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Patent Analysis of

Pharmaceutical composition for gastric cancer treatment and/or prevention

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

US9999598

Application Number

US15/703160

Application Date

13 September 2017

Publication Date

19 June 2018

Current Assignee

FENG-CHIA UNIVERSITY

Original Assignee (Applicant)

FENG CHIA UNIVERSITY

International Classification

A61K9/14,A61K33/38,A61K33/34

Cooperative Classification

A61K9/143,A61K9/146,A61K33/38,A61K33/34

Inventor

KO, TSE-HAO,HUNG, MING-CHIEN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

US9999598 Pharmaceutical composition gastric cancer 1 US9999598 Pharmaceutical composition gastric cancer 2 US9999598 Pharmaceutical composition gastric cancer 3
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Abstract

A method for treatment and/or prevention of gastric cancer is provided, and the method includes: administering a composition to a subject in need thereof, the composition comprising a carbonaceous material and an active particle positioned on the carbonaceous material and made of silver, gold, zinc, copper, aluminum, palladium, platinum, nickel, cobalt, calcium, titanium, chromium, silicon, or any combination thereof.

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Claims

1. A method for treatment of gastric cancer, comprising: administering orally or intratumorally a composition to a subject in need thereof, the composition comprising: a carbonaceous material; and an active particle positioned on the carbonaceous material and made of silver, gold, zinc, copper, aluminum, palladium, platinum, nickel, cobalt, calcium, titanium, chromium, silicon, or any combination thereof, wherein the carbonaceous material has an acidic group or a basic group, and wherein the composition is administered to the subject in 0.01-1 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day.

2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the gastric cancer is gastric adenocarcinoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, or gastric lymphoma.

3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the carbonaceous material is an activated carbon fiber, an activated carbon powder, a charcoal material, a bamboo charcoal granule, a carbon black, a graphite powder, an expanded graphite powder, a graphene, a nano carbon powder, or a carbon powder made from phenol formaldehyde resins or artificial resins.

4. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein based on total weight of the composition, the carbonaceous material is present in 80 wt %-99.9999 wt %, and the active particle is present in 0.0001 wt %-20 wt %.

5. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein a BET surface area of the carbonaceous material is of 10-2,500 m2/g.

6. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein a particle size of the active particle is of 1 nm-500 μm.

7. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the composition is administered to the subject in 0.01-0.5 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day.

8. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the composition is administered to the subject in 0.1-0.5 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day.

9. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the composition further comprises an additive.

10. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the carbonaceous material has a pore.

11. The method as claimed in claim 10, wherein a radius of the pore is of more than 0 nm but less than 2.5 nm.

12. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the form of a granule, a granule size of the carbonaceous material is of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm; on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the form of a bar, a bar length of the carbonaceous material is of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm, and a cross-sectional diameter of the carbonaceous material is of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm; or on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the form of an irregular, a maximum length of the carbonaceous material is of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A method for treatment of gastric cancer, comprising:
    • administering orally or intratumorally a composition to a subject in need thereof, the composition comprising: a carbonaceous material
    • and an active particle positioned on the carbonaceous material and made of silver, gold, zinc, copper, aluminum, palladium, platinum, nickel, cobalt, calcium, titanium, chromium, silicon, or any combination thereof, wherein the carbonaceous material has an acidic group or a basic group, and wherein the composition is administered to the subject in 0.01-1 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day.
    • 2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the gastric cancer is gastric adenocarcinoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, or gastric lymphoma.
    • 3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the carbonaceous material is an activated carbon fiber, an activated carbon powder, a charcoal material, a bamboo charcoal granule, a carbon black, a graphite powder, an expanded graphite powder, a graphene, a nano carbon powder, or a carbon powder made from phenol formaldehyde resins or artificial resins.
    • 4. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • based on total weight of the composition, the carbonaceous material is present in 80 wt %-99.9999 wt %, and the active particle is present in 0.0001 wt %-20 wt %.
    • 5. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • a BET surface area of the carbonaceous material is of 10-2,500 m2/g.
    • 6. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • a particle size of the active particle is of 1 nm-500 μm.
    • 7. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the composition is administered to the subject in 0.01-0.5 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day.
    • 8. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the composition is administered to the subject in 0.1-0.5 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day.
    • 9. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the composition further comprises
    • 10. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • the carbonaceous material has a pore.
    • 12. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein
      • on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the form of a granule, a granule size of the carbonaceous material is of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm; on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the form of a bar, a bar length of the carbonaceous material is of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm, and a cross-sectional diameter of the carbonaceous material is of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm; or on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the form of an irregular, a maximum length of the carbonaceous material is of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm.
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Description

CROSS REFERENCE

The non-provisional application claims priority from Taiwan Patent Application NO. 106127978, filed on Aug. 17, 2017, the content thereof is incorporated by reference herein.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to a pharmaceutical composition, and particularly to a pharmaceutical composition for gastric cancer treatment and/or prevention.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

According to the World Health Organization, gastric cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the second leading cause of death from cancer worldwide in 2015. Gastric cancer is therefore considered a global health crisis. Treatments for gastric cancer include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or targeted therapy. However, gastric cancer has a 5-year survival rate of less than 10%, which indicates the treatment efficacy is not as expected.

Accordingly, there is a need to develop a novel pharmaceutical composition for gastric cancer treatment.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An objective of the present invention is to provide a method for treatment and/or prevention of gastric cancer, and the method includes: administering a composition to a subject in need thereof, the composition comprising a carbonaceous material and an active particle positioned on the carbonaceous material and made of silver, gold, zinc, copper, aluminum, palladium, platinum, nickel, cobalt, calcium, titanium, chromium, silicon, or any combination thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) picture showing a composition obtained in Example 1;

FIG. 2 is an optical microscopy picture showing MKN45 human gastric cancer cells treated with a composition obtained in Example 1 in 0.1 mg/mL for 24 hours;

FIG. 3 is an optical microscopy picture showing SC-M1 human gastric cancer cells treated with a composition obtained in Example 1 in 0.1 mg/mL for 24 hours;

FIG. 4 is an optical microscopy picture showing MKN45 human gastric cancer cells treated with a composition obtained in Example 1 in 0.5 mg/mL for 24 hours; and

FIG. 5 is an optical microscopy picture showing SC-M1 human gastric cancer cells treated with a composition obtained in Example 1 in 0.5 mg/mL for 24 hours.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The detailed description and preferred embodiments of the invention will be set forth in the following content, and provided for people skilled in the art so as to understand the characteristics of the invention.

An embodiment of the present invention discloses a method for treatment and/or prevention of gastric cancer, and the method comprises: administering a composition to a subject in need of this treatment and/or this prevention. The composition comprises a carbonaceous material and an active particle, and the active particle is positioned on the carbonaceous material and made of silver, gold, zinc, copper, aluminum, palladium, platinum, nickel, cobalt, calcium, titanium, chromium, silicon, or any combination thereof. After the administration of the composition to the subject, the carbonaceous material can absorb the gastric cancer cells or attach to the gastric cancer tissues. Since the gastric cancer cells are highly negatively charged on their surfaces, cations released from the active particle can attach to the cell surfaces to destroy cell membranes. By such a manner, the growth of gastric cancer cells can be inhibited.

The term “treatment” used in the content indicates the purpose to diminish, retard, or stop the growth, metastasis, or spread of gastric cancer cells; the term “prevention” used in the content indicates the purpose to avoid the growth, metastasis, or spread of gastric cancer cells; the term “gastric cancer” used in the content indicates gastric adenocarcinoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, or gastric lymphoma. Furthermore, an example of the carbonaceous material is, but not limited to, an activated carbon fiber, an activated carbon powder, a charcoal material, a bamboo charcoal granule, a carbon black, a graphite powder, an expanded graphite powder, a graphene, a nano carbon powder, or a carbon powder made from phenol formaldehyde resins or artificial resins. Based on the total weight of the composition, the carbonaceous material may be present in 80 wt %-99.9999 wt %, and preferably in 85 wt %-99.9999 wt %; the active particle may be present in 0.0001 wt %-20 wt %, and preferably in 0.0001 wt %-15 wt %. In the embodiment, a BET surface area of the carbonaceous material may be of 10-2,500 m2/g, and preferably of 600-1,800 m2/g. In the embodiment, the active particle size may be of 1 nm-500 μm, and preferably of 5 nm-200 μm.

According to the examples below, the composition may be administered to the subject in 0.01-30 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day, preferably in 0.01-24 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day, more preferably in 0.01-1 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day, further more preferably in 0.01-0.5 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day, and much more preferably in 0.1-0.5 g/kg of the subject's body weight per day. In addition, the composition can be orally or intratumorally administered to the subject, and formulated in various dosage forms, e.g. a capsule, a tablet, a powder, a suspension, or an emulsion. For the formulation in various dosage forms, the composition may further comprise an additive, such as a nutrient (vitamin), a flavoring agent (citric acid, malic acid, acetic acid, or lactic acid), a sweetening agent (glucose, oligosaccharide, fructose, maltose, aspartame, saccharin, sucralose, acesulfame potassium, glycyrol, stevioside, glycyrrhizin, sorbitol, maltitol, or xylitol), a pasting agent (wheat starch, egg white, curdlan, carboxymethyl cellulose, sodium alginate, curdlan, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, acidified starch, gelatinized starch, bleached starch, oxidized starch, starch acetate, or starch phosphate), a solvent (propanediol or glycerol), an emulsifying agent (fatty acid glyceride), or a moisture-controlling agent (sorbitol, lactic acid, glycerol, or propanediol).

For enhancing the gastric cancer cell absorption efficacy, the carbonaceous material may further have a pore. Generally, the carbonaceous material can absorb not only the gastric cancer cells, but also normal cells (non-cancer cells) or beneficial substances such as vitamins, enzymes, or probiotics. For avoiding the normal cell or beneficial substance absorption, the pore radius may be of more than 0 nm but less than 2.5 nm (0 nm<pore radius<2.5 nm), and preferably of 0.5 nm-2.3 nm. For ease of the administration, on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the form of a granule, its granule size may be of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm (1 nm<granule size<3 nm); on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the font′ of a bar, its length may be of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm (1 nm<length<3 nm), and its cross-sectional diameter may be of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm (1 nm<cross-sectional diameter<3 nm); on condition that the carbonaceous material is in the form of an irregular, the maximum length may be of more than 1 nm but less than 3 nm (1 nm<maximum length<3 nm). For providing the composition with various hydrophilicities, the carbonaceous material may further have various acidic groups or various basic groups, and the total acidic group content or the total basic group content may be of above 0.3 mEq/g.

The manufacture method of the composition used in the embodiment is disclosed below:

First of all, an active solution containing an active salt is provided. The active salt is used as the source of the later obtained active particle, and its concentration may be of 0.00001 M-20 M. An example of the active salt is, but not limited to, a silver salt, a gold salt, a zinc salt, a copper salt, an aluminum salt, a palladium salt, a platinum salt, a nickel salt, a cobalt salt, a calcium salt, a titanium salt, a chromium salt, or a silicon salt. For example, the active salt is a metal halide (e.g. silver fluoride, silver chloride, silver bromide, or silver iodide), a metal acetate (e.g. silver acetate), a metal nitrate (e.g. silver nitrate, copper nitrate, or zinc nitrate), a metal phosphate (e.g. silver phosphate), or a metal sulfonate (e.g. silver sulfonate). For uniform distribution of the later obtained active particle on the carbonaceous material, the active solution may further contain a reductant, and an example thereof is, but not limited to, glacial acetic acid, ammonia water, ascorbic acid, or glucose.

Next, the carbonaceous material is immersed in the active solution or the active solution is sprayed onto the carbonaceous material. During the immersing, the carbonaceous material may be soaked in the active solution under a stir for 0.5-24 hours, and preferably for 1-12 hours. Based on the sum weight of the carbonaceous material and the active solution, the active salt may be present in 0.01 wt %-1 wt %, and the carbonaceous material may be present in 0.01 wt %-30 wt %. On condition that the solution contains the reductant, based on the sum weight of the carbonaceous material and the active solution, the active salt may be present in 0.01 wt %-1 wt %, the carbonaceous material may be present in 0.01 wt %-30 wt %, and the reductant may be present in 0.01 wt %-30 wt %.

Afterward, the active solution is thermally dried so that the active salt is attached to the carbonaceous material. During the thermally drying, the active solution is stayed at 80-500° C. for 0.5-10 hours, and preferably for 1-4 hours.

Then, the active salt is pyrolyzed to convert into the active particle so that the composition is obtained. During the pyrolyzing, the active salt is stayed at 200-1000° C. for 0.5-10 hours. Additionally, the pyrolyzing step may be performed in the presence of a nitrogen gas, in the presence of an inert gas, or under a vacuum.

Subsequently, the composition is washed with water to remove any dissociated particle. During the washing, the composition may be soaked in the water or rinsed with the water for 0.5-6 hours.

Finally, the composition is thermally dried to remove any remaining liquid. During the thermally drying herein, the composition may be stayed at 80-120° C. for 0.5-6 hours.

The following examples are offered to further illustrate the present invention:

Example 1

A polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based activated carbon fiber fabric was provided, which had a BET specific surface area of 1,100 m2/g and a carbon content of 80.7 wt %. After being soaked in a 0.0025 M silver nitrate aqueous solution for 2 hours, the fiber fabric was thermally dried at 100° C. for 2 hours so that the silver nitrate was attached to the fiber fabric. The silver nitrate was then pyrolyzed at 600° C. and in the presence of a nitrogen gas so as to convert into a silver particle attached to the fiber fabric. Hereafter, the fiber fabric was washed with water for 2 hours to remove any dissociated particle. After which, the fiber fabric and the silver particle attached thereto were thermally dried to remove any liquid. Finally, the fiber fabric was ground so as to form a composition (FIG. 1), and the composition had the silver particle and an activated carbon fiber powder carrying the silver particle. The composition had the following characteristics: a carbon content of 78.1 wt %, a silver content of 0.3 wt %, a length of less than 0.1 mm, a BET specific surface area of 980 m2/g, a pore radius of the powder of 2.41 nm, and a particle size of less than 100 nm.

Example 2

A polyacrylonitrile (PAN)-based activated carbon fiber fabric was provided, which had a BET specific surface area of 1,100 m2/g and a carbon content of 80.7 wt %. After being soaked in a 0.0025 M silver nitrate and 0.0025 M copper nitrate aqueous solution for 2 hours, the fiber fabric was thermally dried at 100° C. for 2 hours so that the silver nitrate and the copper nitrate were attached to the fiber fabric. The silver nitrate and the copper nitrate were pyrolyzed at 600° C. and in the presence of a nitrogen gas so as to convert into a silver particle and a copper particle both attached to the fiber fabric. Hereafter, the fiber fabric was washed with water for 2 hours to remove any dissociated particle. After which, the fiber fabric and each particle attached thereto were thermally dried to remove any liquid. Finally, the fiber fabric was ground so as to form a composition, and the composition had the silver particle, the copper particle, and an activated carbon fiber powder carrying the both particles. The composition had the following characteristics: a carbon content of 78.0 wt %, a silver content of 0.32 wt %, a copper content of 0.30 wt %, a length of less than 0.1 mm, a BET specific surface area of 980 m2/g, a pore radius of the powder of 2.41 nm, a silver particle size of less than 100 nm, and a copper particle size of less than 200 nm.

Analysis 1

According to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 10993-5: 2009 (E) standard, L929 mouse fibroblasts were incubated with each composition obtained in the above Examples for 24 hours so as to perform cytotoxicity analysis. The amount of each composition used herein was of 24 mg/mL of the sum volume of the cells and the cell culture media. As shown in Table 1, each composition exhibits no toxicity to normal cells in a high amount.


TABLE 1
Cytotoxicity of each composition
Ratio of rounded or cracked cells (%)
Example 1
29
Example 2
30

Analysis 2

MKN45 human gastric cancer cells or SC-M1 human gastric cancer cells were incubated with the composition obtained in Example 1 for 24 hours so as to perform MTT (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay. The amounts used herein were shown in Table 2, and each indicated the weight of the composition in 1 mL of the sum volume of the cells and the cell culture media. As shown in FIGS. 2-5 and Table 2, the composition obtained in Example 1 exhibits toxicity to human gastric cancer cells in a low amount. It can be expected that the composition obtained in Example 1 still exhibits toxicity to human gastric cancer cells in a high amount.


TABLE 2
Cytotoxicity of the composition in various amounts
Inhibition rate (%)
Amount (mg/mL)
MKN45
SC-M1
0
0
0
0.1
24.6 ± 3.3
24.4 ± 4.8
0.5
73.1 ± 4.8
71.7 ± 6.7
1.0
86.6 ± 2.2
86.2 ± 4.8

As described above, the composition of the embodiment indeed has a high potential to be used as a pharmaceutical composition for gastric cancer treatment and/or prevention.

While the invention has been described in connection with what is considered the most practical and preferred embodiments, it is understood that this invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments but is intended to cover various arrangements included within the spirit and scope of the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and equivalent arrangements.

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Patent Valuation

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28.44/100 Score

Market Attractiveness

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41.0/100 Score

Market Coverage

It shows the sizes of the market that is covered with the IP and in how many countries the IP guarantees protection. It reflects a market size that is potentially addressable with the invented technology/formulation with a legal protection which also includes a freedom to operate. Here we look into the size of the impacted market.

69.39/100 Score

Technology Quality

It shows the degree of innovation that can be derived from a company’s IP. Here we look into ease of detection, ability to design around and significance of the patented feature to the product/service.

51.0/100 Score

Assignee Score

It takes the R&D behavior of the company itself into account that results in IP. During the invention phase, larger companies are considered to assign a higher R&D budget on a certain technology field, these companies have a better influence on their market, on what is marketable and what might lead to a standard.

15.0/100 Score

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Citation

Patents Cited in This Cited by
Title Current Assignee Application Date Publication Date
Pharmaceutical use of a composition including a carbonaceous material and an active particle FENG CHIA UNIVERSITY 30 September 2013 07 June 2016
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US9999598 Pharmaceutical composition gastric cancer 1 US9999598 Pharmaceutical composition gastric cancer 2 US9999598 Pharmaceutical composition gastric cancer 3