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Patent Analysis of

Hand-held machine tool

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US9905966

Application Number

US14/406500

Application Date

29 May 2013

Publication Date

27 February 2018

Current Assignee

HILTI AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

Original Assignee (Applicant)

HILTI AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

International Classification

B25F5/02,B25F5/00,H01R13/631

Cooperative Classification

H01R13/631,B25F5/02,B25F5/006,B25F5/00

Inventor

BURGER, HELMUT,THANNER, THOMAS,RICHTER, RENE

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US9905966 Hand-held machine tool 1 US9905966 Hand-held machine tool 2 US9905966 Hand-held machine tool 3
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Abstract

A hand-held machine tool has an integrated tool or a tool holder to receive a tool. An electric motor drives the tool or the tool holder. A battery pack for supplying power to the electric motor can be pushed into a guide in a first direction. Electrical contacts are disposed in a contact holder being offset with respect to each other in a second direction. A mounting for the contact holder holds the contact holder so that it can move in the first direction-and in a third direction with respect to the mounting. The first direction, second direction and third direction are orthogonal to each other in pairs. A spring acts upon the contact holder with a force opposite to the first direction. An end face oriented opposite to the first direction is provided with a centerer which cooperates with a centering support on the battery pack in order to prevent a relative movement between the end face and the battery pack in the third direction.

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Claims

1. A hand-held machine tool comprising: an integrated tool or a tool holder for accommodating a tool; an electric motor for driving the integrated tool or the tool holder; a guide insertable into a battery pack along a first direction for supplying the electric motor with power; a contact holder, electrical contacts situated in the contact holder and offset from each other along a second direction; a suspension for the contact holder, the contact holder being movable with respect to the suspension along the first direction and along a third direction; the first direction, the second direction and the third direction being orthogonal to each other in pairs; and a spring applying a force to the contact holder against the first direction, a front face pointing against the first direction being provided with a centerer cooperating with a centering support on the battery pack to suppress a relative movement along the third direction between the front face and the battery pack.

2. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein the centerer includes a mandrel projecting in the first direction and having a surface inclined with respect to the third direction or a notch recessed with respect to the first direction and has a notch surface inclined with respect to the third direction.

3. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 2 wherein the contact holder, together with the mandrel or the notch, is pressed against the battery pack, and the front face is otherwise spaced apart from the battery pack.

4. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein the contact holder is movable along the first direction for a travel distance between 2 mm and 5 mm.

5. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein the contact holder is movable along the third direction for a travel distance between 0.5 mm and 2 mm.

6. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein the contacts are situated in the contact holder with play along the first direction.

7. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein the contact holder includes a terminal strip, and one end of a strand is attached in the terminal strip and another end of the strand is attached to one of the contacts.

8. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein at least one of the contacts is electrically contacted via a braided strand.

9. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein the contact holder is exposed in the first direction.

10. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 9 wherein the contact holder is connected to the hand-held machine tool only in a force-fit manner in the first direction via the spring when the battery pack is locked in the guide.

11. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein the spring contacts the contact holder on a side opposite the battery pack.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A hand-held machine tool comprising:
    • an integrated tool or a tool holder for accommodating a tool
    • an electric motor for driving the integrated tool or the tool holder
    • a guide insertable into a battery pack along a first direction for supplying the electric motor with power
    • a contact holder, electrical contacts situated in the contact holder and offset from each other along a second direction
    • a suspension for the contact holder, the contact holder being movable with respect to the suspension along the first direction and along a third direction
    • the first direction, the second direction and the third direction being orthogonal to each other in pairs
    • and a spring applying a force to the contact holder against the first direction, a front face pointing against the first direction being provided with a centerer cooperating with a centering support on the battery pack to suppress a relative movement along the third direction between the front face and the battery pack.
    • 2. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein
      • the centerer includes a mandrel projecting in the first direction and having
    • 4. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein
      • the contact holder is movable along the first direction for a travel distance between 2 mm and 5 mm.
    • 5. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein
      • the contact holder is movable along the third direction for a travel distance between 0.5 mm and 2 mm.
    • 6. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein
      • the contacts are situated in the contact holder with play along the first direction.
    • 7. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein
      • the contact holder includes a terminal strip, and one end of a strand is attached in the terminal strip and another end of the strand is attached to one of the contacts.
    • 8. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein
      • at least one of the contacts is electrically contacted via a braided strand.
    • 9. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein
      • the contact holder is exposed in the first direction.
    • 11. The hand-held machine tool as recited in claim 1 wherein
      • the spring contacts the contact holder on a side opposite the battery pack.
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Description

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a hand-held machine tool, e.g., a drill hammer, a saw, [or] a nail gun. Electrical consumers of the hand-held machine tool, in particular of an electric motor, are supplied by a battery pack. The battery pack is removable from the hand-held machine tool. The battery pack may then be inserted into a charger for charging or be replaced with an identical charged battery pack.

BACKGROUND

A drill hammer generates strong vibrations which cause stress on a mounting and the electrical contacts of the battery pack. The electrical contacts are thus not only subject to mechanical wear, but also due to arcs created during opening and closing of the contacts.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The hand-held machine tool according to the present invention has an integrated tool or a tool holder for accommodating a tool. An electric motor drives the tool or the tool holder. A battery pack is insertable into a guide along a first direction for supplying the electric motor with power. Electrical contacts are situated offset from each other along a second direction, transversely to the first direction, in a contact holder. The electrical contacts are preferably situated with play in the contact holder. A suspension for the contact holder movably holds the contact holder with respect to the suspension along the first direction and along a third direction. The first direction, the second direction, and the third direction are orthogonal with respect to each other in pairs. A spring applies a force to the contact holder against the first direction. A front face pointing against the first direction is provided with a centering, which cooperates with a centering support on the battery pack to suppress a relative movement between the front face and the battery pack along the third direction.

The contact holder is movably attached to the hand-held machine tool in at least two directions. The suspension of the contact holder is constructed in such a way that the movement along the first direction and the third direction is preferably limited to a first travel distance and a second travel distance.

The battery pack inserted into the hand-held machine tool electrically couples to the electrical contacts and mechanically couples to the contact holder. Initially, the battery pack shifts the contact holder against the spring, whereby a force fit is achieved. Moreover, a form lock of the centering is obtained at the contact holder with the centering support on the battery pack. The centering locally holds the front face in a fixed position with respect to the battery pack along the third direction.

One embodiment provides for the centering to include a mandrel which projects in the first direction and has a surface which is inclined with respect to the third direction and/or a notch which is recessed with respect to the first direction and has a surface which is inclined with respect to the third direction. Compared to an obtuse or non-inclined surface, the inclined surface causes secure centering. The inclination of the surfaces with respect to the third direction is preferably greater than 30 degrees. For example, the mandrel has a tip in the shape of an isosceles triangle in the cross section in parallel to the first and third directions.

One embodiment provides for the contact holder, together with the mandrel and/or the notch, to be pressed against the battery pack, and for the front face otherwise to be spaced apart from the battery pack. The spacing of the non-inclined surfaces of the front face prevents an impairment of the centering by these non-inclined surfaces.

One embodiment provides for the contacts to be situated movably with respect to each other in the contact holder. The contacts are preferably situated with play in the contact holder. Locally occurring vibrations on a contact may thus be kept away from other contacts.

The contacts may be formed as jacks for accommodating blade-shaped contacts of the battery pack. The jacks are slotted along the third direction, for example. The counter contacts preferably have a blade shape and are oriented in parallel to the third direction.

One embodiment provides for at least one of the contacts to be electrically contacted via a braided strand.

One embodiment provides for the contact holder to be exposed in the first direction. The contact holder is connected to the hand-held machine tool only in a force-fit manner in the first direction via the spring.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The following description explains the present invention based on exemplary specific embodiments and figures.

FIG. 1 shows a drill hammer;

FIG. 2 shows a cross section through the drill hammer in plane II-II;

FIG. 3 shows a cross section through the drill hammer in plane III-III;

FIG. 4 shows a partial section through a suspension;

FIG. 5 shows a top view onto a contact holder;

FIG. 6 shows a cross section through the drill hammer in plane V-V;

FIG. 7 shows a drill hammer;

FIG. 8 shows a cross section through the drill hammer in plane VII-VII.

Identical or functionally equivalent elements are identified by identical reference numerals in the figures, unless indicated otherwise.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

FIG. 1 schematically shows a drill hammer 1 as one example of a hand-held machine tool. Drill hammer 1 has a tool holder 2, into which a shaft end 3 of a tool, e.g., one of drill bit 4, may be inserted. An electric motor 5, which drives a hammer mechanism 6 and an output shaft 7, forms a primary drive of drill hammer 1. A user may guide drill hammer 1 with the aid of a handle 8 and put drill hammer 1 into operation with the aid of a system switch 9. During operation, drill hammer 1 continuously rotates drill bit 4 about a working axis 10 and may strike drill bit 4 in percussion direction 11 along working axis 10 into a substrate.

Hammer mechanism 6 is a pneumatic hammer mechanism 6, for example. An exciter 12 and a striker 13 are movably guided in hammer mechanism 6 along working axis 10. Exciter 12 is coupled to motor 5 with the aid of an eccentric 14 or a wobble finger and is forced to carry out a periodic, linear movement. A pneumatic spring, formed by a pneumatic chamber 15 between exciter 12 and striker 13, couples a movement of striker 13 to the movement of exciter 12. Striker 13 may strike directly onto a rear end of drill bit 4 or transfer its pulse to drill bit 4 indirectly via an essentially resting intermediate striker 16. Hammer mechanism 6, and preferably the further drive components, are situated inside a machine housing 17.

Electric motor 5 is supplied with power by a battery pack 18. Battery pack 18 has a battery housing 19 which is separated with respect to drill hammer 1 and in which multiple battery cells 20 are situated. Battery pack 18 may be inserted into and removed from a mounting 21 of drill hammer 1. Mounting 21 is preferably formed on an essentially exterior surface 22 of machine housing 17 or of handle 8. Mounting 21 has a guide 23 made of two parallel grooves 24, for example, which are oriented along an insertion direction 25 and situated offset from each other in a second (horizontal) direction 26 (FIG. 2). Battery housing 19 of battery pack 18 is provided with two parallel rails 27 having an L-shaped profile. Battery housing 19 may be inserted with its rails 27 into grooves 24 of guide 23 and inserted along insertion direction 25 predefined by guide 23. Guide 23 and battery housing 19 alternatingly engage behind each other along a third (vertical) direction 28. Battery pack 18 is mounted by guide 23 in orthogonal directions 26, 28 with respect to insertion direction 25, preferably with little play or without play.

Mounting 21 is provided with depressions oriented perpendicularly to guide 23, into which locking pins 29 of battery pack 18 may engage (FIG. 3). Locking pins 29 are preferably pretensioned by springs and snap into place as soon as battery pack 18 has been inserted into mounting 21 up to a stop. Locking pins 29 lock battery pack 18 against a movement along insertion direction 25. The user may disengage locking pins 29 from mounting 21 by actuating a push button 30 to be able to pull battery pack 18 out of mounting 21 against insertion direction 25. The design of guide 23 is only exemplary; in particular, mounting 21 may be provided with locking pins 29 and/or mounting 21 may be provided with rails 27 having an L-shaped profile.

Mounting 21 is provided with electrical contacts 31, which contact electrical counter contacts 32 of battery pack 18. The contact is established when battery pack 18 is locked in guide 23. Contacts 31 are preferably situated next to each other along second direction 26, and otherwise are preferably situated at the same height, in particular along third direction 28.

Advantageously two current-conducting contacts 33 and two or more signal-conducting contacts 34 are provided. Current-conducting contacts 33 are designed for more than 10 amperes to supply drill hammer 1 with power. Contacts 31 are made up entirely of metal; in view of the mechanical loads of a drill hammer 1, they are made up of an iron-containing alloy, preferably having a high copper content. Signal-conducting contacts 34 are designed for a lower load since currents of less than 10 mA flow over these.

Electrical contacts 31 of drill hammer 1 are slotted jacks. Opposing jaws 35 of contact 31 may have a resilient design. During insertion of electrical counter contacts 32 of battery pack 18 between jaws 35, these resilient jaws 35 are preferably pushed apart and thus clamped against counter contacts 32. Electrical contacts 32 of battery pack 18 may be designed as blades. The slots or blades preferably extend in parallel to third, vertical direction 28.

Electrical contacts 31 are inserted into an electrically insulating contact holder 36 (FIG. 5). Contacts 31 are situated next to each other and are spaced apart from each other in second direction 26. Contact holder 36 preferably has a separate accommodating space 37 for each of electrical contacts 31, in particular of current-conducting contacts 33. Electrical contact 31 may move in accommodating space 37 along insertion direction 25; the play is in the range of 0.1 mm to 0.3 mm, for example. Electrical contacts 31 may include spring-loaded wings, which project in second direction 26 and with which electrical contacts 31 are supported against the side walls of accommodating spaces 37. Due to their movable arrangement, contacts 31 are movable with respect to each other within contact holder 36. Accommodating spaces 37 are open on a front face 38 pointing against insertion direction 25. Counter contacts 32 of battery pack 18 may be inserted through opening 39 into accommodating spaces 37 and to electrical contacts 31 situated therein.

A strand 40 is crimped or clamped to each of contacts 31 or is clamped to electrical contact 32 (FIG. 5). Strands 40 are guided in contact holder 36 in a channel 41 in each case. In the shown specific embodiment, a terminal strip 42 is provided in contact holder 36. One end of strands 40 is attached to one of contacts 31 and the other end is attached in terminal strip 42. Terminal strip 42 mechanically decouples strands 40 from the wiring inside drill hammer 1. In this way, in particular a transfer of torsional forces of the lines which are partially twisted during installation to strands 40 is suppressed. The torsional forces could otherwise result in contacts 32 becoming clamped against side walls of accommodating spaces 37. Strands 40 are composed of braided wires. Strands 40 braided into a braid preferably have no insulating plastic jacket for at least 2 cm inside contact holder 36. The braid may be deformed by the introduced torsional forces and thus decouples the same from contacts 31. Strands insulated with a heat-shrinkable tubing or strands with twisted wires prove to be unfavorable for this purpose, as do even strands having very fine wires.

Terminal strip 42 is situated on the end of contact holder 36 facing away from front face 38, for example. Terminal strip 42 may be provided with electromechanical coupling pieces 43. Coupling piece 43 connects strand 40 to another cable 44, which is guided into machine housing 17. Coupling piece 43 is designed, for example, as a luster terminal having two screws 45 for fixing strand 40 and cable 44. Coupling pieces 43 are immovably inserted into contact holder 36. As an alternative or in addition to coupling pieces 43, terminal strip 42 may include a constriction 46 in channel 41 into which strand 40 is squeezed.

Contact holder 36 is movably suspended with respect to machine housing 17. A suspension 47 of contact holder 36 allows a limited movement of contact holder 36 along insertion direction 25. For this purpose, suspension 47 may have longitudinal grooves 48 in machine housing 17, for example, in which guide rails 49 engage on contact holder 36 (FIG. 4). Stops 50, 53 on both sides of contact holder 36 limit the movement to a travel distance 51, 54 of 2 mm to 5 mm in total, for example. One or multiple springs 52, e.g., helical springs, act on contact holder 36 against insertion direction 25. While battery pack 18 is not inserted, springs 52 press contact holder 36 against front stop 50 in insertion direction 25. Springs 52 are placed under pretension. During insertion of battery pack 18, contact holder 36 is entrained by battery pack 18 against the force of springs 52 in insertion direction 25. Travel distance 51, 54 is dimensioned in such a way that contact holder 36 is still spaced apart from rear stop 53 in insertion direction 25 by a portion 54 of travel distance 51, 54 when lock 29 locks battery pack 18.

Contact holder 36 is also able to move slightly in suspension 47 along second direction 26, contrary to battery pack 18 in mounting 21. The clearance for the movement is preferably at least 1 mm in second direction 26. The distance of opposing longitudinal grooves 48 is greater by the clearance than the width of contact holder 36 in the area of guide rails 49.

Moreover, contact holder 36 is able to move freely along third direction 28 between vertical stops. Free travel distance 55 between the stops is in the range of 0.5 mm to 2 mm The vertical stops are formed by groove walls of longitudinal grooves 48, for example, whose distance is greater by travel distance 55 than the dimension of guide rails 49 along vertical direction 28.

As an alternative or in addition, movable contact holder 36 may be suspended in a bracket 56 which is attached to handle 8 or machine housing 17. Bracket 56 is situated behind contact holder 36 in insertion direction 25. Contact holder 36 has one or multiple pins 57 projecting in insertion direction 25, which are inserted into jacks 58 of bracket 56. Jacks 58 are wider and higher than pins 57 to ensure the movability of contact holder 36 in second direction 26 and third direction 28. Springs 52 may be mounted in bracket 56 and be supported on bracket 56. Bracket 56 forms rear stop 53. Strands 40 or cables 44 may be guided in bracket 56 essentially in parallel to insertion direction 25.

Contact holder 36 is provided with a vertical centering 59 on front face 38. The vertically, i.e., along third direction 28, acting centering 59 engages in a complementary centering support 60 on battery pack 18. Springs 52 press centering 59 into centering support 60 and fix the relative vertical position of front face 38 with respect to battery pack 18 in a force-fit and form-locked manner. Front face 38 and mounting 21 continue to remain movable with respect to machine housing 17 and drill hammer 1. Front face 38 is able to move with respect to machine housing 17 by free travel distance 55 along vertical third direction 28. Centering 59 is dimensioned along insertion direction 25 in such a way that only centering 59 rests against battery pack 18. The remaining areas of contact holder 36 are spaced apart along insertion direction 25. Contacts 31, 32 contact each other or are inserted into each other.

Centering 59 shown by way of example is implemented with the aid of mandrels 59 projecting from front face 38. Mandrels 59 are wedge-shaped, pyramid-shaped or cone-shaped. A top surface 61 of mandrel 59 pointing toward machine housing 17 is inclined with respect to third direction 28. Top surface 61 moves away from machine housing 17 against insertion direction 25 along third direction 28. As an alternative or in addition to top surface 61, a bottom surface 62, which faces away from machine housing 17, may be inclined with respect to third direction 28. Bottom surface 62 ascends toward machine housing 17 against insertion direction 25 along third direction 28. Mandrels 59 are preferably situated along second direction 26 between contacts 32. In the preferred example, mandrels 59 directly adjoin accommodating spaces 37 of current-conducting contacts 33.

Battery pack 18 has a contact carrier 63, which is preferably immovably joined to battery housing 19. Contact carrier 63 is made of an electrically insulating material, for example a plastic material. Counter contacts 32 are immovably embedded in the plastic material. Counter contacts 32 are preferably designed as blades, which are situated in planes parallel to insertion direction 25 and third direction 28. Centering support 60 is situated between counter contacts 32, for example. Front face 64 of centering support 60 pointing in insertion direction 25 is provided with a notch, whose shape is designed complementary to mandrel 59. The notch preferably has a prismatic design, i.e., the cross section of the notch is constant along second direction 26. Centering 59 thus acts only in third direction 28 and does not exert any influence on a movement along second direction 26.

The arrangement of centering 59 and of centering support 60 directly next to current-conducting contacts 33 or counter contacts 32 proves to be advantageous even with stiff materials for contact holder 36 and contact carrier 63 to sufficiently suppress a relative movement along third direction 28 between current-conducting contacts 33 and counter contacts 32.

Centering 59 on front face38 of contact holder 36 may be designed as a notch, and the centering support may be designed as a mandrel. The centering may moreover include both notches and mandrels, the centering supports having a corresponding complementary design.

Strand 40 may be inserted in channel 41 in a wave shape (FIG. 7, FIG. 8). The dimension of channel 41 is at least 50% greater in second direction 26 than the cross section of strand 40. Strand 40 extends between terminal strip 42 and contacts 31. However, the length of strand 40 is at least 10% greater than the distance from terminal strip 42 and contacts 31. Strands 40 change their direction of progression multiple times along insertion direction 25 based on second direction 26 or third direction 28. In this way, effective damping of movements in the submillimeter range of the contacts could be achieved. The wires of strands 40 may be braided into a braid.

In addition to a chipping hammer, a nail gun for nails and bolts, and a saber saw, drill hammer 1 is one example of a battery-powered electric hand-held machine tool which is exposed to strong vibrations during operation and may be provided with movable contact holder 36. The nail gun generates strikes with the aid of the striker impacting the nails as a tool, which may result in a relative movement of the battery pack and the machine housing. In saws, in particular saber saws, the vibrations are generated by the saw blade and transferred to the machine tool.

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Patent Valuation

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5.0/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

It shows from an IP point of view how many competitors are active and innovations are made in the different technical fields of the company. On a company level, the market attractiveness is often also an indicator of how diversified a company is. Here we look into the commercial relevance of the market.

80.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

66.79/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

47.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

17.45/100 Score

Legal Score

It shows the legal strength of IP in terms of its degree of protecting effect. Here we look into claim scope, claim breadth, claim quality, stability and priority.

Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
带有电池供电驱动电动机的手动工具机 罗伯特-博希股份公司 11 June 1996 25 December 1996
Elektrowerkzeugmaschine ROBERT BOSCH GMBH 03 November 2005 10 May 2007
手持式工具机供能单元 罗伯特·博世有限公司 30 December 2011 04 July 2012
Mechanische Kodierung zwischen Batteriepack und Elektrowerkzeug ROBERT BOSCH GMBH 22 February 2005 24 August 2006
Struktur von elektrischen Anschlüssen zum Herstellen eines elektrischen Kontakts zwischen einem Batterieteil und einer elektrischen Vorrichtung MAKITA CORP 18 August 2000 02 August 2001
See full citation <>

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