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Patent Analysis of

Strawberry plant named ‘Vaulter’

Updated Time 12 June 2019

Patent Registration Data

Publication Number

USPP29965

Application Number

US15/731554

Application Date

28 June 2017

Publication Date

11 December 2018

Current Assignee

SWEET DARLING SALES, INC.

Original Assignee (Applicant)

SWEET DARLING SALES, INC.

International Classification

A01H5/08,A01H6/74

Cooperative Classification

A01H6/7409,A01H5/08

Inventor

LARSE, JOHN

Patent Images

This patent contains figures and images illustrating the invention and its embodiment.

USPP29965 Strawberry plant named ‘Vaulter’ 1 USPP29965 Strawberry plant named ‘Vaulter’ 2 USPP29965 Strawberry plant named ‘Vaulter’ 3
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Abstract

The present invention provides a new and distinct strawberry plant designated as ‘Vaulter’ (a.k.a. ‘109261’).

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Claims

1. A new and distinct cultivar of strawberry plant named ‘Vaulter’ substantially as shown and described herein.

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Claim Tree

  • 1
    1. A new and distinct cultivar of strawberry plant named ‘Vaulter’ substantially as shown and described herein.
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Description

Latin name of the genus and species: Fragaria x ananassa.

Varietal denomination: ‘Vaulter’ (a.k.a. ‘109261’).

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct strawberry plant designated as ‘Vaulter’ (a.k.a. ‘109261’). ‘Vaulter’ is a day neutral strawberry plant.

‘Vaulter’ (a.k.a. ‘109261’) is the result of a controlled-cross between a female parent cultivar designated ‘108171’ (unpatented, proprietary cultivar) and a male parent cultivar designated ‘108229’ (strawberry plant named ‘Flame’, U.S. Plant Pat. No. 28,470) made by the Inventor and was first fruited in Watsonville, Calif. growing fields. Following selection and during testing, the plant was originally designated ‘109261’ and subsequently named ‘Vaulter’.

This new strawberry plant was asexually reproduced via runners (stolons) by the inventor at Watsonville, Calif. Asexual propagules from the original source have been tested in Watsonville growing fields and to a limited extent, grower fields in high elevation. The properties of this new strawberry plant were found to be transmissible by such asexual reproduction. This new strawberry plant is stable and reproduce true to type in successive generations of asexual reproduction.

BRIEF SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to a new and distinctive strawberry plant designated as ‘Vaulter’. This strawberry plant is primarily adapted to the climate and growing conditions of the central coast of California. This region provides the necessary temperatures required for it to produce a strong vigorous plant and to remain in fruit production from March through October. The nearby Pacific Ocean provides the needed humidity and moderate day temperatures and evening chilling to maintain fruit quality for the production months.

The following traits and photographs in combination distinguish strawberry plant ‘Vaulter’ from known strawberry varieties. In addition, this new strawberry plant was confirmed to be a unique strawberry germplasm when tested against the California Seed & Plant Lab, Inc. (Elverta, Calif.) database using Short Sequence Repeats (SSRs). Plants for the botanical measurements in the present application were grown as annuals. Any color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 1995 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used. The fruit produced by each new cultivar is attractive and of excellent quality.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The accompanying color photographs depict various characteristics of the cultivars as nearly true as possible to make color reproductions.

FIG. 1 shows fruits of ‘Vaulter’.

FIG. 2 shows sliced fruits of ‘Vaulter’.

FIG. 3 shows ‘Vaulter’ plants.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

‘Vaulter’ (a.k.a. ‘109261’)

This invention relates to a new and distinctive day-neutral type strawberry cultivar designated as ‘Vaulter’. It is primarily adapted to the climate and growing conditions of the central coast of California. This region provides the necessary temperatures required for it to produce a strong vigorous plant and to remain in fruit production from March through October. The nearby Pacific Ocean provides the needed humidity and moderate day temperatures and evening chilling to maintain fruit quality for the production months.

The following traits in combination distinguish strawberry variety ‘Vaulter’ from the known strawberry varieties. Plants for the botanical measurements in the present application were grown as annuals. In the following description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 1995 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.

The detailed botanical description in Table 1 was observed when the plants were 33 weeks after planting. The plants observed were grown in a plot located on a commercial strawberry farm, at 187 San Andreas Rd, Watsonville, Calif. The outdoor field without cover was a sandy loam on a polyethylene-film-covered-raised-bed. A grower standard 1.25 mil thickness of polyethylene film was used to cover raised bed. Each row was spaced 52 inches apart according to a grower standard.

‘Vaulter’ has not been observed under all possible environmental conditions, and the phenotype may vary significantly with variations in environment. The following observations, measurements, and comparisons describe this plant as grown under normal conditions in Watsonville, Calif. unless otherwise noted.


TABLE 1
Vaulter
Char Type
Characteristic
Vaulter
General
Plant Habit
annual
Plant Growth Habit
upright
Plant Height
35 cm
Plant Width
41 cm
Plant Width-Crown
6.5 cm
Density of foliage, vigor
light
Plant vigor
moderate to high
Leaf
Terminal leaflet width (mm)
90
Terminal leaflet length (mm)
83
No. teeth/terminal leaflet:
20
Shape of the terminal
acute to obtuse
leaflet base
Shape of terminal leaflet in
concave
cross-section
Margin description of the
serrate
terminal
Color of upper side of leaves
137A
Color of lower side of leaves
139A
Leaf blistering
weak
Leaf glossiness
medium
Limbs
Petiole length (cm)
23
Petiole diameter (mm)
3.55
Petiole color
145B
Petiolule length (mm)
20
Petiolule diameter (mm)
3.55
Attitude of hairs on petiole
upwards
and pedicel
Stipule pubescence
sparse
Stipule length (cm)
3.1
Stipule size
small to medium
Stipule width (cm)
0.9
Stipule anthocyanin
present
Stipule color (color code)
145A
Pedicel color (color code)
145A
Peduncle length (cm)
24.5
Peduncle size
medium to large
Peduncle attitude
erect
Peduncle pubescence,
medium, upwards
attitude of hairs
Inflorescence
Inflorescence position relative to
above
foliage
Flower arrangement of petals
free to touching
Petal length (cm)
1.2
Petal width (cm)
1.1
Petal number per flower
6
Upper Petal color
155C
Lower Petal color
155C
Calyx diameter (cm)
3.2
Corolla diameter (cm)
3.1
Sepal length (cm)
0.12
Sepal width (cm)
0.6
Time of flowering
March
(50% of plants in bloom)
Shape of stigma
capitate
Color of stigma
15D
Length of style (mm)
2
Color of style
4A
Color of the ovary
145C
Length of the stamens (mm)
4.5
Number of stamen
29
Anther color
20A
Shape of anther
dorsifixed
Size of anther
small
Amount of pollen
scarce to moderate
Color of pollen
7D
Color of filament
149D
Length of filament (mm)
4
Number of flowers per truss
3 to 5
Stolon
Stolon number
6
Stolon anthocyanin
183A
Widest diameter of stolon
5.07
At leaf attachment (mm)
Stolon color
145A
Fruit
Number of fruit per truss
3 to 4
Fruit length (cm)
5
Fruit width (cm)
4.5
Fruit skin color
44A
Fruit flesh color excluding core
44A
Fruit core length (cm)
4.2
Fruit core width (cm)
1.8
Fruit core color
41B
Fruit weight (g)
30.5
Predominant fruit shape
conic to globose conic
Shape difference between
Similar shape
primary & secondary fruits
Width of band without of
medium
achenes
Fruit glossiness
strong
Position of achenes
even to below surface
Achene color
145A
Achenes per fruit
252
Achene weight (g)
0.11
Position of calyx
even to inserted
level of adherence of calyx
strong
Color of calyx
137A
Firmness of flesh
medium to firm
Evenness of flesh color
nearly even
Sweetness (brix)
7.5
pH
3.32
Yield (g per plant per season)
2658

When ‘Vaulter’ is compared to the proprietary female parent (108171), ‘Vaulter’ has a greater fruit yield than the female parent. The volumetric fruit shape of ‘Vaulter’ is a fuller figure than a long conic shaped fruit of the female parent.

When ‘Vaulter’ is compared to the proprietary male parent ‘Flame’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 28,470), the fruit pulp of ‘Flame’ has a deep red color, while ‘Vaulter’ has a pale color. In terms of plant shape, ‘Vaulter’ is more upright than ‘Flame’.

When ‘Vaulter’ is compared to the check variety ‘Monterey’ (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 19,767), the ratio of flower stem length compared to petiole length for ‘Vaulter’ is longer than that of ‘Monterey’. Consequently, ‘Vaulter’ flowers are placed above the leaf canopy further than ‘Monterey’ flowers. Also, the ripened fruits of ‘Vaulter’ hang down below the plant further than those of ‘Monterey’ on the raised bed. ‘Vaulter’ leaves are thinner than ‘Monterey’ leaves in terms of leaf thickness. In terms of fruit hardness, ‘Vaulter’ fruits are softer than ‘Monterey’ fruits. ‘Vaulter’ has more open space between the leaves than ‘Monterey’. That is, the foliage of ‘Vaulter’ is less dense than that of ‘Monterey’. Furthermore, ‘Vaulter’ differs from ‘Monterey’ as ‘Vaulter’ does not produce stolons during the fruiting season.


TABLE 2
Comparison of fruit features of ‘Vaulter’ with the proprietary
male and female parents
FRUIT
FRUIT
HYBRID
HYBRID
WIDTH
HEIGHT
FRUIT RATIO
ID
NAME
(mm)
(mm)
(Height/Width)
108171
Female Parent
40.13
46.90
1.17
108229
Male Parent
40.46
45.86
1.13
(Flame)
109261
Vaulter
41.32
45.37
1.10
FRUIT
HARDNESS
Yield
HYBRID ID
SHAPE*
(newtons)
(g/clone)
108171
7
6.80
688
108229
6
7.79
1196 
(Flame)
109261
6
7.32
744
*Fruit shape: 1. Oblate; 2. Globose; 3. Fan Lobes; 4. Necked; 5. Short wedge; 6. Symmetric conic; 7. Conic; 8. Long conic; 9. Long wedge


TABLE 3
Comparison of fruit features between ‘Vaulter’
and the check variety
FRUIT
FRUIT
HYBRID
HYBRID
WIDTH
HEIGHT
FRUIT RATIO
ID
NAME
(mm)
(mm)
(Height/Width)
Check
Montery
43.70
48.33
1.11
Variety
(U.S. Plant
Pat. No. 19,767)
109261
Vaulter
41.32
45.37
1.10
FRUIT
HARDNESS
Yield
HYBRID ID
SHAPE*
(newtons)
(g/clone)
Check
6
9.04
840
Variety
109261
6
7.32
744
*Fruit shape: 1. Oblate; 2. Globose; 3. Fan Lobes; 4. Necked; 5. Short wedge; 6. Symmetric conic; 7. Conic; 8. Long conic; 9. Long wedge

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