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Patent Analysis of

Rotatable connection

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10151335

Application Number

US14/444936

Application Date

28 July 2014

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

MAGNA STEYR FAHRZEUGTECHNIK AG & CO KG

Original Assignee (Applicant)

MAGNA STEYR ENGINEERING AG & CO KG

International Classification

B23K11/11,B23K31/02,F16B5/08,F16C11/04,F16C11/02

Cooperative Classification

F16B5/08,B23K31/02,F16C11/04,F16C11/045,Y10T403/32951

Inventor

FANDL, ERWIN,MAYR, FRANZ

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10151335 Rotatable connection 1 US10151335 Rotatable connection 2 US10151335 Rotatable connection 3
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Abstract

A rotatable connection between a first component and a second component, the rotatable connection comprising: a first connecting piece composed of metal and which is to penetrate the first component over at least the entire thickness of the first component, in which at an end facing the second component, the first connecting piece is welded to the second component.

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Claims

1. A method for producing a rotatable connection, comprising:

integrating a bearing sleeve into a plate-shaped first component composed of a fibre reinforced plastic material, the bearing sleeve comprising a through bore defining a rotation axis transversely extending between opposing sides of the first component, the sleeve being interwoven into the first component during production of the first component such that a compaction of fibres of the fibre reinforced plastic material is produced in a region around the sleeve, the sleeve having shaped recess portions distributed over a periphery thereof in which fibres are compacted forming a positive material connection to increase resistance to twisting under load of the sleeve relative to the first component; arranging a cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece, defining a rotation axis and composed of metal, to coaxially and rotatably extend through the integrated sleeve and the first component; and connecting the connecting piece to a plate-shaped second component, composed of metal, disposed parallel to the first component, the second component being connected to the connecting piece by spot welding the connecting piece to an inner face of the second component at an exterior exposed surface of the second component opposite the first component such that the second component is rotatable about the rotation axis of the bearing sleeve.

2. A method for producing a rotatable connection, comprising:

integrating a bearing sleeve into a plate-shaped first component composed of a fibre reinforced plastic material, the bearing sleeve comprising a through bore defining a rotation axis transversely extending between opposing sides of the first component, the sleeve being interwoven into the first component during production of the first component such that a compaction of fibres of the fibre reinforced plastic material is produced in a region around the sleeve, the sleeve having recesses distributed over a periphery thereof in which fibres are compacted forming a positive material connection to increase resistance to twisting under load of the sleeve relative to the first component; arranging a cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece, defining a rotation axis and composed of metal, to coaxially and rotatably extend through the integrated sleeve and the first component; and connecting the connecting piece to a plate-shaped second component, composed of metal, disposed parallel to the first component, the second component being connected to the connecting piece by spot welding the connecting piece to an inner face of the second component at an exterior exposed surface of the second component opposite the first component such that the second component is rotatable about the rotation axis of the bearing sleeve.

3. A rotatable connection, comprising:

a plate-shaped first component, composed of a fibre reinforced plastic material, having integrated therein a bearing sleeve, the bearing sleeve comprising a through bore defining a rotation axis transversely extending between opposing sides of the first component, the sleeve being interwoven into the first component such that a compaction of fibres of the fibre reinforced plastic material is produced in a region around the sleeve, the sleeve having shaped recess portions distributed over a periphery thereof in which fibres are compacted forming a positive material connection to increase resistance to twisting under load of the sleeve relative to the first component; a cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece, defining a rotation axis and composed of metal, coaxially and rotatably arranged in the integrated sleeve, to extend through the first component; and a plate-shaped second component, composed of metal, disposed parallel to the first component, the second component being connected to the connecting piece by spot welding the connecting piece to an inner face of the second component at an exterior exposed surface of the second component opposite the first component such that the second component is rotatable about the rotation axis of the bearing sleeve.

4. The rotatable connection of 3, wherein the connecting piece comprises a pin-shaped configuration having a head.

5. The rotatable connection of 3, wherein the connecting piece has a cylindrical configuration, and at one end thereof is welded to the second component, and at an opposing end thereof is welded to a third component disposed parallel to the first and second components.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A method for producing a rotatable connection, comprising:
    • integrating a bearing sleeve into a plate-shaped first component composed of a fibre reinforced plastic material, the bearing sleeve comprising a through bore defining a rotation axis transversely extending between opposing sides of the first component, the sleeve being interwoven into the first component during production of the first component such that a compaction of fibres of the fibre reinforced plastic material is produced in a region around the sleeve, the sleeve having shaped recess portions distributed over a periphery thereof in which fibres are compacted forming a positive material connection to increase resistance to twisting under load of the sleeve relative to the first component
    • arranging a cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece, defining a rotation axis and composed of metal, to coaxially and rotatably extend through the integrated sleeve and the first component
    • and connecting the connecting piece to a plate-shaped second component, composed of metal, disposed parallel to the first component, the second component being connected to the connecting piece by spot welding the connecting piece to an inner face of the second component at an exterior exposed surface of the second component opposite the first component such that the second component is rotatable about the rotation axis of the bearing sleeve.
  • 2
    2. A method for producing a rotatable connection, comprising:
    • integrating a bearing sleeve into a plate-shaped first component composed of a fibre reinforced plastic material, the bearing sleeve comprising a through bore defining a rotation axis transversely extending between opposing sides of the first component, the sleeve being interwoven into the first component during production of the first component such that a compaction of fibres of the fibre reinforced plastic material is produced in a region around the sleeve, the sleeve having recesses distributed over a periphery thereof in which fibres are compacted forming a positive material connection to increase resistance to twisting under load of the sleeve relative to the first component
    • arranging a cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece, defining a rotation axis and composed of metal, to coaxially and rotatably extend through the integrated sleeve and the first component
    • and connecting the connecting piece to a plate-shaped second component, composed of metal, disposed parallel to the first component, the second component being connected to the connecting piece by spot welding the connecting piece to an inner face of the second component at an exterior exposed surface of the second component opposite the first component such that the second component is rotatable about the rotation axis of the bearing sleeve.
  • 3
    3. A rotatable connection, comprising:
    • a plate-shaped first component, composed of a fibre reinforced plastic material, having integrated therein a bearing sleeve, the bearing sleeve comprising a through bore defining a rotation axis transversely extending between opposing sides of the first component, the sleeve being interwoven into the first component such that a compaction of fibres of the fibre reinforced plastic material is produced in a region around the sleeve, the sleeve having shaped recess portions distributed over a periphery thereof in which fibres are compacted forming a positive material connection to increase resistance to twisting under load of the sleeve relative to the first component
    • a cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece, defining a rotation axis and composed of metal, coaxially and rotatably arranged in the integrated sleeve, to extend through the first component
    • and a plate-shaped second component, composed of metal, disposed parallel to the first component, the second component being connected to the connecting piece by spot welding the connecting piece to an inner face of the second component at an exterior exposed surface of the second component opposite the first component such that the second component is rotatable about the rotation axis of the bearing sleeve.
  • 4
    4. The rotatable connection of 3, wherein
    • the connecting piece comprises
  • 5
    5. The rotatable connection of 3, wherein
    • the connecting piece has a cylindrical configuration, and at one end thereof is welded to the second component, and at an opposing end thereof is welded to a third component disposed parallel to the first and second components.
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Description

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

The present application claims priority 35 U.S.C. § 119 to European Patent Publication No. EP 13178344.1 (filed on Jul. 29, 2013), which is hereby incorporated by reference in its entirety.

TECHNICAL FIELD

Embodiments relate to a rotatable connection between a first component and a second component, in particular between two plates or shaped parts. The first component is thus rotatable relative to the second component.

Embodiments relate to a rotatable connection comprising a first connecting piece made of metal, wherein the first connecting piece penetrates a first component over at least the entire thickness of the first component.

Embodiments further relate to a method for producing such a rotatable connection.

BACKGROUND

Rotatable connections between two components are used in very different fields such as, for example in the automotive industry. Such rotatable connections may be of particular use for producing folding top linkages for convertibles but also, for example, for linkages of foldable wheelchairs or garden shears. Generally, such connections are produced by screwing or riveting the components together.

The rapid manufacture of such rotatable connections by a reliable process is not always possible, depending on the materials used. Producing the connection may lead to damage of the components. In particular, when the components to be connected is composed of different materials, this may also result in corrosion between the materials.

SUMMARY

In accordance with embodiments, a rotatable connection between a first component and a second component may be produced easily and by a reliable process. Such a connection damages the components as little as possible both during production and during use.

In accordance with embodiments, a method for producing such a rotatable connection in a simple manner is provided.

In accordance with embodiments, a rotatable connection between a first component and a second component may comprise at least one of the following: a first connecting piece composed of metal, wherein the first connecting piece is to penetrate the first component over at least the entire thickness of the first component, and the first connecting piece is welded to the second component at an end thereof which faces the second component, or to a second connecting piece made of metal that penetrates the second component.

Thus, in accordance with embodiments the metal connecting piece is not fastened in a complicated manner on the side of the second component by a screw nut or a further connecting part, and also does not have to penetrate the second component. The connecting piece is either directly welded to the second component which may, for example, be a metal plate or a metal shaped part, in particular on the surface of the second component facing the first component. Alternatively, when the second component is composed of a plastic material or fibre composite, the connecting piece is welded to a second metal connecting piece which is incorporated into the second component. In particular, in this case the second connecting piece, if present, is also able to penetrate the second component over its entire thickness.

In accordance with embodiments, the first component is a plate or a shaped part and/or the second component is a plate or shaped part. “Plate” or “shaped part” are to be understood not only as planar parts and/or parts extending substantially in one plane, but also as structural components and/or shaped parts, such as, for example, pressed parts, forged parts and drawn parts or profiled rods or sheet metal shapes or tubes locally crimped or cast shapes and the like.

In accordance with embodiments, the first connecting piece and/or, if present, the second connecting piece, may be configured to be cylindrical, pin-shaped or as a pin with a head. Shapes without a head are particularly suitable for connecting three components, where the first component is welded, on the one hand, to a second component and at the other end of the connecting piece to a third component or, for example, a disc so that the first component is rotatable, in particular, relative to the second and third components. Shapes of the connecting piece comprising a head are in turn particularly suitable for welding on only one side of the connecting piece, wherein the head on the opposing side of the first component is able to bear thereagainst and is able to secure the first component at this end against axial displacement.

In accordance with embodiments, the first component may be composed of a plastic material or fibre composite and may be, in particular, a plastic plate or fibre composite plate.

In accordance with embodiments, the second component is composed of a plastic material, or fibre composite, or metal material, and may be, in particular, a plastic plate, or a fibre composite plate, or a metal plate, for example made of steel, in particular a metal sheet.

In accordance with embodiments, such a rotatable connection may be produced between two plastic or fibre composite plates, but a connection may also be produced between different materials, namely in particular between plastics and/or fibre composite on one side and metal on the other side.

In accordance with embodiments, the welding is carried out by spot welding or even by welding by way of a reactive film.

In accordance with embodiments, the first connecting piece is arranged in a first sleeve and/or the second connecting piece is arranged in a second sleeve or the first connecting piece and the second connecting piece are arranged together in the first sleeve. The sleeve may act as a plain bearing sleeve and may be composed of a material with a low coefficient of friction relative to steel, in particular of brass, polyether ether ketone (PEEK) or ceramics.

In accordance with embodiments, the first sleeve is connected to the first component by a material connection and/or positive connection and/or the second sleeve is connected to the second component by a material connection and/or positive connection. Thus, the first connecting piece may, for example, be rotatably mounted in the first sleeve which in turn is connected fixedly to the first component.

In accordance with embodiments, the first sleeve and/or the second sleeve has shaped portions, in particular recesses, distributed over a periphery thereof. As a result, by way of the positive connection, the resistance to twisting under load of the sleeve relative to the component may be increased.

In accordance with embodiments, in addition to the first component, further components, in particular further plates or shaped parts, may be arranged on the first connecting piece so that over at least the entire thickness of the first component and the further components the first connecting piece penetrates said components, so that the first component and the further components and the second component are rotatable relative to one another. The further components act, therefore, as further first components, wherein all first components are rotatably mounted on the first connecting piece. Accordingly, in this case, the first connecting piece may be welded at both ends to a metal sheet.

In accordance with embodiments, the first connecting piece is designed to be cylindrical or pin-shaped and at one end is welded to the second component and at the opposing end is welded to a third component, in particular at one or at both ends to a metal sheet.

In accordance with embodiments, the first connecting piece is designed as a pin with a head and, at the end at which the connecting piece does not have a head, is welded to a metal sheet.

In accordance with embodiments, the first connecting piece is designed as a pin with a head and, at the end at which the first connecting piece has no head, is welded to a second connecting piece which is designed as a pin with a head, at the end thereof which has no head. The respective ends without a head of two connecting pieces are in this case welded together and the heads thereof axially secure two components which are rotatable relative to one another. In this case, the second connecting piece may penetrate the entire second component.

In accordance with embodiments, a method for producing a rotatable connection may comprise at least one of the following: placing a first connecting piece being through a first component and then welding the first connecting piece at its end facing the second component to a second component or to a second connecting piece made of metal penetrating the second component.

In accordance with embodiments, the welding takes place by spot welding or by welding by way of a reactive film.

In accordance with embodiments, initially a first sleeve is connected to the first component by a material connection and/or positive connection. The sleeve may, for example, be pressed into the first component or during production of the first component already integrated therein, in particular by being interwoven into the first component. The first connecting piece is subsequently placed through the first component by the first connecting piece being arranged in the first sleeve, i.e., guided through the sleeve. Subsequently, the connecting piece is welded again.

DRAWINGS

Embodiments will be illustrated by way of example in the drawings and explained in the description below.

FIG. 1a illustrates a side view of a rotatable connection between a first component and a second component, in accordance with embodiments.

FIG. 1b illustrates a sectional view along A-A of FIG. 1a of a rotatable connection between a first component and a second component, in accordance with embodiments

FIG. 2 illustrates a side view of a rotatable connection between a first component and a second component, in accordance with embodiments.

FIG. 3 illustrates a side view of a rotatable connection between a first component and a second component, in accordance with embodiments.

FIG. 4 illustrates a side view of a rotatable connection between a first component and a second component, in accordance with embodiments.

DESCRIPTION

As illustrated in FIGS. 1a and 1b, a rotatable connection in accordance with the invention between a first component 10 composed of plastics or fibre composite, and a second component 11 formed by a metal sheet is provided. The connection comprises a first cylindrical or pin-shaped connecting piece 1 made of metal, in which the first connecting piece 1 penetrates the first component 10 over the entire thickness of the first component 10. The first connecting piece 1 is welded at its end facing the second component 11 to the second component 11 in the welding zone 21 on the surface of the second component 11 by spot welding. The first connecting piece 1 is also welded at its end remote from the second component 11 to a third component 12, for example, a plate or a shaped part, also in a welding zone 21. The connecting piece 1 is arranged in a first sleeve 30 which is connected fixedly in terms of rotation to the first component 10 and acts as a plain bearing sleeve. The first sleeve 30 is designed to be slightly shorter in length than the connecting piece 1 in order to prevent jamming of the connected components.

As illustrated in FIG. 1b, the first sleeve 30 has recesses 32 on its external diameter in order to ensure security against twisting relative to the first component 10.

As illustrated in FIG. 2, the first component 10 is rotatably connected to a second component 11 on only one side. The first connecting piece 1 is designed as a pin with a head and is welded at the end at which the connecting piece 1 has no head, in the welding zone 21, to a metal sheet of the second component 11. The connecting piece 1 in this embodiment is also mounted in a first sleeve 30. In contrast thereto, the embodiment in accordance with FIG. 4 which may be used with materials which are less critical in terms of corrosion and wear, and which in other respects is the same embodiment as in FIG. 2, has no sleeve 30, wherein preferably the opening in the first component 10 provided for receiving the connecting piece 1 is already produced during the production process of the first component 10 in order to obtain a high degree of strength in this region, such as for example by compaction 14 of the fibres. Particularly, however, a first sleeve 30, as illustrated in FIG. 2, is interwoven into the first component 10 which is designed as a fibre composite plate, wherein a compaction 14 of the fibres is produced in the region around the first sleeve 30, by which the strength is increased in the surroundings of the joint.

As illustrated in FIG. 3, the first connecting piece 1 is designed as a pin with a head and, at the end at which the first connecting piece 1 has no head, is welded to a second connecting piece 2 designed as pin with a head, and namely at the end of the second connecting piece 2 which also has no head. The welding in the welding zone 22 takes place by way of a reactive film. The first connecting piece 1 is mounted via a first sleeve 30 in the first component 10 and the second connecting piece 2 is mounted via a second sleeve 31 in the second component 11. The first and second components 10, 11 are in this case designed as plastics or fibre composite plates and are rotatable relative to one another. In a further embodiment, the second sleeve 31 may also be dispensed with and thus the first sleeve 30 designed to be longer, so that it passes through the first and second components 10, 11. Also in this case, the first and/or the second sleeve 30, 31 may be designed to be slightly shorter than the connecting pieces 1, 2 in order to prevent jamming of the connected components.

The term “coupled” or “connected” may be used herein to refer to any type of relationship, direct or indirect, between the components in question, and may apply to electrical, mechanical, fluid, optical, electromagnetic, electromechanical or other connections. In addition, the terms “first,”“second,” etc. are used herein only to facilitate discussion, and carry no particular temporal or chronological significance unless otherwise indicated.

Those skilled in the art will appreciate from the foregoing description that the broad techniques of the embodiments may be implemented in a variety of forms. Therefore, while the embodiments have been described in connection with particular examples thereof, the true scope of the embodiments should not be so limited since other modifications will become apparent to the skilled practitioner upon a study of the drawings, specification, and following claims.

LIST OF REFERENCE SIGNS

1 First connecting piece

2 Second connecting piece

10 First component

11 Second component

12 Third component

14 Compaction

21 Welding zone

22 Welding zone

30 First sleeve

31 Second sleeve

32 Recess

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Linkage mechanism between structural members ABB AIR PREHEATER, INC. 30 May 1995 22 July 1997
A method for resistance electric spot welding of a first sheet of non weldable material to a second sheet of weldable metal material GARNERO, PIERINO,MARCHETTO, VINICIO 23 October 1998 29 December 1999
Elastisches Gelenk LEON THIRY 31 March 1953 17 July 1958
Freestanding reactive multilayer foils JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY 01 May 2001 18 May 2004
Schweißverbindung zur Befestigung eines Kunststoffteiles an einem Metallteil und Verfahren zur Herstellung der Schweißverbindung ALFRED TEVES GMBH 20 March 1982 22 September 1983
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US10151335 Rotatable connection 1 US10151335 Rotatable connection 2 US10151335 Rotatable connection 3