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Patent Analysis of

Anti-IL31 antibodies for veterinary use

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10150810

Application Number

US15/844142

Application Date

15 December 2017

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

KINDRED BIOSCIENCES, INC.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

KINDRED BIOSCIENCES, INC.

International Classification

A61K39/395,C07K16/24

Cooperative Classification

C07K16/244,C07K2317/24,C07K2317/33,C07K2317/34,C07K2317/92

Inventor

LI, SHYR JIANN,NGUYEN, LAM,ZHAN, HANGJUN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10150810 Anti-IL31 antibodies veterinary 1 US10150810 Anti-IL31 antibodies veterinary 2 US10150810 Anti-IL31 antibodies veterinary 3
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Abstract

Provided are various embodiments relating to anti-IL31 antibodies binding to canine IL31. Such antibodies can be used in methods to treat IL31-induced conditions in companion animals, such as canines, felines, and equines.

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Claims

1. A method of treating a companion animal species having an IL31-induced condition, wherein the IL31-induced condition is selected from atopic dermatitis, pruritus, psoriasis, and eczema, the method comprising administering to the companion animal species a therapeutically effective amount of an antibody that binds to canine IL31, wherein the antibody comprises (a) CDR-H1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:1; (b) CDR-H2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2; (c) CDR-H3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3; (d) CDR-L1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 8; (e) CDR-L2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9; and (f) CDR-L3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the companion animal species is canine or feline.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody is administered parenterally.

4. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody or the pharmaceutical composition is administered by an intramuscular route, an intraperitoneal route, an intracerebrospinal route, a subcutaneous route, an intra-arterial route, an intrasynovial route, an intrathecal route, or an inhalation route.

5. The method of claim 1, wherein the method comprises administering in combination with the antibody a Jak inhibitor, a PI3K inhibitor, an AKT inhibitor, or a MAPK inhibitor.

6. The method of claim 1, wherein the method comprises administering in combination with the antibody one or more antibodies selected from an anti-IL17 antibody, an anti-TNFα antibody, an anti-CD20 antibody, an anti-CD19 antibody, an anti-CD25 antibody, an anti-IL4 antibody, an anti-IL13 antibody, an anti-IL23 antibody, an anti-IgE antibody, an anti-CD11α antibody, anti-IL6R antibody, anti-α4-Intergrin antibody, an anti-IL12 antibody, an anti-IL1β antibody, and an anti-BlyS antibody.

7. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody binds to canine IL31 with a dissociation constant (Kd) of less than 5×10−11 M, as measured by biolayer interferometry.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody is an antibody fragment selected from Fv, scFv, Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2, and Fab′-SH.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody is a caninized, a felinized, or a chimeric antibody.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody further comprises one or more of (a) a variable region heavy chain framework 1 (HC-FR1) sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4; (b) a HC-FR2 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5; (c) a HC-FR3 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 6; (d) a HC-FR4 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7; (e) a variable region light chain framework 1 (LC-FR1) sequence of SEQ ID NO: 11; (f) an LC-FR2 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 12; (g) an LC-FR3 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 13; or (h) an LC-FR4 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 14.

11. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises:

a) (i) a variable light chain sequence having at least 95% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 24; (ii) a variable heavy chain sequence having at least 95% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 25; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii); or b) (i) a variable light chain sequence having at least 95% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16; (ii) a variable heavy chain sequence having at least 95% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii).

12. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises:

a) (i) a variable light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 24; (ii) a variable heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 25; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii); or b) (i) a variable light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16; (ii) a variable heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii).

13. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises:

a) a canine heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG-A, IgG-B, IgG-C, and IgG-D constant region; or(b) a feline heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG1, IgG2a, and IgG2b constant region.

14. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises:

a) (i) a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 26; (ii) a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 27; or (iii) a light chain sequence as in (i) and a heavy chain sequence as in (ii); or b) (i) a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 30; (ii) a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 31; or (iii) a light chain amino acid sequence as in (i) and a heavy chain amino acid sequence as in (ii).

15. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein the antibody comprises a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17; SEQ ID NO: 18; SEQ ID NO: 19; or SEQ ID NO: 20.

17. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises:

a) a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 24 and a variable heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 25; or b) a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16 and a variable heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the antibody comprises a canine heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG-A, IgG-B, IgG-C, and IgG-D constant region.

19. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21 and a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17.

20. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21 and a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 18.

21. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21 and a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 19.

22. The method of claim 1, wherein the antibody comprises a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21 and a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 20.

23. A method of treating a canine having an IL31-induced condition, wherein the IL31-induced condition is selected from atopic dermatitis, pruritus, psoriasis, and eczema, comprising administering to the canine a therapeutically effective amount of an antibody that binds to canine IL31, wherein the antibody comprises a variable light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16 and a variable heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15.

24. A method of treating a canine having an IL31-induced condition, wherein the IL31-induced condition is selected from atopic dermatitis, pruritus, psoriasis, and eczema, comprising administering to the canine a therapeutically effective amount of an antibody that binds to canine IL31, wherein the antibody comprises a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21 and a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17; SEQ ID NO: 18; SEQ ID NO: 19; or SEQ ID NO: 20.

25. The method of claim 24, wherein the antibody comprises a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17.

26. The method of claim 24, wherein the antibody comprises a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 18.

27. The method of claim 24, wherein the antibody comprises a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 19.

28. The method of claim 24, wherein the antibody comprises a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 20.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A method of treating a companion animal species having an IL31-induced condition, wherein the IL31-induced condition is selected from atopic dermatitis, pruritus, psoriasis, and eczema, the method comprising administering to the companion animal species a therapeutically effective amount of an antibody that binds to canine IL31, wherein the antibody comprises
    • (a) CDR-H1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:1;
    • (b) CDR-H2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2;
    • (c) CDR-H3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3;
    • (d) CDR-L1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 8;
    • (e) CDR-L2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9; and
    • (f) CDR-L3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10.
    • 2. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the companion animal species is canine or feline.
    • 3. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody is administered parenterally.
    • 4. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody or the pharmaceutical composition is administered by an intramuscular route, an intraperitoneal route, an intracerebrospinal route, a subcutaneous route, an intra-arterial route, an intrasynovial route, an intrathecal route, or an inhalation route.
    • 5. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the method comprises
    • 6. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the method comprises
    • 7. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody binds to canine IL31 with a dissociation constant (Kd) of less than 5×10−11 M, as measured by biolayer interferometry.
    • 8. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody is an antibody fragment selected from Fv, scFv, Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2, and Fab′-SH.
    • 9. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody is a caninized, a felinized, or a chimeric antibody.
    • 10. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody further comprises one or more of
    • 11. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises:
    • 12. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises:
    • 13. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises:
    • 14. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises:
    • 15. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
    • 17. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises:
    • 19. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
    • 20. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
    • 21. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
    • 22. The method of claim 1, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
  • 23
    23. A method of treating a canine having
    • an IL31-induced condition, wherein the IL31-induced condition is selected from atopic dermatitis, pruritus, psoriasis, and eczema, comprising administering to the canine a therapeutically effective amount of an antibody that binds to canine IL31, wherein the antibody comprises a variable light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16 and a variable heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15.
  • 24
    24. A method of treating a canine having
    • an IL31-induced condition, wherein the IL31-induced condition is selected from atopic dermatitis, pruritus, psoriasis, and eczema, comprising administering to the canine a therapeutically effective amount of an antibody that binds to canine IL31, wherein the antibody comprises a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21 and a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17
    • SEQ ID NO: 18
    • SEQ ID NO: 19
    • or SEQ ID NO: 20.
    • 25. The method of claim 24, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
    • 26. The method of claim 24, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
    • 27. The method of claim 24, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
    • 28. The method of claim 24, wherein
      • the antibody comprises
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Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to isolated anti-IL31 antibodies, for example, binding to canine IL31, and methods of using the same, for example, treating IL31-induced conditions or reducing IL31 signaling function in cells, for instance in companion animals, such as canines, felines, and equines.

BACKGROUND

Interleukin 31 (IL31) is a cytokine mostly produced by Th2 cells and understood to be involved in promoting skin disease, such as pruritic and other forms of allergic diseases (for example, atopic dermatitis). IL31 functions by binding its receptor and activating downstream activities, such as activation of JAK1, and is thought to cause many of the clinical problems associated with dermatitis and other disorders.

Companion animals such as cats, dogs, and horses, suffer from many skin diseases similar to human skin diseases, including atopic dermatitis. However, the IL31 sequence is divergent between human, cat, dog, and horse. There remains a need, therefore, for methods and compounds that can be used specifically to bind companion animal IL31 for treating IL31-induced conditions and for reducing IL31 signaling.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In some embodiments, an isolated antibody is provided that binds to canine IL31. In some embodiments the antibody binds to an epitope comprising amino acids 34-50 of SEQ ID NO: 22. In some embodiments, the antibody binds to an epitope comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 23.

In some embodiments, the antibody binds to canine IL31 with a dissociation constant (Kd) of less than 5×10−6 M, less than 1×10−6 M, less than 5×10−7 M, less than 1×10−7 M, less than 5×10−8 M, less than 1×10−8 M, less than 5×10−9 M, less than 1×10−9M, less than 5×10−10 M, less than 1×10−10 M, less than 5×10−11 M, less than 1×10−11 M, less than 5×10−12 M, or less than 1×10−12 M, as measured by biolayer interferometry.

In some embodiments, the antibody reduces IL31 signaling function in a companion animal species, as measured by a reduction in STAT-3 phosphorylation. In some embodiments, the companion animal species is canine, feline, or equine.

In some embodiments, the antibody binds to feline IL31 or equine IL31, as determined by immunoblot analysis or biolayer interferometry. In some embodiments, the antibody competes with monoclonal M14 antibody in binding to canine IL31. In some embodiments, the antibody of any one of claims 1-5, wherein the antibody competes with monoclonal M14 antibody in binding to feline IL31 or in binding to equine IL31.

In some embodiments, the antibody is a monoclonal antibody. In some embodiments, the antibody is a canine, a caninized, a feline, a felinized, an equine, an equinized, or a chimeric antibody. In some embodiments, the antibody is a chimeric antibody comprising murine variable heavy chain framework regions or murine variable light chain framework regions.

In some embodiments, the antibody comprises a heavy chain and a light chain, wherein:

a. the heavy chain comprises a CDR-H1 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1; a CDR-H2 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2; and a CDR-H3 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3, and

b. the light chain comprises a CDR-L1 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 8; a CDR-L2 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9; and a CDR-L3 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10.

In some embodiments, the antibody comprises a heavy chain comprising (a) a CDR-H1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, (b) a CDR-H2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2, and (c) a CDR-H3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments, the antibody comprises a light chain comprising (a) a CDR-L1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 8, (b) a CDR-L2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9, and (c) a CDR-L3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10.

In some embodiments, the antibody comprises one or more of (a) a variable region heavy chain framework 1 (HC-FR1) sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4, (b) a HC-FR2 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5, (c) a HC-FR3 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 6, (d) a HC-FR4 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7, (e) a variable region light chain framework 1 (LC-FR1) sequence of SEQ ID NO: 11, (f) an LC-FR2 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 12, (g) an LC-FR3 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 13, or (h) an LC-FR4 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 14.

In some embodiments, the antibody comprises:

a. (i) a variable light chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 24; (ii) a variable heavy chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 25; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii); or

b. (i) a variable light chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16; (ii) a variable heavy chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii); or

c. (i) a variable light chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 32; (ii) a variable heavy chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 33; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii).

In some embodiments, the antibody comprises a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 24; SEQ ID NO: 16; or SEQ ID NO: 32. In some embodiments, the antibody comprises a variable heavy chain sequence SEQ ID NO: 25; SEQ ID NO: 15; or SEQ ID NO: 33. In some embodiments, the antibody comprises: a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 24 and a variable heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 25; a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16 and a variable heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15; or a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 32 and a variable heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 33.

In some embodiments, the antibody is a chimeric antibody comprising a constant heavy chain region or constant light chain region derived from a companion animal.

In some embodiments, the antibody comprises (a) a canine heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG-A, IgG-B, IgG-C, and IgG-D constant region; (b) a feline heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG1, IgG2a, and IgG2b constant region; or (c) an equine heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, IgG5, IgG6 and IgG7 constant region.

In some embodiments, the antibody comprises:

a. (i) a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 26; (ii) a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 27; or (iii) a light chain amino acid sequence as in (i) and a heavy chain amino acid sequence as in (ii); or

b. (i) a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 30; (ii) a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 31; or (iii) a light chain amino acid sequence as in (i) and a heavy chain amino acid sequence as in (ii); or

c. (i) a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 34; (ii) a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 35, or (iii) a light chain amino acid sequence as in (i) and a heavy chain amino acid sequence as in (ii).

In some embodiments, the antibody comprises a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21. In some embodiments, the antibody comprises a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17; SEQ ID NO: 18; SEQ ID NO: 19; or SEQ ID NO: 20.

In some embodiments, the antibody is an antibody fragment selected from Fv, scFv, Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2, and Fab′-SH.

In some embodiments, the antibody is bi-specific, wherein the antibody binds to IL31 and one or more antigens selected from IL17, TNFα, CD20, CD19, CD25, IL4, IL13, IL23, IgE, CD11α, IL6R, α4-Intergrin, IL12, IL1β, or BlyS.

In some embodiments, an isolated nucleic acid is provided, which encodes an anti-IL31 antibody described herein above. In some embodiments, a host cell is provided, which comprises a nucleic acid encoding an anti-IL31 antibody described herein above. In some embodiments, a method of producing an anti-IL31 antibody is provided, which comprises culturing such a host cell comprising a nucleic acid encoding an anti-IL31 antibody described herein above and isolating the antibody. In some embodiments, a pharmaceutical composition is provided, which comprises an anti-IL31 antibody described herein and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

In some embodiments, methods of treating a companion animal species having an IL31-induced condition are provided, comprising administering to the companion animal species a therapeutically effective amount of an anti-Il31 antibody described herein or a pharmaceutical composition comprising the antibody described herein. In some embodiments, the companion animal species is canine, feline, or equine. In some embodiments, the IL31-induced condition is a pruritic or allergic condition. In some embodiments, the IL31-induced condition is selected from atopic dermatitis, pruritus, asthma, psoriasis, scleroderma and eczema.

In some embodiments, the anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition is administered parenterally. In some embodiments, the anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition is administered by an intramuscular route, an intraperitoneal route, an intracerebrospinal route, a subcutaneous route, an intra-arterial route, an intrasynovial route, an intrathecal route, or an inhalation route.

In some embodiments, the method comprises administering in combination with the anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition a Jak inhibitor, a PI3K inhibitor, an AKT inhibitor, or a MAPK inhibitor. In some embodiments, the method comprises administering in combination with the anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition one or more antibodies selected from an anti-IL17 antibody, an anti-TNFα antibody, an anti-CD20 antibody, an anti-CD19 antibody, an anti-CD25 antibody, an anti-IL4 antibody, an anti-IL13 antibody, an anti-IL23 antibody, an anti-IgE antibody, an anti-CD11α antibody, anti-IL6R antibody, anti-α4-Intergrin antibody, an anti-IL12 antibody, an anti-IL1β antibody, and an anti-BlyS antibody.

In some embodiments, methods of reducing IL31 signaling function in a cell are provided, comprising exposing to the cell an anti-IL31 antibody the pharmaceutical composition described herein under conditions permissive for binding of the antibody to extracellular IL31, thereby reducing binding to IL31 receptor and/or reducing IL31 signaling function by the cell. In some embodiments, the cell is exposed to the antibody or the pharmaceutical composition ex vivo. In some embodiments, the cell is exposed to the antibody or the pharmaceutical composition in vivo. In some embodiments, the cell is a canine cell, a feline cell, or an equine cell.

In some embodiments, a method for detecting IL31 in a sample from a companion animal species are provided, comprising contacting the sample with an anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition described herein under conditions permissive for binding of the antibody to IL31, and detecting whether a complex is formed between the antibody and IL31 in the sample. In some embodiments, the sample is a biological sample obtained from a canine, a feline, or an equine.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1A is an alignment of variable light sequences of M14, M18, M19, and M87 mouse monoclonal antibody clones. FIG. 1B is an alignment of variable heavy sequences of M14, M18, M19, and M87 mouse monoclonal antibody clones.

FIG. 2A and FIG. 2B are graphs of canine IL31 binding analysis with varying concentrations of chimeric M14 antibody.

FIG. 3A and FIG. 3B are graphs of canine IL31 binding analysis with varying concentrations of caninized M14 antibody.

FIG. 4 is an immunoblot showing inhibited canine IL31 signaling at varying concentrations of caninized M14 antibody.

FIGS. 5A and 5B are immunoblots of GST-canine-IL31 deletions probed with M14 antibody and anti-GST antibody, respectively.

FIGS. 6A and 6B are immunoblots of GST-canine-IL31 deletions probed with M14 antibody and anti-GST antibody, respectively.

FIGS. 7A and 7B are immunoblots of feline and equine IL31 proteins fused to human Fc probed with M14 antibody and anti-FC antibody, respectively.

DESCRIPTION OF CERTAIN SEQUENCES

Table 1 provides a listing of certain sequences referenced herein.


TABLE 1
Description of Certain Sequences
SEQ ID
NO:
SEQUENCE
DESCRIPTION
1
GDSITSGYW
Variable heavy chain CDR-H1
amino acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
2
YISYSGITDYNPSLKS
Variable heavy chain CDR-H2
amino acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
3
ARYGNYGYAMDY
Variable heavy chain CDR-H3
amino acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
4
EVQLQESGPSLVKPSQTLSLTCSVT
Variable region heavy chain
framework HC-FR1 amino
acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
5
NWIRKFPGNKLEYMG
Variable region heavy chain
framework HC-FR2 amino
acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
6
RISITRDTSKNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYC
Variable region heavy chain
framework HC-FR3 amino
acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
7
WGQGTSVTVSS
Variable region heavy chain
framework HC-FR4 amino
acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
8
RASESVDTYGNSFMH
Variable light chain CDR-L1
amino acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
9
RASNLES
Variable light chain CDR-L2
amino acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
10
QQSYEDPWT
Variable light chain CDR-L3
amino acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
11
DIVLTQSPASLAVSLGQRATISC
Variable region light chain
framework LC-FR1 amino
acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
12
WYQQKSGQSPKLLIY
Variable region light chain
framework LC-FR2 amino
acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
13
GIPARFGGSGSRTDFTLTIDPVEADDVATYYC
Variable region light chain
framework LC-FR3 amino
acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
14
FGGGTKLEIK
Variable region light chain
framework LC-FR4 amino
acid sequence of mouse
antibody clone M14
15
EVQLVESGPSLVKPGGSLRLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWI
Caninized variable heavy chain
RKFPGNKLEYMGYISYSGITDYNPSLKSRITISRDTS
amino acid sequence of mouse
KNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
antibody clone M14
TLVTVSS
16
DIVMTQSPASLSVSLGQRATISCRASESVDTYGNSFM
Caninized variable light chain
HWYQQKPGQSPKLLIYRASNLESGIPARFGGSGSGTD
amino acid sequence of mouse
FTLTIDPVQADDVATYYCQQSYEDPWTFGGGTKLEIK
antibody clone M14
17
EVQLVESGPSLVKPGGSLRLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWI
Caninized heavy chain
RKFPGNKLEYMGYISYSGITDYNPSLKSRITISRDTS
sequence from mouse antibody
KNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
clone M14 and canine IgG-A
TLVTVSSASTTAPSVFPLAPSCGSTSGSTVALACLVS
GYFPEPVTVSWNSGSLTSGVHTFPSVLQSSGLHSLSS
MVTVPSSRWPSETFTCNVVHPASNTKVDKPVFNECRC
TDTPCPVPEPLGGPSVLIFPPKPKDILRITRTPEVTC
VVLDLGREDPEVQISWFVDGKEVHTAKTQSREQQFNG
TYRVVSVLPIEHQDWLTGKEFKCRVNHIDLPSPIERT
ISKARGRAHKPSVYVLPPSPKELSSSDTVSITCLIKD
FYPPDIDVEWQSNGQQEPERKHRMTPPQLDEDGSYFL
YSKLSVDKSRWQQGDPFTCAVMHETLQNHYTDLSLSH
SPGK
18
EVQLVESGPSLVKPGGSLRLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWI
Caninized heavy chain
RKFPGNKLEYMGYISYSGITDYNPSLKSRITISRDTS
sequence from mouse antibody
KNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
clone M14 and canine IgG-B
TLVTVSSASTTAPSVFPLAPSCGSTSGSTVALACLVS
GYFPEPVTVSWNSGSLTSGVHTFPSVLQSSGLYSLSS
MVTVPSSRWPSETFTCNVAHPASKTKVDKPVPKRENG
RVPRPPDCPKCPAPEMLGGPSVFIFPPKPKDTLLIAR
TPEVTCVVVDLDPEDPEVQISWFVDGKQMQTAKTQPR
EEQFNGTYRVVSVLPIGHQDWLKGKQFTCKVNNKALP
SPIERTISKARGQAHQPSVYVLPPSREELSKNTVSLT
CLIKDFFPPDIDVEWQSNGQQEPESKYRTTPPQLDED
GSYFLYSKLSVDKSRWQRGDTFICAVMHEALHNHYTQ
ESLSHSPGK
19
EVQLVESGPSLVKPGGSLRLTCSVTGDSITsGYWNWI
Caninized heavy chain
RKFPGNKLEYMGYISYSGITDYNPSLKSRITISRDTS
sequence from mouse antibody
KNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
clone M14 and canine IgG-C
TLVTVSSASTTAPSVFPLAPSCGSQSGSTVALACLVS
GYIPEPVTVSWNSVSLTSGVHTFPSVLQSSGLYSLSS
MVTVPSSRWPSETFTCNVAHPATNTKVDKPVAKECEC
KCNCNNCPCPGCGLLGGPSVFIFPPKPKDILVTARTP
TVTCVVVDLDPENPEVQISWFVDSKQVQTANTQPREE
QSNGTYRVVSVLPIGHQDWLSGKQFKCKVNNKALPSP
IEEIISKTPGQAHQPNVYVLPPSRDEMSKNTVTLTCL
VKDFFPPEIDVEWQSNGQQEPESKYRMTPPQLDEDGS
YFLYSKLSVDKSRWQRGDTFICAVMHEALHNHYTQIS
LSHSPGK
20
EVQLVESGPSLVKPGGSLRLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWI
Caninized heavy chain
RKFPGNKLEYMGYISYSGITDYNPSLKSRITISRDTS
sequence from mouse antibody
KNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
clone M14 and canine IgG-D
TLVTVSSASTTAPSVFPLAPSCGSTSGSTVALACLVS
GYFPEPVTVSWNSGSLTSGVHTFPSVLQSSGLYSLSS
TVTVPSSRWPSETFTCNVVHPASNTKVDKPVPKESTC
KCISPCPVPESLGGPSVFIFPPKPKDILRITRTPEIT
CVVLDLGREDPEVQISWFVDGKEVHTAKTQPREQQFN
STYRVVSVLPIEHQDWLTGKEFKCRVNHIGLPSPIER
TISKARGQAHQPSVYVLPPSPKELSSSDTVTLTCLIK
DFFPPEIDVEWQSNGQPEPESKYHTTAPQLDEDGSYF
LYSKLSVDKSRWQQGDTFTCAVMHEALQNHYTDLSLS
HSPGK
21
DIVMTQSPASLSVSLGQRATISCRASESVDTYGNSFM
Caninized light chain sequence
HWYQQKPGQSPKLLIYRASNLESGIPARFGGSGSGTD
from mouse antibody clone
FTLTIDPVQADDVATYYCQQSYEDPWTFGGGTKLEIK
M14 and canine light chain
RNDAQPAVYLFQPSPDQLHTGSASVVCLLNSFYPKDI
constant region
NVKWKVDGVIQDTGIQESVTEQDKDSTYSLSSTLTMS
STEYLSHELYSCEITHKSLPSTLIKSFQRSECQRVD
22
MLSHTGPSRFALFLLCSMETLLSSHMAPTHQLPPSDV
Canine IL31 amino acid
RKIILELQPLSRGLLEDYQKKETGVPESNRTLLLCLT
sequence
SDSQPPRLNSSAILPYFRAIRPLSDKNIIDKIIEQLD
KLKFQHEPETEISVPADTFECKSFILTILQQFSACLE
SVFKSLNSGPQ
23
PSDVRKIILELQPLSRG
Canine IL31 epitope
24
DIVLTQSPASLAVSLGQRATISCRASESVDTYGNSFM
Variable light chain amino
HWYQQKSGQSPKLLIYRASNLESGIPARFGGSGSRTD
acid sequence of mouse
FTLTIDPVEADDVATYYCQQSYEDPWTFGGGTKLEIK
antibody clone M14
25
EVQLQESGPSINKPSQTLSLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWI
Variable heavy chain amino
RKFPGNKLEYMGYISYSGITDYNPSLKSRISITRDTS
acid sequence of mouse
KNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
antibody clone M14
TSVTVSS
26
DIVLTQSPASLAVSLGQRATISCRASESVDTYGNSFM
Chimeric variable light chain
HWYQQKSGQSPKLLIYRASNLESGIPARFGGSGSRTD
of mouse antibody clone M14
FTLTIDPVEADDVATYYCQQSYEDPWTFGGGTKLEIK
and canine light chain constant
RNDAQPAVYLFQPSPDQLHTGSASVVCLLNSFYPKDI
region
NVKWKVDGVIQDTGIQESVTEQDKDSTYSLSSTLTMS
STEYLSHELYSCEITHKSLPSTLIKSFQRSECQRVD
27
EVQLQESGPSLVKPSQTLSLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWI
Chimeric variable heavy chain
RKFPGNKLEYMGYISYSGITDYNPSLKSRISITRDTS
of mouse antibody clone M14
KNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
and canine IgG-B
TSVTVSSASTTAPSVFPLAPSCGSTSGSTVALACLVS
GYFPEPVTVSWNSGSLTSGVHTFPSVLQSSGLYSLSS
MVTVPSSRWPSETFTCNVAHPASKTKVDKPVPKRENG
RVPRPPDCPKCPAPEMLGGPSVFIFPPKPKDTLLIAR
TPEVTCVVVDLDPEDPEVQISWFVDGKQMQTAKTQPR
EEQFNGTYRVVSVLPIGHQDWLKGKQFTCKVNNKALP
SPIERTISKARGQAHQPSVYVLPPSREELSKNTVSLT
CLIKDFFPPDIDVEWQSNGQQEPESKYRTTPPQLDED
GSYFLYSKLSVDKSRWQRGDTFICAVMHEALHNHYTQ
ESLSHSPGK
28
MLSHAGPARFALFLLCCMETLLPSHMAPAHRLQPSDV
Feline IL31 amino acid
RKIILELRPMSKGLLQDYLKKEIGLPESNHSSLPCLS
sequence
SDSQLPHINGSAILPYFRAIRPLSDKNTIDKIIEQLD
KLKFQREPEAKVSMPADNFERKNFILAVLQQFSACLE
HVLQSLNSGPQ
29
MVSHIGSTRFALFLLCCLGTLMFSHTGPIYQLQPKEI
Equine IL31 amino acid
QAIIVELQNLSKKLLDDYLNKEKGVQKFDSDLPSCFT
sequence
SDSQAPGNINSSAILPYFKAISPSLNNDKSLYIIEQL
DKLNFQNAPETEVSMPTDNFERKRFILTILRWFSNCL
ELAMKTLTTAEQALPPLDPSTPHAGAVALTHHQQDRT
ALDRAVFPFVWAAPRGGEVGDGGH
30
DIVLTQSPASLAVSLGQRATISCRASESVDTYGNSFM
Chimeric variable light chain
HWYQQKSGQSPKLLIYRASNLESGIPARFGGSGSRTD
of mouse antibody clone M14
FTLTIDPVEADDVATYYCQQSYEDPWTFGGGTKLEIK
and feline light chain constant
RSDAQPSVFLFQPSLDELHTGSASIVCILNDFYPKEV
region
NVKWKVDGVVQNKGIQESTTEQNSKDSTYSLSSTLTM
SSTEYQSHEKFSCEVTHKSLASTLVKSFNRSECQRE
31
EVQLQESGPSLVKPSQTLSLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWI
Chimeric variable heavy chain
RKFPGNKLEYMGYISYSGITDYNPSLKSRISITRDTS
of mouse antibody clone M14
KNQYYLQLNSVTTEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
and feline heavy chain
TSVTVSSASTTAPSVFPLAPSCGTTSGATVALACLVL
constant region
GYFPEPVTVSWNSGALTSGVHTFPAVLQASGLYSLSS
MVTVPSSRWLSDTFTCNVAHPPSNTKVDKTVRKTDHP
PGPKPCDCPKCPPPEMLGGPSIFIFPPKPKDTLSISR
TPEVTCLVVDLGPDDSDVQITWFVDNTQVYTAKTSPR
EEQFNSTYRVVSVLPILHQDWLKGKEFKCKVNSKSLP
SPIERTISKAKGQPHEPQVYVLPPAQEELSRNKVSVT
CLIKSFHPPDIAVEWEITGQPEPENNYRTTPPQLDSD
GTYFVYSKLSVDRSHWQRGNTYTCSVSHEALHSHHTQ
KSLTQSPGK
32
EIQMTQSPSSLSASPGDRVTISCRASESVDTYGNSFM
Felinized variable light chain
HWYQQKPGQSPKLLIYRASNLESGVPSRFSGSGSGTD
sequence from mouse antibody
FTLTISSLEPEDAATYYCQQSYEDPWTFGGGTKLEIK
clone M14
33
DVQLVESGGDLVKPGGSLRLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWV
Felinized variable heavy chain
RQAPGKGLQWVAYISYSGITDYADSVKGRFTISRDNA
sequence from mouse antibody
KNTLYLQLNNLKAEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
clone M14
TLVTVSS
34
EIQMTQSPSSLSASPGDRVTISCRASESVDTYGNSFM
Felinized variable light chain
HWYQQKPGQSPKLLIYRASNLESGVPSRFSGSGSGTD
sequence from mouse antibody
FTLTISSLEPEDAATYYCQQSYEDPWTFGGGTKLEIK
clone M14
RSDAQPSVFLFQPSLDELHTGSASIVCILNDFYPKEV
NVKWKVDGVVQNKGIQESTTEQNSKDSTYSLSSTLTM
SSTEYQSHEKFSCEVTHKSLASTLVKSFNRSECQRE
35
DVQLVESGGDLVKPGGSLRLTCSVTGDSITSGYWNWV
Felinized variable heavy chain
RQAPGKGLQWVAYISYSGITDYADSVKGRFTISRDNA
sequence from mouse antibody
KNTLYLQLNNLKAEDTATYYCARYGNYGYAMDYWGQG
clone M14
TLVTVSSASTTAPSVFPLAPSCGTTSGATVALACLVL
GYFPEPVTVSWNSGALTSGVHTFPAVLQASGLYSLSS
MVTVPSSRWLSDTFTCNVAHPPSNTKVDKTVRKTDHP
PGPKPCDCPKCPPPEMLGGPSIFIFPPKPKDTLSISR
TPEVTCLVVDLGPDDSDVQITWFVDNTQVYTAKTSPR
EEQFNSTYRVVSVLPILHQDWLKGKEFKCKVNSKSLP
SPIERTISKAKGQPHEPQVYVLPPAQEELSRNKVSVT
CLIKSFHPPDIAVEWEITGQPEPENNYRTTPPQLDSD
GTYFVYSKLSVDRSHWQRGNTYTCSVSHEALHSHHTQ
KSLTQSPGK

DESCRIPTION OF CERTAIN EMBODIMENTS

Antibodies that bind canine IL31, feline IL31, or equine IL31 are provided. Antibody heavy chains and light chains that are capable of forming antibodies that bind IL31 are also provided. In addition, antibodies, heavy chains, and light chains comprising one or more particular complementary determining regions (CDRs) are provided. Polynucleotides encoding antibodies to canine IL31 are provided. Methods of producing or purifying antibodies to canine IL31 are also provided. Methods of treatment using antibodies to canine IL31 are provided. Such methods include, but are not limited to, methods of treating IL31-induced conditions in companion animal species. Methods of detecting IL31 in a sample from a companion animal species are provided.

For the convenience of the reader, the following definitions of terms used herein are provided.

As used herein, numerical terms such as Kd are calculated based upon scientific measurements and, thus, are subject to appropriate measurement error. In some instances, a numerical term may include numerical values that are rounded to the nearest significant figure.

As used herein, “a” or “an” means “at least one” or “one or more” unless otherwise specified. As used herein, the term “or” means “and/or” unless specified otherwise. In the context of a multiple dependent claim, the use of “or” when referring back to other claims refers to those claims in the alternative only.

Anti-IL31 Antibodies

Novel antibodies directed against IL31 are provided, for example antibodies that bind to canine IL31, feline IL31, and equine IL31. Anti-IL31 antibodies provided herein include, but are not limited to, monoclonal antibodies, mouse antibodies, chimeric antibodies, caninized antibodies, felinized antibodies, and equinized antibodies. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is an isolated mouse monoclonal antibody such as M14, M18, M19, and M87.

Monoclonal antibodies M14, M18, M19, and M87 were isolated as follows. Briefly, mice were immunized with canine IL31 and mouse monoclonal antibody clones were obtained through standard hybridoma technology. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to screen for hybridoma clones producing IL31-binding antibodies. Based on binding affinity and a cell-based functional assay described herein, hybridoma clones producing monoclonal antibodies M14, M18, M19, and M87 were selected for further investigation. The variable heavy chain (VH) and variable light chain (VL) of each of the four clones were sequenced and analyzed by sequence alignment (FIG. 1).

Also provided herein are amino acid sequences of monoclonal antibody M14. For example, the variable heavy chain CDRs (SEQ ID NOs: 1-3), variable light chain CDRs (SEQ ID NOs: 8-10), variable region heavy chain framework sequences (SEQ ID NOs: 4-7), and variable region light chain framework sequences (SEQ ID NOs: 11-14) for monoclonal antibody M14 are provided. The amino acid sequences of the variable light chain and variable heavy chain of monoclonal antibody M14 are provided (SEQ ID NOs: 24 and 25, respectively). In addition, the amino acid sequences of the CDRs, framework sequences, variable light chain, variable heavy chain of monoclonal antibodies M18, M19, and M87 are provided (FIG. 1).

Also provided herein are chimeric, caninized, felinized, and equinized antibodies derived from monoclonal antibody M14. In some embodiments, amino acid sequences of caninized monoclonal antibody M14 are provided, such as SEQ ID NOs: 15-21. In some embodiments, amino acid sequences of felinized antibodies derived from monoclonal antibody M14 are provided, such as SEQ ID NOs: 32-35. In some embodiments, amino acid sequences of chimeric antibodies derived from monoclonal antibody M14 are provided, such as SEQ ID NOs: 26, 27, 30, and 31.

The term “antibody” herein is used in the broadest sense and encompasses various antibody structures, including but not limited to monoclonal antibodies, polyclonal antibodies, multispecific antibodies (for example, bispecific (such as Bi-specific T-cell engagers) and trispecific antibodies), and antibody fragments (such as Fab, F(ab′)2, ScFv, minibody, diabody, triabody, and tetrabody) so long as they exhibit the desired antigen-binding activity. Canine, feline, and equine species have different varieties (classes) of antibodies that are shared by many mammalians.

The term antibody includes, but is not limited to, fragments that are capable of binding to an antigen, such as Fv, single-chain Fv (scFv), Fab, Fab′, di-scFv, sdAb (single domain antibody) and (Fab′)2 (including a chemically linked F(ab′)2). Papain digestion of antibodies produces two identical antigen-binding fragments, called “Fab” fragments, each with a single antigen-binding site, and a residual “Fc” fragment, whose name reflects its ability to crystallize readily. Pepsin treatment yields an F(ab′)2 fragment that has two antigen combining sites and is still capable of cross-linking antigen. The term antibody also includes, but is not limited to, chimeric antibodies, humanized antibodies, and antibodies of various species such as mouse, human, cynomolgus monkey, canine, feline, equine, etc. Furthermore, for all antibody constructs provided herein, variants having the sequences from other organisms are also contemplated. Thus, if a murine version of an antibody is disclosed, one of skill in the art will appreciate how to transform the murine sequence based antibody into a cat, dog, horse, etc. sequence. Antibody fragments also include either orientation of single chain scFvs, tandem di-scFv, diabodies, tandem tri-sdcFv, minibodies, etc. Antibody fragments also include nanobodies (sdAb, an antibody having a single, monomeric domain, such as a pair of variable domains of heavy chains, without a light chain). An antibody fragment can be referred to as being a specific species in some embodiments (for example, mouse scFv or a canine scFv). This denotes the sequences of at least part of the non-CDR regions, rather than the source of the construct. In some embodiments, the antibodies comprise a label or are conjugated to a second moiety.

The terms “label” and “detectable label” mean a moiety attached to an antibody or its analyte to render a reaction (for example, binding) between the members of the specific binding pair, detectable. The labeled member of the specific binding pair is referred to as “detectably labeled.” Thus, the term “labeled binding protein” refers to a protein with a label incorporated that provides for the identification of the binding protein. In some embodiments, the label is a detectable marker that can produce a signal that is detectable by visual or instrumental means, for example, incorporation of a radiolabeled amino acid or attachment to a polypeptide of biotinyl moieties that can be detected by marked avidin (for example, streptavidin containing a fluorescent marker or enzymatic activity that can be detected by optical or colorimetric methods). Examples of labels for polypeptides include, but are not limited to, the following: radioisotopes or radionuclides (for example, 3H, 14C, 35S, 90Y, 99Tc, 111In, 125I, 131I, 177Lu, 166Ho, or 153Sm); chromogens, fluorescent labels (for example, FITC, rhodamine, lanthanide phosphors), enzymatic labels (for example, horseradish peroxidase, luciferase, alkaline phosphatase); chemiluminescent markers; biotinyl groups; predetermined polypeptide epitopes recognized by a secondary reporter (for example, leucine zipper pair sequences, binding sites for secondary antibodies, metal binding domains, epitope tags); and magnetic agents, such as gadolinium chelates. Representative examples of labels commonly employed for immunoassays include moieties that produce light, for example, acridinium compounds, and moieties that produce fluorescence, for example, fluorescein. In this regard, the moiety itself may not be detectably labeled but may become detectable upon reaction with yet another moiety.

The term “monoclonal antibody” refers to an antibody of a substantially homogeneous population of antibodies, that is, the individual antibodies comprising the population are identical except for possible naturally-occurring mutations that may be present in minor amounts. Monoclonal antibodies are highly specific, being directed against a single antigenic site. Furthermore, in contrast to poly clonal antibody preparations, which typically include different antibodies directed against different determinants (epitopes), each monoclonal antibody is directed against a single determinant on the antigen. Thus, a sample of monoclonal antibodies can bind to the same epitope on the antigen. The modifier “monoclonal” indicates the character of the antibody as being obtained from a substantially homogeneous population of antibodies, and is not to be construed as requiring production of the antibody by any particular method. For example, the monoclonal antibodies may be made by the hybridoma method first described by Kohler and Milstein, 1975, Nature 256:495, or may be made by recombinant DNA methods such as described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,816,567. The monoclonal antibodies may also be isolated from phage libraries generated using the techniques described in McCafferty et al., 1990, Nature 348:552-554, for example.

In some embodiments, the monoclonal antibody is an isolated mouse antibody selected from clone M14, M18, M19, and M87.

“Amino acid sequence,” means a sequence of amino acids residues in a peptide or protein. The terms “polypeptide” and “protein” are used interchangeably to refer to a polymer of amino acid residues, and are not limited to a minimum length. Such polymers of amino acid residues may contain natural or non-natural amino acid residues, and include, but are not limited to, peptides, oligopeptides, dimers, trimers, and multimers of amino acid residues. Both full-length proteins and fragments thereof are encompassed by the definition. The terms also include post-expression modifications of the polypeptide, for example, glycosylation, sialylation, acetylation, phosphorylation, and the like. Furthermore, for purposes of the present disclosure, a “polypeptide” refers to a protein which includes modifications, such as deletions, additions, and substitutions (generally conservative in nature), to the native sequence, as long as the protein maintains the desired activity. These modifications may be deliberate, as through site-directed mutagenesis, or may be accidental, such as through mutations of hosts which produce the proteins or errors due to PCR amplification.

“IL31” as used herein refers to any native IL31 that results from expression and processing of IL31 in a cell. The term includes IL31 from any vertebrate source, including mammals such as primates (e.g., humans and cynomolgus monkeys) and rodents (e.g., mice and rats), and companion animals (e.g., dogs, cats, and equine), unless otherwise indicated. The term also includes naturally occurring variants of IL31, e.g., splice variants or allelic variants.

In some embodiments, a canine IL31 comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 22. In some embodiments, a feline IL31 comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 28. In some embodiments, an equine IL31 comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 29.

The term “IL31 binding domain” of an antibody means the binding domain formed by a light chain and heavy chain of an anti-IL31 antibody, which binds IL31.

In some embodiments, the IL31 binding domain binds canine IL31 with greater affinity than it binds human IL31. In some embodiments, the IL31 binding domain binds IL31 of other companion animals, such as feline IL31 or equine IL31.

As used herein, the term “epitope” refers to a site on a target molecule (for example, an antigen, such as a protein, nucleic acid, carbohydrate or lipid) to which an antigen-binding molecule (for example, an antibody, antibody fragment, or scaffold protein containing antibody binding regions) binds. Epitopes often include a chemically active surface grouping of molecules such as amino acids, polypeptides or sugar side chains and have specific three dimensional structural characteristics as well as specific charge characteristics. Epitopes can be formed both from contiguous or juxtaposed noncontiguous residues (for example, amino acids, nucleotides, sugars, lipid moiety) of the target molecule. Epitopes formed from contiguous residues (for example, amino acids, nucleotides, sugars, lipid moiety) typically are retained on exposure to denaturing solvents whereas epitopes formed by tertiary folding typically are lost on treatment with denaturing solvents. An epitope may include but is not limited to at least 3, at least 5 or 8-10 residues (for example, amino acids or nucleotides). In some examples an epitope is less than 20 residues (for example, amino acids or nucleotides) in length, less than 15 residues or less than 12 residues. Two antibodies may bind the same epitope within an antigen if they exhibit competitive binding for the antigen. In some embodiments, an epitope can be identified by a certain minimal distance to a CDR residue on the antigen-binding molecule. In some embodiments, an epitope can be identified by the above distance, and further limited to those residues involved in a bond (for example, a hydrogen bond) between an antibody residue and an antigen residue. An epitope can be identified by various scans as well, for example an alanine or arginine scan can indicate one or more residues that the antigen-binding molecule can interact with. Unless explicitly denoted, a set of residues as an epitope does not exclude other residues from being part of the epitope for a particular antibody. Rather, the presence of such a set designates a minimal series (or set of species) of epitopes. Thus, in some embodiments, a set of residues identified as an epitope designates a minimal epitope of relevance for the antigen, rather than an exclusive list of residues for an epitope on an antigen.

In some embodiments, the epitope comprises the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 23. In some embodiments, the epitope is within amino acids 34-50 of SEQ ID NO: 22. In some embodiments, the epitope comprises amino acids 34-50 of SEQ ID NO: 22.

The term “CDR” means a complementarity determining region as defined by at least one manner of identification to one of skill in the art. In some embodiments, CDRs can be defined in accordance with any of the Chothia numbering schemes, the Kabat numbering scheme, a combination of Kabat and Chothia, the AbM definition, the contact definition, or a combination of the Kabat, Chothia, AbM, or contact definitions. The various CDRs within an antibody can be designated by their appropriate number and chain type, including, without limitation as CDR-H1, CDR-H2, CDR-H3, CDR-L1, CDR-L2, and CDR-L3. The term “CDR” is used herein to also encompass a “hypervariable region” or HVR, including hypervariable loops.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a heavy chain comprising (a) a CDR-H1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1; (b) a CDR-H2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2; or (c) a CDR-H3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a light chain comprising (a) a CDR-L1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 8; (b) a CDR-L2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9; or (c) a CDR-L3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a heavy chain comprising (a) a CDR-H1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1, (b) a CDR-H2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2, and (c) a CDR-H3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3; and a light chain comprising (a) a CDR-L1 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 8, (b) a CDR-L2 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9, and (c) a CDR-L3 comprising the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10.

The term “variable region” as used herein refers to a region comprising at least three CDRs. In some embodiments, the variable region includes the three CDRs and at least one framework region (“FR”). The terms “heavy chain variable region” or “variable heavy chain” are used interchangeably to refer to a region comprising at least three heavy chain CDRs. The terms “light chain variable region” or “variable light chain” are used interchangeably to refer to a region comprising at least three light chain CDRs. In some embodiments, the variable heavy chain or variable light chain comprises at least one framework region. In some embodiments, an antibody comprises at least one heavy chain framework region selected from HC-FR1, HC-FR2, HC-FR3, and HC-FR4. In some embodiments, an antibody comprises at least one light chain framework region selected from LC-FR1, LC-FR2, LC-FR3, and LC-FR4. The framework regions may be juxtaposed between light chain CDRs or between heavy chain CDRs. For example, an antibody may comprise a variable heavy chain having the following structure: (HC-FR1)-(CDR-H1)-(HC-FR2)-(CDR-H2)-(HC-FR3)-(CDR-H3)-(HC-FR4). An antibody may comprise a variable heavy chain having the following structure: (CDR-H1)-(HC-FR2)-(CDR-H2)-(HC-FR3)-(CDR-H3). An antibody may also comprise a variable light chain having the following structure: (LC-FR1)-(CDR-L1)-(LC-FR2)-(CDR-L2)-(LC-FR3)-(CDR-L3)-(LC-FR4). An antibody may also comprise a variable light chain having the following structure: (CDR-L1)-(LC-FR2)-(CDR-L2)-(LC-FR3)-(CDR-L3).

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises one or more of (a) a variable region heavy chain framework 1 (HC-FR1) sequence of SEQ ID NO: 4, (b) a HC-FR2 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 5, (c) a HC-FR3 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 6, (d) a HC-FR4 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 7, (e) a variable region light chain framework 1 (LC-FR1) sequence of SEQ ID NO: 11, (f) an LC-FR2 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 12, (g) an LC-FR3 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 13, or (h) an LC-FR4 sequence of SEQ ID NO: 14. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a variable light chain sequence of (a) SEQ ID NO: 16, (b) SEQ ID NO: 24, or (c) SEQ ID NO: 32. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a variable heavy chain sequence of (a) SEQ ID NO: 15; (b) SEQ ID NO: 25; or (c) SEQ ID NO: 33. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises (a) a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16 and a variable heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15; (b) a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 24 and a variable heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 25; or (c) a variable light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 32 and a variable heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 33.

The term “constant region” as used herein refers to a region comprising at least three constant domains. The terms “heavy chain constant region” or “constant heavy chain” are used interchangeably to refer to a region comprising at least three heavy chain constant domains, CH1, CH2, and CH3. Nonlimiting exemplary heavy chain constant regions include γ, δ, α, ϵ, and μ. Each heavy chain constant region corresponds to an antibody isotype. For example, an antibody comprising a γ constant region is an IgG antibody, an antibody comprising a δ constant region is an IgD antibody, an antibody comprising an α constant region is an IgA antibody, an antibody comprising a μ constant region is an IgM antibody, and an antibody comprising an ϵ constant region is an IgE antibody. Certain isotypes can be further subdivided into subclasses. For example, IgG antibodies include, but are not limited to, IgG1 (comprising a γ1 constant region), IgG2 (comprising a γ2 constant region), IgG3 (comprising a γ3 constant region), and IgG4 (comprising a γ4 constant region) antibodies; IgA antibodies include, but are not limited to, IgA1 (comprising an α1 constant region) and IgA2 (comprising an α2 constant region) antibodies; and IgM antibodies include, but are not limited to IgM1 and IgM2. The terms “light chain constant region” or “constant light chain” are used interchangeably to refer to a region comprising a light chain constant domain, CL. Nonlimiting exemplary light chain constant regions include λ and κ. Non-function-altering deletions and alterations within the domains are encompassed within the scope of the term “constant region” unless designated otherwise. Canine, feline, and equine have antibody classes such as IgG, IgA, IgD, IgE, and IgM. Within the canine IgG antibody class are IgG-A, IgG-B, IgG-C, and IgG-D. Within the feline IgG antibody class are IgG1a, IgG1b, and IgG2. Within the equine IgG antibody class are IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, IgG5, IgG6, and IgG7.

The term “chimeric antibody” or “chimeric” refers to an antibody in which a portion of the heavy chain or light chain is derived from a particular source or species, while at least a part of the remainder of the heavy chain or light chain is derived from a different source or species. In some embodiments, a chimeric antibody refers to an antibody comprising at least one variable region from a first species (such as mouse, rat, cynomolgus monkey, etc.) and at least one constant region from a second species (such as human, dog, cat, equine, etc.). In some embodiments, a chimeric antibody comprises at least one mouse variable region and at least one canine constant region. In some embodiments, a chimeric antibody comprises at least one mouse variable region and at least one feline constant region. In some embodiments, all of the variable regions of a chimeric antibody are from a first species and all of the constant regions of the chimeric antibody are from a second species. In some embodiments, a chimeric antibody comprises a constant heavy chain region or constant light chain region from a companion animal. In some embodiments, a chimeric antibody comprises a mouse variable heavy and light chains and a companion animal constant heavy and light chains. For example, a chimeric antibody may comprise a mouse variable heavy and light chains and a canine constant heavy and light chains; a chimeric antibody may comprise a mouse variable heavy and light chains and a feline constant heavy and light chains; or a chimeric antibody may comprise a mouse variable heavy and light chains and an equine constant heavy and light chains.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a chimeric antibody comprising:

a. (i) a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 26; (ii) a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 27; or (iii) a light chain amino acid sequence as in (i) and a heavy chain sequence as in (ii); or

b. (i) a light chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 30; (ii) a heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 31; or (iii) a light chain amino acid sequence as in (i) and a heavy chain sequence as in (ii).

A “canine chimeric” or “canine chimeric antibody” refers to a chimeric antibody having at least a portion of a heavy chain or a portion of a light chain derived from a dog. A “feline chimeric” or “feline chimeric antibody” refers to a chimeric antibody having at least a portion of a heavy chain or a portion of a light chain derived from a cat. An “equine chimeric” or “equine chimeric antibody” refers to a chimeric antibody having at least a portion of a heavy chain or a portion of a light chain derived from a horse. In some embodiments, a canine chimeric antibody comprises a mouse variable heavy and light chains and a canine constant heavy and light chains. In some embodiments, a feline chimeric antibody comprises a mouse variable heavy and light chains and a feline constant heavy and light chains. In some embodiments, an equine chimeric antibody comprises a mouse variable heavy and light chains and an equine constant heavy and light chains. In some embodiments, the antibody is a chimeric antibody comprising murine variable heavy chain framework regions or murine variable light chain framework regions.

A “canine antibody” as used herein encompasses antibodies produced in a canine; antibodies produced in non-canine animals that comprise canine immunoglobulin genes or comprise canine immunoglobulin peptides; or antibodies selected using in vitro methods, such as phage display, wherein the antibody repertoire is based on a canine immunoglobulin sequence. The term “canine antibody” denotes the genus of sequences that are canine sequences. Thus, the term is not designating the process by which the antibody was created, but the genus of sequences that are relevant.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a canine heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG-A, IgG-B, IgG-C, and IgG-D constant region. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is a canine IgG-A, IgG-B, IgG-C, or IgG-D antibody. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is (a) a canine IgG-A antibody comprising the heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17; (b) a canine IgG-B antibody comprising the heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 18; (c) a canine IgG-C antibody comprising the heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 19; or (d) a canine IgG-D antibody comprising the heavy chain amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 20.

A “feline antibody” as used herein encompasses antibodies produced in a feline; antibodies produced in non-feline animals that comprise feline immunoglobulin genes or comprise feline immunoglobulin peptides; or antibodies selected using in vitro methods, such as phage display, wherein the antibody repertoire is based on a feline immunoglobulin sequence. The term “feline antibody” denotes the genus of sequences that are feline sequences. Thus, the term is not designating the process by which the antibody was created, but the genus of sequences that are relevant.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a feline heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG1, IgG2a, and IgG2b constant region. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is a feline IgG1, IgG2a, or IgG2b antibody.

An “equine antibody” as used herein encompasses antibodies produced in an equine; antibodies produced in non-equine animals that comprise equine immunoglobulin genes or comprise equine immunoglobulin peptides; or antibodies selected using in vitro methods, such as phage display, wherein the antibody repertoire is based on an equine immunoglobulin sequence. The term “equine antibody” denotes the genus of sequences that are equine sequences. Thus, the term is not designating the process by which the antibody was created, but the genus of sequences that are relevant.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises an equine heavy chain constant region selected from an IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, IgG5, IgG6 and IgG7 constant region. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is an equine IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, IgG5, IgG6 and IgG7 antibody.

A “caninized antibody” means an antibody in which at least one amino acid in a portion of a non-canine variable region has been replaced with the corresponding amino acid from a canine variable region. In some embodiments, a caninized antibody comprises at least one canine constant region (e.g., a γ constant region, an α constant region, a δ constant region, an ϵ constant region, a μ constant region, or etc.) or fragment thereof. In some embodiments, a caninized antibody is an antibody fragment, such as Fab, scFv, (Fab′)2, etc. The term “caninized” also denotes forms of non-canine (for example, murine) antibodies that are chimeric immunoglobulins, immunoglobulin chains, or fragments thereof (such as Fv, Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2 or other antigen-binding sequences of antibodies) that contain minimal sequence of non-canine immunoglobulin. Caninized antibodies can include canine immunoglobulins (recipient antibody) in which residues from a CDR of the recipient are substituted by residues from a CDR of a non-canine species (donor antibody) such as mouse, rat, or rabbit having the desired specificity, affinity, and capacity. In some instances, Fv framework region (FR) residues of the canine immunoglobulin are replaced by corresponding non-canine residues. Furthermore, the caninized antibody can comprise residues that are found neither in the recipient antibody nor in the imported CDR or framework sequences, but are included to further refine and optimize antibody performance.

In some embodiments, at least one amino acid residue in a portion of a mouse variable heavy chain or a mouse variable light chain has been replaced with the corresponding amino acid from a canine variable region. In some embodiments, the modified chain is fused to a canine constant heavy chain or a canine constant light chain. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is a caninized antibody comprising (a) a heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15, (b) a heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 17, (c) a heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 18, (d) a heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 19, (e) a heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 20, (f) a light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16, or (g) a light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 21.

A “felinized antibody” means an antibody in which at least one amino acid in a portion of a non-feline variable region has been replaced with the corresponding amino acid from a feline variable region. In some embodiments, a felinized antibody comprises at least one feline constant region (e.g., a γ constant region, an α constant region, a δ constant region, an E constant region, a μ constant region, or etc.) or fragment thereof. In some embodiments, a felinized antibody is an antibody fragment, such as Fab, scFv, (Fab′)2, etc. The term “felinized” also denotes forms of non-feline (for example, murine) antibodies that are chimeric immunoglobulins, immunoglobulin chains, or fragments thereof (such as Fv, Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2 or other antigen-binding sequences of antibodies) that contain minimal sequence of non-feline immunoglobulin. Felinized antibodies can include feline immunoglobulins (recipient antibody) in which residues from a CDR of the recipient are substituted by residues from a CDR of a non-feline species (donor antibody) such as mouse, rat, or rabbit having the desired specificity, affinity, and capacity. In some instances, Fv framework region (FR) residues of the feline immunoglobulin are replaced by corresponding non-feline residues. Furthermore, the felinized antibody can comprise residues that are found neither in the recipient antibody nor in the imported CDR or framework sequences, but are included to further refine and optimize antibody performance.

In some embodiments, at least one amino acid residue in a portion of a mouse variable heavy chain or a mouse variable light chain has been replaced with the corresponding amino acid from a feline variable region. In some embodiments, the modified chain is fused to a feline constant heavy chain or a canine constant light chain. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is a felinized antibody comprising (a) a light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 32, (b) a light chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 34, (c) a heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 33, or (d) a heavy chain sequence of SEQ ID NO: 35.

An “equinized antibody” means an antibody in which at least one amino acid in a portion of a non-equine variable region has been replaced with the corresponding amino acid from an equine variable region. In some embodiments, an equinized antibody comprises at least one equine constant region (e.g., a γ constant region, an α constant region, a δ constant region, an ϵ constant region, a μ constant region, or etc.) or fragment thereof. In some embodiments, an equinized antibody is an antibody fragment, such as Fab, scFv, (Fab′)2, etc. The term “equinized” also denotes forms of non-equine (for example, murine) antibodies that are chimeric immunoglobulins, immunoglobulin chains, or fragments thereof (such as Fv, Fab, Fab′, F(ab′)2 or other antigen-binding sequences of antibodies) that contain minimal sequence of non-equine immunoglobulin. Equinized antibodies can include equine immunoglobulins (recipient antibody) in which residues from a CDR of the recipient are substituted by residues from a CDR of a non-equine species (donor antibody) such as mouse, rat, or rabbit having the desired specificity, affinity, and capacity. In some instances, Fv framework region (FR) residues of the equine immunoglobulin are replaced by corresponding non-equine residues. Furthermore, the equinized antibody can comprise residues that are found neither in the recipient antibody nor in the imported CDR or framework sequences, but are included to further refine and optimize antibody performance.

In some embodiments, at least one amino acid residue in a portion of a mouse variable heavy chain or a mouse variable light chain has been replaced with the corresponding amino acid from an equine variable region. In some embodiments, the modified chain is fused to an equine constant heavy chain or a canine constant light chain.

The term “IgX Fc” means the Fc region is derived from a particular antibody isotype (e.g., IgG, IgA, IgD, IgE, IgM, etc.), where “X” denotes the antibody isotype. Thus, “IgG Fc” denotes the Fc region of a γ chain, “IgA Fc” denotes the Fc region of an α chain, “IgD Fc” denotes the Fc region of a δ chain, “IgE Fc” denotes the Fc region of an c chain, “IgM Fc” denotes the Fc region of a μ chain, etc. In some embodiments, the IgG Fc region comprises CH1, hinge, CH2, CH3, and CL1. “IgX-N-Fc” denotes that the Fc region is derived from a particular subclass of antibody isotype (such as canine IgG subclass A, B, C, or D; feline IgG subclass 1, 2a, or 2b; or equine IgG subclass IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, IgG4, IgG5, IgG6, or IgG7, etc.), where “N” denotes the subclass. In some embodiments, IgX Fc or IgX-N-Fc regions are derived from a companion animal, such as a dog, a cat, or a horse. In some embodiments, IgG Fc regions are isolated from canine γ heavy chains, such as IgG-A, IgG-B, IgG-C, or IgG-D. In some instances, IgG Fc regions are isolated from feline γ heavy chains, such as IgG1, IgG2a, or IgG2b. Antibodies comprising an Fc region of IgG-A, IgG-B, IgG-C, or IgG-D may provide for higher expression levels in recombination production systems.

The term “affinity” means the strength of the sum total of noncovalent interactions between a single binding site of a molecule (for example, an antibody) and its binding partner (for example, an antigen). The affinity of a molecule X for its partner Y can generally be represented by the dissociation constant (KD). Affinity can be measured by common methods known in the art, such as, for example, immunoblot, ELISA KD, KinEx A, biolayer interferometry (BLI), or surface plasmon resonance devices.

The terms “KD,”“Kd,”“Kd” or “Kd value” as used interchangeably to refer to the equilibrium dissociation constant of an antibody-antigen interaction. In some embodiments, the Kd of the antibody is measured by using biolayer interferometry assays using a biosensor, such as an Octet® System (Pall ForteBio LLC, Fremont, Calif.) according to the supplier's instructions. Briefly, biotinylated antigen is bound to the sensor tip and the association of antibody is monitored for ninety seconds and the dissociation is monitored for 600 seconds. The buffer for dilutions and binding steps is 20 mM phosphate, 150 mM NaCl, pH 7.2. A buffer only blank curve is subtracted to correct for any drift. The data are fit to a 2:1 binding model using ForteBio data analysis software to determine association rate constant (kon), dissociation rate constant (koff), and the Kd. The equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) is calculated as the ratio of koff/kon. The term “kon” refers to the rate constant for association of an antibody to an antigen and the term “koff” refers to the rate constant for dissociation of an antibody from the antibody/antigen complex.

The term “binds” to an antigen or epitope is a term that is well understood in the art, and methods to determine such binding are also well known in the art. A molecule is said to exhibit “binding” if it reacts, associates with, or has affinity for a particular cell or substance and the reaction, association, or affinity is detectable by one or more methods known in the art, such as, for example, immunoblot, ELISA KD, KinEx A, biolayer interferometry (BLI), surface plasmon resonance devices, or etc.

“Surface plasmon resonance” denotes an optical phenomenon that allows for the analysis of real-time biospecific interactions by detection of alterations in protein concentrations within a biosensor matrix, for example using the BIAcore™ system (BIAcore International AB, a GE Healthcare company, Uppsala, Sweden and Piscataway, N.J.). For further descriptions, see Jonsson et al. (1993) Ann. Biol. Clin. 51: 19-26.

“Biolayer interferometry” refers to an optical analytical technique that analyzes the interference pattern of light reflected from a layer of immobilized protein on a biosensor tip and an internal reference layer. Changes in the number of molecules bound to the biosensor tip cause shifts in the interference pattern that can be measured in real-time. A nonlimiting exemplary device for biolayer interferometry is an Octet® system (Pall ForteBio LLC). See, e.g., Abdiche et al., 2008, Anal. Biochem. 377: 209-277.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody binds to canine IL31, feline IL31, or equine IL31 with a dissociation constant (Kd) of less than 5×10−6 M, less than 1×10−6 M, less than 5×10−7 M, less than 1×10−7 M, less than 5×10−8M, less than 1×10−8 M, less than 5×10−9 M, less than 1×10−9 M, less than 5×10−10 M, less than 1×10−10 M, less than 5×10−11 M, less than 1×10−11 M, less than 5×10−12 M, or less than 1×10−12 M, as measured by biolayer interferometry. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody binds to canine IL31, feline IL31, or equine IL31 with a Kd of between 5×10−6 M and 1×10−6 M, between 5×10−6 M and 5×10−7M, between 5×10−6 M and 1×10−7 M, between 5×10−6 M and 5×10−8 M, 5×10−6 M and 1×10−8 M, between 5×10−6 M and 5×10−9 M, between 5×10−6 M and 1×10−9 M, between 5×10−6 M and 5×10−10 M, between 5×10−6 M and 1×10−10 M, between 5×10−6 M and 5×10−11M, between 5×10−6 M and 1×10−11M, between 5×10−6 M and 5×10−12 M, between 5×10−6 M and 1×10−12 M, between 1×10−6 M and 5×10−7 M, between 1×10−6 M and 1×10−7 M, between 1×10−6 M and 5×10−8 M, 1×10−6 M and 1×10−8 M, between 1×10−6 M and 5×10−9M, between 1×10−6 M and 1×10−9 M, between 1×10−6 M and 5×10−10 M, between 1×10−6 M and 1×10−10 M, between 1×10−6 M and 5×10−11M, between 1×10−6 M and 1×10−11M, between 1×10−6 M and 5×10−12 M, between 1×10−6 M and 1×10−12 M, between 5×10−7 M and 1×10−7 M, between 5×10−7 M and 5×10−8 M, 5×10−7 M and 1×10−8M, between 5×10−7 M and 5×10−9 M, between 5×10−7 M and 1×10−9 M, between 5×10−7 M and 5×10−10 M, between 5×10−7 M and 1×10−10 M, between 5×10−7 M and 5×10−11M, between 5×10−7 M and 1×10−11 M, between 5×10−7 M and 5×10−12 M, between 5×10−7 M and 1×10−12 M, between 1×10−7 M and 5×10−8 M, 1×10−7 M and 1×10−8 M, between 1×10−7 M and 5×10−9 M, between 1×10−7 M and 1×10−9 M, between 1×10−7 M and 5×10−10 M, between 1×10−7 M and 1×10−10 M, between 1×10−7 M and 5×10−11 M, between 1×10−7 M and 1×10−11 M, between 1×10−7 M and 5×10−12 M, between 1×10−7 M and 1×10−12 M, between 5×10−8 M and 1×10−8 M, between 5×10−8 M and 5×10−9 M, between 5×10−8 M and 1×10−9 M, between 5×10−8 M and 5×10−10 M, between 5×10−8 M and 1×10−10 M, between 5×10−8 M and 5×10−11 M, between 5×10−8 M and 1×10−11 M, between 5×10−8 M and 5×10−12 M, between 5×10−8 M and 1×10−12 M, 1×10−8 M and 5×10−9 M, between 1×10−8 M and 1×10−9 M, between 1×10−8 M and 5×10−10 M, between 1×10−8 M and 1×10−10 M, between 1×10−8 M and 5×10−11 M, between 1×10−8 M and 1×10−11 M, between 1×10−8 M and 5×10−12 M, between 1×10−8 M and 1×10−12 M, between 5×10−9 M and 1×10−9 M, between 5×10−9 M and 5×10−10 M, between 5×10−9 M and 1×10−10 M, between 5×10−9 M and 5×10−11 M, between 5×10−9M and 1×10−11 M, between 5×10−9 M and 5×10−12 M, between 5×10−9 M and 1×10−12 M, between 1×10−9 M and 5×10−10 M, between 1×10−9 M and 1×10−10 M, between 1×10−9 M and 5×10−11 M, between 1×10−9 M and 1×10−11 M, between 1×10−9 M and 5×10−12 M, between 1×10−9 M and 1×10−12 M, between 5×10−10 M and 1×10−10 M, between 5×10−10 M and 5×10−11 M, between, 1×10−10 M and 5×10−11 M, 1×10−10 M and 1×10−11 M, between 1×10−10 M and 5×10−12 M, between 1×10−10 M and 1×10−12 M, between 5×10−11 M and 1×10−12 M, between 5×10−11 M and 5×10−12 M, between 5×10−11 M and 1×10−12 M, between 1×10−11 M and 5×10−12 M, or between 1×10−11 M and 1×10−12 M, as measured by biolayer interferometry. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody binds to canine IL31, feline IL31, or equine IL31, as determined by immunoblot analysis.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is provided that competes with an anti-IL31 antibody described herein (such as M14, M18, M19, or M87) for binding to IL31. In some embodiments, an antibody that competes with binding with any of the antibodies provided herein can be made or used. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody is provided that competes with monoclonal M14 antibody in binding to canine IL31, feline IL31, or equine IL31.

A “variant” means a biologically active polypeptide having at least about 50% amino acid sequence identity with the native sequence polypeptide after aligning the sequences and introducing gaps, if necessary, to achieve the maximum percent sequence identity, and not considering any conservative substitutions as part of the sequence identity. Such variants include, for instance, polypeptides wherein one or more amino acid residues are added, deleted, at the N- or C-terminus of the polypeptide.

In some embodiments, a variant has at least about 50% amino acid sequence identity, at least about 60% amino acid sequence identity, at least about 65% amino acid sequence identity, at least about 70% amino acid sequence identity, at least about 75% amino acid sequence identity, at least about 80% amino acid sequence identity, at least about 85% amino acid sequence identity, at least about 90% amino acid sequence identity, at least about 95% amino acid sequence identity with the native sequence polypeptide.

As used herein, “percent (%) amino acid sequence identity” and “homology” with respect to a peptide, polypeptide, or antibody sequence are defined as the percentage of amino acid residues in a candidate sequence that are identical with the amino acid residues in the specific peptide or polypeptide sequence, after aligning the sequences and introducing gaps, if necessary to achieve the maximum percent sequence identity, and not considering any conservative substitutions as part of the sequence identity. Alignment for purposes of determining percent amino acid sequence identity can be achieved in various ways that are within the skill in the art, for instance, using publicly available computer software such as BLAST, BLAST-2, ALIGN, or MEGALINE™ (DNASTAR) software. Those skilled in the art can determine appropriate parameters for measuring alignment, including any algorithms needed to achieve maximal alignment over the full length of sequences being compared.

An amino acid substitution may include but is not limited to the replacement of one amino acid in a polypeptide with another amino acid. Exemplary substitutions are shown in Table 2. Amino acid substitutions may be introduced into an antibody of interest and the products screened for a desired activity, for example, retained/improved antigen binding, decreased immunogenicity, or improved ADCC or CDC.


TABLE 2
Original
Residue
Exemplary Substitutions
Ala (A)
Val; Leu; Ile
Arg (R)
Lys; Gln; Asn
Asn (N)
Gln; His; Asp; Lys; Arg
Asp (D)
Glu; Asn
Cys (C)
Ser; Ala
Gln (Q)
Asn; Glu
Glu (E)
Asp; Gln
Gly (G)
Ala
His (H)
Asn; Gln; Lys; Arg
Ile (I)
Leu; Val; Met; Ala; Phe;
Norleucine
Leu (L)
Norleucine; Ile; Val; Met; Ala;
Phe
Lys (K)
Arg; Gln; Asn
Met (M)
Leu; Phe; Ile
Phe (F)
Trp; Leu; Val; Ile; Ala; Tyr
Pro (P)
Ala
Ser (S)
Thr
Thr (T)
Val; Ser
Trp (W)
Tyr; Phe
Tyr (Y)
Trp; Phe; Thr; Ser
Val (V)
Ile; Leu; Met; Phe; Ala;
Norleucine

Amino acids may be grouped according to common side-chain properties:

    • (1) hydrophobic: Norleucine, Met, Ala, Val, Leu, Ile;
    • (2) neutral hydrophilic: Cys, Ser, Thr, Asn, Gln;
    • (3) acidic: Asp, Glu;
    • (4) basic: His, Lys, Arg;
    • (5) residues that influence chain orientation: Gly, Pro;
    • (6) aromatic: Trp, Tyr, Phe.

Non-conservative substitutions will entail exchanging a member of one of these classes with another class.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a heavy chain and a light chain, wherein:

a. the heavy chain comprises a CDR-H1 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1; a CDR-H2 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2; and a CDR-H3 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 3, and

b. the light chain comprises a CDR-L1 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 8; a CDR-L2 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 9; and a CDR-L3 sequence having at least 85% sequence identity, at least 90% sequence identity, at least 95% sequence identity, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody comprises a heavy chain and a light chain, wherein:

a. (i) a variable light chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 24; (ii) a variable heavy chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 25; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii); or

b. (i) a variable light chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 16; (ii) a variable heavy chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 15; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii); or

c. (i) a variable light chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 32; (ii) a variable heavy chain sequence having at least 85%, at least 90%, at least 95%, or at least 98% sequence identity to the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 33; or (iii) a variable light chain sequence as in (i) and a variable heavy chain sequence as in (ii).

The term “vector” is used to describe a polynucleotide that can be engineered to contain a cloned polynucleotide or polynucleotides that can be propagated in a host cell. A vector can include one or more of the following elements: an origin of replication, one or more regulatory sequences (such as, for example, promoters or enhancers) that regulate the expression of the polypeptide of interest, or one or more selectable marker genes (such as, for example, antibiotic resistance genes and genes that can be used in colorimetric assays, for example, β-galactosidase). The term “expression vector” refers to a vector that is used to express a polypeptide of interest in a host cell.

A “host cell” refers to a cell that may be or has been a recipient of a vector or isolated polynucleotide. Host cells may be prokaryotic cells or eukaryotic cells. Exemplary eukaryotic cells include mammalian cells, such as primate or non-primate animal cells; fungal cells, such as yeast; plant cells; and insect cells. Nonlimiting exemplary mammalian cells include, but are not limited to, NS0 cells, PER.C6® cells (Crucell), 293 cells, and CHO cells, and their derivatives, such as 293-6E, DG44, CHO-S, and CHO-K cells. Host cells include progeny of a single host cell, and the progeny may not necessarily be completely identical (in morphology or in genomic DNA complement) to the original parent cell due to natural, accidental, or deliberate mutation. A host cell includes cells transfected in vivo with a polynucleotide(s) encoding an amino acid sequence(s) provided herein.

The term “isolated” as used herein refers to a molecule that has been separated from at least some of the components with which it is typically found in nature or produced. For example, a polypeptide is referred to as “isolated” when it is separated from at least some of the components of the cell in which it was produced. Where a polypeptide is secreted by a cell after expression, physically separating the supernatant containing the polypeptide from the cell that produced it is considered to be “isolating” the polypeptide. Similarly, a polynucleotide is referred to as “isolated” when it is not part of the larger polynucleotide (such as, for example, genomic DNA or mitochondrial DNA, in the case of a DNA polynucleotide) in which it is typically found in nature, or is separated from at least some of the components of the cell in which it was produced, for example, in the case of an RNA polynucleotide. Thus, a DNA polynucleotide that is contained in a vector inside a host cell may be referred to as “isolated.” In some embodiments, the anti-IL31 antibody is purified using chromatography, such as size exclusion chromatography, ion exchange chromatography, protein A column chromatography, hydrophobic interaction chromatography, and CHT chromatography.

The term “companion animal species” refers to an animal suitable to be a companion to humans. In some embodiments, a companion animal species is a small mammal, such as a canine, feline, dog, cat, horse, rabbit, ferret, guinea pig, rodent, etc. In some embodiments, a companion animal species is a farm animal, such as a horse, cow, pig, etc.

The term “IL31 signaling function” refers to any one of or combination of the downstream activities that occurs when IL31 binds its receptor or receptor complex. In some embodiments, the IL31 signaling function comprises activation of Janus kinase (Jak) 1 or Jak 2 signaling molecules. In some embodiments, the IL31 signaling function comprises phosphorylation of STAT-3 or STAT-5 proteins. In some embodiments, the IL31 signaling function comprises activating the ERK1/2 MAP kinase signaling pathway. In some embodiments, the IL31 signaling function comprises activating the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. In some embodiments, the IL31 signaling function comprises activating the Jak1/2 signaling pathway.

“STAT phosphorylation” means the post-expression modification of a STAT protein by phosphorylation. For example, “STAT-3 phosphorylation” refers to the phosphorylation of STAT-3 and “STAT-5 phosphorylation” refers to the phosphorylation of STAT-5. In some embodiments, the phosphorylation of STAT-3 is measured by immune-blot analysis. For example, cells (e.g., canine monocytic DH82 cells) are plated into a 96-well cell culture plate at a density of 1×105 cells per well in growth media (e.g., MEM, Life Technologies®) containing 15% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum, 2 mmol/L GlutaMax, 1 mmol/L sodium pyruvate, and 10 nm/mL canine interferon-c (R&D Systems, Minneapolis, Minn., USA) for 24 hours at 37° C. in the presence of anti-IL31 antibody as described herein. Immuno-blot analysis of the cell lysate using anti-phospho STAT-3 and anti-STAT-3 antibodies (R&D Systems) were used to detect the concentration of phosphorylated STAT-3 and unphosphorylated STAT-3 relative to each other and compared to a beta-actin control. Methods for determining the concentration of proteins, either qualitatively or quantitatively, by immunoblot are understood by persons of skill in the art. In some embodiments, relative concentration is determined by qualitatively by visual inspection of the immunoblot. In some embodiments, the concentration of phosphorylated STAT-3 and unphosphorylated STAT-3 is quantitatively determined by digitally imaging an immunoblot, determining the intensity of the bands, and using a linear standard curve of known concentrations of STAT-3 protein to back calculate the concentration of phosphorylated or unphosphorylated STAT-3 in a sample.

To “reduce” or “inhibit” means to decrease, reduce, or arrest an activity, function, or amount as compared to a reference. In some embodiments, by “reduce” or “inhibit” is meant the ability to cause an overall decrease of 20% or greater. In some embodiments, by “reduce” or “inhibit” is meant the ability to cause an overall decrease of 50% or greater. In some embodiments, by “reduce” or “inhibit” is meant the ability to cause an overall decrease of 75%, 85%, 90%, 95%, or greater. In some embodiments, the amount noted above is inhibited or decreased over a period of time, relative to a control dose (such as a placebo) over the same period of time. A “reference” as used herein, refers to any sample, standard, or level that is used for comparison purposes. A reference may be obtained from a healthy or non-diseased sample. In some examples, a reference is obtained from a non-diseased or non-treated sample of a companion animal. In some examples, a reference is obtained from one or more healthy animals of a particular species, which are not the animal being tested or treated.

The term “substantially reduced,” as used herein, denotes a sufficiently high degree of reduction between a numeric value and a reference numeric value such that one of skill in the art would consider the difference between the two values to be of statistical significance within the context of the biological characteristic measured by said values. In some embodiments, the substantially reduced numeric values is reduced by greater than about any one of 10%, 15% 20%, 25%, 30%, 35%, 40%, 45%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90%, or 100% compared to the reference value.

In some embodiments, an IL31 antibody may reduce IL31 signaling function in a companion animal species by at least 10%, at least 15%, at least 20%, at least 25%, at least 30%, at least 35%, at least 40%, at least 45%, at least 50%, at least 60%, at least 70%, at least 80%, at least 90%, or 100% compared to IL31 signaling function in the absence of the antibody, as measured by a reduction in STAT-3 phosphorylation. In some embodiments, the reduction in IL31 signaling function or the reduction in STAT-3 phosphorylation is between 10% and 15%, between 10% and 20%, between 10% and 25%, between 10% and 30%, between 10% and 35%, between 10% and 40%, between 10% and 45%, between 10% and 50%, between 10% and 60%, between 10% and 70%, between 10% and 80%, between 10% and 90%, between 10% and 100%, between 15% and 20%, between 15% and 25%, between 15% and 30%, between 15% and 35%, between 15% and 40%, between 15% and 45%, between 15% and 50%, between 15% and 60%, between 15% and 70%, between 15% and 80%, between 15% and 90%, between 15% and 100%, between 20% and 25%, between 20% and 30%, between 20% and 35%, between 20% and 40%, between 20% and 45%, between 20% and 50%, between 20% and 60%, between 20% and 70%, between 20% and 80%, between 20% and 90%, between 20% and 100%, between 25% and 30%, between 25% and 35%, between 25% and 40%, between 25% and 45%, between 25% and 50%, between 25% and 60%, between 25% and 70%, between 25% and 80%, between 25% and 90%, between 25% and 100%, between 30% and 35%, between 30% and 40%, between 30% and 45%, between 30% and 50%, between 30% and 60%, between 30% and 70%, between 30% and 80%, between 30% and 90%, between 30% and 100%, between 35% and 40%, between 35% and 45%, between 35% and 50%, between 35% and 60%, between 35% and 70%, between 35% and 80%, between 35% and 90%, between 35% and 100%, between 40% and 45%, between 40% and 50%, between 40% and 60%, between 40% and 70%, between 40% and 80%, between 40% and 90%, between 40% and 100%, between 45% and 50%, between 45% and 60%, between 45% and 70%, between 45% and 80%, between 45% and 90%, between 45% and 100%, between 50% and 60%, between 50% and 70%, between 50% and 80%, between 50% and 90%, between 50% and 100%, between 60% and 70%, between 60% and 80%, between 60% and 90%, between 60% and 100%, between 70% and 80%, between 70% and 90%, between 70% and 100%, between 80% and 90%, between 80% and 100%, or between 90% and 100%.

Pharmaceutical Compositions

The terms “pharmaceutical formulation” and “pharmaceutical composition” refer to a preparation which is in such form as to permit the biological activity of the active ingredient(s) to be effective, and which contains no additional components that are unacceptably toxic to a subject to which the formulation would be administered.

A “pharmaceutically acceptable carrier” refers to a non-toxic solid, semisolid, or liquid filler, diluent, encapsulating material, formulation auxiliary, or carrier conventional in the art for use with a therapeutic agent that together comprise a “pharmaceutical composition” for administration to a subject. A pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is non-toxic to recipients at the dosages and concentrations employed and is compatible with other ingredients of the formulation. The pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is appropriate for the formulation employed. Examples of pharmaceutically acceptable carriers include alumina; aluminum stearate; lecithin; serum proteins, such as human serum albumin, canine or other animal albumin; buffers such as phosphate, citrate, tromethamine or HEPES buffers; glycine; sorbic acid; potassium sorbate; partial glyceride mixtures of saturated vegetable fatty acids; water; salts or electrolytes, such as protamine sulfate, disodium hydrogen phosphate, potassium hydrogen phosphate, sodium chloride, zinc salts, colloidal silica, or magnesium trisilicate; polyvinyl pyrrolidone, cellulose-based substances; polyethylene glycol; sucrose; mannitol; or amino acids including, but not limited to, arginine.

The pharmaceutical composition can be stored in lyophilized form. Thus, in some embodiments, the preparation process includes a lyophilization step. The lyophilized composition may then be reformulated, typically as an aqueous composition suitable for parenteral administration, prior to administration to the dog, cat, or horse. In other embodiments, particularly where the antibody is highly stable to thermal and oxidative denaturation, the pharmaceutical composition can be stored as a liquid, i.e., as an aqueous composition, which may be administered directly, or with appropriate dilution, to the dog, cat, or horse. A lyophilized composition can be reconstituted with sterile Water for Injection (WFI). Bacteriostatic reagents, such benzyl alcohol, may be included. Thus, the invention provides pharmaceutical compositions in solid or liquid form.

The pH of the pharmaceutical compositions may be in the range of from about pH 5 to about pH 8, when administered. The compositions of the invention are sterile if they are to be used for therapeutic purposes. Sterility can be achieved by any of several means known in the art, including by filtration through sterile filtration membranes (e.g., 0.2 micron membranes). Sterility may be maintained with or without anti-bacterial agents.

Uses of Antibodies and Pharmaceutical Compositions

The antibodies or pharmaceutical compositions comprising the antibodies of the invention may be useful for treating an IL-31-induced condition. As used herein, an “IL31-induced condition” means a disease associated with, caused by, or characterized by, elevated levels or altered gradients of IL31 concentration. Such IL31-induced conditions include, but are not limited to, a pruritic or an allergic disease. In some embodiments, the IL31-induced condition is atopic dermatitis, pruritus, asthma, psoriasis, scleroderma, or eczema. An IL31-induced condition may be exhibited in a companion animal, including, but not limited to, canine, feline, or equine.

As used herein, “treatment” is an approach for obtaining beneficial or desired clinical results. “Treatment” as used herein, covers any administration or application of a therapeutic for disease in a mammal, including a companion animal. For purposes of this disclosure, beneficial or desired clinical results include, but are not limited to, any one or more of: alleviation of one or more symptoms, diminishment of extent of disease, preventing or delaying spread of disease, preventing or delaying recurrence of disease, delay or slowing of disease progression, amelioration of the disease state, inhibiting the disease or progression of the disease, inhibiting or slowing the disease or its progression, arresting its development, and remission (whether partial or total). Also encompassed by “treatment” is a reduction of pathological consequence of a proliferative disease. The methods provided herein contemplate any one or more of these aspects of treatment. In-line with the above, the term treatment does not require one-hundred percent removal of all aspects of the disorder.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody or pharmaceutical compositions comprising it can be utilized in accordance with the methods herein to treat IL31-induced conditions. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody or pharmaceutical compositions is administered to a companion animal, such as a canine, a feline, or equine, to treat an IL31-induced condition.

A “therapeutically effective amount” of a substance/molecule, agonist or antagonist may vary according to factors such as the type of disease to be treated, the disease state, the severity and course of the disease, the type of therapeutic purpose, any previous therapy, the clinical history, the response to prior treatment, the discretion of the attending veterinarian, age, sex, and weight of the animal, and the ability of the substance/molecule, agonist or antagonist to elicit a desired response in the animal. A therapeutically effective amount is also one in which any toxic or detrimental effects of the substance/molecule, agonist or antagonist are outweighed by the therapeutically beneficial effects. A therapeutically effective amount may be delivered in one or more administrations. A therapeutically effective amount refers to an amount effective, at dosages and for periods of time necessary, to achieve the desired therapeutic or prophylactic result.

In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody or pharmaceutical composition comprising an anti-IL31 antibody is administered parenterally, by subcutaneous administration, intravenous infusion, or intramuscular injection. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody or pharmaceutical composition comprising an anti-IL31 antibody is administered as a bolus injection or by continuous infusion over a period of time. In some embodiments, an anti-IL31 antibody or pharmaceutical composition comprising an anti-IL31 antibody is administered by an intramuscular, an intraperitoneal, an intracerebrospinal, a subcutaneous, an intra-arterial, an intrasynovial, an intrathecal, or an inhalation route.

Anti-IL31 antibodies described herein may be administered in an amount in the range of 0.1 mg/kg body weight to 100 mg/kg body weight per dose. In some embodiments, anti-IL31 antibodies may be administered in an amount in the range of 0.5 mg/kg body weight to 50 mg/kg body weight per dose. In some embodiments, anti-IL31 antibodies may be administered in an amount in the range of 1 mg/kg body weight to 10 mg/kg body weight per dose. In some embodiments, anti-IL31 antibodies may be administered in an amount in the range of 0.5 mg/kg body weight to 100 mg/kg body, in the range of 1 mg/kg body weight to 100 mg/kg body weight, in the range of 5 mg/kg body weight to 100 mg/kg body weight, in the range of 10 mg/kg body weight to 100 mg/kg body weight, in the range of 20 mg/kg body weight to 100 mg/kg body weight, in the range of 50 mg/kg body weight to 100 mg/kg body weight, in the range of 1 mg/kg body weight to 10 mg/kg body weight, in the range of 5 mg/kg body weight to 10 mg/kg body weight, in the range of 0.5 mg/kg body weight to 10 mg/kg body weight, or in the range of 5 mg/kg body weight to 50 mg/kg body weight.

An anti-IL31 antibody or a pharmaceutical composition comprising an anti-IL31 antibody can be administered to a companion animal at one time or over a series of treatments. For example, an anti-IL31 antibody or a pharmaceutical composition comprising an anti-IL31 antibody may be administered at least once, more than once, at least twice, at least three times, at least four times, or at least five times.

In some embodiments, the dose is administered once per week for at least two or three consecutive weeks, and in some embodiments, this cycle of treatment is repeated two or more times, optionally interspersed with one or more weeks of no treatment. In other embodiments, the therapeutically effective dose is administered once per day for two to five consecutive days, and in some embodiments, this cycle of treatment is repeated two or more times, optionally interspersed with one or more days or weeks of no treatment.

Administration “in combination with” one or more further therapeutic agents includes simultaneous (concurrent) and consecutive or sequential administration in any order. The term “concurrently” is used herein to refer to administration of two or more therapeutic agents, where at least part of the administration overlaps in time or where the administration of one therapeutic agent falls within a short period of time relative to administration of the other therapeutic agent. For example, the two or more therapeutic agents are administered with a time separation of no more than about a specified number of minutes. The term “sequentially” is used herein to refer to administration of two or more therapeutic agents where the administration of one or more agent(s) continues after discontinuing the administration of one or more other agent(s), or wherein administration of one or more agent(s) begins before the administration of one or more other agent(s). For example, administration of the two or more therapeutic agents are administered with a time separation of more than about a specified number of minutes. As used herein, “in conjunction with” refers to administration of one treatment modality in addition to another treatment modality. As such, “in conjunction with” refers to administration of one treatment modality before, during or after administration of the other treatment modality to the animal.

In some embodiments, the method comprises administering in combination with an anti-IL31 antibody or a pharmaceutical composition comprising an anti-IL31 antibody, a Jak inhibitor, a PI3K inhibitor, an AKT inhibitor, or a MAPK inhibitor. In some embodiments, the method comprises administering in combination with an anti-IL31 antibody or a pharmaceutical composition comprising an anti-IL31 antibody, an anti-IL17 antibody, an anti-TNFα antibody, an anti-CD20 antibody, an anti-CD19 antibody, an anti-CD25 antibody, an anti-IL4 antibody, an anti-IL13 antibody, an anti-IL23 antibody, an anti-IgE antibody, an anti-CD11α antibody, anti-IL6R antibody, anti-α4-Intergrin antibody, an anti-IL12 antibody, an anti-IL1β antibody, or an anti-BlyS antibody.

Provided herein are methods of exposing to a cell an anti-IL31 antibody or a pharmaceutical composition comprising an anti-IL31 antibody under conditions permissive for binding of the antibody to IL31. In some embodiments, the cell is exposed to the antibody or pharmaceutical composition ex vivo. In some embodiments, the cell is exposed to the antibody or pharmaceutical composition in vivo. In some embodiments, a cell is exposed to the anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition under conditions permissive for binding of the antibody to intracellular IL31. In some embodiments, a cell is exposed to the anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition under conditions permissive for binding of the antibody to extracellular IL31. In some embodiments, a cell may be exposed in vivo to the anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition by any one or more of the administration methods described herein, including but not limited to, intraperitoneal, intramuscular, intravenous injection into the subject. In some embodiments, a cell may be exposed ex vivo to the anti-IL31 antibody or the pharmaceutical composition by exposing the cell to a culture medium comprising the antibody or the pharmaceutical composition. In some embodiments, the permeability of the cell membrane may be affected by the use of any number of methods understood by those of skill in the art (such as electroporating the cells or exposing the cells to a solution containing calcium chloride) before exposing the cell to a culture medium comprising the antibody or the pharmaceutical composition.

In some embodiments, the binding results in a reduction of IL31 signaling function by the cell. In some embodiments, an IL31 antibody may reduce IL31 signaling function in a cell by at least 10%, at least 15%, at least 20%, at least 25%, at least 30%, at least 35%, at least 40%, at least 45%, at least 50%, at least 60%, at least 70%, at least 80%, at least 90%, or 100% compared to IL31 signaling function in the absence of the antibody, as measured by a reduction in STAT-3 phosphorylation. In some embodiments, the reduction in IL31 signaling function or the reduction in STAT-3 phosphorylation is between 10% and 15%, between 10% and 20%, between 10% and 25%, between 10% and 30%, between 10% and 35%, between 10% and 40%, between 10% and 45%, between 10% and 50%, between 10% and 60%, between 10% and 70%, between 10% and 80%, between 10% and 90%, between 10% and 100%, between 15% and 20%, between 15% and 25%, between 15% and 30%, between 15% and 35%, between 15% and 40%, between 15% and 45%, between 15% and 50%, between 15% and 60%, between 15% and 70%, between 15% and 80%, between 15% and 90%, between 15% and 100%, between 20% and 25%, between 20% and 30%, between 20% and 35%, between 20% and 40%, between 20% and 45%, between 20% and 50%, between 20% and 60%, between 20% and 70%, between 20% and 80%, between 20% and 90%, between 20% and 100%, between 25% and 30%, between 25% and 35%, between 25% and 40%, between 25% and 45%, between 25% and 50%, between 25% and 60%, between 25% and 70%, between 25% and 80%, between 25% and 90%, between 25% and 100%, between 30% and 35%, between 30% and 40%, between 30% and 45%, between 30% and 50%, between 30% and 60%, between 30% and 70%, between 30% and 80%, between 30% and 90%, between 30% and 100%, between 35% and 40%, between 35% and 45%, between 35% and 50%, between 35% and 60%, between 35% and 70%, between 35% and 80%, between 35% and 90%, between 35% and 100%, between 40% and 45%, between 40% and 50%, between 40% and 60%, between 40% and 70%, between 40% and 80%, between 40% and 90%, between 40% and 100%, between 45% and 50%, between 45% and 60%, between 45% and 70%, between 45% and 80%, between 45% and 90%, between 45% and 100%, between 50% and 60%, between 50% and 70%, between 50% and 80%, between 50% and 90%, between 50% and 100%, between 60% and 70%, between 60% and 80%, between 60% and 90%, between 60% and 100%, between 70% and 80%, between 70% and 90%, between 70% and 100%, between 80% and 90%, between 80% and 100%, or between 90% and 100%.

Provided herein are methods of using the anti-IL31 antibodies, polypeptides and polynucleotides for detection, diagnosis and monitoring of an IL31-induced condition. Provided herein are methods of determining whether a companion animal will respond to anti-IL31 antibody therapy. In some embodiments, the method comprises detecting whether the animal has cells that express IL31 using an anti-IL31 antibody. In some embodiments, the method of detection comprises contacting the sample with an antibody, polypeptide, or polynucleotide and determining whether the level of binding differs from that of a reference or comparison sample (such as a control). In some embodiments, the method may be useful to determine whether the antibodies or polypeptides described herein are an appropriate treatment for the subject animal.

In some embodiments, the sample is a biological sample. The term “biological sample” means a quantity of a substance from a living thing or formerly living thing. In some embodiments, the biological sample is a cell or cell/tissue lysate. In some embodiments, the biological sample includes, but is not limited to, blood, (for example, whole blood), plasma, serum, urine, synovial fluid, and epithelial cells.

In some embodiments, the cells or cell/tissue lysate are contacted with an anti-IL31 antibody and the binding between the antibody and the cell is determined. When the test cells show binding activity as compared to a reference cell of the same tissue type, it may indicate that the subject would benefit from treatment with an anti-IL31 antibody. In some embodiments, the test cells are from tissue of a companion animal.

Various methods known in the art for detecting specific antibody-antigen binding can be used. Exemplary immunoassays which can be conducted include fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA), fluorescence immunoassay (FIA), enzyme immunoassay (EIA), nephelometric inhibition immunoassay (NIA), enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and radioimmunoassay (RIA). An indicator moiety, or label group, can be attached to the subject antibodies and is selected so as to meet the needs of various uses of the method which are often dictated by the availability of assay equipment and compatible immunoassay procedures. Appropriate labels include, without limitation, radionuclides (for example 125I, 131I, 35S, 3H, or 32P), enzymes (for example, alkaline phosphatase, horseradish peroxidase, luciferase, or p-glactosidase), fluorescent moieties or proteins (for example, fluorescein, rhodamine, phycoerythrin, GFP, or BFP), or luminescent moieties (for example, Qdot™ nanoparticles supplied by the Quantum Dot Corporation, Palo Alto, Calif.). General techniques to be used in performing the various immunoassays noted above are known to those of ordinary skill in the art.

For purposes of diagnosis, the polypeptide including antibodies can be labeled with a detectable moiety including but not limited to radioisotopes, fluorescent labels, and various enzyme-substrate labels know in the art. Methods of conjugating labels to an antibody are known in the art. In some embodiments, the anti-IL31 antibodies need not be labeled, and the presence thereof can be detected using a second labeled antibody which binds to the first anti-IL31 antibody. In some embodiments, the anti-IL31 antibody can be employed in any known assay method, such as competitive binding assays, direct and indirect sandwich assays, and immunoprecipitation assays. Zola, Monoclonal Antibodies: A Manual of Techniques, pp. 147-158 (CRC Press, Inc. 1987). The anti-IL31 antibodies and polypeptides can also be used for in vivo diagnostic assays, such as in vivo imaging. Generally, the antibody or the polypeptide is labeled with a radionuclide (such as 111In, 99Tc, 14C, 131I, 125I, 3H, or any other radionuclide label, including those outlined herein) so that the cells or tissue of interest can be localized using immunoscintiography. The antibody may also be used as staining reagent in pathology using techniques well known in the art.

In some embodiments, a first antibody is used for a diagnostic and a second antibody is used as a therapeutic. In some embodiments, the first and second antibodies are different. In some embodiments, the first and second antibodies can both bind to the antigen at the same time, by binding to separate epitopes.

The following examples illustrate particular aspects of the disclosure and are not intended in any way to limit the disclosure.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Identification of Mouse Monoclonal Antibodies that Bind to Canine IL31

Canine IL31 gene encoding IL31 protein (SEQ ID NO: 22) was synthesized with poly-His tag on the C-terminal and cloned into a mammalian expression vector. The plasmid that carries canine IL31 gene was transfected to 293 cells.

The supernatant containing canine IL31 protein was collected and filtered. Canine IL31 was affinity purified using Ni-NTA column (CaptivA® Protein A Affinity Resin, Repligen).

Mouse monoclonal antibodies were identified using standard immunization using canine IL31 produced by 293 cells as immunogen. Various adjuvants were used during immunizations (Antibody Solutions, Sunnyvale, Calif.) and monoclonal antibodies were obtained through standard hybridoma technology. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed to screen the clones that produce IL31 binding antibodies. First canine IL31 was biotinylated and then it was introduced to streptavidin-coated wells. Immunized serum was then added to the wells followed by washing and detection with HRP-conjugated anti-mouse antibodies. The presence of canine IL31 binding antibody developed a positive signal. Over 100 ELISA positive clones were rescreened using biosensor (Forte Bio Octet). Biotinylated canine IL31 was bound to the sensor tip and hybridoma clone supernatants containing anti-canine IL31 antibodies were screened for antibodies having a slow off-rate (the rate of dissociation between antibody and ligand). The binding affinity of the top 19 candidates were measured at single concentration and reported as the equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) after the antibody concentrations were measured by protein A titer assay using Biosensor Octet. The Kds of the 19 candidates were all less than 10 nM.

Furthermore, a cell-based functional assay described below in Example 4, was performed to assess activity of the top candidates in reducing canine IL31-mediated pSTAT signaling using canine DH82 cells. Four top clones (M14, M18, M19, and M87) were selected for further investigation.

Example 2: Identification of DNA Sequences Encoding VH and VL of Monoclonal Antibodies

Hybridoma cells producing M14, M18, M19 and M87 were pelleted. RNA was extracted and oligonucleotide primers for amplifying mouse immunoglobulin (Ig) variable domains were used to obtain cDNA using standard techniques. The variable heavy chain (VH) and variable light chain (VL) of each of the four clones were sequenced and analyzed by sequence alignment (FIG. 1).

Example 3: Expression and Purification of Murine-Canine Chimeric and Caninized IL31-mAb M14 from CHO Cells

DNA sequences encoding a chimeric antibody were designed for a fusion of murine M14 VH (SEQ ID NO: 25) and murine VL (SEQ ID NO: 24) to canine constant heavy chain and canine constant light chain. The nucleotide sequences were synthesized chemically and inserted into an expression vector suitable for transfection into a CHO host cell. After transfection into CHO cells, the light chain or heavy chain protein or both were secreted from the cell. For example, chimeric M14 that uses canine IgG-B was purified by single step Protein A column chromatography.

Murine M14 VH and VL were caninized by searching and selecting proper canine germline antibody sequences as a template for CDR grafting, followed by protein modeling. Caninized M14 IgG-B (SEQ ID NO: 18 and SEQ ID NO: 21) was readily expressed and purified in a single step with a protein A column or other chromatographic methods, such as ion exchange column chromatography, hydrophobic interaction column chromatography, mixed mode column chromatography such as CHT, or multimodal mode column chromatography such as CaptoMMC. Low pH or other viral inactivation and viral removal steps can be applied. The purified protein is admixed with excipients, and sterilized by filtration to prepare a pharmaceutical composition of the invention. The pharmaceutical composition is administered to a dog with an atopic dermatitis in an amount sufficient to bind to inhibit IL31.

The vectors were then used to perform pilot-scale transfection in CHO-S cells using the FreestyleMax™ transfection reagent (Life Technologies). The supernatant was harvested by clarifying the conditioned media. Protein was purified with a single pass Protein A chromatography step and used for further investigation.

Example 4: Demonstration of IL31 Binding Activity

This example demonstrates that antibodies of the invention, illustrated with the chimeric M14 (SEQ ID NO:26 and SEQ ID NO:27) and caninized M14 (SEQ ID NO:18 and SEQ ID NO:21) bind canine IL31 with kinetics requisite for therapeutic activity.

The binding analysis was performed using a biosensor Octet as follows. Briefly, canine IL31 was biotinylated. The free unreacted biotin was removed from biotinylated IL31 by extensive dialysis. Biotinylated canine IL31 was captured on streptavidin sensor tips. The association of four different concentrations (400, 200, 66.6, and 33 nM) of antibody and IL31 (human and canine, in different tests) was monitored for ninety seconds. Dissociation was monitored for 600 seconds. A buffer only blank curve was subtracted to correct for any drift. The data were fit to a 2:1 binding model using ForteBio™ data analysis software to determine the kon, koff, and the Kd. The buffer for dilutions and all binding steps was: 20 mM phosphate, 150 mM NaCl, pH 7.2.

Canine IL31 with C-terminal polyHis tag was expressed and purified from CHO-S cells. Human IL31 was obtained from Sino Biological, EZ-Link NHS-LC-biotin was obtained from Thermo Scientific (Cat. #21336), and Streptavidin biosensors was obtained from ForteBio (Cat. #18-509).

The binding kinetics were as follows: For the ligand canine IL31, the Kd (M) for chimeric M14 was <1.0×10−11 (FIG. 2) and <1.0×10−11 (FIG. 3) for caninized M14.

Chimeric M14 and caninized M14 had no obvious binding signal with human IL31. Thus the Kd could not be measured.

Example 5: Demonstration that M14 Inhibits Canine IL31 Signaling

After binding to its IL31 receptor, IL-31 activates Janus kinase (Jak) 1 and Jak2 signaling molecules. In turn, activated Jaks stimulate the phosphorylation of downstream signaling STAT-3 and STAT-5. Anti-phospho-Stat3 immuno-blot analysis was used to detect anti-IL31 activity from a protein A-purified fraction of cell-free culture medium (Gonzales et. al. Vet Dermatol 2013; 24: 48-e12). In Brief, the canine monocytic DH82 cells (American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, Va., USA) were plated into 96-well flat-bottomed cell culture plates at a density of 1×105 cells per well in MEM growth media (Life Technologies) containing 15% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum, 2 mmol/L GlutaMax, 1 mmol/L sodium pyruvate, and 10 ng/mL canine interferon-c (R&D Systems, Minneapolis, Minn., USA) for 24 h at 37° C. In this experiment, concentration of canine IL31-Fc was 5 ng/mL (8 nM). Anti-phospho STAT-3 and anti-STAT-3 antibodies were purchased from R&D Systems. Anti-beta actin antibody was from Sigma-Aldrich. As shown in FIG. 4, canine IL31 signaling decreased (as evidenced by a reduction in STAT-3 phosphorylation) as the concentration of caninized M14 exposed to the cells increased (lane 1: no anti-IL31 antibody; Lane 2: 3.3 nM; Lane 3: 6.6 nM; Lane 4: 9.9 nM; and Lane 5: 13.2 nM).

Example 6: Identification of M14 Canine IL31 Binding Epitope

To identify the canine IL31 epitope recognized by M14, multiple GST canine IL31 fragment fusion molecules were generated and proteins were expressed intracellularly in E. coli. After the GST fusion proteins were transferred to a membrane, chimeric M14 was used to probe the membrane. A positive signal resulted when the IL31 fragment contained the epitope.

FIG. 5 combined with FIG. 6 demonstrated M14 can recognize the minimal fragment (SEQ ID NO: 23).

Example 7: Demonstrating M14 Cross Reacts to Feline IL31

To examine whether M14 antibody recognizes feline IL31 (SEQ ID NO: 28) or equine IL31 (SEQ ID NO: 29), each protein was fused to human Fc and expressed in mammalian 293 cells. The partially purified proteins were blotted to membrane and probed with M14 antibody. The immunoblot of FIG. 1 demonstrates that M14 binds to feline IL31. The immunoblot assay did not detect binding between M14 and equine IL31. However, biolayer interferometry analysis revealed that M14 antibody binds equine IL31, but with a lesser affinity. The preliminary Kd measurement using biotinylated equine IL31 immobilized to the sensor revealed that the affinity (Kd) is approximately 10 to 50 nM.

Example 8: Felinized M14

M14 variable light chain was felinized as (SEQ ID NO: 32) and M14 variable heavy chain was felinized as (SEQ ID NO: 33). First, the mouse heavy chain variable and light chain variable sequences were used to search proper variants of feline VH and VL. The proper feline frames were chosen to graft CDRs. They are further optimized using structural modeling. The felinized VH and VL were fused to a feline IgG heavy chain constant domains (CH1, CH2, and CH3) and feline light chain constant domain (CL1).

Feline M14 chimeric antibody (SEQ ID NO: 30 and SEQ ID NO: 31) or felinized M14 antibody (SEQ ID NO: 34 and SEQ ID NO: 35) can be as administered to cats for treatment of an IL31-induced condition.

<160> NUMBER OF SEQ ID NOS: 43

<210> SEQ ID NO: 1

<211> LENGTH: 9

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(9)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable heavy chain CDR-H1 amino acid sequence

of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 1

Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly Tyr Trp

1 5

<210> SEQ ID NO: 2

<211> LENGTH: 16

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(16)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable heavy chain CDR-H2 amino acid sequence

of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 2

Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys Ser

1 5 10 15

<210> SEQ ID NO: 3

<211> LENGTH: 12

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(12)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable heavy chain CDR-H3 amino acid sequence

of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 3

Ala Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr

1 5 10

<210> SEQ ID NO: 4

<211> LENGTH: 25

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(25)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable region heavy chain framework HC-FR1

amino acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 4

Glu Val Gln Leu Gln Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Ser Gln

1 5 10 15

Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr

20 25

<210> SEQ ID NO: 5

<211> LENGTH: 15

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(15)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable region heavy chain framework HC-FR2

amino acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 5

Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met Gly

1 5 10 15

<210> SEQ ID NO: 6

<211> LENGTH: 30

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(30)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable region heavy chain framework HC-FR3

amino acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 6

Arg Ile Ser Ile Thr Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu Gln

1 5 10 15

Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys

20 25 30

<210> SEQ ID NO: 7

<211> LENGTH: 11

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(11)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable region heavy chain framework HC-FR4

amino acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 7

Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr Ser Val Thr Val Ser Ser

1 5 10

<210> SEQ ID NO: 8

<211> LENGTH: 15

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(15)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable light chain CDR-L1 amino acid sequence

of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 8

Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser Val Asp Thr Tyr Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His

1 5 10 15

<210> SEQ ID NO: 9

<211> LENGTH: 7

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(7)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable light chain CDR-L2 amino acid sequence

of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 9

Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser

1 5

<210> SEQ ID NO: 10

<211> LENGTH: 9

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(9)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable light chain CDR-L3 amino acid sequence

of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 10

Gln Gln Ser Tyr Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr

1 5

<210> SEQ ID NO: 11

<211> LENGTH: 23

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(23)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable region light chain framework LC-FR1

amino acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 11

Asp Ile Val Leu Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ala Val Ser Leu Gly

1 5 10 15

Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys

20

<210> SEQ ID NO: 12

<211> LENGTH: 15

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(15)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable region light chain framework LC-FR2

amino acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 12

Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Ser Gly Gln Ser Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr

1 5 10 15

<210> SEQ ID NO: 13

<211> LENGTH: 32

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(32)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable region light chain framework LC-FR3

amino acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 13

Gly Ile Pro Ala Arg Phe Gly Gly Ser Gly Ser Arg Thr Asp Phe Thr

1 5 10 15

Leu Thr Ile Asp Pro Val Glu Ala Asp Asp Val Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys

20 25 30

<210> SEQ ID NO: 14

<211> LENGTH: 10

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(10)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable region light chain framework LC-FR4

amino acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 14

Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Glu Ile Lys

1 5 10

<210> SEQ ID NO: 15

<211> LENGTH: 118

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Caninized variable heavy chain amino

acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 15

Glu Val Gln Leu Val Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Gly Gly

1 5 10 15

Ser Leu Arg Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met

35 40 45

Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys

50 55 60

Ser Arg Ile Thr Ile Ser Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Leu Val Thr Val Ser Ser

115

<210> SEQ ID NO: 16

<211> LENGTH: 111

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Caninized variable light chain amino

acid sequence of mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 16

Asp Ile Val Met Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ser Val Ser Leu Gly

1 5 10 15

Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser Val Asp Thr Tyr

20 25 30

Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Gln Ser Pro

35 40 45

Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser Gly Ile Pro Ala

50 55 60

Arg Phe Gly Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Asp

65 70 75 80

Pro Val Gln Ala Asp Asp Val Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr

85 90 95

Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Glu Ile Lys

100 105 110

<210> SEQ ID NO: 17

<211> LENGTH: 448

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Caninized heavy chain sequence from

mouse antibody clone M14 and canine IgG-A

<400> SEQENCE: 17

Glu Val Gln Leu Val Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Gly Gly

1 5 10 15

Ser Leu Arg Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met

35 40 45

Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys

50 55 60

Ser Arg Ile Thr Ile Ser Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Leu Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Ser Thr Thr Ala Pro Ser Val Phe Pro

115 120 125

Leu Ala Pro Ser Cys Gly Ser Thr Ser Gly Ser Thr Val Ala Leu Ala

130 135 140

Cys Leu Val Ser Gly Tyr Phe Pro Glu Pro Val Thr Val Ser Trp Asn

145 150 155 160

Ser Gly Ser Leu Thr Ser Gly Val His Thr Phe Pro Ser Val Leu Gln

165 170 175

Ser Ser Gly Leu His Ser Leu Ser Ser Met Val Thr Val Pro Ser Ser

180 185 190

Arg Trp Pro Ser Glu Thr Phe Thr Cys Asn Val Val His Pro Ala Ser

195 200 205

Asn Thr Lys Val Asp Lys Pro Val Phe Asn Glu Cys Arg Cys Thr Asp

210 215 220

Thr Pro Cys Pro Val Pro Glu Pro Leu Gly Gly Pro Ser Val Leu Ile

225 230 235 240

Phe Pro Pro Lys Pro Lys Asp Ile Leu Arg Ile Thr Arg Thr Pro Glu

245 250 255

Val Thr Cys Val Val Leu Asp Leu Gly Arg Glu Asp Pro Glu Val Gln

260 265 270

Ile Ser Trp Phe Val Asp Gly Lys Glu Val His Thr Ala Lys Thr Gln

275 280 285

Ser Arg Glu Gln Gln Phe Asn Gly Thr Tyr Arg Val Val Ser Val Leu

290 295 300

Pro Ile Glu His Gln Asp Trp Leu Thr Gly Lys Glu Phe Lys Cys Arg

305 310 315 320

Val Asn His Ile Asp Leu Pro Ser Pro Ile Glu Arg Thr Ile Ser Lys

325 330 335

Ala Arg Gly Arg Ala His Lys Pro Ser Val Tyr Val Leu Pro Pro Ser

340 345 350

Pro Lys Glu Leu Ser Ser Ser Asp Thr Val Ser Ile Thr Cys Leu Ile

355 360 365

Lys Asp Phe Tyr Pro Pro Asp Ile Asp Val Glu Trp Gln Ser Asn Gly

370 375 380

Gln Gln Glu Pro Glu Arg Lys His Arg Met Thr Pro Pro Gln Leu Asp

385 390 395 400

Glu Asp Gly Ser Tyr Phe Leu Tyr Ser Lys Leu Ser Val Asp Lys Ser

405 410 415

Arg Trp Gln Gln Gly Asp Pro Phe Thr Cys Ala Val Met His Glu Thr

420 425 430

Leu Gln Asn His Tyr Thr Asp Leu Ser Leu Ser His Ser Pro Gly Lys

435 440 445

<210> SEQ ID NO: 18

<211> LENGTH: 453

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Caninized heavy chain sequence

from mouse antibody clone M14 and canine IgG-B

<400> SEQENCE: 18

Glu Val Gln Leu Val Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Gly Gly

1 5 10 15

Ser Leu Arg Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met

35 40 45

Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys

50 55 60

Ser Arg Ile Thr Ile Ser Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Leu Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Ser Thr Thr Ala Pro Ser Val Phe Pro

115 120 125

Leu Ala Pro Ser Cys Gly Ser Thr Ser Gly Ser Thr Val Ala Leu Ala

130 135 140

Cys Leu Val Ser Gly Tyr Phe Pro Glu Pro Val Thr Val Ser Trp Asn

145 150 155 160

Ser Gly Ser Leu Thr Ser Gly Val His Thr Phe Pro Ser Val Leu Gln

165 170 175

Ser Ser Gly Leu Tyr Ser Leu Ser Ser Met Val Thr Val Pro Ser Ser

180 185 190

Arg Trp Pro Ser Glu Thr Phe Thr Cys Asn Val Ala His Pro Ala Ser

195 200 205

Lys Thr Lys Val Asp Lys Pro Val Pro Lys Arg Glu Asn Gly Arg Val

210 215 220

Pro Arg Pro Pro Asp Cys Pro Lys Cys Pro Ala Pro Glu Met Leu Gly

225 230 235 240

Gly Pro Ser Val Phe Ile Phe Pro Pro Lys Pro Lys Asp Thr Leu Leu

245 250 255

Ile Ala Arg Thr Pro Glu Val Thr Cys Val Val Val Asp Leu Asp Pro

260 265 270

Glu Asp Pro Glu Val Gln Ile Ser Trp Phe Val Asp Gly Lys Gln Met

275 280 285

Gln Thr Ala Lys Thr Gln Pro Arg Glu Glu Gln Phe Asn Gly Thr Tyr

290 295 300

Arg Val Val Ser Val Leu Pro Ile Gly His Gln Asp Trp Leu Lys Gly

305 310 315 320

Lys Gln Phe Thr Cys Lys Val Asn Asn Lys Ala Leu Pro Ser Pro Ile

325 330 335

Glu Arg Thr Ile Ser Lys Ala Arg Gly Gln Ala His Gln Pro Ser Val

340 345 350

Tyr Val Leu Pro Pro Ser Arg Glu Glu Leu Ser Lys Asn Thr Val Ser

355 360 365

Leu Thr Cys Leu Ile Lys Asp Phe Phe Pro Pro Asp Ile Asp Val Glu

370 375 380

Trp Gln Ser Asn Gly Gln Gln Glu Pro Glu Ser Lys Tyr Arg Thr Thr

385 390 395 400

Pro Pro Gln Leu Asp Glu Asp Gly Ser Tyr Phe Leu Tyr Ser Lys Leu

405 410 415

Ser Val Asp Lys Ser Arg Trp Gln Arg Gly Asp Thr Phe Ile Cys Ala

420 425 430

Val Met His Glu Ala Leu His Asn His Tyr Thr Gln Glu Ser Leu Ser

435 440 445

His Ser Pro Gly Lys

450

<210> SEQ ID NO: 19

<211> LENGTH: 451

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Caninized heavy chain sequence

from mouse antibody clone M14 and canine IgG-C

<400> SEQENCE: 19

Glu Val Gln Leu Val Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Gly Gly

1 5 10 15

Ser Leu Arg Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met

35 40 45

Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys

50 55 60

Ser Arg Ile Thr Ile Ser Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Leu Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Ser Thr Thr Ala Pro Ser Val Phe Pro

115 120 125

Leu Ala Pro Ser Cys Gly Ser Gln Ser Gly Ser Thr Val Ala Leu Ala

130 135 140

Cys Leu Val Ser Gly Tyr Ile Pro Glu Pro Val Thr Val Ser Trp Asn

145 150 155 160

Ser Val Ser Leu Thr Ser Gly Val His Thr Phe Pro Ser Val Leu Gln

165 170 175

Ser Ser Gly Leu Tyr Ser Leu Ser Ser Met Val Thr Val Pro Ser Ser

180 185 190

Arg Trp Pro Ser Glu Thr Phe Thr Cys Asn Val Ala His Pro Ala Thr

195 200 205

Asn Thr Lys Val Asp Lys Pro Val Ala Lys Glu Cys Glu Cys Lys Cys

210 215 220

Asn Cys Asn Asn Cys Pro Cys Pro Gly Cys Gly Leu Leu Gly Gly Pro

225 230 235 240

Ser Val Phe Ile Phe Pro Pro Lys Pro Lys Asp Ile Leu Val Thr Ala

245 250 255

Arg Thr Pro Thr Val Thr Cys Val Val Val Asp Leu Asp Pro Glu Asn

260 265 270

Pro Glu Val Gln Ile Ser Trp Phe Val Asp Ser Lys Gln Val Gln Thr

275 280 285

Ala Asn Thr Gln Pro Arg Glu Glu Gln Ser Asn Gly Thr Tyr Arg Val

290 295 300

Val Ser Val Leu Pro Ile Gly His Gln Asp Trp Leu Ser Gly Lys Gln

305 310 315 320

Phe Lys Cys Lys Val Asn Asn Lys Ala Leu Pro Ser Pro Ile Glu Glu

325 330 335

Ile Ile Ser Lys Thr Pro Gly Gln Ala His Gln Pro Asn Val Tyr Val

340 345 350

Leu Pro Pro Ser Arg Asp Glu Met Ser Lys Asn Thr Val Thr Leu Thr

355 360 365

Cys Leu Val Lys Asp Phe Phe Pro Pro Glu Ile Asp Val Glu Trp Gln

370 375 380

Ser Asn Gly Gln Gln Glu Pro Glu Ser Lys Tyr Arg Met Thr Pro Pro

385 390 395 400

Gln Leu Asp Glu Asp Gly Ser Tyr Phe Leu Tyr Ser Lys Leu Ser Val

405 410 415

Asp Lys Ser Arg Trp Gln Arg Gly Asp Thr Phe Ile Cys Ala Val Met

420 425 430

His Glu Ala Leu His Asn His Tyr Thr Gln Ile Ser Leu Ser His Ser

435 440 445

Pro Gly Lys

450

<210> SEQ ID NO: 20

<211> LENGTH: 449

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Caninized heavy chain sequence from

mouse antibody clone M14 and canine IgG-D

<400> SEQENCE: 20

Glu Val Gln Leu Val Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Gly Gly

1 5 10 15

Ser Leu Arg Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met

35 40 45

Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys

50 55 60

Ser Arg Ile Thr Ile Ser Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Leu Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Ser Thr Thr Ala Pro Ser Val Phe Pro

115 120 125

Leu Ala Pro Ser Cys Gly Ser Thr Ser Gly Ser Thr Val Ala Leu Ala

130 135 140

Cys Leu Val Ser Gly Tyr Phe Pro Glu Pro Val Thr Val Ser Trp Asn

145 150 155 160

Ser Gly Ser Leu Thr Ser Gly Val His Thr Phe Pro Ser Val Leu Gln

165 170 175

Ser Ser Gly Leu Tyr Ser Leu Ser Ser Thr Val Thr Val Pro Ser Ser

180 185 190

Arg Trp Pro Ser Glu Thr Phe Thr Cys Asn Val Val His Pro Ala Ser

195 200 205

Asn Thr Lys Val Asp Lys Pro Val Pro Lys Glu Ser Thr Cys Lys Cys

210 215 220

Ile Ser Pro Cys Pro Val Pro Glu Ser Leu Gly Gly Pro Ser Val Phe

225 230 235 240

Ile Phe Pro Pro Lys Pro Lys Asp Ile Leu Arg Ile Thr Arg Thr Pro

245 250 255

Glu Ile Thr Cys Val Val Leu Asp Leu Gly Arg Glu Asp Pro Glu Val

260 265 270

Gln Ile Ser Trp Phe Val Asp Gly Lys Glu Val His Thr Ala Lys Thr

275 280 285

Gln Pro Arg Glu Gln Gln Phe Asn Ser Thr Tyr Arg Val Val Ser Val

290 295 300

Leu Pro Ile Glu His Gln Asp Trp Leu Thr Gly Lys Glu Phe Lys Cys

305 310 315 320

Arg Val Asn His Ile Gly Leu Pro Ser Pro Ile Glu Arg Thr Ile Ser

325 330 335

Lys Ala Arg Gly Gln Ala His Gln Pro Ser Val Tyr Val Leu Pro Pro

340 345 350

Ser Pro Lys Glu Leu Ser Ser Ser Asp Thr Val Thr Leu Thr Cys Leu

355 360 365

Ile Lys Asp Phe Phe Pro Pro Glu Ile Asp Val Glu Trp Gln Ser Asn

370 375 380

Gly Gln Pro Glu Pro Glu Ser Lys Tyr His Thr Thr Ala Pro Gln Leu

385 390 395 400

Asp Glu Asp Gly Ser Tyr Phe Leu Tyr Ser Lys Leu Ser Val Asp Lys

405 410 415

Ser Arg Trp Gln Gln Gly Asp Thr Phe Thr Cys Ala Val Met His Glu

420 425 430

Ala Leu Gln Asn His Tyr Thr Asp Leu Ser Leu Ser His Ser Pro Gly

435 440 445

Lys

<210> SEQ ID NO: 21

<211> LENGTH: 221

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Caninized light chain sequence from

mouse antibody clone M14 and canine light chain constant region

<400> SEQENCE: 21

Asp Ile Val Met Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ser Val Ser Leu Gly

1 5 10 15

Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser Val Asp Thr Tyr

20 25 30

Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Gln Ser Pro

35 40 45

Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser Gly Ile Pro Ala

50 55 60

Arg Phe Gly Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Asp

65 70 75 80

Pro Val Gln Ala Asp Asp Val Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr

85 90 95

Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Glu Ile Lys Arg

100 105 110

Asn Asp Ala Gln Pro Ala Val Tyr Leu Phe Gln Pro Ser Pro Asp Gln

115 120 125

Leu His Thr Gly Ser Ala Ser Val Val Cys Leu Leu Asn Ser Phe Tyr

130 135 140

Pro Lys Asp Ile Asn Val Lys Trp Lys Val Asp Gly Val Ile Gln Asp

145 150 155 160

Thr Gly Ile Gln Glu Ser Val Thr Glu Gln Asp Lys Asp Ser Thr Tyr

165 170 175

Ser Leu Ser Ser Thr Leu Thr Met Ser Ser Thr Glu Tyr Leu Ser His

180 185 190

Glu Leu Tyr Ser Cys Glu Ile Thr His Lys Ser Leu Pro Ser Thr Leu

195 200 205

Ile Lys Ser Phe Gln Arg Ser Glu Cys Gln Arg Val Asp

210 215 220

<210> SEQ ID NO: 22

<211> LENGTH: 159

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Canidae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(159)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Canine IL31 amino acid sequence

<400> SEQENCE: 22

Met Leu Ser His Thr Gly Pro Ser Arg Phe Ala Leu Phe Leu Leu Cys

1 5 10 15

Ser Met Glu Thr Leu Leu Ser Ser His Met Ala Pro Thr His Gln Leu

20 25 30

Pro Pro Ser Asp Val Arg Lys Ile Ile Leu Glu Leu Gln Pro Leu Ser

35 40 45

Arg Gly Leu Leu Glu Asp Tyr Gln Lys Lys Glu Thr Gly Val Pro Glu

50 55 60

Ser Asn Arg Thr Leu Leu Leu Cys Leu Thr Ser Asp Ser Gln Pro Pro

65 70 75 80

Arg Leu Asn Ser Ser Ala Ile Leu Pro Tyr Phe Arg Ala Ile Arg Pro

85 90 95

Leu Ser Asp Lys Asn Ile Ile Asp Lys Ile Ile Glu Gln Leu Asp Lys

100 105 110

Leu Lys Phe Gln His Glu Pro Glu Thr Glu Ile Ser Val Pro Ala Asp

115 120 125

Thr Phe Glu Cys Lys Ser Phe Ile Leu Thr Ile Leu Gln Gln Phe Ser

130 135 140

Ala Cys Leu Glu Ser Val Phe Lys Ser Leu Asn Ser Gly Pro Gln

145 150 155

<210> SEQ ID NO: 23

<211> LENGTH: 17

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Canidae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(17)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Canine IL31 epitope

<400> SEQENCE: 23

Pro Ser Asp Val Arg Lys Ile Ile Leu Glu Leu Gln Pro Leu Ser Arg

1 5 10 15

Gly

<210> SEQ ID NO: 24

<211> LENGTH: 111

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(111)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable light chain amino acid sequence of

mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 24

Asp Ile Val Leu Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ala Val Ser Leu Gly

1 5 10 15

Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser Val Asp Thr Tyr

20 25 30

Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Ser Gly Gln Ser Pro

35 40 45

Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser Gly Ile Pro Ala

50 55 60

Arg Phe Gly Gly Ser Gly Ser Arg Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Asp

65 70 75 80

Pro Val Glu Ala Asp Asp Val Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr

85 90 95

Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Glu Ile Lys

100 105 110

<210> SEQ ID NO: 25

<211> LENGTH: 118

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(118)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Variable heavy chain amino acid sequence of

mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 25

Glu Val Gln Leu Gln Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Ser Gln

1 5 10 15

Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met

35 40 45

Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys

50 55 60

Ser Arg Ile Ser Ile Thr Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Ser Val Thr Val Ser Ser

115

<210> SEQ ID NO: 26

<211> LENGTH: 221

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Chimeric variable light chain of

mouse antibody clone M14 and canine light chain constant region

<400> SEQENCE: 26

Asp Ile Val Leu Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ala Val Ser Leu Gly

1 5 10 15

Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser Val Asp Thr Tyr

20 25 30

Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Ser Gly Gln Ser Pro

35 40 45

Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser Gly Ile Pro Ala

50 55 60

Arg Phe Gly Gly Ser Gly Ser Arg Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Asp

65 70 75 80

Pro Val Glu Ala Asp Asp Val Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr

85 90 95

Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Glu Ile Lys Arg

100 105 110

Asn Asp Ala Gln Pro Ala Val Tyr Leu Phe Gln Pro Ser Pro Asp Gln

115 120 125

Leu His Thr Gly Ser Ala Ser Val Val Cys Leu Leu Asn Ser Phe Tyr

130 135 140

Pro Lys Asp Ile Asn Val Lys Trp Lys Val Asp Gly Val Ile Gln Asp

145 150 155 160

Thr Gly Ile Gln Glu Ser Val Thr Glu Gln Asp Lys Asp Ser Thr Tyr

165 170 175

Ser Leu Ser Ser Thr Leu Thr Met Ser Ser Thr Glu Tyr Leu Ser His

180 185 190

Glu Leu Tyr Ser Cys Glu Ile Thr His Lys Ser Leu Pro Ser Thr Leu

195 200 205

Ile Lys Ser Phe Gln Arg Ser Glu Cys Gln Arg Val Asp

210 215 220

<210> SEQ ID NO: 27

<211> LENGTH: 453

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Chimeric variable heavy chain of

mouse antibody clone M14 and canine IgG-B

<400> SEQENCE: 27

Glu Val Gln Leu Gln Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Ser Gln

1 5 10 15

Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met

35 40 45

Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys

50 55 60

Ser Arg Ile Ser Ile Thr Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Ser Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Ser Thr Thr Ala Pro Ser Val Phe Pro

115 120 125

Leu Ala Pro Ser Cys Gly Ser Thr Ser Gly Ser Thr Val Ala Leu Ala

130 135 140

Cys Leu Val Ser Gly Tyr Phe Pro Glu Pro Val Thr Val Ser Trp Asn

145 150 155 160

Ser Gly Ser Leu Thr Ser Gly Val His Thr Phe Pro Ser Val Leu Gln

165 170 175

Ser Ser Gly Leu Tyr Ser Leu Ser Ser Met Val Thr Val Pro Ser Ser

180 185 190

Arg Trp Pro Ser Glu Thr Phe Thr Cys Asn Val Ala His Pro Ala Ser

195 200 205

Lys Thr Lys Val Asp Lys Pro Val Pro Lys Arg Glu Asn Gly Arg Val

210 215 220

Pro Arg Pro Pro Asp Cys Pro Lys Cys Pro Ala Pro Glu Met Leu Gly

225 230 235 240

Gly Pro Ser Val Phe Ile Phe Pro Pro Lys Pro Lys Asp Thr Leu Leu

245 250 255

Ile Ala Arg Thr Pro Glu Val Thr Cys Val Val Val Asp Leu Asp Pro

260 265 270

Glu Asp Pro Glu Val Gln Ile Ser Trp Phe Val Asp Gly Lys Gln Met

275 280 285

Gln Thr Ala Lys Thr Gln Pro Arg Glu Glu Gln Phe Asn Gly Thr Tyr

290 295 300

Arg Val Val Ser Val Leu Pro Ile Gly His Gln Asp Trp Leu Lys Gly

305 310 315 320

Lys Gln Phe Thr Cys Lys Val Asn Asn Lys Ala Leu Pro Ser Pro Ile

325 330 335

Glu Arg Thr Ile Ser Lys Ala Arg Gly Gln Ala His Gln Pro Ser Val

340 345 350

Tyr Val Leu Pro Pro Ser Arg Glu Glu Leu Ser Lys Asn Thr Val Ser

355 360 365

Leu Thr Cys Leu Ile Lys Asp Phe Phe Pro Pro Asp Ile Asp Val Glu

370 375 380

Trp Gln Ser Asn Gly Gln Gln Glu Pro Glu Ser Lys Tyr Arg Thr Thr

385 390 395 400

Pro Pro Gln Leu Asp Glu Asp Gly Ser Tyr Phe Leu Tyr Ser Lys Leu

405 410 415

Ser Val Asp Lys Ser Arg Trp Gln Arg Gly Asp Thr Phe Ile Cys Ala

420 425 430

Val Met His Glu Ala Leu His Asn His Tyr Thr Gln Glu Ser Leu Ser

435 440 445

His Ser Pro Gly Lys

450

<210> SEQ ID NO: 28

<211> LENGTH: 159

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Felis catus

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(159)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Feline IL31 amino acid sequence

<400> SEQENCE: 28

Met Leu Ser His Ala Gly Pro Ala Arg Phe Ala Leu Phe Leu Leu Cys

1 5 10 15

Cys Met Glu Thr Leu Leu Pro Ser His Met Ala Pro Ala His Arg Leu

20 25 30

Gln Pro Ser Asp Val Arg Lys Ile Ile Leu Glu Leu Arg Pro Met Ser

35 40 45

Lys Gly Leu Leu Gln Asp Tyr Leu Lys Lys Glu Ile Gly Leu Pro Glu

50 55 60

Ser Asn His Ser Ser Leu Pro Cys Leu Ser Ser Asp Ser Gln Leu Pro

65 70 75 80

His Ile Asn Gly Ser Ala Ile Leu Pro Tyr Phe Arg Ala Ile Arg Pro

85 90 95

Leu Ser Asp Lys Asn Thr Ile Asp Lys Ile Ile Glu Gln Leu Asp Lys

100 105 110

Leu Lys Phe Gln Arg Glu Pro Glu Ala Lys Val Ser Met Pro Ala Asp

115 120 125

Asn Phe Glu Arg Lys Asn Phe Ile Leu Ala Val Leu Gln Gln Phe Ser

130 135 140

Ala Cys Leu Glu His Val Leu Gln Ser Leu Asn Ser Gly Pro Gln

145 150 155

<210> SEQ ID NO: 29

<211> LENGTH: 209

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Equus caballus

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(209)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Equine IL31 amino acid sequence

<400> SEQENCE: 29

Met Val Ser His Ile Gly Ser Thr Arg Phe Ala Leu Phe Leu Leu Cys

1 5 10 15

Cys Leu Gly Thr Leu Met Phe Ser His Thr Gly Pro Ile Tyr Gln Leu

20 25 30

Gln Pro Lys Glu Ile Gln Ala Ile Ile Val Glu Leu Gln Asn Leu Ser

35 40 45

Lys Lys Leu Leu Asp Asp Tyr Leu Asn Lys Glu Lys Gly Val Gln Lys

50 55 60

Phe Asp Ser Asp Leu Pro Ser Cys Phe Thr Ser Asp Ser Gln Ala Pro

65 70 75 80

Gly Asn Ile Asn Ser Ser Ala Ile Leu Pro Tyr Phe Lys Ala Ile Ser

85 90 95

Pro Ser Leu Asn Asn Asp Lys Ser Leu Tyr Ile Ile Glu Gln Leu Asp

100 105 110

Lys Leu Asn Phe Gln Asn Ala Pro Glu Thr Glu Val Ser Met Pro Thr

115 120 125

Asp Asn Phe Glu Arg Lys Arg Phe Ile Leu Thr Ile Leu Arg Trp Phe

130 135 140

Ser Asn Cys Leu Glu Leu Ala Met Lys Thr Leu Thr Thr Ala Glu Gln

145 150 155 160

Ala Leu Pro Pro Leu Asp Pro Ser Thr Pro His Ala Gly Ala Val Ala

165 170 175

Leu Thr His His Gln Gln Asp Arg Thr Ala Leu Asp Arg Ala Val Phe

180 185 190

Pro Phe Val Trp Ala Ala Pro Arg Gly Gly Glu Val Gly Asp Gly Gly

195 200 205

His

<210> SEQ ID NO: 30

<211> LENGTH: 221

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Chimeric variable light chain of

mouse antibody clone M14 and feline light chain constant region

<400> SEQENCE: 30

Asp Ile Val Leu Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ala Val Ser Leu Gly

1 5 10 15

Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser Val Asp Thr Tyr

20 25 30

Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Ser Gly Gln Ser Pro

35 40 45

Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser Gly Ile Pro Ala

50 55 60

Arg Phe Gly Gly Ser Gly Ser Arg Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Asp

65 70 75 80

Pro Val Glu Ala Asp Asp Val Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr

85 90 95

Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Glu Ile Lys Arg

100 105 110

Ser Asp Ala Gln Pro Ser Val Phe Leu Phe Gln Pro Ser Leu Asp Glu

115 120 125

Leu His Thr Gly Ser Ala Ser Ile Val Cys Ile Leu Asn Asp Phe Tyr

130 135 140

Pro Lys Glu Val Asn Val Lys Trp Lys Val Asp Gly Val Val Gln Asn

145 150 155 160

Lys Gly Ile Gln Glu Ser Thr Thr Glu Gln Asn Ser Lys Asp Ser Thr

165 170 175

Tyr Ser Leu Ser Ser Thr Leu Thr Met Ser Ser Thr Glu Tyr Gln Ser

180 185 190

His Glu Lys Phe Ser Cys Glu Val Thr His Lys Ser Leu Ala Ser Thr

195 200 205

Leu Val Lys Ser Phe Asn Arg Ser Glu Cys Gln Arg Glu

210 215 220

<210> SEQ ID NO: 31

<211> LENGTH: 453

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Chimeric variable heavy chain of

mouse antibody clone M14 and feline heavy chain constant region

<400> SEQENCE: 31

Glu Val Gln Leu Gln Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys Pro Ser Gln

1 5 10 15

Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu Glu Tyr Met

35 40 45

Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro Ser Leu Lys

50 55 60

Ser Arg Ile Ser Ile Thr Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln Tyr Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Ser Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Ser Thr Thr Ala Pro Ser Val Phe Pro

115 120 125

Leu Ala Pro Ser Cys Gly Thr Thr Ser Gly Ala Thr Val Ala Leu Ala

130 135 140

Cys Leu Val Leu Gly Tyr Phe Pro Glu Pro Val Thr Val Ser Trp Asn

145 150 155 160

Ser Gly Ala Leu Thr Ser Gly Val His Thr Phe Pro Ala Val Leu Gln

165 170 175

Ala Ser Gly Leu Tyr Ser Leu Ser Ser Met Val Thr Val Pro Ser Ser

180 185 190

Arg Trp Leu Ser Asp Thr Phe Thr Cys Asn Val Ala His Pro Pro Ser

195 200 205

Asn Thr Lys Val Asp Lys Thr Val Arg Lys Thr Asp His Pro Pro Gly

210 215 220

Pro Lys Pro Cys Asp Cys Pro Lys Cys Pro Pro Pro Glu Met Leu Gly

225 230 235 240

Gly Pro Ser Ile Phe Ile Phe Pro Pro Lys Pro Lys Asp Thr Leu Ser

245 250 255

Ile Ser Arg Thr Pro Glu Val Thr Cys Leu Val Val Asp Leu Gly Pro

260 265 270

Asp Asp Ser Asp Val Gln Ile Thr Trp Phe Val Asp Asn Thr Gln Val

275 280 285

Tyr Thr Ala Lys Thr Ser Pro Arg Glu Glu Gln Phe Asn Ser Thr Tyr

290 295 300

Arg Val Val Ser Val Leu Pro Ile Leu His Gln Asp Trp Leu Lys Gly

305 310 315 320

Lys Glu Phe Lys Cys Lys Val Asn Ser Lys Ser Leu Pro Ser Pro Ile

325 330 335

Glu Arg Thr Ile Ser Lys Ala Lys Gly Gln Pro His Glu Pro Gln Val

340 345 350

Tyr Val Leu Pro Pro Ala Gln Glu Glu Leu Ser Arg Asn Lys Val Ser

355 360 365

Val Thr Cys Leu Ile Lys Ser Phe His Pro Pro Asp Ile Ala Val Glu

370 375 380

Trp Glu Ile Thr Gly Gln Pro Glu Pro Glu Asn Asn Tyr Arg Thr Thr

385 390 395 400

Pro Pro Gln Leu Asp Ser Asp Gly Thr Tyr Phe Val Tyr Ser Lys Leu

405 410 415

Ser Val Asp Arg Ser His Trp Gln Arg Gly Asn Thr Tyr Thr Cys Ser

420 425 430

Val Ser His Glu Ala Leu His Ser His His Thr Gln Lys Ser Leu Thr

435 440 445

Gln Ser Pro Gly Lys

450

<210> SEQ ID NO: 32

<211> LENGTH: 111

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Felinized variable light chain

sequence from mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 32

Glu Ile Gln Met Thr Gln Ser Pro Ser Ser Leu Ser Ala Ser Pro Gly

1 5 10 15

Asp Arg Val Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser Val Asp Thr Tyr

20 25 30

Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Gln Ser Pro

35 40 45

Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser Gly Val Pro Ser

50 55 60

Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Ser

65 70 75 80

Ser Leu Glu Pro Glu Asp Ala Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr

85 90 95

Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Glu Ile Lys

100 105 110

<210> SEQ ID NO: 33

<211> LENGTH: 118

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Felinized variable heavy chain

sequence from mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 33

Asp Val Gln Leu Val Glu Ser Gly Gly Asp Leu Val Lys Pro Gly Gly

1 5 10 15

Ser Leu Arg Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Val Arg Gln Ala Pro Gly Lys Gly Leu Gln Trp Val

35 40 45

Ala Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Ala Asp Ser Val Lys

50 55 60

Gly Arg Phe Thr Ile Ser Arg Asp Asn Ala Lys Asn Thr Leu Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Asn Leu Lys Ala Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Leu Val Thr Val Ser Ser

115

<210> SEQ ID NO: 34

<211> LENGTH: 221

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Felinized variable light chain

sequence from mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 34

Glu Ile Gln Met Thr Gln Ser Pro Ser Ser Leu Ser Ala Ser Pro Gly

1 5 10 15

Asp Arg Val Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser Val Asp Thr Tyr

20 25 30

Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Gln Ser Pro

35 40 45

Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser Gly Val Pro Ser

50 55 60

Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Ser

65 70 75 80

Ser Leu Glu Pro Glu Asp Ala Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr

85 90 95

Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Glu Ile Lys Arg

100 105 110

Ser Asp Ala Gln Pro Ser Val Phe Leu Phe Gln Pro Ser Leu Asp Glu

115 120 125

Leu His Thr Gly Ser Ala Ser Ile Val Cys Ile Leu Asn Asp Phe Tyr

130 135 140

Pro Lys Glu Val Asn Val Lys Trp Lys Val Asp Gly Val Val Gln Asn

145 150 155 160

Lys Gly Ile Gln Glu Ser Thr Thr Glu Gln Asn Ser Lys Asp Ser Thr

165 170 175

Tyr Ser Leu Ser Ser Thr Leu Thr Met Ser Ser Thr Glu Tyr Gln Ser

180 185 190

His Glu Lys Phe Ser Cys Glu Val Thr His Lys Ser Leu Ala Ser Thr

195 200 205

Leu Val Lys Ser Phe Asn Arg Ser Glu Cys Gln Arg Glu

210 215 220

<210> SEQ ID NO: 35

<211> LENGTH: 453

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Artificial Sequence

<220> FEATURE:

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: Synthetic Felinized variable heavy chain

sequence from mouse antibody clone M14

<400> SEQENCE: 35

Asp Val Gln Leu Val Glu Ser Gly Gly Asp Leu Val Lys Pro Gly Gly

1 5 10 15

Ser Leu Arg Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile Thr Ser Gly

20 25 30

Tyr Trp Asn Trp Val Arg Gln Ala Pro Gly Lys Gly Leu Gln Trp Val

35 40 45

Ala Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Ala Asp Ser Val Lys

50 55 60

Gly Arg Phe Thr Ile Ser Arg Asp Asn Ala Lys Asn Thr Leu Tyr Leu

65 70 75 80

Gln Leu Asn Asn Leu Lys Ala Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala

85 90 95

Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr

100 105 110

Leu Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Ser Thr Thr Ala Pro Ser Val Phe Pro

115 120 125

Leu Ala Pro Ser Cys Gly Thr Thr Ser Gly Ala Thr Val Ala Leu Ala

130 135 140

Cys Leu Val Leu Gly Tyr Phe Pro Glu Pro Val Thr Val Ser Trp Asn

145 150 155 160

Ser Gly Ala Leu Thr Ser Gly Val His Thr Phe Pro Ala Val Leu Gln

165 170 175

Ala Ser Gly Leu Tyr Ser Leu Ser Ser Met Val Thr Val Pro Ser Ser

180 185 190

Arg Trp Leu Ser Asp Thr Phe Thr Cys Asn Val Ala His Pro Pro Ser

195 200 205

Asn Thr Lys Val Asp Lys Thr Val Arg Lys Thr Asp His Pro Pro Gly

210 215 220

Pro Lys Pro Cys Asp Cys Pro Lys Cys Pro Pro Pro Glu Met Leu Gly

225 230 235 240

Gly Pro Ser Ile Phe Ile Phe Pro Pro Lys Pro Lys Asp Thr Leu Ser

245 250 255

Ile Ser Arg Thr Pro Glu Val Thr Cys Leu Val Val Asp Leu Gly Pro

260 265 270

Asp Asp Ser Asp Val Gln Ile Thr Trp Phe Val Asp Asn Thr Gln Val

275 280 285

Tyr Thr Ala Lys Thr Ser Pro Arg Glu Glu Gln Phe Asn Ser Thr Tyr

290 295 300

Arg Val Val Ser Val Leu Pro Ile Leu His Gln Asp Trp Leu Lys Gly

305 310 315 320

Lys Glu Phe Lys Cys Lys Val Asn Ser Lys Ser Leu Pro Ser Pro Ile

325 330 335

Glu Arg Thr Ile Ser Lys Ala Lys Gly Gln Pro His Glu Pro Gln Val

340 345 350

Tyr Val Leu Pro Pro Ala Gln Glu Glu Leu Ser Arg Asn Lys Val Ser

355 360 365

Val Thr Cys Leu Ile Lys Ser Phe His Pro Pro Asp Ile Ala Val Glu

370 375 380

Trp Glu Ile Thr Gly Gln Pro Glu Pro Glu Asn Asn Tyr Arg Thr Thr

385 390 395 400

Pro Pro Gln Leu Asp Ser Asp Gly Thr Tyr Phe Val Tyr Ser Lys Leu

405 410 415

Ser Val Asp Arg Ser His Trp Gln Arg Gly Asn Thr Tyr Thr Cys Ser

420 425 430

Val Ser His Glu Ala Leu His Ser His His Thr Gln Lys Ser Leu Thr

435 440 445

Gln Ser Pro Gly Lys

450

<210> SEQ ID NO: 36

<211> LENGTH: 238

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(238)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: M14_LC

<400> SEQENCE: 36

Met Glu Thr Asp Thr Leu Leu Leu Trp Val Leu Leu Leu Trp Val Pro

1 5 10 15

Gly Ser Thr Gly Asp Ile Val Leu Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ala

20 25 30

Val Ser Leu Gly Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser

35 40 45

Val Asp Thr Tyr Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Ser

50 55 60

Gly Gln Ser Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser

65 70 75 80

Gly Ile Pro Ala Arg Phe Gly Gly Ser Gly Ser Arg Thr Asp Phe Thr

85 90 95

Leu Thr Ile Asp Pro Val Glu Ala Asp Asp Val Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys

100 105 110

Gln Gln Ser Tyr Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu

115 120 125

Glu Ile Lys Arg Ala Asp Ala Ala Pro Thr Val Ser Ile Phe Pro Pro

130 135 140

Ser Ser Glu Gln Leu Thr Ser Gly Gly Ala Ser Val Val Cys Phe Leu

145 150 155 160

Asn Asn Phe Tyr Pro Lys Asp Ile Asn Val Lys Trp Lys Ile Asp Gly

165 170 175

Ser Glu Arg Gln Asn Gly Val Leu Asn Ser Trp Thr Asp Gln Asp Ser

180 185 190

Lys Asp Ser Thr Tyr Ser Met Ser Ser Thr Leu Thr Leu Thr Lys Asp

195 200 205

Glu Tyr Glu Arg His Asn Ser Tyr Thr Cys Glu Ala Thr His Lys Thr

210 215 220

Ser Thr Ser Pro Ile Val Lys Ser Phe Asn Arg Asn Glu Cys

225 230 235

<210> SEQ ID NO: 37

<211> LENGTH: 238

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(238)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: M18_LC

<400> SEQENCE: 37

Met Glu Thr Asp Thr Leu Leu Leu Trp Val Leu Leu Leu Trp Val Pro

1 5 10 15

Gly Ser Thr Gly Asp Ile Val Leu Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ala

20 25 30

Val Ser Pro Gly Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser

35 40 45

Val Asp Thr Tyr Gly Asn Ser Phe Ile His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro

50 55 60

Gly Gln Ser Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser

65 70 75 80

Gly Ile Pro Ala Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly Ser Arg Thr Asp Phe Thr

85 90 95

Leu Thr Ile Asn Pro Val Glu Thr Asp Asp Val Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys

100 105 110

Gln Gln Ser Tyr Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu

115 120 125

Glu Ile Lys Arg Ala Asp Ala Ala Pro Thr Val Ser Ile Phe Pro Pro

130 135 140

Ser Ser Glu Gln Leu Thr Ser Gly Gly Ala Ser Val Val Cys Phe Leu

145 150 155 160

Asn Asn Phe Tyr Pro Lys Asp Ile Asn Val Lys Trp Lys Ile Asp Gly

165 170 175

Ser Glu Arg Gln Asn Gly Val Leu Asn Ser Trp Thr Asp Gln Asp Ser

180 185 190

Lys Asp Ser Thr Tyr Ser Met Ser Ser Thr Leu Thr Leu Thr Lys Asp

195 200 205

Glu Tyr Glu Arg His Asn Ser Tyr Thr Cys Glu Ala Thr His Lys Thr

210 215 220

Ser Thr Ser Pro Ile Val Lys Ser Phe Asn Arg Asn Glu Cys

225 230 235

<210> SEQ ID NO: 38

<211> LENGTH: 238

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(238)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: M19_LC

<400> SEQENCE: 38

Met Glu Thr Asp Thr Leu Leu Leu Trp Val Leu Leu Leu Trp Val Pro

1 5 10 15

Gly Ser Thr Gly Asp Ile Val Leu Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ala

20 25 30

Val Ser Leu Gly Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Cys Arg Ala Ser Glu Ser

35 40 45

Val Asp Thr Tyr Gly Asn Ser Phe Met His Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro

50 55 60

Gly Gln Pro Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Arg Ala Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser

65 70 75 80

Gly Ile Pro Ala Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly Ser Arg Thr Asp Phe Thr

85 90 95

Leu Thr Ile Asn Pro Val Glu Ala Asp Asp Ile Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys

100 105 110

Gln Gln Ser Tyr Glu Asp Pro Trp Thr Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu

115 120 125

Glu Ile Lys Arg Ala Asp Ala Ala Pro Thr Val Ser Ile Phe Pro Pro

130 135 140

Ser Ser Glu Gln Leu Thr Ser Gly Gly Ala Ser Val Val Cys Phe Leu

145 150 155 160

Asn Asn Phe Tyr Pro Lys Asp Ile Asn Val Lys Trp Lys Ile Asp Gly

165 170 175

Ser Glu Arg Gln Asn Gly Val Leu Asn Ser Trp Thr Asp Gln Asp Ser

180 185 190

Lys Asp Ser Thr Tyr Ser Met Ser Ser Thr Leu Thr Leu Thr Lys Asp

195 200 205

Glu Tyr Glu Arg His Asn Ser Tyr Thr Cys Glu Ala Thr His Lys Thr

210 215 220

Ser Thr Ser Pro Ile Val Lys Ser Phe Asn Arg Asn Glu Cys

225 230 235

<210> SEQ ID NO: 39

<211> LENGTH: 238

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(238)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: M87_LC

<400> SEQENCE: 39

Met Glu Thr Asp Thr Leu Leu Leu Trp Val Leu Leu Leu Trp Val Pro

1 5 10 15

Gly Ser Thr Gly Asp Ile Val Leu Thr Gln Ser Pro Ala Ser Leu Ala

20 25 30

Val Ser Leu Gly Gln Arg Ala Thr Ile Ser Tyr Arg Ala Ser Lys Ser

35 40 45

Val Ser Thr Ser Gly Tyr Ser Tyr Met His Trp Asn Gln Gln Lys Pro

50 55 60

Gly Gln Pro Pro Arg Leu Leu Ile Tyr Leu Val Ser Asn Leu Glu Ser

65 70 75 80

Gly Val Pro Ala Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr

85 90 95

Leu Asn Ile His Pro Val Glu Glu Glu Asp Ala Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys

100 105 110

Gln His Ile Arg Glu Leu Thr Arg Ser Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu

115 120 125

Glu Ile Lys Arg Ala Asp Ala Ala Pro Thr Val Ser Ile Phe Pro Pro

130 135 140

Ser Ser Glu Gln Leu Thr Ser Gly Gly Ala Ser Val Val Cys Phe Leu

145 150 155 160

Asn Asn Phe Tyr Pro Lys Asp Ile Asn Val Lys Trp Lys Ile Asp Gly

165 170 175

Ser Glu Arg Gln Asn Gly Val Leu Asn Ser Trp Thr Asp Gln Asp Ser

180 185 190

Lys Asp Ser Thr Tyr Ser Met Ser Ser Thr Leu Thr Leu Thr Lys Asp

195 200 205

Glu Tyr Glu Arg His Asn Ser Tyr Thr Cys Glu Ala Thr His Lys Thr

210 215 220

Ser Thr Ser Pro Ile Val Lys Ser Phe Asn Arg Asn Glu Cys

225 230 235

<210> SEQ ID NO: 40

<211> LENGTH: 152

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(152)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: M14_HC

<400> SEQENCE: 40

Met Ala Val Leu Gly Leu Leu Leu Cys Leu Val Thr Phe Pro Ser Cys

1 5 10 15

Val Leu Ser Glu Val Gln Leu Gln Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys

20 25 30

Pro Ser Gln Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile

35 40 45

Thr Ser Gly Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu

50 55 60

Glu Tyr Met Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro

65 70 75 80

Ser Leu Lys Ser Arg Ile Ser Ile Thr Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln

85 90 95

Tyr Tyr Leu Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr

100 105 110

Tyr Cys Ala Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly

115 120 125

Gln Gly Thr Ser Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Lys Thr Thr Pro Pro Ser

130 135 140

Val Tyr Pro Leu Ala Pro Gly Ser

145 150

<210> SEQ ID NO: 41

<211> LENGTH: 152

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(152)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: M19_HC

<400> SEQENCE: 41

Met Ala Val Leu Gly Leu Leu Phe Cys Leu Val Thr Phe Pro Ser Cys

1 5 10 15

Val Leu Ser Glu Val Gln Leu Gln Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys

20 25 30

Pro Ser Gln Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile

35 40 45

Thr Ser Gly Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Lys Leu

50 55 60

Glu Tyr Met Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Asp Tyr Asn Pro

65 70 75 80

Ser Leu Lys Ser Arg Ile Ser Ile Thr Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln

85 90 95

Tyr Tyr Leu Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr

100 105 110

Tyr Cys Ala Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly

115 120 125

Gln Gly Thr Ser Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Lys Thr Thr Pro Pro Ser

130 135 140

Val Tyr Pro Leu Ala Pro Gly Ser

145 150

<210> SEQ ID NO: 42

<211> LENGTH: 152

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(152)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: M18_HC

<400> SEQENCE: 42

Met Ala Val Leu Gly Leu Leu Phe Cys Leu Val Thr Phe Pro Ser Cys

1 5 10 15

Val Leu Ser Glu Val Gln Leu Gln Glu Ser Gly Pro Ser Leu Val Lys

20 25 30

Pro Ser Gln Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Thr Gly Asp Ser Ile

35 40 45

Thr Ser Gly Tyr Trp Asn Trp Ile Arg Lys Phe Pro Gly Asn Glu Leu

50 55 60

Glu Tyr Met Gly Tyr Ile Ser Tyr Ser Gly Ile Thr Tyr Tyr Asn Pro

65 70 75 80

Ser Leu Lys Ser Arg Phe Ser Ile Thr Arg Asp Thr Ser Lys Asn Gln

85 90 95

Tyr Tyr Leu Gln Leu Asn Ser Val Thr Thr Glu Asp Thr Ala Thr Tyr

100 105 110

Tyr Cys Ala Arg Tyr Gly Asn Tyr Gly Tyr Ala Met Asp Tyr Trp Gly

115 120 125

Gln Gly Thr Ser Val Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Lys Thr Thr Pro Pro Ser

130 135 140

Val Tyr Pro Leu Ala Pro Gly Ser

145 150

<210> SEQ ID NO: 43

<211> LENGTH: 154

<212> TYPE: PRT

<213> ORGANISM: Murinae sp.

<220> FEATURE:

<221> NAME/KEY: misc_feature

<222> LOCATION: (1)..(154)

<223> OTHER INFORMATION: M87_HC

<400> SEQENCE: 43

Met Ala Val Leu Gly Leu Leu Phe Cys Leu Val Thr Phe Pro Ser Cys

1 5 10 15

Val Leu Ser Glu Val Lys Leu Val Glu Ser Gly Gly Gly Leu Val Gln

20 25 30

Pro Gly Gly Ser Leu Arg Leu Ser Cys Ala Thr Ser Gly Phe Thr Phe

35 40 45

Thr Asp Tyr Tyr Met Asn Trp Val Arg Gln Pro Pro Gly Lys Ala Leu

50 55 60

Glu Trp Leu Gly Phe Ile Arg Asn Lys Ala Asn Gly Tyr Thr Thr Glu

65 70 75 80

Tyr Ser Ala Ser Val Lys Gly Arg Phe Thr Ile Ser Arg Asp Asn Ser

85 90 95

Gln Ser Ile Leu Tyr Leu Gln Met Asn Thr Leu Arg Ala Glu Asp Ser

100 105 110

Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Ala Arg Asp Tyr Tyr Gly Ser Cys Phe Asp Tyr

115 120 125

Trp Gly Gln Gly Thr Thr Leu Thr Val Ser Ser Ala Lys Thr Thr Pro

130 135 140

Pro Ser Val Tyr Pro Leu Ala Pro Gly Ser

145 150

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Interleukin-31 Monoclonal Antibody ZOETIS SERVICES LLC 28 June 2012 24 January 2013
Variable region sequences of IL-31 monoclonal antibodies BRISTOL-MYERS SQUIBB COMPANY,ZYMOGENETICS, INC. 04 September 2007 24 January 2012
Antibodies to murine zcytor17 ligand ZYMOGENETICS, INC. 19 December 2006 12 May 2009
IL-31 monoclonal antibodies ZYMOGENETICS, INC. 08 May 2006 12 May 2009
Oncostatin m receptor antigen binding proteins KINIKSA PHARMACEUTICALS, LTD. 30 May 2014 19 May 2016
See full citation <>

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