Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

Dual curable composition

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10150835

Application Number

US15/275910

Application Date

26 September 2016

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

CURATOLO, BENEDICT S.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

CURATOLO, BENEDICT S.

International Classification

C08L83/00,C09J183/14,C09J167/00,C09D183/14,C09D167/00

Cooperative Classification

C08G63/78,C08G63/00,C08G63/695,C08G77/54,C08K3/22

Inventor

CURATOLO, BENEDICT S.

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10150835 Dual curable composition 1 US10150835 Dual curable composition 2 US10150835 Dual curable composition 3
See all images <>

Abstract

A dual curable composition is provided, comprising a compound represented by formula (I):

(acrylate)a-(A)-(silane)b  (I)

in which a and b are identical or different and are each represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1; and wherein the dual curable composition is radiation curable and/or moisture curable. The moiety A comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, a hydroxyl group-containing organic moiety, an acrylic oligomer, an epoxy oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof, and the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 300.

Read more

Claims

1. A dual curable composition, comprising an acrylate and a compound represented by formula (I):

(acrylate)a-(A)-(silane)b  (I) in which a and b are identical or different and are each represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1; and wherein the dual curable composition is further represented by formula (IV) and/or formula (V): in which a is represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1; c is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2;d is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2;

the moiety A comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, a hydroxyl group-containing organic moiety, an acrylic oligomer, an epoxy oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof; the moiety B comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an amide, or mixtures thereof;wherein the moiety B has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500;

the moiety D comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, or mixtures thereof; wherein the moiety D has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500; R1 and R2 are each independently H or an alkyl group having 1 to about 8 C atoms; and R3, R4, R5, and R6 are each independently alkyl groups having 1 to about 8 C atoms; wherein the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 500; and wherein the dual curable composition is radiation-curable and/or moisture curable.

2. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising an additional component of a curable composition.

3. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising a silane.

4. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising a reactive monomer.

5. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising an oligomer.

6. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising a photoinitiator.

7. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising a cationic photoinitiator.

8. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising at least one of a dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.

9. The dual curable composition of claim 1, wherein the moiety A comprises at least one of an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, an acrylic oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof.

10. The dual curable composition of claim 9, wherein the moiety A comprises at least one of an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, or mixtures thereof.

11. The dual curable composition of claim 9, wherein the moiety A comprises at least one of an acrylic oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof.

12. The dual curable composition of claim 11, wherein the moiety A comprises a urethane oligomer.

13. The dual curable composition of claim 11, wherein the moiety A comprises a polyester oligomer.

14. A coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 1.

15. A corrosion-resistant coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 1.

16. A solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 1.

17. A two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising Part A and Part B;

Part A comprising:

the dual curable composition of claim 1; andPart B comprising at least one of:

a corrosion inhibitor, an organic acid functional component, or mixtures thereof.

18. The two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin of claim 17;

Part A further comprising at least one of: a photoinitiator, reactive monomer, defoamer, dispersant, pigment, stabilizer, or mixtures thereof; and Part B further comprising at least one of: a dispersant, reactive monomer, defoamer, oligomer, adhesion promoter, surfactant, flow agent, or mixtures thereof.

19. A method of preparing the composition of claim 1, the method comprising:

reacting an acrylated component comprising at least two acrylate groups with an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group; reacting an epoxysilane with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group to form a second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups; contacting an acrylate with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups; and optionally further comprising contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.

20. The method according to claim 19, wherein the acrylated component comprises at least one of a diacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane diacrylate, polyester diacrylate, polyether diacrylate, epoxy diacrylate, acrylated acrylic diacrylate, polyacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, polyester polyacrylate, polyether polyacrylate, epoxy polyacrylate, acrylated acrylic polyacrylate, acrylate grafted polymer, acrylated polyolefin, acrylated polytetrafluoroethylene, acrylated polyester, acrylated polyamide, or mixtures thereof.

21. The method according to claim 19, wherein the aminosilane comprises at least one of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl methyldimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyltrimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexylmethyldimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

22. The method according to claim 19, wherein the epoxysilane comprises at least one of 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyl methyldimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl) ethyltrimethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

23. The method of claim 19, wherein the additional component of a curable composition comprises at least one of a silane, a reactive monomer, an oligomer, a photoinitiator, cationic photoinitiator, dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.

24. A method of coating a substrate comprising applying to the substrate the dual curable composition of claim 1, and optionally exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the coating composition, wherein the radiation source is at least one of ultraviolet radiation or electron beam radiation.

25. The method of claim 24, wherein the substrate is selected from the group consisting of metal, concrete, stone, vinyl, wood, tile, ceramic, glass, plastic, paper, cardboard, asphalt, thermoplastic materials, thermoset materials, rubber, and composite materials.

26. The method of claim 24, wherein the substrate comprises a metal.

27. The method of claim 26, wherein the metal comprises aluminum, aluminum alloy, steel, stainless steel, magnesium alloy, or titanium.

28. The method of claim 24, wherein the substrate comprises an industrial or aerospace substrate.

29. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 17, comprising:

a) Providing Part A and Part B; b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture; c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.

30. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 18, comprising:

a) Providing Part A and Part B; b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture; c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.

31. A dual curable composition, comprising a photoinitiator and a compound represented by formula (I):

(acrylate)a-(A)-(silane)b  (I) in which a and b are identical or different and are each represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1; and wherein the dual curable composition is further represented by formula (IV) and/or formula (V): in which a is represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1; c is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2;d is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2;

the moiety A comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, a hydroxyl group-containing organic moiety, an acrylic oligomer, an epoxy oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof; the moiety B comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an amide, or mixtures thereof;wherein the moiety B has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500;

the moiety D comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, or mixtures thereof; wherein the moiety D has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500; R1 and R2 are each independently H or an alkyl group having 1 to about 8 C atoms; and R3, R4, R5, and R6 are each independently alkyl groups having 1 to about 8 C atoms; wherein the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 500; and wherein the dual curable composition is radiation-curable and/or moisture curable.

32. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising an additional component of a curable composition.

33. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising a silane.

34. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising a reactive monomer.

35. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising an oligomer.

36. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising a cationic photoinitiator.

37. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising at least one of a dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.

38. The dual curable composition of claim 31, wherein the moiety A comprises at least one of an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, an acrylic oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof.

39. The dual curable composition of claim 38, wherein the moiety A comprises at least one of an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, or mixtures thereof.

40. The dual curable composition of claim 38, wherein the moiety A comprises at least one of an acrylic oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof.

41. The dual curable composition of claim 40, wherein the moiety A comprises a urethane oligomer.

42. The dual curable composition of claim 40, wherein the moiety A comprises a polyester oligomer.

43. A coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 31.

44. A corrosion-resistant coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 31.

45. A solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 31.

46. A two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising Part A and Part B;

Part A comprising: the dual curable composition of claim 31; andPart B comprising at least one of:

a corrosion inhibitor, an organic acid functional component, or mixtures thereof.

47. The two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin of claim 46;

Part A further comprising at least one of: a photoinitiator, reactive monomer, defoamer, dispersant, pigment, stabilizer, or mixtures thereof; and Part B further comprising at least one of: a dispersant, reactive monomer, defoamer, oligomer, adhesion promoter, surfactant, flow agent, or mixtures thereof.

48. A method of preparing the composition of claim 31, the method comprising:

reacting an acrylated component comprising at least two acrylate groups with an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group; reacting an epoxysilane with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group to form a second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups; contacting the photoinitiator with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups; and optionally further comprising contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.

49. The method according to claim 48, wherein the acrylated component comprises at least one of a diacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane diacrylate, polyester diacrylate, polyether diacrylate, epoxy diacrylate, acrylated acrylic diacrylate, polyacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, polyester polyacrylate, polyether polyacrylate, epoxy polyacrylate, acrylated acrylic polyacrylate, acrylate grafted polymer, acrylated polyolefin, acrylated polytetrafluoroethylene, acrylated polyester, acrylated polyamide, or mixtures thereof.

50. The method according to claim 48, wherein the aminosilane comprises at least one of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl methyldimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyltrimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexylmethyldimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

51. The method according to claim 48, wherein the epoxysilane comprises at least one of 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyl methyldimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl) ethyltrimethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

52. The method of claim 48, wherein the additional component of a curable composition comprises at least one of a silane, an acrylate, a reactive monomer, an oligomer, cationic photoinitiator, dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.

53. A method of coating a substrate comprising applying to the substrate the dual curable composition of claim 31, and optionally exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the coating composition, wherein the radiation source is at least one of ultraviolet radiation or electron beam radiation.

54. The method of claim 53, wherein the substrate is selected from the group consisting of metal, concrete, stone, vinyl, wood, tile, ceramic, glass, plastic, paper, cardboard, asphalt, thermoplastic materials, thermoset materials, rubber, and composite materials.

55. The method of claim 53, wherein the substrate comprises a metal.

56. The method of claim 55, wherein the metal comprises aluminum, aluminum alloy, steel, stainless steel, magnesium alloy, or titanium.

57. The method of claim 53, wherein the substrate comprises an industrial or aerospace substrate.

58. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 46, comprising:

a) Providing Part A and Part B; b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture; c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.

59. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 47, comprising:

a) Providing Part A and Part B; b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture; c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.

60. A dual curable composition, comprising a compound represented by formula (I):

(acrylate)a-(A)-(silane)b  (I) in which a and b are identical or different and are each represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1; and wherein the dual curable composition is further represented by formula (IV) and/or formula (V): in which a is represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1; c is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2;d is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2;

the moiety A comprises an acrylic oligomer; the moiety B comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an amide, or mixtures thereof;wherein the moiety B has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500;

the moiety D comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, or mixtures thereof; wherein the moiety D has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500; R1 and R2 are each independently H or an alkyl group having 1 to about 8 C atoms; and R3, R4, R5, and R6 are each independently alkyl groups having 1 to about 8 C atoms; wherein the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 500; and wherein the dual curable composition is radiation-curable and/or moisture curable.

61. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising an additional component of a curable composition.

62. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising a silane.

63. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising a reactive monomer.

64. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising an acrylate.

65. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising an oligomer.

66. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising a photoinitiator.

67. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising a cationic photoinitiator.

68. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising at least one of a dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.

69. The dual curable composition of claim 60, wherein the moiety A comprises the acrylic oligomer in mixture with at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, a hydroxyl group-containing organic moiety, an epoxy oligomer, a urethane oligomer, or a polyester oligomer.

70. A coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 60.

71. A corrosion-resistant coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 60.

72. A solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising the dual curable composition of claim 60.

73. A two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising Part A and Part B;

Part A comprising: the dual curable composition of claim 60; andPart B comprising at least one of:

a corrosion inhibitor, an organic acid functional component, or mixtures thereof.

74. The two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin of claim 73;

Part A further comprising at least one of: a photoinitiator, reactive monomer, defoamer, dispersant, pigment, stabilizer, or mixtures thereof; and Part B further comprising at least one of: a dispersant, reactive monomer, defoamer, oligomer, adhesion promoter, surfactant, flow agent, or mixtures thereof.

75. A method of preparing the composition of claim 60, the method comprising:

reacting the acrylic oligomer comprising at least two acrylate groups with an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group; reacting an epoxysilane with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group to form a second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups; optionally further comprising contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.

76. The method according to claim 75, wherein the aminosilane comprises at least one of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl methyldimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyltrimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexylmethyldimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

77. The method according to claim 75, wherein the epoxysilane comprises at least one of 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyl methyldimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl) ethyltrimethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

78. The method of claim 75, wherein the additional component of a curable composition comprises at least one of a silane, an acrylate, a reactive monomer, an oligomer, a photoinitiator, cationic photoinitiator, dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.

79. A method of coating a substrate comprising applying to the substrate the dual curable composition of claim 60, and optionally exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the coating composition, wherein the radiation source is at least one of ultraviolet radiation or electron beam radiation.

80. The method of claim 79, wherein the substrate is selected from the group consisting of metal, concrete, stone, vinyl, wood, tile, ceramic, glass, plastic, paper, cardboard, asphalt, thermoplastic materials, thermoset materials, rubber, and composite materials.

81. The method of claim 79, wherein the substrate comprises a metal.

82. The method of claim 81, wherein the metal comprises aluminum, aluminum alloy, steel, stainless steel, magnesium alloy, or titanium.

83. The method of claim 79, wherein the substrate comprises an industrial or aerospace substrate.

84. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 73, comprising:

a) Providing Part A and Part B; b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture; c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.

85. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 74, comprising:

a) Providing Part A and Part B; b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture; c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.

86. A method of coating a substrate comprising applying to the substrate the dual curable composition of claim 60, and allowing the coating composition to moisture cure in the absence of a radiation source.

87. A method of preparing the composition of claim 69, the method comprising:

reacting the acrylic oligomer mixture, the acrylic oligomer comprising at least two acrylate groups with an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group; reacting an epoxysilane with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group to form a second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups; optionally further comprising contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.

88. The method according to claim 87, wherein the acrylic oligomer mixture comprises at least one of a diacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane diacrylate, polyester diacrylate, polyether diacrylate, epoxy diacrylate, acrylated acrylic diacrylate, polyacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, polyester polyacrylate, polyether polyacrylate, epoxy polyacrylate, acrylated acrylic polyacrylate, acrylate grafted polymer, acrylated polyolefin, acrylated polytetrafluoroethylene, acrylated polyester, acrylated polyamide, or mixtures thereof.

89. The method according to claim 87, wherein the aminosilane comprises at least one of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl methyldimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyltrimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexylmethyldimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

90. The method according to claim 87, wherein the epoxysilane comprises at least one of 3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyl methyldimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl) ethyltrimethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

91. The method of claim 87, wherein the additional component of a curable composition comprises at least one of a silane, an acrylate, a reactive monomer, an oligomer, a photoinitiator, cationic photoinitiator, dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A dual curable composition, comprising
    • an acrylate and a compound represented by formula (I): (acrylate)a-(A)-(silane)b  (I) in which a and b are identical or different and are each represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1
    • and wherein the dual curable composition is further represented by formula (IV) and/or formula (V): in which a is represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1
    • c is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2
    • d is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2
    • the moiety A comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, a hydroxyl group-containing organic moiety, an acrylic oligomer, an epoxy oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof
    • the moiety B comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an amide, or mixtures thereof
    • wherein the moiety B has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500
    • the moiety D comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, or mixtures thereof
    • wherein the moiety D has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500
    • R1 and R2 are each independently H or an alkyl group having 1 to about 8 C atoms
    • and R3, R4, R5, and R6 are each independently alkyl groups having 1 to about 8 C atoms
    • wherein the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 500
    • and wherein the dual curable composition is radiation-curable and/or moisture curable.
    • 2. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising
      • an additional component of a curable composition.
    • 3. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising
      • a silane.
    • 4. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising
      • a reactive monomer.
    • 5. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising
      • an oligomer.
    • 6. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising
      • a photoinitiator.
    • 7. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising
      • a cationic photoinitiator.
    • 8. The dual curable composition of claim 1, further comprising
      • at least one of a dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.
    • 9. The dual curable composition of claim 1, wherein
      • the moiety A comprises
    • 19. A method of preparing the composition of claim 1, the method comprising:
      • reacting an acrylated component comprising at least two acrylate groups with an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group
      • reacting an epoxysilane with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group to form a second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups
      • contacting an acrylate with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups
      • and optionally further comprising contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.
  • 14
    14. A coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 1.
  • 15
    15. A corrosion-resistant coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 1.
  • 16
    16. A solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 1.
  • 17
    17. A two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • Part A and Part B
    • Part A comprising: the dual curable composition of claim 1
    • andPart B comprising at least one of: a corrosion inhibitor, an organic acid functional component, or mixtures thereof.
    • 18. The two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin of claim 17; Part A further comprising
      • at least one of: a photoinitiator, reactive monomer, defoamer, dispersant, pigment, stabilizer, or mixtures thereof
      • and Part B further comprising at least one of: a dispersant, reactive monomer, defoamer, oligomer, adhesion promoter, surfactant, flow agent, or mixtures thereof.
  • 20
    20. The method according to claim 19, wherein
    • the acrylated component comprises
  • 21
    21. The method according to claim 19, wherein
    • the aminosilane comprises
  • 22
    22. The method according to claim 19, wherein
    • the epoxysilane comprises
  • 23
    23. The method of claim 19, wherein
    • the additional component of a curable composition comprises
  • 24
    24. A method of coating a substrate comprising
    • applying to the substrate the dual curable composition of claim 1, and optionally exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the coating composition, wherein the radiation source is at least one of ultraviolet radiation or electron beam radiation.
    • 25. The method of claim 24, wherein
      • the substrate is selected from the group consisting of
    • 26. The method of claim 24, wherein
      • the substrate comprises
    • 28. The method of claim 24, wherein
      • the substrate comprises
  • 29
    29. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 17, comprising:
    • a) Providing Part A and Part B;
    • b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture;
    • c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally
    • d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.
  • 30
    30. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 18, comprising:
    • a) Providing Part A and Part B;
    • b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture;
    • c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally
    • d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.
  • 31
    31. A dual curable composition, comprising
    • a photoinitiator and a compound represented by formula (I): (acrylate)a-(A)-(silane)b  (I) in which a and b are identical or different and are each represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1
    • and wherein the dual curable composition is further represented by formula (IV) and/or formula (V): in which a is represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1
    • c is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2
    • d is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2
    • the moiety A comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, a hydroxyl group-containing organic moiety, an acrylic oligomer, an epoxy oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof
    • the moiety B comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an amide, or mixtures thereof
    • wherein the moiety B has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500
    • the moiety D comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, or mixtures thereof
    • wherein the moiety D has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500
    • R1 and R2 are each independently H or an alkyl group having 1 to about 8 C atoms
    • and R3, R4, R5, and R6 are each independently alkyl groups having 1 to about 8 C atoms
    • wherein the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 500
    • and wherein the dual curable composition is radiation-curable and/or moisture curable.
    • 32. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising
      • an additional component of a curable composition.
    • 33. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising
      • a silane.
    • 34. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising
      • a reactive monomer.
    • 35. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising
      • an oligomer.
    • 36. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising
      • a cationic photoinitiator.
    • 37. The dual curable composition of claim 31, further comprising
      • at least one of a dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.
    • 38. The dual curable composition of claim 31, wherein
      • the moiety A comprises
    • 48. A method of preparing the composition of claim 31, the method comprising:
      • reacting an acrylated component comprising at least two acrylate groups with an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group
      • reacting an epoxysilane with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group to form a second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups
      • contacting the photoinitiator with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups
      • and optionally further comprising contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.
  • 43
    43. A coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 31.
  • 44
    44. A corrosion-resistant coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 31.
  • 45
    45. A solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 31.
  • 46
    46. A two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • Part A and Part B
    • Part A comprising: the dual curable composition of claim 31
    • andPart B comprising at least one of: a corrosion inhibitor, an organic acid functional component, or mixtures thereof.
    • 47. The two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin of claim 46; Part A further comprising
      • at least one of: a photoinitiator, reactive monomer, defoamer, dispersant, pigment, stabilizer, or mixtures thereof
      • and Part B further comprising at least one of: a dispersant, reactive monomer, defoamer, oligomer, adhesion promoter, surfactant, flow agent, or mixtures thereof.
  • 49
    49. The method according to claim 48, wherein
    • the acrylated component comprises
  • 50
    50. The method according to claim 48, wherein
    • the aminosilane comprises
  • 51
    51. The method according to claim 48, wherein
    • the epoxysilane comprises
  • 52
    52. The method of claim 48, wherein
    • the additional component of a curable composition comprises
  • 53
    53. A method of coating a substrate comprising
    • applying to the substrate the dual curable composition of claim 31, and optionally exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the coating composition, wherein the radiation source is at least one of ultraviolet radiation or electron beam radiation.
    • 54. The method of claim 53, wherein
      • the substrate is selected from the group consisting of
    • 55. The method of claim 53, wherein
      • the substrate comprises
    • 57. The method of claim 53, wherein
      • the substrate comprises
  • 58
    58. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 46, comprising:
    • a) Providing Part A and Part B;
    • b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture;
    • c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally
    • d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.
  • 59
    59. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 47, comprising:
    • a) Providing Part A and Part B;
    • b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture;
    • c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally
    • d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.
  • 60
    60. A dual curable composition, comprising
    • a compound represented by formula (I): (acrylate)a-(A)-(silane)b  (I) in which a and b are identical or different and are each represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1
    • and wherein the dual curable composition is further represented by formula (IV) and/or formula (V): in which a is represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1
    • c is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2
    • d is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2
    • the moiety A comprises an acrylic oligomer
    • the moiety B comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an amide, or mixtures thereof
    • wherein the moiety B has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500
    • the moiety D comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, or mixtures thereof
    • wherein the moiety D has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500
    • R1 and R2 are each independently H or an alkyl group having 1 to about 8 C atoms
    • and R3, R4, R5, and R6 are each independently alkyl groups having 1 to about 8 C atoms
    • wherein the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 500
    • and wherein the dual curable composition is radiation-curable and/or moisture curable.
    • 61. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising
      • an additional component of a curable composition.
    • 62. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising
      • a silane.
    • 63. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising
      • a reactive monomer.
    • 64. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising
      • an acrylate.
    • 65. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising
      • an oligomer.
    • 66. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising
      • a photoinitiator.
    • 67. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising
      • a cationic photoinitiator.
    • 68. The dual curable composition of claim 60, further comprising
      • at least one of a dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.
    • 69. The dual curable composition of claim 60, wherein
      • the moiety A comprises
    • 75. A method of preparing the composition of claim 60, the method comprising:
      • reacting the acrylic oligomer comprising at least two acrylate groups with an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group
      • reacting an epoxysilane with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group to form a second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups
      • optionally further comprising contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.
  • 70
    70. A coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 60.
  • 71
    71. A corrosion-resistant coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 60.
  • 72
    72. A solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • the dual curable composition of claim 60.
  • 73
    73. A two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin comprising
    • Part A and Part B
    • Part A comprising: the dual curable composition of claim 60
    • andPart B comprising at least one of: a corrosion inhibitor, an organic acid functional component, or mixtures thereof.
    • 74. The two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin of claim 73; Part A further comprising
      • at least one of: a photoinitiator, reactive monomer, defoamer, dispersant, pigment, stabilizer, or mixtures thereof
      • and Part B further comprising at least one of: a dispersant, reactive monomer, defoamer, oligomer, adhesion promoter, surfactant, flow agent, or mixtures thereof.
  • 76
    76. The method according to claim 75, wherein
    • the aminosilane comprises
  • 77
    77. The method according to claim 75, wherein
    • the epoxysilane comprises
  • 78
    78. The method of claim 75, wherein
    • the additional component of a curable composition comprises
  • 79
    79. A method of coating a substrate comprising
    • applying to the substrate the dual curable composition of claim 60, and optionally exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the coating composition, wherein the radiation source is at least one of ultraviolet radiation or electron beam radiation.
    • 80. The method of claim 79, wherein
      • the substrate is selected from the group consisting of
    • 81. The method of claim 79, wherein
      • the substrate comprises
    • 83. The method of claim 79, wherein
      • the substrate comprises
  • 84
    84. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 73, comprising:
    • a) Providing Part A and Part B;
    • b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture;
    • c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally
    • d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.
  • 85
    85. A method of coating a substrate with the two part coating of claim 74, comprising:
    • a) Providing Part A and Part B;
    • b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture;
    • c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally
    • d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture.
  • 86
    86. A method of coating a substrate comprising
    • applying to the substrate the dual curable composition of claim 60, and allowing the coating composition to moisture cure in the absence of a radiation source.
  • 88
    88. The method according to claim 87, wherein
    • the acrylic oligomer mixture comprises
  • 89
    89. The method according to claim 87, wherein
    • the aminosilane comprises
  • 90
    90. The method according to claim 87, wherein
    • the epoxysilane comprises
  • 91
    91. The method of claim 87, wherein
    • the additional component of a curable composition comprises
See all independent claims <>

Description

Many curable compositions have disadvantages with regard to environmental and efficiency considerations. Many compositions include solvents and hazardous materials which cause difficulties in use, including extended time periods for evaporation and cure, and health considerations for applicators and individuals in the vicinity of applied and curing compositions. Many compositions have only one cure mechanism which can lead to poor efficiency due to extended time requirements for cure and limitations with regard to required conditions for effective cure. The need exists for a dual curable composition that can provide fast and efficient cure for a coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin, without a solvent or hazardous components. There is a particular need for a dual curable composition that can provide solvent-free, isocyanate-free, and chromium-free protection for industrial and aerospace substrates.

A dual curable composition is provided, comprising a compound represented by formula (I):

(acrylate)a-(A)-(silane)b  (I)

  • in which a and b are identical or different and are each represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1; and
  • the moiety A comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an ester, an amide, a urethane, a urea, a hydroxyl group-containing organic moiety, an acrylic oligomer, an epoxy oligomer, a urethane oligomer, a polyester oligomer, or mixtures thereof;
  • wherein the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 300; and
  • wherein the dual curable composition is radiation-curable and/or moisture curable.

By “radiation-curable” is meant curable by radiation energy such as electron beam radiation or ultraviolet (UV) radiation, including sunlight, and includes the term “photo-curable”.

The dual curable composition comprises at least one acrylate moiety. Throughout this specification and claims, the term “acrylate” is used generally to include derivatives of acrylic acids as well as substituted acrylic acids such as methacrylic acid, ethacrylic acid, etc., unless clearly indicated otherwise. The term “acrylate” is therefore intended to include substituted as well as unsubstituted acrylates. The term “acrylate” is intended to include alkyl acrylates with the alkyl group having from 1 up to about 8 carbon atoms. In certain embodiments, the alkyl group of the alkyl acrylate has 1 carbon atom, and in those embodiments the term “acrylate” corresponds to a methacrylate moiety. Other substituents include hydroxyl, chlorine, bromine, and fluorine.

The dual curable composition comprises at least one silane moiety. Throughout this specification and claims, the term “silane” is used generally to include organofunctional alkoxysilanes with each alkoxy group independently having from 1 up to about 8 carbon atoms. In certain embodiments, the alkoxy group of the organofunctional alkoxysilane has 1 carbon atom, and in those embodiments the term “silane” corresponds to an organofunctional methoxysilane. In other embodiments, the alkoxy group of the organofunctional alkoxysilane has 2 carbon atoms, and in those embodiments the term “silane” corresponds to an organofunctional ethoxysilane. In certain embodiments, the organofunctional alkoxysilane moiety has one alkoxy group, and in those embodiments the term “silane” corresponds to an organofunctional alkoxysilane. In other embodiments, the organofunctional alkoxysilane moiety has two alkoxy groups, and in those embodiments the term “silane” corresponds to an organofunctional dialkoxysilane. In other embodiments, the organofunctional alkoxysilane moiety has three alkoxy groups, and in those embodiments the term “silane” corresponds to an organofunctional trialkoxysilane.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 300 and less than or equal to 1,000,000. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition has a molecular weight between 300 and about 100,000. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition has a molecular weight between 300 and about 20,000. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition has a molecular weight between 300 and about 10,000. In some embodiments, the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 500. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition has a molecular weight between 500 and about 5,000. In some embodiments, the dual curable composition has a molecular weight greater than or equal to 1,000. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition has a molecular weight between 1,000 and about 4,000. While not being bound by theory, a molecular weight less than 300 may result in performance disadvantages. The molecular weight is a number average molecular weight either determined by end group analysis, calculated based on the sum of the atomic weights of the component atoms of the molecule, or calculated by a formula based on gel permeation chromatography (GPC).

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises a compound represented by formula (II) and/or formula (III):

  • in which
  • a is represented by an integer greater than or equal to 1;
  • c is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2;
  • the moiety B comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, an amide, or mixtures thereof;
  • wherein the moiety B has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500;
  • R1 and R2 are each independently H or an alkyl group having 1 to about 8 C (carbon) atoms; and
  • R3 and R4 are each independently alkyl groups having 1 to about 8 C atoms. A is as defined above.

In other embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises a compound represented by formula (II), wherein a, c, A, B, R1, R2, R3, and R4 are defined above.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises a compound represented by formula (IV) and/or formula (V):

  • in which
  • d is an integer equal to 0, 1, or 2;
  • the moiety D comprises at least one of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, a cycloaliphatic hydrocarbon, an aryl moiety, an ether, or mixtures thereof;
  • wherein the moiety D has a molecular weight less than or equal to 500;
  • R5, and R6 are each independently alkyl groups having 1 to about 8 C atoms; and
  • a, c, A, B, R1, R2, R3, and R4 are defined above.

In other embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises a compound represented by formula (IV), wherein a, c, d, A, B, D, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6 are defined above.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one additional component of a curable composition. In some embodiments the additional component comprises a reactive or curable component of a curable composition. In some embodiments the additional component comprises a non-reactive component of a curable composition.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a silane. In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one component comprising at least one silane moiety but not containing an acrylate moiety. In these embodiments, the overall mole ratio of silane moieties divided by the total of (acrylate moieties+silane moieties) is between 0.001 and 0.999. In other embodiments, the mole ratio is between 0.01 and 0.99. In other embodiments, the mole ratio is between 0.1 and 0.9. In all of these embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises at least one acrylate moiety and at least one silane moiety, but an overall formula representation for groups of components and molecules in these embodiments may represent each type of moiety as a non-integer, fraction, or decimal ratio, due to the different amounts of the moieties in the various components.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises an acrylate. In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one component comprising at least one acrylate moiety but not containing a silane moiety. In these embodiments, the overall mole ratio of acrylate moieties divided by the total of (acrylate moieties+silane moieties) is between 0.001 and 0.999. In other embodiments, the mole ratio is between 0.01 and 0.99. In other embodiments, the mole ratio is between 0.1 and 0.9. In all of these embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises at least one acrylate moiety and at least one silane moiety, but an overall formula representation for groups of components and molecules in these embodiments may represent each type of moiety as a non-integer, fraction, or decimal ratio, due to the different amounts of the moieties in the various components.

The overall formula representation for an oligomer or polymer may likewise represent the amount of each type of moiety as a non-integer, fraction, or decimal ratio as a consequence of different molecules having different sizes in the oligomer or polymer composition, for the reasons discussed above.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a reactive monomer. In certain embodiments, the reactive monomer comprises at least one of a monoacrylate monomer, diacrylate monomer, polyacrylate monomer, or mixtures thereof. In other embodiments, the reactive monomer comprises a vinyl monomer capable of polymerization with acrylate monomers. For purposes of illustration but not by way of limitation, in certain embodiments the reactive monomer comprises at least one of a vinyl ether, vinyl ester, vinyl carboxylic acid, vinyl carboxylic acid salt, vinyl amide, vinyl silane, allyl compound (generally of the types listed herein for vinyl compounds), unsaturated dicarboxylic acid, or mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the reactive monomer comprises more than one type of reactive group. Each of the terms describing the reactive monomer types is used generally to also include derivatives thereof. The term “polyacrylate” is used generally to include triacrylates, tetraacrylates, pentaacrylates, hexaacrylates, and higher functionality acrylates. As explained previously, the term “acrylate” is intended to include unsubstituted as well as substituted alkyl acrylates and mixtures thereof, with the alkyl group having from 1 up to about 8 carbon atoms. Other substituents include hydroxyl, chlorine, bromine, and fluorine.

In certain embodiments, the monoacrylate monomer comprises at least one of butyl acrylate, ethylhexyl acrylate, 2-ethoxyethyl acrylate, cyclohexyl acrylate, 2-propylheptyl acrylate, lauryl acrylate, stearyl acrylate, behenyl acrylate, alkoxylated phenol acrylate, alkoxylated nonylphenol acrylate, nonylphenol acrylate, isobornyl acrylate, cyclic trimethylolpropane formal acrylate, dihydrodicyclopentadienyl acrylate, caprolactone acrylate, 2-phenoxyethyl acrylate, O-phenylphenoxyethyl acrylate, benzyl acrylate, hydroxyethyl acrylate, hydroxypropyl acrylate, hydroxybutyl acrylate, hydroxyethylcaprolactone acrylate, 2-hydroxy-3-phenoxypropyl acrylate, monomethoxy tripropylene glycol monoacrylate, monomethoxy neopentyl glycol propoxylate monoacrylate, tetrahydrofurfuryl acrylate, isooctyl acrylate, isodecyl acrylate, tridecyl acrylate, 2-(2-ethoxyethoxy) ethyl acrylate, cyclopentenyl oxyethyl acrylate, 9-anthracenyl methyl acrylate, 1-pyrenylmethyl acrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the diacrylate monomer comprises at least one of 1,3-butanediol diacrylate, 1,4-butanediol diacrylate, 1,6-hexanedioldiacrylate, 1,8-octanediol diacrylate, 1,10-decanediol diacrylate, polybutadiene diacrylate, ethylene glycol diacrylate, propylene glycol diacrylate, neopentyl glycol diacrylate, diethylene glycol diacrylate, triethylene glycol diacrylate, tetraethylene glycol diacrylate, polyethylene glycol diacrylate, dipropylene glycol diacrylate, tripropylene glycol diacrylate, tetrapropylene glycol diacrylate, polypropylene glycol diacrylate, glyceryl ethoxylate diacrylate, glyceryl propoxylate diacrylate, tricyclodecane dimethanol diacrylate, hydroxyl pivalic acid neopentyl glycol diacrylate, neopentylglycol ethoxylate diacrylate, neopentylglycol propoxylate diacrylate, monomethoxy trimethylolpropane ethoxylate diacrylate, monomethoxy trimethylolpropane propoxylate diacrylate, Bisphenol A ethoxylate diacrylate, and Bisphenol A propoxylate diacrylate, Fluorescein diacrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the polyacrylate monomer comprises at least one of trimethylolpropane triacrylate, glyceryl triacrylate, pentaerythritol triacrylate, pentaerythritoltetraacrylate, dipentaerythritol pentaacrylate, dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate, di-trimethylolpropane tetraacrylate, tris(2-hydroxyethyl)isocyanurate triacrylate, glyceryl ethoxylate triacrylate, glyceryl propoxylate triacrylate, trimethylolpropane ethoxylate triacrylate, trimethylolpropane propoxylate triacrylate, acrylated epoxy soya oil, acrylated epoxy linseed oil, pentaerythritol ethoxylate tetraacrylate, pentaerythritol propoxylate tetraacrylate, dipentaerythritol ethoxylate pentaacrylate, dipentaerythritol propoxylate pentaacrylate, di-trimethylolpropane ethoxylate tetraacrylate, di-trimethylolpropane propoxylate tetraacrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the vinyl ether comprises at least one of ethyl vinyl ether, butyl vinyl ether, hydroxy butyl vinyl ether, cyclohexyl vinyl ether, 1,4-cyclohexane dimethanol monovinyl ether, 2-ethylhexyl vinyl ether, octyl vinyl ether, decyl vinyl ether, dodecyl vinyl ether, octadecyl vinyl ether, cyclohexane dimethanol monovinyl ether, phenyl vinyl ether, 1,4-butanediol divinyl ether, 1,6-hexanediol divinyl ether, 1,4-cyclohexane dimethanol divinyl ether, diethylene glycol divinyl ether, triethylene glycol divinyl ether, tetraethylene glycol divinyl ether, dipropylene glycol divinyl ether, tripropylene glycol divinyl ether, tetrapropylene glycol divinyl ether, the propenyl ether of propylene carbonate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the vinyl ester comprises at least one of vinyl propionate, vinyl acetate, vinyl 2-ethyl hexanoate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the vinyl silane comprises at least one of vinyltrimethoxy silane, vinyltriethoxysilane, vinylmethyldimethoxysilane, vinyl-tris-(2-methoxyethoxy) silane, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the allyl compound comprises at least one of allyl propoxylate, diallyl phthalate, tripropyleneglycol diallyl ether, pentaerythritol allyl ether, trimethylolpropane diallyl ether, trimethylolpropane monoallyl ether, triallyl cyanurate, triallyl isocyanurate, and hydroxy terminated ethyleneglycol bis[pentakis(glycidyl allyl ether)]ether, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the reactive monomer that comprises more than one type of reactive group comprises at least one of allyl cinnamate (allyl 3-phenylacrylate), allyl acrylate, ethoxylated allyl acrylate, propoxylated allyl acrylate, di(propyleneglycol) allyl ether acrylate, corresponding allyl alkyl (C1 to about C8) acrylates as previously defined to be included by the term “acrylates”, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises an oligomer. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a polymer. In certain embodiments, the oligomer comprises at least one of an aliphatic polyether urethane monoacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane monoacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane monoacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane monoacrylate, polyester monoacrylate, polyether monoacrylate, epoxy monoacrylate, acrylated acrylic monoacrylate, aliphatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane diacrylate, polyester diacrylate, polyether diacrylate, epoxy diacrylate, acrylated acrylic diacrylate, polyacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, polyester polyacrylate, polyether polyacrylate, epoxy polyacrylate, acrylated acrylic polyacrylate, or mixtures thereof. The term “polyacrylate” is used generally to include triacrylates, tetraacrylates, pentaacrylates, hexaacrylates, and higher functionality acrylates.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a photoinitiator. In certain embodiments, the photoinitiator comprises at least one of a free radical photoinitiator, a cationic photoinitiator, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the free radical photoinitiator comprises at least one of benzophenone, benzyldimethyl ketal, isopropylthioxanthone, bis(2,4,6-trimethybenzoyl) phenylphosphine oxide, bis(2,6-dimethoxybenzoyl)(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphine oxide, 2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-phenyl-1-propanone, diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethybenzoyl) phosphine oxides, 1-hydroxycyclohexyl phenyl ketone, 2-benzyl-2-(dimethylamino)-1-[4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-1-butanone, alpha,alpha-dimethoxy-(alpha-phenyl acetophenone, 2,2-diethoxyacetophenone, 2-methyl-1-[4-(methylthio)phenyl]-2-(4-morpholinyl)-1-propanone, 2-hydroxy-1-[4-(hydroxyethoxy)phenyl]-2-methyl-1-propanone, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a cationic photoinitiator. In some embodiments, the cationic photoinitiator comprises at least one of triarylsulfonium hexafluoroantimonate, triarylsulfonium hexafluorophosphate, diphenyl iodonium hexafluorophosphate, diphenyliodonium nitrate, triphenylsulfonium triflate, or mixtures thereof. In other embodiments, the cationic photoinitiator comprises at least one of diphenyl(4-phenylthio)phenylsulfonium hexafluoroantimonate, (thiodi-4,1-phenylene) bis(diphenylsulfonium) dihexafluoroantimonate, diphenyl(4-phenylthio)phenylsulfonium hexafluorophosphate, (thiodi-4,1-phenylene)bis(diphenylsulfonium) dihexafluoro phosphate, bis(p-tolyl)iodonium hexafluorophosphate, triarylsulfonium tetrakis [pentafluorophenyl] borate, (4-methylphenyl)[4-(2-methylpropyl)phenyl]-iodonium hexafluorophosphate, phenyl-p-octyloxyphenyl-iodonium hexafluorantimonate, diphenyliodonium perfluoro-1-butanesulfonate, 2-(4-methoxystyryl)-4,6-bis (trichloromethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, (4-phenoxyphenyl)diphenylsulfonium triflate, (4-phenylthiophenyl)diphenylsulfonium triflate, Tris(4-tert-butylphenyl)sulfonium triflate, methylbenzene reaction products with sulphur chloride hexafluorophosphate, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the cationic photoinitiator is optionally provided in a solution, such as, in one embodiment, a propylene carbonate solution.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of an epoxy monomer, oxetane monomer, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a cycloaliphatic epoxy, (3-ethyl-3-oxetanyl)methyl acrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of a dispersant, pigment, filler, flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, rheology modifier, stabilizer, antioxidant, adhesion promoter, corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a dispersant. In certain embodiments, the dispersant comprises a polymeric dispersant. In certain embodiments, the dispersant comprises a hyperdispersant.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of a pigment, filler, or mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of titanium dioxide, colloidal silica, hydrophilic silica, hydrophobic amorphous fumed silica, amorphous precipitated silica, magnesium silicate, calcium carbonate, calcium silicate, aluminum silicate, aluminum oxide, barium sulfate, wollastonite, nepheline syenite, mica, carbon black, polymer powders, glass spheres, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the form of the filler or pigment comprises at least one of a powder, particle, plate, flake, sphere, hollow sphere, block, needle, fiber, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the size scale of the filler comprises at least one of macroscale, microscale, nanoscale, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of a flow agent, leveling agent, wetting agent, surfactant, defoamer, or mixtures thereof. These may comprise at least one of a silicone, modified silicone, silicone acrylate, hydrocarbon solvent, fluorine-containing compound, non-silicone polymer or copolymer such as a copolyacrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of a stabilizer, an antioxidant, or mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of a hydroxyphenylbenzotriazole, hydroxyphenyltriazine, oxalanilide, hindered amine light stabilizers (HALS), and acetylated hindered amine light stabilizers, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of 2-(2′-hydroxy-5′-methyl phenyl)-benzotriazole, 2-(3′,5′-di-tert-butyl-2′-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole, 2-(2′-hydroxy-3′,5′-di-tert-amylphenyl)-benzotriazole, benzenepropanoic acid 3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy-C7-9-branched alkyl esters, 2-(3′,5′-bis(1-methyl-1-phenylethyl)-2′-hydroxyphenyl)benzotriazole, 2-[2-hydroxy-3-dimethyl benzylphenyl-5-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)]-2H-benzotriazole, poly(oxy-1,2-ethane diyl)alpha[3-][3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-1-oxopropyl]-omega-hydroxy and poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl)alpha-[3-][3-(2H-benzo triazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-1-oxopropyl]-omega-[3-][3-(2H-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-1-oxopropoxy]-, 2-[4-[2-hydroxy-3-tridecyloxypropyl]oxy]-2-hydroxyphenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-imethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine and 2-[4-[2-hydroxy-3-dodecyl oxypropyl]oxy]-2-hydroxyphenyl]-4,6-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)butylpropanedioate, bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl) sebacate, tetrakis[methylene(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-hydrocinnamate)] methane, thiodiethylene bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-hydrocinnamate), octadecyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyhydro-cinnamate, bis(1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate, methyl (1,2,2,6,6-pentamethyl-4-piperidinyl)sebacate, tris(2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl) phosphite, decanedioic acid bis(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl) ester reaction products with 1,1-dimethyl-ethylhydroperoxide and octane, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises an adhesion promoter. In certain embodiments, the adhesion promoter comprises an organic acid functional component. The term “organic acid-functional component” is used generally to include carbon based acid-functional components and derivatives thereof, and is intended to include carbon-containing components that additionally contain phosphorus based or sulfur based acidic groups. In certain embodiments, the organic acid functional component comprises at least one of an organic ester of phosphoric acid, an organic sulfonic acid, a sulfonium salt, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the organic acid functional component further comprises a reactive monomer functional group as defined above. In certain embodiments, the organic acid functional component comprises an acidic polymer.

In certain embodiments, the adhesion promoter comprises at least one of an acidic organophosphate acrylate, an acidic organophosphate alkyl (C1 to about C8) acrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a corrosion inhibitor. In certain embodiments, the corrosion inhibitor comprises a chromate-free corrosion inhibitor. In certain embodiments, the chromate-free corrosion inhibitor comprises at least one of zinc phosphate, zinc phosphate tetrahydrate, zinc phosphosilicate, basic zinc phosphate silicate hydrate, calcium phosphate, calcium borosilicate, calcium phosphosilicate, strontium phosphosilicate, strontium zinc phosphosilicate, organically modified calcium zinc strontium phosphosilicate, zinc aluminium orthophosphate hydrate, organically modified basic zinc orthophosphate hydrate, basic zinc molybdenum orthophosphate hydrate, zinc aluminium polyphosphate hydrate, strontium aluminium polyphosphate hydrate, calcium aluminium polyphosphate silicate hydrate, organic modified zinc aluminium molybdenum orthophosphate hydrate, zinc calcium strontium aluminium orthophosphate silicate hydrate, calcium modified silica, zinc-5-nitroisophthalate, zinc salt of phthalic acid, or mixtures thereof.

In other embodiments, the chromate-free corrosion inhibitor comprises at least one of a Wayncor® or Hybricor™ corrosion inhibitor, or mixtures thereof, available from WPC Technologies, Inc., Milwaukee, Wis. In certain embodiments, the chromate-free corrosion inhibitor comprises at least one of Wayncor® 199, Wayncor® 214, Wayncor® 215, Wayncor® 227, Hybricor™ 204, Hybricor™ 204s, Hybricor™ 206, Hybricor™ 294, Hybricor™ 2000, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of water, a hydroxyl-group containing organic compound, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the hydroxyl-group containing organic compound comprises at least one of a hydroxyl-group containing monomer, a hydroxyl-group containing oligomer, a hydroxyl-group containing polymer, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the hydroxyl-group containing organic compound comprises at least one of an epoxy oligomer, polyester oligomer, polyether oligomer, hydroxyl-terminated urethane oligomer, epoxy polymer, polyester polymer, polyether polymer, fluoroethylene/alkylvinylether copolymer, hydroxyl-terminated polyurethane, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises water for assistance in moisture curing, generally less than about 1 weight percent water. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises less than 0.5 weight percent water. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition comprises less than 0.1 weight percent water.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises at least one of an organic titanate, a zirconate, a complex, and/or a carboxylate of lead, cobalt, iron, nickel, zinc, tin, or mixtures thereof. In some embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises dibutyltin dilaurate.

In certain embodiments, the corrosion inhibitor comprises at least one of strontium chromate, zinc chromate, calcium chromate, or mixtures thereof, although the use of chromate materials can lead to health and environmental disadvantages.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition further comprises a solvent. In other embodiments, the dual curable composition is solvent-free.

A coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition comprising a compound represented by formula (I). In certain embodiments, a coating is provided, comprising the dual curable composition comprising a compound represented by formula (I). In other embodiments, a sealant is provided, comprising the dual curable composition comprising a compound represented by formula (I). In other embodiments, an, adhesive is provided, comprising the dual curable composition comprising a compound represented by formula (I). In other embodiments, a composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition comprising a compound represented by formula (I). Each of the coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin may comprise at least one additional component of a curable compound, as described above.

A two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin is provided, comprising Part A and Part B;

Part A comprising:

    • the dual curable composition comprising a compound represented by formula (I); and

Part B comprising at least one of:

    • a corrosion inhibitor,
    • an organic acid functional component,
    • or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, a two part coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin is provided;

Part A further comprising at least one of:

    • a photoinitiator, reactive monomer, defoamer, dispersant, pigment, stabilizer, or mixtures thereof; and

Part B further comprising at least one of:

    • a dispersant, reactive monomer, defoamer, oligomer, adhesion promoter, surfactant, flow agent, or mixtures thereof.

For purposes of illustration but not by way of limitation, representative examples of components for Part A and Part B have been previously listed. While not being bound by theory, enhanced stability of Part A comprising the dual curable composition may be provided by the segregation of organic acid functional components and certain corrosion inhibitor components into Part B of the coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin.

A method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting an acrylated component comprising at least two acrylate groups with an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, the acrylated component comprises at least one of a diacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane diacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane diacrylate, polyester diacrylate, polyether diacrylate, epoxy diacrylate, acrylated acrylic diacrylate, polyacrylate monomer, aliphatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aliphatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, aromatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, polyester polyacrylate, polyether polyacrylate, epoxy polyacrylate, acrylated acrylic polyacrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the acrylated component comprises an acrylate grafted polymer. In certain embodiments, the acrylated component comprises at least one of an acrylated polyolefin, acrylated polytetrafluoroethylene, acrylated polyester, acrylated polyamide, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the aminosilane comprises at least one of 3-amino propyltrimethoxysilane, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-amino propyltrimethoxysilane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl methyldimethoxy silane, N-beta-(aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyl trimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexylmethyldimethoxysilane, delta-aminoneohexyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

For purposes of illustration but not by way of limitation, in certain embodiments, the molar ratio of the acrylated component to the aminosilane (AC/AS) is in the range of about 1/0.5 to about 1/3. The calculated molecular weight of diacrylate monomer, polyacrylate monomer, and aminosilane based on the sum of the atomic weights of the component atoms of the molecules is used to determine the amount of moles in order to calculate this ratio, and the molecular weight of a repeating unit is used for diacrylate oligomers, polyacrylate oligomers, diacrylate polymers, and polyacrylate polymers. In certain embodiments, the (AC/AS) molar ratio is in the range of about 1/1 to about 1/2. In other embodiments, the (AC/AS) molar ratio is in the range of about 1/1 to about 1/1.5.

In certain embodiments, the method of preparing the dual curable composition further comprises:

contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, the method of preparing the dual curable composition further comprises:

reacting an epoxysilane with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group to form a second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.

In certain embodiments, the epoxysilane comprises at least one of 3-glycidoxy propyltrimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropylmethyl dimethoxysilane, 3-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl) ethyltrimethoxysilane, beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl triethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

For purposes of illustration but not by way of limitation, in certain embodiments, the molar ratio of the acrylated component to the aminosilane to the epoxysilane (AC/AS/ES) is in the range of about 1/0.5/0.5 to about 1/3/3. In certain embodiments, the (AC/AS/ES) molar ratio is in the range of about 1/1/1 to about 1/2/2. In other embodiments, the (AC/AS/ES) molar ratio is in the range of about 1/1/1 to about 1/1.5/1.5.

In certain embodiments, the method of preparing the dual curable composition method further comprises:

contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the second reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least two silane groups.

In certain embodiments, a method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting a hydroxyl-functional acrylated component comprising at least one hydroxyl group and one acrylate group with an isocyanatosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, the hydroxyl-functional acrylated component comprises at least one of a hydroxymonoacrylate, hydroxydiacrylate, hydroxypolyacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aliphatic polyether urethane monoacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aliphatic polyester urethane monoacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aromatic polyether urethane monoacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aromatic polyester urethane monoacrylate, hydroxyl-functional polyester monoacrylate, hydroxyl-functional polyether monoacrylate, hydroxyl-functional epoxy monoacrylate, hydroxyl-functional acrylated acrylic monoacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aliphatic polyether urethane diacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aliphatic polyester urethane diacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aromatic polyether urethane diacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aromatic polyester urethane diacrylate, hydroxyl-functional polyester diacrylate, hydroxyl-functional polyether diacrylate, hydroxyl-functional epoxy diacrylate, hydroxyl-functional acrylated acrylic diacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aliphatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aliphatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aromatic polyether urethane polyacrylate, hydroxyl-functional aromatic polyester urethane polyacrylate, hydroxyl-functional polyester polyacrylate, hydroxyl-functional polyether polyacrylate, hydroxyl-functional epoxy polyacrylate, hydroxyl-functional acrylated acrylic polyacrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the hydroxyl-functional acrylated component comprises an acrylate grafted polymer with hydroxyl functionality. In some embodiments, the hydroxyl-functional acrylated component comprises an acrylate grafted polymer with at least one hydroxyl functional end group.

For purposes of illustration but not by way of limitation, in certain embodiments the hydroxyl-functional acrylated component comprises at least one of hydroxyethyl acrylate, hydroxypropyl acrylate, hydroxybutyl acrylate, hydroxyethylcaprolactone acrylate, 2-hydroxy-3-phenoxypropyl acrylate, pentaerythritol triacrylate, dipentaerythritol pentaacrylate, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, the isocyanatosilane comprises at least one of 3-isocyanatopropyltrimethoxysilane, isocyanatopropyltriethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, a method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting an acrylated component comprising at least two acrylate groups with a mercaptosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, the mercaptosilane comprises at least one of 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane, mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, a method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting a component comprising at least two isocyanate groups with a hydroxyacrylate and an aminosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

The previously recited methods may further comprise contacting an additional component of a curable composition with the reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, the component comprising at least two isocyanate groups comprises at least one of a diisocyanate monomer, diisocyanate oligomer, diisocyanate-terminated pre-polymer, diisocyanate-terminated polymer, polyisocyanate monomer, polyisocyanate oligomer, polyisocyanate-terminated pre-polymer, polyisocyanate-terminated polymer, or mixtures thereof. In certain embodiments, the diisocyanate-containing components at least one of a polyurethane or polyurea oligomer, pre-polymer, polymer, or mixtures thereof. The term “polyisocyanate” is used generally to include components with more than two isocyanate groups, including triisocyanates and higher functionality isocyanates.

In certain embodiments, the component comprising at least two isocyanate groups comprises at least one of hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI), methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI), toluene diisocyanate (TDI), phenylene diisocyanate, naphthalene diisocyanate, diphenyl sulfone diisocyanate, ethylene diisocyanate, propylene diisocyanate, dimers of these diisocyanates, trimers of these diisocyanates, triphenylmethane triisocyanate, polyphenylmethane polyisocyanate (polymeric MDI), or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, a method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting a component comprising at least two isocyanate groups with a hydroxyacrylate and a mercaptosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, a method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting a hydroxyl-functional component comprising at least two hydroxyl groups with an isocyanatoacrylate and an isocyanatosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, a method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting an amine-functional component comprising at least two amine groups with an isocyanatoacrylate and an isocyanatosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, a method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting an amino-hydroxy-functional component comprising at least one amine group and one hydroxyl group with an isocyanatoacrylate and an isocyanatosilane to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In certain embodiments, a method of preparing the dual curable composition is provided, the method comprising:

reacting an aminosilane with an isocyanatoacrylate to form a reaction product comprising at least one acrylate group and at least one silane group.

In other embodiments, the dual curable composition is prepared from at least one silane and/or acrylate, and at least one monomer, oligomer, polymer, or mixtures thereof by any method known to those of skill in the art.

A method of coating a substrate is provided, comprising applying to the substrate the dual curable composition, and optionally exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the coating composition, wherein the radiation source is at least one of ultraviolet radiation or electron beam radiation.

For purposes of illustration but not by way of limitation, a method of coating a substrate is provided, wherein the applying to the substrate of the dual curable composition is at least one of spraying, brushing, rolling, squeegeeing, curtain coating, vacuum coating, spin coating, or any method of application known to those of skill in the art.

In certain embodiments, the method of coating a substrate comprises applying to the substrate the dual curable composition, and optionally exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the coating composition, wherein the radiation source is ultraviolet radiation.

In certain embodiments, ultraviolet (UV) radiation is provided by at least one of a mercury vapor lamp, doped mercury vapor lamp, pulsed xenon lamp, electroless lamp, LED lamps, sunlight, or a combination of sources. In some embodiments the UV radiation is provided by at least one of a microwave lamp H bulb, D bulb, Q bulb, or V bulb available from Heraeus Noblelight Fusion UV Inc, Gaithersburg, Md., used simultaneously or serially. In some embodiments, the UV radiation is provided by a handheld lamp suitable for field use.

Representative ultraviolet lamp systems are available from Heraeus Noblelight Fusion UV Inc., Gaithersburg, Md.; Nordson Corporation, Amherst, Ohio; American Ultraviolet®, Lebanon, Ind.; UV III Systems, Inc., Alburgh, Vt.; Jelight Company Inc., Irvine, Calif.; and H&S Autoshot, Niagara Falls, N.Y.

In certain embodiments, a method of coating a substrate with a two part coating comprising the dual curable composition is provided, comprising:

a) Providing Part A and Part B;

b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture;

c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally

d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture; wherein

    • Part A comprises

      • the dual curable composition; and
    • Part B comprises at least one of:

      • a corrosion inhibitor,
      • an organic acid functional component,
      • or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, a method of coating a substrate with a two part coating comprising the dual curable composition is provided, comprising:

a) Providing Part A and Part B;

b) Mixing Part A and Part B to form a mixture;

c) Applying the mixture to the substrate; and optionally

d) Exposing the coated substrate to a radiation source to cure the mixture; wherein

    • Part A further comprises at least one of

      • a photoinitiator, reactive monomer, defoamer, dispersant, pigment,
      • stabilizer, or mixtures thereof; and
    • Part B further comprising at least one of:

      • a dispersant, reactive monomer, defoamer, oligomer, adhesion
      • promoter, surfactant, flow agent, or mixtures thereof.

In certain embodiments, a method of coating a substrate is provided, comprising applying to the substrate the dual curable composition, and allowing the coating composition to moisture cure in the absence of a radiation source.

In certain embodiments, a method of coating a substrate with the dual curable composition is provided, wherein the substrate is selected from the group consisting of metal, concrete, stone, vinyl, wood, tile, ceramic, glass, plastic, paper, cardboard, asphalt, thermoplastic materials, thermoset materials, rubber, and composite materials.

In certain embodiments, a method of coating a substrate with the dual curable composition is provided, wherein the substrate comprises a metal. In certain embodiments, the metal comprises aluminum, aluminum alloy, steel, stainless steel, magnesium alloy, or titanium.

In certain embodiments, a method of coating a substrate with the dual curable composition is provided, wherein the substrate comprises an industrial or aerospace substrate.

In certain embodiments, a corrosion-resistant coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In certain embodiments, a corrosion-resistant coating is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In other embodiments, a corrosion-resistant sealant is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In certain embodiments, a corrosion-resistant adhesive is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In other embodiments, a corrosion-resistant composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition.

In some embodiments, a solvent-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In some embodiments, an isocyanate-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In some embodiments, a chromium-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition.

In certain embodiments, a solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In certain embodiments, a solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free coating is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In other embodiments, a solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free sealant is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In certain embodiments, a solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free adhesive is provided, comprising the dual curable composition. In other embodiments, a solvent-free, isocyanate-free, chromium-free composite resin is provided, comprising the dual curable composition.

In some embodiments, the dual curable composition is radiation-curable through the acrylate moiety for fast and efficient cure upon exposure to a radiation source which may comprise ultraviolet light. In some embodiments, the dual curable composition is capable of free radical addition polymerization through the double bond of the acrylate moiety.

In some embodiments, the dual curable composition is moisture curable through the silane moiety, activated by ambient moisture at ambient temperatures. While not being bound by theory, moisture cure may proceed through hydrolysis and condensation reactions of the organofunctional alkoxysilane moiety.

In some embodiments, the dual curable composition is radiation-cured with fast and efficient cure development of adhesion and hardness upon exposure to a radiation source. In some embodiments, cure development of adhesion and hardness continue through moisture cure after exposure to the radiation source is discontinued.

In some embodiments, the dual curable composition is cured under an ultraviolet light to a tack-free state with moderate hardness that permits a secondary operation such as sanding, before a higher degree of hardness develops through moisture cure for improved performance in extended use. The dual curable composition may be referred to as a hybrid material because it is curable by different reactions.

In some embodiments, the dual curable composition is cured using an ultraviolet light to a high degree of hardness that permits immediate masking of cured areas for subsequent operations, such as sanding and/or painting.

In some embodiments, tack-free cure of the dual curable composition is achieved in the absence of ultraviolet light. These embodiments are useful for the drying of the dual curable composition in shadow areas and for drying overspray from spraying operations.

In certain embodiments, the dual curable composition provides high performance properties throughout the bulk of at least one of a coating, sealant, adhesive, or composite resin. The high performance properties provided by the dual curable composition are suitable for industrial or aerospace applications.

In certain embodiments of the subject dual curable compositions, coatings, sealants, adhesives, composite resins, and methods, it may be desirable to omit certain compounds or components, in order to be free of such compounds or components as discussed below. In certain embodiments, being free of an additional component may result in savings with regard to the cost of the additional component and the time and logistics required for the addition of the component, and may also result in higher performance properties if the additional component would result in a dilution of properties.

In certain embodiments, it may be desirable to refrain from the use of a solvent. Dissolution in a solvent and evaporation of a solvent involve time and expense, and solvent evaporation may leave interstitial voids that can negatively impact properties. In certain embodiments, it may be desirable to omit colloidal silica in order to maintain certain appearance properties, to keep viscosity low, and to maintain homogeneity by preventing the possibility of agglomeration and crystallization of the colloidal silica.

In some embodiments, it may be desirable to omit the use of an acid which may alter the balance of functional groups, the balance of acidity and basicity, and overall stability, including stability of the silane groups since acidity accelerates hydrolysis. In certain embodiments, it may be desirable to omit the use of a curing catalyst which can introduce undesirable health considerations and can reduce stability.

In some embodiments, the silane of the dual curable composition is terminal. To avoid over-crosslinking that can result in diminished properties such as a loss of toughness and an increase in brittleness, in certain embodiments it may be desirable to omit the use of a bis silane, and in some embodiments it may be desirable to avoid internal chain segment silane structures. Internal silane structures may also have the disadvantage of lower reaction rates resulting from lower accessibility due to steric factors.

The following specific examples are provided to illustrate, but not limit, the dual curable composition, methods, coatings, sealants, adhesives and composite resins as discussed above.

Examples were prepared using acrylate monomers, CN2300 series hyperbranched polyester acrylates available from Sartomer Company, Exton, Pa., Ebecryl® oligomers available from Cytec Industries, Inc., Smyrna, Ga., Photomer® oligomers available from IGM Resins, Saint Charles, Ill., Desmolux® oligomers available from Bayer Corporation, Pittsburgh, Pa., aminosilanes, and epoxysilanes.

In a representative example, a dual curable composition was prepared by thorough mixing of an aminosilane and an acrylated component comprising at least two acrylate groups under dry desiccated air. The mixture was allowed to react at ambient temperature for at least 60 minutes to form a reaction product. In another representative example, the reaction product was thoroughly mixed with an epoxysilane under dry desiccated air, and allowed to react at ambient temperature for at least 60 minutes to form a second reaction product. The reaction products are dual curable compositions, and may be referred to as hybrid resins, and are designated in the examples by the acrylated starting material, the aminosilane, the epoxysilane, and the mole ratios used in their preparation. The dual curable compositions prepared are listed as Examples 1-117 in Tables 4-7 with hybrid resin (HR) designations for these and subsequent examples. In some examples, more than one hybrid resin is used, and for those examples the ratio of use is also reported.

In some of the specific examples, the dual curable composition further comprises an additional component of a curable composition. In some of the examples, the additional component is a photoinitiator. Other components are described below.

Two general UV cure protocols were used for examples. UV cure protocol 1 utilized a 300 W Fusion H bulb at a conveyor speed of 10 feet/minute. UV cure protocol 2 utilized 600 W Fusion V and H bulbs at a conveyor speed of 5 feet/minute. Testing was performed immediately after UV cure and at selected intervals following UV exposure.

Examples were applied at a 2 mil thickness and tested on A-36 aluminum panels available from Q-Lab, Cleveland, Ohio. Corrosion testing was performed for examples applied at a 2 mil thickness on 2024-T3 aluminum alloy panels treated with Alodine 1200S per MIL-C-5541 Type I Class 1A, available from Q-Lab, Cleveland, Ohio. Alodine® 1200S™ is a light metal conversion coating available from Henkel, Rocky Hill, Conn.


TABLE 1
Designation Of Aminosilanes For Examples
AS
Aminosilane
AS1
delta-aminoneohexyltrimethoxysilane
AS2
delta-aminoneohexylmethyldimethoxysilane


TABLE 2
Designation Of Epoxysilanes For Examples
ES
Epoxysilane
ES1
3-glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane
ES2
beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyltrimethoxysilane
ES3
beta-(3,4-epoxycyclohexyl)ethyl triethoxysilane
ES4
3-glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane
ES5
3-glycidoxypropyltriethoxysilane


TABLE 3
Designation Of Acrylated Components For Examples
AC
Acrylated Component
AC1
CN2300
AC2
CN2302
AC3
CN2303
AC4
Trimethylolpropane Triacrylate
AC5
Trimethylolpropane ethoxylate triacrylate
AC6
Trimethylolpropane propoxylate triacrylate
AC7
1,6-Hexanedioldiacrylate
AC8
Pentaerythritol ethoxylate tetraacrylate
AC9
Photomer ® 6008
AC10
Photomer ® 6184
AC11
Photomer ® 6210
AC12
Photomer ® 6892
AC13
Ebecryl ® 4883
AC14
Desmolux ® U 100
AC15
Desmolux ® 2513
AC16
Desmolux ® 2666


TABLE 4
Dual Curable Composition Preparation Examples 1-35
Example
HR
AC
AS
ES
AC/AS/ES
1
HR1
AC1
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
2
HR2
AC1
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
3
HR3
AC1
AS1
ES1
1:3:3
4
HR4
AC1
AS1
ES1
1:4:4
5
HR5
AC2
AS2
ES3
1:4:4
6
HR6
AC2
AS2
ES3
1:8:8
7
HR7
AC2
AS2
ES3
1:12:12
8
HR8
AC2
AS2
ES3
1:1:1
9
HR9
AC2
AS2
ES3
1:2:2
10
HR10
AC2
AS2
ES3
1:3:3
11
HR11
AC2
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
12
HR12
AC2
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
13
HR13
AC2
AS1
ES1
1:3:3
14
HR14
AC2
AS1
ES1
1:4:4
15
HR15
AC3
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
16
HR16
AC3
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
17
HR17
AC3
AS1
ES1
1:3:3
18
HR18
AC3
AS1
ES1
1:4:4
19
HR19
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:0.2:0.2
20
HR20
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:0.4:0.4
21
HR21
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:0.6:0.6
22
HR22
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:0.8:0.8
23
HR23
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
24
HR24
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:1.2:1.2
25
HR25
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:1.4:1.4
26
HR26
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:1.6:1.6
27
HR27
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:1.8:1.8
28
HR28
AC4
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
29
HR29
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:0.2:0.2
30
HR30
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:0.4:0.4
31
HR31
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:0.6:0.6
32
HR32
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:0.8:0.8
33
HR33
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
34
HR34
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:1.2:1.2
35
HR35
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:1.4:1.4


TABLE 5
Dual Curable Composition Preparation Examples 36-70
Example
HR
AC
AS
ES
AC/AS/ES
36
HR36
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:1.6:1.6
37
HR37
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:1.8:1.8
38
HR38
AC5
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
39
HR39
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:0.2:0.2
40
HR40
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:0.4:0.4
41
HR41
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:0.6:0.6
42
HR42
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:0.8:0.8
43
HR43
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
44
HR44
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:1.2:1.2
45
HR45
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:1.4:1.4
46
HR46
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:1.6:1.6
47
HR47
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:1.8:1.8
48
HR48
AC6
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
49
HR49
AC7
AS1
ES1
1:0.2:0.2
50
HR50
AC7
AS1
ES1
1:0.4:0.4
51
HR51
AC7
AS1
ES1
1:0.6:0.6
52
HR52
AC7
AS1
ES1
1:0.8:0.8
53
HR53
AC7
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
54
HR54
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:0.2:0.2
55
HR55
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:0.4:0.4
56
HR56
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:0.6:0.6
57
HR57
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:0.8:0.8
58
HR58
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
59
HR59
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:1.2:1.2
60
HR60
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:1.4:1.4
61
HR61
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:1.6:1.6
62
HR62
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:1.8:1.8
63
HR63
AC8
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
64
HR64
AC9
AS1
ES1
1:0.25:0.25
65
HR65
AC9
AS1
ES1
1:0.5:0.5
66
HR66
AC9
AS1
ES1
1:0.75:0.75
67
HR67
AC9
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
68
HR68
AC9
AS1
ES1
1:1.25:1.25
69
HR69
AC9
AS1
ES1
1:1.5:1.5
70
HR70
AC9
AS1
ES1
1:1.75:1.75


TABLE 6
Dual Curable Composition Preparation Examples 71-105
Example
HR
AC
AS
ES
AC/AS/ES
71
HR71
AC9
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
72
HR72
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:0.25:0.25
73
HR73
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:0.5:0.5
74
HR74
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:0.75:0.75
75
HR75
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
76
HR76
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:1.25:1.25
77
HR77
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:1.5:1.5
78
HR78
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:1.75:1.75
79
HR79
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
80
HR80
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:0.25:0.5
81
HR81
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:0.5:1
82
HR82
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:0.75:1.5
83
HR83
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:1:2
84
HR84
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:1.25:2.5
85
HR85
AC10
AS1
ES1
1:1.5:3
86
HR86
AC11
AS1
ES1
1:0.2:0.2
87
HR87
AC11
AS1
ES1
1:0.4:0.4
88
HR88
AC11
AS1
ES1
1:0.6:0.6
89
HR89
AC11
AS1
ES1
1:0.8:0.8
90
HR90
AC11
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
91
HR91
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:0.2:0.2
92
HR92
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:0.4:0.4
93
HR93
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:0.5:0.5
94
HR94
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:0.6:0.6
95
HR95
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:0.8:0.8
96
HR96
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
97
HR97
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:1.2:1.2
98
HR98
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:1.4:1.4
99
HR99
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:1.5:1.5
100
HR100
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:1.6:1.6
101
HR101
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:1.8:1.8
102
HR102
AC12
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
103
HR103
AC13
AS1
ES1
1:0.5:0.5
104
HR104
AC13
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
105
HR105
AC13
AS1
ES1
1:1.5:1.5


TABLE 7
Dual Curable Composition Preparation Examples 106-117
Example
HR
AC
AS
ES
AC/AS/ES
106
HR106
AC14
AS1
ES1
1:0.5:0.5
107
HR107
AC14
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
108
HR108
AC15
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
109
HR109
AC16
AS1
ES1
1:1:1
110
HR110
AC16
AS1
ES1
1:2:2
111
HR111
AC9
AS1
ES3
1:1:1
112
HR112
AC9
AS1
ES5
1:1:1
113
HR113
AC9
AS2
ES1
1:1:1
114
HR114
AC9
AS2
ES2
1:1:1
115
HR115
AC9
AS2
ES3
1:1:1
116
HR116
AC9
AS2
ES4
1:1:1
117
HR117
AC9
AS2
ES5
1:1:1

For Examples 120-128, dual curable compositions prepared in earlier examples were mixed with 5% benzophenone/1-hydroxy cyclohexyl phenyl ketone (1:1) photoinitiator, applied to aluminum panels, and subjected to UV cure protocol 1. Table 8 lists adhesion measurements at various time intervals. Measurements made immediately after UV exposure are referred to as “immediate” or “To” measurements. For Example 120, the behavior of a non-silylated acrylated compound is presented as a control to demonstrate the improved performance provided by the dual curable compositions. With the same amount of photoinitiator and UV exposure, the adhesion property of the “non-HR” compound is inferior.


TABLE 8
Adhesion Properties For Examples 120-128
Ex-
Im-
am-
me-
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
ple
HR
diate
Day
Days
Days
Days
Days
Days
Days
120
AC12
0B
0B
0B
0B
0B
0B
0B
0B
121
HR94
0B
0B
0B
2B
2B
5B
5B
5B
122
HR95
0B
0B
1B
3B
3B
5B
5B
5B
123
HR96
0B
0B
1B
3B
5B
5B
5B
5B
124
HR97
0B
0B
2B
3B
5B
5B
5B
5B
125
HR98
0B
1B
3B
4B
5B
5B
5B
5B
126
HR100
0B
1B
3B
4B
5B
5B
5B
5B
127
HR101
0B
1B
4B
4B
5B
5B
5B
5B
128
HR102
0B
1B
3B
4B
5B
5B
5B
5B

For Examples 129-134, a mixed photoinitiator system of benzophenone/1-hydroxy cyclohexyl phenyl ketone (1:1) and a 50% solution of triarylsulfonium hexafluorophosphate in propylene carbonate was added to the dual curable composition HR96 in equal amounts, applied to aluminum panels, and subjected to UV cure protocol 1. Total amounts of photoinitiator (PI) are listed in Table 9 which also lists adhesion measurements at various time intervals.


TABLE 9
Adhesion Properties For Examples 129-134
Example:
129
130
131
132
133
134
Time:
1% PI
2% PI
3% PI
4% PI
5% PI
10% PI
1
hr
0B
0B
0B
0B
0B
0B
2
hrs
2B
2B
0B
0B
0B
0B
3
hrs
2B
2B
0B
1B
1B
0B
4
hrs
3B
1B
1B
1B
1B
1B
5
hrs
2B
1B
1B
1B
1B
1B
6
hrs
2B
1B
1B
1B
1B
1B
7
hrs
2B
1B
2B
1B
1B
1B
8
hrs
2B
1B
1B
1B
2B
2B
16
hrs
3B
2B
3B
4B
3B
3B
24
hrs
3B
2B
2B
3B
3B
3B
28
hrs
3B
2B
2B
3B
3B
3B
32
hrs
4B
3B
3B
3B
3B
3B
42
hrs
5B
4B
4B
5B
5B
5B
58
hrs
5B
5B
5B
5B
5B
5B

Examples 135-142 were mixed according to Formulation 1, applied to aluminum panels, and subjected to UV cure protocol 2. Example 135 represents a control with a non-silylated acrylated compound. Adhesion results for the examples are shown in Table 10, and pencil hardness results for the same examples are shown in Table 11. Measurements made immediately after UV exposure are referred to as “immediate” or “To” measurements. Inferior adhesion properties of the non-silylated acrylated compound control demonstrate the improved performance provided by the dual curable compositions.

Formulation 1


Parts
Dual Curable Composition (Or Control
50.0
Acrylate)
Defoamer
0.5
Corrosion Inhibitor
29.0
Isobornyl Acrylate
8.5
Titanium Dioxide
1.9
Black Pigment
0.3
Synthetic Amorphous Silica
5.0
Photoinitiator
3.8
Triarylsulfonium Hexafluorophosphate
1
(50% in propylenecarbonate)
Total
100.0


TABLE 10
Adhesion Properties For Gray Coatings For Examples 135-142
Ex-
am-
1
2
3
24
ple
HR
T0
Hour
Hours
Hours
Hours
135
AC10
0B
0B
0B
0B
0B
136
HR73
5B
5B
5B
5B
5B
137
HR74
4B
5B
5B
5B
5B
138
HR75
4B
4B
5B
5B
5B
139
HR76
4B
5B
4B
5B
5B
140
HR77
5B
5B
4B
4B
5B
141
HR78
4B
5B
4B
5B
5B
142
HR79
5B
5B
5B
5B
5B


TABLE 11
Pencil Hardness Properties For Gray Coatings For Examples 135-142
Example
HR
1 Hour
2 Hours
3 Hours
24 Hours
135
AC10
6H
8H
9H
9H
136
HR73
6H
7H
7H
9H
137
HR74
H
7H
7H
9H
138
HR75
F
2H
4H
9H
139
HR76
2B
HB
H
7H
140
HR77
2B
2B
F
7H
141
HR78
6B
2B
HB
6H
142
HR79
<9B
7B
2B
6H

Examples 143-149 were mixed according to Formulation 2, with the percentage of dispersant and corrosion inhibitor increasing in a stepwise fashion and the percentages of monomers and oligomer decreasing accordingly across the series. Weight % corrosion inhibitor increased across the series from 0% to 30% in 5% increments. The concentration of dual curable composition remained the same throughout the series. Part A and Part B for each example were mixed together, applied to aluminum panels for physical property testing and to 2024-T3 aluminum alloy panels for salt fog testing, and subjected to UV cure protocol 2. Results for the examples are shown in Tables 12-15.

Formulation 2


Parts
Parts
Part A
Dual Curable Composition
39.15
39.15
Defoamer
0.15
0.15
Isobornyl Acrylate
1.70
1.70
Polymeric Dispersant
0.25
0.25
Titanium Dioxide
1.50
1.50
Black Pigment
0.25
0.25
Hydoxyphenyltriazine
2.00
2.00
Stabilizer
Photoinitiator
5.00
5.00
Part B
Hexanediol Propoxylate
8.00
to
2.00
Diacrylate
Isobornyl Acrylate
30.50
to
9.50
Urethane Acrylate
8.55
to
4.05
Dispersant
0.00
to
1.50
Defoamer
0.15
0.15
Corrosion Inhibitor
0.00
to
30.00
Substrate Wetting Additive
0.30
0.30
Adhesion Promoter
2.50
2.50
Total
100.00
100.00


TABLE 12
Adhesion Properties For Two Part Gray Coatings
For Examples 143-149
Example
HR
% Inhibitor
Immediate
24 Hours
7 Days
143
HR67
0.0
5B
5B
5B
144
HR67
5.0
5B
5B
5B
145
HR67
10.0
5B
5B
5B
146
HR67
15.0
5B
5B
5B
147
HR67
20.0
5B
5B
5B
148
HR67
25.0
5B
5B
5B
149
HR67
30.0
5B
5B
5B


TABLE 13
Hardness Properties For Two Part Gray Coatings
For Examples 143-149
Example
HR
% Inhibitor
Immediate
24 Hours
7 Days
143
HR67
0.0
9H
9H
9H
144
HR67
5.0
9H
9H
9H
145
HR67
10.0
9H
9H
9H
146
HR67
15.0
9H
9H
9H
147
HR67
20.0
9H
9H
9H
148
HR67
25.0
9H
9H
9H
149
HR67
30.0
9H
9H
9H


TABLE 14
Solvent Resistance Properties For Examples 143-149
MEK
Pencil
After 24 Hrs
Example
HR
% Inhibitor
Double Rubs
Hardness
Skydrol ®
143
HR67
0.0
>200
9H
9H
144
HR67
5.0
>200
9H
9H
145
HR67
10.0
>200
9H
9H
146
HR67
15.0
>200
9H
9H
147
HR67
20.0
>200
9H
9H
148
HR67
25.0
>200
9H
9H
149
HR67
30.0
>200
9H
9H


TABLE 15
Corrosion Resistance Properties For Examples 143-149
Ex-
am-
%
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
ple
HR
Inh
Hr
Hr
Hr
Hr
Hr
Hr
143
HR67
0.0
E
P
P
P
P
P
144
HR67
5.0
E
G
P
P
P
P
145
HR67
10.0
E
G
P
P
P
P
146
HR67
15.0
E
E
G
F
P
P
147
HR67
20.0
E
E
G
G
F
P
148
HR67
25.0
E
E
E
G
F
F
149
HR67
30.0
E
E
E
G
F
F

Examples 150-152 were mixed according to Formula 3. Results for the examples are shown in Tables 16-19.

Formulation 3


Parts
Part A
Dual Curable Composition Blend
39.15
Defoamer
0.15
Isobornyl Acrylate
1.75
Polymeric Dispersant
0.25
Titanium Dioxide
1.50
Black Pigment
0.20
Hydroxyphenyltriazine Stabilizer
2.00
Photoinitiator
5.00
Part B
Hexanediol Propoxylate
3.42
Diacrylate
Isobornyl Acrylate
12.90
Urethane Acrylate
4.48
Polymeric Dispersant
1.25
Defoamer
0.15
Corrosion Inhibitor
25.00
Substrate Wetting Additive
0.30
Adhesion Promoter
2.50
Total
100.00


TABLE 16
Adhesion Properties For Two Part Gray
Coatings For Examples 150-152
Ex-
%
Im-
am-
Inhib-
me-
24
7
ple
HR Blend
Ratio
itor
diate
Hours
Days
150
HR67:HR109
3:1
25.0
5B
5B
5B
151
HR67:HR110
1:1
25.0
4B
5B
5B
152
HR67:HR69
1:3
25.0
4B
5B
4B


TABLE 17
Hardness Properties For Two Part Gray
Coatings For Examples 150-152
Ex-
%
Im-
am-
Inhib-
me-
24
7
ple
HR Blend
Ratio
itor
diate
Hours
Days
150
HR67:HR109
3:1
25.0
2H
6H
6H
151
HR67:HR110
1:1
25.0
B
HB
6H
152
HR67:HR69
1:3
25.0
4H
4H
8H


TABLE 18
Solvent Resistance Properties For Examples 150-152
Ex-
%
MEK
Pencil
After
am-
Inhib-
Double
Hard-
24 Hrs
ple
HR Blend
Ratio
itor
Rubs
ness
Skydrol ®
150
HR67:HR109
3:1
25.0
>200
6H
6H
151
HR67:HR109
1:1
25.0
>200
6H
6H
153
HR67:HR69
1:3
25.0
>200
8H
8H


TABLE 19
Corrosion Resistance Properties For Examples 150-152
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
Ex
Blend
Ratio
Hr
Hr
Hr
Hr
Hr
Hr
150
HR67:HR109
3:1
E
E
E
E
E
F
151
HR67:HR110
1:1
E
E
E
E
E
E
152
HR67:HR69
1:3
E
E
E
E
E
E

Adhesion was evaluated using the standard paint adhesion test method ASTM D3359 Standard Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test. Using this crosshatch adhesion test method, a rating of 5B is given to the sample if the edges of the cuts are completely smooth and none of the squares of the lattice is detached, therefore 100% adhesion and 0% adhesion failure. A rating of 4B applies if small flakes of the coating are detached at intersections of cuts, and less than 5% of the area is affected, therefore 5% adhesion failure. A rating of 3B applies if small flakes of the coating are detached along edges and at intersections of cuts, and the adhesion failure area is 5 to 15% of the lattice. A rating of 2B applies if the coating has flaked along the edges and on parts of the squares, and the adhesion failure area is 15 to 35% of the lattice. A rating of 1B applies if the coating has flaked along the edges of cuts in large ribbons and whole squares have detached, and the adhesion failure area is 35 to 65% of the lattice. A rating of 0B applies if flaking and detachment is worse than Grade 1B, corresponding to adhesion failure area of greater than 65% of the lattice.

Pencil hardness was evaluated using ASTM Test Method D 3363, and was recorded as the hardest pencil that will not cut into or gouge the film. Solvent resistance was tested 7 days after UV exposure, and excellent solvent resistance for numerous cured examples was demonstrated by resistance to over 200 methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) double rubs, and by virtue of maintaining integrity and hardness after 24 hours of soaking in Skydrol® LD-4 hydraulic fluid available from Solutia, St. Louis, Mo.

Corrosion resistance testing in salt-fog up to 3000 hours was performed on scribed 2024-T3 aluminum alloy panels according to ASTM Test Method B-117, and rated according to the following parameters: A rating of excellent (E) corresponds to a panel with scribe lines that remain shiny or have only a small amount of darkening on a panel with no white salt or blisters or creepage of the scribe lines, a rating of good (G) corresponds to a panel with scribe lines that exhibit darkening of about 50% or more on a panel that is almost completely free from white salt or blisters or creepage of the scribe lines, a rating of fair (F) corresponds to a panel with a scribe lines that are dark on a panel that has several localized sites of white salt in the scribe lines and/or has a few blisters and/or exhibits some creepage of the scribe lines, and a rating of poor (P) corresponds to a panel with scribe lines that are completely darkened on a panel that has white salt filling the scribe lines and/or has many blisters and/or exhibits significant creepage of the scribe lines.

It will be understood that the embodiments described herein are merely exemplary, and that one skilled in the art may make variations and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the embodiments. All such variations and modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the embodiments as described hereinabove. Further, all embodiments disclosed are not necessarily in the alternative, as various embodiments may be combined to provide the desired result.

Read more
PatSnap Solutions

Great research starts with great data.

Use the most comprehensive innovation intelligence platform to maximise ROI on research.

Learn More

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Acryl functional silicone compounds DOW CORNING CORPORATION 06 January 1986 29 September 1987
光学材料用接着剤組成物 YOKOHAMA RUBBER CO LTD:THE 30 March 2004 13 October 2005
Dual cure compositions, related hybrid nanocomposite materials and dual cure process for producing same ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE (EPFL) 21 November 2011 19 September 2013
Dual curing conformal coatings RUTHERFORD CHEMICALS LLC 13 October 1992 17 May 1994
Flexible hardcoats and substrates coated therewith MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS, INC. 24 April 2008 29 October 2009
See full citation <>

More like this

Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Curable coating composition and packaging coated with the same PPG INDUSTRIES OHIO, INC. 26 May 2016 08 December 2016
Curable, dual cure, one part silicone composition MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS INC. 18 May 2017 23 November 2017
Chemical grafting onto a substrate and coating composition SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INTERCONNECT PRODUCTS, INC 23 November 2000 13 June 2001
Curable coating compositions using succinic acid BIOAMBER INC. 14 September 2016 23 March 2017
Radiation curable coating composition, low-refractive-index layer, and antireflective film LG CHEM, LTD. 11 August 2016 16 February 2017
Curable epoxy resin composition for white reflector molding, cured product of same, substrate for optical semiconductor element mounting, and optical semiconductor device CLUSTER TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. 05 January 2016 01 September 2016
Low temperature cure powder coating compositions ALLNEX NETHERLANDS B.V. 04 July 2017 11 January 2018
An intumescent coating composition PPG COATINGS EUROPE B.V. 22 April 2016 27 October 2016
See all similar patents <>

More Patents & Intellectual Property

PatSnap Solutions

PatSnap solutions are used by R&D teams, legal and IP professionals, those in business intelligence and strategic planning roles and by research staff at academic institutions globally.

PatSnap Solutions
Search & Analyze
The widest range of IP search tools makes getting the right answers and asking the right questions easier than ever. One click analysis extracts meaningful information on competitors and technology trends from IP data.
Business Intelligence
Gain powerful insights into future technology changes, market shifts and competitor strategies.
Workflow
Manage IP-related processes across multiple teams and departments with integrated collaboration and workflow tools.
Contact Sales
Clsoe
US10150835 Dual curable composition 1 US10150835 Dual curable composition 2 US10150835 Dual curable composition 3