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Patent Analysis of

Flexible intra-vascular aneurysm treatment stent

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US9901349

Application Number

US15/608481

Application Date

30 May 2017

Publication Date

27 February 2018

Current Assignee

HORTON, JOSEPH

Original Assignee (Applicant)

HORTON, JOSEPH

International Classification

A61F2/82,A61B17/12,A61F2/88,A61B17/00,A61F2/915

Cooperative Classification

A61B17/12118,A61B17/12145,A61F2/88,A61F2210/0014,A61F2/915

Inventor

HORTON, JOSEPH

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US9901349 Flexible intra-vascular aneurysm treatment stent 1 US9901349 Flexible intra-vascular aneurysm treatment stent 2 US9901349 Flexible intra-vascular aneurysm treatment stent 3
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Abstract

An intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent and a method for lowering pressure within an aneurysm bubble in a blood vessel. A stent coil is insertable into a blood vessel, the coil made of a material sufficiently flexible to move around curves, loops, and corners in the blood vessel. The stent coil is positioned in the blood vessel with selected stent coil portions proximate an opening into either a saccular aneurysm or a fusiform aneurysm. Blood in the lumen of the blood vessel flows past the leading edges and both over the outer surfaces, and under the inner surfaces. A portion of the blood inside the aneurysm becomes entrained with the blood flowing over the outer surfaces. At the trailing edges, the converging blood flows create eddies.

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Claims

1. An intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent comprising: a flexible member, insertable into a blood vessel, with selected portions of the flexible member positioned proximate an opening in a wall of the blood vessel, and opening into an aneurysm bubble, the flexible member having an upstream proximal end, an opposite downstream distal end, a length between the proximal end and the distal end, and a longitudinal axis extending along the length, the selected portions of the flexible member each having a leading edge directed toward the proximal end, a trailing edge directed toward the distal end, and an outer surface and an inner substantially planar surface extending from proximate the leading edges to proximate the trailing edges, at least one of the selected portions having a first cross-section in a first plane parallel to the longitudinal axis, the inner substantially planar surface being located at or above a second plane perpendicular to the first plane and parallel to the longitudinal axis, a third plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the third plane intersecting the first cross-section between the leading edge and the trailing edge in the first cross-section, and the third plane intersecting the second plane, a fourth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fourth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the leading end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a fifth plane perpendicular to the first plane the second plane, the fifth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the trailing end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane being greater than a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at each of the intersections of the fourth and fifth planes, the flexible member having a maximum distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the third plane; wherein the selected portions of the flexible member are configured to receive blood flow at respective upstream leading edges, direct first portions of the blood flow over the outer surfaces and second portions of the blood flow across the inner surfaces, the first blood flow portions converging with the second blood flow portions at respective trailing edges, the converging first and second blood flow portions at least temporarily directing blood away from the aneurysm bubble and back into the blood vessel.

2. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein a sixth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane intersects the first cross- section between the intersections of the third plane and the fourth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being greater than the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fourth plane.

3. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 2, wherein a seventh plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane intersecting the first cross-section between the intersections of the third plane and the fifth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the seventh plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the seventh plane being greater than the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fifth plane.

4. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 3, wherein an eighth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane intersects the first cross-section between the leading end and the intersection of the fourth plane with the first cross-section, and a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the eighth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fourth plane.

5. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 4, wherein a ninth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane intersects the first cross-section between the trailing end and the intersection of the fifth plane with the first cross-section, and a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the ninth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fifth plane.

6. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein the flexible member is configured as a coil.

7. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein the flexible member is configured as an expanding generally tubular stent.

8. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein the outer surfaces are substantially convex.

9. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein the inner substantially planar surfaces are substantially flat.

10. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein the selected flexible member portions are configured to define eddies in the blood flow path proximate each of the trailing edges.

11. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a saccular aneurysm.

12. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a fusiform aneurysm.

13. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein the selected portions of the flexible member each have a length between the leading edges and the trailing edges, the selected portions of the flexible member each having a maximum height between the outer surfaces and the inner surfaces, the lengths of the selected portions of the flexible member being greater than the maximum heights of the selected portions of the flexible member.

14. An intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent comprising: a flexible coil, insertable into a blood vessel, with selected portions of the coil positioned proximate an opening in a wall of the blood vessel, and opening into an aneurysm bubble, the coil having an upstream proximal end, an opposite downstream distal end, a length between the proximal end and the distal end, and a longitudinal axis extending along the length, the selected portions of the coil each having a leading edge directed toward the proximal end, a trailing edge directed toward the distal end, and an outer surface and an inner surface extending from proximate the leading edges to proximate the trailing edges, at least one of the selected portions having a first cross-section in a first plane parallel to the longitudinal axis, the outer surface in the first cross-section having a first end and an opposite second end, and the inner surface in the first cross-section having a third end and an opposite fourth end, the first, second, third, and fourth ends terminating at a second plane perpendicular to the first plane and parallel to the longitudinal axis, the inner surface being located at or above the second plane, a third plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the third plane intersecting the first cross-section between the leading edge and the trailing edge in the first cross-section, and the third plane intersecting the second plane, a fourth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fourth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the leading end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a fifth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fifth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the trailing end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane being greater than a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at each of the intersections of the fourth and fifth planes, a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane being greater than a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at each of the intersections of the fourth and fifth planes, the flexible member having a maximum distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the third plane; wherein the selected portions of the coil are configured to receive blood flow at respective upstream leading edges, direct first portions of the blood flow over the outer surfaces and second portions of the blood flow across the inner surfaces, the first blood flow portions converging with the second blood flow portions at respective trailing edges, the converging first and second blood flow portions at least temporarily directing blood away from the aneurysm bubble and back into the blood vessel.

15. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein a sixth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the sixth plane intersects the first cross-section between the intersections of the third plane and the fourth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane.

16. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 15, wherein a seventh plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the seventh plane intersects the first cross-section between the leading end and the fourth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the seventh plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fourth plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the seventh plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fourth plane.

17. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 16, wherein an eighth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the eighth plane intersects the first cross-section between the intersections of the third plane and the fifth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the eighth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the eighth plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane.

18. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 17, wherein a ninth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the ninth plane intersects the first cross-section between the trailing end and the fifth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the ninth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fifth plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the ninth plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fifth plane.

19. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein the flexible member is configured as a coil.

20. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein the flexible member is configured as an expanding generally tubular stent.

21. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein the outer surfaces are substantially convex.

22. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein the inner substantially planar surfaces are substantially flat.

23. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein the selected flexible member portions are configured to define eddies in the blood flow path proximate each of the trailing edges.

24. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a saccular aneurysm.

25. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a fusiform aneurysm.

26. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein the selected portions of the flexible member each have a length between the leading edges and the trailing edges, the selected portions of the flexible member each having a maximum height between the outer surfaces and the inner surfaces, the lengths of the selected portions of the flexible member being greater than the maximum heights of the selected portions of the flexible member.

27. An intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent comprising: a flexible coil, insertable into a blood vessel, with selected portions of the coil positioned proximate an opening in a wall of the blood vessel, and opening into an aneurysm bubble, the coil having an upstream proximal end, an opposite downstream distal end, a length between the proximal end and the distal end, and a longitudinal axis extending along the length, the selected portions of the coil each having a leading edge directed toward the proximal end, a trailing edge directed toward the distal end, and an outer surface and an inner surface extending from proximate the leading edges to proximate the trailing edges, at least one of the selected portions having a first cross-section in a first plane parallel to the longitudinal axis, the outer surface in the first cross-section having a first end and an opposite second end, the first and second ends terminating at a second plane perpendicular to the first plane and parallel to the longitudinal axis, the inner surface being located at or above the second plane, a third plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the third plane intersecting the first cross-section between the first end and the second end in the first cross-section, and the third plane intersecting the second plane, a fourth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fourth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the first end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a fifth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fifth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the second end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane being greater than a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at each of the intersections of the fourth and fifth planes, the flexible member having a maximum distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the third plane; wherein the selected portions of the coil are configured to receive blood flow at respective upstream leading edges, direct first portions of the blood flow over the outer surfaces and second portions of the blood flow across the inner surfaces, the first blood flow portions converging with the second blood flow portions at respective trailing edges, the converging first and second blood flow portions at least temporarily directing blood away from the aneurysm bubble and back into the blood vessel.

28. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein a sixth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the sixth plane intersects the first cross-section between the intersections of the third plane and the fourth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane.

29. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 28, wherein a seventh is plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the seventh plane intersects the first cross-section between the leading end and the fourth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the seventh plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fourth plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the seventh plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fourth plane.

30. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 29, wherein an eighth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the eighth plane intersects the first cross-section between the intersections of the third plane and the fifth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the eighth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the eighth plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane.

31. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 30, wherein a ninth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the ninth plane intersects the first cross-section between the trailing end and the fifth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the ninth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fifth plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the ninth plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fifth plane.

32. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein the flexible member is configured as a coil.

33. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein the flexible member is configured as an expanding generally tubular stent.

34. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein the outer surfaces are substantially convex.

35. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein the inner substantially planar surfaces are substantially flat.

36. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein the selected flexible member portions are configured to define eddies in the blood flow path proximate each of the trailing edges.

37. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a saccular aneurysm.

38. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a fusiform aneurysm.

39. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein the selected portions of the flexible member each have a length between the leading edges and the trailing edges, the selected portions of the flexible member each having a maximum height between the outer surfaces and the inner surfaces, the lengths of the selected portions of the flexible member being greater than the maximum heights of the selected portions of the flexible member.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. An intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent comprising:
    • a flexible member, insertable into a blood vessel, with selected portions of the flexible member positioned proximate an opening in a wall of the blood vessel, and opening into an aneurysm bubble, the flexible member having an upstream proximal end, an opposite downstream distal end, a length between the proximal end and the distal end, and a longitudinal axis extending along the length, the selected portions of the flexible member each having a leading edge directed toward the proximal end, a trailing edge directed toward the distal end, and an outer surface and an inner substantially planar surface extending from proximate the leading edges to proximate the trailing edges, at least one of the selected portions having a first cross-section in a first plane parallel to the longitudinal axis, the inner substantially planar surface being located at or above a second plane perpendicular to the first plane and parallel to the longitudinal axis, a third plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the third plane intersecting the first cross-section between the leading edge and the trailing edge in the first cross-section, and the third plane intersecting the second plane, a fourth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fourth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the leading end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a fifth plane perpendicular to the first plane the second plane, the fifth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the trailing end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane being greater than a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at each of the intersections of the fourth and fifth planes, the flexible member having a maximum distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the third plane
    • wherein the selected portions of the flexible member are configured to receive blood flow at respective upstream leading edges, direct first portions of the blood flow over the outer surfaces and second portions of the blood flow across the inner surfaces, the first blood flow portions converging with the second blood flow portions at respective trailing edges, the converging first and second blood flow portions at least temporarily directing blood away from the aneurysm bubble and back into the blood vessel.
    • 2. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • a sixth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane intersects the first cross- section between the intersections of the third plane and the fourth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being greater than the distance between the outer surface and the inner surface in the first cross-section at the intersection of the fourth plane.
    • 6. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured as a coil.
    • 7. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured as an expanding generally tubular stent.
    • 8. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • the outer surfaces are substantially convex.
    • 9. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • the inner substantially planar surfaces are substantially flat.
    • 10. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • the selected flexible member portions are configured to define eddies in the blood flow path proximate each of the trailing edges.
    • 11. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a saccular aneurysm.
    • 12. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a fusiform aneurysm.
    • 13. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 1, wherein
      • the selected portions of the flexible member each have a length between the leading edges and the trailing edges, the selected portions of the flexible member each having
  • 14
    14. An intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent comprising:
    • a flexible coil, insertable into a blood vessel, with selected portions of the coil positioned proximate an opening in a wall of the blood vessel, and opening into an aneurysm bubble, the coil having an upstream proximal end, an opposite downstream distal end, a length between the proximal end and the distal end, and a longitudinal axis extending along the length, the selected portions of the coil each having a leading edge directed toward the proximal end, a trailing edge directed toward the distal end, and an outer surface and an inner surface extending from proximate the leading edges to proximate the trailing edges, at least one of the selected portions having a first cross-section in a first plane parallel to the longitudinal axis, the outer surface in the first cross-section having a first end and an opposite second end, and the inner surface in the first cross-section having a third end and an opposite fourth end, the first, second, third, and fourth ends terminating at a second plane perpendicular to the first plane and parallel to the longitudinal axis, the inner surface being located at or above the second plane, a third plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the third plane intersecting the first cross-section between the leading edge and the trailing edge in the first cross-section, and the third plane intersecting the second plane, a fourth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fourth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the leading end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a fifth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fifth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the trailing end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane being greater than a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at each of the intersections of the fourth and fifth planes, a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane being greater than a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at each of the intersections of the fourth and fifth planes, the flexible member having a maximum distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the third plane
    • wherein the selected portions of the coil are configured to receive blood flow at respective upstream leading edges, direct first portions of the blood flow over the outer surfaces and second portions of the blood flow across the inner surfaces, the first blood flow portions converging with the second blood flow portions at respective trailing edges, the converging first and second blood flow portions at least temporarily directing blood away from the aneurysm bubble and back into the blood vessel.
    • 15. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • a sixth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the sixth plane intersects the first cross-section between the intersections of the third plane and the fourth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane.
    • 19. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured as a coil.
    • 20. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured as an expanding generally tubular stent.
    • 21. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • the outer surfaces are substantially convex.
    • 22. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • the inner substantially planar surfaces are substantially flat.
    • 23. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • the selected flexible member portions are configured to define eddies in the blood flow path proximate each of the trailing edges.
    • 24. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a saccular aneurysm.
    • 25. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a fusiform aneurysm.
    • 26. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 14, wherein
      • the selected portions of the flexible member each have a length between the leading edges and the trailing edges, the selected portions of the flexible member each having
  • 27
    27. An intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent comprising:
    • a flexible coil, insertable into a blood vessel, with selected portions of the coil positioned proximate an opening in a wall of the blood vessel, and opening into an aneurysm bubble, the coil having an upstream proximal end, an opposite downstream distal end, a length between the proximal end and the distal end, and a longitudinal axis extending along the length, the selected portions of the coil each having a leading edge directed toward the proximal end, a trailing edge directed toward the distal end, and an outer surface and an inner surface extending from proximate the leading edges to proximate the trailing edges, at least one of the selected portions having a first cross-section in a first plane parallel to the longitudinal axis, the outer surface in the first cross-section having a first end and an opposite second end, the first and second ends terminating at a second plane perpendicular to the first plane and parallel to the longitudinal axis, the inner surface being located at or above the second plane, a third plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the third plane intersecting the first cross-section between the first end and the second end in the first cross-section, and the third plane intersecting the second plane, a fourth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fourth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the first end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a fifth plane perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, the fifth plane intersecting the first cross-section between the second end and the intersection of the third plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane being greater than a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at each of the intersections of the fourth and fifth planes, the flexible member having a maximum distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the third plane
    • wherein the selected portions of the coil are configured to receive blood flow at respective upstream leading edges, direct first portions of the blood flow over the outer surfaces and second portions of the blood flow across the inner surfaces, the first blood flow portions converging with the second blood flow portions at respective trailing edges, the converging first and second blood flow portions at least temporarily directing blood away from the aneurysm bubble and back into the blood vessel.
    • 28. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • a sixth plane is perpendicular to the first plane and the second plane, and the sixth plane intersects the first cross-section between the intersections of the third plane and the fourth plane with the first cross-section, a distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the outer surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane, and a distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the sixth plane being less than the distance between the inner surface and the second plane in the first cross-section at the intersection of the third plane.
    • 32. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured as a coil.
    • 33. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured as an expanding generally tubular stent.
    • 34. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • the outer surfaces are substantially convex.
    • 35. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • the inner substantially planar surfaces are substantially flat.
    • 36. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • the selected flexible member portions are configured to define eddies in the blood flow path proximate each of the trailing edges.
    • 37. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a saccular aneurysm.
    • 38. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • the flexible member is configured to be inserted into the blood vessel proximate a fusiform aneurysm.
    • 39. The intra-vascular aneurysm-treatment stent of claim 27, wherein
      • the selected portions of the flexible member each have a length between the leading edges and the trailing edges, the selected portions of the flexible member each having
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Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to flexible intra-vascular stents and to flow diverters and modifiers, and more particularly to flexible wire intra-vascular stents for treatment of aneurysms in the carotid and vertebral arteries and branch blood vessels extending from the carotid and vertebral arteries into the brain.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

An aneurysm is a circumscribed dilation of a blood vessel, or cardiac chamber, in direct communication with its respective lumen, usually resulting from an acquired or congenital weakness of the wall of the blood vessel, or chamber. An aneurysm occurs when a part of the artery, other blood vessel, or cardiac chamber, swells, either due to damage to the wall or a weakness in the wall. As blood pressure builds up with each heartbeat, the wall balloons out at its weakest point, forming an aneurysm bubble. The bubble tends to fill with blood, as blood flowing through the lumen is partly diverted through the opening into the aneurysm. As the aneurysm grows, in addition to causing pain and other complications, a risk of rupture of the bubble increases. Rupture of an aneurysm in a carotid or vertebral artery in the neck, or in a branch blood vessel extending from the carotid or vertebral artery into the brain can cause a hemorrhage or stroke, which can be at best severely debilitating, and at worst deadly. For perspective, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) occurs about 30,000 times annually in the United States. Of these, between ⅓ and ½ of those so afflicted will not survive the trip to the hospital.

FIGS. 1 and 2 depict various configurations of aneurysms. In each drawing, a generally tubular blood vessel 10 comprises an inner peripheral wall 12, and an outer peripheral wall 14. The inner peripheral wall 12 defines a lumen 16 through which blood 17 flows. A weak point in the wall 12 has an opening, called a neck, 18. A portion of the blood flow 17 is diverted from the lumen 16 through the neck 18 to form and maintain a saccular aneurysm 20. A saccular aneurysm 20 is shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 2 shows a fusiform aneurysm 20′. If the arterial wall weakness is focal, i.e., it does not extend all the way around the artery, the aneurysm is most likely to be saccular. If the weakness is circumferential, it will more likely be fusiform. In the saccular aneurysm 20, its communication with the lumen 16 is though the aneurysm neck 18. The fusiform aneurysm 20′ by definition does not have a neck.

FIGS. 3A-3B depict a conventional attempt to treat aneurysms. FIG. 3A depicts a wire stent 30, installed in a blood vessel 10 with a fusiform aneurysm bubble 20′. Referring to FIG. 3B, a raised strut portion 32 of the wire stent 30 depicted in FIG. 3A is provided against the blood vessel inner peripheral wall 12 immediately upstream of the aneurysm neck 18. It is intended that an increase in velocity of the blood flow 17 over the raised strut portion 32 will create a pressure drop (dP) at a trailing edge thereof to cause blood 17 in the saccular aneurysm bubble 20 to flow back into the lumen 16 of the blood vessel 10.

FIG. 4 explains why this conventional attempt to treat aneurysms is sometimes ineffective, even harmful. At the trailing edge of the raised strut portion 32, as in the case of a trailing edge of an airplane, the flow of fluid (in this case blood 17) flows across the apex of the wing and down past the trailing edge. The configuration and positioning of the strut 32 in FIG. 3B, however, rather than creating a pressure drop (dP), drawing blood 17 out of the saccular aneurysm 20 and into the lumen 16, instead directs more blood flow 17 at the trailing edge into the saccular aneurysm 20, thereby achieving an effect opposite of that which was intended. In fact, it can have the effect of directing high-velocity blood to strike the inflow zone of the aneurysm, a fragile, delicate part.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In accordance with the invention, a flexible intra-vascular catheter for treating an aneurysm includes an expanding coil insertable into a blood vessel, including a curving blood vessel, with coil portions positioned proximate an opening in the blood vessel wall into an aneurysm bubble, the coil portions are configured to receive blood flow in the blood vessel on their upstream side/leading edge and re-direct the blood flow back toward a central lumen of the blood vessel, thereby creating an eddy effect proximate the downstream side/trailing edge of the respective coil portions, creating a pressure drop (dP) which draws blood in the aneurysm bubble back into the lumen of the blood vessel, and collapsing the bubble, or at least substantially decreasing pressure in it.

In one embodiment, the coil portions have an arcuate upper surface proximate the inner blood vessel wall and facing the opening into the aneurysm bubble, and generally flat inner surfaces facing the lumen of the blood vessel. Blood flow on the upstream side/leading edge of each coil portion travels over and across the arcuate outer surface and is directed back down toward the lumen of the blood vessel. Proximate the opening into the aneurysm bubble, on the downstream side/trailing edge of each coil portion, this downward flow converges with the flow along the flat inner surfaces, creating an eddy, with a corresponding pressure drop (dP). The dP draws blood out of the aneurysm bubble and back into the lumen of the blood vessel, thereby collapsing the bubble, or decreasing pressure in it.

In another embodiment, the coil portions have convex outer surfaces proximate the inner wall of the blood vessel and facing the opening into the aneurysm bubble, and concave inner surfaces facing the lumen of the blood vessel. Blood flow from upstream flows over and across each convex outer surface, and also flows into each successive concave inner surface at its respective upstream/leading edge portion, and out of the concave inner face at its respective trailing edge, being redirected back toward the lumen of the blood vessel. The converging blood flows at each respective downstream/trailing edge portion, create an eddy at each downstream/trailing edge portion. Once again, each eddy creates a corresponding pressure drop dP. This dP draws blood out of the aneurysm bubble and toward the lumen of the blood vessel, thereby collapsing the bubble, or decreasing pressure in it.

The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate preferred embodiments of the invention and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a side view of a blood vessel, with a saccular aneurysm located on one outer surface of the blood vessel;

FIG. 2 is a side view of a blood vessel with a fusiform aneurysm, defined by a circumferential dilatation of the artery;

FIG. 3A is a perspective view of a coil stent in a blood vessel, used in a conventional attempt to treat a fusiform aneurysm;

FIG. 3B depicts a conventional attempt to treat an aneurism, using the coil stent of FIG. 3A;

FIG. 4 is a side schematic view depicting the operation of the conventional attempt to treat aneurysms depicted in FIG. 3B, and demonstrating why the conventional attempt is sometimes ineffective;

FIG. 5 is a side view of a flexible intra-vascular stent, in accordance with the invention, positioned in a blood vessel proximate an aneurysm;

FIG. 6A is a side cross-sectional view of a first embodiment of the flexible intra-vascular stent of FIG. 5, positioned in a blood vessel proximate an aneurysm;

FIG. 6B is a side cross-sectional view of one coil portion of the first embodiment of the flexible intra-vascular stent of FIG. 6A;

FIG. 6C is an cross-sectional end view of the flexible intra-vascular stent of FIG. 6A, positioned in a blood vessel proximate an aneurysm;

FIG. 7A is a side view of a second embodiment of the flexible intra- vascular stent of FIG. 5, positioned in a blood vessel proximate an aneurysm;

FIG. 7B is a cross-sectional end view of one coil portion of the second embodiment of the flexible intra-vascular stent of FIG. 7A;

FIG. 7C is an cross-sectional end view of the flexible intra-vascular stent of FIG. 7A, positioned in a blood vessel proximate an aneurysm;

FIG. 8A is a side view of a blood vessel with a loop defined therein, an aneurysm positioned on a wall of the loop, and the flexible intra-vascular stent of FIG. 5 positioned in the loop proximate the aneurysm;

FIG. 8B is a side view of a curved blood vessel, with an aneurysm positioned on a wall of the curve, and the flexible intra-vascular stent of FIG. 5 positioned in the curve proximate the aneurysm.

DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

Reference will now be made in detail to the present preferred embodiments of the invention, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Wherever possible, the same reference numbers will be used throughout the drawings to refer to the same or like parts.

As broadly embodied herein, referring to FIGS. 5-8B, a flexible coil intra-vascular stent 40/60 in accordance with the invention comprises a self-expanding or balloon-expanded generally tubular stent, flexible for going around curves, loops, and corners in blood vessels, particularly carotid or vertebral arteries in the neck, and branch blood vessels leading off the carotid arteries into the brain. It is preferred that the stent 40/60 be made of flexible wire, which in a preferred embodiment is formed of a memory metal such as Nitinol. In another preferred embodiment the stent 40/60 is formed of a non-memory metal, e.g., stainless steel.

Preferred configurations and operation of the flexible intra-vascular wire stent 40/60 in accordance with the invention is explained with respect to FIGS. 6A-7C.

As broadly embodied in FIG. 6A, a first embodiment of a flexible intra-vascular wire coil stent 40 is positioned in a generally tubular blood vessel 10, the blood vessel 10 including a peripheral inner wall 12, a peripheral outer wall 14, a central lumen 16, and an aneurysm neck 18 in the wall 12, allowing blood 17 to flow from the lumen 16 into an aneurysm bubble 20.

Flexible intra-vascular wire coil stent 40 includes a plurality of sequential coil portions 42, depicted in cross-section in FIGS. 6A and 6B. As depicted in FIGS. 6A and 6B, each coil portion 42 includes an upstream leading edge 44, an outer surface 46, a downstream trailing edge 48, and an inner surface 50. Each outer surface 46 defines an arc between the leading edge 44 and the trailing edge 48, whereas the inner surface 50 is substantially flat. Moreover, whereas several of the outer surfaces 46 face the inner wall 12 of the blood vessel 10, and the inner surfaces 50 all face the lumen 16 of the blood vessel 12, selected coil portions 42′ have outer portions 46′ facing the neck 18 into the aneurysm 20.

In operation, blood flow 17 in the lumen 16 will flow past the generally flat inner surfaces 50, with some blood flow 17 being diverted by the leading edges 44′ of the selected coil portions 42′ facing the neck 18, across the outer surfaces 46′, past the trailing edges 48′ and back towards the lumen 16. Comparing FIG. 6A to FIG. 4, it can be seen that rather than directing blood flow into the aneurysm 20, as was the case with the conventional art, selected coil portions 42′ direct blood flow away from the aneurysm 20 and toward the lumen 16. Some of the blood 17 in the aneurysm 20 will become entrained in the blood flow 17 over the outer surfaces 46′ and be directed back into the lumen 16. More significantly, the converging blood flow paths 17 at the trailing edges 48′ of the selected coil portions 42′ create eddies 52 proximate the trailing edges 48′ of the selected coil portions 42′. Each eddy 52 results in a pressure drop dP between pressure at the respective outer surface 46′ and the respective trailing edge 48′. The dP generated at the respective trailing edges 48′ will draw blood 17 out of the aneurysm 20 and back into the blood flow 17 in the lumen 16, thereby collapsing the bubble 20, or at least decreasing it.

In the second embodiment, as depicted in FIGS. 7A and 7B, each coil portion 62 of a flexible wire coil intra-vascular stent 60 includes an upstream leading edge 64, an outer surface 66, a downstream trailing edge 68, and an inner surface 70. In the second embodiment of FIGS. 7A and 7B, the outer surface 66 defines a convex surface between the leading edge 64 and the trailing edge 68, whereas the inner surface 70 defines a concave surface between the leading edge 64 and the trailing edge 68. Moreover, whereas several of the outer surfaces 66 face the inner wall 12 of the blood vessel 10, and the inner surfaces 70 all face the lumen 16 of the blood vessel 10, selected coil portions 62′ have outer surfaces 66′ facing the neck 18 into the aneurysm 20.

In operation, blood flow 17 in the lumen 16 will flow into and out of the concave inner surfaces 70, with some blood flow 17 being diverted by the leading edges 64′ of the selected coil portions 62′ proximate the neck 18, across the convex outer surfaces 66′, past the trailing edges 68′ and back towards the lumen 16. As discussed above with respect to the embodiment of FIG. 6A, some of the blood 17 in the aneurysm 20 will become entrained in the blood flow 17 passing across the outer surfaces 66′ and will flow back into the lumen 16. More significantly, the converging blood flow paths 17 at the selected trailing edges 68′ create eddies 72 proximate the trailing edges 68′ of the selected coil portions 62′, each eddy 72 resulting in a pressure drop dP between pressure at the respective convex outer surface 66′ and the respective trailing edge 68′. In the location of the selected coil portions 62′, the dP generated at the respective trailing edges 68′ will draw blood 17 out of the aneurysm 20 and back into the blood flow 17 in the lumen 16, thereby collapsing the bubble 20, or at least decreasing it.

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22.09/100 Score

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It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

72.96/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

26.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

17.0/100 Score

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Flexible intra-vascular aneurysm treatment stent HORTON, JOSEPH 15 March 2013 14 August 2014
Anti-turbulent, anti-thrombogenic intravascular stent SAWYER, PHILIP N. 14 September 1990 28 April 1992
Medical Devices, Methods of Producing Medical Devices, and Projection Photolithography Apparatus for Producing Medical Devices WALKER JEFFREY P,DRUBETSKY LEV 03 May 2011 10 November 2011
Endovascular device for protection of aneurysm ZULI HOLDINGS LTD. 03 May 1996 21 July 1998
Streamlined Stents MEDTRONIC VASCULAR, INC. 29 September 2009 21 January 2010
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US9901349 Flexible intra-vascular aneurysm treatment stent 1 US9901349 Flexible intra-vascular aneurysm treatment stent 2 US9901349 Flexible intra-vascular aneurysm treatment stent 3