Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

Block copolymer

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10150832

Application Number

US15/102149

Application Date

08 December 2014

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

LG CHEM, LTD.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

LG CHEM, LTD.

International Classification

C08F293/00,C08J7/12,C08J7/14,C07F7/18,C07C43/215

Cooperative Classification

C08F293/005,C07C43/215,C07C43/225,C07C217/84,C07D209/48

Inventor

LEE, MI SOOK,KIM, JUNG KEUN,LEE, JE GWON,PARK, NO JIN,KU, SE JIN,CHOI, EUN YOUNG,YOON, SUNG SOO

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10150832 Block copolymer 1 US10150832 Block copolymer 2 US10150832 Block copolymer 3
See all images <>

Abstract

The present application provides the block copolymers and their application. The block copolymer has an excellent self assembling property and phase separation and various required functions can be freely applied thereto as necessary.

Read more

Claims

1. A block copolymer comprising a first block of the Formula 5 below and a second block comprising a substituent comprising a non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more: wherein the R is hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atom(s), the X is an oxygen atom, —C(═O)—O— or —O—C(═O)—, the P is an arylene group, the Q is an oxygen or —NR3—, where the R3 is hydrogen, an alkyl group, an alkenyl group, an alkynyl group, an alkoxy group or an aryl group and the Z is a linear chain having 8 or more chain-forming atoms.

2. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the linear chain comprises 8 to 20 chain-forming atoms.

3. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the chain-forming atom is carbon, oxygen, nitrogen or sulfur.

4. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the chain-forming atom is carbon or oxygen.

5. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the linear chain is a hydrocarbon chain.

6. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more is an oxygen atom or a nitrogen atom.

7. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the second block further comprises halogen.

8. The block copolymer according to claim 7, the halogen is fluorine.

9. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the second block is represented by the Formula 14 below: wherein the B is a monovalent substituent having an aromatic structure comprising halogen atom and a substituent comprising the non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more.

10. The block copolymer according to claim 9, wherein the B of the Formula 11 is a monovalent substituent having an aromatic structure which has 6 to 12 carbon atoms and which comprises at least 3 halogen atoms and a substituent comprising the non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more.

11. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the second block is represented by the Formula 16 below: wherein the X2 is a single bond, oxygen atom, sulfur atom, —NR1—, —S(═O)2—, an alkylene group, an alkenylene group, an alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, where the R1 is hydrogen, an alkyl group, an alkenyl group, an alkynyl group, an alkoxy group or an aryl group, and the X1 is a single bond, oxygen atom, sulfur atom, —NR2—, —S(═O)2—, an alkylene group, an alkenylene group or an alkynylene group, the R1 to R5 are each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group, an halogen atom or a substituent including the non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more, with the provision that at least one of the R1 to R5 comprises a halogen atom, and at least one of the R1 to R5 is the substituent including the non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more.

12. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the substituent comprising the non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more is a hydroxyl group, an alkoxy group, a carboxyl group, an amido group, an alkyleneoxide group, a nitrile group, a pyridine group or an amino group.

13. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the substituent comprising the non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is an aromatic structure comprising a heterocyclic substituent.

14. The block copolymer according to claim 13, wherein the heterocyclic substituent is a phthalimidyl, a thiopenyl, a thiazolyl, a carbazolyl or an imidazolyl.

15. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the second block is represented by the Formula 17 below: wherein the B is a monovalent substituent comprising an aromatic structure comprising a heterocyclic substituent.

16. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein the second block is represented by the Formula 19 below: wherein the X2 is a single bond, oxygen atom, sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, an alkylene group, an alkenylene group, an alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, where the X1 is a single bond, oxygen atom, sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, an alkylene group, an alkenylene group or an alkynylene group, the R1 to R5 are each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group, an halogen atom or a heterocyclic substituent, with the provision that at least one of the R1 to R5 is the heterocyclic substituent.

17. A polymer layer comprising a self assembled product of the block copolymer of claim 1.

18. A method for forming a polymer layer, comprising forming the polymer layer comprising a self assembled product of the block copolymer of claim 1.

19. A pattern-forming method comprising selectively removing the first or second block of the block copolymer from a laminate comprising a substrate and a polymer layer that is formed on the substrate and that comprises a self-assembled product of the block copolymer of claim 1.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A block copolymer comprising
    • a first block of the Formula 5 below and a second block comprising a substituent comprising a non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more: wherein the R is hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atom(s), the X is an oxygen atom, —C(═O)—O— or —O—C(═O)—, the P is an arylene group, the Q is an oxygen or —NR3—, where the R3 is hydrogen, an alkyl group, an alkenyl group, an alkynyl group, an alkoxy group or an aryl group and the Z is a linear chain having 8 or more chain-forming atoms.
    • 2. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the linear chain comprises
    • 3. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the chain-forming atom is carbon, oxygen, nitrogen or sulfur.
    • 4. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the chain-forming atom is carbon or oxygen.
    • 5. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the linear chain is a hydrocarbon chain.
    • 6. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the non-halogenic atom of which the electronegativity is 3 or more is an oxygen atom or a nitrogen atom.
    • 7. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the second block further comprises
    • 9. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the second block is represented by the Formula 14 below: wherein
    • 11. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the second block is represented by the Formula 16 below: wherein
    • 12. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the substituent comprising
    • 13. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the substituent comprising
    • 15. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the second block is represented by the Formula 17 below: wherein
    • 16. The block copolymer according to claim 1, wherein
      • the second block is represented by the Formula 19 below: wherein
  • 17
    17. A polymer layer comprising
    • a self assembled product of the block copolymer of claim 1.
  • 18
    18. A method for forming a polymer layer, comprising
    • forming the polymer layer comprising a self assembled product of the block copolymer of claim 1.
  • 19
    19. A pattern-forming method comprising
    • selectively removing the first or second block of the block copolymer from a laminate comprising a substrate and a polymer layer that is formed on the substrate and that comprises a self-assembled product of the block copolymer of claim 1.
See all independent claims <>

Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application is a national phase entry under 35 U.S.C. § 371 of International Application No. PCT/KR2014/012030, filed Dec. 8, 2014, which claims priority to Korean Patent Application No. 10-2013-0151866, filed Dec. 6, 2013, Korean Patent Application No. 10-2013-0151865, filed Dec. 6, 2013, Korean Patent Application No. 10-2013-0151867, filed Dec. 6, 2013, Korean Patent Application No. 10-2013-0159994, filed Dec. 20, 2013, Korean Patent Application No. 10-2014-0131964, filed Sep. 30, 2014 and Korean Patent Application No. 10-2014-0175405, filed Dec. 8, 2014, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present application relates to a block copolymer.

BACKGROUND

Block copolymers have molecular structures in which polymer subunits having chemically different structures from each other are linked by covalent bonds. Block copolymers are capable of forming periodically aligned structure such as the sphere, the cylinder or the lamella through phase separations. Sizes of domains of the structures formed by the self assemblies of block copolymers may be adjusted in a wide range, and various shapes of structures can be prepared. Therefore, they can be utilized in pattern-forming methods by lithography, various magnetic recording mediae or next generation nano devices such as metal dots, quantum dots or nano lines, high density magnetic storage mediae, and the like.

DESCRIPTION

Technical Object

The present application provides a block copolymer and its application.

Technical Solution

The term “alkyl group” as used herein may refer to, unless defined otherwise, an alkyl group having 1 to 20, 1 to 16, 1 to 12, 1 to 8, or 1 to 4 carbon atoms. The alkyl group may have a linear, branched or cyclic structure, and may be optionally substituted with at least one substituent.

The term “alkoxy group” as used herein may refer to, unless defined otherwise, an alkoxy group having 1 to 20, 1 to 16, 1 to 12, 1 to 8, or 1 to 4 carbon atoms. The alkoxy group may have a linear, branched, or cyclic structure, and may be optionally substituted with at least one substituent.

The term “alkenyl or alkynyl group” as used herein may refer to, unless defined otherwise, an alkenyl or alkynyl group having 2 to 20, 2 to 16, 2 to 12, 2 to 8, or 2 to 4 carbon atoms. The alkenyl or alkynyl group may have a linear, branched, or cyclic structure, and may be optionally substituted with at least one substituent.

The term “alkylene group” as used herein may refer to, unless defined otherwise, an alkylene group having 1 to 20, 1 to 16, 1 to 12, 1 to 8 or 1 to 4 carbon atoms. The alkylene group may have a linear, branched, or cyclic structure, and may be optionally substituted with at least one substituent.

The term “alkenylene or alkynylene group” as used herein may refer to, unless defined otherwise, an alkenylene or alkynylene group having 2 to 20, 2 to 16, 2 to 12, 2 to 8 or 2 to 4 carbon atoms. The alkenylene or alkynylene group may have a linear, branched, or cyclic structure, and may be optionally substituted with at least one substituent.

The term “aryl or arylene group” as used herein may be, unless defined otherwise, a monovalent or bivalent substituent derived from a compound including one benzene ring structure or a structure, in which at least two benzene rings are linked with sharing one or two carbon atoms or by an optional linker, or a derivative of the compound. The aryl or arylene group may be, unless defined otherwise, an aryl group having 6 to 30, 6 to 25, 6 to 21, 6 to 18, or 6 to 13 carbon atoms.

The term “aromatic structure” as used herein may refer to the aryl group or the arylene group.

The term “alicyclic structure” as used herein may refer to, unless defined otherwise, a cyclic hydrocarbon structure that is not the aromatic cyclic structure. The alicyclic structure may be, unless defined otherwise, a structure having 3 to 30, 3 to 25, 3 to 21, 3 to 18 or 3 to 13 carbon atoms.

The term “single bond” as used herein may refer to a case where there is no atom in a corresponding site. For example, a case where “B” is a single bond in the structure represented by “A-B-C,” means that there is no atom in the “B” position and therefore the structure represented by “A-C” is formed by the “A” directly connecting to the “C.”

A substituent that may optionally substitute for the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, the alkoxy group, the aryl group, the arylene group, a chain, the aromatic structure, and the like may be hydroxyl group, halogen atom, carboxyl group, glycidyl group, acryloyl group, methacryloyl group, acryloyloxy group, methacryloyloxy group, thiol group, alkyl group, alkenyl group, alkynyl group, alkylene group, alkenylene group, alkynylene group, alkoxy group or aryl group, but is not limited thereto.

In one embodiment, a monomer as represented by Formula 1 below that have a novel structure and that is capable of forming block copolymers may be provided.

In Formula 1, the R is hydrogen or an alkyl group and the X is the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the carbonyl group, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—. In the above, the X1 may be the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the Y may be a monovalent substituent including a cyclic structure to which a chain having 8 or more chain-forming atoms is linked.

In another embodiment, in the Formula 1, the X may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the carbonyl group, —C(═O)—O— or —O—C(═O)—; or the X may be —C(═O)—O—, but is not limited thereto.

In Formula 1, the monovalent substituent Y includes a chain structure formed by at least 8 chain-forming atoms.

The term “chain-forming atoms” as used herein refers to atoms forming a linear structure of a certain chain. The chain may have a linear or branched structure; however the number of the chain-forming atoms is calculated only by the number of atoms forming the longest linear chain. Therefore, other atoms such as, in a case where the chain-forming atom is the carbon atom, the hydrogen atom that is linked to the carbon atom and the like are not calculated as the number of the chain-forming atoms. Further, in case of the branched chain, the number of the chain-forming atoms is the number of atoms forming the longest chain. For example, the chain is n-pentyl, all of the chain-forming atoms are carbon atoms and the number thereof is 5. If the chain is 2-methylpentyl, all of the chain-forming atoms are also carbon atoms and the number thereof is 5. The chain-forming atoms may be the carbon, the oxygen, the sulfur or the nitrogen, and the like and appropriate chain-forming atoms may be the carbon, the oxygen or the nitrogen; or the carbon or the oxygen. The number of the chain-forming atoms may be 8 or more, 9 or more, 10 or more, 11 or more; or 12 or more. The number of the chain-forming atoms may be 30 or less, 25 or less, 20 or less or 16 or less.

When the compound of the Formula 1 forms a block copolymer, the block copolymer may show an excellent self-assembly properties due to the presence of the chain.

In one embodiment, the chain may be a linear hydrocarbon chain such as a linear alkyl group. In this case, the alkyl group may be an alkyl group having 8 or more, 8 to 30, 8 to 25, 8 to 20 or 8 to 16 carbon atoms. At least one carbon atom of the alkyl group may be optionally substituted with the oxygen atom, and at least one hydrogen atom of the alkyl group may be optionally substituted with another substituent.

In Formula 1, the Y may include a cyclic structure. The chain may be linked to the cyclic structure. The self assembly properties of block copolymers formed by the compound may be further improved due to the cyclic structure. The cyclic structure may be the aromatic structure or the alicyclic structure.

The chain may be directly linked to the cyclic structure or may be linked to the cyclic structure via a linker. As the linker, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR1—, —S(═O)2—, the carbonyl group, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)— may be illustrated. In the above, the R1 may be the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group and the X1 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR2—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group and, in the above, the R2 may be the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group. An appropriate linker may be the oxygen atom or the nitrogen atom. For example, the chain may be linked to the aromatic structure via the oxygen atom or the nitrogen atom. In this case, the linker may be the oxygen atom or the —NR1—, where the R1 may be the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group.

In one embodiment, the Y of the Formula 1 may be represented by Formula 2 below.

—P-Q-Z  [Formula 2]

In Formula 2, the P may be the arylene group, the Q may be the single bond, the oxygen atom or —NR3—, where the R3 may be the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group, and the Z may be the chain having at least 8 chain-forming atoms. In case where the Y of the Formula 1 is the substituent of the Formula 2, the P of the Formula 2 may be directly linked to the X of the Formula 1.

In Formula 2, an appropriate P may be an arylene group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms such as the phenylene group, but is not limited thereto.

In Formula 2, an appropriate Q may be the oxygen atom or —NR1—, where the R1 may be the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group.

As an appropriate embodiment of the monomer of Formula 1, a monomer of Formula 1, in which the R is the hydrogen atom or the alkyl group; or the hydrogen atom or the alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atom(s), the X is —C(═O)—O— and the Y is the substituent of Formula 2, in which the P is the arylene having 6 to 12 carbon atoms or phenylene group, the Q is the oxygen atom and the Z is the chain having 8 or more chain-forming atoms may be illustrated.

Therefore, as an appropriate embodiment, a monomer of Formula 3 below may be illustrated.

In Formula 3, the R is the hydrogen atom or the alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atom(s), the X is —C(═O)—O—, the P is the arylene group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, Q is the oxygen atom, and Z is the above-described chain having 8 or more chain-forming atoms.

Another embodiment of the present application relates to a method for preparing a block copolymer comprising a step of forming a block by polymerizing the monomer.

A specific method for preparing the block copolymer is not particularly limited, as long as it comprises a step forming at least one block of the block copolymer by using the above-described monomer.

For example, the block copolymer may be prepared by a living radical polymerization (LRP) using the monomer. For example, there are methods such as the anionic polymerization, in which block copolymers are synthesized in the presence of inorganic acid salts such as salts of alkali metal or alkali earth metal by using organic rare earth metal complexes or organic alkali metal compounds as polymerization initiators; the anionic polymerization, in which block copolymers are synthesized in the presence of organic aluminum compounds by using organic alkali metal compounds as polymerization initiators; the atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) using an atom transfer radical polymerizer as a polymerization controller; the activators regenerated by electron transfer (ATGET) ATRP performing polymerization in the presence of an organic or inorganic reducing agent generating electrons using an atom transfer radical polymerizer as a polymerization controller; the initiators for continuous activator regeneration (ICAR) ATRP; the reversible addition-ring opening chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization using an inorganic reducing agent reversible addition-ring opening chain transfer agent; and the a method using an organic tellurium compound as an initiator, and an appropriate method may be selected among the above methods.

In one embodiment, the block copolymer may be prepared by a method including polymerizing a material comprising monomers capable of forming the block in the presence of radical initiators and living radical polymerization reagents by the living radical polymerization.

In the preparation of the block copolymer, a method for forming other block included in the block copolymer along with the block formed by the above monomer is not particularly limited, and the other block may be formed by selecting appropriate monomers considering the kind of blocks to be formed.

The method for preparing the block copolymer may further include precipitating a polymerized product produced by the above-described process in a non-solvent.

A kind of the radical initiators may be suitably selected in consideration of polymerization efficiency without particular limitation, and an azo compound such as azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) or 2,2′-azobis-(2,4-dimethylvaleronitrile), or a peroxide compound such as benzoyl peroxide (BPO) or di-t-butyl peroxide (DTBP) may be used.

The LRP may be performed in a solvent such as methylenechloride, 1,2-dichloroethane, chlorobenzene, dichlorobenzene, benzene, toluene, acetone, chloroform, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, monoglyme, diglyme, dimethylformamide, dimethylsulfoxide or dimethylacetamide.

As the non-solvent, for example, an alcohol such as methanol, ethanol, normal propanol or isopropanol, a glycol such as ethyleneglycol, or an ether compound such as n-hexane, cyclohexane, n-heptane or petroleum ether may be used without limitation.

Another embodiment of the present application relates to a block copolymer including a block (hereinafter, may be referred to as a first block) formed by using the monomer.

The block may be represented by, for example, Formula 4.

In the Formula 4, the R, X and Y may be the same as described regarding the R, X and Y of the Formula 1, respectively.

Therefore, in Formula 4, the R may be hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atom(s), the X may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the carbonyl group, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, wherein the X1 may be the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the Y may be a monovalent substituent including a cyclic structure to which a chain having 8 or more chain-forming atoms is linked. As for a specific type of above each substituent, the above description may be applied in the same manner.

In one embodiment, the first block may be a block of the Formula 4, in which the R is the hydrogen or the alkyl group; or the hydrogen or the alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atom(s), the X is —C(═O)—O—, and the Y is the substituent represented by Formula 2. Such a block may be referred to as a 1A block, but is not limited thereto. This block may be represented by the Formula 5 below.

In Formula 5, the R may be the hydrogen atom or the alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atom(s), the X may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, —C(═O)—O— or —O—C(═O)—, the P may be the arylene group, the Q may be the oxygen atom or —NR3—, where the R3 may be the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group, the Z is the chain having 8 or more chain-forming atoms. In another embodiment, the Q of the Formula 5 may be the oxygen atom.

In another embodiment, the first block may be a block represented by Formula 6. Such a first block may be referred to as a 1B block herein.

In Formula 6, R1 and R2 may be each independently hydrogen or an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atom(s), the X may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the carbonyl group, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the X1 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, the T may be the single bond or the arylene group, the Q may be the single bond or the carbonyl group and the Y may be the chain having at least 8 chain-forming atoms.

In the 1B block of Formula 6, X may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the carbonyl group, —C(═O)—O— or —O—C(═O)—.

As a particular embodiment of the chain Y in the 1B block, the above description regarding Formula 1 may be applied thereto in a similar manner.

In another embodiment, the first block may be a block represented by at least one of the Formulas 4 to 6, in which the electronegativity of at least one chain-forming atom of the chain having 8 or more chain-forming atoms is 3 or more. The electronegativity of the chain-forming atom may be 3.7 or less in another embodiment. Herein, such a block may be referred to as a 1C block. As the atom having the electronegativity of 3 or more, the nitrogen atom or the oxygen atom may be illustrated, but is not limited thereto.

Kinds of another block (hereinafter, may be referred to as a second block) included in the block copolymer along with the first block such as the 1A, 1B or 1C block is not particularly limited.

For example, the second block may be polyvinylpyrrolidone block, polylactic acid block, polyvinylpyridine block, polystyrene block such as polystyrene block or polytrimethylsilylstyrene, polyalkyleneoxide block such as polyethyleneoxide block, or polyolefin block such as polyethylene block or polyisoprene block or polybutadiene block. Such a block used herein may be referred to as a 2A block.

In one embodiment, the second block included along with the first block such as the 1A, 1B or 1C block in the block copolymer may be a block including the aromatic structure comprising at least one halogen atom.

Such a second block may be, for example, represented by the Formula 7 below and may be referred to as a 2B block.

In Formula 7, the B may be a monovalent substituent having an aromatic structure including at least one halogen atom.

Such a second block may be effectively interacted with the above-described first block such that the block copolymer can have an excellent self assembling characteristic.

The aromatic structure of Formula 7 may be, for example, an aromatic structure having 6 to 18 or 6 to 12 carbon atoms.

Further, the halogen atom included in Formula 7 may be, but is not limited to, the fluorine atom or the chloride atom, and appropriately the fluorine atom.

In one embodiment, the B of Formula 7 may be a monovalent substituent having an aromatic structure having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, which is substituted with 1 or more, 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more, or 5 or more halogen atoms. The upper limit of the number of halogen atoms is not particular limited, but there may be 10 or less, 9 or less, 8 or less, 7 or less, or 6 or less halogen atoms.

For example, the block represented by the Formula 7, which is the 2B block, may be represented by the Formula 8 below.

In Formula 8, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the X1 is the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the W may be an aryl group substituted with at least one halogen atom. In the above, the W may be an aryl group, substituted with at least one halogen atom, for example, an aryl group that has 6 to 12 carbon atoms and that is substituted with 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more, or 5 or more halogen atoms.

The 2B block may be, for example, represented by the Formula 9 below.

In Formula 9, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the X1 is the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the R1 to R5 may be each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group or a halogen atom. The number of the halogen atom included in the R1 to R5 is 1 or more.

In Formula 9, in another embodiment, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the alkylene group, —C(═O)—O— or —O—C(═O)—.

In Formula 9, the R1 to R5 may be each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group or a halogen atom, and the R1 to R5 may include 1 or more, 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more, or 5 or more halogen atom(s) such as fluorine atom(s). The number of the halogen atom(s) such as the fluorine atom(s) included in the R1 to R5 may be, for example, 10 or less, 9 or less, 8 or less, 7 or less, 6 or less.

In one embodiment, the second block may be a block represented by Formula 10. Such a block used herein may be referred to as a 2C block.

In Formula 10, the T and K may be each independently the oxygen atom or the single bond, and the U may be the alkylene group.

In one embodiment, in the 2C block, the U of Formula 10 may be the alkylene group having 1 to 20, 1 to 16, 1 to 12, 1 to 8 or 1 to 4 carbon atom(s).

In another embodiment, the 2C block may be a block of the Formula 10, in which one of the T and K of the Formula 10 is the single bond, and the other of the T and K of the Formula 10 is the oxygen atom. In the above block, the U may be the alkylene group having 1 to 20, 1 to 16, 1 to 12, 1 to 8 or 1 to 4 carbon atom(s).

In still another embodiment, the 2C block may be a block of the Formula 10, in which both of the T and K of the Formula 10 are the oxygen atoms. In the above block, the U may be the alkylene group having 1 to 20, 1 to 16, 1 to 12, 1 to 8 or 1 to 4 carbon atom(s).

In still another embodiment, the second block may be a block including at least one metal atom or metalloid atom. Such a block may be referred to as a 2D block. This block may improve etching selectivity when an etching process is performed with respect to, for example, a film including a self-assembled block copolymer.

The metal atom or metalloid atom in the 2D block may be a silicon atom, an iron atom or a boron atom, but is not particularly limited as long as it may exhibit suitable etching selectivity due to a difference with another atom in the block copolymer.

The 2D block may include 1 or more, 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more, or 5 or more halogen atoms, for example, fluorine atoms, along with the metal or metalloid atom. The 2D block may include 10 or less, 9 or less, 8 or less, 7 or less, or 6 or less halogen atoms such as fluorine atoms.

The 2D block may be represented by Formula 11.

In Formula 11, the B may be a monovalent substituent having an aromatic structure including a halogen atom and a substituent having the metal atom or the metalloid atom.

The aromatic structure of Formula 11 may be an aromatic structure having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, for example, an aryl group or an arylene group.

The 2D block of the Formula 11 may be represented by the Formula 12 below.

In Formula 12, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR1—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the R1 is the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group, and the X1 is the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR2—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the W may be an aryl group including at least one halogen atom and a substituent including the metal atom or the metalloid atom.

In the above, the W may be an aryl group that has 6 to 12 carbon atoms and that includes at least one halogen atom and a substituent including the metal atom or the metalloid atom.

The aryl group may include at least one or 1 to 3 substituents including the metal atom or metalloid atom, and 1 or more, 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more, or 5 or more halogen atom(s).

10 or less, 9 or less, 8 or less, 7 or less, or 6 or less halogen atoms may be included therein.

The 2D block of the Formula 12 may be represented by the Formula 13 below.

In Formula 13, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR1—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the R1 may be the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group, and the X1 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR2—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, the R1 to R5 may be each independently the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the haloalkyl group, the halogen atom or the substituent including the metal or the metalloid atom, with the provision that at least one of R1 to R5 includes a halogen atom, and at least one of R1 to R5 is the substituent including the metal or the metalloid atom.

In the Formula 13, 1 or more, 1 to 3 or 1 to 2 of the R1 to R5 may be the substituent including the metal or the metalloid atom.

In the Formula 13, in the R1 to R5, 1 or more, 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more or 5 or more halogen atom(s) may be included. The number of the halogen atom(s) included in the R1 to R5 may by 10 or less, 9 or less, 8 or less, 7 or less, or 6 or less.

The substituent including the metal or the metalloid atom described above may be carboranyl group or silsesquioxanyl group such as polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanyl, ferrocenyl group or trialkylsiloxy group. However, they are not particularly limited, as long as they are selected so as to obtain the etching selectivity by including at least one metal or metalloid atom.

In yet another embodiment, the second block may be a block including an atom which is an atom having the electronegativity of 3 or more and which is an atom (hereinafter, referred to as a non-halogenic atom) that is not the halogen atom. Such a block may be referred to as a 2E block. In another embodiment, the electronegativity of the non-halogenic atom in the 2E block may be 3.7 or less.

The non-halogenic atom in the 2E block may be, but is not limited to, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

The 2E block may include, along with the non-halogenic atom having an electronegativity of 3 or more, 1 or more, 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more, or 5 or more halogen atoms, for example, fluorine atoms. The number of the halogen atom(s) such as the fluorine atom(s) in the 2E block may include 10 or less, 9 or less, 8 or less, 7 or less, or 6 or less.

The 2E block may be represented by Formula 14.

In Formula 14, the B may be a monovalent substituent having an aromatic structure that includes a substituent including the non-halogenic atom having an electronegativity of 3 or more and that includes the halogen atom.

The aromatic structure of Formula 14 may be an aromatic structure having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, for example, an aryl group or an arylene group.

In another embodiment, the block of the Formula 14 may be represented by the Formula 15 below.

In Formula 15, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the R1 may be the hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group, and the X1 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR2—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the W may be the aryl group including the substituent including the non-halogenic atom having an electronegativity of 3 or more and at least one halogen atom.

In the above, the W may be an aryl group that has 6 to 12 carbon atoms, that includes the substituent including the non-halogenic atom having the electronegativity of 3 or more and that includes at least one halogen atom.

Such an aryl group may include at least one or 1 to 3 substituents including the non-halogenic atom having the electronegativity of 3 or more. In addition, the aryl group may include 1 or more, 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more, or 5 or more halogen atom(s). In the above, the aryl group may include 10 or less, 9 or less, 8 or less, 7 or less, or 6 or less halogen atoms.

In another embodiment, the block of the Formula 15 may be represented by the Formula 16.

In Formula 16, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR1—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the R1 may be hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group, and the X1 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR2—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the R1 to R5 may be each independently hydrogen, the alkyl group, the haloalkyl group, the halogen atom and the substituent including the non-halogenic atom having the electronegativity of 3 or more. In the above, at least one of the R1 to R5 is the halogen atom, and at least one of the R1 to R5 is the substituent including the non-halogenic atom having the electronegativity of 3 or more.

In Formula 16, at least one, 1 to 3, or 1 to 2 of the R1 to R5 may be the above-described substituents including the non-halogenic atom having the electronegativity of 3 or more.

In Formula 16, the R1 to R5 may include 1 or more, 2 or more, 3 or more, 4 or more, or 5 or more halogen atoms. The R1 to R5 may include 10 or less, 9 or less, 8 or less, 7 or less, or 6 or less halogen atoms.

The substituent including the non-halogenic atom having the electronegativity of 3 or more described above may be, but is not limited to, the hydroxyl group, the alkoxy group, the carboxyl group, the amido group, the ethylene oxide group, the nitrile group, the pyridine group or the amino group.

In another embodiment, the second block may include an aromatic structure having a heterocyclic substituent. Such a second block may be referred to as a 2F block herein.

The 2F block may be represented by Formula 17.

In Formula 17, the B may be a monovalent substituent having an aromatic structure that has 6 to 12 carbon atoms and that is substituted with a heterocyclic substituent.

If necessary, the aromatic structure of Formula 17 may include at least one halogen atom.

The block of the Formula 17 may be represented by the Formula 18.

In Formula 18, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR1—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the R1 may be hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group, and the X1 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR2—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the W may be an aryl group that has 6 to 12 carbon atoms and that has the heterocyclic substituent.

The block of the Formula 18 may be represented by Formula 19.

In Formula 19, the X2 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR1—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group, the alkynylene group, —C(═O)—X1— or —X1—C(═O)—, in which the R1 may be hydrogen, the alkyl group, the alkenyl group, the alkynyl group, the alkoxy group or the aryl group, and the X1 may be the single bond, the oxygen atom, the sulfur atom, —NR2—, —S(═O)2—, the alkylene group, the alkenylene group or the alkynylene group, and the R1 to R5 may be each independently hydrogen, the alkyl group, the haloalkyl group, the halogen atom or the heterocyclic substituent. In the above, at least one of the R1 to R5 is the heterocyclic substituent.

In Formula 19, at least one, for example, 1 to 3 or 1 to 2 of the R1 to R5 may be the heterocyclic substituent, and the other(s) may be the hydrogen atom, the alkyl group or the halogen atom; or the hydrogen atom or the halogen atom; or the hydrogen atom.

The above-described heterocyclic substituent may be, but is not limited to, a substituent derived from phthalimide, a substituent derived from thiopene, a substituent derived from thiazole, a substituent derived from carbazole or a substituent derived from imidazole.

The block copolymer of the present application may include at least one of the above-described first blocks, and at least one of the above-described second blocks. Such a block copolymer may include 2 or 3 blocks, or 3 or more blocks. In one embodiment, the block copolymer may be a diblock copolymer including any one of the first blocks and any one of the second blocks.

The block copolymer may have, for example, a number average molecular weight (Mn) in a range from approximately 3,000 to 300,000. The term “number average molecular weight” as used herein may refer to a converted value with respect to the standard polystyrene measured by the GPC (Gel Permeation Chromatography). Unless defined otherwise, the term “molecular weight” as used herein may refer to the number average molecular weight. The molecular weight (Mn), in another embodiment, may be, for example, 3000 or more, 5000 or more, 7000 or more, 9000 or more, 11000 or more, 13000 or more or 15000 or more. The molecular weight (Mn), in another embodiment, may be, for example, 250000 or less, 200000 or less, 180000 or less, 160000 or less, 140000 or less, 120000 or less, 100000 or less, 90000 or less, 80000 or less, 70000 or less, 60000 or less, 50000 or less, 40000 or less, 30000 or less, or 25000 or less. The block copolymer may have the polydispersity (Mw/Mn) in a range from 1.01 to 1.60. In another embodiment, the polydispersity may be about 1.1 or more, about 1.2 or more, about 1.3 or more, or about 1.4 or more.

In the above range, the block copolymer may exhibit an appropriate self assembling property. The number average molecular weight and the like of the block copolymer may be controlled considering the objected self assembled structure.

If the block copolymer at least includes the first and second blocks, a ratio of the first block, for example, the block including the chain in the block copolymer may be in a range of 10 mole % to 90 mole %.

The present application relates to a polymer layer including the block copolymer. The polymer layer may be used in various applications. For example, it can be used in a biosensor, a recording media such as a flash memory, a magnetic storage media or the pattern forming method or an electric device or an electronic device, and the like.

In one embodiment, the block copolymer in the polymer layer may be forming a periodic structure including a sphere, a cylinder, a gyroid, or a lamella by the self assembly.

For example, in one segment of the first block or the second block or other block linked to the above block via a covalent bond in the block copolymer, other segment may be forming the regular structure such as lamella form, cylinder form and the like.

The present application relates also to a method for forming a polymer layer by using the block copolymer. The method may include forming a polymer layer including the block copolymer on a substrate in a self-assembled state. For example, the method may include forming a layer of the block copolymer or a coating solution in which the block copolymer is diluted in suitable solvent on the substrate by a coating and the like, and if necessary, then aging or heat-treating the layer.

The aging or the heat treatment may be performed based on, for example, a phase transition temperature or glass transition temperature of the block copolymer, and for example, may be performed at a temperature higher than the glass transition temperature or phase transition temperature. A time for the heat treatment is not particularly limited, and the heat treatment may be performed for approximately 1 minute to 72 hours, but may be changed if necessary. In addition, the temperature of the heat treatment of the polymer layer may be, for example, 100° C. to 250° C., but may be changed in consideration of the block copolymer used herein.

The formed layer may be aged in a non-polar solvent and/or a polar solvent at the room temperature for approximately 1 minute to 72 hours.

The present application relates also to a pattern-forming method. The method may include selectively removing the first or second block of the block copolymer from a laminate comprising a substrate and a polymer layer that is formed on a surface of the substrate and that includes a self-assembled block copolymer. The method may be a method for forming a pattern on the above substrate. For example, the method may include forming the polymer layer on the substrate, selectively removing one block or two or more blocks of the block copolymer that is in the polymer layer; and then etching the substrate. By the above method, for example, nano-scaled micropattern may be formed. Further, according to shapes of the block copolymer in the polymer layer, various shapes of pattern such as nano-rod or nano-hole can be formed by the above method. If necessary, in order to form a pattern, the block copolymer may be mixed with another copolymer or homopolymer. A kind of the substrate applied to this method may be selected without particular limitation, and, for example, silicon oxide and the like may be applied.

For example, according to the method, a nano-scale pattern of silicon oxide having a high aspect ratio may be formed. For example, various types of patterns such as a nanorod or nanohole pattern may be formed by forming the polymer layer on the silicon oxide, selectively removing any one block of the block copolymer in a state where the block copolymer in the polymer layer is formed in a predetermined structure, and etching the silicon oxide in various methods, for example, reactive ion etching. In addition, according to the above method, a nano pattern having a high aspect ratio can be formed.

For example, the pattern may be formed to a scale of several tens of nanometers, and such a pattern may be applied in various uses including a next-generation information electronic magnetic recording medium.

For example, a pattern in which nano structures, for example, nanowires, having a width of approximately 3 to 40 nm are disposed at an interval of approximately 6 to 80 nm may be formed by the above-described method. In another embodiment, a structure in which nanoholes having a width, for example, a diameter of approximately 3 to 40 nm are disposed at an interval of approximately 6 to 80 nm can be implemented.

In addition, in this structure, nanowires or nanoholes may be formed to have a high aspect ratio.

In this method, a method of selectively removing any one block of the block copolymer is not particularly limited, and for example, a method of removing a relatively soft block by irradiating a suitable electromagnetic wave, for example, ultra violet rays to a polymer layer may be used. In this case, conditions for ultra violet radiation may be determined according to a type of the block of the block copolymer, and ultra violet rays having a wavelength of approximately 254 nm may be irradiated for 1 to 60 minutes.

In addition, followed by the ultra violet radiation, the polymer layer may be treated with an acid to further remove a segment degraded by the ultra violet rays.

In addition, the etching of the substrate using the polymer layer from which a block is selectively removed may be performed by reactive ion etching using CF4/Ar ions, and followed by the above process, and removing the polymer layer from the substrate by oxygen plasma treatment may be further performed.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF FIGURES

FIGS. 1 to 2 are SEM or AFM images of polymer layers and show results of GISAXS analysis on polymer layers.

EFFECTS

The present application may provide the block copolymers and their application. The block copolymer has an excellent self assembling property and phase separation and various required functions can be freely imparted thereto as necessary.

Illustrative Embodiments

Hereinafter, the present application will be described in detail with reference to Examples and Comparative Examples, but the scope of the present application is not limited to the following examples.

1. NMR Analysis

The NMR analysis was performed at the room temperature by using a NMR spectrometer including a Varian Unity Inova (500 MHz) spectrometer having a triple resonance 5 mm probe. A sample to be analyzed was used after diluting it in solvent (CDCl3) for the NMR analysis to a concentration of approximately 10 mg/ml and a chemical shift (δ) was expressed in ppm.

<Abbreviation>

br=wide signal, s=singlet, d=doublet, dd=double doublet, t=triplet, dt=double triplet, q=quadruplet, p=quintuplet, m=multiplet

2. GPC (Gel Permeation Chromatograph)

The number average molecular weight and the polydispersity were measured by the GPC (Gel Permeation Chromatograph). In a 5 mL vial, a block copolymer or a macroinitiator to be measured of Example or Comparative Example and then diluted to a concentration of about 1 mg/mL. Then, the standard sample for a calibration and a sample to be analyzed were filtered by a syringe filter (pore size: 0.45 μm) and then analyzed. ChemStation from the Agilent technologies, Co. was used as an analysis program. The number average molecular weight (Mn) and the weight average molecular weight (Mw) were obtained by comparing an elution time of the sample with a calibration curve and then the polydispersity (PDI) was obtained from their ratio (Mw/Mn). The measuring condition of the GPC was as below.

<GPC Measuring Condition>

Device: a 1200 series from Agilent technologies, Co.

Column: two of PLgel mixed B from Polymer laboratories, Co. were used

Solvent: THF

Temperature of the column: 35° C.

Concentration of Sample: 1 mg/mL, 200 L injection

Standard Sample: Polystyrene (Mp: 3900000, 723000, 316500, 52200, 31400, 7200, 3940, 485)

Preparation Example 1

A compound (DPM-C12) of the Formula A below was synthesized by the below method. To a 250 mL flask, hydroquinone (10.0 g, 94.2 mmole) and 1-bromododecane (23.5 g, 94.2 mmole) were added and dissolved in 100 mL acetonitrile, an excessive amount of potassium carbonate was added thereto and then the mixture was reacted at 75° C. for approximately 48 hours under nitrogen. After the reaction, remaining potassium carbonate and acetonitrile used for the reaction were removed. The work up was performed by adding a mixed solvent of dichloromethane (DCM) and water, and separated organic layers were collected and dehydrated through MgSO4. Subsequently, a white solid intermediate was obtained with a yield of approximately 37% using DCM through column chromatography.

<NMR Analysis Result of the Intermediate>

1H-NMR(CDCl3): δ6.77 (dd, 4H); δ4.45 (s, 1H); δ3.89 (t, 2H); δ1.75 (p, 2H); δ1.43 (p, 2H); δ1.33-1.26 (m, 16H); δ0.88 (t, 3H)

The synthesized intermediate (9.8 g, 35.2 mmole), methacrylic acid (6.0 g, 69.7 mmole), dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC; 10.8 g, 52.3 mmole) and p-dimethylaminopyridine (DMPA; 1.7 g, 13.9 mmol) were put into a flask, 120 ml of methylenechloride was added, and a reaction was performed at the room temperature for 24 hours under nitrogen. After the reaction was completed, a urea salt produced in the reaction was removed through a filter, and remaining methylenechloride was also removed. Impurities were removed using hexane and DCM (dichloromethane) as mobile phases though column chromatography, and the obtained product was recrystallized in a mixed solvent of methanol and water (mixed in 1:1 weight ratio), thereby obtaining a white solid product (DPM-C12)(7.7 g, 22.2 mmol) with a yield of 63%.

<NMR Analysis Result with Respect to DPM-C12>

1H-NMR(CDCl3): δ7.02 (dd, 2H); δ6.89 (dd, 2H); δ6.32 (dt, 1H); δ5.73 (dt, 1H); δ3.94 (t, 2H); δ2.05 (dd, 3H); δ1.76 (p, 2H); δ1.43 (p, 2H); 1.34-1.27 (m, 16H); δ0.88 (t, 3H)

In the above, the R is a linear alkyl having 12 carbon atoms.

Example 1

Synthesis of a Monomer

3-Hydroxy-1,2,4,5-tetrafluorostyrene was synthesized according to the below method. Pentafluorostyrene (25 g, 129 mmole) was added to a mixed solution of 400 mL of tert-butanol and potassium hydroxide (37.5 g, 161 mmole); and then was subjected to a reflux reaction for 2 hours. The product after the reaction was cooled to the room temperature, 1200 mL of water was added and the remaining butanol used for the reaction was volatilized. The adduct was extracted 3 times by diethyl ether (300 mL), an aqueous layer was acidified by 10 weight % of hydrochloric acid solution until its pH became 3, and thereby target product was precipitated. Precipitated product was extracted 3 times by diethyl ether (300 mL) and an organic layer was collected. The organic layer was dehydrated by MgSO4 and solvent was removed. Crude product was purified in a column chromatograph by using hexane and DCM (dichloromethane) as mobile phase and thereby colorless liquid 3-hydroxy-1,2,4,5-tetrafluorostyrene (11.4 g) was obtained. Its NMR analysis result is as below.

<NMR Analysis Result>

1H-NMR (DMSO-d): δ11.7 (s, 1H); δ6.60 (dd, 1H); δ5.89 (d, 1H); δ5.62 (d, 1H)

Synthesis of a Block Copolymer

In benzene, AIBN (azobisisobutyronitrile), RAFT (reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer) reagent (2-cyano-2-propyl dodecyl trithiocarbonate) and the compound (DPM-C12) of Preparation Example 1 were dissolved in a weight ratio of 50:1:0.2 (DPM-C12:RAFT reagent:AIBN) (Concentration: 70 weight %), and then a macroinitiator (a number average molecular weight: 14000, polydispersity: 1.2) was prepared by reacting the mixture for 4 hours at 70° C. under nitrogen. Then, in benzene, the synthesized macroinitiator, 3-hydroxy-1,2,4,5-tetrafluorostyrene (TFS-OH) and AIBN (azobisisobutyronitrile) were dissolved in a weight ratio of 1:200:0.5 (the macroinitiator:TFS-OH:AIBN) (Concentration: 30 weight %), and then a block copolymer (a number average molecular weight: 35000, polydispersity: 1.2) was prepared by reacting the mixture for 6 hours at 70° C. under nitrogen. The block copolymer includes the first block derived from the compound of Preparation Example 1 and the second block derived from the 3-hydroxy-1,2,4,5-tetrafluorostyrene.

Example 2

Synthesis of a Monomer

The compound of the Formula H below was synthesized according to the below method. Phthalimide (10.0 g, 54 mmole) and chloromethylstyrene (8.2 g, 54 mmole) were added to 50 mL of DMF (dimethyl formamide) and then were reacted for 18 hours at 55° C. under nitrogen. After the reaction, 100 mL of ethyl acetate and 100 mL of distilled water were added to the reacted product, and then an organic layer was collected and then washed by brine solution. Collected organic layer was treated by MgSO4 and thereby water was removed and then solvent was finally removed and then re-crystallized by pentane so as to obtain white solid target compound (11.1 g). Its NMR analysis result is as below.

<NMR Analysis Result>

1H-NMR(CDCl3): δ7.84 (dd, 2H); δ7.70 (dd, 2H); δ7.40-7.34 (m, 4H); δ6.67 (dd, 1H); δ5.71 (d, 1H); δ5.22 (d, 1H); δ4.83 (s, 2H)

Synthesis of a Block Copolymer

In benzene, AIBN (azobisisobutyronitrile), RAFT (reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer) reagent (2-cyano-2-propyl dodecyl trithiocarbonate) and the compound (DPM-C12) of Preparation Example 1 were dissolved in a weight ratio of 50:1:0.2 (DPM-C12:RAFT reagent:AIBN) (Concentration: 70 weight %), and then a macroinitiator (a number average molecular weight: 14000, polydispersity: 1.2) was prepared by reacting the mixture for 4 hours at 70° C. under nitrogen. Then, in benzene, the synthesized macroinitiator, the compound (TFS-PhIM) of Formula H and AIBN (azobisisobutyronitrile) were dissolved in a weight ratio of 1:200:0.5 (the macroinitiator:TFS-PhIM:AIBN) (Concentration: 30 weight %), and then a block copolymer (a number average molecular weight: 35000, polydispersity: 1.2) was prepared by reacting the mixture for 6 hours at 70° C. under nitrogen. The block copolymer includes the first block derived from the compound of Example 1 and the second block derived from the compound of Formula H.

Test Example 1

Self assembled polymer layer were prepared by using block copolymers of Examples 1 and 2 and the results were observed. Specifically, each block copolymer was dissolved in solvent to a concentration of 1.0 weight % and then was spin-coated on a silicone wafer for 60 seconds by a speed of 3000 rpm. Then, self assembling was performed by a solvent annealing or a thermal annealing. Then, the self assembling properties were evaluated by subjecting the polymer layer to an AFM (Atomic force microscopy) analysis. FIGS. 1 and 2 are the results of Examples 1 and 2, respectively, and from the above, it can be confirmed that an appropriate self assemblies were realized.

Specifically, FIG. 1 is the result of the self assembly obtained by spin coating a coating solution prepared by dissolving the block copolymer of Example 1 in toluene to a concentration of 1.0 weight % on a silicone wafer for 60 seconds by a speed of 3000 rpm and then subjecting the coated layer to a solvent annealing by using a mixed solvent of THF (tetrahydrofuran) and deionized water (THF:deionized water=4:6 (weight ratio)) for about 2 hours and FIG. 2 is the result of the self assembly obtained by spin coating a coating solution prepared by dissolving the block copolymer of Example 2 in dioxane to a concentration of 1.0 weight % on a silicone wafer for 60 seconds by a speed of 3000 rpm and then subjecting the coated layer to a solvent annealing by using chloroform for about 2 hours.

Read more
PatSnap Solutions

Great research starts with great data.

Use the most comprehensive innovation intelligence platform to maximise ROI on research.

Learn More

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
以离子性液体改良嵌段共聚物膜自组装的长程有序的方法 美光科技公司 03 March 2009 16 February 2011
自支撑高分子薄膜 国立大学法人东京工业大学 25 February 2010 02 May 2012
含有全氟环丁基芳基醚嵌段的两嵌段聚合物、制备方法及用途 中国科学院上海有机化学研究所 04 March 2009 29 July 2009
一种具有低表面能的硅丙三嵌段共聚物及其制备方法 厦门大学 08 January 2008 09 July 2008
一种含氟表面活性剂及其制备方法 无锡市恒创嘉业纳米材料科技有限公司 09 March 2011 07 September 2011
See full citation <>

More like this

Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Method for improving the critical dimension uniformity of ordered films of block copolymers ARKEMA FRANCE 21 January 2016 28 July 2016
Block copolymers with surface-active junction groups, compositions and processes thereof AZ ELECTRONIC MATERIALS (LUXEMBOURG) S.À.R.L.,INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION 18 February 2016 25 August 2016
Process for creating nanometric structures by self-assembly of diblock copolymers ARKEMA FRANCE,INSTITUT POLYTECHNIQUE DE BORDEAUX,CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE,UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX 07 October 2016 27 April 2017
Silicon containing block copolymers for direct self-assembly application AZ ELECTRONIC MATERIALS (LUXEMBOURG) S.À.R.L. 28 October 2015 06 May 2016
Method for wet etching of block copolymer self-assembly pattern LG CHEM, LTD. 02 February 2016 25 August 2016
Process for improving the critical dimension uniformity of ordered films of block copolymer ARKEMA FRANCE 16 December 2016 22 June 2017
Improved performance high vinyl block copolymer compositions and uses thereof KRATON POLYMERS U.S. LLC 29 June 2017 04 January 2018
Process for reducing defects in an ordered film of block copolymers ARKEMA FRANCE 16 December 2016 22 June 2017
Method for controlling the synthesis of a block copolymer containing at least one apolar block and at least one polar block and use of such a block copolymer in applications of nanolithography by direct self-assembly ARKEMA FRANCE 15 December 2015 23 June 2016
Block copolymer, composition, and film OTSUKA CHEMICAL CO., LTD. 13 July 2017 25 January 2018
Self-assembly composition for pattern formation, and pattern formation method OJI HOLDINGS CORPORATION 27 February 2017 23 November 2017
Tube using hydrogenated block copolymer ASAHI KASEI KABUSHIKI KAISHA 07 September 2016 16 March 2017
Method for reducing the defectivity of a block copolymer film ARKEMA FRANCE,INSTITUT POLYTECHNIQUE DE BORDEAUX,UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX,CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE 26 May 2016 08 December 2016
Block copolymer and surface treatment agent using same TOSOH CORPORATION 28 July 2017 08 February 2018
Neutral layer composition LG CHEM, LTD. 07 June 2016 08 December 2016
Method for controlling the surface energy at the interface between a block copolymer and another compound ARKEMA FRANCE,CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE,INSTITUT POLYTECHNIQUE DE BORDEAUX,UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX 26 May 2016 08 December 2016
Pitch division using directed self-assembly INTEL CORPORATION 24 December 2015 29 June 2017
Method for reducing the assembly time of ordered films made of block copolymer ARKEMA FRANCE 21 January 2016 28 July 2016
Polymer compositions for self-assembly applications AZ ELECTRONIC MATERIALS (LUXEMBOURG) S.À.R.L. 16 August 2017 22 February 2018
Multiblock copolymer and method of making thereof IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY RESEARCH FOUNDATON, INC. 07 July 2017 11 January 2018
See all similar patents <>

More Patents & Intellectual Property

PatSnap Solutions

PatSnap solutions are used by R&D teams, legal and IP professionals, those in business intelligence and strategic planning roles and by research staff at academic institutions globally.

PatSnap Solutions
Search & Analyze
The widest range of IP search tools makes getting the right answers and asking the right questions easier than ever. One click analysis extracts meaningful information on competitors and technology trends from IP data.
Business Intelligence
Gain powerful insights into future technology changes, market shifts and competitor strategies.
Workflow
Manage IP-related processes across multiple teams and departments with integrated collaboration and workflow tools.
Contact Sales
Clsoe
US10150832 Block copolymer 1 US10150832 Block copolymer 2 US10150832 Block copolymer 3