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Patent Analysis of

Modular hydraulics

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10151543

Application Number

US15/380088

Application Date

15 December 2016

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

CATERPILLAR INC.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

CATERPILLAR INC.

International Classification

F28F5/00,B60K25/06,B60K17/28,E02F9/20,F02B37/00

Cooperative Classification

F28F5/00,B60K25/06,E02F3/7604,E02F3/841,E02F5/32

Inventor

BRAUER, MATT,WYSS, JACOB CARL

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US10151543 Modular hydraulics 1 US10151543 Modular hydraulics 2 US10151543 Modular hydraulics 3
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Abstract

A work machine is provided. The work machine may include a power module configured to provide power including a battery and an engine coupled to a folding heat exchange device. The work machine may also include a drive module configured over a track roller frame with one or more motors. The work machine may also include a hydraulic module including one or more devices in a front region and one or more devices in a rear region to cut or rip encountered material.

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Claims

1. A hydraulics module for use on a work machine, comprising:

a hydraulic fluid pump adapted to receive hydraulic fluid as input and direct hydraulic fluid as output; a power take-off coupling adapted to connect to a power take-off shaft of the work machine; a housing mounting the hydraulic fluid pump and power take-off coupling together, the hydraulics module being self-contained, unitary and configured to be removed and replaced from the work machine as a single unit without removing any other modules or parts of the work machine.

2. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 1, wherein the hydraulics module is adapted to be mounted in a front region of the work machine to power work implements attached to the front region of the work machine.

3. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 1, wherein the hydraulics module is adapted to be mounted in a rear region of the work machine to power work implements attached to the rear region of the work machine.

4. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 3, wherein a first hydraulics module is mounted at the rear region of the work machine and a second hydraulics module is mounted at the front region of the work machine.

5. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 1, further including a valve block.

6. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 5, further including a plurality of hydraulic fluid line couplings.

7. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 4, wherein the first and second hydraulics module can be removed separately from the work machine.

8. A work machine, comprising:

a chassis; an engine mounted on the chassis; a power take-off shaft operably coupled to the engine; a hydraulics module connected to the power take-off shaft, the hydraulics module including a hydraulic fluid pump, a power take-off coupling and housing mounting the hydraulic fluid pump and power take-off coupling together so that the hydraulics module is self-contained, unitary, and configured to be removed and replaced from the work machine as a single unit without removing any other modules or parts of the work machine.

9. The work machine of claim 8, wherein the hydraulics module is attached to a front of the work machine.

10. The work machine of claim 8, wherein the hydraulics module is attached to a rear of the work machine.

11. The work machine of claim 8, wherein a first hydraulics module is mounted to a front of the work machine, and a second hydraulics module is mounted to a rear of the work machine.

12. The work machine of claim 8, wherein the hydraulics module further includes a valve block.

13. The work machine of claim 8, wherein the hydraulics module further includes a plurality of hydraulic fluid line couplings.

14. The work machine of 11, wherein the first and second hydraulics modules can be removed separately from the work machine.

15. A method of providing hydraulic fluid to work implements attached to a work machine, comprising:

providing the work machine having a chassis, engine and power take-off shaft; attaching a hydraulics module to the power take-off shaft, the hydraulics module having a hydraulic fluid pump, a power take-off coupling and housing mounting the hydraulic fluid pump and the power take-off coupling together in a self-contained, single unit; and replacing the hydraulics module from the work machine as self-contained, single unit without removing any other modules or parts of the work machine.

16. The method of claim 15, further including attaching the hydraulics module to a front of the work machine to power work implements mounted to the front of the work machine.

17. The method of claim 15, further including attaching the hydraulics module to a rear of the work machine to power work implements mounted to the rear of the work machine.

18. The method of claim 15, further including attaching a first hydraulics module to a front of the work machine and attaching a second hydraulics module to a rear of the work machine.

19. The method of claim 18, further including detaching the first module from the work machine separately from the second module when repair and replacement is needed.

20. The method of claim 18, further including testing the first module and the second module as self-contained units prior to attaching them to the work machine.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A hydraulics module for use on a work machine, comprising:
    • a hydraulic fluid pump adapted to receive hydraulic fluid as input and direct hydraulic fluid as output
    • a power take-off coupling adapted to connect to a power take-off shaft of the work machine
    • a housing mounting the hydraulic fluid pump and power take-off coupling together, the hydraulics module being self-contained, unitary and configured to be removed and replaced from the work machine as a single unit without removing any other modules or parts of the work machine.
    • 2. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 1, wherein
      • the hydraulics module is adapted to be mounted in a front region of the work machine to power work implements attached to the front region of the work machine.
    • 3. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 1, wherein
      • the hydraulics module is adapted to be mounted in a rear region of the work machine to power work implements attached to the rear region of the work machine.
    • 5. The hydraulics module for a work machine of claim 1, further including
      • a valve block.
  • 8
    8. A work machine, comprising:
    • a chassis
    • an engine mounted on the chassis
    • a power take-off shaft operably coupled to the engine
    • a hydraulics module connected to the power take-off shaft, the hydraulics module including a hydraulic fluid pump, a power take-off coupling and housing mounting the hydraulic fluid pump and power take-off coupling together so that the hydraulics module is self-contained, unitary, and configured to be removed and replaced from the work machine as a single unit without removing any other modules or parts of the work machine.
    • 9. The work machine of claim 8, wherein
      • the hydraulics module is attached to a front of the work machine.
    • 10. The work machine of claim 8, wherein
      • the hydraulics module is attached to a rear of the work machine.
    • 11. The work machine of claim 8, wherein
      • a first hydraulics module is mounted to a front of the work machine, and a second hydraulics module is mounted to a rear of the work machine.
    • 12. The work machine of claim 8, wherein
      • the hydraulics module further includes a valve block.
    • 13. The work machine of claim 8, wherein
      • the hydraulics module further includes a plurality of hydraulic fluid line couplings.
  • 14
    14. The work machine of 11, wherein
    • the first and second hydraulics modules can be removed separately from the work machine.
  • 15
    15. A method of providing hydraulic fluid to work implements attached to a work machine, comprising:
    • providing the work machine having a chassis, engine and power take-off shaft
    • attaching a hydraulics module to the power take-off shaft, the hydraulics module having a hydraulic fluid pump, a power take-off coupling and housing mounting the hydraulic fluid pump and the power take-off coupling together in a self-contained, single unit
    • and replacing the hydraulics module from the work machine as self-contained, single unit without removing any other modules or parts of the work machine.
    • 16. The method of claim 15, further including
      • attaching the hydraulics module to a front of the work machine to power work implements mounted to the front of the work machine.
    • 17. The method of claim 15, further including
      • attaching the hydraulics module to a rear of the work machine to power work implements mounted to the rear of the work machine.
    • 18. The method of claim 15, further including
      • attaching a first hydraulics module to a front of the work machine and attaching a second hydraulics module to a rear of the work machine.
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Description

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present disclosure generally relates to work machines and, more particularly, relates to cab-less autonomous track-type tractors.

BACKGROUND

Track-type tractors, earth-moving machines and other work machines generally may contain parts which are often integrated as one self-contained assembly. Many parts of the work machine are often used to perform certain functioning. For instance, a blade and ripping unit at the front and back of the work machine, respectively, may be configured to cut and rip material encountered by the work machine on its path. A power unit within the work machine may include a battery and an engine and may provide the power within the work machine.

In typical work machines or track-type tractors, the parts described above may often be integrated with the work machine, wherein the entire work machine may be one self-contained assembly. The power module, drive module and hydraulic modules may all be connected to one another. More specifically, parts such as the engine, battery, generator, inverter, and cooling package are all integrated with a typical work machine. Further, other parts such as a blade at the front of the work machine, and the ripper at the back of the work machine are often integrated with the machine. In addition, any motors which may be configured on the tracks of the work machine are also integrated with the machine.

Accordingly, a problem associated with typical work machines is that there often a high number of connections and interface points within the machine. As such, access to the various parts and components within the work machine may be cumbersome. Maintenance of the work machine may be more difficult given the number of connections and interface points within the work machine. It may often be difficult to access the various parts of the work machine given the high number of connections and interface points within the work machine.

Another problem associated with a work machine that typically has integrated parts and a high number of connection points is that it may be often difficult to remove various parts for maintenance and testing. Parts such as the engine or battery, or drive module cannot be separately removed from the work machine while leaving the other parts of the work machine intact. Accordingly, if the engine or battery needs maintenance, the entire work machine would need to be taken to a maintenance facility or the like to provide maintenance or service to the battery or engine. Further, providing maintenance or testing on either the battery or engine may also involve having to navigate or work around the other parts of the work machine. The testing of and maintenance of the work machine can be very tedious, cumbersome and time-consuming as a result.

Various configurations may exist to purportedly allow for easier maintenance and testing of various components of track-type tractors and work machines. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 3,350,986, and entitled “Two-Pump Supply for Hydraulic Circuits Having Different Flow Requirements,” discloses the use of two pumps, wherein only a volume of the smaller of the two pumps is directed to a blade tilt hydraulic motor circuit for actuation of a blade tilt mechanism. However, such configurations face the common challenge that the all of the parts of the work machine are still integrated within the work machine and cannot be separately removed from the work machine. As a result, such configurations do not address the problem of easy access to parts within the machine, and timely maintenance and testing of the various parts of the work machine.

In view of the foregoing disadvantages associated with known work machines, a need exits for a cost effective solution which would not drastically alter the physical structure of the work machine, and yet still allow for easy access to the various parts within the work machine. In addition, a need exits for various parts of the work machine to be separately removed from the work machine should maintenance or testing of the various parts be required. The present disclosure is directed at addressing one or more of the deficiencies and disadvantages set forth above. However, it should be appreciated that the solution of any particular problem is not a limitation on the scope of the disclosure or of the attached claims except to the extent expressly noted.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE

In one aspect of the present disclosure, a work machine is provided. The work machine may include a power module configured to provide power including a battery and an engine coupled to a folding heat exchange device. The work machine may also include a drive module configured over a track roller frame with one or more motors. The work machine may also include a hydraulic module including one or more devices in a front region and one or more devices in a rear region to cut or rip encountered material.

In another aspect of the present disclosure, an electric drive machine is provided. The electric drive machine may include a front module configured with a blade to rip material encountered in a front region. The electric drive machine may also include a power module including a battery and an engine to provide power. The electric drive machine may further include a drive module configured on a plurality of tracks with at least one motor positioned on an exterior portion of a track roller frame. In addition, the electric drive machine may include a rear module configured with one or more ripping devices to perform ripping procedures.

In yet another aspect of the present disclosure, a hydraulic device is provided. The hydraulic device includes an engine coupled to an intake manifold and an exhaust manifold and including an exhaust system with an exhaust inlet, an exhaust outlet and a turbocharger and configured to provide electrical power. The hydraulic device may also include a front module connected to the engine and configured with a blade to cut encountered material. The hydraulic device may also include a rear module connected to the engine and configured to perform a plurality of ripping procedures.

These and other aspects and features will be more readily understood when reading the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a side view of a machine with an electrical power system in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 2 is a schematic illustration of an engine according in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a power module in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 4 is another perspective view of the power module of FIG. 3 in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view of the drive modules in one embodiment in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the work machine including the drive modules in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 7 is another perspective view of the drive module in another embodiment in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of the work machine including hydraulic modules in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 9 is a side view of the work machine including a ripping module in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 10 is a top view of a work machine in accordance with the present disclosure;

FIG. 11 is a side view of ripping devices in accordance with the present disclosure; and

FIG. 12 is a flow chart depicting a sample sequence of steps in accordance with the present disclosure.

While the following detailed description is given with respect to certain illustrative embodiments, it is to be understood that such embodiments are not to be construed as limiting, but rather the present disclosure is entitled to a scope of protection consistent with all embodiments, modifications, alternative constructions, and equivalents thereto.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Referring now to the drawings and with specific reference to FIG. 1, a machine 10 is depicted. With continued reference to FIG. 1, the machine 10 may be an electrically powered track-type tractor 10, truck, earth-moving machine, work machine or the like. The machine 10 is illustrated in the context of a track type machine that may be used in construction, mining, road building, or the like. The machine 10 is nevertheless not limited to just performing construction, mining, or road building, and may be used for other purposes. The machine 10 may include a mobile electric drive machine having a frame 12. The frame 12 may have an electrical power system 14 mounted therein. The electrical power system 14 may include an engine 16 that provides electrical power for the machine 10. The machine 10 may also include one or more tracks 18. The machine 10 may also include a drive coupling 20 between the engine 16 and a generator 22. An electric motor 24 may be provided that is coupled to the generator 22 and configured to drive the tracks 18. The electric motor 24, the tracks 18, the drive coupling 20, and the electrical power system 14 can comprise a propulsion system for the machine 10.

The drive coupling 20 may transmit torque between the engine 16 and the generator 22. The drive coupling 20 may be driven by an engine output shaft 28. The generator 22 may rotate and generate electrical power. The drive coupling 20 may also include a reaction plate 34. The reaction plate 34 may rotate with the engine 16. The generator 22 may include an input shaft 36 that is coupled with a friction plate 38. Accordingly, the machine 10 described above is comprised of various modules. As will be described below, the major components of the machine 10 are broken into easily assembled, and easily accessible modules to allow for the modules of the machine 10 to be tested separately and to reduce the number of unnecessary connections within the machine 10.

FIG. 2 illustrates a schematic diagram of the engine 16 described in FIG. 1. The engine 16 includes an intake manifold 40 and an exhaust manifold 42. An exhaust system 50 is included within the engine 16 as well. The exhaust system 50 includes an exhaust inlet 52 and an exhaust outlet 54. A turbocharger 56 may be disposed within the exhaust system 50. A battery 70 is provided and electrically connected to a fuel pump 72.

Referring to FIGS. 3-4, one module of the machine 10 is depicted as a modular power unit 80. The modular power unit 80 may include the battery 70 and the engine 16 described above. With typical machines, power units are integrated into a core of the machine 10, and the servicing of the power unit that is integrated into the machine 10 may be cumbersome and time consuming. Such a power unit may not be easily removed or attended to if it is integrated with the machine 10. In addition, if a new type of power source became available, it may be difficult to place the new power unit into the machine 10. Accordingly, it may be harder for the machine 10 be fitted with the new power source. In the present disclosure, on the other hand, the modular power unit 80 is not integrated within the core of the machine 10. As a result, the modular power unit 80 minimizes its interfaces with the other units in the machine 10 to allow for easy service and future adaptability. The modular power unit 80 is part of the machine 10, but is not integrated as one single unit with the other units of the machine 10. The modular power unit 80 may be removed apart from the machine 10 should the modular power unit 80 require testing, service or if it was needed to be used in another machine or the like. Moreover, the modular power unit 80 could also be adapted to different technologies.

The modular power unit 80 may include a folding heat exchange device 90. The folding heat exchange device 90 may be positioned atop of the battery 70 and the engine 16. The folding heat exchange device 90 can either be placed over both the engine 16 and the battery 70, or in the alternative, the folding heat exchange device 90 may be lifted or folded up as shown in FIG. 4 to allow for access to the engine 16 and battery 70 or other parts within the modular power unit 80.

As illustrated in FIG. 4, the advantages of the folding heat exchange device 90 is easy access to the engine 16 or battery 70 or other parts within the modular power unit 80. For instance, if any of the parts of the modular power unit 80 needed to be repaired, the modular power unit 80 can be easily removed from the machine 10. In addition, the mobility of the folding heat exchange device 90 can allow the parts which need to be serviced within the modular power unit 80 to be easily accessible. Another advantage of the folding heat exchange device 90 is that it is easier to test the battery 70 or engine 16 or other parts within the modular power unit 80. There is simple access to any parts within the modular power unit 80 that need to be serviced. The modular power unit 80 can also be used for different machines. Overall, having the modular power unit 80 not being integrated with the machine 10 allows the modular unit 80 to be easier to repair and service and to use in other machines or the like.

Referring to FIG. 5, another module of the present disclosure, a drive module 100, is illustrated to fit over a track roller frame 110. The track roller frame 110 is a large structure positioned on the outside of the machine 10 as shown in FIG. 5. Designing the drive module 100 to fit about the track roller frame 110 will allow for easy assembly, service and general access. The drive module 100 or track roller frame 110 is not integrated with the rest of the machine 10. As a result, the drive module 100 can be easily removed from the machine 10 without affecting the other modules of the machine 10, and also be serviced when necessary. The drive module 100 may be provided in various embodiments, with two being depicted. FIG. 6 illustrates one embodiment, wherein the drive module 100 may have a dual motor trapezoidal track configuration. The dual motor with dual sprocket design may be chosen so that the torque and power requirements could be met without exceeding the length and width envelope of the current track roller frame 110. FIG. 7 illustrates another embodiment in which the drive module 100 may have a single motor design. In the single motor design, the track 18 may extend beyond the back of the track roller frame 110. In the single and dual drive configuration, the drive module 100 is bolted to a top portion of the track roller frame 110. The drive module 100 can be disconnected from the machine 10 by unwrapping the track 18 and unbolting it from the track roller frame 110.

With either embodiment, the benefits from the drive module 100 fitting over the track roller frame 110 include being able to service either the drive module 100 or the track roller frame 110 apart from the machine 10 and provide easy care and maintenance for the drive module 100. As stated above, the drive module 100 and track roller frame 110 are not integrated with the machine 10. Accordingly, both the drive module 100 and track roller frame 100 may be serviced apart from the machine 10, or used in another work machine or the like.

Another module type is depicted in FIG. 8. As shown therein, hydraulic modules with a front unit 140 and a rear unit 150 are illustrated. Normally, hydraulic units or modules are fully integrated onto work machines. As a result, although part redundancy within a machine may be minimized, a high number of interface points within a machine may exist. In addition, maintenance on the hydraulic units may be cumbersome when the hydraulic units are integrated with the machine. As a result, the entire machine would need to be brought in even if only the hydraulic units needed to be serviced. To remedy this problem, the present disclosure has separated the hydraulics of the machine into two units. The front unit or module 140 is positioned in front of the machine 10, and includes a blade. The rear unit 150 or module is positioned at the back of the machine 10 and includes a plurality of ripping devices. The front unit 140 and the rear unit 150 are connected to the engine by a power take off (PTO) shaft.

The benefits for the front unit 140 and the rear unit 150 are similar to the other modules of the machine 10 described above. If either the front unit 140 or the rear unit 150 needs to be serviced, the entire front unit 140 or rear unit 150 can be pulled from the machine 10 without removing any other modules from the machine 10. Only PTO shafts or hydraulic line connections which connect the front unit 140 or rear unit 150 to the machine need to be removed. In other embodiments, the front unit 140 and the rear unit 150 could be designed to fit up to a shop test unit. As a result of having the front unit 140 and the rear unit 150 not being integrated with the machine 10, both units 140, 150 may be tested apart from the machine. Accordingly, the service of both units 140, 150 and also the rest of the machine 10 becomes simpler, and the downtime in which the entire machine 10 faces is drastically reduced.

Turning to FIG. 9, another module, a ripping module 160 of the machine 10, is illustrated. The ripping module 160 is located at rear portion of the machine 10. The ripping module 160 may include a ripping device 165. Another machine 210 with similar configurations to the machine 10 also includes a ripping module 260 as shown in FIG. 10. The ripping module 260 may also include a ripping device 265. The ripping devices 165, 265 shown in FIG. 11 are designed to rip material that may typically require the weight and power of a larger machine through assisted ripping. Such material may include large rocks, dirt, gravel or the like which the machines 10, 210 may encounter when in use. During a ripping procedure, the ripping device 165 of the machine 10 performs assisted ripping by being coupled within the ripping device 265 of machine 210 as shown in FIG. 11. Assisted ripping involves providing smaller machines such as the ripping module 160 the capability to rip material that would typically require the weight and power of larger machines. Ordinarily, large rocks or a large amount of dirt or gravel found within the earth may typically require a large ripping unit or module. An overall benefit of assisted ripping is that it allows for smaller devices to be used to rip bigger and harder material through assisted ripping between the ripping devices 165, 265.

INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY

In general, the present disclosure may find applicability in various industrial work machines or the like. Such machines may be employed as prime movers, earth movers, rail, marine devices or the like. The present disclosure includes a machine configured with various modules which are not integrated with the machine 10 to allow each of the modules to be easily removed from the machine 10 when the modules need service or maintenance. The machine 10 is configured with easily assembled and easily accessible modules that are not integrated with the machine 10. In the present disclosure, the modular power unit 80 minimizes its interfaces with the other units in the machine 10 to allow for easy service and future adaptability. In addition, the folding heat exchange device 90 may be lifted or folded up as shown in FIG. 3 to allow for access to the engine 16 and battery 70 or other parts within the modular power unit 80 that may require service. The drive module 100 is not integrated with the rest of the machine 10. As a result, the drive module 100 with either of the two designs described above can be easily removed from the machine 10 without affecting the other modules of the machine 10, and also be serviced when necessary. Through assisted ripping, both the ripping devices 165, 265 are able to rip a larger and heavier amount of rock, gravel or the like that would typically require a larger ripping unit or module.

Turning now to FIG. 12, an exemplary method 300 for performing a ripping procedure in accordance with the present disclosure is illustrated. Starting in block 301, a rear portion of the machine 10 may be aligned with a rear portion of the machine 210. In a next block 302, the ripping device 165 of the machine 10 may be coupled to the ripping device 265 of the machine 200. In block 303, the work machines 10, 210 then move in the same horizontal direction, and a ripping procedure is performed by the ripping devices 165, 265. The ripping device 165 may transfer all of its weight and tractive force onto the ripping device 265 to perform assisted ripping. Next in block 304, the ripping devices 165, 265 are then repositioned. In block 305, the ripping procedure is performed in another horizontal direction, wherein the machines 10, 210 still move in the same direction to enable another ripping procedure to be performed. During this ripping procedure, the weight and tractive force of the ripping device 265 is transferred onto the ripping device 165.

While the preceding text sets forth a detailed description of numerous different embodiments, it should be understood that the legal scope of protection is defined by the words of the claims set forth at the end of this patent. The detailed description is to be construed as exemplary only and does not describe every possible embodiment since describing every possible embodiment would be impractical, if not impossible. Numerous alternative embodiments could be implemented, using either current technology or technology developed after the filing date of this patent, which would still fall within the scope of the claims defining the scope of protection.

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Auxiliary drive and support mechanism for mobile vehicles VARCO INTERNATIONAL, INC., A CA. CORP. 26 May 1971 12 December 1972
Rotary cutter mechanism ROME INDUSTRIES, INC., A IN CORP. 12 December 1969 04 April 1972
Two-pump supply for hydraulic circuits having different flow requirements CATERPILLAR TRACTOR CO. 17 March 1966 07 November 1967
Vehicle power take-off assembly CLAPSADDLE SALES AND SERVICE INC. 22 January 1973 13 August 1974
Quick connect assembly for ATV implements JONES KIRK 02 May 2007 13 October 2009
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