Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

Method for constructing continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10151069

Application Number

US15/112354

Application Date

12 January 2015

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

KANGWON NATIONAL UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY COOPERATION FOUNDATION

Original Assignee (Applicant)

KANGWON NATIONAL UNIVERSITY UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY COOPERRATION FOUNDATION

International Classification

E01C11/18,E01C11/20,E01C19/22,C04B38/10,C04B18/14

Cooperative Classification

E01C11/18,C04B14/062,C04B14/106,C04B16/04,C04B18/08

Inventor

YUN, KYONG KU

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10151069 Method constructing continuously reinforced 1 US10151069 Method constructing continuously reinforced 2 US10151069 Method constructing continuously reinforced 3
See all images <>

Abstract

The present invention relates to a method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete by: positioning continuous reinforcement bars on a base layer where a concrete pavement is constructed; producing normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21-30 MPa from a batch plant and transporting same to a construction site; and shooting a normal strength concrete, which has been produced by mixing, with a mixing part, fly ash or fine slag powder or a low-grade mixed material produced by mixing the fly and the fine slag powder in a state in which fluidity has been increased by mixing in 20-40% of air bubbles with respect to volume, or shooting a high-performance concrete, which has been produced by mixing, with the mixing part, one or a mixture of two or more of silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymers, and a coloring material.

Read more

Claims

1. A method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, the method comprising:

positioning steel bars at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions on a base layer where a continuously reinforced concrete pavement is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement, wherein the steel bars are positioned between a slip form paver and a pump car, with the pump car being located at a front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at a different side of the base layer; producing a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa by mixing water, cement and aggregate at a predetermined ratio and transporting the normal concrete to a construction site via a concrete mixer truck, the concrete mixer truck including a mixing part; putting air bubbles by 20 to 33% volume amount of the normal concrete into the concrete mixer truck, and mixing the normal concrete with the air bubbles and a high-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material, and mixtures thereof by using the mixing part to form a high-performance concrete; then supplying the high-performance concrete from the concrete mixer truck to the pump car; then shooting the high-performance concrete from the pump car to the base layer, wherein the high-performance concrete is discharged to the base layer through a shooting guide member of the pump car, with the pump car being located at the front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at the different side of the base layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming a continuously reinforced concrete pavement in which the steel bars are embedded; and finishing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement to have a horizontal top surface by the slip form paver located at the different side of the base layer without vibrating the continuously reinforced concrete pavement.

2. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 1, wherein the high-grade mixed material is mixed by the content of 2 to 20 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.

3. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 1, wherein the coloring material is selected from the group consisting of iron oxide, carbon black, and mixtures thereof.

4. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 3, wherein the coloring material is mixed by the content of 1 to 8 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.

5. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 1, wherein the mixing part comprises:

a shaft configured to rotate by means of a power of a motor in a concrete mixer truck to which the normal concrete is put; and a mixing member formed at the shaft to have at least one stage in a radial direction to mix the normal concrete with the air bubbles and the high-grade mixed material while rotating in a rotation direction of the shaft.

6. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 1, wherein the slip form paver is configured not to include a vibrator for vibrating the continuously reinforced concrete pavement.

7. A method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, the method comprising:

positioning steel bars at regular intervals in continuously reinforced concrete pavement is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement, wherein the steel bars are positioned between a slip form paver and a pump car, with the pump car being located at a front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at a different side of the base layer; producing a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa by mixing water, cement and aggregate at a predetermined ratio and transporting the normal concrete to a construction site via a concrete mixer truck, the concrete mixer truck including a mixing part; putting air bubbles by 20% to 33% volume amount of the normal concrete into the concrete mixer truck, and mixing the normal concrete with the air bubbles and a low-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of fly ash, fine slag powder, and mixtures thereof by using the mixing part to form a normal strength concrete, then supplying the normal strength concrete is supplied from the concrete mixer truck to the pump car, then discharging and shooting the normal strength concrete from the pump car to the base layer through a shooting guide member of the pump car, with the pump car being located at the front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at the different side of the base layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the normal strength concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming a lower layer of a continuously reinforced concrete pavement in which the steel bars are embedded; putting air bubbles by 20% to 33% volume amount of the normal concrete into the concrete mixer truck, and mixing the normal concrete with the air bubbles and a high-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material, and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part to form a high-performance concrete, then supplying the high-performance concrete from the concrete mixer truck to the pump car, then discharging and shooting the high-performance concrete from the pump car to the base layer through the shooting guide member, with the pump car being located at the front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at the different side of the base layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming an upper layer of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement; and finishing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement to have a horizontal top surface by the slip form paver located at the different side of the base layer without vibrating the continuously reinforced concrete pavement.

8. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein the low-grade mixed material is mixed by the content of 3 to 30 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.

9. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein the upper layer is formed to have a smaller thickness than the lower layer.

10. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein the shooting guide member comprises:

a shooting guide body having a hollow formed therethrough so that the normal strength concrete and the high-performance concrete are introduced therein, compressed and discharged, the shooting guide body being formed so that a central portion thereof has a smaller diameter than an inlet and an outlet thereof at which each concrete is introduced and discharged; and an air supply hole formed through the shooting guide member to supply a high-pressure air of 5 atmospheres or above so as to reduce an air volume while dissipating air bubbles included in each concrete introduced into the shooting guide body.

11. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 10, wherein the air supply hole is formed with a slope in a radial direction at an outer circumference of the shooting guide body.

12. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein when positioning steel bars to be continuously connected for reinforcement, the steel bars are assembled by means of field assembly in a space between the slip form paver and the pump car or are manufactured at a factory, transported to a construction site and then connected at the construction site.

13. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein the high-grade mixed material is mixed by the content of 2 to 20 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.

14. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein the coloring material is selected from the group consisting of iron oxide, carbon black, and mixtures thereof.

15. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 14, wherein the coloring material is mixed by the content of 1 to 8 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.

16. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein the mixing part comprises:

a shaft configured to rotate by means of a power of a motor in a concrete mixer truck to which the normal concrete is put; and a mixing member formed at the shaft to have at least one stage in a radial direction to mix the normal concrete with the air bubbles and the low-grade or high grade mixed material while rotating in a rotation direction of the shaft.

17. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein the slip form paver is configured not to include a vibrator for vibrating the continuously reinforced concrete pavement.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, the method comprising:
    • positioning steel bars at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions on a base layer where a continuously reinforced concrete pavement is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement, wherein the steel bars are positioned between a slip form paver and a pump car, with the pump car being located at a front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at a different side of the base layer
    • producing a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa by mixing water, cement and aggregate at a predetermined ratio and transporting the normal concrete to a construction site via a concrete mixer truck, the concrete mixer truck including a mixing part
    • putting air bubbles by 20 to 33% volume amount of the normal concrete into the concrete mixer truck, and mixing the normal concrete with the air bubbles and a high-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material, and mixtures thereof by using the mixing part to form a high-performance concrete
    • then supplying the high-performance concrete from the concrete mixer truck to the pump car
    • then shooting the high-performance concrete from the pump car to the base layer, wherein the high-performance concrete is discharged to the base layer through a shooting guide member of the pump car, with the pump car being located at the front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at the different side of the base layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming a continuously reinforced concrete pavement in which the steel bars are embedded
    • and finishing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement to have a horizontal top surface by the slip form paver located at the different side of the base layer without vibrating the continuously reinforced concrete pavement.
    • 2. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 1, wherein
      • the high-grade mixed material is mixed by the content of 2 to 20 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.
    • 3. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 1, wherein
      • the coloring material is selected from the group consisting of
    • 5. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 1, wherein
      • the mixing part comprises:
    • 6. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 1, wherein
      • the slip form paver is configured not to include a vibrator for vibrating the continuously reinforced concrete pavement.
  • 7
    7. A method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, the method comprising:
    • positioning steel bars at regular intervals in continuously reinforced concrete pavement is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement, wherein the steel bars are positioned between a slip form paver and a pump car, with the pump car being located at a front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at a different side of the base layer
    • producing a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa by mixing water, cement and aggregate at a predetermined ratio and transporting the normal concrete to a construction site via a concrete mixer truck, the concrete mixer truck including a mixing part
    • putting air bubbles by 20% to 33% volume amount of the normal concrete into the concrete mixer truck, and mixing the normal concrete with the air bubbles and a low-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of fly ash, fine slag powder, and mixtures thereof by using the mixing part to form a normal strength concrete, then supplying the normal strength concrete is supplied from the concrete mixer truck to the pump car, then discharging and shooting the normal strength concrete from the pump car to the base layer through a shooting guide member of the pump car, with the pump car being located at the front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at the different side of the base layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the normal strength concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming a lower layer of a continuously reinforced concrete pavement in which the steel bars are embedded
    • putting air bubbles by 20% to 33% volume amount of the normal concrete into the concrete mixer truck, and mixing the normal concrete with the air bubbles and a high-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material, and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part to form a high-performance concrete, then supplying the high-performance concrete from the concrete mixer truck to the pump car, then discharging and shooting the high-performance concrete from the pump car to the base layer through the shooting guide member, with the pump car being located at the front side of the base layer and the slip form paver being located at the different side of the base layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming an upper layer of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement
    • and finishing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement to have a horizontal top surface by the slip form paver located at the different side of the base layer without vibrating the continuously reinforced concrete pavement.
    • 8. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein
      • the low-grade mixed material is mixed by the content of 3 to 30 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.
    • 9. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein
      • the upper layer is formed to have a smaller thickness than the lower layer.
    • 10. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein
      • the shooting guide member comprises:
    • 12. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein
      • when positioning steel bars to be continuously connected for reinforcement, the steel bars are assembled by means of field assembly in a space between the slip form paver and the pump car or are manufactured at a factory, transported to a construction site and then connected at the construction site.
    • 13. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein
      • the high-grade mixed material is mixed by the content of 2 to 20 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.
    • 14. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein
      • the coloring material is selected from the group consisting of
    • 16. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein
      • the mixing part comprises:
    • 17. The method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete of claim 7, wherein
      • the slip form paver is configured not to include a vibrator for vibrating the continuously reinforced concrete pavement.
See all independent claims <>

Description

This application claims the priority of Korean Patent Application Nos. 10-2014-0008784, filed on Jan. 24, 2014 in the KIPO (Korean Intellectual Property Office), the disclosure of which is incorporated herein entirely by reference. Further, this application is the National Stage application of International Application No. PCT/KR2015/000271, filed Jan. 12, 2015, which designates the United States and was published in Korean. Each of these applications is hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety into the present application.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present disclosure relates to a method for constructing a concrete pavement, and more particularly, to a method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, in which continuous reinforcement bars are positioned at a base layer where a concrete pavement is constructed, a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa is produced at a batcher plant and transported to a construction site, and then a normal strength concrete formed by mixing a low-grade mixed material selected from fly ash, fine slag powder and a mixture thereof by using a mixing part in a state where 20 to 40% of air bubbles in volume are put thereto to enhance fluidity or a high-performance concrete formed by mixing a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part in a state where air bubbles are put into the normal concrete to enhance fluidity is shot to construct a continuously reinforced concrete pavement, thereby ensuring high strength and high durability to facilitate easy maintenance and also allowing easy construction due to a lightweight slip form paver since it is not required for tamping the shot normal strength concrete or the shot high-performance concrete.

BACKGROUND ART

A concrete pavement is generally classified into a continuously reinforced concrete pavement and a plain joint concrete pavement depending on reinforcement of steel bars. In the continuously reinforced concrete pavement, the change of volume of concrete caused by temperature change or drying shrinkage is not artificially controlled using joints, but longitudinal steel bars are continuously positioned as much as about 0.7% to generate a tensile force when the volume of the concrete is likely to decrease, thereby causing cracks when a tensile stress exceeds a set tensile strength at any point.

In the continuously reinforced concrete pavement, since concrete should be placed after steel bars are positioned, when the concrete is placed, the concrete should be supplied at a side of a road to be constructed, which however is not easily applied to a domestic environment having a narrow work space.

In order to form the continuously reinforced concrete pavement, generally, a normal concrete with a slump of 40 mm or below is produced at a batcher plant and transported to a construction spot by means of a dump truck, and then the normal concrete is placed at once using a slip form paver. Since the slip form paver places concrete into a thickness of 250 to 300 mm as much as two or more lanes at once, the slip form paver is very heavy with a weight of 150 tons or more, and thus a lot of costs and time are required for installing the slip form paver.

The continuously reinforced concrete pavement generally uses a normal strength concrete, which however does not ensure long-term durability. The long-term durability may be ensured if a high-performance concrete is used for construction.

The high-performance concrete represents a concrete having high strength, high durability and high fluidity in comparison to a normal concrete where water, cement, aggregate or the like are mixed. The high strength means a strength of 35 MPa or above, the high durability demands freeze-thaw resistance of 90% or above, and the high fluidity means very excellent workability. Thus, the construction using the high-performance concrete ensures better durability in comparison to the construction using a normal strength concrete, thereby allowing inexpensive construction.

RELATED LITERATURES

Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1240294

Korean Patent Registration No. 10-1245828

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

Technical Problem

The present disclosure is designed to solve the above problems, and the present disclosure is directed to providing a method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, in which a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa is produced at a batcher plant and transported to a construction site, and then a normal strength concrete formed by mixing a low-grade mixed material selected from fly ash, fine slag powder and a mixture thereof by using a mixing part in a state where 20 to 40% of air bubbles in volume are put thereto to enhance fluidity or a high-performance concrete formed by mixing a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part in a state where air bubbles are put into the normal concrete to enhance fluidity is shot to construct a continuously reinforced concrete pavement on a base layer at which continuous reinforcement bars are positioned.

In addition, the present disclosure is directed to providing a method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, in which a lower layer of a continuously reinforced concrete pavement is formed with a normal strength concrete prepared by mixing a low-grade mixed material selected from fly ash, fine slag powder and a mixture thereof into a normal concrete containing air bubbles by using a mixing part, and an upper layer of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement is formed with a high-performance concrete prepared by mixing a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof into a normal concrete containing air bubbles by using a mixing part, thereby ensuring high strength and high durability and thus facilitating easy maintenance.

In addition, the present disclosure is directed to providing a method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, in which continuous reinforcement bars are positioned between a slip form paver and a pump car, which may be formed up to 50 m just before placing concrete, so that the concrete may be fully supplied to a base layer at which the continuous reinforcement bars are positioned when being placed, thereby allowing a construction work without regard to a working space.

Technical Solution

In one general aspect, the present disclosure provides a method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, comprising:

positioning steel bars at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions on a base layer where a continuously reinforced concrete pavement is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement;

producing a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa by mixing water, cement and aggregate at a predetermined ratio and transporting the normal concrete to a construction site;

mixing the normal concrete with air bubbles and a high-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material, and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part to form a high-performance concrete;

when the high-performance concrete is discharged to a shooting guide member, shooting the high-performance concrete to the base layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming a continuously reinforced concrete pavement in which the steel bars are embedded; and

finishing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement to have a horizontal top surface.

In another aspect, the present disclosure provides a method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete, comprising:

positioning steel bars at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions on a base layer where a continuously reinforced concrete pavement is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement;

producing a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa by mixing water, cement and aggregate at a predetermined ratio and transporting the normal concrete to a construction site;

mixing the normal concrete with air bubbles and a low-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of fly ash, fine slag powder, and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part to form a normal strength concrete, and when the normal strength concrete is discharged to a shooting guide member, shooting the normal strength concrete to the base layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the normal strength concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming a lower layer of a continuously reinforced concrete pavement in which the steel bars are embedded; and

mixing the normal concrete with air bubbles and a high-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material, and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part to form a high-performance concrete, and when the high-performance concrete is discharged to the shooting guide member, shooting the high-performance concrete to the lower layer, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming an upper layer of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement; and

finishing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement to have a horizontal top surface.

Advantageous Effects

According to the present disclosure, a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa is produced at a batcher plant and transported to a construction site, and then a normal strength concrete formed by mixing a low-grade mixed material selected from fly ash, fine slag powder and a mixture thereof by using a mixing part in a state where 20 to 40% of air bubbles in volume are put thereto to enhance fluidity or a high-performance concrete formed by mixing a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part in a state where air bubbles are put into the normal concrete to enhance fluidity is shot to construct a continuously reinforced concrete pavement on a base layer at which continuous reinforcement bars are positioned. Therefore, a construction time may be shortened.

In addition, according to the present disclosure, a lower layer of a continuously reinforced concrete pavement is formed with a normal strength concrete prepared by mixing a low-grade mixed material selected from fly ash, fine slag powder and a mixture thereof into a normal concrete containing air bubbles by using a mixing part, and an upper layer of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement is formed with a high-performance concrete prepared by mixing a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof into a normal concrete containing air bubbles by using a mixing part, thereby ensuring high strength and high durability and thus facilitating easy maintenance. In addition, in comparison to a case where the continuously reinforced concrete pavement is entirely constructed using a high-performance concrete, the present disclosure may reduce construction costs, thereby improving economic feasibility.

Moreover, according to the present disclosure, continuous reinforcement bars are positioned between a slip form paver and a pump car, which may be formed up to 50 m, just before placing concrete so that the concrete may be fully supplied to a base layer at which the continuous reinforcement bars are positioned when being placed, thereby allowing a construction work without regard to a working space and thus shortening working time with improved work efficiency. In addition, since a shotcrete method which does not require damping is applied to the continuously reinforced concrete pavement, a paving machine may be designed smaller or lighter to ensure easier transportation and installation, and also construction costs may be reduced.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a flowchart of the present disclosure.

FIGS. 2 and 3 are diagrams showing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement according to the present disclosure.

FIG. 4 is a diagram showing a normal concrete formed according to the present disclosure.

FIG. 5 is a diagram showing air bubbles according to the present disclosure.

FIGS. 6 and 7 are diagrams showing a mixing part according to the present disclosure.

FIG. 8 is a diagram for illustrating a process of discharging a concrete according to the present disclosure.

FIGS. 9 to 11 are diagrams for illustrating a process of shooting a concrete according to the present disclosure.

FIGS. 12 to 14 are photographs showing slumps of a normal concrete, a normal strength concrete and a shotcrete according to the present disclosure.

FIG. 15 is a diagram showing a coloring material mixed according to the present disclosure.

FIGS. 16 and 17 are diagrams showing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement constructed according to the present disclosure.


[Detailed Description of Main Elements]
10: batcher plant
20: reinforcing member
40: concrete mixer truck
50: pump car
60: mixing part
70: shooting guide member
80: slip form paver
100: base layer
200: continuously reinforced concrete pavement

MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION

Hereinafter, the present disclosure will be described in detail with reference to accompanying drawings. FIG. 1 is a flowchart of the present disclosure.

A method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete according to the present disclosure comprises:

positioning steel bars 200′ at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions on a base layer 100 where a continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement;

producing a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa by mixing water, cement and aggregate at a predetermined ratio and transporting the normal concrete to a construction site;

mixing the normal concrete with air bubbles and a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material, and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part 60 to form a high-performance concrete;

when the high-performance concrete is discharged to a shooting guide member 70, shooting the high-performance concrete to the base layer 100, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming a continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 in which the steel bars 200′ are embedded; and

finishing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 to have a horizontal top surface.

In addition, the method for constructing a continuously reinforced concrete pavement using foam shotcrete according to the present disclosure may comprise: positioning steel bars 200′ at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions on a base layer 100 where a continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement;

producing a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa by mixing water, cement and aggregate at a predetermined ratio and transporting the normal concrete to a construction site;

mixing the normal concrete with air bubbles and a low-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of fly ash, fine slag powder, and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part 60 to form a normal strength concrete, and when the normal strength concrete is discharged to a shooting guide member 70, shooting the normal strength concrete to the base layer 100, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the normal strength concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming a lower layer 210 of a continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 in which the steel bars 200′ are embedded;

mixing the normal concrete with air bubbles and a high-grade mixed material selected from the group consisting of silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material, and mixtures thereof by using a mixing part 60 to form a high-performance concrete, and when the high-performance concrete is discharged to the shooting guide member 70, shooting the high-performance concrete to the lower layer 210, while dissipating the air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete to reduce a slump thereof by blowing a high-pressure compressed air of 5 atmospheres or above, thereby forming an upper layer 220 of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200; and

finishing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 to have a horizontal top surface.

Next, a construction process of the present disclosure configured as above will be described.

First, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, steel bars 200′ are positioned at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions on a base layer 100 where a continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 is constructed, to be continuously connected for reinforcement. Here, the steel bars 200′ may be assembled by means of field assembly in a space between a slip form paver and a pump car 50 or may be manufactured at a factory to have a size allowing easy transportation and installation, transported to a construction site and then connected at the construction site.

In addition, the steel bars 200′ connected at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions may be positioned between the slip form paver and the pump car 50, which may be formed up to 60 m, just before a high-performance concrete or a normal strength concrete is placed, so that the concrete may be fully supplied at a front side of the base layer 100, thereby allowing a construction work without regard to a working space.

In addition, as shown in FIG. 4, in order to form a normal concrete having a compressive strength of 21 to 30 MPa and a slump of 60 to 80 mm, water, cement, and aggregate and so on respectively supplied from a batcher plant 10 are mixed and blended at a predetermined ratio and transported to a construction site by means of a concrete mixer truck 40.

Here, in order to ensure strength of a final shotcrete, a water-cement ratio is set to be 42% or below. Also, in order to form a robust bottom after placing a shotcrete, the slump may be not controlled using the water-cement ratio but adjusted using a water-reducing agent or an AE agent.

If the concrete mixer truck 40 is transported to a construction site, the normal concrete put into the concrete mixer truck 40 suffers from bad pumping due to an additional loss of slump during the transportation. Thus, as shown in FIG. 5, air bubbles generated by a foaming agent, a bubble forming agent or a bubble generator are put into the concrete mixer truck 40.

At this time, regarding the amount of air bubbles put into the concrete mixer truck 40, in order to put 30% of bubbles, based on the volume of the normal concrete, a bubble generator is operated for about 60 seconds per 1 m3 of normal concrete to generate and put 240 L of bubbles. However, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, 20 to 40% of bubbles are added to the normal concrete, based on the entire volume of concrete, is put and regularly mixed by means of a ball bearing effect of the air bubbles and a plurality of mixing members 62 rotatably mounted to a shaft 61 of the mixing part 60. Also, a low-grade mixed material selected from fly ash, fine slag powder and a mixture thereof is mixed with the normal concrete containing air bubbles by using the mixing part 60 to form a normal strength concrete, or a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof is mixed with the normal concrete containing air bubbles by using the mixing part 60 to form a high-performance concrete.

Here, the mixed material may enhance a pumping property of the normal concrete and improve high strength and high durability. At this time, the low-grade mixed material may be mixed by the content of 3 to 30 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete, and the high-grade mixed material may be mixed by the content of 2 to 20 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete.

As shown in FIG. 8, the high-performance concrete formed as above is supplied to the pump car 50 and discharged to the base layer 100 through a shooting guide member 70 detachably mounted to a conveying pipe 51. As shown in FIGS. 8 to 10, if the high-performance concrete is supplied to the shooting guide member 70, the high-performance concrete is supplied to a shooting guide body 71 configured to have a hollow formed therethrough and have a central portion with a smaller diameter than an inlet and an outlet thereof, and simultaneously the high-performance concrete is compressed to generate a pressure.

In addition, when the high-performance concrete is discharged via the center portion of the shooting guide body 71 to the outlet of the shooting guide body 71, which has a greater diameter than the center portion, a high-pressure air of 5 atmospheres or above is supplied to an air supply hole 72 formed with a slope in a radial direction at an outer circumference of the shooting guide body 71 and is swirled and shot to the outlet of the shooting guide body 71. At this time, as shown in FIG. 11, the compressed air and the high-performance concrete are spread in a spraying manner. When the compressed air and the high-performance concrete are spread in a spraying manner, the compressed air collides with the high-performance concrete to dissipate a large amount of air bubbles included in the high-performance concrete. Also, the dissipation of air bubbles decreases the slump, and thus the high-performance concrete is shot to the base layer 100 in a state of accommodating the steel bars 200′, thereby constructing the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200.

Here, if the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 is formed in a single layer, the pavement may be formed by shooting the high-performance concrete. However, if the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 is formed in two or more layers, a normal strength concrete prepared by mixing a low-grade mixed material with the normal concrete including air bubbles is shot to the base layer 100 by means of the shooting guide member 70 to accommodate steel bars 200′ continuously positioned in longitudinal and transverse directions, thereby forming a lower layer 210 of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200, and then a high-performance concrete prepared by mixing a high-grade mixed material with the normal concrete including air bubbles is shot to the lower layer 210 by means of the shooting guide member 70 to have a smaller thickness than the lower layer 210, thereby forming an upper layer 220 of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200. In this way, it is possible to reduce construction costs and thus enhance economic feasibility in comparison to the case where the entire continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 is formed using the high-performance concrete.

Table 1 shows experiment results in which air bubbles are put by an amount of 20%, 27% and 33% per unit volume into a normal concrete having a mixing strength of 27 MPa and a slump of 70 to 80 mm and then the normal concrete is shot at 9 atmospheres by using a compressor. As shown in FIGS. 12 to 14, if air bubbles are added by an amount of 20%, the slump which is 80 mm at the normal concrete is increased to 250 mm after the air bubbles are put, and is decreased to 90 mm after shooting. If air bubbles are added by an amount of 20%, 6.8 kg/m3 of water is added, but after final shooting, the slump is decreased since water molecules are partially dissipated into the air while the high-performance concrete is being shot. If air bubbles are put by an amount of 27% and 33%, since the unit amount added is great, after shooting, the final slump becomes greater than the slump of the normal concrete, but it may be found that the final air volume is consistent regardless of the air volume of the normal concrete or the air volume additionally put.

In addition, if the slump is increased by putting 20 to 33% of air bubbles in volume as described above, the normal concrete may be easily shot due to a good pumping property. Moreover, if only air bubbles are put and the normal concrete is shot, the final slump is 90 to 150 mm, which is too great, and thus when being shot to a slope target, the slip form paver is not useable since the concrete is too muddy. Therefore, a low-grade mixed material selected from fly ash, fine slag powder and a mixture thereof or a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof, which is inexpensive and gives viscosity when being put into concrete, is additionally put into the normal concrete including air bubbles in a powder form so that the normal concrete may be shot with a lower water-binder ratio, and then the final slump is decreased to form a firm bottom, which makes it possible to use the slip form paver.


TABLE 1
Change of slump and air volume of normal concrete
according to the amount of air bubbles put thereto
Amount of put air
bubbles
unit
Slump (mm)
Air volume (%)
amount
additional
after
after
of air
amount
normal
putting air
after
normal
putting air
after
bubbles
(kg/m3)
concrete
bubbles
shooting
concrete
bubbles
shooting
20%
6.8
80
250
90
7
20
6
27%
9.1
70
260
100
5
27
7
33%
18.1
70
275
150
5
33
7

In other words, the high-performance concrete prepared by putting a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof into the normal concrete including air bubbles by the content of 2 to 20 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete, is shot to the base layer 100 while colliding with a high-pressure compressed air, and thus the air bubbles of the high-performance concrete are dissipated to ensure properties of the high-performance concrete.

In addition, if the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 has two layers, the normal strength concrete prepared by putting a low-grade mixed material selected from fly ash, fine slag powder and a mixture thereof into the normal concrete including air bubbles by the content of 3 to 30 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete, is shot to the base layer 100 while colliding with a high-pressure compressed air, thereby forming the lower layer 210 which may ensure properties of the normal strength concrete by dissipating the air bubbles of the normal strength concrete. Also, the high-performance concrete prepared by putting a high-grade mixed material selected from silica fume, meta-kaolin, latex, polymer, coloring material and mixtures thereof into the normal concrete including air bubbles by the content of 2 to 20 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete, is shot to the lower layer 210 while colliding with a high-pressure compressed air, and thus the air bubbles of the high-performance concrete are dissipated to ensure properties of the high-performance concrete.

Here, if the high-grade mixed material is mixed lower than the above range, high strength and high durability are deteriorated, and if the high-grade mixed material is mixed higher than the above range, construction costs increase without enhancing high strength and high durability further, and the slump decreases to result in increased adhesion.

If the upper layer 220 is formed to have a smaller thickness than the lower layer 210, high strength and high durability may be ensured identical to a structure made by placing a high-performance concrete. Thus, in comparison to a case where the entire continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 is constructed using a high-performance concrete, construction costs may be reduced to ensure economic feasibility.

Table 2 shows experiment results in which air bubbles are put by the amount of 27% per unit volume into the normal concrete having a mixing strength of 27 MPa and a slump of 70 to 80 mm. The slump which is 70 mm at the normal concrete is increased to 260 mm after the air bubbles are put and decreased to 150 mm after silica fume powder is added by the content of 8%, based on cement. After shooting, the high-performance concrete has a zero slump. It may be found that the air volume which is 5% at the normal concrete is increased to 27% after the air bubbles are put, is decreased to 21% after the silica fume powder is added, and becomes 5% after shooting.

As described above, silica fume in a powder form is additionally added to the normal concrete having an increased slump by putting 27% of air bubbles in volume to form a high-performance concrete. By adding silica fume in a powder form, a water-binder ratio is decreased to form a high-performance concrete with good adhesion, and the high-performance concrete is shot to obtain the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200 and the upper layer 220 of the continuously reinforced concrete pavement 200.


TABLE 2
Results of putting air bubbles and silica fume and shooting
after
after
putting
putting
normal
27% of air
silica
silica
Item
concrete
bubbles
fume
shooting
slump (mm)
70
260
150
0
air volume (%)
5
27
21
5

Here, as shown in FIG. 15, iron oxide and carbon black of the coloring material is mixed with the high-grade mixed material by the content of 1 to 8 parts by weight, based on 100 parts by weight of cement of the normal concrete, because the coloring reaches a saturation point in the range of 5 to 8% and a coloring concentration rapidly increases in the range of 1 to 3% depending on the kind of pigment. Since the pigment has a particle diameter smaller than cement, the amount of concrete increases by mixing the pigment, and as a result the water-cement ratio increases, which generally deteriorate strength. However, up to the range of 5 to 6% of cement, substantially no influence is given to properties before and after the concrete is hardened. Thus, considering that a saturation point of coloring is 5 to 8%, it is not desirable to add the pigment over 8% in aspect of economic feasibility.

The normal strength concrete and the high-performance concrete should be shot to the base layer 100 or the lower layer 210 while drawing a circle. In this case, the concrete fully fills up not only base layer 100 but also regions below the steel bars 200′ positioned at regular intervals in longitudinal and transverse directions. Also, since the concrete is shot using a high-pressure compressed air, there is required no separate tamping. A slip form paver used as a general pavement device has tamping rods installed at intervals of 300 mm to perform vibration tamping with vibrations of 12,000 RPM, but this tamping function using vibrations in the concrete is a main factor of making the slip form paver heavy. Thus, since tamping is not required due to shorcreting, a pavement device such as the slip form paver may have a lightweight design.

Even though the concrete pavement is constructed by placing 100 m3 of concrete per unit time, a general shotcrete device may not be easily applied for constructing a concrete pavement due to insufficient concrete placing ability per unit time. However, if the concrete pump car is introduced so that a nozzle is attached to its end for shooting, sufficient placing ability for the concrete pavement is ensured, thereby improving construction ability.

In addition, as shown in FIGS. 16 and 17, if the above process is performed to form the concrete pavement 200 or the lower layer 210 and the upper layer 220 of a two-layered concrete pavement 200, a slip form paver having a lightweight design, which does not demand vibrations in the concrete, is used for finishing the pavement to keep horizontality.

In the present disclosure, the embodiment is just an example, and the present disclosure is not limited thereto. Any feature whose construction and effect are identical to those defined in the claims of the present disclosure should be regarded as falling within the scope of the present disclosure.

Read more
PatSnap Solutions

Great research starts with great data.

Use the most comprehensive innovation intelligence platform to maximise ROI on research.

Learn More

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Method of mixing and placing concrete BAILEY, JR., JENNINGS 21 December 1970 13 June 1972
알루미노 실리케이트계 경량 기포콘크리트 조성물 및 이를 이용한 경량 기포콘크리트 제품의 제조방법 주식회사 인트켐 02 August 2010 10 February 2012
Method of paving GODBERSON; HAROLD W.,GODBERSON; GARY L. 19 January 1976 14 February 1978
발명의 명칭 방수 칼라 콘크리트 조성물 및 이를 이용한 도로 포장 공법 (주)알피씨 26 June 2012 13 September 2013
Composite building material and system for creating structures from such building material SEQUOYAH EXO SYSTEMS, INC. 27 September 1995 08 September 1998
See full citation <>

More like this

Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
セメント混和材、セメント組成物及びそれを用いてなる高流動コンクリート 電気化学工業株式会社 30 August 2001 09 January 2013
Concrete vibrator machine CMI CORPORATION 19 October 1979 17 March 1981
Thin cement-mixed concrete tile and methods of manufacture BIGELOW, PETER 09 November 2016 18 May 2017
Non-invasive repair and retrofitting of hardened reinforced concrete structures SIKA TECHNOLOGY AG 09 February 2016 18 August 2016
Recycled asphalt concrete with minimized amount of flat and elongated particles, and manufacturing method therefor JUNGANG ASCON CO.,LTD 09 December 2015 09 September 2016
Concrete compositions and method for making same BRASSARD, DAVID M.,DILLINGHAM, DWAYNE 16 January 2015 21 July 2016
Method of fabricating concrete building blocks with low carbon footprint UNIVERSITI SAINS MALAYSIA 22 January 2016 22 December 2016
SBS latex for use in the modification of concrete DYNASOL ELASTÓMEROS, S.A. DE C.V. 19 December 2014 23 June 2016
Blast-furnace slag-based cementless binder with calcium chloride added UNIST(ULSAN NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY) 25 July 2016 19 October 2017
Steel-concrete composite structure THE UNIVERSITY OF WARWICK 29 February 2016 01 September 2016
Ultra-high performance fiber-reinforced concrete compositions BOARD OF REGENTS, THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS SYSTEM 05 October 2016 13 April 2017
Concrete composition containing atomized steelmaking slag and concrete blocks using the concrete composition ECOMAISTER CO LTD 20 May 2006 29 October 2008
一种无切缝水泥混凝土路面结构及其施工方法 清华大学,廊坊市交通公路工程有限公司 06 May 2013 04 September 2013
Low-density high strength concrete and related methods SEBASTOS TECHNOLOGIES, INC 09 September 2016 16 March 2017
Hydrated hardened body and method for manufacturing same JFE STEEL CORPORATION 18 May 2017 07 December 2017
발명의 명칭 컬러 몰탈 조성물 전북대학교산학협력단 09 January 2015 04 July 2016
Premix cement composition for early strength expression, and cold weather concrete composition containing same SUNGSHIN CEMENT CO., LTD 17 February 2016 27 October 2016
Calcium compound-containing high-early strength mixture for cement concrete and production method therefor AEZIS CO., LTD. 06 July 2017 25 January 2018
無収縮AEコンクリート組成物 株式会社竹中工務店,竹本油脂株式会社 23 May 2011 15 July 2015
Method of manufacturing resin concrete drain pipe using steelmaking slag balls YOOJUNGRESICON CO.,LTD 10 June 2016 15 December 2016
See all similar patents <>

More Patents & Intellectual Property

PatSnap Solutions

PatSnap solutions are used by R&D teams, legal and IP professionals, those in business intelligence and strategic planning roles and by research staff at academic institutions globally.

PatSnap Solutions
Search & Analyze
The widest range of IP search tools makes getting the right answers and asking the right questions easier than ever. One click analysis extracts meaningful information on competitors and technology trends from IP data.
Business Intelligence
Gain powerful insights into future technology changes, market shifts and competitor strategies.
Workflow
Manage IP-related processes across multiple teams and departments with integrated collaboration and workflow tools.
Contact Sales
Clsoe
US10151069 Method constructing continuously reinforced 1 US10151069 Method constructing continuously reinforced 2 US10151069 Method constructing continuously reinforced 3