product from Step C (31 mg, 0.11 mmoles), tetrahydrofurfurylamine (0.12 mL, 1.2 mmoles), and anhydrous toluene (2.3 mL) was added trimethylaluminum (0.6 mL of a 2.0M solution in toluene, 1.2 mmoles). The resulting solution was stirred for 2 hours at 25° C., for 2 hours at 80° C., and then cooled to 0° C. and treated carefully with water (3 mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 15 minutes, treated with a saturated aqueous solution of sodium-potassium tartrate (2 mL), stirred for 30 minutes, and then partitioned between dichloromethane and water. The organic layer was separated, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to isolate a brown residue that was triturated with diethyl ether to yield the title compound, a compound of this invention, as a beige solid (15 mg).

1H NMR (CDCl3): δ 9.19 (d, 1H), 8.63 (dd, 1H), 8.51 (d, 1H), 8.26 (dt, 1H), 8.03 (s, 1H), 7.39 (dd, 1H), 7.16 (dd, 1H), 7.00 (s, 1H), 6.60 (br s, 1H), 4.10 (qd, 1H), 3.93 (dt, 1H), 3.89-3.76 (m, 2H), 3.38-3.29 (m, 1H), 2.11-2.02 (m, 1H), 2.00-1.83 (m, 3H).

By the procedures described herein together with methods known in the art, the following compounds of Tables 1 to 24d can be prepared. The following abbreviations are used in the Tables which follow: t means tertiary, s means secondary, i means iso, c means cyclo, Me means methyl, Et means ethyl, Pr means propyl, Bu means butyl, Ph means phenyl, OMe means methoxy, OEt means ethoxy, SMe means methylthio, SEt means ethylthio, —CN means cyano, Ph means phenyl, Py means pyridinyl, —NO2 means nitro, S(O)Me means methylsulfinyl, and S(O)2Me means methylsulfonyl.

A “-” at the beginning of a fragment definition denotes the attachment point of said fragment to the remainder of the molecule; for example, “—CH2CH2OMe” denotes the fragment 2-methoxyethyl. Cyclic fragments are represented by the use of two “-” within parentheses; for example, the fragment 1-pyrrolidinyl is represented by “N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)”, wherein a nitrogen atom is bonded to both terminal carbon atoms of the four-carbon chain, as illustrated below.


TABLE 1a
R
R
R
A is CH
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietanyl-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl
A is CF
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietanyl-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl
A is N
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietanyl-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl


TABLE 1b
R
R
R
A is CH
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietany1-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NIHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methy1-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl
A is CF
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietany1-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NIHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methy1-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl
A is N
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietany1-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NIHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methy1-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl


TABLE 1c
R
R
A is CH
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N═CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)
A is CF
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N═CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)
A is N
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N═CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)


TABLE 1d
R
R
A is CH
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N═CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)
A is CF
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N═CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)
A is N
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N═CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)


TABLE 1e
R
R
A is CH
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
phenyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl
A is CF
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
phenyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl
A is N
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
phenyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl


TABLE 1f
R
R
A is CH
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
phenyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl
A is CF
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
phenyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl
A is N
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(═NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(═NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(═NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
phenyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl


TABLE 2a
R
R
R
A is CH
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietany1-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NIHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methy1-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl
A is CF
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietany1-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NIHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methy1-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl
A is N
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietany1-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH═CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NIHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methy1-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl


TABLE 2b
R
R
R
A is CH
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH═CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietanyl-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH=CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl
A is CF
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH=CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietanyl-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH=CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl
A is N
Me
Et
Pr
i-Pr
—CH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
Bu
s-Bu
i-Bu
t-Bu
—CH2Ph
—CH2CH=CH2
—CH2C≡CH
—C(Me)2C≡CH
—CH2CH2F
—CH2CHF2
—CH2CF3
—CH(Me)CF3
—CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CF2CF3
—CH2CF2CH3
—CH2CH2CF2CF3
—CH(i-Pr)CF3
—CH2CH2OMe
—CH2OEt
—CH2CH2O(i-Pr)
—CH2CH2OEt
—CH2CH2CH2OMe
—CH2CH(Me)OMe
—CH(Et)CH2OMe
—CH(Me)CH2OMe
—CH2CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SEt
—CH2CH2SO2Me
—CH2CH2SO2Et
—CH2CH2S(O)Et
—CH2CH2S(O)(t-Bu)
—CH2CH2S(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SMe
—CH2CH2SO2(t-Bu)
—CH(Me)CH2SO2Me
—CH(Me)CH2S(O)Me
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SO2CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
—CH2CH2S(O)CH2CH2CF3
—CH2CN
—CH2CH2CN
—C(Me)2CN
—CH2CH2N(i-Pr)2
—CH2CH2N(Me)2
—CH2CH(OMe)2
c-Pr
c-Bu
1-methylcyclopropyl
3-methoxycyclobutyl
—CH(Ph)(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)(c-Pr)
3-thietanyl
3,3-difluorocyclobutyl
3-oxetanyl
—CH2(oxiranyl)
3-thietanyl-1,1-dioxide
3-thietanyl-1-oxide
—CH2(CH(—OC(Me)2OCH2—))
—CH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
—CH2(2-furanyl)
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
—CH2(2-thienyl)
—CH2(CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
—CH2CO2Me
—CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
—C(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
—CH(Me)CO2Et
—CH(i-Pr)CO2Me
—CH2C(O)NHMe
—CH2C(O)NMe2
—CH(Me)C(O)NHMe
—CH(Me)C(O)NH(t-Bu)
—OCH2(c-Pr)
—CH(Me)C(O)NMe2
—OCH2CH=CH2
—NHC(O)(i-Pr)
—NHC(O)Me
—NHCO2Me
—NHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)(t-Bu)
—NHC(O)Ph
—NH(c-hexyl)
—NHC(O)NH(i-Pr)
—NH(c-Pr)
—NHC(O)(2-thienyl)
—NH(CH2CF3)
—NHC(O)CF3
—NHCO2Et
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
—C(O)C(O)Me
—NHCO2CH2CF3
—C(O)CO2Me
—C(O)(2-pyridinyl)
—NHC(O)NMe2
—NHC(O)NHMe
—NHC(O)NHCH2CF3
—NHC(O)CH2CH2CF3
—NHC(O)Et
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
—NHSO2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CF3
—NHSO2CH2CH2CF3
—NH(2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-pyridinyl)
—NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(4-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—NH(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—NH(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-CF3-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
—CH2(3-(OCF3)phenyl)
—CH2(2-thiazolyl)
—CH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
—CH2(4-pyridinyl)
—CH2(2-pyridinyl)
Ph
3-pyridinyl
—CH2(3-pyridinyl)
2-pyridinyl
2-pyrazinyl
—CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
4-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyridinyl
—CH2CH2CH2(2-pyridinyl)
3-CF3-2-pyridinyl
4-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
6-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyridinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrazinyl
5-CF3-2-pyrimidinyl
—CH2CH2N(—C(O)CH2CH2C(O)—)
—CH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
—CH(—C(O)OCH2CH2—)
—CH2(4-pyrimidinyl)
pyridazinyl
6-CF3-3-pyrazinyl


TABLE 2c
R
R
A is CH
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N=CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)
A is CF
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N=CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)
A is N
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N=CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)


TABLE 2d
R
R
A is CH
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N=CH-)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)
A is CF
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N=CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)
A is N
N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH(OMe)CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CF2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2SCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2OCH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(c-Pr))CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2CH2N(Me)CH2CH2—)
N(—CH2C(Me)2N=CH—)
N(—CH2CH2CH2CH(CF3)CH2—)
N(CH2C≡CH)2
N(Et)2
N(Pr)CH2(c-Pr)
N(Et)(c-hexyl)
N(—CHC(O)SCH2CH2—)


TABLE 2e
R
R
A is CH
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl
A is CF
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl
A is N
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl


TABLE 2f
R
R
A is CH
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl
A is CF
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl
A is N
3-methyl-2-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
4-methyl-2-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
5-methyl-2-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
6-methyl-2-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyridinyl
2-methyl-3-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
4-methyl-3-pyridinyl
4-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
5-methyl-3-pyridinyl
5-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
6-methyl-3-pyridinyl
6-methoxy-3-pyridinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-3-pyridinyl
2-methyl-4-pyridinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-4-pyridinyl
3-methoxy-4-pyridinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyridinyl
3-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
3-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
6-methyl-2-pyrazinyl
6-methoxy-2-pyrazinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrazinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrazinyl
4-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
4-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-2-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-2-pyrimidinyl
2-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
2-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
2-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
5-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methyl-4-pyrimidinyl
6-methoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl
6-(CH(=NOMe))-4-pyrimidinyl
3-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
3-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
3-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
4-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
5-methyl-1-pyrazolyl
5-methoxy-1-pyrazolyl
5-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
5-(CH(=NOMe))-1-pyrazolyl
4-methyl-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-methoxy-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
4-(CH(=NOMe))-1,2,3-triazin-2-yl
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)-2-pyridinyl
2-(2-pyridinyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-thiazolyl)-4-thiazolyl
2-(2-pyrimidinyl)ethynyl
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
tetrahydro-3-furanyl
tetrahydro-2-furanyl
4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl
3-isoxazolyl
6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyrazinyl


TABLE 3a

Table 3a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 3c

Table 3c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 3e

Table 3e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 4a

Table 4a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 4c

Table 4c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 4e

Table 4e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 5a

Table 5a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 5b

Table 5b is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 5c

Table 5c is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 5d

Table 5d is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 5e

Table 5e is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 5f

Table 5f is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 6a

Table 6a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 6c

Table 6c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 6e

Table 6e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 7a

Table 7a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 7c

Table 7c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 7e

Table 7e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 8a

Table 8a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 8c

Table 8c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 8e

Table 8e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 9a

Table 9a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 9c

Table 9c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 9e

Table 9e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 10a

Table 10a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 10b

Table 10b is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 10c

Table 10c is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 10d

Table 10d is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 11a

Table 11a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 11b

Table 11b is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 11c

Table 11c is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 11d

Table 11d is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 12a

Table 12a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 12c

Table 12c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 12e

Table 12e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 13a

Table 13a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 13c

Table 13c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 13e

Table 13e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 14a

Table 14a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 14c

Table 14c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 14e

Table 14e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 15a

Table 15a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 15c

Table 15c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 15e

Table 15e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 16a

Table 16a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 16c

Table 16c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 16e

Table 16e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 17a

Table 17a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 17c

Table 17c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 17e

Table 17e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 18a

Table 18a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 18c

Table 18c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 18e

Table 18e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 19a

Table 19a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 19c

Table 19c is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 19e

Table 19e is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 20a

Table 20a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 20b

Table 20b is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 21a

Table 21a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 21b

Table 21b is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 22a

Table 22a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 22b

Table 22b is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 23a

Table 23a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 23b

Table 23b is identical to Table 1e, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1e” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 24a

Table 24a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 24b

Table 24b is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 25a

Table 25a is identical to Table 1a, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1a” is replaced by the structure shown above.


TABLE 25b

Table 25b is identical to Table 1c, except that the structure shown under the heading “Table 1c” is replaced by the structure shown above.

A compound of this invention will generally be used as an invertebrate pest control active ingredient in a composition, i.e. formulation, with at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents, which serves as a carrier. The formulation or composition ingredients are selected to be consistent with the physical properties of the active ingredient, mode of application and environmental factors such as soil type, moisture and temperature.

Useful formulations include both liquid and solid compositions. Liquid compositions include solutions (including emulsifiable concentrates), suspensions, emulsions (including microemulsions, oil in water emulsions, flowable concentrates and/or suspoemulsions) and the like, which optionally can be thickened into gels. The general types of aqueous liquid compositions are soluble concentrate, suspension concentrate, capsule suspension, concentrated emulsion, microemulsion, oil in water emulsion, flowable concentrate and suspoemulsion. The general types of nonaqueous liquid compositions are emulsifiable concentrate, microemulsifiable concentrate, dispersible concentrate and oil dispersion.

The general types of solid compositions are dusts, powders, granules, pellets, prills, pastilles, tablets, filled films (including seed coatings) and the like, which can be water-dispersible (“wettable”) or water-soluble. Films and coatings formed from film-forming solutions or flowable suspensions are particularly useful for seed treatment. Active ingredient can be (micro)encapsulated and further formed into a suspension or solid formulation; alternatively the entire formulation of active ingredient can be encapsulated (or “overcoated”). Encapsulation can control or delay release of the active ingredient. An emulsifiable granule combines the advantages of both an emulsifiable concentrate formulation and a dry granular formulation. High-strength compositions are primarily used as intermediates for further formulation.

Sprayable formulations are typically extended in a suitable medium before spraying. Such liquid and solid formulations are formulated to be readily diluted in the spray medium, usually water, but occasionally another suitable medium like an aromatic or paraffinic hydrocarbon or vegetable oil. Spray volumes can range from about one to several thousand liters per hectare, but more typically are in the range from about ten to several hundred liters per hectare. Sprayable formulations can be tank mixed with water or another suitable medium for foliar treatment by aerial or ground application, or for application to the growing medium of the plant. Liquid and dry formulations can be metered directly into drip irrigation systems or metered into the furrow during planting. Liquid and solid formulations can be applied onto seeds of crops and other desirable vegetation as seed treatments before planting to protect developing roots and other subterranean plant parts and/or foliage through systemic uptake.

The formulations will typically contain effective amounts of active ingredient, diluent and surfactant within the following approximate ranges which add up to 100 percent by weight.


Weight Percent
Active
Ingredient
Diluent
Surfactant
Water-Dispersible and Water-
0.001-90
   0-99.999
0-15
soluble Granules, Tablets and
Powders
Oil Dispersions, Suspensions,
   1-50
40-99
0-50
Emulsions, Solutions
(including Emulsifiable
Concentrates)
Dusts
   1-25
70-99
0-5 
Granules and Pellets
0.001-99
   5-99.999
0-15
High Strength Compositions
  90-99
 0-10
0-2 

Solid diluents include, for example, clays such as bentonite, montmorillonite, attapulgite and kaolin, gypsum, cellulose, titanium dioxide, zinc oxide, starch, dextrin, sugars (e.g., lactose, sucrose), silica, talc, mica, diatomaceous earth, urea, calcium carbonate, sodium carbonate and bicarbonate, and sodium sulfate. Typical solid diluents are described in Watkins et al., Handbook of Insecticide Dust Diluents and Carriers, 2nd Ed., Dorland Books, Caldwell, N.J.

Liquid diluents include, for example, water, N,N-dimethylalkanamides (e.g., N,N-dimethylformamide), limonene, dimethyl sulfoxide, N-alkylpyrrolidones (e.g., N-methylpyrrolidinone), alkyl phosphates (e.g., triethylphosphate), ethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, propylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, propylene carbonate, butylene carbonate, paraffins (e.g., white mineral oils, normal paraffins, isoparaffins), alkylbenzenes, alkylnaphthalenes, glycerine, glycerol triacetate, sorbitol, aromatic hydrocarbons, dearomatized aliphatics, alkylbenzenes, alkylnaphthalenes, ketones such as cyclohexanone, 2-heptanone, isophorone and 4-hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone, acetates such as isoamyl acetate, hexyl acetate, heptyl acetate, octyl acetate, nonyl acetate, tridecyl acetate and isobornyl acetate, other esters such as alkylated lactate esters, dibasic esters alkyl and aryl benzoates, γ-butyrolactone, and alcohols, which can be linear, branched, saturated or unsaturated, such as methanol, ethanol, n-propanol, isopropyl alcohol, n-butanol, isobutyl alcohol, n-hexanol, 2-ethylhexanol, n-octanol, decanol, isodecyl alcohol, isooctadecanol, cetyl alcohol, lauryl alcohol, tridecyl alcohol, oleyl alcohol, cyclohexanol, tetrahydrofurfuryl alcohol, diacetone alcohol, cresol and benzyl alcohol. Liquid diluents also include glycerol esters of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids (typically C6-C22), such as plant seed and fruit oils (e.g., oils of olive, castor, linseed, sesame, corn (maize), peanut, sunflower, grapeseed, safflower, cottonseed, soybean, rapeseed, coconut and palm kernel), animal-sourced fats (e.g., beef tallow, pork tallow, lard, cod liver oil, fish oil), and mixtures thereof. Liquid diluents also include alkylated fatty acids (e.g., methylated, ethylated, butylated) wherein the fatty acids may be obtained by hydrolysis of glycerol esters from plant and animal sources, and can be purified by distillation. Typical liquid diluents are described in Marsden, Solvents Guide, 2nd Ed., Interscience, New York, 1950.

The solid and liquid compositions of the present invention often include one or more surfactants. When added to a liquid, surfactants (also known as “surface-active agents”) generally modify, most often reduce, the surface tension of the liquid. Depending on the nature of the hydrophilic and lipophilic groups in a surfactant molecule, surfactants can be useful as wetting agents, dispersants, emulsifiers or defoaming agents.

Surfactants can be classified as nonionic, anionic or cationic. Nonionic surfactants useful for the present compositions include, but are not limited to: alcohol alkoxylates such as alcohol alkoxylates based on natural and synthetic alcohols (which may be branched or linear) and prepared from the alcohols and ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, butylene oxide or mixtures thereof; amine ethoxylates, alkanolamides and ethoxylated alkanolamides; alkoxylated triglycerides such as ethoxylated soybean, castor and rapeseed oils; alkylphenol alkoxylates such as octylphenol ethoxylates, nonylphenol ethoxylates, dinonyl phenol ethoxylates and dodecyl phenol ethoxylates (prepared from the phenols and ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, butylene oxide or mixtures thereof); block polymers prepared from ethylene oxide or propylene oxide and reverse block polymers where the terminal blocks are prepared from propylene oxide; ethoxylated fatty acids; ethoxylated fatty esters and oils; ethoxylated methyl esters; ethoxylated tristyrylphenol (including those prepared from ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, butylene oxide or mixtures thereof); fatty acid esters, glycerol esters, lanolin-based derivatives, polyethoxylate esters such as polyethoxylated sorbitan fatty acid esters, polyethoxylated sorbitol fatty acid esters and polyethoxylated glycerol fatty acid esters; other sorbitan derivatives such as sorbitan esters; polymeric surfactants such as random copolymers, block copolymers, alkyd peg (polyethylene glycol) resins, graft or comb polymers and star polymers; polyethylene glycols (pegs); polyethylene glycol fatty acid esters; silicone-based surfactants; and sugar-derivatives such as sucrose esters, alkyl polyglycosides and alkyl polysaccharides.

Useful anionic surfactants include, but are not limited to: alkylaryl sulfonic acids and their salts; carboxylated alcohol or alkylphenol ethoxylates; diphenyl sulfonate derivatives; lignin and lignin derivatives such as lignosulfonates; maleic or succinic acids or their anhydrides; olefin sulfonates; phosphate esters such as phosphate esters of alcohol alkoxylates, phosphate esters of alkylphenol alkoxylates and phosphate esters of styryl phenol ethoxylates; protein-based surfactants; sarcosine derivatives; styryl phenol ether sulfate; sulfates and sulfonates of oils and fatty acids; sulfates and sulfonates of ethoxylated alkylphenols; sulfates of alcohols; sulfates of ethoxylated alcohols; sulfonates of amines and amides such as N,N-alkyltaurates; sulfonates of benzene, cumene, toluene, xylene, and dodecyl and tridecylbenzenes; sulfonates of condensed naphthalenes; sulfonates of naphthalene and alkyl naphthalene; sulfonates of fractionated petroleum; sulfosuccinamates; and sulfosuccinates and their derivatives such as dialkyl sulfosuccinate salts.

Useful cationic surfactants include, but are not limited to: amides and ethoxylated amides; amines such as N-alkyl propanediamines, tripropylenetriamines and dipropylenetetramines, and ethoxylated amines, ethoxylated diamines and propoxylated amines (prepared from the amines and ethylene oxide, propylene oxide, butylene oxide or mixtures thereof); amine salts such as amine acetates and diamine salts; quaternary ammonium salts such as quaternary salts, ethoxylated quaternary salts and diquaternary salts; and amine oxides such as alkyldimethylamine oxides and bis-(2-hydroxyethyl)-alkylamine oxides.

Also useful for the present compositions are mixtures of nonionic and anionic surfactants or mixtures of nonionic and cationic surfactants. Nonionic, anionic and cationic surfactants and their recommended uses are disclosed in a variety of published references including McCutcheon's Emulsifiers and Detergents, annual American and International Editions published by McCutcheon's Division, The Manufacturing Confectioner Publishing Co.; Sisely and Wood, Encyclopedia of Surface Active Agents, Chemical Publ. Co., Inc., New York, 1964; and A. S. Davidson and B. Milwidsky, Synthetic Detergents, Seventh Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1987.

Compositions of this invention may also contain formulation auxiliaries and additives, known to those skilled in the art as formulation aids (some of which may be considered to also function as solid diluents, liquid diluents or surfactants). Such formulation auxiliaries and additives may control: pH (buffers), foaming during processing (antifoams such polyorganosiloxanes), sedimentation of active ingredients (suspending agents), viscosity (thixotropic thickeners), in-container microbial growth (antimicrobials), product freezing (antifreezes), color (dyes/pigment dispersions), wash-off (film formers or stickers), evaporation (evaporation retardants), and other formulation attributes. Film formers include, for example, polyvinyl acetates, polyvinyl acetate copolymers, polyvinylpyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer, polyvinyl alcohols, polyvinyl alcohol copolymers and waxes. Examples of formulation auxiliaries and additives include those listed in McCutcheon's Volume 2: Functional Materials, annual International and North American editions published by McCutcheon's Division, The Manufacturing Confectioner Publishing Co.; and PCT Publication WO 03/024222.

The compound of Formula 1 and any other active ingredients are typically incorporated into the present compositions by dissolving the active ingredient in a solvent or by grinding in a liquid or dry diluent. Solutions, including emulsifiable concentrates, can be prepared by simply mixing the ingredients. If the solvent of a liquid composition intended for use as an emulsifiable concentrate is water-immiscible, an emulsifier is typically added to emulsify the active-containing solvent upon dilution with water. Active ingredient slurries, with particle diameters of up to 2,000 μm can be wet milled using media mills to obtain particles with average diameters below 3 μm. Aqueous slurries can be made into finished suspension concentrates (see, for example, U.S. Pat. No. 3,060,084) or further processed by spray drying to form water-dispersible granules. Dry formulations usually require dry milling processes, which produce average particle diameters in the 2 to 10 μm range. Dusts and powders can be prepared by blending and usually grinding (such as with a hammer mill or fluid-energy mill). Granules and pellets can be prepared by spraying the active material upon preformed granular carriers or by agglomeration techniques. See Browning, “Agglomeration”, Chemical Engineering, Dec. 4, 1967, pp 147-48, Perry's Chemical Engineer's Handbook, 4th Ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 1963, pages 8-57 and following, and WO 91/13546. Pellets can be prepared as described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,172,714. Water-dispersible and water-soluble granules can be prepared as taught in U.S. Pat. No. 4,144,050, U.S. Pat. No. 3,920,442 and DE 3,246,493. Tablets can be prepared as taught in U.S. Pat. No. 5,180,587, U.S. Pat. No. 5,232,701 and U.S. Pat. No. 5,208,030. Films can be prepared as taught in GB 2,095,558 and U.S. Pat. No. 3,299,566.

For further information regarding the art of formulation, see T. S. Woods, “The Formulator's Toolbox—Product Forms for Modern Agriculture” in Pesticide Chemistry and Bioscience, The Food-Environment Challenge, T. Brooks and T. R. Roberts, Eds., Proceedings of the 9th International Congress on Pesticide Chemistry, The Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, 1999, pp. 120-133. See also U.S. Pat. No. 3,235,361, Col. 6, line 16 through Col. 7, line 19 and Examples 10-41; U.S. Pat. No. 3,309,192, Col. 5, line 43 through Col. 7, line 62 and Examples 8, 12, 15, 39, 41, 52, 53, 58, 132, 138-140, 162-164, 166, 167 and 169-182; U.S. Pat. No. 2,891,855, Col. 3, line 66 through Col. 5, line 17 and Examples 1-4; Klingman, Weed Control as a Science, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1961, pp 81-96; Hance et al., Weed Control Handbook, 8th Ed., Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1989; and Developments in formulation technology, PJB Publications, Richmond, UK, 2000.

In the following Examples, all formulations are prepared in conventional ways. Compound numbers refer to compounds in Index Tables A-N. Without further elaboration, it is believed that one skilled in the art using the preceding description can utilize the present invention to its fullest extent. The following Examples are, therefore, to be construed as merely illustrative, and not limiting of the disclosure in any way whatsoever. Percentages are by weight except where otherwise indicated.

Example A

High Strength Concentrate


Compound 8
98.5%
silica aerogel
0.5%
synthetic amorphous fine silica
1.0%

Example B

Wettable Powder


Compound 14
65.0%
dodecylphenol polyethylene glycol ether
2.0%
sodium ligninsulfonate
4.0%
sodium silicoaluminate
6.0%
montmorillonite (calcined)
23.0%

Example C

Granule


Compound 16
10.0%
attapulgite granules (low volatile matter, 0.71/0.30 mm;
90.0%
U.S.S. No. 25-50 sieves)

Example D

Extruded Pellet


Compound 19
25.0%
anhydrous sodium sulfate
10.0%
crude calcium ligninsulfonate
5.0%
sodium alkylnaphthalenesulfonate
1.0%
calcium/magnesium bentonite
59.0%

Example E

Emulsifiable Concentrate


Compound 41
10.0%
polyoxyethylene sorbitol hexoleate
20.0%
C6-C10 fatty acid methyl ester
70.0%

Example F

Microemulsion


Compound 42
5.0%
polyvinylpyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer
30.0%
alkylpolyglycoside
30.0%
glyceryl monooleate
15.0%
water
20.0%

Example G

Seed Treatment


Compound 51
20.00%
polyvinylpyrrolidone-vinyl acetate copolymer
5.00%
montan acid wax
5.00%
calcium ligninsulfonate
1.00%
polyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene block copolymers
1.00%
stearyl alcohol (POE 20)
2.00%
polyorganosilane
0.20%
colorant red dye
0.05%
water
65.75%

Example H

Fertilizer Stick


Compound 54
2.5%
pyrrolidone-styrene copolymer
4.8%
tristyrylphenyl 16-ethoxylate
2.3%
talc
0.8%
corn starch
5.0%
slow-release fertilizer
36.0%
kaolin
38.0%
water
10.6%

Example I

Suspension Concentrate


compound 55
 35%
butyl polyoxyethylene/polypropylene block copolymer
4.0%
stearic acid/polyethylene glycol copolymer
1.0%
styrene acrylic polymer
1.0%
xanthan gum
0.1%
propylene glycol
5.0%
silicone based defoamer
0.1%
1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one
0.1%
water
53.7% 

Example J

Emulsion in Water


compound 76
10.0%
butyl polyoxyethylene/polypropylene block copolymer
4.0%
stearic acid/polyethylene glycol copolymer
1.0%
styrene acrylic polymer
1.0%
xanthan gum
0.1%
propylene glycol
5.0%
silicone based defoamer
0.1%
1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one
0.1%
aromatic petroleum based hydrocarbon
20.0
water
58.7%

Example K

Oil Dispersion


compound 19
25%
polyoxyethylene sorbitol hexaoleate
15%
organically modified bentonite clay
2.5% 
fatty acid methyl ester
57.5%

Example L

Suspoemulsion


compound 42
10.0%
imidacloprid
5.0%
butyl polyoxyethylene/polypropylene block copolymer
4.0%
stearic acid/polyethylene glycol copolymer
1.0%
styrene acrylic polymer
1.0%
xanthan gum
0.1%
propylene glycol
5.0%
silicone based defoamer
0.1%
1,2-benzisothiazolin-3-one
0.1%
aromatic petroleum based hydrocarbon
20.0%
water
53.7%

Compounds of this invention exhibit activity against a wide spectrum of invertebrate pests. These pests include invertebrates inhabiting a variety of environments such as, for example, plant foliage, roots, soil, harvested crops or other foodstuffs, building structures or animal integuments. These pests include, for example, invertebrates feeding on foliage (including leaves, stems, flowers and fruits), seeds, wood, textile fibers or animal blood or tissues, and thereby causing injury or damage to, for example, growing or stored agronomic crops, forests, greenhouse crops, ornamentals, nursery crops, stored foodstuffs or fiber products, or houses or other structures or their contents, or being harmful to animal health or public health. Those skilled in the art will appreciate that not all compounds are equally effective against all growth stages of all pests.

These present compounds and compositions are thus useful agronomically for protecting field crops from phytophagous invertebrate pests, and also nonagronomically for protecting other horticultural crops and plants from phytophagous invertebrate pests. This utility includes protecting crops and other plants (i.e. both agronomic and nonagronomic) that contain genetic material introduced by genetic engineering (i.e. transgenic) or modified by mutagenesis to provide advantageous traits. Examples of such traits include tolerance to herbicides, resistance to phytophagous pests (e.g., insects, mites, aphids, spiders, nematodes, snails, plant-pathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses), improved plant growth, increased tolerance of adverse growing conditions such as high or low temperatures, low or high soil moisture, and high salinity, increased flowering or fruiting, greater harvest yields, more rapid maturation, higher quality and/or nutritional value of the harvested product, or improved storage or process properties of the harvested products. Transgenic plants can be modified to express multiple traits. Examples of plants containing traits provided by genetic engineering or mutagenesis include varieties of corn, cotton, soybean and potato expressing an insecticidal Bacillus thuringiensis toxin such as YIELD GARD®, KNOCKOUT®, STARLINK®, BOLLGARD®, NuCOTN® and NEWLEAF®, INVICTA RR2 PRO™, and herbicide-tolerant varieties of corn, cotton, soybean and rapeseed such as ROUNDUP READY®, LIBERTY LINK®, IMI®, STS® and CLEARFIELD®, as well as crops expressing N-acetyltransferase (GAT) to provide resistance to glyphosate herbicide, or crops containing the HRA gene providing resistance to herbicides inhibiting acetolactate synthase (ALS). The present compounds and compositions may interact synergistically with traits introduced by genetic engineering or modified by mutagenesis, thus enhancing phenotypic expression or effectiveness of the traits or increasing the invertebrate pest control effectiveness of the present compounds and compositions. In particular, the present compounds and compositions may interact synergistically with the phenotypic expression of proteins or other natural products toxic to invertebrate pests to provide greater-than-additive control of these pests.

Compositions of this invention can also optionally comprise plant nutrients, e.g., a fertilizer composition comprising at least one plant nutrient selected from nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, calcium, magnesium, iron, copper, boron, manganese, zinc, and molybdenum. Of note are compositions comprising at least one fertilizer composition comprising at least one plant nutrient selected from nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, calcium and magnesium. Compositions of the present invention which further comprise at least one plant nutrient can be in the form of liquids or solids. Of note are solid formulations in the form of granules, small sticks or tablets. Solid formulations comprising a fertilizer composition can be prepared by mixing the compound or composition of the present invention with the fertilizer composition together with formulating ingredients and then preparing the formulation by methods such as granulation or extrusion. Alternatively solid formulations can be prepared by spraying a solution or suspension of a compound or composition of the present invention in a volatile solvent onto a previous prepared fertilizer composition in the form of dimensionally stable mixtures, e.g., granules, small sticks or tablets, and then evaporating the solvent.

Nonagronomic uses refer to invertebrate pest control in the areas other than fields of crop plants. Nonagronomic uses of the present compounds and compositions include control of invertebrate pests in stored grains, beans and other foodstuffs, and in textiles such as clothing and carpets. Nonagronomic uses of the present compounds and compositions also include invertebrate pest control in ornamental plants, forests, in yards, along roadsides and railroad rights of way, and on turf such as lawns, golf courses and pastures. Nonagronomic uses of the present compounds and compositions also include invertebrate pest control in houses and other buildings which may be occupied by humans and/or companion, farm, ranch, zoo or other animals. Nonagronomic uses of the present compounds and compositions also include the control of pests such as termites that can damage wood or other structural materials used in buildings.

Nonagronomic uses of the present compounds and compositions also include protecting human and animal health by controlling invertebrate pests that are parasitic or transmit infectious diseases. The controlling of animal parasites includes controlling external parasites that are parasitic to the surface of the body of the host animal (e.g., shoulders, armpits, abdomen, inner part of the thighs) and internal parasites that are parasitic to the inside of the body of the host animal (e.g., stomach, intestine, lung, veins, under the skin, lymphatic tissue). External parasitic or disease transmitting pests include, for example, chiggers, ticks, lice, mosquitoes, flies, mites and fleas. Internal parasites include heartworms, hookworms and helminths. Compounds and compositions of the present invention are suitable for systemic and/or non-systemic control of infestation or infection by parasites on animals. Compounds and compositions of the present invention are particularly suitable for combating external parasitic or disease transmitting pests. Compounds and compositions of the present invention are suitable for combating parasites that infest agricultural working animals, such as cattle, sheep, goats, horses, pigs, donkeys, camels, buffalos, rabbits, hens, turkeys, ducks, geese and bees; pet animals and domestic animals such as dogs, cats, pet birds and aquarium fish; as well as so-called experimental animals, such as hamsters, guinea pigs, rats and mice. By combating these parasites, fatalities and performance reduction (in terms of meat, milk, wool, skins, eggs, honey, etc.) are reduced, so that applying a composition comprising a compound of the present invention allows more economic and simple husbandry of animals.

Examples of agronomic or nonagronomic invertebrate pests include eggs, larvae and adults of the order Lepidoptera, such as armyworms, cutworms, loopers, and heliothines in the family Noctuidae (e.g., pink stem borer (Sesamia inferens Walker), corn stalk borer (Sesamia nonagrioides Lefebvre), southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania Cramer), fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith), beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua Hübner), cotton leafworm (Spodoptera littoralis Boisduval), yellowstriped armyworm (Spodoptera ornithogalli Guenee), black cutworm (Agrotis Ipsilon Hufnagel), velvetbean caterpillar (Anticarsia gemmatalis Hübner), green fruitworm (Lithophane antennata Walker), cabbage armyworm (Barathra brassicae Linnaeus), soybean looper (Pseudoplusia includens Walker), cabbage looper (Trichoplusia ni Hübner), tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens Fabricius)); borers, casebearers, webworms, coneworms, cabbageworms and skeletonizers from the family Pyralidae (e.g., European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner), navel orangeworm (Amyelois transitella Walker), corn root webworm (Crambus caliginosellus Clemens), sod webworms (Pyralidae: Crambinae) such as sod worm (Herpetogramma licarsisalis Walker), sugarcane stem borer (Chilo infuscatellus Snellen), tomato small borer (Neoleucinodes elegantalis Gueńee), green leafroller (Cnaphalocrocis medinalis), grape leaffolder (Desmia funeralis Hübner), melon worm (Diaphania nitidalis Stoll), cabbage center grub (Helluala hydralis Guenée), yellow stem borer (Scirpophaga incertulas Walker), early shoot borer (Scirpophaga infuscatellus Snellen), white stem borer (Scirpophaga innotata Walker), top shoot borer (Scirpophaga nivella Fabricius), dark-headed rice borer (Chilo polychrysus Meyrick), striped riceborer (Chilo suppressalis Walker), cabbage cluster caterpillar (Crocidolomia binotalis English)); leafrollers, budworms, seed worms, and fruit worms in the family Tortricidae (e.g., codling moth (Cydia pomonella Linnaeus), grape berry moth (Endopiza viteana Clemens), oriental fruit moth (Grapholita molesta Busck), citrus false codling moth (Cryptophlebia leucotreta Meyrick), citrus borer (Ecdytolopha aurantiana Lima), redbanded leafroller (Argyrotaenia velutinana Walker), obliquebanded leafroller (Choristoneura rosaceana Harris), light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana Walker), European grape berry moth (Eupoecilia ambiguella Hübner), apple bud moth (Pandemis pyrusana Kearfott), omnivorous leafroller (Platynota stultana Walsingham), barred fruit-tree tortrix (Pandemis cerasana Hübner), apple brown tortrix (Pandemis heparana Denis & Schiffermüller)); and many other economically important lepidoptera (e.g., diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella Linnaeus), pink bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella Saunders), gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar Linnaeus), peach fruit borer (Carposina ruponensis Walsingham), peach twig borer (Anarsia lineatella Zeller), potato tuberworm (Phthorimaea operculella Zeller), spotted teniform leafminer (Lithocolletis blancardella Fabricius), Asiatic apple leafminer (Lithocolletis ringoniella Matsumura), rice leaffolder (Lerodea eufala Edwards), apple leafminer (Leucoptera scitella Zeller)); eggs, nymphs and adults of the order Blattodea including cockroaches from the families Blattellidae and Blattidae (e.g., oriental cockroach (Blatta orientalis Linnaeus), Asian cockroach (Blatella asahinai Mizukubo), German cockroach (Blattella germanica Linnaeus), brownbanded cockroach (Supella longipalpa Fabricius), American cockroach (Periplaneta americana Linnaeus), brown cockroach (Periplaneta brunnea Burmeister), Madeira cockroach (Leucophaea maderae Fabricius)), smoky brown cockroach (Periplaneta fuliginosa Service), Australian Cockroach (Periplaneta australasiae Fabr.), lobster cockroach (Nauphoeta cinerea Olivier) and smooth cockroach (Symploce pallens Stephens)); eggs, foliar feeding, fruit feeding, root feeding, seed feeding and vesicular tissue feeding larvae and adults of the order Coleoptera including weevils from the families Anthribidae, Bruchidae, and Curculionidae (e.g., boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis Boheman), rice water weevil (Lissorhoptrus oryzophilus Kuschel), granary weevil (Sitophilus granarius Linnaeus), rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae Linnaeus)), annual bluegrass weevil (Listronotus maculicollis Dietz), bluegrass billbug (Sphenophorus parvulus Gyllenhal), hunting billbug (Sphenophorus venatus vestitus), Denver billbug (Sphenophorus cicatristriatus Fahraeus)); flea beetles, cucumber beetles, rootworms, leaf beetles, potato beetles, and leafminers in the family Chrysomelidae (e.g., Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say), western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte)); chafers and other beetles from the family Scarabaeidae (e.g., Japanese beetle (Popillia japonica Newman), oriental beetle (Anomala orientalis Waterhouse, Exomala orientalis (Waterhouse) Baraud), northern masked chafer (Cyclocephala borealis Arrow), southern masked chafer (Cyclocephala immaculata Olivier or C. lurida Bland), dung beetle and white grub (Aphodius spp.), black turfgrass ataenius (Ataenius spretulus Haldeman), green June beetle (Cotinis nitida Linnaeus), Asiatic garden beetle (Maladera castanea Arrow), May/June beetles (Phyllophaga spp.) and European chafer (Rhizotrogus majalis Razoumowsky)); carpet beetles from the family Dermestidae; wireworms from the family Elateridae; bark beetles from the family Scolytidae and flour beetles from the family Tenebrionidae.

In addition, agronomic and nonagronomic pests include: eggs, adults and larvae of the order Dermaptera including earwigs from the family Forficulidae (e.g., European earwig (Forficula auricularia Linnaeus), black earwig (Chelisoches morio Fabricius)); eggs, immatures, adults and nymphs of the orders Hemiptera and Homoptera such as, plant bugs from the family Miridae, cicadas from the family Cicadidae, leafhoppers (e.g. Empoasca spp.) from the family Cicadellidae, bed bugs (e.g., Cimex lectularius Linnaeus) from the family Cimicidae, planthoppers from the families Fulgoroidae and Delphacidae, treehoppers from the family Membracidae, psyllids from the family Psyllidae, whiteflies from the family Aleyrodidae, aphids from the family Aphididae, phylloxera from the family Phylloxeridae, mealybugs from the family Pseudococcidae, scales from the families Coccidae, Diaspididae and Margarodidae, lace bugs from the family Tingidae, stink bugs from the family Pentatomidae, chinch bugs (e.g., hairy chinch bug (Blissus leucopterus hirtus Montandon) and southern chinch bug (Blissus insularis Barber)) and other seed bugs from the family Lygaeidae, spittlebugs from the family Cercopidae squash bugs from the family Coreidae, and red bugs and cotton stainers from the family Pyrrhocoridae.

Agronomic and nonagronomic pests also include: eggs, larvae, nymphs and adults of the order Acari (mites) such as spider mites and red mites in the family Tetranychidae (e.g., European red mite (Panonychus ulmi Koch), two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae Koch), McDaniel mite (Tetranychus mcdanieli McGregor)); flat mites in the family Tenuipalpidae (e.g., citrus flat mite (Brevipalpus lewisi McGregor)); rust and bud mites in the family Eriophyidae and other foliar feeding mites and mites important in human and animal health, i.e. dust mites in the family Epidermoptidae, follicle mites in the family Demodicidae, grain mites in the family Glycyphagidae; ticks in the family Ixodidae, commonly known as hard ticks (e.g., deer tick (Ixodes scapularis Say), Australian paralysis tick (Ixodes holocyclus Neumann), American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis Say), lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum Linnaeus)) and ticks in the family Argasidae, commonly known as soft ticks (e.g., relapsing fever tick (Ornithodoros turicata), common fowl tick (Argas radiatus)); scab and itch mites in the families Psoroptidae, Pyemotidae, and Sarcoptidae; eggs, adults and immatures of the order Orthoptera including grasshoppers, locusts and crickets (e.g., migratory grasshoppers (e.g., Melanoplus sanguinipes Fabricius, M. differentialis Thomas), American grasshoppers (e.g., Schistocerca americana Drury), desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria Forskal), migratory locust (Locusta migratoria Linnaeus), bush locust (Zonocerus spp.), house cricket (Acheta domesticus Linnaeus), mole crickets (e.g., tawny mole cricket (Scapteriscus vicinus Scudder) and southern mole cricket (Scapteriscus borellii Giglio-Tos)); eggs, adults and immatures of the order Diptera including leafminers (e.g., Liriomyza spp. such as serpentine vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae Blanchard)), midges, fruit flies (Tephritidae), frit flies (e.g., Oscinella frit Linnaeus), soil maggots, house flies (e.g., Musca domestica Linnaeus), lesser house flies (e.g., Fannia canicularis Linnaeus, F. femoralis Stein), stable flies (e.g., Stomoxys calcitrans Linnaeus), face flies, horn flies, blow flies (e.g., Chrysomya spp., Phormia spp.), and other muscoid fly pests, horse flies (e.g., Tabanus spp.), bot flies (e.g., Gastrophilus spp., Oestrus spp.), cattle grubs (e.g., Hypoderma spp.), deer flies (e.g., Chrysops spp.), keds (e.g., Melophagus ovinus Linnaeus) and other Brachycera, mosquitoes (e.g., Aedes spp., Anopheles spp., Culex spp.), black flies (e.g., Prosimulium spp., Simulium spp.), biting midges, sand flies, sciarids, and other Nematocera; eggs, adults and immatures of the order Thysanoptera including onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman), flower thrips (Frankliniella spp.), and other foliar feeding thrips; insect pests of the order Hymenoptera including ants of the Family Formicidae including the Florida carpenter ant (Camponotus floridanus Buckley), red carpenter ant (Camponotus ferrugineus Fabricius), black carpenter ant (Camponotus pennsylvanicus De Geer), white-footed ant (Technomyrmex albipes fr. Smith), big headed ants (Pheidole sp.), ghost ant (Tapinoma melanocephalum Fabricius); Pharaoh ant (Monomorium pharaonis Linnaeus), little fire ant (Wasmannia auropunctata Roger), fire ant (Solenopsis geminata Fabricius), red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta Buren), Argentine ant (Iridomyrmex humilis Mayr), crazy ant (Paratrechina longicornis Latreille), pavement ant (Tetramorium caespitum Linnaeus), cornfield ant (Lasius alienus Förster) and odorous house ant (Tapinoma sessile Say). Other Hymenoptera including bees (including carpenter bees), hornets, yellow jackets, wasps, and sawflies (Neodiprion spp.; Cephus spp.); insect pests of the order Isoptera including termites in the Termitidae (e.g., Macrotermes sp., Odontotermes obesus Rambur), Kalotermitidae (e.g., Cryptotermes sp.), and Rhinotermitidae (e.g., Reticulitermes sp., Coptotermes sp., Heterotermes tenuis Hagen) families, the eastern subterranean termite (Reticulitermes flavipes Kollar), western subterranean termite (Reticulitermes hesperus Banks), Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki), West Indian drywood termite (Incisitermes immigrans Snyder), powder post termite (Cryptotermes brevis Walker), drywood termite (Incisitermes snyderi Light), southeastern subterranean termite (Reticulitermes virginicus Banks), western drywood termite (Incisitermes minor Hagen), arboreal termites such as Nasutitermes sp. and other termites of economic importance; insect pests of the order Thysanura such as silverfish (Lepisma saccharina Linnaeus) and firebrat (Thermobia domestica Packard); insect pests of the order Mallophaga and including the head louse (Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer), body louse (Pediculus humanus Linnaeus), chicken body louse (Menacanthus stramineus Nitszch), dog biting louse (Trichodectes canis De Geer), fluff louse (Goniocotes gallinae De Geer), sheep body louse (Bovicola ovis Schrank), short-nosed cattle louse (Haematopinus eurysternus Nitzsch), long-nosed cattle louse (Linognathus vituli Linnaeus) and other sucking and chewing parasitic lice that attack man and animals; insect pests of the order Siphonoptera including the oriental rat flea (Xenopsylla cheopis Rothschild), cat flea (Ctenocephalides felis Bouche), dog flea (Ctenocephalides canis Curtis), hen flea (Ceratophyllus gallinae Schrank), sticktight flea (Echidnophaga gallinacea Westwood), human flea (Pulex irritans Linnaeus) and other fleas afflicting mammals and birds. Additional arthropod pests covered include: spiders in the order Araneae such as the brown recluse spider (Loxosceles reclusa Gertsch & Mulaik) and the black widow spider (Latrodectus mactans Fabricius), and centipedes in the order Scutigeromorpha such as the house centipede (Scutigera coleoptrata Linnaeus).

Examples of invertebrate pests of stored grain include larger grain borer (Prostephanus truncatus), lesser grain borer (Rhyzopertha dominica), rice weevil (Stiophilus oryzae), maize weevil (Stiophilus zeamais), cowpea weevil (Callosobruchus maculatus), red flour beetle (Tribolium castaneum), granary weevil (Stiophilus granarius), Indian meal moth (Plodia interpunctella), Mediterranean flour beetle (Ephestia kuhniella) and flat or rusty grain beetle (Cryptolestis ferrugineus).

Compounds of the present invention may have activity on members of the Classes Nematoda, Cestoda, Trematoda, and Acanthocephala including economically important members of the orders Strongylida, Ascaridida, Oxyurida, Rhabditida, Spirurida, and Enoplida such as but not limited to economically important agricultural pests (i.e. root knot nematodes in the genus Meloidogyne, lesion nematodes in the genus Pratylenchus, stubby root nematodes in the genus Trichodorus, etc.) and animal and human health pests (i.e. all economically important flukes, tapeworms, and roundworms, such as Strongylus vulgaris in horses, Toxocara canis in dogs, Haemonchus contortus in sheep, Dirofilaria immitis Leidy in dogs, Anoplocephala perfoliata in horses, Fasciola hepatica Linnaeus in ruminants, etc.).

Compounds of the invention may have activity against pests in the order Lepidoptera (e.g., Alabama argillacea Hübner (cotton leaf worm), Archips argyrospila Walker (fruit tree leaf roller), A. rosana Linnaeus (European leaf roller) and other Archips species, Chilo suppressalis Walker (rice stem borer), Cnaphalocrosis medinalis Guenée (rice leaf roller), Crambus caliginosellus Clemens (corn root webworm), Crambus teterrellus Zincken (bluegrass webworm), Cydia pomonella Linnaeus (codling moth), Earias insulana Boisduval (spiny bollworm), Earias vittella Fabricius (spotted bollworm), Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (American bollworm), Helicoverpa zea Boddie (corn earworm), Heliothis virescens Fabricius (tobacco budworm), Herpetogramma licarsisalis Walker (sod webworm), Lobesia botrana Denis & SchiffermUller (grape berry moth), Pectinophora gossypiella Saunders (pink bollworm), Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton (citrus leafminer), Pieris brassicae Linnaeus (large white butterfly), Pieris rapae Linnaeus (small white butterfly), Plutella xylostella Linnaeus (diamondback moth), Spodoptera exigua Hübner (beet armyworm), Spodoptera litura Fabricius (tobacco cutworm, cluster caterpillar), Spodoptera frugiperda J. E. Smith (fall armyworm), Trichoplusia ni Hübner (cabbage looper) and Tuta absoluta Meyrick (tomato leafminer)).

Compounds of the invention have significant activity on members from the order Homoptera including: Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris (pea aphid), Aphis craccivora Koch (cowpea aphid), Aphis fabae Scopoli (black bean aphid), Aphis gossypii Glover (cotton aphid, melon aphid), Aphis pomi De Geer (apple aphid), Aphis spiraecola Patch (spirea aphid), Aulacorthum solani Kaltenbach (foxglove aphid), Chaetosiphon fragaefolii Cockerell (strawberry aphid), Diuraphis noxia Kurdjumov/Mordvilko (Russian wheat aphid), Dysaphis plantaginea Paaserini (rosy apple aphid), Eriosoma lanigerum Hausmann (woolly apple aphid), Hyalopterus pruni Geoffroy (mealy plum aphid), Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach (turnip aphid), Metopolophium dirrhodum Walker (cereal aphid), Macrosiphum euphorbiae Thomas (potato aphid), Myzus persicae Sulzer (peach-potato aphid, green peach aphid), Nasonovia ribisnigri Mosley (lettuce aphid), Pemphigus spp. (root aphids and gall aphids), Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch (corn leaf aphid), Rhopalosiphum padi Linnaeus (bird cherry-oat aphid), Schizaphis graminum Rondani (greenbug), Sitobion avenae Fabricius (English grain aphid), Therioaphis maculata Buckton (spotted alfalfa aphid), Toxoptera aurantii Boyer de Fonscolombe (black citrus aphid), and Toxoptera citricida Kirkaldy (brown citrus aphid); Adelges spp. (adelgids); Phylloxera devastatrix Pergande (pecan phylloxera); Bemisia tabaci Gennadius (tobacco whitefly, sweetpotato whitefly), Bemisia argentifolii Bellows & Perring (silverleaf whitefly), Dialeurodes citri Ashmead (citrus whitefly) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood (greenhouse whitefly); Empoasca fabae Harris (potato leafhopper), Laodelphax striatellus Fallen (smaller brown planthopper), Macrolestes quadrilineatus Forbes (aster leafhopper), Nephotettix cinticeps Uhler (green leafhopper), Nephotettix nigropictus Stål (rice leafhopper), Nilaparvata lugens Stål (brown planthopper), Peregrinus maidis Ashmead (corn planthopper), Sogatella furcifera Horvath (white-backed planthopper), Sogatodes orizicola Muir (rice delphacid), Typhlocyba pomaria McAtee white apple leafhopper, Erythroneoura spp. (grape leafhoppers); Magicidada septendecim Linnaeus (periodical cicada); Icerya purchasi Maskell (cottony cushion scale), Quadraspidiotus perniciosus Comstock (San Jose scale); Planococcus citri Risso (citrus mealybug); Pseudococcus spp. (other mealybug complex); Cacopsylla pyricola Foerster (pear psylla), Trioza diospyri Ashmead (persimmon psylla).

Compounds of this invention also have activity on members from the order Hemiptera including: Acrosternum hilare Say (green stink bug), Anasa tristis De Geer (squash bug), Blissus leucopterus leucopterus Say (chinch bug), Cimex lectularius Linnaeus (bed bug) Corythuca gossypii Fabricius (cotton lace bug), Cyrtopeltis modesta Distant (tomato bug), Dysdercus suturellus Herrich-Schäffer (cotton stainer), Euchistus servus Say (brown stink bug), Euchistus variolarius Palisot de Beauvois (one-spotted stink bug), Graptosthetus spp. (complex of seed bugs), Halymorpha halys Stål (brown marmorated stink bug), Leptoglossus corculus Say (leaf-footed pine seed bug), Lygus lineolaris Palisot de Beauvois (tarnished plant bug), Nezara viridula Linnaeus (southern green stink bug), Oebalus pugnax Fabricius (rice stink bug), Oncopeltus fasciatus Dallas (large milkweed bug), Pseudatomoscelis seriatus Reuter (cotton fleahopper). Other insect orders controlled by compounds of the invention include Thysanoptera (e.g., Frankliniella occidentalis Pergande (western flower thrips), Scirthothrips citri Moulton (citrus thrips), Sericothrips variabilis Beach (soybean thrips), and Thrips tabaci Lindeman (onion thrips); and the order Coleoptera (e.g., Leptinotarsa decemlineata Say (Colorado potato beetle), Epilachna varivestis Mulsant (Mexican bean beetle) and wireworms of the genera Agriotes, Athous or Limonius).

Note that some contemporary classification systems place Homoptera as a suborder within the order Hemiptera.

Of note is use of compounds of this invention for controlling western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis). Of note is use of compounds of this invention for controlling potato leafhopper (Empoasca fabae). Of note is use of compounds of this invention for controlling cotton melon aphid (Aphis gossypii). Of note is use of compounds of this invention for controlling green peach aphid (Myzus persicae). Of note is use of compounds of this invention for controlling sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci).

Compounds of the present invention may also be useful for increasing vigor of a crop plant. This method comprises contacting the crop plant (e.g., foliage, flowers, fruit or roots) or the seed from which the crop plant is grown with a compound of Formula 1 in amount sufficient to achieve the desired plant vigor effect (i.e. biologically effective amount). Typically the compound of Formula 1 is applied in a formulated composition. Although the compound of Formula 1 is often applied directly to the crop plant or its seed, it can also be applied to the locus of the crop plant, i.e. the environment of the crop plant, particularly the portion of the environment in close enough proximity to allow the compound of Formula 1 to migrate to the crop plant. The locus relevant to this method most commonly comprises the growth medium (i.e. medium providing nutrients to the plant), typically soil in which the plant is grown. Treatment of a crop plant to increase vigor of the crop plant thus comprises contacting the crop plant, the seed from which the crop plant is grown or the locus of the crop plant with a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1.

Increased crop vigor can result in one or more of the following observed effects: (a) optimal crop establishment as demonstrated by excellent seed germination, crop emergence and crop stand; (b) enhanced crop growth as demonstrated by rapid and robust leaf growth (e.g., measured by leaf area index), plant height, number of tillers (e.g., for rice), root mass and overall dry weight of vegetative mass of the crop; (c) improved crop yields, as demonstrated by time to flowering, duration of flowering, number of flowers, total biomass accumulation (i.e. yield quantity) and/or fruit or grain grade marketability of produce (i.e. yield quality); (d) enhanced ability of the crop to withstand or prevent plant disease infections and arthropod, nematode or mollusk pest infestations; and (e) increased ability of the crop to withstand environmental stresses such as exposure to thermal extremes, suboptimal moisture or phytotoxic chemicals.

The compounds of the present invention may increase the vigor of treated plants compared to untreated plants by killing or otherwise preventing feeding of phytophagous invertebrate pests in the environment of the plants. In the absence of such control of phytophagous invertebrate pests, the pests reduce plant vigor by consuming plant tissues or sap, or transmiting plant pathogens such as viruses. Even in the absence of phytophagous invertebrate pests, the compounds of the invention may increase plant vigor by modifying metabolism of plants. Generally, the vigor of a crop plant will be most significantly increased by treating the plant with a compound of the invention if the plant is grown in a nonideal environment, i.e. an environment comprising one or more aspects adverse to the plant achieving the full genetic potential it would exhibit in an ideal environment.

Of note is a method for increasing vigor of a crop plant wherein the crop plant is grown in an environment comprising phytophagous invertebrate pests. Also of note is a method for increasing vigor of a crop plant wherein the crop plant is grown in an environment not comprising phytophagous invertebrate pests. Also of note is a method for increasing vigor of a crop plant wherein the crop plant is grown in an environment comprising an amount of moisture less than ideal for supporting growth of the crop plant. Of note is a method for increasing vigor of a crop plant wherein the crop is rice. Also of note is a method for increasing vigor of a crop plant wherein the crop is maize (corn). Also of note is a method for increasing vigor of a crop plant wherein the crop is soybean.

Compounds of this invention can also be mixed with one or more other biologically active compounds or agents including insecticides, fungicides, nematocides, bactericides, acaricides, herbicides, herbicide safeners, growth regulators such as insect molting inhibitors and rooting stimulants, chemosterilants, semiochemicals, repellents, attractants, pheromones, feeding stimulants, other biologically active compounds or entomopathogenic bacteria, virus or fungi to form a multi-component pesticide giving an even broader spectrum of agronomic and nonagronomic utility. Thus the present invention also pertains to a composition comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, at least one additional component selected from the group consisting of surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents, and at least one additional biologically active compound or agent. For mixtures of the present invention, the other biologically active compounds or agents can be formulated together with the present compounds, including the compounds of Formula 1, to form a premix, or the other biologically active compounds or agents can be formulated separately from the present compounds, including the compounds of Formula 1, and the two formulations combined together before application (e.g., in a spray tank) or, alternatively, applied in succession.

Examples of such biologically active compounds or agents with which compounds of this invention can be formulated are insecticides such as abamectin, acephate, acequinocyl, acetamiprid, acrinathrin, afidopyropen ([(3S,4R,4aR,6S,6aS,12R,12aS,12bS)-3-[(cyclopropylcarbonyl)oxy]-1,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,12,12a,12b-decahydro-6,12-dihydroxy-4,6a,12b-trimethyl-11-oxo-9-(3-pyridinyl)-2H,11H-naphtho[2,1-b]pyrano[3,4-e]pyran-4-yl]methyl cyclopropanecarboxylate), amidoflumet, amitraz, avermectin, azadirachtin, azinphos-methyl, benfuracarb, bensultap, bifenthrin, bifenazate, bistrifluron, borate, buprofezin, cadusafos, carbaryl, carbofuran, cartap, carzol, chlorantraniliprole, chlorfenapyr, chlorfluazuron, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, chromafenozide, clofentezin, clothianidin, cyantraniliprole (3-bromo-1-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-N-[4-cyano-2-methyl-6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]phenyl]-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide), cyclaniliprole (3-bromo-N-[2-bromo-4-chloro-6-[[(1-cyclopropylethyl)amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-1-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-1H)-pyrazole-5-carboxamide), cycloprothrin, cycloxaprid ((05S,8R)-1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl]-2,3,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-9-nitro-5,8-Epoxy-1H-imidazo[1,2-a]azepine) cyflumetofen, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, cyromazine, deltamethrin, diafenthiuron, diazinon, dieldrin, diflubenzuron, dimefluthrin, dimehypo, dimethoate, dinotefuran, diofenolan, emamectin, endosulfan, esfenvalerate, ethiprole, etofenprox, etoxazole, fenbutatin oxide, fenitrothion, fenothiocarb, fenoxycarb, fenpropathrin, fenvalerate, fipronil, flometoquin (2-ethyl-3,7-dimethyl-6-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy]-4-quinolinyl methyl carbonate), flonicamid, flubendiamide, flucythrinate, flufenerim, flufenoxuron, flufenoxystrobin (methyl (αE)-2-[[2-chloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenoxy]methyl]-α-(methoxymethylene)benzeneacetate), flufensulfone (5-chl oro-2-[(3,4,4-trifluoro-3-buten-1-yl)sulfonyl]thiazole), fluhexafon, fluopyram, flupiprole (1-[2,6-dichloro-4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-5-[(2-methyl-2-propen-1-yl)amino]-4d-[(trifluoromethyl)sulfinyl]-1H-pyrazole-3-carbonitrile), flupyradifurone (4-[[(6-chl oro-3-pyridinyl)methyl](2,2-difluoroethyl)amino]-2(5H)-furanone), fluvalinate, tau-fluvalinate, fonophos, formetanate, fosthiazate, halofenozide, heptafluthrin ([2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4-(methoxymethyl)phenyl]methyl 2,2-dimethyl-3-[(1Z)-3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propen-1-yl]cyclopropanecarboxylate), hexaflumuron, hexythiazox, hydramethylnon, imidacloprid, indoxacarb, insecticidal soaps, isofenphos, lufenuron, malathion, meperfluthrin ([2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4-(methoxymethyl)phenyl]methyl (1R,3S)-3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate), metaflumizone, metaldehyde, methamidophos, methidathion, methiodicarb, methomyl, methoprene, methoxychlor, metofluthrin, methoxyfenozide, metofluthrin, monocrotophos, monofluorothrin ([2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4-(methoxymethyl)phenyl]methyl 3-(2-cyano-1-propen-1-yl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropanecarboxylate), nicotine, nitenpyram, nithiazine, novaluron, noviflumuron, oxamyl, parathion, parathion-methyl, permethrin, phorate, phosalone, phosmet, phosphamidon, pirimicarb, profenofos, profluthrin, propargite, protrifenbute, pyflubumide (1,3,5-trimethyl-N-(2-methyl-1-oxopropyl)-N-[3-(2-methylpropyl)-4-[2,2,2-trifluoro-1-methoxy-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]phenyl]-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxamide), pymetrozine, pyrafluprole, pyrethrin, pyridaben, pyridalyl, pyrifluquinazon, pyriminostrobin (methyl (αE)-2-[[[2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)amino]-6-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyrimidinyl]oxy]methyl]-α-(methoxymethylene)benzeneacetate), pyriprole, pyriproxyfen, rotenone, ryanodine, silafluofen, spinetoram, spinosad, spirodiclofen, spiromesifen, spirotetramat, sulprofos, sulfoxaflor (N-[methyloxido[1-[6-(trifluoromethyl)-3-pyridinyl]ethyl]-λ4-sulfanylidene]cyanamide), tebufenozide, tebufenpyrad, teflubenzuron, tefluthrin, terbufos, tetrachlorvinphos, tetramethrin, tetramethylfluthrin ([2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-4-(methoxymethyl)phenyl]methyl 2,2,3,3-tetramethyl cyclopropanecarboxylate), tetraniliprole, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, thiodicarb, thio sultap-sodium, tioxazafen (3-phenyl-5-(2-thienyl)-1,2,4-oxadiazole), tolfenpyrad, tralomethrin, triazamate, trichlorfon, triflumezopyrim (2,4-dioxo-1-(5-pyrimidinylmethyl)-3-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2H-pyrido[1,2-α]pyrimidinium inner salt), triflumuron, Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins, entomopathogenic bacteria, entomopathogenic viruses and entomopathogenic fungi.

Of note are insecticides such as abamectin, acetamiprid, acrinathrin, afidopyropen, amitraz, avermectin, azadirachtin, benfuracarb, bensultap, bifenthrin, buprofezin, cadusafos, carbaryl, cartap, chlorantraniliprole, chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos, clothianidin, cyantraniliprole, cyclaniliprole, cycloprothrin, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, cyromazine, deltamethrin, dieldrin, dinotefuran, diofenolan, emamectin, endosulfan, esfenvalerate, ethiprole, etofenprox, etoxazole, fenitrothion, fenothiocarb, fenoxycarb, fenvalerate, fipronil, flometoquin, flonicamid, flubendiamide, flufenoxuron, flufenoxystrobin, flufensulfone, flupiprole, flupyradifurone, fluvalinate, formetanate, fosthiazate, heptafluthrin, hexaflumuron, hydramethylnon, imidacloprid, indoxacarb, lufenuron, meperfluthrin, metaflumizone, methiodicarb, methomyl, methoprene, methoxyfenozide, metofluthrin, monofluorothrin, nitenpyram, nithiazine, novaluron, oxamyl, pyflubumide, pymetrozine, pyrethrin, pyridaben, pyridalyl, pyriminostrobin, pyriproxyfen, ryanodine, spinetoram, spinosad, spirodiclofen, spiromesifen, spirotetramat, sulfoxaflor, tebufenozide, tetramethrin, tetramethylfluthrin, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, thiodicarb, thiosultap-sodium, tralomethrin, triazamate, triflumezopyrim, triflumuron, Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins, all strains of Bacillus thuringiensis and all strains of nucleo polyhedrosis viruses.

One embodiment of biological agents for mixing with compounds of this invention include entomopathogenic bacteria such as Bacillus thuringiensis, and the encapsulated delta-endotoxins of Bacillus thuringiensis such as MVP® and MVPII® bioinsecticides prepared by the CellCap® process (CellCap®, MVP® and MVPII® are trademarks of Mycogen Corporation, Indianapolis, Ind., USA); entomopathogenic fungi such as green muscardine fungus; and entomopathogenic (both naturally occurring and genetically modified) viruses including baculovirus, nucleopolyhedro virus (NPV) such as Helicoverpa zea nucleopolyhedrovirus (HzNPV), Anagrapha falcifera nucleopolyhedrovirus (AfNPV); and granulosis virus (GV) such as Cydia pomonella granulosis virus (CpGV).

Of particular note is such a combination where the other invertebrate pest control active ingredient belongs to a different chemical class or has a different site of action than the compound of Formula 1. In certain instances, a combination with at least one other invertebrate pest control active ingredient having a similar spectrum of control but a different site of action will be particularly advantageous for resistance management. Thus, a composition of the present invention can further comprise a biologically effective amount of at least one additional invertebrate pest control active ingredient having a similar spectrum of control but belonging to a different chemical class or having a different site of action. These additional biologically active compounds or agents include, but are not limited to, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors such as the carbamates methomyl, oxamyl, thiodicarb, triazamate, and the organophosphates chlorpyrifos; GABA-gated chloride channel antagonists such as the cyclodienes dieldrin and endosulfan, and the phenylpyrazoles ethiprole and fipronil; sodium channel modulators such as the pyrethroids bifenthrin, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, deltamethrin, dimefluthrin, esfenvalerate, metofluthrin and profluthrin; nicotinic acetylcholinereceptor (nAChR) agonists such as the neonicotinoids acetamiprid, cl othi ani din, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, nitenpyram, nithiazine, thiacloprid, and thiamethoxam, and sulfoxaflor; nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) allosteric activators such as the spinosyns spinetoram and spinosad; chloride channel activators such as the avermectins abamectin and emamectin; juvenile hormone mimics such as diofenolan, methoprene, fenoxycarb and pyriproxyfen; selective homopteran feeding blockers such as pymetrozine and flonicamid; mite growth inhibitors such as etoxazole; inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase such as propargite; ucouplers of oxidative phosphorylation via disruption of the proton gradient such as chlorfenapyr; nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) channel blockers such as the nereistoxin analogs cartap; inhibitors of chitin biosynthesis such as the benzoylureas flufenoxuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, novaluron, noviflumuron and triflumuron, and buprofezin; dipteran moulting disrupters such as cyromazine; ecdysone receptor agonists such as the diacylhydrazines methoxyfenozide and tebufenozide; octopamine receptor agonists such as amitraz; mitochondrial complex III electron transport inhibitors such as hydramethylnon; mitochondrial complex I electron transport inhibitors such as pyridaben; voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers such as indoxacarb; inhibitors of acetyl CoA carboxylase such as the tetronic and tetramic acids spirodiclofen, spiromesifen and spirotetramat; mitochondrial complex II electron transport inhibitors such as the β-ketonitriles cyenopyrafen and cyflumetofen; ryanidine receptor modulators such as the anthranilic diamides chlorantraniliprole, cyantraniliprole and cyantraniliprole, diamides such as flubendiamide, and ryanodine receptor ligands such as ryanodine; compounds wherein the target site responsible for biological activity is unknown or uncharacterized such as azadirachtin, bifenazate, pyridalyl, pyrifluquinazon and triflumezopyrim; microbial disrupters of insect midgut membranes such as Bacillus thuringensis and the delta-endotoxins they produce and Bacillus sphaericus; and biological agents including nucleo polyhedro viruses (NPV) and other naturally occurring or genetically modified insecticidal viruses.

Further examples of biologically active compounds or agents with which compounds of this invention can be formulated are: fungicides such as acibenzolar-S-methyl, aldimorph, ametoctradin, amisulbrom, anilazine, azaconazole, azoxystrobin, benalaxyl (including benalaxyl-M), benodanil, benomyl, benthiavalicarb (including benthiavalicarb-isopropyl), benzovindiflupyr, bethoxazin, binapacryl, biphenyl, bitertanol, bixafen, blasticidin-S, boscalid, bromuconazole, bupirimate, buthiobate, carboxin, carpropamid, captafol, captan, carbendazim, chloroneb, chlorothalonil, chlozolinate, copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride, copper sulfate, coumoxystrobin, cyazofamid, cyflufenamid, cymoxanil, cyproconazole, cyprodinil, dichlofluanid, diclocymet, diclomezine, dicloran, diethofencarb, difenoconazole, diflumetorim, dimethirimol, dimethomorph, dimoxystrobin, diniconazole (including diniconazole-M), dinocap, dithianon, dithiolanes, dodemorph, dodine, econazole, etaconazole, edifenphos, enoxastrobin (also known as enestroburin), epoxiconazole, ethaboxam, ethirimol, etridiazole, famoxadone, fenamidone, fenaminstrobin, fenarimol, fenbuconazole, fenfuram, fenhexamide, fenoxanil, fenpiclonil, fenpropidin, fenpropimorph, fenpyrazamine, fentin acetate, fentin hydroxide, ferbam, ferimzone, flometoquin, fluazinam, fludioxonil, flufenoxystrobin, flumorph, fluopicolide, fluopyram, fluoxastrobin, fluquinconazole, flusilazole, flusulfamide, flutianil, flutolanil, flutriafol, fluxapyroxad, folpet, fthalide (also known as phthalide), fuberidazole, furalaxyl, furametpyr, hexaconazole, hymexazole, guazatine, imazalil, imibenconazole, iminoctadine albesilate, iminoctadine triacetate, iodicarb, ipconazole, isofetamid, iprobenfos, iprodione, iprovalicarb, isoprothiolane, isopyrazam, isotianil, kasugamycin, kresoxim-methyl, mancozeb, mandipropamid, mandestrobin, maneb, mapanipyrin, mepronil, meptyldinocap, metalaxyl (including metalaxyl-M/mefenoxam), metconazole, methasulfocarb, metiram, metominostrobin, metrafenone, myclobutanil, naftitine, neo-asozin (ferric methanearsonate), nuarimol, octhilinone, ofurace, orysastrobin, oxadixyl, oxathiapiprolin, oxolinic acid, oxpoconazole, oxycarboxin, oxytetracycline, penconazole, pencycuron, penflufen, penthiopyrad, perfurazoate, phosphorous acid (including salts thereof, e.g., fosetyl-aluminm), picoxystrobin, piperalin, polyoxin, probenazole, prochloraz, procymidone, propamocarb, propiconazole, propineb, proquinazid, prothiocarb, prothioconazole, pyraclostrobin, pyrametostrobin, pyraoxystrobin, pyrazophos, pyribencarb, pyributacarb, pyrifenox, pyriofenone, perisoxazole, pyrimethanil, pyrifenox, pyrrolnitrin, pyroquilon, quinconazole, quinmethionate, quinoxyfen, quintozene, silthiofam, sedaxane, simeconazole, spiroxamine, streptomycin, sulfur, tebuconazole, tebufloquin, teclofthalam, tecloftalam, tecnazene, terbinafine, tetraconazole, thiabendazole, thifluzamide, thiophanate, thiophanate-methyl, thiram, tiadinil, tolclofos-methyl, tolprocarb, tolyfluanid, triadimefon, triadimenol, triarimol, triazoxide, tribasic copper sulfate, triclopyricarb, tridemorph, trifloxystrobin, triflumizole, trimoprhamide tricyclazole, trifloxystrobin, triforine, triticonazole, uniconazole, validamycin, valifenalate (also known as valifenal), vinclozolin, zineb, ziram, zoxamide and 1-[4-[4-[5-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl]-2-thiazolyl]-1-piperidinyl]-2-[5-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]ethanone; nematocides such as fluopyram, spirotetramat, thiodicarb, fosthiazate, abamectin, iprodione, fluensulfone, dimethyl disulfide, tioxazafen, 1,3-dichloropropene (1,3-D), metam (sodium and potassium), dazomet, chloropicrin, fenamiphos, ethoprophos, cadusaphos, terbufos, imicyafos, oxamyl, carbofuran, tioxazafen, Bacillus firmus and Pasteuria nishizawae; bactericides such as streptomycin; acaricides such as amitraz, chinomethionat, chlorobenzilate, cyhexatin, dicofol, dienochlor, etoxazole, fenazaquin, fenbutatin oxide, fenpropathrin, fenpyroximate, hexythiazox, propargite, pyridaben and tebufenpyrad.

In certain instances, combinations of a compound of this invention with other biologically active (particularly invertebrate pest control) compounds or agents (i.e. active ingredients) can result in a greater-than-additive (i.e. synergistic) effect. Reducing the quantity of active ingredients released in the environment while ensuring effective pest control is always desirable. When synergism of invertebrate pest control active ingredients occurs at application rates giving agronomically satisfactory levels of invertebrate pest control, such combinations can be advantageous for reducing crop production cost and decreasing environmental load.

Compounds of this invention and compositions thereof can be applied to plants genetically transformed to express proteins toxic to invertebrate pests (such as Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins). Such an application may provide a broader spectrum of plant protection and be advantageous for resistance management. The effect of the exogenously applied invertebrate pest control compounds of this invention may be synergistic with the expressed toxin proteins.

General references for these agricultural protectants (i.e. insecticides, fungicides, nematocides, acaricides, herbicides and biological agents) include The Pesticide Manual, 13th Edition, C. D. S. Tomlin, Ed., British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, Surrey, U.K., 2003 and The BioPesticide Manual, 2nd Edition, L. G. Copping, Ed., British Crop Protection Council, Farnham, Surrey, U.K., 2001.

For embodiments where one or more of these various mixing partners are used, the weight ratio of these various mixing partners (in total) to the compound of Formula 1 is typically between about 1:3000 and about 3000:1. Of note are weight ratios between about 1:300 and about 300:1 (for example ratios between about 1:30 and about 30:1). One skilled in the art can easily determine through simple experimentation the biologically effective amounts of active ingredients necessary for the desired spectrum of biological activity. It will be evident that including these additional components can expand the spectrum of invertebrate pests controlled beyond the spectrum controlled by the compound of Formula 1 alone.

Table A lists specific combinations of a compound of Formula 1 with other invertebrate pest control agents illustrative of the mixtures, compositions and methods of the present invention. The first column of Table A lists the specific invertebrate pest control agents (e.g., “Abamectin” in the first line). The second column of Table A lists the mode of action (if known) or chemical class of the invertebrate pest control agents. The third column of Table A lists embodiment(s) of ranges of weight ratios for rates at which the invertebrate pest control agent can be applied relative to a compound of Formula 1 (e.g., “50:1 to 1:50” of abamectin relative to a compound of Formula 1 by weight). Thus, for example, the first line of Table A specifically discloses the combination of a compound of Formula 1 with abamectin can be applied in a weight ratio between 50:1 to 1:50. The remaining lines of Table A are to be construed similarly. Of further note Table A lists specific combinations of a compound of Formula 1 with other invertebrate pest control agents illustrative of the mixtures, compositions and methods of the present invention and includes additional embodiments of weight ratio ranges for application rates.


TABLE A
Invertebrate Pest
Typical
Control Agent
Mode of Action or Chemical Class
Weight Ratio
Abamectin
chloride channel activator
50:1 to 1:50
Acetamiprid
nicotinic acetylcholinereceptor (nAChR)
150:1 to 1:200
agonist
Amitraz
octopamine receptor agonists
200:1 to 1:100
Avermectin
macrocyclic lactones
50:1 to 1:50
Azadirachtin
unknown site of action
100:1 to 1:120
Beta-cyfluthrin
sodium channel modulators
150:1 to 1:200
Bifenthrin
sodium channel modulators
100:1 to 1:10
Buprofezin
chitin biosynthesis inhibitors
500:1 to 1:50
Cartap
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
100:1 to 1:200
channel blocker
Chlorantraniliprole
ryanodine receptor modulator
100:1 to 1:120
Chlorfenapyr
uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation
300:1 to 1:200
Chlorpyrifos
acetylcholinesterase inhibitor
500:1 to 1:200
Clothianidin
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
100:1 to 1:400
agonist
Cyantraniliprole
Ryanodine receptor modulator
100:1 to 1:120
Cyfluthrin
sodium channel modulator
150:1 to 1:200
Cyhalothrin
sodium channel modulator
150:1 to 1:200
Cypermethrin
sodium channel modulator
150:1 to 1:200
Cyromazine
dipteran moulting disrupter
400:1 to 1:50
Deltamethrin
sodium channel modulators
50:1 to 1:400
Dieldrin
GABA-gated chloride channel antagonist
200:1 to 1:100
Dinotefuran
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
150:1 to 1:200
agonist
Diofenolan
juvenile hormone mimic
150:1 to 1:200
Emamectin
chloride channel activator
50:1 to 1:10
Endosulfan
GABA-gated chloride channel antagonist
200:1 to 1:100
Esfenvalerate
sodium channel modulator
100:1 to 1:400
Ethiprole
GABA-regulated chloride channel
200:1 to 1:100
antagonist
Fenothiocarb
150:1 to 1:200
Fenoxycarb
juvenile hormone mimic
500:1 to 1:100
Fenvalerate
sodium channel modulator
150:1 to 1:200
Fipronil
GABA-regulated chloride channel
150:1 to 1:100
antagonist
Flonicamid
selective homopteran feeding blocker
200:1 to 1:100
Flubendiamide
ryanodine receptor modulator
100:1 to 1:120
Flufenoxuron
chitin biosynthesis inhibitor
200:1 to 1:100
Hexaflumuron
chitin biosynthesis inhibitor
300:1 to 1:50
Hydramethylnon
mitochondrial Complex III electron
150:1 to 1:250
transport inhibitors
Imidacloprid
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
1000:1 to 1:1000
agonist
Indoxacarb
voltage-dependent sodium channel
200:1 to 1:50
blocker
Lambda-cyhalothrin
sodium channel modulator
50:1 to 1:250
Lufenuron
chitin biosynthesis inhibitor
500:1 to 1:250
Metaflumizone
voltage-dependent sodium channel
200:1 to 1:200
blocker
Methomyl
acetylcholinesterase inhibitor
500:1 to 1:100
Methoprene
juvenile hormone mimic
500:1 to 1:100
Methoxyfenozide
ecdysone receptor agonist
50:1 to 1:50
Nitenpyram
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
150:1 to 1:200
agonist
Nithiazine
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
150:1 to 1:200
agonist
Novaluron
chitin biosynthesis inhibitor
500:1 to 1:150
Oxamyl
acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
200:1 to 1:200
Pymetrozine
selective homopteran feeding blocker
200:1 to 1:100
Pyrethrin
sodium channel modulator
100:1 to 1:10
Pyridaben
mitochondrial Complex I electron
200:1 to 1:100
transport inhibitor
Pyridalyl
unknown site of action
200:1 to 1:100
Pyriproxyfen
juvenile hormone mimic
500:1 to 1:100
Ryanodine
ryanodine receptor ligand
100:1 to 1:120
Spinetoram
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
150:1 to 1:100
allosteric activator
Spinosad
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
500:1 to 1:10
allosteric activators
Spirodiclofen
acetyl CoA carboxylase inhibitor
200:1 to 1:200
Spiromesifen
acetyl CoA carboxylase inhibitor
200:1 to 1:200
Tebufenozide
ecdysone receptor agonist
500:1 to 1:250
Thiacloprid
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
100:1 to 1:200
agonist
Thiamethoxam
nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
1250:1 to 1:1000
agonist
Thiodicarb
acetylcholinesterase inhibitors
500:1 to 1:400
Thiosultap-sodium
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)
150:1 to 1:100
channel blocker
Tralomethrin
sodium channel modulator
150:1 to 1:200
Triazamate
acetyl cholinesterase inhibitors
250:1 to 1:100
Triflumezopyrim
Triflumuron
chitin synthesis inhibitor
200:1 to 1:100
Bacillus thuringiensis
biological agents
50:1 to 1:10
Bacillus thuringiensis
biological agents
50:1 to 1:10
delta-endotoxin
NPV (e.g., Gemstar)
biological agents
50:1 to 1:10

Of note is the composition of the present invention wherein the at least one additional biologically active compound or agent is selected from the Invertebrate Pest Control Agents listed in Table A above.

The weight ratios of a compound, including a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or a salt thereof, to the additional invertebrate pest control agent typically are between 1000:1 and 1:1000, with one embodiment being between 500:1 and 1:500, another embodiment being between 250:1 and 1:200 and another embodiment being between 100:1 and 1:50.

Listed below in Tables B1 to B10 are embodiments of specific compositions comprising a compound of Formula 1 (compound numbers refer to compounds in Index Tables A-N) and an additional invertebrate pest control agent.


TABLE B1
Mixture
Cmpd.
Invertebrate Pest Control
No.
No.
and
Agent
B1-1
8
and
Abamectin
B1-2
8
and
Acetamiprid
B1-3
8
and
Amitraz
B1-4
8
and
Avermectin
B1-5
8
and
Azadirachtin
B1-6
8
and
Bensultap
B1-7
8
and
Beta-cyfluthrin
B1-8
8
and
Bifenthrin
B1-9
8
and
Buprofezin
B1-10
8
and
Cartap
B1-11
8
and
Chlorantraniliprole
B1-12
8
and
Chlorfenapyr
B1-13
8
and
Chlorpyrifos
B1-14
8
and
Clothianidin
B1-15
8
and
Cyantraniliprole
B1-16
8
and
Cyfluthrin
B1-17
8
and
Cyhalothrin
B1-18
8
and
Cypermethrin
B1-19
8
and
Cyromazine
B1-20
8
and
Deltamethrin
B1-21
8
and
Dieldrin
B1-22
8
and
Dinotefuran
B1-23
8
and
Diofenolan
B1-24
8
and
Emamectin
B1-25
8
and
Endosulfan
B1-26
8
and
Esfenvalerate
B1-27
8
and
Ethiprole
B1-28
8
and
Fenothiocath
B1-29
8
and
Fenoxycarb
B1-30
8
and
Fenvalerate
B1-31
8
and
Fipronil
B1-32
8
and
Flonicamid
B1-33
8
and
Flubendiamide
B1-34
8
and
Flufenoxtiron
B1-35
8
and
Hexaflumuron
B1-36
8
and
Hydramethylnon
B1-37
8
and
Imidacloprid
B1-38
8
and
Indoxacarb
B1-39
8
and
Lambda-cyhalothrin
B1-40
8
and
Lufenuron
B1-41
8
and
Metaflumizone
B1-42
8
and
Methomyl
B1-43
8
and
Methoprene
B1-44
8
and
Methoxyfenozide
B1-45
8
and
Nitenpyram
B1-46
8
and
Nithiazine
B1-47
8
and
Novaluron
B1-48
8
and
Oxamyl
B1-49
8
and
Phosmet
B1-50
8
and
Pymetrozine
B1-51
8
and
Pyrethrin
B1-52
8
and
Pyridaben
B1-53
8
and
Pyridalyl
B1-54
8
and
Pyriproxyfen
B1-55
8
and
Ryanodine
B1-56
8
and
Spinetoram
B1-57
8
and
Spino sad
B1-58
8
and
Spirodiclofen
B1-59
8
and
Spiromesifen
B1-60
8
and
Spirotetramat
B1-61
8
and
Sulfoxaflor
B1-62
8
and
Tebufenozide
B1-63
8
and
Tefluthrin
B1-64
8
and
Thiacloprid
B1-65
8
and
Thiamethoxam
B1-66
8
and
Thiodicarb
B1-67
8
and
Thiosultap-sodium
B1-68
8
and
Tolfenpyrad
B1-69
8
and
Tralomethrin
B1-70
8
and
Triazamate
B1-71
8
and
Triflumezopyrim
B1-72
8
and
Triflumuron
B1-73
8
and
Bacillus thuringiensis
B1-74
8
and
Bacillus thuringiensis
delta-endotoxin
B1-75
8
and
NPV (e.g., Gemstar)

Table B2

Table B2 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 14. For example, the first mixture in Table B2 is designated B2-1 and is a mixture of compound 14 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

Table B3

Table B3 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 16. For example, the first mixture in Table B3 is designated B3-1 and is a mixture of compound 16 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

Table B4

Table B4 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 19. For example, the first mixture in Table B4 is designated B4-1 and is a mixture of compound 19 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

Table B5

Table B5 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 41. For example, the first mixture in Table B5 is designated B5-1 and is a mixture of compound 41 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

Table B6

Table B6 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 42. For example, the first mixture in Table B6 is designated B6-1 and is a mixture of compound 42 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

Table B7

Table B7 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 51. For example, the first mixture in Table B7 is designated B7-1 and is a mixture of compound 51 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

Table B8

Table B8 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 54. For example, the first mixture in Table B8 is designated B8-1 and is a mixture of compound 54 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

Table B9

Table B9 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 55. For example, the first mixture in Table B9 is designated B9-1 and is a mixture of compound 55 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

Table B10

Table B10 is identical to Table B1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 76. For example, the first mixture in Table B10 is designated B10-1 and is a mixture of compound 76 and the additional invertebrate pest control agent abamectin.

The specific mixtures listed in Tables B1 to B10 typically combine a compound of Formula 1 with the other invertebrate pest agent in the ratios specified in Table A.

Listed below in Tables C1 to C10 are specific mixtures comprising a compound of Formula 1 (compound numbers (Cmpd. No.) refer to compounds in Index Tables A-N) and an additional invertebrate pest control agent. Tables C1 to C10 further list specific weight ratios typical of the mixtures of Tables C1 to C10. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C1 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 8 of Index Table A with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.


TABLE C1
Mixture
Cmpd.
Invertebrate Pest
No.
No.
and
Control Agent
Typical Mixture Ratios (by weight)
C1-1
8
and
Abamectin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-2
8
and
Acetamiprid
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-3
8
and
Amitraz
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-4
8
and
Avermectin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-5
8
and
Azadirachtin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-6
8
and
Bensultap
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-7
8
and
Beta-cyfluthrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-8
8
and
Bifenthrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-9
8
and
Buprofezin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-10
8
and
Cartap
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-11
8
and
Chlorantraniliprole
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-12
8
and
Chlorfenapyr
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-13
8
and
Chlorpyrifos
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-14
8
and
Clothianidin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-15
8
and
Cyantraniliprole
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-16
8
and
Cyfluthrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-17
8
and
Cyhalothrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-18
8
and
Cypermethrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-19
8
and
Cyromazine
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-20
8
and
Deltamethrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-21
8
and
Dieldrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-22
8
and
Dinotefuran
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-23
8
and
Diofenolan
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-24
8
and
Emamectin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-25
8
and
Endosulfan
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-26
8
and
Esfenvalerate
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-27
8
and
Ethiprole
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-28
8
and
Fenothiocarb
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-29
8
and
Fenoxycarb
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-30
8
and
Fenvalerate
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-31
8
and
Fipronil
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-32
8
and
Flonicamid
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-33
8
and
Flubendiamide
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-34
8
and
Flufenoxuron
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-35
8
and
Hexaflumuron
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-36
8
and
Hydramethylnon
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-37
8
and
Imidacloprid
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-38
8
and
Indoxacarb
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-39
8
and
Lambda-
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
cyhalothrin
C1-40
8
and
Lufenuron
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-41
8
and
Metaflumizone
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-42
8
and
Methomyl
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-43
8
and
Methoprene
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-44
8
and
Methoxyfenozide
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-45
8
and
Nitenpyram
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-46
8
and
Nithiazine
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-47
8
and
Novaluron
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-48
8
and
Oxamyl
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-49
8
and
Phosmet
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-50
8
and
Pymetrozine
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-51
8
and
Pyrethrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-52
8
and
Pyridaben
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-53
8
and
Pyridalyl
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-54
8
and
Pyriproxyfen
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-55
8
and
Ryanodine
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-56
8
and
Spinetoram
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-57
8
and
Spinosad
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-58
8
and
Spirodiclofen
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-59
8
and
Spiromesifen
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-60
8
and
Spirotetramat
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-61
8
and
Sulfoxaflor
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-62
8
and
Tebufenozide
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-63
8
and
Tefluthrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-64
8
and
Thiacloprid
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-65
8
and
Thiamethoxam
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-66
8
and
Thiodicarb
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-67
8
and
Thiosultap-sodium
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-68
8
and
Tolfenpyrad
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-69
8
and
Tralomethrin
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-70
8
and
Triazamate
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-71
8
and
Triflumezopyrim
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-72
8
and
Triflumuron
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-73
8
and
Bacillus
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
C1-74
8
and
Bacillus
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
delta-endotoxin
C1-75
8
and
NPV (e.g.,
100:1
10:1
5:1
2:1
1:1
1:2
1:5
1:10
1:100
Gemstar)

Table C2

Table C2 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 14. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C2 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 14 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Table C3

Table C3 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 16. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C3 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 16 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Table C4

Table C4 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 19. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C4 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 19 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Table C5

Table C5 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 41. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C5 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 41 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Table C6

Table C6 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 42. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C6 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 42 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Table C7

Table C7 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 51. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C7 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 51 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Table C8

Table C8 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 54. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C8 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 54 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Table C9

Table C9 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 55. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C9 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 55 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Table C10

Table C10 is identical to Table C1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 76. For example, the first weight ratio entry of the first line of Table C10 specifically discloses the mixture of Compound 76 with abamectin applied in a weight ratio of 100 parts Compound 1 to 1 part abamectin.

Listed below in Tables D1 to D10 are embodiments of specific compositions comprising a compound of Formula 1 (compound numbers (Cmpd. No.) refer to compounds in Index Tables A-N) and an additional fungicide.


TABLE D1
Mixture
Cmpd.
No.
No.
and
Fungicide
D1-1
8
and
Probenazole
D1-2
8
and
Tiadinil
D1-3
8
and
Isotianil
D1-4
8
and
Pyroquilon
D1-5
8
and
Metominostrobin
D1-6
8
and
Flutolanil
D1-7
8
and
Validamycin
D1-8
8
and
Furametpyr
D1-9
8
and
Pencycuron
D1-10
8
and
Simeconazole
D1-11
8
and
Orysastrobin
D1-12
8
and
Trifloxystrobin
D1-13
8
and
Isoprothiolane
D1-14
8
and
Azoxystrobin
D1-15
8
and
Tricyclazole
D1-16
8
and
Hexaconazole
D1-17
8
and
Difenoconazole
D1-18
8
and
Cyproconazole
D1-19
8
and
Propiconazole
D1-20
8
and
Fenoxanil
D1-21
8
and
Ferimzone
D1-22
8
and
Fthalide
D1-23
8
and
Kasugamycin
D1-24
8
and
Picoxystrobin
D1-25
8
and
Penthiopyrad
D1-26
8
and
Famoxadone
D1-27
8
and
Cymoxanil
D1-28
8
and
Proquinazid
D1-29
8
and
Flusilazole
D1-30
8
and
Mancozeb
D1-31
8
and
Copper hydroxide
D1-32
8
and
(a)
(a) 1-[4-[4-[5-(2,6-difluorophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-3-isoxazolyl]-2-thiazolyl]-1-piperidinyl]-2-[5-methyl-3-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]ethanone

Table D2

Table D2 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 14. For example, the first mixture in Table D2 is designated D2-1 and is a mixture of compound 14 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Table D3

Table D3 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 16. For example, the first mixture in Table D3 is designated D3-1 and is a mixture of compound 16 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Table D4

Table D4 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 19. For example, the first mixture in Table D4 is designated D4-1 and is a mixture of compound 19 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Table D5

Table D5 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 41. For example, the first mixture in Table D5 is designated D5-1 and is a mixture of compound 41 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Table D6

Table D6 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 42. For example, the first mixture in Table D6 is designated D6-1 and is a mixture of compound 42 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Table D7

Table D7 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 51. For example, the first mixture in Table D7 is designated D7-1 and is a mixture of compound 51 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Table D8

Table D8 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 54. For example, the first mixture in Table D8 is designated D8-1 and is a mixture of compound 54 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Table D9

Table D9 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 55. For example, the first mixture in Table D9 is designated D9-1 and is a mixture of compound 55 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Table D10

Table D10 is identical to Table D1, except that each reference to compound 8 in the column headed “Cmpd. No.” is replaced by a reference to compound 76. For example, the first mixture in Table D10 is designated D10-1 and is a mixture of compound 76 and the additional fungicide probenazole.

Invertebrate pests are controlled in agronomic and nonagronomic applications by applying one or more compounds of this invention, typically in the form of a composition, in a biologically effective amount, to the environment of the pests, including the agronomic and/or nonagronomic locus of infestation, to the area to be protected, or directly on the pests to be controlled.

Thus the present invention comprises a method for controlling an invertebrate pest in agronomic and/or nonagronomic applications, comprising contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of one or more of the compounds of the invention, or with a composition comprising at least one such compound or a composition comprising at least one such compound and a biologically effective amount of at least one additional biologically active compound or agent. Examples of suitable compositions comprising a compound of the invention and a biologically effective amount of at least one additional biologically active compound or agent include granular compositions wherein the additional active compound is present on the same granule as the compound of the invention or on granules separate from those of the compound of the invention.

To achieve contact with a compound or composition of the invention to protect a field crop from invertebrate pests, the compound or composition is typically applied to the seed of the crop before planting, to the foliage (e.g., leaves, stems, flowers, fruits) of crop plants, or to the soil or other growth medium before or after the crop is planted.

One embodiment of a method of contact is by spraying. Alternatively, a granular composition comprising a compound of the invention can be applied to the plant foliage or the soil. Compounds of this invention can also be effectively delivered through plant uptake by contacting the plant with a composition comprising a compound of this invention applied as a soil drench of a liquid formulation, a granular formulation to the soil, a nursery box treatment or a dip of transplants. Of note is a composition of the present invention in the form of a soil drench liquid formulation. Also of note is a method for controlling an invertebrate pest comprising contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with a biologically effective amount of a compound of the present invention or with a composition comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound of the present invention. Of further note is this method wherein the environment is soil and the composition is applied to the soil as a soil drench formulation. Of further note is that compounds of this invention are also effective by localized application to the locus of infestation. Other methods of contact include application of a compound or a composition of the invention by direct and residual sprays, aerial sprays, gels, seed coatings, microencapsulations, systemic uptake, baits, ear tags, boluses, foggers, fumigants, aerosols, dusts and many others. One embodiment of a method of contact is a dimensionally stable fertilizer granule, stick or tablet comprising a compound or composition of the invention. The compounds of this invention can also be impregnated into materials for fabricating invertebrate control devices (e.g., insect netting).

Compounds of the invention are useful in treating all plants, plant parts and seeds. Plant and seed varieties and cultivars can be obtained by conventional propagation and breeding methods or by genetic engineering methods. Genetically modified plants or seeds (transgenic plants or seeds) are those in which a heterologous gene (transgene) has been stably integrated into the plant's or seed's genome. A transgene that is defined by its particular location in the plant genome is called a transformation or transgenic event.

Genetically modified plant and seed cultivars which can be treated according to the invention include those that are resistant against one or more biotic stresses (pests such as nematodes, insects, mites, fungi, etc.) or abiotic stresses (drought, cold temperature, soil salinity, etc.), or that contain other desirable characteristics. Plants and seeds can be genetically modified to exhibit traits of, for example, herbicide tolerance, insect-resistance, modified oil profiles or drought tolerance. Useful genetically modified plants and seeds containing single gene transformation events or combinations of transformation events are listed in Table Z. Additional information for the genetic modifications listed in Table Z can be obtained from the following databases:

http://www2.oecd.org/biotech/byidentifier.aspx

http://www.aphis.usda.go

http://gmoinfo.jrc.ec.europa.eu

The following abbreviations are used in Table Z which follows: tol. is tolerance, res. is resistance, SU is sulfonylurea, ALS is acetolactate synthase, HPPD is 4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvate Dioxvenase, NA is Not Available?


TABLE Z
Crop
Event Name
Event Code
Trait(s)
Gene(s)
Alfalfa
J101
MON-00101-8
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Alfalfa
J163
MON-ØØ163-7
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Canola*
23-18-17 (Event
CGN-89465-2
High lauric acid oil
te
18)
Canola*
23-198 (Event 23)
CGN-89465-2
High lauric acid oil
te
Canola*
61061
DP-Ø61Ø61-7
Glyphosate tol.
gat4621
Canola*
73496
DP-Ø73496-4
Glyphosate tol.
gat4621
Canola*
GT200 (RT200)
MON-89249-2
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
goxv247
Canola*
GT73 (RT73)
MON-ØØØ73-7
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
goxv247
Canola*
HCN10 (Topas
NA
Glufosinate tol.
bar
19/2)
Canola*
HCN28 (T45)
ACS-BNØØ8-2
Glufosinate tol.
pat (syn)
Canola*
HCN92 (Topas
ACS-BNØØ7-1
Glufosinate tol.
bar
19/2)
Canola*
MON88302
MON-883Ø2-9
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Canola*
MPS961
NA
Phytate breakdown
phyA
Canola*
MPS962
NA
Phytate breakdown
phyA
Canola*
MPS963
NA
Phytate breakdown
phyA
Canola*
MPS964
NA
Phytate breakdown
phyA
Canola*
MPS965
NA
Phytate breakdown
phyA
Canola*
MS1 (B91-4)
ACS-BNØØ4-7
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Canola*
MS8
ACS-BNØØ5-8
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Canola*
OXY-235
ACS-BNØ11-5
Oxynil tol.
bxn
Canola*
PHY14
NA
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Canola*
PHY23
NA
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Canola*
PHY35
NA
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Canola*
PHY36
NA
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Canola*
RF1 (B93-101)
ACS-BNØØ1-4
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Canola*
RF2 (B94-2)
ACS-BNØØ2-5
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Canola*
RF3
ACS-BNØØ3-6
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Bean
EMBRAPA 5.1
EMB-PV051-1
Disease res.
ac1 (sense and
antisense)
Brinjal
EE-1
Insect res.
cry1Ac
(Eggplant)
Carnation
11 (7442)
FLO-07442-4
SU tol..; modified flower
surB; dfr; hfl (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
11363 (1363A)
FLO-11363-1
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
1226A (11226)
FLO-11226-8
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
123.2.2 (40619)
FLO-4Ø619-7
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; hfl (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
123.2.38 (40644)
FLO-4Ø644-4
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; hfl (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
123.8.12
FLO-4Ø689-6
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
123.8.8 (40685)
FLO-4Ø685-1
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
1351A (11351)
FLO-11351-7
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
1400A (11400)
FLO-114ØØ-2
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
15
FLO-ØØØ15-2
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; hfl (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
16
FLO-ØØØ16-3
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; hfl (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
4
FLO-ØØØØ4-9
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; hfl (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
66
FLO-ØØØ66-8
SU tol.; delayed senescence
surB; acc
Carnation
959A (11959)
FLO-11959-3
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
988A (11988)
FLO-11988-7
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
26407
IFD-26497-2
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Carnation
25958
IFD-25958-3
SU tol.; modified flower
surB; dfr; bp40 (f3′5′h)
color
Chicory
RM3-3
NA
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Chicory
RM3-4
NA
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Chicory
RM3-6
NA
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Cotton
19-51a
DD-Ø1951A-7
ALS herbicide tol.
S4-HrA
Cotton
281-24-236
DAS-24236-5
Glufosinate tol.; insect res.
pat (syn); cry1F
Cotton
3006-210-23
DAS-21Ø23-5
Glufosinate tol.; insect res.
pat (syn); cry1Ac
Cotton
31707
NA
Oxynil tol.; insect res.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
31803
NA
Oxynil tol.; insect res.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
31807
NA
Oxynil tol.; insect res.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
31808
NA
Oxynil tol.; insect res.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
42317
NA
Oxynil tol.; insect res.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
BNLA-601
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ac
Cotton
BXN10211
BXN10211-9
Oxynil tol.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
BXN10215
BXN10215-4
Oxynil tol.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
BXN10222
BXN10222-2
Oxynil tol.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
BXN10224
BXN10224-4
Oxynil tol.
bxn; cry1Ac
Cotton
COT102
SYN-IR102-7
Insect res.
vip3A(a)
Cotton
COT67B
SYN-IR67B-1
Insect res.
cry1Ab
Cotton
COT202
Insect res.
vip3A
Cotton
Event 1
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ac
Cotton
GMF Cry1A
GTL-GMF311-7
Insect res.
cry1Ab-Ac
Cotton
GHB119
BCS-GH005-8
Insect res.
cry2Ae
Cotton
GHB614
BCS-GH002-5
Glyphosate tol.
2mepsps
Cotton
GK12
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ab-Ac
Cotton
LLCotton25
ACS-GH001-3
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Cotton
MLS 9124
NA
Insect res.
cry1C
Cotton
MON1076
MON-89924-2
Insect res.
cry1Ac
Cotton
MON1445
MON-01445-2
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Cotton
MON15985
MON-15985-7
Insect res.
cry1Ac; cry2Ab2
Cotton
MON1698
MON-89383-1
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Cotton
MON531
MON-00531-6
Insect res.
cry1Ac
Cotton
MON757
MON-00757-7
Insect res.
cry1Ac
Cotton
MON88913
MON-88913-8
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Cotton
Nqwe Chi 6 Bt
NA
Insect res.
NA?
Cotton
SKG321
NA
Insect res.
cry1A; CpTI
Cotton
T303-3
BCS-GH003-6
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1Ab; bar
Cotton
T304-40
BCS-GH004-7
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1Ab; bar
Cotton
CE43-67B
Insect res.
cry1Ab
Cotton
CE46-02A
Insect res.
cry1Ab
Cotton
CE44-69D
Insect res.
cry1Ab
Cotton
1143-14A
Insect res.
cry1Ab
Cotton
1143-51B
Insect res.
cry1Ab
Cotton
T342-142
Insect res.
cry1Ab
Cotton
PV-GHGT07
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
(1445)
Cotton
EE-GH3
Glyphosate tol.
mepsps
Cotton
EE-GH5
Insect res.
cry1Ab
Cotton
MON88701
MON-88701-3
Dicamba & glufosinate tol.
Modified dmo; bar
Cotton
OsCr11
Anti-allergy
Modified Cry j
Creeping
ASR368
SMG-368ØØ-2
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Bentgrass
Eucalyptus
20-C
Salt tol.
codA
Eucalyptus
12-5C
Salt tol.
codA
Eucalyptus
12-5B
Salt tol.
codA
Eucalyptus
107-1
Salt tol.
codA
Eucalyptus
Jan. 9, 2001
Salt tol.
codA
Eucalyptus
Feb. 1, 2001
Salt tol.
codA
Eucalyptus
Cold tol.
des9
Flax
FP967
CDC-FL001-2
ALS herbicide tol.
als
Lentil
RH44
Imidazolinone tol.
als
Maize
3272
SYN-E3272-5
Modified alpha-amylase
amy797E
Maize
5307
SYN-05307-1
Insect res.
ecry3.1Ab
Maize
59122
DAS-59122-7
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry34Ab1; cry35Ab1;
pat
Maize
676
PH-000676-7
Glufosinate tol.; pollination
pat; dam
control
Maize
678
PH-000678-9
Glufosinate tol.; pollination
pat; dam
control
Maize
680
PH-000680-2
Glufosinate tol.; pollination
pat; dam
control
Maize
98140
DP-098140-6
Glyphosate toll; ALS
gat4621; zm-hra
herbicide tol.
Maize
Bt10
NA
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1Ab; pat
Maize
Bt176 (176)
SYN-EV176-9
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1Ab; bar
Maize
BVLA430101
NA
Phytate breakdown
phyA2
Maize
CBH-351
ACS-ZM004-3
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry9C; bar
Maize
DAS40278-9
DAS40278-9
2,4-D tol.
aad-1
Maize
DBT418
DKB-89614-9
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1Ac; pinII; bar
Maize
DLL25 (B16)
DKB-89790-5
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Maize
GA21
MON-00021-9
Glyphosate tol.
mepsps
Maize
GG25
Glyphosate tol.
mepsps
Maize
GJ11
Glyphosate tol.
mepsps
Maize
Fl117
Glyphosate tol.
mepsps
Maize
GAT-ZM1
Glufosinate tol.
pat
Maize
LY038
REN-00038-3
Increased lysine
cordapA
Maize
MIR162
SYN-IR162-4
Insect res.
vip3Aa20
Maize
MIR604
SYN-IR604-5
Insect res.
mcry3A
Maize
MON801
MON801
Insect res.; glyphosate tol.
cry1Ab; cp4 epsps
(MON80100)
(aroA:CP4); goxv247
Maize
MON802
MON-80200-7
Insect res.; glyphosate tol.
cry1Ab; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4); goxv247
Maize
MON809
PH-MON-809-2
Insect res.; glyphosate tol.
cry1Ab; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4); goxv247
Maize
MON810
MON-00810-6
Insect res.; glyphosate tol.
cry1Ab; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4); goxv247
Maize
MON832
NA
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
goxv247
Maize
MON863
MON-00863-5
Insect res.
cry3Bb1
Maize
MON87427
MON-87427-7
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Maize
MON87460
MON-87460-4
Drought tol.
cspB
Maize
MON88017
MON-88017-3
Insect res.; glyphosate tol.
cry3Bb1; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4)
Maize
MON89034
MON-89034-3
Insect res.
cry2Ab2; cry1A.105
Maize
MS3
ACS-ZM001-9
Glufosinate tol.; pollination
bar; barnase
control
Maize
MS6
ACS-ZM005-4
Glufosinate tol.; pollination
bar; barnase
control
Maize
NK603
MON-00603-6
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Maize
T14
ACS-ZM002-1
Glufosinate tol.
pat (syn)
Maize
T25
ACS-ZM003-2
Glufosinate tol.
pat (syn)
Maize
TC1507
DAS-01507-1
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1Fa2; pat
Maize
TC6275
DAS-06275-8
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
mocry1F; bar
Maize
VIP1034
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
vip3A; pat
Maize
43A47
DP-043A47-3
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1F; cry34Ab1;
cry35Ab1; pat
Maize
40416
DP-040416-8
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1F; cry34Ab1;
cry35Ab1; pat
Maize
32316
DP-032316-8
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1F; cry34Ab1;
cry35Ab1; pat
Maize
4114
DP-004114-3
Insect res.; glufosinate tol.
cry1F; cry34Ab1;
cry35Ab1; pat
Melon
Melon A
NA
Delayed ripening/senescence
sam-k
Melon
Melon B
NA
Delayed ripening/senescence
sam-k
Papaya
55-1
CUH-CP551-8
Disease res.
prsv cp
Papaya
63-1
CUH-CP631-7
Disease res.
prsv cp
Papaya
Huanong No. 1
NA
Disease res.
prsv rep
Papaya
X17-2
UFL-X17CP-6
Disease res.
prsv cp
Petunia
Petunia-CHS
NA
Modified product quality
CHS suppres.sion
Plum
C-5
ARS-PLMC5-6
Disease res.
ppv cp
Canola**
ZSR500
NA
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
goxv247
Canola**
ZSR502
NA
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
goxv247
Canola**
ZSR503
NA
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
goxv247
Poplar
Bt poplar
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ac; API
Poplar
Hybrid poplar
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ac; API
clone741
Poplar
trg300-1
High cellulose
AaXEG2
Poplar
trg300-2
High cellulose
AaXEG2
Potato
1210 amk
NA
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
2904/1 kgs
NA
Insect res.
cry3A
Canola**
ZSR500
NA
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
goxv247
Canola**
ZSR502
NA
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
goxv247
Potato
ATBT04-27
NMK-89367-8
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
ATBT04-30
NMK-89613-2
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
ATBT04-31
NMK-89170-9
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
ATBT04-36
NMK-89279-1
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
ATBT04-6
NMK-89761-6
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
BT06
NMK-89812-3
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
BT10
NMK-89175-5
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
BT12
NMK-89601-8
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
BT16
NMK-89167-6
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
BT17
NMK-89593-9
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
BT18
NMK-89906-7
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
BT23
NMK-89675-1
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
EH92-527-1
BPS-25271-9
Modified starch/carbohydrate
gbss (antisense)
Potato
HLMT15-15
NA
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; pvy cp
Potato
HLMT15-3
NA
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; pvy cp
Potato
HLMT15-46
NA
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; pvy cp
Potato
RBMT15-101
NMK-89653-6
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; pvy cp
Potato
RBMT21-129
NMK-89684-1
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; plrv orf1; plrv
orf2
Potato
RBMT21-152
NA
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; plrv orf1; plrv
orf2
Potato
RBMT21-350
NMK-89185-6
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; plrv orf1; plrv
orf2
Potato
RBMT22-082
NMK-89896-6
Insect & disease res.;
cry3A; plrv orf1; plrv
Glyphosate tol.
orf2; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4)
Potato
RBMT22-186
NA
Insect & disease res.;
cry3A; plrv orf1; plrv
Glyphosate tol.
orf2; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4)
Potato
RBMT22-238
NA
Insect & disease res.;
cry3A; plrv orf1; plrv
Glyphosate tol.
orf2; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4)
Potato
RBMT22-262
NA
Insect & disease res.;
cry3A; plrv orf1; plrv
Glyphosate tol.
orf2; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4)
Potato
SEMT15-02
NMK-89935-9
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; pvy cp
Potato
SEMT15-07
NA
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; pvy cp
Potato
SEMT15-15
NMK-89930-4
Insect & disease res.
cry3A; pvy cp
Potato
SPBT02-5
NMK-89576-1
Insect res.
cry3A
Potato
SPBT02-7
NMK-89724-5
Insect res.
cry3A
Rice
7Crp#242-95-7
Anti-allergy
7crp
Rice
7Crp#10
NA
Anti-allergy
7crp
Rice
GM Shanyou 63
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ab; cry1Ac
Rice
Huahui-1/TT51-1
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ab; cry1Ac
Rice
LLRICE06
ACS-OS001-4
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Rice
LLRICE601
BCS-OS003-7
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Rice
LLRICE62
ACS-OS002-5
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Rice
Tarom molaii +
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ab (truncated)
cry1Ab
Rice
GAT-OS2
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Rice
GAT-OS3
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Rice
PE-7
Insect res.
Cry1Ac
Rice
7Crp#10
NA
Anti-allergy
7crp
Rice
KPD627-8
High tryptophan
OASA1D
Rice
KPD722-4
High tryptophan
OASA1D
Rice
KA317
High tryptophan
OASA1D
Rice
HW5
High tryptophan
OASA1D
Rice
HW1
High tryptophan
OASA1D
Rice
B-4-1-18
Erect leaves semidwarf
Δ OsBRI1
Rice
G-3-3-22
Semidwarf
OSGA2ox1
Rice
AD77
Disease res.
DEF
Rice
AD51
Disease res.
DEF
Rice
AD48
Disease res.
DEF
Rice
AD41
Disease res.
DEF
Rice
13pNasNaatAprt1
Low iron tol.
HvNAS1; HvNAAT-A;
APRT
Rice
13pAprt1
Low iron tol.
APRT
Rice
GHvNAS1-
Low iron tol.
HvNAS1; HvNAAT-A;
gHvNAAT-1
HvNAAT-B
Rice
gHvIDS3-1
Low iron tol.
HvIDS3
Rice
GHvNAAT1
Low iron tol.
HvNAAT-A;
HvNAAT-B
Rice
GHvNAS1-1
Low iron tol.
HvNAS1
Rice
NIA-OS006-4
Disease res.
WRKY45
Rice
NIA-OS005-3
Disease res.
WRKY45
Rice
NIA-OS004-2
Disease res.
WRKY45
Rice
NIA-OS003-1
Disease res.
WRKY45
Rice
NIA-OS002-9
Disease res.
WRKY45
Rice
NIA-OS001-8
Disease res.
WRKY45
Rice
OsCr11
Anti-allergy
Modified Cry j
Rice
17053
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Rice
17314
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Rose
WKS82/130-4-1
IFD-52401-4
Modified flower color
5AT; bp40 (f3′5′h)
Rose
WKS92/130-9-1
IFD-52901-9
Modified flower color
5AT; bp40 (f3′5′h)
Soybean
260-05 (G94-1,
NA
Modified oil/fatty acid
gm-fad2-1 (silencing
G94-19, G168)
locus)
Soybean
A2704-12
ACS-GM005-3
Glufosinate tol.
pat
Soybean
A2704-21
ACS-GM004-2
Glufosinate tol.
pat
Soybean
A5547-127
ACS-GM006-4
Glufosinate tol.
pat
Soybean
A5547-35
ACS-GM008-6
Glufosinate tol.
pat
Soybean
CV127
BPS-CV127-9
Imidazolinone tol.
csr1-2
Soybean
DAS68416-4
DAS68416-4
Glufosinate tol.
pat
Soybean
DP305423
DP-305423-1
Modified oil/fatty acid; ALS
gm-fad2-1 (silencing
herbicide tol.
locus); gm-hra
Soybean
DP356043
DP-356043-5
Modified oil/fatty acid;
gm-fad2-1 (silencing
glyphosate tol.
locus); gat4601
Soybean
FG72
MST-FG072-3
Glyphosate & HPPD tol.
2mepsps; hppdPF
W336
Soybean
GTS 40-3-2 (40-3-2)
MON-04032-6
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Soybean
GU262
ACS-GM003-1
Glufosinate tol.
pat
Soybean
MON87701
MON-87701-2
Insect res.
cry1Ac
Soybean
MON87705
MON-87705-6
Modified oil/fatty acid;
fatb1-A (sense &
glyphosate tol.
antisense); fad2-1A
(sense & antisense);
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Soybean
MON87708
MON-87708-9
Dicamba & glyphosate tol.
dmo; cp4 epsps
(aroA:CP4)
Soybean
MON87769
MON-87769-7
Modified oil/fatty acid;
Pj.D6D; Nc.Fad3; cp4
glyphosate tol.
epsps (aroA:CP4)
Soybean
MON89788
MON-89788-1
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Soybean
W62
ACS-GM002-9
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Soybean
W98
ACS-GM001-8
Glufosinate tol.
bar
Soybean
MON87754
MON-87754-1
High oil
dgat2A
Soybean
DAS21606
DAS-21606
Aryloxyalkanoate &
Modified aad-12; pat
glufosinate tol.
Soybean
DAS44406
DAS-44406-6
Aryloxyalkanoate, glyphosate
Modified aad-12;
& glufosinate tol.
2mepsps; pat
Soybean
SYHT04R
SYN-0004R-8
Mesotrione tol.
Modified avhppd
Soybean
9582.814.19.1
Insect res. & glufosinate tol.
cry1Ac, cry1F, PAT
Squash
CZW3
SEM-ØCZW3-2
Disease res.
cmv cp, zymv cp, wmv
cp
Squash
ZW20
SEM-0ZW20-7
Disease res.
zymv cp, wmv cp
Sugar Beet
GTSB77
SY-GTSB77-8
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4);
(T9100152)
goxv247
Sugar Beet
H7-1
KM-000H71-4
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Sugar Beet
T120-7
ACS-BV001-3
Glufosinate tol.
pat
Sugar Beet
T227-1
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
Sugarcane
NXI-1T
Drought tol.
EcbetA
Sunflower
X81359
Imidazolinone tol.
als
Sweet Pepper
PK-SP01
NA
Disease res.
cmv cp
Tobacco
C/F/93/08-02
NA
Oxynil tol.
bxn
Tobacco
Vector 21-41
NA
Reduced nicotine
NtQPT1 (antisense)
Tomato
1345-4
NA
Delayed ripening/senescense
ace (truncated)
Tomato
35-1-N
NA
Delayed ripening/senescense
sam-k
Tomato
5345
NA
Insect res.
cry1Ac
Tomato
8338
CGN-89322-3
Delayed ripening/senescense
accd
Tomato
B
SYN-0000B-6
Delayed ripening/senescense
pg (sense or antisense)
Tomato
Da
SYN-0000DA-9
Delayed ripening/senescense
pg (sense or antisense)
Sunflower
X81359
Imidazolinone tol.
als
Tomato
Da Dong No 9
NA
Modified product
NA
Tomato
F (1401F, h38F,
SYN-0000F-1
Delayed ripening/senescense
pg (sense or antisense)
11013F,7913F)
Tomato
FLAVR SAVR ™
CGN-89564-2
Delayed ripening/senescense
pg (sense or antisense)
Tomato
Huafan No 1
NA
Delayed ripening/senescense
anti-efe
Tomato
PK-TM8805R
NA
Disease res.
cmv cp
(8805R)
Wheat
MON71800
MON-718ØØ-3
Glyphosate tol.
cp4 epsps (aroA:CP4)
*Argentine,
**Polish,
#Eggplant

Treatment of genetically modified plants and seeds with compounds of the invention may result in super-additive or synergistic effects. For example, reduction in application rates, broadening of the activity spectrum, increased tolerance to biotic/abiotic stresses or enhanced storage stability may be greater than expected from just simple additive effects of the application of compounds of the invention on genetically modified plants and seeds.

Compounds of this invention are also useful in seed treatments for protecting seeds from invertebrate pests. In the context of the present disclosure and claims, treating a seed means contacting the seed with a biologically effective amount of a compound of this invention, which is typically formulated as a composition of the invention. This seed treatment protects the seed from invertebrate soil pests and generally can also protect roots and other plant parts in contact with the soil of the seedling developing from the germinating seed. The seed treatment may also provide protection of foliage by translocation of the compound of this invention or a second active ingredient within the developing plant. Seed treatments can be applied to all types of seeds, including those from which plants genetically transformed to express specialized traits will germinate. Representative examples include those expressing proteins toxic to invertebrate pests, such as Bacillus thuringiensis toxin or those expressing herbicide resistance such as glyphosate acetyltransferase, which provides resistance to glyphosate. Seed treatments with compounds of this invention can also increase vigor of plants growing from the seed.

One method of seed treatment is by spraying or dusting the seed with a compound of the invention (i.e. as a formulated composition) before sowing the seeds. Compositions formulated for seed treatment generally comprise a film former or adhesive agent. Therefore typically a seed coating composition of the present invention comprises a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide or salt thereof, and a film former or adhesive agent. Seed can be coated by spraying a flowable suspension concentrate directly into a tumbling bed of seeds and then drying the seeds. Alternatively, other formulation types such as wetted powders, solutions, suspoemulsions, emulsifiable concentrates and emulsions in water can be sprayed on the seed. This process is particularly useful for applying film coatings on seeds. Various coating machines and processes are available to one skilled in the art. Suitable processes include those listed in P. Kosters et al., Seed Treatment: Progress and Prospects, 1994 BCPC Mongraph No. 57, and references listed therein.

Compounds of Formula 1 and their compositions, both alone and in combination with other insecticides, nematicides, and fungicides, are particularly useful in seed treatment for crops including, but not limited to, maize or corn, soybeans, cotton, cereal (e.g., wheat, oats, barley, rye and rice), potatoes, vegetables and oilseed rape.

Other insecticides with which compounds of Formula 1 can be formulated to provide mixtures useful in seed treatment include abamectin, acetamiprid, acrinathrin, amitraz, avermectin, azadirachtin, bensultap, bifenthrin, buprofezin, cadusafos, carbaryl, carbofuran, cartap, chlorantraniliprole, chlorfenapyr, chlorpyrifos, cl othi ani di n, cyantraniliprole, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, lamb da-cyhal othrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, cyromazine, deltamethrin, dieldrin, dinotefuran, diofenolan, emamectin, endosulfan, esfenvalerate, ethiprole, etofenprox, etoxazole, fenothiocarb, fenoxycarb, fenvalerate, fipronil, flonicamid, flubendiamide, flufenoxuron, fluvalinate, formetanate, fosthiazate, hexaflumuron, hydramethylnon, imidacloprid, indoxacarb, lufenuron, metaflumizone, methiocarb, methomyl, methoprene, methoxyfenozide, nitenpyram, nithiazine, novaluron, oxamyl, pymetrozine, pyrethrin, pyridaben, pyridalyl, pyriproxyfen, ryanodine, spinetoram, spinosad, spirodiclofen, spiromesifen, spirotetramat, sulfoxaflor, tebufenozide, tetramethrin, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, thiodicarb, thiosultap-sodium, tralomethrin, triazamate, triflumuron, Bacillus thuringiensis delta-endotoxins, all strains of Bacillus thuringiensis and all strains of nucleo polyhedrosis viruses.

Fungicides with which compounds of Formula 1 can be formulated to provide mixtures useful in seed treatment include amisulbrom, azoxystrobin, boscalid, carbendazim, carboxin, cymoxanil, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, dimethomorph, fluazinam, fludioxonil, fluquinconazole, fluopicolide, fluoxastrobin, flutriafol, fluxapyroxad, ipconazole, iprodione, metalaxyl, mefenoxam, metconazole, myclobutanil, paclobutrazole, penflufen, picoxystrobin, prothioconazole, pyraclostrobin, sedaxane, silthiofam, tebuconazole, thiabendazole, thiophanate-methyl, thi ram, trifloxystrobin and triticonazole.

Compositions comprising compounds of Formula 1 useful for seed treatment can further comprise bacteria and fungi that have the ability to provide protection from the harmful effects of plant pathogenic fungi or bacteria and/or soil born animals such as nematodes. Bacteria exhibiting nematicidal properties may include but are not limited to Bacillus firmus, Bacillus cereus, Bacillius subtiliis and Pasteuria penetrans. A suitable Bacillus firmus strain is strain CNCM 1-1582 (GB-126) which is commercially available as BioNem™. A suitable Bacillus cereus strain is strain NCMM 1-1592. Both Bacillus strains are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 6,406,690. Other suitable bacteria exhibiting nematicidal activity are B. amyloliquefaciens IN937a and B. subtilis strain GB03. Bacteria exhibiting fungicidal properties may include but are not limited to B. pumilus strain GB34. Fungal species exhibiting nematicidal properties may include but are not limited to Myrothecium verrucaria, Paecilomyces lilacinus and Purpureocillium lilacinum.

Seed treatments can also include one or more nematicidal agents of natural origin such as the elicitor protein called harpin which is isolated from certain bacterial plant pathogens such as Envinia amylovora. An example is the Harpin-N-Tek seed treatment technology available as N-Hibit™ Gold CST.

Seed treatments can also include one or more species of legume-root nodulating bacteria such as the microsymbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum. These inocculants can optionally include one or more lipo-chitooligosaccharides (LCOs), which are nodulation (Nod) factors produced by rhizobia bacteria during the initiation of nodule formation on the roots of legumes. For example, the Optimize® brand seed treatment technology incorporates LCO Promoter Technology™ in combination with an inocculant.

Seed treatments can also include one or more isoflavones which can increase the level of root colonization by mycorrhizal fungi. Mycorrhizal fungi improve plant growth by enhancing the root uptake of nutrients such as water, sulfates, nitrates, phosphates and metals. Examples of isoflavones include, but are not limited to, genistein, biochanin A, formononetin, daidzein, glycitein, hesperetin, naringenin and pratensein. Formononetin is available as an active ingredient in mycorrhizal inocculant products such as PHC Colonize® AG.

Seed treatments can also include one or more plant activators that induce systemic acquired resistance in plants following contact by a pathogen. An example of a plant activator which induces such protective mechanisms is acibenzolar-S-methyl.

The treated seed typically comprises a compound of the present invention in an amount from about 0.1 g to 1 kg per 100 kg of seed (i.e. from about 0.0001 to 1% by weight of the seed before treatment). A flowable suspension formulated for seed treatment typically comprises from about 0.5 to about 70% of the active ingredient, from about 0.5 to about 30% of a film-forming adhesive, from about 0.5 to about 20% of a dispersing agent, from 0 to about 5% of a thickener, from 0 to about 5% of a pigment and/or dye, from 0 to about 2% of an antifoaming agent, from 0 to about 1% of a preservative, and from 0 to about 75% of a volatile liquid diluent.

The compounds of this invention can be incorporated into a bait composition that is consumed by an invertebrate pest or used within a device such as a trap, bait station, and the like. Such a bait composition can be in the form of granules which comprise (a) active ingredients, namely a biologically effective amount of a compound of Formula 1, an N-oxide, or salt thereof; (b) one or more food materials; optionally (c) an attractant, and optionally (d) one or more humectants. Of note are granules or bait compositions which comprise between about 0.001-5% active ingredients, about 40-99% food material and/or attractant; and optionally about 0.05-10% humectants, which are effective in controlling soil invertebrate pests at very low application rates, particularly at doses of active ingredient that are lethal by ingestion rather than by direct contact. Some food materials can function both as a food source and an attractant. Food materials include carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. Examples of food materials are vegetable flour, sugar, starches, animal fat, vegetable oil, yeast extracts and milk solids. Examples of attractants are odorants and flavorants, such as fruit or plant extracts, perfume, or other animal or plant component, pheromones or other agents known to attract a target invertebrate pest. Examples of humectants, i.e. moisture retaining agents, are glycols and other polyols, glycerine and sorbitol. Of note is a bait composition (and a method utilizing such a bait composition) used to control at least one invertebrate pest selected from the group consisting of ants, termites and cockroaches. A device for controlling an invertebrate pest can comprise the present bait composition and a housing adapted to receive the bait composition, wherein the housing has at least one opening sized to permit the invertebrate pest to pass through the opening so the invertebrate pest can gain access to the bait composition from a location outside the housing, and wherein the housing is further adapted to be placed in or near a locus of potential or known activity for the invertebrate pest.

One embodiment of the present invention relates to a method for controlling invertebrate pests, comprising diluting the pesticidal composition of the present invention (a compound of Formula 1 formulated with surfactants, solid diluents and liquid diluents or a formulated mixture of a compound of Formula 1 and at least one other pesticide) with water, and optionally adding an adjuvant to form a diluted composition, and contacting the invertebrate pest or its environment with an effective amount of said diluted composition.

Although a spray composition formed by diluting with water a sufficient concentration of the present pesticidal composition can provide sufficient efficacy for controlling invertebrate pests, separately formulated adjuvant products can also be added to spray tank mixtures. These additional adjuvants are commonly known as “spray adjuvants” or “tank-mix adjuvants”, and include any substance mixed in a spray tank to improve the performance of a pesticide or alter the physical properties of the spray mixture. Adjuvants can be surfactants, emulsifying agents, petroleum-based crop oils, crop-derived seed oils, acidifiers, buffers, thickeners or defoaming agents. Adjuvants are used to enhancing efficacy (e.g., biological availability, adhesion, penetration, uniformity of coverage and durability of protection), or minimizing or eliminating spray application problems associated with incompatibility, foaming, drift, evaporation, volatilization and degradation. To obtain optimal performance, adjuvants are selected with regard to the properties of the active ingredient, formulation and target (e.g., crops, insect pests).

Among the spray adjuvants, oils including crop oils, crop oil concentrates, vegetable oil concentrates and methylated seed oil concentrates are most commonly used to improve the efficacy of pesticides, possibly by means of promoting more even and uniform spray deposits. In situations where phytotoxicity potentially caused by oils or other water-immiscible liquids are of concern, spray compositions prepared from the composition of the present invention will generally not contain oil-based spray adjuvants. However, in situations where phytotoxicity caused by oil-based spray adjuvants is commercially insignificant, spray compositions prepared from the composition of the present composition can also contain oil-based spray adjuvants, which can potentially further increase control of invertebrate pests, as well as rainfastness.

Products identified as “crop oil” typically contain 95 to 98% paraffin or naphtha-based petroleum oil and 1 to 2% of one or more surfactants functioning as emulsifiers. Products identified as “crop oil concentrates” typically consist of 80 to 85% of emulsifiable petroleum-based oil and 15 to 20% of nonionic surfactants. Products correctly identified as “vegetable oil concentrates” typically consist of 80 to 85% of vegetable oil (i.e. seed or fruit oil, most commonly from cotton, linseed, soybean or sunflower) and 15 to 20% of nonionic surfactants. Adjuvant performance can be improved by replacing the vegetable oil with methyl esters of fatty acids that are typically derived from vegetable oils. Examples of methylated seed oil concentrates include MSO® Concentrate (UAP-Loveland Products, Inc.) and Premium MSO Methylated Spray Oil (Helena Chemical Company).

The amount of adjuvants added to spray mixtures generally does not exceed about 2.5% by volume, and more typically the amount is from about 0.1 to about 1% by volume. The application rates of adjuvants added to spray mixtures are typically between about 1 to 5 L per hectare. Representative examples of spray adjuvants include: Adigor® (Syngenta) 47% methylated rapeseed oil in liquid hydrocarbons, Silwet® (Helena Chemical Company) polyalkyleneoxide modified heptamethyltrisiloxane and Assist® (BASF) 17% surfactant blend in 83% paraffin based mineral oil.

The compounds of this invention can be applied without other adjuvants, but most often application will be of a formulation comprising one or more active ingredients with suitable carriers, diluents, and surfactants and possibly in combination with a food depending on the contemplated end use. One method of application involves spraying a water dispersion or refined oil solution of a compound of the present invention. Combinations with spray oils, spray oil concentrations, spreader stickers, adjuvants, other solvents, and synergists such as piperonyl butoxide often enhance compound efficacy. For nonagronomic uses such sprays can be applied from spray containers such as a can, a bottle or other container, either by means of a pump or by releasing it from a pressurized container, e.g., a pressurized aerosol spray can. Such spray compositions can take various forms, for example, sprays, mists, foams, fumes or fog. Such spray compositions thus can further comprise propellants, foaming agents, etc. as the case may be. Of note is a spray composition comprising a biologically effective amount of a compound or a composition of the present invention and a carrier. One embodiment of such a spray composition comprises a biologically effective amount of a compound or a composition of the present invention and a propellant. Representative propellants include, but are not limited to, methane, ethane, propane, butane, isobutane, butene, pentane, isopentane, neopentane, pentene, hydrofluorocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons, dimethyl ether, and mixtures of the foregoing. Of note is a spray composition (and a method utilizing such a spray composition dispensed from a spray container) used to control at least one invertebrate pest selected from the group consisting of mosquitoes, black flies, stable flies, deer flies, horse flies, wasps, yellow jackets, hornets, ticks, spiders, ants, gnats, and the like, including individually or in combinations.

The following Tests demonstrate the control efficacy of compounds of this invention on specific pests. “Control efficacy” represents inhibition of invertebrate pest development (including mortality) that causes significantly reduced feeding. The pest control protection afforded by the compounds is not limited, however, to these species. See Index Tables A-N for compound descriptions. See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.

The following abbreviations may be used in the Index Tables which follow: Cmpd means Compound, t is tertiary, c is cyclo, Me is methyl, Et is ethyl, Pr is propyl, i-Pr is isopropyl, Bu is butyl, c-Pr is cyclopropyl, c-Pn is cyclopentyl, c-Hx is cyclohexyl, t-Bu is tertiary-butyl, Ph is phenyl, OMe is methoxy, SMe is methylthio, and SO2Me means methylsulfonyl. A wavy line or “-” in a structure fragment denotes the attachment point of the fragment to the remainder of the molecule. The abbreviation “Ex.” stands for “Example” and is followed by a number indicating in which example the compound is prepared.


INDEX TABLE A
Cmpd.
NMR/MS
No.
R
X2
X3
X4
A
data
 1
—C(O)(1-pyrrolidinyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 2
—C(O)NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 3
—C(O)(morpholino)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 4
—C(O)NH(2-pyridinyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 5
—C(O)NH(phenyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 6
—C(O)NHCH(Me)C(O)NH
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
(t-butyl)
 7
—C(O)NHCH(Me)C(O)NH
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
(isopropyl)
 8
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 9
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyridinyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 10
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 11
—C(O)NHCH2(2-thiazolyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 12
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
furanyl)
 13
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 14
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 15
—C(O)NH(1-piperidinyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 16
—C(O)NH(cyclohexyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 17
3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-pyrazolyl
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 18
2-pyrimidinyl
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 19
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 20
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)pyridin-2-yl
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 21
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 22
2(2-pyridinyl)thiazol-4-yl
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 23
2(2-thiazolyl)thiazol-4-yl
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
 24
—C(O)NHCH2CHF2
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
129
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
N
CH
CF
*
130
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
N
CH
CF
*
300
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
CH
CH
CF
*
301
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CH
CH
CH
N
*
302
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
CH
CH
N
*
303
1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
304
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
305
—C(O)NHCH2(5-methyl-2-
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
pyrazinyl)
306
—C(S)NH(cyclohexyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
307
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CH
CH
CH
CF
*
308
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-
CH
CH
CH
CF
*
furanyl)
309
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
CH
CH
CF
*
310
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
N
CH
CH
*
311
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CH
N
CH
CH
*
312
—CONHCH2(tetrahydro-2-
CH
N
CH
CH
*
furanyl)
313
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
CH
N
CH
CH
*
314
—C(O)NHCH(Me)(cyclopropyl)
CH
N
CH
CH
*
315
2-thiomethoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
316
—C(S)NH(isopropyl)
CH
CH
CH
CH
*
500
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CF
CH
CH
CH
299
501
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
CH
CF
CH
299
502
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
CH
CH
CF
CH
331
503
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
CF
CH
CH
CH
331
504
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
CH
CH
CH
CF
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE B
Cmpd.
NMR/MS
No.
R
A
data
X4 is CH
 25
—C(O)(1-pyrrolidinyl)
CH
*
 26
—C(O)NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
*
 27
1-pyrazolyl
CH
*
 28
—C(O)NH(2-pyridinyl)
CH
*
 29
—C(O)NH(phenyl)
CH
*
 30
—NHC(O)(phenyl)
CH
*
 31
—NHC(O)(2-pyridinyl)
CH
*
 32
—(R)—C(O)NHCH(Me)C(O)NH(t-butyl)
CH
*
 33
—C(O)NMe2
CH
*
 34
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CH
*
 35
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
*
 36
—C(O)(1-piperidinyl)
CH
*
 37
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CH
*
 38
—C(O)NHCH2CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
CH
*
 39
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
CH
*
 40
—C(O)NHCH2(2-thiazolyl)
CH
*
 41
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CH
*
 42
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
CH
*
 43
—C(O)(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)
CH
*
 44
—C(O)(morpholino)
CH
*
 45
—C(O)NHOCH2CH═CH2
CH
*
 46
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SEt
CH
*
 47
—C(O)NHOCH2(cyclopropyl)
CH
*
 48
—C(O)NHS(O)2(4-chlorophenyl)
CH
*
 49
—C(O)NHCH2CN
CH
*
 50
—C(O)N(—CH2CH(CF3)CH2CH2CH2—)
CH
*
 51
—C(O)NHCH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
CH
*
 52
—C(O)NHCH2CH2CF3
CH
*
 53
—C(O)NHCH2(cyclopropyl)
CH
*
 54
—C(O)NHCH2C(Me)F2
CH
*
 55
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
*
 56
—C(O)NHCH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
CH
*
 57
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
CH
*
 58
—C(O)N(CH2CH2SMe)(CH2OEt)
CH
*
 59
—C(O)NHCH2CH2CH2(1-imidazolyl)
CH
*
 60
—C(O)NHCH2(2-furanyl)
CH
*
 61
—C(O)N(Et)(cyclohexyl)
CH
*
 62
—C(O)NH(3,3-difluorocyclobutyl)
CH
*
 63
—C(O)NHCH(isopropyl)CO2Me
CH
*
 64
—C(O)N(Me)CH2CF3
CH
*
 65
—C(O)NHCH2(2-thienyl)
CH
*
 66
—C(O)N(CH2CH2CN)(CH2(3-pyridinyl))
CH
*
 67
—C(O)N(Me)(cyclopropyl)
CH
*
 68
—C(O)NHCH(Me)CH2OMe
CH
*
 69
—C(O)N(CH2CCH)2
CH
*
 70
—C(O)NHCH2CH2N(isopropyl)2
CH
*
 71
—C(O)NHCH2((3-trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)
CH
*
 72
—C(O)N(—CH2CH2N(C(O)(cyclopropyl))CH2CH2—)
CH
*
 73
—C(O)NHCH2(2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)
CH
*
 74
—C(O)N(—CH═NC(Me)2CH2—)
CH
*
 75
—C(O)(thiomorpholino)
CH
*
 76
—C(O)NHCH2(5-methyl-2-pyrazinyl)
CH
*
131
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CF
*
132
—C(O)NHCH2C(Me)F2
CF
*
133
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
CF
*
134
CH
*
320
2-pyrimidinyl
CH
*
321
2-oxazolyl
CH
*
322
5-(3-pyridinyl)-1,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl
CH
*
323
—C(O)NHCH2CH2OH
CH
*
324
2-pyrazinyl
CH
*
325
3-pyridinyl
CH
*
326
2-thiomethoxy-4-pyrimidinyl
CH
*
327
6-chloro-2-(SCH2CO2Et)-4-pyrimidinyl
CH
*
328
—C(O)NHCH2CO2Me
CH
*
329
—C(O)N(Me)CH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
CH
343
330
—C(O)N(Me)CH2CH(OMe)2
CH
341
331
—C(O)NHCH2CH2OMe
CH
297
332
—C(O)NHCH2CH2OEt
CH
311
333
—C(O)NHCH2CH2O(isopropyl)
CH
325
334
—C(O)NHCH2CH(Me)OMe
CH
311
335
—C(O)NHCH2CH2CH2OMe
CH
311
336
—C(O)NH(3-methoxycyclobutyl)
CH
323
338
—C(O)N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
CH
279
339
—C(O)NHCH2CH2N(Me)2
CH
310
340
1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl
CH
*
341
2-(SCH2CO2Et)-4-pyrimidinyl
CH
*
342
—C(O)NHNHCO2(t-butyl)
CH
*
343
—C(O)NHCH2CHF2
CH
303
344
—C(O)NHCH2CH2F
CH
285
345
—C(O)N(Me)Et
CH
281
346
—C(O)N(Me)Pr
CH
295
347
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CH
*
348
5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl
CH
*
349
—C(S)NH2
CH
*
350
—C(O)NHMe
CH
253
351
—C(O)NHEt
CH
267
352
—C(O)NHPr
CH
281
353
—C(O)N(—CH2CH2CF2CH2CH2—)
CH
343
354
—C(O)NHBu
CH
295
355
2-thiazolinyl
CH
*
356
—NHC(O)(2-furanyl)
CH
*
357
—NHC(O)CH2SPh
CH
*
358
—NHC(O)(cyclopropyl)
CH
*
359
—NHC(O)CH2Ph
CH
*
360
—NHC(O)CH(Me)Et
CH
*
361
—C(O)NHCH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
CH
*
362
—NHC(O)CH2CH(Me)2
CH
*
363
—C(O)NHNH(cyclohexyl)
CH
*
364
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
C(OMe)
*
365
—C(O)NHCH(Me)CF3
CF
*
366
—C(O)NHCH(Me)(cyclopropyl)
CF
*
367
—C(O)NHCH(CH2OMe)2
CF
*
368
—C(O)NHCH(isopropyl)CF3
CF
*
369
—C(O)NHCH2CO2Et
CF
*
370
—C(O)NHCH(Me)CH2OMe
CF
*
371
—C(O)NHCH2CH2S(t-butyl)
CH
*
372
—C(O)NHCH(Me)Et
CH
*
373
—C(O)NHNHC(O)(2-thienyl)
CH
*
374
—C(O)NHCH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
CF
*
375
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
CF
*
376
—C(O)NHNHC(O)(t-butyl)
CH
*
377
—C(O)NHNHC(O)(2-furanyl)
CH
*
378
—C(O)NHNHC(O)phenyl
CH
*
379
—C(O)NHNHC(O)CF3
CH
*
380
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
N
*
381
—C(O)NHCH(—C(O)SCH2CH2—)
CH
*
382
—C(O)N(—CH2CH2CH2—)
CF
*
383
—C(O)NHCH2(2-benzimidazole)
CF
*
384
—C(O)NHCH2CH(—CH2N(CO2(t-butyl))CH2CH2CH2—)
CF
*
385
—C(O)NHNHCH2CF3
CH
*
386
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
N
*
387
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
N
*
388
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
N
*
389
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CCl
*
390
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CCl
*
391
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CCl
*
392
—NHC(O)CH2CF3
CH
*
393
—C(O)NHNH(cyclopropyl)
CH
*
394
—C(O)NHC(Me)2CCH
CH
*
395
—C(O)NH(cyclobutyl)
CH
*
396
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CBr
*
397
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
CBr
*
398
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CBr
*
399
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CBr
*
400
—C(O)NHNHC(O)(3-pyridinyl)
CH
*
401
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CF
*
402
—C(O)NHC(—CH2CH2—)CO2Me
CH
*
403
—C(O)NHCH(Et)CH2OMe
CH
*
404
—C(O)NHCH2CCH
CH
*
405
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
C(OMe)
*
406
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
C(OMe)
*
407
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
C(OMe)
*
408
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
C(OMe)
*
409
—C(O)NHCH2(5-pyrimidinyl)
N
*
410
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CF
*
411
—C(O)NHCH(Me)CF3
CH
*
412
—C(O)NHCH(isopropyl)CF3
CH
*
413
—C(O)N(Et)2
CH
*
414
—C(O)NHCH(cyclopropyl)(4-methoxyphenyl)
CH
*
415
—C(O)NHCH(Me)(cyclopropyl)
CH
*
416
—C(O)NHNHC(S)NH(isopropyl)
CH
*
417
—C(O)NHC(Me)2CF3
CH
349
418
—C(O)NHC(—CH2CH2—)CF3
CH
347
419
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyridinyl)
CH
330
420
—C(O)NHCH2CH(COCH2CH2CH2Cl
CH
*
421
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
C(SMe)
*
422
2-(SCH2CF3)pyrimidin-4-yl
CH
*
423
6-(2-pyrimidinyl)pyridin-2-yl
CH
*
424
5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazin-2-yl
CH
*
425
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SCH2CH2CF3
CH
395
426
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SCH2CF3
CH
381
427
—C(O)NHCH2CH2S(O)2CH2CH2CF3
CH
427
X4 is N
173
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CH
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE C
NMR/MS
Cmpd. No.
R
A
data
428
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CH
*
429
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CH
*
430
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
*
431
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
CH
*
432
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
CH
*
433
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
CH
*
434
—C(O)NHCH(Me)CF3
CH
*
435
—C(O)NHCH2CHF2
CH
*
436
—C(O)NHCH(CH2OMe)2
CH
*
437
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CH
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE D
Cmpd. No.
R
X
NMR/MS data
135
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
Cl
*
136
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
Cl
*
137
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
Cl
*
142
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
H
*
438
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
Cl
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE E
Rb is H
Cmpd.
NMR/MS
No.
Ra
X3
A
data
 77
—C(O)(1-pyrrolidinyl)
CH
CH
*
 78
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CH
CH
*
 79
—C(O)N(Me)2
CH
CH
*
 80
—C(O)NH(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
CH
*
 81
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
CH
*
 82
—NHC(O)O(t-butyl)
CH
CH
*
 83
—NHC(O)(2-pyridinyl)
CH
CH
*
 84
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
CH
CH
*
 85
—C(O)NHCH2CH2S(t-butyl)
CH
CH
*
160
—C(O)NH(cyclobutyl)
CH
CH
*
161
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CH
CH
*
162
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
CH
CH
*
163
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CH
CH
*
Ra is H
Cmpd.
NMR/MS
No.
Rb
X3
A
data
 86
3-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazol-1-yl
CH
CH
*
 87
2-fluorophenyl
CH
CH
*
 88
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
CH
*
 89
—C(O)NH(1-pyrrolidinyl)
CH
CH
*
 90
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CH
CH
*
 91
—C(O)N(Me)(isopropyl)
CH
CH
*
 92
—(R)-C(O)NHCH(Me)C(O)NH(t-butyl)
CH
CH
*
 93
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
CH
CH
*
 94
—C(O)NH(cyclopentyl)
CH
CH
*
 95
—C(O)NHCH2Si(Me)3
CH
CH
*
 96
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
CH
CH
*
 97
—C(O)NHC(Me)2CH2SMe
CH
CH
*
 98
—C(O)NHCH2CH(—OCH2CH2O—)
CH
CH
*
 99
—C(O)NHCH2CH2NHC(O)Me
CH
CH
*
100
—C(O)NHCH(—C(O)NHCH2CH2CH2CH2—)
CH
CH
*
101
—C(O)NHC(Me)2CF3
CH
CH
*
102
—C(O)NHCH2C(O)NHCH2C(O)NHEt
CH
CH
*
103
—C(O)NH(3,3-difluorocyclobutyl)
CH
CH
*
104
—C(O)NHCH(Me)CF3
CH
CH
*
105
pyrazol-1-yl
CH
CH
*
106
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyridinyl)
CH
CH
*
107
—C(O)(2-(trifluoromethyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)
CH
CH
*
108
—C(O)(2-(2-pyridinyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl)
CH
CH
*
109
—C(O)NHCH2(6-bromo-2-pyridinyl)
CH
CH
*
110
—C(O)NHCH(Me)(3,5-dichloro-2-pyridinyl)
CH
CH
*
111
—(R)—C(O)NHCH(Me)C(O)NH(Et)
CH
CH
*
112
—(R)—C(O)NHCH(Me)C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
CH
*
113
—(R)—C(O)NHCH(Me)C(O)NH(CH2CF3)
CH
CH
*
114
3-methyl-1,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl
CH
CH
*
115
—NHC(O)O(t-butyl)
CH
CH
*
116
—C(O)NH2
CH
CH
*
117
—NHC(O)N(Et)2
CH
CH
*
118
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
CH
CH
*
119
1,2,4-triazol-1-yl
CH
CH
*
120
CH
CH
*
121
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
CH
CF
*
122
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
CH
CF
*
123
—C(O)NHCH(Me)CH2OMe
CH
CF
*
124
—C(O)NH(Et)
CH
CF
*
125
—C(O)(1-pyrrolidinyl)
CH
CF
*
126
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
CH
CF
*
127
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
CH
CF
*
128
CH
CH
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE F
Cmpd. No.
R
NMR/MS data
138
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
*
139
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
*
140
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
*
141
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE G
Cmpd. No.
R
NMR/MS data
158
—NHC(O)(cyclobutyl)
*
159
—NHC(O)(cyclopropyl)
*
439
—C(O)NHCH2(2-pyrimidinyl)
*
440
—C(O)NH(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
*
441
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
*
442
—C(O)N(Pr)CH2(cyclopropyl)
*
443
—C(O)NHCH2CF2CF3
*
444
—C(O)N(Me)(cyclopropyl)
*
445
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
*
446
—C(O)NHCH2(cyclopropyl)
*
447
—C(O)NH(cyclopropyl)
*
448
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
*
449
—C(O)NHCH2CH2CF3
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE H
Cmpd. No.
R
NMR/MS data
200
—C(O)(1-pyrrolidinyl)
*
201
—C(O)NH(isopropyl)
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE I
Cmpd. No.
R
NMR/MS data
450
—C(O)NHCH2CH2SMe
*
451
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
*
452
—C(O)N(Me)2
*
453
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
*
454
—C(O)NH(t-butyl)
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE J
Cmpd. No.
R
NMR/MS data
455
—C(O)NHCH2CH(OMe)2
327
456
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
323
457
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
321
458
—C(O)NHCH2(2,2-difluorocyclopropyl)
329
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE K
Cmpd. No.
R
MS data
459
—C(O)NHNHCO2Me
313  
460
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
322.5


INDEX TABLE L
Cmpd. No.
R
MS data
461
—C(O)NHCH2CF3
322.5


INDEX TABLE M
Cmpd. No.
R
MS data
467
—C(O)NHCH2(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE N
Cmpd.
NMR/MS
No.
Structure
data
462
*
463
*
464
*
465
*
466
*
*See Index Table O for 1H NMR data.


INDEX TABLE O
Cmpd. No.
1H NMR Data a
1
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.23 (s, 1H), 8.74 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.66 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 8.28
(ddd, J = 8.3, 2.6, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (dt, J = 8.7, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.47-7.50 (m, 1H), 7.35 (dd,
J = 8.7, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.28-7.30 (m, 1H), 3.75 (br s, 2H), 3.59 (br s, 2H), 1.97-2.04 (br s, 2H),
1.92 (br s, 2H)
2
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.27 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 9.25 (s, 1H), 9.0 (s, 1H), 8.72 (d, J = 4.9 Hz, 2H),
8.69 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.28-8.33 (m, 1H), 8.05 (d, J = 24.1 Hz, 1H, 7.69 (d, J = 6.8 Hz,
1H), 7.52 (m, 1H), 7.44 (dd, J = 8.7, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (t, J = 4.9 Hz, 1H)
3
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.22 (s, 1H), 8.69 (d, J = 3.8 Hz, 1H), 8.61 (s, 1H), 8.25-8.32 (m, 1H),
7.87 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (dd, J = 8.4, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (dd, J = 8.8, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (d,
J = 6.8, 1H), 3.72-3.82 (m, 4H)
4
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.28 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 9.14 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.96-9.00 (m, 1H), 8.69
(dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.42 (dt, J = 8.4, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.30-8.33 (m, 1H), 8.01 (dd, J = 8.7, 0.7
Hz, 1H), 7.80 (dd, J = 1.9, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.52 (m, 1H), 7.42 (dd,
J = 8.7, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.08-7.12 (m, 1H)
5
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.27 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 9.12 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz,
1H), 8.28-8.31 (m, 1H), 8.02-8.06 (br s, 1H), 8.00 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (d, J = 8.6, Hz, 2H),
7.57 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.52 (m, 1H), 7.42 (dd, J = 8.5, 7.3 Hz, 3H), 7.21 (t, J = 24.1 Hz,
1H)
6
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 9.07 (s, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H),
8.29-8.34 (m, 1H), 7.95 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.35-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.10-7.16
(m, 1H), 4.55-4.66 (m, 1H), 1.52 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 1.39 (s, 9H)
7
1H NMR (acetone-d6) δ: 9.35 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 9.32 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (d, J = 9.8 Hz,
1H), 8.51-8.57 (m, 1H), 8.48 (d, J = 14.3 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (d, J = 14.7 Hz, 1H), 7.79 (d, J = 7.4 Hz,
1H), 7.77 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 1H), 7.62-7.69 (m, 1H), 7.44 (dd, J = 8.7, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 4.49-4.58 (m,
1H), 3.83-3.92 (m, 1H), 1.37 (d, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.06-1.10 (m, 6H)
8
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 9.09 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz,
1H), 8.29 (ddd, J = 8.3, 2.6, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.92 (dt, J = 8.5, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (m, 1H), 7.31-7.41
(m, 2H), 6.15 (s, 1H), 4.31-4.41 (m, 1H), 1.33 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H)
9
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.27 (d, J = 10.1 Hz, 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H),
8.59-8.64 (m, 1H), 8.30-8.35 (m, 1H), 7.96 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (br. s, 1H), 7.72 (t, J = 18.8
Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.52 (m, 1H), 7.40 (dd, J = 8.8, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (d,
J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 4.85 (d, J = 4.9 Hz, 2H)
10
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 9.08 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz,
1H), 8.26-8.36 (m, 1H), 7.95 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (dd, J = 8.3, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 6.6
Hz, 1H), 7.37 (dd, J = 8.7, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 6.51 (br. s., 1H), 4.55 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.69 (t, J = 5.5
Hz, 2H), 3.48 (s, 6H)
11
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.25 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 9.12 (d, J = 0.6 Hz, 1H), 8.66 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.3 Hz,
1H), 8.30 (d, J = 20.3 Hz, 1H), 7.94 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (d, J = 6.9
Hz, 1H), 7.44-7.51 (m, 2H), 7.34 (d, J = 3.3 Hz, 2H), 5.03 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 2H)
12
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 9.09 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.3 Hz,
1H), 8.26-8.35 (m, 1H), 7.94 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (dd, J = 42.1, 6.8 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (dd,
J = 32.6, 8.7 Hz, 1H), 6.82 (br. s, 1H), 4.09-4.19 (m, 1H), 3.78-3.99 (m, 3H), 3.35-3.46 (m,
1H), 2.03-2.15 (m, 1H), 1.96 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 2H), 1.66 (ddd, J = 59.9, 12.3, 8.2 Hz, 1H)
13
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 9.10 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.6 Hz,
1H), 8.26-8.33 (m, 1H), 7.95 (d, J = 21.0 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.37 (dd, J = 8.7, 6.9 Hz,
1H), 6.83 (br. s, 1H), 3.75 (dd, J = 39.1, 33.7 Hz, 2H), 2.83 (t, J = 27.4 Hz, 2H), 2.18 (s, 3H)
14
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 9.12 (d, J = 0.6 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz,
1H), 8.29 (ddd, J = 8.3, 2.6, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.93 (d, J = 18.0 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (ddd, J = 8.3, 4.8, 0.6
Hz, 1H), 7.29-7.38 (m, 2H), 6.50 (br. s., 1H), 2.91-3.02 (m, 1H), 0.93 (dd, J = 32.8, 27.3 Hz,
2H), 0.69 (d, J = 27.7 Hz, 2H)
15
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.21 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.67 (dd, J = 4.8, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.57 (d, J = 0.8 Hz,
1H), 8.27 (d, J = 17.5 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.49 (ddd, J = 8.3, 4.8, 0.6 Hz, 1H), 7.35
(dd, J = 27.1, 19.9 Hz, 1H), 7.15 (d, J = 21.8 Hz, 1H), 3.49 (s, 5H), 1.47-1.71 (m, 5H)
16
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 9.09 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz,
1H), 8.27-8.32 (m, 1H), 7.93 (dt, J = 8.0, 1.1 Hz, 1H), 7.49 (ddd, J = 8.3, 4.8, 0.6 Hz, 1H),
7.33-7.40 (m, 2H), 6.15 (br s, 1H), 4.05 (dd, J = 38.3, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 2.10 (dd, J = 12.5, 3.5 Hz, 2H),
1.80 (dd, J = 26.8, 13.9 Hz, 2H), 1.66-1.74 (m, 1H), 1.48 (dd, J = 47.4, 13.6 Hz, 2H), 1.22-1.38
(m, 3H)
17
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 9.05 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.71 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz,
1H), 8.27-8.35 (m, 1H), 8.13 (dd, J = 2.4, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (ddd,
J = 8.2, 4.8, 0.7 Hz, 1H), 7.39 (dd, J = 8.7, 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.28 (m, 1H), 6.80 (d, J = 2.5 Hz,
1H)
18
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.47 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 9.31 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.90 (d, J = 4.9 Hz, 2H),
8.68 (d, J = 20.8 Hz, 1H), 8.44 (d, J = 19.4 Hz, 1H), 8.35-8.40 (m, 1H), 7.95 (d, J = 27.0 Hz, 1H),
7.51 (t, J = 16.6 Hz, 2H), 7.23 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H)
19
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.28 (d, J = 19.9 Hz, 1H), 9.06 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.65-8.75 (m, 1H),
8.25-8.35 (m, 1H), 8.02 (d, J = 27.4 Hz, 1H), 7.45-7.56 (m, 2H), 7.36-7.44 (m, 1H), 6.56 (br s,
1H), 4.16-4.28 (m, 2H)
20
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 10.44 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 9.43 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 9.02 (d, J = 4.7 Hz, 2H),
8.67 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 8.50-8.53 (m, 1H), 8.48 (dd, J = 7.7, 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.09 (d, J = 7.4 Hz,
1H), 8.00 (t, J = 21.4 Hz, 1H), 8.01 (d, J = 18.0 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.55 (m,
1H), 7.44-7.49 (m, 1H), 7.39 (t, J = 16.9 Hz, 1H)
21
1H NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 9.39 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 9.36 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 9.14 (t, J = 5.9 Hz,
1H), 8.79 (d, J = 4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.67 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.50-8.57 (m, 1H), 7.96 (d, J = 8.7
Hz, 1H), 7.80 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (ddd, J = 8.4, 4.7, 0.8 Hz, 1H), 7.47 (dd, J = 8.8, 6.9 Hz,
1H), 7.41 (t, J = 4.9 Hz, 1H), 4.76 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 2H)
22
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26-9.33 (m, 1H), 9.23 (s, 1H), 8.62-8.76 (m, 2H), 8.40 (d, J = 19.7 Hz,
1H), 8.32 (d, J = 18.9 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (t, J = 28.4 Hz, 1H), 7.77-7.85 (m, J = 32.5 Hz, 2H), 7.65 (d,
J = 18.1 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.59 (m, 1H), 7.45 (t, J = 27.3 Hz, 1H), 7.37-7.41 (m, 1H)
23
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.27 (d, J = 10.6 Hz, 1H), 9.23 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H), 8.66-8.72 (m, 2H),
8.39 (d, J = 19.4 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.89 (dd, J = 13.6, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 7.83 (d, J = 8.8
Hz, 1H), 7.79 (s, 1H), 7.63 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 1H), 7.51-7.56 (m, 1H), 7.45 (dd, J = 15.8, 1.7 Hz,
1H), 7.36-7.41 (m, 1H)
24
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.41 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 9.26 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 1H), 8.69 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.3 Hz,
1H), 8.51-8.58 (m, 1H), 8.24 (br s, 1H), 7.94 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 1H),
7.62-7.69 (m, 1H), 7.43 (dd, J = 8.7, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 6.01-6.31 (m, J = 112.9 Hz, 1H), 3.80-3.96
(m, 2H),
25
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.20 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.54 (s, 1H),
8.27-8.32 (m, 1H), 7.93 (s, 1H), 7.79 (d, J = 21.8 Hz, 1H), 7.48-7.54 (m, 2H), 3.69 (t, J = 6.8 Hz,
2H), 3.52 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 1.95-2.03 (t, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 1.91 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H)
26
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.22 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 8.79 (s, 1H), 8.72 (dd, J = 9.8, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.69
(d, J = 4.9 Hz, 2H), 8.63 (s, 1H), 8.46 (s, 1H), 8.29-8.34 (m, 1H), 7.88 (d, J = 1.3 Hz, 2H),
7.51-7.56 (m, 1H), 7.08 (t, J = 4.8 Hz, 1H)
27
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.21 (br s, 1H), 8.69 (d, J = 4.1 Hz, 1H), 8.51 (s, 1H), 8.30 (d, J = 22.1 Hz,
1H), 7.97 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 2H), 7.89 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.78-7.82 (m, 1H), 7.78-7.82 (m, 2H),
7.51 (dd, J = 8.2, 4.7 Hz, 1H), 6.50 (t, J = 9.1 Hz, 1H)
28
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.23 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.72 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.65 (s, 1H), 8.44
(t, J = 1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.42 (d, J = 10.9 Hz, 1H), 8.31-8.34 (m, 2H), 7.88-7.90 (m, 2H), 7.75-7.83
(m, 1H), 7.50-7.58 (m, 1H), 7.10 (ddd, J = 7.3, 4.9, 1.0 Hz, 1H)
29
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.22 (d, J = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 8.71 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.62 (s, 1H), 8.39
(s, 1H), 8.29-8.35 (m, 1H), 7.88 (d, J = 0.8 Hz, 2H), 7.81 (d, J = 15.9 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 18.1
Hz, 2H), 7.54 (dd, J = 18.8, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 3H), 7.18 (t, J = 20.3 Hz, 2H)
30
1H NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 9.32 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 9.14 (s, 1H), 9.09 (s, 1H), 8.64 (d, J = 7.7 Hz,
1H), 8.44-8.50 (m, 1H), 8.16 (d, J = 11.5 Hz, 1H), 8.05 (s, 1H), 7.95 (d, J = 10.4 Hz, 1H), 7.82
(t, J = 24.7 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (d, J = 10.7 Hz, 1H), 7.61-7.68 (m, 2H), 7.51 (d, J = 20.2 Hz, 1H), 7.28
(d, J = 13.9 Hz, 1H)
31
1H NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 9.32 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 9.29-9.31 (m, 1H), 9.28-9.31 (m, 1H), 9.08
(s, 1H), 8.63 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 8.45-8.50 (m, 1H), 8.10 (s, 1H), 7.68 (d, J = 9.3 Hz, 1H),
7.61-7.66 (m, 2H), 7.34-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.12 (br. s, 2H)
32
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.26 (d, J = 2.5 Hz, 1H), 8.57 (s, 1H), 8.68 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.16
(s, 1H), 7.95 (d, J = 8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.49-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.35-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.10-7.16 (m, 1H),
4.55-4.66 (m, 1H), 1.52 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 3H), 1.39 (s, 9H)
33
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.21 (br s, 1H), 8.70 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 8.53 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H),
8.27-8.33 (m, 1H), 7.85-7.88 (m, 1H), 7.81 (d, J = 15.6 Hz, 1H), 7.50-7.55 (m, 1H), 7.40 (dd, J = 9.0,
1.6 Hz, 1H), 3.03-3.23 (m, 6H)
34
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.21 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.71 (dd, J = 4.8, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.60 (s, 1H), 8.32
(dd, J = 1.7, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.29-8.32 (m, 1H), 8.02 (s, 1H), 7.85 (d, J = 9.1 Hz, 1H), 7.72 (dd,
J = 9.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.51-7.55 (m, 1H), 6.47 (br s, 1H), 4.12-4.26 (m, 2H)
35
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.21 (br s, 1H), 8.70 (d, J = 3.6 Hz, 1H), 8.57 (d, J = 0.9 Hz, 1H),
8.28-8.33 (m, 1H), 8.26 (s, 1H), 7.81 (dt, J = 9.1, 0.9 Hz, 1H), 7.69 (dd, J = 9.1, 1.7 Hz, 1H),
7.49-7.56 (m, 1H), 5.98 (br s, 1H), 4.26-4.44 (m, 1H), 1.31 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 6H)
36
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ: 9.20 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.69 (dd, J = 4.7, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 8.53 (s, 1H),
8.27-8.32 (m, 1H), 7.83 (dd, J = 9.6, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 7.79-7.82 (m, 1H), 7.52 (dd, J = 19.7, 4.1 Hz, 1H),
7.37 (dd, J = 9.0, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 3.45-3.74 (m, 5H), 1.51-1.70 (m, 5H)
37
1H NMR (acetone-d6) δ: 9.35 (d, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 9.15 (s, 1H), 8.68 (d, J = 17.7 Hz, 1H),
8.47-8.52 (m, 1H), 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.84 (d, J = 13.4 Hz, 1H), 7.74 (d, J = 11.7 Hz, 1H), 7.61-7.68 (m,