Great research starts with great data.

Learn More
More >
Patent Analysis of

Weed control methods

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US10159254

Application Number

US14/779200

Application Date

21 March 2014

Publication Date

25 December 2018

Current Assignee

SYNGENTA PARTICIPATIONS AG

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SYNGENTA PARTICIPATIONS AG

International Classification

A01N59/16,A01N41/10,A01N43/40,A01N43/56,A01N55/02

Cooperative Classification

A01N59/16,A01N41/10,A01N43/40,A01N43/56,A01N43/80

Inventor

JAIN, RAKESH,MILLER, BRETT ROBERT,VAIL, GORDAN DEAN,ULMER, BRYAN JAMES

Abstract

The present invention relates, inter alia, to a method of improving the tolerance of a plant, which has been genetically engineered to over express a p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD), to a HPPD inhibiting herbicide, said method comprising applying to said plant a water-soluble iron-containing compound. The present invention further relates to a method of selectively controlling weeds at a locus, the locus comprising weeds and crop plants, the crop plants having been genetically engineered to overexpress a HPPD which confers tolerance to a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide, the method comprising application to the locus of (i) a weed controlling amount of a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide and (ii) a water-soluble iron-containing compound. The present invention further relates to herbicidal compositions comprising a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide and a water-soluble iron-containing compound.

Read more

Claims

1. A method of improving the tolerance of a plant, which has been genetically engineered to over express a p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD), to a HPPD inhibiting herbicide, said method comprising applying to said plant a water-soluble iron-containing compound comprising an iron chelate wherein the chelate is selected from the group consisting of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), 2-[2- [[2-Hydroxy- 1 -(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxoethyl]amino]ethylamino]-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (EDDHA) and diethylenetriaminepentacetic acid (DTPA).

2. A method of selectively controlling weeds at a locus, the locus comprising weeds and crop plants, the crop plants having been genetically engineered to overexpress a HPPD which confers tolerance to a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide, the method comprising application to the locus of (i) a weed controlling amount of a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide and (ii) a water-soluble iron-containing compound comprising an iron chelate wherein the chelate is selected from the group consisting of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), 2-[2-[[2-Hydroxy-1-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxoethyl]amino]ethylamino]-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (EDDHA) and di ethylenetriaminepentacetic acid (DTPA).

3. The method according to claim 2, wherein the water-soluble iron-containing compound is applied to the crop plant simultaneously with the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide.

4. The method according to claim 1, wherein the plant is soybean.

5. The method according to claim 4, wherein the soybean contains a transgenic event selected from the group consisting of SYHT04R, SYHT0H2 and FG72.

6. The method according to claim 2, wherein the water-soluble iron-containing compound is a ferric sodium complex with EDDHA.

7. The method according to claim 2, wherein the water-soluble iron-containing compound is applied at a rate of from 100 to 4000 g/ha.

8. The method according to claim 2, wherein the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide is selected from the group consisting of mesotrione, bicyclopyrone, tembotrione and isoxaflutole.

Read more

Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A method of improving the tolerance of a plant, which has been genetically engineered to over express a p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD), to a HPPD inhibiting herbicide, said method comprising
    • applying to said plant a water-soluble iron-containing compound comprising an iron chelate wherein the chelate is selected from the group consisting of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), 2-[2- [[2-Hydroxy- 1 -(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxoethyl]amino]ethylamino]-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (EDDHA) and diethylenetriaminepentacetic acid (DTPA).
    • 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein
      • the plant is soybean.
  • 2
    2. A method of selectively controlling weeds at a locus, the locus comprising
    • weeds and crop plants, the crop plants having been genetically engineered to overexpress a HPPD which confers tolerance to a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide, the method comprising application to the locus of (i) a weed controlling amount of a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide and (ii) a water-soluble iron-containing compound comprising an iron chelate wherein the chelate is selected from the group consisting of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA), 2-[2-[[2-Hydroxy-1-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxoethyl]amino]ethylamino]-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (EDDHA) and di ethylenetriaminepentacetic acid (DTPA).
    • 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein
      • the water-soluble iron- containing
    • 6. The method according to claim 2, wherein
      • the water-soluble iron- containing
    • 7. The method according to claim 2, wherein
      • the water-soluble iron- containing
    • 8. The method according to claim 2, wherein
      • the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide is selected from the group consisting of
See all independent claims <>

Description

The present invention relates, inter alia, to improved weed control methods which employ p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) inhibiting herbicides. Plants that have been genetically engineered to be tolerant to HPPD-inhibiting herbicides are known, for example, from WO02/46387, WO2012/082542 and WO2012/082548. In these cases, the tolerance is achieved by over-expression of HPPD. Whilst the tolerance observed in respect of the engineered plants is often very good, there exists an opportunity to improve the tolerance further, in order to improve crop safety and enable the commercial use of a broader range of HPPD inhibitors in conjunction with the engineered plants across extended use patterns relative to the innate tolerance expressed by these engineered plants. It has surprisingly been found that the tolerance of such engineered plants can be improved (safened) significantly by applying to the engineered plants a water-soluble iron-containing compound.

Thus, according to the present invention there is provided a method of improving the tolerance of a plant, which has been genetically engineered to over-express a HPPD, to a HPPD inhibiting herbicide, said method comprising applying to said plant a water-soluble iron-containing compound.

Several examples of plants which are tolerant to HPPD-inhibiting herbicides, achieved via over-expression of HPPD, are known for example as disclosed in WO02/46387. Suitable HPPDs can thus be derived from bacteria, more particularly from Pseudomonas fluorescens or Shewanella colwelliana, or from a plant, more particularly, derived from a monocot plant or, yet more particularly, from a barley, maize, wheat, rice, Brachiaria, Chenchrus, Lolium, Festuca, Setaria, Eleusine, Sorghum or Avena species. The HPPD may also have been mutated to increase the tolerance of the enzyme to HPPD-inhibiting herbicides. The plants which are tolerant to HPPD-inhibiting herbicides via over-expression of HPPD will typically be crop plants, such as cereals, for example barley and wheat, cotton, oilseed rape, sunflower, maize, rice, soybeans, sugar beet and sugar cane. In a preferred aspect of the present invention, the plant is soybean. Several HPPD-tolerant soybean transgenic “events” are known, and include for example SYHT04R (WO2012/082542), SYHT0H2 (WO2012/082548) and FG72.

The crop plants may also have been rendered tolerant to other herbicides or classes of herbicides (e.g. ALS-, GS-, EPSPS-, PPO-Auxins, and ACCase-inhibitors) by conventional methods of breeding or by genetic engineering. Examples of crops that have been rendered tolerant to herbicides by genetic engineering methods include e.g. glyphosate, glufosinate, isoxaflutole, dicamba, imidazolinone and 2,4-D resistant soybean varieties commercially or soon to be commercially available under the trade names RoundupReady®, LibertyLink®, BalanceGT®, RoundupReady® Xtend, Cultivance® and Enlist® respectively.

Thus, in another aspect of the present invention there is provided a method of selectively controlling weeds at a locus (typically a field), the locus comprising weeds and crop plants, the crop plants having been genetically engineered to overexpress a HPPD which confers tolerance to a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide, the method comprising application to the locus of (i) a weed controlling amount of a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide and (ii) a water-soluble iron-containing compound. One surprising aspect of the present invention is that it appears that the safening observed upon application of the water-soluble iron-containing compound to the locus is specific for the plant which has been genetically engineered to overexpress a HPPD. No significant safening is observed in respect of the weed species being controlled.

It should be understood that, if desired, the water-soluble iron-containing compound can be applied to the locus before application of the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide is made. For example, the water-soluble iron-containing compound can be applied to the locus up to seven days before the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide is applied. It may be applied as a broadcast foliar application but is also possible to apply the iron-containing compound as a seed treatment/dressing to the crop plant.

In a preferred aspect of the invention, the water-soluble iron-containing compound is applied to the locus comprising the crop plant simultaneously with the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide. Typically, this will be achieved by tank-mixing a herbicidal composition comprising the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide with the water-soluble iron-containing compound. It is also possible that the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide be provided as a “pre-mix” herbicidal composition which also includes the iron-containing compound and which is simply diluted appropriately in the spray tank. Thus, according to the present invention there is also provided a herbicidal composition, including a pre-mix (concentrate) composition, comprising a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide and a water-soluble iron-containing compound. The herbicidal composition, diluted where necessary, is typically applied to the relevant locus by spraying, for example via a tractor mounted sprayer for large areas, but other methods such as dusting (for powders), drip or drench can also be used. The application may be made to the locus pre-emergence or post-emergence of the plant which has been genetically engineered to over-express a HPPD.

Suitable water-soluble iron-containing compounds include, for example, ionic iron salts and iron chelates, wherein the iron may have the oxidation number of +2 or +3. Suitable iron salts include, for example, iron (II) sulphate (ferrous sulphate) and ferric ammonium citrate. Iron chelates are particularly preferred in the context of the present invention, especially those formed with e.g ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA): 2-[2-[[2-Hydroxy-1-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxoethyl]amino]ethylamino]-2-(2-hydroxyphenyl)acetic acid (EDDHA); ethylenediamine-di (o-hydroxy-o-methylphenylacetic) acid (EDDHMA); ethylenediamine-N,N′-bis(2-hydroxy-5-sulfonylphenyl) (EDDHSA); ethylenediamine-di-(2-hydroxy-4-carboxyphenylacetic) acid (EDDCHA) and diethylenetriaminepentacetic acid (DTPA). Iron chelates may be a mixture of isomers, for example EDDHA is a mixture of iron (III) complexes of the two diasteroisomers of ethylene-N,N′-di(2-hydro-phenyl acetate) and iron (III) complexes of the two diasteroisomers of ethylenediamine-N-(2-hydroxyphenylacetate)-N′-(4-hydroxyphenyl acetate). Depending on the pH of the composition, the iron chelate may be present in the form of a salt, for example an alkali metal salt such as a sodium salt. The preparation of such iron chelates and there use as micronutrients in agriculture is known, for example, from U.S. Pat. No. 2,921,847. Several commercial forms of the above-mentioned iron chelates are known in the art. For example, an iron DTPA mixture is available as Sequestrene® 330. In a preferred aspect of the invention, the water soluble iron-containing compound is selected from the group consisting of iron DTPA (Sequestrene® 330), EDDHA-FeNa (Sequestrene® 138) and ferrous sulfate. In the context of the present invention, use of EDDHA-FeNa (a ferric sodium complex of EDDHA), commercially available as Sequestrene® 138Fe, which contains 6% iron in the form of EDDHA (ethylenediamine-N—N′-bis (2 hydroxyphenylacetic acid) chelated product), is particularly preferred. EDDHA chelated iron is also commercially available as Soygreen®. The iron can typically be applied to the locus at an equivalent rate of from 1 g to 1000 g/ha, more typically from 6 g to 240 g/ha. Thus, in the context of iron chelate such as Sequestrene® 138Fe, the actual product is typically applied at a rate of from 100 g to 4000 g/ha, more preferably from 200 to 2000 g/ha.

Herbicides that act by inhibiting HPPD are well known in the art. Inhibition of HPPD blocks the biosynthesis of plastoquinone (PQ) from tyrosine. PQ is an essential cofactor in the biosynthesis of carotenoid pigments which are essential for photoprotection of the photosynthetic centres. HPPD-inhibiting herbicides are phloem-mobile bleachers which cause the light-exposed new meristems and leaves to emerge white where, in the absence of carotenoids, chlorophyll is photo-destroyed and becomes itself an agent of photo-destruction via the photo-generation of singlet oxygen.

The safening effect conferred by the iron-containing compound has been observed in respect of a broad range of chemically diverse HPPD-inhibiting herbicides, indicating that the iron-containing compounds have broad utility with regard to safening HPPD-inhibiting herbicides in plants. HPPD-inhibiting herbicides include, for example, benzobicyclon (CAS RN 156963-66-5), mesotrione (CAS RN 104206-82-8), sulcotrione (CAS RN 99105-77-8), tefuryltrione (CAS RN 473278-76-1), tembotrione (CAS RN 335104-84-2), fenquinotrione (1342891-70-6), bicyclopyrone (CAS RN 352010-68-5), ketospiradox (CAS RN 192708-91-1) or its free acid (CAS RN 187270-87-7), benzofenap (CAS RN 82692-44-2), pyrasulfotole (CAS RN 365400-11-9), pyrazolynate (CAS RN 58011-68-0), pyrazoxyfen (CAS RN 71561-11-0), topramezone (CAS RN 210631-68-8), isoxachlortole (CAS RN 141112-06-3) and isoxaflutole (CAS RN 141112-29-0). More recent examples of HPPD-inhibiting herbicides which can also be used in the context of the present invention are reported in WO2009/016841, WO2009/115788, WO2010/089993, WO2010/116122, WO2011/031658, WO2011/035874, WO2012/002096, WO2012/033548, WO2012/028579 and WO2012136703.

Preferably, the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide is selected from the group consisting of mesotrione, sulcotrione, tembotrione, bicyclopyrone, pyrasulfotole, topramezone and isoxaflutole, more preferably selected from the group consisting of mesotrione, bicyclopyrone, tembotrione and isoxaflutole.

The rate of application of the HPPD-inhibiting herbicide may vary within wide limits and depend on the nature of the soil, the method of application (pre- or post-emergence; seed dressing; application to the seed furrow; no tillage application etc.), the crop plant, the weed(s) to be controlled, the prevailing climatic conditions, and other factors governed by the method of application, the time of application and the target crop. The herbicide is typically applied at a rate of from 10 to 2000 g active ingredient/ha, especially from 50 to 1000 g active ingredient/ha and more typically from 50 to 500 g active ingredient/ha.

In a preferred aspect of the present invention, the herbicidal composition of the present invention referred to above comprises a HPPD-inhibiting herbicide as defined above. In a more preferred aspect, the HPPD-inhibitor is selected from the group consisting of mesotrione, sulcotrione, tembotrione, bicyclopyrone, pyrasulfotole, topramezone and isoxaflutole, more preferably selected from the group consisting of mesotrione, bicyclopyrone, tembotrione and isoxaflutole. The actual concentration of the HPPD-inhibitor within the herbicide composition will vary, for example depending on the exact nature of the HPPD-inhibitor, and the exact composition type. In the context of a pre-mix (concentrate) composition, the HPPD-inhibitor will typically be present from 0.5% w/w to 50% w/w, more typically from 5% to 50% w/w and even more typically from 10 to 40% w/w.

In another preferred aspect of the present invention, the herbicidal composition of the present invention referred to above comprises a water-soluble iron-containing compound as defined above. In a more preferred embodiment, the water-soluble iron-containing compound in the herbicidal composition is selected from the group consisting of iron DTPA (Sequestrene® 330), EDDHA-FeNa (Sequestrene® 138) and ferrous sulfate. The actual concentration of the water-soluble iron-containing compound within the herbicide composition will vary, for example depending on the exact nature of the water-soluble iron-containing compound, and the exact composition type. In the context of a pre-mix (concentrate) composition, the water-soluble iron-containing compound will typically be present at an amount which provides from 1% to 10% w/w iron in the form of the chelate or the ionic salt.

The herbicidal composition of the present invention may also comprise further conventional agrochemical adjuvants such as wetters, dispersants, surface-active agents and other activity enhancers. The herbicidal composition may further comprise further herbicidal components that are appropriate for the crop to which the herbicidal composition is applied. Thus, with regard to soybean the herbicidal composition may further comprise, for example, glyphosate, glufosinate and fomesafen or agrochemically acceptable salts thereof. In some crop applications, the addition of a herbicide safener may also be beneficial.

The pre-mix (concentrate) herbicidal composition of the present invention may be provided in a wide variety of formulation types, for example a liquid formulation (e.g an aqueous formulation type such as a suspension concentrate (SC)), or in a solid formulation such as a wettable powder (WP) or granule (WG). If a granule is employed, this can be directly applied to the locus or diluted in a spray tank.

EXAMPLES

Example 1

Effect of Tank-mix and Sequential Application of Sequestrene® 138 on Mesotrione (Applied as Callisto®)—Maximum Injury in SYHT0H2 Soybeans

An experiment is conducted in the greenhouse to determine the effect of chelated iron (Sequestrene 138Fe containing 6% iron) on HPPD-inhibitor injury to SYHT0H2 soybeans. Soybeans are grown in pots filled with a greenhouse potting mix. When the plants reach the V2-V3 stage, they are sprayed with an HPPD-inhibitor herbicide applied alone (Treatment 1), or in tank mixture with Sequestrene 138Fe (Treatment 2), or sequentially with Sequestrene 138Fe applied 1 day before the HPPD inhibitor (Treatment 3). Sequestrene 138Fe is applied at 2240 g/ha (equivalent to 134 g iron/ha). All treatments are applied with liquid ammonium sulfate @ 2.5% v/v and a non-ionic surfactant (NIS) @ 0.25% v/v in 150 L/ha water. Observations on percent injury are recorded 5, 11, or 22 days after treatment. Data presented are maximum injury observed during the trial.


Mesotrione Rate
Sequestrene ®
% Maximum
Treatment
g ai/ha
138Fe g/ha
Injury
1
420
20
2 (simultaneous)
420
2240
0
3 (sequential)
420
2240
7


Bicyclopyrone Rate
Sequestrene ®
% Maximum
Treatment
g ai/ha
138Fe g/ha
Injury
1
200
25
2 (simultaneous)
200
2240
3
3 (sequential)
200
2240
12


Tembotrione Rate
Sequestrene ®
% Maximum
Treatment
g ai/ha
138Fe g/ha
Injury
1
368
31
2 (simultaneous)
368
2240
3
3 (sequential)
368
2240
17

These data show that Sequestrene 138Fe is very effective in reducing HPPD-inhibitor injury on SYHT0H2 soybeans when it is applied in combination with the HPPD-inhibitor or as a sequential application 1 day before the HPPD inhibitor application.

Example 2

Effect of Sequestrene® 138Fe on Percent Injury from Various HPPD-inhibitors on SYHT0H2 Soybeans. Injury Assessed at Seven Days after Treatment (7 DAT)

SYHT0H2 soybeans are grown in 4×4-inch pots filled with a greenhouse potting mix. When the plants reach the V2-V3 growth stage, they are treated with an HPPD inhibitor applied alone or in a tank mixture with Sequestrene 138Fe at various rates ranging from 140 g product/ha (equivalent to 8.4 g iron/ha) to 2240 g product/ha (equivalent to 134 g iron/ha). All treatments are applied with liquid ammonium sulfate at 2.5% v/v and NIS at 0.25% v/v in 150 L/ha water.


Rate
Sequestrene ®
Herbicide
g/ha
138Fe g/ha
% Injury
Mesotrione
420
0
15
140
13
280
2
560
1
1120
0
2240
0
Bicyclopyrone
200
0
23
140
12
280
10
560
1
1120
0
2240
0
Tembotrione
368
0
22
140
18
280
5
560
0
1120
0
2240
0
Topramezone
72
0
8
140
0
280
0
560
0
1120
0
2240
0

These results show that Sequestrene 138Fe is highly effective in eliminating the injury on SYHT0H2 soybeans from mesotrione at rates as low as 280 g/ha. A slightly higher rate, i.e. 560 g/ha, was required to completely safen the soybeans from bicyclopyrone or tembotrione injury.

Example 3

Effect of Tank Mix Applications of HPPD Inhibitors and Sequestrene® 138Fe on Velvetleaf Control. Percent Control Assessed 19 DAT

A greenhouse experiment is conducted to determine the effect of chelated iron on weed control in the greenhouse. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti) and common waterhemp (Amaranthus rudis) plants are grown in 4×4-inch pots filled with a greenhouse potting mix. When the plants reached the 2 to 3 inch height (2 to 3 leaf stage), they are sprayed with a reduced rate of an HPPD inhibitor alone or in a tank mix combination with Sequestrene 138Fe at 140 g/ha (equivalent to 8.4 g iron/hectare) or 280 g/ha (equivalent to 16.8 g iron/hectare). All treatments are applied with liquid ammonium sulfate at 2.5% v/v and NIS at 0.25% v/v in 150 L/ha water. Observations on percent control are recorded 12, 19, and 25 days after treatment.


Rate
Sequenstrene ®
Treatment
HPPD Inhibitor
g ai/ha
138Fe g/ha
% Injury
1
Mesotrione
26
0
100
2
26
140
100
3
Isoxaflutole
26
0
78
4
26
140
82
5
Bicyclopyrone
50
0
100
6
50
280
100
7
Tembotrione
46
0
98
8
46
280
99
9
Pyrasulfatole
22
0
85
10
22
280
80
11
Topramezone
18
0
96
12
18
280
93

These results show that Sequestrene 138Fe has a minimal effect on velvetleaf control with various HPPD-inhibiting herbicides when they are applied with chelated iron.

Experiment 4

Effect of Tank Mix Applications of Various HPPD Inhibitors and Sequestrene 138Fe on Common Waterhemp Control. Injury Assessed 17 DAT

An experiment is performed to look at the effect of applying iron chelates on control of Common Waterhemp using HPPD-inhibiting herbicides. Experiment design is analogous to that outlined in Experiment 3 above.


Rate
Sequenstrene ®
Treatment
HPPD Inhibitor
g ai/ha
138Fe g/ha
% Injury
1
Mesotrione
26
0
77
2
26
140
78
3
Isoxaflutole
26
0
87
4
26
140
88
5
Bicyclopyrone
50
0
90
6
50
280
96
7
Tembotrione
46
0
99
8
46
280
99
9
Pyrasulfatole
22
0
98
10
22
280
77
11
Topramezone
18
0
100
12
18
280
99

Similar to the results on velvetleaf, Sequestrene 138Fe applied had minimal effect on common waterhemp control with any of the HPPD inhibitors, with the exception of a slight reduction in control seen when Sequestrene 138Fe was applied with pyrasulfatole.

Example 5

Effect of Sequestrene® 138Fe on Various HPPD-inhibitors in SYHT04R Soybeans. Maximum Injury Assessed 6 Days after Treatment

A greenhouse experiment is conducted to determine if Sequestrene® 138Fe was effective in safening various other HPPD herbicide-tolerant soybean events, such as SYHT04R.

SYHT04R soybean plants are grown in 4×4-inch pots filled with a greenhouse potting mix. When the plants reached the V2-V3 growth stage, they are sprayed with an HPPD inhibitor alone or in combination with Sequestrene® 138Fe at 1120 g/ha (equivalent to 67.2 g iron/ha). All treatments were applied with liquid ammonium sulfate at 2.5% v/v and NIS at 0.25% v/v. Observations on percent injury are recorded at 6 and 20 days after treatment. Data presented is from the 6 days after treatment rating representing the maximum injury observed during the experiment.


Rate
Sequenstrene ®
Herbicide
g/ha
138Fe g/ha
% Injury
Mesotrione
420
0
23
1120
3
Bicyclopyrone
200
0
29
1120
7
Isoxaflutole
280
0
28
1120
10

Results showed that Sequestrene® 138Fe was highly effective in safening SYHT04R soybeans from post-emergence HPPD inhibitor injury.

Example 6

The Ability of Water-soluble Iron Compounds to Safen HPPD-inhibitors in SYHT0H2 Soybeans

An experiment is conducted to look at the safening effect of a variety of water-soluble iron-containing compounds. SYHT0H2 soybean plants are grown in small pots filled with a greenhouse potting mix. Plants are sprayed with mesotrione alone or in combination with EDTA alone (non-iron containing control) or an iron-containing compound using a laboratory sprayer calibrated to deliver 150 L/ha. In all cases, mesotrione was applied at 420 g ai/ha and all treatments contained liquid ammonium sulphate at 2.5% v/v and NIS at 0.25% v/v. The application rates of iron-containing compounds indicated are iron equivalent rates. For the EDTA (non-Fe) control, the indicated rates are equivalent to those used with regard to the EDTA ferric sodium salt. Percent injury levels were assessed 6, 9, and 16 days after treatment. Data presented are maximum injury occurring from any of the treatments at any time during the experiment.


Rate
Herbicide
Additive
g/ha
% Injury
Mesotrione
None
17
Mesotrione
EDTA (non-Fe control)
34
22
67
25
134
22
336
22
672
15
Mesotrione
EDTA-ferric sodium salt
34
18
67
3
134
10
Mesotrione
Sequestrene 330-Fe
34
12
67
13
134
5
Mesotrione
Sequestrene 138-Fe
37
0
67
3
134
0
Mesotrione
Ferrous Sulfate (Fe2SO4)
37
10
67
7
134
2
268
2

The experiment shows that EDTA alone was not effective in safening SYHT0H2 soybeans from mesotrione injury. However, Sequestrene 330Fe (EDTA-Fe), Sequestrene 138Fe and Fe2SO4 are all effective in safening SYHT0H2 soybeans from mesotrione injury.

Example 7

Effect of Chelated Fe and Chelated Mn on Safening SYHT04R Soybean from Bicyclopyrone Injury

A greenhouse experiment is conducted to determine if chelating agents containing nutrient elements other than Fe were also effective in safening HPPD herbicide-tolerant soybeans.

SYHT04R soybean plants are grown in 4×4-inch pots filled with a greenhouse potting mix. When the plants reached the V2-V3 growth stage, they are sprayed with an HPPD inhibitor alone or in combination with Sequestrene 138Fe or a solution containing 6% EDTA-chelated Mn. All treatments are applied with liquid ammonium sulfate at 2.5% v/v and NIS at 0.25% v/v. Observations on percent injury were recorded 5, and 9 days after treatment. Data presented are maximum injury observed during the experiment.


Rate
Herbicide
Additive
g/ha
% Injury
Bicyclopyrone
None
29
Bicyclopyrone
Sequestrene 138-Fe
67
2
Bicyclopyrone
EDTA Chelated Mn
67
28
Bicyclopyrone
EDTA Chelated Mn
134
26

These results indicate that the safening observed in respect of iron containing chelates is not observed with regard to Mn containing chelates.

Example 8

Safening of Various HPPD-inhibiting Herbicides in HPPD-tolerant Soybean Events SYHT04R and SYHT0H2

An experiment is performed to determine whether the addition of chelating iron to the spray formulation can mitigate foliar bleaching injury from the HPPD herbicides mesotrione, bicyclopyrone, tembotrione, isoxaflutole, topramezone and pyrasulfatole when applied post-emergence to the HPPD-tolerant soybean events SYHT04R and SYHT0H2.

Soybean plants are grown in a glasshouse (24° C. day, 18° C. night; 65% relative humidity; 16 hour photoperiod). Two replicates are utilised in respect of SYHT0H2 (growth stage V1-V3) and three replicates are utilised in respect of SYHT04R (growth stage V1 to V3). Spray applications are applied post-emergence at 2001/ha. Herbicide damage was assessed 7 DAA (Days After Application).


Treat-
Com-
ment
Com-
pound 1
Sequestrene
number
pound 1
g ai/ha
138Fe g/ha
SYHT0H2
SYHT04R
1
Mesotrione
200
n/a
13
8
3
800
23
32
4
Mesotrione
200
1000
3
2
6
800
1000
18
17
7
Bicyclopyrone
100
n/a
13
15
9
400
40
42
10
Bicyclopyrone
100
1000
3
5
12
400
1000
25
30
13
Isoxaflutole
100
n/a
13
10
15
400
30
23
16
Isoxaflutole
100
1000
15
3
18
400
1000
15
8
19
Tembotrione
100
n/a
23
17
21
400
25
20
22
Tembotrione
100
1000
3
0
24
400
1000
5
10
25
Pyrasulfatole
100
n/a
10
4
27
400
4
12
28
Pyrasulfatole
100
1000
10
0
30
400
1000
18
2
31
Topramazone
50
n/a
8
5
33
200
23
17
34
Topramazone
50
1000
5
2
36
200
1000
0
3

These results demonstrate that iron chelates can be used to mitigate damage from the HPPD herbicides mesotrione, bicyclopyrone, isoxaflutole, tembotrione and pyrasulfatole when applied over the top of the HPPD-tolerant soybean events SYHT0H2 and SYHT04R.

Experiment 9

Effect of Iron Chelates in Mitigating Foliar Bleaching Injury from HPPD Inhibiting Herbicides Across Various Transgenic HPPD Tolerant Tobacco Events Over-expressing HPPD Genes from Different Origins

This experiment is carried out to determine whether iron chelates can mitigate the bleaching injury from HPPD inhibiting herbicides across various transgenic HPPD tolerant tobacco events over-expressing HPPD genes from different origins. These experiments are conducted using three distinct HPPD-overexpressing Nicotiana tabacum cv Samsun (tobacco) lines, one over-expressing wheat HPPD, one overexpressing an Avena HPPD and one over-expressing a HPPD from a bacterial source, Pseudomonas florescens. For each transgenic line, five identical clonal plants were sprayed with each herbicide treatment. Two untransformed clonal tobacco plants are also sprayed (2001/ha) with each herbicide treatment. Assessments are carried out 3, 7 and 14 days after herbicide application.

The results obtained are summarised in the Table below. All scores represent average % herbicide damage. The results demonstrate significant safening is conferred by the inclusion of iron chelates in the herbicide applications. An equivalent safening effect is not observed when the same chemical treatments are applied to wild type plants. This study clearly indicates that the mitigating effect of water soluble iron containing compounds on HPPD inhibitor damage previously observed in soybean overexpressing HPPD is also apparent in other plant species overexpressing HPPD, such as tobacco. It further demonstrates that the effect is not specific to HPPD tolerance genes from a single source, but to HPPD tolerance genes derived from different plant and bacterial sources.


Mesotrione
Sequestrene
3DAA
7DAA
14DAA
Trt No.
(gai/ha)
138 (g/ha)
Pseudomonas HPPD
WT
Pseudomonas HPPD
WT
Pseudomonas HPPD
WT
1
50
10
20
30
10
15
60
65
20
20
35
15
25
80
80
15
20
30
10
20
85
85
2
100
35
25
25
20
35
70
70
55
30
30
30
35
80
80
40
25
25
20
30
85
90
3
150
40
30
20
45
40
55
60
60
35
30
70
40
80
80
55
30
20
75
35
85
85
4
50
1000
5
5
10
10
20
50
50
0
0
0
0
0
80
80
0
0
0
0
0
70
75
5
100
1000
10
5
10
5
10
60
60
0
0
0
0
0
80
80
15
5
0
0
0
75
85
6
150
1000
5
5
15
10
15
60
60
5
15
15
0
0
80
80
5
5
5
0
0
85
85
Mesotrione
Sequestrene
3DAA
7DAA
14DAA
Trt No.
(gai/ha)
138 (g/ha)
Wheat HPPD
WT
Wheat HPPD
WT
Wheat HPPD
WT
7
200
10
5
10
5
10
60
60
10
0
0
0
0
80
80
10
10
0
10
10
85
85
8
300
15
10
10
10
10
65
65
20
15
15
20
5
80
80
15
10
15
0
5
90
85
9
400
20
20
15
20
20
55
60
20
25
20
20
20
80
80
20
25
15
15
10
85
85
10
200
1000
0
0
0
0
5
55
60
0
0
0
0
0
80
80
20
5
15
10
0
85
85
11
300
1000
0
5
5
10
0
50
60
10
5
0
0
0
80
80
10
5
15
10
0
90
85
12
400
1000
10
0
0
0
10
55
60
5
0
0
0
0
80
80
10
10
5
5
5
90
85
Mesotrione
Sequestrene
3DAA
7DAA
14DAA
Trt No.
(gai/ha)
138 (g/ha)
Avena HPPD
WT
Avena HPPD
WT
Avena HPPD
WT
13
400
55
45
50
60
40
50
55
70
65
65
70
65
80
80
65
45
45
65
50
95
90
14
500
55
60
65
65
65
55
60
75
70
75
75
75
80
80
70
65
70
65
60
85
85
15
600
30
65
60
40
60
55
55
55
75
75
55
78
80
80
40
65
65
50
70
85
85
16
400
1000
0
5
0
10
0
60
55
15
15
10
10
10
80
80
15
10
5
5
15
90
95
17
500
1000
15
5
50
40
55
50
60
15
0
50
40
65
80
80
15
5
40
35
60
90
90
18
600
1000
55
50
55
35
25
55
55
65
65
65
40
30
80
80
60
65
55
35
15
90
85

Read more
PatSnap Solutions

Great research starts with great data.

Use the most comprehensive innovation intelligence platform to maximise ROI on research.

Learn More

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Composition and method for selective herbicide W. NEUDORFF GMBH KG 17 October 2005 20 April 2006
Herbicidal compositions comprising HPPD-inhibitors and methods of controlling weeds in turfgrasses SYNGENTA CROP PROTECTION, LLC 05 October 2009 03 November 2011
Stable herbicidal compositions containing metal chelates of herbicidal dione compounds ZENECA LIMITED 03 February 1997 07 August 1997
Methods for the production of plants resistant to HPPD herbicides SYNGENTA LIMITED 23 October 2007 02 July 2009
Enhancers for Water Soluble Selective Auxin Type Herbicides W. NEUDORFF GMBH KG 14 March 2007 23 August 2007
See full citation <>

More Patents & Intellectual Property

PatSnap Solutions

PatSnap solutions are used by R&D teams, legal and IP professionals, those in business intelligence and strategic planning roles and by research staff at academic institutions globally.

PatSnap Solutions
Search & Analyze
The widest range of IP search tools makes getting the right answers and asking the right questions easier than ever. One click analysis extracts meaningful information on competitors and technology trends from IP data.
Business Intelligence
Gain powerful insights into future technology changes, market shifts and competitor strategies.
Workflow
Manage IP-related processes across multiple teams and departments with integrated collaboration and workflow tools.
Contact Sales
Clsoe